Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 26, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 26, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YOKK HERALD. mm York, ApA as, IM47. Our -4jr SiA*rtbrr?. Ah bo doub' of our city subscribers are 1 victims to absurd custom of changing rcsi- I deuce- -very first of May, we request tlietn to 1 t.-.ive their new addresses at the office of publication us soon as convenient, so that they may ! ^ be regularly served with the Herald falter moving j Mails for Europe. The |tucket ship Liverpool, Capt. Lldridge, j will sail at 11 o'clock this morning for Liverpool. Hhe will take out the latest intelligence from 1 America. News from Europe. The Sarah Sands is now due, willi two days' later intelligence from Europe. She is now twenty days at sea. MR. BENNETT'S LETTERS FROM EUROPE.! Paris, 21th March, 1817. The Spanish Danaeuse Lola Monte*, and the King of Bavaria. Mdlle or Donna Lola Monies, has been not only creating a great sensation in Bavaria, but the newspapers of London and Paris are full of her movements, her letters, and her history. Hitherto she had confined her influence and favors to the theatres and the press; but since her appearance in Munich, she has thrown some j new light on the morals of royalty, and the pro- j gress of constitutional liberty, as it is called. She has acquired so much notoriety of late, that j many may want to know her history. It may j be curious to learn how a woman of her cha- | racier could have raised such a noise in Europe. [ Well, it seems that although Donna Lola j Montes bears a Spanish name, she is neither a Spaniard, nor a Spanish dunseuse. She is an | Irish woman hy birth. She was born in Erin, I it is said, about twenty-eight or thirty years i ago. Her father was an Irishman of rather questionable reputation and employment, and her mother a Spanish woman, connected, it is said, with a good family, and also with the theatres. Her naine, instead of Lola Monies, was, in her girlhood, sintply Betty Watson. She was rather good looking, and commenced life by murrying, on the left Hide, a gentleman who was going out to India. Another account states that she married a Spaniard young, but soon eloped with an Irishman. The gentleman with whom she went to India, who was in some civil or military capacity, died in Bombay or Calcutta, very I soon after his arrival. Betty Watson, his notni- > nal wife, returned to London ; and, it is suid, t that during the long voyage from India, she 1 couducted herself in a very free and liberal man- t er towards the officers and passengers onboard. ] n her return to London, she was not long witht some occupation. She travelled to Spain in "opacity of femme de chambrt to an old rou^, v. nied to get rid of the moral and physical re of England. In Spnin, the good S h 1 ,i ? tty Watson adopted the name of Lola j Monies, from a famous bull-fighter there, who became enamored of her, and then ran away with her from the old English roui, who, accordingly, cut his throat; and thus fulfilled the principles of strict poetical justice. In company with the bull-fighter she wandered over Spain, perfected her knowledge of her mother tongue, picked up the elements of the fandango, and other Spanish dances; and, afterwards, found her way through Italy and France to Boulogne. She now set up for an original Spanish danneun, compelled by the misfortunes of her family, which, of course, was noble, Lola de Montes, to turn her many accomplishments to account, and to seek for some new outlet for fame ill the great luigiisti metropolis. ttv tHim time ul>?? Hiiok< U'n^jliuit, French, Spanish, and other languages, with perfect chsc and elegance. .She had also some talent and intelligence, which she made available in her intercourse with the world. At Boulogne, she embarked for England. During this voyage she attracted, by her accomplishments, her di?tingu6 air, and her easy impudence, the attention of an English earl, who was returning home with his family from a short European tour. She made their acquaintance. She astonished and interested them with her knowledge of foreign lands and languages?her grace and vivacity of manner?her perfect propriety of demeanor?her misfortunes, and her loss of property and position by the naughty revolutions in Spain. Soon after her arrival in London, she actually graced the private carriage of the peer in the circle of Hyde Park. But something must be done. By his influence and sympathy, the unfortunate young Spanish grandee, of the feminine gender, procured an engagement at the Queen's Opera, in order to introduce the real Spanish dances on these celebrated boards. Great preparation and expectation preceded the appearance ofMdlle. Lola Montes, the unfortunate Spanish princess,whose fate had been thus thrown upon the boards, by the naughty revolutions of Spain, and the failure of the insurrection in favor of Don Carlos. She duly made her appearance there?and for the first and last time. Some of the old frequenters of the ballet hnd filled the stage box, usually called the omnibus?others were in the stalls. These cunning, knowing fellows, who are equally acquainted with horse and woman, cannot be deceived in ither. As soon as she made her appearance at the foot lights, several of them recognised her at once, and ronred out " Betty Watson!" " Betty Watson !" A commotion almost leading to u | row, was the consequence, llcr friends being | few, good, green, and simple, were completely overwhelinned by the hurras and ridicule of i the old play-goers, who never rould "be deceiv 0(1 in woman or in Horse nesn," us inoy stud. | "Betty Wutdin !" "ILtty Watson !" tliev roared. j In addition to this untoward discovery, it turned out that she was no daninue of any remarkable power, grace, or skill. She reached nothing beyond the rank of mi ordinary ballet dancer. She wan accordingly driven Irom the London Mage, amidst about* of laughter and ridicule. This fmtutt, of course, finished her career in London. She soon disappeared from that city; and her next appearance in the affairs and amusements of Europe, was somewhere on the borders if Poland or Germany, where she had a fight ith the police, and horsewhipped some gen* rf' me?, anil then made her escape to Paris. * Paris she began a fresh career. She first h" aripiaintance of several of the lonrnalit capital, by a free and liberal use of ... r chmu.A and accomplishments. By this means she procured an engagement as a danttute in one of the minor theatres. Mor first appearance was pr- erded by it number of notices, prsi?ing her talents, and giving sketches of the surprising and c':riou? adventures she had passed through in ' t ern,any andBiissin. Her early adventures in Lng'.and, India, and Spain, were carefully veiled fr> m the gullible Parisians. She now passed for > regular Spanish danteuae, the famous Mdlle 1 Lolu Monies, who was to take rank by the side of fanny Llssler and Taglioni. She made her; tir-t appearance, and kicked her garter front the ' t.pot her great toe half way over the pit. The , French audience was at first astonished at the ti irk, but waited for the pirouHtri and the rest of the dance. The dance came, and it was a failure?a complete failure She was hooted, and hissed, and laughed at. She only showed the capabilities of a very ordinary ballet dancer, and the puffs and praises of the French press went |??r nothing. The press, from the moat corrupt pud atrocious motives, h?d nwlfl nn Attempt to , g-J" ?i-? humbug the public?but the public would not stay humbugged. She left the stage, and sunk down < into her original profession?a courtezan of the ' premier minlitl. She became the mix tress of Dujurrier, (I think his name was) who was atter- ! wards killed in a duel, fought between him and u rival editor. A trial at law afterwards look place at Koueu, growing out of this duel, in which the licentious private life of many of the Parisian journalists was revealed to the wondering world. Lola Montes, on this trial, gave her evidence relative to Dujarrier, and she exhibited on th.it oceasion a scene of tears, sentiment, love, and moral depravity and modern philosophy, which is yet talked of with much melancholy interest. After this explosion, Lola wandered about from lover to lover, from town to town?from Paris to Berlin, from Berlin to Dresden, till last summer, when she took a trip to the minor kingdoms and minor theatres of Europe, thinking there, and in tliut way, she might be enabled to pick up either a lover or a living for the time. After certain of tier wanderings, sue reacuea muiucn, me capital of Bavaria. Here she made an offer of her services to the mauager of the theatre, in the rdlt of a Spanish dameute. Now, Munich i.s a strange i place?and is under the government of a queer sort of a sovereign. Louis,the king of Bavaria, is a perfect original in his line of business. He is not only a king, but a poet, a philosopher, an artist, an editor, and a manager of the theatre. As theatrical manager, it is a rule of the king to see a private exhibition of every duncer, singer, or urtist of any description, previous to an engagement. Of course, Lola Monies gave u specimen of her talents in private before the king, and the other managers. HiH majesty found some qualifications in her that caught his patronage, which the Parisian atidicflce could not discover. In fact, after a brief negotiation, she became, it is affirmed, the rher amit of King Louis, who is now over sixty years old, and hns had scores of mistresses. Much about the panic time, a crisis had been approaching in the Bavarian ministry. Bavaria is a Catholic country, and the Jesuits hold there uncontrolled sway. The Bavarian ministry had been under the influence of Loyola for many years. King Louis was getting tired of this influence. He was just about the point of dissolving the Jesuit ministry, when ho took it i into his head to give the title of countess, and let- , ters of naturalization, to Lola Montes. Seizing < upon this incident as a weak point against the ' king, the ministry endeavored to turn it to ac- i count by a firm stand in opposition, on the ground ) of good morals and Christian principle, although i the pious fathers had seen him have dozens be- J Fore without a word. They threatened to resign ? moner than consent that Lola Montcs should be ^ nade a countess. The king took them at their f word, turned them all out, assumed a new direc- e ion of affairs, and kept his new countess, in opposition to the Jesuits and all their influence. * r These disgraceful events, connected with Bet- <_ sey Watson, a sort of modern Pompadour, have | i furnished articles and letters for the newspapers 1 over all Europe for months past. Even the Lon- { don Times has given long editorials on the sub- 1 ject?and published letters from Lola Montcs > herself. I understand, however, through the Ba- 1 varian embassy here, that all these epistles attributed to Lola herself, are absolute forgeries? 1 that she has written no letters at all?and could not write such letters if she would. It is be- , lieved that these epistles have been written by unknown parties either in Bavaria, in Paris, or in London, merely to humor the joke, and to v throw ridicule over his Majesty of Bavaria, his Jesuits, his conduct, and the whole management of his uftiiirs. You will find ull these epistles> some attributed to Lola Monies, and others anonymous, in the English journals. They have made a great noise in Europe, and are worth publishing, just to show whnt the morals of monarchy arc in their own expositions. Bavaria's inuialn and Bavaria's monarchy arc both curious ' subjects of speculation to the republicans of the West. Last summer we passed through a portion of Bavaria, and I picked up several curious facts and occurrences. The father of Louis, the present queer king, was Maximilian, who gave the kingdom a sort of constitutional government, like England. This was about the close of the last war. This government is formed of two chambers, a house of lords and house of commons, the former called the Herrenstadt nnd the latter the Ritterstadt. On the accession of the prescnt|king, great additional privileges were conferred. The press was made free, almost. The king's ministry was liberal. Under this state of government, all the talent, genius, and free in- , tcllect of Germany crowded to Munich. Journals and newspapers of every description were started in Bavaria. The Jesuits were ridiculed, and almost written down. Henry Heine nnd others wrote nnd published. Every thing went on very well and very smoothly, until these liberal writers began to touch upon nnd allude to the conduct of the king?conduct which was nny thing but moral or proper. Influenced, probably, by the morals of the palace, the state of society in Munich became extremely dissolute, and spread its effects over the other towns of Bavaria. As a sample and proof of this immorality, t is among the facts published to the world by he Bavarian government, that the number of ^legitimate children annually born in Munich, Mid in some other towns, is nearly as large as those born in wedlock. Bavaria is called the country of beer nnd babies. The king, however, notwithstanding his private profligacy, was an enormous patron of the fine arts. He is the founder of the celebrated Wnlhalla, on the hill above Ratisbon, on the Danube. lie has filled Munich with palaces, pictures, statues, and demoralization. The censures of the press upon his immorality worked gradually a strange revolution in his mind; and soon after his accession to the throne, he changed his policy, threw himself into the hands of the Jesuits, suppressed all : the journals, and imprisoned the journulists? j some of them during their whole lives. For more j tlian seventeen years, his government has been j nearly nbsoulte,under the influence of the Jesuits, j Recently, however, before Lola Monies made her appearance at Munich, he began to get tired | of his fanatical advisers; and the figure which j that woman has cut, has onlv accelerated the ; crisis. The discarded ministry hive published a very melancholy and lnughahle chapter of lamentation*. It is believed, however, that the ! Jesuits cannot regain their influence in Bnvnrin. Two-thirds of the population of Bavaria are j Catholics ; hut only a small portion of the higher i clergy arc under the influence of the Jesuits.? | The rest are liberal Catholics?free-niinded Catholics?those Catholics who desire to keep, the priesthood within their proper limits?the i limits of the church on earth, and the boundaries of eternity hereafter. By the enforcement of this rule upon the clergy, if they have less scope to ork upon in this dirty world, they have a little more room to expand upon in the better and longer world that is to come. The kingdom of i Bavaria, it i.- true., is not large?not so large as j New York ; hut the kingdom come has length and breadth to satisfy any species of clergy.? Such has been the conclusion to which the King 1 of Bavaria has come. Now, notwithstanding the 1 had stale of morals in Munich and in Bavaria, still the country is well worth seeing, and no traveller should pass by and sny, "'tis all bar- ( ron." Munich has splendid galleriea of the fine : arts. In paintings and in statues, it ia hardly I equalled, certainly not surpassed in (Jertnany.? i The King has spent vast sums of money upon the i art?, particularly in .Munich and in Ratiabon, which latter town is situated on the Danube, at considerable distance up that dark-rolling river from Vienna, i j,e scenery, in mine parts of III variu, particularly towurds the Alps, is most !) 'dutiful, picturesque and uiagmticent in mui- { hit. Around S.ilebnrg is one of the moat rontan- i tir? countriea in Kurope. It is no wonder that i Donna Lola Montes desires to become a conn- i less, to own u castle, and to be naturalized in that beautiful country. The hei r in particularly excellent in Bavaria ; hut their morula, from the King down to the codger, are as hud as they can be. A Wail from the West, ok Ireland in the 47 th year ok the Union.?This is the title of a piece of poetry, which will be found in this day's paper. The authoress is u lady of talent and respectability in Ireland, the wife of a magistrate. For obvious reasons she dared not publish it there?she accordingly sent it to n relative in this country to be published, and wc make room for it in this journal. The New Cuaeukto Denmark.?The Hon. R. P. Flcniken, recently appointed charge d'affaires to Denmark, is now ut the Astor House, and will sail this day in the packet ship Liverpool, en route for Stockholm, to enter upon the duties of his mission. Mr. Flenikcn is u gentleman of distinguished talent, nnd is universully popular in his native State, Pennsylvania. il!K OK VZII.i A N A1INISTEK.?Among II1C UIStinguiahed strangers in town, we notice at the Clinton Hotel Mr. Lisbn, the Urtizilian minister, en route for Washington. Travel to Europe.?We learn that every berth in the Cambria, the steamer of the 1st proximo, has been enguged. Theatrical. Park Theatre.?Mra. Mason repeat* Blsnca to-night. We havo before given an analysis of her acting in this character at some length. It was a chaste and Impressive porformanoe, and produoed a powerful effect on the audience. We never knew a more breathless attention given, nor scenes listened to with a deeper interest. It is decidedly one of her loading parts, and in which she exhibits the higher powers of the actress?it is original in its conception, and free from any servile imitation. The tenderness and devotion of the wife?the suspicion and awakened jealousy?the wounded pride and affection?the sense of wrong and insult?the fiery indignation and desire for vengeance, she gives most naturally and effectively; as also the remorse, the agony of sorrow, the madness and despair?these were depicted to the life. What wo like in Mrs. Mason's acting, is the absence of rant, and the extravagance usually exhibited on the itage in tragedy. There is no straining after effect?no marked effort in her stylo?it snetns as if she studied Trnm pictures of real life, and bad embodied them in her icting. Her self-possession, her quiet dignity of manner, contrast finely with hor fierce and awakened pas ion. and are exactly those effects we might imagine to je produced in her sex under similar circumstances. There is a pathos in her manner and tone which is very vinning. and her tenderness is fraught, from the cause ibovo stated, with a sentiment and a charm which are rreslstiblo. Her Bianoa illustrates this, and these lights ind shades of passion are beautifully displayed. She ie, ndeed, the tender, doting wife, and then in turn the rild, reckless. Infuriated woman. Her scenes of remorseul agony and mad despair are thrilling In Interest and ffect?the whole is chaste, impressive, and beautiful. Bowxav Theatre.?Mrs. Shaw will take a benefit at he Bowery theatre this evening, and will appear in two itcces?in Knowles' play of the ''Hunchback," and aa ionstance, in the comedy of the ''Love Chase " As tho louse will undoubtedly be crowded to excess, we recomnend gentlemen who design to take ladies with them, to irocure their tickets early in the day, so that sents may >e secured. If they do not adopt this plan, thoy may ie disappointed in procuring seats. The manager nnlouuros that the grand musical romance entitled tho Bohemian (lirl, which has been in preparation for some Lime past, will be produced to-morrow evening. Mr. Alexander.?This gentleman will remain in this sity during the whole of this week, and will perform every evening during that time at the Minerva Kooms, Broadway. He has fitted up the stage In the most gorgeous and magnificent style. Ills feats, deceptions, and slight of band tricks, are extraordinary and amazing. We recommend strangers visiting tho city to drop in and see him. Of course, our own citizens will not allow tht opportunity to pass. Castle Gardes.?For the few days sinae Castle Garden has been thrown open, it has bean extensively patronised by the public. The cosmoramas. which are the most beautiful aud eostly In the country, have boen re-arranged for the season, and form a very agreeable and interesting feature. V isiters can fancy themselves transported across the wide Atlantic, and can visit all the capitals and famous places in the Old World in an hour. Castle Garden, in the day time, le a beautiful placo to take children to. Musical. Cheistv's Minstrels.?The citizens of New Brunswick, N. J., will have the pleasure this evening of listening to Christy's Minstrels. They have just concluded an engagement in this city, which was very successful, and addod considerably to the flattering reputation they had previously enjoyed. To-morrow and Wednesday evenings they will perform in Gothic Hall, Brooklyn. In both places, we doubt not, they will be received as they deserve. The Cams an a loo t a ns.?These original and extraordinary performers will play their bells every evening this week, except Tuesday, at the Apolto Rooms, No. 410 Broadway. Their performances during the week past were listened to by crowded and delighted audiences. So complete and harmonious is their melody, and so en- i Lhusiastir are tho encores, that they can rarely escape without playing i almost every air twice. They will be ; assisted by Miss Mariusand Mr. Hoyt, graduates of the | New York Institute for the Blind. City Intelligence. Great Srr.rn.?The steamboat Metamora. ("apt. J 8. j Knight, left Albany on Saturday last at 20 minutes before 7 a. m., and arrived at her dock in this city at three ninutos past 3. r. m.. having made nine landings on the lassage,which, allowing three minutes for each, gives her ictuaT running time, seven hours and tlfty-sii minutes. The Weathes.?Yosterday we had another change, ["he day was remarkably fine, and the streets wore hronged heavily with pedestrians. Common Council?Anointments.?The whig memlers elect of the Common Council assembled in caucus everal times during the. past week, without doing much * presumed that their next meeting will ?ettle the fate I f numerous office seeker*. The re*ult of the caucuses al \ eady held, may be summed up at?out as follows :? j 'or Counsel to tne Corporation, Willis llall; < orporaion Attorney, Theodore E. Tomlinson; Public Adminlsrator, James 8. Thayer; Street t 'oiniiiissioner, Martin ?. Thompson; Deputy Street Commissioner, John S. ; Dodge; Collectors of Assessuients.'.lohn Porter of tho 8th 1 sard, and Campbell of the 16th ward. The appoint- | sent of Comptroller, we understand, has not yet been . nade. It is confidently stated, however, that Aid. lien- | ion will receive the appointment. Kmr.i.?A fire occurred yesterday morning about 4 v'clock, at No. 114 Chatham street, in the store occupied by W. Bullion, wholesale manufacturer of hats ind caps. The tire was put out. not before considerable damage was dona, llose Co No.'J. together with < ither lira companies, exerted themselves with much ac- i .Ivity on the occasion. Korwo Drowned.?Coroner Walters was culled yes;erday to hold an inquest upon the body of an unknown 1 nan about 40 years old, who was found floating in the ' lock at the foot of Pine struct. Verdict?Death by lrowuing. The deceased hud on when found, black or lark frock coat, with brass huntiug bullous, striped pantaloons, boots, cotton spotted neckbundkerchief. iluck cloth vest and striped cotton shirt, nud In one of Ills pockets was found a bottle containing some liquor. { Hair, long?whiskers, a reddish color. A S*n Picvt re.?Coroner Walters being called yesterday to hold an Inquest in the Old Brewery. Murderer's Alley, rear of No. r>9 Cross street, we embraced tbe j opportunity to accompany lilm to the before named den ' of infamy and degradation. On entering tile wretched apartment in which Patrick Muldoon but a few months 1 ago received his death blow, we noticed about twenty | women of the most abandoned character, whose conduct was truly disgusting; more es(iecially when it is eon- | sidered that one of their number was then lying a corpse amongst them, and presenting a picture which, we feel satisfied, will never be effaced from our recollection, and ; one that we supposed would have put a stop to ribaldry even amongst the lowest of the low. The body upon whieh the coroner had boeu called to uuiu iiu inquest, was titnr of .Mary vlater or Vleta, who. on Monday last, visited Blackwill's Island, for the purpose of seeing her husband. a Portu- \ guese. confined In the Ponltontinry for some petty of- ( lenee. got her clothes wet with rain, and having no other articles of apparel to put on Instead of them, she I kept on the wet attire-the consequence was. sickness j and delirium fever soon followed; and the Inmates becoming afraid of her. instaad of giving notice to the police authorities, and thereby causing her to he better I taken care of. she was shut up. with her child, In a small i darkroom, the door nailed fast, without a particle of food being given either to her or her helpless offspring for a period of three days, at the expiration of which, the ravings of her maddened brain censed to bo heard her room door was forced open, and her bruised and lifeless body was found lying on the floor, with her dying I child resting on her bosom. The deceased had been Intemperate in her habits, and according to the verdict of thejnry. rnme to her death by delirium tremens. Brooklyn (T?y Intelligence. Rattlf or MosTr.sr.v. ?We lenrn that a splendid view of the storming of Monterey, painted hy two Lieutenants of the army, Is to he exhibited at the Gothic ilall this evening Law Tntclllgnicfi. CorttT or Uv Nr.iiAi. Hustons.?April 24.?Before Recorder Heott. and Aldermen Purser and Walker, flsnlenrei.?Wm Johnson, convicted of a burglary in the third degree, was tills morning sentenced to l>o imprisoned In the State Prison for the term of two years. Patrick Me.Manua. convicted of a grand larceny In having stolen about $700 worth of cloths, vrstlngs. kc., from the store of Mr Scott, merchant tailor. In Broadway, wm alio sentenced to two yeari Imprleonment In the state Prison Virginia Election. The following I* a Hat of the Congressional candidate# in Virginia, with the majority in each district at the last Presidential election :? District. IFkig. *""" l.orofoco. Clay. Polk. 1. Samuel Watu, Archibald Atkinson, 195" ' 2. Oeorgs W. Boiling, (leorge C-Dnesgoole, *2i 3. Thot. 8. Flournoy, Wni M. Trrdway, 418 , 1. Henry P. Irving, Thomas S. Bocnck, 2 I 5. Win. L. (roggiu, Shelton K. Le Ac, ? 74 6. John M. Bulla, Waller D Leake, 239 7. John J. Jones, Tlinmw H. Bayly, 436 ? | 8. W New Inn. H. T. L. Beale, 96 ? ! 9. John 8. Painlletun, Chvrles Huiiiott, 936 ' 10. Anthony Kennedy, Henry Bellinger, ? 7l>3 j 11. Algernon A (Jray, Jauiei .MeDwell, ? 1628 12. Win B. Preston, Aug. A. CLipmaii, 919 I 13. No noininitiou. jp- McNIaHeul' al,i ! 11. W. McComai, R. A. Thnrnpion, 31 14. J. T. Hawkins, Win. U. Brown, ? 046 in the above we correct an error in the whig almanac, by which tho 14th (Kanawha) dlitrict, was made to give a democratic majority of Sob, whereas Clay had a majority of 34 in the name The same authority gives the democratic majority as 609 in tho 14th district, whereas it should be 640. We now proceed to give the result of the election held in Virginia on Thursday last. We have taken the greatest pains to have our returns full and correct, and they may bo relied upon with confidence. In the last Congress the whlgs had but one mombcr from Virginia, vis?Mr. Pendleton, Rom .the Loudoun (9th) district. They have now probably elected five or six representatives to the next Congress. First District?The prospects are favorable to the election of .Mr. Watts, (whig.) Norfolk city gives him 32'J majority. In 1844 Clay had 231?whig guin 91; also gain in Portsmouth 70, and ut Tanner's Creek 20?total gain for Watts so far 180. from which is to be deducted a loss of 63 in Princess Auuo, be.?leaving a net gain of 123; end live counties, and part of Norfolk county to be heard from, in which the whigs must gaiu 71 to succeed. Second District?(Petersburg, be.) ? In Petersburg the majority U^JllIJNL l/ruinguuiv ^ucuiyvmv; auu ill ia*ur Ui Hulling (whig) is 191?a whig gain of 161 ; and in Dinwiddle county a gain of 1H9; also 98 in Greensville. Hulling also runs well In other counties; but as there are live democratic and only two whig counties in the district, to hear from, it would seem that Dromgoole must have bocn elected altheugh the reports are to the contrary. Third, Diitriet?(Pittsylvania, kc.)?Not heard from. Probabilities in favor of Tredway (dem.) Fourth Diitriet?(Buckingham, kc) ? Reports in favor of the election of Irving (whig.)?The contest will bo a close one. Fifth Diitriet?(Albemarle. kc.)?Reports favorable to the election of Goggln (whig.) Sixth Diitriet?(Richmond, kc.)?John M. Botts (whig) elected?majority about A50. Seventh Diitriet?(Accomac, Icc.l?The Norfolk lieraid says: " Our information from tne election in Hampton is. that Jones has tied Judge Bayly. If so, the Judge has lost 34 votes, which was nls majority against Soutall, in Klizabeth City, in 1845.? (Result doubtful.) Eighth Diitriet?(Westmoreland, kc.) Urate. Newton. .?1841.?, Dem. Whig. Polk. Clay. Caroline county 43 ? ? 13 8|>ott-ylvania IT ? 4 ? King George ? 10 48 ? CO 10 32 13 There can be but little doubt of the election of Beale? democrat, in this district. Ninth Diitriet.?(Loudoun, kc.)?Pendleton, (whig.) re-elected. Tenth Diitriet.?(Frederick county, 4te.)?Bedlngur, (democrat.) re-elected. In addition, the following districts remain to be heard from. Eleventh Diitriet.?(Rockingham, ko.) certainly democratic. Twelfth Diitriet.?(Montgomery, kc.)?Probably democratic. Thirteenth Diitriet.?(Little Tennessee.)?Certainly democratic. Fourteenth Diitriet.?(Kanawha, kc.)?Doubtful. Fifteenth Dittrict.?(Wheeling, kc.)?Probably democratic.

Hicahtulatiow. Whigi. Democrats. Klected 2 2 Certain ? 2 Probable,.,.. 4 3 6 ? Mr. Ritchie's estimate was three whigs to twelve democrats. 1 HE I.EnilLATI'RR. We give no return* relative to the Legislature, bocause there la very little intereat felt out of the Stuto tor the result. It will probably be democrat!*, as last year. Postscript. Additional returns came in last night. We annex them :? Second District.?The counties of Greensville, Dinwiddle. Prince George, Nottoway and Brunswick, and the town of Petersburg give, according to the Richmond Whig, George W. Boiling (whig) 'J40 majority over Geo. C. Dromgoole (loco.) Mecklenburgh aud Amelia to bo heard froin.which'lt was believed will not givo Dromgoole more than 174 or '100 majority. If so, that district is whig. We learn by a gentleman who arrived in the city yesterday from Washingtou, that full returns elect Bulling (whig) over Dromgoole by 00 majority. The return* in the Richmond Compiler (whig) from the fourth district in part, show a whig gain of 72 In Fluvanna and Cumberland counties, and 49 in Prince Edward, and render Irviug's election nearly certain. The Compiler *avs: The intelligence from tho interior is encouraging. Thero is scarcely a doubt that we have elected Goggin in the Albermarle district. In Albermarle county the whig gain is 107, aud '11 in Orange and Madison. We learn that the democrats concede that George W. Boiling, whig, bo* beaten Dromgoole in tho Brunswick district. Dromgoole'* majority in Orecnsville and Prince George is only 69; a gentleman from Brunswick, judging from the voting at the *trongo*t precinct, (Harrison's, whore D.'s majority was between 40 and 50.) *ay* he cannot get more than seventy odd in that county. Bolting's majority in Petersburg and Dinwiddie is 3'11. If the remaining counties vote like those heard from, Boiling is certainly elected. Mr. Irving ha* a fine start In the Buckingham district, and we have strong hopes ot his election. The vote in Buckingham and Campbell will make his aggregate majority 350, which can scarcely bo overcome by Prince Edward, Appomattox and Lunenburg?Charlotte being considered doubtful. We have failed (u the Westmoreland, but have a fair prospect in the Norfolk district. In the Legislature we have gained one?the delegate from Louisa. We have reason for exultation thus far. tin .Monday we shall know a little more as to how tho Stat* goes. Judging from tho above returns, we think that the ioiiowing HKMiiDrrs arc ciecicu iu vue next i^uugrepn. White. Demoerate. l.?t Dilt. Watts, probnble. Bth Rt-ale. doubtful. 2d " Rolling, certain. 10th " Bedlnger, ccrt. 4th ' Irving, certain. 11th " McDowell, cert. 6th " (loggia, certain. 6th ' Rolls. 6AO maj. 9th " Pendleton, cert. Six districts remain to be board from, of which tho democrat! may hnro carried four or Ave?or pouibly all aix. In the 7th, Wise's old diitriot, tile contest le close and doubtful between Bayly and Jones. Police Intelligence. Picktd up Drunk.?Officer Donoven of tho Seventh ward, picked up, in the street, on Saturday night, while in a state of intoxication, a man giving his name as Woi. Smith. On taking him to the station house,the offl ecr found on his person six packages of money, containing In all $315 in bank bills, which money was taken care of by the captain until the man became sober. Patting Spuriout Monry.?Officer Costello of the Sixth ward, arrested, on Saturduy, a man by the name of Win. Blauclier, on suspicion of having passed a two dollar counterfeit bank bill on Ellen Norman, who resides in that classic neighborhood called the Kive Points. Early Depravity.?A young "girl of very prepossessing appearance, and not yet 1A years of age. by the name of Mary Ann Kennedy, was taken from a house of prostitution located iu the 1th ward, on Saturday night, by officer Coakly of the Ith ward police, on the complaint of her father. She was conveyed before u magistrate and committed for a further examination. Petit Larrrniet.?Officer Costillo, of the Gth ward, arrested on Saturday two fellows called Wm. Sumpton and John Thompxou. having in their possession a large pall of Uour, which Is evidently stolen, for which an owner is wnntcd. The same officer arrested likewise a man called Patrick McGowen, on a charge of stealing a hat. for which an owner is wanted. Apply to the above officer. Justice Osborne locked them all up for examination. Political. The Intelligence from Iowa (says the St. Louis Republiran.) is hardly sufficient to enable us to form a decided opinion, but we believe that llarlan (whig) has beaten Judge Mason (locofuco) for the office of superintendent of public Instruction In the third judicial district, where, at the election last fall, the locofoeos hail a majority of several hundred, the wbigs have now a majority of one hundred. Judge Mason was the locofoeo candidate for the Senate of the United States, agreed npou in mucus last winter. The people have now. It is very probable, put their seal on his aspirations. J. R. llowel (whig) beats Olney (locofoeo) for district judge, in the third district, by a majority of ono or two hundred voles. Another unsuccessful trial was made In Providenee, R. I., on Friday, to All the vacancies In the elty delegation to the (leneral Aeeembly. A larger rote war eaet t lian on the prcrloua trial, and the Dorritee approximated towards a majority. Abraham W. Venable, democrat, haa been nominated to Congress from the Oth district. North Carolina. Freshets.?The water continued to rise during the whole of yesterday, and in the evening verv rapidly. The whole of the pier and Quay etreet was under water.?Albany Argvi, April 54. The banks of the Connecticut river are flooded. The water rose fast to.day, and made a great stir along the wharves, driving all before It. The snow above Is melting away.?Hartford Timtt, April 54. The water In Merrimack river often rises from It to 51 hours after rain lias ceased falling here. It has rained with us most of the day. (as well as through last night.) and the river is and must be upon the rise for some hours hence Should the storm continue to-night we must be prepared to hear of much damage ?Concord (IV. II.) Letter, April 53. _ Lark Krik Blockaded.?The west winds hnve driven down the Ice and blocked up the Buffalo harbor The Nile bad to leave her passengers at Silver i reek on Wednesday, as she was not able to reach within ten miles of luffaio No boat left on Thursday on account of the Ice. Extraordinary liwnniuiUitlwi to th? Mcnatr. from Chancellor Wn! vrorth, In which he Decline* the OArr of t'ommlwloncr of the Co?l?. Saratoua sfrino*. April 23, 1847. lion. Aoduon OiiDiittR, Lieutrnant Governor and Preeidrnt of Ike Senate? 1)i:ak Hm?Permit nie. through you. io express to the Legislature iny thank* for the confidence implied in my appointment ny them a* one ??f the ConuBUslonem of the I ode by the law of the 8th lust., and my einrere re(tret that I uin obliged to declino the aeceptanoe of that important office. Soon after the commencement of the session, wnen i was urgeu >.'j ?> in and out of the Legislature, to allow my uuniH to loused for tills situation, 1 fraukly stated to them that I did not wish the appointment; but I also told them that my feelings of gratitude to the people of the State, for thu evidences of their confidence, with which 1 had so uniformly been sustained during nearly twenty yours ot judicial labor in their service, would not ullow mo to decline any appointment which they should think proper to confer, the duties of which 1 could discharge to my own satisfaction. and hencflciully to the Statu. 1 gave my friends distinctly to understand, however, that I should In no event accept this office unless It coufd he so arranged that I should not bo prevented from examining and deciding thu causes which hud lioeu argued before me. uud than remained undecided. Justice to suitors, who hud been at the expense of employing and paying counsel, to urgue causes, required this: and I hoped to be uble to accomplish it by the first or middle of July?for the submitted causes could bo us well examined and decided by my successors, or by another court, ss by me. It was also understood by those with whom I conversed on tho subject, that my acceptance of this employment would in any event depend upon the question whether the commission was so organized as to satisfy me that the commissioners uppoiuted under it would have the requisite time and means to frame a code whicli would carry nut the principle of the constitution on the subject, and which would bo creditable to themselves and beneficial to the people of the State. It is made tho duty of the commissioners appointed by the Legislature under thu seventeenth section of the first article, of tho new constitution, not only to reduce into a systematic code, tile whole body of the written and unwritten law of tills State, or so much thereof as they ahull deem practicable and expedient, but also to specify the amendments which they shall consider proper to he made in the existing law ; and 1 am nut one of those who belieTo it is wholly impracticable to curry out the provisions of the constitution on this subject. On the contrary, I think it not oDly practicable, hut highly expedient to collect the general principles of the unwritten commercial and other civil law. and of our equity system, as well as the criminal law of the State, now scatterod throug hsome thousands of,volumes of treatises, commentaries, digests, and reports of judicial decisions, and to arrange them under appropriate heads, divisions and titles, in connection with the statute law on the same subjects. Such modifications of the law should also be suggested aud incorporated into tho eodo as urn necessary to Padapt the law of the Stnto ."to the prosent advanced state of society, aud the principles of our free institutions. I think, too, that muuy of tho valuable principles of the ancient civil law might be incorporated 'into our legal system, with benefit to tho citizens 01 mis aiaie. l no cuuro coue couui prooaoiy be comprised within the compass of flvo or six volumes of the size of our present It evised Statute*. Tho whole of the statute law would of course be combined with the principles of the common law iu these volumes, according to the requirements of the Constitution to codify the whole law as fur us practicable; and if I bad concluded to accept the appointment of a commissioner of the code, 1 should have considered it my duty to attempt to codify the laws upon these principle*. I do not, however, believe it practicable to framo a code which will regulate and provide for all cases which may arise in the constantly v|gh| Monuments of life and changes of society?*aW*8"fhffiH sffff&eVfc t# the flexibility of the common l?wk which adapts Itself to new coses as they occur, by analogy to statutory enactments or well established rulocof law in cognate cases. This, as I understand it, was the principle upon which the civil and commercial codes of Napoleon were framed. Mons. l'ortalis, one of the commissioners who prepared the first of these codes, says : "We have guarded against the dangerous ambition of wishing to regulate aud to foroseo^every thing. The wants of society are so varied?the'intercourse between men is so active?their interests so multifarious, and their relations so extended?that it is impossible for the legislator to provide for every emergency." Tho oodes of course abolished all laws which were inconsistent with the provisions of tho written law embraced in them, llut tho French civil code itself provides that tho Judge who shall refuse to determine upon tho rights of the parties, under pretext of the silence, obscurity, or insufficiency of the law. shall be liable to be proceeded against as guilty of a refusal of justice. 1 presume, therefore, that in cases where the code is silent, the Judge must resort to the analogies of the code itself, if they are to be found therein, and if not, to the unwritten law as it previously existed, to enable him to decide the rights of the litigating parties. The compilation aud adoption of such a code as I have supposed to be both practicable and expedient, and which tho constitution directs to be made, although It caunot provide for every case, will embody all the great principles of law which exist in our civil, criminal and commercial systems; and it will greatly facilitate the acquisition of knowledge of the law, not only by those who diligently devote themselves to its study, but also by the people at large, who will, in a few years, become as familiar with the leading principles of tho code, us they are now with thoso of the revised statutes, hut those who have not particularly considered and exumined the subject in all its details, can have no adequate conception of the timo, study, labor aud care which will bu requisite to embody and arrange all the principles of the unwritten law which regulate the rights of individuals, with their various exceptions and modifications when applied to special coses, in connection witli the whole statute law. under their appropriate titles and heads, iu a well digested code. 1 have therefore looked Into the history of tho formation of some of the codes which have heretofore KMC 11 nuopicu. VOBOO WIlUl HUB IH'l'll lU'l'llll'll necogsary III their proper formation, aud the time which has beea employed thereon. The first code of Justinian was n mere revision and codification of the constitutions or written laws of thn Christian emperors, commencing witli the perpetual edicts adopted by the Emperor r'adrian. Joannes and his nine associates, including Tribonian and Thuophilus, compiled this code in the short space of fourteen months. Rut they hail in its compilation not only the assistance of the two codes of Uregoriu* and llerniogcncs, but also of the celebrated Theodosiau codo upon which great labor had been bestowed, nnd whicli^had, in fact, oodilicd all the constitutions or edicts of the Christian emperors down to the time of the younger Theodosius; aud yet so imperfect was the work of these ton distinguished lawyers, thus hastily prepared and adopted, that within live yours afterwards a new commission was formed to revise it. The result of the labors of the new commissioners is, the code which hns come down to posterity. tho original code having been cutirely suppressed by the order of the emperor. The compilation of the larger and more important work, called tho digest or audects, was committed, by Justinian, to a commission of seventenu persons, at the hond ot whom Tribonian was placed; and they weru allowed ten years for the completion of tho work. Thoy. in fact, completed it in about one third of that time. Vet many writers upon the civil law have regretted the haste in which this voluminous uud important work was gotten up. it was, however, a work of great merit, aud is undoubtedly the source from which some of the mn?t valuable principles of the equity system of this country anil of England were derived. Hut it cost the learned and indefatigable Pothier years of labor to change the order in which the laws had been arranged in llie Pandects, so as to bring tho whole of the law relating to the same subject together, and to correct und explain principles which were apparently contradictory, and frequently erroneous. Tho Sitlr Partidai, or Code of Alfonso tho 10th of Castile, oompiled about the middle of the 13th century, occupied four Spanish jurisconsults seven years in its preparation. It was, considering the age and the state of legal learning at the time it was made, a work of greater merit than tho institutes, the code, and the pandects of Justinian. Hut an examination of the work itself shows that the learned men to whom its compilation was entrusted drew very largely from the ample Btores of the Justinian law. The best evidence of the merits of the " Partidai'' as a code, is the fact that they have endured for nearly six hundred years since thwy were promulged by Alfonso the wise, and five hundred years since their formal recognition by the Cortes of Alcala in 1348 ; and lliey new form the general law of Spain and its depen dencios, ami of our lister State of Louisiana, except where it has boon altered by subseijuent legislation, local customs, or changes in the couititutiou of the government. One of the five code* of Napoleon, called the civil code, wai prepared by three commissioners. appointed in Augu.it. 1WO0. They prepared their draft iu a very short time, lo that the last part of the code w.ia finally adopted bv the legislative body in April. 1(W4. Anil more than half of it wus adopted in vlareh of the preceding your. But a learned writer, who h;?? carefully and fully examined the subject, lays, in relation to the preparation of thin part of the hrench codas, that various treatises of i'athier were rapidly dissected by these commissiouers, arul with morsels from Unmat ami the ancletil ordinances, were formed into the articles of the projected code; that the titles relative to contracts are a mere aualysis of the treatises of I'othier on these inntters; and that at least three-fourths of the whole work consists of cxtrncts from l'o tiller's works, if so, the labor of preparing tbe draft of the eivtl code, iu the tirst Instance, could not have lieen very great; for Domat nnd I'othier had previously, In substance, digested nearly every | rinciplc of the French had been furnished to these commissioner* in the la-1 of the three project* of Cambaceres, which was prepared by him about four ycjir* previous to their appointment, and presented to the (ltreetorj. In addition to thin, the draft of the civil code was not presented to tho legislative body for it* adoption in that form. It wn* printed aud Milt to each of the Court* ol Vppcal for their cxamluation, and their comment* to be made thereon; the project, with their obiervation*. wn* then dl*eu**ed In Council of titatc und at the tribunate; after which the different title* were presented to the legislative body and adopted in tin Ir Improved and modified form, at different time*, under the direction of those who were appointed by the government to explain the principle* of the several titles; and the various reports upon tlie code, and the discussion* thereon heforo the tribunate, were published, to serve as acommeutnry to explain the inteut and meaning of the several artiele* of the rode thus prepared and adopted. Tills part of tho French law i* unijuestiouably. in the shape in which it wa? llnally adopted, a work of great merit, although it I* admitted to contain many defect*. Indeed, tho einperor Napoleon considered tliosu defects so groat that in January. 1H13. leas than nine year* after its final adoption, lie directed the wliolo of it to be revised?the obsolete law* to be omitted?those 011 tho same subject to bo brought together?tho contradictory on** pointed out and resolved. Sic. Tho framing of the commercial code of Franc.* wss committed to six other commissioners, in April, iHOI, who completed the original draft of that part of the law in about one year. But the draft was cgain revised and corrected by them after it had been examined and comj inented on by tho several Chamber* "I Commerce ol { France, the commercial tribunals, and tile several I court* of appeal. It then underwent a further examination In the Council of fltato. and it was finally pre 1 sented to the legislat vc body for adoption in Sept cmber 1907?about six years ami a halfaftertho eoiuuieuoc iiient of the labor* of the six commissioners who pre. ( pared and devised It. The oode of orimlnal Instruction I 1 : was not completed until about one year later. Thrm pmil code win rmiinli-trd ill IHIO uml the code id' |iro- I iriliw ill InOti. 1 have not lim utile to HMfUbl how many commissioners wore employe 1 in preparing j these three codes, or at what time their 1 <tl>or? com- ? in. need ; nor havo I had the means of forming an opinion of the charueters of those last mentioned eodoa of the French law. But from the unfavorable opinion expressed by I.erruinier. I Infer that they bear no comparison. in point of merit, to the other two code*. Spain lias a code of commerce, adopted in 1 ?d!', which wan prepared by seven commissioners in nbopt tlfteeu months; but in compiling It. they had the benefit of tho commercial code of France as a model, although many of i?a provision* ure variant. The last revision of tho statute* of this State, occupied tho commisslonirs cn- ' gaged In it about four years In framing u code for thin State, very little assistance can he obtained from any of the foreign codes, i* the common law differs from them in so many Important particulars. The only essential Hid. therefore, which the commissioners of the code will have from the lalsirs I of others on the subject, will be frein the partial codification of tho statute law. as contained in the revised statutes of this Slate?a work highly creditable to those who were engaged in its formation, either as commissioners or legislators. I'pon a full examination of this subject. 1 have satisfied myself that it would be impossible for ui? to perform my part of tho labor of forming such a code as I should consider it my duty to attempt to compile, in less time than live or six years?devoting twelve hours a dny to that business exclusively ; and that is as much mental labor as the human intellect la generally cupablo of enduring for any considerable length of time. The different purls of tho code prepared from time to time, and which are susceptible of a division, may be presented to tbo legislaftlre for adoption. as boon us I:icy are completer! ny tn? cuuiiumiuucu. But to fruiue u oode so that the different parte tliereof will harmonise with each other, it is very desirable, If not absolutely uocessary, that tlloso to whom its prepaI rat ion is intrusted in the lirat place, should ho contiuued lu offlco until the whole work is completed, if practicable, aud those outfaced in the labor should bo required to devote their whole time and attention to that object alono. A compensation should, therefore, bu allowed, which will indues members of the bar who are in full and successful pructico, to (jive up their professional business entirely, while engaged in the discharge of thie duty, so that the whole work may be completed with the least possible delay: und if the course pursued in relation to the civil nud commercial codes of Kranae. of submitting the draft of the different parts ef the code to the judges of the superior courts for their examination and observations thereon, und then revising the draft before it wns submitted to the legislaturo for udoptlon, had born directed by the statute. I have 110 doubt it would have added greatly to tho value of the work. One objection to the law organising the commission, which related to myself only, 1 understand was promptly obviated by the Legislature as soon as it was suggested Others, however, remain, upon which the Legislature have expressed an opinion, and which I cannot ask them to change. I have, therefore, thought it my dutv to signify my intention of declining the office at onde. to enable them to supply my place in the commission during the present session, us contemplated by the constitution. 1'ormit me. however, to say in conclusion, that though I have not thought proper to aroept this situation. which has been toudered to ine with such unanimity by both branches of the Legialature, I shall over retain a grateful remembrance of this renewed evidence of the confidence of that portion of my follosv-citlxeus. I am, with respect and esteem, Yours, ike., R. H. WALWORTH Robert Owen In Reply to a l?tt?r In this day's Herald, signed H. To tux Kditor or tiie Herald. Sir,?It is due to you. to your correspondent 11., and to tho world, that I should leave no doubt on the public miud respecting the convictions that have been forced upon me. respecting the subjeets stated by my old acquaintance II., but who keeps ine In the dark as to hie own name, or I would personally thank him for giving mo this opportunity to explain my views. After a long life, devoted to a disinterested ssarcli after truth, to satisfy my own mind upon the permanent benefit of our rnce, my convictions, from cuimly coliscting und comparing all the facts to be obtained from history to the latest discovery of them, even to the present day. is, that thu human rare, hitherto, has been under the most lamentable mental delusions, and that It is now tho mere slave of the error* of the latitude oud longitude in which its divisions happen to be born and educated. In proof, the latitude and longitude of a people being given,' tho language, religion, habita. manner* and prejudices of the individual* are also thereby given. And now, over the world, all wen are made to become mental slaves to these local ignorances?in fact, to become sc> truly irrationul as to be systematically trained to believe that the peculiar, inconsistent, and most contradictory, imaginary notions, of each division of these local absurdities, are the most valuable truths that can be taught; and that without the pule of this local division, all that is taught in other latitudes and longitudes, In opposition, is error and gross absurdity. Having. with tho natural strong prejudices in tavor of the instruction received witlilu my own latitude and longitude, been, by some power or means, induced carefully to examine the notions taught and instruction given, in all other latitudes und longitudes past and present. a new wor^l of invaluable knowledge for practice was at an early period opened to me, without merit on my part. Knowing that what powers I possessed by nature were forced upou me by the creating power ef the universe, and that these qualities have lieeu acted upon and inllucuccd from birth by the circumstances in which 1 wan placed?none of which were in early life of my creation, uor at any subsequent period, except so far as those natural qualities end previous circumstances gave nie the moans aud power to create some few. Bmidst millions of others, liiucli mora ovarwhatluiin* la 1 Heir inlluences than any unaided individual eoultf create in opposition to them. This course, which nature impelled mo to pursue, opened uiy eyes to all the errors of latitudes and longitudes over the world, and their irresistible power to sow the seeds of evil in all colors and classes of men; training them in falsehood and deceptions, discussions, strifos, and in every evil passion calculated to prodncw endless crimes and misery. aud make ths attainment of anything approaching to"rationality und happiness impracticable. With tho strongest feelings to retain my early prejudices, I was. fortunately for future generations und par tiully no for thin. compelled to abandon all railli lu any of these deranging systems of latiludo and longitude, and to petceive the Incalculable value of universal principled; of principled which aro the same to-day as yesterday, and change not for man lu any country or eliiue, but arc eternal truths of nature. it id. therefore, true, that early in life I was compelled to perceive, through oil latitudes and longitudes, the | lamentable and gross errors of all arities. isuis, aud lacntai insanity, which compelled the paor, helpless, and pitiable beings, mad* from their birth subject to them.to j use a language of falsehood and conduct of deception,itn1 mensely to lue daily injury of all living, creating the ncI cessitjr for all to bo governed by force, fear, fraud and j falsehood, instead of by truth, knowledge, charily, and J kindness The former producing disunion, distrust, all , manner of crime aud misery, the latter calculated to j produce union, confidence, uud every kind of the most | elevating virtues, insuring happiness, not partially and for a short period to the oppressing few, hut to ail for; ever. lien. therefore, think and act wrong, that is. In opposition to their owu happiness, and the permanent happiness nf their race, not because their nature is bid. but, because, from birth, I hey are most erroi uoarly instructed in llio prejudices and falsehoods of their respective latitudes aud longitudes, and made to perceive and hate the prejudices of all other latitudes and longitudes ? And, as your correspondent 11. status. 1 am from extensive reading, observation uud reflection, compelled to coine to the eenclusion. that seeing how the character of each is, at and lifter birth, forced upon all. that individual rewards and punishments are grossly unjust, highly injurious, aud uever can produce a virtuous stale of soeiaty; because virtue and vise are the unavoidable reaults of virtuous aud superior cireumstanoss, and of vicious and inferior circumstances. but if rewards uud punishmauts could be applied to approach rational action,they should be made to act upon the authorities of the world?to reward those who shall create the virtuous and superior, and to punish those who orcute or retain the vicious and inferior circumstances. I.et nil those remember tbls inestimable truth, which will remain unchanged through all time: ? " As is the orgauisation of each human being at birth, and as ara the good or bad, superior or inferior sircurnstauees in which the bciug shall bn placed front birth, so will be the character aud conduct of the Individual w bum they compel to become what he Is.ut every uiouivnt of his existence '' As suruas this knowledge shall be sufficiently made known to t t c public, so sure is there " a good tiuie coming.'' lloBhilT UWfl.V New Vork, April 3.1, 1 ts 17. SrsqmcitANNAii Fihhkriu*.?Our fisherman have uot. done well since their coiuinoucemeut on the Busijucbaiiiinh, this season, shad aud herring being rather scarce. They arc. however, making t ultra bin hauls at present f resh herring command two dollars par barrel, bhad twelve dollars per hundred.?Harford Madiionian. "TV'AdfJl JHf WEIgwacrr. ' /aa/visi I'M" . - > U...O.... tl._ duciimi.?J. V. Savage sells i Hi.Id IV i for 75 cents. Alio, a magnificent IV,i for 42, which i. the best and cheapest pii w the city. Levi Brown s Pens, genuine, at reduced price*. Tho tr idc supplied on the Lost term.. Don't mistake the number, 32 Knlton street. Metafile Tablet Hnsor Strop.?The subaerlhe's would call the attention of it,augers nod the public to their assortment of the above, beyond cafil the best article uianttluclured. Q SAUNDERS At SON, 177 Broadway, a few doors above Courtlniidt st. The Plumbr National liiiuuerrlnii Oallerjt on the upper coroerol Urocdway and .Murray street, should I a visi.ed by all who bare any desire to see the liueat specimen! of I he daguerreotype ait Bytso doing they will save.thcinselves from the risk of bring imposed upo i, by receiving poor pictures instead of good ones. PathetUni, anil Mesin<rlain_I>r. Ashley, 40 Hudson street, itivea sittings d illy ai live o'clock I'. >!., lor the curing ofdiieases, )>crforming surgical operations, arid eitracting teeth without |iain. The diseases ol women and childieu will he treated with unremitted care and attention. 2 J. O. Llglitbotly's Printing Ink Manufactory, No. 21 Rose street,(<l|d Sugar House.) corner of Dnane. New , York, f sirs Fine Card, Fine Black, News, and Colored Inks, of s superior ounlity.for .ale on the most reasonable terms All orders will be'promptly attended to f.omaur prrtofthe ???* 2 4 A Swlnintliig of the Head, like every other disorde.ed m ton , I tl.e Idood, . . .wing to cut opt mid .tag. nant humors which, w hen Booting in the general must of the circulation, are the cause of headache, giddiness, palpitation of the heart, and many other nnple s.mt symptoms, and when thrown noon the various parts of the body nre ilie came of erery iu.il ply incident to man. '1 he Indian Vegetable IMIi ara always certain to remove headache, guld.ness, and every complaint, because they Completely rid the body of all morbid humor., ami every thing that IS opposed to health. Wright's lip . iliau Vegetable I ills also aid and improve digestion, and therelore give health and vigor to the whole frame, s- well as drive disease ol every kind from the hod v. Beware of (Sugar Costrd counterfeits. The only original ami genuine Indian Vegetable I ill* nave the iignntur* ??| Wm. Wright written with * pen on the top Ubt| ol tachhov None other it Ktuuuie, u.1 to counterfeit t)M, ,j forgery, 0(|i,<. devoted egelnaMy t? i n AIT u if l r*#**4* Wholwelt r* itevwipn"m " N Yi ** 4