Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1847 Page 1
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r " x JMUmm TH1 Vol. XJJL1. Bo. l!il?Whol? Bo. *791* THE BEW TORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, Boi th-wtit corner of Fulton and Niufau ota. JAMES GORDONTENNETT, PROPRIETOR. CIHCITIJATlQ!f?FQHT? THOUSAlfP. ..DAILY HEKALU?Kvery day, Price 2 cents per copy?V ^ *n advance. A V. 1'.KLY IIKRALD?Krery 8*tnrday?Price 634 oenta per. nny?S3 I2U cents per annum?payable in advance. IIF.RALD KOIl EUROPE? Every Steain Packet (,cents per copy?$3 per annum, payable in advance. HOLIDAY HERALD?Published on the Ut of January and l?t n| July of each year?(inkle copiei sixpence each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the uiual prices?always cash in advance. Advert! nnents should be written in a plain, legible maimer. '1 he Proprietor will not be responsible tor errors that '" 'ynccnr in them. ? ... PRINTING of all kinds executed beamtilully and with despatch -Ml bttera or communications by mail) addressed tothe establishment. must be post paid, or the postage will be dadarted (nun the subscription money remitted TT5 ? . .waIi'WR Wsi^i'tub.111 .. 1* If HmIkNtarine corps Of toe united states. a or ilfct branch ol' the iniliury service IVimishing soldiers > >r the di'loreut nival stuliotts end vessels of war, having been li'Cr.i J art of Congress. appreved 3d March, 1847, by the c I'litp.i, .if 30 Sergeants, 30 Corporals, 30 Drummors, 30 infers, Slid I OQO flllgsi. A rrnilesvout fur the enlistment of reciuits is now'opened at Nn 3:1 Chatham street, near the Harlem lailtoad depot and T.tmmaay Hall, where respectable youeg men desiring to enter a .en ice which will afford them an opportunity of seeing foreign countries, are invited to cell. Previous to enlisting it is the /i utv of the recruiting officer to explain fully the Unma upon which they enter the serviee < >pcu .rom 3 A. M. to sunset. JOli.N GEO. REYNOLDS, Captnin Commanding, Recruiting llendexrons. Two dollars premium will be given to euy soldier or citizen who will hriog to the reedexyoue, en eeceptable or efficient recruit. al lm*rc "igy ~r7iVILION, NEW BRIGHTON, Suten Uland! -K! The proprietor hegs to inform hie friends and the public, hat he lias made considerable alteratieus and improve menu oi tbia establishment aince the last season. He has erected a huge building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pariliou. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of a comfortable size, light, aud well ventilated, and superier in all respects to those generally denominated tingle rooms in the various watering placet throughout the country. The proprietor is now raady to treat with familiee orpartiea wishing to engage rooms for the aeaaon. Letters addressed to him at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attention. A steamboat. runs between New York and New Brighton, at the following liours, viz:? From New Brighton?At 8 and 11 A. M, and 2 and 5:20 P. M. Frum pier No. T North River, New York?At 9 A. M. and 12 M, and 3%, 5 and 6 P. M., and more frequent communications will be established as the season advances. The I'avilion is now ready for the reception of Company. ap23 tire F. BL AN CARD. JtfjL TO LET?Possession glvsn immediately.?A three Tjjjflf story brick House, furnished, and pleasantly aituated in UULa central part of the city-; the rent to be taken eat in * bono Apply at the Herald office. m3 3t*rc COTTAGE TO LET. Auft A NBW handsome Cottage to let on Oxford street, Brooklyn. 1)% miles from the Ferries, neer the resijyXLdenre of Dr. Cox. It has nursery, kitchen and serrants' menu on the basement lloor; two parlors, library and dining hell on the iirst story; four large bed rooms on the second door. Six additional lets adjoining, with stable, con be had if deaired. Ommbnsas rnu constantly to the Ferries. Rent $300. Also?A residence at Bedford, miles-front the Ferries, will be rented with or without furniture, for four months ? The house has ten rooms. There is a coaeb house, stable for four borate, pasture for cow, lie. Reut for 4 mouths $260.? Apply to MOSES MAYNARD, Jr., at the L. I. Railroad office, 42 William it., Mercliants' Exchange, a22 2w fit TO LET, j";rl A TOW of neat new two story Cottage Honses, now p.?f finished, well calculated for respectable families, situ''i'JtB. '"ed ou the north side of 40th street, between Broadway and Ctli avenue. The stages pass regularly from 7 A. M? until 3 o'clock in the evening, every 40 minutes, for 6M cents , and alter the lirst of May, every 30 minutes. Rooms as follows: 2 Iwseineuts, 2 parlors, with sliding doors, and hard finished walls. 2d story, 2 rooms and 2 bedrooms, (jood dry cellars. Hr it $1811. Apply ou the premises. apll-im*e_ __ WM. K. FEND I.ETON, Agent. FOR BALE AT HOBOKEN a number of Huusis l (fit and Lots?Merchants, mechanics, and laborers doing buobsi', or linving employment iiOJew York, willfind HoUokeu a healthy and desirable residftice. There are four boats an hou r to Barclay street, two to Canal, and two to Christopher, making eight boats per hour from Hohokrn. Vrry many streets are graded, and a number of houses going uj>? the company themselves have built 80 or 100 within a short period. The ferriage to residents of Hoboken is but a tririe? the head of nfamilv pays 84 cents per month, and his wife 32 cents ner mouth. The tax iu New Jersey is so light as to be su..rcely fell by either the owner or tenant of a house There lire some beautiful situations for cottages in frout of an open square, where the view of the river is unobstructed. Enquire ni the office ef the llobokeo Land and I nipt. Company at II.e boke-i. ail lw*rc rf TO LET?The second story of the house 186 Duuue i ipa street, next t" the corner of Oreenwich street, rouuiolive rooms, withCrotou water, lie. Rent $200. Inq; i the store 2!i.'i Greenwich street. a28 6trc J. t'l KENT?A Cotton Factory, of about 3,000 s|i,np7-'?( dies, with a building for looms, Mansion House, Store l".il i.r ?l '-IV 111 u.._.vl.ll M.ll ( -odiiii ' I'rnineu ii L/nciiniRai wcin iuni| vj ??v *.?? !i, .,n unfailing water power. Tim place ami water mm. r are well <tdaptrjte gtaeral manufacturing purposes, ana oil a iHtigablf stream, convenient to New Yorker Philadelphia. Ku.iair.-of WARRINGTON Jt RICHARDS, -lib live "c 32 lllirliriff nlip. ROOMS TO KKT?Suitable lor uiauujni-uiriug pur |?i..ea, iu the huildiiiK No. 71 Fulton street, lately repair jKiJLeii, and w nil all modern improreineuta. Apply to JAMKS K. DF.L VKCCHIO. in the building, or to BROWN, BROf HKR8 fc CO. i2'i2w?re No. 59 Wall. mTlls, hatter,, f"? Offers a Hat for S3 50, equal to any told elsewhere for j*aS$y at his well-known establishment, 171 Broadway, Howard Hotel ; and having determiaed to pursue the nimhle sixpence principle in the sale of Hats, has now completed his arr ri;e?isnts to supply any demand. ' in ill emeu leaving their orders may have a hat made in any it)!? to suit their own taste in three hours, or less, if absolutely necessary. An experienced shai-er always in attendance, that every hat rn |] be fit ed !o (lie head, and rest upon it to the perfect ease (.1 the wea >-r This being an important point, particular attention w ill he givsn to it. a?3 2w*y uNt, TKIt/E HAT CJTU1CE. fa SPRING I- AS1I10NS FOR HATS AND CAPS.? a BROWN it CO. will luirodnce, on Saturday, April 3d, tn- .icw s,l le of < ips for children and boys; also, the ue.v ts WlIWIkiSWi nrics S3, in the manufacture of winch they lisir >n.-ide neL recent improvements as will p! tin-a iu close competition with the most costly. 1 he i ulic art iuvpwl to call at 178 Chatham Square, where i "'u n ii uiv, durability a id economy are combined '0 adorn th He. ajlm*r fi HOW TO MAKK vlO.a K If .?The axiom that "moue > sen >1 ih money nude," is almost as old as the invention id a rn . ey iisell ; but toe principle of selling a lire dollar HAT for ilirre ii.-liars tad lifty ceuts, was lirst sstalilished aud is now i.r . by Robertson, ut the Plieuix Hat Manufactory, 89 V ! V. 7., and 03 Fulton st, Brooklyn. This simple si d. tneut we believe will sullies to make Known one way i i . ' i i . I.e .al0 1m?rh iiAT:S,Sl'l(ING STYLE f^l II A NTA, No. 91 Canal street, and No. 130 Chatham st, Jpsersells Moleskin and Nutria Fur Hats at S3, and only charce, #3 M for his lirst quality Moleskin and line Nutria Hats.? 11' has linn ill-one and durable Hats at S3 50 having the appear auce a id finish of the higher priced hats. Osatlemeu wishing to economise in this indispensable article of dreee without sacrifice i f i-i.ifort or appearance, will please give hirna call.? Also, a general assortment of caps of various Kinds at redueed pi ices. alfc lm#e r. - t FRENCH MILMNKR3 .-MRS UNDERWOOD ,. V\ lespertfully informs her f'lends and die public, that fiY- :A she has removed to 110 Hudsou street, between North Moore and Franklin streets. a29 iw'rre I ." m. W'll..SUN, 151 Grand street. respectfully f 'j;..t' inform* her friends, nnii strangers visiting the city, a~ i.i.itshe lias now on lisnd < unlivery handsome f v KHtamut of Spring Millinery, to which the iiivir their attention. Mrs. Wilson'j itock comprises an assortment of.the richest anil inoif fuhionable Hat*. inch ail'hip, < rape, Itiee, anil Shirred, with a clurice assortment ol t-..ra,i i, which she tlstfrrs herself ran he aolil more reasonable lb in nt any other atnblishment in the city. Country Milliueii wll "!o well to call before purchasing. Ma M. WICfloN, ftl Grand it. Itetween Allen and Orchard its. Ten good Milliners wanted at the above establishment I I A * rr "7'il if TTa ulKn' Ct ofURKMS BOO'fl P. LAUOVTEAUX. #41 Broadway, desiies to inQ . form hie numerous ami fashionable laily patrons, that P he has made arrangements for the right to manufacture tin-clegaut elastis walking Boot, now so fashionable in the liipheit ci clis in Kngland and France. The recent imurort inr..t in ihc eliseic s'nff will suable him to make lot boots mid hitr'n shoes with all the elegance peculiar to his style of work, and ot without the trouhle of lacings. Tn.s in i.t valuable invention removes all the confined preeIII 1 from the arch ofthe loot, while at the some time it affords ao-listrir ? ion; in walking which cannot be appreciated Without a trial. Irasp SPRING B'j UCK OK r. DOT? A X H .SHOES. SMITH fc RISCEY. TAKH THIS MKThOD of informing their customers "Jhnd purchasers in reneral, of their eitensive, and well sell lerre.i as.ortmr nt of l<ad;c?,' Misses' and Children's Gai> ; .. Ituskias. PI'ppera, kc., of their own manufacture, and " 11( ,e si n !; ol'Peg Boota, Shoes and Si means, selected with gie.rt rare, aid purchased for cash, which will enable thetii in sell nt the very lowest prices. N. I..?; will be ..|?eu until ten o'clock in the evening, gn ' ...' 'uiitry lerchnnts an opportunity to esaminc their atnclr wl tm not otherwise engaged. SMITH v liinLii? t I;:! Chatham at., directly opposite the (hatham Thurtre. wit If* rh mm IK AT THIS. yT-jj JUST RKCtilViil), * large lot of Gentlemen'* woWSeyli* Fre irli Boot*, the he?t awl hawUnmeit erer in la .r-itv and Will he Hold at tlie lowpricr of$5. Alto til kind* i |i <'ii'letneir? (J iters mid Patent Leather Shoe*, and til the diMWent kindmf Boot* and Show*. I.tdiei, von will find in tin.-'ore* great variety of Gaiter Boon, Slipper*, Bn?lclnt, 'J'li i, lltiii'i Slippera, w hite and hltck tatin do, white Kid do, wad .11 other kind* nnd nir.r*, Mi?*e?' tnd Children'* Boot* and hh 'O, Boy*' Boot*, li.iiiert, Shoe* tnd Slipper* of til the ft'iooi k i d?; til of which will lie ?old chetp, at 307 Broad wn\ cot rot fertnklin *treef. ,V1. CAHII.L. N. is. Country merchant* tupplied by the package or dozen. apt lm"r iVh.-fONS <iN T1I K l'IANTrKOllti~' MISS C. (', WKMYSS ran now accommo. -?1 iI.hIe lore or font more papilt, if immeditta tie i 3 I Ipliriilioii he lotde at her honae. No. 347 8i*th J t V " ? *?i" et. between Aeetine* C and I). have no objection, if detirable, to attend liei pupil* at the.. own n iilrnce, I', ma? 1 w11ve l.e*aon? for Kiee Dollar*, or h Jieen l)ol|lr, ,.r, O-c.r-ll.ree Irww, e.rh week. BltlllllNti IN STKKKT-Two gentlein iod ihrir avive*, m nve or *ii aingle gen leinen, can he a, ' iminodated w ith h iniUonie, unfiiruithcd room*, with bed room* attached, and full hoard, in a pleasantly aituated lain i i I iarroll place. Apply at pretent at 95 Spring atreet. nil lm*r . __ fit,; oIKiB >l.\K fe,Its?Hool* lor tale hy X I'feiTJslK COOPER, No. 17 Barling Blip, tl lm'rrfl WnMOMMMMMI E NE1 NE "c^^Mw1^SWEiyi"8A ^ r-^s* fiSiiisaS EfaEgri. BY TAPSCOTT'S EMIGRANTS PASSENGER LINES, Office, 86 South atreet.New York. The atibacribera coutinue to forward Emigrant* ard othara to all part* of the Weateru Statea and Canada, at tha vary LOWEST RATES OE PASSAGE, hy Railroad. Staaiuhoat and Canal, to the following placea, ria Albany, Rochaater, Buffalo and Pitlaburgh :? Utica, Syracuaa, Oawcgo, Auburn, Rocheatar, Buffalo, Erie. Pa. Cleveland, Huron. Svnduaky, Maumee, Monroe, Toledo, Detroit, Mackinaw, Milwaukia, Racine, Southport, Chicago, Green Bay, Pottaville, Pituburg, Pa. Wheeling, Portatuouth, Ohio. Parkeraburgh, Cincinnati, Louiaville. Ky. St. Louia. Galena, Dubuque, Bond Head, Darliugtou, Hamilton, WkifKw ('flhurE. L) .luanstoii. Kingston, Toronto, Sandwich. Montreal, Anil all other intermediate nlaee*. Persons proceeding to any part of tlie Went, or Canada, would do well to call on W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT. At their Geueral Emigration Office, *6 South street. New York. Tapicott's Emigrants'Travelling Guide can be had on applicatiou, fiee. ml 30t*tc CiWZENrSNKW DAY LINE OF OPPOSITION BOATS FOR ALBANY AND INTERMEDIATE PLACES. Fare 10 cents?Breakfast and Dinner ou Board. The new and elegant Steamer MKTAMOr ni*Mlia"ni A Cant. T. 8. Knight. Mondays. WedneeUkjCjaWWhTloidays, and Fridays, at half-past ill, A. M., from the pier foot of WurTeu street, touching at Hainmoud street pier. The new and elegant Steamer ROGER WILLIAMS, Oapt. A. Degroot, Tuesdays, Thnredays, and Saturdays, at liajf-past ia, A.M.. from the pier foot of Warren street, toucliiug at Hammond street pier. For passage or frieght, apply en board the Boate. or to Geo Dohaon, atthr office, 120 Warren street, corner of West street 3 /? All persons are forbid trusting tlie above beats on aclottttt of the owners. s7 t afternoon One, daily; w-ea?. FOR NEWBURGH AND FI8HKILL, C JnmerN Landing at Van Cortland's, (Peelukill,) Weet HMHBiig Point, Cold Soring and Cornwall. 'Hie Steam- . er Thomas Powell, Cant. Saml. Johnson, will leave the pier { foot of Warren street, for the above places, every afternoon j (Sundays excepted,) at 4 o'clock, commencing April 10. Ke.uming?will leav" Newhnrgh every morning at 7 o'clock. N. B.?All Baggage and Freight of every description, Bank Bills or Specie, put on board of this boat, must be at the risk of the owner thereof unless entered on tlie books of the boat or receipted for. a|i9 Im'r fT^ms. THE Proprietors of Steamboets wishing Bells hung, would do well to |?y a visit on jBuvHHk board the steamboats Governor, Thomas Powell, Roger Wil'iams, Utica, Palmetto, Priuceton, Mountaineer, Iron Wircn, Cataline, sc., and einmine H. HoMtn's improved style of Bell Hanging, expressly adapted for Steamboats. Put up neat and strong, and w arranted for one year, by H. H.. No. V Ann street. in28 lin*r notice. 8TATKN ISLAND FF.RRY.?On and after SUNDAY, April 10th. the steamboats rirwrfirML SYLPH and 8TATEN ISLANDER will run as follows, until further notice :? LEAVE ST AT UN ISLAND At C, , 9, 10, 11, A. M., and I, 2, I, 4, J, ?, 7, P. M. LEAVE PTEW YOSt At 7, 9, 10, 11, A. M., and 1, 2, ten minutes post 3, and at 4, 5, 6. 7, o'clock, P. M. New York April 13tn. al3 r MORNING LINE AT HALF-PAST SIX O'CLOCK. Mik FOR ALBANY AND TROY-Landing e - S?1L Mar Paid wall 'a wsgflmlsL Newburch. Hamn ^BflSWaton, Pougiikeepsie, Hyde Park, Rhiiiebeck. Upper Red Hook, Bristol, Caukill, Hudson, Coxsackie, ana Kmdrrhook. Fabe Reduced. Break fail and Dinner on board the Boat. The steamboat NIAGARA, Capt. H. L. Kellogg, will leave the iteamboat pier, foot of Barclay street, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at half-past six o'clock. Returning on opposite days. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. HALL, at the Office on the wharf. NIGHT LINK?DIRKCT. From the foot of Cortlandt street. Passengers taking this Boat will arrire in time to take the Morning Traiii of Cars from Troy west to Buffalo, and north to Saratoga, and Lake George The lew pressure steamboat EMPIRE, Capt. R. B. Mary, at 6 o'clock. Leaves New York Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. For passage or freight, apply on board, or at the office on the wharf. The steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain W. W. Tunper, will leave the pier at the foot of Courtlandt street, at 6 o'clock. For passage or freight, apply ou board, at llie office on the w liar I. Regular days from New York, Monday, Wednesday and Friday. _ o2^rc PEOPLE'S LINE STEAMBOATS FOR ALBA N V, Daily, Sundays Excepted? WmuBBBMn Through Direct?At 6 o'clock, P. M., from the Pier between Courtlandt and Liberty streets. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Capt. Wm. II. Peck, will leave on .Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at C o'clock. Steamboat HENDRICK HUDSON Capt. R. G. Cruttendeu, will leave ou Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at 6 o'clock. At Five O Clock, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places? from the foot of Barclay street. S'eambmt NORTH AMERICA, ' apt. R. H. Fuery,will will leave ou Monday, Weduesday, Friday and Sunday alkeruoous. at i o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Capt- Tbos. N. Hulse, leave on Tuesday, Thursday aud Saturday afternoons, at i o'clock. The above boats will at all timet arrive in Albany in ample time for the .Morning Cars for the East or West. Freight taken at moderate rates, and noue taken after if, o'clock, P. M. I; /? All iiersonsare forbid trustiug any of the boats of tliis line, without a writteu order froin the captains or agents. For passage or freight, apply on hoard t'le boats, or to P. C. 8CHI. I.TZ, at the office on the wharf. mi rc rwVi.Vvf CTPAM M A VICATWIV I ' I V\fPA Sj V" Ul l.l. . .u;.. .v.. ......... , . U. 8. MAIL LINK TO CO WES, AND SOUTHAMPTON, AND BREMEN. -- ? ? THE spleudid new steamship WASIIjySAMfijflHP INOTON, 1750 tons burthen, Frederirk Hewitt, Commander, will itart from New Vork on the lat June next, carrying the ^W^BI^Hfc?United Hute* Mail. She will touch at Cowei anil Southampton to land paaacngers and freight, and deliver the maila for England, France and Belgium, and will then proceed to Breinerhaven. The Washington is built in the strongest manner, with a view to being converted into a ship of war. and subject at any time to inspection by officers appointed by the President, both during and after construction. She has two engines of 1000 horse power each, and accommodations for 140 lirst class and 41 second class passengers. Passage from New Fork to Southampton, or to Bremen? First class $120 Second class 60 Passage from Bremen or Southampton to New York. First class $150 Second class 60 She will carry abont 300 tuns freight, which will be charged according to the nature ol the gooda nth-ring. All letters must pass through the post office. Parcels, for which bills of lading will be signed, will be taken at $5 each. For passage or freight, apply at present at the office of the Ocean H' Nnrigition ' -oinpany at 41 Broad street, and alter 1st May to No. 14 William street. Agents at Southampton?DAI .CROSKF.Y St ROSS. " Bremen?C. A.HEINEKEN St CO. Harre?WILLIAM ISKLIN. The second stesmerol the line is iu due course of constroetion. ami will In- m readiness in the t-oatiinir fall s2l Im r 3B? British and north American ^/%1L%fo*ROYAL MAIL TfcAM 1200 tons ^laME riiil 430 horse power each, under contract with the. Lords of the Adinirality. HI lir.KNI V. Captain Alexander Ryne. CALEDONIA, Captain Edward if. Lntt, BRITTANMA, Captain John HewittA CAMBRIA, Captain Charles U.K. Judkuia. ACADIA, Captain William Harrison. The four steamships now building are THE AMERICA, THE NIAGARA, THE CANADA, THE EUROPA. Vessels appointed to sail from Liserpool are the Cambria April 4, I84T Caledonia, April 20,1847 Britannia, May 4, 1R47 Vessels appointed to tail frour Bostou are the Cambria, May 1., 1617 Caledonia . Slay 10, 1817 Passengers' luggage must be on board the day presume to sailing. Passage money?From Boston to Li?er)>ool, $120, do do to Halifax, $20. No berths secured until paid for. These ships carry experienced surgeons. No freight, except specie, received on days of For freight, passage,or any other information, apply to D. BRIOHAM, Jr., Agent, At 1IARNDEN Ik CO.'H. 6 VVall sU (T*7 III addition to tlie shore line between Liserpool and Halifax, and Boston, s contract lias bern entered into with Her Majesty's government, to establish a line between Liverpool andNew York direct. The steamships for this service are now lieing hnilt, and early nest ysar dne notice will he given of the time when they will start. Under the new contract the steamers will sail every Hatnrday during eight months, and avery fortnight during the otlie r month* in the ye?. vronig *i ternalely between Liverpool and Hildas and Boston, ana be twern Liverjionl and New York. m26 r - ? ^ . ~im*AH'S <>N lilt. ,V\1 l(l.N \l. BANK OF IRELAND-W. k J. T Tapscott to inform th#ir frieada and thr pnblic, who wish to remit money to any part of Ireland, that ihey draw draft* fo large or amall amonnta, (payable without discount.) direct on the National Bank of Ireland, Dublin, ur any of thr nuinnrou* branches thronitliont the country. AI?o, draft* can be obtained, payable in all parte of England, Scotland, and Wale*, on application to W.kJ.r. TAPSCOTT, MS South ?treet, >10rtl {teeood door below Bnrliug flip. A*Jf- FOR LIV'KHPOOL? New I.nil?Regular packKeSSV et of 26th May.?The *|dendid, last sailing packet MHrn ship SHERIDAN, Capt. (Jeo. II. Curuisli, will positively ?ail a* above, her regular day, For freight or passage, liaving *U|>erior fnmiahed accommodations, apply on board at Oilcans wharf, loot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS, J6 Sonth *t. I', ire of pa*?age $76. The picket ship tiARRK'K, Capt. B. J. II. Trn?k,wi!l snceeeu lne Shendan, uw Bail In? Htb. her regular day a27 bull H/\l,l'.?The hull ol h \ esse I J u?l launched, MHPfWand now Tying at Hahway |mrt. She will carry about ?|llMb2'>0 to 7IK) toil*: % feet on deck, 23 feet beam. She will answer for canal, river, or coa*t *eryice. Inquire of the *ub*criber?, at IUhway. New Jersey.qs q LUF8ERF, nglm'r H. R. SHOT WELL FOR BELIZE, HONDURAS.-The Bark JOHN Jf3WfV'! OARDNKR, Jame* Petersen, Master, will hare JKwML<lispatrh for the above l?rt. For freight or paaaage apply to ( aptain on board, or to F. ALEXANDRE, a29 Ri * r 28 Snuthnrect AA3P- FOR MVERI'OOI/?New Line?Regular Packet WCRfV of I he 2l*t Vlay?The superior fast sailing Pjckat jilfF thill QUEEN OF THE WEST, Captain Philip W oodhoute, I2A0 tout burthen, will tail at above, ner regular l<'or freight or passage, baring splendid, large and rninfortaable state roomi and cabin, apply to the Captain on board, at we?t pier of Burling slip, or to __ . WOODHULL fc MINTURN, *7 South ?t. Trice of passage $1110. . ? . , The packet ship Constitution, 1600 tons bnrthen, Capt. Jno. Rrittoii. will scccecd tht Queen of the West, and sail on her regular day, 2l*t Inne. Aiffg- VESSEL W \NTKI?-A good substantial vessel mil,"'* ^o'o'd^ullMnVUI^ Mil IT South lUMl. W YO iW YORK, WEDNESDAY BENT'! Tho above engraving ia an accurate representation of Bent v Kort? sometimes called Fort William?on tho Arkansas river. Bent's Fort is well known to the Santa Fe traders, who invariably make it their retting or stopping place. It Is built of '"adobes," or sun-burnt brick, formed of clay and cut straw, in size about four times as large at the common brick. It is compotod of a scries of rooms, resembling casements, and forming a hollow square, the entrance being on the east side A round tower on the left, and unothrr diagonally opposite, as aoeu in the engraving, constitute the flanking arrangeThe Capture of Chihuahua. A IIRII.LIANT ACHIEVEMENT. [From the Washington Union. May 3 ] We have the pleasure of publishing, at last something like an official account of Doniphan's victory ", Mexico. April 4. 1347. u Dear Major :?Wo have just received the official account of the cupture of Chihuahua, by Col. Donopbau. with 930 Missourians. He met the enemy at Sacraineuto, twelve miles north of the city, and dispersed them immediately, killing and wounding suveral hundred, aud taking ten pieces of artillery. Our loss is said to bo only threo or four. Very sincerely, ' D. HUNTER, U. 8. Army. " Major Lloyd J. Dual, Paymaster, U. S. Army, Matamoros. Mexico " Along with the above letter, we lay before our readers the fullowing article which we extract from the American Pioneer published at Monterey, by Messrs. Onslow and Goo, on the 19th April. Tho tone of this article is capital. It breathes a patriotic spirit, and inculcates a wise aud a seasonable lesson, both upon our euemies abroad and owr enemies at home. Tile American Pioneer says truly, that our country lias only to unfold her buuner to tho breeze, for her sous to hasten to its support; and it might havo added, that they have only to meet the enemy under that banner to defeat tlieiu. With such troops our arms are irresistible, and victory is certain it matters not who leads them to the Held? whoever be their commauder?they must triumph, liow gloriously does Douipbitu (the Missourian) overwhelm the Mexicans at C hinuahua ! liow gallantly do we triumph In California, on the banks of llie Rio Grande, or in the province of Vera Cruz' Gen. Scott's ariuy comprises men from Maine to Mississippi?led by regular officers, or by volunteer generals from different States ; but the Mexicans cannot stand before them. Who believes fbr a moment, that Santa Anna will be able Io resist our advancing columns, although his troops uisy be posted ou their mountains, or strengthened by their batteries' it is the character of our people to be brave: and with such materials as compose our urmy, lliey are irresistible. | [Fram the Monterey Pioneer.] A thousand cheers for Mitiouri :?A glorious victory ? 'Phree hundred Mexicans killed, and Jive hundred wounded?Only one American killed, and one mortally wounded, seven slightly ? Chihuahua in the possession of the American army. On the 98th of February Colonel Doniphan, with one 0U4 ruin in nil?all volunteer* from Missouri?cauic in oontaet with 3,700 .Mexioans at the pass of the Sacrainentoe river, fifteen milue from Chihuahua, and gallantly repulsed them, losing only nine men In killed and wounded, while that of the enemy Is eight hundred.? He also captured ton pieces of artillery, together with a large quantity of supplies, and teok forty prisoners. Mexico wili now surely believe that ^s are not merely fighting, as Santa Anna says, for grandeur, but for an early and an honorable peace. And although there are those in the United States who delight to denounce the administration for having ongaged the country in an unnecessary and cruel war. and those, too, who do every thing in their power to render " aid and comfort" to the enemy, they must not think the war will not, or cannot, he carried on by our government ; eu the contrary, they must be well aware that the government lias hut to uu fold her banner to the breeze and her sous will eagerly hasten to suppoitit. oven to rally around it and sustain ft ou the walls of llio \.onl? zuman, if it ho uecessary to tarry the war that far into Mexico, to conquer a pcuee. Mexico should also k now that those who oppose this war arc hut tew; that they have no weight or iulluancn even iu the party and community in which the more sensible and patriotic portion or Ihetn allow them to mingle.? Hut beforu this war is ended, these reckless despisers of their country s interests will wish that they had. In the ouset. washed themselves iu the waters of patriotism, and earns out rcpublieans. The Siege of Vera Cruz. Ma. f-oiTOM :?A constant reader of your paper, on account of its ready and full record of military events, I was both pained and surprised by the communication of a correspondent T," of Washington, dated April a4, 1M7. This communication is unjust, alike to the accomplished General, and to the subordinates whoso successfully carried out his plans. He characterise! the siege as involving ''neither skilful combinations nor a scientific attaok," and in corroboration states that the city of V'sra Cruz was badly fortified, and that we lost no engineers, thu most exposed him in a siege lie concludes by saying. " this affair of Vera Urus is open to military criticism, and wili receive it both in this country and Europe? and they," i o the conductors of the siege ' must not complain If hereafter it shall be referred to, to allow bow a mountain may be made out of a molehill." Such, Mr. Editor, is ths sweeping condemnation of an able general and skilful officers, who forced out of their works, and compelled to surrender, 4 000 men. with a traiuof artillery of nearly 400 pieces ; all of this with ths trifling loss of Sfi men of tho army, and H of the navy. Surely this result, with sueh disproportionate loss, ought to be prima Jacir evidence of -or: science and skill But "G" thinks otherwise. Let it bo my endeavor, thsn, to show that this operation wus skilfully plnunsJ. successfully executed, and taking up 'M Y' challenge boldly to commit it to the military criticism of this oouutry and Europe .,- - _u. V..H l.w.k.0 In l,lnn,l. r..ull. ami ?a..,l.? < , HUH --.-J ?... mull exertions. as evidences of a well conducted enterprise. I* shacked Rl the ease with whlMi the city and cnetie were kakeu ; forgetting that this rase and no lo-s wero tha rrsalt* of a rtgliliy planned attack With any other plan this oonqu?sl would hare bean difficult and bloody enough, arcn far liim The liege wae projected nu the plan of a leiiuhardment A superficial examination will prove this 'J he ( actle of S luan de Cilia, the great object of the liege, waa armed with Ik-t gone, lntlading I'uixhans.and 4 mortal*. Impregnable to a navel attack, and situated on an inland IKK) yarje froin the niniu land, it leemod equally 10 against the eflortsof a regular singe With no power to get at It, It apeared then that we wera compelled to rveort to a rigid blockade by see anil land, in order to starve the garrison eat Hut. fortunately, tliie fort so etrong i.. other respects, had hoen fatally neglected in a vital poi r. Within reach of had no bombproof shelters for its guns. The garrison, too, were exposed to the effect of shells It was ricces-ary then to resort to a bombardment. A large number of pieces firing shot and shells were sent down, the plan being, that the fire once opened, an uninterrupted shower of shells should dismount their guns, ruin the quarters of the won, and by Its Incessant action prevent the repair of damages. Under this tremendous storm. It was confidently anticipated that the castle must fall In thirty-six hours. Kvory one knows that ft was necessary to push the siege, for tho vnmilo was at hand. If the siege had languished from a scanty artillery, no condemnation, would have been too great for us; for we had thousands of guns In our arsennls, with every facility for their transportation. As far as I can ascertain, we designed to bring 40 mortars, with the proper proportion of breaching guns, to the attack of two places mounting nearly 400 guns. Who could have Imagined that this work. Impregnable save to this kind of attack, should have Inglorinusly surrendered before a shot had been fired at It Who would have Imagined, that after months of warning, the Mexlcnns should have neglected victualling their castle' Ho murh for the castle. Mr. Lditor. I.ct us now turn to the city. In own words, " A battery of seven mortars and a few pieces, placed In position to batter the weak walls of the town, did the work of devastation so thoroughly, that the garrison had nothing to do but surrender "? I.uuww.JI""? 1 ii"' * RK H ' MORNING, MAY 5, \S4: 1 l 5 FOR T. | a ( i I ( I 1 I i merit* The outer wall* are nearly two foot in thickness, and Intersect in the axes of the towers. thus permitting i their faces to bo completely enfiladed. The outside i watts of the encolut and towers, pierced witii loop boles. 1 are continued four feet above the Oat roofs, which serve for the banquette, which, being composed of clay, cannot 1 be fired by inflammable substances that might be cast upon it Thp roofs are sustained by poles. On the west , side Is the cuttle yard, which is surrounded by a wall so high as effectually to shelter them The coping of tli wall Is planted with cacti, which bear rod and wb flowers. This work nu weak, only sgalnst the peculiar method of attack. C. says Its walla were we*v were the walla of Suragossa; hut like Saragossa.wlit' Hied the eflorte of the French twenty-three dave r arriving in ite streets, every house hero was rtn-H.s, loopholed. In ro&diuess to envelope our colu u its murderous fire the moment they should attei Irate its interior. The streets were barriead upon the tops of houses, lightcannons had b aiat in mr destruction Tho defence of the breach shoe lospernte, for the Mexicans had their interim retreat to after the storming Infinite was then . I that wo did Lnot storm their city, as the F.nghsh did at Ilajuilos, losing in tho assault ulonp. Si>60 men from the tire of its 5700 defenders, and like tho French at Saragossa, fight them from street to street, from house to house,? We preferred, Mr. Kditor, " with a battery of seven tnurtsrs, to do the work of devastation so thoroughly, that the garrison had nothing to do hut surrender " 1 have endeavored to show in this, that without a judicious attack, the city oven, was a formidable position. Let us now turn to the number of troops engaged.? While ( ren Scott was assembling his troops for the siege. Santa Anna held a central position ut San Luis with a force of 'if),ooo men. having it in his power to full upon Gen. Taylor at Saltillo. or march to the relief of Vera Cruz Against such a contingency it was necessary to provide. Were 14.000 men too jiumerou* to besiege 6,000 men?to keep Santa tuna's force, swelled frightfully by the accession of the local militia, ut bay; and finally to invest the place so thoroughly that no troops or supplies should be thrown into It ? When one considers the strength of the works ami the contingency of Santa Anna's appearunce. he rail see no ' mole-hill magnified into a ''mountain",in contemplating the number of guns or troops provided. And if the science of war consist in the proper adaptation of tho means to the end, the projection and execution of the singe was eminently scientific. With these convictions, let us exult in our brilliant victory, and cheerfully commit it to the military criticism of this country and of Luropo. 9. THE ARMY. The Taglinni landed at Jeffersou barracks Lieuteuant Love and twenty-six private*, army equipments, ike . from Covington, ity. < aptain Bills, witlt eighty Illinois volunteers from Chicago, came down on Saturday evening, ou board the Herald They immediately took passage on board the Clermont lor Cairo, where they rendezvous previous to their departure for tho Hio Grande.? Jif. l.uuit. 'ilitU ult. Emigration to Oregon.?We have been requested by (several persons who intend going to Oregon this soring, to state, that there will lie a meet inn of emigrants at the Court House in this place, on Saturday the 34th inst. It is requested that every person desiring to emigrate this spring, shall attend if they so. as the meeting will take into consideration important matters connected with tbn trip. We hope there will he a general turn out on this occasion, as it is important that the emigrants should flx upon some day for starting, a place of rendezvous, ami many other matters important to the emigrant. This is a matter in which the emigrant is particularly interested, and none should fail to bo in attcidanae, if la his power to couie. Our town, for the past two weeks lias been crowded with strangers from almost every Stale in the I nion. and our streets bear more the aspect of a city than a small inland town?not so small, either, for It contains a population of near two thousand On Thursday last n company of cmigrauls lauded at our landing, of aleiut twonty families, who are destined for Oregon, From the number of emigrants already in this vicinity, and the daily additions, the company will he very large? larger perhaps than any that has ever yet gone out.? Iniirptndtnee (Afo ) Exj>o*itor, April 17. Firr iff the Mot NTAtN*.?On Tueflday a fire broke out iti.the charcoal collieries near the re- [ sidenee of Or Samuel P. Smith, about four miles from Cumberland. Mnryland. Three thousand cords of wood were burnt at the collieries The wind being higu, the fire was soon communicated to the woods, runuiiig before tlie wind, until it readied the farm of John lioye. Ksq,. ill tho occupancy of Mr. Hotter, where four thou sand rails wero burnt. -Mr. Jacob Derore, residing on an adjoining farm, also lost several thousand rails Dr. S P. Smith's stables wero saved by tho lulling of tho wind at uiglit Wo liuve not roceivod any further part miliars At night, when Wilt's mountain was lighted up by tlie flames, it presented a very beautiful appearmuch. ? Cinnbtrlantl Civilian. Tiik Canat,.?There were cleared at the Collector's ollice in West Troy, 111 bonis up to three o cloak. 1'. M . of Saturday. Tho full number of boats passed the collector's office in tills city up to I 1' M., today, was 313 Tho full amount of tolls r< solved up to 10 o'clock Saturday uigbt was $13,3b7 00.?Albany Allai. 4fi| *. .Mlors-llniirnn*. Tho commencement exercises, at ambridge. took plaoo yesterday, Other maniifaeturiugcompanies at the Fast areadoptIng the Lowell rule in reference to the extension of time allowed their operatives for taking their meals The trial of Charles It Brngdnn. for the murder of Col Henley, on th? evening of the I Ith of October. IH43 occupied the Supreme Court, now in session at Portland, tlie whole of last week. The case was given to the Jury fl o'clock on Saturday evening, hut at 10 o'clock there was no prospect of their agreeing The roguo who lately stole a wallet, containing notes aaiid money, from a young lady at Boston, and suhsequently returned all but the money, stating that that should be subsequently returned witli 6 per cent interest. has been discovered His superior penmanship was the key to his detection. The project of tnppiug tlie Merrimack river above Cruuiuieli h I'all*, ftii'l bringing the water into the Jaekson Company's canal, has been started here. IS'aikun Trlrgrajik. It is said that the experiment of the wind wagon i? successful. We fear this will prove a very unfortunate spring for the fishermen in this county thus far It has been a losing business for every one of thein. on nrrnunt of the unusual srnrrity of fish. They are catching small i|Uantities now, hut scarcely enough to pay expenses.?Klkton (MA.) Wkig. I^In Boone county. (Mo.) about a fortnight since, a Mr. James llendriek died a mysterious death.and a past mnrtern examination being made, it was decided that his death was occasioned by poison Suspicion resting upon Samuel Oriibb, at whose house lie hsd been living, and Mrs llendriek. wife of the deceased, they were taken before Justice Sexton, anil after a long examination commilted for trial. A fire occurred at Dayton. Ohio, on the 20th ult., which destroyed f30,000 worth of property. The extensive bread and biscuit hsltery of Thomas Brown, at Oeorgetowu, IJ. was destroyed by tire on k'riday morning The following table shows the comparative growth of Cincinnati, Now Orleans and St, Louis 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830 I8<0. 1MT. New Oilcans 0,000 17,212 27,178 <8.300 M2.I07 Cincinnati 73# 2,3?0 0.812 21,871 **,m 03,000 St. Louis ? ? 4.J1W 3,?M H.3W "?n I--??? ???--?* ERA r. Che Effect of the Mexican War In Europe? 1 Anxiety of the English to hear from Bvena Vista and Vera Cruz. [From the London Tims*. .March 14 ] The debutes In the American Senate are surprisingly nstructive The New World la now delivering to the Jld a moat impressive homllv on national Justice, and la llustratlng by living example the eternal truth of It a >reoepts The Americana have removed their uuigh>or a land-mark, and mutt now pay for their transgrefllion They plunged headlong into war, uot only witb>ut counting the uoat. but without distinctly comprelondiug their own motives, or even clearly usaertaiutug .heir object In the Senate it la now us much a matter if debate why the war was commenced, ua how It is to vw"~-v ""I it IB iu Wt? CUUCIUUOU. A UlVtf quints are suggested an probably comprising Iho casus Ulli. It la said to bare been necessary to repid invutlou?a reason not unlike that alleged for the abaorptlon jf Cracow; it la theu described aa indispensable fur the determination of the boundary In queetlon. and ie thiolv pronounced aa absslutoly requisite for the recovery of the expense* luourrud This la oertainly making the moat of a thlug. Of the acore of rlvera which tumble into the Oulf of Mexioo at Ita uorth-weat oomer, it la doubted which ahall form the bouudary between the two uationa: that aeluctud by the Amencaua for thia honor la croiaed by the Mexican*, uud the fact la declared to be an lnvualou; a war la forthwith commenced to repel thia invasion, and alao to determine the boundary, i e.. to decide whether there liaa been auy invaaion at all. and subsequently continued to defray the eoat of the inquiry Napoleon used to say that war ahould aupport itaelf; the Auierleana are for making it expluiu itself, and Uud its own object us Well as its own means Thus. In the public law or the \'?w World a statin belli will be C(|Uivalent to a casus belli, and no further justification of a war need be sought lor beyond the fact of its existence. To a certain extent, the responsibility of the \inericatis is. doubtless monopolised by their (resident. Mr IVlk never constilled ' ongresa while there was much room for consultation. lie imported lite war readymade into the Senate, ond informed liis countrymen that lie had terminated |icaoe on his own account. But though it might not have tioen poeelble for Congress to igu :re immediately the oxisteuec of a war which was raging under its own eyes, yet it might have withheld its assent from its subsequent operations. I'uaulniity in the country there certainly is not; it would lie most uujust to deny tliat the war it condemned. for various reasons. by a res|H?ctable party; hut taking the nation as a body, tliey must be fairly considered as accessories after the fact. What they wanted wlieu (ieucral Taylor crossed ths Bravo, perhaps they could hardly tell. Tnoy knew that their enemy was weak, and they, therefore, anticipated glory. Tnoy knew that he had wide territories, and they, therefore, reckoned upon conquests, llut what they were to win. and how they were to keep it. were points on which the event shows that they had formed no settled opinion. Their fate has been strangely appropriate. Beyond Iheir credit and their co.-ts. it is true, they ltavo not much at stake, but s r as those points are concerned, t would be hard to i nccivo a more desperate dilemma ban that wlticlt tin y re reduced. Thuy have won battles, takeu t .mis, and dispersed guerillas; they even hoi third the enemy's country; but they are no ass it iii-st. What they now want la clear enough: To bum heir honor, they want the Mexicans to ask for peace; to save their pockets, tliey want them to pay the expenses, and tliey desire that ull surrenders should be made with such good free will as to exempt thcin from the future necessity of that nrined occupation which they well know they can never afford to maintain. To conquer Mexico is not enough ; they must have tho assent of the Mcxicuus to the conquest. ? They have driven the horse to water, and now they have got to make him drink. The Mexicans ltavo no tiling to (10 uui to on slimy liiid oosmiaic a amy wnicn there in no doubt they will honorably discharge. The circumstances of the belligerent* are'all iu favor of the weaker party The Mexicans, from whom it is necessary to extort this hardest of all confessions, are least of utl nations susceptible of the torture. The war scarcely causes more disturbance of their political or social system. than ordinarily results from their owu scuieslrial revolutions. They liavu abundance of rooui. and can always elude a battle. They have no centre of power at which u juortal blow can be aimed. They have the advantages as well as the disadvantages of u low political organization, ami are far more easily scotched than killed Their vitality, if imperfect, is evenly diffused, and their provinces would suffer as little from amputation us a snake. The Americans who have conduct this most wearisome of wars. are. least of all nations competent to the task. They have no army, and have constititutional objections to raising one. They have uo money, and are resolutely determined to (hid none. They have no ticueral. and have just agreed never to have one Yet with these natural mid political disadvantages, they have either to continue a war of which nobody can tell the cost or the conclusion, or to confess their folly and their helplessness by a ridiculous retreat. Mow to escnin-from this most awkward dilemma i? now the question in the Senate, lly the more passionate it is recommended to act more vigorously than ever uu the present plan, and to push at once to Mexico To this it is replied, with otns force, that It is not quite certain they run ever get there; and with infinitely greater force, that it is almost certain that the capture oftlie metropolis would produce uo more effect than the capture of Tarnpieo. .Mr. Calhoun's plau.which we meutioned on Saturday, acknowledges these difficulties, and may be taken perhaps as an exposition of the least possible expense ut which the Americans can get out oftheir difficulty I he problem to be solved is, how to apply the screw to the Mexicans in the least costly and the most effective manner To this cud, Mr. Calnoun proposes that the line of the Del Norte should he held up to the Pass, and should then be continued due west to the head of the ( iilifornJau <Sulf Along the river it would be the more easily tenable, as the Texan borderers might be thrown in a moment on any point in peril, while the uninhabited country through which its continuation westward would run. would demand but very few troops for its defence. Altogether Mr. Calhoun estimates that it could be held by five regiments and three forts, and at an annual charge of two and a half millions of dollars. This is, perhaps exercising the strictest practical economy in the indulgence of folly, though it hardly seems very likely that the people who arc unconvinced by Hannibal ad porlat would send in their resignation when Oenornl Taylor is removed from Monterey to the mouth of the Colorado Of course provision is made for the contingency so extremely probable that no negotiations are over henrd of. and in this rase America Is to retain permanent possession of the line thus occupied, or. in other words, the original question between the Kin Nueces and the Rio del Norte is to be settled by the confiscation of California, iu addition to the retention oftlie debatable river. Lest, however, our readers should be distressed at the apparent want of due retribution in this conclusion, wc beg to inform them that the gain will be a very Irish gain after nil ' Sir," said Mr. Calhoun in his place. "I put a higher question; thirty millions of dollars are to be expended in pushing your war?Is there any man here who would give for ( aliiornla fifteen millions of money?" Surely these arguments must have gone home to the (Senate, ami taught them how infallibly certain conduct, in nations s? wll as Individuals, is exemded from the ordinary chances of prospering lly Mr. Polk's plan thirty million* of dollars and fifteen thousand live* are to In- expended for a consideration of fifteen million*; hy Mr. < tilhoun r amenduieul the same valuable object is to bo gaimd by an annual disbursement of nearly throe [From the I.onilon News. March '27] The peace eiSb'ty?If it fund* are adequate?ought U TOto a medal to President Polk. Ill* burlesque invasiot of Mexico I* more likely to throw db credit on war*, by making them ridiculou*, than the strongest argument m the moot eloquent persuasion*. Two Anieriran armies moved by land on Ilia Mexlcai frontier. The one crowed the ltio < .ramie at I'aloe Altos the other in the vicinity of Santa Km. Of the latter wi only know that u desert Intervene* between it and Mi* Kouri; that tho men are dying by doien*; that Ovnera Kearny having set olf on a wild-goose olvase to tali fo'nia. < olonel Price takes upon him to disobey tin order* of hi* commander-in-chief; Lieutenant ( clone Willoch einulouaW disobey* ( olonel Price, and I olom Doniphan act* independently ot them ell A* for tin grand army which forced a passage at Palo* Alto*, tin impossibility of marching any distance Into Mexico ha I obliged the commanders to descend the river and em bar I their troop*, in order, after they have l>e?u reinforced, h attack Vera < rnz A land passage into the wealthy am populated district* of Mexico, either,from Palo* \ll"* n Tainpico, having been found Impracticable, tin- invadei have resolved to go round to Vera < rur. by sea. w hirl they might liuve done at first After the In** of nine! time, utid many men (by sickness), the invasion ha* ye to begin. 'I'lie original plan of advancing upon the capital bavin* been abandoned, the superiorly of the new one riuinii < to be tested Vera < rim and the ('astir of Sail Juan d< I lua are to be aiuiultaueously attack" d by Isod au'l ' The rustle of San Juan de I lua say* a srim-ofllria looking article in the AV?r lint llriuld. will In- lor some time occupied by our troops after il* rapture, for tlni purpose of testing the rlfrcl of tin- < lirnali on them A humane experiment this and He Mexican* seem re solved that it shall have a fair trial, for abandoning Hula ml of tbe vomilo. they are midersl I to In- fortifying the pajrea on the declivity of tli" great table latel It is rather an ingenious device to keep the invaders in the tierra i alien!*, whore the miasma of a tropical ehraate will kill them otr It is like shotting Up a collection nl vermiu in tho inephitic llrrllo drI . an* It I* obvious that some misgiving to tlilaeffect ha* been haunting tho council* at Washington President Polk and his cabinet are far from sanguine that th" American arms will he better able to force tlmir way into the interior from Vera < rux than from Tampleo or Matamora* A new plan of operations ho* therefore been devised, ami Major (fencral Hcnton a civilian and diplomatist with n military title -has been sent with three millions ol dollars to buy a conquest. Ilcfore iho people whose country ho* been Invaded express any wish for peace ot disposition to submit, nn ambassador i* sent on the part ofthe Invadnre, to negotiate a termination of hostilities ' * 1 -? ! ?/? intn/lltur fiifcn il'ioa nut li/ilil nt?i? ri till A ml II11 >l < n ?" a - <if land out "Ida of It" cantonment*. tin- nmba"?ndor 11 furnlahed with * large auni of money m an equivalent for any territory they tnny find It advhnMe to retain Major General Beaton I" rent to bur a conqueiit Mesh ran noldier" are to be "hot with dollar", a* witcbe" werr aoinn ronturie* ago. A few day" before Major(ieneral Denton left YVa"hing ton to commence operatlona, lie git involved In a/rami in the Senate, In the ronrre of wliieh eome hlographiea reinlalrceneM were elicited, tlliixtratireof liIn i|iialtflca j tlona for hi" new lank. Mr. Ilanncgan, aninindvertiii| upon a "(H-eeh of Major t ieio iiil Denton, ruinarkeU tha I that gentleman " appeared to have been all day in I condition not to understand what he wii" doing ' Mi Ilanncgan was proceeding I am of opinion that lark aon was right when he said that"?hut here he wan lr terrupted by criea of " Order " Major (ieneral 11 en to lucialcd upon Mr. llannegan a word:, being takeu dowi r "?> " . a g W_^ j?L^J ?*rtco Two Clan. maintaining The rhsrge made la that the senator front MiMouri (the major central himself, has not baaa iu a coudltion all d?> to kuow what ia doing Ergo, the senator from Missouri has been drunk all daj- - that a the inuendu. air." Against tlila free tranalatloD did Mr llonncgau tuoat pathetically protest I made no such charge?never. air I never aaw the seuator drunk but once In all my life and that was the night after the expunging resolution was pasted." Mr. Ilauuegan vowed be never Intended to Insult the Senate* 1 would no utpre think of degrading and insult Ing him than of Insulting my mother. not because 1 would comoare the seuator to a woman, hut to her who was my first lovw and the last to be forgotten " But the inexorahlo Benton was sternly inaccessible to these blandishments Mr ilanuegun's words were taken down: '* I am of opinion that Jackson was right when he said the senator from Missouri was ." Mr Reuton. " S"U1 that up, sir Mr Hannegan: Was very seriously injured by the bursting of the big gun on the ITincoton. which knocked his brains out." Sure such a parody upon war as is now enaotlng ta Msxlco. and such saturualla as lately resounded in the (. apltol of Washington, have not been paralleled sinew transactions somewhat like them were witnessed by the Capitol of ltome ?when an emperor msde his troops charge the waves of the ocean and paraded shells and seaweed as tjiolia opinio iu a triumphal procssslon 1a the Eternal city. And yet society is souud at the core In the country, where wie people, who poems more direct power of controlling their rulers than uny other, tolerate such alsturdities in every locality we cau trace active Indlrgtlonsofthe intelligence, integrity, and humanity of the Anglican race The liberal and spontaneous dona I lions to Ireland?the efforts to develop commerce, to 1m prove prison dlsolpltue. or, lwtu>r Hill, to diminish In| duremeiiU to crime?the progress, tardy though It ba, of the repudiating States in inuklng amends for their . error by paylo; their debts?all command respect ? I '1 hese thing- make it a source ef gratification to learn that the i nlnn has. ?s yet i xperlenci d no worse effects from its Ulilitarv hallucination then ? ?? ~e the coasting trad* by the d?r.iini| for tran?p?rts coinciding in point of time with th* demand for ?hi;,ptng ta carry brood stuffs to Fnrepe It 1* oho gratifying to observe. front the tone of the more respectable and influential journals, that the nation is proving h?artllv nshnmod of the torn-foolery enacting. in it? n?n,? and that its rulers must, ere long, defer to the popular sentiment, or " make way fbr hnuestrr meu " Liraarooi., April 1, 1$47. .1ffair? in Europt. There seems little doubt hut the I'nitod Btatae will at all times be able to supply our own deficiency of grain, and on the present emergency her supplies are only limited by the amount of tonnage procurable. Indian corn for some time ruled comparatively much higher than other grains, hut recently a considerable daatine has taken place, and that which was selling at 74 shillings per quarter can now be obtained at or under AO shillings per quarter, and I much doubt if any material iasprovcrnenCean be looked for, tbough^much doubt, i depend on the prospects of nest harvest Hitherto tha spring has hccu very backward, which In this country is considered favorable, as an early spring almost always suffers blight from ^cutting. frosty F.ast winds. The seed lime has been dry .and unusually favorable for preparing the laud. At this momeut, however, the ground is covered with snow, which is stiU fulling, and is perhaps the last of winter. Flour has alto suffered a considerable decline, being now at 37s a 38s per barrel, and was at one time at 44s. I think, however, that wa may look for eomu advance again. as our requlremenis arc great; but tnuuy people think that the stocky of grain iu the hands of our farmers are underrated, in F.nglaud there is more land under the plough than usual, but the contrary in lrulund. as many of the numerous small farmers have not seed to plant, and are engaged iu other works to obtain a daily Btcul There is great mortality ill Ireland, disease having accompanied defleiency of fbod.though government and the pub lie generally have used every exertion to afford relief, but it is no easy matter to convey food to inillious scattered over the whole fuuc of the country. From Russia and tile lllaek Sea we are likely to receive very large supplies of grain and rye meal, indeed, our high prices bring fond from all parts of the world.even Indian corn is coming from the lira till, and flour from tho U est Indies 't he rates to which prices of food and freights had advanced in your porta will, 1 four, bo productive of oou siderotic loss to souic of our importers who will bars to dlsgorgo some of tlicir previous gains. Politically speaking, we have uotbing particularly new There is some uneusiueM ubnul tha (tats of Spain, where it would appear the queen and herhuibanil are ut loggerheads. and the kins of the French playing soiue deep game The accounts from the Last ludiea are pacific, and (lie mercantile iiecouuts decidedly more favorable, and nil Increased business is anticipated 1 should be delighted to lo ur that your war with Mexico were at an etui, bull much fear there l? yet to be much blood and treasure spent before matters are settled Voir army is certainly in no en viable situation, und should they take Vera I will prove a grave to tliouaands , this is about the season wlieli the fever is most fatal It U fortunate for ustliat your legislators have uot succeed ed in making liny addition to the turiff of duties?it will stimulate the imports fruni hence: indeed, there Is now a good business doing in Manchester in goods for your markets. Trade generally with us seems to lx< on the improve there is tuore doing for the Lust, and f hi mi. for Urazlla. and your ports Our home trade Is also belter than might have been anticipated. There are still, however, many mills working short time tlu-ugh some have recently resumed The short-tiuiii lull foes p iMu J I'arha nient?eleven hours a day for twelve mouths, aud thou only ten hours I do not approve of this species ol legislation, thougli perhaps some good may come out of lt.~ if there he the demand, the usual quantity of goods win be produced which will require an additional number of mills, and will consequently And employment for a greater number of persons. The surplus laborers will net tie so great, whirh may keep up their ratio of wages, but somewhat reduce the profits of the employer* who hava been heaping up rich's at the expense of the health and mm foils of the poor. The rot ton market, wit Inn the last two weeks has been improving, and prices, are now *? to 'a higher than llo-v were at the lowesl point of Marrh The circular, which I shall enclose, will show yoa ths quotations lour Inst advices showed en increase In your receipts, over las: year, of 00,000 bales, but it is fOl. I\ anticipated thn? next steamer will show some material decrease, and some of our sanguine friends here do not. expect the crop to exceed I.<00.000 bales, which would afford us a supply too small, ev en if our consumption bw reduced fully one-third Vour manufacturers will require. it is said, near ftOO.OOO bales, and other rounlriM. besides lireiit Uritatri. tenet have 000,000 bales. F.ven If your crop wits to prove I .ooo.oco hales, otir prices mnet bo higher , for the spinners hold absolutely no cotton.? it is all in the ports, and bow much .' little over .100,000 American ngaiu'L nearly double that quantity last year Krnm India wh ihnll, perhaps.this year have an increased supply , but freights there have got up so high as to | check shipments ?7 per ton have been given. This wfll i be a fine harvest for shipowners, who. for sotne tins past have had hard work to make ends meet. Money market remains yiurli in the satnc state. Na change in the rate nflnti rest nt the bank, but it is feared 4 they may make some increase this Week. The Bank of France has obtained some r< llof by Russia baring purehast <1 f .0,000 000 of the French rent*, and this will r tend to imp rove our exchange with the continent, bn* we umy continue to have a draw of bullion fur America , The Harah Sands and the > anibrln. It is reported In His papers, will tako out troin XOOO.OOO to A'MW.OOO of spsclc Phi" has ulwnve a depressing effect nil our funds, aud on railway stock*, which, at present. ?r? drooping. H 1 A ,\ ; tn, v n i i . to t! mrri.t, Ii t.?About two l o'clock last < venuiff, u lire broke out in a hout-o I on tlie wort side of IItil street, the front occupied by < W i Wright uri it silversmith's shop. uud the back purl l.y II M C.N ell as a dentist establishment. It U iupposa-1 , the tire originated from come coal In the hack part of the house The fire was soon cstnnunlcnted north, dawu Hull street to i l.utrh < large dry goods and hardware and grocery store, which houses were hoth consumed with much of their contents The tire next consumed ? Woolen tk ta sk's dry goods stoic, and < ut. fthannon'a " grocery and the three next t' nementl. the first OCoUpied hy I. Hhulman a* ? dry Roods store ami the next as a ,' lamily fn.scry, by Joseph It Martin, ami the last owned by Mr Morris, unfinished and unoccupied, were blown tip anil stopped the further progress of the tire west To , the South along llilt street it first roinmnnlcatsd to a small house occupied hy Mr. Shaekloford its a storehouse, thence to White V Johnson's tailoring establishment, thence to the confectionery of Thomas I'.. IHrks. ami thence to liauhliog k lerrell's warrhonse, all of which were entirely consumed, and most of their content* The next house, occupied iy a confectionery in front, and by Lewis ilntton a* a tailor's shop j the second siljoinitig house owned and occupied by Mr < lu rry, and the Ms sonic Hull, occupied by Jason IJurr. as an auction room below, and the Masonic fraternity shore, were also Mown up raring the brick dwelling of John ti Hill on that sidi and presenting the further progress of the fire Mr. l.atlmer, of the .'/won. an if'Ai's office, was Considerably Injured In removing a portion of the press down rtaiis None of tin-railroad bnlldingsor road were injured nor did the (Ire cross Hill street to the stores opposite. ullhough the wind set in that direction It Is impossible to give any estimate at this time of the proluhle |os? Thomas Hirks pcrhapsl* the greatest sufferer. In addition to the loss of hutiec and store, and contents, we understand that about half the cotton in Oautdlng I* ' Kerrell's ware house was owned hy him. Mr Brewer ' also owned a large prajiortion of the cotton consumed Mr Wright, Mr McNeill, White 8t Johnson, Wooteii, Leak. Miulman. Shannon, Martin. Shackelford. I.ewls, burr, nnd t lierry. have all losl largely, some their entire all. unless insured Mr I.ewls, w? understand, was insured on his stock at (10.000, and the store bouss was ' al-o insured. We know of no other insurances Messrs ' 'o Block, Ib rsoy h Knott, Hill, Brewer, White 1 lilcks and Word, Murray and others, suffered considerably hy Hi" damage to their goods by removal. ? Gi ijjia J'ffer$onian, 20. , In the Comtnon I I as at Dover. N II !>r Hiram Oove f has obtained a verdict for ^4.17 '1? against Alarlah i'carl, for abducting the plaintiff s daughter from Ho H elmater The mother, N i Murv s I lore. rcparated t from the Doctor at I.ynn. in IHtJ 'tiny were teith of ? the Society of I-rlond- hu I Mrr li wit* excommunicated In Ihso I'he fkthor hii'l tnken tin* daughter from the mother. and the action wan brought ngaiuet Toarl boI. cauae he aaeialed in r> toiiog her to Mm. Oote, with n whom rho now rc?t.lo- it tlii* city. The eaee will go up i, to the Superior C'ou*t.

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