Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 4, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 4, 1847 Page 1
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r TH1 * Vol. XIU. No. 1'43?Whole No. 4740. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. [ from the New Orleans Picayune, April 24.] THE CHANCES OF PEACE. We saw a private letter from a very Intelligent officer that several of the States of the Mexican confederacy have denounced the war with tlio United States, and threatened to secede unless peace should be made. Many Mexicans predicted a peace within sixty days, but our correspondent puts little faith in auguries so favorable. lie thinks the great difficulty in the way of n peace is the fact that Santa Anna is so nuarly crushed that he dare not make a treaty. Nor does there appear to be any one elso in Mexico strong enough to incur the great responsibility. None of the old politicians will venture upon the step. Our correspondent udds: "Home man now uukuowu to fame, with nothing to lose and every thing to gain, may arise, aud udvocute a pence policy successfully. Ills want of ambition, or the littlo chance of his obtaining power, may prevent him from becoming obnoxious to the jealousies of parties, and gain for him adherents generally. lie may succeed in making a peace which every body will lie glad of; but how long before it will be used as an element of political warfare' Tho Legislature of the Htato of Vera Crus. sitting at -Inlftpa, was said to be deliberating, at last accounts, upon the propriety of making peace, independent of the general government. The State of Zacatocas has declared itself independent-so writes us an Intelligent correspondent. AFFA1BS IN THE CITY OF MEXICO. [From tho .New Orleans I'atris. April 98.1 Mexico, April I, 1847. ' ' * Affairs are every day growing so complex and confused ill this capitul. t hat I am now utterly unable to understand what the present infernal state of things in Mexico will lead to. Never did you seen country In a more distressing situation than this unfortunate Mexican Republic, nor one more miserably managed. You have heard of the results of the late revolution from the periodicals which I have regularly forwarded you. and you may perhaps Ue ame 10 lurin simuu iuch m hi.- oni.cmri. and scaridiy* of which thin city is at present the theatre. I should not bo able to Hud paper sufficient to describe all that lias occurred liere. It would be necessary to go back tn tlie news of the battle of liuena Vista, an extraordinary battle?one which wo inipartials cannot well understand?as to its stupendous results, its incomprehensible organization, and especially the pretended vietory of Santa Anna, which obliged him to retire from the Held with a loss of 1600 men. and his whole urmy disorganized. This is truly a new fashioned victory. Hut in order to understand the present condition of parties liere. it is necessary to take a calm review of affairs The parties which are at pregent. like moths, incessantly feeding on the prosperity of Mexico, may bo divivideu into tlvu or six factions. There is the war party, who are not only in favor of a war, but of one conducted with decision, energy and real earnest. There is the peace party, which is desirous of effecting an accommodation with the United States, even at the sacrifice of a large portion of their territory. Anothor party?that of t he clergy?bate tha Americans as heretics and Jews, but tliey are unwilling to open the purses of the church to contribute to prosecute the war against the " enemies of their religion/' Uomez Farias has a party. winch is in favor of hypothecating the property or the church, to raise funds to carry on the war. This party is weak. for Santa Anna publicly repudiates it, though it is said lie Hecrelly encourages their design. Lastly, there is a party, which line always existed to a considederable extentjn Mexico, intent upon selfish purposes, disregarding the circumstances of the State?in peace or in war, regarding nothing but the promotion of their own self-interest and ambition. This party lias seised the present occasion as affording an opportunity of promoting their interests, entirely oblivious of the calls of patriotism. an u In Anna leaves to-day (April 1) for Jala pa. where tie will unite his force with that of Gen. La Vega, who Is now at the defences of the National Bridge. Santa Anna says that he goes to conquer or die ; but this he has said so often, that we canuot put much reliance on the threut. lie takes with him about 30.000 men of all arms, tile greater part of thein being taken from (jarocliada) the lowest class of the people, who are very good for fighting. They will, however, have no other advantage over tlie army which marched from San Luis, except that tiny will not ho compelled to the same dreary march through vast wildernesses, and exposed to continual cold and rain. But they are equally destitute of resources and means, having no provisions, and no money with which to buy any. We have, therefore, no reasous for expecting any other results than have characterized the former enterprises, it is said that if the Americans pass the National Bridge, and march towards the capital, the whole people of Mexico will rise en mai$* against the iuvaders. But we do not doubt that a force of 10.0U0 or 13.000 Americans will not encounter on the march, a Mexican army sufficiently large or determined to resist their onward progress. What do the Mexicans hope for, when, during a whole year, tliey have permitted so many favorable opportunities of repelling tile invaders to pass by unimproved?? Witness the battles of Monterey and Buena Vista?the , debarkation of the American troops in the very face of Vera Crux, aud when the expedition had become so universally known and so constantly expected. Santa Anna says then- shall never be peace as long as there is one American in Mexico. But Santa Anna is, in truth, most desirous of all other persous for peace, and will he the first to recommend it. when it is safe to do so There are many persons in Mexico, who have learned to understand and appreciate the Americans, their laws, government and institutions?but there are many Mexicans who thoroughly despise tho Yankees, their manners and customs. Thus are these people divided anil confused, and yet they call themselves freelncu, aud mockingly style their nation a republic ! FROM VERA CRUZ. HcADql'ASTKKS OK THE ARMV, > Camp Washington, before Vera Crux. March 38. J IjENERAL UHUEHI, ITU. IU? 1. J lie Ueiac Illllcni, OI wie U.S. Murine Corps, now nerving with the 3d Regiment of U. 8. Artillery, will return to the naval Hi|Uadron. under Commodore I'erry to-morrow, and will assemble on the beach at 8 o'clock, A.M. for that purpose. 'J. The general-in-chief tenders his thanks to Captain Kdson for the elfeetive services rendered by himself, officers and men, during the siege. By command of Major Gen. Scott, H. 8. SCOTT, A.A.A.O. hcanqt'anters. First Brigade. i Camp Washington, near VeraCruz, March d8.) General Orders. No. 18.?The goneral of brigade avails himself of the occasion, on separating from Capt. Kdson. his officers and men, to express his high appreciation of the energy, zeal and thorough soldiership which murked their effective co-operation during our association, and also to tcuder his cordial thanks and respects. By order of Brig. Gen. Worth. W. W. MACKALL, A.A.O. Kxtract from a letter of Capt. Hughes, of the Corps of Topographical engineers. ' Vera Caul, April 14, 1847. " Yesterday despatches were received hero from Gen Twiggs, at Piano drl Rio, dated ldth iustant, stating that bantu Anna, with about 18,000 men. had occupied the strong pass of Cerro Gorro, (five miles In his advance.) atiout illteeu miles from Jalapa, where he had an additional force ot 7,000 or 8.000 men. Gen. I'attcrson being ill. Gun. Twiggs proposed to attack the enemy today, (14th instant,) hut I presume orders hare been sent him to defer it until the arrival of the commander-inchief, who will reach the plaoe to-day. It is now believed that a great battle will be fought soon at Jalapa. or a few miles the other side, at a formidable pass, called l.a Hoy a, which, if gained, opens to us the road to Perot t and to Puebla. " It is not thought that anything serious will ocaur at Cerro Gordo, as it is represented that the position mny be turned. I am sorry to tell you that Capt. Johnson, of the Corps of Topographical engineers, (recently appointed lioutenant colonel ot voltlgeurs,) was very dangerously wounded in two places, while reconnoitring the enemy's position on the 12tl? instant. His wounds had been dressed, one of the balls extracted, and the wounds pronounced uot to be mortal. Ciod grant that hi* valuable life may bo spared to hit) family .hi* friends and his country!" NKWS FROM THE 1UO UR.WDE. (J-'rointtae New Orleans Picayune, April -J4.1 The "Trumbull ha* arrived from the Brazos, having aailed ou the I8ih iunt. jeri. Taylor wa* at Monterey on the 5th inat.. while the army remained at it*old position under (Jen. Wool, lieu Taylor wa* pushing up supplies from f'aiuargo to Nultillo with all rapidity, and with a view to a forward movement upon San Luis. Men only will be wanting for that purpose. The volunteers are returning towards the mouth of the lllo (irando a - their terms of service are expiring. The right wing of Hit! Kentucky Legion had reached the Brazos, and was awaiting there the arrival of the other wing, prior to soiliug for this port. We learn that none of the volunteers scarcely are rc-enlirtiug. In the total absence or letters from our correspondent, we copy a number of items from the Matamoras Flag of tin! 14th instant:? The North Carolina regiment, as we learn from one of its very clever lieutenants, Staton, i* at San Krancisco, nine miles this aid)'of I'umargo. Oil the 8th hut they were joined by their commander. Col. Paine, ( apt. Wilson. our readers will recollect, ha* been appointed colonel of infantry, but prefers remaining with the Kdgccoiiibe boys, whose mother*constituted him their guardian daring the war. Lieut, staton, of the North Carolina regiment, came came down the river on Friday last in charge of sick vol usiteei* belonging tn III* regiment- On the passige d*wn two of them died, viz: Oeo. W. iiarns, let sergeant, cowpuny A; J J. K. Stokes, 3d corporal, company K ( ol. ( ashing has Issued the following stringent ordqM with n view to put an ond to the disturbances whicTr have prevailed so long in Mntamoro* : Order?No. 71. Hr an-titr*rtrm, Matamoros, April 13. 1847 Pi>r til" better maintenance of aafety and good moral* at till* post, and In special regard to the well being of the troop* stationed here, al*o in execution of previous orders emanating from the commanding gaucral, and from officers in immediate command at the post, it 1* ordered: I Vll houses or other places of gambling of whatever name or nature, or of public dancing, at this post, are hereby closed. . ill sale or traffic in distilled spirits lit this post is prohibited. l The proprietor* of all buildings or other places in v.i i fumbling or public dancing occurs, or distilled lirit'i >n old. a* well us tin occupant* or other peril* engaged or employed in and about the same, will be held severally responiible after th* present date for E NE" i any infraction of this order, and will be summarily dealt ' with according to fnartiai law. 4. Major Abbott is charged with the execution of this order. By order of C. Clsiiinc;, Col. Comd'g : W. W. II. DAVIS. Adj't. Passknoeks bv thi: Thumbull.?Maj. Colquit. J. Grubbs. Wm. Davis. I.ieut Rogers. J. W. Kinney. L J. Slicn. Dr. W B. Herrick. Mr. Call. The MlUedgoville Recorder of the 27th ult., contains the following order IV0111 (tov. ( rawford:? Hkaii Quarters, > MlUedgoville. Geo., April Slid, 1H47. J The Cominander-in-Chlef, having received a requisition from the President of the United States for a battalion of infantry, and also a company of Mounted Volunteers, ngniu appeals to the patriotism of Georgia. Extracts from the letter from the \V?r Department ure annexed as explanatory of the mode of organisation, the term of service, the place of rendezvous, and other subjects relating to the required battalion and company Com pun lfr. when organized lor the proponed service, will report directly to the Head Quarters, to the end that they muy be forthwith ordered to the general rendezvous, inspected, and mustered into the service of the I'nltcd States. iiy order of the Commander-in-Chief. JNO H. BROWN, Aid-de-Camp. From the letter from the War Department, which is appended to the order, we glean the following intelligence:? Five companies of infantry and one company of mounted volunteers are called for, to serve during the war, unless sooner discharged. If the entire numbar ot companies can be promptly raised, they will at ouee be organized Into a battalion, and the Governor will commission the Field uud company officers. If it is uecessary to order off the eompanips as fast as they are raised, they will bo organized into battalions and regiments on reaching their place of destination. Columbus is designated as the place of renuesvou*. where Fie companies will be inspected and mustered Into setvioe by a United States officer sent for the purpose. MILITARY MOVEMENTS. General Oil hi: h?NoTl. Adjutant General's Oeeick, ) TiMTOS, N. J.. April -J7. 1847. ) Ills F.xcelloney. the Commander-in-Chief, announces to the Volunteer Companies and citizens of New Jersey, that a requisition has been made by the President of tho United States, dated the 10th of April inst... for Ave companies of Infantry, of eighty privates each, to serve during the war with Mexico, unless sooner discharged, on the conditions stated In the requisition, a copy of la Trenton is designated as the place of rendezvous for the several companies, as fast as they shall be organized. The held and company officers will lie elected aud commissioned agreeably to the laws of this State. Each captaiu or commissioned officer will be required to report to the Adjutant General's office, ut Trenton, aud take rank agreeably to the order in which they shall report their companies, in conformity with the requisition. By order of tho Commander-in-Chief. T. CADWALADER, Adj'tGcn'l. War Difautmf.n-j-, ) April 19th, 1H-47. ] Sir?The Prcsideut has directed that a volunteer force be accepted for tho war with Mexico, in addition to those already in service. As it is desirable that no time should be lost in raising this additional force, it is pro. posed to accept and muster the volunteers by companies. Your Excellency is therefore requested to cause to be organized in your slate fivo companies of Infantry, to serve during tho war with Mexico, unless sooner discharged. Euch company will cousist of 1 captain; 1 first lieutenant; 3 second lieutenants; 4 sergeants; I corporals; 3 musicians, and HO privates. A battalion will consist or 1 lieutenant colonel or major; 1 adjutant, (a lieutenant of one of the companies, but not iu addition); 1 sergeant major; 1 quartermaster sergeunt; 1 drum mujor, and 6 companies. Should the number of companies hero called for be raised, they will be at once organized into a battalion, nnd your Excellency is requested to commission the Held and company officers. It may become necessary to order the several companies to thu scene of action as fast as they are raised and mustered into service, in which case they would be organized into battalions uud regiments on reaching thu place of destination. Trenton is designated as the pluce of rendezvous for the sevurul companies, as fast as they shall be organized, where they will be inspected aud mustered into service by an officer or officers of the United States Army, who will, iu every case, be instructed to receive no man who is, in years apparently over forty-five or under eighteen, or who is not of physical strength and vigor. To this end the Inspector will be uccompunicd by a medical officer of the army, und the volunteers will be submitted to his examination. As all the field and company officers, with volunteers taken into the service of the United States, under the act of 11th May. 184b, a copy of which is enclosed, must be appointed and commissioned, or such na have been appointed and commissioned in accordance with the laws of tho State from whenco they are taken, 1 beg to suggest ' the extreme importance to the public service that tho officers for the additional force, here requested, be judiciously selected. uiij law proviues lorme pay,cunning money.) ami subsistence to tins non commissioned officers. musician* and privates of volunteers wlusn received Into the service of the United Sluice. Ill respect to clothing, the law requires that the (Volunteers shall furnish their own clothing, for which purpose it hIIow* to each non commissioned officer, musician and private, three dollars anil fifty cents per month during the time he shall be in the service of the United States. In order that the volunteers who shall he mustered into service under this requisition may he enabled to provide themselves with good and sufficient clothing, the commutation allowance for six months, (twenty-one dollars.) will be advanced to each non-commissioned officer, musician and private, after being mustered into service, but only with the express condition that the volunteer lias already furnished himself with six inenths' clothing?this fact to be certified to the paymaster by the captain of the company?or that the amouut, thus advanced shall be applied, under the supervision of his captain, to the object contemplated by law In this latter case the advance commutation for clothing will be paid on the captain's oertiflcntc that lie is satiatlcd it will be so applied. In respect to subsistence before nrriving at the place of rendezvous, and for travelling home from the place of discharge, the allowance is fifty cents for every twenty miles distance. The proper officers of the Staff Departments will be immediately sent to the place of rendezvous, with funds to defray the necessary expenses which muy be Incurred, agreeably to law. Very respectfully, Your ob't servant. W. L. MARCY. Secretary of Wur. His Excellency. Chari.es C. Htrattov, Governor of New Jersey, Trenton, N. J. Adjutart Ucskrai'i Okeick, ) Washington, April M, 1S47. ) His ExcellenoaL Ciiaki.es C. Strattov, (Joverfipr of New Jersey, Trenton, N. J. Sir?i have the houor to inform your Excellency that Captain Miner Knowltou, 1st Artillery, city of New York, has been designated to muster the volunteer force called for from the State of New Jersey, by the requisition of the War Department of tho 19th Instant. 1 am sir, with great respect, Your ob't servant, n. JONES, Adj't Oen'l. Captain Vandeventer's company of infantry, enlisted in Michigan, were to leave Detroit for the seat of wur on the 2Hth ult. They are said to be a fine looking body of men, uud well officered. Col. Mcintosh, of tho U. S. Array, lias arrived in Savannah in improved health. Muj. John C. Mason, of Kentucky, rueently appointed quartermaster in the army, left yesterday for the Brazos, on the propeller Washington lie was accompanied by hi? secretary, Mr. Todd.?JV. O. Pie.. lilA April. The mall steamer Curtis Peck, Capt. John Davis, brought down from Uichniond yesterday KM passengers amongst tbein ( 'apt. John Tyler and a part iff his company, landed at Old Point. We are indebted to Mr. Shanks, of the C. T., for Richmond papers of yesterday morning.?KorJ'olk Hracon. Afuy Iff. 'Die steam propeller Washington is expected to start to-day at twelve o'clock for the Brazos 1 hu Washington will touch at the Brazos and proceed. It is said, from tliunrn f n V..ru I ruT I'inl Wm IO..? - .... the barracks. will probably Htart some time next week for the seat of war. ( apt Walker liopea to have his command ready for the " good fight'' that is noon to take place, before our troopa revel in the ' Halls of the Montexuraas." We understand that several military gentlemen in thia aity are making movement* for the purpose of raising a regiment, to he composed of persons who are inured to the yellow fever, to serve as soldiers to garrison those places in Mexico subject to the vomito This movement is highly 'creditable to its originators, and If carried out will prove of almost inealeulable benellt. An open enemy may he met by all. but an Insidious foe, like the yellow lever, must be opposed by men of experience In Southern climates, and in the diseases incidental thereto.?N. O. Delta. -1Mb. ( apt. Wofford's company of V. S troops passed through Marietta, (la., on the dtith Inst., on their way to the seat of war. These troops are principally from ( ass county. NAVAT. 1 NTKI.LIUKNCK. 11. S. ship Saratoga sailed from the Bahama* for Vera Crux on the 18th ult. The U. 8. ship St Mary, Com Saunders, at Pnnaacola. weighed anchor on Friday, with the intention of proceeding to Vera Crux. She waa detained at the bar. however, for twenty-four hour*, on account of head winds; when a large addition being made to the sick list. 70 men in all. and but one lieutenant capuble of performing duty, Com. S. determined to return to the Navy Yard, and there remain until the health of his crew improve*. During tho last twelve months no vessel of the lloine Squadron ha* been more actively engaged than the St Vary; and to this cnu?e may be attributed tho siekness of her crew.?Mobile /legists r 4" Jour, dOth. Oregon Territory. SENATOR BENTON 10 THE I'KOPI.E OP ORKOON. Was iiinotom Cirv. Moreh. 1817. Mr Kriimii for such I may call many of you from personal acquaintance, and all of you from my thirtyyears duvotion to the interests of your country?I think it right to m*ke this communication to you at the present moment., when the adjournment of Congress, without posting the bill t"r your government and protection, seem* to have left you iu a state of abandonment by jour mother country But such 1* not the W YO *JEW YORK, TUESDAY I case. Yon are not abandoned ! nor will you be denied protection for not agreeing to admit slavery. I. a man of tins South, and a placeholder, tell yon thin. The House of Representatives. a* early as the middle of January, had panned tlio bill to give yuu 11 territorial government, and in that bill had sanctioned and legalized your Provisional Organic Aet. one of the clauses of which prohibits forever the existence of slavery In Oregon. An amendment from the Senate"* committee, to which litis bill was referred, proposed to abrogate that prohibition; and in the delays and vexations to which that .intendment gavi rise, the whole bill was laid upon the table, and lost for the session. This will be a great disappointment to you, and a rial calamity; already live years without law, or legal institution for the protection of life, liberty and property I and now doomed to wait a year longer. This is a strange and anomalous condition! almost Incredible to contemplate, and most critical to endure ! a colony of free men. 40U0 ntile* from the metropolitan government, and without laws or government to preserve tiiem ! Ilut do not Iw alarmed or desperate, you w ill not be outlawed for not admitting slavery \ our fundamental act against that institution, copied from the ordinance of 1787 ? (the work of the great men of the South, ill the irreat dav of the South. prohibiting slavery in u territory fur less northern thim yotini)?will uot be abrogated ! nor is that the intention of the prime mover of the amendment. I pon the record, the Judiciary Committee of tho Senate I Ik the uuthor of tlint amendment; but not so the tact! I That committee is only midwife to it. Its author is the name mind that generated the firebrand resolution!*." | of which I send you a copy, and of which the amendi moot is tlie legitimate derivation. Oregon iu not the I object. The most rabid propagandist of slavery cannot expect to plant It on the shores of the Pacific in the latitude of Wisconsin and the Lake of the Woods. A home agitation, for election aud disunion purposes, is ail that is Intended by thrusting this firebrand question into your bill! and. at the next session, when it is thrust iu again, wo will scourge it out! and puss your hill as it ought to he. i promise you this iu the mime of the South, as well as of the North ; and the event will not deceive me. I n the meantime the President will give you alt the protection.which existing laws, and detachments of the army and navy, can enable him to extend to you ; and. until Congress has time to act. your friends must rely upon you to continue to govern yourselves, as you have heretofore done, under the provisions of your own voluntary compact, ami with the justice, harmony and uioib ration which is due to your own character aad to the houorof the American name. I send you by Mr. Shinely a copy of the hill of the late session, both as it passed the House of Representatives. aud as proposed to he amended in the Senate, with the Senate's vote upon laying it on the table, and a copy of Mr. Calhoun's resolutions?(posterior in dato to the amendment, but, nevertheless, father to it) -also a copy of your own provisional organic acl. as printed by order of the Senate : all which will put you completely In possession of the proceedings of Congress on your petition for a territorial government, and for the protection uml security of your rights. In conclusion, I have to assure you that the same spirit which has made me the l'ricud of Oregon for thirty years ?which led mc to denounce the joint occupation treaty the day it was made, aud to oppose its reucwal in lb-JH. and to labour for its abrogation until it was terminated: Lite Haute spirit which led me to reveal the grand destiny f Oregon,in article!! written in 1H1S, and to support every meusuro lor her benefit since?this same Hpirit still uniutateH tne. and will continue to do ho while I live; which, 1 hope, will lie loug enough to see an emporium of Asiatic commerce at the mouth of your river, and a stream or Asiatic trade pouring into t he valley of the Mississippi ' through the clrnnnl of Oregon. Your friend and fellow-citizen. THOMAS H? BENTON. Albany, May 1, 1817. Jtffairt in the 1,'yjalatnre. In the House this morning. Mr. Sickles, from the select committee of nine, to whom was referred the hill for the repeal of the Excise law of 184;'?, reported in tavor of the passage of the bill, and recommended that it be again referred to a select committee, with instructions to report it to the House complete. The recommendation of the select committee, after a little discussion. was non-concurred in by the following vote :? Avi:??Ailing, Atwater, Baker, Batcom, Barber, Beckwlth, Beers. Bowie, Boydon. Brown. Carpenter, t'arpentier, Chandler, Chatfleld, ( rocker. J. Davis, S. J. Davis, Dean, Develin, Eniniaus. Fuuno. Fuller, Garrison, dray, Haring. Keyser, I,akin. .Marshall. McFariaii, Miller, I'eoK, Prindle. Kutlierford, Shaw. Sickles, Small, J. Lawrence Smith, N. B. Smith. Speaker, Stewart, Temple?41. Navi?Adams. AUabeu. Bascom, Benedict. Bloss, Burcliard, llurnell, Butrlck. Caw, Cornwell,Crowley, Curry. Daniels. Diven, Earl, Flanders, Gould, O. J. tireen, T. Green, Gregory, Ilaiiiinond, Henderson, Howe, Hubbard, Hunter, Landou. Lawrence, Leavens, Lee. Maxwell, McDoual, McGoncgal. McNamara, MoWhorter, Moutanye. S. Moore, l'eirce, W. II. I'ralt, llapleu, Russell. Sage. Shuinway. Sill. Skeele.T. Smith. Southard, Taylor, Tillinghust. Cpliam, Van .Valkenliiirg, Woeden. weumaii ?6*4. It will he seen that, thirty-four members were absent. Many of the members who voted against the motion to refer the bill. In order that it might be reported complete. are in favor of the repealof the Excise law; hut they desire to defer any uction upon it until the extra session, so that they may have an opportunity to feel the pepular pulse. C autiou is a prominent characteristic of these men. It Is, however, not probable that the bill will be suffered to puss over to the fall session The Senate has been busy all day deluitiug Mr. Huud's bill for the organization of the Courts. Mr. Spencer lias just returned, and is looking finely . His presence uini^n uigiiiiy. una weigm. una lint in lllit senate. I 111' 3l)th section of tho bill pretends that in part of the cnuiinou law actions, where all tin* defendants reside in the county, and the amount claimed does not exceed a certain umount. that original civil jurisdiction should he conterred upon the county courts. Messrs. Spencer and Harlow are in fuvor of this clause. Mr. S. persisted, as a member of the judiciary committee, upon its incorporation into the hill, and lie has defended it in the Senate with indomitable resolution. He defined original civil jurisdiction this morning, and said it was conferred on the common pleas of Knglaud. Mr. S said the special cuses in which the constitution authorized the legislature to con' fer original civil jurisdiction on county sourta, mcaut authingclso than those cases which are in their nature of original civil jurisdiction. Mr. H made some remarks in respect to the oxpediency of conferring this iinportaut power upon county courts. Who is there, he said, tlrnt does not know that when you give u court high and important jurisdiction. that you add to its usefulness and dignity the character of the connty courts had fallen oft of late ; if you will select men of talents and learning. and confer upon them diguities of honor and importance, then you will restore the character of these courts. Mr. 3. made a technical, practical, and powerful speech against the allies. The Chairman of the Judiciary Committee (Mr. Hand) is opposed to the section, and left a principle to he settled in the Senate which should have been adjusted before the commltte reported the bill : he did this for the sake of despatch The Kcnate did not vote upon the section. Mr. SrKMCR wan elaborate; the bill is a stupendous in ah ii 1110 nt of legal learning, but it is constructed upon principles which the world must eschew before men can be happy. The senate lifts cretit nlonir. like n viner in the irrim? afraid to show its metal, until It has arrived almost at the day of adjournment. What ban It done ' Not a mutter worth printing?not an art of mercy, of policy, or wisdom, or justice ; ah ' its materials are rotten, and it is well that its powers are contracted into a space so narrow as to he contemptible ; it is acknowledged that sessions of it should be separated by ((darters of centuries This morning Senator ('lark, from the Committee on Mllitury Affairs, reported in favor of the passage of the House bill, for the organizatiou of the llrst division of the New Vork State militia. MiM'clIaiieou*. On Saturday, 10 schooners came in from Oswego, being the regular spring fleet. Yesterday the fleet destined for Toledo, that had been kept in Hiiffalo by ice, arrived, and with the shipping before in the harlair, give it a highly commercial appearance. This morning we counted 40 soil vessels and steamers in port. ? Toledo liladi. ilHth ult. As the steamer Rochester, hound up, was coming into port this afternoon, she ran against the pier and stovi In her starboard how nearly to t he water's edge Cleveland Democrat U8th ult. he Mad River railroad is completed to within 10 miles of the Little Miami railroad. I'asscngere leaving this city on the 3d of May. will reach Now York in 3), days, for atiout The distance is 900 miles by railroad and steamboat. over a delightful country. On the route to Hsiidiiskv, 'ill miles in nil. 101 Is hy railroadthen by steamboat and railroad to Albany, to Boston, or New Y ork. The age is improving.? Cincinnati Commercial. < apt Walker's new boat now building at St. ( lair for the navigation of the Lakes, will be the mammoth of our inland seas Iter tonnage being 1,70-? tons, length of keel 300 U et, breadth of beam 3d feet, and depth of hold 16 feet. Some < !ght barges and lighters were sunk within a few days on the Lower Rapids of the Mississippi, above St. Louil, many of them heavily freighted with produce. The steamers now mnke the trip from New Orleans to St. Uiuis. in a fraction over Ave days On Sunday, the llth ult. a solemn Te Drum was celebrated in the Catholic Churches of Natchitoches, in commemoration of our recent triumphs in Mexico. The church was crowded to overflowing with people both of the i ntholic and Protestant faith. The ladies of thn St. Krancl* street Methodist Kplseopal Church, at Mobile, lately gave a strawberry and Ice croatn party, from which they realized fl.lM 11 A pretty fair buxine**. In tlila section of the country t he rapid progrc** of vegetation haa been somewhat checked by the cool and unseasonable weather experienced daring the laet ten day*, and state* it a* it* iinpreeaion. that cotton planted *incc the litth nit., will do equally a* well, if not better, than that planted aooner. In many part* of the diatrict the recent heavy rain* waahed the light iBnd* aeverely, and did corntiderable injury to both cotton and corn, banrensville\8. C.) Herald. Some rogue* lately atole a carpet bag from Iron * Hotel, at Kingnton. Canada, 'flit,000 had just been removed from the bag When it wa* stolen, the thieves, uodouht.. thought they had thi* snug little num. when, In fact, the bundle of cloths was all they obtained for their pain*. The requisite amount of stock having been taken in that city. Charleston will be one of the intertill diata pointe through which a line of magnetic telegraph will pass between New V ork and New Orleans Step* will be taken to carry out the enterprise forthwith. R K H CORNING, MAY 4, 1847. SKETCH OF THE REMARKS or \A OK THE dl HON. DANIEL WEBSTER, 2 AT A COMPLIMENTARY DINNER IN RICHMOND, cl P" APRIL 29TH, 1847. HI

Mr. Wm II. M*r>'Aiu.ANi>, President on the occasion. " having introduced Mr. Webster to tho meeting with the J' following sentiment:? ' iloDor to tlic statesman and jurist who in an honor to his country." Mr. Wr.iii kr rose and said: lJefore I proceed to make any remarks in answer to the sentiment that has been ? Riven, you will allow me to say that I am for the first time hoping to make a visit among uiy fellow citizens of " the Southern States. Owing to the circumstance that ut the seasons suitable fur such a visit, nty duties have confined me elsewhere, 1 have been no traveller in my " own country. When I puss the James River 1 shall be 8 beyond all my previous journcyings and undertakings. ,, I am desirous to endeavor to see a portion of the country . I have never yet seen; to travel, to see the people in the most unceremonious, freest manner, in which fellow citl- ' sens may meet and interchange civilities. It is not my , purpose to make any tour for addressing multitudes, or . discussing political questions. There is hutlittlu of me; , that little is well known. I have no new lights, and don't belong to the school of new lights. 1 am pleased to . meet so many persons In this growing and beautiful city. . to see their faces and show mine, and exchange with them tho myititucuts and feelings that belong to men of the same generatbut and the same country. Alter the complimentary allusion of the President, allow me to say.in tile whole course of my public life, 1 ac- ' knowledge with pride, and avow, thai i have looked to the institutions of this country, and to that tlrst and chief of them all, the ( oiiHtitution of the United States as the great production of the age that preceded us. I honor as much as any man the military achievements of the men of the revolution. It was a bold revolution.? They trusted to the hazards of fortune. They hazarded every thing for the independence of the old thirteen States, But what at last are military achievements ? It it trur. they hare jinnl the fate of nations. turned the. tide of human affaire. But, after all, what it their mil hut to establish free government and promote public prosperity ? Beyond that, there is no rational, no chris tian object in civil warfare. Its only just object it to rtlahlish civil and religious liberty, to raise man to the standard of human rights. If these be not their objects, then military achievements are unworthy of human re|<ri Krom the constitution itself. 1 have looked to the era of the constitution, the period when the country threw otr its dependence, (which, it is true, it accomplished by military achievements.) We look to a narrow purt of the theatre in which we are acting, if we think the constitution a matter of isolated interest. I.et us look hack 1 to the period of 177,1. What was there then that exhi- ' Kit...I I,? ....... 11.. 1 ..Hill., -r 1. ..... ' ....... ??" tritv^bivtu iiuihj ul niiuu n UUUMUUIIUII : Wll.* it the existeuco of large. growing. confederated, free re- 1 publics f There was nowhere such a republic. There ' was indeed the constitutional monarchy of Kngland.? ' There was the incorporation in it of certain important 1 principles favorable to liberty, und great limitations upon I the prerogative of the federal sovereign. But ouo need not I say?every body knows?that there was no government 1 founded on the principles of representative liberty ?no J government of any extent, respectability, or importance. ' Whilst, therefore, 1 lienor, as much us any man, the ' other works of our ancestors. 1 have always considered the eetablishuii at of the constitution 111 17H?.?, their 1 greatest and noble achievement. WhenjI consider the ' time of its formation, its excellent fabric, und aui constantly more convinoed that it is a wise constitution, I canuot moid believing that it was founded in Providential arrangement. With all the new lights of our age, give us one who can say that wo could make such a constitution. I desire to lliunk Almighty Providence that it was not left to our day to make It. It evinces deep reflection, deep study of the nature of human government. Let us take it as an inheritance come down to us from men ut least as wise as ourselves, and acting under circumstances more fuvoruble than ours. Two obvious views may be taken of this constitution. The first is its effects upon ourselves, upon the country. We are so prosperous, so happy, every interest is so well preserved, we are apt to be regardless of that human cause to which these blessings are due. Had we goue on under the old confederation, what would Virginia and Massachusetts uow bef Who would have respected them or cured for them But when the constitution was adopted?when that ' K jilurihui tinum" spread over them all, it gave tliein a new character, a new destiny.? Who uow asks whether a man is from Virginia, .New Vork, Alabama or Texas It is enough to say he is u citizen of the United .states of America. The constitution gave our country what the lawyers call a " standing iu court," a righi to be heard in the tribunals of thu world. An American is not said to live on Massachusetts Bay, or.lamis River, but he is a citizen of litis great republican guveruiuent. What, then, has given this momentum to the prosperity of llie country: We can liud no human cause but our united government, it is true, iu pnrty strifes, errors may have been committed, and thu nutionul progress retarded; hut let us look to the aggregate result Let us go back for sixty years, or to the time of the revolution Since that period, in other parts of the world, thrones have trombleu. tottered and fallen; couvulsiniu. shaken nation.' blood (lowed?but have not property and liberty in tbis country been secured? lias tyrannous power trampled on our rights' Property, life, liberty. huve been as well secured as in the best goverumiintu i>f fi.en... II ...x.. I i.l ? - .V ??j UE nmu nc mv mc gl ?-.lL UUtaXcd among nations. Our government has not been nu expensive government. A few thousands, or hundred thousands, may have been improperly appropriated; but who can say that the government lias oppressed the people by weigh* of taxation? Whilst tnxntion is not the great end of government, 1 think every govurnmeut is called on to collect taxes for the good of the nation. In all countries, and in this country especially, there are certain objects which government may accomplish, and which cannot be accomplished otherwise. 1 look upon the govurnmeut as the leader, the conductor, whose duty it is to lead on the country. Thus I hare always lliouqht the improvement of harbors and rivtrt, xf-r. within the constitutional view of the (Government; and I think the Government is bound to take the lead in these matteri of substantial importance. The government appears to me to be like the conductor ou a railroad, whose business it is to go forward and draw the train after liiin ; and if he neglect his duty, or ga wrong in nuy way. i it is no wonder if the train push forward and throw him off the track. (Much laughter and applause ) , The most pressing purpose of the framers of the Con- i stitution in this respect, was doubtless the regulation ?f < commerce with foreign nations; but they cut the cloth i broad euougii and wide enough to embrace these subjects 1 also. I do uota'cribe to Washington.Madison,aud their I companions.the force of intellect to contemplate all the I contingencies which should arise in thu country after 1 them. They did not imagine that there would be g or 300 I ileum vessels on the laker, or that the great Mississippi, from ill mouth to ill source, would he ours,oonstituting a sort of great " inland tea." | Laughter and applause ] Hut their work providesfor it all. The constitution they left juslitlus,and present circumstances require.the execu tion of that policy which shall comprise the whole country as one country,both as to internal and extemial commerce They did not mean that the powers of the government should be determined by the taste of the water, whether fresh or salt, or by thv circumstances of thu position ol some paltry port of entry. In this branch, the constitution is ample and large enough to accomplish these ends with the observance of a just ecouomy. I know of no true economy but the just proportion of expenditure to object \hsolute saving is mere meanness. In a country of such extent as this, the objects of government sh-iild lie to give variety to labor, to bring out the active energies of the people, and dovclope its peculiar abundance. In Massac huso Us we cultivate a barren soil. My learned friend here (Dr. Hitchcock) knows the whole of it. It is hard, sterile grauite. It lias no Virginia beds of coal, no substratum of iron, no salt springs. It is without all these sources (if I may so speak) of subterranean wealth. Nowhere are these advantages more bountifully conferred than upon the happy Inhabitants of Virginia. Within fourteen miles of your city (as my Unriwul f,,i,.n.l !,.II. ...... II,...-.. I* u ....?l,w.i 1 ..V. - - ? ? / ? " ? |??ru'iun-uiJH, 11 IiimI of coal thirty feet thick, renting ou granite rock Our New Kngland granite known no such company. Now it alwaya appeared to me that labor find enterprlxe uceded just, not excessive, protectlon/TOm the governuient, in order to draw these sources of mineral wealth from the earth. 1 have, too. always been a man for canaln and railroad* to a just extent. When Louis XIV established hie grandson op the throne of Spain, he said "There are no longer Pyrenees.'1 Hut 1 tru.it we may noon one the phrase in a more useful and proper sense, and llint we alia.ll proceed with our canal* and railroads until we ran nay " There are no longer Allrghenle*. ' I'uder Ihcnc getiernl Imprennionn of the conntitution, I believe that our ancestor* net un an example of great thing* We have had no battle* of liberty to engage in (whatever other battle* it may havs been the policy of our ruler* to undertake.) [laughter.] nor were we born to the work of making a conntitution The maintenance of juntiee and right, the observance of the precept* of law, religion and morality?thene nro the object* to which we nave to look. Our government In designed I en* for achievement than for perseverance in the maintenance of public Older, the public good, the conservation of the public Institutions. We may look with pride and exultation abroad, to see where thin constitution ha* placed us in the eyes of tho world. It i* not egotistical to *ny, while wo take no preeminence, that though we may conquer and subjugate nowhere, thl* great republic I* the observed of all observer*. We cannot sav that it i* our work or even the work of our great forefather*. The great result lias followed, because sentiment* and principles, inherent In the people of the (>ld thirteen State*, titled tnem to be free , sentiment* and principle* acquired by long practice under the colonial government*. We should not deny our auras try. or repudiate the principle* of liberty we derived from thein. We should rather hold to those principles a* an inheritance When I think of Hampden, and Sidney, i. ?>( Van., a t, ,1 II,.-(.a ...a / '-*( . .. . - , on>? i iiuiiLO i mien imagine iv would bo grateful to thorn, if. Itom heaven above, they could look down, and see their principles illustrated iu i tho I'niti-d State* nf America It wan the intruductiou i of tin-no principle*, from tho infunion of liberty lute the i Knglish constitution tho sentiment* of liberty. Indepen- i di-nco, and personal right, transmitted here, and tlie | practice and deep imbibing of thono sentiment* by tlio i colonist*, which fitted them to cntablinh and carry on 1 free government, 'rim hnhrat i input, the right of trial i by jury, tho petition of right ; these contain the great l elements of liberty, and were acknowledged hero. It t was this previous preparation, which fitted the people i for those great achievements, the Declaration of Inde | prudence and the establishment of tin- constitution. Let ns contrast with this result the introduction of li- I berty elsewhere If we examine the source and origin | I ERAJ our liberty, we will find that it came from England. r? have the dominion of law over tin* will of indivii?U. but how is it with others who have mado the me experiment' Look at the neighboring govern* ent of Mexico ; a mero military anarchy; witii no sejrity of life, person or property The man who hap us to be the leader of the aruiy in the head of the late, and the urmy rules the roast. To the disgrace of lierty, Mexico Is infinitely worse governed thau it was nder the vieeroys of old Spain. Hasher public peace sen secured ! Her roads improved .' The government t Mexico hus collected three hundred millions of dolirs from imposts. What has been done with it ? It has een used to pay armies to make and unmake pronuniamentos. to put up this man and put down that, lexieo has constantly sustained a larger army to keep. | r break the peace, than this great republic bus raised . o invade her soil. Does not all this reflect light'on the House of Bnr- t esses of Virginia and the General Court of Massaohu- | etts. who understood the principles of liberty, and , Here therefore prepared to institute a free government ] ['ho success of our government brings lis out in honoraile contrast with Mexico and all other republics Who ( lares for these Spanish governments' Sonic of them | nay bo respectable enough, inuy have the sense to keep ho peace ; but they dilfer widely from the American na- t ion. It is in our character, ingrained, in-wrought, to mow and understand liberty We ought, therefore, to uuitc in sustaining the constitution We shall thus go far to show that it is pruclical 'or nations to govern themselves, thlit popular government possesses enough of wisdom, prudence, forbearance. to get on without any power not conferred by itself ~It has been my haldt to give uiy time, which was not occupied iu professional business, to public duties under the general government. I never held any State office, except for a fortnight, when I was a member of the Legislature of Massachusetts, (and 1 believe tbe only law. which ill that capacity I aided in passing, was for the benefit of fishermen ) (Much laughter ) My studies have ever been connected with the constitution, as the great and extraordinary product of I tie age After a public life of thirty years, I can say witli sincerity, that, though sometimes my course has excited clamour. I feel conscious of having always wished it well; and if nothing reutniu of mo tit to ho remembered, but a general acknowledgment, recorded on my tombstone, which all my countrymen will admit to be true, that " Here lies one who wished well to the Constitution of his country"? the great object of my life will have been accomplished. ?Richmond Times >(- Compilef. The Moral* of Mmiarrlilee Tile S|?niii*l> L>niia?iu? Isiln Mantes nml tlie King of Hnvnrln?Tlie (iuri'ii of niitl tier Isivr* [Kroin the I'aris Journal dos Debate ) The resignation of M. Abel, the Minister of tho Interior, and of his colleagues, hud given rise to numerous mmuientaries, and occasioned considerable excitement. The university or Jesuitical party succeeded in expelling ill the professors suspected of Liberalism, to replace hem by men devoted to tho late Ministry. The proessors held an extraordinary meeting, and discussed the ixpedieney of making a public demonstration, and of iroeeediug in a body to the residence of M Abel, loexiress their regret nt his resignation. The majority deermiued that such demonstration should be made. The invernment having been informed Hint four professors uul on that occasion cxhibtcdit strong feeling of liONtility :o the King, dismissed tlicm Onu of those persons, M. I.asscaux, tliu professor of theology. posted a notion in thn iiiturlor of tliu University, announcing Unit lie had ream-it to Incture, anil taken leave of Ilia pupils This notice produced a ureal sensation, particularly amongst the students in theology, who determined that they would proceed to the residence of their professor, and mark their respect for him. A considerable number of (he populace joined them, aud proceeded to the professor's residence, shouting " vival l.ossraux !" This del monstration would have produced no effect had no some of the students mentioned the name of Lola Moutes, urging their comrades to make a ucw demonstration under the wiuduws of her dwelling-house. Some of the principal inhabitants endeavoured to dissuade thu students from their purpose, hut the enthusiasm was so great that, towards o'clock in the afternoon, more than ti.OlHJ persons assembled before the residence of the too-celebrated opera-dancer, raising the most menacing anil seditious cries. The streets were frozen, and the mob hurled lumps of ice. in default of stones, against the windows of the house. The troops, which were called to urnts, failed to put an end to the disturbance, which contiuued the greater part of the night. The rioters broke a great number of the street lamps, as well as the wiudows of several public establishments. Kvcu tile Koyal palace was not spared. On the following day. the 'id of March, a large multitude crowded tiie public streets, uttering seditious cries. The Government adopted energetic measures, the troops were eontlneilto tiieir barracks, the urban guard was recalled. and the scenes of the preceding day were not renewed. It is expected that public order will not again be disturbed. As a precautionary measure .the Government has recalled all thu military belonging to the garrison of Muuieh absent without leave. It is announced that thu King, who had intended to appoint M A led President of the Itcgcncy of l'assau. has nominated liiin Minister I'leiiipoteutiary to the two courts of the Hague and Brussels, with orders to proceed immediately to his post. [Krotn the London Tinu-s ] We regret to say thut the Intelligence we received from Bavaria is such as to cause us very great concern. The proverbial propriety of Munich is sadly outraged, and the domestic politics of Southern Germany bid fair t? be speedily revolutionized, by the unexpected ascendancy of u'stranger. Lola.Monies?the famous Spanish ilantrun who visited the London stage some three or four seasons bark, and in the course of her suhsei|iieiit trips paid a visit to Warsaw, where she excited suspicion by too patriotic a pa* trui, und tore out the eyes of the officer sent to apprehend her?has at length made a bargain of licr Isileros. and bounded per ?ulimn from the precarious shelter of provincial patronage into a Koyal palace and a King's favor. In the twenty-third year of his Koyal experience. His Majesty Louis-( buries lias been carried by storm, and his energetic conqueror shows lew ..I -..-;,...;.... I..... 111... ?l.?.a v V,. ,,K ... . ..... nu|.| . ..... ... Munich, dispenses all dignities, anil Inflow* all favors; taking toll, of course, of tlur bounties of which she Is the distributor. She has just bespoken a counteaa'a title and a line domain, and ix clearly not at all inclined to appreciate or reward heneu illiberally I nhtpptt; lor the tranquillity of the kiugdoin. the good iiavarianx. however tliey might tolerate the estrangement of the King's love, are sorely wounded at the alienation of his money, and the Ministry demurred at a generosity which showered Imnqucts of -rowu lands and coronets upon a stage where less rosily tcknowledgmonts had been tliankfnlly received The -ahlnet, however, were no more a match for Lola than Lho Russian (teneral liad Iwen; and though rumor docs not mention that on this occasion she Hew in their faces otherwise than metaphorically, yet a dissolution did speedily follow, and a Ministry which had directed the lluvHrian councils for ten years, has been shattered to pieces by the destructive eilects of this new Spanish match Our last despatches mentioned that I'rince d'Oettlngen Wellerstein had been summoned from his post at I'aris to assume the presidency of the new i ouncil, and to steer it clear of the rock on which his predecessors had split. The fallen functionaries liave the entire symputhy of the nation The conceit as well as the economy of the honest (ierinans is scandalised by the transaction, and I the unpopularity of the importation is materially ag- | gravatedby the contempt with which the home produce has been superseded in its favor Other tilings besides charity might begin at home. Our Oeorge I had more reason in his exeursiveness. A king who could speak no Kuglish might not unfairly be pardoned for importing his own society, and yet the country was dreadfully exasperated by the malicious observations of the Ja cobites, that the Duchess of Kendal, in addition to being over II stone weight, was not an Knglisli woman born King Louis lias no such excuse for his hitter reflection* upon Munich, and the indignation of his people Is proportionately great at tile way in which the money i* let out of Die family. Three or four riot* have already or- , curred, and our reports stnte that Bavaria lias been in no such ferment since those ominous convulsion* which succeeded a rise in the price of beer. We cannot conclude our remarks without alluding to circumstances in these proceedings which reully tend to compromise the character of our own peculiar craft The last lime that King Louis appeared conspicuously on the Kuropean stage, was in the capacity whicli he had just assumed of solo journalist for his own dominions lie is not only Bavaria's monarch but lie is patentee and editor of the Stair Hatrtti and he should remember that In' lias now a double reputation to sustain. If the spiteful insinuations "1 I ?i. .ncxanure nomas against cail<>n<tI morality nn ! illusirated by Much exninpies in mo conspicuous and emi i nent ai|uartcr. our professional character will In' ruined j in the eyes of Iho world; people will identify some terrific establishment km a bouse of call for editors, and will really believe that trh i-a-t'tri in rouprn, and small Miip pera with AndaitlMian fituranhn, are the regular and recognised reereutionM of our laborioitM liver H"r the rake of hie new profession his .Majesty must be cautioua If a king can do no wrong, an editor can do a great deal and we can assure him that he will find no Much impunity accorded to him in his latter capacity as tradition and loyalty secure him in hir former In addition to the above, tho following fact is stated in a paper of later date Letters from Munich of the did ult mention, that the populace of that capital waa so exasperated against the ex-Pariaian lionnf Henora Lola Montee, that the authoritier had been obliged to order her out of the city .She left the night before for the village of Htaremberg. and her carriage war escorted by a strong detachment of dragoons of the garrison [From the Taris National | Ml'su it. March Ititli The city of Munich has been in a state of consternation, for the last two months on account of Inexplicable and constantly increasing favor ftho celebrated I.ola Monies She haw become the channel of all the graces ami disgraces llut this Is not all More fortunate than Lord Normanby at Paris. ?he has succeeded In overturning the Ministry, because of its opposition to her being appointed ( ountrss de Starenherg and presented, by the King with one of the finest estates of the crown Count de Rray, Minister for fir sign affairs, hail tendered his resignation sooner tl an ounterxlgn a rescript which appeared to him unworthy 1 }f the King, and his colleagues have followed his exam- | pie The King accepted some of those resignations and l rejected others. Me has sent Count de Bray, en cong< to Naples, hut everybody wonders at the alacrity Willi ehich he accepted the resignation of M. Abel, the Minlx- ' ier of the Interior, who wan during many years his favorite and devoted Mlnfiter (loil knows how all this l sill end The Uuhnrrys are now out of fmhinn 'I he ! people are Irritated, sin! the n ihility displeased The ; King Is openly staled to be insane; and several persons n*et on the necessity ef Interdicting him. and appoMi mg the I'rlnee Royal regent of the kingdom | LD. Prtct Two Cenu. To the Editor of thr Timrt . Kir ?Having had a copy of your paper of the id lust, sent to uie, I trust you will, in justice to myself, insert the following short account of the real state of affaire here, and which at the same time will be a contradiction to the numerous articles which hare lately appeared iu the French papers;? I left Paris in June last on a professional trip, and, amongst other arrangements, decided upon visiting Munich. where for the Urst time 1 had the honor of appearing before His Majesty, and receiving from hiui murks of approbation, which you are aware is not a very unusual hinc for a nrofussionai iisrsnn to receive ?t ? ? ? _ r- t ? ? - " &" :ourt. I had not been here a week before I (Uncovered that :hrrc wan a plot existing in the town to get me out of it, md that the party wan the Jeiuit party Of coune you ire aware that liavaria has long been their stronghold, ind Munich their head-quartern Thin naturally to a person brought up and lnntructed from her earlient fouth to detent thin party. (I think you will nay juntly) rritated ine not a little. When they naw that I wan not likely to leave them, they commenced on nnother tack, and tried what briliery would do. and actually offered me SO.tKHif yearly if I would quit liavaria and promine never to return. Thin, any oil may imagine, opened uiy eyen; and. an I indignantly refused their oiler, they have nlnce then not left a ntone unturned to get rid of ine.aiid have never for an innlunt ceased pemecutlng me. I may mention an one Instance, that within thin lant week a Jenuit profeanor of phllonophy in the I'niveniity here, of the name of Lasnault. wan removed from bin profennornhip, upon which the party paid and hired a mob to innult me. and break the wlndown of my lioune. and alno to attack the palace; but. thankn to the better feeling of the other party, and the devotednenn of the noldierg to hin Majenty and liin authority, thin plot iikewine failed. The late change in the Miuintry that you allude to wan a Hpontaneoun act of hi* Majesty's, and you pay me too great a compliment in supposing that 1 waa a party to auch a meanure; hut, from what I have neen and heard of liin Majenty. I should think he hud very just ground* for taking the step which he did. Since my resilience here I cun safely nay that 1 have iu no way Interfered in any affuirn not concerning myself; and as 1 Intend making it my future abodu, it la particularly annoying to me. hearing so many scanda lous and unfounded reports which are daily propagated, and in justice to myself anil my future prospects in life, I trust that you will not hesitate to iusert this letter in your widely circulated journal, and show my friends and the public how unjustly and rrudly I have been treated by (lie Jesuit party III Munich j knowing that your columns are always open to protect any one unjustly accused, and more especially when that one Is an unprotected female, makes me rely upon you for the Insertion of this, and I have the honor to subscribe myself, Vour obliged servant. LOLA MONTE/. Mrmi'it. March 11.1847. The li"tt.?r of resignation sent by tin* ministers of the KiUK "f Bavaria, is us follows; ? Sihi: ?There areocoaslous iu which men. shnring the highest confluence of their sovereign unU entrusted with the supreme control of public ulfnirs. are driven to the snd ither of oeasing to dlsehurge those sacred duties to which they arc hound by their oaths, their fidelity, their love, und their gratitude, or for the sake of conscience fearlessly to expose themselves to the hazard of displeasing their beloved sovereign. Such is the painful necessity under which the undersigned And themselves placed by the royal decision conferring upon Slgnora I.ola Montes, Bavarian citUcnshtp. We cannot violato our oaths to your Majesty .and our resolution was taken without a moment of hesitation. At the meeting of the council of state, ou the eighth of the present month, this question of citixenship was termed by the Secretary of State. M. de Maurner, "the most disastrous alTair that could ever ltappeu to Ilavaria." This is the seutiinent of all the members of the council, and this is the upinion of all your Mutest y's faithful subjects; nor was a meeting of the council necessary to cuuso this conviction to he unreservedly entertained oy us. Rver since the mouth of October the eyes of the nation have been tured upon Munich. In every province of Bavaria all are anxious to learn what is taking place here, and it becomes almost the only subject of private ami public conversation, and the opinions manifested arc alarming. The respect entertaltaeil for their sovereign is diminished in every bosom, and on either hand nothing is heard but keen reproaches and indignant disapprobation Still more keenly is the public feeling wounded by til* general belief that ilavaria is governed by a foreigner whose reputation is blemished, und unfortunately the facts are too many to allow this (minion to he removed Such men as the Archbishop of Augsburg.whose loyalty to yourjMajesty cannot he questioned, daily weep at what is passing before their eyes The .Ministers of the Interior and of Kinaueeare the witnesses of the depth of his sorrow and the keenness of his regrets The Bishop of Hrcslau learning that a report hud spread here that lie was disposed to excuse this state of things, hastened to write to several persons in Munich praying tliein to deny in the most formal uiiinm-r. this report, and to assert,on the contrary, that lie wholly disapproved ol' what, was passing This letter is no secret It will soon be published; and what will be Its effect ' '1 lie newspapers of tlie neighboring kingdoms are dally filled with the most scundalous stories and infamous attacks upon your majesty Of this the fifth uuintier of the CkranlcU of Vim is an instance. It is in vain that the police attempt to exclude these papers from Bavaria They are circulated in every place, and read witli avidity. There can be no doubt of the iuiuression which llicy make. '! his is repealed daily, and soon nothing can efface It. This opinion is the seme in all the pro vtnccs. u is i lie same throughout leu rope. and whether Ilia hovel of the poor or the palace of the rich it in alike. It is not alone the glory and . prosperity r.f your majesty's govcinmcnl \t llieii is i utlalipercd. the very existence of royalty is at stake This is the occasion of joy wit Ii all those whose efforts are to overturn the throne and abolish the royalty It is also the cause of the deepest grief and despondency in all your faithful subjects, wlio cannot close their eyes to the dangers which were never before so impending over their ' country 4diuid such circumstances it is not within the powi r of man to prevent, sooner or later, tlio most violent reaction in the army; and if this misfortune should happen, if this fortress should waver, nothing will he left to sustain us. This statement which the uudersigncd. with sorrowing hearts, present toyour Majesty, is not the tale of au affrighted imagination, hut the result of our dally observation during many months. It can lie easily foreseen how tba next session of parliament will terminate, if it meets under sueli influences Kacli of tin- undersigned is ready at any moment to give up. in tin-service of your Majesty, his life and his fortune They trust that thuy have manifested sufficient proof of their faithfulness and affection, and it thus becomes with them a duty doulily sacred to warn your Majesty of the dangers that daily tower around. Imping tlint in great condescension tiiis prayer may be acceded to. and that not for a moment the thought may be entertnineil that it. proceeds from passion or opposition to that august will, so long as this opposition is directed against what, in the view of every loyal Bavarian, now threatens to destroy tin- honor, the power, the happiness, Idie prosperity of your Majesty, which are most precious The undersigned have considered most seriously and minutely all tin- consei(iienecs of a step w hich their profound and sincere loyalty to your Majesty, and the consciousness of the importance, of the ooeasson. has induced thein to take. They are roiivinced|that if your Majesty cannot accede to their wishes that it is their duty to retire from t hose high statious to which the generosity and confidence of their sovereign bad called them, nod they therefore most respectfully pray your Majesty to receive again the important trusts confided to their hands Signed?P MtKI,, Ministerde I'lnterior (il'MPKNBKKO, Minister of War , SKN'SII KIM. Minister of Justice / HKllKNKK. Minister of f inance. [ f rom thc,Purki National j "There are strange matters passing In Madrid, hut how can we relate them' how translate in decent language stories which are not so' In speaking of the king of liavaria one is naturally less reserved Male royalty is not scrupulous as to modesty, and the annals of courts are frequently the scandal of alcove*, t>ui female royalty ha* generally more circuinspertlon. It in true we blight rite eaamplea of ti contrary nature fn>ni Napier. Spain, ami elaewhero. Isabella II In daughter of ! crdinaud V 11, granddaughter of ( .1 roll tie of Maple* and worthy in nil reaperta of the noble blood of the houae of linnrbon. tieneral Serrano at present occupies the entire Madrid pre** rumor* of nil aorta relating to him are rife A Ministerial criai* ia announced on hin account Pachero, the friend of Serrano, ia sent for by the queen to form a Ministry lie wishee that the preaent Miniatera ahould flrat. reajgn the latter will not l et the queen require it ?ay the journal*. The quern had not. nl the departure of the laat mail, given adeejaion, but t leueral Serrano had eacaped from hia peraecutora lleia con vineed that if he liad proceeded to Navarre, an order to arreatbltu would have followed him. and that he would have been thrown into an obacure tower lie reaiated; a auperior force aupporta mid oticonragea him. and it la not known whether the t ieneral peraeeuted t he preceding day will not enter the Mlniatry triumphantly to-morrow. Spain rvturna to her ancient literature. complicated dramaa. curlona intrigui*. myaterieua aurprlaea. and unexpected incident! Such la the policy which haa governed that country alnce we hare taken her In hand. M. (iuiiot pray* to Heaven that Isabella may produce an' heir Thler* joined hla fervent devotion to that of liia rival The queen la n.d ungrateful alie know* what ahe owe* to France, and if ahe can render hereelf agreeable to u?, ahe will do ho [ Kroin another aecount.] The marriage of the queen and Hon Kranelaco de \**i? haa produced the moat unhappy reanlta; for a complete estrangement haa taken place between them, and ?he re. garda him with mixed feeling- of hatred and contempt Tic king conaort. who generally passe* the day In solitude, |a known to give faith to the prophecies of n nun.who ha* already been detected In religion* frauds and it i* re ported that, he believer him?clf to be favored with viaioiia by the Holy (thoat Th" queen take* the greatest "are to avoid meeting her husband, whoso hour of retiring t" rect i* that at which her evening ainuaenienU begin and reck*, by a continued round ot ball* and partio. to di vert her tlioughla from the recollectlou of a man whom ane uwpiH* m'oauRe mio conmurro mm nn num. aim hntea liecuuae ahe vii forced to uiarry him Tbla aTcr ainn irf the quern f<>? her convert appeara to hare hi i n lately Inrrcaacd by a audilcn partiality which ahc haa ahown fur tienoral Serrnun. a tniing ami handaoinc man, anil a loader i f alio proKreiavda party, upon whom ?h? h: lavihed kucIi extraordinary and Indecoroim marM I mi- M- t.. r ii i - tin- ji'MPuiatca nf her hiistmiiil. and to Ml iti the Boat lixrly approiicualoni In the jmnd? N M " i moderado minictcrv {