Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 11, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 11, 1847 Page 1
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r I I I M THI Vol. XIII. Ho. 130-?WUoU No. 4747. THE BATTLE OF TUSPAN, Glorious Naval Victory* Oom. Tatnall, Kient. Parker, and others Wounded. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM THE CITY OF MEXICO. Spirit of the Mexican Government. CflDTICVlUn TUC P ADIT AI win ii i iiiu int. unmnbi Official despatches OF MAJOR GENERAL SCOTT, RELATIVE TO THE BATTLB Or OBB.B.O GORDO. Advance to Jalapa, LATEST FROM MATAMORAS k VERA CRUZ. MILITARY MOVEMENTS. Ac. &c. Ac. THE CAPTURE OK TPSPAN. [From the N. O. Picayune F.xi ra, May .I.J Captain Jackson, of the schooner General Patterson, reports, that on tho day of siting he fell in with the American squadron, twenty-flvo miles north of Vera C'rur, Commodore Perry in command. The squadron was returning from tho Tuspan expo Tho General P. was boarded from tho United Statos steamer Scorpion, and received a mail. ~ Captain Jackson learned that Tuspan was taken on the 19th April, after severe resistance from the Mexican troops. Tho Americauj had four men killed, and about fourteen wounded. Among the wounded were four officers, vli: Commander Tattnall, slightly ; Lieutenant Parker, severely; Lieutenant Hartstene, slightly ; and Passed Mldshipmau Lowne, slightly. [The last name Is doubtless incorrectly reported. There is Passed Midshipman Lowry In the navy register.] The guns of tho Mexicans at Tuspan were all spiked, * and the placo rendered defenceless It was then abandoned fiev. scott's despatch. IIkad Qt-autt:as or the Army, Plan del Hio, ? 60 miles from Vera Crus. April 19, 1847. J Sir : The plan of attack, sketched in General Orders No. Ill, [published In yesterday's Ilerald,] herewith, was finely executed by this gallant army, before 1 o'clock T. M yesterday. We are quito embarrassed with the results of victory?prisoners of war, hoavy ordnance. Held batteries, sui&ll arms and accoutrements. About .1,000 men laid down their arms, with the usual proportion of Held and company officers, besides five generals, several of them of great distinction?I'inson, Jarrero, La Vega. Noriega and Obando. A sixth general, Vosquez, was killed In defending the battery (totrer) in the rear of tho whole Mexican army, the capture of which gave us those glorious results. Our loss, though comparatively small in numbers, has been serious. Brigadier General Shields, a commander of activity, zcal,aund talent, is, I fear, if not dead, mortally wounded. He is some Ave miles from me at the moment. The Held of operations covered many miles, broken by mountains and deep chasms, and I have not a report, as yet, from any divisiou or brigado. Twiggs's division, followed by Shiulds's (now Col. Baker's) brigade, are yw at or near Xalapa. nnd Worth's division is in route thither, all pursuing, with good results, as 1 learn, that part of the Mexican army?perhaps six or seven thousand men. who fled befere our right had carried the tower, ami gained the Xalapa road. Pillow's brigade alone, is near me at this depot of wounded, sick, and prisoners, and I have time only to give from him the liames of 1st Lieutenant F. B. Nelson, and 3d C. G Gill, both of the 3d Tenessee foot (Haskell's regiment) among the killed, and In the brigade 106. of all ranks killed or wounded Among the latter, the gallant brigadier general himself has a smart wound in tho arm, but not disabled. nnd >1oj. R. Farqucson, 3d Teuneaseo ; Capt. H. F. Murray, 3d Lieutenant G. 1). Sutherland, 1st Lieutenant W. P. Hal* (adjutant) all of the same regimeut, severely, and l?t Lieutenant W. Ycarwood, mortally wounded' And I know, from personal observation on the ground, that 1st Lieutenant Ewell, of the rifles, if not now dead, was mortally wounded, in entering, sword'In band, the entrenchments around the captured tower, ad Lieut. Derby, topographical engineers, I also saw, at the same place, severely wounded, ami Captain Patten, ad United States infantry, lost his right hand. Major Sumner, ad United States dragoons, was slightly wounded the day before, and Capt Johnston, topographical engineers, (now lieutenant colonel of Infantry) was very soverly wounded some days earlier while reconnoitring. I must not omit to add tnut Captain Mason and ad Lieutonant Davis, both of the rifles, were among the very severely wounded In storming the same tower. 1 estimate our total loss. In killed and wounded, may he about uaO. and that of the enemy 3M). In the pursuit towards Xalapa (aA miles hence) I learn we have added much to the enemy's loss in prisoners, killed, and wounded, in fact, I supposo his retreating army to be nearly disorganised, and hence my haste to follow. In an hour or two, to proJit by events. lu this hurried and imperfect report I must not omit to say that Brigadier General Twiggs, in passing the mountain range beyond Cerro Gordo, erowned with the tower, detached from his division, as I suggested the day before, a strong force to carry that .height, which commanded the Xalapa road at the foot, and could not fail. If carried, to cut off the whole, or any part of the enemy's forces from a retreat in any direction. A portion of the 1st artillery, under the often-distinguished Brevet colonel childs. the 3d Infaatry. under Captain Alexander, the 7th infantry, under Lieutenant Colonel i'lyinton. and the rifles, under Major Loring, nil uudnr the temporary oomuiaud of Colonel Harney. 'Id dragoons, during the confinement to his bed of Brevet Brigadier General P. K. timith. composed that detachment. The style of execution, which i had tbo pleasure to witness, was most brilliant and decisive Tue brigade ascended the long and difficult slope of Cerro Gordo, without shelter, and under the tremendous fire of artillery and musketry with the utmost steadiness, reachod the breastworks, drovo the enemy from them, planted the colors of the 1st BrtilJery. 3d and 7th Infantry?the enemy's flag still flying?and. after some minutes of sharp firing, finished the conquest with the bayonet It Is a most pleasing duty to say that the highost praise is duo to Harney, Childs. Plymtou. Loring. Alexander, their gallant officers and men. for this brilliant service, independent of the great results which soon followed. Worth's division of regulars coming up at this time, be detached Brevet Lieutenant Colonel C. K. Smith, with his light battalion, to support the assault, but not in time. '1 he General reaching the tower afow minutes before me. and observing a white flag displayed from the IncuTHt portion of tlio enemy towards the batteries bolow, sent out Colonels Harney and Childs to hold a parley. The surrender followed In an hour or two. \ Major flenersl Patterson lclt a sick bed to share in the dangers and fatignes of the day; and after the surrender went forward to command the advanced forces towards Xalapa Brigadier (leneral Pillow and his brigade twice assaulted w'th great daring the enemy's line of batteries on our left; and though without success. they contributed much to distract aad dismay their Immediate opponents President Santa Anna, with Oenerals Canallso and Almonte, and some six or eight thousand men, escaped towards Xalapa .Inst before Cerro Gordo was carried, and before Twiggs' division reached Ihe national road above. I have determined to parole the prisoners? officers and men?as I have not the means of feeding them here, beyond to-day, and cannot afford to detach a lu avy body of hor*e and foot, with wagons, to accompany them to Vera Cruz Our baggage train, though increasing, is not yet. half large en' uph to give an assured progress t<> tliis nrmy Besides, a greater number of prisoners would, probably, escape from the escort In the long and dceu sandy road, without subsistence- ten to one?that we shall find again, out of the same body of men In tho ranks opposed to us. Not one of the Vera Cruz prisoners Is believed to have l?een in the lines of t erro (Jordo. Home six of the officers, highest In rank, refuse to give their paroles, except to go to Vera Crus. and thence, perhaps, to the United Htates. The small arms and their accoutrements, being of no value to our army here or at home. I have ordered them to he destroyed ; for we linvo not the means of transporting them. I am. also, somewhat embarrassed with the ?? of artillery?all bronze?which we have raptured. It won'.d take a brigade, and half the mules of this army, to transport thein tlfty miles A field battery I shall take tor service with the army ; hut the heavy metal must bo collected, and left here for the present We have our own sicgo-traln and the proper I carriages with us. Being much occupied with the prisoners, and all the details of a forward movement, besides looking to the supplies whlrh are to follow from Vera Cruz. I have time to add no more -Intending to be at Xalapa early to-morrow We shall not. probably, agalu meet witn serious opposition this side of 1'erote?certainly not, unless delayed by the want of the means of transportation I have Ihe honor to remain, sir, with high respect, your most obcdlcut servant, WINFIRLD SCOTT. P S?I Invite attention to the accompanying letter to tho President Santa Anna, taken In his carriage yesterit y , nl.'o t<> his proclamation b iicd oil hearing that we hail motored Vera ( ruz Sic., |n which hi says ?If t' . : in-. > o op more the national lode pen I or* will b" buried hi the shy is ofth|?i *> We lis ve taken that step. VV . 8. 1 maks a second postscript, to say that there Is sobs A % 2 NE1 * - - -- _T.. . d*. _ hope, 1 am happy to learn, that Gen. Shield* may sur ive nil wound*. One of the principul motive* for paroling the prisoners of war U. to dluiniih the resistance of other garrliom in our march W. 8 Hon. Wm L. Maker. Secretary of War. INTKRKSTINf! ACCOUNT OF THE HATTI.E. [From the New Orleana Delta. May 2 ] We are Indebted to Capt. Hughe*, of the Topographical Corp*, for much valuable and interesting information relating to the late glorious victory of Cerro Gordo. Capt. Hughe* 1* the very able and Intelligent oflloer who accompanied Gen Wool on hii march from San Antonio | to Monclova. and rendered Important lervice* to the ari my and the country, by hi* valuable reconnoliance* of the Important part of Mexico through which Wool'* column marched. Hi* description* have been published in the papers of the country, and commanded great attention and admiration at the time. To Capt. Hughe* belong* the high distinction of having selected the position | occupied by Gen. Taylor at Iluena Vlita. On the occasion of nn encampment of Wool's Division near Bucna I Vista. Capt. Hughes was struck with the advantages i which this position presented tor defence, und suggested ! to Ocn. Wool to occupy It in case Santa Anna advanced upon him. I n the late battle of Cerro Gordo. Cnutain j Hughe* acted a conspicuous and moat useful part In hi* appropriate sphere. and utter the battle he accompanied the captured Mexican officer* to Vera Crux. From him we gather the followiug particulars of the battle:. On the arrival of the other divisions of the army at the encampment of Gen. Twiggs, on the 16th of April. Ueu. Scott, after taking a rcooiinuisunoe of the enemy's works, determined to storm them. The position occupied by the enemy was regarded by them us impregnable. and truly, to any other than American soldiers It mast have appearod an insurmountable and impracticable undertaking to carry It by storm, or turn It by strategy. The road from Vera Cruz, as it passes the l*lan del Rio, which is a wide, rocky bed of a once large stream, is commanded by a series of high cliffs, rising one above the other, and extending several miles, and all well fortified. The road then debouches to the right, and curving around the ridge, passes over a high cliff, which is completely enfiladed by forts and batteries. This ridge is the commencement of the Terra Templnda, the upper j or mountainous country. The high and rocky ravine | of the river protected the right flank of the position, and a series of most abrupt and apparently impassible mountains and ridges covered their left. Between these points, running a distance of two or three miles, a succession of strongly fortified forts bristled at every turn, and seeuied to defy all bravery and skill. The Cerro Gordo commanded the road on a gentle declination, like a glacis, for nearly a mile?an approach in that direction was impossible. A front attack must have terminated In the almost entire annihilation of our army. But the enemy expected such att attack, confiding in the desperate valor of our men. and believing that It was impossible to turn their position to the right or loft. Gen. Scott, however, with the eye of a skilful general, perceived the trap set for him, and determined to avoid it. He, therefore, had a road cut to the right, so us to escape the front fire from the Cerro, and turn his position on the left flank. This movement wus made known to the enemy by a deserter from our camp, and consequently a large Increase of force under General La Vega was sent to the forts on their left. General Scott, to oover his ilank movements, on tha 17th of April, ordered forward (lencral Twiggs against the fort on the steep ascent, in front and a little to the left of the Cerro. Colonel Harney commanded this expedition, and at the head of : the rifles and some detachments of infantry and artillery carried this position under a heavy tire of grape and musketry. Having secured this position in front and near the enemy's strongest fortification, and having by incredible labor elevated one of our large guns to the top of the fort. Gen. Scott prepared to follow up his advantages. A demonstration was made from this position against another strong fort In the rear, and near tho Cerro, but the enemy were considered too strong, and the undertaking was abandoned. A like demonstration was made by the enemy. On the next day, tho 18th, Gen. Twiggs was ordered forward from the petition he had already captured against the fort which commanded the Cerro. Simultaneously an attack on the fortihcatlona on tho enemy'a left, was to be made by Ciena. Shlvlda' and Worth's dlvialon, who moved in separate column*, whilst l'lllow advanced against the strong forts and difficult ascents on the right of the enemy's position. The enemy, fully acquainted with (ton. Scott's intended movement, had thrown large bodies of men into tho various positions to attacked. The most serious enterprise was that of Twiggs, who advauced against the main fort that commanded tho Cerro. Nothing can be conceived more difficult than this undertaking, The steep and rough character of the ground, the constant fire of the enemy in frout. and the cross fire of the forts and batteries which enfiladed our linos, made the duty assigned to General Twiggs one of surpassing difficulty. Nothing prevented our men lrom being utterly destroyed, but the steepness of the nsceut under which thsy could shelter. But they sought no shelter, and onward rushed against a hailstorm of bails and musket shot, led by the gallant Harney, whose noble bearing elicited the applause of the whole army. His conspicuous and stalwart frame at the head of his brigade, his long arm waving his men on to the chargo. his sturdy voice ringing above the clash of arms and din of conflict, attracted tho attention and admiration alike of the enemy and of our own army. On, on, he led the columns, whose front lines melted before the enemy's Are like snow flnkes in a torrent, and staid not their course until leaping Qver the rocky barriers and bayoneting their gunners, they drove the enemy pell mell from the fort, delivering a deadly fire Into their ranks, from their own guns, as they hastily retired. This was truly a gallant deed, worthy of the Chevalier Bayard of our army, as tho intrepid Ifarner is well styled. Gen. Scott, between whom and Col. Harney there had existed some coolness, rode up to the Colonel after this achievement. and remarked to him. '* COL Harney. I cannot now adequately express my admiration of your gallant achievement, out at the proper time I shall take great pleasure in thanking you in proper terms." Harney, with the modesty of true valor, claimed the praise as due to his officers and men. Thus did the division of i the gallant veteran Twiggs carry the main position of the enemy and occupy the fort which commanded the road. It was here the enemy received their heaviest low. and their General. Vasanex. waa killed. A little after. (Jen. Worth having, by great exertions, passed the 1 steep and craggy heights on the enemy's left, summoned a strong fort in the rear of the Corro, to surrender. This fort was manned by a largo force under General i I'liixon. a mulatto officer of considerable ability and | courage, who seeing the Corro carried, thought prudent | to surrender, which he did. with all his force. General Shields was not so fortunate in the battery which heattacked, and which was coinmuuded by General l.a Vega. A heavy fire was opened on him. under which the fort was carried with some loss, by the gallant Ulinoisians, nder Baker and Bennett, supported by the New Yorkers; under Burnett. Among those who fell under this firs was the gallant General, who received a grape shot through his lungs, by which he was completely paralized, and at the last accounts was in a lingering stato. On the enemy's right, General Pillow commenced the attack against the strong forts near tho river. The Tennessrcans, under Haskell, led tho column, and the other volunteer regiments followed. This column unexpectedly encountered a heavy fire from a masked battery, by which Haskell's regiment was nearly cut to pieces, and the other volunteer regiments were severely handled General IMllow withdrew his men, and was preparing for another attack when the operations at the other points having proved successful, the enemy concluded to surrender. Thus the victory was complete, and four Generals and about 6000 men were taken prisoners by our army. One of their principal Generals and a large number of other officers killed. The Mexican force on this oocasion certainly exceeded our own. The Mexlcnn officers admitted Hint Santa Anna had HOOl) men in the lines, and 6IH10, including MM lancers, outside of the entrruchments Gen. Scott's force was about 8000, Gen. (Quitman's brigade not huving arrived in time to take part in the engagement. Gen. Ampudia was second in command of the Mexicans, and superintended tho operations of the enemy. When the t'erro wax carried In- wax aeon retreating on a fine white charger, hi* hat falling off ax he galloppcd away. Mnny of the Mexican* escaped by a bye path which run* off l'roni the main read between the Cvrro and the fort carried by (Jen, Worth. A* to Santa Anna and Cannllzo. thoy retreated in time to ekcape by the tnain road Their Tionduct wa* regnrded ax moat cowardly. Some of the Mexican officer* who were taken priaoner*. do not hesitate to attribute their defeat to the cowardice or corruption of Santa Anna The lore* of the enemy wax compoxed of their be*t ?oldler* The Infautry that fought *o well at Ruena Vlata, all the regular artlllerixt* of the Republic, including several able navsl officer*, were prexent. Some of the officer* whom (leneral Scott reloaaed at the capitulation of Vera Crui, withont extorting the parnlg on account of their gallantry, were found among the killed and wounded. A gallant young officer named llnliinger, a German hy birth, who extorted the admiration of our army. In the bombardment of Vera Crui, hy ceiling u flag which wa* cut down by our ball*, and holding it up in hi* hand until a xtaff could be prepared, had been released by Gen Scott without a parole, lie wa* found among the desperately wounded at (Jurro Gordo. The enemy'a loss (in killed and wounded) wa* about a* large ax our own; hut in addition to this, the loss of 0,000 prisoner* and xome of their best officer*. Our army captured about thirty piece* of beautiful bra** cannon, of large eallbre. and inoitly manufactured at the royal foundry of Savllle A large <|Uantlty of fixed ammunition, *r very superior quality, wax also taken. The private baggage and money ehext of Santa Anna, containing $20,000, wax nlxo captured The latter wax delivered over to the Pay Department. The volunteer* who were employed in carrying the xpecie into ramp, cracked many a joke over the prospect of being soon paid off in Mexlcun coin and free of expense to Lnele 8am. Whou our force* had carried the various position* of the enemy, and the road wa* cleared, Gen. Twiggs started in hot pursuit of the fugitive Santa Anna, and pressed close upon hi* heel*. A strong position five inlle* west of Cerro Gordo, fortified and defended hy a fine battery of long bras* gun*, wa* abandoned by the enemy and occupied by our troop*. Gen Twiggs bivouacked within three mile* of the lovely town of Jalapa. In concluding our imperfect sketch of this brilliant achievement, we cannot sufficiently express our admiration of the extraordinary deed* <5f our gallant army and able General. Scarcely a month ha* elapsed xince our troop*, under Scott, landed on the enemy'* shore* In that time a strong walled city h?? been captured, togrthcr with an impregnable fortress?a patched battle ha* been fought nndar the most unfavorable clrcnm*t?nrc* and ngnlnft the nie*t formidable natural do1 fi-ncer-twelve thousand prisoni rx^hnrc been taken in ] eluding some half a dozen general officer >< 0 splendid Icannou, and an immense amount of munition* of war, have been added to the national trophies Truly, *uob ? ? w ro fEW YORK, TUESDAY W PROFILE OB 8] BIRD'S EYE VII AMERIt .//% ' "* IP 48^. .v^Pv-:?iS %>. - .^fpF A?Ainorican catnp at Han (lei Rio. Two atone bridge*. In a small valley. B?Centre of crest of mountain and position of Mexican at descending towards the road. C? Main road from Vera Crua to Jalopa ruua along th through dense chaparral. D?River ruuulng nearly east, uud fordable?banks on e almost perpendicular. K?Large lleld anil encampment, situated just beyond the i K ?Cerro Gordo Mountain?about 1000 feet high, with a f grees in ascent. It will be seen, by the references, that the American army was encampod in the email valley of the I'lan del Rio at its crossing; that from the west, and rusting upon the loft bank of the river,a commanding mountain ridge rises, which extends, though descending, to i'lan del Rio. This monntaln is about 1000 feet above the bed of the results are glorious testimonials of the valor of our soldiers. and of the skill, gallantry and perseverance of tho accomplished General who led them. [Front the Philadelphia Ledger. May 10.] Pnasr Dkl Rio, April 19,1847. We have just achieved a most glorious victory. Yesterday afternoon Santa Anua's army of 1.V000 men, posted in the liithorto impregnable pass of Vaechi, or Ccrro Gordo, and upon the field of one of that General's most brilliant and successful efforts.were defeated, their entrenched rump, with 0000 prisoners, Ore general officers. and almut thirty pieces of artillery, captured, and he himself, with the broken and terror-stricken remnant of hia army, driven as fugitives beyond the gates of Jalapn. Our loss does not exceed 600 killed and wounded, and it probably does not begin to reach that amount. ( en. Twiggs' division of regulars and the Second Tennessee volunteers have been the greatest sufferers The former commenced the action day before yesterday, the l?th. by making a detour of seven miles uud taking up a position on an eminence at or near Ccrro Gordo, in the war, or ruther flank, of the enemy's lines. It required some little skirmishing, you may be sure, to effect this object, and while it was going on we. iuourrauip at this place, on the llio Del I'lan. listened to the tiring will the most Intense interest. When, however, an express arrived to inform us of Twiggs's success, our satisfaction wns great. Steptoo'a battery of 24 pound howitzers and a heavy battering long twenty-four was immediately despatched to the spot,with the corps of Sappers and Miners and a detachmant of the Kirst Pennsylvania Regiment, the latter under Lieut Wm. llrynn. and by morning an entrenchment was thrown up and the pieces placed in battery During this operation a heavy cannonade was kept up by the enemy's lotteries, and several attempts were made to drive our troops from their ground, hut without success. Seven thousand of the best of Mexico's regulars wore hurled by Santa Annn Ihree several times against our little band of about twenty-five hundred, hut they were each time repulsed with slaughter. They then desisted. In the morning the whole army wns put In motion, (len. Worth's whole division had in the mean time arrived, and was despatched to support Twiggs on the enemy's left. The attack upon his right was given tot len. Patterson's division of volunteers, to which I belong. I had almost forgot to mention that General Shields' brigade of Gen. Patterson's division composed of the New Vork regiment, and four Illinois regiments of volunteers, had on the first day boon despatched to the aid of Twiggs, and most gallantly did they sustain him The opening of Twiggs' batteries on the morning of the 17th, was the signal fur our brigade, coinmauded by General I'llluw, to move. The first I'euDsylvania and second Tennessee rogiments led the van. to which the first Teuncssccans and the second 1'ennsylvanlans formed a supporting column. The utmost eutliusiasiu and confidence prevailed. Gen Patterson, though laboring under severe illness, rode on horseback In front of our line, as we were luavlng the main road for the chaparral, and was received with tromendous cheering. After leaving the main road, we marched along mere sheep tracks, through douse -chaparral, in Indian file, which in the presence of any other enemy must have ensured our destruction. In this manner We marched about four miles, whoa we oame to an open spot, and received orders to hasten forward at double quick time. j\i urn moment me enemy s DUgiex sounded thealarm, rind just a* wn cleared the space, and were rising a hill the other side, the enemy opened upon ux with musketry and grape. But we, I mean, the flrxt Pennxylvaniuiix, bad pa"xed the point of extreme danger, and the Are took but little effect upon ox, passing principally over our hoadx. and falling among the xeeond Tennexxceanx. The xeeond Pennxylvanians and flrxt Tennexxevanx received a portion of thix Are, which the annexed list of wounded will xhow. Orderx bad been given to our troopx not to Are till the word of command had been gl ven, and inoxt rigidly were the orderx obeyed. Vlthough expoxed to the moxt galling Are, the ot falling like hail among ox, and cutting off the limbx of the treex over and around ux. yet when we hod taken our poxltion to bo ready to charge the entrenchment*, uot a muxket had been emptied. A more xignal piece of gallantry and eoolnexx never before wax dlxplayod by the moxt well-tried and veteran troopx. At thix moment, General I'lllow wax wounded in the arm and left the Acid. We waited in poxitlon for half an hour without orderx, when at length we received an order to move away, lext we xhould !? raked by three piece* of artillery which comniaded our Airnk, and which, but for the conxturnation of the enemy, would have cut ux all to piecex. Wo moved about twenty yardx down the hill, when we dixcoverod a party of the enemy gaining, ax we thought, our rear, but xoon found that It wax a flag of truce. Our reconuolterer* reported, alxo, that a white Aag wax waving over the entrenchment*, and prexently we had the agreeable information that Santa Anna had retreated with the loxx of all bia artillery, and that xlx or xeven thousand of hi* troop* had xurrendered prleoncra of.war We marched down to the camp with our blue home-made Pennsylvania Axg, borne hy Sergeant Matthew Gdfry, waving In triumph escorting the six thousand priioneri to a plxee of aecuritv. J*" Mton','ied the email extent of our loxx, when I reAeet upon the tremendous Ore we were under Ho near ware we to the enemy 's guns, that entn* of onr men were powder burned hy their discharges, and their burning cartridge paper nnd wad* struck n?, and set Aro to our clothing in xovernl instances I Among the wounded wax General Shields, of Illinois j lie received a ?h?l In hix breast, and la iu a critical state true"" r"'K>rt?(' night, but the report wee not RK E IORNING, MAY 11, 1847. BOTXONAI. VIEW OF E W OF THE^B A1 THE POSITION OF THE 1AN AND PMEXICAN IF APRIL 17 AND 18,*1147.1 , cKAPpa"al A. broken liiufyAx. vUff!! i! V!\\y/T W'^0SFi 0 (fN '% m gt?/ ^ 4 j G f=s=:J? J> iiiiiiiip^ - ( sifeil i Wi;v\W^ Wimmm ""mm wm&im MOUNTAINS 4 C t;hjk rkkkruncesi a cliurcli, etc. here, Camp (J?Kastern or advance lino away in advance, iny?about 1000 feet high? K?Advanced redoubt, with enemy's position except e side of the mountain and I?Gore of Cerro Gordo?appc J?Old Spanish fort for defeuc auh side 1000 feet high, and 11?Itavlne lying between I, ai L?Crest of Mountain, butlowi gorge of mountain. From M to B about 1200 y ort on its top?about 35 do- 1?Trail of American lleconix 2?Trail of American Heconn< river The enemy occupied this mountain. The main i roud to Jalapa from flan del Kio (after ascending near t flan del Rio) runs along the side of this mountain t (which is descending from the river) and nearly parallel i to Its superior crest. After running somo Ave miles 1 from Plan del Rio. some two of which were defended by I Colonel Harney, of the dragoons, and Duncan's light battery, pursued the .fugitive army last night, and. 1 understand, strewed the road with carnage. Gen. Santa Anna's carriage was captured, but the General himself escaped on a mule; but Harney Is in full chase, and perhaps may get him yet. Among our prisoners is Gen. La Vega. Several Generals are killed. A plain, bark of our camp, is covured with prisoners, but what Is to b > done with them 1 don't know. 1 must close with the lilt of killed and wounded in the two Pennsylvania regiments. Kt 1'tnniylvania llrgimmt.?Company A. Pittsburg nlues, under acting Lieut. Furguson?Mortally wound; cd, John Llndbart; severely, David Lindsey. Company B, Capt. Nagle, of Pottsville?None. Company C, under Capt. Wm F Small?Severely wounded, John Sheldon; slightly, Geo. Sutton. Company D. Capt. 11111?Albert Cudney and Joseph Davis slightly wounded. Company O, Capt. Morehead?Benjamin F. Keyser, slightly wounded, the side of his head grazed by a grape shot. Company I, Capt. Dana, (tho Wyoming Artillerists) ? Dnnl. Morrison, severely, perhaps mortally wounded; B. W. c. Kitchen, slightly wnuuded Among the deaths from disease in the regiment, I am railed upon to record that of private Roberts, son of the comedian, of ('apt. Scott's company. .Also of iionry Lower, of the same corps, Tho severe inarch from Vera Cruz to this place is chargeable with these deaths. 'Jil 1'cnntylrania llrgimrnt.?Company A. Captain Leather?Abraham Rowland, mortally wounded; John Xhcats, wounded In the leg. Company C. Lieut. ,Friek?John .Smith, mortally wounded. Companv F, Capt. Naylor?Jacob Simons, Kdward Cruse anil John chambers, severely, perhaps mortally wounded; Thomas Hand, slightly Counpsny K, Capt. Johnson?Jacob Miller, slightly wounded. tlCompauy H, Capt. Quail?James flhaw, slightly wounded. Company K, Capt. Miller?Win Wllhelm, Josiah Horn and Fred. Homers, slightly wounded. TIIE MEXICAN PRISONERS. Stkamer McKim, in Mississippi River, 1 April 30. 1847. ) The name of the pass where the battle was (ought, is ' Cerro Gordo, not ' Sierra Oorila." It Is fifteen miles east of Jalaps, and Is on the first slope of the Tierras Templada, just beyond the termination of the Tierras (.'allien tee. I send you no details, because I suppose the despatches of General Scott, now on board, will reach Washington at the same time with this. They are not, however. In my charge, but left Plan del Rio by express a few hours after ray departure with the prisoners, and reached Vera Crux before me. The party of dragoons who carried them wan flred on. and the sergeant and one man badly wounded. The whole country la In arm* against ua, und all stragler* are killed without merry. A black man. ueur Hanta Ke, la known to have murdered nine ot our men. principally volunteer* 1 found one killed aa I came by, within five milea of I'lan del ltlo, the general headquarter* of the army I.let of Mexican ofllcera captured on the IHth April, at the battle of Oerro Oordo, wbo hare given their parole of honor to report themielve* without drlay to the Commandant of the American foroe* at Vera < rua, ae prlaonera of war? I. Jose Maria Jarero. brigadier general. 'J. Komului de la Vega, brigadier general. .1. r. It 11 ir. y Baranda, captain of Mexican navy, commanding artillery 4. Vicente Arguelle*. captain artillery. 6. Joae Maria Mata, captain of tirailleur*. r> Antonio Maria Galiegos, commandant grenadier* of Tecuiltan. | 7. Mariano ( amarho, Bret lieutenant of artillery 8. ilertolome Amable, second lieutenant of artillery ?. Joae It I obarrubia*. second lieutenant of artillery 10 Jo*o de l.aator Bra* y Boiler, second lieutenant of volunteer*--battalion de la I.lbertad. II. Joae None*, captain 6th regt. infantry 10 Joae Maria Moreno, captain Catadorst, Ath regt Infantry. M Gregorlo del Callejo, captain flth regt. Infantry. 14 Hafael do llenablilaa, 2d lieut. 0th regt. Infantry. I A. Silverlo Veles, aid-de-camp to Gen. de la Vega 10. KranciMO Kernandcs, let lleut. navy, K. A. HITCHCOCK, Lt. Col. A. Inap Oen. Puaw or.L Rio, April 10,1847. The above named prisoners arrived at Veraf'ru* on the airtof April. in charge of Capt. Geo. W Hughe*, eorpaof t ypographical engineer*. U. 8. army, about one hour before the sailing of the McKim, In which Capt. H came paeaenger to New Orleans, on hi* way. under orders, for Washington city. The 16 officer* mentioned In the above list, are those who refused to give their general parele, and were left by General Roott the election of remaining close prisoners in the caatle of Man Juan d Una. or ol proceeding to New Orleans, where they would detained iirlsrners of war till exchanged They preferred the latter alternative, but expreised a wish to remain a few days In Vera Crui, to which Col Wilson the governor of the district, acceded, and directed a vassal to be held In readiness to sail with them for New Orleans by the 2Atb of April The other prisoners, officer* and men. were 1,Iterated on their psrsfe it'knnnmr not to serve ugainst the United State* during the existence of the present war. at until lawfully exchanged. Klv* general officers, (and on* killed.) over 0,000 prisoner*, and abont 40 plaaaa of artillery, war* the fruits of this glorious vis [ERA OERRO GORDO. 1 tl a n tl bi |T LiE G;R OJU N.D . ? it fy - tt nonrc a?. i i, - H1 kI oi tl c? m i *l i v ? HI fr WtfMfyfa, ii i mmm* 5 '//l 1 H\\-d/ ?"''*? ? 5 am-army ;; ^#4 D s S^? ^ T 3W r* \ /P*4*? Wiiiim^h:^ avA>% ? . S I *'?*oad s i'V / g P t a u of defence, constructed of sand and stone*?tlra ber cu u cannon, bearing on the road, eto.?high oat point of [ f? H ara barricaded?barricade* on the work* t :e of bridge?deaerted?on elevation H00 feet high t id poaitiou of enemy ? aleep and preoipltoua. jrtban D?whole mountain covered with denavchaparral arfl 1 M and II on about MUM elevation, liaaance on 1 Oth. daaance on I'Jth. v, vorka, it then paaana through u narrow gorge foruiod by he Cerro liordo on the right and the river precipice on ui he loft, where the enemy had worka. The road than merges into un open plain or field, where the enemy had Ills encampment, bia light artillery and cavalry. After tl tins, the road disappear* from view among the hills. ? r T f tory. The army under General Scott ha* taken, since ' it landed near Vera Crux. besides the reduction of that 1 important cliy. and the "Mexican Gibraltar." about ' 500 pieces of artillery, and prisoners equal to Its whole 1 numerical force. INCIDENTS OF THE BATTI.K. I fFromtheNew Orleans Picayunv. May 2.] I The victory on the 18th of April will be memorable In 1 our history. The Mexicans had abandoned several strong points of defence, nearer to Vera Cruz, to concen- ! trate here their opposition to our advance. The natural strength of the position was most formidable, hut < Santa Anna had dilnrentlr fortified it. and twentv-flvn i pieces of artillery thundered defiance upon our arms.? \Ve need not repent the storr of the gallant assault, which made ua mastera of six thousand of the enemy 1 and the wbolo of hia artillery. I We may bo permitted to make particular mention of t the check which the brave Tenneaaeeana met in their aa- t aault upon onn of tho .Mexican position' That they i were checked. If not temporarily repulsed, appears un- g doubted. A letter which we publish in another eolumn u upon tho doath of a young officer from .Memphis shows p this. Tho explanation wo understand to be briefly this. u In loading his brigade into action, (ion. i'illow had the p Tennessee regiment considerably in advance. While u thus in advance, they encountered a masked battery, d the situation of which had been entirely unknown to h Onn. I'illow. It opened a terrific fire upon the regiment, which the men encountered with the most manly hearts In and rushed upon the foe. Oen. I'illow distinguished tl himself by his personal gallantry upon the occasion, be- tl ing in the thickest of the light. Finding his force inade- '1' quale to seise the position, he drew off hia men, hut not si until a fourth of them had been killed or wounded. The cl rest of the brigade was immediately ordered up, and the (! whole formed with the brave Teoneasccana in the midst, and the attack was upon the very point of being renew- ti ed. when the Mexicans ran up the white flng We have si endeavored to give the facts as we believe them to have h occurred, and shall willingly modify this statement if it o be in any degree erroneous Flie hardihood and daring n of the Tennessenans were proved and applauded at I'erro Oordo, as were the like qualities in another regi- \ uient from that State at Monterey. : v In this connection we may remark upon a peculiarity 1 d In tho mndo In which the Mexicans are carrying on this v war. They avail themselves of the strong defensive po- p idtlnns which their country affords; sheltered by fortill- si cations they pour upon our troops the most destructive r fires from their well-served artillery: but at t he moment I when the energy aud the heroic Anglo-Saxon valor of ) t our men have surmounted their defences ami obtained h an opportunity for a hand to band conflict with the foe, t they run up a white flag, and demand to capitulate 11 And what follow*? Our generals can with difficulty feed their own troops?what is to be done with the some thou- t sands of Mexican prisoners? Thus far they have neces- t sarily been released upon the parole of their officers not i to take up arms again, but in truth to unite at the tlr-t t favorable position from which they may again pour do- i structlon upon our ranks. We are told that at < erro I Oordo the blood of our men was up, that it wus with ditfi- j c culty the officers could restrain them from falling upon 1 y the foe with the bayonet. Nay, the officers themselves i t were eager for the strife, and reluctantly obeyed the In- ' stincts of humanity and of discipline If we are ever t" 1 meet our enemy in a fair field, terribly will 1"' avenged the blood of those who have fallen In front of the murder- t " ous batteries of Cerro Oordo and Monterey. Nevertheless, it Is pleasing to be able to note a hun- h dred acta of kindness on the part of our troops fifteen f< minutes after the action was over Ntcrn old soldiers were transformed Into tender nur*e?. and the wounded Mexicans were cared for with as much kindness snd hu IMPORTANT MEXICAN I.NTKX.MGKNf K. [From the N. O. Delta. May 3.] Wo have received a copy of Kl Montlnr, published In \ tho city of Mexico, of Itie date #tb <>f April The load | or of this paper la a warm appeal to tho patriotism of the people to defend their wives and children, their homes and firesides, against the Invading foe; to disregard Its superior means and resources, and to dispute every Inch of ground with him The Mexieans are counselled to change their mode of conducting the war; and Instead of confining themselves In defeneeloss cities,to be inurdere I by the enemy's cannon, they are advised to guard the many natural passes and strong defences which the country affords, and to carry on fierce partisan warfare The Mexican government Is duly impressed with the necessity of thus conducting the war, and of the complete ruin which must be the fate of Mexico If an opposite j course Is pursued "Vam Crus," says El Monittr. "is a s lasting testimonial of the savage manner in which our ' enemy la waging the war. and of the brutalities of a reckless soldiery Shall we continue this mods of de- I fending our country in preference to selecting the innumerable mountains, tne passes, the cliffs, which I the invaders must traverse before tbey reach tha capital of this Republic ' Shall we expose delicate women and Innocent children to cruel deaths, aud still more cruel outrage, by keeping up this disastrous system of warfhre ?" * But.'' adds the writer, " It ia not alone necessary that we should avail ourselves of the natural defences of the country ; It la also uecessarv that every cltlsen, without any exceptleu. should ahl in maintain- ' Ing the Independence of l.h? country No profession or social relation should exempt any man from the duty of hearing arms In defence of the country,'' The government is then appealed to, to rompel all cill aeus to share in the labors and glories of the war, and to reward thoee who with aiaorlty take up arms The Mexicans, In tba conclusion, arc appealed to, to make ( ... I LD. ' Wm Tw? Ucnu. heir act* as strong en their words. (which bv thw-hv t. ery sensible advice, and if carried out is eJcuUtof'to raate considerable alarm among the invading Yankee. 1 'he name paper, alluding to the email attendance at the hoatree, recomincnde that the government have them 11 closed, in order that the minds of the people might ot be distracted from the grant duty of fighting for lieir country. At a session of Congress, on the 30th of March, a let.t was received from Santa Anna, stating that he was impelled to leave the Presidency, to proceed towards er Crus, to defend the country against the invaders urmission was given to the President to leave according A provisional President was authorised to be appoint1, according to the Constitution of 18-J4. There was some ^position to this measure, aud it was only oarried by a ajority of nin \ Rijon and others presented and supirted a proposition that the legislatures of tho differ it States should, on the 1st Sunlar in May next, elect President und Vice President of the Republic, accordig to the constitution of 1M4. On the Ath of April Sr. Oamboa addressed the Mexi>n Congress to the following effect: ' OrsTi KMKV?Vera Crus has succumbed, and it has ten indicated that an ariny of '.1,000 to 10.000 mo is arching to the Interior o'f this Republic This, as It lit been seen by every one of ua. baa caused a general usation. uud it is loured that at the end of the present until, or beginning of the next, the Vandalic army of ortb America will reach the capital of our Republic, i consequence of this, it has been suggested to remove 10 Sovereign Congress to another place, and several leanures have been proposed, but none of these sve reference to fortifying or putting our city i u proper state of defence, or of malting iv sacrifices which patriotism may require, in dor to offer a proper defence. It is feared, nwever, that a resistance may he useless; that all vdll ve up to the impulse of the enemy; and. lastly, that ir beautiful and costly buildings will be destroyed and le city ruined I do not know how any such thing lulil be expected; and even if I should see the city of !rxico taken by that handful of adventurers, I would 111 doubt my eyes I flatter myself that the army that en. Santa Anna is now commanding, will undoubtedly istain the glory of the nation; and this I believe, not om what the love of our country makes me believe, but cm the conviction of my mind, free from all partiality den. Santa Anna takes with him an army composed r .0000 men. brought from San Luis; of 3000, which we bvo seen take up the line of march a few days ago. nd of 3000. which will join him near Jalapa: in ail ior? than 10.000 meu. It is to lie presumed, likewise, tat a multitude of National Gunrd*. lrom the States of lexico and I'uebla. and the (jarockada) rabble from le department of Vera Crux, will join him. The enemy's army, according to information from cver person who has seen it, baa only about 6000 regulars, id the remaining forces are composed of banditti, ithout the slightest knowledge of military tactics, ithout instructions of any description, without condence, and generally easily terrified. And is it poshie to imagine that only by its powerful artillery the lemy will conquer and exterminate our troops T I ape that the God of justice cannot afford a visible proiction to these banditti, the blind instruments of erverslty, and of the most barbarous usurpaon which could be found In modern or ancient history ut should it be decreed by I'roviduneu tbat we must iffor this blow, and that we should ence again taste of is eup of bitterness, will this lie a motive why we should >ave open and unprotected the gates of our capital, and How the enemy to penetrate into the very heart of our Republic, to oarry on their customary depredations? I rould. in no case, recommend such a course, and will rge the necessity of defending ourselves, and of oppos ig them with all the strength and resources we have at and, should such an unfortunate event take place. us suppose. for a moment, mat the American army, dthout losing a single man, should arrive even within iglit of this city?would it be possible that10. IS, or ven 10,000 men should cause n city of more than 00,000 Inhabitants to surrender? If sucn a thing should nppen?if wo should consent to such a surrender, withut the strongest resistance?the whole world would Jr ever refer to us as an example of the rilest, most owardly and contemptible race on earth, and we would tot deserve from any nation the slightest regard or oom'ussion. I will not propose what I would wish to seehat is, that the Mexicans should imitate the Numidlans nd ('arthagenluns, when attacked by the Romans In .nciont times; or should follow the example of the m?norable Sarngossa. which, under the command of that ;reat hero, i'alafox. was reduced to a pile of ruins, buryng 100,000 combatants beneath them; but I do wish to ee that we should do what has been done throughout lie world, on similar occasions?that is, we shall resist he enemy to the last possible extreme. Paris, in 181-1, did not cupitulate against the whole trees of Russia, Prussia, Kiigland and Austria, until it ud suffered considerate losses under Oonerals Marmont nd Mortier. That same city. Paris, after the battle of 'aterloo. where the Immortal Napoleon lest forever his ory. endeavored to defend herself against the Immense irrunt that threatened to destroy her. and organizing i army with the divisions of tienerals Davoust ana roucliy .they still fought hard battles at Hevres and Illy veil Madrid, the capital of the nation to whieh we were ace united, did, by herself, resist the powerful army iat France seut sgaiust her; and notwithstanding her ppresslou. a popular movement was formed against the rench?and there Mural exercised his most bloody vngeance. And can it be imagined that the Mexicans will he Tightened and <iuall at the sight of a handful of advenurers ? Such a conquest would surprise the world nore than that which (Jortuz obtained over the empire if Montezuma; for. at that time, it was necessary, in orler to cause tills city to surrender, that it should be belUfld by more than JOO.OdO Flascalters united with the Spaniards, and that every resource of subsistence should have been exhausted. And. nt that time the natives had sot tin- incomparable means of defence which we now possess?means which I will not mention here?as by so doing I suppose it would bo an insult to persons of com aion sense. In accordance with what I have here manifested. I am >f opinion that the city should he immediately put in a utate of defence, and t&is is the object of my first proposition. I yl>? h?. it.if r'ni,eM? .lieuM net V.. III, the extreme caae atiould arrive of the occupation of Iho city I>y the enemy My object la not to requext of he Kepreeentativea of Mexico to repeat before the warld he pnthetic aoone of the Homonn. when Brennua. gen iral of the GauJ*. attacked Rome?when aitting In open ground, in their council chair*, they awaited the enemy iud challenged the death, which they received I re mat that thla ia not luy deaire ; but I wlah that we nuynotact on the oppoaite extreme?deaertlog thla lace with a aharaeful hurry?that we may remain here iitil the inomcut when prudence and neceaaity ahould ictate that we muat move alaewhere, aa in aimilar caeca aa been done by civilized aaaemhliea. When the Spaniards had nearly loat all their Teninau i. a regency aim eatabliahed at Cndit. which convoked lo.Cortea of the kingdom. and immediately promulgated in political eouatitutiou of the Spanish monarchy heae erenta took place in the midat of the bomba and iella. which the French army wan throwing into the ity, and when they were (uuaucceaafully) besieged by ieneral Vlctoe In France, when the allien ronquered for the flrat line, tile Senate did not change it* reaidenee, and in Ita lead conatltuted a proviaional government The Uke appened after the fall of Napoleon, and the Chamber f Itepreaentatlvea appointed a commiaaion of government. of which Fondle was the preiident. All foreign nationa have their eye* fixed on our war. ind what judgment can we expect them to form of our ilor and of our ratine, if we are thrown into a sudden ismay and dlaquietude ' It ia utterly ueceaaary. for thla cry re anon,that we ahould. hy our extraordinary effortn, rove tile jimticd of our righta ; and laatly, we munt iow that we rome from the unconquerable Spanleh nee. and we have irt our veina the blood of Ouatlmotxln. lidalgo. Moreloa. and thousand* of othera. who shed lie iaat drop of it in honor and defence of t heir country, ud who taught ua hy their example* the eour?e we are o puraue. These ronaideratlona have cauaed me to nake the following propoaal* to Congreaa. "lat. That our government will proceed immediately ,ii place the city in a manner tit to rraiat the invaaion of he Nortli \merieana Id That every power which nay be eonaidered neceaaary for thia object, ahall ba (ranted to til" F.xeentive. 3d I bat ahould the mean* if resistance be exhausted. and the capital lie occupied iy the Americana < ongreaa will meet where the Preallent ahould determine 4tli When the removal of Camtrees Hlin.ll be determined, nny majority will bo sufficient o constitute it IIAMBOA "Mexico, April I" 17.'* (?tir volunteers ?rc viewed with grant horror The ifnmlnr quotes from New Orleans paper* the accounts Mile hurt eoD'Inet <,f the volnntccrs. when encamped slow the c|ty and exclaims, " Orxelou* (hid ' whet ariiarlan" lint we mu t here clone our <|uotatl"na ir the present (From the New Orleans Picayune. May ~ J Cartons projacta were started In Mexico by tBo cne. ile? of tiotner. Farias to remove hitn from power Vhcn Sun111 Anna assumed the reins of Oovrrninrnt aa resident, there was n>> deposition or overthrow of outer Farias, as has been generally stated In the press f the I nlted Mtates III- retained his nfltce of Vice 'resident, and wifld enter upon the discharge of the , '.xecnttve functions th" mement snnta Anna should irncecd to take command of the army Notabla ware lie devices of his enemies to get rid of hiin, which they ould only do hv some form of constitutional action ; lanta Anna would allow no other course At last thay lit upon this plan : They brought In a bill declaring hat the Vice Presidency of the Republic. created by lie decree of the dlst December. IHW, should be sup re seed The debate upon this was of the moat anloatcd nature, the friends and encmira of Farias showog equal vehemence In sustaining their views. On the list day of Mareh the rote was taken, and the propoelion carried by a rote of M to 30. The following day a decree waa paeaed embodying the ibove proposition, which decree Is otherwise important, t is as follows 1 Permission is granted to the actual President of the Tepublie to take command in person of (he force* which h< Government may place under his command, to cslst the foreign enemy 3 The Vice Presidency of the Republic, established By the law of 91st December last Is suppressed 3 The place of the provisional President shall be filled By a substitute, named by Congress according to the terms of the law just cited 4 If in this election the rote of ths deputation*. heutd be tied. In place of determining the choice by lot. Congress "hull (Isolde voting by person I.. The functions ot the substitute shall cense whan the provisional Pre Idont shall return to th? rverrlse of ' tj" On the | Hit 'lay "f May next ths legislatures of the states shall proceed to the sloctlou ol a Prw-lUeut of the Republic, according to thu form prescribed by the 00*

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