Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 13, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 13, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERAXD. M?w York, Tliawtar, Mm.y 13, U?47. MB. BENNETT'S LETTERS FROM EUROPE. Paris, April 13, 1JM7. ' Tlw Condition of the OM W or Id?THe Food Mid Financial Crista. For some months past a panic in the money 1 markets ol Western Euroi* has heen generating ! gradually. More recently this panic has been increasing with considerable rapidity, particularly in London and Paris. Mince last year all the government stocks in France and England have decreased very much, nearly 10 per cent in Hix months, and great fears are entertained among the bankers and capitalists, that the worst has not yet been seen or felt. The s|?-eie is also disappearing rapidly from their banks. The causes ol this state of things are cotnpli cated and numerous?some being permanent and natural in the existing condition of Europe, and others accidental, springing from the i tate of the crops and the failure of certain articles of food. The natural and permanent causes of the panic tn the money markets of Western'Kurope, may b? found in the increase of the population, the character of the governments,and the condition of society. Almost every government in Europe is in debt In a verv lnrce extent?Knirkind at the head of the whole. To pay the interest of these debts, immense taxes ure laid upon the working population, while the stockholders are nearly all idle and unproductive. These debts nre the legacies of former wars, set on foot by kings, princes, and nobles, to gratify their ambition and power. The muss of the people never have received much benefit from wars or revolutions. Hut this is not all. These public debts ure still increasing. The debt of England has increased of late considerably?aud the debt of France, siuce the revolution of 1880, has also increased enormously. This only adds to the public burdens on that score. But again, every government in Europe has a vast array of government officers, besides large standing armies, all of whom are consumers of produce; but not one is a producer. Probably the number of these two classes muy be put down at two millions of able bodied men, from princes down to common soldiers, who live out of the earnings of the working classes. Perhaps in all there are twenty millions of people, of all kinds, ages, and sexes, who, by means of the financial and government systems of Europe, live in a state of idleness, luxury, and pleasure, entirely paid for out of the earnings of the working classes. Such a system of society, under the natural increase of population, and the exhaust ion of the poil, must, in the order of things, produce fearful results on the means of subsistence, sooner or later. The power of eating is increasing by it positive ratio over the power of growing food. The soil is limited, but the reproduction of the race, and the ingenuity of idleness, are without limit. Tbc state of society and governnieni even diminishes Hie number of laborers and the iguantity of labor, while it increases by its action llw niitithpr nf itilp liiYiirwmu innntKa il?u* ted and pampered on delicacies. If, in the midst of this condition of society, there is added ?tny considerable failure of the crops, the elements of such a form of society converge at particular Ipoints in scarcity, famine, starvation, disease and death, among the lowest orders; while among the higher classes, panic, mono) pressure, disorder of the finances, and threatening revolution, stare thetn ill the face. This point has been almost reached in France and England, and somewhat partially in other European countries. The |>otato crops failed in Ireland and Scotland, and also to a certain extent in France. The first result of this new \ element of disorder to modern society in Western Europe, was the breaking down of political factions in England?a(sort of natural revolution in her local government?and in France, the breaking out of emeutti in many df her provinces, the increase of her standing army, and the immense gratuitous distribution of food to the tumultuous imputation of Paris, during the whole of last winter, and yet continued, reviving in our day, the history of Rome under the emperors, when the people had to be fed by the reigning emperor; or a revolution would ihh<- | place on the next day. Such is the exact picture of things in Western Kurope. It has reached a most momentous point in social and political history. The elements of civilization and barbarism have grown together in the framework of society, like the weed and flower in the half cultivated desert ? In London or Paris, almost in the same neighborhood, the savage and the civilized breathe the ante air. There is no necessity to go backwards into past history a few thousands of years?or to j travel thousands of leagues into the interior of | Africa or Asia, to discover specimens of the savage, ignorant, miserable, poor and shocking? such can be found in the narrow streets and dark lanes of London and Paris, and in almost every town in Europe. And in point u! ignorance and brutality, the modern savage is probably better entitled to the premium than his ancient brother. The construction of society and government in Europe breeds these strange contrasts?these anomalies. Many see this state of things?many close their eyes to the fact and the i?sue?and a few try in vain to discover a remedy and a cure. Legislative bodies, such as the British Parliament and the French Chambers, try to find a remedy; but their selfishness, their ease, and their own monopoly of power and luxury, prevent them from administering any thing but quackery and expedients of the day. Such is the position of Western Europe. A general panic in the money market, growing and uprcaainig every uuy, i? oniy me iiuiurm rrauunoi the conflicting elements of society, rendered more intense by the destruction of a large portion of the crops of last year. The extraordinary movements in the construction of railroads all over Europe, during the last few years, yet continued to a great extent, have had some little influence of a mixed kind on the working of these elements. During the period of construction, the railroad syBteni will add to the intensify of population, without much affecting the means of production. But when all these railroads shall have been finished, a fearful aggravation will be added to the disordered and unequal state of society. In the meantime, the panic and alarm spread over the different Exchanges of Europe.? In England it is beginning to be mooted whether a paper system of money should not be revived to stem the tide of precious metal" setting to the I'nited States. In France the agitation on the Bourse breaks out at intervals, in spite of the loan of the Emperor of Russia. And everywhere, calculations are making as to the prospects of ihe next crop", on which so much depends, as regards the money market, the exchanges, the governments, and the state of society. In England there seems to be a general opinion that during the present year, another deficiency will take place in the same description ot crops which marked tlm history of last year. 1 lie same topic has been much discussed in France?by the government and the journals.? East year, at the clone ot the harvest, several merchants of Bordeaux, Marseilles and Havre, came to Pana and informed the Minuter of Commerce, that according to their information, there was a deficiency, and that ihey intended to send out orders to the Rlack Sea and the I nited States, m order to supply the deficiency. The Minister told them thathc had received returns from every department, and that tha crops were not defi. oient?he was confident their information wt erroneoua. On thib high official assurance, thes merchants gave up their own opinion, and coun termanded their orders. What was the real fact The Minister was lead astray by his official iu formers, who wanted to make a good face t things. The merchants were right. This yeat the French government ..re acting with more cii cumapection?.-tome say, alarm and panic. I? that us it may, 1 have received the follow in statement from official sources, which present the view which the government at thistime hav of the present state and future prospects of th crops, &c.;? Htctulitrc, Average annual potato* crop of France l it),000.00 Kstimated crop for 1847?'8 80.000,00 Kstimated deficiency or subsistence ,)0 ^ (MK allowing for other spring crops 1 To supply this, there must be Imported. luarters of grain a..>00.00 This would require a tonnage of 800,00 The estimate of the French commercial navy (100 ton vessels and upwards) Is 181.47 This would give b70 vessels, of an average o 270 tons. If this were employed txclusivtly tor all the available part of the year in the import of corn it could not bring 3,500,000 quarters. If these estimates and statements are any thin^ like correct,(and they come from official sources; it will be seen that France alone, to leave Eng laud and Ireland out of view,will require a largi supply of food from the United States, and partly also, in United States shipping. Apart of the de fictency will be received front the Black Sea, the Baltic, and the Mediterranean, but the largesi portion, probubly, will come from the Unitrti States. The tumultuous and revolutionary population of Paris is now fed by the government, in some degree gratuitously, us I have already said, as ancient Koine was by the Emperors. Louis Philippe and his cabinel got alurmed last winter at the symptoms which began to manifest themselves, and they hastened to adopt the system by which the R?nwn Kmperors prevented the populace of the Eternal City, in the day of its imperial greatness, from creating a revolution and a change of dynasty. Parit is the Koine of the modern world, for Home itself is only the sepulchre, or tomb, of a great empire. The government here has distributed to the populace what are called bons, or little orders,which entitle the bearer to a certain amount of bread, at a certain rate under the market price. The following is a copy :? Ville de Paris. BON pour obtenir un Pain blanc do deux kilogrammes au prix de quartre-vingta centimes. Le portaur paut j-* I C* hurt ne itra se presenter che? VILI,E \ vain hie que due 16 tous les boulangers u?; j <iu28 fcvriti 1847. de Parts, et rendre PARIS. >! ooulanmrr de c? bon Applicable, it * | rra le r Jerry* r son cholx. nu pain nux-prtpotet del'de ire ou de 'Je ipia- udminiitraUom It lite. t*r mars, il peine dr dtchtancr. JSo tar as these ban* are under the market price so far they are gratuities to the populace. Near ly seven millions of francs, or $1,500,000, hav< already been spent oil this system, which is con fined entirely to the populace of Paris. In tin provinces, when any disturbance takes placi growing out of the scarcity or high price of pro visions, the rioters are put down by the militar] ?and there the soldiery have been increased.But in Paris, the populace is of a more savagi and resolute character, particularly when hun gry ; and although there are 30,000 troops ii Paris, besides 40,000 National Guard, yet th< government have adopted the old Roman methoi of feeding, instead of fighting them. In Ireland the famine stops revolution, und nearly puts ar end to repeal. In Paris, things take a differen shape, for here the populace consider themselve the legitimate successors of the Roman peoph during the imperial regime?a populace that chan ged the imperial dynasty whenever they chose but particularly when they were threatened witl famine and scarcity of food. According to the best calculations and pros pects of the crops and finances of Europe, ther will exist in this part of the world a permanen demand on the ability of North America for food varying according 10 uie bchsoiis, nui graauau increasing as the population increases. Durin the coming season, the rhanrea are that the df rnand will be greater than that of last season now closing. This demand for food, inadditio to the usual supply of cotton, tobacco and othe articles, will necessarily turn the tide of the prt cious rnetrtls towards the United States, greate than in any former age. For the last three cen turies the precious metals flowed from Americ to Europe?the great reflux has now begun, t< pay for food, and it will be out of the power o man to stop it. In London, the alarm has begun , and the bank has thrown out, it is said, the bill of the Rothschilds and Harings, to a vast amount for fear of losing their specie. The Bank o England has about ten millions of specie in hei vaults, or #50,000,000. IIow much specie tlier? is in circulation in the country at large, I do no know ; but under the apprehension that the spc cie will go gradually, an agitation has begun ii favor of returning to the paper money system.? In France, the same ideas are beginning to ap pear. The government here is about conferrin on the Batik of France additional powers to issn paper money, of $40 each bill, a smaller denom nation than has existed since the era of the ri public. France has much more specie in circuit tion than England, but not in her banks. Th following statement has been made by Mi Fould, one of the great bankers of Pnris, nn also a member of the Chamber of iieputies:? ( old attn SiLvra is Fbasck. franc t. Silver coined from 1796 to 18<W 106.000.IK " " 1803 to 1847 3.889.000.(M Gold coined " " " 1,100.000,0C Aggregate coined from 179.") to 1847.. ,f.5,076.000,0f Or Dollars l 013.000 (K i Silver remelted by private perron* f. 900.000,0< ! Gold exported to foreign countrie* l.lOO.OOO.Of Ollfcr I.IW.VUU.III Loft on Trcar and tear 160.000,(X 3.300.0fl0.0( Aggregate of specie in all Kranon f.l,776,000.0( Of this there Is In all the bank* 170,000.(K In oirc namong the people ($321,000,000). f.I.#0.\000 0f What quantity of gold nnd silver may be i other countries in Europe, I have no means t hand to ascertain. A vast quantity of the Frenc coinage circulates in Germany and Italy?yet i all those countries the system of paper mone has been introduced a few yenm ago, and it increasing rapidly. In Austria, paper money found as low as a florin, and in Prussia as !o as a thaler?and large quantities of both are i circulation. A great change for the worse is, therefore, in pending over the finance and currency of E rope, heightened and accelerated by the state i soeiety. the forms of government, the increai of population, the character of the crops, an other causes of less intensity. Pressure, pani paper money, disturbance and revolution, in di time, will end the drama, and lead to the con mencement of a new age in Western Europe.In the meantime, let the people of the I'nite States profit by the experience of other nation for they alone, of any people on earth, ha\ the prospect of ccnturice, and tens of centurie before them of comfort, peace, wealth and tru glory, if they only manage their afluir9 "wit discretion and good sense Let them finish th Mexican war is soon as possible?let ever young man who can, go a ploughing, a sowini and a reaping?let the carpenters go a shi | building) for there will be grfcat demand frot 'V Ewnipe lor cotton, corn, and provisions ; and e ; there is hen* plenty of gold and silver to pay lor i? it during years to come. In Europe, the people 1 ; alone sympathise with the American people; the i-1 governments and uristocracy believe, und trenio | ble at the rupid growth and magnitude of the *, 1 model republic?u republic which no on-- doubts - now will he the greatest that the sun ever shone e j upon. U The Anniversaries. * ; We have taken much pains te give to our reude ers daguerreotype reports of the proceedings ?>l e , the several religious, humane and anti-slavery i societies which ure now celebrating theii anni0 j versuries in this city. o The proceedings thus far, with the exception it ' of those of the anti-slavery society, which are i characterised by the same amount of bigotry, 0 fanaticism, treason und revolution, ure unusually interesting, and will receive the attention they t deserve. According to these reports, the pros1 pccts of all the religions societies arc unusually bright und promising. The wilndering sheep liave been reclaimed, and are now feeding on . the Lord's pasture?in the end to he received into his fold. { I nc menus ot missions nave not been idle. I The city and State have been amply supplied with the Did and New Testaments, and an unlimited * amount of tracts and other religious republica? tions. The heathen in foreign lands have not been overlooked, but have received the especial attention of our religious people. The abolitionl ists, as usual, declaim ugainst the constitution, I and exert their puny and imbecile force to its abolishment. If they are to be believed, Amer j ica is an unfortunate country, and Americans ; 1 the most degenerate race on the face of the ! earth?a declaration which they would find difli1 cult to prove. 1 It is amusing to hear these long-winded fan a* ' tics speak of the constitution in the manner they do. If it did not guaranty the liberty of speech, 1 every one of them would be hanged to the first lamp post, fn any other country their mouths 1 would be shut in a very summary manner, and themselves lodged in the cells of u prison. I Later prom New Grenada.?By way of Caracas we are in receipt of Bogota dates to the 10th March. On the 3d of that month Congress had confirmed the election of I>on Kufino Cuervo as Vice President of the Republic for the I constitutional term commencing the 1st April. Navai, Inteemoenck.?V. S. frigate Columbia, Commodore Rosseau.and brig Bainhridge, Commander Pennington, were-at Montevideo, March 12th. All well. Sporting Intelligence. | The Paus Kight.?Owing to the length of our ! numerous reports of the anniversary meetings, and the immense press of other Interesting matter, we are una. 1 voldably compelled to postpone until to-morrow the | publication of the details of the milling match between j Sullivan and Caunt. - ?=r? - r . Tiuairicaii. I'ahk Tiikatkk.?The attraction* here continue to draw immense crowd* nightly, and we take pleasure to announce that tha celebrated and popular triiifediun. Mr. Anderson, will appear here this ovening in the character of Oiilppua. The tragedy of " Glsippua." by R Griffin. the author of tha ' Collegians," has been pro nouneed a work of high talents by some of the most , eminent critics at either side the Atlantic?and the ' principal character, represented by so distinguished and - popular a tragedian as Mr. Anderson, cannot fall to p ' draw a jam house. Mr. A. having arrived from a highly successful tour at the South, will bo greeted by his nu merous admirers and Wends, with an enthusiasm wh'ch . has frequently made the walls of "Old Drury''resound ' The cast for the piece will also be found highly talented: C j Mrs. Hunt plays Sophronla. The bill. It will be seen is j : highly attractive. Bow?? Thcaise.?The liberality at all times evinced , I by the enterprising manager, Mr. Jackson, In catering I for the numerous patrons of " Old Bowery," has frcquently called forth the complimentary remarks of the | press and the public. Since the opening of the winter season, tbo frequenters of this truly popular theutrr . have been nightly presented with a succession of novel, , ties, and the highest theatrical attractions, at moderate { prices, and in a style of magnificence which has seldom I been equalled hern. We would remind the admirers of true dramatic talent, that on this evening will he performed the celebrated comedy of the ' Inconstant," in I which the character of young Mirabel will be performed e , by the celebrated native tragedian, Mr. Murdoch, whose |t : brilliant ability has already gained for him un eminent ' 1 position upon the boards of our theatres, in all parts of i, the Union. The attractive bill put forth this eveateg v will draw a "jam" house; and in addition to the -Inconstant," will be performed "My Aunt," in which Mr. g ' Murdoch will perform the character of Dick Dashall i. . The "Mysteries of Paris" will conclude the entertainments of the evening. This is an attractive bill indeed Mt. Auusdc*.?W? would remind the admirers of the above extraordinary necromancer, that be again performs to-morrow evening at the Minerva Rooms, in which he will appear in his celebrated mysterious and r : oriental soireei. His bill for this evening will be found. I- | a* usual, attractive. Tbe feats of this distinguished | necromancer bare excited the astonishment of some of a the moat eminent statesmen and citizens in this I'nion. 0 Hignor litx is at the St. Charles Theatre. New Orf leans. ! > Musical. s : Swiss Bkll Kiscxas.?These inimitable performers , | have nightly drawn jam houses since their late return (' : from the South. In consequence of the repeated . solicitations of their numerous friends and admirers. , they will remain here another week, having postponed their engagement st lloston. They perforin nightly at j the Society Library. Those who have uot heard these extraordinary performers should avail themselves of the - ( present opportunity, which their stay here alTnrds. 1 | ( iiriitq't Misitii li.?it is superfluous to speak in eommendatiou of these irresistible performers, with tin >- idea of recommending persons to visit them, as the o concerts are nightly thronged to overflowing. Theii e popularity is established beyond tbe doubt of success, g, where they may In fact, we see no necessity of theii leaving this city, unless it is for the purpose of dissent ' , inatlng their mirth and harmonious entertiiiuuienls We understand this is their last week, prior to theii i leaving for the West. '' Sacred Ml'sic Mot i?tv.?We would remind tin I', friends and patrons of this excellent Institution that tin 1 ! society will meet to-morrow evening al the Tnhei-nai !> as will be perceived by the advertisement. The Italian troupe in Boston have produced Verdi's " Duo Foscari,'' with a new prima donun. Signorlna Hni nerl. 10 H) The Fine Arts. Lull's Orcat Pitt irks?History on ih> Mliiu.i 10 Campaiun, lton Cawvass.?Mr. Luis,' a young Amcricai - artist of the first order, has just completed one of tin w most interesting subjects wo ever remember to havi seen exhibited. It comprises, in a series of psnuramii views, the whole detail of tbe Mexican campaign flron the departure of (jenoral Taylor'e forces from Corpu Chrtsti. up to the battle of Buena Vista. The sketcht were furnished by an offleer who was present in most c ~ I the battles, who. besides giving the most graphic Ulus tratlons of the different fights, has furnls ed truly ac ~ curate drawings of the country through which the arm; ** paused. The pictures forming this beautiful panorami have cost tbe artist, great labor, and occupied his clos< ~ attention since January last. Besides the interest takei In these national subjects, the work, as a master-piece o n art, will command the admiration of all. They not onli . convey an Idea of the battle ground, and the brillian nrhi^vatnunlji nf our trnnn* f h rmifftinn t. thp rmnnnwrn h but even gives a detailed illustration of the varlou marches. hlvoucks skirmishes, and in fact all the prin eipal incidents that have occurred in the am y for th< y last twelvemonths The panorama occupies Dearly . |j. | mil* of eanyaaa in length. It is to he exhibited in H"? ten next week IP w City Intelligence. I *1*1. Roar> Acciukpt.?As the flrut upward train o Harlem railroad cars was on its way through the tunnel on Tuesday morning, the brakeman discovered t he bod; of an unknown man lying on the downward track, wher it had evidently been pureed over by a freight trail 11- during the night. The body of the inau was conveyei nj ; to the dead house ut the foot of 20th street, where th t'oroncr yesterday held an inquest upou it. Notblni I"" was ascertained, however, on the occasion, as to who b was. or why he was in the tunnel at the hour (ahou two o'clock) when the occurrence must have takci <* place. Verdict, " Death by injuries received on Monda; ,r night, in a manner unknown to the jury, by a train of th Harlem railroad cars,while passing through the tunnel.' Bosun or Education.? A meeting of this hoard wa ? to have convened last evening, but s quorum not bcln >fj in attendance, the board rould not organise. | Bostos Ptrtsi were received eurly last evening, h ' 1 way of Hpringlleld and New Haven route re j, Pnlltlrnl. ie Tha democratic convention In Alabama brought It labor* to a close ou Tuesday the -Hit Inst , by unanl mously nominating Hon Reuben C hapman as a rand: e data for governor. y The municipal election took place In the city of l.ofaj efto on Monday the 3d Inst., and resulted in the clcr Hon of J. Boullgny a* Mayor, and J. J. Michael, clt n attorney; Mr. warnock harbor master, and < < lar n captain ol the watch r ADVERSARY WEEK 1* NEW YORK. Queer heme at (be Apollo.- Coiumou Seine and PntrkXbin of the New Yorker*. We were present at the evening session of the antinlavory people on Tuesday, held at the Apollo, to hear the noted Douglas*, the colored ubolition orator. The large rooui was filled with men and women, of all colors and of all ages, and presented an audieucu which concentrated the purest kind of fanatics which could have 1 been gathered together under any circumstances. The I colored gentleman (Douglass; while speaking, denounced in superlative terms the existing war. as one urged to : extend the area of slavery, and eviueed in his tone and | seutiment a predilectiou so entirely British, that Mr. . Strahun, editor of the SuJ/'olk County ^Democrat, inter! rnpted him This led to ail ussault upon Mr. Strahun by one of the audience, and consequently u scene of universal eoufusion. In the metre were Beverly Tucker, John K. Addison, of Virginia and a company of New York geiitlotuou. prominent among whom we recognised Mr. Slamm. late editor of the Olobr, so proverbial for his opposition to abolition and disunion. The in .Iter looked serious for some time, and we were fesrful lest it would lead to a riot in Its result. until we perceived Strahan and his friends, accompanied by some of the abolition committee, mount the speaker's rostrum. There was Slamiu alongside of Garrison, Strahan alongside of Douglass, and Tucker and Addison. Virginians and slaveholders, alongside of some of the darkest specimens of humanity which the occasion brought together. It seemed, from wbut followed, that the offensive, unpatriotic. Indeed, treasonable language of Douglass, which caused the uproar, was compromlted on condition that Mr. Strahan should have the privilege of reply, which he did in a manner so manly and patriotic as to draw down upon him aud the sentiments ho uttered the most unbounded applause. He sustained the war, and the people shouted. He denounced abolitionism us an ally of Britain, und the people said " Yea !" He pronounced the whole abolition l.lo on.l fwimannoKln YVhwn 111) Iltuvniivuv UIIJMB?III?WIV nxu .. concluded, which he did iuuid an applause which tells the soundness of public opiniou in tills city, he was replied to by Garrison. |thu great leader of the I'hlllstines. While the latter gentleman was speaking, he wus interrupted by Mr Sluium in the blandest and most polite manner : Mr. Si.amm?Will the speaker permit mo to interrupt him for a single moment? Mr. (hRRiioM.-Certainly, sir! Mr. Si.amm?My friend Strahan was grossly assaulted by one of your mends, for pronouncing the assertion of Douglass. ' that the war with Mexioo was a war for the perpetuation ot slavery" as a slander on bis country ; and in .the inetit his hat was taken. lie kind enough to beg the return of his hat, for it eovers a noble and a big head. (Roars of laughter. Strahan'* head is larger than any of Leary's blocks.) Mr. (Jakbison?I protest that no friend of mine took Mr. Htnihan's bat. Where's tho hat? The hat was recovered, and the anti-abolition party gracefully left the Hall, headed bv Mr. Tucker, the gentleuiun with the white hat. Tnis episode to the proceedings of tho abolition meeting is indicative that treason no resting place in the hearts of the citizens of New York American Tract Society. The twenty-second anniversary of this society was held at the Tabernacle yesterday. Services were commenced with prayer by tho Rev. Dr. Cone. In the absence of the I'rosident. lion. Theodore Frelinghuysen. Mr. John Tuppan. Vice-President, presided. On motion of Wm. A llallock. Rev. C. O. Somers was chosen Secretary. Mosks Allien, Ksq., Treasurer of the Society, read his annual report, from which we learn that the receipts for eleven mouths to April 1st, 1847, were? For publications $92,360 " .burnt ions 67.770 Total $160,130 Grants in money have been made, for Toulouse. (France) 300 Baptist mission In France 200 Belgium 100

Basle, DeMarriot 100 Hungary ?w Hamburg American Baptist mission 000 Lower Saxony Tract Society MOO Denmark MOO Swollen 100 St. reteraburg, Russia 700 Poland, for tcraperanco pub MOO Greece. Dev. Dr. King 300 American mission in Turkey 1.600 Ceylon 600 Mailrna 600 Northern India missions 1.600 Siam. Board of Commissioners too China Baptist mission MOO (ieneral Assembly mission 600 Board of Commissioners 800 sandwich Islands 1.000 Total $10,000 And exceed those of any previous year by. . , $rt.M14 Due for paper previous to September 18.. MO,743 The Society's house has been rebuilt, for greater security, economy, and efficiency, by a loan secured on the premises, without drawing anything from the charitable contributions, and tho advantages anticipated are fully realized. Mr. William A. Hali.ock. Secretary of the society, read his annual report of the Publishing and Foreign Department. The results have exceeded those of former ' years, and promise encouragingly. New publications, i IS. in five languages, Including the new translation of 1 d'Aublgne's History, revised by the author,and ten other volumes, making the whole number 1,363, of which 312 are volumes In foreign lands 98 uew publications have' been sanctioned, making a total of jM, 109, including 17M volumes. The circulation has been greater by nearly thirty millions of pages, than during the previous year : 1 amounting to 616.976 volumes, 6,811,680 publications, or I 163.676.iiM4 pages. Total in MM years?vol nines. 3.376,0M4; hllnatloill. O0,SM,71S; pages, 1.823.272 985. Thu gra- , tuitous distribution by foreign missionaries and chapInius to the army nnd navy, seamen and boatmen. Sabbath schools, literary and humane institutions, home missionaries, colporteurs, ice., in 1,234 distinct grants. 1 amounts to 31.090 748 pages ; issued to life members and I directors, 4.8M8.400 pages ; total. 36,926,208 pages. in nim. nourlv *94 OOfl The .Imeriran Messenger has had an average monthly circulation of 60.000. I H. S. Cook. Secretary, submitted tlic annual report | for the colportage department, which shown the followI ing results: ? N umber of colporteurs in commission during the | whole or part of the year 267 { In commission at the clone 176 Aggregate term of actual service yearn ill j Number of families visited during the year in the Northern and Middle Stales 108.000 ; Southern and South Western do 63 000 | Western do 64,000 Total 216,000 i Or more than a twentieth part of the population of the | United States. The colporteurs have Included 41 students of theology, from 17 seminaries and colleges, and have been distributed through 27 States, 37 of them for the German. \ Krenrh, Irish, and Norwegian population. Of the whole j number of families, more than 30.000 were Romanists or J other crrorists; nearly one-sixth (32.123) were destitute ; of ail religious books, and 14.666 bad not the Scriptures of whom 13,317 were supplied. 1 The circulation by colporteurs amountN to 227.1)6 volumes, by sale, or an average of more than one book i to each family; and 67.228 books, and nearly 3,300.000 ! pages of tracts among the destitute, gratuitously. Value of grants by colporteurs $13,123. Besides this labor, the ' I colporteurs have held 7.603 public or prayer meetings anil had religious conversation or prayer with threetiftlis (127.037) of all families visited. Mr. I'iiok accompanied his report with some remark' on the benefits of the colporteur system, and gave soiue forcible illustrations of its operation In the new States. llev. Dr. Codmax, of Boston, offered the following re. 1 solution, which was adopted new , on :Resolved. That the report, an abstract of which ha? now been reinl he adopted and published under the direction of the executive committee; and that the society record their gratitude to God for prosperity in the various departments of effort, and Increased facilities for diffusing the gospel of Christ. The venerable Mr. IIahtini.s then led off in a song, to the tune of Zlon, In which the congregation followed i standing, commencing : ? , Ves. we trust the day is breaking; Joyful times are near at hand; Ood. the mighty (tod. is speakiDg a By his word m every land? ; When be chooses, i Darkness flies at bis command. " Rev. N. W Oof.at ssa, of tho Evangelical Lutheran J. church Canandaigua. when the singing had ceased 1 ruored the following resolutionResolved. That the unprecedented emigration from the old world, slid tlie spiritual destitution of the emly grants, demand a rapid extension of the system of col | portage among tho masses of our Gormau, French, Irish and other foreign population, if we would secure their ' highest well buin?. and the best good of our country ' Thn rnviirflnd mnrcr ftHrtrpswtil th? n.NM>mhlY ill fOnit' J general remarks. on th? system of colportage. its rise and progress. It bad been in existence. ha said twenty two years. und it seemed. ah though the hand K of Almighty God could be distinctly seen In its origin mid continuance to the present time. There we* '' a call for the extension of this system throughout this 1 country God has placed in our hands the wuapons again <t ignorance and superstition. Igunranee and vice 1 are the parents of tyranny. Ignorance of the many Is power in tha hands of the few. He spoke of the immense influx of foreigners, most of whom were reared in ' papal and monarchal countries, and who if left to their predelictlons would subvert our lustitutions. He alluded I' to the German Immigrants, and stated the number in this c country to be aliout 2.000,000. He sought to improve 1 the moral and intellectual condition of this interesting ' portion of our people. He felt proud of his origin. He could point to his own country as the cradle of tne reforS mation. He bad sought to improve the condition of his '' countrymen here by evangelising them?but feared this I would be liupractlcnhle, unless by means of lay labor II The system of eolportago he thought was a means raised J up by God to aeoomplisn tills result Let this system be * pursued in the right spirit and by the right men. and It will be the beginning of better days. s The Psr.sroiwr, Ofnets stated, that It had been the g expectation that Rev.Mr. Itausehenbush.German colpor tcur in Missouri, would address the meeting, but be nad _ not arrived in the city. 1 Mr Cook, the Secretary, then stated that he had rereived a letter from Mr R . Announcing his inability to he present at the anniversaries in this eity; whereupon, v'" (>f Massachusetts a..enmleit the re. g solution, and It was adopted. i- Rev. Dr. L W. Ones.*, of the Presbyterian Church, |. Baltimore, offered the following:? Resolved, That the colporteur enterprise Is peculiarly adapted to the present condition nnd wants of our country and the world. ' Dr. Oraddressed the meeting for half nn hour, ' with great eloquence and power, upon the subject of thh> , resolution, the usefulness of the system of col portage emigration to this country, and ths necessity of action and Immediate action, in evangelising those that are in j n darkness or error. Hie remarks wer<> received with ap- , p pi* use from the audience, and he wait followed by , li Mr. jditsthan Chos?. colporteur in Western Virginia. who seconded the resolution. The speaker made some t practical statements with regard to the course pursued o by the colporteur while on duty, and gave acute Into- j p resting details of the condition of the people in Western u Virginia in reference to religious instruction, und means a of mental improvement. The destitution which he has u been witness to, seemed almost incredible, in an enlight- J encd and populous country like our own I He v. IUs? WBiincHKK.of the Presbyterian church, li Indianapolis, moved the following resolution :? , r Resolved, That the injurious influence of infidel a and immoral boqks, and the traffic in them, is scarcely o exceeded by the terrific ravages of intemperance; and o that the only security for sound morals und pure relt- j u gion in Individuals or communities, is found iu total j g abstinence from this meaus of intoxication and ruiu.? j a There was a time, he said, when the church regarded it v as her business to protect itself from the influence of II evils without; but her position is now changed, and n she is to go forth to seek evils and destroy them.? I Among the evils of the world, few are worse thau bad t books. Kirst, those which are heavy, argumentative t works of olden time ; second, those of lighter character c and more modern origin, caring not for tiod, but pro- v fessing to admire his wo.'ks ; third, works of infidel ro- t rnancu. professing vast love for humauity, but clothing in attractive forms, characters, whose examples tend ( only to corrupt aud destroy. He alluded particularly to i Eugene Hue. George Hand, and their thousand imitators, and remarked that few bad any conoeption of the i vast multiplication of this literature The uext kind of 1 bad books whioh he named, was those which professed 1 to be written for medical aud scientific purposes ; and the last class, those which are professedly vile. He then I alluded to the colporteur system, by which these books I are circulated, drawing most graphic pictures of scenes at steamboats aud hotels, intimating the extent to which this business is carried on. The deplorable effects next came under review. The reverend gentleman was very happy in bis remarks, and was listened to with great attention by the crowded auditory. llev. T. W. N'ard, missionary from Madras, moved the following;? * Resolved. That absorbing as are the claims of the unevangelixed at home, the society cannot withhold their symputhy and aid tfrom the faithful men who are seeking to revive a pure gospel on the continent of Europe, or the devoted missionaries who are endeavoring to establish Christianity among Pagan nations. Which having been seconded by Key. Esenexkh L)aviki, wax adopted. The doxologv was then sung by the congregation, and the meeting adjourned by benediction. Hubxequently, the following were choxen the Executive Committee for the ensuing year by the board of director* :? Executive Committer, Publishing, Com. Dietributing Com. Finance Com. Rev. J. Knox, D. D. Or. J. C. Bliss, Or. J. Steams, Rev. J. Ed ?aids, D. D-, Or. W. Forear, Or. Moses Alien, Rev. C. O Sommera. Or.W.W'iutrrton, Dr. R. T. Haines, Rv.J.W.Alexander.D,D. Dr.J.W.Doiniuiek.Dr.T.C. Ooremus, Rev. J. 8. Stone. O D., Dr. R. S.Fellowrs. Rev. E. Mason, D. D. American Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishments His Hon. Recorder Scott, on talcing the Chair, at the meeting of this Society, at tho Apollo Saloon last evening, made the following remarks:?"The object, fellowcitizens, of this meeting you no doubt all understand. The grand object which the aoelety has in vie w Is reform in our laws. We think that punishment by death for murder ought no longor to remain in our statute books, and that its existence is a disgrace to the age in which we live, and I congratulate the society upon the presence of so large and respectable an attendance as I sxo here this evening, thus manitextlng that a groat interest ix taken on the subiect. All we wish is a fair discussion, and those who may entertain views different from our own. will be afforded an opportunity of expressing them. It is u well known fact, that the criminal code of England has been very severe, so much so, that punishment by donth wax the result of crimes of any magnitude; but since the reign of Victoria, it appears that capital punishment for forgery, and cases of larceny, have been expunged, and their whole code ix now nearly ax mild as our own. Burglary on board u vessel, is punished with death, likewise arson. The age of reform is progressing so rapidly there, that 1 apprehend we shall have to luov e faster than we have done of late, to keep pace with them. Blackstone mentions about sixty crimes, as being punishable by death, whereas, at the present time there are very few indeed. I shall not eoininent any longer upon this subjeot, as there are several speakers* present who will address you. I shall, therefore, conclude iny remarks by reading a letter on the subject of capitul punishment by the Rev. Dr. Fnril ft nil nilhllsilis'fl in n. worlf itnlitlutl ul*'vnMplun/?n in the Old Bailey," in which the author observes that, after thirty yearn experience or management in the Old Bailey, capital punishment had no efficacy in the prevention of crime, notwithstanding whatever theories may be advanced to tho contrary, and that until he could discover the Newgate calendar reduced constantly from year to year. he should strenuously urge its abolition. Wm. L. Uahriso* then rose and proceeded to address the audience as follows : Mr. Chairman?I have not prepared resolutions to present to this meeting, although I have resolvud in ray own soul that the punishment of the guilty by death is demoralizing, and, therefore, ought to be immediately abolished. There are, however, many who think that I ought to be hung, and they may say that instinct is a great matter In our conduct towards our fellow beings, that it makes us wondrous kind. Well, be it so. I would to (lod that in reasoning on any question, we may always reason within, and not out of ourselves?that we may always make j it all our own case ; that we may thereby not be led to | do any act of injustice. For instance, if any man ! advocates wnr. it is to be presumed thut he is wil- ! ling to engage in the buttle himself, although ' he may not calculate upon having his own brains blown j out. for were this point settled, he would be the last j man to advocate war. So with slavery?many advocate slavery, so long as he can discover any daoger of bondage himself; but the moment he sees himself at ail in jeopardy, he then sees that it is a curse, and cries out. " give moliberty, or give me death." Just so is it with the advocate of the gallows; because he makes no calculation that his own neck is in danger of being placed ! encircled by the hangman's noose. But so long as they i perceive no danger of their necks, they can see no ! harm in strangling a man like a dog. 1 The remainder of 1 this gentleman's remarks, as also those of Dr. F.lder.of j Philadelphia, and Mr. Titus, are necessarily omitted At the conclusion of their addresses, and the adoption of a scries of resolutions, expressing the sentiments of { the society, the meeting adjo .rncd to meet again, this evening, at7 o'clock, at the same place. American Home Missionary Society. This Sooiety held its twenty-fourth anniversary last | evening at the Broadway Tabernacle. The President. ' Henry Dwigbt,Esq., toolqtho (*alr at 7)^ o'clock, and the exercises were commenced with a voluntary on tho or- , gan. followed with prayer by the Rev. -?. Tho Treasurer's report was next presented by the Treasurer, Joseph Corning. Esq It is embodied In the abstract given below. An abstract of the report of tho Executive Committoo was then presented by tho Rev. Milton Badger, D. 1)., one of tho Secretaries. The report states t hat thres of tho Vice Presidents of the Society. John 1). Kecse, Orrtn Day. and James Roosevelt. Esqs., and two of its Directors. Rev. William J. Armstrong, D. D., and Rev. Wayne tiridley, have died within the year. The Society has had In its service, tne past year, 07d ministers of the (iospel, in '76 different States and Territories. including two who are about to proceed to Ore- 1 gon. The number of congregations supplied, iu whole or in part, is 1,470. A change having been made in the time of closing the missionary year, the returns for this year cover only 11 I .......tt,o It. tlity nuriitil the missionaries have nerform. : i oil nu aggrcgnte of 713 years' labor. | Owing to severe pecuniary embarrassments during a , large portion of the year, the Kxerutlve Committee hare ' I been hindered from undertaking moat of the enlarge1 uient that wan proposed a vear ago. Thirty-two new ! iniaaionariea have been appointed in the Western States Many new Sabbath schools have been formed, and efforts directed chiefly to the better organisation and Instruc- | tion of those previously in operation ?number of pupils. , 73 000. Temperance subscribers. 97.000.' Less reliance is had on the pledge, and greater attention given to the j diffusion of correct principles on the subject of teinpe ranee. There have been added to tho church during the ycur. on profession. 1.080; by letter, 'J.420?in all. 4.400 j The committee Inculcate It as tho great design of the society, to secure permanent good, rather than mere temporary success. This is seeu in the pains taken to impart doctrinal instruction, and In the prominent activity of the missionaries in Habbath schools. In circulating the scriptures and tracts . and in their labors for temperance, and in the cause of the Sabbath. It is seen, i also in the commendable efforts of the churches to provide houses for the worship of Ood No less than 130 sanctuaries have been reported as finished, or in pro- 1 gre?s. during the year ; a larger proportion than eTcr without foreign aid, and without incurring debt As I many more have been repaired, or improved, or relieved from'debt. There Is evidence, also, of better attention to discipline, and a higher standard of Christian morals The Treasurer's report shows Balance. April 1A, 1816. $2,736 36. Receipts to April I, 1847, $116,717 04 ? making tho resources of the eleveu and a half months, $110,463 19 Amount due to missionaries, at the date of the last report, $13,866 37. There has since bee< ine due the further sum of $120,033 83?making the liabilities of the year. $132,800 30. Of this sum, $119,170 40 have been paid. There is stlU due to missionaries for labor performed. $13,738 80. The whole amount pledged for the coming year is $67,376 04; and towards cancelling this, the balance iu the treasury is only $282 79 The aggregate of receipts Is $8,406 76 less than In the year previous. But this shows no falling off In the regard of the public, as the time covered by the report Is law than a year, and the apparent nem of last year is I mora than accounted for Ity legaclea. The contribution* of the rhurcbea, which are the true test of the society's I position, are about $700 more than the year before, and in the name proportion for the full period of twelve month*, would have been $9,000 more tnan Inet year At the beginning of the year there were demanded for specific field* nearly 100 additional mioeionarie*. For want of the necessary fund*, only about one-third of thl* Increase haa been attempted. Meanwhile, the emergencies of this work have become more pressing Foreign immigration is infusing Into the very life Mood of our social existence strange aud ungenial elements. The admission of Texas to the Union added one hundredth part of all the land of the globe to our homo missionary field. Must the society be debarred by the want of means from making a proportional advance In the great . work which is thus devolved on the American churches ? i The report proceeds to notice in detail the principal | auxiliaries and agencies, the fields cult Ivntud, and tho i progress made in each during the pn-t year. After the reading of the report th choir of the Tabernacle performed a pioco of music In very good style. A resolution was then offered " that the reports now presented be adopted and published under the direction of the F.xeeutlve committee. The motion being carried, The (lev. Hknsv W. Br.acHXS.of Indianapolis Ind., came forward and spoke to the following ? Resolved. That tne weat requires Its ministers to b ten of apostolic stump. ami to labor on apuatolic priori- 4 If. Mr. Becchcr spoke with his annul energy lie alided to the enterprising character of our countrymen ^B specially the inon of the east, their *hrcwdne*? and heir indomitable perseverance to carry out the schemes r gain in which they engage ?the wonderful effort* or ^B oiltical leader* who labor Incessantly until their object 1 attained. Such energy, suoh leal, tho speaker urged ran wanted in the work of disseminating gospel truths ^B t the weat. The motion waa seconded by the Reverend Mr ^B >ai is, an Kuglish clergymuu. who bun been travelling ?r Dome time in the United State*. In the courae of his euiark*. Mr. D. took orcuslon to pay many very bandrune compliment* to our country and countrymen, and ^B nly condemning, and that In mild term*, the institution ^B f slavery a* he had observed it at the South, lie was warm advocate of the voluntary system, and lie con- ^B ratulated ue upon having uo established church to ictate to u* in matter* which concerned our spiritual ^B rclfare. He was brief hut would willingly huve been ^B listened to in a longer addres*. The next resolution was ^B uoved by Rev. Walter Clark, of Hartford. Conn Jtwu* ^B le*olvfd. Tliat in the dominion and purpose* of Christ, hero 1* hopo of huccoh* for western mission*.Mr. .'lark wan followed by the choir, who performed a piece if music apparently prepurcd for ttie occasion. After rhich, Rev. Asa T Hopkins, of Buffalo, was introduced o the uudieuce. and spoke to the following resolution Resolved. That to secure tho thorough evangelization if our nation, a new inspiriting of Christian hearts in ippropriate labor* and sacrifice* is indispensable. Mr. H. spoke at length upon the resolution, aud as it H was growing late the audience began to retire some time Before he concluded his remarks, but many remained to Bear the Rev. KdwahuN. Kirk, of Boston, who was to speak on the resolution, "That the evangelization of America is H Indispensably connected with Messiah's Kiugdom.'" - When the time for him to appear had arrived. Rev. Mr. Badger, one of the Secretaries of the society, came forward and stated that Mr. Kirk had hoped up to a late hour that he should he able to atteud the meeting and addres* the audieuce. but that hi* physician had ear nestly advised him not to do so. On hearing this, the audience almost unanimously arose and made their way out of the Tabernacle, rendering it almost unnecessary H to dismiss the meeting formally. After, the benediotion was pronounced, the members of tho society organized I for business, and went into the election of officers to servo for tho ensuing year. B Tho Tabernacle was well filled, and the meeting was M as pleasant as could bo desired. H Xcw V 01k Institution for the Blind. B The anniversary exhibition of the pupils of the New York Institution for tho Blind, took piaoe yesterday afternoon, at four o'clock, in the Broadway Tabernacle. The building was crowded In every part, mostly with ladies, and many were unable to obtain seats; but the great interest felt in the exhibition seemed to do away with all recollection of the fatigue of standing. The pupils, to the number, apparently, of about one hundred and twenty or thirty, were arraugod on the choir seats fronting the audionce, and made a very agreeable appearance, the 'young ladies being dressed in white and the young gentlemen clothed with a degree of neatness and simplicity indicative of good taste. While the audience were gathering, a very pleasing voluntary was performed on the organ, by Robert Elder, a graduate of the institution. Next followed a piece of music by a band of the blind pupils, and after that commenced the examination in reading Some portions of Lardner's Cabinet History were read by one of the rnnlc pupils, and the book of Psalms being laid before Miss Bullock, the tutor requested that some one of the audienco would select any psalm he might think proper for the young lady to read. The nlue. tecnth psalm was called for. ami Miss Bullock read it with the greatest facility; indeed. It could scarcely be credited by the hearer that the party reading was devoid of sight, and had no other guidance but the touch. The invention of raised characters has been an inestl mable blessing tp the blind. Books printed in characters palpable to the touch, uliord tiie only means by which the moral aud intellectual condition of the blind can be permanently benefitted, aud ttaev be rendered In any considerable degree independent of the casual and precarious assistance afforded bv the eyes of others. After the examination in reading, came singing and music again, aud then an examination in geography, which gave great satisfaction to those who heard It.? The extensive information elicited on this subject from the pupils, showed that their course of tuition was by no means superficial, and was a matter of general admiration and astonishment. The first part of the proceedings then closed with an examination In history, on which subject the pupils were evidently us well prepared as i n geography. During the recess, some very interesting observations respecting Instruction for the blind, were made by the gentleman who has the supervision of the institution.? Speaking of the introduction of reading among the lind by means of raised characters, ho stuted that Miss Bullock (who was born blind) upon first acquiring a knowledge of this source of information, was so transported with delight, tlint she found it difficult to realise her own existence, and hud actually to pihch her arm to discover whether she really was the same flesh and blood she had been. Ho also expressed a belief that the blind could be made familiar with every science, except that of optics ; he doubted whether that science was within their comprehension. (It doubtless escaped bis memory that the chair of Newton in the University of Cambridge was tilled bv Sanderson, who lost his very eye-balls by the small pox, when scarcely n year old, and yet before he was thirty, gnvc lectured on optic*, explaining the theory or vision, and the phenomena of light and colors.) The second part of the exhibition opened like the first, with music; next to which followed this address, which was delivered in a clear and elegant manner by the gifted authoress:? ADDRESS, nr crxTHiA at'LLeta. Home on by time's unwearied wing, We hall with joy the balmy spring; And come, dear friends, with hearts the while, As gladsome as her own bright smile. To greet, in music's thrilling tone, The hearts that vibrate with our own; And bring, to deck our rayless night, The gems of intellectual light. That ray less night hath dawned at last, And memory, pond'ringon the past, Recalls the long and weary hours, K'or yet we culled those mental flowers A book ! O, ye can never know 11 ow we have bathed in tears of wo The treasured page from which in vain. We strove one gleam of light to gain. Now?blessed change ' amid those tears, The rainbow smile of Joy appears; A* ever and anon we find Another book to cheer the blind. Another book ! no diadem Could win from us tbe priceless gem, Nor hnlf the thrilling joys bestow, That from its storied pages flow. Well may the warm and generous tide Mantle each cheek with honest pride. That In our land of liberty, Columbia's sons, the brave aud free, While winning for our country's name. In arts and arms, undying fame. Forget not in their proud career. A holler claim?the blind to cheer. At the close of her address Miss llullock was greeted with warm applause, (examinations in astronomy, chemistry. arithmetic, and geometry, followed, the whole interspersed with music aud chorus singing, ttpecimens of the various articles manufactured by the pupils In tho Institution were exhibited on the platform, and excited a great deal of Interest. We noticed willow baskets, paper boxes, Manilla mats, fancy knitting, bead work, fee., all bearing the marks of skill and ingenuity It is an admirable feature in this institution that while moral and intellectual instruction Is bestowed upon the pupil, he is at the same time taught some handicraft where withal a living could be earned in case of need. As a benevolent institution it must ever rank high In the estimation of the philanthropist. We have only to close our eyes for a moment, to shut out for a time the glorious light of heaven to conceive the greatness of tbe prltatlon which the blind endure. What nobler benevolence than that which tends to alloviate such perpetual suffering ' The vast assemblage which congregated in the Tabernacle did not disperse without acquiring some insight into the benefits conferred upon tbe blind by judicious instruction. City Bible Society. Pursuant to notice, the City Bible Society celebrated its ninth anniversary In the Oliver street (,'buroh last evening From some cause or other, the attendanco was remarkably small. Tho exercises wore commenced by the Rev. Mr. Fish, of New Jersey, reading a portion of the 8crlptures. The annual report of tbe Treasurer was then read. The receipts for the year *1.617 13 Kxpeuaes T ' 1.027 II Balance In the treasury $0,000,000 The society's proceedings as we learned from the annual report, hare been as follows :? During the poet year, one thousand nine hundred and sixty-eight Bibles, and four thousand two hundred and seventy-three Testaments have been donated to schools and other Institutions in this city, State, and other States. The society has sent several Bibles to the West Indies. Oregon. California, and as far as Africa. The United States strainers Vixen and Spitfire were supplied. Krotn the letters of acknowledgement received for donations of Bibles and Testaments, many gratifying instances of the good effects of the Holy Scriptures in the conversion of sinners were mentioned. whieh convlnoe the society that their labors in the great cause in which they are engaged are attended with the most happy results, and encourage the society to persevere In them Her. Mr. .Mt'isr.r addressed the mueting. and said that the work In which the society Is engagod is one which was commenced by Jehovah himself 0000 years ago, and which is left for Christians to consummate. Thg world would probably look upon their labors as thankless; but although they may be unrequited In a pecuniary sense, they are not in a spiritual. It is not, nowever. a thankless labor, because, in reading over th? books of the society, he bad seen sufficient to convince hlin that mnny a father aud mother, many a son and daughter, will and have blessed the donors of the Bible to tliein. und tills society for their labors In the labors of tho society in diffusing the scriptures, It was aided by principles of justice aud righteousness?justice. because the sacred book does not belong to any sect or people alone, but la the : property of every son and daughter of Adam. It was committed to the Jews in the first place to be held in trust for the world It was afterwards committed to the Church, which is bound to give it to the whole world The field of this Socioty alone is uot the world, but ths world Is tbs field, nnd every part of it must bo 1 cultivated, thst it may produce fruit to the glory of Ood tVe have the seed, and In contemplating the principles that should urge us on, he would illustrate It In the case of Ireland, with Its famine, its pestilence and death, and no seed. Is it not right snd merciful to supply them with the seed of the Kingdom, wtaioh is the oulj ?< > ' thay need It is out duty to pros Ids them lUa

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