Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 24, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 24, 1847 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XIII. No. 1*3?Whole No. *7*0. THE NEW UKI KlIiLl ESTABLISHMENT, Kortli-weat corner of Fulton and Naaoa* ett. IAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. HKC I LATIMK KOIITV THOUSAND. DAILY HKKaLU?livery day, Price I cents per copy?$1 JSperauiiam-neyable iu advance. >? KEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price CM cents '"fV'J'V?13>? cents per annum?payable iu advance. HERALD boll EUROPE?Every Steam Packet day? Virc ?-A l*r c?py?$3 |>er annum, imyable iu advance. HOLIDAY IIERALD?Published an it.i 1st of January and 1st pi July of etch year?single copies sixpence each. till' KRTI SEME.NTS, at the usuul prices?always cash in a i Adverli etneuts should be written in .i idain, legible maiui'v The Proprietor will not be responsible for errors thct m 'y ocru. them. PRINT1\' of all kinds executed beantitully and with despatch. All letters or commuuicatioiie by mail, addressed tothe establishment, must be post paid, or the postage will be < from rl?* ?u l???- ri of ion monffv ,.Vv W VPCHESg at wholesale only.?Louis Perret, No jl'.'i>33 JohuStreet, upstairs, ( portercad agent for several tStsSs Swiss manufacturers, otfers to the trade a most complete assortment of Swiss Watches of every description, of this S|iriiij{'s importation^ Country mercliauts and dealers iu generni will Imd it g.evly to tlie.r advantage to call as above before purchasing elsewhere s30 lm*r M'i'O LET? i give , immediately?Offices iu the build ng N".74 Kullnn street Apply to JAMES U DELVECCHIO, in tli? bit<Idi g, or to BROWN, BROTHERS & CO No .79 Wall street TO LeT?The live new BRIUK HOl)'8E8,in Har "imm, near Jersey City, fifteen minutra wata irom - 'itfl'lir ferry, 'i'lie Houses are three stories, with basements, fiai.hed in good style, wih marble mantles, grates, Jtc.. piazza "J front. Rent low, if applied for immediately. Enquire of H M Trnphsgen. near the preiniaea my2' 7t*r HAMILTON IIOU8K. at the Narrowa near Fort Hamilton, L. I. Tlie Subscriber begs to inform hia ii'VJl friends and the public, that this favorite place of resort la nii.v open for the reception of company, fleam . , ,ta will commence running about the 13th of May. Stages leave Fulton ferry, Brooklyn, at 10 A. M., and 4 THOMAS ME1NELL, * Fort Hamilton, May 3, 1847. ni6 2>v *rc JgA "PAVILION, NEW Brtllirt I'ON, hucen Island.? 'IliJf The proprietor begs to iiifoini hii friends and the public, ?liy&that he has made cousideraole alterstiona and improve menu m tins establishment since the last season. He has erected a large building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogethsw disconnected from the maiu body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of a comfortable six,., light, and well ventilated, and superior in all respects to those geuerally denominated single rooms in the various watering places throughout the couutry. 1 lie proprietor is now ready to treat with families or parties wishing to engage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to him at the City Ilotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attention. A steamboat rnn? between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, viz:? Froin New Brighton?At S and 11 A. M, and I and 5:10 P. M. From pier No. 1 North Hirer, New York?At 9 A. M. and 11 M.auil t'si, 5 and 6 P. M., and more frequent communications will be established as the season advances. The Pavilion is now ready for the reception of Company. upL'Ufrc F Bl.AN A R I) ~r>Lm FOR SALE?WEST! HESTl-.R LANiJ?To gen?>ww!emen in want of sites for Country Sears?To Market i dti ' i ii ilrmn in want of land lor G-rdens; and to all persons wi-limg a location in the neighborhood of New York 300 acre* of Land in the town of Westchester, within nine miles of the Cirv Hall, with right of passing over Harlem Bridge free of toll, are now offered <t private sale, in lots, containing from five to fifty acres each The lauds are within fifteen minutes walk of trie rai road; front on good roads; are in the neighborhood of schools, and churches of different denomination-; the water is good, and locstiou healthy. Title indisputable. Terms moderate. Apply to GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, Morrisania, West> heater Co.?or to WALTER RUTHERFORD,! ounsellor, ml5 30t*r 70 Nassau street, New York. -ia'TO FOREIGN GENTLEMEN arriving in tha SfcTPtftUuited Scutes, or others, desirous of purchasing a per . dsn .inaueiit Country Residence in Pennsylvania.?The subscriber offers for s ile his Farm, situated in Montgomery co., Pennsylvania, II miles north of Philadelphia. It contains 308 acres of land 288 acres of which are in the highest state of cultivation, producing wheat, rye Indian corn aud hay,equal to any Upland farm?the remaining 20 acres being woodland. On the premises is a fi ie stone mansion, 60 feet by 43, with a verandah attached, 15 feet wide, extending the leugtti of the ln.uie.aud a large piazza oo the east, the whole giving ample accommodations for a family of twenty persons The pleasure grounds surrounding the house are snuded with elegant I evergreens,and very beautifully laid out. There are on the firm three stone houses fo-f .rmera or tenants, together with three large atone barns, contain ing*>tabling and conveniences lor a hundred head of cattle, and for the storage of 250 tons of produce, with couch house, wagon house, granary and corn cribs attached. There are also the advantages of a line spring house, ice house, lish pond, a garden of two acres, orchards stocked with the finest fruit, green house and grape wall, a atream of spring water in every field, a dailv mail, by which the Philadelphia and New Vorlt papers of the same day are receired, and an ?rntiihos passing the gate mmuing and evening. In the immediate vicinity are Episcopal, Lutheran and Presbytwnaa churches Further description is unnecessary, as all persons wishing to l urch lie are invited to call and examine the estate. It may. however, h? ? hied, that for beauty, healthful situation, and advantages it is not surpassed by any iu the United States. It may he well also to mention the price, which is $220 per acre. Apply to GEO. 8IIEAFF, Whitemarsh, ml3 8t2iw*rc Montgomery Co. Penn. PIANO FORTE, fcc.?A variety of new * . and second hand Piano Fortes for sale or hire. sT if/' 3 g I Also, a general assortment of Music and MnI 1 T ' 1 * sical Instruments, at No, 268 Washington St., uear Myrtle Avenue. Brooklyn. mHOHilf rc J J. WALKER. LErfSUNS ON THE 1'IANO FOKTE. ..... MIS8 C. C. WEMYSS can now accommoUis^SyjSSHBdate three or four more pupils, if immediate apt'fA J Y1 plication be made at her house. No. 347 Sixth lis I I (street, between Avenues C and D. Will have no objection, if desirable, to attend hei pupils at their owu residence. Terms?Twelve Lessons for Five Dollars, or H Itceen Dollars per Qnarter?three lessons each week. alJ 1m*re HIRUS, DOOSAND PONIES.?ATTRACTION. *7, ?The great attraction for the city is now at ARCHEY'S, No. 5 John street, where nature's song XiZT iu its most select variety, is only to be obtained from the little Robiu to the Cock of the North. As usual, King Charles Spaniels, Italian Greyhounds, Set ters, Pointers. Newfoundland and every variety of fancy Dogs; aho Shetland Ponies, itc.Htc. (tc. P. S. Letten post-paid, will at all times meat with prompt attaution from A. GRIEVE, 5 John street. N. B Four Isle of Sky Terriers, imported eiprussly. m5 30t*r _ m SAXONY CANARIES, of the bell note and Ntght'i&r. ingala song, long breed, and other rare and valuable s*T-if RirHc Isnci' .inn nflipr rivsc hiril issHrnf all Haarrin -mi- tions, Sic., Sic. King Charles Spaniels, English and Sc..tell Terriers, for aide by W. 8. JOHNSTON. 260 Broadway, one door in4 llt?r irom A T Stewart Si C.o.'a d'y goods atore. LOOK AT THIfci. JUST RECEIVED, a large lot of Oeutlemen'a eggV^y French Boots, the beat and handsomeal ever in this city nnd will be sold at the low price of$5. Also all kinds of Ueutlcmeu'a On iters and Patent Leather Shoes, and all the different kinds of Boots and Shoes. Ladies, von will find in lias store . great variety of Oaiter Boots, Slippers, Buskins, l ies House .Slippers, white and black satin do, white Kid do. an'1 all other kinds and sizes, Misses' and Children's Boots and Sloes, Boys' Boots, Gaiters, Shoes and Slippers of all the various kinds; all of which will be sold cheap, at 367 Broad way, corner ol Franklin street. SI. CAH1LL N. B. Country merchants supplied by the package or dozen. ap8 lm#r .wwv REMOVED FROM 3?3 GRAND STREET gff,A\to 178 Bowery. Mrs. M D. Hodge, First Pre-S* \\ kfwmiBm Dress makei and first premium Straw hatltMp' manufacturer, invites the public to inspect her-^*" Silk a sd Straw Hats, Dresses, Flowers, Ribbons, etc., at 176 Bowery. From tier 17 y cars asperities m this city, and past efforts to please, she hopes to merit and receive the patronage of her friends and the public N B. Straw Hats cleaned and altered The trade supplied with patterns. iry* Good milliners and dress makers wanted. mB2w?rc #MK!t. M. WILSON, 261 Grand street, resuectlully informs her friends, and strangers visiting the city, that she hat now on hand a large and very haudaome assortment of Spring Millinery, to which the invites their attention. Mrs. Wilson a stock comprises ail assortment of the richest and most (ai/iionable Hats, such as Chip,.-Crape, Rice, and Shirred, with a choice assortment ol Straws, which the llatters herself cau lie sold more reasonable than at any other establishment in the city. Country Milliners will do well to call befcre purchasing. Mrs. M. WILSON, 291 Grand at.. between Allen and Orchard iu. 1'cn good Milliners wanted at the above establishment. s|3 >in?rr HATS, SPRING STYLES H| BANTA. No. 94 Canal street, and No. 130 Chatham at, J^easells Moli-skiii and Nutria Fur Hats at S3, and only charget $3 30 for his first quality Moleskin and fine Nutria flats.? Tie lik handsome and durable Hats at $2 50 having the appear ance and finish of the higher priced hats. Gentlemen wishing to economise in this iudupeiisable article of dress without sncrilice of comfort or appearance, will please give him a call.? Also, a general assortment ol caps of virions kinds at reduced prices. nlft lm*c rl ' GENTLEMEN'S HATS?Ml'MMER SI V 1/ES7? ^ kBKKBE it COSTAR, Hatters, No. 116 Broadway, will utroduce on Saturday next, 13th instant, tlieir Fashions for Gentlemen's Summer Hals. It ti C. will present lo die public a new and unique style ol White and Pearl BeaverCastor Hat, nnitiug beauty and durability with I.ghtness and comfort to the wearer, finished aud Irimmediu a new and elegant manner. Also, Panama and Straw Hats and Caps for Gents. Youths and cliildien. AAVw" FUR LIVERPOOL?The New Line? Regular WrJrcvVrat ket of 21st June?The new, superior, fast ?L*jisV-.,.,i;.. .kin I OUUTITIITI/IM IInk., Sr!Tt<v^60fl lou? burthen, wjll tail m above, her regnW "lev. Kor freight or passage, having splendid, Urge and comfortable state rooms and cabin, apply to the Captain on board, at west side of Burling slip, or to WO )DhULL fc. MINTURN, 27 Sonth at. Passage $100 The packet ship HOTTINOUER, 1050 tons burthen, Oapt. Ira Bursley, will succeed the Conatitutiou, and tail on her regular day. iwyll KOR LI VEltPOOL? New Line?Regular puckMrjMfV et of 28th May.?The apleudid, fast sailing packet SfiBSmm lop dllF.RIDAN, Capt. Oeo. B. Cornish, will posiovtl) sail as above, her regular day, For freight or piasage, having superior furnished accommodations, apply on board at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS, 56 South *t. price of passage $75 KOH BALK?The hull of a vessel just launched, nSvKrV ""I "ow lying at llahway port. She will carry about to 700 tons, 96 feet on deck, 27 feet beam. She will an?wer for canal, river, or coast serv,ee. Inquire of tbe suliscnben, at Rahway, New Jeriey. JOS. O. LUKBERY, n? liner H R SHOTWKLL NO 110E?Packet ship CONSTITuTTon; from M ?'XV' iverpnr.l, is discharging under general order at j||j|y|^ West se'e Hurling Slip. All goods not permitted win in- sent to the public store. my21 rc 'MMjt CONSIGNEES of British bark ADAM CARR. ap*Tj>from Ola-gow, will please send their permits on jMMMho*1'' All goods not permitted in live dayi will be sent to tne public store. myt3rc JnJrfc- NOTICE?All persona are cautioned against trust a*y*Vtiiig any of the crew of the British bark ADAM JUMfmCAIlK, " 00 debts of theirs will b? paid by the owners or CouigMM-j utyMro E NE" ] CHEAP AND EXPEDITIOUS TRAVELLING TO THE WESTERN STATES AND CANADA. DY TAPSCOTT S EMIGRANTS PASSENGER LINES. Office, 86 South street,New York. The subscribers continue to forwertl Emigrants ai d olliers to all parts of the Western States and Canada, at the very LOWEST RATES OK PASSAGE, by Railroad, Steamboat and Cajal, to the following places, via Albany, Rochester, Buffalo and Pittsburgh :? Utica, Syracuse, Oswego, Auburn, Rochester, Buffalo, Erie. Pa. Cleveland, Huron, Sandusky, Maumee, Monroe, Toledo, Detroit, Mackinaw, Milwaukie, Racine, Soulhport, Chicago, Green Bay, Pottaville, Pittsburg, Pa. Wheeling, Portsmouth, Ohio. Parkersburgh, Cincinnati, Louisville, Ky. 8t. Louis, Oalena, Dubuque, Boud Head, Darliugtou, H lmilton, Whitby, Coburg, Queen.ton, Kingston, Toronto, Saudwich. Montreal, And all other intermediate places. Persona proceeding to any part of the West, or Canada, would do well to call ou W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT, ! At their General Emigration Office, 66 South street, New York. T.ipacott's Emigrants' Travelling Guide can be had on application, free. m3 30t?rc CITIZEN'S NEW DAY LINE OK OPPOSITION BOATS FOR ALBANY AND INTERMEDIATE PLACES. Eare 30 cents?Breakfast and Dinner on Board. The new and elegant Steamer METAMOr RA. Capt. T. S. Knight, Mondays. WednesdumMMMMmdnys, and Kridaya, at half-past six, A. M., from the pier foot of Warren street, touching at Hammond street pier. The new and elegant Steamer ROGER WILLIAMS, Capt. A. Degroot, Tuesdays. Thursdays, and Saturdays, at half-past sis, A. M.. from the pier foot of Warreu street, touching at Hammond street pier. Kor passage or frieght, apply on board the Boats, or to Geo. Dobson, at the office, 186 Warren street, comer of West street. O*" All i*rsons are fogbid trusting the above boa's on account of the owners. my 19 rh <r>smew OPPOSITION PASSAGE OFFICE-TO P s lkah *i?7 Utica, SI 30; Syracuse, S3; Oswego, MdMfi3E9Hm$3-, Rochester, S2 33; Buffalo, $2 30; Cleveland. SI i0; Detroit, S3; Milwaukie, $8; Chicago, $8: Cincinnati, $8; Toronto and Hamilton, $4; Whitehall, $2;Montreal, S<; Pittsburg, S8. Office, 100 Barclay street. Any security tequired will be given for the fulfilment of all contracts made with this company. ml8 lm?rc M. L. RAY, Agent, New York, 1847. MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. mm. FOR ALBANY AND TROY and lntenner aJClL-?Ndiate Landings. iMMflBM Breakfast and Dinner on board the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Oorham, will leave the steamboat pier fooL?f Barclay street, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seven o'clock. Returning ou the opposite days. Kor passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. my20 r A( I. I .N r., IMILI, .. M FOR NEWBl/RUH AND FlSrtiv.a^, EL**nrt? .^ Landing at Van Cortland's, (Peskskill.l West HfflMMMHHi Point, Cold Spring and Cornwall. The Steam r Thomas Powell, Cant. Saral. Johnson, will lease the pier foot of Warren street, for the above places, every afternoon (Sundays excepted,) at 4 o'clock, commencing April 10. Reurninx?will leas" Newburgh every morning at 7 o'clock. N. B.?All Baggage and Freight of esery description. Bank Bills or Specie, put on board of this boat, mnst be at the risk of the owner thereof unless entered on the books of the boat or receipted for. mylj 30t?ic NOTICE. 8TATEN ISLAND FERRY.?On and r WML after SUNDAY, April 18th, the steamboats ?BH3EH*s 8YLPH and BEATEN INLANDER will run as follows, until further notice )? LEAVE STATEIS llt-AUD At 6, I, 9, 10, 11, A- M., and 1, 2, 3, 4. S, 0, 7, P. M. LEAVE NEW TORE it 7, 9, 10, 11, A. M., and 1, 2, ten minutes past 3, and at 4,5, 6, 7, o'clock, P. M. New York April 13th. a!3 r ySkSZBSM BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIP, 1200 tons and 430 horse power each, under contract with the,Lords of the Admirably. HI BERN I A. Captain Alexander Ryrie. CALEDONIA, Captain Edward (J. Lott. BRITTANNiA, Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA, Captain Charles H. E. Judkins. ACADIA, Captain William Harrison. The four steamships now building are THE AMERICA, THE NIAGARA, THE CANADA, THE EUROI'A. Vessels appointed to sail from Liverpool are the Hibernia May 19,1847 Cambria, June 4, 1847 Vessels appointed to sail from Boston are the Britannia, June 1, 1847 niovrniH, auue iu, urn Cambria July 1, 1847 Passengers' luggage muit be on board the day previous to tailing. Paasagr money?From Boston to Liverpool, (120, do do to Halifax, S20. No berths secured until jmid for. These ships carry experienced surgeons. No freight, except specie, receded on days of sailing. For freight, passage, or any other information, apply to D. BRIGHAM, Jr., Agent, AtHARNDEN b CO.'S, 6 Wall st. 0"" In addition to the above line between Lirer|H>pl and Halifax, and Boston, a contract has been entered into with Her Majesty's government, to establish a line between Liverpool and New York direct. The steamships for this service are now being built, and early next year due notice will be given of the time when they will start. Under the new contract the steamers will sail every Saturday during eight months, and every fortnight during the other months in the year. Going al ternately; between Liverpool and Halifax and Boston, anu be tween Liverpool and New York. m22 r OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY. U. S. MAIL LINE TO COWES, AND SOUTHAMPTON, AND BREMEN. .???_ THE snlcudid new steamshin WASH >^??[p<?SSI?3 INGTON, ITiO ton* burthen, Frederick Hewitt, Commander, will start from New York on the 1st June next, carrying the ^^^^^^^^ United States Mail. She will touch at Cowes and Southampton to land passengers and freight, and deliver the mails for England, France and Belgium, and will then proceed to Bremerhaven. The Washington is built in the strongest manner, with a view to being converted into a s|un of war. and subject atauytime to inspection by officers appointed by the President, both during and after construction. She has two engines of 1000 horse power each, and accommodations for 140 hrst class and 44 second class passengers. Passage from New York to Southampton, or to BremenFirst class $120 Second class (0 Passage from Bremen or Southampton to New York. First class $1M Second class 60 She will carry about 300 tons freight, which will be charged according to the nature of the goods offering. All letters must pass through the post office. Parcels, lor which bills of lading will be signed, will be taken at $i each. For passage or freight, apply at present at the office of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company at E. Mills, Gsueral Agent, New York, No. 44 William street. Agents at Southampton?DAY, CROSKEY fc ROSS. Bremen-C. A. HF.INEKKN k CO. Havre?WILLIAM ISKLIN. The second steamer ol the liue is in due conrse of construe on. and will be in readiness in the ensuing fall a21 lnw PASSAGE TO AND FROM LIVERPOOL, AND REMITTANCES TO IRELAND, kc., BY THE BLACK BALL LINE OF TACKKTS. M, M. Ml M ^JEHSONS wismn^assage to lIv^pooT by the splendid A and commodious packet ship OXFORD, which sails on Tuesday, June 1st, her regular day. will please make immediate'iinplication to Captain 8. YEATON, on board, attlis foot of Bergman street, or to the subscribers. Those wishing to send for their friends, to come out from Liverpool by this favorite packet, or any of the Black Ball L ine, sailing from thence ou the 1st and 16th of every month, can secure their passage by applying to us. Persona remitting money to their friends, can have drafts for any amount, payble on demand, on the ROYAL BANK o? IRELAND, or on Prescott Grote, Ames k Co., London, which will be paid at the various branches throughout Great Britain and Ireland. Apply to ROCHE, BROTHERS k Co. 35 Fulton'stret, New York, next door to Fulton Bank. Sole Passenger Agents for the Black Ball Liue of Liverpool Packets. m?2r AsKP- FOR GLASGOW?Regular Packet of the 1st of twnMV June, her regular day?The fine fast "ailing packet aMtMawaliip SARACEN, 450 tons,|Captain N. T. Hawkins, * ill sail as above. f or balance ol freight or pnasaga, having excellent accummndatinns, apply on board, at Judd'a wharf, foot of Marltat trert, E. R., or to _ WOODHULI. 8t M1NTURN, 87 South at.. The regular |>acket ahip ADAM CARIl. tons, Captain John Wright, will succeed the Saracen, and tail on her regular day, l.'ith June. _ my23rc NOTICE.?The public are cautioned not to truit MKrljrVthc crew of the British brig SCOTIA. Capt. Burnet, JMfluNEaeu no debta of their contracting will be paid by the captain or conaignee. m2lrb J. McMURKAV. AAt WANTED?A veaael to carry 100 tone heavy MTTWy freight to New Orleana. A email vessel preferred.? iAMEeApply to E. K. COLLINS, mm r Ml South at. AftA; NOT It :K?Ail peraona are forbid trnating the NCTjtVcrew of the Britiah brig AGILE, from Cork, aa no JHBMBadebti of their contracting will be paid by the captain orcoug.iee JOSEPH McMURRAY. m20 tr ^ r,9 South atreet. J'OR LIVERPOOL?Only regular racket of the tffuV!?1 . 'I~'lie magnificent,faat aailing, and faaorite jMHfcPacket ahip SHERIDANJburthen 1000 tena, Capt. ? oriiiah, will eail poaitirely oil the26th of May. The accommodations for Cabin, 2nd Cabin and steerage paaaeugrra are nn* aurpaaaed by any other veaael in port; and aa a number of her passengers are already engaged, thoae desirous of securing berths should make early application on board, foot of Wall street, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, Corner of Pine and South streets. NOTICE.?Packet Ship OARIUCK , from LiverWHwVpeol, la discharging, tinder general order, at Orleans JHMmwwharf, foot of Wall street. All goods not permitted ?ill positively be lent to the Public Store. mgg r NEW LINK OF PACKETS TO AND FROM KfYffW LIVERPOOL.?The splendid fast sailing and fajwHrnwrorite packet ship SHERI DAN, (1100 tona burthen.) Capt. Cornish, will aail from New York on Wednesday, May 26th, and from Liverpool on the Iltli July. The Sheridan's accommodation! are unequalled for comfort and convenience. Those ?hr,lit nroceedinr lo Enrol e. or thoie vnshine to s...l for their friends to come out in this splendid pocket, should make early application on hoard, foot of Wal I street, or to W. k J. T. TAP9COTT, W South at, m22 r 2d door below Minima slip tiBt NOTICE-"The British brigf AOlLErTTapUii MHHrW Small, from Cork, ia now ready to receire cargo at JMHlbJamea alip, Kaat River, agreeable to charter party, dated 20th March, IM7. for further particular, apply to the captain on board, or to JOSKPir McMURRAV, tn20 fitr fit South atreet. MRS. ZKOLIO, No. ?7 Division Strket, WOULD reapeetfhlly inform her Irienda atid the public in general, that she has constantly oil hand a full and faahionable aaaortment of akirred banneta; atrawa, plain and fancy; alio, Ttiacana, of a superior finality, and mourning bonnets. The. ladiea from the country, as well as the taty, are requested to call and examine her stout before purchasing elsewhere. p?lm*r ?L. 1?! LLJg? W YO NEW YORK, MONDAY ft ????.?? MONUMENT IN THE T1 f i TO.THE MEMORY OFJCA The Commander of the A. short time ago, wo noticed the erection of a beautiful monument in Trinity Church yard to the memory of the gallaut commander of the Uhesapoake and Ideut. Ludlow, We have since had engravod tile nnaexcd representation of tilts chaste memento of departed wortii. it ie constructed of massive blocks of froe-stone of the description as was used for Trinity itself, and eat so as to represent a Sarcophagus, resting on an oblong base or pedestal. Tho lower or south side of th? base, bears IN MEMORY OP LIEUTENANT AUGUSTUS LUDLOW, OK THE UNITED STATES NAVY. Born in Newburgb, 1793; died in Halifax, ISIS. Scarcely was he 31 years of ago. when, like the blooming Euryalus, he accompanied Lie beloved commander to battle. Nover eould it have been more truly said? "//if amor until erat, pariterqui in bella ruehaiit." The favorite of Lawrcnoe, and second in command, be emulated the patriotic valor of liis friend on the bloody deck of the Chesapeake; and when required, like him, yielded with courageous resignation, his spirit to him who gave it. On the north side of tho base is the following inscription :? IN MEMORY OP CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE, OK THE UNITED STATES NAVY, Who fell on the 1st of June, 1913, In the 33d year of his ago, In the action between the frigates Chesapeake and Shannon. Ho was distinguished on various occasions, but especially when commanding the sloop of war Hornet, he captured and sunk His Britannic Majesty's sloop of war Peacock, after a desperate action of fourteen minutes. His bravery in action was equalled only by his modesty in triumph, and his magnanimity to the vanquished, in private life he was a gentleman of thu most generous and endearing qualities. The whole nation luouruud The War, die. TUX BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO.'A, Mexico, 27th April, 1847. DiiitM,:?The arduous duties of a soldier's life, admit of but few opportunities for private correspondence, as you by experience so well know,?and 1 can assure you that Mexican soil and the everglades of Florida, at which you so frequently vented your spleen,?are alike in this respect?unfavorable to epistolatory correspondence. Seven days have transpired since the eventful 18th, when the eagle ol victory again perched upon our arms?and the most important und decisive buttle of the war was fought. My regiment, by good fortune, was in General Twigg's division, which formed the advance of the army, organised as follows: Hide regiment. 1st artillery and 7th infantry, constituted the let brigade under Gen. Smith: 4th artillery, 2d nnd 3d infantry, the 2d brigade under Col. lliley. with 4 companies 2d dragoons under Col. Harney,Taylor's battery of light artillery: and Talcott's rocket and howitzer corps of one hundred men ?in all two thousand live hundred regulars, the (lower of the service. The second day after taking up the line of march, Gen. Twiggs received information tiiat Santa Anna was in position at a pass this side of Julupa witli a force varying from 10,000 to 20,000men. When the intelligence was communicated to him. tho old veteran quaintly, yet with his characteristic determination remarked, " It was possibly true, but at nil hazards lie wa< going to Jalapa,'' and on we went; and found the enemy occupying some three or four heights, strongly fortified with 43 pieces 01 neavy uruuery?meir iuru? ucuig .mw mnccm and 11,000 foot, &.C.; In all 14,000, (Jen. Twiggs laid his plans, and intended attacking tlieni on the 14tb; but I'atterson, of the volunteers, coming up Willi the brl Mil I of Generals Pillow nud Shields, (though himself sick.) ordered the attack to be deferred until lieu. Scott should arrive. Of course, though unwillingly, wo obeyed, and anxiously waited the appearance of the General, three days after he got up to General Twiggs- position, to whom he said " General, you have brought the enemy to bay, and shall not be Interfered with." After two day's reconnoitering General Twiggs'original plan was not In the slightest degree departed from, and he consequently marched oil the morning of the 17th to take up his position near the enemy, and from there attack early the ensuing morning; hut as we neared the Mexican forces they opened a heavy cannonading upon eur line, which we returned in good earnest, and drove them from two of the heights, which silenced their (Ire for the day. It was a brilliant affair, and entirely successful. Ourloss being 80 killed and wounded; while the Mexicans left 64 dead on the Held, and sent their wounded, numbering 140 to the hospital in this place. On the lHth (General Shields, with three regiments of volunteers, having joined our division as its third brigade.) Gen. Twiggs attacked the enemy at all points and completely routed them. They admit their loss in killed and wounded, to bo at least 4000, while covers our own. Kire generals, 199 other officers, and over 3000 men laid down their arms, while our guns were cracking in beautiful style. General Twiggs, with two pieces of cannon and the larger portion of his command cliased them for twelve utile* on the run. and sickening beyond description was the carnage until panic-strickcn they dispersed, and night cumiug on we were obliged to halt, wiiiuh enabled ths poor wretches to escape. So terrified were they that though 9000 of their eavulry were flying in a body, they refused to turn upon Twiggs, who, with hut 1 AO dragoons, pressed upon their heels, and with rapid succession dealt death-blows within their ranks. Our troops never behaved more handsomely; the attaek of Twiggs upon the fortifiejitions was one of surpassing difficulty, but they charged most gallantly, and in spite of the murderous tire poured upon them from the eannon und musketry, carried strongholds which appeared impregnable Regulars and volunteers, side by side, fearlessly rushed to he encounter; not a man wavered for an Instant, but with hearts unconscious of fear, utterly regardless of self they surmounted every obstacle, and by a brilliant coup de main, which lias few parallels, they stormed and carried the strongest works of the enemy. The battle of " (jerro Gordo" enn never be forgotten It was a dssnerate and a glorious one alike honorable to the country, and to the officers and troops who participated therein Many were the cases of individual gallantry; Harney. Riley, Sumner, < liUds, Plympton, Shields, Lorlng, Alexander, Sumner,'Magruder, Sic.. Jtc., havo distinguished themselves particularly?and all admit none more so than our lirave old Ueneral Twiggs, who was everywhere In the hottest of the fight, and with a dauntless courage which won the admiration of tinwhole army, and which was only equalled by his perfect obolnese and self-possession ? led his troops to ttie attack. He has long been considered one of the ablest of our generals?and it Is now certain he is so ; the battle of f'erro Gordo being, Cien. Scott says. fought as planned by Gen. Twiggs, and mainly by the troops of his division." In the pursuit he was ever foremost, and the sabre wielded by his stalwart arm more than once met and conquered the resistance of tha enemy.? But I will not further particularise whare all have done their duty?and performed it as Americans nobly and well; and this I mean to embrace every man, not only regulars, but of the volunteers who were in our division;?those under Gen. Pillow will be spoken of by those who have servod with them, ami who possess a more graphic pen than my own (Quitman's brigade, unfortunately, did not arrive in time to participate In the action: and Gen. Worth's division of regulars, though at one tlmo under fire, were not actively engaged, being stationed as the reserve They are, as you Know, a gallant set of men. have already done their duty In tne campaign, and will do it again when the opportunity oilers. Gens. Patterson nnd Smith were prevented from heading their commends, by sickness, But i RE H IORNING, MAY 24, 1847. [UNITY CHURCH YARD, ' n - 25 PT. JAMES LAWRENCE," ' -T i Frigate Chesapeake. 1 i3 his loss; and the enemy contended with hie countrymen, [ who nhould moet honor hie remain* Tho west end of the basn is roeerved for the widow and only child of Cant. Lawrence. On the woet end of the sarcophagus is delicately chiselled the stern of a line of battle ship, with a number of guns run out, ready for action, and a broken spar floating on the mighty deep near by, in bold relief. The other extremity of the sarcophagus, fronting Broadway, presents an unchor surrounded by an oaken wreath : while tho base beneath bears the following significant inscription THE HEROIC COMMANDER or THE CHESAPEAKE, Whoso remains are hero deposited, Expressed with his expiring breath his devotion to his country. Neither the fury of battle, the anguish of a mortal wound, nor tho horrors of approaching death, could subduo his gallant spirit. His dying words were "DON'T GIVE U 1' T 11 E SHIP." Around this monumental edifice are placed eight pieces of British cannon, trophies of the last war with Great Britain, sunk to the trunnions in solid masonry, with a hall fastened on tho muzzle of each, and the whole connected by appropriate ohain work. This beautiful and appropriate monument was exo uted by Messrs. Vrascr andGridloy, in accordance with a design of Mr. Upjohn, for tho corporation of Trinity Church, who. a few months ago, removed the honored remains of the before named patriotic martyrs to their presont and final resting place, near the soutli gate, and within a few paces of the railing, at once attracting the attention of every passer by. While the erection of this memento to tho gallant dead, at an expense of $700, rt fleets honor upon the corporation of Triuity Church; it has added another object of deep iutersst to every visiter, especially to those strangers who may take oo l .WIVU ...... . ......... ?. ..ucu ground, where so uinny or our revolutionary heroes have bten cnlombod. while wo rejoice at the halo of glorious vistory again encircling our arms, we have also cause to mourn the many brave spirits whose course Is run, and who now are tenants of a soldier's grave on that field where their brilliant exploits can never bo forgotten. The names of these honored dead you will find in the official returns. Tho effect of this last battle is tremendous? Cohayo, a strong pass of 15 guns, and 5 league s from this place has been abandoned, and the guns spiked; Terete. 30 miles from here has also becu evacuated: 50 pieces of cannon. 6 mortars, and an immense quantity of munitions of war being left behind, Gen. Shields. 1 uui very happy to say. is out of danger. It Is said Santa Anna is at Orizaba, in the mountains, some sixty miles from this place, organising guerilla parties to harass our renr ; if so, he will give us a great ileal of trouble. The newspapers from the city of Mexico, giving an nccount of tho battle of ' Cerro Gordo," say " they killed 1.000 of the Americans," and " that th* time for the Mexicans to fight is now at hand" ! Tho worst we have to contend against is the vomito; but we ail hope for the best It was rumored to-day that General Jesup wishes to effect a trausfer with General Twiggs; Twiggs becoming, in his place, (Quartermaster General of the Army, and Jesup taking tho command of Twiggs's division ; but that Twiggs says?"No, he does not intend leaving Mexico until the lighting is all over." This is just like the 'old war boss, 'as you would say, and I am glad be will not leave us, for, though Jesup is a good general, a brave soldier, and a fine commander, yet we are all too well satisfied with " the hero of Cerro Gordo" to desire a separation from him ? The Georgia, Alabama, and 1st and ltd Tennessee volunteers. leave us soon for home; they are flue fellows, have done their share of the work, and the army parts from them with regret. We have the New York, Tennsylvania. Illinois, and crack volunteer corps from other States, still with us; and these, with Worth's and our own division of regulars, enable us to muster pretty strong, notwithstanding. I hope the war will not last much longer, for all Are heartily tired of this destruction of human life. I'crsons who have resided in this country for some years say that thorn is not the most remote prospect of peace?of this, time alone can determine. The country around is most beautiful; the *11mate delightful; all the tropical fruits in great abundance, with quantities of vegetables and other necessaries of life very cheap; the inhabitants differ but little from those we have hitherto met, and keep aloof from us; the women are pretty, yet rather on the brunotte order." GEN. PILLOW'S ATTACK ON CEHRO GORIIO. The services of the gallant brigade of volunteers commanded bv Gen. Pillow, in the storming of Cerro Gordo, not having boon fully and correctly described in any of the communications yet published, wo take groat pleasure in laying before our readers the followiug particulars. derived from one of the officers who participated in the perilous and important operations referred to Gen. Pillow's command at Cerro Gordo, consisted of the 1st anil'id Tennessee and 1st and id Pennsylvania foot, a small dgtaohuient of Tennessee horse, commanded by f'apt Caswell, and a company of Kentucky volunteers, commanded by Captain Williams. It was divided into two storming parties, each supported by a strong reserve, it was Gen. Pillow's intcution to assail with these parties simultaneously the adjacent angles of batteries Net 1 and i. those points having been indicated by the engineer officer 011 duty with the command, as those most proper for the assault, and thus, if possible, turn the whole line of works; but before the proper dispositions for the assault eould be made, the movemonts were discovered by the enemy, who immediately poured into the American ranks a most galling flrp of musketry, grape and canister. Inthis critical position of affairs,Gen Pilow found himself compelled either to retiro beyond the range of the enemy's guns, to complete his dispositions for the attack, or commenco it at ouee with such force as he had already in position; but, apprehending the moral offset which a retreat might produce upon troops, (many of whom were comparatively inexperienced and un-uccustomcd to lire.) Gen. P. resolved to adopt the latter alternative. Ho therefore directed Col. 11usknil. who commanded the assaulting force intended for the attack of battery No. 'J. to assail that work with vjgor, and carry it at the point of the buynot. Ills party moved on ward to assault with great energy and vnthusiasm; but owing to the many serious obstacles, such as dense chaparral thickets and brush entanglements, the unexpected weight of nrtlllery fire concentrated upon it from seven guns, and also to the strong was compelled to retire, with great loss of both officers and men. In the meantime Col. Wynkoop, who commanded the storming party for battery No. I, succeeded in gaining the position whence tho assault was to have been made; but, tlnding that the tiro from the main attack on the left of the enemy had ceased, Gen. P. deemed it prudent to suspend further operations until instructions sheuld be received from the General-in-Chief. Gen Pillow's lelw.lufnrffo hpfmr rlrAvrn tin for th*? nltank r?f l.utf#?rv Vn 1, ho remained In this position until t he news of the enemy's surrender arrived, when he withdrew tho command to the National Road. During the attack of the storming parties. Lieut. Rip ley, of the artillery, and Lieut. Laidley, of the ordnance, were engaged in the service of an eight-Inch howitzer, which, with extraordinary exertions, they succeeded in dragging over the heights upon the right bank of the river, and which they established In such a manosr as to get an enfilading fire upon the enemy's lines l ol. Haskell's assaulting force, composed of his own regiment, (9d Tenn. foot.) ('apt. Williams' Kentucky oompany, and ( apt Naylor's company of the j>l I'ensylvania regiment, being, from the nature of its duties, mo.-t exposed to the terrlbln fire of the enemy, sustained tho shock, both officers and men, with a firmness and con- j stancy worthy of high commendation. Col. Campbell, finding thai Usn. I'iUow was too severo- I I ? | BRA] ----- -- - - _ ly wounded for the moment to give orders. assumsu mm- ?' porary command, and began, with his accustomed ener- a gy and promptituda, dispositions for another attack, which woa only deferred for reasons before statsd a Lieut". Tower and McClellao, of the corpa of engl- n n<-er?, displayed great seal and energy In the dlacharge of their duties in connection with the command (Jen Pillow's staff, composed of Capt. Wlnship. Assistant Adjutant General. Lieut Rains. Ald-de-Camp; and Lt. s Andrrson. 'id Tennessee foot. Acting Ald-de-Camp, were of essential benefit to him; for. buying been wounded In the early part of the action. Gen P was compelled to rely more than ordiuarlly on their assistance. 1'IIL BATTLE OF CKIIKO GORDO, BY A .MEXICAN OFFICER. [Translated from La Patria.] Vera Cat'i. May 4, 1R47 According to promise. I give, in continuation, a minute description of the battle of Cerro Oordo. written by one of the officer* made prisoners of wht. who belonged to what is called the advance line of thu left, which Is explained In the details. This description will greatly facilitate a comprehension of the topographical situation of the field of battle "Cerro Oordo is situated between Vera Cruz and Jalapu, IB miles from tho latter city and 07 from the former It communds completely the defile through which tho carriage road is cut. a-< well as the heights in the neighborhood ?for which cause, as well as its being covered on the north and south by deep barrancas, which render the passage exceedingly difficult, it was consid ri- 1 an excellent military position, from which to impede the passage of an army, which, advancing from Vera Cms. should attempt to penetrate the interior. This place was chosen by the Mexicans for the purpose of opposing the march of the American ariny. and here they constructed several temporary fortifications, which I shall attempt to describe. " On the principal hill, which is called that of the Telegraph, by which name it will be recognised hereafter. they constructed a parapet commanding its front and Hides, the openings of the principal roads, nnd forming the centre of the Mexican camp, the carriage road situated to the right of the Cerro del TelegraJo, and following a curve formed by the base of lt, was cut at a point where the defile whs deepest. Behind this, at a short distance was onnstnicted u naranet. which ful. lowed a direction almost parallel with the road, and which commanded it almost completely. The parapet, constructed solely for the. infantry, was regarded as a point d'appui for the battery of the glacis. "On the right of the carriage road, from the battery of the glacis, is a road leading to three distant heights, about a mile from the Cerro del Telegrafo, which were fortified, to impede the passage by the old road leading from the Plan del Rio. and for the purposo of attacking by the left the carriage road?to these three heights they gave the names of the advanced lines on the left, cent's and right. Half a mile from the battery of the glacis, to the west, and in the defile through which the road passes, was posted tho reserve. ''On the morning of the 17th April, from the advanced lino of the left, it was observed that the American forces were following the carriage road as far as they could, without being seen from the fortifications, through the j* middle wood to the left of the road, and covered by that . and a height in the same position, which had not been fortified, attempting to flank the Mexican position, leav- * ing the carriage road to the left. ' The American forces, in passing the road through the " wood, were discovered by the advance lino of tho left, * through an opening of 40 or 60 feet, and u fire of grape ? shot was opuned upon them from a 12-poundcr; half an . hour nftei wards, tho CstTO del Telegrafo announced tho . approach of the Americans to that position, and a few moments afterwards the battle raged in the windings at ? the base, and in front and left of the Cerro. "There being no fortifications between Cerro del ! Telegrafo and tho battery of the glacis, and the wholo ground being covered by u wood sufficiently thick, the I Americans could advance freely, and occupy the left of that battery, which they would have done before tho ' Mexicans, advancing bv the windings of Cerro del Tele- ' grafo, could have sustained the attack at this point. The 1 general commanding the battery of the glacis, observing 1 that the wood immediately at his left was occupied by the Americaus, detached four companies of tho tith Infantry. to dislodge them, which was easily done, as the Americans, without doubt, not expecting to b? attacked at this point, were taken by surprise. ' Vory soon, tho Mexican forces having driven back the Americans at the foot of the Cerro. the latter took up their lino of retreat annoyed by the flru of the artillery of the advanced line of the left, which opened upon them with grape and round shot, and continued to fire as long as they were in view. " On the 18th, at 7 o'clock. A. M., the advanced lino of the left observed that the American forces commenced ! a movement on the Cerro del Telegrafo, following tho same road as on the previous day, and the Mexicans ! opened a fire upon them of round shot from a ti and 12- . pounder. In about half an hour afterwards they were . seen from the Cerro, attacking it in front and occupying J the wood to the left of the battery of the glacis, from which thry had been dislodged the day before. " Two companies of the 5th Infantry received orders to march to the wood and drive out the American forces, ? but having asked for reinforcements, on account of the number of the Americans being suporior, the rest of the J battalion were sent to their assistance; protecting this ' force with a Are of grape shot, which was made from the battery of the glacis on the wood, and the result of . which was that the Americans were forced to abandon . the place. "At the same time the advanced lines were attacked by tlie Americans, who coming from the old road of I'lan del Rio. endeavored to take possession of the central line, but this effort was an unhappy one for the Americans, who were compelled to retreat precipitately on account of the active fire which was made upon them, and which caused a great logs to thom in killed and wounded. Meanwhile the battle was going on at the Cerro (lei Telegrafo, on which the larger part of the American forces were charging; they outnumbering the Mexican forces ; and thus they could attack by different points on the defences?one of th# American columns succeeding at last In taking possession of the parnpet on the loft. At this moment General Vasijuez, who commanded this point, being killed, disorder and confusion was introduced among the Mexican forces and they retreated without order, abandoning that position to tlie Americans. " The loss of tho Cerro del Telegrafo. on tho part of the Mexicans, caused the Americans to take possession , of all tho other positions in the rear and envirous. The , Mexican forces that were defending them retired vn- , liantly Tiie battery of the glacis, commanded bv the ? Cerro del Telegrafo. began to suffer from the fire of the j artillery without being able to return It. on account of ( the height of tho latter?it being likewise cut off by the | American forces, who took immediate possession of tho ? surrounding points. The advanced linos were also cut , off. an tho battery of the glacis wan already In possession of the American* ; these had tho command of tho only j, road of communication which the Mexican* had, and T they found their rear guard without defence and cut off ? from their supplies. _ ' The*e circumetance* completely decided the victory in favor of tho American arm* -they had taken pon*e**lon of every one of the fortified point*, making prisoner* of war of the Mexican* who covered the advanced r line*, who were taken the name day to Plan del lUo, , where the American* hail their headquarter* ' The Mexican force* who fought at Cerro (iordo were , a little over 3000 ; for. ntthough there wore fiOOO infantry. ( five battalion* of these retired without taking part 111 , tho battle, and the cavalry remained all the time at Cor- j rat Falso. The American force* may be estimated at < from 10 to i'2.000? although (Jen Scott tolil the Mexi- , can* of the advanced line*, inviting them to surrender, , that, he had them surrounded by 1ft,000 men. ( ' The Ions on the part of the Mexican* is calculated to he about 1000 men dead and wounded ; and it can rea- , sonably be expected that the American loss wu larger. j on account of what they suffered on the 17th at the ( winding* of tho Cerro and in the wood* at the left of the glacis, a* al*o on the 18th, in these same point*, and on J attacking the advanced line* '' AFFAIRS IN MKXICO. [From tho N. O. Times, May IS J Tamtico, (Mexico,) May fl, 1847 ? A'mail wna received here yentenlay from tho city of Mexico. I have not ecn any of the papers, but have learned from a reliable source that the Mvxlcans in the interior, since the fall of Vera Crux and the battle of Cerro Oordo, have become fully aroused as to their situation. They lire flying to arms in every direction, and are determined to dispute with us every inch of ground. The present government of Mexico is straining every nerve to carry on i the war with renewed vigor-among other movements l it is making, is the grnnting of a captain's commission l to any person who may raise a company of twenty-five , mounted men. who. besidos their regular pay. are on- j ' uufu 10 ftii (nc piuuuur iuoj cau iukr num *? ?* ahavt- . , icana I j. If the aboye atatementa bo correct, anil you will boar I in inind that I obtained then) from a Mexican, then ha* u tlio guerilla warfare commenced in earneaa They may a .nny ii* for a while, but ultimately, the whole of thif line country ahall be ourn our* by right of con<|iieat. The new cuatorn houae regulatlona for the Mexican porta went Into operation here on the lat Inataut. Mr. n < haae. Iiuabanil oft lie celebrated Mra. Ann t'liaae, haa n been appointed collector ; Major Daahill. recelyer of d raoneya. and ( apt ' arr. atorekeeper There la a great II Held open here and in other Mexican porta, now in pox- ii aeaalvn of Ilia .Americana, for office-aeekero. and I think o that I'reaident I'olk haa now a tine opportunity to rid il hlmaulf of aome of thoae who hang about the White b Houae c Another arreat waa made here a few dnya ugo, in the y Alcalde line The Alcalde and councilmen of the town c of Altamira. aituated ou tlie San I.on I'otoal road, abont g twenty one inllea from thla place, have lieen engaged. v for aome time paat, in preventing tradera and cattle n from coining into thla place. Theae facta were laid be- " fore ( olonel (Jatea, who Immediately dlap itched ( apt c Wyae with a detachment of troopa to arreat him The Captain ranglit the gentleman, and brought him. with r four counollmen, to town, where they are now In eon- a flnement. f If aome of the peraona connected with the army do not t return to the I nited Statea richer tlian when they left T it. th?n it i* not wcmm tney are not well paid-- ror in- I stance the commandant of thl* place receive*, In addl- * tlon to hi* regular pay a* colonel. $200 per month; tho I nhlet of police, who in a major in tho regular ?ervlce, r f 100. and oonn* dozen ofother minor officer* In like pro- t J.ortion Now, I do not protend to And fault with thin, i or I believe they are juetly entitled to It and earn It, but 1 give it to you a* an item of now*. In *ome future letter i I will (ire you an account of the courta of juetiee. city I revenue, etc. (.apt. Aiken, of Company I, Louisiana Volunteer*, la now being tried by court martial, on eomc nix teen charge* Colonel Mark*. Captain* Kreeland and Cole, and Clout Ogier, of the Louisiana regiment, have been ordered to your eity on recruiting eery lee?to that when i ' 1 -" l n. Prio* Two Vwtb lie campaign open* after the rainy season, we may hare full and effective regiment. The health of the city i? good, weather very warm, nd buiinee* brisk in the quarter-master'* departxent. AMERICAN PRISONEBS IN MEXICO. [From the New Orlean* Time*. May 13 ] The following correct list of our countrymen, nowprlouers of war in the Castle of St. Jago. in the snhnrbs of ho city of Mexico, has been kindly furnished u* by a ri -nd. possessed of every advantage in gathering auhentic information relative to our difficulties with lexloo. We likewise are indebted to the some gentleman for he appended copy of a letter of remonstrance which our :alliiiit officers uddrevsed to Sauta Anna, and which was resented to him on the 38th March ; of which, however, in notice had been taken up to the 3d April, when Santa I nun left the capital. Finer ItxiiManr?Kentucky Cavalry?Officers?Maor J. P. Gaines. Capts C. M, Clay; W J. Heady , Lieut*, i". J. Churchill, O 11. J)avld?ou. Sorg'ts J. W. Owens, . White, W. L Payne; Corp s J. Swigart, J. Springer, . i\?'iup. i.#. nnarp ; privities?juiiii a. ni'ull, iv it. lolcuian, Win Whitehead. J O. Bates, Wm. 'I boinu, W. Johnson. John Scott. Wra Kuuk. J. F. Ball. A. 8. lluxandtr, J. Kennedy. N.Ware. J. O. Stlllman J Vlttl00, W A. Clark, W. Kooiu, A 8. Marshall, W. P. da vormnndie. D. IV. Levan, C. Culvert, U. Dougherty, W. ) Kattcliff. J Manner, J Walter, T?un. Cavalry, H. go, J. J. Finch. C. E. Mooney, A. Augerbrigbt. B. A. liopman. J Kioliurdson, B. S. Dowell, J. Rogers, A. Vilkiusou, R. White, A. C. Bryan, 11. S. Wood*, R. 'oehran, 1). Jane*, J S. Herring. W. T. Rally, B. R. plyere. S. Burnett, David Berry. Fisst Kcoimkmt ? Arkansas Cavalry ? Officers?MaJ. 1. Borland; Cant. C. C. Dauley; Sergeants H. Cason. C. i. Lyons, B. P. Martin; privates-Wm. Rives, Wm. dontgomerv, O. Ramey, O. 11 P. Billey. J. C Browers, i. Mooney, V. WilliatnN. (' P. Whitten, W. R. Hpetgle, It. Williams. R D. Steel. J W. Curtis. R F. llugglns, Phoman Webb, Thomas Kmart. A. htlnson. Joseph Jester, Stephen Jester, W L. lioletnan, A S. Marshall, R. Adams. J Richmond, W. T. F.dwards, James Crooks, M. Nelson. J. R Msgues. Left sick at Hun Luis Potosi ?Washington Fugle, Wm Russell. G. L'ndrrwood, John Flnley Secomd Rr.ui.memt?U. S. Dragoons ? 8. Turner. J. llurke, J. Foley, E. Todd, W. D. Stone, C. Murry, D. Celling. A. King. (1. Williams. B. F. McCready. Sick lit San Luis?A. Williams, Henry Fallbush. of the Baltimore Battalion. Castle St. Jaoo, (City of Mexloo,) ) March 34, 1S47. J To nis Excellemcv Gem. Samta Amma:? Sir: The undersigned, officers in the army of the United States of America, respectfully state to your Excellency, that they, together with their respective commands, eonlisting of seventy-one persons In all. became prisoners if war to the Mexican Republic, at the Hacienda En arnacion. on the 33d of January last. On that morning jefore daylight, we found ourselves entirely surrounded iy a Urge force?say three thousand menjind about inn???? il urliitM fliitr Annrimchfld ua on nnw alifm ar*H n samI. lerable force on another; we required that the troop* hould retire, precedent to our receiving the flag, which >eing complied with, the Mag approached, and a Mirrenicr demanded. We took one hour to determine whether re would entertain a proposition of the kiud or not; at he expiration of the hour the flag returned, and waa uewercd that we would hear a proposition, and wera old that General Miuon would send a major to our amp, while one ot our number of equal rank, ahould epair to his liend-quartcrs. and hear hi* offer. Thi* tuing done, Major Borlaud entertained the officer lent n; whilst Major Gaines rode out to the General, had a :ouference ol' about one hour with him, returned lb the lacienda, and In the presence of an interpreter, on each lide, stated the terms offered, which were accepted, and jetween eleven and twelve o'clock we surrendered a* >risoners of war. The terms were, that the General himself should reseive the sword of our commander: that public property ihould be surrendered; and private property should be respected; and that the best treatment, in every parti:Ular. known amongst civilised nations to prisoners of war should be ours. The General, when asked to reduce these terms to writing, gave us the most positive assurances that his word ol honor was worth more than three or four signatures, and thut, unless his agreement was fully carried out, he would abandon the service of his country. On our journey to this city, we had the gratification to meet your Excellency, and, after stating to you the terms of our capitulation, received the pleasing assurance that tlicy should be complied with. The object of this note in. to complain to the Head ef the Mexican Republic, that, ?o far fre m the terras of our capitulation having been complied with, we have been frequently eubjected to the meet grievous deprivation*, itid tiiat we have refrained from making our protest iltherto. in consequence of tlio unhappy dissensions said ;o exist in the capital ?which, being now fortunately adusted. a.i we are informed, wo most respectfully oali your ittention to our condition We forbear, ut this time, from entering in to the parti ular* of our complaints, and beg leave to refer your Exlellencv to (ieneriil Vega, who has lately been a prisoner if war in the United States (but who has not honored is with any notice whatever.) for the manner In whioh irisoncrs of war are treated In our country. There is, however, one complaint, which we owe to lurselvei to call your immediate attention to. We are nforined that General Minon, in reporting our capture ;o his government, alleges that we surrendered at discretion, and that we owe our lives to the magnanimity if the Mexican Republic. .Against such a statement we enter our solem protest: and declare that, the terms of our surrender being accurately stated in the foregoing part of this note, anything inconsistent thereto is on* founded in fact. tlnpiug that a peace between the two ltepublloa shall speedily b<- made, upon terms equally honorable to both, we subscribe ourselves, Your most obedient servants, [Signed,] Johx P. Gaines, Major Ky. Regt. of Cavalry, U. S. A Solon Borland. Ark. " ' " Cassius M. Clat, Capt. Ky " " " C. C. Oaklet, " Ark. " " " U. R. Davidson, 3d Lt. Ky. " u " CiEN. LA VEliA AND AMERICAN PRISONERS. New Orleans May 14, 1R47. Gentlemen,?In your paper of this morniugyou have lone very great injustice to a brave man, ana I ask you is a mutter of sheer Justice to publish the following state11 nut of facts. Having been ald-de-camp to Gen. La Vega, i prisoner in the castle of 8. Juan de I'lua, one of the ast acts I did for him was to write to the Governor of 'uebla requesting the release of Midshipman Rodger*, ie had not the power to order the release of this young ;eutleman, but his request was made in the strongest erin*. The article in this morning's Picayune, prefacing the tter from Major Gaines, in which you comment so aeereiy upon Gen. I.a Vega s conduct, was, no doubt, nitlen under the belief that It was in the general's over to serve the American prisoners in the castle ef auliago. You will, on perusal of the following, be able o judge of Gen La Vega's powers and position. On the 37th of Feb., Gen. La Vega was third in com 11,11111, uui, iuoiwij vuiiiuittuuniH in lue Cliy 1 DO laliieo at the city of Mexico wan besieged by the revolnlonary party of the ehuroh, and its adherents, i in rith him. and know that not one left the palace tor many lay* who was not shot down hy the populace. Three lay* before ttie arrival of (jen Santa Anna we left Mexco in great haste to oppose the Americans at the National bridge, and the revolution was still active, so that ire could hold no intercourse with the castle of Santiago, shore Major Gaines was confined, it being wlthlnthe nemy's linos. Orr several occasions I have been an eye witness to Jen. I.a Vega's generosity to American captives, taken 'rem the American plcqueta, during and after the siege >f Vera Cms. 1 have frequently heard htm express grateful feslings for kindness received In this oountry, ind a desire to reciprocate the same when circumstances would permit him. Midshipman Kodgers was found in an enemy's conntry with surveying instruments at night. Take the opposite side, and would not the Americans bavs detained nim? With regard to the treatment of Amerlean officers In Mexico, I have to say I know, as a fact, that American officers have received from tho inhabitants kind trentment, and from tint Government full psy One of (Jen. La Vega's aids carried the money to some officers taken at Malainoros. Immediately on the capture of the o?cers of the i'ruxton, they were asked wbat was their rank and what was their pay. The amount was paid to Lhem at once, and I appeal to them to state what wu heir treatment from the inhabitants The letter of credit given to (Jen. La Vega by Oeneral rnylor was never used by him, except to snow to hla fiends at Mexico ae an evidence of General Taylor's dndnes*and generosity I have the honor to remain, with due respect, your Host obedient servant, ENRIQUE MKJ1A, Aid-de-camp to Gen. La Vega. IU.JNOlSA.NH AT IM'ENA VISTA. The 'Id Illinois Regiment received, with the 'Jd Indlna, the first and heaviest fire of the enemy on the lorning of the J3d. The Jd Indianians retreated In Isorder, and left the Jd Illinois with two pieces of ght artillery?one commanded by Lieut. French, now n this city, and who was shot down at his gnn, tho nly force at this critical moment to resist the advancng line of the enemy, more than ten times tbelr namer At this time ( apt. Colly, who commanded a otupany in the Illinois Regiment, reeelvsd a very socr? wound in the left arm. fracturing it ;the Lieutenant olonel of the regiment was standing near him. Tho allant captain came up to him and salu?" (. olonel, I am rounded, hut must stick to my company." In a few nlniites he returned to the same officer, and exclaimed? Colonel, they've shot me again." He had then reeived a ball In his left shoulder. " I am sorr^ fbr It? irtj t.M.. j..?, ?. .""h ? |?jwii??, wee ply to him. Capt. C. returned to hi* company, and in . few minute* an IH.pnund shot struck the ground a few ret before him, rlcocherlng oyer hie head and covering ilin with eand and gravel and stinging him severely rith the pebble* thrown into hi* face Faint with the ? o*? of blood from hi* two wound*, and under th* Inspection that the exploaion of a shell had sevsrely wounded lint, he returned a third time to the name person, *xdalmiug?' Colonel, I am now torn to piece*, and mn*t (?t away if I can. but never yield the day to them indyet no wa* neither a Ml**l**ipplaii nora Keoturkian, ?ut a plain, straight-forward and Illinois man. that required to be *hot twice, and torn to*, before ^ he gave up. I l.b? NOIB VOI.lfNTKKKS. k Orrirr CoWMaunsa-nv-Cwiar. fit MfVItu, > w NraiaoriKLD. May 10. IH47. J St a. In compliance with yoor late call, for one company of cavalry and an additional regiment of infantry, from this State, I have the honor to Inform yon that

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