Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1847 Page 1
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THI Vol. DO. Wo. 14U?Whole Wo. #T'46. THE OASAT BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO. HIGHLY INTERESTIWB DETAILS. The Courage and Skill of the American Troops. GREAT LOSS OF LIFE. die., ?SLc., Jms. SPECIAL DESPATCH TO THE NEW YORK HERALD. New Ori.eani, April 80, 1847. The (Jutted States steamer McKim, Captain Pilsbury. has this moment arrived from Vera Cruz, whence she sailed on the -41st inst. at 2 o'clock, P. M. By this arrival. there has been received the glorious news of ono of the most briUtnnt victories ever achieved by American arms, which took place on the lBth and 19th Instant, at I a place called Cerro Oordo, about 46 miles from Vera Out, ou the Jalapa road. Mr. John Parrott. late United States consul at Mazatlon.ntme on board the McKlm, and is bearer ofGonoral Scott's official despatches to the government, giving a full detail of the unparalleled success which attended our arms at Cerro Gordo. An hour before the MoKIm got under weigh at Vera Crui, Generals Vega and Jarero, two of the five Generals taken prisoners at Cerro Gordo, wlthsizteen other subordinate officers,who declined their parole, arrived at Vera Cruz, and presented themselves to Qev. Wilson. I send you an extra of the Vera Crus Eagle, giving snin" particulars of the battle, handed me by Mr. Parrott. The hero of Luudy's Lane, Bridgewater, and Chippewa. after more than a quarter of a century's repose under the shades of peace, has lost uono of his original fire ?on the contrary, Uko the comet, he has broken out, as it were, in another hemisphere, and the farther he recedes from us, the more brilliantly he will shine. With such men as Scott, Taylor and Worth, at tho head of our army, the nation ean look forward with confidence to a series of uuparalleled successes. By this arrival, there are no rumors whatever of peaoe, but much said about the probability of a military occupation of the whole of that country. So bo it. THE TATTLE OK CEflBO miKM, [From the Vera Crui Caglo, AprllM. 1 At 13 o clock, yesterday, the 16th of Aprlf, the Mexican forces, or rather a great proportion of them, surrendered to our arms. Our prisoners comprise five generals. a vast number of subordinate officers, and about 6000 soldiers. About U o'clock, a part of the division under Oen. Twiggs succeeded In carrying the height of Cerro Gordo, and the enemy at once came to a parley, which led to a surrender of all the troops, with their armB. excent the commander-in-chief, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, who succeeded, oe usual, in effecting his escape, and that of the entire Mexican cavalry, numbering somewhere near SOili) men. The positions oocupied by the enemy, were as strong ns {nature, combined with art, could make them, and could you but see them whilst reading these lines, you woiild'ivonder at their surrender The Cerro Gordo, the most prominent of the defences, commands the Jalapu road for two or three miles, and a heavy battery here, in the hands of skilful men, would keep an army in check for many a day, if not entirely prevent its passage. The importance of this point was soon made apparent to all, end last night, about twelve o'clock, a piece of cannon was hauled upon a neighboring eminence, which, after sendiug sundry shot upon the enemy, was found of little avail; and in the morning the Cerro Gordo was stormed and carried?not, however, before the commander-inchief of the Mexicans had secured himself a safe retreat, by falling back, with his body-guard, several miios upon the Jalnpa road. Iu the mean time, the other defences were being stormed by our troops. Three forts, situated nearer to our camp, and upon three heights adjacent to each other?each commanding the others?were the objects of altuck ; ami the carrying of them was the task of the volunteers. Tho centre one of these forts runs further iu than the others, aud this being the object of storm, I Cue advance of the stormors had to undergo the tire of the right and loft, and the centre?the latter of which iiradcutly withheld its Are until our men had advanced vnth'.u forty yards of the guns, and then the dogs of war were let loose with such fury, that our men were driven from their position, with great slaughter?the seeoud Tennesteaas, who were in advance, having a large number of killed and wounded. Before the volunteers had time to renew the attack, the enemy hnd surrendered? driven, as they had been, from their favorite position on Cerro Gordo. Taking all things into consideration, this has been a great fight, and a great victory?one calculated to shine brilliantly in the chapter of those achieved in Mexico by our arms. The Mexican forces on the height ?f Cerro Gordo, were the 3d and 4th light infantry, the 3d and 6th regiments of the line, and (1 pieces of artillery, with tho requisite number of cavalry. Col. Obando, chief of artillery, was killed, and Gen. Vasques, general of division. Maay of our officers wero of opinion thut this General was no othor than Gov. Morales. Our force consisted of the lid, 3d and 7th infantry and mounted riflemen, and Steptoe's battery. Capt. Mason, of the Rifles, was severely wounded, having lost his left 'eg. Lieut. Kwell, of the 7th infantry, was severely wounded. Capt. Fatten, of the 3d. left hand shot off. On the 18th, Lieut. J arris, of tho !i(l infantry, was wounded in ascending the first hill. unuiuiupui win i Krrii ?.?oruo, me scene IM iruiy horrible. From the Jalupa road, dead bodies of the ene my oonld be seen on every spot where the eye waa direct ed, until they literally covered the accent to the height. There Is about half an aero of level ground on the top of the mountain, and here was collected together the wounded of both armies, and the dead of our own. Side by side were lying the disabled American and the Mexlcau, and our surgeons were busy amputating and dressing the wounds of each?lotting them in turns, unless the acate pain of some sufferer further along caused him to cry out. when he would be immediately attended to. The pioneer partios of our men were picking up the wounded and briuging them in from every part of the ascent to the height. From the side towards the river, where the storming party of (Jen. Twiggs' division made the charge, most of our men suffered, and many of the enemy, also, for they made a desperate stand ; but when they gave wav, and started in confusion down the hill, was the time they most suffered, many of them receiving the balls of our men in their backs. The charge on Cerro Oordo was one of those cool yet determined ones so characteristic of the American soldier. From the time that our troops left the hill nearest that prominent height the Are was incessant, and they had to fight their way foot by foot, till they gained the summit, from whioh place the enemy gave way after a very short resistance. Our victory is complete. Those of the enemy who escaped were driven in all directions by their pursuers, and many of them cut down on the road. Oeu. Twiggs, who followed them after taking Cerro Oordo, approached within three miles of Jalapa, and finding, no force of the enemy, encamped for the night, lie is in the town before this time. Capt. Merrill, of the 'Id dragoons, returned from Twiggs' camp last night, and is or opinion that nothing but a small body guard is with Hanta Anna. Santa Anna's private carriage was captured, and amongst his effects was found the sum of $18,000. which is now in the hands of the quartermaster, and an additional leg of cork for his Lxoelionoy's use in case of emergency I notice one effleer of the enemy shot through the head on Cerro Gordo, who wae a conspicuous man at Vera Crux. , Gen. La Vega, who it again In our clutches, looked as dashing and tine as ever. He did not eeem the least disconcerted, but rode in from the battle field by the side efGen. Scott, laughing and talking ss though h# was oncp more on his way to New Orleans Gen. Shields was mortal! v wounded, and I bear this morning that ha is dead lie behaved most gallantly, and his mishap is deeply deplored. Oen. Pillow waa wounded in the ?rm. but slightly Major Sumner, of thn 9d drtgooni, wan shot in the head, but is considered out of danger. The force of the MMicas*, at the lowest. I* act down at 1'1.000. The officers of the Mexican army are being paroled whllat I write thla. and with their aoldiera arc being aent about their bnalneaa?our commander being of opinion that ho can whip them eaaler than feed them. The general* will be aent to New Orleana ; among them you will hare the aecond appearance of La Vega, he having refuaed again to he paroled. The second In command to Santa Anna la a man aa black aa the ace of apadea, wi% a name lomething like Stlnton All Santa Anna'* plate waa taken, and hi* dinner, cooked for yeatcrday, eaten by our own officer*. I am sorry to aay that lien*. Patteraon aud Smith were both conllned to their bed* by alckneaa, and were unable to go into the light* with their command*. [From the New Orleana Delta, May 1.) The enemy, finding theinaelTea unable to cope with onr aoldiera in the open Held, and diitruatlng thn wall* of l heir citira and house* aa defence* against our shall* and ennnon. by the preconcarted determination of the goveminent, resolved to changa their mode of conducting the war. to fortify all the difficult posse* of the oountry, and to make strong opposition to tha passage of our army at every point susocptlble of a defence. In pursuance of this new plan of operations, Santa Anna left the capital with a force of near ten thousand troops. Intending to unite with La Vega; nnd with strong reinforcement* of the National Ouard. and the rabble (jitrorhirla) of Pucbla and other town* on tho route, to take position at a strong pus* called Ccrro Oordo, and there give our nvniy battle A stronger position could not have been selected The road jeads through a precipitous ridge, whence the uam? of " Cerro tiordo," or wldo ridge Bef,>re nod around this ridge, on the road to Vera Cruz, are steep hill*, which the enemy had strongly fortified ?ktli shout 11 heavy guns, and a force which, at the lowest estimate, must have been at luoet 10,000. Three fort?, commanding the road for mile*, had first to he earM 5 NE1 N ried before the Cerro could be attacked ' The hills were covered and the batteries strongly supported bra large force of Santa Anna's beet infantry On the other eide of the pans. Santa Anna himself was stationed with 3000 cavalry?a position assumed either to cut off the retreat of his men, or to facilitate bis own. The battle opened with an attack upon an advanced post strongly fortified, of the enemy. This was handsomely done by the vanguard of General Twiggs, under the command of Major Sumner?General Smith being unfortunately 111. The new aud splendid regiment of Monnted Riflemen took the lead, and, under a heavy shower of grape and musketry, drove the enemy from their position. Our loss in this affair was heavy. Major Sumner was wounded in the head, and several other officers were badly wounded. When our troops had occupied this position, the enemy made a feint of attacking them, but after a great parade retired to their strong defences. After this, the enemy kept up an incessant fire on our lines, but without effect. The next day. (IBth.) the buttle was opened in earnest, and by a succession of brilliant charges, under Generals Twiggs. Shields. Pillow and Worth, all the various forts and defences were severally carried at the point of the bayonet. the enemy totallv routed, and 6,1X10 of them taken prisoners, together with most of their Generals, and all their baggage and munitions; General Santa Anna narrowly escaped on a mule, taking some by-path through the chaparral. lie was closely followed by his Secretary of War. Gen. Canaltxo, who, for his great reputed bravere >! (V.r . Inn. #!.? l.f II General Vasquel, who commanded tha corps de reserve at Buena Vista, was killed. This officer bad a high reputation for gallantry and military kuowledge. He 1 was a Spaniard, who was somewhat distinguished in the Spanish service. Other Mexican officers were killed, but most of them were takon prisoners. Among these are General I(errera. the ex-President; General Jaroro and De la Vega?the former accepted his parole; the latter preferred to enjoy the hospitalities of the good citizens of New Orleans, and will oome hither soon with a large force of subordinate officers, who have, perhaps, heard of the pleasures and quietude of life in New Orleans. This signal achievement has not been gained without a heavy loss on our part. Several valuable officers have been lost, many have been badly wounded, and a large body of the rank and (lie were strewed over the fluid and along the clifTs and deflles of this difficult pass. The total of our killed and wounded will not. perhaps, exceed 30tf. Among the former we fear we shall have to include the name of the gallant and popular Gen. Shields. He fell mortally wounded, shot through the lungs, whilst leading his brigade against one of the enemy's forts.? Gen. Pillow, too, was wounded in the advance of his Soble Tenncsseeans, butsucoeeded in gloriously carrying re point attacked by him. The following is a list of the officers killed and wounded :? (rounded ?Generals Shields and Pillow; Major Sumner. of the rifles; Capt. Mason; Lieuts Maury, Gibbs. Davis, F.well, and McLone, of the riflos; Lieut. Jarvis. of dd infantry; Liout. Darby, top. engineers; Lt. Dana, 7th infantry; Capt. Patten, 'id infantry. Among the volunteers the killed aud wounded are as follows :? Killed.?I,louts. Nelson and Gill, of Col. Haskell's Tennessee regiment. IFbutided.?Lieut. Col. Cummlng. slightly; Major Karquharson, of Texas, severely; Lieut, ilaile, severely; Lieut. Win. Yearwood, mortally; Lieut. Forest, slightly; Capt. Murray, severely; George Sutherland, (Ky. volunteers,) severely. Pi.an dei. Rio, Mexico, April 10, 1847. Gen. Twiggs' division of the army reached this place on Sunday last, and Gen Patterson's on Monday evening. Both are now encamped here in a delightful valley. on the banks of the Panna del Rio, or River of tha Plain, awaiting the arrival of Gen. Worth's division, and General Quitman's brigade of tho Alabama. Georgia and South Carolina volunteers. General Scott arrived last evening, and we anticipate in a few days a bard battle. Tho Mexicans, to the number of from Li.000 to 16,000 men, with Gen. Vega, if not Santa Anna himself, at their head, are strongly fortified about three miles in our advance, and appear to be constantly engaged in making their position, if possible, still stiouger. They have several batteries planted, and if they do not make a desperate stand when attacked, they must be a greater set of cowards than 1 have yet supposed them. On Sunday a portion ofJTwiggs' division, who had been sent out reconnoitring, were tired upon by the enemy, Captain Johnson, of the engineer corps, receiving several dangerous wounds, with grape shot. Several Mexicans are known to have been killed. We are dally taking prisoners, anil I regret to say they are treated more liko friends than deadly foes. Col. Harney, of the dragoons, is the boy to deal with these cowardly scoundrels. Our present force here is not over 6,000 men. including 8teptoe's>|yall's, and the howitzer batteries. The Sappers and *\ltaeru(o busil^ngaged In cutting roads, and when our ^tteVe^*>,.eWeted. wo shall give them ''particular flts/mo uV^^il#3fc>hrase. We are fifty-seven ra fikyft. anlMhirty inrcu iruui juia|ia. i iib uvviavw in riCfl Ut^icny, 1111 < 1 only neecli labor to make it the moot lovely npotn upon the globe. Everything is going to de?gy.,and the people are the most indolent I ever saw. Several volunteers have been wounded or killed in our inarch from Vera Cruz, having lagged too far behind the main body.ji.lt was, I assure you. hard work to the men while marching, and many a poor fellow dropped upon the road from complete exhaustion. We had quite a dash of rain last evening, acoompanied with some sharp lightning and loud thunder. Most of the men are compelled to lie out exposed to all. We are hourly expecting the arrival of Gen. Worth's division, with Duncan's battery and some ten-inch mortars. Orders were given on Monday night for an attack upon the enemy at at 3 o'clock the next evening, but fortunately for our little army they were attcrwards countermanded. I understand them to have emanated through Generals Twiggs and Pillow, the latter intending to rely entirely upon the bayonet, so far as his brigade was conoerned! Gen. Patterson interposed and prevented what otherwise would have been a great sacrifice of life. The Mexicans. I have said before, aro a cowardly set of rascals. They attack our men when they have three times their number, and after having killed one or two. invariably run. This morning three of tho Tennessee Rifle Guard, attached to tho 2d regiment, named Thomas Stan bach. Stevens and Thomas Patrick, were out at a small ranche a few miles from camp, when they were attacked by some thirty Mexicans Stanbach was riddled in some twelve ?r twenty places, and died soon after being brought to camp. He was a young man. belonged to Memphis and is represented as haviDg been a bravo ?nd generous fellow. Stevens snd Patrick, It Is feared, bare shared a still more sad end, as they have not yet been heard from. Samuel MeKee, of Lick Creek. Illinois, attached to the 4tb regiment, was killed yesterday by the accidental discharge of his gun, while drawing a load, and John Williams was dangerously wounded at the same time. John Robinson, of ('apt. Cass' Tennessee Cavalry, had his left thigh broken this afternoon, by a musket ball fired by a Mexican, while the former was engaged in guarding a wagon train, some six miles from camp Jljtril 17.?(Jen. Worth's division arrived last night.? Duncan's battery Is with him, as are also two long 71's two 33's and one 18-pound howitzer. A portion of our troops move at 8 o'clock this morning. The hall will soon open. Ten regiments move together. All have orders to hold themselves in readiness at a moment's call. Aran. 17, 4>i P. M.?Twiggs has engaged with the enemy, and a brisk cannonading and musketry fire has been kept up for near two hours. Already one of their batteries has been silenced by Col. Harney, who Is in command of the mounted (now dismounted) rifles, and 7th Infantry. A number of Mexican prisoners havo been taken, and many of the enemy killed. I regrot to state that Lieut. Julian May was slightly wounded. At tho time he was in command of a company of the Rifles. Several of our men are reported killed, and many wounded. " Old Dan," as the bovs call Twiggs, Is giving it to Santa Anna in fine style. The enemy aro well supplied with ammunition and provisions. Pi.an del Rio. April 18. The American army, under Oen. Scott, hue just achieved another great victory over the Mexican forcei under Oen. Santa Anna. The fight waa fairly commenced yosterday by Oen. Twiggs nnd Col. Harney, and concluded about noon to-day by Oen. Worth and Oen. Patterson's division!. The enemy could not havn had less than 16.000 fighting men. while our force was not over 13,000. The Dositiou of the Mexican! was one of the strongest imaginable, and our brave troops had a 'hard task to perform in routing them. They were entrenched upon several large heights, upon which no less than seven batteries were planted, mounting 34 guus in all. One by ono they ftll into our hands At about 10 o'clock, a charge was made at several points by the regulars, the two Tennessee, and two Pennsylvania regiments, which, for a time, was strongly opposed by the Mexicans, who fought desperately ; but finally their trumpet sounded a retreat, and away went Santa Anna and the larger portion of his army as If ' Old Nick" himself wss after them ! Not so, however, with Oen. La Vega, and 6000 of his command, including four other Oenerals, all of which surrendered, and are now prisoners of war In camp, with all their arms, ammunition. An., Ac. Oeneral Santa Anna, 1* his retreat, was so hotly pursued by Col. Ilarnev. who had command of the 7th Infantry and Mounted Rifles, that hs was forced to leave his splendid carriage, trunks, some <70,000 In silver, and ono of his eork legs They are also in camp, and attract much attention, and cause no little merriment. Our loss in killed and wounded is severe, while that of the enemy must be very great. Among those killed and wounded on our side, i regret to mention the name of Oen. Shields, who fell mortally wounded at an early hour in the day. The victory, in short, is a brilliant one, and adds another bright page to tho annals of our country's history. I have not time to wrlto more?all did their duty nobly, and all share alike In the gb>ry of the day. I annex the names of some of the killed nnd wounded, among the volunteers, as far as they reached me :? Killed?2d Tennessee Regiment, under Col. Haskell.? Lleuts. GIU nnd F. B. Nelson; Sergeants H 8 Bynum and Brown; privates George Keenev, Wn, O Strip linn. Fleming Will lame, F.phralm Price, C. A. Sam peon, Samuel Fiord, Robert Kernan,Thomaa Griffin Killed?Kentucky Volunteers.?Corporal Win. F. Elk'.ne; Wm. Durham Wounded?let Pennnylranla Regiment.?John Linbart, Lindecy. Wounded?3d I'nnneylranla Regiment.?Jacob 81nione, mortally, Edward Cruee, Thomae llann, John Chamlor?all of Philadelphia Rangera?Jamca Shaw, Abraham Rowlan. Wm Wllhelm, Fred. Somere. Wounded 3d Tcnnaanwn Regiment.?Brig (leneral Pillow, rery altghtly; Lieut. Col. Cummlnge; Major Robert Farquhareon. (of let regiment;) (Captain Murray; Lieut. Yoewood; Lieut. W. P. Halle; prlratee t Knee. BenJ. O. Ham, Jonaa M. Wood*, George Dearmond, Wm. England, Rlehard L. Bobanan. John Onntor, Al W YO EW YORK, MONDAY M< fred llattan. L. W. Fusaell, Wm. WhittinKdon, John Rurrowi, Charles Johnson. tieorge A. Smith, Alonzo White, Francis Bibb. M. Brewer. IVounded?Kentucky Volunteer*?Lieut. Sutherland; Sergeant Allan T. Mockabee; privates Henry Brewer. Minor T. Siuitb, Henry Williams, Joab Langaton, Whitimore Keith. Many of the above are mortally wounded. What disposition ia to be made of the prlaonera I know not. 1 truat they will not be permitted to march out. as at Vera Cruz. We shall push on to-morrow towards Jnlnpa. P. 8 ? President Herrera ia also a prisoner, and with <>eneral La Vega goes to the United Stutss. The other prisoners, in a duy or two. will he seut to Vera Cruz under a stroug guard, of which tlio two Tennessee and 4ud Pennsylvania regiments are a part. in my walk through camp 1 have counted 134 wound fu jMTHuii.-i i unucmuiuu muuy ui mu umriTM uru iu be permitted to return home again upon, their parol* of honor. Pi.au del Hio, April 19?3 P. M. 1 have the mortlflcutiou to announce that ex-Preildent llerrera. and the other three Mexican generals, with the balance of the officer*, hare been discharged by General Scott, upon their parole of honor, and are now on their march to Jalapa or some where else?no doubt to oppose the progress of our gallant army, and give us another fight. General La Vega refused to accept the parole, und goes prisoner to the U nited States. This move is deemed bv General Scott prudent and wis*, particularly when the expense of transporting such a body of men is considered. I will only udd, universal dissatisfaction reigns iu camp. Vera Cauz. April JO, 1847. I have only tlm# to Inform you that the Mexican officers who were captured at Corro Gordo. and who were not released on parole, have arrived hero. They have expressed a wish to be transferred to New Orleans, and are to be placed under such restrictions as the commander or that post may deoni necessary; General Scott. I understand, allowing them the option of remaining prisoners io the Castle at this place, or being sent to New Orleans. 'I hey very sensibly preferred the latter arrangement. They will probably leave hero in the steninship New Orleans, on or about the 3.1th init. The following Is a list of a portion of those capturod, some of whom have been let off on parole : Gen. Hcrrera, ex-President of Mexico; Rotnulo d* la Vega. Brig Gen.; Jose Maria Jarero. Brig. Gen.; Jose dc Lastor Bras y Seller, Lt. Col. Bat. d* la l.ibertad; Jose Maria Gallegos, com. Grenadiers; Jose Nunez, ( apt. 6th lleg. Infantry; Jose Maria Moreno, ( apt; 6th Hog. Infantry; Gregorio del Callejo, ( apt. 6th Reg. Infantry; P. Ruiz y Uarnnda. ("apt. Mexican Navy, com. artillery; Vlcento Arguellea. Capt. Art.; Jose Maria .Mata, Capt.; Silrtrio Velez, Ald-uu-Camp to Gen. La Vega; Krancisco Fernandez, 1st Lieut. Mex. Navy; Mariano Camucho, 1st Lieut. Art.; Uartolomc Amuble. 3d Lieut. Art ; Jose K. Cobarrubias, 3d Lieut. Art.; Kufuid do Bcrrabidas. 3d Lieut. 6th Reg. Infantry Passengers?Per ship American, from vera Cruz. 2fi officers aud 139 discharged volunteers, of the Pennsylvania, Tennessee and South Carolina Regiments. Per schooner Blanche E. Sayrc. from Vera Crus.?Capt. j Thoe. 8. Baker. Capt. A. Williamson, I.icut. Thos. A. Rowley of tho volunteers, Lieut. Win. It. TroviUa of the volunteers, Mr. Wm. Black, and 7a sick and disabled vovolunteers. Crane Goano, April 19, 1817. Another victory has been achieved?a glorious one? and whilst I pen these lines I can llfCmy eyes from the t I,I. .....I tl. ..I. .1... ?? ? "? < "? ?.U?HUJ who are prisoners to our arm*. About 12 o'clock to-day, after our troops had carried by storm the heights of C.erro (iordo, the cneuiy raised the white (lag. and in a few minutes after were inarching to our camp?all but Santa Anna and his caralry?prisoners to the American arms. The force of the cucmy upon the height was near 2000 men, comprising the 3d and 4th light infantry, the 3d, 4th and 0th infantry of the line, and artillery men enough to work a battery of six guns. The force that charged and drove them from their position, were the mounted riflemen, the 2d, 3d, and 7th infantry, and a section of Sleploe's battery, playing from an adjacent height. The volunteer force uttackcd a fert of the enemy, near to our camp, about 10 o'clock, and were repulsed with great loss in killed and wounded?tho 2d regiment of Tennessee infantry sustaining the major part. The entrance to this fort was protected by the guns of two others in the vicinity, which continued to pour in a cross Are until our men reached witbiu fifty steps of the breastwork, and then tho principal object of attack? the central one?let off their guns, charged with grape, and our men were fairly swept off bv the balls. The charge was not renewed, as the capitulation was effected too soon after to recommence the attack. The Mexicans surrendered to us live general officers ? amongst whom was La Vega?and about Ave thousand other officers and ineu. All but the general officers are siguing their paroles whilo 1 write this. The loss in killed and wounded on our sldo is somewhere near 250, whilst that of the enemy will treble that. (Jen. Twiggs pursued tho retreating eomiuander to wMHa three miles of Jalapa. where, all trace of his flMt being idk sight of, our forces halted for the night, au'<o>rebably wuit (ntaJalapa this morning (Jen. Shields 3^* martin^ wounded. (Jon. Pillow slightly, Maj. SunLier CMrmiDn severely, aud a number of otJiers^Biose namTSl havb. not time to enumerate, but will giv?full particulars hereafter. So thorough has been our victory, that it will be impossible for the enemy to concentrate his forces for some length of time. lien. Scott, with the whole force now here, except 2d Tcunessceans, will leave in a few hours for Julapa, from which place you will receive my next. (Jen. Vasquex and acolonel of artillery were killed by our troops whilst charging the height at Ccrro (Jordo. [From the New Orleans Picayune. May 1.] Pi.in oki. Rio, April 16?Kvening. I And all excitement aud bustle here. Tho Mexicans, under Santa Anna, are occupying a chain of works along the road, the nearest of which U about a mile and a quarter from <ion Scott's headquarter* In a direct line. The road thi* fide 1* cut up and barricaded, and every possible mean* of defence and annoyanoe ha? boon resorted to. Beyond tho flr*t work there are three *r four other*, completely commanding the gorge through which the road to Jalapa run*?tlieee fortification* on hill*, and rising *o a* to defend one another. It is thought that Santa Anna ha* 'JO.OOO men with him-the lowest estimate give* him l.'i.OOO?and with these he ha* 34 piece* of field artillery, beside* some 14 heavy eannon In position. Home of the prisoner* and deserters from the enemy's camp even place higher estimates, both a* to the number of men and gun*. To turn these different work* a road ha* been partially cut ^through the rough ground and chaparral to the right; and although the reconnoisanoo is as yet imperfect, it is still thought that a point near the enemy's farthest work can be reaohed. (Jen. Twiggs, with his division, Is to march at H o'clock to-morrow morning by tho uew road, and on the following rooming it is thought the attack will commence on the work* on this side. If <>en. Twiggs succeed* in reaching the rear of Santa Anna, and he will uso every exertion, I do not see what is to save him. lie is generally fox enough to havo plenty of holes out of which to escape, however, and from tne great difficulty of reconnoltering his position fully, he may 'have some means of escape here. The general Impression now in camp is. that this is to be the great battle of the war; and the immense natural strength of Santa Anna's works would justify the belief. Tho Mexicans are more on the alert than they have evsr been before, and more bold in throwing out their pickets. Not a party csn go near their works without being fired upon, and yesterday a soldier of the 7th infantry fell with no less than seven bullet* in hi* body It i* naid that .Aimonto is with Santa Anna, a* also all the principal generals of the country. The wound* of t'apt. Johnson are doing well. I regret to state that (ion. P. K. Smith is confined to his bed ?utterly unable either to rido or walk. Ho has a violent inflammation of tho right ankle and knee, resembling erysipelas, which, from neglecting several days when he Hlioulii have remained in hii cot, bu finally compelled him to lay up. [From the Now Orloani Times, May 1.] Vr.RA Cm.*. April 30. The Quartermaster ha* detained the McKim to await the arrival of (Jen. La Vega and hie fellow primmer*, who ere expected during the night, and I am consequently enabled to add a few remarks to the hasty accounts heretofore written for transmission by th* (ienural Veseyand MeKlm. lam sorry to learn that Captain O. W. Patton, the poet, bad hi* left hand shot off In th* aetlon. affairs in fkra cecz. (From the Vera Crue ICagle, April '40.1 The Kngllsh Royal Mall steamship L)ee. arrived her* yesterday afternoon from the Havana, making the passage In 101 houra, bound for Tampico. She is now at anchor a short distance to the N. W of the Castle of S. .luande Ulna. She will leave at lOo'olook this morning. She had 34 passengers for Vera Crus, and has 4 for Tampic*. We were told last evening that there wero botwocn a thousand and twelve hundred sick soldiers In the hospital at this place, but that the deaths were comparatively fcw Many of these men are completely prostrated, worn down with disease, and the nature ol the climate is such as to make a rhange absolutely nscessary to bring them up again To enable them effectually to recover, discharges ii- o given in every ease where the certificate of the physician to that effect is given. Several hundreds have already been sent home, and we notice too, many of the volunteer officers are retiring from service because of ill health. The United States sloop-of-war Decatur arrived at Vera Crux on the 13th, ten days from I'cnsacola. She has dropped down to Anton Ll/.ardo Our market Is pretty well supplied with vegetables, and in fact, evsry thing In the eating line is Incoming quite plenty. Where th* American merchant is suffered to go, there Is no such thing as - scarcity in the land." Mni-.rn?nt ? It A 111. ,.f Ir.nl.l.n. volunteer*. ha* been appointed poet ma*ter of thl* elty We are gratified with thl* appointment, a* we believe Mr. Alll* to be an attentive man to bi* bu?lnee?, of whatever nature, and active In the di*oharg* of bi* duties.? The poet office 1* located in the cu*tom bout* building, or rather that portion of It (now occupied by the quarter maeter) which I* on the right, when paaetng from the f'laxa to the Mole The Phoealz company of Loulelana volunteer* ha* been transferred from the elty quarter* to tho castle of ban Juan de Ulua. W# heard of conelderablo Injury don# to the shipping, by the norther of yeaterday morning?It. having lucre need from one until Ave, when It waa about it* height A vessel wa* blown aehora. although apparently eafely moored, near the castle Hhe reached the beaeh about half a mile 8.K. of the elty. It grlovea u* to learn, that when hurt heard from, Oen Patterson oontlnued too U1 to assume tha command of hli division of tbs army. "JRK B 3RNING, MAY 10. 1847. One company of the South Carolina regiment, accotn- i panied by the Georgia and Alabama regiment*, left here < y sterday atternoon. post haute for the interior. We I presume the remainder of the Tennessee Cavalry will be i the nest that "will leave this place, they only waiting * the arrival of some horse equipage, left at Taiuplco. The i horses belonging to this flue body of men have arrived i in line condition. < The flue revolving light, belonging to the castle of Man t Juan de I'liia. we are rejoiced to be able to say. has I been restored by our Indefatigable and polite collector. I Mr. Diwoud. AKKAIRS I.N THE CITY OK MEXICO. [From the New Orleans Picayune. May 1] We are in possession of flies of papers from the city of 1 Mexico to the 0th of April. We learn that Gen. Morales, who so gallantly defended Vera Cruz, nnd Gen Lamlero. who signed the capitulation. were both immediately put under arrest by Santa 1 Anna and ordered to Guanajuato. In the city of Mexico civil order appears to roign, but the tone of the papers breathes nothing but vengeance towards the Uuited States. The exploits of Gens ITrrea and Romero In cutting off our mule trains between Cerralvo and Monterey, ufford occasion for congratulation to the Mexicans, which is eagerly embraced. It isabout all the consolation they have left thera They counted with all confldence, both In the city of Mexico and in Vera Cruz, upon whipping us at Cerro Gordo. Their confldence has begun to waver ere this. The papers announce tho death of the widow of the illustrious Guerrero at an advanced age. She died on the 7th of April. The government organ donles that General Parcdes is seeking in Paris the interposition of tho French government. i in- nunjrri ) agmu a glim mi 01 removing me seat or I government from the city of Mexioo. SANTA ANNA'S OPINION OF TIIK MEXICAN WAR, jlntonio Lopes de Santa Jin mi, President ad interim of the. MeTicun Republic, fo hit eompatrioti: Mexicans Vera Crux is already in the power of the enemy. It has succumbed?not under the influence of American valor, nor can it even he said that it has fallen under the impulses of their good fortuno. To our shame be it said, we ourselves have produced this deplorable misfortune by our own interminable discords. The truth is dun to you from the go rem met?you are the arbiters of the fate of our country. If our country is to be defendod. it will be you who will stop the triumphant march of the enemy who now occupies Vera Cruz. If the enemy advance one step more, tbe national independence will lie buried in the abyss of the past. I am resolved to go out and encounter tho enemy.? What is life worth, ennobled by the national gratitude, if tho country suffers under a censure the stain of which will rebound upon the forehead of every Mexican ? My duty is to sacrifice myself, and I well know how to fulfil it! Perhaps the American hosts may proudly tread tho imperial capital of Aztuca. I will never witness such an opprobrium, fur I aui decided first to die fighting! The momentous crisis has at length arrived to the Mexican Republic. It is as glorious to die fighting, as It la infamous to declare ourttlf conquered without a itruqgle, and by au enemy whose rapacity is as far removed from valor as from generosity. Mexicans! you have a religion?protoct it! You have honor?then free yourselves from infamy ! You love your wives, your children? then liberato them from American brutality ! But it must be by action?not by vain entreaty nor barren desires, with which the enemy must be opposed. The national cause is infinitely just, although God appears to hnve deserted us; but His ire will be appeased when we present, as au expiation of our errors, the sentiments of true patriotism uud of n sincere union. Thus the Almighty will bless our efforts, and we will be invincible! for against the decision of eight millions of Mexlcaus, of what avail are tho efforts of eight or ton millions of Americans, when opposed by the fiat of Divine Justioe. Perhaps I speak to you for the last time ! I pray you listen tome! Do not vacillate between death aud bravery; and if tho enemy conquer you, at least they will respect the heroism of your resistance. It is now time that the ooramou delcnco should alone occupy your thoughts! The hour of sacriflcu has souuded its approach! waken! A tomb opens at your feet! Conquer a laurel to repose on it. Tho nation has not yet lost its vitality?I swear to you I will answer for the triumph of Mexico, if unanimous and sincere desires on your part second my desires. Happy will hare been, a thousand times happy the unfortunate event at Vera Cruz, if the destruction of that city may have served to infuse into the Mexican breast tbe dignity and the generous ardor of a true patriotism! Thus will the country have been indubitably saved; but ir tu? country succumb, she will bequeath her opprobrium and her censure to those egotists who woro not ready to defend her?to those who traitorously pursued their private turmoils to trample upon the national banner! Mexicans! your fate is the fate of the nation' Not the Americans, but rou, will decide her destiny! Vera C rug calls for vengeance?follow me, and wash out the stain of her dishonor! ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. Mkiico, March 31, 1847. ' AFFAIRS IN TAMPICO. [From the New Orleans Picayune, May 1.] The Perfect arrived yesterday from Tampico, having galled on the 18th nit. She brings no nows of the least Sj*'tma Sentinel wo find a letter from Capt. Heady, of tnw Ktlmucky cavalry, who with sevanteeu men. was taken prisoner in January last. It was written from the city of Mexico in the month of March, but the day is not mentioned. It vindicates himself and command from the charge of having boon surprised at a fandango, where they were drinking. There is nothing true in the charge. ARMY. The requisition lately made upon Louisiana for anew volunteer force, calls for seven companies?flvo of infautry and two of mounted riflemen. The infantry companies are to bo eighty strong, and the officers of each company are: 1 Captain, 1 First Lieutenant, a Second Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 4 Corporals and a Drummers. The horse companies will also cousist of 1 Captain, 1 First, a Second Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 4 Corporals, a Buglers, I Farrier and Blacksmith and HO privates.? The seven companies are to constitute a battalion , to be commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel or Major. The companies are to be organised as soon iu the requisite number of men is raised; tbey are then be mustered into service and immediately sent off to the scene of war. A company consisting of nearly fifty able-bodied and well-looking men. who nave enlisted under Captain Dan Drake Hetirie, to serve as volunteers in Mexico, paraded yesterday on Pennsylvania avenue, and made a handsome appearance.?national Intrlli grncrr. 'I'!, & i .. o .. i.\., I - f? v... I no niniuici rnnuiuuicii, 111*111. i/riuiv 1n.11. mi Ilia Cruz. The following are amongst the name* of those who wont passengers: Mr. J. Atwood, Mr. II. W. Pierce, for the remains of the \1 inninnippi volunteers who fell at the tattle of BOOM Vista, < opt. Hreath, United States stenraboat, Hrownrvllle; Messrs. James I.. Freaner, H. Patterson, and liouton, sutler; I.lout Bacon. 6th Infantry; Lieut. Bus ell. 7th Infantry, and Mr. Porter, editor of the Jimerican F.agte.?If. O. Delta, 30tA ult. At Baltimore a handsome sword is being prepared for presentation to Capt. James E. Stewart, of the 1st company of the Baltimore battalion, now In Mexico. NAVAL. The United States revenue cutter Walcott, arrived at Mobile on the U7th ult.: List of officers?L. C. llarby, Captain; F. Martin, 1st Lieutenant; J. B. Ilondren, 'la Lieutenant; A. O. Cook, 3d Lieutenant Passengers? C. M. Kakin, S. C. McCarklo, United States Coast Survey. The Capture or Fla-eo-talpam and Alvarado. Tlia Trial, Defence, and Reprimand of Lieut. Charlee CI. Hunter, before a Naval Court Martial. CHARGES AND SPECIFICATIONS. Charge.! and Specification! preferred by Commodore M. C. ferry, Commander-in-Chief of the United Statee Kaial Forcee in the QvlJ oj Mexico, ugaintl Lieut. Charlee <) Hunter, United State! Navy, late commanding the' U. S. Steamer Scourge. CuaaoE First ?Treating with contempt hi* superior, being in the execution of his office. Specification First?In that he, the said Lieutenant Charles <) llunter, U. H. Navy, did, on the 31st (lay of March. 1347, being then in command of the U. S. steamer Soourge, enter the port of Alvarado, and did there arrogate to himself, (the said Lieut. Charles O. Hunter,) the authority and power, that ars vested only in the Commander-in-Chief, by entering into stipulations for. and receiving the surrender of Alvarado and its dependencies Specification Second In that the said Lieut. Charles f 1 1 I ,, >( .. r ir W V. V,11A ,.r. Ihn ll.l ,1.. ,,f 1847, with the U. H. eteamer Scourge under hi* command, proceed from Alvarado to the town of Kla-ca-talpain, without auy 0?d?H Of authority, and there demand the surrender of the eatd town of 1* la-ca-talpam, and enter into and oipn article* of capitulation, although aware of the immediate approach of the Commander-in-Chief, to whom alone *uch power* are confided ? thu* treating with contempt the authority of hi* luperior, being in the execution of hi* office. Specification Third?In that the *ald l.leut. Cbarle* O. Hunter, U. 8. Nary, did, on tha 3l*t day of March, 1847, in proceeding from Alvarado to Kla-ea-talpam, capture four ichooner*. one of whioh he let on fire and burnt, and another ho abandoned, thu* substituting hi* own will for the discretion of tha Commander-in-Chief, who wa* within a few hour* reach of communication, and treating with contempt the authority of hi* *uperior ; all of which In in violation of the law* of tha United State*, a* contained in ' an art for tha |better government of the navy of the United State*, approved April 33d, 1800." Change Skcosu.?Disobedience of order*. Specification Kir*t?In that he, theeald I-leut. < harle* O. Hunter, U. 8. Navy, having bean ordered to report to Captain Samuel L. Brer*e, and to a**l?t In blockading the port of Alvarado, did. in dl*obedlenee or disregard of *ald order*, *nter the harbor and take po**e**ion of the town of Alvnrado. Specification Second?In that he, the *aid Lieutenant C harle* O. Hunter, I/. S. Navy, having been ordered on the evening of the l*t April, 1847, to report bim*elf in per*on to the Commander-in-Chief at hi* quarter* in the town of AlTarado. at 10 o'clock, A M , of the following morning, did disobey *aid order ; all of which i* in viola- _ tlon of the law* of the United State*, a* contained in "an ant for the b*tter government of the navy of the United State*, approved April 33d, 1800." (Signed) M. C. rV.nRY. Commanding Home Squadron. DXFBNCX or LJIUTENANT HUNTER Ma. PaaiiatST awn Ointlimi* or tmb Cottar, I | [ERA vill not trouble you with unnecessary verbiage, but proceed at once to the point. My order* were, (as stated u the 1st spec, '.'nd charge) to report to Copt, iireese, still to assist iu blockading Alvarado. I did not conlider tbein (can they be fairly considered') as forbidding ;ne to annoy the enemy in every way in my power, as modifying in the slightest degree the general duty of . very officer having a military command in time of war. to molest and cripple the enemy In every possible way. [In the evening of the Stlth March.being sufficiently near. I opened upon the fort at Alvarado with shot aud shells. Apprehensive of a norther. 1 stood off and on during the night, with a strong breeze and rough sea. Towards morning, it having moderated, I stood close in to the bar. again opened upon the forts Shortly afterwards I discovered two horsemen upon the beach, holding a white Hag. and u boat crossing the bar at the same time This boat brought me an offer un the part of the authorities to surrender the city. Permit me here to observe, Mr President, that as there are two sides to everv J Hist ion so theru may be two results to every nlTair of this kind. Alvarado U now in our possession; but let us suppose that it was not to be; tbat we bail been foiled a third time in our efforts to luko it. What would have been my position. I say. if I, having refused the offer of the town when the authorities were ready to yield It?the American forces had been a third time bullied in their efforts to capture it ' Mr. President, the worst that can now befall uie, is a trifle to the infamy and disgrace which would have remained attached to my name, perhaps, long after I was in the grave. If you. Mr President, (or any member of this honorable Court.) will fancy yourself in my place when the offer of cupitulation reached me. I think you must perceive that it placed me in a diflicult. a most embarrassing position?one that might have got a much more experienced oflh-cr than myself into trouble. I had to decide upon the disobeying of my orders on the one hand, and the possible consequences which my refusal to take such a responsibility might lead to on the other. I hail to decide betweenjtwo courses?the one leading to present personal safety, aud the possibility of future infamy; the other to some persounl risk, perhaps, but by which tho honor of the navy and my honor, at least, were safe. I have stated thus the view which 1 took of my position, and tho motives on which my actions were fouuded. I will not say. Mr. President, that under similar circumstances you would have taken a similar view of your position; but 1 think I may say. without the danger of dissent here or elsewhere, that taking the same view I did-that vou, or any other member of this honorable court, would have done just what I did. My summons for the surrender of the city of " Alvarado',' was not made until the authorities hesitating to sign the articles of capitulation,?I thought myself entrapped; when it became necessary to use stroug measures and strong language. Upon the reception of that summons, they signed tho articles, and in the name of the United States of America, I took possession of ' Alvarado" and its dependencies. Shortly afterwards. I learned that after our attack the evening previous, the garrison lmd tired the public vessels, spiked and buried their guns, placed a large quantity of government property, chiefly munitions of war. on hoard of several sinnll vessels, and were proceeding up the river in the direction of the city of " Kla-co-Talpam.'' I followed, as I conceived it to ho my duty, and captured one of them loaded with arms, aco.. initL oaoore, nuu ouriieu u?r to prevent ner isning into the hands of the enemy. Another, worthless to ourselves or the enemy, and abandoned, and two others, I brought to ' Alvarado." Tl\e pursuit of theae veasela led me to the city of "Kla-ea-Talpam,'' whero I arrived about two o'clock in the morning; trusting to the auddenneaa of the attack, 1 ordered the junta to aaaemble, and demanded within thirty minutes nn entire and unconditional aurrender. and my demnnda were complied with, (contend, Mr. i'reaident, and gentlemen of the Court, that all that happened after the capitulation of Alvura- ' do, followed aa a natural and necessary consequence (not, however, foreaeen by me) when 1 flrat accepted of their offer to aurrender. 1 contend that my error conaiated in the original disobedience of my ordera (which, front what I have since learned, 1 regret), and that what i did afterwards, I woe In a great meaaure obliged to do. Knowing that several small vessels of tho enemy, laden with military stores, were within my reach, could I doubt that it was my duty to destroy or capture them? Seeing, from the conduct of tho unemv at Alvarado, that u panic prcvailod among them, and tnat there was a prospect of success, 1 demanded the immediate and unconditional surrender of Kla-ca-Talpum. I contend that these two acts followed as a necessary consequence to my first disobedienco of orders. Of the motives that led to that step. 1 have mado au honest exposition to the Court, and I nope that you will consider them, together with the difHcultiea of my position, and my wuut of experience in such matters, aa some palliation of my fault. I regret my error, apart from the trouble it has brought upon me. I regret it, because it has given offence to the commander-in-chief. (1 speak from rumor only?I have no certain knowledge of the fact.) as I have heard there was an understanding between the commander-in-chief and tho commanding general ashore, that there was to be a combined attack made by the squadron and uriny, on these places; It might thus seem that I had sought to rob of its just participation in this affuir that arm of the service which in the progress of this war, has acquired for itself and for our country, so much honor and glory. Nothing could be farther from my intentions ?1 knew nothing of any suoh understanding. One or two matters remain to b? touched upon. I am charged in the two 1st spec, of the 1st charge, with arrogating to myself the powersof comman.lav.in.i?hl?f In aiffnintf *rticlrtf of rHDituliitinn Ktr although aware of the immediate approach of the commander-ln-chlpf. In regard to the first, my error wan one of simple Ignorance. I knew that I had obtained possession of these places, and meant of course to hand them over to the first senior officer that might approach; but I had not the remotest Intention of exercising any of the powers of commander-in-chief. 1 knew, or perhaps I should rather say had reason to believe. that the commander-in-chief would arrive in a short time; hut I did not know precisely when, still less did I know that he was nearer than Vera Crux. In the '2nd specification of tho '2nd charge, 1 am charged with having disobeyed an order to call at a specified time at the commander-in-chief s quarters Gentlemen, I was so absorded by the difficulties that surrounded me, that his order to me to report myself, entirely escaped my recollection,?this may seem a lame excuse, but it has at least the merit of truth. Hut. Mr President, none of us are entirely free from occasional acts of forgetllilness; the honorable member yosterday who gave in his testimony, inadea mistake, and I must say that the confidence witli which I leave my case In his hands has been Increased by the handsome manner in which he correeted his error when reminded of it. Mr. President and gentlemen of the Court. I have been I much mortified and excited, by the many and numerous difficulties that surround me I have aimed at nothing hut tho glory of my country?tho honor and dignity of the service to which I belong. 1 leave my case with perfect confidence in your hands. C. O. HUNTKR, Lieut Corndg FINDINGS AND SENTENCE OP TIIE COtrRT. The first specification of the first charge proven. The second specification of the first charge proven. The third specification of the first charge proven And the accused guilty of the first charge The first specification of the second charge not proven, of the accused not having reported himself in persou to Captain Samuel I,. Breeso. according to his orders; hut proven that the accused entered tho harbor of Alvarado. instead of assisting in blockading that port. The second specification of the second charge proven, aud the aeeused guilty of the second charge. The Court then.upon due deliberation upon the above findings, pronnnnrxl the following sentence : That the accused, l.ieut. Charlea (J. Hunter, United State.* Navy, be diauiiaacd fr wn tlio United State* Home Squadron, and reprimanded by the oommnnder-ln-chief, which reprimand la to be read on the quarter-deck of every veaael oi the aquadron, in the preeeuce of the officer* and crew The abore la a true copy from the record* of the Court. (Signed.) J. BRYAN, Judge Advocate. T1IK REPRIMAND OF COMMODORE PERRY. UwiTto Statk* Ki.ao Snir Miaaiitirri,) Aaron Lizarbo, April 9, 1H17 ) Sir?I encloae herewith the finding* and aentence of the Court Martial, convened on the 7th inatant, for your trial, which ltnporca upon me the ta*k of expreaa. fng, in the form of reprimand, ray opinion of your conduct aa proven before the Court Martial However lenient the aentence In your caae may aeem to be, I have approved it, aa I can conoelve of no puniibmcut more Revere than a diamiaaal in time of war from a aqnadron actively engaged before the enemy The aentence, while it condemna in a moat algnal manner, your conduot, cuta you off from further aaaoclatlon in tnla aqnadron, with men whoae patient endurance of the moat trying dutle*. nud whoae character for courage, obedience, and aubordluatlon, have won my hlghcat approbation _ How different haa been your eourae ' Scareely a day on the atation. and you dlaobey order*, arrogate to youraelf the dntiea belonging to a commander In chief talk of opening upon the town, and of ordering the troopa to ndvanc* when yon had but one gun. ami not a Roll tarj aoldier, and all for the porpoee (aa you aay.) " of aecurlng an unmoleated entrance of the equadron into the river " It would be difficult. If not Impoaalble to point to another Inatancn of almllar folly; and the uinat charitable couatructlon that can be given to it. ia- that In the elation of a llrat command, you had truly imagined youraelf actually In command of the naval and military detachinenta then approaching and within a abort dt?tauec of the aceno of your exploit* With due reepect, "" ? M < I'K.RRY rommander-ln-chtef of Home Squadron To Lieutenant l>. l/nlted BUteii Navy. letln Montes. To thi Knitoa or tti? London Standard:? Sir - In conacquenre of Ibo numeroua roport* circulated In varlr.ua paper*, regarding myaelf ond family, utterly void of fotiudation or truth, i bog of you, through the medium of your widely circulated Journal, to Inacrt the following?I wa* born at Seville In the rear 1*11 My father waa a Spanlah officer in the acrvlee of Don ( arloa; my mother a lady of Iriah extraction born at the Harannah. and married for the aeeond time to au Irlah gentleman, whiah I auppoae la the rauae of my being called Irlah.and aometlmea Kngliah. "Beta? Wataon." "Mr?. Jamea," Ike I beg leave to aay, that my namo la Maria Dolorea I'orrla Montea. and I never hare changed that nainn. A* for my theatrical ouallOration*, I never had'the nreaumption to think Iliad anv; clrcumatancea obliged meto adopt the atage aa a profeaaion ? which profeaaion I have now renounced for ever, having become a naturaltaed Bavarian, and intending la future making Munich my realdonen. Truating that you will give thi* insertion, I have the honor to remain, air, your obedient aervant. LOLA MONTLZ. Munteh, Maroh 11, ? m __ L D Wm TWo Cent*. , The Com Trade of K uropc. [From the Mark Lake Kxprem. A|)ri\ 19 p v 1 Though the sowing of spring corn ban now been some time finished. end farmer* here for the moment comparatively little outdoor work to engage their attention etill the deliveries of vrain from the growers have not Increased; indeed the contrary has been the ca?e. very email supplies having been brought forward at all the market* in the agricultural district* held during the week. We can. therefore, come to no other conclusion than that the stocks remaining in the hands of the producers are already reduced Into *o narrow a eompaaa aa to render them indifferent about selling more at present; for It can scarcely be supposed that they would allow the favorable opportunity which the existing state of the trade affords for realising to pass, if they really wars large holder*. We have all along; maintained that, as tno spring advanced, the discovery would be made that the crop of 1S40 hud been so freely drawn upon daring the winter a* to put It out of the power or the farmer* to continue to supply the market* In so liberal a manner as they had previously done; and we now feel more convinced than ever tbat the quantity of wheat in the country is much less than is usually the caso at this period of the year Independent or what has been t-Hkeu ut different times for shipment to Ireland, Franco, und Belgium, the consumption at home has been on un almost unprecedentedly large seal*. It is true that we have hud a liberal importation from America and elsewhere, but even with this assistano* no accumulation has takun place. Liberal as have been the supplies from tho growers since harvest till within this week or two. hardly any thing has at any time been stored. the Wheat lias been immediately taken to the mills, been ground, and has gone into consumption. Not only has this been the case in regard to the homo supply, but of the immense quantity of foreign we had in granary last autumn not onu-tentii is left; and there is, consequently. every reason to expect that every bushel likelv to reach us from America, the Black Sea ports, Ito., will be required The shortness of the supplies from the farmers is already beginning to tell on the trade; and though there have been few speculative purchases, the receipts have fallen short of the demand this week, and prices have risen as well in the agricultural districts as at the principal consuming markets. At Liverpool the advance has been considerable, though large arrivals have lately taken place there from America On Tuesday that market was very numerous ly attended by buyers from different quarters; and the local miller* being likewise free purchasers, the best qualities of Wheat rose 6d. and inferior kinds 3d. to 4d. per 701b*. Later in the week holders declined selling except at a further enhancement, and on Friday wheat was again quoted 4d. higher; making a total rise of 7d. to 10d. per 701b* , or 4s. to 7s. per qr. Amerioan Flour was likewise iu very lively request on tho latter occasion at 30s. to 40s. per obi. At Hull and Leeds, on Tuesday, the quantity of wheat brought forward was very small; and though tho millers acted on the reserve, prices were quoted Is. to Ua. per qr. higher than on that day week at each of the : I I lir~lsa.As.lsft wars. I.awn ft Km# pittcim utbuiuu. r mm T? MOUVBX* W? IW??M v.?uom^Bbin excitement prevailed on Friday. and that purchasers had paid vie to 3a. per (jr. more for good qualitlaa of wheat without the elighteat hesitation. The reporta from Brintol, Birmingham, and other large raarketa in that quarter, alao advise ua of advancing price* ; and at the leading uhlppiug porta on the cant coast good qualities of red wheat have tbia week rralited 77*. to 78*. per qr. free on board. The ndvance hitherto ha* been atmoat wholly caused by purchase* made by the millers for immediate use and the French demand ; speculation ha* had little or nothing to do with it. The tightness prevailing in the money market, has rendered all parties unwilling to make large investment*; and so long a* the crop on the ground continues to bo favorably spoken of. merchant* will, wo think, bo averse to buy at the existing high prico*. The cold weather lately experienced has giveu * rise to some little apprehenslou a* to the future ; but we ure happy to say, that wo have heard of no complaint* beyond the general backwardness of the season The Hcotch and Irish markets havo been more or leas influenced by the advices from hence, and prices of all kinds uf grain havo again begun to.tend upwards, as well in the north, as at the leading Markets on the other side of tho channel. Wo have again to report a short arrival of Knglish whoat Into Loudon, the quantity received coastwise up to this (Saturday) evening having amounted to only 1.3-J9 qr*. The show at .Mark Lano by land-carriago samples from the neighbouring eouutie* has likewise been trilling in the extreme, indeed wo may say that scarcely a single parcel bus appeared either on tho Kssex or Kent stand* since -Mouday, beyond a few lots then left over. These were sold early on Wednesday for shipment to Franco, at prices I*, to ?Js. per qr. above those realized in the beginning of the week On Friday thu want of supplies prevented extensive transactions, but good qualities were eagerly sought after as well by our own millers us by continental buyers ; and, in the absence of anything immediately available on the spot, cargoes to be shipped from the east coast ware freely taken at a further enhancement, as much as 78s. per qr. having been paid for Lincolnshire The stock of foreign wheat at this port huvlng been reduced into an extremely narrow compass, holders have rulsed their pretensions so as nearly to keep pace with the rise which hua taken place In the valuv of Knglish. The latter has, however, had a decided preference ; indeed the sale of foreign has not at any period of the week been particularly brisk, but ifsvllors had been somewhat more reasonable.a considerable extent of business would prubably havo been done. Town-made Hour has, notwithstanding the decided rise In the value of tho raw material, been rather dtfflcult of disposul; and former rates have not been exceeded. Ship Hour has been held Is. per sack higher; and in United States flour the transactions have been unimportant. at an advance of Is. to -is. per barrel. In addition to thu purchases made of this article by the millers and bakers, several lots have been bought for exportation (principally. w? believe, for France;) and should this go on much longer, our already reduced slocks would soon become exhausted The market has been sparingly supplied with Knglish ? Barley; but the arrivals from abroad being rather large, the rully which has rcrently taken place has. nevertheless. been fully supported, and the trade has assumed a healthy tone. Kino mailing qualities, whleh a week or two ago were almost wholly neglected, have been in good request this week, the cold weather having probably Induced some of the maltsters to go on working longer than they originally Intended Secondary descriptions of liarlny have at the same time .been in request for shipment coustwise, and rather a large quantity has been taken off the market. Malt, which it will be recollected was about a fortnight ngo very much depressed, has lately been a good deal sought after; and though tho article has uoj been quoted higher, prices have been realized this week which qpuld not have been obtained when the pressure on the market was at his height. .Supplies ;of oats bsve almost ceased to oome forward from our own coast, the total quantity of Knglish received this week having amounted to only -JOU qr*.? The arrivals from Scotland and Ireland have not been much more llheral, hut from the near continental ports 30,148 qrs have come to liaad Had It not been for the latter supply, prices would, probably, have taken a sudden start, sud even with this arrival the tendency bas la-en upwards On Wednesday there was not much doing, but on Friday the sales were rather extensive, and Monday's rates were in many cases exceeded M per qr. Hnitni nf linmoirrnwlli Hnncnr fit. I en art It t r? fmvn tui. mine somewhat scarce, and the few brought forward have been taken nil at quite previous terms leas hare also come to hand sparingly, and hare maintained their former value with coneiderable firmness. Indian l orn ha* been in improved request. eeveral parrel* having been bought for shipment to Madeira, and one or two cargoes on Irieh account. The price* paid have varied according to quality, but, on the whole, we consider tiiat the turn lias been in favor of the eeller By the letter* received this week from many of the northern conntrle* of hurope It appear* that the atoek* of grain had becotno *o far reduced a* to lead to apprehension a* to the future Kroui Hamburgh we learn that buyer* of rye had attended that market from the interior, and that purchase* had been mad* at rate* corresponding with (Ml* per qr Of Saale barley there was none remaining, every quarter having been bought to send up the Kite- The stocks of wheat were also vary small, and after the cargoes bought on Krench account were despatched, hardly any Would. It was calculated, remain on hand. I-row the more distant Haiti* port*, the advice* are |a*? lively; hut the chief aause of inactivity seem* to have beau the want of snitabl* qualities, the little wheal remaining on hand at Uanalg. KoniXsbcrg. ko., consisting almost wholly of tnfbrtor qualities The account* from the south of Kurop* are of much tiie same character as before, and wheat is still relatively dearer In the Mediterranean than ,In thi* country A considerable proportion of whatever supplies the Black Sea ports may hen-after be able to afford is, therefore, likely to remain at place* east of (ilhraliar A letter from Naples slates that buyers from Marseilles had purchased llarletta wheal at that port, deliverable in August neat, at, a price equal to ,'iOs p?,r qr. free on board: but the want of supplies had prevented anything of consequence being done for immediate delivery. In France the scarcity of grain becomes more apparent from day to day. ; anil there ean be no doubt that that country will have to import a much larger quantity than she lias yut been enabled to secure At Taris. on Wednesday. Hi* price of flour advanced shout 7s (id per sack, and wheat was also quoted considerably higher Whullaneea*. Among the passenger* arrived at Nt Louie, from Kort I.euvenworth, the last of April, was Mr. I'rlmenn. of the firm of llarvey.I'rlnieau V ( o traders on the Upper Missouri. who left a post of the company at the month of Medicine river, fifteen hundred mttee op the Mlseourl, | on the Hth of April. He deeeended In a skiff, as fy as Kurt l.eavenworili, wnrrn lie wioa |?nw|iiiia inn Arratr. All wa? ijglit In the Indian rouutry when lift. The trader! had done well, having dUpownd very generally of their good* on adv.mtageou! tarn*. Letter! from thr upper pout* xtate that buffalo** had boon fcmi In tha Hiarkfeet country, hut were becoming more abundant The mill proparty at Ropky HIH. near rrinertnn, belonging to Drealy k Mount, wax deetroyed hy Are on Tuesday A xllda or avalanche of dirt oppurra<l at Mount Aden*, near Cincinnati. laxt weak, badly Injuring thraa man, Important IIecihiov.?Judge Wilde, at tho Springfield Hi'xxlon of tha Huprrme l ourt, tnatructed tha jury In a lil>al ca*e. that If tho onblixher of a paprr ad J mlttad au artiola which hu did not know contained libelou! matter. or wax not aimed at a particular Individual, he wax not liable ; but that the reeponelhlllty rail upon I he writer, and that It would tand to abridge tha liberty of the praaa wara It otberwiee.?Boil** /ranlerift, May *

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