Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1847 Page 1
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F TH] Vol. XIII. No. ?Whole No. *Tii. THE NEW TORR HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-wtst corner uf Fulton mid Nunu its. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION ?FORTY THOUSAND. DAILY HERALD?Every ilay, Price 2 centt per copy?$? 2j per annum?payable in advance. _ . WEEKLY 11KRALD?Evury Saturday-Price 6* cenU per copy?12^f? cent"* per annum?payable in advance. HERALD Is OR EUROPE? Every *te?m Packet dayPrice 6l4 cent* per copy?$!l per annum, payable in advance. HOLIDAY ilERALD?Published ?u the 1st of January and latoi Jul v of each year?single copies sixpence each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual price*?always cash in advance. AdvrrtiemenU should be written in a idain, legible maimer. The Proprietor will not be responsible for errors thai inav occur in them. . , ... PRINTING of all kinds executed beautitnlly and with despatch. All letter* or comirrtmications by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paid, or the |>ostage will be deducted from the subscription nuniev remitted Ts, ? u. o. inAiuntn wrt.u tu * n If 1* HEMARINE COUI'S OK THE UNITED 8T\TTH. or tiiai branch oftne mi lit.iry Mrric* fcnuakiag nMitn (or the different navnl stations anil vessels of war, having been increased by act of Cougreaa, approved 2d March, 1*47. bv the addition of :n) Sergeants, 30 Corporals, 30 Drum intra, 30 Eifers, and 1,1)0(1 Privates. A rendezvous for (lie enlistment of recruits is now opened at No. 33 Chatham street, near the Harlem railroad de|iot and Tammany H ill, where iuneatable youeg men desiring to enter it service which will afford them an opportunity of seeing for icn countries, are invited to cull. Previous to enlisting it is the duty of (hr recruiting officer to explain fully the terms upon which they enter the service Open ,rom 9 A. M. to sunset. JOHN GEO. REYNOLDS, Captain Commanding, Recruiting Rendezvous. Two dollars premium will he given to any soldier or citizen who will bring to the rendezvous, an acceptable or efficient recruit allm'rc ii'l SODA BISCUIT BAKERY?To let, and leaje for pr sale. Parr's celebrated Soda Biscuit Bakery, with Jj^^stenm engine and machiuerv, now baking nearly two liu.iu.ed barrels of flour weekly, will be disiaised of and possession given immediately. Apply to m5 7t*r JAS. PARR, 73 Mott street. O LET? The Dwelling House No. 25 Hicks street, Brooklyn, within three minutes walk of Kill ton ferry.? Immediate possession may be had. Apply to W. WHITE WRIGHT, JR., fit CO. m5 3t*c tJ Exchange Place. New York. TO LET?1 lie upper part of House 39 Kourth street, near Bank street. judUL mi 2t*rc a TO LET? Possession given immediately.?A three story brick House, furnished, and pleasantly situated in i central part of the city; the rent to he taken out ill li out 'I Apply ?t the Herald office. m3 it*rc jfc% PAVILION, NEW BRIGHTON, Stalen Island.? !" !M 'I'ful't'otor begs to inform his friends and the public, JVdBL'hat he has made considerable alterations and improve me ns hi this establishment since the last season. He has erected a large building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogethn disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of acomfottahie size, light, and well ventilated, and superior in all respects to those generally denominated single rooms in the various watering places throughout the country. The proprietor is now ready to treat with families or parties wishing to engage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to him at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attrition, A steamboat runs between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, viz:? From New Brighton?At 8 and II A. M,and 2 and 5:20 P. M. Krom pis-r Nil I North River, New York?At 9 A. M. and 12 M, mil 3)a. 5 and G P. .\1., and inore frequent communications will he established as the season advances. The Pavilion is now ready for the reception of Company. at'25 tfrc E. BLANCAKD. COTTAGE TO LET. iccf A NEW handsome Cottage to let on Oxford street, Brooklyn, Ha miles from the Ferries, near the resihuU ,1 ,,f IW i-?. t,i...? I rooms on the basement tloor; two parlors, library and dining; ball on the first story; four large bed rooms oil the second tloor. Sit additional lots adjoining, with stable, can be bad if desired. Omnibuses run constantly to the Ferries. Kent S300. Also?A residence at Bedford, Itla miles.from the Ferries, will be rented with or without furniture, for four mouths.? The house lias ten rooms. There is a coach house, stable for four liorsse, pasture for cow, kc. Kent for 4 mouths S250.? Apply to MOSES MAYNARD, Jr., at the L. 1. It ilroad oflice, 42 William St., Merchants' Exchange. a_22 2wfh M 'i'O Itt.N'f-A Cotton Factory, of about J.tiou spindles, with a building for looms, Mansion House, Store II mse. Workmen's Dwellings. Saw Mill, Grist Mill, witn an uiifiiliuu water power. The place ami water |>ower are well ailapteuto general manufacturing purposes, and on a navigable stream, convenient to New York or Philadelphia. Kmpiire ?f VF%lRINUTON lit RICHARDS, a2B2w*o 32 Burling slip. M ROOMS TO LET?Suitable lor manulacluriug pur po .es, in the building No. 74 Fulton street, lately repair ed, mid with all modern improvements. Apply to JAMES 11. DEL VKCC1IIO, in the building, or to BROWN. BROTHERS & CO. a25Jw*re No.59 Wall. .;s STATEN ISLAND COTTAGES TO-LET OR jojS LEASE?Three Cottages situated ou Castleton Heights, near Capo di Monte, Slat ell Island, surrounded by tine fores; trees, and commanding an unsurpassed view of the city, the Bay and its islands, and the Ocean, while the access is e isy, the distance to each ferry bring less than a mile. '1 hey contain as follows, via Bagatelle?A parlor, dining room and 3 bedrooms. Crow's Nest.?A parlor, dining room, library, 4 bedrooms, and 3 servants'rooms?attached carriage house with stable for 4 horses. Oak Land?2 parlors, large dining room, 12 bedrooms, bathroom, and 4 servants' rooms?attached carriage house, with spitile fur 5 horses. These Cottages enjoy in common the use of 17 acres of bcnutiful woodland, enclosed, and in the midst of which they are erected. Apply to Madame ORYMES, at her residence, Capo di Monte.' all2awlm*r ~ miXls, hatter, \ \ Offers a Hat for $3 50, equal to any sold elsewhere for d^"s$5. at his well-known establishment, 178 Broadway, Howard Hotel ; and having determined to pursue the nimble sixpence principle in the sale of flats, has uow completed his arrangements to supply any demand. Gentlemen leaving their orders may have a hat made in any stile to sum,tbeir own taste in three hours, or less, if absolute ly necessary. . An experienced ahaper always in attendance, that every list may be lit rti to the head, ami rest upon it to the |ierfeet ease of tlir wen er This being an important l>oiut, particular attention will he given to it. a23 2w*r UlN It, HAT rtTUIi b. SPRING FASHIONS FOR HATS AND CAI'S.^ BIUIWN It CO. will introduce, on Saturday, April 3d. the new style of Cap* for children and boys; also, tne new style of llats for (tenth men, price $3, in the manufacture of winch they have made sncli recent improvement* as will place them in close competition with the most costly. The public are invited to call at 178 Chatham Square, where I rihion, beauty, durability and economy are combined to adorn the head, o2 lm*r t ti HOW TO MARK MONEY.?The axiom that "money saved is money made," is almost as old as the invention of money itself ; hut the principle of selling a live dollar HAT for three dollars and fifty cents, was first established and is uow practised by Robertson, at the I'lienix Hat Manufactory, 09 Fulton st? N. Y., and i>3 Kulton at, Brooklyn. This simple statement we believe will suffice to make kuown one way " bow to make mmv. IH la*w HATS, SPRING STYLE! n BANT A, No. 91 Canal street, and No. 130 Chatham st, Jf^sells Moleskin and Nutria Fur Hats st $3, and oulv chorees S3 .ill for his first quality Moleskin and tine Nutria Hats.? lie has handsome and durable lints at $2 Ml having the appear sure and finish of the higher priced lists. Gentlemen wishing to economise in this indispensable article of dress without sacrifice of comfort or appearance, will please give him a call.? Also, a general assortment of caps of various kinds at reduced prices. alt lm*c FRENCH MILLINERY.?MRS.UNDERWOOD >|FA respectfully informs her f'iends and the public, that f? . j she has removed to 110 Hudson street, between North T Moore and Franklin streets. a29 2w*rrc jsi, .MRS. VI. VV 11,Si I.N, :!il Grind strrer, respectlnlly tffl /Uniforms her friends, and strangers visiting the city, " JHtir that she has uow on hand a large and very linndsome ***- assortment of Spring Millinery, to which she invites their attention. Mrs. Wilsons stock comprises sn assortment of the richest anil most fashionable Hats, sncli ss Chip,'Crape, Rice, and Slurred, with a choice assortment oi Straws, which she flatters herself c m be sold more reasonable than at nny other establishment in tin- city. Country .Milliners Will do well to call before purchasing. Mrs. M. WILSON, 291 Grand st.. between Allen and Orchnru it*. Ten good Milliner* wanted at the above establishment, a 13 2rn*rc __ __i_ j hi. LADIES' CONGRESS BOOT. P I.AHOYTEAIJ3C.GII Brosdwav. form his numerous and fashionable lady patrons, (lint LI? In- hiu tnaile arrangements for (In- unlit to manufacture tlif i leganl clastic walking Boot, now so fashionable in tin* highest circlet in England and France. Tin* recent im? iirovt ini'nt in the elsssic stuff will enable liiin to make Im boots mill liiitli siloes with nil the elegance peculiar to liis style t'f work, nun yet without the trouble of lacings. This most valuable invention removes nil the confined pres im from the arch of the foot, while at the s.nije time it iinorils roi i last.ric spring in walking which cannot be appreciated without a tri il. aid !m*r SPRING STOCK t'F h o uts and s 11 () e s . SMITH k RISLfcy. JTAKKTHIS MKTHOD of iuformiiif their customers and purchasers in general, oftlieir eitt'iisive, and well selected assortment of Ladies,' Misses'and Children's Gaire.-,., buskins, Slippers, f:c? of their own manufacture, anil i large stock of Peg Boots, Shoes and Brogans, selected with gioat care, and purchased for caali, which will enable them to sell at the very lowest prices. N. B ?Store will lie open until ten o'clock in the evening, giving I ountry Merchants an opportunity to examine their stuck when not otherwise engaged. SMITH k IllSLKY, 142 Chatham St., directly opposite the Chatham Theatre. 97 Itn'rh Cook at this. JUST RECEIVED, a large lot of Gentlemen's h'li'ui'h Boots, the hest and handsomest ever in this city and will he sold it the low price of $5. Also all kinds i 1 Oi'in|sjn*'ii'? Gaiters and I1 tent Leather Shoes, ami all the differentKinds of Boots and Shoes. Ladies, join will find in t .? stoic a great variety of Gaiter Boots, Slippers, Buskins, i in, House Slippers, white and I,lick satin do, white Kid do. j i .il ,11 oilier kinds ami siz.es, Misses'and Children's Boots and Shoes, Boys' Boots, Gaiters, Shoes and Slippers of all the J various kinds; all of which will he sold cheap, at %7 Broad ' wiv, corner o( Franklin street. M. CAHILL. d. B. Country merchants supplied by the package or dn/.eu. 1 apt Im*r J.^UNSTIN TI1K 1MANO Jf'oltm " i , iws* miss C. C. wf.m VSS can now aecommo- 1 ! '.'.A'1' a fM'l'tte three or four inorc pupils, if immediate ap- I . j**it "triplication he made at her house, No. 347 Sixth I [ } ? X I I street, between Avenues C and D. Will have no objection, if desirable, to attend he> pupils at i their own residence. I run-Twelve Lessons for Five Dollar*, or SiKeeu Dol- t ),,s|i,'' I Juirfer?1three lessons each week. sPllmGr Boarding in IM,KKR strkut-Two gantlYtai'ii ami tlo'ir wives, or live or six inifle Ken lemen, ran 1 |, , o.tpp dat- I with handsome, unfurnished moms, vs itli ' lied rooms attached, and lull board, hi a l ie is:, ,tly situated , bouse in Carroll place. Apply at present at 91 Spring street. I i all lm*r 1 ) I - E NE' N r, <--r FORTLIVF.RPOOL?The magnificent new Tfirtnt Steamship SARAH SANDS. Capt. W. C Thompson, wall uil punctually on I lie 11th of May, having superior accommodations |'?r a limited number nf Second Cabin Passengers, who will be taken at a reduced price. Persons desirous of-engaging second c thin passage-. for their frieuda iu the Old Country, to leate Liverpool ou the 20th of June nest, for New York, iu the above steamer, can do so at prices charged for steerage passengers, by applying to in-O 6t*c I'. \V BY l( M ,v t >.. ti.t South street. aw FOR LIVKRPOOL?The tplendid new /Z&rJtr *team-hip SARAH SANDS, 2000 tout. Captain W. Thomptou, will tail puuc tu illy on the I It It May, having excellent ac *- Sawcpmmoilatioua foraecoud c iliin passengers and the greater portion of her berth* beinit counted. Persons detiroux cl embarking iu her will please make immediate application (term* very moderate) on board, foot of Clinton street, or to JOSEPH MoMUHRAY, mt (,'onirr of Pine and South stj. P. W. BYRNES (* ( 07S~NEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL, EMIGRATION OFFICE. iff& lHjy ijfjy A. T* . u i mi r^o oc JO WUierluO Uo.m, L<J VtiJ'Oul, ?rv detirou* of informing the* public of the Uuitcl Statet, that they have found the importance of a direct. Agency for the. purpose of placing within the power of the friend* of the paste ngers coming out to this country, the immediate correspon deuce with a respectable establishment from whom they can rely for attention and favor towards their relutious leav ing the oldcouutry. Persons desirous of engaging passages from Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Belfast, Londonderry, and Liverpool, direct to New V,ork, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore or New Orleaus, can do so on more favorable terms than can he obtained from any other house engaged in the business in this country; being the oldest and largest establishment in the passenger trade in Liverpool. The many thousand passengers that have sailed in the ship* which have been despatched from our office in Liverpoolkand the different ports of Ireland for the I tut thirty years, is a sufficient guarantee of our ability to fulfil with satisfaction any engagement for passenger* that we may he favored with. DRAFTS AND BILLS OK EXCHANGE given for any amount, payable on sight, at the National Bank of Ireland and its branches; and also on all the priucipal towns of England and Scotland without discount. A list of the Packet Ships witli their il ivs of sailing, and the address of the Agents who act for us, can he had on application at this office. Apply or address by letter, (postpaid) p. w. bVkncs u co., m22 lm*rrc 81 South street, BLACK BALETTNE1)FTIVKROOL I'ACKkRJrIV KTSand remittancesto Ireland. Only regular parkjttMSgpet of Monday, the 160, May. The favorite packet shin N KW YORK will sail a* above, her regular day. Those wishing passage to Liverpool,will please apply to ( apt. T. B. Cropper, on board, at the foot of Beekinan street, or to the subscribers. Those wishing to send for their friends to come out from Liverpool by this splendid ship, or any of the Black Ball Line, which sail from thence on the 1st and 10th of every month, can secure their passage by applying to us. Those' remitting miuipv to their friends, can have drafts |>ayable on demand on the Royal Bank of Ireland, or on Preicott, Orote, Ames Ik Co., Loudon, which will lie paid ai all their branches throughout Great Britain and Ireland. Apply to ROCHE BROTHERS Ik Co , 35 Fulton st. New York, neat door to the Fulton Bank. The only authorized passenger agents to the Black Ball Line of Liverpaekels nu ie AAA- PERSONS are lieieby cautioned not t.i liarbnr or kflrJRVW trust any of the crew of the British litig ROB1Nfrom Newry, Ireland, as no debts of their contracting will he paid by the Captain or consignees. m5 3trc \V. ft J. T. TAP8COTT, Bfi South at, FOR LIVERPOOL?The ouly regular packet oif MtjMIWthe 11th of May?The new. magnificent, fast sailing. gyUbband favorite packet ship STEPHEN VVHITNKV . ttunhf ii 1000 tons, Capl Popliam, will sail positively on the ml; of May. Tin* accommodations for cabin, 3d cabin, mid steerage passengers, are OUSUrpMMd by any oilier vessel in ports MM M a number of ber passe liters are already engaged, those desirous of securing berths should tnakv early application no board, foot of Pine street, or to JOSEPH M'MUltRAl, m.4 Corner of rim* and South streets. tiFg- KOil LIVERPOOL?Only Regular Packet-Tbe tnorSVoew, magnificent, fast sailing and lavurite packet JiMEBsliip PATRICK HENRY, burthen 891 tons, Capt. Delano, will sail positively on the Gtli of May. The accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers are unsurpassed by any other vessel in port; and as a number of her passengers are already engaged, those desirous of ecuriiig berths should make early application on board, foot of Maiden lane, or to JOS. McMURRAY, ml Corner of Pine and Houtli streets. Jfdtse- CONSIGNEES per British barlt KILUl,. from MfjWkV Liverpool, are requested to send their permits on jnwiwboard, at Pier No. 8, North River, without delay. All goods not pormitted iu fivrdais must be sent to the pulilic store W. lit J. T. TAP8COTT. 86 South st_ irnl &*/r- Volt BELIZE, IIP.NDI KAS.-The Bark JOHN mMMfWK. GARDNER, James I'edenen, Miyiter, will have JHOBHaidispatcli for the above port. For freight or passage apply to Captain on board, or to F. ALEXANDRE, a29 8t?r 28 BoutinJreet CUSTOM llllllsK, INkw tons, > Collector's OlTice, April 27, IK17. ) PPOPOSAL3 will be received at this office, until the I2t>, day of May uext, at 12 o'clock, M., for fnidiug materials and building a Light House on Execution Rocks,iu Long Island Sound, agreeably to the following specifications, the drawings iu relation to which will be exhibited at thi%office, to auy person disposed to bid, vir. OK THE FOUNDATION. There are several rocks, composing the group called Execution Rocks, aud the largest and most suitable one is to be selected for the site of the building. An iron curb of 33 feet in diameter, of sufficient thickness aud bright, is to be srnik, enclosing the rock, forming a substanti il and close coffer dam. and a quantity of proper material is to be placed around it for the purpose of rxcluduis the water, and lor additional security. The water is then to be pumpeu out and the rock ci t down level. The( rock not being of sufficient extent to receive the full size of the base of the bti ildiiiK* the defickaicy is to he made up with concrete, or split grnaite, well bedroll in hydraulic cement. THE MASONRY. Upon the foundation are to be laid six courses, each two feet thick, of hammer dressed granite, making the whole height of solid masonry 12 feet. The first course is to be 32 feet, and the sixth course to be 25 feet in diameter. The maimer of connecting the stones and courses of the solid masonry, is by joggles let into the joints and projecting (> inches into the centres of the stones immediately above, thereby forming a connection horizontally between the respective courses. Upon this solid masonry is to commence the wall of the suDerstroctmrt, 15feet in diameter at the btae?aad carried up n feet to the deck of the lantern, where if is to be 13 feet in diameter. The wall at the base is to he 3 fee' 6 inches thick?the first four courses are to be each 2 feet in height, to he carried up vertically on tin- inside t<> tin- height of h fesMronthutlu: wall is to be carried up uniformly to the under sideoftlie deck where it is to be 1 foot 6 inches thick. The whole of said wall to be of hammered granite, each stone making the thickuessof the wall, and laid in the best of hydraulic cement; rebates are to bo uiide fey the door tad window shutters of suitable site to receive them. The tower is to be covered with three stones forming the deck, which is to be 15 feet in diameter, and one foot thick iu the centre, and nine inches at the outer edge ; to be hammer dressed true and fitted together closely, and the joints coppered so as to be perfectly water tight. On the top of said deck a projection of octagonal shape of the dimension* of the lantern, rsiug one inch above the outer edge of the deck, is to be formed so that the copper of the lantern shall be one inch lower than the centre part of the deck, thereby preventing the water from driving up under the copjwr of the lantern. At some suitable place iu the deck there is to be an opening for a scuttle, 2r> by 24 inches ; a rebate is to be cut in the deck for the scuttle. WINDOWS, DOORS, fcc. There are to be twelve windows, to contain each six lights of 11 by 8 glass, to be what is called double thickness, to have frames, sashes and shutters ; the sashes to be hung with butt lunges, the shutters to be hung with suitable hinges,with hook* ! and fastening* to keep them secure when open and shut. A good suhstH itial outer door 2 feet 10 inches by G feet 10 inches, hung in two parts with hinges, and fastenings and lock. Tho hinges of the door and window shutters are to be of copper, md all the wood work of the exterior to be of the best southern heart pine, well seasoned. There aie to be provided and put up, two iron cranes, with tackle for hoisting up the boat, also a suitable copper 1 tduer for the entrance door. A brick cistern capable of holding 1,600 gallons, is to be constiurted in the cellar Of basement. A good cooking stove with cast iron funnel is to be provided and placed in the building. THE FLOORS, &c. There are to he four floors. composed of iron girders, covered with North River slate, laid in cement. The stairs, the steps, and risers, are to be cast iron, with a hand rail and balusters of wrought iron. There are to be plank partitions as shown on the plan, in which are to be six doors, each^2 feet^ Clinches, bv 6^ feet 10 tu ii 11 tiie doors. Tlir ceiling of each room is to be fiirreu, lathed and plastered; also the wood partitions and the walla^f the rooms, are to be furred, lathed and plastered, with good lime mortar, well smoothed. LANTERN. , , There is to be an octagonal Lantern of wrought iron, 7 feet 1 inches high, ot sufficient diameter to contain in each side of the Lantern 8 lights, of which the two middle ones are to be 21 by 21, the f..ur aide lights to he 2t by 9, and the four remaining or upper/unl lower lights to he 12 by 0?nil of French plate glass of amiable thickness. There is also to he ill each snlr of the Lantern, underneath the above glazing, one copper pane, 16 by 12 inches. There is to be a post set at each corner of the octagon, K inch on the face and two inches dee|e?the posts are to pass through the stone covering, and secured two and-idialf feet in 'he masonry below it. Upon the top of the posts there is to be a girder nf the same sire as the posts, for receiving the feet of the rafters and copper covering of the roof. Tliere are t? he eight rafters X inch thick and IX inch deep ; they are to converge to the centre of thereof, and to br secured ill an iron ring of 9 inches in dikmeter, and to as to cause the roof to rise 2 feet above the caves. Tliere it to he an iron framed doer in one of the sides of the octagon, to he covered with copper, to shut lightly into rebates %. inch deep. This door is Pi he furnished with strong .urn buttons and handles. The rnpper covering to the rool and soor it to weigh 32 ounces to the superficial foot. On the top of the roof there is to he a traversing ventilator 15 inches in diameter. In four sides ol the octagon there are to lie ventilators fitted in the copper panes for regulating the draught ofnir, and constructed in such a manner as to eiclnde the wet. z wenty inches outside thepostgof the lantern, there is to be an iron railing, the nosta of which are to he IU inches square, to run up 3 feet, anil to be let into the ileek 2 inches, noil secured with lead. Their is to be one horizontal iron rail V inch square, lantern nnil railing to be painted w ith two coats oT nil paint. Also, all the woodwork to have two coats of oil Paint. There is to he furnished and fitted up a suitable copper lightning conductor. The whole it to he completed in a workmanlike manner, on or before the 15th day of November nest. No payment tobe made to the contractor for the above work until it shall have been completed, inspected and approved by the undersigned, Collector and Superintendent of Lights, or surh person as he shall ap|>oint for the purpose. a2?t!2M rro C. W. LAWRENCE. MONTKVKRRK'S II11,1. I A It I > AND BOWI.INU SA LOON, No. 5 Barrlsy street, three doors below the American Hotel, New Yoik. 'I he subscriber would respectfully infirm hisifnrnds and the public in general, that he has FIVE SIXES' DI D BILLIARD CABLES constantly kept in good order. As the tables are in lepai ite apartments, the proprietor thinks it will br more select and agreeable togentlemen visiting his house. Each geutleii an visiting the above establishment, will he furnished with a private cue and apron for hises|>ecial use, and with the best of attendants. His Bar is alway stocked with the best of Liqunri and 8egnr* :o he found in the city of New York. Also. TWO GO()D BOWLING A LLKY8. in the Basement; half the usual price, list is, twelve and-a-half cents per string. Also,a large room Tor Domino playing. During the season the choicest Oysters that comes to market. Notice?Gentlemen will please to communicate at the Bar my neglect ol duty nf the attendants. FRANCIS MONTE VERDE, tn12tiw*r _ No. 5 Barrlay street, New York. 1^3 (i |l S A LE?Two go.xl second hand ( j Milder Boilers. Jilt A irpaired, 30 feet in length, 36 inches diameter. Said hnilera an be seen at the Novelty Works in this city. For price and I "urther particulars, inquire of J. H. FR1NK, American Hotel, limr City. ml lw*ro W YO EW YORK, THURSDAY : OFFICIAL DESPATCHES ? fkom " GEN. KEARNY, IN CALIFORNIA, 5 AND u COL. DONIPHAN, AT CHIHUAHUA, i fivino the details of the 0 BRILLIANT VICTORIES u V Achieved by their Respective Commands. \ r N.wifroiu Santa Fe. special despatches to the herald office. i St. Lacii. April 27th, 1817. This moment, as the mail closes, Mr. Sublatte arrives from Santa Fc. which place ho left on the dtith March. An express had just arrived from Chihuahua, giving details of the capture of that place by Col. Doniphan. 1 ^ have not time to give J..tails. The Auiurieau loss was g two killed. Col. S. C. Owens, of ludependeuce, and a law- t yer by the name of Kirkputrick. of Lexington. Mo.? * There were seven wounded. The enemy lost ltt'.l killed on the field, and 30 died next day The battle was c fought near chihuahua, on the 38th February. AH the 11 Ann rieai s. prisoners at ChihimhiiH mm n....i r except MiigOHln, who is font to Durango. Particulars " to-morrow. Yours in haste, AHGU8, r [From tho Washington I'nion, May 4 ] * Wo lay before our readers two very interesting Dorics of despatches which have just boon received at tlie War Department. 'I'he one embraces tho letters which have ' boi n brought by Lieut. Kniory from Gen. Kearny, iu J; California e xplaining liis route from Santa Ke to the Colorado his tirst encounter with tho Mexican troops? M his junction with Commodore Stockton's uiariuos aud 1,1 seamen. uml their joint engagement with tho Mexicans B on the S li iiml Olh of January?the defeat of the one- ri my. aud tho atvivul of Guu. Kearny and iiis troops at ? Sun lingo. This embraces the tlrst series of despatches. The j1 others are from Col. Uouiplian. at tho bead of tiio '-lis- " sourl volunteers. Tliey dutail his tlrst engagement, near l] the Paso del Norte, and his battle at tho Sacramento, * and his subsequent capture of Chihuahua. n CALIFORNIA?GENERAL KEARNY'S LETTERS. 0 IlKADqL'AKTKHS, AhMY or THE Will, > HI San Diego, Upper California. December I j. IH IG J w Si a:?As I have previously reported to you, I left h Santa Ke, (New Mexico) for this country 011 tho 'Jith h! September, with 300 of the 1st dragoons, under Major Ct Sumner. We erosscd to tho bank of the Del Norte at le Albuquerque. (ti."> miles below Suuta Ke.) continued down w on that liank till the Oth October, when we mut Mr. Kit (> Carson, with a party of sixteen men, on his way to tl Washington city, with a mail and papers?an express 1? from Commodore Stockton aud Lieut. Col. Fremont, re- 1* porting that the Californians were already iu possession of tho Americans under their command; thut the b< American Hug was Hyiug from every important position H in the territory, and that the country was forever free from Mexlcau control; the war ended, aud peace anil C( harmony established among the people. In eonsequence ci of tills information. I diructed that *J00 dragoons under tl Major Sumner, should remain in New Mexico, and that ri the other 100, with two mountain howitzers, under ('apt. Moore, should nccompany me as a guard to Upper California. With this guard, we continued our march to the B South. 011 the right bank of the Del Norte, to the dis- ?" tance of about "JiO miles below Santa Ke. when, leaving that river on the loth October, in about the 33d degree of latitude, we marched westward for the Copper mines, F which we reaehed 011 the eighteenth, and on the tweutieth reached the river Oila, proceeded down the Oila. w crossing and recrossing it as often as obstructions iu H our front rendered necessary; on tho 11th November P1 reached the Pinion village, about;HO miles lYoin the set- t' uumcnis in nouora. i nose Indians wii found honest, 11 and living comfortably, having made a good crop this k< year; and we remained with them two days, to rest our men, recruit our animals, and obtain provisions. On the si 22d November, reached the mouth of the Gila, in lati- J' tudo about 32 degrees?our whole march on this river 81 having been nearly .'>00 miles, and. with but very little tl exception, between the 3Jd and 33d parallels of latitude. U This river, (the Gila) more particularly the northern tl side, is bounded nearly the whole distance by u range of w lofty mountains; and if a tolerable wagon road to its t< mouth from the Del Norte is ever discovered, it must bo J' on the South side. The country is destitute of timber, ci producing but few cotton-wood and mesquite trees; und hi though tiie soil on the bottom lauds is generally good, *t yet we found but very little grass or vegetation, in con- ri sequence of the dryness of the climate ami the little rain which falls here. The l'imos Indians, who make good e< crops of wheat, corn, ^vegetables, Irrigate the laud st by water from the Gila, as did "the Aztecs, (the former tl inhabitants of the country.) the remains of whose sc- st quias, or little canals, were seen by us. as well as the po- bl wition of many of their dwellings, and a large quantity a' of broken pottery aud earthenware used by tncm. C W'e crossed the Colorado about 10 miles below the U mouth of the Gila, and, marching near it about 30 " miles further, turned off and crossed the desert?a dis- n tunce of about 60 miles?without water or grass. b On the 2d December, reached Warner's rauche, (Agua Caliente.) the frontier settlement in California, oil the route leading to Sonora. On the 4th, mnrehed to Mr. Stokes's rancho. (San Isabella.) and on the 6th, were met by a small parly of volunteers, under ( apt. Gillispie. sent out from San Diego, by Commodore Stockton, to give us what information they possessed of the enemy, 600 or 700 cf whom are now said to bo in arms, and in the field throughout the territory, determined upon opposing the Americans, and resisting their authority in J" the country. Kneampod that night near another rancho f* (San Maria) of Mr. Stokes", about 40 miles from Han f. Diego. u The journals and maps, kept and prepared by Captain Johnston, (my aid-de-camp.) and those by Lieut, l.mory. i...(".kih|jiiii ih ru^iiii'i'rn. which win accompany or lollow this report, will render anything further from me on this ,w' subject unnecessary. J" Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. W. KKAKNV, 11 rig Gen. U. H. A. " Brig. Gen. 11. Jones, Adjutant General, U. S. A. Headquarters. Arms ok the West,) Sau Diego, Upper California. Dec. 13. 18-10. ) Sir?In niy communication to you of yesterday's date, I brought the reports of the movements of my guard up to the morning of the ftth Inst., in camp near n rancho of Mr. Stokes, (Santa Maria.) about 41) miles from San Dipgo. Having learned from Capt. Gillispic. of the volunteers, that there was an armed party of Califoruians, with a number of extra horses at San l'asi|ual, three leagues ^ distant, on a road leading to this place, I sent Lieutenant Hammond. 1st dragooryi. with a few men, to maku a re- { connoissanee of them. He roturnad at two in the morning of the tith lust., reporting that he had found the partv in the place muntioned, and that he had been scan. tliough not pursued by them I then determined that 1 , would march for and attack them by break of day Arrnngemtnts were accordingly made for tbe'purpose. My ' aid-de-ramji. < apt- Johnson, dragoons, was assigned to the command of the advanced guard of twelve dragoons. S(l mounted on the best horses we had; then followed about )o tlfty dragoons under i apt. Moore, mounted, with but j(1 few execptions. on the tired mules they had ridden from Santa Ke, (New Mexico. I,t).'i0 miles;) then about tweuty ^ volunteers of Captain Gibson's company under his coin- ^ mand, and that of Captain Gillispic; tlien followed our two mountain howitzers, with dragoons to manage them, |ni and under the charge of Lieut. Davidson, of the regi- wi ment. The remainder of the dragoons, volunteers, and ( | citizens, employed by the officers of the staff, tkc . were ^ placed under the command of Major Swords. (<|uarter- at master.) with orders to follow on our trail with the bag- 0 gage, and to see to its safety. I | As tha day (December ti) dawned, we approached the enemy at San I'asqual, who was already hi the saddle. W( when < aptalii Johnson made afuriouscharge upon them with his advance guard, and was in a short time after j. | supported by the dragoons; soon after which the enemy ' gave way. tiavingkept up from the beginning a continuoil fire upon us Upon the retreat of the enemy. Captain in Moore led off rnpidly in pursuit. Accompanied by the dragoon*, mounted on horses, and won followed, though ' slowly, by the Other* nn their tired mules; the enemy [" well mounted, and among the best horsemen In the world, after retreating about half a mile, and seeing nn 011 interval between < aptain Moore with his advance, and the dragoon* coming to hie support. milled their whole . force, charged with their lanees, and on account of their great ly superior numbers, but few of us in front remain- J." ed untouched; for live minutes they held the ground Vj' from us, when our men coming up, we again drove them, and they tied from the field, not to return to it?which we occupied and encamped upon. A most ni< lonaholy duty now remains for me : It Is to "" report the death of iny aiu-de-cnmp, Capt. Johnson, who ! u was shot dend lit the eoninicnceinent of the action, of J:" < aptain Moore, who was lanced just previous to the final retreat of the enemy, and of Lieut. Hammond, also lanced, e "d who survived hut a few hours. VVe had also "n killed ti sergeants, two corporals, and ten privates of the 1st igoons; one private of the volunteers, and one fir man. nn engage in the topographical department.? ?' Among the wounded are myself, (In two places.) Lieut, ce Warm r. topographical engineers, (in three places,! Cap- es; tains l rillispin and Oibson of the volunteers, (the for- th mor in three places,) one sergeant, one hugleman. and no nine privates of the dragoons; many of these surviving ar from two to ten lance wounds, most of them when un- foi horsed and incapable of resistance a I

Our howitzers were not brought into the action: hut Hi coining to the front at the close of it. before they were th turned, so as to admit of ticing fired upon the retreating to enemy, the two mules before one of them got alarmed, lei and freeing themselves from their drivers, run off, and ch among tin- enemy, and woro thus lost to us. 'If The enemy proved to he a party of about IfiO Califor- tie nlans under Andreas F'lco, brother of the late governor; to the number of their dead and wounded must have been th considerable, though I have no means of ascertaining t? how many, as just previous to their final retreat, they If carried otf all excepting six. 'The great number of our killed and wounded proves an that our officers and men have fully sustained the high be character and reputation of our troops, Hiid the victo- K? ry thus gained over more than double our force, may as- an sist In forming the wreath of ?ur national glory gc I have to return my thanks to many for their gallantry yo and good conduct on the field, and particularly to ' j>- an tain Turner, 1st dragoons, (assistant acting adujtant ly general.) and to Lieut, f'.mory. topographical engineers. an who were active In the performance of their duties, nud of in conveying orders from me to the command On the morning of the 7th, having made ambulances ' pr for our wounded, and interred the dead, we proceeded I lis RK E MORNING, MAY 6, 184' n our march, when the enemy showed himself, nccu- ^ ving the hilU in our front, but which they left as we preached : till, reaching Sun Bernado. a party of them ok possession of a hill near to it, and maintained their osltlon until attacked by our udvance, who quickly rove them from it. killing and wounding Ave of their umber, with no lose on our part. ()? account of our wounded men, and upon the report f the surgeon that rest was necessary for theui, we rejuiued at this place till the morning of the 11 th, when ,ieut. Gray, of the navy, in command of a party of suilrs and marines, sunt out from Sun Diego by Cntnuiodoru tockton. joined us Wo proceeded at 10, a in., the enemy 10 longer showing himscir; and on the 13th (yesterday) re renchcd this placu; and I have now to offer my hanks to Commodore Stockton, and all of his gallant ouiuiaud. for the very many kiud attentions we have eceived and continue to receive from them. Very respectfully, yonr obedient servant. J. W KKARNY. llrig. Gen. U. 8 A. Irig. Gen. R. Jomci, Adjutant General U. 8. A., Washington. Hctoqi'AiiTv.Hs Ahmy or thB Wkst 1 Ciudad de los Angeles, Upper California, > January 13, 1847. > Sin: 1 have the honor to ruport that, at the request of 'ommodoro 11. K. Stockton, Lulled States navy, (whoin epteiubcr last assumed the title of Governor of Califoriia.) I consented to take command of an expedition to his pluco, (the capitul of the country.) and that, on the !>th December. 1 left San Diego with about 600 men, onsisting of 60 dismounted dragoons under Capt. Turler. 60 < nlifornia volunteers, aud the remainder of maInes nnd sailors, with a buttery of artillery?Lieut. Kmry. (topographicnl engineers) acting as assistant adjunct general. Com. Stockton accompanied us. We proceeded on our route without seeing the enemy, ill on the 8tli inst , when they showed themselves iu uU force of 600 mounted mod, with four pieces of artil ry. under their Governor. (Klores.) occupying the t-itrhtw In frnut nf no ViI??? ??*1? : * ...? vvnunmuni till' ttU'tlUKUl he river San Gabriel, and they roudy to oppose our furher progress. The necessary disposition of our troops rus immediately made, l>y covering our front with a Lrong party of skirmishers, placing our wagons and bagage train lu rear of them, and protecting the Hanks end ear witii the remuiuder of the command. Wo then proreded, forded the river, carried the height*, and drove he enemy from them, after an action of about an hour ml a half, during which they made a charge upon our -ft Hank, which was repulsed; soon after which they rc-ealed and left us in possession of the field, on which 0 encamped that night. The next duy (thfi 9th instant) we proceeded on our tarch at the usual hour, the enemy in our front and on ur flanks; and when we readied the plains of the Mei, their artillery again opened upon us, when their fire as return-id by our guns a* we advanced; and after overing around aud near us for about two hours, occannally skirmishing witii us during that time, they concntraled their force, und made another charge on our ft (lank, .which was i|uickly repulsed; shortly after hicli they retired, we continuing our march, and will the afternoon) encamped on the banks of the Mesa, irec miles liulow this city, which we entered the folwing morning (the loth instant) without further 1110statlon. Our loss in the actions of tho nth and 9th was small, ling but one private killed, and two officers (Lieut, owau of the navy, and Captain Gillespie of the volunicrs) and eleven privates wounded. The enemy,mount1 on fine horses, and being the best riders in the world, irried off tlieir killed and wounded, and we know not ie number of them, though it must have been oonsideiblo. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant. J. W. KKAKNY, Brig. Gen. rig. Gen. R. Jones, Adt. Gen. U.S.A., Washington. IITKMKST OF KILl.KD AMI WOU.IUCIi IV THE ACTIO!* OF THE H||| JAMTARY, 1817. Killed.?Frederick Strauss, seaman, United States ship 'ortsmoutb. artillery corps ; cannon shot in neck. Wounded ? 1st. Jacob lluit, volunteer, artillery driver, ound in left breast ; died ou evening of 9th. 2d. Titos, mitli, ordinary scamuu. United States ship Cyauo, coinany U. musketeers, shot by accident through the right ligli ; died ou night of the 8th. 3d. William Cope, scainu, United States ship Siivunnali. company it., uiuseteers, wound in the right thigh and right arm; severe. ;h. George llantuui. ordinary seauiuu. United States lip Cyanc, I'lkeninn. punctured wound of hand, aeciental; slight. 6th. i'atrick Gambell. seaman. United Lates ship Cyanc, company 1), musketeers, wound in ligh by spent hall ; slight, litli. William Scott, private, nited Stutes marine corps, ship Portsmouth, wound in ie chest, spent bail; slight. 7th. James Hendry, seaau, United States ship Congress, company A. niuske v.rv r|>rui uaii, huuuii uht SKimUCO ; Kllgllt. Hit) lxeph IVikon, seaman, United States ship Congress, irnpany A, musketeers, wound in right thigh, spent ill ; Might. 9th. Ivory CofUo. seaman, United states lip Savannah, company 11, musketeers, contusion of ghtknce, spent ball: slight. /founded on thr 91 A.?1st. Mark A. Child, private, impuny C, 1st regiment United States dragoons, gunlot wound in the right heel, penetrating upwards into le ankle joint; sovere, 'Jd lames Cauihell, ordinary mnan. United Status ship Congress, company D, rarineer.. wound in the right foot, second toe amputated: ecideutul discharge of his owu carbine, 3d. George raw ford, boatswain's mate, U. S. ship Cyane, company i, musketeers wound in left thigh ; severe. Lieut, owan, United States navy, nnd Capt. Gillespie, C'aliforla battalion, volunteers, contused slightly by spent alls. 1 am, sir. most respectfully, Your obedient servant. JOHN S GRIFFIN, Ass t Surg. U.S. N. ( apt. IV*. H. Emory, Asst. Adjt (Jen. U. S. forces. CiciiAD in: los Angeles, C aliforuia. Jan 11. 1847. 1Ii.ai?<i aktkhs Army or the West, 1 Cii dau dk los Angeles, > Upper California. Jan. 14. 1817. ) Sir?This morning Lieut. Col Fremont, of the rcgilent of mounted riflemen, reached here with 100 volun;ers from the Sacramento; the enemy capitulated with im yesterday, near San Fernando, agreeing to lay down icir arms, and we have now the prospect of having lace and quietness in this country, which I hope may it be interrupted ugain I have not yet received any information of the troops bich were to come from New York, nor of those to fulw me from New Mexico, but presume they will be here fore long On their arrival, I shall, agreeably to the structlons of the President of the United States, have ,e management of affairs in this country, aDd will on avor to carry out his views In relation to It. Very respectfully, your obedient servant. J. W. KEARNY, 11 rig Osn Brig. Gen R. loves. Adjt .(Jen I' S .V Washington ( nun ahi'a?col. doniphan's letters. lleaiiqt'am i ras or the Army iv Chihuahua, i Citv ok Cmuraiu a, March 'JO, 1847. j Sib:?The forces under my command are a portion of le Missouri vc unteers. called into service for the puriso of invading New Mexico, under the command of rigndier General (then colonel) Kearny After the coolest of New Mexico, and before Gen. Kearny's deparire for < allI'oruis. information was received thatauothregiment and an extra battalion of Missouri voluners would follow us to Santa Fe. The service of so rge a force being wholly unnecessary in that. State, I evalled on Gen Kearny to order ray regiment to report you at this city. The order was given on the '13d utember. 1841): bllt after the irwneritl ?rriw?H .. i I.. j ii, in the Houthern part of the State, he isiued an orr r?i|uiring my regiment to make n campaign into the untry inhabited by the Navajo Indiana lying between le waters of the Kio del Norte and the Rio Colorado of e went. This campaign detained me until the 11th of comber, before our return to the Del Norte. We Imediately commenced our march for K1 Paso del Norte th about him) riflemen All communications between lihuahuauiid New Mexico was entirely prevented. On e 3ftth of December, IH16, my van guard was attacked Hraxito by the Mexican forces from this State ; ir force was about 4A0, and the force of the enemy >00; tiie engagement lasted about forty minutes, when ? enemy Hod. leaving lid killed and since dead. I AO vuuded, and one howitzer, the only piece of artillery in ie engagement on either side. On the 39th we entered 1 I'asowithout further opposition; from the prisoners id others 1 learned that you had not marched upon this ate. I then determined to order a battery and 100 ar.lerists from New Mexico They arrived in hi I'aso lout the ftth Kebruary. when we took up the line of arch for this place. A copy <>fmy official report of the ittle of Sacramento, enelosed to you. will show yon all ir subsequent movements, up to our taking military iseesslon of this capital. The day of my arrival I had torinlned to send an express to you forthwith; but the dole intermediate country was in the hands of the eney. and we were cut off. and had been for many months. >m all information respecting tiie American army exicnn reports are never to be fully credited; yet. from I we could learn, we did not doubt tiiat you would ha reed by overwhelming numbers to abandon Saltillo. id of course we could send no express under such clrmstances On yesterday we received the first even h-rahly reliable Information tiiat a battle had been light near Saltillo between the American and Mexicnn rces. and that Santa Anna had probably fallen hark i Sun l.uis de Potosi. My position here is exceedingly embarrassing In the st place, most of the men under iny command have en In service since the 1st of June, and have never re Ived win cent of pay Their marches have been hard, [x-cinlly in the N'aviyo country, and no torage; so that cy are literally without horses, clothes, or money, thing hut arms ami a disposition to use theiu They e all volunteers, officers and men, antl. although ready r any hardships or danger, are wholly unlit to garrison town or city. "It Is confusion worse confounded." iving performed a march of more thnn 'J,(KM) miles, nnd eir term of service rapidly expiring, they are restless join the army under your command Still we cannot ive this point safely for some days?the American me.rlants here oppose it violently, and have several hulled thousand dollars at stake. 'J'liey have sent me a tmnrial, and my determination has been made known them A copy of both they will send you Of one ing it is necessary to Inform you; the merchants adit that their goods could not be sold here In live years, they go south they will be as ucar to the markets of urango and /acateras as they now are I am anxious id willingto protect the merchants as far as practicable; it I protest against remaining here as a mere wagon ard. garrison a city with troops wholly unfitted for It. id who win soon lie wholly ruined by Improper indtilnces. (laving been originally ordered to this point, u know the wishes of the government in relation to It, id of course your orders will he promptly and chevrfulobeynd I I'ear, there Is ample use for us with you, d we would greatly prefer joining you before oar term service expires. All information relative to my pretloo* operations, esenl. condition, kc , will be given you by Mr ' ol- i is, the bearer of these despatches He Is a highly hon- | - [ERA] 7. orable gentleman, und was an amateur soldier at Sacra- | vu mento r'' Tim Mexicans report your late battle as having been al. entirely favorable to themselves; but. taking it for grant- rei ed they never report the truth, we have fired a salute for ({r our victory in honor of yourself and (Jen. Taylor, presuming. from report, you were both present. Very respectfully, your ol>edleiit servant. A. W. DONIPHAN. tnt Coiud'g 1st Reg. Missouri Mounted Vols. Should the horses or inules of those bearing this express tail, or prove uutlt to return upon. I have to request that they may be supplied by the government with I f the proper uieuns of returning off A \V DONIPHAN, lay ^olouel 1st Reg Missouri Vols. up Brig. (Jen. Wool, U. 8. A. liil Baffle of Sacramento? Defeat of the Enemy?Capture art IlKADql'AHTKni ok thi Ahmy IX ChIHI'AHI'A. ) j bu City of Chihuahua. March Ith, 1H47 J ( I have tlio honor to report to you the movements of tin thu army under my command since my last official re- wii port. ett i On tho evening of the 8th of February, I HIT. we left se< the town of F.l Paso del Norte, escorting the merchant 1 c train or caravan of about 316 wagon* for the city of cx chihuahua. Our force consisted of t?14 effective men Mt 117 officers und private* of thu artillery. !'J of I.lent tin Col. Mitchell'H escort, und the remainder tho 1st re#!- th mcnt Missouri mounted volunteers. Wu progressed in wu the direction of this plno.c until the doth, when we were ou Ittlbmsd by our SptM tliat the enemy, to the uuuiber of th 1.600 men, were at luseneas, the couutry heat of (lover- ; co nor Trias, about io uiileM iu advance. sv When we arrived, on thcovcuiiig of the 'ititb. near that M point, we found that tho force had retreated Inthediree- th tlon of this city. On tho evening of the 27th we arriveil at wi Sanh. and learned from our spies that the enemy in (treat fri foree, had fortified the. pass* of the Sacramento river. or about fifteen miles in advance, and about the same dis- go tauce from this city. We were also informed that there fo was no water between the point we were at and that occupied by the enemy; we therefore determined to halt sh liutil morning. At sunrise on the 'iHtli. the last duy of ea February, wu took up thu line of march and formed the wi whole train, consisting of :I1A heavy traders' wagons cc and our commissary and company wagons, into four 1.1 columns, thus shortening our lino so as to make it more I.i easily protected. We placed the artillery and all the hi command, except '200 cavalry proper, in the intervals in between the columns of wagons. Wu thus fully con- ill coaled our foree and its position by masking our m force witli the cavalry. When we arrived within three th miles uf the enemy, we made a reconnoisance of Ills th position and the arrangement of his forces. This we en could easily do?the road leading through an open cli prairie valley between the sterile uiountaius. The pass lis of the Sacramento is formed by a point of the muun- mi tains on eur right, their left extending into the valley wli or plain so as to narrow the valley to uhout one-aud-a- mi half miles. On our left was a deep dry sandy channel of Lo[ a creek, und between these points the piain rises to a t sixty feet abruptly. This rise is iu the form of a crescent, ela the. convex part being to the uortli of our forces. On the thi right, from the point of mountains, a narrow part of the tin plain extends north IH miles further than bn the left. 30( The muiu road passes down the centre of thiivalb-v una in.' aeross tbo crescent. near the left or dry branch. The ca' Sucramcnto rise* in the mountain* on the right, and thu i'l< road full* on to it about one mile below thu buttlu-flcld iu| or entrenchment of the oneiny. VVe ascertained that dii the enemy had I battery of 4 gun*.'J nine ami six pound- tr? era, on the point of the mountain oil our right (their left) at at a good elevation to sweep the plain and at thu point ah where the mountains extended furthest into the plain ea On our left (their right) they lind another battery on an *ii elevation commanding the rnud and three un{ ranch- mi meuts of two six pounders, apd on the brow of the cres- wi cent near the centre,another of two six and two four and lit six culverins, or rampart pieces, mounted on carriages; hi and on the crest of the hill or ascent between the bntte- in ries, and the right and left, they had '17 redoubts dug hi and thrown up, extending at short intervals ucross the ca wholo gmuud. In these their infantry were placed, uud were entirely protected. Their cavalry was drawn up in front of the redoubts in the iutervals, 4 deep, and in dc front of the redoubts'J deep, so as to mask them as fur tw as practicable. When we had arrived within I% miles wi of the cntreuclimcnts along thu main road, we ndvaueed >" thu cavalry still further, and suddenly diverged with the th columns to the right so as to gain the narrow part of b? the ascent on our right; which the enemy discovering, of endeavored to prevent by moving forward wit h 1.000 ca- th valry and 4 pieces of cannon in their rear masked hy go them. Our movements were so rapid that we gained the uu elevation with our forces und the advance of our wagons an in time to form before they arrived within reach of our th guns. The enemy halted and we advanced the head of our column within 1,'100 yards of them, so as to let our wagons attain the highluml* and form as before. We now commenced the (action hy a brisk tire from ur bnttery, und the enemy unmasked and commenced also; our fires proved effective at this distance, killing 16 men, wounding and disabling one of the enemy's guns. 011 We had two men slightly wounded anil several horses wa and mules killed The enemy then slowly retreated he- l,rr hind their works in some confusion, and we rcnumuilour inarch in our former order, still diverging more to the wn right to avoid their battery on our left, (their right) and <lr' their strongest redoubts, which were on the left ne.nr i)0 where the road passes. After marehing as far as we safely could, without coming in range of their heavy battery on our right. Captain Weightman, of the artillery, was ordered to charge with the two l'1-pounil howitxers. to be "" supported by the cavalry, under ( apt*. Held. Parsons and ll[' Hudson. The howitxers charged at speed, and were gallantly sustained by ( apt Held; but. by some misunder- K1' standing, my order was not given to the other two com- Mf panics Captain Hudson, anticipating my order.eharged [' ' in time to give ample support to the howitzers. Captain Parsons, at the same moment, came to mo and asked l,r permission for his company to charge the redoubts imme- <''1 diately to the left of l aptain Weightman, which he did l,r very gallantly. The remainder of the two battalions of ol the first regiment were dismounted during the cavalry J J1 charge, and following rapidly on foot, and Major l larkc *' advancing as fast as practicable with the remainder of I" the battery, vrn charged their redoubts from right to left, with a brisk and deadly fire of riflemen, while Major Clarke opened a rapid und well-directed fire on a column of cavalry, attempting to pass to our left so as to Attack the wagons and our rear The fire was so well directed r." as to force them to fall buck; and our riflemen, with the eavalry anil howitzers, cleared after an obstinate resist- HS adee. Our forces advanced to the very brink of their . redoubts, and attacked them with their'snbre* When y the redoubts were cleared, and the butteries in the centre I nnil our left were silenced, the main battery on our . right still continued t? pour in a constant and heavy | fire, as it had ilone during the heat of the engagement ; J but as the whole fate of the battle depended upon carry- j * ing the redoubts and centre battery, this one on the fl',( right remained unattaeked. and the enemy had rallied _ there five hundred strong. ! vel Major ('lark was directed to commence a heavy tiro | upon it, while l.iciits Col. Mitchell and Jackson, eom- , J mauding the 1st battalion, were ordered to mmount and ! (c* charge tile battery on the left, while Major (iilpin was | uu directed to pass tile 'id battalion on foot up the rough I ?f HXQ?UI> "1 HJB UIIIUUWWIII >>U UIO opposite Sllie 1 III' 111-!' of our battery we* so effective an to completely silence let thelr>. anil the rapid advance of our column put them I ' to flight over to the mountains in great confusion. 11* Capt. Thompson, of the let dragoon*. acted an my aid W and adviaer on the Held during the whole engagement, hy and waa of the most essential service to me. Alao. I,lout of Wooater, of the United Statea army, who acted very *h coolly and gallantly. Major Campbell, of Springfield. nn Mlaaouri, alao acted na a volunteer aid duriug part of foi the time, but left me and joined < aptain Held in hie gal- dn lant charge. Thus ended the battle of Sacramento. The on force of the enemy wan 1,400 cavalry from Durangn and Chihuahua with the Vera < ruz dragoon*. 1.400 infantry Irdm Chihuahua. 100 artillerist*. and 1,440 ranchcrox badly armed with lanHoa. lance*, and mac he toe*, or corn I'" knives, ten pieces of artillery.-J nine, 2 eight. 4 six. and C' 2 four-pounder*, and six culverins. or rampart piece* *' Their force* were commanded by Major ficn. Ilcndi u general of Durango, ? hihuahua. So nor a, and New ' ' Mexico ; Brig Ueti Jaatlmani. Brig tien. tiarcia Conde. formerly minister of war for the. republic of Mexico, l'' who i* n Hcientiflc man. and planned till* whole field of eil defence ; Oen. Uguerto, and Oovernor Tria*. who ucted a* a Brigadier General on the field, and colonel* und P? other officers without number. 10 f)ur force wa* 924 effective men; at loa*t one hundred of whom were engaged in holdiug hor*e* and driving l'r team*. ('*l The Ions of the enemy wa* hi* entire artillery, 10 wiifron*, maxaox of bean* am) plnola. and other Mexican pro- P" 'vision*, about tliree liundred killed and about the same number wounded, many of whom have since died, and '''' forty prisoner* The Held wa* literally covered with the dead and * ' wounded from our artillery ami the unerring fire of our riflemen. Night put a stop to the carnage, the battle "'"j having commenced about three o'clock Our loss was one killed, one mortally wounded, and seven *o wounded ^ a* to recover without any loss of limb* I cannot speak too highly of the coolness, gallant ry and bravery of the y officer* and men under my command. 1 wa* ably sustained by the Ib.ld officers Lieut ( ols. tee Mitchell and Jackson, of the first battalion, and Major "< |j Oilpin. of the Id battalion; and Major I lark and Ills ar tillery acted nobly, and did the most effective service in rsl.I II el.no.lalillv * I III w 11 III the >? charge made by Faptnln Welghtnian with tin- section of 1 howitzers, that they run he used in any charge of caval- ? ' ry with great effect Much ha* born naiU, and justly 1,11 snid, oft.hr gallantry ororti artillery, unllmberlng within h " '1A0 yard* Of tea enemy at I'alo Alto, hut how much more daring wa* the charge of ( apt Weightman, when he unlirnbared within fifty yard* of the redoubt* of the enemy ,?. On the first day of March we took formal possession of the capital oft hlhuahua In the namu of our govern "II1 inent We were ordered hy Oeneral Kearny to report to ' Oeneral Wool at thi* place; ainca our arrival, we hear he ia at Saltillo, xurrounded by the enemy (tur present purpose i* either to force our way to him. or return by 'I Bexar, aa our term of aarvlce expire* on the last day of da< IT Mil Ml I hare the honor to be, your obedient servant, tru A W DONIPHAN, ( Colonel lat Rcgt Mo Vol on Brig Oen. Jt. Jovr.a, Adjutant?ienernl I K A th< [Thi* last letter of ( ol Doniphan wa* accompanied by ' a ketch of the battle-field of Macramento It represent* the different poaitiona of the enemy and of our troop*. a" at different pnrioda of the action 'I'he flank movement which the Culled State* troop* took to turn the flrat. poaitionofthe enemy ia particularly set forth It wa*. "" indeed, a brilliant action The United State* force* con- to aiatcd of OH Miaaouri volunteer*, wltli four A-pnunder* '? and two II pound howitzer*. Wclostbut one killed and eleven wounded. on The Mexican force*, on the coutrary, mustered 4,'190 I an rank and 111*, and had with them ten piece* of artillery, I nc I Prto* Two iwu. ryiug from 4 to 10-noundara, and 7 one-pound culva:is The Mexicans lo?t about 300 killed, ifto wounded I their artillery baggage. (tore*, ammunition; and the t of the troops were in* the memorandum to the din- * am states) " scattered to the four wiuds <.r heaven."] NKW YORKERS AT VKBA CHVZ. Kxtract of a letter from an officer of the First Hegl>nt of New York State Volunteers:? Cams Scott, uear Vera Crux, April 4, 1847 As this was the tlrst time that 1 had been under fire, elt rather ticklish, but after a while this feeling wore ; however, 1 can assure you it is not very pleasant to ' on your belly on u high hill. with the sun shining full ou you. and the shot sometimes striking the lop of the 1. and then again just grating it. and passing within reu or four feet of your head, and the shells fulling all tuud you and bursting with a noise like the booming of > City Hull bell, when it rings for the sixth district? t thank heaven none of us were killed or wounded, ien Scott had posted Twiggs on the left. Patterson in t centre, and Worth on tho right, with the reserve, lieh brought our regiment about three miles from the y. on theOrozavo road, a post of some danger, aud con[uently of honor, and which we were proud to fill; and UI1 assure you we hud a busy time of it A .Mexican prers riJer was caught with a despatch for Central .i-i.i.-H i... ?.... i > . ... .u i "uiiiimivi >>! inv iuwu. suiting mm it? were I JOO lancers in our rear.wlio intended to force elr way through our rump into the city, and there m no more rest lor tliu poor New Vorkers. We lay on r arms every night, without anything to cover ua, and uro was mi alarm every half hour tliut the enemy were luing. which was gi-m-rally raised by some of our Dutch ntineU, (a few of whom are in tin-regiment) who saw a exiran in every flre-rty or jackass they met; the report at the enemy were in our rear was however true, and sent out small parties of observation, who saw them quently, and when the news was received in camp, the der geuerally was for from two to three companies to i out and drive them hack but thu Mexicans never ught long Coiflpauy < , to which I am attached, has hail several iirmiabes with thuiu?on one occasion news came Into nip that a small party of our men under Lieut. Potter ere surrounded by a body of Mexican cavalry, when >m panics A and C wore sent out, under command of 1. t'ol. Ilaxter. After marching about ten miles we met cut Potter witli nine men. it ml he reported that he ul been attacked by some cavalry, but had succeeded forcing his way through them Col. Baxter irnuieutely formed thu two compauiex, and found we could uster but seventy men tit for service, and he left it to e otllcers anil men whether we should advance and (rive em tight or return to camp; but our men feeling that ch of t hem could whip six Mexicans with ease, gave a eer and cried out to advance. This just suited Colonel .xter, who ordered us to form and advance. After trching about two miles further we cauie to the placo ieru Lieut. Potter lisd seen the enemy, and halted our n Col. Baxter with several officers ascended to the > of a small hill, and a private named Cooper climbed ree to keep a look out. and before live minutes had pscd, the Mexicans opened a fire upon them from it chupnrral. and wounded one man slightly in i shoulder. Cooper reported that he saw about ) cavalry and .>00 infantry advancing, and wn imdiately formed to receive them The advance of their valry as soon as they came in sight of us. fired a eou> of volleys, which we returned with interest, empty{ some ten saddles of their riders; several of them iiuouuted. picked up their fallen comrades and re atcd. After tlint they would ride up iu platoons, fire us, and then gallop ofi, hut their shot mostly fell ort, or went over our heads, doing us no harm. Their valry are armed with brass pieces, called " escopettss,'' nttur to our blunder-busses, and they take no aim, but iioy bring them to their Lip, and fire; this kind of apon being too heavy to be brought to the shoulder ;e a musket Kiuding they did not advance, Colonel ixter ordered us forward, when the Mexicans, think g we were in lorce. immediately retreated. and it ing late, we did not follow them, but returned to our lup. This is a email specimen of our daily duty. On the night of the ibid March, my company wan erred into the trenched, and we couimeuced work about ro o'clock 011 the morning of the 'J4tl>. on a battery thin 1100 hundred yardd of the city wulld.wliicli wok to aunt four tin puixlmn. and two long Xi poutiderd from 10 Meet, and to be manned entirely by sailor*. 'J bid ittery did more execution than uny other in the way dismantling forts, and kept up a continual fire until e morning Of the 'Jtitb, when the Mexicans opened netiations. and on the morning of the 29th tbey,marcli?d t in presence of our whole army, stacked their arms, d the Americans then took possession of the city and e castle. YUCATAN. [Kxtruct of a letter dated Mcrida. March SI.J This 111 fated country is in a most deplorable situation i general opinion is prevailing, even among those who mglit on thi! last revolution at < ampcachy. that the ly remaining ohnnco of permanent peace is that the r between the I'nltud States and Mexico be shortly night to an end, so tint the latter be able to iuter e and stop the anarchy, aud kill the hydra of civil V. Vnliadolld and Tir.iuiel have witnessed the most -udfut murders lu the former city, the whole white pulallon. male, femnle, and children, have been mur reit or burnt alive. Tbe wholesale murder lasted ree days. The future is pregnant with storms The whole government can be said to be vested in one in? Don St. Jago Mendet?who, without any official pointment, plays about the same game as did Dr Kruni in Paraguay He assumed upon himself a most danrous respoosibity. His chief political measure conits in expelling from the country every one he is susclous of. Those already amount to a formidable nuinr. Many who had concealed themselves, relying on a oniise of amnesty, raine out. and now they have to loose between a prison at aitipeucby or exile All efer the latter alternative, fearing to be mad? victims a horrible massacre surh a.- i place in February, I t ..1 ,1r..? lf.,l \1 * MIK'IJ. .tlttUJ lieu |M-lPK|in. nucu A? tin Kabricio Lopez and Don Kstcvan Huijano, nrc discing of their property and preparing to embark for reign countries I NCI I'KVTH, OK TIIE WAR. A new Spanish paper called the Jireo hit has been nimeiieed at Vera Cruz by the editor of the El Indiear. Uy its language it would appear that the Mexicans e pleased with the Ameriran <Jovernora. a* the Jlrcn it styles them ' Our Oovcrnors " The taritf adopted (ien Worth is published in thle paper, and the editor uks satisfactorily of the course pursued by htm In olishing the monopolies and taxed imposed by the xiean Oovcrnment It also recommends that the w Government shoubl adopt a better course in estab ling the iuiport duties, and that the principal " neeeales." at least. should he admitted for a tew months bout the imposition of heary duties, which will prejt the immediate supply (From the St Louis Republican, April 3d ) tmong those killed at Ouenu Vista was a Mr. Houn. e. of Illinois, whose attaelinient to the army occurred <>r very singular circumstances He was a prraeher, tiie baptist persuasion, we believe. At the commencent of the war three persons of the same name volnn red and went to the place of rendezvous at Alton.? >o of them were near relatives, and tlie third his ton. > went along, seemingly, to take rare of the other boya. ben examined, it was found that the son was excluded the regulations of the army, having lost the fore-finger bis right hand it then became a question who ould supply his place and the rare over the two young i;n This was soon decided Mr Hountree stepped rward and enrolled himself among the volunteers did ity as such throughout the campaign, and was killed i the battle-Held. THE ARMY. On Monday morning last < apt. A. T MeReynolds de rteii from our city with a company of U N. Dragoons, 1)0 strong) enlisted in the Peninsular State.?Dtlroit iv. :tOM. Mrs Hardin, the widow of the brave and lamented il Hardin, has arrived at her residence in Jacksonville, inoie, where, also, Mr. McDonald had arrived witli e gallant Colonel's horse, and the flag whieh he wresti from the Mexicans at the battle of Buenn Vista The shin Oen Veaxie. with three companies of the 3d nosylvimia volunteers, arrived ?t V?r?Crm <>u thi> th inst . after a tedious passage The smallpox had tained these companies at Lobo* for fife weeks, thus eventing their arrival at Vera < rui in season to partiuate in tin' reduction of the city and castle. No d?aths ,d occurred, and the men were <|tiitc well?th? nmallx having disappeared .V O l'i< 27lh I'lie transport ship America, from this port, was disargiug her troops at the Itrnr.os on 'I hursday last, on the Telegraph sailed The America has thus made cry fast trip. 1 he following gentlemen came passen s in the Telegraph t 'ol It I >avis. id Regiment Mis ippi Volunteers, Col Rogers, Kentucky l.egion: Capt. i Todd, of Texas; ( apt. Kent and Ideuts. Kisher I Wilson, I S A ; l.leuts Stone and Whit#, of the uisville l.egion and .">0 discharged volunteers. iV. O. tin, 'lit A )ne hundred nnd twenty more North Carolina volunr? are to sail in a few days for the Brazos, on the looner I' II Savory chartered for the purpose. ? fir, 'he citizens of Warren county, (N < 1 in which Maj. ixton Bragg, of the C S Army, was horn, have held lecting, and rcsolvi d t" present hint with a sword 'lie steamer Confidence, from tialeua, brought down mnpany of one hundred and four volunteer* from ton county Illinois, commanded by ( apt I. II. Mcnicy. They rendezvous at Cairo.- St. Louii Union, 'til '17 I'olltlonl nnd Peraonnl. ['lie democratic memhera of the l.egislature met In Senate chamber at Albany on Tuesday evening, and II mated Anthony I. Robertson as a candidate for the re of commissioner on the rode, in place of ( hanccl. Walworth, resigned, and Isaiah Towusend, of Albaas a candidate for regent of the l.'nlverzlty ['ho West Troy charter election took place on Tuesf. and resulted iti favor of the democracy General >crt T. Dunham was elected president of the board of stees I. J. Roberts, Recorder of the parish of < addo, died the '.10th inst., very suddenly, from hemorrhage of tilings. .V O Picayunr, '17 In. ttdge Mcl.eaa's friends in Ohio and Pennsylvania ve Issued in a pamphlet form an address "to all whigs d anti-masons, strongly urging his claims for the xt Presidency. A number o| citizens of Utlca gave a complimentary ppcr. at the National Hotel, on Kriday evening last, < apt Walradt. of tbat city, preceding his departure r Mexico The Governor elect of Connecticut entered Hartford i dotiday afternoon, escorted by military comfanjes nl a long traiu of citizens The bells were rung, OUB>n flred, he . lie.

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