Newspaper of The New York Herald, 23 Mayıs 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 23 Mayıs 1847 Page 1
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I TH Vol. Xin. No. IM-Wholt No. M3?. THE NEW YORK HERTLB ESTABLISHMENT, Nortla-wort corner of Pulton Nupa ete. JAMES GORDON BENNEn. PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION-W)BT? THOTIANP. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Price a cenu per copy?*? 25 Per Nmilim?Mvuhla in advenee WEEKLY flfcRALD?Every Saturday?Price tX cants P*r eojiy?fj 12 W cents per annum?payable in advance. HKRALD FOR KUROPK-Kvery Steam Packet dayPrice Hlj, cents per cepy?$3 iier annum, payable in advance. HOLIDAY HKRALD?Published wu the 1st of January and lstol July of each year?tingle copiea aix|>euce each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual prices?always cash in a v i ce. Adverti-ements should be written in a plaiu, legible rnann- The Proprietor will not be responsible for errors that uiny occur m them. 1 RINTI \ o of all kinds executed beaatilully and with despatch. All letters or commnnications by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be j>o?t paid, or the postage will be deducted from the snhserinrioe mnntr remitted ?n_ HORSE, WAOON, AND HARNK88 FOR -La?r>SALK?Horse bay, fast and gentle?is also first t v / i ?uudrrthe saddle, and can ha recommended in every rrs|>ect. Sold on account of the owner having gone to Europe. The Wagon and Harness have been but little used. May be seen at Murray's Livery Stable, Columbia street, near Atlantic street, Brooklyn;and for further particulars apply at 9ti Pe rl -treat, up stairs. ml2 eod6t*rc <\ KOK 8ALK, a fast and fancy CANADIAN Jj*i"aPONY, 5 years old this Spring, obout fourteen hands -'r ' hi?l.. -a.,... 1,1 makes good Circus Puny, swood trotter, ana last I acker, cou rack a mile in about three minutes, an easy saddle horse, kind and gentle in all harnesa, and warranted sound. For information, call at Mr. Williamson's tin store, No. 3 McDoug-I street, or of E. C. Caiu, Spring Cart mail, stands corner Broad wsy and Canal street. my20 3f r WaTCHKSi at wholesale only.?Louie Perret, No p7*}33 John street, op stairs, importer and agent for several %tmm Swiss manufacturers, offers to the trade a most complete sMoitmeut of Swiss Watches of every description, of this Spring's iinportntion.JOoniitry merchants and dealers in general will find it g'eady to the-r advantage to call aa above before purchasing elsewhere a30 lm*r #TO LET?Poises-ion given immediately?Offices in the building N?.74 Fulton street Applysto JAMES 11. DLL VECCHIO. in the building, or to BROWN, BROTHERS & CO. ? 14t*rre No 69 Wall street A SUIT OF ROOMS, with private table, to let to * f..,? family. Alio. Rooms with Breakfast and Tea to single JwUl Oeutlemeu. The situation is very desirable, being less than live minu'es walk of the Kerry. Application to be made to No. II Sidney Place, near State street, South Brooklyn. Pi22 2i?rr<: J|j*k TO LET?The Hre new HUUsES, m HarpTjW siinui, near Jersey City, fifteen minutes walk from JLULtke ferry. The Houses are three stories, with basements, huutiid ingood style, wi'li marble mantles, grates, tic., piazza in frout. Rent low, if applied fur immediately. Enquire of H. M. Traphigen, near the premises. my2l 7t? r MTWO LARGE AND AIRY ROOMS WITH BOARD, cau be obtained in Park Place House by *pI>1\ ilia to ISRAEL 8. TUCKEK. m2l 3t*rc JteA APARTMENTS TO LET, haudsomelv furnished, [ "JH or uufuruiahed, at 31 Nortli Moore street JaHfc m!3 7t?rc c ^riA TO LET.?A desirable location for a manufactory, The premises between 45th and 4<th street, ou the banks JZiJL of the East river, and known as the "Turtle Bay;'' place consisting of 13 or 10 lots of ground well enclosed, a large two story doable house, ice house, a fine well of water, anda large substantial barn immediately on the wharf, which has beon and can uow be used a< a store house. The wharf, which will be rented with the premises,is built of stone and is uow in good order, and ready for immediate use, and as vessels can come along side aud make fast, it renders the premises highly desirable. These premises will be rented for a term of years. Possession immediately. Apply to EDWARD C. WEST, m!3 lw*c No. 33 Wall street, third story. M HAMILTON HOUSE. at the Narrows urar Fort Hamilton, L. 1. The Subscriber begs to inform his friends and the public, that this favorite place of resort is uow open for the reception of company. Meam i nit* will commence running about the 13th of May. Stages leave Fultou ferry, Brooklyn, at 10 A. M., aud 4 ' THOMAS MEINELL, Fort Hamilton. May 3. 1847. m6 2w*rc M PAVILION, NEW BRIGHTON, Staten Island.The proprietor begs to inform his friends and the publgc, that he has made considerable alterations and improve mauls in this establishment since the last season. He has erected a large building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of a comfortable size, light, and well ventilated, and superior in all respects to those generally denominated single rooms in the various watering places throughout the country. The proprietor is uow ready to treat with families or parties wishiug to engage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to him nt the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attention. A steamboat runs between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, viz:? From New Brighton?At S and 11 A. M. and 2 and 5:20 P. M. From pier No. I North River, New York?At 9 A. M.and 12 M, and 3>4, 5 nia 6 r. .M., and more Ireyueut communication* will be established a* the season advances. The Pavilion ii now ready for the reception of Company. ap2i tire F. BLANCARD. KORS ALE?WESTCHESTER LAND.?To gepKXfttlcmrii in want of ?ite* for Country Beat*?To Market *>mm. Gardener* in want of laud for Gardens; and to all peraou* wishing a location in the neighborhood uf New York. MO acre* of Land in the town of Westchester, within nine mile* of the City Hall, with right ofpassing over Harlem Bridge free of toll, are uow offered at private tale, in lot*, containing from five to fifty acres each. The land* are within tillren minutes walk of the railroad; Trout on good roads; are in the neighborhood of schools, and churches of different denominations; the water is good, and location healthy. Title indisputable. Terms moderate. Ann)y to OOUVEKNEUR MORRIS, Morrisania, Westchester Co.?or to WALTER RUTHERFORD, Counsellor, ml5 30t*r 78 Nassau street, New York. . . PIANO FORTE, lie.?A variety of uew y anil second hand Piano Fortes for sale or hire. ' Also, a general assortment of VI nsic and MiI I T 1 ! sical Instraments, at No, 2G8 Washington sr., near Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn. in2010'?rc J. WALKER. EEsSonS UN THE P1ANU FuRTE. i'TWrai MISS C. C. WEMYS8 can now aceommoHH%S<u^Hdate three or four more pupils, if immediate application be made at her house. No. 347 Siith IIS II Istreet, betweeu Avenues C and 0. Will have no objection, if desirable, to attend has pupils at their own residence. Terms?Twelve Lessons for Five Dollars, or fifteen Dollar* per Quarter?three lessons eseh week. all lm*re BIRDS, DOGS AND PONIE8.?ATTRACTIOIS. iMat.?The grrat attraction for the city is now at ''4E& ' AIICHEY'Sl No. 5 John street, where nature's song "tv>? i iii its most select variety, is only to be obtained from the little Robin to the Cock of the North. As usual, King Charles 8|nioiels, Italian Greyhounds. Set rers, Pointers, Newfoundland and every variety of fancy Dugs; also Shetland Ponies, lie. lie. lie. P. 8. Letters post-paid, will at all times meet with prompt attention from A. GRIEVE, 3 John street. n r. i.u ?r uw.- T ; . a i m5 30t*r ' : i m- SAXONV CANARIES, of th? bell note aud Night-f/mj' injrile song, lone breed, aud other rare and valuable Bird*; fancy aud other cacea; bird seeds of all deacrip tious, kc., he. Kinit Charles Spaniels, Euglish aud Scotch Terriers, for sale by W. 8. JOHNSTON, WO Broadway, one door mi Ut? r Irom A T Stewart 8t Co'* dry goods store. LOOK AT THIN. JUST RECEIVED, a large lot of (Jeutlemen's sflSRMV French Boots, the best and handsomest ever ia this city and will be sold at the low price of $9. Also all kinds of Gentlemen's (Miters aud Patent Leather Shoes, and all the different kiuds of Boots and Shoes. Ladies, von will find in this store t great variety of Gaiter Boots, Slippers, Buskins, Ties house Slippers, white aud black satin do, white Kid do. sun* all other kinds and sizes, Misses' and Children's Boots and bliues, Boys' Boots, Gaiters, Shoe* and Slippers of all the various kinds; all of which will he sold cheap, at 367 Broad wav, comer of Franklin street. M. CAHILL. N. B. Country merchants supplied by the package or dozen. ap2 lm*r REMOVED FROM 313 GRAND 8>KEET dW*Vlto I7i Bowery. Mrs. M D. Hodge, First Pre-#T*y\ stjMf'iniam Dress makei and first premium Straw hat manufacturer, invites the public tp inspect her^*s. Silk aid Straw Hats, Dresses, Flowers, Ribbons, etc., at 178 Bowriy. From her 17 years ezperieuee in this city, and past efforts to please, she hopes to merit and receive the patronage of her friends and tha public. N B. Straw Hats cleaned and altered. The trade supplied with patterns. gV*- Good milliners and dress makers wanted. m8tw*rc #MK8. M. WILSON, 391 Grand street. respeetluil> inform* her friends, anil strangers visiting the city, thatshe has now on haud a luge and very handsome assortment of Spring Millinery, to which she invites their attention. Mrs. Wilson's slock comprises nn assortment of the richest and most fashionable Hats, such as Chip.lCrepe, Rice, and Shirred, with achoice assortment of Straws, which she Batters herself can be sold more reasonable rlian at any other establishment in the city. Country Milliners will do well to call befcre purchasing. Mrs. M. WILSON, 291 Grand St., between Allen and Orchard sta Ten good Milliners wanted at the above establishment all *m*re llAT.->, ? PR IN (J STYLE. t? BANT A, No. 91 Canal street, and No. 130 Chatham st, JP">sells Moleskin and Nutria Fur Hats at $3. and only charget $3 90 for his first quality Moleakin and fine Nntria Hat*.? lie he* handsome and durable Hats at $2 30 having the appear ance and finish of the higher priced hats. Gentlemen wnhing to economise in this indispensable article of dreaa without sacrifice of comfort or appearance, will please give him a calL? tVIBUt Ji Kr'Ticrni wwnmrBlOI cnp? 01 T?fiuu? ?iuua ? rruutcg prices. _____ 0I6 lm t. r*" OENTLEM EN'S HATA-ScSl.MKR 8T V LK8.? ^InBKKBK ?c COSTAR, Hatters. No. 116 Broadway, will ntrodnce on Saturday tint, 15th instant, their Faahions for Gentlnnrn's Summer Hats. H let', will present to the public s new end unique style ol White and Pearl Bearer Castor Hat, uniting beauty and durability with lightness and comfort to the wearer, finished and trimmed in a new and elegant manner. Mao, Panama and Straw ilata and Caps for Gents, youths anil children. _ my II 8t?e NOTICE,?The British ling AGILE, Capiam lAjHPy^m.ill, from ('orb, is now ready to receire cargo at i^yWMl'ames slip, I-nat Hirer, agreeable to charter iwrty, d-teU *u,li March. 1847. For fiinlier particulars, apply to the captain on hoard, or to JOSEPH McMURRAV, m20 6tr r,9 South street. AdHfr- FOR CTVERPOOL?The-New "l-ine^Ragnlar UT l"*VI'aclret of 31st June?The new, superior, fast jjysifr iiling packet ship CONSTITUTION, Cant. John Briitoii. 1600 tons burthen, will sail as abore, her regular day. For freight or passage, having splendid. large anil comfortable state rooms and cabin, apply to the Captain on board, at west side of Burling slip, or to WO lOilULL It MINTURN, 87 South at. Passage $180 . 1 The packet ship HOTTINOUER, 1010 ton# hnrthen, Capt. Ira Bursley, will succeed the Constitution, asid sail on her rri.Mil ir day. my 13 t|p. FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Regular packJHflFV 'i 261,1 ?The splendid, feet sailing packet 1 Julb snip SHERIDAN, Capt. Geo. B. Cornish, will positively sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having superior furnished accommo~ M"" ^reMLBwai'jsr' rricorpvwsw E NE' the luCM QMBIBKI Ji ii RMJMr LINKS, Office, as Soulh strcat .New York. The aubecnbera continue to forward Emigrants and oihen to all parte of the Western States and Canada, at the rery ? . lowest rates ok passage, ?X Railroad, Steamboat and Canal, to the follow in* plaeei, ria Albany, Rochester, Buffalo and Pittsburgh :? Utica, gyracuse, Oswego, Auburn. Rochester, Buffalo, Erie. Pa. Cleveland, Hurou, Sandusky, Maumee, Mouroe, Toledo, Detroit, Mackinaw, Mijwaukie, Racine, 8outh|?rt, L htcago, Ureeu Bay, Potunlle, Pittsburg, Pa. Wheeling, Portsmouth, Ohio. Parkersburgh, Cincinnati, Louisville. Ky. 8c Louu. 0^1 tut, Dubuque, SSKP9*** Darlington, Hamilton. Whitby, Coburg, Quenutoii, Kingston, Toronto, Sandwich. Montreal, And ail other intermediate places. Persons proceeding to auy part ol the West, or Canada, would do well to call on W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT, At their General Emigration Office, _ . _ 86 South street, New York. Tapscott s Kmigranta1 Travelling Guide can be had on application, free. m3 30t?rc PITI7PWIB VL'W H 1 V I IMC AP ADDnairnmM nn * POO v. . .Wi .. 1/AI wiiibur VI I vol 1IU11 UVA x o FOR ALBANY AND INTERMEDIATE PLACES. Fare 50 cent??Breakfast and Dinner on Board. The new and elegant Steamer METAMOFjJML^WRA. Capt. T. 8. Knight, Monday a. WeduesNHMUMbdava, ana Fridaya, at half-past ail, A. M., from the pier foot of Warren atreet, touching at Hammond atreet pier. The uew and elegant Steamer ROGER WILLIAMS, Capt. A. Degroot, Tueadaya, Thursdays, and Saturday a, at half-paat aix, A. M.. from the pier foot of Warren atreet, teaching at Hammond atreet pier. For paaaage or frieght, apply en board the Boats, or to Geo. Dobaon, at the office, 136 Warren atreet. corner of Weat atreet. (?7" All pcraonr are forbid troatiug the aborr boata on account ofthe ownera. my!9 rh OPPOSITION PASSAGE OFFICE-TO r nTftmmP ail""T Utiea, $1 50; Syracuse, $2; Oawrgo, fiBHUt]; Rochester, $2 35; Buffalo, $3 50; Sievelaud, ft 50; Detroit, $5; Milwankie, $3; Chicago, $8: Cincinnati, $8; Toronto and Hamilton, $4; Whitehall, $2; Montreal, $4; Pittsburg, $8. Office, 100 Barclay atreet. Any aecurity required will be given for the fulfilment of all contractu made with thia company. ml8 lm?rc M. L. RAY, Agent, New York, 1847. H i PEOPLE'S LINE STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY, Daily, Sundaya Excepted? Through Direct?At 6 o'clock, P. M., from the Pier between Courtlandt and Liberty atreeta. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON. Capt- Wm. H. Peck, will leave ou Monday, Wedneaday and Friday ereniuga, at 6 o'clock. Steamboat HENDRICK HUDSON, Capt. R. G. Cruttenden, will leave on Tueaday, Thuraday and Saturday ereninga, at S o'clock. At Five O'Clock, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places? from the foot of Barclay atreet. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. H. Furry will leave on Monday, Wedneaday, Friday and Sunday aftet noona, at 5 o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, CaptT. N. Hulae .will leave ou Tueaday, Thuraday and Saturday ailernoona, at 5 o'clock. The above boata will at all timet arrive in Albany in ample time fur the Morning Cart for the Eaat or Weat. Freight taken at moderate ratta, and none taken after 4>? o'clock, P. M. , [T7*" All peraona are forbid treating any of the boata of thia line, without a written order from the captaiaa or agenta. For passage or freight, apply on board the boata, or to P. C. SCHULTZ. at the office un the wharf. mylT rh MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. FOR ALBANY AND TROY and Intermerinf-^rftw^'1'*'* Landinga. hMWhi Breakfaat and Dinner on board the Boat. The low preaaure ateamboat TROY, Captain A. Uorham, will leave the ateamboat pier foot of Barclay atreet, Mondaya, Wednesdays. and Fridaya, at teven o'clock. Returning on the oppoaite daya. For haaaage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office ou the wharf. my20 r AFTERNOON LINE, DAILY, FOR NEWBURGH AND FlSHn.^, Landing at Van Cortland'a, (Peelukill.l Weat aBMMHlHa Point, Cold Soring and Cornwall. The Steamer Thomax Powell, Capt. Satnl. Johnaon, will leave the pier foot of Warren atreet, for the above placea, every afternoon (8undaya excepted,) at 4 o'clock, commencing April 10. Re.umiiur?willleav" Newhurgh every morning at 7 o'clock. N. B.?All Baggage and Freight of every description, Bank Billa or Specie, ?ut on board of this boat, must be at the risk of ? < uitiici inuivi HUim CUICICU UU U1C UUUKS OI U1C DO?t Or Nceipted for. myl3 30t*ic NOTICE. ?. 8TATEN ISLAND FERRY.?On and r a after SUNDAY, April 18th, the steamboats dEafifiMk 8YLFH and STATEN ISLANDER will run ai fullowi, until further notice :? LEAVE STATE!* ISLAND At ?, I, ?, 10, 11, A. M., and 1, 2, t, 4, 5, 6, 7, P. M. LEAVE NEW TORE At 7, 9, 10, U, A. M., and 1, 2, ten minutes past 3, and at 4, 5, 6. 7, o'clock, P. M. New York April 11th. all r BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIP, 1200 tons 111(1 1311 horse power each, under contract with thelLords of the Admirality. HIBERNIA. Captain Alexander Ryric. CALEDONIA, Captain Edward O. Lott. BRITTANNIA, Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA,Captain Charles H. E. Judkins. ACADIA, Captain William Harrison. The four steamships now building are THE AMERICA, THE NIAGARA, ? THE CANADA. THE EUROPA. Vessels a(ipointed to sail from Liverpool are the Hibernia May 19,1047 Cambria June 4, 1047 Vessels appointed to sail from Boston are the Britannia June I, 1R47 Hibernia June 16, 1617 Cambria July 1, 1847 Passengers' luggage must be On board the day previous to sailing. Passage money?From Boston to Liverpool, flM, do do to Halifax, 020. No berths secured until paid for. These ships carry experienced surgeons. No freight, except specie, received on days of sailing. For freight, passage, or any other information, apply to D. BRIOHA.M, ir., Agent, AtHARNDEN It cb.'S, 0 Wallet. ITT*In addition to the above line between Liverpool and Halifax, and Bostou, ^contract has been entered into with Her Majesty's government, to establish a line between Liverpool ana New York direct. The steamships for this service are now being built, and early next year due notice will he given of the time when they will start. Under the new contract the steamers will sail every Saturday during eight mouths, and every fortnight during the other months in the year. Going al ternately between Liverpool and Halifax and Boston, and be tween Liverpool and New York. m22 r OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY. U. 8. MAIL LINE TO COWE8, AND SOUTHAMPTON, AND BREMEN, fa r~Ci ,? THE splendid new steamahip WASHINGTON, 17J0 tons burthen, Frederick Hewitt, Commander, will start from New York on the 1st Juue next, csrrying the I'intsd Statu Mail. She will touch at Cowes and Southampton to laud passengers and freight, and deliver the maila for England, France and Belgium, and will then proceed to Bremerhaven. The Washington is built in the strongest manner,with a view to being converted into a ship of war. and subject st any time to inspection by officers appointed by the President, both J during and after construction. She hae two engines of 1000 L horse power each, and accommodations for 140 brst class and g 44 aecond class passengers. P....,? Vn.L ? -- D V First cImi $IJO Second class CO J Passage from Bremen or Southampton to New York. t First clsss $130 a Second class 60 a She will carry about 300 tona freight, which will be charged according to the nature of the goods offering. All letters must pass through the post office. Parcels, Tor which bills , of lading will be signed, will be taken at $3 each. 1 For passage or freight, apply at present at the office of the t Ocean Steam Navigation Company at E. Mills, Oeneral a Agent, New York. No. 44 William street. a Agents at Southampton?DAY.CROSKEY k ROSS. . Bremen-C. A. HEINEKF.N fc CO. ? Harre?WILLIAM ISELIN. ' The second steamer ol the line is in due course of construe n on. and will be in readiness in ths ensuing fall a2llm-r c ???- FOR LIVERPOOL?Only regular Packet of the " MHRJ^Kth May?The magnificent, fast sailing, and favorite d jHtaifaPacket ship SHERIDAN.tbuithen 10(10 tans, ( apt. ( ornisli, will sail positively on theMth of May. The accom- g| modationsfnr Cabin, 2nd Cabin and steerage passengers are un- \ surpassed by any othrr vessel in port; anil as a number of her ^ passengers are already engaged, those desirous of securing . berths should make early application on board, foot of Wall u street, crto JOLEPH McMURRAY, ? ___ Corner of Pine and South streets. w jg NOTI()E.?Packet ShipOARRICK, from Liver- JJ pool, is discharging, under general order, at Oilcans 11 jHMMwwharf, foot of Wall street. All goods not permitted p ? ill positively he sent to the Public Store. m22 r g NEW LINE OF PACKETS TO ANI) FROM K' icry*V LIVERPOOL.?The splendid fast sailing and fa- w jHaMKwvnrite packet ship 8HERJ DAN. (1100 tona burthen.) n Capt. Cornish, will sail from New York on Wednesday. May D 26th, and from Liverpool on the 11th July. The Sheridan's Ji accommodations are unequalled for comfort and convenience. . Those about proceed ng to Europe, or tliose wishing to send J' for their friends to come out in this splendid packet, should ? make early application on board, foot of Wall street, or to o W. k J. T. TAP8COTT, 86 South st. a 2d door below Burling slip a tAC NOTICE?The public are cautioned not to trust r< MtJIV11" crew of the British shin Victory, Captain Con- o JBMlBnner. from Dublin, as no debts of their contracting ? will or |?id by the captain or consignee. ' " J. McMURRAY. h WANTED?A good ship or bark, to load for a ?i southern port. Appply to , UUL E. K. COLLINS, 38 South at. m? r 1 taJt FOR HAVRE?The superior copper-fastened 1 jM&Wand coppered ship ORPHAN, Williams, Master. J JHWKaPor freight or |>UMgf, apply to W WM. TYSON or to ci mylt BOYD It HINCKEN. bi {fit ~Eft1!lAAVIl?-Th* '"l*"0' French Bark AN I Jf]MPVTONIA,C?pt. Coi. Pi For freight or paaaage, apply to m t; RE A OH It HEYDECKKR, or to in mH BOYD It HINCKEN. Prolan. ^ uae- KOR BALE?The hall of a eeeeeljnat launched, ei ijHWW ind now lying at Rahway port. She will carry abont ? JBfiMfalUO to 300 tona; 96 feet on deck, 33 feet beam. She will answer Tor canal, rirer, or eoaat aerrice. Inquire of the inbacribera, at Rahway. New Jer^y.^ Q LU f nd Im'r H. R. BHOTWEI.L qt NOTICE ?The public are cautioned not to truat f' the crew of the Britiah brig SCOTIA, Capt. Bnmet, JWaKets no drbta of their contracting will he paid by the at caotain or conaignee. ? te mllrh J. McMURRAY. h, WANTED?A reaael to carry HO tona heaty b? kMWWfreight to New Orlcana. A ainall raaael preferred ? of HSKApplyto K.K.COLLINS. tr mW r X South at. m tfg- NOTICE?All |>eraona are forbid trailing the na WH^Wcrew of the Britiah brig AOILE, from Cork, aa no fl? Hr.bu of,h,,r co"tr,ctjn?s?XM&RRAcr',n s B tr M South afreet. 10 \V YO NEW YORK, SUNDAY S SUBSTANCE OF THE 8PKKCH OF THE HON. THOMAS H. BENTON. Delivered at St. Louis, May 13, 1S47, [From the St. Louli Union. May 14 ] Mr. Bkktok commenced with returning bif thanks for the honor which bad been done him in the invitation to a public dinner, on the part of his political friends. He had declined the honor of the dinner in conformity to a rule which he had long followed ; and as for the speech which would have been expected at the dinner table, he preferred to make it under circumstances which would prevent no one from hearing It who choose to do him the honor to listen to it. Great subiects have occupied the public mind?eventful questions lad received their solution?In the last two or three years of his public service, on all of which he had been called to act a decided, and even a prominent part, and on each of which it was natural for him now to say something. The Oregon question was one of these. At ono time big with all the calamities of war, it was now hushed in repose, and the country tranquil and happy under its peaceful settlement, llis owu course in relation to it had boen consistent and uniform from beginning to ending. He hud opposed the joint occupation treaty of 1818 as soon as it was made : he opposed its renewal in 18-28 : be had constantly iaborod for its termination ever sinoe: and always held the parallel of 49 to be the proper dividing line between the American territory of Oregon and the British territory of F razor's river. But the public mind, and especially the mind of his own party, had been worked up to a different view of our rights. Fifty-four forty, and all, or none, bad become our cry : war was the British auswer to that ! and although a threat of war would be no bar to a rightful demand, yet in answer to a wrongful one, it was very serious. He believed the whole demand of the United States to be wrongful, so far as it applied to Fraser's river, which happened to run through the whole territory, from tiftyfour forty, to forty-nine, and to have been discovered bv ino uriusn in 1793, and covered by tbcir forts since 1806 . The administration bad taken high ground : tbe party sustained it; but it was an occasion whicb required a public man to rise above party, and to look to bis country alone. He had resolved to do so, and to go for forty-nine, even if it should cost him bis political existence. This determination, though not formally promulgated was no secret, and was early enough made known to bis friends, and to the administration. From the first explosion of the quostion in April, 1848?from the first reverberation of the thunder which came rolling back from London In answer to the President's inaugural address?he had made known his opinions to the Secretary of Stato, and informed him he should support a treaty upon the line of forty-nine, if the President made one upon that basis. From that det irmination he had never swerved. His friends thought there was great danger to him in the course he took : he himself did not think there was so much. He knew his constituents had been wrought up to fifty-four forty, but he relied upon their equity and intelligence, to give him a fair hearing and a safe deliverance. He paid them the compliment to rely upon their justice and intelligence, and the event had not deceived him. The boundary was settled at forty-nine. The British kept their river, and we kept ours. War was averted. Oreat Britain and the United States remain at peace: he and his cuuiiuiuienu were at peac? : and long might they all remain so. The settlement of this question, Mr. B. went on to say, had cleared away the only remaining difference between the two kindrod nations. It left them not only at peace, but without a remaining cause of quarrel. For the first time since the stamp act of 1764, the two nations were now without a cause of quarrel. For the first time in nearly three generations of men, the two grand divisions of thu Anglo Saxon raoe?the mother stock in Great Britain, and Its gigantic progeny in our America?were without a cause of dissension : and to crown this happy state?to give to peace its highest ornament, and noblest occupation, and to friendship its most enduring cement, a calamitous visitation in apart of the British empire has called forth all the sympathies of the human heart on the side of one nation, and all Its gratitude from the other. Ireland famishes. Succor and sympathy lly to her from the United States : and the swelling tide of gratitude comes rolling back from the whole British empire. This is something better than being at war with each other? at war for Frazer's river, under the sad delusion that it was a part of Oregon ! He thanked God that he had been an instrument in aiding to avert this calamity, and in producing the present happy state between thu uatlons ; and he thanked his constituents for approving his conduct in going for their future good instead ol their present wishes. T>~e annexation of Texas, and its sequence, the present wur with Mexico* was another of the great subjects on whicli lie had been called to act within the last few years. This great drama Mr. B. said divided itself into many acts, and covered a long space of time, during all which he had been an actor in it, and he hoped a consistent and prudent one. He considered this drama as beginning in 1819, when Mr. Monroe's cabinet ceded w u|j>iu. ii, wan mm given away ; una ir It had not been given away, there could have boen no war with Mexico about getting it back. He denounced that treaty In many newspaper articles as soon as it was made, and owed at the time unceasing efforts to get Texas back.? Mr. Adams' administration with Mr. Clay, Secretary of State, presented the first opportunity to make the effort for its recovery. Mr. Clay, us a member of tho House of Representatives, had severely condemned the treaty which gave away Texas. Mr. Adams had opposed that article of the .treaty at the council table where the minority of Mr. Monroe's cabinet adopted it. llut this was sot known to him (Mr. fi.) until long afterwards. His reliance at that time was on Mr. Clay, as a western man, ind from his publicly known opinions on the subject.? tie and Mr. Clay were then separated in the new divllion of political parties, but it did not prevent thorn 'rom communing together on the subject of Texas, and :o-operatlng to get it back. They had an interview at 1'ennison's Hotel, Washington. AmoDg the other things nteuded by the new administration, Mr. C. meu.toned the recovery of Texas ; he, Mr. B., cordially :oncurred, and promised his faithful oo-opcratloii.? The administration made the attempt : ho wrote irticles to promote it. but the scheme failed. Mr. Poinsett was then Minister in Mexico, and favorable to .he object, but could not succeed; and so ended the first attempt to recover back the great province which the unwise treaty of 1810 had given away. Mr. B. said, I peak historically, and justly,and without design to favor or injure any man. but to place aright before my conitituents my own oonduct and that of others in this treat drama, which has'ended in a war between two republics. Mr. Adams, at the council table, voted against the article which gave Texas away; Mr. Clay in the House of Representatives denounced the cession. They made the first effort to get it back. The next attempt was in General Jackson's time, Mr. fan Burin being Secretary of State. A larger sum was >ffered than in the previous administration, but with no )etter result. The negotiation miscarried, though zeal>usly supported by President Jackson, his Secretary of nave, and inn minuter at .Mexico, lie, Mr. B., co-ope ated with them, tilling the newspaper* with articles in iraise of Texas, and using all the arguments for getting ler back, which bare since been repeated by others who ;nve no help then. And so the second attempt to repair he mischief of the treaty of 1819, failed. The mission of Oenerai Memucan Hunt, minister from rexas, was the next serious attempt to bring Texas into he Union; but the parties were then changed: it was iter the battle of 8au Jacinto, and Texas herself beams the applicant. Mr. Van Buren was then President -Mr. Korsyth his Secretary of State, and both in fayor f getting hack the country. But Texas and Mexico, hough not lighting, had not made peace! they were in he state of war with respect to each other; and to have dmitted Texas into the Union would have been tohavo dopted her side of the war, and to hare placed the Uniud States at war with Mexico. Neither justice nor pocy permitted this, especially as, if let alone, they would lako peace after awhile: and then annexation could be ffected without a breach with Mexico. Upon this view hey acted. He, Mr. B., concurrnd| with them, and so id all the people of the United States. The question of admission of Texas then went to ieep, and was quietly waiting the end of the war with lsxico. All the old friends to the recovery of the coun-y were willing to wait that event; but In the year 184'J, uring Mr. Tyler's administration, a new set of friends, ho had cared nothing about Texas before, and one of horn had given her away when we had her, became fulous for immediate annexation, and the annexation reaty of 1841 was the fruit of that new and sudden 1matiencs. The old friends of Texas stood upon their old round?the countries were still at war, but actually neoeiating for peace. They wanted Texas annexed, but Ithout war with Mexico; and urged a little delay to crmit their ministers, then negotiating under the ausicesof Oreat Britain and France, to make peace All elay was refused; the treaty was signed, and was rented by the Senate because its ratification would have een immediate war with Mexico. He, Mr. B., was one f the majority of the Senate which rejected the treaty; nd his constituents, though all in favor of annexation, ppreclated his motives and justified his conduct. His s-election to the Senate in the same year was the verdict f the people upon his conduct, and he made them his rofound thanks for the justice or that verdict and the onor of that election. The treaty of annexation was rejected; but annexaon In another form was still pursued A resolution for le admission of Texas as a State passed the House of epresentatlves; an additional ami alternative rceoluon was added to the Senate to appoint commissioners ) negociate for admission, and to conciliate and reconle Mexico, and thereby prevent the annexation from ringing on war. Tho expiring administration of Mr. yler snatched the alternative from the hands of tin rwmciii biwi?uurnvu uu uiv nwuiw iwmwwu "j idnight messenger?slammed the door of conciliation i the face of Mexico?and inflamed hor pride and r?ntment to the highest degree. From that time forth icrything breathed war between the two countries, hieh, in fact, broke eut the ensuing year. Mr. B. said that this was the history of the loss and tin of Texas, and its sequence, the war with Mexico, he country is recovered?a war has followed; and the lestion now is, how to finish it? For himself ho ' felt ear. His policy had been uniform from first to last; was toget back Texas without a breach with Mexico, id was certain it might have been done tf wise and mperate counsels had prevailed, The United Stales id only to wait for peace: that was upon the point of ling signed in Jan. 1842, under the powerful mediation Oreat Britain and France, when the then admtnlsation broke up the peaceful negotiations, dispersed the lnisters, assumed the war, and placed the army and ivy under the control of the President of Texas, to [bt Mexico. The rejection of the treaty stopped the b tr then assumed; but the midnight transmission of t ? House resolution started it again, and plaoed the g RK E 40RNING, MAY 23, 1841 two republic* in the unhappy condition In which they now stand. Mr B repeated: hi* polloy. from beginning to ending, had been to get back Texas without war, or even a breach of friendship with Mexioo. He wax greatly averse to such a war. He saw great aud extraordinary evils in it. Besides the evils common to all wars?loss of lives, distress of families, interruption of oommerce, ruin to many merchants, and a load of debt and taxes? besides all these ordinary evils, he saw others of a new and extraordinary kind in a war with Mexico. She was a republic, and a weak one. and our neighbor, and hud done us the honor to copy our constitution and form of government, aud had maintained civil wars to keep it up. She was one of the Spauish American States which stretch from the southern boundary of the United States to Capo Horn, the whole of which had copied our form of goverument.and established close political andcommercial relations with us. All these States liad emancipated themselves from European domination, adopted the republican system, and taken the United States for their model and their friend?the elder sister and parental guardian of the cordon of republics which stretched across the two Americas. The position of the United States at tho head of this long chain of republics, was grand and impressive, and Imposed upon her an enlarged and enlightened system,which bad been carefully acted upon by all American statesmen from the time these Spanish American States began to establish their independence. Europe had u system of monarchies, consolidated by a Holy Alliance. The new world bad its system of republics, to be cemented and united by sympathy and friendship To maintain our position at the head of this republican system in the new world, was due to ourselves and to the human race. To preserve and perpetuato these republics?to preserve their friendship and their commerce?to continue to ha their nolltiral mentor?tn 11 - the republican system of tbe new world, and prevent their relapse Into tbe monarchical system of the old world?this was our true policy. War with any one of them would endanger that policy ; for being all of the same origin, religien, language, customs, they would naturally sympathise with each other, and in having war with one the friendship of all might be jeoparded, lie (Mr. B.) had endeavored to act upon these enlarged principles, originatin?not with him. but with enlightened statesmen before he came Into public life. He bad endeavored to get back Texas without a war with Mexico, and was certain it might have been done with all ease, by leaving Mexico and Texas to make peace, and treating Mexico with the respect and deferenco due to a sister republic?the more proud and sensitive, because Weak and unable to contend with us. The tlrst great error was the annexation treaty of 1843, and the manner in which it was conducted. That was the work of the Tyler administration, and for selfish and unworthy purposes. The second great error, or worse than error, was the rejection of the Senate's alternative resolution, and despatch of the midnight messenger to Texas with the absolute resolution of admission. on the night of the 3d of March, 1846?that, also, was the work of the Tyler administration, and in the last moment of Its expiring existence. The first of these steps?the treaty?would have made Instant war if it had been ratified by the Senate : the second made the war, and now the great question is to flpish it. How to finish it? That was the question which every body was putting to him, and on which every one present, no doubt, would wish to hear him speak. But this was not the time to speak upon that point. The time would come, but It was not now. Hit opinions bad been asked by tbs President, and given to him, and approved by him, and In time would be given to the public. But he could say, that he relied more upon policy than upon arms, to finish this war with a weak and proud neighbor. Kight us battles she could not. That was proved from San Jaointo to ('urro Gordo. and whereover the two races met, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Bay of San Francisco: victories would come as often as fights came; but there was a danger to he feared?the danger of fanataclsm?and the conversion of the war into a death contest for country and religion. The Spanish race is susceptible of a deep national emotion, fanatical, both religiously and politically, and of which their history furnishes abundant examples both in the Old and in the New World; and from the time of the Carthagcnians and the Romans, to that of the French under Bonaparte. Policy more than arms, but combined with arms, he considered the road to peace. He would not say that victories alone would not bring peace; they might do so; but not the kind of peace which he was in search of. He wanted the peace which was not merely a cessation of hostilities, but a restoration of the fruits and blessings of peace?the restoration of friendship and commerce, and of our position as head and chief and parental guardian of the system of Republios in the New World. Mr. B. said he stood upon ground which he could not explore; he alluded to subjects which he could not unfold: but he could say that it was a great error to confound the whole Mexican people?the whole eight millions of their mixed population, under any one general view, either politically, morally, or intellectually, or in their feelings towards the United .States and the war. It would be a great error to confound this largo and mixed mass under anyone general view; and a worse error to act upon that view, either military or politically. It had its divisions both of races and of political parties; aud, leaving out the illiterate, impoverished and depressed part of the Indian race, which signifies nothing politically, though the half of the whole population. and the sole resource for day laborers, and the rank and file of the army?leaving out that depressed half, the other half is radically and.lrreconcilably divided in political systems, and in all the affections and views which result from that division. The larger half is republican, and have struggled since 18J4 for the vstabment of our- form of government, and always carry the elections; the other part is monarchical, and strongest, though least numerous, because it has the sinews of war?money and arms. It rests upon the church and a standing army of near twenty thousand offloers. and not much over twenty thousand men. The policy of the Republicans leads them to peace and friendship with the United States: the policy of the Monarchists leads them to European affections and American antipathies. But there is a point at which they all unite?the f ride of nationality?the love of religion and of counry?and which makes them unite in the war against us. Mr. B. said, ho had expressed his opinions publicly and responsibly in the Senate, both in speeches and In votes, and privately and frankly to the President whenever asked. Ho had done more ; he had been wiBing to resign his place in the Senate and go to the field of operations, not so much to command armies as to make military movements subservient to diplomatic policy. Mid product! a peace which should bo a restoration of friendship, and not a mere truce, extorted by force from weakness. and leaving the animoaitiea of war behind, lie who had refused embassies to the Drat courts of Europe. was willing to go to Mexico ; he who had refused to let his friends propose him for first major general in May, 1810, which wnuld have put hint at the head of the army, waa willing to have taken a commission when the war began to take the appearance of continuing long, and becoming fanatical, and giving strength to the monarchical European party, lie was willing to have taken the place of lieutenant general, for that would have shocked no military feeling, and displaced no military man. and would have allowed a policy, approved by the President, to have been completely carried out. He could sayjno more at this time, upon that point: but when the plan which he submitted to the President comos to be made known, it would be seen that the military men would have had nothing to complain of? that Oeneral Taylor, instead of struggling at Buena Vista with 0,000 against 20,000, would have been advancing with 20,000?that General Scott, instead of an entrenched army at Cerro Gordo, would probably have found the road open to Mexico?that the two generals would havo met sooner than they will in the city of Mexico?and that a diplomatic mission, nationally constituted both in a geographical and political sense, and attending the army, might have concluded a peace, solid and lasting, more readily than it will probably now bo done. Mr. B. passed to a new subject?and which had not vet excited the public attention?but which in his opinion waa pregnant with muoh danger, and required early attention, it waa not a question of foreign war, to be settled bv arms or diDlomacv. hut of domestic lecisla tion, to bo settled by public opinion, and by rotes. He alluded to the slavery propagandist resolutions, Introduced into the Senate towards the close of tho late session, and which he stigmatised as a Are brand on the day of their introduction. On their face these resolutions contemplate a subversion of the Union, throwing the guilt of the subversion upon those who oppose their enactment into law; at the same time they propose what no citizen of a non-slaveholding (State can ever stand, and what many from the slavoholding States, himself in the number, would not stand if they could. They propose tho abolition of all compromises, past and future, on the slavery question, and treat as violators of the rights of the (States, and of the Constitution, and as subverters of the Union, all who will uot agree to extend slavery to ill the territories of the Knlted (States, even to the most remote and hyperborean?to Oregon itself, in the latitude of Wisconsin and the hake of the Woods. They (o the precise length of the northern abolitionists, and with the same practical consequence, only in a reversed lorm. The abolition creed is, that the admission of daverv in any part of tho Union is a violation of the Constitution. and a dissolution of the Union: the new osolutiona declare the prohibition of slavery in any ;erritory of the Union, is a violation of the Constitution. and of the rights of tho (States, and a subversion d the Union! so true it Is that extremes meet, and that ill fanaticism, for or against any dogma, terminates at :h? same point of intolerance and defiance. The first effect of this new slavery creed, which the 4outh was summoned to adopt most summarily, would >e to establish a new political test for trying the ortholoxy of all candidates for tho Presidency ; and as no Northern man could stand such a test at home, the vbole of them would be knocked In the head, so far as he South was concerned, at a single lick. The next ef- 1 ect of these resolution*, if adopted in the nnn-slavehold- 1 ng State*, would be to put an end to the present pollleal diviiiion of parties, and to substitute a new party n the South (with its antagonist In the North.) bounded iy geographical lines, and founded ou tbo sole principle >f slavery propagandists The third effect of these resoutions would be that which la stated hypothetioally on heir face, namely, the subversion of the Union. Seeing these resolutions In this dangerous point of 'lew. he (Mr. B.) had stigmatised thnm as fire brand on he day of their Introduction, and had since deprecated heir application to the Oregon bill, by which the Ore;en people were left without law or government for a rear longer Many persons thought him too prompt n his denunciation of these resolutions ; perhaps he same parson* thought him too prompt In lenouncing tne Oregon Joint occupation treaty in 1818 the treaty which gave awsy Texas in 1819?the treaty >f annexation In 1844?and all the measures of the Tver administration which led to the Mexican warln lf*i! rut the truth might ha that he was not tooTkst. hut bemselves too slow. The resolution* appeared danerous to him, and ha struck thsm at their first appari [ERA f tion Id tb* Senate chamber. Ha had dona hi* duty : ha had aounded tha alarm: It waa for the paopla of the United Stataa? all the friend* of the Union?to do tha rest. There waa no Jackaon now to (eve tha Union by a voice, like the command of del tiny, proclaiming that, " it shall be preserved." Mr B concluded with saying that he limited himself on this occasion, to the few subjects on which be had touched, without exhausting them. They were subjects of present Interest, and of national import, and rose above the level of party, nnd were lit to be discussed in this assemblage, which was not one of party. He had not acted upon them in a party character when before the Senate, and did not speak of them a* party measures now. On proper subjects, when party principles were applicable, he was found close enough to his party line. When principles did not apply?when the subject was either too large or too small for party?when a foreign war. or domestic disunion was the question, or a poor clerk or laborer to be turned out of employment?on such great and little sutyeot* as theso. no chose ratber to act in the character or a patriot who felt for his country, and of a man who felt for hi* fellow man. 8t Loins. Mav 14. 184? The Spttrh of the Hon. Mr. Benton?Local Polilici. An Immtnit concourse of citizens assembled last evening at the Rotunda, to lit ton to a ipeech from the Hon. T. H. Benton. The subetance of the diecourio I eend enclosed. As a matter of course it was well received. For my own part 1 hare no comment to offer. Our newly elected Mayor has given some dissatisfaction to the " faithful" of this city, by his rather liberal polioy in making appointments. On Wednesday evening he sent in the names of some thirty city officers, more than one half of whom were whigs. The Board rejected all but nine, and only three of these ever pretended to be democrats. Among those confirmed by the Board, are two who were recently whig nominees at the municipal election Religious Intelligence. Calendar for Mat.?23, Whitsunday; 24, Monday in Whitsun week ; 3S, Tuesday in Whitsun week ; 28, F.mber Day; 28, Fmbcr Day; 29, Kinber Dav! 80. Trinity Sunday. St. Peter's Church, Barclay staikt.?The Right Rev. Dr. McCloskv will administer the Sacrament of Confirmation in this church this morning, 23d instant, r! hfilf.nn.Ht. fan n'nlnplr Tho corner stone of Grace Church, Newark. N. J., of which the Rev. John L. Watson la rector, waa laid by the Right Rev. Bishop Ooane. who atao delivered the address on the ocoaaiun, on Monday, the I7th inatant.? Among the clergy, the greater purt of whom appeared in aurplieea, were the Rev. Drs. U'ainwrigbt, Ogilby, Barry and Haight; Rev. Messrs. Henderaon, Kac.t er, Sherman, Staunton, Peet, Loutrel, Thompaon. Patteraon, Tyng, Williama, Moore, Raakin. Wataon, of the diocese; Maroua, Spencer, Duffle, of New York; Ilebon and Leeds, of W. N. Y.. and the Rev W. J. Cromwell, of British Guiana. The Blahop'a addrcaa waa of the right order : it waa full and forcible, well aultcd to an occasion ao iatereating and prodi ctive of future good to the church. We learn, aaya tho Marlboro' [Md.] Gazette, that the Methodiat Episcopal Church, at Plumb Point, Calvert county, waa deatroyed by Are a few daya aince. It originated from fire left In the atove. * A profeaaorahlp of Chlneae haa been established in Ring's College London, for the benefit of thoae amongst the students who, either aa missionaries or in any other capacity, purpose proceeding to the British possession in that country. The Echo de Jura announces the conversion to tho Catholic faith M. de Watteville Maupcrt, youngest son of tho President of the Court of Appeal at Berne. It was in England that the conversion took place, and M. Maupert immediately entered on his novioiate in the Society of Jesus. This is a fitting name to udd to those of the i Hellers, the Zeerleders, the Movs, the Kfflngera, and the Steigners?ail members of patrician families of Berne. it is stated, on the authority of an official return, that 617,737 persona attended public worship in London on the General Kast-day. A now Presbyterian ehurch at Waymart, Wayne county, Penn., was dedicated to the worship of God by appropriate exercises, on Sufffiav, the 2d of May. The sermon waa preached by the Rev. Henry A. Rowland, of llonead&le. On the 22d of April, 1847, Mr. Robert J. Black was ordained to the ministry, and installed pastor of the Reformed Presbyterian cnureh in Kensington, near Philadelphia, by the Philadelphia Presbytery of tho Reformed Presbyterian church. The sermon waa preached from Romans x IS. " How can they preach except they be sent;" and the charge to the pastor given by Rev. Dr. Black, of Pittsburgh, the father of the candidate. Rev. Dr. Crawford proposed the questions. Dr. Wylic made the ordaining prayer. Rev. T. W. J. Wylie gave the charge to the people, and Rev. 8. Stevenson offered the concluding prayer. Chief Rabbi Dr. Lilienthal. performed, yesterday, the act of confirmation in tho Attorney Street Synagogue, Schaare Schamajim. Rev. J. Edson Rockwell was installed pastor of the Hanover street Presbyterian church, of Wilmington, Del., by the Presbytery of Wilmington, on Tuesday evu.It V, <? ? Ttuv I" W I1UV....I II 11 ......1 X..X posed the constitutional questions, anil preached from 1 Timothy i. 11, according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God . Rev. J. 0. How, of St. George's, gave the charge to the pastor ; and Rev Prof Wallace, of Newark, gave the charge to the people. Clerical Ciia*oks.?The Rev. C. Donald Macleod, of Hyde Park, to St. John's church, Huntington. Suffolk county, N. Y. The Rev. John S. Sabine has been received into the Diocese of Massachusetts by letters dismissory from the Bishop of Vermont. The Rev Edmund Embury, from East Bioomfield, to Brooklyn, L. I.? The Rev. O. W. 8111, from St. Panl's church, Palmyra, to Hannibal, Missouri. The Rev. David Brown, has removed to Newark, New Jersey. Police Intelligence. Arrest of a Fugitive Burglar.?Officer Patterson, of the Third ward, arrested yesterday a man called Rnssell Minor, on a charge of being a fugitive from Paterson, New Jersey, whero he stands charged with having burglariously entered the premises of Joseph Talbot and others, stealing therefrom ahorse, harness, and wagon, and other property. The accused was sent back to Paterson for trial. Suspicion of Arson.?A man by the name of Andrew McCall was arrested on Friday night, by officer Powell, of the Ninth ward, on suspicion of having set Are to his premises. No. bUX Eighth avenue. The alarm of fire was given and the police were promptly on the spot, u> I, ..r, 11.,. fli.,1 In n l,?. in .kl.K If n.lnl nated, containing charcoal and light wood. The appearance of the Are, caused suspicion to rest upon McCall, who was taken into custody and dotalned for examination by Justice Iloome Stealing Wearing Jlppartl.?Officer Campbell, of the 1st ward, arrested last night two black men called Bill Johnson and Oeorge Stewart, on a charge of stealing a quantity of female wearing apparel, valued at $60, the property of Charlotte Malcolm. Justice Drinker committed thorn both for trial. Robbery on the five Pointt.?Officer Gardner, of the 6th ward, arrested yesterday a woman called Mary Ragan. on a charge of robbing a countryman by the name of Hugh McNamara, of a wallet containing $06 in bank bills and a silver watch worth $16, while in a thieving crib located on the corner of Anthony and Little Water streets, on the Kive Points. Upon the officer searching the bed, he found the wallet with $77 of the stolen money secreted in the bed clothing. Justice Drinker committed the accused for trial. Urand Larceny?We noticed under this head in yesterday's Herald, the arrest of two men by the names of Antonio A. Carrla and Wm. Devon, by Captain Bush and Carglll, ol the 9th Ward?instead of which the arrest was made by officers Zabriskin and Quackenbush, of the above ward, under the direction of their Captain Charge of Rape.?Officers Willis.and Wbikehart, of the Third District Police, arrested, yesterday, a young man by the name of Drake I'. Couimerding, on a charge of violating the person of a young girl, by the name of Margaret Schwart, of only 10 years of age. Justice Timpson committed the accused to prison for a further examination. Surrendered by hie Rail.?Officers Cummlngs and Helyea, of the lower police, arrested yesterday, a man by the name of Oliver Woods, on a bail piece, he having been surrendered by Mr. Purdy, one of his bondsmen, Woods having been indicted by the grand jury ou a charge of stealing a gold watch. Justice Drinker committed Woods to tha Tombs for trial, thus relioving his urety from any further responsibility Ditcharged from Custody ?The Court of Ooneral Sessions yesterday discharged from custody William Thompson, commonly called one-eyed Thompson, upon liis own recognisance, in the sum of $'J00, to appear at sourt when required. Jirreit on a Requitilinn.?An officer arrived In town yesterday, having in custody a man by the name of [Jeorgu Karnum. on a requisition Issued by Governor 1 Voting Justice Drinker committed the prisoner to prison. Robbing a Sailor.?Officers ( orneen and Kaffertv, if the 6th ward, arrested, yesterday, a black fellow call* stl Charley Sand*, on a charge of stealing $16 in bank bills and silver, from a sailor by the name of William llrown. while in a den frequented by thieves of ail colors, on the Kive Points. On searching the rascal, the nfficers found secreted In his boot a five franc piece, which wait identified i>y me complainant an a pari 01 inn itolen money Justice Drinker committed him In full for trial. Petit Larceny.?Officer Keenr, of the flth ward, arrestsd yesterday two women, called Mary Davis and Catharine Kurgerson, ou a charge of stealing a silver watch, worth $10. belonging to a Dutchman living in Centra itreet The watch was recovered by the officer, and the thieves locked up for trial by Justice Drinker The steamboat New Hampshire burst both her boilers on the 6th Inst., at a wood yard about forty miles below Little ltock, Ark. The boat had stopped at the woodward, and on shoving off, at about 4 o'clock, A. M., her fioilers burst Nearly all the officers of the N. II were tilled. The passengers were In their state-rooms, or the loss of life must have been far greater. Annexed is a list >f those killed and missing Killed?Geo T Allen, first slerk Missing and supposed to he Killed?B B. Cuppies, second clerk; Alex .MoKinney. pilot; ?,engineer; James Van Dyke, mate; four black firemen, one while iccond steward, and one cabin boy; Chae. Hal cliff carpenter; Mr Herring, cabin passenger, and one deck pasmnger, name not known. The explosion of the boilers .i said to have been caused by an accumulation of mud n them at night, which had become In crusted at the bottom and prevented the water from having its usual lfleet. ?N. O. Picayune, May IS. L, D. Mm Tm Ow?h The Mexican War. GUERILLA WAR ON THE RIO GRANDE. [From tb* New Orleans Picayune May u 1 n attentive correspondent at Uamargohas enclosed to us the following order. iMued by Cenale* It was found upon the Alcalde of Guerrera, who wee et the time in company with one ot Csnelet's captains. end in conjunction with him. as wee supposed. taking measures to cerry it into effect. Lieut. Bee. of Cept, Lamar's company of ranger*, happened to come upon them, arretted them both, and brought them to Camargo. From thi* order it T* manife?t that the guerilla mode of warfare ia to be enforted all along the valley of the Bio Grande It ii mortifying to reflect that a few dieorderly men, such as (led from the field of battle at Buena Vista and hid themselves In the quarries before Monterey. haTe, by their murderous conduct, given color to the charge* with which Canalea commences and iard* bis order: nevertheleas, It ia almost certain that the system would have peen put in practice upon the Rio Orande, as it has been in the central States, had not these outrages happened. We have had full meaanre* of the glories of war. hut, I should the guerilla plan continue any length of time, its butcheries will be appalling. The perpetrators of | acts of violence have, heretofore, sought to pialliate their num. uj pivauiug inn assassination or ineir conraaei as an excuse for retaliation. There baa been too much of this already, llut what will be the scene* of havoc and blood when a " war without pity" la the recognised gauge of battle on both aide* ! The order ofCanales is peremptory. It commands his followers to spare neither age nor condition Every American found within the territory of Mexico, whether armed or unarmed, must be put to the sword. This is more savage even than the guerilla proclamation of 8alas. Canities is a graduate of a sanguinary school.? A rubber chief by profession and a cut-throat by nature, he is just the man to gloat over the barbarities of such ft ' war. That he will find excuses to plunder hisown countrymen we have no doubt, and we regret to think he will be the last to suffer from the mode of warfhre he has adopted. The defence of the Rio Grande should be. under the circumstances, an object of primary consideration. That more troops are needed there is apparent, without taking into consideration the necessities of other divisions of the invasion? Frontier Brigade or Cavalry, > Camp in San Auguscin. April 4, 1847. ( I this day send to the Adjutant Inspector of the National Guards the following instructions :? 1 learn, with tho greatest indignation, that the Americans have committed a most horrible massacre at the rancho of the Guadalupe They made prisoners, in their own houses and by the side of their families, twenty-five peaceable men, audj immediately shot them. To repel this class of warfare, which is not war but atrocity in all its fury, there is no other course left us than retaliation; and in order to pursue this method, rendered Imperative by the fatal oircumstances above mentioned, you will immediately declare martial law, with the understanding that eight days after the publication of the same, every individual who has not taken up arms (being capable of so doing) shall be considered a traitor, and instantly shot. Martial law being in foroe, you are bound to give ne quarters to any American whom you may meet or who may present himself to you, even though he be without arms. You urn also directed to publish this to all the towns in this State, forcibly impressing them with the severe punishment that shall be inflicted for the least omission of this order We have arrived at that state in which our country requires the greatest sacrifices; her sons should glory in nothing but to become soldiers, and as brave Mexicans to meet the crisis. Therefore, if the army of invasion continues, and our people remain in the towns which they have molested, they deserve not one ray of sympathy; nor should any one ever cease to make war upon them. You will send a copy of this to each of your subordinates, and they are authorised to proceed against the chiefs of their squadrons or against their colonels or any other, even against me, lor any infraction of this order?the only mode of salvation left. The enemy wages war against us, aud even against those peaceable cltisens who, actuated by Improper impulses, desire to remain quiet in their bouses. Even these they kill, without quarter ; and this is the greatest favor they may expeot from them. The only alternative left us, under these circumstances, is retaliation, which ib mo strong rigm 01 tne otienaed against the offending. To carry thiB into effect attach yourself to tho author?tieB. Vour failing to do this will bo cousidorod a crime of the greatest magnitude. All the officer* of the troopc are directed to assist you in carrying out till* order, and it iB distinctly understood there shall be no exception*. Neither the clergy, military citizen*, nor other person* shall enjoy the privilege of remaining peaceably at their homo*. The whole of the corporation shall turn out with the citizen*, Icaviog sololy a* authority of the town one of the member* who is over the age or sixty year* ; ut the same time, if all of tho member* are oepable of bearing arms, then none shall be excepted ; leaving to act some one who 1* incapable of military service. Von yourself must be en example to others, by conforming to this requisition. And I send this to you for publication, and chargo you to see it executed lu every particular, and communicate it also to the commander* of tho squadrons in your city, who will aid you In carrying Into effect these instruction*; and in fact you are directed to do all and everything which your patriotism may prompt. Ood and Liberty '. ANTONIO CAN ALES. According to the Matamoras Flag of the &th last, the alcalde and tweuty Mexicans, with one, an emissary of Santa Anna, had been arrested at Camargo. where tney had assembled with the view of arming guerilla parties, ' according to the recommendation of Santa Anna in hi* lost proclamation, issued at Orizaba, ot which the emlssary bad a copy. The same paper mentions, however, that they bad subsequently been set at liberty. MURDER OF TWO CITIZENS OF ALBANY BY THR RANCHEROS. Intelligence wan received yesterday In this city of the death of William H. Kearney, well known here an an estimable citizen, and formerly Captain of the Van ltenMelaer Guard*, and at the time of hla death quarter-waster-scrgcant, in the New York regiment of volunteers This Intelligence comes in a letter from Captain Van Olinda, of this city, now In Mexico, who writes to the editor of the Knicktrbocktr that Sergoaut Kearney was sent back to Vera Crux, two days after the army left there, with five or six men to bring up some stragglers and the mails; and whilst on that duty was shot down from the wayside, by some of the ranoberos, and bayonetted. His feet were then tied together, and his body dragged at the heels of a horse over tbo road until his head and shoulders were so bruised that his features could hardly be recognized.?Albany Argui. THE CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS. Hhip Thomas H. Praams, at sea, > Cat. id 8., Lon j78 W . off Cape Horn, Jan. 3, 1M7. ) Dear Sir?1 have the honor to Inform yon that a whale ship has just hove In sight, and will send onboard of us for letters. I avail myself of the opportunity to say we are all well, and without the least appearance of any disease whatever on board. We are 34 daya from llto We shall proceed direct for Han Francisco Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. D. STEVENSON, lion. Wm L. Marcy, Secretary of War. The above is Inserted for the Information of such persons as have friends on board the ship?it being the last information received from Col. Stevenson's detachment. ? ffatbington Union. NAVAL. [From the Norfolk Herald ] U. 8 Schooner Flirt, ) Off Cape Henry, May 17, 1847. J For the edification of our friende, I write thle note, Informing you of our whereabouts We are all much pleased with the sailing qualities of our beautiful vesssl, she having beat one of your fast-sailing pilot boats, (the Ileindeer,) working out to sua. We are all well and In excellent spirits, with the exception of one of our noncombatants, who has a particular aversion to pork, although not a Jew. though quite an honest, hearty fellow. Would you believe it1 he has slrsady paid bis tribute to old Neptune, ha I ha! ha! Mem. The doc tor says it * not mm * Miscellaneous. Tho Circuit Court, Hon B Whiting, presiding, Is now In session In I'eun Van. and in charging the Grand Jury, the judge congratulated them upon ths foot that thsJaU of the county was tenantleas Mr. Kddy. of Ithaca, has purchased the right to construct a Hue of telegraph from Ithaca to Bingham ton, and is at present engaged In obtaining stock subscriptions in Itliaca to further the enterprise ?RecAetftr jfa. vtrliier. " The railroad from Detroit to Kalamasoo Is now In successful operation. Workmen are engaged in grading west of Kalamasoo; and the expectation is to complete the road to I.ake Michigan bv another year. The point of termination at the I.ake will be either New Buffalo or Ht. Joseph. It now takes about 33 hours to go from Detroit to I hicago by this route. The distance is 370 ui|let: from Detroit to Kalamasoo, by railroad, U0; from Kalamazoo to Ht. Joseph, by stage. 66; from 8t. Joseph to Chicago, by steamboat, 09. A locomotive upon the Htonlngton road, ran lately from Kingston to Wlcktord, R. I., seven miles, In seven minutes, with nine cars, containing '130 passengers The Htonlngton Railroad Company have purchased the Aborn estate, so called, In Providence, for >60,000, for the contemplated new depot. The nest annual fair of the Kssex County Society for the Promotion of Agriculture, Horticulture and Manufactures, will be held on the 31st, 33d, 33d and 34th of September, at the Court House, Newark An epideuiio Is prevailing In the Moorehoase Parish, Louisiana, oorasloiied by the malignant scarlet fever, , bronchitis, and nemonla. Kew of those who are attacked survive more thau twenty-four hours. There are two telegraphic wire* now In operation between thl* city ami Albany. Guatemala.?We copy the following from the liabantt fiiaro de la Marina:?Guatemala, March Id, 1B47.?To-day will be a mamorabla on* for Guatemala Thl* day haa bean promulgated and aworn to the declaration of thl* Htata (formerly part of th* confederation of Central America! ae a ooverelgn republic. ?? ? ? Hy the manlfoato ileoroe accompanying tlila. yon will vnderaland tho motive * which have led the pr.-aent goverumentof Uaateniala to take tbi* *l*p Vve are other wlea peaceful and protperou* Th* other State* are aleo tranquil. Salvador and Nicaragua are about to reorgan lie the ancient republic of Central America. ? ? Hon dura* and Coata Rica are quiet, and th* latter la making rapid atep* In advance.

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