Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1847 Page 1
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|l| TH] v?i m IU. IW~WM< R? ?TM. THK HKW t OK It HERALI* ESTABLISHMENT, Rim tli l?m mrnrr of Kit I torn wml RmM Ma> james eouooN bennettTproprietor. ritvci IMTIIIKI ?>X1KT? THUWARO. DAILY IIKK iLn-iUy, Price 1 rrnttiw copy? ?imum?1'itd li tu ?di?ur?. WKKKLY )IKkALD-L?ery JUt.rJ.r-rnc * emu l>?i c.?i>y?$1 imiun?iwy tblr iu nirmee. HKilAI.D ' OR KCnoPK-Ueerv *<mm Peek* ?Uv? Pi >rr t,>, rrot* ! > r . | v ?Yj I *r \i num. |>ayeblc in MVinca. HOLIDAY all .it VLD?I'uMuhed -? the in of Junrr m* litol July ufa^ih )<-*r^*i??lv copwa eupenre each. ADV LRTIAKAJkNT*.* the .?) aaeh ia * ' AiWcrt nnuut* iSosId be wntitn ib iHiblr mn.m . Hit I'toirrifior will not b? lor irron thai tii-t? ocr-n il.?rn 111t IttUn or . o.nruai.tcAiMHi? oy mail. a?l4re?*4 to thf *; -t>luhiiieui, niust '? pot* pud, or th* poatxu# will ba flirrpd from (hp ?nh*rrt|?ftoo nt'iuir r?oii?t*d uri A.niiKAHiT?* |> ARK rIIRATHfr^-Th. r? Jay RfJMfOth, will l?r prrfonnsd t)i? Comt'dv ??f HOMEBODY ELSE? Hans Mnrilx. AJi G Bsrie:t; Em nest, Mr Miume, Mr* liuut After which, the 6 diet entitleil LA CIIATTE?La Priu- 1 c. ?? Mmabnut, M'llr Slangy; Krliska, Mm Vailre; Multy i Prehear, Moris. timiKry. I To lie f.Ilowe.1 b, NICHOLAS FLAM?NichoU* Flam, Mr Bits; Mir* I'll till i com ha'. Mr* Veruou. I Torooelude with LILLUSlUN D'UN PEINTRE-Doniia , r ri c sra, M lit' Blwgy ; Alarm, Mix V alive; Fernando, .Mori* Boui .ry 8 ,es$l; I'll 10 ccuts; I tallsry 21 cent*. 1 Do, rt open ill o'clock?the performance will eoaUMuea I hnll-:?.t T. ( PARK THEATRE,?Mr. DYOFT r*?|~.:trolly saa.'Unc- 1 tj that hi* Benefit is apimiuted to take place ?o rest Tuesday ev?u tag, 21th May. t . The perlorm nice will commence with (first tiuia here) the , line.rating play of , , , EUGENE ARAM; Or, St Hubert's C??r, 1 founded ou Ifulwrr'a beautiful uorel of the same name. Full 1 particulars of the evening1* .entertainments in ftitiue e lver- ' line me itj. Tickets may he had of Mr. Oyoti, 41 White at. 1 ingfl 3rts?r I.,', to i c J*' aao.v, Proprietor?M. ' J E. 8tb> t >*. ,-t.ite Thursday Evening, May 28, will be acted, the ELDER BKO rilER?Charles, Mr Mur- | docli: .Minmou it, Vaclie, Euata e, Clarke; Audrew, llada- , way; Angelina. Mrs "A i Human . 'J e be Pillowed by MY AUNT?Dick Daahall, Mr Murdoch, Emm i, Mrs. Heraeant. . To conclude with the LADV OF THE LAKE-Rnder- 1 tck Vic Alpine Dim, Mr. Nesfie; Fitzjnmes, Clarke; Ellen 1 Mrs Booth. I Dress t Vcle, 2.5 certs; Pit and Gallery, 13)$ cent* , Door* open at t>X o'clock Perl'or m.u.ce coniineiieei at T)$. , PALMO'S OPERA HOU8E-Cl.embei* street-FRIDAV , Evening. May 21?Sixteenth night ol l$te *e oud season? . F.rat appearance of Nigiori A. M VallelliUa. and fust J performance of Rossini'* grand Opera SEMIIIAMlil?Semi- . ramie, Sigra A.I M. Valtelli .a; Arsnce, HigrnjR. Pico; Assur, ' oig iieiievc rauo; Idrenus. 8>g Ueurdrtti 1 Opera Books may be had at the box office. 1st tier of boxes I and paripicttc, SI; 2d tier, HI cents; Private boxes for eight per- i so n, $12; do for K do, $10. Seat* can lie secured at tha bos > oilier, I'rotn 10 A M. till I o'clock P. M. daily. Doors onen at half o-<?r 7. pe. r.orn oic- to commence at 2. I PAL.nO 8 OPERA tltn BE.?AI A K If?tig, F HEME i VENTANO reipectftilly announces to the patrons Bl the opera and the public generally, that his Berelii will take place on Saturday evening. May 22d, toe lir?t peiformajice ef L'ELISIU U'AMOltE. I 8ig. Beneveotano will, ou this o canon, ting tlie "Graad Roimuxs,'" from Verdi's opera of Herinaui. Season subscribers desiious to retniu their seats, will pleaae , call at the Bos oflice, on or before Monday evening. May 17th, Slid take their tickets. No seats are considered retained uuless paid. Free list is snipriidci'except tde press! my 14 to 21 c ITALIAN OPERA?A LAItlJ?The managers finding 1 that Siguorina Barili will be prevented by her sickness to ' sing for some time, and having due regard of their duty to- 1 wards the subscrineis nnd the public, h ive requested Signers I Alitalia M. V alte-ll ini to proceed w ith the perlormancea of tha < season. The proposition wus kindly mid graciously accepted } by her, who will give her services gratuitously, and the managers. therefore, h vc determined to set apart for her the uro- j reeds of the performance which will tnke place ou Tuesday, ' the 20th inst. gi^r 1 A Alt, IE AN MUSEUM?8PLeN UIU performances, thi* ' Afternoon and K.ruing. at Hand l? to 8 o'clock. JOHN DUNN, "THAT RASCAL JACR," Is ecg-gi-d for a few days, together w ith the celebrated 1 . CHAPMAN FAMILY. MISS OREENWOOD, , Mr. IIAURISON, the Impromptu Singer, ( Mr.C-onovcr, Comic Vocalist; Miss Ruber*, Miss Julien, lie. , THE MOVING DIORAMA OF NAPOLEON'S 1 FUNERAL. ' Will also be exhibited nt each and every performance. < AUiniMluo a crnis. i.iiM?rpn uiiudi vr-.ri ic^ccuw. j my8 re _ ______ I (7 A3TLK V?\UI>*.N i" a open durn w -he day, affording y lliour dcs-ious nl ?'?uir.g'hcse preniisee a? eacdleal opportunity. '!'!; ..s the Imgem in the Lu.leu dutr.-, designed by C. Po'lsrd. The painting i* ^Vi Fresco. by Cuppelli. The Ooenwrsnuc Vi?ws hjve n?--n rearranged, and can be ce. 11 at ail titnea. The outer i.roraeuudes command a tin* view of the ha rhor ??d Narrows, v.iJi the adjactm scenery. Admission !?K cruti. On Sunday r.veuiug.a Concert of dieted Moiic will be Ei' en by Do t " ortii'v justly celebrated comet band, atttfre MM AOs. it 1 in A P NI5 LO'A?K A VMON1) It WAKINGS live collection of WILD BEASTS are now o|vnn at Niblo's fur ONf. WEEK ONLV. There are toitether with the enormous Elephant 4 OLL'.MBUS, twenty-fire wagons filled with Animals from all parts ol the habitable globe. Mr. 1*101 IU1IS, the Tamer, is superior in his government over the brute creation, enrtsuing fondly and subjugating them at h's ideisura. VIr. NEI3S, a tn.wt extraordinary and accomplished musician from (i nil my, will before each animal performance, to the great astonishment of the world, play several pieces on tex ixiTittiMEXTS at one time, fornrng a whole band, each instrument having its distinct and full part;?something never befoie attempted in this country. It needs only to be seen to be appreciated. THE CHRVSARMA. OR GOLDEN CHARIOT. This is unquestionably the most stupendous creation of sculptural and decorative art that has been produced in any nation of the modem world, and it probably rivals any of those renowned triumphal chariots of Cambyses or Sardanapal us, Cleopatra or Alexander, Alcihiades or the dKtars, with which classical history and poetry exalt onr conceptiousof the splen dor of the anc eut empires. It is ,a blazen prodigy of crimson, purple, and gold, seventeen feet high and twenty-one ieet in length, exhibiting claaasichI figures, of colossal st ature, in bold and vigorous sculpture, grouped with lordly animals of the forest, grouped in similar pinpn tions It is free Irotn all tinsel and flimsy ornann"nt,and Mialtea a predomineut impression of sumptuous and sub-t.anti il grjnileur, blended with the highest com|iatible denote of trace and boanty. i( Doors open tiie first erruing at 7 o'clock. The rerntniing time from 9 to It, from 2 to 5, and from 7 to 10 in the even lug. Admission 2d rents. Chtldreu half price. ml7 lwit*rh Fit. E bONCERTS?At "the OPERA HOTEL, No. 49 (lumbers street, next door to Palmo's Opera House, KVKUV EVENING. by the distinguished vocalists Mrs. WILSON cud Miss GLENLATOKE, accompanied by Mr. U(J .111(10 on the pianoforte. ml'J 4teod*is rli UOtllfiTl LI UK A It Y K< tO.M, Urn dwny.?Ou Friday, L7 .May 21st, Mr. LOVElt will have the honor of ouening Paddy's Portfolio,containing not only somesketches of the Old Irish, lint Isi> some new American impressions, among which me metrical recitation of M ijor Ringgold and Sergeant Kelly, and the Flooded Hat of the Mississippi, with some fresh song , nd his own original comic story ol New Potatoes. Admission it) ceuts; tickets to b-hao at the Astor House, anil Principal Music Stores, and at the door in the evening. Doors open at half past 7; perforin* ce to commence at I, and conclude about 10 o'clock. my 19 3trc Mm H VN1CH'HALL, No.472Broadway, between Grand snd Broome stieet, (t ie week mure, and positively the last, oommencing Monday, May i7, c?R13Ty,8 M1NBTBEL?.* Whose concerts for a succession of TWELVE WEEK Shave been nightly crowded to ovcrtlowiug, with highly respectable and audiences Admission 25 cents, concerts to commence at ( o'clock. Change ol prouraminc every evening. m!6 lw*rc * IfST.N K.RVA KOO.V1M, AIW Bro .dway?Five ntghia more? ill Kxt v success o( the mysterious mid oriental " soirees of Mr Alexander, from Pari*, (Not Herr Alexander.) a 1,1 compliance with the request of a l-;. e nuinlier of highly c e<pectabU families, and iu consequence of the crowded stair t nf the room nightly, .Mr. Alexander has been induced to c.onlinuc hi< rxtra riliaiary entert .inmcnts live night* longer. Monday, May 17. and every evening during the week, 8a- , turdly excepted?Astonishing and Unequalled Exhibition of 1 Splendid and Surprising eats of Nerromsncy, lie., producing effects never before introduced in tbe United Slates. h Cliangei f programme every evening. |l Prices of admission?Parquette SO cents; Saloon 23 cents, jlnors open at 7?commence at 8 o'clock. H Weil irsday, May 19th, Benefit of the N. V. Samaritan So- r! eirty. _ ml?7fr * tilt AND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CRNCEKT, . /"i V THURSDAY, May Will, I8t7, at GOTHIC HALL, * "/ Adim str-ct, Brooklyn. t FOR RELIEF of ireland. h The following eminent aitists have kindly volunteered their " services for tins occasion. Mdl'ie MATILDA KORSINrtKY. Mrs. BOULARD, Sr. SI'.gTO DKNKD' TTI, the fnrorita tenor Horn tha Italian t Opera, and Mr. PHILIP -M AYJF-R- , ? Sir. C. TJEAMK9, Mae-lro. Pi.noforte. programme. . 7 Psrt I.?"1'cacciator," bv (Sabust Sr.Philip Mayer h Komuizi, " Fleux to mon nom," Masinia, Md*tle fl Korsinaky a Irish Ballad. " Kalhlceu Mavourueen." fi Mra. Bonlard _ Duo, Opera Luci i de Lamermoor Donuixetti Mdlt- Korsiuski and Sr Beuedetti P*et II.?Song,"The Three Hi-igeaofLove,"...Mrs Bonlard J Aria, from La Pariiiua Vt r Vedir," by Donuixetti I Sr Ph. Mayer p Kong from ihe Crusades, "1 am thine, only thine," B Beuedetti, Mdl'ie Kortiniky ,, Romance from Verdi's opera, "Oberto ciel ehi fact," {. Sr. Benadstti 11 Cavitina, from the Vampyr, Lindpsinier 6 Mdllc Korsinskv j'ickets 10 cents, to he had at the usual places in New York u and Brooklyn. Doors o|ien at 7, concert to commence at t. p inlllitfh ^ Q ANUdHMBNTS KLRRWHRIIE. q fir A L.N UT STREET THEATRE, PHILADELPHIA- " TV K. A. Mar-hall, .Lesser?W. R. Blake, Manager.?On Thursday Evening, May 20 ?Will be performed the tragedy of e VIROINlUS?VTrgititus. Mr. Forrest; Icilius, Jamison; Vir- t giuia, Miss h tslier. To conclude w tl.c drama of ROBERT MACAIRE? f Robert Mscaiie, \ir. Riehiug*; Jacques Strop, Chapman. . Tc-morrn >, Mr. Forrest's Benefit. dfPF.P t HOUSE. WIEt NUT STREET, Philadelphia? 1 AT Th'irs'i; > ..J r "0 ?t* illpreseiPrd Bellini's npti* c.ilb d LA Si >N N A ..1 BL'L ' ?' omit Rodoipho, >lr, , Seguiii;, Mi Fe fr; Am b is 3 g. in. , f ml iy, Ian night but no - of the M id of Oachmera " Zsm' a," and the "Mountain Sylph," are in preparation, and ? ill b. speedily produi ed. 1 Prices-. r rquetta, M caaU; Family circles t 14 . ,; Prtvqfe lungs. *.'i 1 D'- .rs H 'o*1'?to commence nt eight o'clock. t CPALDINO'S MONSTER CIRCUS, comprising 900 per C5 sues anil h uses, sii Unapproachable outfit, an uupreceden- 1 ted rrou|ie of perlinmers, and Kendall's Bri ss Baud, lad by the I magic hngler, Mr. Coward Kendall, will give a grand Jtquea- t man, 0\ m?n tic nnd Mns cal Fete, at Schoharie C H.,Wed* c oaday. May 19th ; t'obleakill, Thursday, 20th : Cherry Val- , ley, Friday. list; Uooperstnwn. Saturday, lid ; Richfield 5 Hnriags, Monday, Itlh; Little Falla, Taeaday, 13th; and 1 Utica, Wednesday and Thursday, the Mth and inh. Admia- * ioa 13 casta only. my!3 lot u*r E NE INTERESTING DETAILS OP TKL' Condition of Afibirs in Affexieo OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FROM Gen. Scott's Army. LATEST FROM GENERAL TAYLOR'S CAMP Army and Naval Movements. Ac. Ac. Ac. [From the New OrUnne Delta, May 11.] General Scott bae determined to pueh on to the oit nf Movino wlthnnt weUlme plica. Ha baa adopted tba policy of Cortex, who, thru hundred yearn ago. ou the rery abore now occupied b our troops, collected together his ships, and In the pr< icnee of nia little army burnt the whole fleet, by wblc alone tliev could ever hope to return acroaa the ragin ea they itad just travelled. 80 lien. Scott, with hia small bravo army, drops h base of operations at Jalapa. and without a reserve c line of communications, pushes on towards the city < which he has, ere this, become a second conqueror. 11 left Jalapa with but eight thousand men. Of thes three thousand are volunteers, whose term will ezpii about the time he reachos the capital. I'uebla has a ready sent In a deputation to surrender that-noble citj If a warlike population of eighty thousund.leuch as thi of the ancient city of the Tlascalans, so promptly yielr rd to our arms, there is no reason to apprehend that an farther resistance will be offered to the progress of ot army. When last heard from Oen. Worth's outpost were thrown forward on the road to Puebla, elghtee miles from Perote. On last Friday week his whole d vision, constituting the vanguard of the army, took u the lino of march to Puebla, with a strong siege train. On the morning following, Oen. Patterson would fo low, with tile volunteer force. Twiggs brings up th rear, with his force of regulars. Oen. Scott's forco I too small to mare any details for garrisoning tho tows in his rear, and keeping open his communications. HI bope Is. that the new force to be sent to him will bo abl to clear his .rear, and forward his supplies. For the pr> tent he will have to depend on the enemy for his sut listence. Supplies can easily be obtained in tho coun try, for an adequate compensation. But the people wi Irive off the cattle, and destroy the crops, rather tba: Held them up to our troops without compensation. After the battle of Cerro Gordo. Santa Anna fled t .he hacienda of the wealthy Don Garcia, who lives a fei niles from Jalapa. Don Garcia has ever been one c 4anta Anna's firmest and most Influential friends. H was, during the war of independence a simple muleteci ind mode his fortune by buying a largo tract of laud, 1: lome part of which an immense amount of money ha Deen buried by the retreating Spaniards, a fact whiob h earned whilst engaged in his business of muleteer With this money, Don Garola, by prudent investment ind great Industry, has succeeded in accumulating large fortune. He owns nearly the whole property from Jalapa t Vera Crui. and besides Immense herds of cattle, he hi Urn a large cotton factory in successful operation nea Jalapa. Santa Anna had a long interview with Do Garcia before and after the battle of Cefro Gordo, an It is said deposited with him about $100,000. Don Garci advised him to leave the country, as It was Impossible t resist the Americans. This astute old Mexican exhibll ao hostility towards our army, nor any discontent at ll lucceas, but very philosophically pockets our twent iollars a-piece for his beef cattle, and regales our office] with delicious wines and cigars. The Mexican conquest <ave him a tine capital to.commenoe business with, an .he American conquests he hopes, will eompletu th mammoth fortune which he is ambitious of transmitliu 10 bis heirs. Vera Cstiz, May 3. The Swedish consul, who arrived yesterday froi Mexico, tells me that it is trus that Anaya bus bee ilected dictator; Canalize spoken of as Commander i Jhief of the Army, and preparations are being made fc .he removal of the government to Celaya, in ia-o ou irmy marches to the city. Tho case ot'the removal < ur own government from pluce to pluce, m th<> vrnr wit England, in cited by the leading men iu favor of tbi* ac Motbing i* more common in Mexico than to hear thi> dting lncidentH in the revolutionary history of our coui ry. to sustain the wavering energies of their own pe< >le. One of their print! holds this language V lu cabled the infant colouiea of Ameilca to make hen gainst aud tlnally overcome the most powerful niiiu >f the globe-a nation whose treasury is lnexhaui-tibl shove fleets cover every sea, whose itrmios darkened it and. Mexicans! they w-re united; there was but or arty, and their party cry - their country.' They a. owed no reverses to dampen their energies; no cnJam ;les. however great, to turu them from the great end f< vhich they were lighting. Often without food and ra nent. in the depth of winter or the heat of summer, y< iver battling on, riving superior to ei ery obstacle, an lnally, unequal as was the conflict compelling the pov trful nation of England to scknnwlt dgu their indepet lenoe ! Mexicans ! be united, bunivli civil discord rroi roar eonncils, swear that you will be free, and soot rery soon, not a hostile foot will taint the soil of Mei co ' I give you but the substance of the piece? trictly literal translation 1 am unequal to. 1 wish th? could seud you the paper; but there is hut one In Ver ;rus. and it belongs to a gentleman wlm would not pat rith it. The Swedish consul tells ms that be visited 8ant knna at Orixaba. and obtained from l.nn a passport t some down. He had but a thaunuud men with him sadly equipped, aud he is looking haggard aud very muc lejected. ills day has passed. Uolh roldlers and (sfli tors have lost all confldeacs in him, und I have no doubt vere he to some to Vera Crus, during the present stat if feeling of tbo Mexican population, he would to raui lend. When the Swedish consul left, they were busily fori1 ying Mexico. No stand will be made at I'uebla. utiles ve delay marchiug on it for some time. Oon. Woith I till at Perote?Boott at Jalapa. In Vera Crus every thing is going on smoothly. Th usiness of the city is Increasing in a wonderful degrei I'he waters are covered with merchant vessels Y ankt otels, Yankee auction houses, Y'ankce circus comps lies, and Yankee icc bouses, are starting up here i ivcry turn of the corner. [Prom the New Orleans Picayune, May 11 ] JiUIA, .May i. 1847. The guerillas are fairly at work, aa you will doubtln ave learned ere this direct from Vera Cruz. A party c 'reach ladies who have arrived here, and who were alon rith the train attacked two days since, gave a very an nated account of the action. One man only whs kille in our side, a volunteer, and he lust his life while charg ng the hill where the guerillas had posted themselvei rhe French party is on its way to the city of Mexict >ut it is in no particular hurry about starting just nor ifever was.there a time when the services of a ri glmrn if well mounted Texans were so much needed as th iresent?were they here on the road, the Mexicans woul oon become even more sick of the guerilla system tha hey now are of regular fighting Jsnxrs, May 3, 1847. By the diligoncia. which leaves at 13 o'clock, noon, end you a cony of the American Engle of this morning fou will see that news has been received from the cit f Mexico, brought by extraordinary courier. Th' light fnrtiAratl ins should have been placed this side th apital iustued of i'uebla, as al the latter It has been dc ermined upon uol to make any rneistanen. General Biavo. with a whole or a part of the garrlsoi f Puehla, was mm going up to the city of Mexico?I'ana Iso wes met this side of Puebla by the courier. He ha< cavalry foree with him. Home say that Santa Anni las fallen back upon Oajaca, but nothing certain of hiu iknown. General Patterson's division, which Is to march In l lay or two, has been reduced to two brigades Instead o breo, tho first under Col. Campbell, of Tennessee, an' he second under General Quitman Col. Haskell's re iment of Tennesseans is to remain here, a* part of thi arrirou. The 8<1 and 4th llllnoii regiments. under Coil orman and Dakar, hare been Joined by General Quit nan'* brigade. Jai.srs, May 4. 1*17. Order* and counter-order*. Till* morning Genera luitman'* brigade of volunteer* was to take up the I in. f inarch toward* Puebla, and to-morrow Col Campbrl raa to move; but a* the time for which many of the vo inter* enlisted ha* nearly transpired, and a* Oener* mott ha* aacertatned positively that but few of then rill rr -nnilat, h?J baa determined upon disbanding IhH .ere. and will send them all home. This will, of course ot only delay, but alter hla whole plan of operation* nd the impression with many la, that he wiU g-> no t ir her than Puebla with hi* prevent fore# You In th< Fnited State* may think that be ha* an overwhelinini owc.r with him, and that he I* folly able to run at wll II over the country; but the truth I*. that In the fir* Ince he did not have half men enough to advance ttpoi bo capital of Mexico, nor half transportation enougl ven for what be had. The volunteers going home are the Georgia, Aiaba m, and 1st and 3d Tennessee regiment*, fin one car lame them for thi* movement. Not only la their tlm< ut, but they are out of clothing, and out of many o he comfort* which make even a camp life bearable rhey have seen service, too, enough to satisfy soy bndj f men not intending to make military lib n business ,nd now are retiring to tlioir home* to see their wives hildren, families, and friends, and tell lengtaiee of wbai hey have seen and what they have Miff. red There is a rumor that 8anta Aunt, witli a largi oree, Intends attacklug the next upward trair she. rill have a heavy amount In specie. It wi'l Iwi u ro*tlj ixperiment for him, for the w*g.>n* will begu?r<ie?j >y a force sufficient to keep off every firelock in Mexico Whatever be the f< ar* of the Mexicans, their feul u i iro anything but amiable toward* the Americans b oad along from Juiapa to Vera Crux I* dotted wlih t i nangled and murilcred leidics of our couatrymen, *:.< vere caught iliaggibig away from the parties with wli cl hey happened t?ib'- marching. One person com.ted rr e** than twenty one victims of Mexican revenge on hi* line of road. Th# banditti which prowl about there, recently at ackad a party of Infantry, on their way to join the male H>dy of the army. They fell back ^on the last wagon rain, which was close in th# rear. The escort charged in tha rancberoe, who on the first Bra tied. One Ameri tan was killed; it waa not known how many Mexleeas This occurred about alght miles this side ot the Nation d Bridge. Hertra company had coaunnoed a theatrical leaaot ff YO NEW YORK. THURSDAY ft at Jalap*. Every thing bespoke lb* advance of elvlil. "1 lit'oB. J 01 -peaking of olvilUation, wo observe that they ar* ?? faking great progrea* in that tame at Vera Crua. aa L1 t'i< f .lowing on dit from th* Eailr of th* 3d inat. t>e- Su ' token*ili "Uar laihlonablo olroloo were thrown into a stat* bor- c1' di ring on excitement yoaterday evening by th* arrival ?1 oi it ventleman (passenger on board the steamer James a.c L JJay) who seems to be thu father of the wife of one of our-nrmy surgeon*. The story goes that the doctor has I "i greut n partiality for the matrimonial itate. and w" that the father coirt' n.plate* relieving him of one eu- ou gngement at leant, Humor U double-tongued on the v* subject. and we forbetvr giving publicity to the name of au the guilty party at present, preferriug to wait for full "" developments; but from all we can learn, they wlU prove rather rich than otherwise " L,< The military storehouse in Jalnpa. belonging to th* ca enemy, baa turned up the following: 810 uniform ooata; ' 24<J woollen overall*; 123 linen do: 118 do jaobeta; 12 do ahirta: 0 cotton do; 320 pair* boot*; 10 great coata; 3-1 170 cloth stocks; 201 uniform coat*. unBnlshed. There oI ware ulao about 1000 knapaaclu, each of whieh eontaln- ri'l v ad some article* of clothing, a portiou of which la new. an Nearly all the munition* of war taken from th* ana,0 my. and left at thla place, have been destroyed Th* eu v muaket* were broken uoon the rock*, the iron run* 1 *_ apiked, and pretty much all tho ammunition destroyed. co h THE SURRENDER OF THE CITY OK MEXICO. K [Krom the New Orleans Time*, May 11.] We have had an opportunity of seeing a letter from j is the city of Mexico, dated the 30th of April, in the ere- |DI >r nlng. In which the writer make* no aliuiiton to the in- pa telligence Raid to have been received at Jalupa, of the ( e nomination of a deputation to proceed to (.ton. Scott'* po e, headquarter*,-, requeuing him to take quiet possession o ef the capital, guaranteeing the inhabitant* all duo pro- br 1- tection The writer Rtate* that the Mexican* have no | 1- idea that tbo American army will advance beyond Pue- no tt bla before it I* considerably reinforced, from the known to1 caution of our General*. who will not hazard the inter- f0i 7 ruption of their communication*, by extending their | " lino of occupation beyond what they can *afely cover. yo n TIIE WAR?PROTECTION TO THE CITY OF MEXICO? L THE DESPATCHES, ETC.. p [From the Washington Union, .May 18.1 I We understand from a letter received flrom Vera Cru* ha [. a* late a* the 4lh inut , that a gentleman had arrived on o that morning in that city, who had left Santa Anna at is St. Andreas, on the Orlsat>a road, about thirty-live or lg forty mile* from Vera Cruz. Santa Anna bad with him ( g about i,iKH) troops, half armed and badly equipped, and be! n he threatened to make an attack upon Vera Crux. The tr< i. gentleman considered him crazy. The same gentleman roi >. had left Puebla a short time before, aud ho heard it con- we i. tidently said that her citizens would Hend a deputation to tin H Ucn. Scott to put themselves under his protection?-being on u in fact, more afraid of the leperos than they were of our | own people. We understand, indeed, from Captain ofll o Hughes, who arrived in Washington last evening, that wit iv the liberal conduct of the Americans had made the most otl if faroruble impression upon tho Mexicans, and that Moe rales and Lantferos had advised the citizens of Jalapa to Mi r, remain at their homos, and oven thfc ladles of Vera ( 'rut coi n to return to their houses. uja d The letter from Vera Cru*, which we have seen, slso du o report* that tho British agent at Moxieo, Mr. Dankhead, rig had keen requested to mediate, and open a communion- an g tion with tho American* to treat t f peace. It i* uot 3 n certain, however, that this account is correct. uf We lay, thig evening, before our readers a portion of in| o the very interesting despatches which were last evening < tg received from (sen. Scott. We ihall lay the rest of the j, lt budget before our readers to-morrow night, consisting of n letters from Generals Worth and Pillow, Cola. Harney by d and Baker, of tho Illinois volunteer* ; from Maj. Gardner, by a Capt. Wood, Major Coring, Colonel Child*, Capt. Alex- cfi ,o aader, Major Talcott, Lieut. Col. Plympton, Captain ur, la Francis Taylor, aud llsevet Colonel Kiley. gh Ls co ? OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FROM HEN. SCOTT AND THE yc fg OFFICERS UNDER HIS COMMAND. V| ;g HcADqUARTER* Or THE ARMr, ) fc)t d Jalapa, April 23, 1H47. j is Sir?In forwarding the reports of cpinmandcrs which g detail the operations of their several corps against the t)( Mexican Hue* at Cerro Gordo, 1 shall prcnent, in contin- th uatlon of my former report, but an outline or the affair; hi U uuu nunc suupiiu^ uDunuj \llt'lr cummcI1UallOUH OI VUU tU it ardor ami efficiency of individuals, I shall mention by vi n name only those who figure prominently, or, from post- ty ,r lion, could not be includud in those sub-reports. j? it- The field sketoli herewith, indicates the positions of f the two armies. Tho (terra catiente, of low level, ter- th I, minutes at I'lan del Rio, the site of tlio American cauip, in I from which the road ascends immediately in a long cir- tu n circuit utuong lofty hills, whose commanding points hnd cc I. all been fortified and garrisoned by the enemy, liis M ). right, entrenched, rested on a precipice oveifitauging An tli ,t impassable ravine that forms the bed of tho stream; ar ^ und his entrenchments extended continuously to the n roud, on which was placed a formidable battery. On the tb e. "liier side, the lofty and difficult height of Curro Oordo ba 10 commanded the approaches in all directions. Tho main mi ,, body of tho Mexican army was encamped on level of grouud, with a battery of five pieces, half a mile in rear a i i- of tout height towards Jalapa. be tt ilosolving, if possible, to turn the enemy's left, and to 1. attack in rear, while menacing or engaging his front, 1 th et cau?ej daily roconnoissances to he pushed, with the fe< u view -if finding a route for a force to debouch on the Ja- as Isms tond and cut off retreat. dc i- 1 h reoonnolssance begun by Lieut. lieauregard, was co a continued by Capt. Lee, engineers, and a road mode i, along difficult slopes and over chasms?out of the ene[. iii) 'h view, though reached by his flro when discovered? a ' arriving at tko Mexican lines, further reconnoisit ranee became impossible without an action. The desired a point oi debouohure, the Jalapa road, was not, therefore, m t reached, though believed to be within easy distance; and to gain that point, it new became necessary to carry the a height of Cerro Oordo. The dispositions in my plan of 0 b;uilo?p ueral orders No. in, heretofore enclosed? of L| were n< lurdinirly mude rP| h Twiggs' division, reinforced by Shlclds's brigade of u volunteers, was thrown Into position on the 17th, and de t was, of necessity, drawn into action In taking up the go e grouud for its bivouac aud the opposing height for our a 1 heavy battery. It will be semi that many of our offioers vis and men were killed or wounded In this sharp combat? to l. handsomely commenced by a company of the 7th infan- pn m fentry, under Brevet First Lieut. Gardner, who is high- Do a ly praised by all his commanders for signal services. be Col. Harney coming up with the rifle regiment and first coi e artillery (also parts of his brigade) brushed away tho mi i. enemy, and occupied the height?on which, in the night, cat e was placed a battery of one 34-pounder and two 34- ha i. pound howitzers, under the superintendence of Captain (t! t Lee, engineers, und Lieut. Hagner, ordnance. These ' guns opened next morning and were served with effect ilr by Capt. Bteptoe and Lieut, brown, 3d artillery, Lieut, riv Hagner, (ordnance) and Lieut. Seymour. 1st artillery. tei The same night, witli extreme toil and difficulty,under asi ^ tho superintendence of Lieut. Tower, engineers, and lti| Lieut. Laidiev, ordnance, an ti-incb howitzer was put in do .* position across tho river uud opposite to the enemy's pr right battery. A detachment of ieur companies, under to Major Burnham, New York volunteers, performed this ini '* oreditable service, which enabled Lieut, Ripley, 3d arlil- vii ' lory, in charge of the piece, to opeu a timely fire in that U< '< quarter. till ; F.arly on the lHth the columns moved to the general Ui attack, and our success was speedy aud decisive. Til- I'a low's brigade, assaulting the right of the cntrenohments, on although compelled to retire, had the effect I have here- ral n tofore stated. Twiggs's division, storming the stroug and rig vital point of Cerro Oordo. pierced the centre, gained po . command of all the entrenchments,and cut them off from frc support. As our infantry (Colonel Riley's brigade) push- pa 1 ed on against the niaiu body of tho enemy, the guns of an 1 their own fort were rapidly turned to play on that force a a * (under the immediate command of Oen. Santa Anna.) pa * who tied in confusion. Shields' brigade, bravely as- ret sauitiug the li ft, carried the rear battery (five guns) on sat the Jalapa road, and aided materially in completing the fin rout of the enemy. iu? j The part taken by the remainder of our forces, held ele ia reserve to support and pursue, hae already been no- an , tlced ter 'lije moment the fate of the day was decided, the ca- dlr . valry, and Taylor's and Wall's field batteries, were push- thl f ed on towards Jalapa in advance of the pursuing columns gu< a of infantry?Twiggs's division and the brigade of Shields, un (now under Colonel Baker)?and Major General Tatter- res >n wan eout to take oommand of tliein. In the hot pur- < suit many Mexican* were captured or slain before our op< men and horse* were exhausted by the heat and din- an tnur* tie Th? rout prove* to bare been complete?the retrenting th( army, exr. pt a itnall body of cavalry, being dispersed ttik and utterly disnrgstilied The linuiedlate consequence* au< have been our possession of this Important city, the ahan- of domitat of the work* and artillery at La Hoya, the next pie formidable pas* between Vera Crua and the capital, and I the prompt oeeupatlon by Worth'* division of the for- coi trew of IVrote. (second only to H. Juan de I'lua.) with am It* extensive armament of *ixty-*lx (tun* and inortar*, toi and It* large supplies of materiel To (leneral Worth'* Th report, annexed, I refer for detail*. gal I hare heretofore endeavored to do juxtlro to the *kl)l and courage with which the attack on the height of . 1 Orro (iordo wa? directed and executed, naming the regiment* mo*t distinguished. and tlialr commander*, under the lead of ( o|on*l Harney Lieut. I*. W. Hmitli *n led the ngiuoer coat pan/ a* part of the (torining force, l"n and I* noticed with distinction. I"" The report* of tbie a?*ault mgke farorable mention of many la which I can well ron.ur having wltneaned the DJ daring ailrance and perfect l*adines* of the whole. J*''1. Be?lde thoe.'already named. I.lent Brook*.-Id infantry. ? 11 Lieut. Macdoneld. Id dragoon*. Lieut Vandorn. 7th Infantry - all acting staff ortrcr* ( aft Magrilder. 1st ' artillery an.l LM i.aidner 7th Infantry serin to ( J1( have won eapeclal praiee i .1 Itiley * brigade and 'i'alcott ? roekel and howitg*r battery were engaged on and about the height* and / j bore an aetlre part , I be brigade eo gallantlr led by lieneral bhlelda, and, ... afier hi* fail, bv ? olonel Baker, deeerre* high cnminenil >i'on for ita tine behavior and *iicro?x Colonel* Fore. [| uiao and Burnett and Major Harrl*. commanded the ' .-? < luent*, Lieut Hammond .Id artillery, ?nd Lieut I)?vie, llllnol* volunteer*, constituted tbe brigade itelf ' 1 II ?e operation* hid from iny view by intervening hill*, ' I were not fully known when my flrst rei<ort wa? hastily w rt,ten tli gadier Weneral Twiggs, who van In the Immediate ' eomioand of all the advanced force*, ha* earned high '! | cr< dlt by hie Judgment, spirit, and energy I oo conduct of t olonel* i ampbell, llaakell. and I Wynk-op, commanding the regtmenu of Pillow * brigade. ?' . I* report, d In term* of strong approbation by Major I Patterson I rwooroinvnd for a commission . Uuart-rmaeter Sergeant lleury. of tbe 7th Infhntry, ' I (air ad) known to the army for intrepidity on fbrmer ooeaeiou*

) who hauled down the national standard of th* r'*" .t'exleau fblt. <"* la vxpreeaing my tnd?biedaee* for nU* aaaiatanc* to 1 " RK S 10RNING, MAY 20, 1& ut. Col. Hitchcock, acting inspector general, to Ma's Smith and Turnbull, the respective chiefs of engiera and topographical engineers?to their assistants eutunanls Mason. Beauregard, Stereos, Tower, O. W. lith, McClellan, engineers, and Lieutenants Derby aud irdcastle, topographical engineers?to Captain Allen, lef quartermaster, and Lieut. Blair, chief commissary and to Lieutenant* Hagnvrand Laidley, ordnance?all llrehr employed?I am impelled to make special men>n of the serrioes of Cant. R. L. Lee, engineers. This leer, greatly distinguished at the siege of Vera Crus, ,s again indefatigalile, during these operations, in reuuolssances as daring as laborious, and of the utmost lue. N'or wss he lers conspicuous in plantiug batteries, d in conducting oolumus to their ststlous under the ary fire of the enemy. VI v nwisinnnl at nff I - 43 ? 1 J r ....... uivuwiuillkl avuii, vt 11i1k1ui, buu .y. uuJ Major Van Buren. who volunteered for tta# ooKion. gave me cealoui and efficient assistance. Owr whole force present. in action and in reserve, was 00 ; the enemy la estimated at 13,000, or more. About K)0 priaonrta, 4 or 5.000 atanda of arma, and 43 piece# artillery were tukeu. By tlie accompanying return, 1 [ret to tlnd our loss more severe than at brat auppoaed, lounting in the two daya to 33 officer# and 30* menall 431, of whom 63 were killed. The enemy'* loaa la inputed to be from 1,000 tc 1.000 1 am happy in communicating atrong hope* for the reeery of the gallaut Uen. Shield#, who la ao much iinured a* to have been brought to thla place. Appeuded to thla report are the following paper*:? A ? General return by name of killed and wounded. B.?Copies of report of Lteut. Col. Hitchcock, acting ipeetor general (of priaouura taken) and accompanying per*. u.? Keport of Brigadier General Twtgga, and aub-rerta. V.?Report of Major den. Patterson, and report# of igade commander#. K.?Copy of report by Brigadier General Worth, anunclng the oecupation by nts dlvlson of the caatle and ?n of Perote. with an Inventory of ordnance there and. I hare the honor to remain, air, with high reapect, ur moat obedient aervant, WINFIELD 8COTT. Hon. W.w. L. Mabct, Secretary of War. Here follow* tho lint of the killed and wounded at the ttlc of Cerro Gordo, which wo# published in the iraid aaveral day* ago ] lurirvo* Ucveral's drra*tmewt, ) J#UrA, April 31th, 1847. $ [>bmc*al: On tho Ath instant i had the honor to lay Tore you the parolee of honor by which the Mexican iops, captured by the army under your immediate mmand at Vera Crux and tho Caatle St. Juan de I'liia, re enlarged; I have now tho aatiafactlon of enclosing e parole# of those captured at the puts of Cerro Gordo the 18th instant, to wit;? I. Tho original parole* of honor of three general Icert, two other* being accouted for below, together Lit Rimilar parole* from one huudred and eighty-live ler officers of all grades. t. Grigiual parole* of honor given by officers of the xican army <>n behalf of the troops of the several rps, prisoners of war, respectively, uuder their coui.iid, binding them not to serve during the war unlesa Iy exchanged These rolls embrace two thousand fit huudred aud thirty-seven (3.837) names?tho rank d lUu of the arinv I. A copy of the parole of (jen. Pinion?a translation (he same?and a list of all other* on parole, numbcr{, in ull, two hundred aud eighty-eight officers. 1. Copies of the several papers referred to above In No. to wit: the paroles for the rank and file. Besides the above, I enclose an original paper, signed two general offieers, (Including lien, l.a Vega,) and fourteen other officers of various grades, who denod giving their paroles not to serve during the war dess eacliauged. but pledged themselves, as the paper ows, to report us prisoners of war to the American mmandcr at Vera Crus, who was Instructed under ur orders to secure them in the Castle St. Juan do Ida, or send them, if they preferred It, to the United ate*. A separate list of theso 16 officers Is also furnished. I think proper to remark, with regard to the upura>ns at Cerro (lordo, that by turning the left flauk of e enemy, and storming thu principal bill occupied by m. which was executed under your personal observa>n on the morning of the ISth Inst., ills force was dlJed?all of the batteries east of the hill being sep&rad from the main body of the ariuy encamped on the .lspa road west of the hill. All of the positions of the enemy were commanded by lehill itself, which was believed by the Mexicans to be accessible to our troops '1'he hill being stormed and ken, the main body of the enemy fled In tho utmost infusion, and but a very few were taken prlsouurs. any of the troop* In the batteries, at the same inc. made their escape in tho bills, throwing away their uis. A Mexican officer assured me that no less than 1.000 iui escaped from one single battery. Of those in the ittcrics who laid dowu their arms, more than a thound contrived to escape on their march from the field battlo to l'Un del Rio. some five uilles or more, along circuitous road bounded by woods and ravines?and ince the number of prlaonur on parole is diminished about 3,000 men. exclusive of officers And although Is may not be Ills place for expression of an opinion, I >1 warranted in saving that the defeat was as complete It was unexpected by the enemy?that he was utterly strayed, captured, or routed, spreading terror and nsternatlon throughout the country. 1 have tho houor to be, very respectfully, Vour obedient servant. K A. HITCHCOl K, Lieut. Col. A.. Inspector General. Maj.Uen. Wierin.o s< ott. General-ln-l'hlef, Jalapa. uxlcn. h(ad(|i;*at(nt 3d Ditms* or Hroiaaas,) April lfi, 1H47 J Sir?i hare the honor to report, for the Information the genaral-iu-rhief. the operations of my division of gular* against the enemy ou the l?th inst Prefacing thia report, i will state that I arrivod at Plan 1 l(io on the 11th Inst. The advanced guard of Uranus. under Col. Ilamay, having driven from the place >ody of the enemy's lancers, I thsn encamped my dllion for the night, intending the following day (i3lh) cover alhorough reconnoissancs of his position, and if icticabll; to maks an effective attack on all his works einiug It impracticable to advance with advantage, jrond the position whloh I had gained during the reinoirsinco on the |l'2th (being mule three-and-e half les from water) I withdrew my main fere# to my old inp, keeping up a strong picket to retain tha ground 1 d passed over, intending on the following morning, e 13th) at 4 o'clock, to make the attack with effect. Two brigades of volunteers, under the command of igadier Generals Pillow and Shields, respectively, ar'ed at my camp on the 12th Inst. Major General Patrson, United States volunteers, having reported sick. I mined command of the whole The volunteers wishg to participate iu the fight, and being so much broken wn from the recent inarch from Vera Crux. 1 thought oper, at the suggestion of Generals Pillow and Shields, defer the attack one day. llaviug done so, and havg matured my plan of attack, aud assigned to each di<ion its duty, I was overtaken by an order of Major moral Patterson, after night on the 13th, to suspei further offsnsivo operations until the arrival of IP meral-ln-C hlef, or until ordered by himself (Gemttcrson). Agreeably to this arrangement, I roceh . . the evening of the 16th, verbal orders from the Oenel-in-Chief to proceed on my line of operations on the ;ht of the national road. At 11 o'clock A.M., I got In sitlon. the riffht of m* enlnmn H?ln<? run ? , ? - ?j B 111) th? enemy's main work. Lieut, Gardner's oomny, 7tli infantry, was then detaahad to obserTe the emy from the first commanding height on my left In ihort time a strong reconnoitring or skirmishing rty was observed approaching towards him, having in lerve a large force, in nil numbering about two thouid. Lieut. Gardner held his position under a heavy a until relieved by Col. ilarney with the rifle regi>nt and first artillery. With this force Col. Ilarney ared the two hills in front of the enemy's main work, d held secure tho position intended for our heavy bat y. which was established during the night under the ection of Captain Lee, of the engineer oorps. During serening, brig. Oen. Shields Joined me with his lirile of volunteers, composed of two Illinois regiments, der Colonels linker and Foreman, and one New York ;iment, commanded by Col. llurnett. >n the morning of the 18th, when our heavy guns ned. Col. Harney, having been reinforced by the Sd 1 7th infantry, pushed forward his skirmishing par(. Overcoming all obstacles presented by the nature of ground, and under a most galling and destructive flro. s command advanced with steadiness and regularity, 1 finally succeeded in driving from the strong position the enemy all his forces, and in putting them in comte rout. n speaking of the individual efforts of the officers In ninand of n gimrnts and companies, I am unable to do pie justice. Kacli aud every one seemed to be endca ing to excel in all that is required of gallant offlcets. cy ell responded to the encouraging voice of their taut leader, and eonduoted their men to victory and "lie 'Id brigade, under Col. lilley, advanced under a ivy fire to gain a position on the Jalapa road in rear the enemy, with a view of cutting off his retreat.? ;er crossing the valley at the foot of the Cerro Gordo, fire of the enemy became so annoyiug that two eomdes of the 'Jd I man try were ordered out as sklrmlshto occupy them. The remainder ef tho 'Id, conducted ( apt. Lee. engineers, proceeded on this course. Perring that the enemy were extending to their left, I crcd Gen. Shields to cross the ravine on our right, I keep up the left bank on the part previously reinoitred by Captain Lee. In the further progress litis portion of Colonel Riley's brigade, ne was iged to turn his whole oolumn to the left to op? the enemy's direct movement down the spur ? itain Lee continued his course, supported by Lieuant benjamin's company. 4th artillery. Oncoming in the plain west of the Cerro Gordo, and In view of the Jalapa road, a battery of five gans, supted by a body of lancers, was discovered. General elds's brigade wae discovered by this portion of the my The battery opened with grape on him and on benjamin s company. The gallant general, with a ut from his nieu, pushed boldly for the road on the my s left, who, seeing their position completely turnas well as driven from the hill, abandoned themselves light. Gen Shields was here severely wuundeil. the imand of the brigade devolving upon Col. Baker, i eonduoted it with ability. The pursuit was conned as far as Kncerro, when I was overtaken by MaGeneral Patterson, United, States volunteers, who n assumed command of the advance and ordered a I. cannot spe dt In too high terms of the conduct of . Ilarney, who. united with his Indomitable courage, eased the cool Judgment which enabled him to know I how far to advance to obtain the desired object.? it sterling soldier and accomplished offloer, Major [ERA] 17. Sumner, 2d dragoon*, who *11 in command of th* ragi- pi uiaiit or mounted rifleman, exhibited all the akill and ar ability required of a permanent commander of a regi- ck ment. lie waa severely wounded in the hand by an **% *u copette ball, and obliged to leave the field, the oommand us of the regiment devolving upon Major Loring. tu Capt. Magrudcr. lit artillery, by bi* wary and good management in the face of the enemy, succeeded in ar- be riving very near the euemy's work*, driving before bim m the parties Immediately in front. Hi* gallant oonduct ge duserves especial notice. Brevet Klrst Lieut. Gardner, gu 7th iufuntry, whose company was first sent on tbe bill, 1*1 by sustaining biuisalf against a vastly superior force, an displayed tbat ability as commander of a company. wliicl\, on a former occasion, acquired for him tbe dis- ev tinction be now has as brevet first lieutenant. by 1 am sorry that tbe advantage* gained over tbe one- qu my tbe first day were attended with some lues on our bei side. Besides Major Sumuur, scoond dragoons, and ed Liutenant Maury, rifle regiment, who were severely wounded, and Lieut. George H. Gordon, rifle regiment, erl serving in .Major Talcotts battery of mouutain howit- ofl sers, and Lieut. Oibbs, mounted riflemen, slightly, some be flft.v niifliinltiofl npfnivinallw In tVw? flwat U*?>1 #> ! lerv and rifle regiment*. foi Of the conduct of the volunteer force under the brave ev General Shields, 1 cannot speak In too high teruu. After wl he was wounded, portions of the three .regiments were with me when I arrived first at the Jalapa road, and in drove before them the enemy's cannoniers from their di loaded guns. Their conduct and names Shall be the g< subject of a special report, as also that of the several Is officers of the regular army, who were distinguished on the occasion, Accompanied with this, I transmit tbo several reports from brigade and regimental head quarters. In all the recommendations for praise and promotion I entirely concur. Although whatever I may say, may add little to the w good reputation of Captain Lee, of the engineer corps, ci vet I must indulge in the pleasuro of speaking of the H invaluable services which he rendered mo from the bi time 1 left the main road, until he conducted Colouel c< Riley's brigade to its position in rear of the enemv's tl strong work on the Jalapa road. I consulted him with confidence, and adopted bis suggestions with entire as- t< surance. Ills gallantry and good conduct on both days of deserve the hignest praise. I again present to the fa- s? vorable consideration of the commander-in-chief, and the President, the names of my pergonal staff. First al Lieut. W. T. H. Brooks, third infantry A. A. A. (i.. and g< First Lieut. P. W. McDonald, second dragoons, A. D. C., Captain R. A. Allen, A.Q.M., rendered me invaluable U services, not only in communicating orders when he m was in the field, out in keeping at band, under all dla- hi advantages, the necessury supplies for my division. For U his services on this, and on former occasions, I most earnestly recommend him for promotion. To Lieutenants Mason, Beauregard,and Tower,of the engineers and Lieut. Bikes, 3d infantry, A. C. 8. to the division, am indebted for valuable services. Whilst on reconnoitring duty on the 14th, I lost the valuable services ot Lieut. Colonel Johnson, who was on duty with mo as j,( chief topographical engineer, and was very severely wounded uuder the enemy's works on the left of tho road. In. conclusion. I have the pleasure of tendering my _ thanks to the oommandcrs of regiments and batteries, whose conduct tended so much to the attainment of our glorious victory. The 1st brigade, under Colonel Harney, was composed of tho 1st artillery, commanded by Colonel Chlids, the rifle reglnfbnt, (after Major Sumner was wounded.) commanded by Major Lorlng, and the 7th infantry, oommanded by Colonel Plympton. M The 3d brigade, under Colonel Riley, was composed of a' the 4th artillery, ooiuuiauded by Major Gardner, the fid 0 infautry, commanded by Captain Morris, and the 3d in fautry, commanded by Captain Alexander. The volunteer foroo under my orders was composed of the 3d Illinois regiment, commanded by Colonel Baker, the 4th Illinois regiment, commanded by Colonel Fore- v man, and tho New Vork regiment, commauded by Colo- U nel Burnett. The field battery was commanded by Cap- f tain Taylor, and the howitxer battery by Major Talcott e 1 have tho honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient i servant, D. K. TWIGGS, i Brigadier General U. S. A. t Captain H. L. Scott, Act. Ass't. Adj t Uen'l. HEADQUARTERS 3d DlttlSIO* of UeOVI-ARI, ) i Jalapa, April 34,1847. $ i Sir:?I Inadvertently omitted to name Capt Steptoe and Lieut. Brown, who were in oharge of the large ho- i witters on the hill, and Lieuts. Hagner and Seymour, 1 with tho 34-pounder gun, iu tho same battery. Lieut. i G. W. Smith, of the engineers, with his company of suppers and miners, jolued Col. Harney's command in 1 tho assault on the enemy's main work, and killed two men with his own hand. I have tho honor to bo. very respectfully, your obedient servant. b. K. T WlOOS, Brigadier General U. 8. A. v Capt. H. L. Scott, Acting Assistaut Adj't General. j headquarters Vol.. DlVIUON, ) Jalapa. April 33. 1647. ) c SIR:?I have the honor to report, for the information si of the general-ln-chief, tho operations of the volunteer b division of the If. S urmv timler mu nnnimuiil ?l - pass of the "Cerro Gordo," upon the 17th und ltRli of 11 April. h On Hie afternoon of the 17th, a rapid and continuou ei Are cf artillery and iufantry, announcing that the second ?< division of regulars was closely engaged witli tho left of w the euetny 's lines, 1 was instructed, aud iinmediately di- h rented the 3d volunteer brigade, under Brig. General u Shields, to proceed at once to its support. t Before the brigade reached the position of that divi- r slon the action had ceased for the day; the night was, t however, occupied in establishing several pieces of artil- o tery upon a height adjacent to the Cerro Gordo. f t.arly on the morning of the 18th, the brigade moved c t? turn the extreme left of the enemy's line resting upon s the Jalnpa road. This was done, over rugged asceuts, c nnd through dense ehupparal. under a severe aud continuous Hank Ore from the enemy. ' Brigadier General Shields, whilst gallantly leading bis command, and forming it for the attack of the enemy ' posted in force In his front, fell severely wounded, and was carried from the Held. Col. Baker. -Ith Illinois regiment, having assumed the command, the enemy's lines were charged with spirit aud success by the 3d and 4th Illinois and the Newt ork regiincut* of volunteers under their respective ooinmanders? Colonels Foreman and Burnett, and Major Harris. . The rout now becoming general, the brigade pressed forward In rapid pursuit, leaving a sufficient force to secure the artillery, specie, baggage, provisions, and camp ' equipage, left In our hands. Whilst our troops were ongaged with the enemy's left, ( the 1st volunteer brigade, under Brigadier General I'll- 1 low, proceeded to operate upon that portion of the Mexioan army which was posted upon the heights on tho ? right of the pass, and either to storm their works, or, if * impracticable, to divert attention from the main attack *' to be made on their left and rear. P A storming force, composed of the 3d Tennessee volun- , teers, Capt. Williams's company of Kentucky, und Capt. Naylor's company of IVnusylvania volunteers, under Col. Haskell, wits directed upon one of the enemy's bat- w teries. (No. 3,) which it Hppronchud with great entliusi-, '! asm and flrmnc-s, until, after sustaining a heavy loss of t h officers and men, it was obliged to retire. positions for attacking another point, (battery No. " by a column under Col. Wvnkoop, were rendered un- 81 lecessary in consequence of the carrying of the works . heights of Cerro Gordo. ' I he attention of tho general-la-chief Is particularly " cai 1 to the gallantry of Brigadier Generals Pillow and Shit. Is, who wore both wounded at the head of their respective brigades; to Col. Campbell, 1st Tennessee regiment, temporarily in command of Pillow's brigade; nnd to Col. Baker, who led Shields' brigade during a severe part of the action, and during the pursuit Tho chiefs of brigade speak in tho highest terms of the coufeg" and . conduct of tho regiments under their command, and of , their personal staffs, vis ' Captain O. A. Winship, Ass't Adj. Gen , l.ieut Rains. _ 4th artillery, aid-de-camp, and Lieut. Andersuu. 3d Ten- ^ nessee regiment, Act. aid-do-cauip to Pillow's brigade, ^ and 1st Lieut. K. P. Hammond. 3d artillery, Act. Ass t Adj. God., and Lieut. G T. M. Davis. Illinois volun- f teers. aid-de-camp to Hhields's brigade. I desire to recommend to the fbvorabln notice of the ' general-in-chief, Dr. Wright, surgnon United (slates ar v my. medical director, and 1st 1.1. Itcaiiritgsrd, of the en- (] giuoers, on duty wlUi my division, and the officers of , my personal staff?Brevet Lieut. Col. Altercruuibls, 1st , Infantry, sld-do-caiup. 1st Lieut Win II I-reuch. 1st artillery. Act. Vas t Adj. Gen., and 1st Lieut Heth WtlHams, 1st artillery, aid-de-camp, to each of whom I am unucr many ouiigatmn* lor valualile service , 1 am. vary respectfully. your obedient servant, . K. I'ATTKRSON, M?J Oeti I,'. S. A , I uoil g Vol Hiviston Capt. II. L. Hi ott, U 8 A., Aet. A*# I Adj Can [to ar. < o<iiiiiitd ] ( OrJtati li" o llcan (|i'tiTi>i or tni Aixt,( < Jala pa. April 30. I Ml. { \ I. The division* of the army iu this neighborhood will I be held In readlne** to advance aoon after the arrival of t train* now cominit op from Vera Crui I 'J. The route and tue time of commencing the march will be given at general headquarter* .1. Major lien. I'attereon. after designating a regiment 1 ot volunteer* a* part of the garrison to hold thl* place will put hi* brigade* succivsively In march, with an Interval of twenty-four howre between theni 4 Brl|(. <?en Twiggs' division will follow the move menta. alao by brigade* 0. Kach brigade. whether of regular* or roliinte?r?. a will be charged with escorting such part of the general i supply train of the army a* the chief* of the general t tail may have ready toe*nil forward i ?. Kvery man of the dlvlfloo* will take two day* tub- i ?l*t?neo In hi* haversack Thl* will be the general rule | or all marches when a greater number of ration* I* not ? facially mentioned. 7. Aa the aoaaon la near when the army may no longer * expect to derive supplies from Vera < m*. It must begin o to look exclusively to the resource* of the country h 8. Those reeourco*. far from being over-abundant near t the Him of operation*, would *oon fall tompport both the ? aruiy and th? population, unless they he g*th?rr<| in tl without waste, nn<i regularly issued by quartermaster*' ? commissaries. Ii 0. Ilcnee they must be paid for,or the people will with- <1 hold, conceal, or drstroy them. The people, moreover, tl must bo conciliate I, soothed, or well treated by every fl< officer and mnn of this army, and by all it* follower* 10. Accordingly, whosoever maltreats unoffending Mexican*, lakes without pay, or wantonly destroys their property, of any kind whatsoever, will prolong the war, e< waste Ine moaus, present and future, of subsisting our If own men and animals a< they successively advance Into tl the Interior or return to our water depot, and no army gl can possibly drag after It to any considerable distance, t' no matter what the season of the year, the heavy article* tl of breadstafTs. meat and forage II. These, therefore, who plunder or destroy the e house*, fenoes, cattle, poultry, grain, field*, garden*, or b LD. MM Tip? UBHI I epertyofany kind along the line of our operations, I plainly the enemies of this era*. The mZdh I ?i?f would Infinitely prefer that the few wSo^Smmtt I >ch outrages should desert at once and fight i; then It would be easy to shoot them dosm or to eaa- I re and bang them. ^ 12. Will'the groat body of Intelligent. n"int. -J I morable men who compose this si my. tolerate the few I lscreants who perpetrate such crimen? Again the I neral-ln-cbicf eonfldently hopes not. Let, then,1 the I illy be promptly seised and brought to oondlgn pun- I uncut, or the good tnust suffer the consequsnees, In I pplies and loss of character, of crimes not their own. I IS. To prevent straggling and marauding, the roll of I ery oompany of tbu army will be called at every halt I or under the eye of an officer. In camps and In I arters there must;be at least thrss such calls dally; I sides stragglers on marches will certalnlybe murder- I or captured by rancheros. I 14. The waste of ammunition by neglect and Idle or I Imln&l firing is a most serious evil In this army. All I leers are specially charged to see that not a cartridge I lust from tho waul of care, nor fired except by order; I berwlse, fifty wagons of ammunition would not suffice I r the campaign, and it is dlflcult to find ten, Let I ery man remember that It is unsafe to meet the enemy I ithout he has forty rounds in his cartridge box. I i a. t.very reilintat Ibit Imtm wounded OP mi men hospital will take ears to leave a number of atteaints, according to the requisition of the principal sur ions of the hospital. Those least ablo to march will i selected attendants. This rule is general. By command of Major General Scott: H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. O General Orders?No. 199. . litADqi'arters op the ArMV, ) Jalapa, April 30, 1847. ) 1. The country between I'lan del Rio and La Horn ill constitute a separate Military Department, to oe tiled ''the Dcpartmuut of Jalapa." and that between La oya and Las Vigas a separate Military Department, to s called ''the Deparluieut of Perote," each nnder the >mmsnd of whatever officer may find himself senior lerein, In the absence of the general-ln-ehlef. '2. First Lieut. O. W. Rains, 1th Artillery, ald-de-eamp > Brig. Gen. Pillow, will, during the temporary abeenee r the latter, be attached to general headquarters in the Line capacity. 3. Second Lieut. Schuyler Hamilton. 1st Infantry, is so announced to the army as acting aid-de-camp of the ineral-tn-chief. 4. Lieut. Col. F.dmonston. Louisiana militia, attached i general headquarters, has leave of absence of two onths. At the expiration of his leave he will consider imself honorably discharged from the service of the nited States. By command of Major General Scott: H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. O. Orders. OkHck or the Military Governor, ) Jalapa, April 98. 1847. ) All gambling rooms or bouses in the city of Jalapa an ireby ordered to bo forthwith closed* Keepers of such houses or rooms, all dealers and pro ietors of faro or other gambling tables, if found rioting this order, will Immediately be sent to Vera Cms natives or Americans. THOMAS CHILDS, Col. LT. 8. A. and Military Governor. Another order from the same quarter:? Orrict or the Military Governor,) Jalapa, AprU 96, 1847. \ All officers of the Mexican army not on parole, and all ildiers. for whom parole has not been given. In and bout the city of Jalapa, will immediately report at this Rlcc, or bu deemed spivs. THOMAS CHILD8, Col. U. H. A. and Military Governor. Head (^carters, 9i> Division or Reuulars, ) Jalapa, April 90, 1847. ) Orders No. t>0.?The General commanding the 3d diIsion of Regulars, takes the earliest opportunity to tenler his thanks to the officers and men under his command or their gallantry and msrltorious services against ths nciuy on the 17th and 18th inat. at Cerro Gordo. It rill give him pleasure to mention those whose position ind conduct rondered them conspicuous during the ao ions. To the two regiments of Illinois, and the New Tork cgiment of volunteers, is due all praise. Their oonduet sill be tho subject of a special report. Whilst congratulating the living upon the|r glorious ichlevcment, the melancholy duty devolve# upon the Ueneral to pass a just tribute to the Immortal dead, srhose grave and monument is the Cerro Gordo By order of Brig. Gen. Twiggs. 1>. M. McDONALD, Aid-de-Camp TIIK MEXICAN LOSS AT CEKIIO OOltPO. [From the Jalapa American Star of tho 9Pth. ult.J A .Mexican officer sets down the number of killed and rounded in the late flght at 980. We supposed the numier to have been much larger, and still think that ha has oiled elf several hundred The number of prisoners was 319 commissioned offlors. and 3H37 other*. Col. Hitchcock account* for the nail number of prisoners taken In tbil way:?He nay*, y turning the left flank of the enemy, and storming too rincipa) bill occupied by him, which wax done on the 1th. hlx force wax divided?all the batteries eaet of the ill being separated from the main body of the amy, 11 catnped on the Jalapa road, wext of the hill All the newy'H position* wero commanded by the CsrroOordo, hioli wax believed to be inaccessible to our troop*. The ill being Rtormed and taken, the main body of the onely lied in the utmost confusion, and so a very few were aken prisoners. Many of those who were In the battels* at the time of the surrender mads their eseape to he hills, throwing away their arms. On* of their own Ulcers lets down the number at 1A00 who thus sseaped roin one battery. Of tho?e in the battery, who laid town their arms, more than 1000 contrived to MeMf; vhllst marching from the place they surrendered to Finn lei Rio. PHF. REVENUE DECREE OF THE MEXICAN CONORES0. Ma^uci. lio.NiAi >: Cosio, Constitutional Governor )f the free State of /acatecas, to the Inhabitant* : Know ye. that the Minister of the Interior has communicated to mo the following decree: ? Mikistiv or tus laTERioa, Section 3d. most ku iluii sis :? The moet excellent President ad interim has pleased to direct me the following decree : ? The President ad interim of the Mexlean United States to the inhabitants of the republic . Know ye that the Sovereign Constituent Mexlean Cowpros* has deoreed the following Art. 1.? Authorises extraordinarily the Executive to wise in the easiest manner, and the way he shall find nost convenient, the sum of twenty millions of dollar*. Art. 3.?The foregoing article doe* not autborlie the government to alienate, either In whole or in part, the tatlonal domain; neither dues It authorise it to impose arced loans, to form treat!** of colonisation, to appro rfate the property of individuals, nor to take those kings excepted by the 3d article of the law of the 11th anuarv, of the present year. Art. 3.?The Executive ean enter Into agreements lth the persons and corporations alluded to by the vws of the 30th December, 11th January, and tth of ebrnary last, with the view of raising funds, Art. 4 ? He ean as well contract for the munitions of ar. demanded by circumstances, without the requfctto* itahllshed by existing laws Art. These authorisations shall eease in six months om the publication of the present law, or belter*, If the rar shall terminate. (liven In Mextoo, the 37th March, 1047. MARIANO OTERO. President. C08ME PORRES, Deputed Bee'y. MARIANO PALAVERA, Deputed Sto'y. ORDERS OF SANTA ANNA Lieut. Bee, of ( apt. Mirabeau B. l.amar'e squadren of 'exan*. stationed at Monclova, arrived In Camaiwo a BW days ago, [ we quote from the Flat of the 39th], terr h? purpose of escorting back a train with stores and wuey to flay off the troop*. On the way down from loncleva, Lieut. Bee was Informed that emissaries from anta Anna were traversing the country, making nablle very where a recent proclamation of the wooden-legxed hleftaln, which commanded the entire male population f the country, from the ages of 13 to 60, to form themelves Into guerilla bands Immediately, choose a ehlef, rho would receive a commission when reporting twenty >r more men, and proceed at once to the massacre of American* whenever and wherever they oonld find hern refusal to a-slst In the extermination was to be "iini'*?-i *-?i irnuuruuK. mm in*ir property to imi maufl UM looimon xpoll of all who |?nt a willing hand In carrying lit the Instruction* of the pronuncinmrnta. The Murain obeyed the order with reluctance. and whan -lent. Ile? wax passing through Guerrero, h 1 earned hat one of these emissaries wu sojourning la the town, ind had just erased reading the order when the Ajaerlnoe were icen to approach. Twenty men comprised lie ronmiand, but he determined to attempt a capture if the emissary and all his ahettori-which wae enotfd rithnut bloodshed?the leader and twenty Mexican!, leeide* the alcalde of the town, were made priaonert, irought down to Catnargo, and handed orer to the eoanandant. A copy of the proclamation wu aleo banded lim They hare since been released?emissary and all on what grounita we hare not been informed IWIOtVCEMENT 11Y GUV. TAYLOR OF THE FALL OP VKRA Flit /. AMI) TUB VIFTOttY OF SAFKA.MK.YTO. [ Krom the Haltillo IMcket (Juard. of the 19th April.] linn Quiinm Aawr Occrr*Tioi?, / ramp near Monterey. April 14, 1947. > Order* .No. 3J.~The < ommanding General baa the atlsfartion to imnonnr* to the troop# under hie OOtnnand. that authentic intelligence baa been resetted of he fall of the city of Vera Crua and t aeUe of Ban J man If Una. which capitulated on the :17th ult to the forces indor command of Mai Hcott Thia highly ins>ortant rlctory rerteeta new luetre upon the reputation if our arm* The < ommanding General would, at the aame time, innouncc another signal sucSeaa, won by the gallantry of ur troop" on the ixth February, near the city of Chluahna A column of Missouri volunteers. leea than a hnuxsnd xtrong. under the eommand of Col. Doniphan, il tli alight Held battery, attacked a Mexican fbroe many mee xuperlor, in an entrenched position, captured Ita rtiilery and baggage, and defeated It with heary lose i pubuxhlng to the troops these gratefhl tiding*, the enrral i* xure that tbey will learn with Joy and pride ix triumph* achieved by their comrade* on distant rid* By order of Mej. Oen. Tavlo*. (Mgned.) W W S. BLISS, A. A. O Of u Wool in making a similar announcement to his immand at Buena Vlxta. on the 10th April, MU apeakig of the troops Immediately under him: ?He trusts iat mm who hare eorered theniselre* with so much lory will not hare their good nam* for obedience testers railed in question by any laxity of nttsntion to all lie requirement* or the ecrrtoe, now that their terms of rvie* draw to a clue* Their aerrlcee are, at this tints, e important, If not much more so, than thev ever bars < en,and. as the n*?MsUI?aof th? campaign require

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