Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 7, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 7, 1847 Page 1
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M ' t h : Vol. Xlfl. No. 14(1?Whol? No. *7*3. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, NurUiMvtMt curiici of Kolton and Nmho IN. JAMES GORDON 8ENNETT7PR0PRIET0R. CIRCULATION? FVItVY THOUSAHD. DAILY HKRALD?Every day, Pnoe 2 cenu per copy?7) *>Wr i . mm?iiAVjiilti in a<lvauce. WEEKLY il '.lt ALU--Every Saturday?PncD cent) per roiiy ? i3 \2\i rem. p?r mmum? |?ynt>lo in advance. HEAALL) i' (Jit EUROPE?Eicry 'eleam Packet day? trice o'., m t? per copy? SJ pvr uiiiium, payable in advance. iiOLIHA V HERALD?l'ubiiahed on the Ut of January and I*t n| July ,.1'r ieli year?.ingle copier aiapeuce each. 1 DVERTISKMEVrb, a tlir usual price.?alwaya cath in advance. A'lverti eincnta aliould be writ'eu in ajdaiu, legible manner. The !*i t it will notue responsiote iur error* uui oiiy occur in thorn. , . .^_n . . . PR I NT I N i? of 11 kind* etecuted beautifully and with All h-tten or communications by mail, addressed to ths 'Oiblialiinn'.t, limit he post paid, or the imstage will bs dod lined In.m the inhscriutioo oiouev remitted. la SOI) V BISCUIT BAKKKY~To let,aiid lun for pllfl sale, Purr's celeorsted Soda Biscuit Bakery, with JieitL-team engine and machinery, now hakinit nearlv two liu ..I ,d barrel, of Hour weekly. Will bo dupoiod of and p.issesaioii given immediately. Apply tn iii, 7t?r .MS PARR, 71 Mott street. TO LET? <'11" Dwelling Houo No. 23 Hick* atroot, Bmoklyii, within three minute* walk of Kultun ferry.? jAufea.Immediate pos.essiou mi/ lie hid Apply to W. WHITE WRIGHT, JR., & CO. ml 3t*c Kschange Place. New York. Ml O LK I'?Possession gKen immediately.?A three fur. brink II >u?e, fnruiaiietl, and pleasantly situated ill a ee iir.1 pirtof the city: die rent to be taken out in biimi Apple ?t the Herald nlhre. m3 5t*rc PAVILION, NEW UHIGH I ON, Muteu Island.? The proprietor begs to inform hi* frieud* and the public, that he iiss mule considerable .alterations and improve loe.n, in thin n.ubli.hmeiil since the last season. He has erected A Urge building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogeth* discojuected from the tnain body of the pavilion. These rooou are intended for gentlemen only; theyarrof a comfortable si/.e, light, and well vest dated, and superior in all respects to those generally denominated single rooms in the varioos watering places throughout the country. The proprietor is now ready to treat with families orpartiea wishing to engage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to him at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attention. A steamboat runt between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, via:? Prom New Brighton?At 8 and 11 A. M. and J and 3:20 P. M. kr.im pier No. 1 North River, New York?At 9 A. M. and II M, and J'i, 5 and 6 P. ,\1 , and more frei/uent communications will be established as the season advances. The Pavilion is now ready for the reception of Company. NO') tire K. BLANCARD. Jgi T(J RENT?A Cotton factory, of about 3,000 spinP'tw dies, with a buildoig for looms, Mansion House, Store II >usc, Workmen's Dwellings, Saw Still, Grist Mill, witti ?u unftiling water power. The place and water power are well adapted to general manufacturing purposes, and on a navigable stream, o.nuysuient to New York or Philadelphia. Enquire of YVifcllNGTON It RICHARDS, a2S?w?c 32 Burling slip. Jim/L ROOMS 'J'O LET?Suitable for m.iiiul'aciuriiic our apu..e?, in llie building No. 74 Fulton street. lately repair ml, mill with all modern improvements. Apply to J AM ICS H. DF.L VKCCHIO, in the building, or u> BROWN, BROTHERS It CO. a25 2w*rc _ No. 59 Wall. V* SI Vl r.N ISLAND COTTAGES TO LET OR PjjlJ LEASE?Three Cottages situated nil Castlaton Heights, liJM-neur Capo di ilentr, Stateu Island, aurrouuded by ftne forest trees, and commanding so unsurpassed view of the city, the liny and its islands, ana the Ocean, while the access is e*?), the distance to each ferry boiug less than a mile. They euataia as follows, viz:? Bagatelle?A |wrlor, dining room and 3 bedrooms. Crow's Nest.?A parlor, dining room, library, 4 bedrooms, and 3 servanls' rooms?attached carriage house with stable for 4 horses. Oak Laid?2 parlors, large doling room, 12 bedrooms, bathroom, aid 4 servants' rooms?attached carriage house, with stable fwr S horses. There Cottages enjoy in common the use of 17 acree of beau! i ful woodland, eoclosnl, nml in the midst of which they are erected. Apply to Madame GRYMES, at her residence. Capo di Monte. all 2awlm*r ~~ ; MILLS, HATTER, I[-ft OlTrrs s Hit for $3 50, equal to any sold elsewhere for jS?$.'i. at hit ,virll-kuowu establishment, 178 Broadway, Howard Hotel; and having determined to pursue tire nimble sixpence principle in the sde of llatt, has now completed his arrangements to supply any demand Gentlemen leaving their orders liny have a hat made in any style to suit their own Cc.te ia three hours, or less, if absolutely uecrssary. An experienced ths|ier always in attendance, that every list llay lie nt eil to llie lurid, and rest upon it to the perfect ease ol the we* er. Tine being an iiaporUut point, particular attention will be giveu to it. a23 2w*r HOW TO MAKE MON K Y.?The axiom that "money saved is money mads," is almost as old a* the invention ol money irxell ; hat llie principle of telling a live dollar HAT for three dollars and fifty cents, w is tirst established and is now prectised by Roberts.!.., at tlie i'lianix Hat Manufactory, St Fultoa st., N. lb. a-3 f.S Fultos st, Brooklyn. This simple shipment <*e hsLeve will mtfine to make known one way " how to make numcy." alO Im*rh biAT^rSFKiNG STYLt. BANT A, No. 94 Canal street, and No. 130 Chatham st, sells Moleskin and Nutria Fur lists at $3, and ouly eharfes S3 .'i0 for bit first quality Moleskin and fine Nutria Hats Is lias handsome and durable Hits at $2 50 having the appear sure and finish ol' the lughrr priced hits. Geutlemeu wishing rnli.-r of comfort or appearance, will please Eire him c*ll.? Al?n, general assortment ol* cape of various kinds at reduced HtMe. a 16 li?*r tr* KltKNi II Nill.l.lNKKV ?MRS. UNUKKVV(K)l) JjfcA respectfully infoiuu her Oieuds aud the public, that fisSm 'he has removed to 111) lludaou atreet, between North Moor* and Praakliu iftittt. ?W 2w*rrc MRS. M. WILSON, Z?l Grand atreet, respectfully ifMhft'uforma her IViauda, and stranger* visiting the city, VESjSyrhat she lias univaiu hand a largo aud very handsome assintmeut of Ipring Millinery, to which she invites their attention. Mrs. Wilsons stock comprises an ssiortmenr ol the richest and most l.tahiouable Hats, such as CliipdCrape, Rice, and Shirred, with a choice aaenrtment ol Straws, w hich she itat'nra herself era be Sold more reatoifable than at nay oilier establishment in the city. Country Milliners will do well to call before purcliasijg. Mr*. M. WILSON, 391 Grand at. net ween Allen and Orchard tt*. Ten good Milliners wanted at the above establishment, all t'n*re TiTaU LAlMKS' OONciKLSS BOOT. ^ P. LABOY'TE VUX, 641 Broadway, desire* to inv; ~ form his numerous And fashionable lady patrons, that K]w l,e has made arrangements for the right to manufacture the elegant elastic walking Boot, now so fashionable iu (lie highest circles iu England and France. The recent im< proveinent in the classic stulT will enable him pi make his boote aud high shoes with all the elegance peculiar to his Kyle of work, and yet without the trouble of lacings. This most valu <isle invention removes all the conflned pressure from the arch of the lor*, while at the same time it affords an elastric spring in walking which eaiuiot be appreciated with oat a trial. >14 liu+c ' LOOK AT THIS. Jl.'ST RECEIVED, a large lot of Gentlemen's French Boots, the best and handsomest ever in this citj and will lie told at the low price of $4. Also all kinds of Gentlemen's Guwrs and Patent Leather Shoes, and all the different kinds ol Boots and Shoes. Ladies, yon will find in tins store a great variety of Gaiter Boots, Slipiwra, Buskins, Ties. House Hlipnert, white and black satin do, white Kid do. aid all other kuiili and sire*, Misses' and Children's Boots and Shoes, Boys' Boots, Gaiters, Shoes and Slippers of all the various kinds-, all of which will he sold cheap, at 167 Broad wsy, corner ol Hrankliii street. M. CAHILL. ,V B. Country merchants supplied by the picknge or doxen. a|)3 lm*r LKPWNS ON Till'. PIANO FORTK. MISS O. C. WEM YHS <an now iccomnir r WstrWJr /l.latr three or four more pupils, if immediate apsdwvTW^?lip,ii?ii t,e made .1 her honse. \n. 1i7 Hiifh I I S! X I 'street, between Avenues C and D. Will haes no objection, If desirable, to attend her pupils at their ewu residence. Terms?Twelve Lessons for Fire P.ill.in, or b a,pen l)olInn I ? ijitarter?loon ?-.rli week. ?H Iiy*nf B" oTrpTnO l".N BLriK'ck'KR STREET?Two no,tin tie i a.id tbeir wives, oJ live or ail single ireii.lemen, can be accommodated Willi handsome, unfurnished rooma, with bol ro< nis attached, .tad full board, in a pleasantly situated home in Carroll place. Apply at preseutatOJ Spnug street, all lm*r ' NEW JERSEY, III DA ON h DELAWARE RAIL no A T> COMPANY. NOTICE IS HEREBY OIVKN that Books of Bullae ripto i to the Capital Stock of " Tlie New Jersey, Hudson and Del iwire llailroad Company," will be opened at tlie Cochran House, in Newton, on Saturday, the litli; at Isaac P. Brnier't llotel, in Braurhvills. on Tuesday, the 18th; and at Mechanics' H ill, coreeruf Broad and William streets, in New: ark. ou Thursday, lbs lOrh of May nest. The books to be opened e?cli di it 11 o'clock, A. M , and closed on the last day at 3 o'clock. P; \I ; and at the time of subscribing for eaid stock, five dollars rvfll he required to be on each snare subNiwreir, Rt iisiCs. N. J., April 14, 1847. J E. EDjALL, JOHN BELL. JOHN MOORE. J \i.(i| H ARNBECK, Itinr. Commissioners ROBERT i! 4 MILTON. HAM V El, KiWLf.K. MARTIN RYEHSON. ?r*n Ibt *rrr TKTeW YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD Co.?The As annual election for thirteen Directors of thia Company will be held si the office of the Company, No. 4 Tryon Row, on Tnr-.dnv, the It.'h day of May neet, between the hours of Hand loVlo'k P. M. The transfer books will he closed ten day* i?riu* to the MtctJofl A. K VL?, Jr. Secretary New Y ork. April WJ. 1m7. altft imvldrr KH.M II PAPER HANti'iNOS AM) SHADES. ~ QOIiO.MON Ik HART, *11 Broadway, opposite the Park, invr now in store their lull assortment of Paper Hinging' ami Bnidrrs of all descriptions, fur parlor*, bedroom* ami nalla They have been selected in Paris w ith great care, and comprtee the beat amorted stock in the city, and at pricea lower than have ?ver heretofore been offered, Alan on hand. a lirge assortment of French Window Shades, for aale " unprigedeiiti d low pricea. aplfl lin're Bk.Wiy wink corn meal?notice to rh1?< PI.IH?The anhacribera, Millera at brandy wine, in the State of Delaware, bej leave to notify shippers of Kiln-dried Com Me.tl, that they arr liable to be deeetvrd by an imitation of the treiini e llrra lywine Meal. A miller at \Vc*t Tmy, and one at Waterford, in New York, Iteaidrf several in the St i'eof Pennsylvania, having forged the mark of i lie nb*criberatltv pU'ing Brandy wine Mills, in eanapicnona lettera. on their liarrela. Shippers wi I p|ea?e t -ke notice, tha' in addition to the worilt Brand* wine, the min-sof the anbacriharaare alio naed o.iall their pn ka-ca; and ihat their only agents in New York, are Meier* John L. Buckley k Crv, and Messrs. Allan It Paxaon. 4n exper e re of ttpwarda of '0 yenra. by their progenitors and themaelvei, in the manufacture of Kiln-dried t orn Meal, jtiitiflei them in aaving that they will forniah an article, which will keen for any desirable length -.f time in all climatea. TATNALL It l.ka, JOSEPH T. PRIOR fc CO.. JAMES K. PRICK. Baa'ebTWiar. Mll.l.t, 7>d April, IIH7. a2Hlni*re PARKER'S COFF E K II O USE, no. ho dky strkkt, . FORMERLY OF 1 ID JOHN STREET, NKVF YORK al7 lm*re E NE jfOR LIVERPOOL?The magnificent new Steameliip SARAH SANDS, Capt. W. C //MJkThompson, will sail punctually on the 11th of May, having superior accommodations for > limited number of Second Ctbiu Passengers, who will be taken at a reduced price. Peraoua desirous of sugaring aecond cabin passages for their friends in the Old Couutry. to leate Liverpool on the 20th of June neat, for New Vork, in the above steamer, can do ao at prices charged lor steerage passengers, by aiipl ying to mi 8f c P. VT BYRNLS fc Co , H3 i&uth atrret. KOR LIVERPOOL?The aplendid new steamship SARAH SANDS, 2000 tone, Captain W. C. Thompiou, will aail puuc JjBMB tually on the lltji May, having excellent ac> cotnmouation* fur second cabin uaiiHiifferi and the greater portion of her bertha being engaged." Persons drairoua ol embarking in ber will please make immediate application (terms eery moderate) on board, foot of Clintou street, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, "H I orner of Pine and South ats. REMITTANCES TO IRELAND. m m m m Jr., has i^^^^^^iis 56 Broadway, and continues tu remit money, iu sums largo or small, to persons residing in any part of Ireland, in the sauw mauner as he and his predecessor in business hare done for the last thirty years and more; also toauy part of Englaud or Scotland. Money remitted bv letter, post-paid, to the subscriber, or personally deiusited with him. with the name of the person or persons iu Ireland, England or Scotland, to whom it is to be sent, and nearest post town, will be immediately transmitted and paid accordingly, and a receipt to that effect given or forwarded to the sender. j2B lm*rc P. WTbYRNES It CO.'H N EAV"YORK AND IIVERPOOL EMIGRATION OFFICE. jgb a#36 M^^^^o^load, Liverpool, are desirous of informing the public of the United States, that they have found the importance of a direot Agency fer the purpose of placing within the power of Die friends nf the passeugers coming out to this country, the immediate eorrespon deuce with a respectable establishment, from whom they ean rely for attention and favor towards their relatione leaving the old country. Persons desirona of engaging passages from Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Belfast, Londonderry, and Liverpool, direct (e New York, Bostou, Philadelphia, Baltimore or New Orleans, can do so on more favorable terms than can be obtained from any other house engaged in the business in this country; being the oldest and largeat establishment in the passenger trade in Liverpool. The many thousand passengers that have sailed in the ships which havs been despntchrdfrom our office in Liverpool, and the different ports of Ireland for the Isst thirty years, isaluliicient guarantee of our ability to fulfil with satisfaction any engagement for passengers that we may be favored with. DRAFTS AND BILLS OF EXCIIANOK given for any amount, payable on tight, at the National Bank of Ireland and its branches; and also on all the principal towns of England and Scotland without diacouut. A list of the Packat Ships with their days of sailing, and the address of the Agents who act for us, can be bad on application at this office. Apply or address by letter, !|<ost paid) P. W. B) KNES It CO., mU Im'rta 83 South street BLACK BALL LINE OF v.. VEROOL PACKETM and remittances to lrelan i. Only regular packof Monday, the !6lh May i lie favorite packet sniTNKVV YORK will sail as above, II.'I legulsrday. Those wishing paasaga to Liverpool,will plea. . tpply to Capt. T. B. Cropper, on board, at the foot of B<- inaii siren, or to the subscribers. Those wishiug to ltd i i their friends to com# out from Liverpool by this splendid r i or any of the Black Ball Line, which aail from thence on ' 1st ana 16th of every month, can secure their passage by 11 [lying to us. Thoae remitting meney to their friends, can IV \ e drafts payable on demand on the Royal Bank of Irelaa or ou Preacott, (irote, Ames 8t Co., London, which will i | aid at all their branchaa throughout Great Britain and Irrl ; . Apply to roche B <thilRS8ICO, 33 Fulton at, New York.u.v door to the Fulton Bink. The only anthorized paaaeiu ugenU to the Black Ball Line of Liverpacketa. mi re PERSONS arehei,. f cautioned not to harbor or kffi^VWtruat any of the ere./ of the Britiah brig ROBINiflBBbiSONS, from New:/, Ireland, as no debts of their contracting will be paid by tlu- Captain or consignees. mijltrc W. fit J 1 TAPBCOTT, 86 Sonth at, FOR LIVERPOOL?1 he only regular packet of fl^^^the 11th of May?The new. magnificent, fast aailing, JKrnd favorite packet ahip STEPHEN WHITNEY, burthen 1000 tons, Capt Pophain, will sail positively ou the lllh of May. The accommodations for cabin, 3d cabin, and steerage pasaeugera, are unsurpaaaed by any other vessel in port; and as a number of her passengers are already engaged, thoae desirous of securing berths should make early application on board, foot of Pine street, or to JOSEPH MMURKAV, ra4 Corner of Pine and South streets. FOR LIVERPOOL?Ouly Regular Packet-The wSi^iirw, magnificent, fast sailing and favorite packet JBAfaship PATRICK HENRY, burthen 891 tons, Capt. Llelauo, will sail positively on the 6th of May. The accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers are uusnrpassed by auy other vessel in |>ort; and as a number of her passengers are already engaged, thoae desirous of securing berths should make early application on board, foot of Maiden laue, or to JOS. MeMURRAY, ml Comer of Pine and South streets. bl'STuH HllUsS, itsw VoKS, I Collector's Office, April 27, 1847. ) DPOPOSALS will be reeeived at this office, until the 12th fiT day of May next, at II o'clock, M., for finding materials noil building a Light House ou Execution Rocks,in Long Island Sound, agreeably to the followiug apecirtcationi, the drawings ia relation to which will be etnibited at this office, to any person disposed to bid, viz of the Foundation There are several rocks, composing the group called Execution Hocks, and the largest and most suitable one is to be selected for the site of the building. An iron enrb of 33 feet ia diameter, of sufficient thickness and height, ia to be aupk, enclosing the rock, formiug a substantial and close coder dam, and a quantity of proper material ia to be placed around it for the purpose of excluding the water, and lor additional security. The water is then to be pumped out and the rock eL t down level. The rock uot being of sufficient extent to receive the full xiae of the base of the building, the deticicucy ia to be mide up with concrete, or split gruaite, well bedtR in hydraulic cement. THE MASONRY. Upon the foundation are to be laid aiz courses, each two feet thick, of hammer dressed granite, making the whole height ol solid masonry 12 feet. The first course is to be 32 feet, and the sixth course to be 23 feet iu diameter. The manuer of connecting the stours and courses of the solid masonry, is by joggles let into the joints and projecting 6 inches iulo the eeutrra of the stones immediately above, thereby forming a connection horizontally between the respective courses. Upon this solid masonry is to commence the wall of the suKrstructure, 23 feet in diameter at the base .anil carried up 41 fit tn rKn (i#plf rtf I ha* lanturn mkavu if ia In Km II i'mmt an ?4iam. eter. The wall at the bate if to be J feel fi inches thick?ihe tint four course* ere to be etch 2 feet in height, to be ctrrieil up vertically on the iuiide to the height of 8 leet?from thmjlg wall if to be earned up uniformly to the under side uf the 9W1 where it it to he 1 foot 8 inahet thick. The whole of said wall to be of hammered granite, each atone making the thickness of the wall, and laid in the best of hydraulic cement; rebates are to be made for the door and window shutters of suitable site to receive them. The tower is to be covered with three stones forming the deek, which is to be Id feet in diameter, and one foot thick in the centre, and nine inches tt the outer edge ; to be hammer dressed true and fitted together closely, and the joints coppered so as to be perfectly water tight. On ths top of said deck a projection of octagonal shape of the dimensions o( the lantern, rising one inch above the outer edge of the deek, is to be formed to that the copper of the lantern shall be one inch lower than the centre part of the deck, thereby preventing the water from driving op under the copper of the lantern. At tome suitable place in the deck there is to be an opening for a scuttle, 2* by 24 inches ; a rebate it to be cut in the deck for the scuttle. WINDOWS, DOOI18, lie. There are to be twelve windows, to contain each til lights of II by 8 glass, to be what is called double thickness, to have frames, sashes and shutters ; the sashes to be hung with butt hinges, the shutters to be hung with suitable hinges, with hooks and fasteuiugs to keep them secure when open and shut. A flood substantial outer door 2 feet 10 inches by 6 feet 10 inches, lung in two parts with hinges, and fastenings and lock. The hinges of the doortnd window shutters are to be of copper, and all the wood work of the exterior to be of the best southern hesrt pine, well seasoned. There are to be providrd and ppt up, two iron cranes, with tackle for hoisting up the boat, also a suitable copper ladder for the entrance door. A brick cistern capable ofholduig 1,600 gallons, is to be constructed in the cellar or basement A good cooking stovs with cast iron funnel is to be provided and placed in the building. THfi FLOORS, lie. There are to be four floors, composed of iron girders, covered with North River slat*, laid in cement The stairs, the st*|ie, and risers, are to be cast ixou, with a hand rail and balusters of wrought iron. There are to b* plank partitions as shown on tba plan, in which ara to be six doors, each 2 feet 8 inches, by 8 feet 10 inches. 4 panneled IM inches thick; good biuge* and latelias to all the doors. The ceiling of each room is ta be farred, lathed and plastered; also the wood partitions snd the wslls^if the rooms, are to be furred, lathed and plastered, with good lime mortar, well smoothed. I IUTCDU There ia to be an octagonal I.an tern of wrought iroe, 7 feet 4 iachca high, ol aul&CMmt diameter to conutia in each aide of the Lantern I light*, of which the two middw oaei are to be 24 by 24, the f or aide light* to be >4 by t, and tbt foy remaining or upper and lower light* to be 11 by 4?all of French plate elate of atiilable thickn***. There i* alio to be ta each aide ol the Lantern, underneath the above glaring, one copper pane, Id by II iuchea. There ia to be a poet act at each comer of the octagon, K iach on the face and two inchea deep?the poata are to paa* through the atone covering, and aeenredtwo and-a-half fret in the m .aeury below it. Upon the top of the poata there ia to be a girder of the aame aite a* the poata, for receiving the (Vet of the rafter* aad copper covering of the roof. There are to be eight rafter* H inch thick and IK inch deep ; they are to eonverge to the centre of the roof, and to be aernreu in an iron ring of I innhet in diametar, and ao a* to cauae the roof to nae 1 feet above the eavev. There ia to be an iron framed doc/ in one of the aide* of the octagon, to he covered with eopper, to ahnt tightly into rebate* \ inch deep. Thia door it to be fnraiahed with etrong turn button* and handle*. The copper covering to the roof ana door ii to weigh W oancea to the ?n per final foot. On the top of the roof there ia to be a traveraing ventilator 15 inches in diameter. In four lidn of the octagon there are to he ventilators fitted in the copper iinei for regulating the drnught of air, and constructed in such a manner as to exclude the wet. Twenty inches outside the poets of the lantern, there is to be an iron railing, the posts of which are to he IK inches square, to run up 3 feet, and to lie let into the deck t inches, and secured with lead. There is to be one horizontal iron rail \ inch square, lantern and railing to be tainted with two coata of oil paiut. Also, all the woodwork to hate two coats of oil paint. There is to be furnished and fitted up a suitable copper lightning conductor. The whole Is to be coimdeted in a workmanlike manner, on or before the 16th day of November neit. No payment to be made to the contractor for the above work until it shall hare been completed, inspected and approved by the undersigned, Collector and Superintendent of Lights, or inch per.oii ? he ahall tppoiut for the pu rrjoae. *18 M2M rre C. W. LAWRENCE. Philip oarhardt, thf. artist tailor\VK HAVE long had it in our mind to say a word in re gardrn the admirable garment* made ?>y rhia gentleman Wf harp had many aniu of clothe* mjde in New York, but nerer found an artiat excelling the one mientitmed abore. Hia garment* are made of the beitof cleth, and all of X) iter cent cheaper llwn can he bought. The laat an it we purrhaaed of him, and for which we paid $l\ conld not be bought elnewhere for leaa than $J0. We hope our frienda who want a good fit, and reaaonable prieee, will call at hia atore, corner of t'niaiKrn afreet and Weal Broadway dA tw *r BRANDIES AND WINEB-Fornale at the undernigned. Brandy, Otard, J. J. Dupuy. Bounemont It Beecker, Raateau, and other bnuide?pale and dark, in halrea and quarter*. Fort Wine, pure juice?Harria It Bona, Cette?in halvee and iinartera. Maderia, London Dock, Sicily and Liabon, iu halrea and quartern. Sherry, in quartern and eighth*. Alao, Cognac Bandy (now landing ex brig Oexelle, direct from Bordeaux, inkalrea and quartern. LAWRENCE MYERS R CO., * ! ? ? .M South William atroet W YO NEW YORK, FRIDAY M( The Mexican War. THE CAPTURE OP CHIHUAHUA. [Kroia the St. Louis I'nlon. April 3S. The following is a translation of Col. Doniphau's Proclamation on taking possession of Chihuahua. W? giro it a free translation, as wo are somewhat rusty in our Spanish PROCLAMATION ?f ths Commander-in-Chief of ths North American forces in Chihuahua : The Commander-in-Chief of the North Amsrioan forces in Chihuahua announces to all the citlsens of that State, that he has taken mllttary possession of the capital, and has the pleasure of assuring them that in it com- | plete tranquility exists. He invites all the citlsens to return to their houses, I and continue in their ordinary occupations, promising to I them security of person, property, and religion. t He declares, also, in the name of his Government, that 1 having taken possession of the capital alnce be conquered the forcca of the State, he hold* poaacssion of the whole State. Helnvitea all of the oltLzuna. pueblo* and'rancheroa to oontlnue their trade, coming to thl* capital to bur and aelljuat aa they did before recent occurrence*, for no one will be moleated or annoyed in any thing, aa he before haa explained that the property of each peraon will be respected; and that in case the troopa of hi* command need any thing, the value of It will be paid, at lta juat price, with all punctuality. He pledgee himself In like uanuer, that the American troopa will punlah promptly every exceaa committed, either by the aavage Indiana or any other individual*. He assures again all good cltixen* that we war only agalnat the army .and not against individual cltisena who arc unarmed. For tbia, we exact only, not that any Mexloan should tako up arms against his country, but that in case of actual war. he shall remain neutral, for it must not. on the eoutrarv. be expected that we shall respect the rights of those who take up arms against our views. ALEXANDER Q. DONIPHAN. Commander-in-Chief. DATTLK OF SAN FRANCISCO. Citadel near Mosrrir.v, Mexico. > Feb. 27, 1?47. ) Lieut. Col. Irwin, with three'companies, composed of the 2d Ohio, was attacked at Marin by Ocn. Jose I'rrea, with six hundred lancers, on Wednesday,the 24th instant. Urrea was repulsed with loss. Col. Morgan, of 2d Ohio regiment, on the eveulng of tho 23d instant, reoeivod orders at Cerralvo, from Gen. Taylor, to ooncentrato his regiment and march to Monterey. Adjutant Joline was iesputched to Major Wall, at l'untaguda. with orders from tho colonel to destroy all government stores, and march at onee to Cerralvo. By the risk and gallantry of Joline, Major Wall reached Cerralvo at midnight, and beforo day on the morning of the 24th Instant, we tired all government stores, tents, and a vast amouut of clothing, and took the line of march for Monterey We marched ail day and night or tliu tilth. and arrived at Paplgaa on the morning of the -i-Hlt. We heard the firing \ at Marin, eighteen milc<< from there. After reating for | an hour, we again punhed on; and at 'J o'clock, P. M.. reaoheil thn irrounil on which th? train tinilur I I ber was captured on the day provlous. Fifty bodied were found on the ground horribly mutilated, anil thee* were t worthy bodies of the unarmed wagoners, and six or eight of the bodies wore thrown into the tianies. Lieut. Darber and his command were taken prisoners. At 4 o'clock. P. M., we reached Marin, and learned that Lieut. Col. Irwin had received succor from Monterey, and had marched from Marin at 13 o'clock, M., on that day. At 11 o'clock, P. M., we again took the line of march, and Ht a little before 7 o'clock, a mile and ahalf beyond Agua Frio, we were attacked by Oenoral Jose Urrea. with H00 lanoers. We immediately formed a hollow square, and in this formatiou continued to march, halting at ovcry hundred yards to repel the charge of the enemy?marched one inile beyond Auga Frio without losing a man; but being surrounded en every side by the enemy, Colonel Morgan thought it prudent to send a courier to overtake Lioutenant Colonel Irwin. Lieutenant Stewart, of the Highland company, volunteered to discharge the perilous duty. The lancers lined the chapparal within fifty yards of the road. as far as the eye could see?Lioutenant Stewart, with a friendly Mexican and an American, dashed out on the road, and the enemy opened a heavy tire from both sides of the chapparal. The Mexican was killed and the American wounded, but Stewart dashed gallantly on. General Urrea now formed bis command to make a combined charge upon the front of our square. '1 he lancers soon appeared on every side; they were splendidly equipped, and manoeuvred beautifully. When the word was given to charge, the Mexicans raised a wild yell, which was answered bark by three long and deafening cheers from our square. The Mexicans dashed on until they arrived withiu seventy yards, when the word was given to flro. A destructive blaze issued from every side of the square, and many a saddle was emptied, and many a Mexican officer and soldier was seen to reel and tumble from bis horse. Urrea again fell back, caused his men to dismount, and opened a heavy fire upon us from the chapparal. Colouel Morgan sent Captain Latham forward with his oouipany, with orders to dislodge them. The enemy again falling back the colonel rode forward to try to discover the squadron of the enemy galloping across the road for the position of the enemy, lie observed a purpose of forming in our front. The officer commanding the lancers gallautly wheeled his horse, saluted the colonel by touching his cap, and then beckoned him towards him. The colonel returned the salute, rode back to the square, and ordered the music to strike up " Vankee Doodle." Our square was aguin put in action, and we marched about a hundred yards, when a heavy, but ill-aimed fire was opened from the chapparal. Our flag was uow unfurled, and for fifteen minutes the chapparal and the square biased with a line of fire. Captain Graham, assistant quartermaster, was now killed by a shot from the enemy; he fought gallantly, and one moment before he unhorsed a lancer. One or two of our men were also slightly wounded. Small parties were now 11 ai aakii/1 an/1 - *- ? ? ? -?? * A 1 n.ui >u?i ?.iiw una in iweniy minutes we had succeeded in driving tho enemy from both flank*, aud from our front to the rear. Throughout the fight Maj. Wall displayed great courage. In the early 1 part of the action a ball whizzed uuar hi* head, when the old major exclaimed, " Why zee how d d careless they are, they would just a* noon bit a fellow an not.'' It wan nearly II o' elock; we had been fighting four hourn, and ' had marehad three milen during the tight. We were now near San Kraneinco. One of our men ntatloned on the ' top of a wagon, to obeerve the movement* of the enemy. ' reported that infantry anil artillery wire approaching. 1 and he thought they were Mexican*. Colonel Morgan j Immediately called a halt, and informed Captain Siefert that he wished him to nelect fifty picked mon. and to await order to charge upon the battery. In three minute* fifty volunteer* were under the command of Captain Siefert and Lieutennnt Armstrong, and the eolonel wa* on the point of manking a division in the ehapparal. and ordering a charge upon the battery, when, to our great joy, we recognized our own glorious comrades rushing to our assistance. Stewart came as he went, in a gallop, and Lieut. Col. Irwin.with bis command. enkindled with joy and enthusiasm, galloped furward at the heiul of hiscoluuin; he brought with film 1 AO 1 effective men and two slx-poundcm, one under command of Captain Bradlev, the other under command of ( apt 1 Carncs. ( olonel Morgan sent Lieutenant Colonel Irviu. with the field pieces and his infantry. to take up a po*i- ' tion five handrcd yards to the loft of oar rear, command- 1 ing the position occupied by the enemy. The fight rc- ' commenced with great energy, but the destructive fire 1 from the artillery, aud the well-directed aim of the infantry. soon drove the enemy from their but position, j and they retreated with precipitation, lleforu the arri- 1 val of Lieutenant Colonol Irvin. with his one huudred | aud fifty men. our fighting force was two hundred . the roinforeement increased our strength to throe hundred and fifty. Irwin'* command conilatcd of detaclunuut* 1 of three Ohio and two Kentucky companion, all of whom fought with great courage. The loi* of the enemy in ' killed and wounded, oa ia reported by u Texan ranger, who paaaed over the ground after the battle, i* CO or 70. ' among whom were acveral officer* ; our total Ion* wa? four or tire, two killed and three wounded?one of the 1 wwundod lince doad A detachment of about a hundred and fifty men of our regiment at Camargo. under t aptain* llagruolda and Conipe and Lieut. Markland. They 4 will Join u* on the flrat opportunity All the nou-enmba- ' taut*, a* they are uaually called- the municiau*. the *ur 1 geon. a?*i*tant aurgcon. and all the hoepital attendant* c ?were armed for the light, a* well n* their profeaaional I dutle* proper. We find that our men ahould be able to 1 tarn their hand* to anything In thl* country On the * morning of the 'JHth, we ihall take up our march for flab 1 tillo. Major Wall, with fbur nonipanle*. will occupy the 1 Illnconada peetn*. t'Ol. Morgan, and Lieutenant Colo- " nel Irwin.with aix oompanlc*. march to Saltillo. Colonel *' Morgan dlaplayed the utmoat coolneaa and bravery du- ' ring the whole engagement Kvery officer and private 1 in command dlatlngulahed hlmeelf by hi* peraonal bra- a very We marched from Cerralvo to Monterey, a die- I tan re of eighty milea, in aixty hour*, and four hour* of that we were engaged with the enemy Major (lidding*. a with Htb eompanie* lat Ohio. al*o marched toouraeel*- * tanoe Although they inarched with great rapidity, they 6 did not arrive until after the bettle we* over. At Marin we found a part of the *tore? taken from e Barber * train, and the building* containing tliem were * fired and deatroyed. Marin i* in ruin* ! n Very reapectftilly. yonr friend. 1c.

P. S. A Mexloanjuat many* that the Mexican lo?* at * Marin and Han Kranciaco i* upward* of 300. killed and P wounded. HKIKMIHIflNC NBA It MONTKItKV. ClTAIKI. P'oaT, MniTtttV, Mr.I ICO. | Kebruary ??. IH47. J o In tell Vring my heartfelt congratulatlone on your n brilliant auceee* at Halttllo. I deem it proper for your in- } formation to apprixo yon of our poaltion and the opera- * tiona at thla point On the ilOlh luat., In con*e<ju?nce of J the departure of Brigadier Ouneral Mar*ball to Join your force*, the command devolved on me With the exception of n few officer* of the general etnff of the army on j duty here, and a few wounded and *ick from the neiicrnl hospital. the force, ae you are aware. I* entirely vnlunWin. My regiment let Ki ntucky foot volunteer*, was on- $ ramped at tlio citadel. and the lat regiment Ohio yolun- v terra. under command of Major < lidding*, occupied tho , Itv * The defenree of the city under that inoat energetic and R nkilfiil engineer, Captain Fraser. were far from being in n a atate o I completion, and hia utmoat exertion, were called r Into requieition to place the wnrka In condition to reaiat auch force aa waa probable conld he brought againat It. aa waa momentarily expected. On the morning of tho 54th a Inat.. deeming it prudent to concentrate my forcea. I or- t dared Major Oiddlnga to join ma with hia command In a the citadel. All the government atorea having beam pre- e viouely removed and atored here by the esertlona of the t officers In eharge of them, and under the active anil wil- a ling co-operation of my command. I aoon found myaelf. It equal in all reepeetato auataln the honor of our flag, if a aeaailed n Through my reconnoitring, and other aoureea of In- t formation, it waa ascertained that large forces of the t RK ti )RNING, MAY 7, 1847. iuniyjwere surrounding uie, though nona made their i|i|?-arunoe here, aud tni* was confirmed ou the morning if ibe i4th instuut by a despatch from I.t. Col. Irwin. ot hu "id regiment Ohio, that bis command of 130 man wan u Marin, aurroundad by a large body of the enemy, uular couunaud of Uen I mm Subsequently 1 racaired uch information as excited the apprehension that a rain of 106 wagons, eacortad by Lt. W. V. Barbour, with 10 man from tho lat regiment Kentucky volunteer*, would t* cut of hulow Marin I despatched MaJ J B. Shepard. lat regiment Kanncky volunteers, with five companlo* of infantry, thirty uouutad man. and two 4-pounders, to relieve Lt. Col lrvln, with discretionary orders to proceed beyond Mariu, dth a view to secure a train and asoort ; and 1 have the [ratification to annouuca that Maj. Shepherd, who vounteered for the service, performed lt in the moat iroinpt and gallant maauer possible, and without loss, tie did not proceed beyond Marin, having ascertained "-8VU u"vi u?vuib uuu uucu uapiurvu uvai -tamos A bunt forty-ttvB persons. nearly nil teamsters, vere killed, a number taken prisoner*. and the wagou* ind probably most of the stores deatroyed. A few of the .aamatera and one of the escort escaped and have come nto this place. This morning It waa ascertained that the enemy was force at Aqua Frio, (twelve miles distant,) and had lurrouuded and attacked Col. Morgan, commanding *ld )hlo volunteers, with about 'JOO of his command, whc vas marching to this place. On the receipt a despatch 'rom Col. Morgan. Lt. Col. Irwin, witli his comuiaud ind the troops which hud been despatched to his relief tucamped at Walnut Springs, promptly proceeded to th? ?uint and arrlvad iu time to rouder essential service in tiding Col. Morgan to disperse Uiu eneuiy. I despatched Major Olddings, of tbo 1st Ohio regiment volunteers ivitn three eouipanlcj of his ocmuiaud, to unite witl Lieut. Col. irwiu in reaching Col. Morgan, but he did noi reach the place of attack until the forces in advance hat lisperscd the enemy, though it is due to Major Giddingi :os?y that ho displayed great promptness and activity u marohing on the duty to which he was ordered. I have the satisfaction to announce the return of th< raveral detachments above referred to, but regret t< itate that one man of his command was killed in thi rommaud at Aqila Frio. Col. .Morgan has arrived hen with the larger part of his eommund, and i have thi nonor to enclose ills report. In concluding this report, which I have endeavored tr make as brief as posiblo. I deem it my duty, as well ai Measure, to recommend to your especial notice, Captain LI. D. llauisry, ordnance commander, whose promptnesi vnd efficiency in the discharge ofths many duties of hit (apartment. are worthy of the highest commendation; ind In addition to these be rendorcd me essential service lu aiding, in arranging nud drilling a portion of my comnand iu artillery tactics. It is my duty and pleasure to sommend the very prompt and fuithful muuner in which apt. A. Montgomery, assistant quartermaster, has dissharged his duties, rendered unusually onerous by the lecassary removal of all the stores, <kc . from the city to ;he fort. Lieut. Stewart, of the 3d artillery, A. C. H., was asliduous in the discharge of his duties, and. in addition, rolunteerad his valiinbla aid In drllllixr tin- mow ?t O.B [una. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, ike. STEPHEN ORMSBY, Col. I otnmandiug To Major General Taylor, commanding Army ocoupa,lea, Saltlllo. COl.. HAIINRY'S DRAGOON riOHT. Vera Crux, March 30, 1847. The 3d dragoons had a fine fight, and mostly of theli awn, on the 'loth, at the atone bridge, aomu few mllea it the rear of Vera Crux. They mado a moat beuutifu charge over the bridge, routed the enemy in a force o 1000 and upwards, pursued them for more than five mllei anil until dark, when they were either all routed or pu' to the aabre. Many got away, however, by slipping int< the chaparral. The dragoon aabre was often brough into coutaet with the Mexican lauce, but 1 cannot givi particulars. The following officers wero in the splondid charge o our cavalry, on the 35th. near Vera Crux : Col. Harney commanding; Major Sumner, senior captain; brevet Ma jor BeaU, juuior captain; Capt. Thornton, 1st section apt. Merrill, 3d section. Lieut. Sibley. 1st platoon Lieut. Hamilton, 4th do; Lieut. Rogers. 3d do; Lieut Hill. 3d do;Llout.Neill, adjutant.wounded; Lieut. Lowry acting quarter-master; Lieut. Oltes. INFORMATION FOR VOLUNTEERS. General Okuers, No. 17. War Department. i Adjutant General's Office. ! Washington, April 15, 1S47. > 1. By the 5th section of an act of Congress, Approve! March 3, 1847, the President is 'authorised to accept thi services of individual volunteers to till vacaucies whirl may occur by death, discharge, or other causes, in thi volunteer regiments or corps now in the service of thi United States, or which may be received durlDg the rx istlug war with Mexico. ' And it being very desirubli to fill the ranks of the volunteer regiments, tho rospee tive Colonel* are requested to take prompt measures nm give the necessary instructions to recruit Iheic enmpa nine to the full standard of 100 privates each. It is sup posed that many individuals may be found ncai the camp, willing to euter the volunteer service, am who may now be legally enrolled on the spot; but to in sure the requisite number to fill vacancies, it is suggestei to the commanders of regiments, that other measure in ny up lUHPn uj st-nuiug buuu cuiuptuj u uicers, uoi I exceed three Id number. an may lie out of health?or no unwilling to engage in the important duties of recmitiiii for their respective regiments, to the districts in whirl they were raised, with all the necessary end proper in structions The 1'resident. duly appreciating the ardo and patriotism of the volunteer officer*, trusts thati sufficient number may lie found who will cheerfull. leave the ramp for a temporary absence on no indlspeu sable a service?the more especially, as it is well knowi that the duties in campaign often impair the hualth n many valuable officers, upon which class such detail usually fall. The names of the officers selected, and th< places to which they may be ordered, will be reported ! the Adjutant < General, who ?wlll forward the rolls, am apply such ether instructions as may be found necessa ry None but effective, able bodied men will be received i. The recruiting officers for the volunteer service who may bo detached by their Colonels, will he furnlabet with muster rolls, in which they will Immediately euro dm name of each individual who may engage to entei the service for the period of the war; aud the persons si inrolled to All up companies will he entitled to one day's pay and allowances for every '10 miles they may travel from the place of enrolment to the genoral rendezvous by the nearest mail route, being at the rato of 71 cents for a private of Infantry, and (1 40 for a private ol mounted corps. The regular monthly pay and allowances commence from the day the volunteer arrives at the place of rendezvous, If he be received as an effective, able bodied recruit. 3. Volunteers will be sent in convenient detachment! to placos of general rendezvous or depots, where the) will be immediately inspected by the commanding oi other proper officer and surgeon; and any found defeetivi or unsound, will be rejected as unfit for service. Ai soon as ICO recruits are assembled for any one regiment they will immediately be put in route for the army ii the field. 4. For the convenience and bettor accommodation o the volunteers raised in the United States, the folluwini military posts are designated as places of rendezvous, oi receiving depots, where rations and quarters will be fur alftbod, to wit: Volunteeri Recruited. tn the Eastern States Fort Adams, R. 1 Mew York and New Jersey Fort Columbus MS j asrs/fssa: Maryland and Virginia Fort Monroe, Vorlh audHoutli Carolina and Oeor- ( Fort Moultrie, gla ( Charleston, M. C. Michigan. Ohio, Indiana, and Ken- ) Newport Barlarky i racks, Ky. owa. Wisconsin, Missouri. a^l Uli- I Jefferson Barnols t racks. Mo. Arkansas, Tennessee. Mississippi,} New Orleans BarLouisiana and Alabama t racks, La. 4. By the Uth section of the act to raise for a limited Ime an additional military force, lie, approved, Feb 'uary II, 1847, "each non-commissioned officer, luuslciac >r private, enlisted or to be enlisted in the regular army ir regularly mustered In any volunteer company, for i >eriod of not less than twelve months, who has served oi nay serve during the presont war with Mexico, and wh< hall receive an honorable discharge," lie. will he enti led to a warrant for one hundred and sixty acres of laud vbtch ho will lie at liberty to locate in one body, upot my of the public lands that may be suhjoot to prlvaL mtry : or, he may. at bis option, when honorably dl*< barged, receive treasury scrip to the amount of ou< lundre* dollars, bearing six per cent, interest, payabh emi-annuaJly. aud redeemable at the pleasure of th? ;overnmsnt. I .#.?! ihla nrfitiiiinn r?f 11 in lnw rimv nnt h? fullv iimU*. tood by the veteran soldier* of the regular and volunecrcorp*. who may have received the lnod bounty on thf xpiration of their first term of service they are Inform) i hat in ease of re enlistment or re enrolment, either by oinpanle*. or a* individual volunteem, for a second erm, for the peri<id of the war, they will, on receiving n honorable discharge at the einlration thereof, l>e eniticd to n eecond land bounty of equal amount, or the reosury scrip for oue hundred dollars, a* they may refer. By order, R. JON KB, Adjutant Oeneral. ATi M V IBTKhMOKBCF. The North Bend, which called from thin port the ther day, for Newport. R. I., to take In troop* for Mealo. get* f 60d0 for the job. She la to carry 11 officer* and Id private*. Two car load* of new recruit*, bound for Newport. started In the Kail River car* thin morning.? loiton paprr, 6(A. NAVAb. The U. S schooner Nautllu*. I.lent, Coin'dg Page, two lay* from Washlngton arrived here yesterday morning, ud proceeded up to the Navy Yard A letter from rensncola state* that the IT. H. chip St. rlary *. after proceeding to Vera ('mi. whither ?ho goes rllh the late*t in*tructlon* from Washington to the ariiy and navy on that elation, will return to Norfolk, rhere and In Washington a groat portion of her officer* nd crew belong, after having performed an aetlva and rduou* service of two year* and a half .?Norfolk Hruiif, May .V All our fear* a* to the threatened overflow of the >11*l**lppl. It would *eeni, are being realiaed Already the own ol Uayou Sara I* encompa*?ed by the back water, nd several of it* street* impassable on foot. In fact, ighteen tnche* more rise will rau*ean inundation equal u that in IB44. Hevoral famllie* have moved on the hill. ,nd more are seeking place* of refuge in our town and n the country The detraction to planter* above. I* aid to be Immense-many plantations. If not entirely verflowed, being rendered equally useless by transplralon water. The river oontlnun* to rl?e at this point.? It. /'rancitviUa CAren. 34/A ult. [EHAJ I Spring. I know that the sprlug-llme Is rome, for I hoard I 1 In the morn's early prima Tha till the bluebird; And high in the clear aky, The martin that brtugs , | Tiding* of eummer nigh, Warm on hi* wing* ' And m*. In the hedg* hid The violet blue. ' With It* half-opened lid Laden with dew; And In the border trim The orocu* lifts up. ' A* a young novice prim. ' Her tiny oup. And the brook hurries past With bright dimpled fhce A* a child frolic* past Flush'd with the chasa. And the wind wooing *lpe i Delight as It goes. From the iweet budding llpa Of th* young roe* ' Oh ! 'tis the seasou gay. When earth from Its gloom, i Warin'd by the vernal ray. , Bursts into bloom ! i And the soul's cherish'd thought > lmprison'd too long, j ' By its own fervor taught, ( I Breaks into song I I i Then hall to the spring-time! t Her sunshine, her showers! i 1 Welcome tho merry chimo i Heard In her bowers ! nan ner wun ooamiug Draw With sports and with cheer : Crown her with garlands now, Queen of tho year ! St. Ci.air Coi'ktt, 111. April 17, 1M7. St. Clair County?Mixed Population?Prairie CountryCurreney?Bankt?Conetitutional Convention?Politician.i in Great Danger?Old 7.ark and hie Victoria While the Herald In enriched with numerous correspondents from nearly every eity, town, village and district of our great and growing country, and oven through. > out the wide world, 1 very seldom see any thing from Southern Illinois. Vet this part of our great State, and espeeialiy this county, deserves occasional notice. St. Clair county is the oldest in this State, having i been organised by the Governor and Judges of the j " North Western Territory'' in 17SH). and then included all the settlements in the prulrie regions on the east side of the ' Great Water,"' as tho aboriginal name Missalssippl signiles. It Is still one of the largest counties in J this great and growing State, containing over one thousand aouare miles of the most fertile soil, and nearly 00.000 inhabitants. I UDKIUia n. P)H llllLllllg UI TftriUUH nations Ml'l COIOCS. the mixed descendants of various Indian tribes. Africans, Spanish, Poles, Sir., we hare three principal classes of Anglo-Saxon, German and French descent. Those of French origin were of the ancient F.uropean settlers, the pioneers which planted themselves in the ' I ndian villages of Cabokla and Taumarois (now Prairie du > Port) in lttUd, when La Salle went down the Mississippi and 1 planted his trading posts in this remote region. About f one-third of the population are German immigrants and their children, who came amongst us since 1830. In IanI gunge, manners, habits, society, and feelings, they are > fast becoming Americanised, Amalgamation amongst t the young folks will soon destroy all distinction. With * the exceptiou of a dozen Anglo-Saxon families, who had located near the French villages on the Amorlcan botf torn, no settlements were made by that class iu the couu ty. until into, when Turkey 11 111. Ogle's Prairie, and several other small settlements were formed. i In a state of nature about one-third of this county was >1 a dense forest, one third clear prairie, and the remaining portion un Intermediate grade, in western parlance i called " Barreus.'' This does not indicate poor land, but is a term employed to denote its covering, being a mixture of grass, and scattering, shrubby timber. The F.nglish term, meadow, will convey the correct idea of a prairie. Dry, wet. level and undulating are mere circumstances. as in forest laud. Much idle speculation has been indulged about the j origin of our western prairies If any one will tell why , certain portions of the earth's surface are clothed with , heavy timber, there are pleuty of 'sucker-' boys who , will account on natural principles for the existence of , prairies. The truth is where timber first gets possession. grass will not grow except to a limited extent, and where , grass forms a tough sward timber will not take root. Let the grass carpet be destroyed, as is the case in a few I years where settlements are formed, and timber springs up and grows with astonishing rapidity. In this county are many thousands of acres, which, forty years since. r contained not a single shrub, but now are clothed with I dense and heavy forests. In all the old settled counties nuiium. iiuiiM-i iiicrt-iuifK uiurn utiiT man u ran De I used. The vast prairie* of the Went. In due season will be covered with farms, and dotted over with town* nnd ? village*. t Agricultural prospect* are quite favorable with u? at present, and our currency ha* not been better in thirty ;1 year*. We have no bank* of Issue in the Stale, and the popular sentiment i* decidedly against *uch machine* ~ The people are gradually paying their debt*, contracted k in the period of delusluu aud humbug a few years since and are disposed to keep out of debt hereafter, l'or ? * currency of exchange wo have tlio bills of the banks of ~ neighboring Stales. Ohio. Indiana. Kentucky, audftdisf souri, amongst us. with a tolerable share of specie. The , paper currency represents property sold by the farming B community and the gains of the merchant and manu() facturcr. Had we bunks of issue, every dollar of their I currency would represent ?not the profits of labor or skill?but of debts created by its currency. Next Monday Is a special election throughout the State for delegates to the convention to revise our con stitutlon. In this county there are seven candlI dates, all out with hand-bills, and all maintaining the same general principles?free suffrage for all | white male inhabitants after twelve months reel! dense?prohibition of banks?restrictions on the legislature asto numbers,time, and pay?provision, by a sink{ lng fund, to pay the State debts, and a veto on all future loans until the debt is secured, except to a limited ex- ' , tent, to uioet existing contracts?reform in the judicla I ry, and election of judges by the people. Ac. These are 1 leading principles In southern Illinois. The old parties, ' whig and democrat, are not known hern in this election. ' 1 Indued politicians are in a terrible quandary "about * these diggings.'' Old "Hough and Ready" is making , r terrible havoc with our Illinois boys. Intriguing potitl- i cians and parly demagogues had better "stand from un- 1 t dcr," for a terrible crash is comiug Old Zacli may j | serve them as he did Santa Anna - make a Bueua Vials | < aflair of party organizations. I l CincnMATi, April 37, 1847. I f Butintu of Cincinnati?Real Estate?Money Mattero j t Daily Ntwopaperi? National Theatre ? Afr. ,1niter- i son. The prospects of the "Queen City" were never more : flattering than at present. Our merchants are doing an extensive and profitable business. This is not only con, firmed by common report, but by indications unmistakable. The building of steam boats, it Is well known, has been ! carried on here for a long period with great success Many of the best and most powerful engine* upon the ' Western lakes were made at our founderies. and those for the Western rivers are principally manufactured at this port. One mammoth foundcry is engaged almost most exclusively in the making of engines and machinery for sugar mills and cotton presses. The rmoloyeei at I this establishment are a perfect host. A half million dollars yearly Is a small estimate of the amount of work turned , out by this siugle concern The eastern part of the city, on the margin of the rlvor. is covered by founderies, i the business of which alone would sustain a large town The population of the city exceed* one hundred thou- , , (and soul*. and I* rapidly increasing, as is proved by the fact that although buildings are being erected constantly. it is almost impossible to ttnd tenements to rent [ Real estate here yields 10 par cent readily A house , that would sell for $3,000 rents easily for $300. and can I hardly bo procured for any sum. Many fortunes have , been made here, upon the rise of real estate , The lack ot banking facilities is a great drawback t , upon the prosperity of the place .Money is in groat demand hare. In accordance with tho laws of Ohio, money may he loaned upon contract, at whatever rates inay ba agreed upon between the parties and under this system 'I , investments are made witli perfect safety nt 10 and I J ii | per cent, in fart it Is considered a favor I" obtain mo- a ney at those rates. Hundreds of thousands may be inI vested at this moment at 10 per rent, in strict aeoord- j ,j , anee with law. and upon the most undoubted security j, ' There are some fourteen daily newspapers put dished I r , In this city, and. for the most part, liberally patronized. , which speaks well for the intelligent a of the people, j Kom? oi thum ar?? nearly of th#? mammoth jiw 1 h?y \ are generally edited with marked ability The editors j ? are a very happy set of fellows I have been both pleased and amused at the good natured and courteous tone " i which pervades their writings, particularly when allud The National Theatre of thla city. Mr. Ilatea proprietor. and Mr Sarxedaa manager, la one of the largeat. G moat convenient, and taatefiil and beat conducted tl eatablialunerita of the kind in the country. A moat ei- m ccllent atock company perform upon ita board". Mr I.oran. (treaaurer of the theatre.) ia a very clever actor r In hla line, of low comedy, and extremely popular Ilia | j beautiful and accompliahed daughter, although evident. ? Iy Inexperienced, poaaeaae* talenla of no common order, i> which by cultivation, will raiae her to eminence In her in profraalon llooth. the Inimitable comedian, la one of the company Morria, Smith. Mcrutcheon. Morton, like- r/ wiae belong to tliia company They are all actora of i ? great reapectability. Mra. Kent, however, la the grraeat j ,i 111 i?111 ei n to thla company Thl* lady la alway" ?t I home" in her part* She ia a moat decided favorite (| Anderaon and Mra. Jouee have been performing upon thean boarda for aeveral nlghta to crowded houaee Their aucceaa haa tieen triumphant. Mr A. hae taken i l> the town by aurprlae Thla la hla flrat appearance tie- . " fore a < ineimiatl public Ilia performancea have ellcted general and unlamndrd applauae I.aat evening wae the oreaalon of hie benefit The houae waa completely 1 jammed SehiUer'a lieautlful play of "The Kohbera1' waa enacted At the end of the piece, Mr A waa j voeifernualy railed for. Ilia addreaa waa exceedingly pertinent, and waa raepomlcd to by three Ohio clieera | 1 The manager haa effected a re-engagement with hlin i and Mre. J. for another week. j ? t L D. I 'it* two two. M lWCllUltOM. They are alreaJy beginning lu uiukc preparation* in loston for the celebrutiuu of the 4th of Joly At Fort Olbeon. Mis* . a short time sloe*. J 4' HUa i?* tried and convicted of the murder of Benjamin li iini* The evidence of the principal witness. a young laughter of the deceaeed. was of the uioet affecting baracur She said she bud gone down the road to meet ler father ou hie return borne; that a* abv approached be saw the accused rise from a corner of the trnee and eilberatelj sboot him down. He approached his victim Iter bis fall, and despite bur supplications and teats, nd the pleading* of ber parent, who. as be lav bleeding pon the ground begged the wretch to spare bis life for he sake of bis wife and children, the fiend stabbed the lying man In many places, und stamped with bis heavy ieel upon the face of bis victim. The statement of the uterrsting little girl was clear and distinct, interrupted uly by ber sobs and tears There was not a dry eye la he court house?every heart was melted with sympathy 'be counsel for the accused threw up the case without a rord of defence, and the jury promptly returned a verlict of guilty. A foolish servant'girl. In Boston, being about to leave ler place and get married, forgot her honesty. and etola i large number of articles which she was like to want iti starting in life She was detocted. and it turned out hat most of the outfit had actually been purchased by ler kind mistress us u present for the girl when she ihould leuvc her bouse for her uew home. "At Windsor, iu Veriuout. the recent froehct. caused by ihe melting of tho hiiow, was higher than that of 1b0i, ir than ever remembered, except in U2S Tho river has 'alien 11 feet. it is said that Mt?s Sarah Burbeck. of Salem, Mass., in invalid, has not slept a moment, nor been free from pain for 1ft years Her body and limbs are in perpetual motion?and almost all the jolnU In ber body have been dislocated thousands of times A new order, called the United American Mechanics, has been formed in Boston Their objects are mutual assistance and protection. About *00 German emigrants, on their way te the West, arrived in Albany on Tuesday morning They appear happy, and well supplied with the necessaries of lii%. The comet of Iftftd is expected to return in ims. The Buffalo and Mtlwaukio telegraph line will probably be completed in Oetober next. Tne distance Is BOO miles. Katimated cost $100,000. Ivey, who recently killed Mr. Bunting, a schoolmaster in l.owndes county. Ala., has been admitted to bail in $30,000. Tho accused is to be tried In Dallas county. A man named Stowart, lately arrested in Clinton ounty. Ohio, for the murder of his wife, after his appralonsion, cut his throat, but the doctors sewed it np, and 10 was cowmen in a dungeon. Here be put hii design >f self destruction in execution by striking hi* head, vhilo chained down, against the floor and wall until bia kull was fractured, and his brain* ooxed out. Whea ound he was quite dead. The boat* have commenced running; noma heavily aden with produce, destined to tide water The Crookid I.akc canal Ik in the beet of order. The new loeka fork charmingly and savingly. The water In the lake s abundant, both for the caual and miller*. ? Pttin Tea Teli-graph On the '26th ult.. a fleet of 38 sail left Cleveland, mosty bound down. On the '23d twenty-eight left BuSklo, >ound up. The (Queens County Court ot Oyer and Terminer, was engaged on Tuesday In a eivll suit: Andrew W lones vs. tieorgoW. Hudson, for damages sustained by mpropcr intimacy with his wife. It will be recollected hat some time since Mr. Hudson persuaded the wlfk of dr. Jones to elope with him from Hempstead Branch dr. Jones lays his damages at ('20,000. Several female* sere in attendance before the court, and among theiu fas Mrs. Klowers, who eloped at the same time with Mr. leustis ; she was used as a witness against Mrs. Jones. ?Hrooklyu Eagle. A poor woman sat by the wayside last night, with a inby In her urine, and a child of scarce three years by inrslde. The mother was weary and worn by a day of .ravel and fatigue, and the little innocent at her side ried piteously A crowd had gathered about them, iom? from idle curiosity, others lu pity In broken sobs the poor woman related her sad story. Hhe had come a ong way in search of her husband, who. some months previously. had left home to look for employment. Here he learned that he had gone on to New York ; all her ittle store of money was exhausted, nnd now she found lierself in a strange city, without the menu* of procuring rood or lodging for the night. Instantly a dosen hand* sdniiulstered the welcome and much needed relief, and is the poor traveller was kindly conducted on her way, ihe devoutly implored the giver of all good to bloee this 'riends of tuo unfortunate.?Pkila. Bulletin. It Is stated that the sum of (600,000 has been adranced by the house of the Darings to be applied to sards the progress of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. The break in the canal at !,?dl has been repaired, and boats are passing constantly. The sum of (11.600 was received for tolls at Hochester on the first three days of May. I'auscngers from Uaugor report the ground along the Penobscot covered with snow. The I.egistaturo of Louisiana has passed a bill appro priming iiu.uvu una a jnot 01 ground. Tor the State I nlvurnity. There In now on the wharven at I'laltnburgh. ready for nhlpping. more lumber, iron. glann. kr than ever before on the opening of navigation. A young girt only IA yearn of age. named Kliiabeth Brewer, liung hcrnclf In her fathcr'n ham at Newburgh, on Thursday loft. No caun* for the net can be ascertained. At last accountn from the Strait* of Mackinaw, the lea wan Htill uianter of the pan* The State of lllinoin lia.n had granted to her by the General Government, for varioun purponen. 1.049,034 ueren of laud. Couiuiinniouern hare been appointed by the Leglolatnro of Iowa, to ehoone another nite for the eapital. An extensive fire oeeurred at St. Louie, on the 27th ult. It eomnu need in a lot of hemp at thn warehouse of Itoe k. Koroeval. 'I'he warehoimo wan dentroyed, with oontentn. Srott'n Hotel wan alno burned down. Tha building belonged to John fitucker. Mr. Seott'a furniture wan Innured Mr Sparr, the proprietor of the Vlr;iuia Hotel, wan alno a nuffnrer to a conaiderable extant, m wnn al>o John Srlimnlt. a German boarding boon* leeper. four Bremen, named Jaeob Zelbllu. Kugana Mean. Win. Quelmontz and John Warren, ware bruload ind burned while on duty. At Portland the jury returned a verdict of not guilty, n the cane of Charlen It Rragdon, Indicted for the murler of Col Henley. The verdlrt won unexpected, as jubile opinion had already found him guilty, Ha wax Uncharged, and endeavored to make hin eneape out of .lie town, but wan arrented by a ronntable on a cbarga of unlawful connection with the woman who had panaad lor hin wife He ?u nubseiiuently diecharged from euaLody altogether. The annual exhibition at the Hamilton College took place on Thurnday from the effect* of a late ntorni the flideau river waa greatly nwollen. and conniderahle dentruetlon of property the connequence Tha dam at Frenrh'n mill*, Burrltta Itapidn, wan carried away, an wan a portion of tha eanal dam above it. During the ntorra the lightning killed neveral head of cattle for a farmer named Bona, reatdtug about iwo iniit-<t iroin smun ft ran* A part of the canal ha* given way at Nicholson's dam, M mile* from King Dtoii. which it la thought it will take four or flvs weeks to repair. Two bovs, named <>rln and Osorg* f; healer, wsr* arreted a few day* since on charge uf robbing the mall between t'hillcoths and Athens, Ohio. The Laehinc canal was expected to tie open on the 30th ult Heauharnoi* csnsl. In consequence of the accumulation of ice at the entrance, It is thought will not be open for some day* to conn Lake Ht Kriinei*. although not entirely free of lee, is navigable, a* the Highlander we* to leave < oteau du Lao yesterday morning for i ornwall She will probable not he able to proceed farther uy. however, as ths Long Sit ult canal is not yet open, kingtton ~1rgui, Jtjrll 10 It Is said that tbo writ of sequestration granted against Lhe busqucbanuah and Tide Hater t anal Company, tome three week* 'luce, lias been vacated, and const tuently the company are again In full poeeaeion of all heir property. Political and Personal. The Rhode Island Legislature met at Newport on Tuesday W'ui H. Patten, of I'rovidenee, was unanlitously eleeled Speaker of the House Messrs Lames id l.arued were rs-elseted clerks At the election In U'llmiagton. on Tuesday last, the cinocrat* in three war<ls elected all their candidate*; ri the fourth ward the whig* elected their* The demoratlc majority ls an average of over fid. Daniel YVehetrr and lady arrived at Italeigh. N. < ..on aturday last A public dinner was offered Mr. W.. but ther engagements forced him to decline Its acceptance. Dr Kdward I'. Scott I* nominated to fill the vacancy ocasloned by the death of Oen Drouigoole, of Virginia. >r Scott hae been for several years President of the Monte of Virginia. The Harritburg Ttltgraf>k has placed the nam* of ieu Scott at the head of It* columns as a candidate fur lie Presidency. A iluiKi INS. rlIK lar**at aaaortrnmi in tli* city i? to H* found at th* ( liathain ?irrrt Utwir. U Chatham itntt; and, if iron ant to act oil*, 'hat lath* plac* to buy it, u *T*ry inatrumrni warranted in perfect tun* and order. Tn*y alao har# a a*w alrumrnt, called llir Mutiny, reavmbliuglhe Aceordton with ir t'Mi* of a tint*. Th*ir Aerordrotu Tarv in price from M mil to K> dollar*. Call, naming and inair fur your**|r*y. crordeon tanylit, tuned and rapatrad. Don't foni*t th? nam r?Vi C.halliam. onfloair* I liamhera afreet. all lm*? ^ W Hk.l.l) k ( O., No. 9 Hurling !t|ii>, orfef lur J aal* a tare* aaaoitmrnt of Print inc. Writinf, Wrapping, iardwar* Lnrelope, Mauping, and colored l'ap*r. Paper of any ma or quality mad* to ord*r. Tli* htgheat market pricea paid in c.iah lor raja, bailia. ale rop* ruttinga, (nun) ImfKin^. *ra?a rop* cauraa*. and all tli*r kind* of Paper Manufacturer ? atock, by I \ Rl H VV. HKI.D It CO., a!7 lm*r No 9 Burling MHp. N T. LI iOki-^ir Dry Honth*n Hul*a, no* landin*. per Brig H kranc*. V. Back. f,om Ap.l.d^U, a^d^m'e by my I M and ?7 Naaaan atraat. r>KIM f: X I N h V K 1 1 < nirria ol I'AI'i It H *NU I |NOB No I'll'. I I- rauklw S,nar* Wlnda-aal* j arthaaera will Bad tlicm-elycr InIIV r*man?rat*d for calling abo.r befara b*i iag tMlmm't

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