Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 15, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 15, 1847 Page 1
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I I r ??r thw?H mmmvm TH Vol. 3000. No. 13*?Wbolo No. ?TU. TRE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, K.wrtl i?.vest corner of Vulton and Nunn eta. )ANIES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CmCULATMN?PORTY THOOBAfllb DAILY HERALD?Every day, Price 3 cent, per copy?$7 25 i tr annum?payable in ?d. auce. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price ST< cento tier coin ? S3 12% cents per annum?payable in advance. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Every Sreem Packet dayPrice CM cents per copy?13 per aunuin, payable in advance. HO LI DA Y HERALD?Published uu the 1st of January and 1st ot July of each year?single copies six]*uce each. AD V KRTISEMKNTS, at the usual prices?always cash io advance. Adverti emeuts should he written in a plain, legible manner. The Proprietor will not be responsible for errors tlial may occur in them. PRINTING of all kinds executed beaatitully and with despatch. All letters or comnranicitiont by mail, addressed to the establishment. must be post paid, cr the pottage will be de.tnc.il Irnm tne subscription roonev remitted BIRDS, DOGS AND PONIES.?ATTRACTION. (gXi ?The great attraction for the city is now at ARC HEY'S, No. 5 , John street, where nature a aong yJiX; in us inou select variety, i . only to be obtuiued from the little ltohiu to the Cock of the North. '? ii li. r\niK v/iianv> valine iiiiinu urc> nouuus, ovi ters, Pointers, Newfoundland and every variety of fancy Dos*; also Shetland Ponies, kc. fce U.c. I' S Letters iiosr-iiaid, will at all timet meet with prompt attention from A. GRIEVE, 5 John street. N II Poor Isle of Sky Terriers, imported expressly, m.'i 3(lt?r JUST ARRIVED FROM GeKMAN V?A (treat JtM* variety of CANARlF.S. which will sing the notea of the Nightingale, Woodlark and Titlark. *SKr OEORG SCHWARTZ, Empfiehlt tein nen eitigeriehtetet Oausthaua zum Freischutx, rension KraneaUe, No. 161 Washington strasse, New York. myi'j:it*e ?fl _ HORSE, WAGON, AND HARNESS FOR AseT^SALE?Horse bay, fast and gentle?is also first .Li?Jk.r .t? under the saddle, and can be recommended in ever, respect. Sold on accouut of the owner having gone to Europe. The Wagon and Harness have been hut little used. rMay be seen at Murray's Livery Stable, Columbia street, near Atlantic street, Brooklyn;and for further particulars apply at 96 Pe rl ?treet, up stairs. ml2eodfit*rc FlANOrUKTES FOR HIRE? ~~ 'x:<'gf J- Y. HENDERSON, Manufacturer of 'Pianofortes, 349 Broadway, has constantly on 0 ih, X * I hand an asiortinent of sn|ierior Rose wood and 1*3. X X *.Mahogany Pianofortes, kept expressly for hire. Also an extensive and well selected stoek of new tuul popular Muaic, Violin and Ouitar Strings, kc. Several Second-hand Pianofortes for sale cheap. 549 Broadway. between Spring and Prince streets. a29 3taw lm*r LEtiSuNS ON THE PIANO FOKTE. jV ''"'Hti MISS C. C. WEMY8S can now aceommoV. date three or four more pupils, if immediate apA r f Iplication be made at her house. No. 347 Sixth 1 I Y II 'street, between Avenues C and D. Will liave no obiectiou, if desirable, to attend he* pupils at their own residence. Term*?Twelve Lessons for Fiva Dollars, or 9 'keen Dollars per Unsner?three leasons aseh week. alt im*re " CHARLES OAGNEB1N. itn|>orter ofWaiclies c J'aJ hat removed temporarily Irom No. 66 Liberty street.to CkSuS No. 6 John street. mt2 3r*rc WATCHES| at wholesale only.?Louis Ferret. No ? j^} 33 Joins street, up itairs,importer and agent for several tSa2 Swiaa manulkcCarers, offers to the trade a most complete assuiimeut of Swiss Watches of every description, of this Spring's importation.fCountry merchants and dealers in general will find it greatly to the.r advantage to call as above before P"rebaai'ig elsewhere. a3fl Im't >.?* SJATEN ISLAND COT'J'AUES TO LET OK TjtjSf LEASE?Three Cottages situated on Caslleton Heights, JaskLnear Capo di Monte, Statea Island, surrounded by line forest trees, and commanding an unsurpassed view of the city, the Hay and its islands, and the Ocean, while the access is easy, the distance to each ferry being less than a mile. They contain as follows, viz :? Bagatelle?A parlor, dining room and 3 bedrooms. Crow's Nest.?A parlor, aining room, library, 4 bedrooms, and 3 servants' rooms?attached carriage house with stable for 4 horses. Oak Laud?1 parlors, Urge dining room, 12 hedrooins, bathrooni, and 4 servants' rooms?attached carriage house, with stable lor 5 hones. Tlmse Cottages enjoy in common the use of 17 acres of beautiful woodland, enclosed, and in the midst of which they are erertcd. Apply to Madame GRYME9, at her residence, Capo di Monte. all 2awlm*r SotfdL APARTMENTS TO LK'i', haudsomelv furnished, or unfurnished, at 31 North Moore street. ?2*L ml3 7t?rc MTO LET, in Jersey City, near the ferry, several Stores aud Dwelling Houses; also, one place fitted up nice fora Restanraut. Inquire of JOSLPH CAOEKEN, _mvl3 Ifrc Western Hotel. TO LET?A desirable lor.atiou for a manufactory, The promisee between lith and 48th street, ou the banks 1'tits of the East river and known as the "Turtle Bay;" plic, t">is!sting of 15 or 16 lots nl'gmmid well enclosed, a I rce two story doable house, ice house, a line well of water, and a hr.c sul'st.uti. I b urn immediately on the wharf, which liu been and ean now he used n-> a store house. The wharf, which will bs rented with the premiucqis built of atone and is now in good or-ier and ready for immediate use, end as vessels can came along aide aud make fast, it renders the premises higljy desirable. These | icmises will he rented for a term of years. Possessum immediately. Apply to EDWARD C. WEST, ml31w*c _ No. 35 Wall street, third story. jtjI FOR SALE AT A B AKGAIN?The building! H 111 i"pX lease, inoi-ther with tools for a machine shop, and also 4maiLlor u smith shop, Uriug in operation. This otters a desirihie opportunity to any person wishing to invest their capital in the ahove, or any manufacturing .business where lathes, slide-rests, vicrs, shafting and pullies, and a full assortment of blacksmith tools can he brought into requisition, together with a twelve years lease on the premises, all of which can be bought at a bargain, if applied fur soon at 85 Avenue D, bet use ii 6th and 7th streets. mvl33t*c <ai WANTED To RENT?A Lecturt Room, of models?!? rate size, in a centra! situation. Addre.s bos 066 Tost XJksLflhcs. stating location, terms, gtc. ml 2 3t*r iyi HOTEL FOR SALE.?The lease and fixtures, topjtf ge-.her with ail. or a partol the furniture, ofoneol the JuMafik b?*' lodging slid dining saloons in this city, and a good lot i U1.I. Fur psrticuiars, apply to 8. Parsons, at the Exchar.ee Hot-1.133 Ful on street. mil lw*rc MTU LET IN JERSEY CITif?On Montgomery and York straecs, one pla e fitted tip nice for a restaurant; one fort fancy or dry g aids store, and several rooms for private dwellings. Enquire of JOSEPH CROCKER. m13t*c Western Hotel. re, li V dlLTtJN ilOUSE. at liie Narrows near Fort |VoU Hamilton, L. I. The Subscriber begs to inform his XJJUm friends and the public, that this favorite place of resort it mi* open for the reception of company. Steam boats will Commence running about the I5th of May. Hoivms leave Fulton ferrv. RronkTvii at 10 A. VI ami 4 " 1,1' THOMAS MEINELL, Fort Hamilton. May 5.1BIT. rn6 2w rc .(Hvi BISCUIT BAKCRE?l'o leljiud lease lor bo# sale. Parr'* celebrated Soda Biscuit Bakery, with i^JjL train engine viid machinery, now baking nearly two hu.oi.ed barrel* of flour weekly. Will be diaposed of and possession given immediately. Apply to roi 7t?r JAS. PARR. 73 Mntt street. PAVILION. Nfc.W BKItiril'ON, St.iteu Island.? *.VW The proprietor begs to inform his friends and the public, ne liu nude considerable alterations and improve menu in this establishment since the last season. Me hej erected a large building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of a comfortable sire, light, and well veutilaled, and superior in all respects to those generally denominated single rooms in the various watering places throughout the comitry. The proprietor ia now ready to treat with families or parties wishing to engage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to hi in at i he City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attrution. A steamboat runs between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, vie:? Front Mew Brighton?At 8 and II A. M, and J and i:30 P. M. From fiiee No. 1 North Hiver, New York?At 9 A. M. ami 12 M, and J'e, 3 and G P. M., and more fre<|ueut communications will lie estnbluhed as the season advances. The Pavilion is now ready for the reception of Company. tp2) tire K. ULANcARD. /grh TU KENT?A Cotton Factory, of about 3,000 spinfo!? dies, with a building for looms, Mansion House, Store XjUlloase, Workmen's Dwellings, Saw Mill, Orist Mill, won ail unfailing watur power. The place and water power ore wrl! adapted to general manufacturing purposes, and on a uavigable stream, coiwenient toNew \nrknr Philadelphia. F.mimreof WilllRINOTON It RICHARDS, aSBgw'C 32 Burling slip. mnoo vis TO LET?Suitable lor mauulasiiurmg pur pose*, in the building No. 7< Fulton atreet, lately repair ed. Hid with ill modem improvements. Apply to JAMES R. DEL VECCHIO, in the building, or to BROWN, BROTHERS fcUO. a25 2sv*re No.Ml Wall. -f-ff FAU.vl VV' A NTED ?The adveitiser wishrt lo hire a JwadtKum wilhin three or four hours ride of New Voik. Ad |,ru I', 3 T. Poat office, Philadelphia, deserihing the property, sine of the house, me. ml3 8'i "'?# ! \j;.1 FOR BALE.?An excellent I- inn of'75 acres, iw?balf?n hour's rule from the city, with abundance of fruit, ?Jt*->vvr nod Wood, delightful scenery, and very healths uuicioi It wiil lie told Very cheap. Apply GJ Chambes street, .7 doors iV.u.i ftro ill way. inG 1 w * rrc ,,y* i ii FOREIGN i.EN i'Lr'.MEM arriving in the JHTwIUuited Suites, or others, desirous of purchasing a per^Jj^-insneut I gantry Residence in Pennsylvania?The subscnoer offers for sale hie Farm, situated in Montgomery en., Penj'lylrania, It miles north of Philadelphia. It contains 3(111 ss:res ?l land, 2M ncrrs of which are in the highes' state of cul tivation, prnoneiug svnenr, rye, liiaian porn ami ney .equal to any iti'l iud l irni?; he remaining 2(1 acres being Woodland. On tin: premiaea i.i * line atone mansion, 60 leet by 11, with a veriuilili Ittieliril, Ufitl wide, ei'eniling the length of the Imu-r, .ml a lirge piar.ss imi llie eaat, the whole giving ample arc. mm iilitiuut for * family of twenty per tons. The pleaanre g omnia aertotuiding the house are shaded with elegant ere'greeua.entl very lieautilully laid out. There are on the I'arin three rtuue house* fo firmer* or tunauta, together with three large alone harm, containing stabling and conveniences lor a hundred head of cattle, anyl for the storage of 210 tons of produce. with coach home, wagon house, grinnry and corn cribs attached. There are also the advantages of a Hue spring house, in home, tieh pond, a garden of two acres, orchards stocked with the trieet Irnit, gree i house and grape wall, a atream of spring; water in every field, a daily mail, by ovbien the f'hilnde I'lii' "id New Vork pipers of the same day are received, sn l s t <>m liboa passing the gate morning and evening. In the immediate vicinity are Episcopal, Luther in and Tresbytcrian churches Further dvsciiptiou it unnvcessary, as all iwrsons wishing to pit re h se ire invited to call and examine the estate. It may. JjoweTer, be ai'ded, that for beauty, heilthful situation, atin adva ittges. it Is aot surpassed by any in the Uniieil States. It nny t.e wi ll a'so to mention the price, which is $2P) per acre. \pplv to UKO. SHKAKi"', VV'hitemarsh, ml '. ' * Montgomery t'o. Penn. rx)aii.r/nrfn"k country. ~ A FEW families can he accommodated with board at one of the most delightfully situated and healthy summer residences in Orange county, one mile from the Hudson River landing, at Cornwall?the heat steamboats land daily to and from the city?every attention will be paid to inaka it a desirable home for those who avian to s|>eiid the summer in the country. Eirly application is desirable. For farther particulars, plea?e inquire of A. ? k I). Sands, corner Knltoit and Wilfism srreeta; R. Sinclair, 131 Houston street; C. H. Ring, 192 Broadway. s20 lm*rc E NE N1 mini nniLxaiiireB RELATIVE TO I THE MEXICAN WAR. : [From th? Now Orleans Picayune. May 0 ] Jalapa. Maxico, April 35. 1847 \ Tha M ex loans here, one and all. denounce Santa g Anna for a coward, a traitor, and every thing rise that , la bad ; and I verily believe that a majority of them would r<u?lce exceedingly had Gen. Scott captured him | the other day and hung him upon the first limb strong enough to bear his weight. That he is playing them i false you canuot beat out of their heads?that he has ; sold the battles of Buena Vista and Cerro Gordo for a consideration they are equally confident, and in proof they are eternally talking about the $3 000.000. They i do not underitand wby It was that President Polk ] allowed him to paaa freely Into Vera Crux from Havana, i unluea there waa bribery and corruption at the bottom? the Idea that our troops are a whit better than thelra, or ] ' that they can whip them, even two to one, when posted i i behind batteries, has never entered their heads?and 1 ' hence, as a better exouse than none, there are many of i ; thorn who say that they have been sold by the *' Hero of ! Tampico." Again, there are doubtless many?perhaps the larger portion ?who have lost all confidence, either I in his honesty or bravery; and although they may not ! I desire a peace with us. they are still anxious to get rid of the tyrant ou any terms. Such is the state of feeling here in Jalapa I informed you the other day that I had a story to tell of Sauta Anus and his travailing carriage. lu liis great haste to leave it ho went off without taking any of his effects?a small writing case only was found bruken open, for he had no time to unlock it. from which he had evidently takeu a few papers of great importance ; but the majority of his effects?his silver plate, his papers, his money?all worn there in good condition Two of our officers entered the coach, and what did thoy find, after rummaging about, but a most excellent dinner, together with delicious wine and some highly flavored segars. To say that thoy did not sit themselves comfortably down on bis richly cushioned seats, partake of his sumptuous dinner, wash it down with his delicious wine, and finish it off with his highly flavored segars, would be departing further from the itruth than I care about doing just now. The names of the officers were (Japts. Williams and McKinstry, and the dinner was a perfect windfall after a hard morning's work, without eating, and with slim prospects ahead 'or food. A party of dragoon officers, some two or tdleo wee *8 sine , si so had their own fun near Santa Anna's estate of Mango de ( lavo.? While huutlug about the premises they stumbled upon the building where he kept his fighting chickens. Those well informed uoon the subicrt tell me there was ?. wreut. deal of cock-fighting in that immediate section for a day i or two, and that one particular fight created great ex- < citemeut. A fierce looking rooster which they dubbed , Gen. Taylor?not so large as some, but with game sticking out ail over him?was pitted against u long, gangling chicken that they gam his owner's name to?a heavy i but clumsy bird, with but little fight in him. Well, , Gen. Taylor and Santa Anna, as represented by the , chickens of the latter, were set upon one another, and i after a few heavy hits from the former the latter "vamosed" out of the fight as fast as bis two logs would carry him, leaving Gen Taylor's representative upon , the ground crowing right lustily. Such are some of the i accidents that have befuhen the "Hero of Tanipico." The first number of the American Star is out to-day, and is completely running over with news and information. The proprietors deserve all success f?r their public spirit, and I am glad to see that their editlou of this morning is going off rapidly It is still uncurtain when a main movement of the army is to be made. The want of transportation Is severely felt, for with his preseut means Gen. Scott finds. the greatest difficulty in extending his line of operations. In the meantime, small parties of ladrones and rancheros are committing depredations in the rear; and such is the nature of the country that they can only be pnnishod with the greatest difficulty. Tr.i O'Clock, A. M?The diligencia or stage coach is just iu from the city of Mexico, from whence they have received pupers up to the 22d inst. The newsof the terrible dt feat at Cerro Gordo had reached the capital, and while it astonished and overwhelmed all classes,the tone of the papers,of the public men, and of the Congress itself, would also show that it bad served to inilame tbe people still more against the United States. Anaya has been i appointed provisional President, 1 believe, and has been gifted Willi full powers on every point except that in ' relation to makiDg peace with the United States-this no one thinks of. Congress, in extraordinary sossion, has even declared any one a traitor who talks of peace. The editor of El t epuhlicano saya that we may take Puehta. tbut we may even capture the city of Mexico, but that there muat be no peace. The duty of the people is to sue their cities sacked and destroyed, and themselves immolated, before they talk of peace. The guerilla system of warfare appcurs to be recommended en all sides as their only aalvution; by this means they drove out thu Spaniards, and in the same way they say they must expel the iniquitous, usurping and grasping North Americans from their sacred soil, licllcr all die, and he blotted from the seals of nations, than come to any terms so long as a single hostile foe is on their soil or a I uosuih vessel on tneir coast? such 1 s tlu- language of the pavers, of the civil bodies, and of the military. * From n passenger, a Spaniard, who arrived inthodiligencia, we learn that as yet they have dene little or nothing toward! fortifying Mexico. He also says that there ( is a strong party In favor of peace, although the members hardly dare avow thcraeelTea. There are no regu- | lar troops of consequence on the route; and ail those | who escaped at Orro Gordo. with the exception of a | portion of the cavalry.have dispersed in every direction. | On the'20th April, immediately after the receipt of the ] news of Santa Anna's defeat, Gen. Mariano Halo* called i a meeting of officers, to devise some measures by which ( to preserve the nation from alter obliteration. No one here thinks that the Mexicans can ever inako another < stand aud give another grand battle, but the impression j is prevalent that small parties will be organised to annoy i the roads, cut off supplies, and kill all stragglers. How , great, In this case, Is the necessity for two or three, or ( von ono regiment of Toxans. , Jalata, Mexico. April 5-5, 1847. I have borrowed the copies of El Rrpublicano for an 1 hour. They are dated at the city of Mexico, April 21 and '22. and the latter gives a full account of the battle i of Cerro Gordo. The Mexican particulars of the combat, as usual, are peculiarly rich. They say that Sauta Anna sustained the oombat with tiOuO men against 14,000. and fought valiantly to the very last. When, finally, he found himself entirely surrouuded by enemies, ho forced a passage through ' los Yankees" with a column of the 4th Kegiment of the infantry of the line! The fact, as every one knows, is that Santa Anna left early?all the cutting he did was to cut the saddle mule from his coach, and then cut aud run The Mexicans admit that thoy had two generals killed, hut give no uauie save that of Vasquet. Cols. Cosio and Calatayud are also uamed asamong the killed. Geu Scott's loss, on the 17th aud Istb, is put down at over 40U0, while the loss of the Mexicans is admitted to be 2000 men in killed and wounded. Tbey say that the Americaus fought like hordes of savages, killing all that presented themselves, whether wagouers, old men or women. Gen. Canalizo Is openly accused of bad conduct at Cerro Gordo. They say that when he should have made a charge, which would have been decisive, he withdrew with his cavalry?In plain terms that he ran. Jalapa, Mexico, April 28. 1847. Gen. Sales, who was President ad interim before the arrival of Santa Anna from exile, has Issued a proclamation announcing that he is enipowerud to raise a guerilla corps. And calls upon all good Mexicans to join 1 his standard, in his concluding sentence he says that " war to death, without pity, shall bo the device of the guerilla warfure of vtngeaue.e !" FA r.f !.? .1.1.1 I?A - . ... r^?..v.,.v VTA VIIV *4'4 uirtv. vuiunill* a lUIlff 11ST 1 of those persons who have contributed voluntary towards establishing a foundry for the canting of cannon. The Runte paper mention* the arrival at Orixaha of Santa I Anna, but xaya nothing of the number of troop* ho bad ' with him. 1 One of the beat joke* In tbo Mexican paper* I* contained in the la*t paragraph of Anaya'a adfirca* to hia countrymen. Ho nay* that ho ha* the satisfaction to ] announce that lii* excellency. Senor Don Antonio Lope* do Santa Anna. I'reaident of thv Kepuhlio and ( tenoral of thu Army, according to notice* juat received, al- | though not official, bae survived the catastrophe (defeat , ofi'vrro (lordo.| irom which it appear* that Providence j i* not willing to till the cup of our bitterness entirely to | the briin !" This i* entirely too good to be lout. , If possible, I intend obtaining a full lilt of all the ofli- ] oer* under Col. Harney who took part iu the noted and t successful storming of ( crro (lordo. The name of the , hill should also be placed on the color* of each regiment engaged. Word* cannot d-scribe the *treugtii of the , place, nor the Immense difficulty, to say nothing of the | danger, attendaut upon storming it. it I* *ahl that San- | ta Anna remarked, thu evculug before it w?H captured, "if the Vaukecscan storm thi* place, they can *torm bell ] lUeLl !'' 'J'be 3d and 7tb Infantry, under Capt. Alexun- | der and Lieut. Col. Plympton, went side aud side ; the ( 1st artillery, under Col. Child*, although itationed a i short distance In the rear ?* a reserve, could not bo r?- | strained and held back, while many of the Rifles even , left the |M,*ition assigned them, and were "in at the | death," if I can be allowed such an expression. Not a | MS who look* at the natural and artilicial obstacles , these men had to encounter, but must think they would , deter aud dismay the stoutr*t heart* ; yet every man , under Col Harney pressed ouward. us if determined to , be first at th* breastworks. The history of war can , hardly show a parallel to the storming of Cerro Ciordo , < '.1 Martin Scott went on this uiorni g with the 5th | infantry to join the division of tien. Worth. The gen- , end impression now is, that Oenurai Scott, unable to | keep up his communication regularly through the tirrru , calimtr for want of horse* mid transportation, will eat | himself loose from Vera Cru*. push on toward* the , elty of Mexico, and to a certain extent depend upon the natural resource* of the country To rstabllsh ( depots and guards between Plan del Rio and Vera | Crux would expose the lives ot hundred* or men - I , mean* during the sickly season?and wonld, besides , give the acclimated rancberoa living In that tectlon con- ( well an kill the few men who could be spared to protect tliem. There is hardly ft half mile ou the roadthnt dona not poe?e?s the he?t ?f cover for an ambuscade, and the great difficulty la thot thoae who perpetrate an outrage cannot lie pureued aud puniabed. Aa soon aa Oen. Hoott's intentions are made known In relation to hia future movements you shall be made acquainted with tlieni?at present I can only give you camp rumors. JaLsas, Mexico, April 23. 1347 Among other rumors brought by passengers, is one to the effect that Mr. Uankhead, the British Minister, has renewed his offers of mediation between Mexico aud the " CI w ro EW YORK, SATURDAY ] L ui ted States. and that whan the last dfllgencla left ths 1 city of Mexico the Congress was acting upon his propositions, whatever they may have been. Notwithstanding the fixed and denunciatory tones of the public press, ' there is certainly a peace party in Mexico, and there j may be something in this report of English Intervention ' In the distracted affairs of Mexioo. 1 Col. Garland's brigade left the Castle of Perots yes- ' terday morning at daylight for Tepe Agualco. and will ' reach that place to-night. Major Smith's light battalion, a troop of dragoons, and Colunel Duncan's battery, accompany Colonel U We learn that General Worth has bten very successful In collecting supplies. An intelligent tnan with whom 1 have conversed, says that ths Mexicans neither wlil nor can make any opposition at Puebia. The population Is one of the worst In Mexlca. and tbo most inimical to strangers, yet the dreadful defeat at Cerro Gordo has completely paralysed them. At the city of Mexico, a few light breastworks have been thrown up. not onlv us you enter the place by the Vera Crux road, but on the road leading to the Convent of our I.ndy of Guadalupe; but nothing like a regular system of defence has been us yet undertaken. Not i'illy the government, but the citizens appear, with all their vauntlngs. to have become stuplfled at the succes iiou oi ueieuts wuicn nave urrmien tD< Ir country, and know not which way to turn or what to do. Santa Anna ha* written to the government from Orizaba, itating thnt ha ha? 1600 men. and want* reinforcements and money; hut hi* demand* have been unheeded. At the city of Mexico, a* well as in other places, the people appear to linvv lost much of their confidence in the Hero of Tampico, and uiany have openly accused him of cowardice at C'crro Gordo, a* well a* having sold the battle to the American*. I am living at the Cat,u ?<< Ditigien iat, or general *t*ge house; and at hreal<fa*t thus morning Homo of the foreigner* were speaking of n body of men, under General I-eon, who were on the march from Oajara to join Santa Anna, and they also said that I,eon had shot two muleteer*, on the plea that they had aided the American*. The Mexican ladrann on the road* appear to be more at war with their own countrymen than with ours, probably because they can purchase easier victories. Two Mexican officer*, who left hero a few days since for the capital, both of whom were wounded, were set upou by banditti ou the road, and not only were thoy robbed, but oue of them wae severely maltreated. The news ha* also come in. w? 11 authenticated, that Captain A ran jo, a marine officer, who commanded both at Vera Cruz and Ceiro Gordo, wu killed by fan Indian three <laya since. He had abused the alcaide of thn village, when one of the bystander* shot him dead on the spot. Aranjo was a noisy blustering fellow, and hi* own countrymen do not appear to shed any tears at his loss. A paper published at Puebla on the 24th instant, La Vtrdad IJemontlrada, came to hand to-day. 1 could only obtain the paper for a short time, bnt long enough to see that the fierce wratli of the editor was fairly boillug over. He denounce* the Yankees, he denounce* every body that wilt not turn to and help him to do- i uouuoe them. He pretends that there is a party iu ] Mexico, headed by Hcjon and Gomes Knrias, who are for 1 telling thn great Moxloan republic to the North Aineri- < ran vandal*. Thn following is a translation of a short article in La Vrrdad Demontlrada, which is given as a ipecimnn of thn editors thunder 1 "By private letters we learn that the iniquitous Puros [the party of Farias, who are the republicans or ultra democrat*] are anxious to raise another pronuociamen- 1 In ?* nM.-laln. 1 1 . V- * V- ? -?- - ?, r.wio.u. - umuu mill luti auuurruu > aiiKt-OH.? lr'arioa Is at Toluca, (a city 18 leagues went of Mexico,) 1 with the traitor Alaquibel, preparing measures for the enslavement of his country, llejon is equally hard at work at the city of Mexico. The valiant soldiers of the battalion of Hidalgo arrested him the other duy, but the government has placed him at liberty. '"The cunning dissimulator Seuor Ibarra, venomous as a reptile, crawls forth obscurely from his lurking-place to-duy, in order that to-morrow he may plant his malignant teeth in the vitals of the Republic. All those spurious Mexicans wish to axsassldate their country, impious ones ! May the anger of Ood confound, and tho popular indignation exterminate them! "Long live inuependence and liberty ! Off with the heads of the vile traitors ! May they die, to wash ont with their blood the infamy they would bring upon this poor nation ! And let us all prepare for a universal uprising. which, like an electric Ore, will consume and devour the Vankees." Majors Borland and Oaines, Capt. Clay, with the other prisoners taken at Incarnacion some months since, aro said to be at liberty in the city of Mexico. No less than six of the party, as it is reported, have already been assassinated by the Mexicans. Ft Monitor Rcpublicano of the 21st Inst., contains <len Taylor's address to the Inhabitants of Tamaulipas, Neuva Leon and Coahuila. In relation to the outrages committed by Urrea. The editor contends that all L'rrea's acts were honorable and legitimate, alludes to the bombardment of Vera Cruz as an offset to any acts of tbe Mexicans which may be construed into atrocities, and speaks openly of the barbarities of goott and the despotism of Taylor. [ Lit barbaridadn tie Scott y ft dttpotitmo dt 7 aylor.) 1 have no time to send you a translation, for tbe article is very long, but cannot say that the editor handles his subject very ingeniously. Visa Cncz, April 29, 1847. An express arrived last evening from Lieut. Dixon in command of 102 convalescent soldiers from the hospitals is this city, on their road to join their respective regiments at and near Jalapa, stating that tbe party h?<l been attacked by about 300 Mexicans. The express rider met, two miles this side of where be left Lieut. D , a train of about forty wugous.in charge of Capt. Crogban K?r Snmn f.mrj f... . #..i_ n..," Hume five or nix hours ahead of them. In fact the Mexican* had great rejoicing amongat themselves last evening lu consequence of the capture of one of our wagon trains by the enemy. Their accouuta have it that our men (the guard) had been literally out to piece*; hut re hare little faith iu any thing that cornea from such touroof. The Mexican* have a flue chance now to work upon )ur train* if thoy could only raixe courage enough to do ,t. Col. Wilson * force at thia place 1* too weak to epar<> many from it. and if the enemy ahould go to work with leterminatlon they might reap a handsome reward, almost without opposition. The scarcity of cavalry is leverely felt. The Now Orleans, on her last trip from i'ampico found it necessary, to throw overboard about thirty of the best horse* belonging to the Tennessee cavalry during a severe norther A few cases of vomito are said to have ocourrod, but in a very mild form. [From the Now Orleans Times. May 6.} Vr.v* Cat;*, April -J7, 1847. A letter from Mr. Diack. American Consul at city of Mexico, was received to-day. by u friend of his in this lty, from Tampieo, at which place ho had taken refuge I after being harehly driven from the capital, and prevented from tuk lug the road to Vera <'rui He will probably be In the I'nitcd States before this letter is received; it | is. therefore, unnecessary to enter into particulars regard- i iug hi* ejectment, it is a matter that give* me no sur- ! prise: I have only wondered that he was not sent off ] month* ago. During the whole of this war. Mr. Illark j ha* kept up a regular correspondence with the (ioveru- : ment of the United States, keeping it well Informed of the i facts occurring about him, and. in fact, pretty much j throughout Mexico; for his correspondence has been r\- | tensive, and his acquaintance with the people and States, thorough. Perhaps there is no other man who could havo been so serviceable, and no other people who would have permitted liiin to hold the ground which he has so long occupied. NEWS IKOM HA\ M IS POTOM. El Mont t fur lltpublicano, published at the city of i Mexico, has u letter from Han l.uis I'otosl dated the 7th ! ult. The letter says it was the intention of (ieneral j Taylor to move for /t?catecasand San I.uixon the *th of May. and that he iiad been reinforced from Matainoras and Camargo by 4000 meu. < ieneral 1 rrea must be at j inn iinir in 111M (?vjij kiai< 01 mo mountains, a* Dm It'll I letter* wore dated from Linares. General Taylor lia? ail- ' vanood 3000 mru to the liaoloniiaof luosmacton. and the remainder of hi* force* is stationed at Agua Nuora. We ! hare at Han Luis 3000 infautry and same cavalry. Again, under date of April 10. It la elated that the Con- I free* of the State of San hull I'otosi lion conferred extra- | jrdinary power* upon the Governor to provide for the | lefvnee of the State. NEW YflltKFJtS TN MEXICO. I.ettcr from a Sergeant of the. New \ ork Volunteer llegiment (Col. Durnetl'*) to hi* family In New Vork: ? I'm* Cai-x. March >1. 1847. I "oppose you hove beard of the *at'o arrival of our re{inient lit Lobos Island. and of our lauding here without ippoaition. The Mexican*. I believe, are the moet miserable race on the faen of the earth, for, after having leen here only about three week*, we have taken the i -ity and the CMlle, the next in strength, perhaps, to the ] [lock of Gibraltar Gen Scott ha* done one of the great *t thing* on record, hi* lo** in killed and wounded not i-xceeding twenty-nine men. tlur regiment I*, generally speaking, healthy; although iliarrhiaa exist* here to a considerable extent, arising Trout the badness of the water and the effect* of the climate. I have been affected, but not dangerously so The first tbreo day* of onr stay here, (on llio sand hill* bard by Vera ( ru?.) we were uluiost starved, and had it not been for foraging parties. I think we should have itarved. .1 suppose you understand the term "foraging parly.'" Lach company detail* an officer, or sergeant, with a tllo of men, (say 10 or 13.) I had charge of a small party consisting of twelvo men, and had considerable luck condderlng it was my first command. We captured two mules, oue fine steer, fowls, Nc . Ike. We slung the juarters of the steer* on the back of the mules, and luarobed back in triumph, having first appropriated to 'Jiirseli the tender loin and part of the bver. which wo "ooked ,.i the forest, and cat without salt, or any kind of masoning. Think of a beef steak so served up in your city. 'I bis eating meat without suit i* not only unhealthy, but I have an idea it tends to ferocity: however, we were only throe or four days without salt. he. Nevertheless we made a hearty meal, and alter scouring the ton n try round for ubouttwenty miles, returned in safety ? to our ramp. We did not meet with nny Mexican caval- i ry. although we were always on the look nut for them. Lieut. (J , for the moment has command of our < "ompatiy. f'upt. I' being so ill that he may probably < t>e obliged to return to New York Our orderly ser- ( (uant died, on the very day that we landed, of a disease < ?f the heart?he had beeii ill along time The Doctor talked much to hlin, but lio shook hie head as i nnch aa to aay. "It* of no use, my time ia come."? I

!Vace be to hie aehea ?he was. I may eay. my bosom 'rlend. | could have cried, but 1 knew that wee i >f no use When I saw the men of our company I 'ewing him up In his blanket, and Ilia corpse, i jorna on two tent poles, with live muskets laid cross- I vays. and heard that doleful tuue. the "Dead March." I t made ids shudder. One thing made my hosrt jump to i ny mouth, I could scarcely stand still from a nervous I remor which cams ovar me When the men laid him | i n the grave, (no eoflln) they dropt him In carelessly, i i .hough not intentionally. After burying him. and firing 1 ihree rounds over the grave, the procession marched oil i wmmmmmxssssasssssmBaaa&efSBt RK fi MORNING, MAY 15. 1841 paying a lively tune The affect of the change wa? ! i wonderful, my tremor passed. and I rallied my spirits ! t We are here lylug uudur a great sand bauk. and when ' t there U any wind at all. and It often blows a gale we are 1 i literally covered with the dust?we lay In It. we cat In It. I < besides getting our clothes full of it; and to add to our < comforts, we are pestered with ants, land crabs, lliards. l bug*, and mosquitoes, either biting us or crawling over I us?It is really horrid. 1 thought the first night would t have killed me. Only a great roat under me and a 1 blanket for cover?no tent*. u very heavy dew. and the nights chilly withal. It will soon be the season for Yellow fever, and if we do not go into the interior, we snail i probably lose one-half of our men : but I think the Mexl- i can government will soon come to terms, as we have now the key to their oountry. ? A soldier in our company, who bus served twelve years In the lirttlsh uruiy. says that tieuerul Scott has outgenerallod the Duke of Y\ elilngtou. for had he stormed the city he might have lost one-half of his army. (3d,000.) and Vera C ruz would have been one scene of ruin and desolation. The Oeneral. who 1 see dallv. has a small 1 though pierolng grey eve. which loolti you through and through. Ilis manner U quiet?very much so Our regiment has the name of being the bait equipped. I beet dressed. and best looking of ail the volunteers; and I I can say without fear of contradiction that they are j the host disciplined. It cau hardly he expected that a I set of green officers and sergeants run in so short a time thoroughly understand military tactics, hut they arc | allowed to'have done remarkably well. The churches here are large, thu interior of thorn splcudid. In some of them the I'utted States troops are quartered. It is supposed that the valuables, ceremonial ornaments. Ike., huvo boru removed to the city of Mexico. II. action ok tub axrxican conuukss. (From the New Oriuaus Picayune. May 8.J Immediately on the receipt of the iicws of Santa Anna's defeat at t'erro (iordo. the Mexican Congress held an extraordinary session The following account of its proceedings Is translated from Kt Ilcpitlilicaitii of the 21st Vpril. It comes in the shape of a preamble and eight articles, aud we give it euttro;? The sovereign constituent Mexican Congress, in use of the full powirs.with which the Inhabitants of tbe Republic have invented it for the sacred object of saving its nationality; and us a faithful interpreter of thu firm determination wltii which its constituents arc decided to early on the war which I he 1 nRed States are now making on the nation, without desisting on accuuut of any kind of reverses; aud rousidcriug that under these circumstances the first publio necessity is that of preserving a centre of union to direct the national defence with alt the energy that circumstances demand, and to avoid even the danger of a revolutionary power arising which might dissolve the national union, destroy its institutions. or consent to the dismemberment of its territory, has determined to decree as follows : Art. I.?The supreme government of the union is authorised to dictate all necessary measures for tbe purpose of carrying on the war. defending the nationality of the republic, and saving thu federal republican form of government under which the nation is constituted. Ast. 3.?The preccdiug urtiele does not authorise the Executive tqmako a peace with the b'nited States, conclude a negotiation With fnnilin nnwura n?? itUiwiM I whole or ia part, of the territory of the republic. Art. 3.?Neither Jock it authorise him to make eontracts of colonisation, impose punishments, nor confer any civil or military employments other than those whose appointments are expressly entrusted to him by the constitution. Aar. 4.?Every agreement or treaty shall be null aud void which may be made between tho Government of the I'nited States and any authority whatever, which, subverting the actual order of utlairs. should set aside or take the place of the legally established supremo powers of the Union. Aar. 6.?livery individual is declared a traitor, let him be u private person or public functionary, who, either in his private capacity, or invested with any authority, incompetent or of revolutionary origin, may enter Into treaties with the United States of America. Aar. 6 ?In the event that the actual Congress finds It impossible to continue its seeslous, a permanent committee shall be immediately installed, to be composed of the oldest individuals then found present of each deputation. Abt. 7.?This committee, in the abseuoe of Congress,, shall perform the duties of a Government Council; shall appoint, in case of vacancy, the person who is to take charge temporarily of the Lxocutive powers of tho republic ; shall regulate tho counting and taking of the votes iu the election of n new President; shall givo possession to the electod person, and shall call together the uational representation. Art. 8.?The powers which tho presont decree confers on the Govcrninunt shall cease as soon as tho war is concluded. Such Is about the amount of the proceedings of tho meeting of tho Mexican Congress, held immediately after the news hud reached the capital of the disastrous defeat of Cerro Gordo. The editor of El Rtpublicano.in speaking of tills extraordinary svssiou. in his paper of the 21st of April, Buys that " to the honor of the legislative body, it ought to bo observed that yesterday more than eighty members assembled, and that no other than sentiments of patriotism wero heard expressed. May the common danger thus unite all the Mexicans, and cause to disappear even tho names of our sad dUscu- ion*." MILITARY MOVBMENTS. [From tiie New Orleans Picayune. May 6.] Tho New Orleans brought over Lieut Don .losn Maria Mats. Lieut*. Ant. Piedras. Henry Mejinl. and Bartoleme Amabie. Mexicau prisoners, undercharge of Major 11. G. Bennett, Paymaster, U. S. A., and \V. P. Clements ? These officers were taken prisoners at Cerro Gordo. Gen. La Vega and others were shortly to leave Vera Cruz for tiie United .States. Capt. Montgomery. Quartermaster I . 8. A., Lieut. Sorvera and Lient. Sanders. 1st dragoons, came passengers in the New Orleans, aud 150 discharged volunteers unfl Lieut. Andrew Itnsx. latoof the Westmoreland Guards, Sd Pennsylvania Regiment, and private James Peek, cetnpany tS, I Kt Regiment New Vork, died 011 the voyage Col. Ormsby. Maj. Shepherd. Adj't Kiddle, Surgeon* Caldwell and Matthews, ( apt*. Harper, Holm, Stewart, Schroeder. Howe, Kim, and Sounder*. Lieut*. L. White. W. White, and Hilton, in all 3d officer*, including the Staff, and 405 men, of the Louisville Legion, arrived here yesterday from the llraao*. They will be mustered out of service in tills city. The steamboat General Pike, Capt. MoT all, arrived voeterday from Louixville. brought down ' apt tiutbrle, Lieut*. Wagley and Moore, with On recruit* of the Sd Drugoons ?A'. O. Or ltd, it A fntt. The ship Uemittanee. < apt. Marshall, arrived yesterday lu sixty-one hour* from the Uraxo* She bring* no news. She took down three hundred and thirty men of tho new ten regiment*, and brought up four hundred and five men of tho iirst Kentucky regiment, under the command of ( ol. Ormsby, an 1 has been but ten day*, fourteen hours, on the voyage. The bark Hariug Bros, railed the name day for this port. We ttud it meutloned in paper* from the city of Mexico, and iti* implied in letter* before tt*. that xoine agreement had been entered Into by the term* of which our troop* were to evacuate ( hlliuabuvth.it State to remain neutral during the war. and the property of private individual* lobe respected. A*. O. Picayune, itk intt. W. if. Sander*. Ilr?t Lieutenant of Dragoon*, and Lieutenant Sevcrro. with one hundred and fifty discharged teamster* and volunteer*, came on the stram*blp New Orleans, which arrived last evening from Vera Crnz.? A'. O. Delta. May 6. Nontheni ltallroosl. [From the Washington l.nion. May 1.1th | We published a few davs since au intimation of n good routn form railroad to the Pacific, from the Lower Mississippi. through Texas, to the Klo del Norte, near K1 Paso, and from thence by the valley ot the Oils to Fan Diego, on the Pacific. Since then we bavo seen the following letter from a resident on the Del Norte, describing the productiveness of the volley of the Paso, near which the railroad would pax*. Although this letter has reference to s different route, yet* It* account of the productively** of that regiou makes it of vsluu to any route. We therefore publish it. Ki. I'aio. J11 nuiiry 35. 1847. The I'nited States forces, under command of Colonel j Alexander W. Doniphan, took possession of the elty ol j hi i'aao. ilrparlmeut or l diihuabua. on Sunday, the With December. lH4tl, two ilays after the battle of Braelto. the slrt-nglli of hia couiuianU being about 'J00 men. My object In this eommunleation la to give the War l)up trtment, ami tbe country at large. some idea of the resource* of tbe fruitful valley of hi l'aao. ami of il.a Importance to the United State* The aettleuicnt of hi Pa*o xtrnds from tbe fallaof tbe lllo Grande, <>u tbe north, to the I'reeldio. on tbe south?a diatauce of twenty-two mile*?and 1* one contlnuoua orchard and vineyard, embracing. In it* ample area, an induatrioua and peaceable imputation of at least H.OOM. This apaciou* valley is about midway between between Santa he and I hibnahua. and I* hmlntcd from all other Mexican settlement* by the mountain* that rlae on the eaat and went, and rlo*o into tho rivoron tbe north and *ontb The breadth of the /alley ia about ten mile*. The fall* of the rlvrr are two nilee north of the ''flora i'uhliraor public *quare. ind afford aufllclcnt water power for grist and *aw mill* rinugh to *upply the entire *etllcment with flour and umber. The inoet important production of the valley 1* lie grape, from whleb are annually manufactured not ** than WOO,000 gallon* of perhaps the He.be*t and be*t vine in the world. This wine I* worth per gallon, and lonstttute* the principal revenue of tbe city. Tbe K1 I'aeo wine* are eupcrior In richness of flavor and pleosintncs* of taste to anything of the kind I ever met with n the United State*, and I doubt not that they are far inperior to the beat wine* ever produced In tbe valley >f the Khine, or on the *utiny bill* of hrance. a 1*o treat quantities of the grape of this valley are dried in fluster* and preserved for use during the winter: in this itate I regard them far superior to the beat taiain* that ire Imported Into the United State* If thi* valley were cultivated by an energetic American population. It would yield, perhaps, ten time* tbe jimntltv of wine and fruit* at present procured. Were i , die wholesome influence* and nroteetlon of nnr renuhll. I iin inatltutlnnn extended beyoud the Ulo Del Norte, an i American population, po**e?*ing American feeling*, and 1 peaking trie American language, would noon spring up J i lere To facilitate the peopling of thla valley b; tlie | Anglo-American race.nothing would contribute no much I * the opening of a cnmmun.c itlnn between thi* rleh val- ! | ley anil the western State*, by a turnpike, railroad, or i o'me other thoroughfare, which would afford a market 1 i Cor the fruit* and wine* of thi* river country. i'erhnp* | the moat feaaible and economical plan, though not the 1 j inoat direct, of opening an outlet to the grape valley of I the lllo Orande. would tie the couatructlon of a grand -anal from thl* place, following the meandering* of the | river to it* hlghe*t navigable (mint. If a communication by either of the?e route* were opened, thi* valley would >oon become tho aeat of wealth, influence and refine UUAX'-J'.P-1 ... l'. J- L JL! 1 .J.ILL .M'.,.1 Jl', | [ERA r uent. It would be one of tho richest end moet fashion- J <11 ible parts of the continent A eommonloetion between , f<*< .he talley of the Mississippi end that of the Del Norte iffordlng en eeiy method of exchanging the product* of ' y )ne for thoee of the other, will do more then anything | r, . lac to facilitate tbe westward march of civilization ana cjj republican government It would be an act of charity to tbie people to rid them of their present governors, ao and throw around them the shield or American protection. That the idea of a canal following the course of the ?,? Del Norte may not appear impracticable, it may not be j amiss to statu that no country In the world 1* bettor adapted for tho ooustruction of canals than this vullcy. 1 "1 As the earth is Bandy. cunal-< are easily constructed: but rf1 there is a hind of cement intermixed with tbe sand that I . renders the banks of canals as firm as a wall There Is already a grand canal or aeryuio leading oift from the ' river above tbe falls, extending through tho entire .' length of the valley of El Paso Irrigating every farm and l4i me t tmiuiu. ?u?r? n njoius iiic rm-r. > I'ears. peaches. apples, quinces and flgs. art produced *y la tlit greatest prof anion. The climate of tbti country is most salubrious and healthful. The inhabitant" hire | suffer more from the depredations of the Apaches than from any other cause. They art frequently robbed of all they possess. la one night, by the lacurtloni of these 114 lawless plunderers A few companies of dragoons would, however, soon drive them from their hiding J*; places In the mountains, and put an end to their depro- * dutlou*. ' J1' Add to tho fruits aud wines of this rich valley a vast 1 JT quantity of corn, wheat, and other small grain, and the surplus production of the plane will, undor Its present statu of agriculture, amount to near one million or dollars H per milium What. then, would be tho amount of the *' surplus under tho advantages of Amerloau agriculture' 1 have thought properto make these suggestions to tho 'y. War Department, as there Is no corps of Held and topo- 'l graphical engineers with this branch of tho western J" army, whose duty It would have been to make such re- 1 port. Respectfully. &c., JOHN T. HUOI1 MS. , * Ellis Mxcellency. IVii. L. Msacr, Secretary of War i ^ The Mexican Prisoner*. , Mb. Editor ;? i ^ As the government seems to labor under some ilifflculty in reference to the keeping of tho Mexican prl- | ( sonars, allow mo to suggest their employment lu cutting fl the canal, or buildlug the railroad across the neck of land, the Isthmus of Tebuantcpec. between the'Atlantio _ and l'acitlc. Hl'THAM. JJ A i.na-n, May 13. 1M7. || Tht Loot Pay of thr T.rgitlu(u> t. j v| Lust evening at about 12 o'clock, the House passed a , la resolution to extend the session till 12 o'clock M. to-day; ttl the Senate concurred in the resolution, and tho Lcgis- | r,, la turn did not therefore adjourn until this morning at : at eleven o'clock. The members of the lower House wero ! very hilarious during the session of last evening; the 1 gl. Speaker vacated the ohair. which was assumed by a rus- ! tr tie member, when efforts to maintain order were abnu- , 9? fu doncd. Tho House remained in session till one o'clock I n, A. M. and adjourned till ninu o'clock A. M. to-day. ill The customary parliamentary forms were observed, and at then the two Houses quietly separated. , '1' i nn out in relation to the judiciary. In which provi- 1 o< sion is made for the organization of all the courts of thin i ti State except city court*, contains eighty-three section*. ; r< It finally passed at a late period of the session, and is :> ic now in the office of the Secretary of State. In order to u give the meuitier* of each House ample time to understand the details of this important measure, it should : j, have been introduced at au earlier period. The conduct | n of the Senate committee on the judiclnry, In retaining it I ? until it was out of the power of the House to amend It, { ? is reprehensible and culpable; it was an error, and if the ; u movement won designed to subserve the peculiar inte- ! t rests of any distinct portion of the citizens of this State. v it will not be submitted to. but the crime will be di- u vulged. I shall heartily rejoice when tho favor and pa- ' , trouage of the goverument assumes an uxpauslvu form, I c aud when the private rightH of one grade of men become ; t as sacred as the rights of uny other. I annex the eighty- t third section of this bill, together with a summary of the seventy-first section, relating to the disposition of iinmouse sums pending in the present Court of Chancery, which expires by limitation of the constitution in July i , next. ^ 83. AU money* in the custody or under the control of the Court of Chancery, or of tlie Supreme Court, on ; s the first Monday of July next, shall he deposited, re- ' main, kept, aud invested in tho counties in which the ; h same were puid in. as near us conveniently ran be witli e safety aud advantage to the parte-* interested. And ull ii moneys that shall be paid, or directed to bu brought into | the Supremo Court or county courts organised by this I act, shall be by tho order of tho court, deposited or iu- I vested in the county where the same shall be paid or ; * brought iu, as nearly a* conveniently ran bo with safety I uud advantage to the parties Interested The 71st section of the bill vests in the Clerk of the I " Court of Appeals, on and after tho first .\iouduy of July i * ' next, all bonds, mortgages, stocks and securities taken ! T' iu tile name of the register, assistant register, or any i clerk of the Court of Chancery, or the present Supreme ' tl Court This embraces all tbe moneys tbat have boen ; deposited or invested, and all that remains In the hand, ; ,, of the clerks and registers of the Supreme Court and C ourt of Chancery. Tho exclusive coulrol of all these ! . fund* is vested in the clerk of tile ( ,,urt of \pj.e n . ( subject of course to such dis|e??itiou lis the court may ' ' from time to time be authorized to make of them. This grout and prominent bill of this session is highly important; it presents a basis tor the organization of judicial tribunal* tbat are arbiters of human rights and f liberties; it is a continuation of that judicial policy [ which has existed since men became partially civilized \ c When tho new constitution was framed it was believed ; i ttiat there should be a limited abandonment of the legal ; forms which have existed so long, and a re-organization | ui iui: vovy iuuiii?uuu <>i tin- juuinai system; It IMS 1)0 e lieved that the ancient ploadlugi worn not suited to the , age in which we live. Thus the Legislature wax instruct- p cd to appoint competent tegnl commissioners to re-codify the lawn of thin Htate, and to reform the juill - p clary; but the constitutional instruction* hare not ? been obeyed. The commissioners whom I ho be. , gislature have selected. are not of that high order j< of men necessary to accomplish a project en momentous T and "f auch importance to mankind. Therefore there n h?s been a failure In thle, as well aa in tho bill for the t, organisation of the courts; for this Instrument does not contemplate the administration of a .system dissimilar > to that which now exists, and which is not even an improvement upon tin- laws of Kngland, from which it m was deduced. v< \ ou will recollect that I advised you several weeks 01 since that Chancellor Walworth would not accept of the si office of ( hief Justice of the Court of Appeals. In n T late number of the .tlhany .figiit I observe a note from m this distinguished jurist, iu which he announces that If e? is uot a caudidate for any offiec under tho uew constilu- ri Mm ' n< '1 he bill in relation to the Judiciary passed the Senate si by the following vote m Ayes?Messrs. backus, Harlow. Bookman, Burnhavi , Crook, Dennislon, Folsom, tirld.ey. Hall. Hand. Harm a Johnson, Buggies, Sunford, Sedgwick, Spencer, Tulcdt. , ? Van Hchoonhoven. Wheeler?19. 1 Thirteen members of the Senate were absent, 1 The gcueral hill entitled "an act to authorize the for- I ' mation of corporations for manufacturing, mining, ine- | ' clianical and chemical operations,"' is lost; the commit- A tees of conference were unable to agree as to the extent 1 r of personal liability which should be im|>oscd upon v stockholders, In associations organized under this act. I Law Intclllgcnrr. T.'viTrn SrzTrs CiacriT Cooar?May 14.?Before e, Judge Nelson?Uilhrrt Jlttm, tl. al. r?. Comtliui It'. i o Lawrcntt.?After tlie evideuce on the part of the defence was closed, the I ourt was of opinion the case re- i !' solved itsvlf lulu a question of law on th? construction , J of tho act of 1H4'J, and was submitted to the jury under the dlrectiou of tho Judge, subject, however, to the opln- I ion of tho Court in banco, ou the <|Uo>diou of construe- ' tion. ji nur. .mi-iui ? i in- * if w mi- \ onri lias UiKen ol the act of IHJ1 prescribing duties upon articles imported from abroad; and among other* upon this article of In ilia rubber, ha* brought the MM Jnwn to a simple <|U**- : tion of con*lruotion a question of law. The 10th subdi r\ vision of the 3th section of tne act enumerate* certain article* subject lo duty, and among other article* India }{[ rubber when manufactured, or rutber when need in si whole or in part a* a manufacture. the article i* subject II to a duty of 30 per cent. 'I he word* of the act are, "o?i Pi ludia rubber, oil cloth, webbing, shoe*, braces, or other ; fabric* or manufactured article* composed wholly or In . part of India rubber, 30 per centum adralorein." | , The 7th subdivision of the Uth section exempts the following article* from all duty whatsoever, vis India rubber in bottles, sheets, or otherwise uiiDianiifaetured Uy thi* last section it will he pcrcelred that lifter the e cnuinuralioii tlie.re follows a general term or expre*'Ion ai* in relation to India rubber uiimnnufactiired, in whatever form it may he prerenlcd. In iiiv view it Is proper to construe those two section* together It must tieeon sldered that ( ongress had the entire subject before them. and this article under their view when they framed these two section*, they must have had the tree list before i by them as well us the dutiable articles; and it may AI lie that tho word shoe, taken I it rnlly, would j ' 1 include these articles and snlyect them to duly. ' jV But I'ongress may have also hint In view the articles ^ manufaf lured out of the raw material. Shoes ninde out | 'p. of this material, it Is true, were not imported prior to , M the act of 1HIJ, but the manufacture of them had even ' ' I at I hat time, become extensive. The olalntilT* insist, i J)' however, anil I am Inclined to favor tlieir view*. that [ J.' l ongress had the fabricated article in view, and Intend- p, I'd to secure to ourselves the manufacture of rubber in \v Lh>B form M v ouiiilfiu is lp?iiiulhi.*to/l *?lia... i < u Ihr free lint. It aoeuu Intended to rorer and allow M India Kubber to be free in any form If unmanufactured Die other aeetlon charge* a duty on the art Id" when It | *" sntere intoor make* a part of any fabric, but if unmanufactured it I* admitted free 1 hi* I-the ?lew I bare laken of the atntute, and I hare looked at it a good deal In the rouree of the t rial If thin view W ronrwet, there ) pi no (juration of fact In tbe rate ; If I ant wrong, the gorenunaot mm ntIw mj opinio*. There la on yntMt W lhat theae aro ahoea made out of, or that they are fa- I Jl l?rira of the raw material?they are the raw material It- ; ii If. I'nder thla construction. I atn of opinion the plaintiff* I _ ire i ntitli <1 to a return of the duty. Verdict for tbe iluintlli* for J J 800 aa Subject, ae before mentioned, to a I he opinion of the oourt in baneo. M Hi ear Mr. ( neat ? Before thief Juatieo llrotiaon. Mr. ' Justice Beardaley and Mr. Jueliee Jewell?Motion* were { heard thia morning, after which the cause of Allaire ra. Whitney waa taken up. and the argument continued I until 2 o'clock After tuat, until the hour of adjourn- " inent. the < ourt *a* occupied In awearlng In and giving L'.' ?.. mm LD. ** !?; IX u I'WUi plumes to the gentlemen ot' both brunches of tb* proision who Win entrain* 1 on Thursday Cikccit Cocbt. Mar 14-Before Judge Ldutond#? Forgery fate ?In this cause the jury attar r? stnlng out all night cnuid not agree tbey were ilia urged tbia morning at 10 o'clock, by consent of counI on both stilus. It sa?ms that they stood mveo for qulttal. and live for conviction Count or Or.NnaaL Sessions, May U. ? Before Harder Scott and Aldurmcn Purser and McKlrath. Jonas Phillips. Esq.. assistant District Attorney Trial foY Grand Larceny?At the opening of tha urt tbia morning, Franris ilenoque was put upon his al on an Indictment for grand larceny, in baring, on ? 11th day of April, stolen regalia, pistols, tic , to tha lue of id9. belonging to the " Shakspaare Dramatic isoclation. ' at Gothic Hall. Broadway. Iamcs P Van Brae*. sworn? Witness Is a memhe r at s " Sbnkvpcare Dramatic Association;'' on tha llth ot >ril thu articles specified In the charge were stolen ; tuess did not see them again until he saw tbrm In * police office Ltw is Tunton. sworn ? Witness Is barkeeper of the Able llali; witness did not recollect the day on which e articles were stoleu : on the day In question a man ked witness tor the key of the room up stairs : witness vu hlui the key. when he went up stairs, auii after a ort time returned with tbu key : never saw tha maw iflTB : knew nothllie #.f tbu rnl.hurv until VIp r.n uren askod him whoTtud been after the key; witnas# links prisoner was the man ; would not awssr poeively lliat he was the man Lambkrt A. Phillim, sworn?Home three weeks ago, giintleiuun railed at witness's place of business, and iked to sell some theatrical wardrobe; witness then iked prisoner from what place ho purchased the artlcs; prisoner said his Uncle had died in the West inies, and left thoin to hlui; witness told prisoner hs ould bo at homo until 7 o'clock, and prisoner could ring them around: prisoner took the articles to wltnew; lliiess hud heard of the robbery, and immediately aausod prisoner of the thelt; prisoner said he did not eal theui. and if witness would go with him. he would now hiin the man that stole them; witness went with risouer. and had not proreoded far, when prisoner ran IT; witness followed him and cried stop thief, when he as arrested by an officer. Chari.es Dai ley. sworn--Witness U an officer of the st ward; arrested the prisouer at 'It Ann street; found averal of the articles shown. In his possession. [The case here rested, when James K. Whiting, f.aq., lads application for the discharge of certain witneseee delined in prison, to testify against the Captain of a Brish vessel, charged with bringing pardoned convict# <im the Island of Bermuda to this city. The afldaits of the wituesses were previously taken. The capita of tho vessel was arrested on those affidavit#, id examination had before Justice Osborne. On thla inminulion the same |>n.ties who made the affidavit#, fused to answer questions proposed by the prosecuting torney Mr. Whiting insisted that they ought not to i detained, as they could uot be compelled to answer id question*, tending to degrade themselves. Here a me of oouslderable contention took place. The Dlaict Attorney. John McKeon, Ksq , contended that they mid bo compsUed to answer, und cited authority to r?te* tlir arguments of Mr. Whiting. The Court refused in application ] '1 he testimony in the former ease was icn summed up by O. W Niles, Ksq., for the defense, id by llie assistant District Attorney for the people, he case went to the jury under the charge of the Koirder. The jury, after an absence of several hour* r*? irncd into Court und rendered a verdict of guilty, aad commended tho prisoner to mercy. He was then roluiidrd for sentence, and tho Court adjourned until to* mrrow morning. Tin; Bxa.?A meeting of tho bar was held last evening l tho Vice I liuncellor's court room, to confirm the ominutlons made on Thursday for the judiciary and fflco of District Attorney, and published in the iieraJd f yesterday. John Anthon, ksq. was called the chair, nd Mr. Devereaux acted as secretary. The nomination* wore confirmed,with the exception of Mr. Anthon, rho was nominated for the office of District Attorney, uu mi ii. ci. i'?u|j'v wim wiii nominal ru lor associate udgc of the Common Plea*. Both these gentlemen dslinoil thu nominations, upon which Mr. M'Kson wan mm inn teil for District Attorney, and Mr. C. I'. Daly fee Vssociate Judge of the ( oiumou l'leas. Dllwellanrotuk Messrs. Stanton k Co.. of .New Orleans, hare ooqnenccd sending ice by the cargo to Vera Crur There are now four ships either fitting outer oath* tocks at Cincinnati. It is said that such is the bad condition of Chicago arbor, that vessels of a large size are compelled to r?civu their full cargo outside from smnli vusssls and ghtcrs. The woods on the Berkshire bills are on tire, and mong the mountains of buliivun there is a wide coalai ration, supposed to iiave originated Ln a design to illailnate for the .Mexican victories Thursday of last week was observed in ( harlMtoo, on le proclamation of the Governor, as a day of pnbUo lauksgiviug and military parade, on account of our ictorics iu Mexico. The price of passage from Troy to Whitehall on board le packet boats is 1 J.1, cents. (lor. ilebb, of Ohio, has pardoned 4.*i convicts' within ve months. Joseph Alexander Legendel alias the Viscount da ,et!y iirenil. who was arrested some weeks ago ln Naw iriouu*.charged with liuving swindled pcrsous in Kraacv ut of large sums, haa made his escape from prison by utUug away the gratiugs of his cell window. On Saturday lust, Savannah was visited by au unconixttbls hail storm. ? Tlie Frederick llraminrr. (Md .) says tliat the grain rops iu tlhut county have Improved very mueb sine* lie recent rains. From N'kw Bki.nswick.?We received from nir ntteni ivc corrce|?oiideiits of the .^t. John OOrrrtr, St. John |ia(>ers to tbe 111It lust 1 be following iiragrnpbs sre all tliat we find of Interest :? The weather, for tbe last few days, indicates the anronrh of summer, but as yet vegetation is rsrr back'ard. Many of the streams. and nenriy all t n? lake* re still ice-bound, while the depth of snow in the woods i very great, and Die rattle in many parts of the !"-? Ince still suffering for want nf fodder Uefors this time. linnet every fiprlug. thuy subsist nearly altogether upon lie fctd to fx- obtained in the Held*nod in the wood* Potatoes of a good i|uatity mil r< udlly In otir market at i. fid |xar bushel. The "learners may now ho said to h-tvn fairly ronticured running between thl* city and the neat of go rnineot?the P'rederirtou whicli proceeded upward* 1 Saturday la?t. rcturni d on Priday morning. having ict'toded In petting to Krederirton"the preceding day. ltc new eteatuer St John wa? net in motion yesterday, id after taking a trip nrouud Partridge Inland, pro - de<l through llie I 'all", to tithe up >>e.- nlatlon uu tha vi r. she proceed* on Iter Brut trip to P'rcdnrtcton oat Tuesday morning, and promises to he a speedy aa in in a rpleiidid boat. I A< OH BKAISTPID respectfully htformt hia fritud*. and tlie public generally, that lie li?? commenced the ftentrnl lltrucy and < ommiaiiiut ltuMnea* at the an.re of W. H. 11mated, M Remit alrrei, rorner of Broadway (in La Kergw iaildinga), where hi \. 111 Inoti his time to rnect tales la leal p'.alate, p urnilure, Ciroceni a, and inrn diamine in gnawal. Holding a-i auctioneer's eomin-ttinn, he it prepared tit tteud l<> iiiil-duor *aliy id' Heal aud Ft raoual folate, alao. to besetting id llir P'liriiilure of famiiira.at tlieir own houire rhirli will at all time* itftitt particular attention, and luitetua] return* made. * linlelaor private dwelling* will be.appiaiscd correctly, and itpuaed of at the shortest notiri. I.ilieriil advancea w ill be made on tnrh artirlea aa e?n be Iinveiiiently atorrii; and money loaned on atocka, unlet, ard ther collateral aeeuriliea, for ahoit period*. A regialer will he kept for the sale or letting of hotiMM and it*, and oilier tenement*. To tare tune and trouble to both imllord and tenant, a rorrect description of the prrmtaen, with ?e tirma, are nlwuv* noted. myl Imwnd'r A. & <;. imanDUN" It LO C K I. K T T F. H SI UN .YANLPAOTVRERft, SIGN P A I NTER 8, NO. a TRVON ROW, Adjoining the llatlein Railroad Office. New lag|L I'll P. auperiuritv of our Wood Letter Sign* forlfcMy, L rouipiruouanraa and durability, have been IkHf in eciatcdbl many ,f the priiu-i|>a| men of business, which rl will become apparent by refrrenre to the WomMgUMi urea, William street: I H Bonded WarshousWa Aatyi t.u*e: llathhun'a Hotel: Jndaon'a Hotel; National timet; rkiu a lintel; .Vlarchaut'a lintel; Mercantile Library; .N'aun Tea Company, kc , lie . lie. To atrangrra v laKing the city We ean refer them to maay of r principal limit in almost every city in the Union. aV I end I in *rrc 11 Pi AI' AMI P.XI'P ilHTIOUM 'I'll A VP.LI.INtJ TO THfc WPiSTP.KN ST ATP.H AND CANADA. tdSfi Bst'W-m tmssss hv TAPM tyj in KMIUR.ANTS rAMHKNdP.R LINKS. (Wire, 8?i South street. New V ork. I he auhscrtlrt-ra continue In foywntd Inmigranta aed others all part* of the Weairrn State* and Canada, at the eery LOW KMT HA'rHH OK rVHHAUK. Railroad. Steamboat and ' anal, to the followuig places, vsa ban >, Rochester. buffalo and 1'ittahnrgli:? tot, Syracuse, Oswego, ibiirn, Hoche*trr, Buffalo, tr, I'a. < letelatid, Huron. ndn.ky, M?u iiiar, Monroe, dedo, I'ctn.it, Mackinaw, ilwankic, Racine, Poiuhpui t, lingo, Urrn liny, Hnttaanlle. [Uburg, I'*. Wheeling, PortamouLh, Ohio, literal.tirgli, I inrinuili, Lemtaetlle, K\ . Lnuia. Ilalrna, Dnhii.pie. Hill Ileal], Darlington, Hamilton, hitby, < otmrt, Queeneton, iigatnn, Toronto, Sandwich, nntreal, * And all other intermediate flwc?, Peptone rrccccdnig tn V |>ai t of tliv Wrat, or ( nnada, would do well to call on W. k J. T. TAPS* OTT, At tlirir General Kmigr.itirm Otbee, (.6 South (treet, New Vi tk. T-p?rr,tt'? l.niuranta' Travelling Guide ran he h?.) on epiralton. I'tee. m"Mfl*re NGTl'iK.-- Ml peraone tntervated la rhe chartiy HM^.I die II.rk I'K.N' a'KRSLF.. Fullerl I i IjWfeEvMirn. will pleaae to take notice thct ahe it now ready rei enc her rurgn at pier No 1(1 K.'at ttiaer m<l ll'i "FT.KINS fc OKI.\NO * South !. 1*7?- FOR MAVHK ? The tuperio, copper-: oatened IjffW Old I O P| I n d an t IKTII I \ \\ I III .!?> I Male r ftftaLKur height or pa <*e,a|.|d^lo ^ y ^ ^ mv 11 B01 U a MINi tar.N t*A hi III il.u I! Ill .tiperior French bark IN |f|h TDM \ ' KHMm Kor f.e till or | I'll ' i ill. ll.'l k III 1 I'D h " 'I. ' nil I Ut_)N U 4o HIM K I V Br. lot. 1{

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