Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1847 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

tln'v should l>o kept in Mexico until tlie last moment of th>' term of th?ir engagements. it U tho unirtt wish of < Ira Taylor and Gen Wool. ?h it should h" of every our, that thin may be Jour cheerfully aud eooteotedly, *o that no one rlin.ll. hereafter. have nor regrets for the days of a period of his life to which it uiunt be tho pride of all to refer. [From the Saltillo rickot Guard. April 14 ] Nine-tenths of the voluuteow who hare served under Hon. Wool, would thUdsy prefer him to any Brigadiof General in Mexico. , , ... We understand that tho vico liohtrnajor of this place. Don fcduardo Goniaies. who was arrested by order of Gen Wool, during the lost week, will be tried before a military commission as a spy. The grounds of this charge, papers found by ( apt. ( has w. Davis. A Q. M . C. S. A amont the eorrespondencu of tho customhouse. which this officer was ordered to seiio and examine Humor says bis Fxcelleucy has kept Gen. Santa Anna well "booked up" in relation to all our movements. Ac * . Rumor has been rife during the past week that a heavy .Mexican force, say lb to 30,000. is advancing upon this place, under Gen. Hustamente, to give us another light. We are prepared to take a thrashing from even Husta uientc. if he catches Gen. Wool asleep The troops etationed here are Capt Webster's artillery company in the fort: Capt. Prentiss'artillery at the I onvent, and the odd battalion, composed of (tept. Morgan's and Capt. Prentiss' companies of the 1st Illinois regimeut. in barracks near the l'laxa. The military commander of the town, Col. Warren, preserves in the town the most perfect order aud illsciplino; he has managed to establish perfect coutldeuce between the Americans and Mexicans, und no two races, with so wide a distinction between them, ever lived together on more friendly terms. The order of Gen. Tuylor. sending companies B aud G. of the Arkansas regiment to the rear, bus,' through ' the intervention of Gen. Wool, been revoked, and these compaules are restored te their former anil honorable position in the regiment. [From the Matamoras Flag, May o ] The Kio Grande is again navigable to Camargo "nl- 11 ? - ? i?l uruuuilk ciirtuiilurhKIa nv. 1 U'" ttuitut I'UA, IV in -?SWk. ' triit in the id Mississippi regiment-MO euw having occurred, and several deaths. A man named Oglesby, formerly of Houston. Texas, wax waylaid and murdered recently near Reynoaa, by Mexicans. A notorious highwayman, Termeclna Veriliol waa at the head of thn band who oominitted the murder, and thia act sealed hie doom. A party of Texanx were despatched by the commandant at L'amargo to arrest the murderers ?they were arrested, but escaped from their captors before reaching t'amargo?after the the uiauncr lu which Texaua always allow such mun to escape. AKREST OK A BATCH OK ALCALDES. Kxtract of a letter from an officer at Monterey, dated 10th April, 1817 : ? "We hear to-day from San Luis, that nearly all the troops have left there, taking the direction or Mexico and Vera Cruz. The line of (ten. Santa Anna's retreat is marked by dead bodies for sixty leagues All is nuict in this quarter. Col. Doniphan is expected in Saltilloin a few days with his column from Chihuahua. I'rrea baa probably recrossed the mountains. Maj. Chevalliu went in search of him ax far ax Monte Morales, but he had left there. The Major, however, came near fastening upon Carrabajal; he fell in with his party, dispersed them, and captured soine of his horses. ,'We are informed verbally, that at l adareya he pounced upon sixty alcaldes. whohad.collected there from various towns throughout the State of Tamaulipas. to discuss, the propriety of acceding to the requisition of Uen. Taylor, made upon the 8tate, for indemnity for losses sustained in the capture of his supplies and trains. The whole batch of alcaides were made prisoners, and a deputation from thpm sunt under guard to <>en Taylor to assure him of the conclusions they had arrived at from their deliberations, and what prospect there was of a speedy payment. The rest wer?- held in custody until answer was received from <ieu. Taylor. F rom the same source wc also hear that < hcvallie fell iu with a chief, whose name is given to us as CoL Torrtyon?killed thirty of his men. and took him prisoner We think there must be a mistake in the name of the officer, as Torrejon is understood to be on the other side of the mountains. URAriHC ACCOUNT OK THE CAPTURE OF TU3PAN. Tu?r*w, April 21,1817. On the morning of the 12th of April, the squadron. (Dell and Drawn.) left the Island of Sacrificios, in tow of the Mississippi, and started for Loboe. where we arrivqjl on the afternoon of the next day. At the anchorage we found the Oermantown and bomb vessels. Soon after wards, the llaritan, Albany, and John Adains arrived; the Ohio did not join us, but sent a detachment of 300 men. commanded by Captain Uoldsborough. Wo got under wuy on tho morning of the 15th, but,' owing to light brecxcs, we were not ablo to start for Tuspan until late in the day?a delay,"however, very acceptable to most of us, us we had made out a sail in sight to be the Decatur, and we knew that.Juh she was from I'cnsacolu, she would bring the mail. We were not disappointed; that evening the Commodore distributed the lettters, of which 1 received a goodly number, aud a regular file of the Herald,a welcome gift.which none but those who have served on a foreign station cau appreciate. The night of the lftth a light norther came up, which blew uutil the succeeding night;, consequently it was not until the forenoen of the 17th, that we ancored ontside the oar ni 1 UPptAIl. uunug tuuunjr, tuo uni nan toiciuu; examined by boat* from the Mississippi. Enough water not being round for the steamer*. wo worn ordered along Hide the frigate Raritan. when they hoiated out our masts, took out most of our chain*, and every other heavy article we eould spare; leaving ua but it small quantity of coal to run up the river with. At 5 o'clock on the morning of the 18tb, we prepared to cross the bar; but .owing to the delay in getting such a number of men into the boats, we were not ready to move until meridian. '.The pilot took tirst the Spitfire, which struck once in going over; the Vixen followed, striking hard at the same place; the Scourge next, and then the boats pulled in. When we were inside the bar. the Commodore hoisted hif Hag on hoard the Spitfire, and with the first division of boats in tow. started up the river, followed closely by the Vixen with the second division, and the Scourge with the third. The engineers, in their eagerness for a fight, bad prepared full heads of steam, and impelled by the full force of their engines. (Bell k Brown, you remember why the Musquito squadron is so called,) the gallant little steamers started once more on their route of danger. A fine breese blew up the river, and the gun boats did well with their sails alone How earnestly the gate of every one was directed ahead on both sides, as we turned the sharp windings in the river, but no hostile demonstration was discovered. Has the enemy fled? Wait, we are coming to another angle in the stream. What is that? a flash: a report! we know it well. A shot strikes harmlessly in the water short of the approaching force. They have not fled, they defend their posts. A cheer welcomed this specimen of Mexican valor. The voice of the ? ommander is heard?"Hold your Are until within good range?now let them have It!'' The whole line is enveloped in smoke--the fort answers?another shot, grape and canister, and drive them from their guns. Cast off the boata,laud and storm the battery.The grape is well delivered and answered too. but the boats approach the 1 a-e of the billon which the guns are mounted? the foremost boat has a pendant flying in the bow. the officer is standing in the stern sheets, urging on his gallant crew to greater exertions?it is Buchanan.' He is in the bow now, for his boat nears the shere, his pendant a flying from the neck of a boaVding pike, is in his hand He waves it above bis head, and leaps ashore, followed by his brave men The bill is mounted in baste?the battery captured?the Mexican colors struck, and the stars and stripes wave triumphantly Again we are under way; another fort opens?"fire" two rounds, and they open a heavy discharge of musketry. A charge of cannister and stand of grape to help them on their way! Ha! ha! see how they dramper! And now tile town opens before us?something also opens on us from a high hill?It is their last hold a single gun Whin! the shot struck immediately astern of the Vixen. The boats that were at the first fort have crossed the river, and are pulling up to land. "Stop the engine; wait for the boata, but do not back an inch Kire away! another shot?do you hear that?it haa struck the Vixen on the bow, under water. ''Down, carpenter, below?shot plug- -we shall soon take the town, and then we will repair at our leisure " The boata are coming up gallantly?they land?all struggle to reach the summit of the hill. Lt. Semmes is the first, Capt. Buchanan second The Mexicans are again beaten; they fly to the chaparral in the rear of the town, where the skirmishing lasted for an hour; but at 4 o'clock Tuspan was ours. The town is a place of small importance, but rendered somewhat famous by the brig Truxton having been lost on the liar. The guns of the brig were mounted on the forts that opposed our entranoe; but as it required,too much labor to bring them away, we deatroyed them. Our loss Is slight. Capt. Tatnall badly wounded in the wrist by a musket bail; Lieut. J. L. Parker, wounded in the shoulder; Lieut llartstetn, In the fleshy part of the thigh, and Passed MldahiDmen Marr and Lowry, both with holes in their coats, but no skin broken. arrivaj. from chiiiuajii a J From the New Orleans Picayune, 11th May J or Campbell, of Springfield, Mo , with Mr Uerry, (a Laclede Ranger, discharged in consequence of sick neea,) and thirty men and two boys teamsters, arrived yesterday morning front Chihuahua, by way of Red River. The company having elected Major ( amp bell captain, left the city of Chihuahua on the 16th of March, taking the Prtiidia de la Grande route. Shortly after crossing the Rio Orande, their Indian guide deserted them, and having no map of the country, their journey was one of danger and hardship until they arrived at the settlements. On the 6th of April they passed through a ' ainanche village, and though they made presents to the Indians, indications ofhosllllty were perceived. That night, as they were about encamping on the prairie, torches were seen on their track, and they took to the saddle again. Continuing to ride until the torches were lost sight of. tbey encamped in a ravine, and next morning started at dawn About 10 o'clock they were pressed closely by a party of forty or fifty C amanehes. finely mounted, and as the company bad nothing but mules: worn out hy a march ol seven or eight hundred miles, it was impossible either to escape by flight or pursue the enemy - so the whole party dismounted, and formed lor battle at the edge of a chaperral In this position the Indians surrounded them: but manifesting no disposition to attack, it wus (.opposed they intended waiting tor reinforcements, and it was deemed advisable to tight their way through This was accomplished without any injury to the company, with the exception of a slight wound received hy one of the men, four or five of the Indians wero wounded. The indians. now satisfied that any further attempt upon the party would be rather a serious affair, wheeled their horses about. aDd were not seeu after .They were armed with bows and arrows and lances, and four or five of them had rifles The company were all armed with rifles ARer this the company lost their track several limes, I and for two weeks before they arrived at the settlements ! lived entirely upon mule meat. Oerry hoard a ruuior that a party of < auianchss, a short time before they met ' them, had stolen a large number of horses from Coffee's station, on the Red River, and that In doing so two or j three men were killed, and several wounded. When the company left chihuahua, l ol Doniphan's I army was In the enjoyuiunt of excellent health. The | climate in that part of Mexico is deligl- fful.'and provi- j sions ate abundant Col Donlphau was in the absence , of lDhtruetions at a loos tc know wbate urse to pursue 1 he term of service of his rsgiaaut i xpires early in : ' ' Jam, and nnleaa other troop* are cent to take it* place, the country ooaquered by nin will again fall Into th* baud* of the enemy. We understand be waa induced to march upon Chihuahua from El Pa**o by tb* Mexicans tbemeelre*, in tb* hop* that b* would nil an eoay prey to them. They announced in tb* paper published at Chihuahua that (Jen. Wool waa marching to the city with hi* wbol* army, and waa within una or two dayr march. The** paper* they took particular pain* to bring to tb* notice of Col. Doniphan at El Paaao, no doubt to lull him Into a feeling of security. Thla ruae waa aucceaefUl, but they aoon found their error, much to their coat. The Mexican offloer. taken priaoner in attempting to eacape in diaguiae from Chihuahua, waa den. Cuilta. and not Colonel, a* ha* been atated. H# waa the military commandant of the province, and would by hia rank have commanded at the battle of Sacramento, but that he waa under arreat by order of the Governor, for disobedience of order* in retiring from El i'aaao aa our army advauced. . ? We have received the flrat number of the Anglo-Saxon, pubiiahud in the city of Chihuahua, immediately after its capture by the Americau force*. It i* dated on the I3tli March.and ia published both in English and Spaniah. On the Spanish aide of the paper we find a proclamation of Col. Doniphan, a* commander-in-chief of the American force* in Chihuahua, requesting the people to coutlnuu at their ordinary a vocation*; inviting those in the towns and ranehn* to continue their trade with the city, and assuring all non-oombatant* of protection. He likewiae engage* to protect the people from the incursion* of the Indians. It ia atated by the Anglo-Saxon that Governor Trias has established a temporary seat of government for the Statu of Chihuahua at Parsall, two hundred miles south of the city. The Anglo-Saxon ia in tixa about^eight by twelve inches; Lieut. Chas. Kribben ia the editor, and John S. Webb, publisher. The font* ef type wereaa barren of w's as a cockney'* pronunciation, and the publisher ia fbrced into the double coekneyisin of using two v's as a substitute. [Krom the Chihuahua Anglo Saxon, March 13.) The firm* which .? nr?.nl hnM>,...!,h.. i.i.i concluded ono of the most arduous task* ever inipoted on u body of men of similar strength In number. It has thus far concluded a march, to which it would be dtfllI cult to find a parallel in the history of war; it ha* travelled region* hitherto little known; it ha* sought the mountain home of dreaded Indian tribe*, in spot* where the foot of the reekless trapper had not dared to approach and ha* subdued them; it ha* met armies three and four time* it* number, now surprising it by an attack, then fortified within invulnerable strongholds awaiting it*advances, and ha* defeated them?and is now dictating to a State in the heart ef an enemy's country three thousand mile* distant from the place' whence the authority for it* action emanated. A small division of a force which during lust summer marched across the western plains to conquer New Mexico, after the conquest of that territory, it was ordered to report to a large force in I'hihuunuH, which it was supposed had taken possession of that State, where it* services might be required. Ilut instead of finding the star spangled banner of its nation waving over the city, proclaiming the conquest of the state, instead of finding five thousand countrymon to welcome it* approach, it found the black flag of the pirate waving in defiance, ^nd nearly that number of enemies, saluting it by the rour of their cannon. We know these fact*'; but in vain you would turn over the pages of history for a parallel to the campaign, which this army has thus fur concluded, it were but propor, the opportunity presenting itself, that the stout and gallant hearts who voluntarily embarked in that unsafe and arduous enterprise for their country's glory, should find a slight testimonial of their patriotism at a time, when the scenes they have passed through are yet fresh in our memories and unobliteruted hy minor events of later date. ARMY INTKLLIOKNCK. The steamer James Dick. < 'aptain fiellsnyder, from Nashville, which arrived this morning, brought down Lieut. Manna with thirty-three men belonging to the 3d dragoons. The steamer Saransk, ( apt Mclntyre, from Pittsburg, brought down Col. T. P. Andrews, of the IT. S. Voltlgeurs. Dr. J. W. Tyler, U. P. Kennett, quarter master, Capt. J. D. Blair, Lieuta. W. B. Walker, W. Torrell and U. It. Riger, with 133 men. Lieut. C. K. Vernon, in charge of thirty-three men en route to Mexico.?N. O. Ere. Mercury. May 10. Major Bodine, additional paymaster of the United States Army, leaves this city on Saturday next for Santa kV havlnir in charire 4300.000 in srold. to ha naid to the army in New Mexico. He will be escorted by a company of U. S. dragoons from Kort Leavenworth.? St. Louts Republican, May 11. The ship Remittance, with two companies of the 10th i regiment of infantry, commanded by Captains K. A. Graves and T. P. Garrard, and Capt Hasan's company of 3d dragoons, from Mobile, on board, sailed last night for the Brazos. These troops will join Uen. Taylor.?AT. O. Picayune, May 11. The Chicago Journal says that nine companies have already been enrolled at Springfield. naval. [From the Norfolk Beacon, May 17.] It is rumored that Com Skinner is to be ordered to the Bureau of Equipment and Repairs in place of Com. Mor) ris, relieved on account of 111 health. U. S. steamer Union came out of Dock, on'. Wednesday last. The frigate Brandywlne is at anchor, ready for officers and crew. A Board of Naval Engineers is now in session at Washington, D. C.j for the examination of the candidates for admission, and for assistants, for promotion in the Engineer Corps,?Members?Charles II. Haswell, Engineer in Chief; John Karron, jr., and Wm. P.Williamson, Chief Engineers. We learn from the Chronicle, that the Survevlng schooner Nautilus and Relief Light Boat, bave been hauled up. and now occupy "Slip C." They are undergoing extensive repairs. The Cumberland is progressing rapidly under the hands of our skilful artisans. She will soon be ready for sea. The U. S. schooner Flirt, Lieut. Palmer, commander, was towed down to Hampton Roads yesterday by the steamer Engineer, Acting Master's Mate Olmstead. commanding and, proceeded to sea. Com. Ap. Catesby Jones, it is stated, is to bo ordored to the command of the Pacific squadron, in ptaoo of Com. Shubrick, relieved at his own request. Com. J. Is expected to hoist his pennant here on board the Ohio. It is not yet known who is to command the Brazilian squadron. Rumor names Com. Morgan.? Norfolk Beacon, May 18. The Ames-lean Fleet before San Juan da Ulua? French View of the Capture. [From the Journal Du Havre. April 33.) The next arrival will, in all probability, bring us the news of the attack of the castle of San Junn de UlUa by the naval forces of the United States. The American government has finally determined to make the attempt, after having, for a long time, hesitated to entrust this enterprise (the importance of which makes it evident that it ought to have been one of its first efforts) to the snuadron in the Gulf of Mexico, the previous efforts of which have been attended with but little suocess, and now seek by this brilliant stroke to eclipse the Insignificant aggressions against the various small ports on the Mexican coast to which they have hitherto confined themselves. Grand preparations have been made for this operation, which, however, was but an off-hand affair to our navy ; and there is no deubt but that the fear of failing in an enterprise which the French navy demonstrated to bu an easy one, has caused the United < States government te hesitate considerably from the Obi# B ml * r. f.k. (I,- ~B.? nn-.nllnn Ik.t it V,..a i ? dor to ensure success. It will not, perhaps, be uninteresting at this moment, when the Americans are about to undertake this work, to institute a comparison between the French forces which caused the capitulation of S. Juan d'Uiua. and those of the United States, which hare assembled before Vera Cruz, to attack this fortress, which they still persist in calling the Gibraltar of the new world. The squadron, commanded by Admiral Baudln, consisted of four frigates, three corvettes, five twenty gun brigs, two bomb ketches, and two steamers, In all twenty vessels, carrying aome 380 guns. Three frigates, one corvette, and the two bomb ketches were the only ones that took part in the action, which commenced at two o'clock in the afternoon, and terminated at night by the surrender of the place, the principal batteries of which had been silenced, and its chief works destroyed. The American force at present before Vera Crux Is the largest force which the United States have ever yet assembled before one single place, and consists in all of thirty light vessels of war, carrying in all 30ii guns, of which several are Paixhans It consists of the following, vis : one 74 gun ship, the Ohio; two frigates; the Potomac. 60 guus; and the Raritnn, 6i; six 'JU gun corj vettes; the John Adams. St. Mary's, Oerninntown, Albany, Decatur, and Saratoga Two 1U gun brigs, the Porpoise, and Perry, twelve steamers, of which the Mississippi and Princeton carry Paixhun guns, five bomb kctohea, and ten schooners, or sloops, carrying from 'J to tj guus In addition to this warlike array the American government has taken into its service n considerable number of merchant vessels, both steam and sailing, for the transportation of the troops, which make part of the expedition under Ocneral Scott, who is to attack the town of Vera Cruz by land, under the orders of ehe squadron. This branch consists of seventy ships, fifty-six brigs and eleven steamers, which makes an aggregate of 176 sail of all kinds, which have all directly or indirectly the same object in view, vis: the reduction of Vera Cruz and its fortress As a matter of course the American government found great hopes on the success of such an imposing array, the equal to which they have never had previously In the naval historyV>f the nation. We doubt, however, whether the result will repay the enormous expenses which these preparations must have cost. Not that we for one moment doubt that the American navy will fail in an enterprise in which our navy, with such limited means succeeded so brilliantly, but because there is every reason to believe that all this costly preparation will be rendered useless by the* inefficiency of the resistance they will meet with Already the evacuation of Vera Cruz has given over this city without a blow to General Scott, who will only have collected a large force at a great expense. from a distance of two hundred leagues from the North to tske possession of an abandoned town It la highly probable tbat being cut off from its communication with the interior, the castle of Ban Juan de I'lua will surrender at the first summons, and by such a too easy victory, the American flag will be deprived of the glory of a leat of arms for which the French navy is justly envied Si LA.Mb'tA I EXTLOSION?Ml.XlfcEN LfVfi? LOST. ?The Cincinnati Gazette of the loth instant, I learns by the officers of tho Oon Pike, who obtained their information Irom passengers on tho boat, that the steamer New Hampshire blew up some distance below Little Hock, Arkansas, on the tith inet. killing sixteen persons, both clerks of the boat among the number.? The boat turned completely over, and Is a total loss.? i Bait. Sun, May 'JO. i Prick or a Commission.?Colonel Peniie,of the 16th Lancers, who. for lifty-two years served with such distinction iu the Pen Insula, A merles, and In- ' dla, retired from the aruiy cm Friday. Colonel Persse | received eleven thousand guineas by the sale of his com] mission.?Dublin I'aprr. Military Appointment nv the President? ' Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, to be brigadier general. ' in the place of General G. J. Pillow, promoted At Georgetown, D. C.. on Saturday, shad were eelilng at $9 per hundred, and herrings at *? per thousand. 1 NEW YORK HERALD. New York, TlwrnUy, Majr JSO, 1847. Owur KdtUom with Mexico. It is stated, on what some deem pretty good authority, that the Mexicans have applied for the mediation of England to settle the war with the United States. If this be true, they begin to show some symptoms of good sense. But we cannot see what England can accomplish, unless it be to induce Mexico to open negotiations with us. Apart from this, we desire no mediation from any European power. We can take care of ourselves; but if the English have any influence in Mexico, they will probably exert it to stop the war, in order to stop the subjugation of the whole of our Southern neighbor by our people. It is apparent that England and France cannot, in their present condition, interfere in force in the war ; it will, therefore, be their policy to prevent us, if they cun, frotn overrunning Mexico, and bringing it under our exclusive protection. They may in a quiet way strive to accomplish this. Notei of a Trip in Italy, by Mri. J. 6. B. Naples, 28th March, 1847. 1 am now writing to you from Naples, sitting with my window open, and in a summer-dress. 1 have a beautiful suite of apartments in the Victoria Hotel, facing the bay. Don't tell me ot your American skies?nothing can equal the sky here. At this moment that 1 write to you, never have 1 seen any thing to equal it. I know you cannot believe that, because you think nothing can compete with America in ^ny way. The buy, decidedly, is not superior to the bay of New York, though they generally say it is; but reully 1 do not think it so. The variety of scenery, with the exception of Vesuvius, is not near so great nor so picturesque ; but the sky, that nothing can equal. In no part of Italy have I seen it so beautiful as here. It may be, very likely, thut the reflection of the water does much in producing that effect. In the rear of the hotel, they are. very busy watching a balloon which is about ascending, with a man in it, and I have desired them to call me when it is all ready ; but I can hardly write for the noise. It really appears us if all Naples were in the street, such a concourse of people riding and promenading; every day here almost looks like a jour de fite. The Italians seem to live to enjoy themselves. The Neapolitans are a very happy sort of people, and very ?roud of their city, and 1h very beautiful ; but there is nothing in architecture, nor sculpture, nor painting, that can compare with Home ; yet the city itself is every way, I should hink, more agreeable as a place of residence hu?i Rome. The air seems more pure; not so ;onfincd. Nothing can exceed the coup d'ail of Naples on every side which you regard it from. The Toledo is the principal street here, but the streets are narrow, like all Italian streets. The Toledo iB the largest, and about a mile in length. The houses are about six stories high, and all have balconies and flat roofs, in the form of terraces, which they use generally as a sort of promenade. I am called to see the baloon ascend. 1 must go and see it, and finish this letter to-morrow. I saw the baloon ascend, and the man's wife called round to get money from the lookers on in the hotel, and, aB Mr. Polk, the ambassador remarked, " to see her husband killed"?but what would not Italians do for money I?and sure enough he came very near it, for in about a couple of hours afterwards, I saw him from my parlor window, by the aid of my glass, Beated very comfortably, or rather uncomfortably, in the midst of the bay, waiting until a boat picked him up; and if they had been but five minutes later, he would have been lost. It was very well he was not landed in the burning crater of Vesuvius; he was very near it. Apropos, talking of Mr. Polk. I have met him; he is very much liked here us ambassador, and is considered quite an accomplished and gentlemanly man, as every person who knows him must acknowledge. He is very attentive to Americans who come here, and thinks there is no place like the United States. You will agree with him in that. He says, he devours the Herald when it comes, became it gives information of what is going on there. He is called the handsome ambassador. 1 went to the San Carlos last night; it is as you are aware, the finest theatre in Europe. It was built by Charles III, in 1737. The front bears the names of the most celebrated Italian composers j and dramatic poets, aYid is ornamented with columns and statues. There are six tiers of boxes, and these boxes will contain twelve persons each. The royal box is most sumptuous. I have not seen any thing to compare with it in any theatre. The music was not of the best?the opera was Due Foscari, which I have heard was so well ;xecuted in Paris by Grisi and Mario. 1 went yesterday to sec Pompeii, and I shall ;ive you an account of it in a future letter, la I have no time now, for I am about pre>aring to go up Veauviua to-day. 1 shall stay ip there till moonlight, and thua view it in its glory, as night is the best time to see it. I shall give you an account of my ascent in my next, which I expect, from all I hear, will be very interesting; the descent is amusing. I have some amusing engravings, which I will send you or bring myself; they will make you die with laughter. On my way here, I saw the ruins of Cicero's Villa, and got a piece of his money, and eat some of the delicious orsnges growing in frorft of it. He was assassinated near to it, when escuping in a litter from the fury of Mark Antony. It was very interesting to look and see the room in which that great man wuh wont to repose. I passed ulso through the town of Fondi, celebrated for the beauty of its women. It was once destroyed by a Turkish licet, the commander of which wanted to carry oil Julia Countess of Fondi, who was famous for her beauty. The celebrated Appiun Way formone of the principal streets ; but any thing like the beggars 1 never saw in my life ; they are so lazy, that they actually will not take the trouble to coine down to ask for charity, but stretch their hands out of the window, and hollow most unmercifully at you?" Oh ! for the love of the Virgin, give us something. Oh, Signora! Oh, ?ignora ! give something, and 1 will go pray for yon ut the next church ; you will have a thousand sins forgiven you, if you only give a sous ?do lady, do beautiful lady, a perfect image of the Virgin herself." Mexican Official Acc ount of rut Baitee of Cerro Gordo.? Wc succeed, a short time since, in obtaining, in advanc e of out contemporaries, the Mexican official account ot the battle of CcrroGordo. We published it immediately, and, as usual, it was stolen from us by every journal in the city, and many in the country, no credit whatever being given to ilie Htrald or any other. We perceive it is still going the rounds We recommend such papers ub have not yet copied it to correct a slight mistake which we fell into in the hurry of translating it late nt night. For "18th May" please read "18th April." Amkricaxo-Mexic;an Facers. -Wc have received by the last two mails from the South the following American papers front Mexico:? Pera < ru*, Kagle < bihna.licm, Anglo-Saxon, lalapa. American Star. Tampion. Sentinel taltillo, Picket Onanl. Monterey, Pioneer UatamorM, American King California, ( alifnrnian. These papera are owned and edited l>y Amenans, and have been sturted since ihc war with Vlexico broke out on th? Rio Grande. , J. I.'-1'.1 J . J.." " P*aa Thht??.-Mad'lle Blangy ie engaged for tbraa nights at this bouse, and appaara for tha <t rat tima tonight. She mat with hrilliant aueeeaa at Nibta'a and Palmos, during her former engagement* in thia eitj, and won a deserved popularity. 8h* baa every where ereateda aenaation in tha other theatre* of the Union, and added to the laurel* on her bfow. She haa grant talent* aa a pantomlmiat.and few bar* attained the same degree of excellence In thia branch of bar profeaaion. Her face baa great variety of expreaaion, which give* intelligence and charm to what ia intended to be conveyed? her attitude* are eaay and graceful, and her atop haa, at time*, an etberial lightnvaa. The light* and (hades of paaaion (he pourtraya with great effect?ao that word* could scarcely be more forcible and expreaaive than her action. But in her dancing lie* herg;eat chum, forthat ia full of grace and beaut v She certainly ia an arlitlt of a high degree of excellence?her attitude* preaent a moat charming variety and combination?tha atorea of graceful action aeem to have been drawn upon, exhausted?classic model* to have been closely studied, and all the element* of graoe and loveliness of manner wielded at her magic will. She excites admiration by her art.

addresses the imagination by her light and brilliant movements, and her poetioal conceptions throw a spell around the senses, and weave such a chain of warm and dreamy illusions, that none can resist its fascinations or defy its power. Such Is Mad'llo Blangy Her style of dancing Is of a high order?she achieves the most difficult things, but never strains for effect?all is chaste and in good taste; she has not only grace apd lightness,but has also force, which curios her triumphantly through all she undertakes. In short, her's is an admirable artistic display, full of delicacy and grace, and possessiuga high degree of intereet. Bowery Thkatrk.?Mr. Murdoch appears this evening for the last time under the present engagement. The pluys selected ue of the most interesting character, and eminently calculated to bring In full play the brilliant talenta of this distinguished actor. He appears in the rharunter of tlie Ktudent in I lie chute and elegant nlav of the Elder Brother." aud as Dick Daabal in the comedy of " My Aunt," comprising attraction* of no ordinary kind. The drama of the " Lady of the Lake," rant to the strength of the oompany, will be added. Mr. Murdoch will take a benefit to-morrow evening. Ai.kiandb* thb Magician.?Mr. Alexander remain* here for two nlghta more, and then will leave ua to perform engagementa in other cities, where he will be well received. lie leave* thi* city with the *ati*faction of knowing that he haa achieved a reputation which will profit him in every part oftheoountry that he may viait. Mra. and .Mr*. Kean are about ta return to Europe from New Orleans, instead of coming to the north a* they bad intended. Mr*. Kean'a ill hoalthia assigned a* the reaaon for their so doing. Mr. Forrest is still playing at the Walnut street, Philadelphia. Mr. Anderson makes his last appearance at the Park this evening. Mr. Murdoch is playing at the Bowery. Collins, the Inimitable delineator of Irish character, has been playing a most successful engagement at Louisville. Mr. Rice, better known as Jim Crow Rice, is playing the negro at the National Theatre, Boston. Booth, the tragedian, is playing at the Holliday street theatre, Baltimore. Mrs. Mason, (formerly Miss Emma Wheatley) is also engaged at the Holliday street. Mrs. Shaw lately completed an engagement at the Bowery. Mr*. Mowatt and Mr. Davenport have just finished their engagement at the Athenicum^Cincinnati. Dan Marble is now the rage in Cincinnati, and has got up a new play written for him, and entitled "Home in the West." Mr. K. 8. Conner is at the Eagle street Theatre, Buffalo, where also is Miss Clara Ellis. Oaorara llnlland la now at thai Alhstnv Miiaanm Mini Julia Drake is at the Odeon, Albany, with H Chapman and Miss Maywood. Les Daoscuses Vlonnoises are stiil the favorites of Richmond, where their appearance has caused a rise in the price of tickets to the theatre. Tho Ravels are performing in Louisville. Augusta has just done dancing at St. Louis. Blitz was still at the St. Charles, New Orleans, at the last acoounts. Ciooa and Mantin are at Cincinnati. General Tom Thumb Is still holding levees at Philadelphia. Rockwell elosed his most brilliant Louisville season on Tuesday night, the 1-ith instant. Van Amburgh, the great lion tamer, arrived in Albany yesterday, with ono of the greatest caravans in the country. Raymond 8c Warlng's menagerie are now in this eity. Musical. Opkiia.?"l'Lombardi" was performod last nightat Palmo's to a good house. The manner of Barili's reception showed most conclusively in what estimation she was held by ^he audience, and how they were pleased at her recovery from her late indisposition. When she first appeared last evening, the house was mado to ring and echo with the demonstrations of gratification, whieh seemed to rise spontaneously and not by any forced effort on the part of the friends of our charming warbler. All are her friends, and why should they not welcome her, as their worm feelings dictated ? They did so, and inspired by this manifestation of kind regard, the prima donna sang as if she would return through the medium of her song the feelings of kindness; as she proceeded in the piece, every new effort brought new tokens of their gratification from the audience, and in moro scenes than one did sweet flowers, the gift of her hearers, grace her .while she sang. Much might be said of the performance of each one of the company who took part in the opera. 11 was an excellent performance all through, Beneventauo sang sweetly, yet powerfully as he can so well, and only like himself. lie was well received: some of bis performances encored, and all applauded roundly. He must be well remembered on Saturday evening next, when as all his friends know, his benefit will take place. Bencdctti. too: if we mention him last, it is by no means because his*merits were least. His songs in the second scene of the second aet, seemed to be executed with more than bis own usual brilliant taleut, and the audience would not be satisfied until ho had repeated them. The admiration of the whole assemblage was brought out by him in those passages, which are translated. "My happiness I would diffuse, Into her noble heart? And to her spirit with my love More blessed peace Impart. More harmony than to tne skies, Of starry light is given : * And then, where mortal never passed. I'd rise with her to Heaven." And then, when he declares to his mother, bis almost conversion :? " Oh, my mother, Already have I often thought in my heart, That time alone, the creed must be Of this angel of love. For how eould Heaven create 80 pure a being. And yet not from her eyes remove The veil that conceals truth! I omc. I will go to her. And enlighten my mind. < ome, and let truth decldo Between reason and love. At the end of the third act,Rafter tho curtain had Allien, the audienco colled for their entertainers, and the drop was raised again, while Barill. Benedetti. and Beneventano, came forward to receive the plaudits which they had so richly won. Hers and Siveri were at Memphis last week, and the lovers of music were carried away by their masterly performances. The press gives them superlative nlace and praise, when comparing them with other performers. and speaks of their concerts as being tho most brilliant ones ever given in that city. By the way, mentioning Sivori remi nds us of an incident connectedwith his late professional Tisit to New Orleans. On one occasion lie whs desirous of giving his grand piece, which requires eight performers upon the piano. but from some rviwuu <>r uiucr, h? wu* iioi nine vu nnu me requisite number of professors of the instrument to engage in It, nnd lie was about to abandon the project of giving it. when the difficulty under which he labored, becoming known, scvcrul ladies of the very drat rank in the Crescent city, came forward and proffered their services.? They were found to possess the requisite talent, and thus the want of professors was supplied, and the piece given One o? the lair performers was the lady of a very distinguished Senator from Louisiana, who is fast becoming (if he has not already attained the rank) among statesmen that Sivori is among inusiciane. CHiusTr's Mihtrkls.?Mechanics' Hall has becomo the established resort of the gey and fashionable, and is nightly flllod in every part, with most select audiences. In our frequent notices of the performances of this talented company, we have omitted to partlculariie the srtistical execution of the violinist, Wm. K. Hooiey, whose solos are received with sueh distinguished approbation. There may not be so much science displayed in hisplnving as in that of Olo Dull, Slvorl, and other great professors; but what lie dose play is understood a rare acquisition In these times. He certainly is at the head of Ethiopian violinists. There was no performance by the Italians at the Howard Athenirum, Boston,on Tuesday evening, as the company were engaged rehearsing "I Lombard!," for presentation this evening, with Caranti de Vita and Mevcry, the prime lennrt, who has not yet appeared there. The Swiss Bell Ringers are winding up their performances in Boston. They have been playing to large and fashionable houses. The Srgulns are still at the Cbesnut street, Philadelphia. Kleury July. C aeini. Pudeyte and Dubreuii, are at the French opera house, New Orleans. Mr. Lover will open at the Society Library, on Friday evening. Mr. Austin rhillips, Miss Martin, Jeanie Reytaoldaon, and others, are giving a series of musical entertainments at Vauxhall Gardens. Christy's minstrels close tholr performances at Mechanics' Hall this week. The remains of Mr Colburn have been brought in to Independence. Mo., by a company of gentlemen who went out in search of them. They returned on the 6th. The bones (for the remains consist of little else.) were found by some Ottowa Indians, near whore he was supposed tb have encampod the first night aftST Mr. Litxendorfer left him, and near the spot where his mule was found. It is somewhat uncertain, from the appearance of his skull, whether he was shot, or killed by the blow of a hatchet, or soma other blunt weapon. The mail which wm la charge oi Mr. C. hM not been found. % H porting InteUlfwiu. to Trottinu at t? CMTKtlUi Coi atK ?The trot- ch ting match for two thousand dollars, mile and repeat, In harness, between the bay mare Sarah Winch and the gr brown gelding Bushwhacker, took place yesterday after- *> noon, and was won by the latter horse. There were two wj other trots for purses on the same track, which afforded amusement in abundance to the lorers of such sport, ye But the feature of the day was the match for the thousands. The spectators numbered four or five hun- ta dred, and the Eastern States furnished their quota of ct delegates of the patrons of fair and honorable trotting. Sarah Winch, has been the favorite since the making of the match, and previous to the start, 100 to 70 was of- w! fered and taken on her In large amounts. More money was waged yesterday on the result of the trot than has been a|u bet at all the races which have taken placu this season. p( The horses have been in the hands of experienced traiu- Pa ere, and they appeared to be as finely drawn as it were possible they could be. Sarah Winch won the inside wl position of the track. She was driven by Hiram Wood- fJ| ruff, Bushwhacker being under the guidance of William Woodruff, during the first heat; after which, that old and experienced whip, Win, Whelan took him in charge. . and by so doing, won the race and money. " *'e*t Hsat.?The horses came to the score for the word, but the judges did not give it because Sarah Winch T bad a few feet the advantage, they being determined to f make the affair as even as possible. When tboy were ' started, the driver of Bushwhacker began shouting, evidently to frighten and break up the mare; but the st shouting bad a contrary effect to that anticipated, as ?t Bushwhacker broke up himself, giving Sarah a chance E to draw out and leave him. She reached the quarter b< pole in 40 seconds, three leugths in advauce of the horse d< The mare was kuut steadilv at work hv lliram caution appearing to be hii object, knowing full well that the horse ?u not to bo held too lightly, notwithstanding he broke up several times Sarah . passed the half mile pole in 1.20, lead in, the horse three or four lengths. On coming round the turn to the m stretch, the horse broke up again, and tbeu again; losing ai very little, however, lie was hurried up by his driver as far as the drawgate, who, on seeing that the horse al had no chance for the heat, eased him up. and Sarah tl Winch led to the stand In 2.43, beating Bushwhacker about four lengths. Skcokd IKiT.?Much dissatisfaction was expressed tf by the friends of Bushwhacker at the way Mr. Wood- pi ruff had handled tho horse, and Wo, Whelun was usked n, to take him in charge. Tho betting was two to one on the mare, and nothing was done at that flgure; but 11 the backers of the horse felt sure, that if he could win, * Whelun would make him do it. As the horses left *' the score. Bushwhacker broko up slightly, but soon , settled down again, and kept bv the side of the mare 'r until near thu quarter, where he seemed to force her al so much, that she broke up, and the horse went two lengths in front. The quarter was made in 41 seconds. cl The horse held his advautage. and reached the hulf- . mile pole in 1:22; but I!Irani got the mare under a tremendous headway, and as they swung round on the homo stretch, she was alougsido of Bushwhacker. From , there to the Score, the race was finely contested, each* , driver bringing his generalship and experience into re- 11 quisltlon. At the drawgate the mare broke up, and the .. horse led home a length ahead in 2:40. The delighted ' crowd gave vent to their feelings by a tremendous shout of applause. Thiho Heat.-There was a good start for this heat, w and they went side and side until near the quartor. where the horse gained a few yards on the mare.and passed the post in 41 seconds. The mare then made a }* dash, and took sidps with him again, and ho broke up J; twice before reaching the half mile pole; but Whelan regulated him so finely, that he was hardly up before he 111 hud him right again. Thu mare broke at the half, which was passed in 1:22, and the horse took a lead of a 111 length; yet before he reaohed the turn the mare was * with him again, and after a struggle, she got nearly a length in front of him, and from there to the " stand, the contest created the most intense intorest. Hiram was on one side of thu track and Whuelan on the other, both confident of sucoess. rl In this way they came up the stretch. At the draw- a] gate the mare slipped her feet, and skipped along for a f1 short distance; the horse then broke up, but was down again, without losing apparently an inoh, and ho passed r! thu score a neck ahead of Sarah Winch, in 2.43>i; thus y wining the race. *c Auotber trot, mile and repeat, in harness, for a purse, P' came off immediately after the conclusion of the abovo. r< Four horses were entered, only two of which made their appearance, b. m. Mist and g. m. Lady Augusta. This was rather a one-sided affuir, and was won by the gray, apparently with ease, in 2.42, 2.43. Mist was the favor- j? rite at the start at 10 to 2. J* The sports of the day closed with a trot for a purse, J: mile heats, best in Ave, under the saddle, for which four " started, vis : g. g. Kinpuror. b. m. Keality, ell. g. Kir Walter, and g. m. Lady Augusta, the winner of the pre- J'*' vioufl raett. Ka&litv won tho mirno in thnut utpikiosht heats. Time, 2:45?2:44?2:44. *? Union Course, L. I.?Two Trottino Matches, ToDay.?Hector, Moscow, and Black Maria come together hi to-day, at thia course, for a purse of $200, two mile heats. 01 in harness; after which, Achilles, Telegraph, and Tom ^ Corwin go for a sweepstakes for $800, two mile heats, to ci 250 lb. wagons. The horses named in each of the above pi trots are universally known, and each has hosts of le backers. The cars which will leave South Kerry at 2J{ tl o'clock, will, no doubt, take a crowd to the track. ti The races over the St. Louis course opened yesterday V in a very spirited manner. The first race, a dash of a single mile, between Mr. Mattux's three year old filly Quceh Victoria, and Mr. Gleoson's ditto, styled Whip- J*, poorwiil, was won by the former. For the first throe < quarters of a mile the contest was close, but on the last . quarter the Queen dashed ahead, and led in winner of J* the Farmer's stake. Second Race.?The next raeo was for the St. Louis |l stake?mile heats?$50 entrance?half forfeit. Four . nags were entered for this race?"Capt. May," "Bragauza," "Allen Wright," and "Fanny Williams." "AlIon Wright" being decided over age. was fMled off, and < the other three started for the purse, and came in as follows: ? S. Robbing'ch. c. Bragauza, by Massnniello, dam by Waxy 1 1 , E w. Welden's s. f. Fanny Williams, by Admiral, dam imported muly mare 3 2 h Jerome White's g. c. Captain May, by Confla- ,' gration, dam Fleeta 2 dis. J Time:?1:57?1:68. T A meeting of the St. Louis Jockey Club was called. if and held at tho St. Charles House, on Saturday, May < 8th. George W. Goode in tho chair; W. C.Taylor, Secretary. ,, Charles Keemlo, Esq., was eleoted President; A. B. ,, Chambers, Esq., 1st Vice Prosident, and W. C. Taylor, h. Esq., 2d Vice President, and J. M. Field, Esq., Corresponding Secretary. It was Resolved, To change the 37th rule, so as to read, No horse that has won a purse shall be permitted to start r! for another at the samo meeting, except for the proprle- ,, tor's purse or plate, and the three best in five.?St. J: Lenit Reveiltr, May 11. ^ City Intelligence. The Sii i r Fe te a .?We are informed that this complaint cl increases among the emigrants. We understand that 11 there are several hundred cases at Bellevuellospital, which is under our city government; and a great many cases b] exist at the State Hospital, Staten Island. At both hos- w pitals tho treatment Is ordered to be the samo. At Sta ten Island the deaths amount to one in every ten of the w persons who have the ship fever. At our Belfevue Hospital the deaths amount to four out of every ten. Why is this ? The treatment ordered in both places is the _( same, vis : beef soup and brandy. Through one who has carefully observed, wo loam that brandy, costing about 76 cents a gallon, is used with soup made from not w very good bones, whilst at Staten Island the brandy prescribed and used costs $3 25, and the meat is better. Ci Are these fkctst Where are we to find preservers of m health? Dr. Van Buren, second assistant physician in m Bellevue Hospital, son of John Van Buren, District At- 1,1 torney of Ulster sounty, died yesterday after a brief '.i'- b' ness of ship fever. He was about 23 years old. an 1 as T' engaged to bo married in a few weeks to an estimable young lady residing In the upper part of the city. Dr. M Kelly, another of the assistant physicians at Bellevue, is ^ also said to be quite sick with the ship fever. Murdered in the Bowery.? We are again called l', upon to record the commission of another murder of a l( most daring character. It may very properly be asked, g0 what are we coining to? for no sooner had the murderous _ assaults recently made upon Mr. Alvah Hotclikiss. of Brooklyn, and Mr. Beunet, of Williumsburgh. ceased to be matters of general topic, thuu a similar outrage is perpetrated In our very midst, in the heart of this might y ju city, and that, too, in one of the most nubile thorough- ^ fares in it. From the evidence adduced beiore Coroner t(! Walters, yesterday, in the oourse of his investigation, it , ^ appeared that as policeman Odium, of the Sixth Ward, was passing the oorner of I'ell street and the Bowery, HlJ between 11 and 12 o'clock on Monday night, he found an m unknown man lying upon the side-walk, in a state , of insensibility. On conveying him to the Station a, House, it was discovered that the stranger had been severely wounded in several places on his head; he ,ti - 1 ? i 1. il. ch. iln.nll.1 t. i..? ul was ?rwpluiu*ij ? " ,.u ? ucruujr morning, and bin wound* dressed. lie. however, stir- ( Vived but a few hour*. On making a po*r mortem examination, it waa ascertained that hi* skull had been fractured in several place*. Krom the appearanoe of one of the fractures on the right temple, it was evident that it had been indicted with a slung shot or billy, the head of which waa about IX inches in diameter. The Jury ren dared a verdict that " the deceased came to his death by *, injuries indicted on the head by some person or persons " unknown to the Jury." The deceased appears to be about forty years of age, ft feet 8 inches high, black hair, and whiskers, dark complexion, had on when found, : a silver grey tweed ooat, with covered buttons, blue rib- ? bed cassimere pantaloons, merino west, with red stripes, and boots, lie is supposed to be a stranger in the city, and probably was imprudent enough to exhibit his mo ney to those who followed him to the spot where he was r> found, and there robbed him of all ho had about his -1 person. th Travel to Albany.?We are surprised, that with our many steamboat*J running on the Hudson, there la no boat starting at a reasonable hour In the morning. J Half past rt is too early, 8 or even 9 o'clock, would be much better. What manner of use is there in leaving at this early hour, half past six, and rushing through from city to city in eight or nine hours, arriving at 3 P. M. Let one of the dne boats leave at 8 A. M., and she will be well patronized. fo Exhibition or Flowers.?We are gratified to learn 1,1 that the very rtchtrc.Ke exhibition of flowers, at the Ly- P1 ceuiu building, kill Broadway, will be kept opeu until this *1 evening. " The Small Potato Court.? In olden times the collar now occupied by the pri sent Incumbent of the impor- , tant office of chief of police, was the place where, under tlio jurisdiction of the ancient alms house commission- era, the largo stock of potatoes for unfortunate paupers was kept. " The scent of the roees will hang ronnd it T still," and as His Honor the Mayor is troubled by some tl half dozen complaints per diem, under the new sy*tem, . that the tried police must be changed, by removing obstreperous democrats whose places are wanted by the . numerous watchful and hopeful aspirants for the order . of the star, it is suggested that his honor should cease ?? } dignify the potato bin, by turning it Into a monk 1 lumber of the inquisition. or "tar chamber, and that he '] ould give all the pauvvts g<uu?n>, who must ba gulllo- 1 ted, the benefit of a death In open day light, a born I nund. In full rlaw of their fellow citiseus. that is. In I ma of the court ro*me of the City Hall, otherwise His | mor e health will suffer. Let it be attended to forthth Case or Poiiomko.?More Mrnttr.-About 1 o'clock sterday. an unknown man, of genteel appearance, wae en to tell down at the corner of Centre and Pearl ita. number of persona immediately went to his aaslsnce, but he expired before medical aid oould be proired. his countenance having suddenly become utmost ark On searchiug his pockets a bottle which had idently contained some polsouous substance was und; but whether he took the fatal draught himself ith the intention of committing suicide or not, Is a alter of doubt. It is quite as probable that he had en, enticed in some den of infamy near where he was en to full, and after abstracting the money from his ickcls and administering to him a settling dose, the vrty whose prey he had bueu, slipped the phTal of poison to his pocket, and permitted him to go. with a conilousness that he would tell no dale*. The Coroner ill hold an inquest upon the body this morning, when ofessor Ueid, of the City Hospital, will there publicly ihlbit the stomach; at the samo time explain the result an analysis, which he purposes maklng.of Its contents. Death uv 8mr Fkveb.?Coronor Walturs was called hold uii inquest at No. 51 Prince street, upon the body ' Retry McNichols. a native of Ireland, aged 37 years. Iio recently arrived in this port from Liverpool. In the lip New World, was shortly afterwards taken sick with lip fever, and died yesterday. Verdict accordingly. Suddkk Death?A gentleman, whose name is underood to he Hawkins, a resident of one of the western atcs. yesterday engaged a passage on board the ship uipire, for Lirerpool. No sooner had he well got on >ard of the rcruel yesterday morning, thati he fell tivu, and almost instantly expired. Inventor*' Institute. lu the month of February last. a pamphlet wu issued f Mr. Solomon Andrew*, of Perth Amboy, Now Jeriey, ldroued to inventor* and amateur* of Ingenuity ad (kill In tlic mechanic art*, recommending them to Mooiate together and form an Inventor*' Institute, for 10 organization and permanent establishment of their mine**, aa a separate and distinct occupation, peculiar ) themselves, and for the exposure of interlopers and irate*, where* ruul inventor* may And such aid a* they ecd in the prosecution and perfection of their plans, in iggcstions, tool* and materials, and pecuniary mean* ; here, after maturing, they may conduct and carry on leir business with success and profit; where they can ave proper depots for the exhibition and sale of their ivontion* ; where their inventions may be impartially id competently examined, and from whence a certin?te of approval will be a sure guarantee to a party purlasing, that he is not imposed upon by a humbug. In pursuance of the recommendation contained in lis pamphlet, those interested in tho subject assumed yesterday morning in Clinton Hall, for the purpose ' discussing it, and taking such measures as might be cemed expedient to promote the establishment of an iventors* Association. At eleven o'clock the meeting was called to order, and r. Solomon Andrew*. of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, ipointed President. Mr. Sewf.ll Short, of Mysc, Conn., Vice President, and W. T. Roooers, Jr., of ew Vork, Secretary. On taking tho chair. Mr. Andrews, in a few words, tplained the objects for which the meeting was called c said the time had arrived when the inventors of the nited States should organise thcmsc.vcs into a Mutual rutection Society, an organisation that would embody en of capital as well as inventors, and by which both ipitalists and inventors would be benefitted. He had. 0 said, given the subject a great deal of attention, and as prepared to submit three propositions to the meetig, any one of which they might adopt or reject, as to tern seemed best. It is proposed that any person may bccorno a stockolder. But it is expressly coutemplatcd, that the opeitive business shall be under the control of scientifia id practical men in tho mechanic arts. Tho commtral transactions may be conduoted by any of the stockDldcrs wbo may be chosun to constitute a board of dliction for that purpose. Fifty dollars may constitute a ockholder; no ono need be individually responsible ir more than be invests, and he will be entitled to profit ro rata according to liis investment. Here is a gene11 outline of the plan of operation. The plans submitted by the chair for the purpose of scomplishlng the objects contemplated, were as folws There is a manufacturing company in] Perth Amjy, with a capital of $100,000, with liberty to increase to $500,000, chartered by the State of New Jersey in )31, for fifty years. He proposes to take the charier of lis company, its buildings, and appurtenances, and itabiish under it un Inventors' Institute. The money 1 lie received for stock to be appropriated not in erect ig buildings, &c., but in securing and developing paints. It might be objected against this proposition. * said, tbat it is an attempt to get rid or le stock of a broken down concern, and per- ' ipa there might be some reason in it, but be, vning us he does, a controlling portion of the stock, as willing to dispose of the stock to a company at an upraised value, provided the purchasers will agree to irry out the Inventors' Institute. He had another pro[isition to make, which was, that he would sell out and t the purchasers get a new charter, and then carry out le Inventors' Institute; but In every case, an tastituon for aiding poor inventors and developing their tactions. should bo carried out. Forty-five thousand > ollars of the capital .of this oompanv has been paid in. ad tho market price of the stock" is $40. '?hc third ropofiition wan that he, Mr. Andrews, would join titers in forming an Inventors' Institute, tie has eonderable property, consisting of lots of land, steam eniuos, shops, dwelling houses ka., valued at $47,000. bich he will dispose of, and invest four-fifths of the urchase money in the stock of the institute, the retaining fifth to be paid in cash on delivery of the eed. Mr. JoH.vson, of Long Island, enquired the amount of te estimated value of the machinery, See. of the Perth .mboy Manufacturing Company, and the tenns upon hich it will be sold. Mr. Axdrcws, before answering the question.said that is desirable to know whether the project of the Inven>rc' Institute is to be carried out. The gentleman who mado the enquiry, then said that s had visited Perth A mboy. and found that the properr of the company was extensive; that there were two cam engines, lots, dwelling houses, ho. He was satised from an inspection of the place that Mr. Andrews, disposed, could carry out the prqject ef an Inventor's istltute. Mr. Arsolu Bl-w'm thought it right and proper tbat 10 statements of the conoern in Perth Amboy should tve been made in the way in which they were made, ut he would ask one question first, vis, shall we form ich an institute after purchasing it? Mr. Johssom said that it would be well to enquire and (oertain. In the first place, what means can be obtained > enable the project to be carried out successfully. He ten proposed that such of the meeting as were disposed > contribute, should send in their names and the mounts they would contribute, on a slip of paper, to the liair. He accordingly sent in his name for $000. Mr. BurruM enquired the object of this measure. The tiairmhn in reply said that he understood that the sums ius to be mentioned, were to be in augmentation of the ipital, in case it might be needed; but that before any etion of this kind were taken, it would be desirale to know which of the three plans tbat he proposed ould be adopted. TheChairma* was requested to read the constltuon proposed to be adopted under the 3d proposition, hlcn he did. Capital may be as large as $6O0.fiOO, in laros of $00; inventors to pay but $5 per annum cnually, on each share?and^capitallsts, not being lncntors, to pay the whole within a year. It was moved and seconded that such of the meeting as ere disposed to unite in the project, sign a paper to lat effect, aud that a committee be appointed to proved to Perth Amboy.and there examine into the stateents made by the chairman, and report at a future eeting; the committee to report also, which of the iree propositions made by the chair is the most advisne to select; and in case no one of them is deemed adsable, to propose one of their own. The following named gentlemen were then nominated member* of the committee, vis: Samuel Fleet, Jordan , Mott. and Edward ( lark. The following named gentlemen announced their wiligueHH to unite in the undertaking: Jordan L. Mott, 'in. M. Johnaon, Clinton Roosevelt, Frederick A. Oay, >hn Dowling. Samuel Fleet, Samuel I'ratt, John Juhun, James F. Starrelt, Jame* M. Merchant, James Caack, F. llanaom. Jame* Davison. John Cathell. Hufua irter, Edward Clark. Hewall Short, Thoma* Wabler. The meeting then adjourned to 3 o'clock, 1'. M. At threo o'clock tho meeting convened and discussed, a conversational way. the object* to be achieved by te institute. In reply to numerous <|Ue*tion* submitd to Mr. Andrew*, he said that for the tirst year or so, le institute, of course, would not be able to carry out id develope all the inventions that would probably be ibmitted to it. Such a* required a great deal of oucy, perhaps more than might be in the hand* of the easurcr at the time, would be left over for reconsiderion. and such * required an outlay consistent with le mean* 011 hand, would be entered Into. Thus heexblted a newly Invented turnkey for dentists' use, the .st of manufacturing which, in the tirst place, would >t cxccedAeu dollars, and the patent right of whiob, ovided the instrument will perform all that its author links it will, is worth five thousand dollars. In reply to another question, he said that since he isled tho pamphlets addressed to " tho most ingenious an'' in every village and town In the United States, id published the proposal to form the Inventors' Inltute in tho Nti/> York Herald, he had received from veral States in the Union application* from upwards ' forty patentoes, who were desirous of submitting leir inventions to the institute, and availing thuinlves of the facilities which it offered to carry them it. The meeting then adjourned to halFpnst 7 o'clock On assembling in the evening, Mr. Ashhel Oreen, of inceton, read from the New York Hi-rald. Scitnhfi merit an, and other papers, the opinions ot the press on is subject of forming an Inventors' Institute, end Mr ndrews, the chairman, read several letters which ho .id had been addressed to him on the subject, in conscience of the editor of the Herald having Inserted in hi illy paper gratuitously the' whole of the pamphlet bich lie issued, and by inserting It in his weekly sheet 1 an advertisement, accompanied with an eugraving of is premises of the Terth Ainboy Manufacturing Com* iny. The writers of some of these letters complain ,dly of not being abln to introduce their invention* r want of money, after having expended all their cans in perfecting and patenting them, and ex -ess their hopes that with the assistance of this inItullon they may yet be enabled to reap the reward of leir talent, and support their families In comfort Mr. I'onri.n, editor of the Scientific %/lmerican, being died for,rose and said, that within the lust few mouths 1 had received descriptions of some one hundred Invenona. some of which, if carried out, would be worth om flfiy to one hundred thousand dollars, and which ould lie disposed of for a comparatively small sum.? he subject of forming an Inventor's Institute is one of le greatest importance to the national prosperity, and tould be encouraged by all means If possible.? he Inventions or this country are far superior > those of the old world, and is satisctory to know that our machinist* and mecha