Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 28, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 28, 1847 Page 2
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iJBut w.v rr.lnasfii?e I eitl.eQ .hell be bound lo take the oath of allegiance 4th Th*t any California? or Km? of VUxieo. decir- ! ing, if prrmitUd to leare the country without let or hin- | d ranee 6th That in virtu? of the afore**id article#, equal right* aud privilege* are ?ogrh*nfcd to every citisen of California a* aiv enjoyed by the oilisuus of the United State* of North America 6th All officer*. citiien*. fc?r*i?ner* or other* ihnll rtrdn the protection guaranteed by the id article. 7th Tin* capitulation i? intended to be no bur in effecting *uch arrangement* u* may in future be in juatice required by both part lea. An additional article nays ' That the patolel of all officer*, cilisen*. and other* of the Uuited State*, and of naturalized cltiien* of Mexico are by thi* foregoing capitulation cancelled, and every condition of Raid parolee, from and after date, are of no further feree and effect. and all prisoners of both parties are hereby reba*ed" The Cali/arnian of Feb. 13. allude* to the letter from Loe Angelot previously published in that paper, which ha* since been re-pubiiahed in the United State* and called forth a statement from Major Krnory a* to Gen Kearny position at the battle of the bth aud 9th of January it say* ;? . "Our obj- et in rofening to thia lettor is to do justice to two brave and distinguished officers, Gen Kearny and Capt. Mar vine 'I'he writer of this letter ?tate? that in the march *r?>m Sau Diego to Lo* Angtloa. tlie whole waa u.id- r the immediate command of Commodore Stockton. . : .... . I... line ot I whi'-i tli tru ii i? i preiious in mkiiik "r i UUeU'.nil tml irii St ekton Hnnounoi"J to thf , that the i. in|" expedition was iilnrnl undiT conniiid | or (leu Keuruy l.":i<olf boliliuK Lm station ?* lomman- | Ut.T-in < bin I of t oliforuio; and <>? ?. Kearny did com- 1 uiaud elm wli il? eap< Jiuon. and Capt. Turner the dragoon* tlluili il to." X be California" then if*** on to do justice to Cup tain , Mervine. by ahowlnjf that lit* expedition from Sau Pedro woe a k.kilniit Hif n'r. although unsuccessful for lack of homes to pursue the enemy. The following item* will show the view taken by Coin. Sbubriek. of his powers :? ( he L". S sloop of wsr Cy-lnc arrived in port on the afternoon of the Plh and flrmi the appropriate salute for Corn Hhuhrick fioneral Kearny being on board the i Cyan*. received a salute from the linlependenee. The ! < yane was eight days from San Diego; left the Congress ! . aud Portsmouth at San l>ief?o: passed the merchant bark Tasso ou her wuy up. In low San Pedro.-'' UKStllk OlIIEB. To all whom it may concern:?The undersigned. Commander-ln-i hief of the naval forces of the United 1 States in I he I'ar.itlc llimu. in virtue or the aulhnritv I Vested ill hiui hy the President of i he United States, and ' takin;- into consideration the injury caused to the agrlcultural pursuits of the inhabitants of ( alif.iriiin by the late unsettled state of the country, the ureal demand at present for all arliclea of provisions, and the probable Increase of that demand, directa that for tho spare of six months from the first of March nest, vie: from the 1st of said month of March to the 1st of tho month of September next, the following articles of provisions shall be admitted into the ports of California free of all charge or duty, via: beef, porlt. bread, hour, butter, cheese, sugar and rice Doue. dec., 11th of February. 1847. W. BRANFOKD SHUBR1CK. Commander-in-Chief. The California!* of February 13. says that it learns by an arrival from Verba Buena. that a party of emigrants. 80 in number, left on the other sido of California mountain hail suffered severely Nineteen started for the valley, hut only seven arrived, having been compelled to eat the dead bodies of tlieir companions to save them selves worn starvation. .'tiuoug mo rm . girls A public meeting was held at once in Verba Buena. and *HIH) raised for the relief of the sufferers In the mountains Messrs Wurd Sc Smith offered their launch, uud Passed Midshipman Wnodworth. with a small party, started up the river with the intention of disembarking at the foot of the mountains and going on foot with parks of provisions, to save the suffer-rs The distressed party lost their rattle on the salt plains, at llasting's cut off-a route which never should be travelled Mr. Larkiu was at Monterey, attending to his business. on the lllth of February, having been released by the enemy An English school was about to he established there The Alcalde publishes an order, forbidding men to employ Indian", unless they have certificates iroiu their former employers, that their services are not due to the latter for wages advanced. Mr. Seinple is about to found a city at San Francisco Bay. to bo called Franclr-ea He has purchused. for that purpose, the half of a five mile tract. cot.. FREMONT AND TIIK CALIFORNIA REGIMENT. I propose giviug a brief and rapid sketch of the operations of Col. Fremont in < alifornia. The Colonel, us it will be remembered, came to California in the early part of last year, at the head of about fifty mcu. In the discharge of high and responsible duties belonging to the department of topographical engineers, a station in which by It is seal, ability, Ate , as is indls- \ putahly asserted fur him by bis able reports, he had already won for himself u name extended, and familiarly known throughout Lhe civilized world; and happening to 1 be ou the skirts of the country when war was declared between the United States aud Mexico, lie was at once indicated us. in all respects, the man proper to be placed in supreme military command; and being forthwith sent for by despatch on his urrival. was at once invested by Commodore ilobert F. Stockton, of the United States Navy, as commmandtr of the United States forces in California, when it may be said, his military career proper fir.-t began. His first movement wua an attack on Sonora, which he tonic completely by surprise, iiucl by an energy and address peculiar to himself, he put down all opposition and quieted the country, and then moved on by sea to San liiego from whence lie marched by land to the City of Angela, where, in conjunction with Commodore Stockton. lie again succeeded, without the effusion of blood, in tranquiliziug the country, and concluding, us was supposed, u permunent peace with, the Califoruians. the basis of which was adding their entire territory us a lovely and brilliant appanage of our dear Union This done Col. Fremont, witli liis usual celerity, returned to the north, preparatory to the organization of a civil government at the head of which he had already been appointed civil Governor But the restless temper of the interested and leading uien t f (tie country, pretended to foresee evil to tlieir people iu the contemplated change of rulers and government, excited the p. ople t<> un insurrection, and again forced Col Fremont into the held, where, under the circumstances surruuudingjiiiu. and the difllcultieshe had to surmount, he acquitted himself in u manner, and achieved results that I venture to say. in the judgment of military critics, will lie admitted not to have beeu surpassed by any leader of modern times. Without money or men. and iu a country where the first was not to lie seen, aud the latter few and widely scattered.' ol Fremont si t about raising a force tbat he considered sufficient for the occasion, and also arms and munitions of war. apparently with as much confidence as if in a country where those tilings were abundant, aud of ea^y procurement, and strange as it may appear, witli obstacles courlautly staring him iu the faee. he pursued the tenor of his course, and in an incredibly short time he was again iu the field at the head of about four hundred and fifty men, wull moun.ed, aud supplied witli every equipment of war, including four bcuuliful pieces of artillery?and almost immediately commenced a inarch of many hundred miles in extent, wiliiout any supply whatever from the commissary, and through u country where it would have appeared to minds less fertile than bis, that it was impossible to obtain them The troops constituting Col. kreinoul'H command, gathered up hastily as they were, uud from the midst of a population so few and scattered, were perhaps, taken as a whole, the most strange aud discordant that ever inarched under any one banner. There were representa tlvea irom almost every nation on eartn, inciuuing many tribes ut North American Indians, and speaking all manner of tongues. Yet out of this motley crew, did lie form and discipline a corps of as efficient men as could anywhere be brought to a charge; and as devoted in their personal attachment to their leader, as his uiost anxious friends could desire. The activity and untiring energy of Colonel Fremont, certainly cannot be exceeded by any comwuuder I may ' be charged with adulation when I couple his name Willi that of Napolean, but he certainly practises on the same tactics, and evidently thinks as the great Corsican was said to have done?that to minds of energy and boldness, nothing ought to lie regarded lis impossible. A detail of the march of Col. Frt-uioul from the Missions of St John s to the city of Angels, a distance of at least four hundred miles -replete as it was with incidents almost as startling as the subjects of an entertaining novel, developing constantly some new and striking feature in his character?1 shall, for the want of time at present, be reluctantly compelled to lorego, with a promise of attempting it in future. The sequel of the campaign proves the estimation in which Col Fremont was hoideti even by our gallant foe Like eagles, for days they hovered around our tlanks, threatening to strike the blow, and evidently only waiting for one false move?the slightest decline of vigilauue on our part, to pounce upon our little band, and by one terrible sweep destroy us, but they waited in vain, their hopes were delusive. They were uiet at every turn, hundreds of well directed rules admonished them that they could not conquer hy surprise; and the daring front of our columns warned them thai a victory over Krcinout would cost them more liven than they eh one to spare, until tlnally yielding to despair, they renolved to surrender to him whom they dare not tight? but in whose generosity they could salely trust and eontido. The terms of the capitulation concluded by Mnjor P. B. Reading, Capt. Louis Mcl.aue and \V. II Kussill, commissioners appointed by Col Fremont, with three .Spanish gentlemen, selected by the < alifornians. wi re just and niutually beuellclal to both parties, and it is now conlidently believed that the tocsin of war will not again alarm the citizens of this highly favored land, for years to oome CoL Fremont, Ifcing likely, from his recent unparalleled and rapid promotion, and his present position of Governor of California, to engage murh of public attention, I have deemed a deeeription of his personal appearance and manners, as in some way connected with this sketch, and the subjoined. I think, is a fair portrait:? The Colonel Is slight In form, and about ttve feet eight Inches in height, naturally of a smooth fair skin, hut now somewhat bronsed over by exposure to all description of weather, which he seems to hold in the most entire contempt, when It Interferes with the accomplishment of any favorite object or wish. HU eye In large and blue. una *p*a** aimnai intelligibly when under eacltement, either of anger or kindly feeling* It 1* an eye <l<'?crlbed by*ome poet an kindling in war, and melting In love. In manner, Col F I* modeat, reaerred and rather retiring, until you encroach on what be conaidera tiis own p round, when inatanlly hia ye kindle*. hia lac* fluahe*. hia nervou* ayat'-m alightly t rem uloua. and In a manner atlll mild but fir in. he utter* reproof* that I have net *een fail to produce the effect of making hi* adversary quail or givo ground. He ia. phyaieally and morally, undoubtedly n very brave inuu. 'I he fmcfrt of Col. b remout, (now * loveuor Fremont.) being ot hia own aelection. |>arlake a good deal of hi* own character, and are peculiarly rutted to the elation* they enjoy. Captain Ktchar 1 Owing*. who command* the Governor'* old company, i* about tliirty Ave year* of age, bold and ekillul in war, the reaultof many year* i aevere training In the mountain*, when etrugglmg for life and aubei*l?nee again*! the Indian* Aaa rifle *hut. Capt. Owing*, perhap*, ha* no auperlor. Major Loul* AitLaue. theaccoud eon of ourminlater at I the Court of St. Jaine*. and who now command* the i battalion of artillery, belong* properly to the navy, were he enjoy* a high reputation a* an officer and gen- I tlemaa In the late campaign h? commanded a company pf artillery, and having dutmguiahed hlnuelf on every | j which was duly accorded to him by all, he ?ai at one*, oa hla arrival at thla capital, promoted to bta preeent poeitlon of the command of a battaliou. Msjor Me Lane having enjoyed the advantage* of a hue dunation, and being much devoted to hteprofession. Is destined to rise to an enviable position either in the , naval or military hietory of his country. Ha was also, as , before stated, associated with Major Heading and Col Itoaaell. on the com mission for negotiating a treaty of | peace with the ,t aJlfornians. and proved himself well t killed in diplomacy . . , , . , apt Richard T Jacobs, son of Mr Joho J Jacobs, qT Louisville. Kentucky, commanded a company of Indiana in the late campaign, and proved himself a gentleman and an officer of sterling merit. . .. . >!?jor Reading. Paymaster, Major Snyder, Quartermaster. Adjt Talbot, c spts. l^rd and Swift and Lieute. Uuii^ueiUij. i iucUay, Lokar^and. H Raon-tha latter also of the navy?areafl ofllcsrs of great merit, particularly suited to the Stations they bold, aud enjoy the high esteem and confidence of their comrades. Cast, but by no m-ans least, the Regiment was delighted by the re-union to It of the celebrated Kit Carson, whose fame Is too well and widely known to require eulogy or notico here, lie goes home in a ahort time, as bearer of <J< spat< bes. An incident occurred in the progress of the war so ' demonstrative of unusual daring, that I do not feel uiy...n >,..rmlire<l to nass it hv uunoticed. A'fjl. Talbot, a young gentleman of about twenty-one ycaiH of age. wai< loft iu ehaige of ten other pcrnous at banta Barbara, when they were attacked I y a large California force. which tlioy manfully re| elied. and dually luide good their retreat, after hundred* of utile* of trav ling, and sullerlug, to Monterey, where they joiucd Col Fremont. Among the young gentlemen of Mr. Talbot's party who distinguished themselves for coolness and courage on tbi* trying occasion, was F.ugoue Kuweit, eon of Col. Kuweit. of Missouri, now tlocrotary of the Territory of Culiforuia. The foregoing is a brief and eery imperfect sketch of Col. Fremont's march from the north to the city of Angels, where we leave him, comfortably seated in the gubernatorial chair, laboring and apparently as anxious to conciliate the people, by the prudence and justnees of his measures, as he was to conquer them, when they opposed him in the field. THE ARMY. Major Lee, with one company of the 7th and two of tlie loth Infantry, embarked yesterday under orders for Veru Cruz Colonel Andrew's Voitigeurs. with Captain Blair's company, and a detachment of the name regiment, and one coiupauy of llragouns. embark to-day for the Brazos New (Ji Uans Delia, I9>A imt. Captain Walker and hi* company arrived at Vera Cruz on the 10th instant. His men were all In fine spirit* and the horses wi re landed in better oondition thau those of any other corps.?N. O. Picayune, 19th init LlOn Wednesday, ;tbu mortal remains of one of the ero< s of Monterey were borne te their final resting |.iaru uy iu? utibii rt'ncium nenurve?vr m uuw, ui faplaiu McMuuus' Company, after huviug distinguished himself before Mouterey. returned with a shuttered constitution to die amongst his friends. On Tuesday night he breathed his lust, it was Low who saved his gallant captain's life at Alonterey, when in the melei. he discovering a Mexican about iifty yards distant taking deliberate aim at him, stepped forward, and with his unerring rifle rolled him in the dust. Captain McManus, who is here on furlough onaooount of siokness. witnessed the interment of his companion Jin arms, and shed a soldier's tear over the grave of his deliverer. Peace to his ashes!?Jackson (Mm.) Southron, 14(A in$t, Major Twiggs. Lieutenant D.J. Sutherland, and Lieut. Welsh, of the U. S. Marine Corps, left this city yesterday for Kort Hamilton, Mew York, which has been selected as the general rendezvous of the murine force ordered to take part In land service in the war with Mesi- { co. The whole force will sail in a few days from Kort Hamilton, direct to the Gulf of Mexico, and will be 1 landed at the most eligible point, so as to secure the , earliest communication with Geueral Scott, under whose orders it is to act, as also are a considerable body 1 of sailors to be drawn lYotn the squadron. These officers j were accompanied by George Decatur Twiggs, Esq., a young gentleman, who, it Is believed, will be attached to ' the stutf of General Twiggs ?U. S. Gazette, 27th init. ) NAVAL. | The schooner John Y. Mason, built for the coast survey, was to be launched at Washington on Wednesday utlernoon. Hperlliig Intelligence. Tbottino at thi: Union Coubie, L. I.?The perform- , unces at the Union, yesterday, were well worth witness- 1 ing. Three very excellent horses contended for a purse of $100, mile heats, best three in Ave, in harness,viz:? Tom Benton, driven by Geo. Spicer; Sarah Winch, In ' churge of Hiram Woodruff; and Young Dutchman, un- , der the superintendence of Wm. Whclun?the three in- i dividuals named being universally acknowledged "stars'* in their profe-sion. So closely were the nugs matched, that the linauciers, at a loss to find the favorite, gathered i in groups and drew for choice, previous to opening their accounts, after which a lively business was transacted. The condition of the horses was very line, giving evidence of great care and industry on the part of their trainers. Tom Benton won the pole, Borah Winch the second position, placing Dutchman outside, which is the better part of the track. All being in readiness, tho trot began. First Ileal.?The trio came to the score as evenly as possible, and the start was given. As they made the iuru, .-sui'uu which iook me Haj, uuicuman ciose up, Beutou a length behind. winch situation Mr. Spicer appeared to prefer. Id this way they panned the quarter pole iu 42 seconds. Saruh Winch soon after broke, and at the same moment Dutchman wan eeen Hying, which allowed Denton to clone up with them, aud at the half they were all in a row. They were 1:33>? in reaching thin place. Ueulou then broke' up. and fell oif a couple of lengths before he became Bleady. the mare and Dutchman keeping their heads together. A*s they ap preached the turn to the stretch, Sarah broke, throwing Deutou up, he being under u full headway at the time, and cloHing very rapidly with the othcis. But when the mare broke, she was iuiuiudlately in front of biui, aud he could not draw out. This accideut to Deulon gave the heat to Dutchman, for Denton wax thrown back at tbe time about three lengths Still ho came bo well up the xtretch, that Dutchman only boat him a neek. Sarah W inch wax about two ieugthi in the rear. Time, 3:43. Second He. it.?Dutchmau took the lead on leaving the xcore. and held it to the quarter pule, the maro two lungths behind, quite unxteady, with Benton still further inthereiir.be laving broken up at the turn. Time 43), seconds On the back stretch, Denton began to gaingrudually ou the others, aud before reaching the hall, he had overtaken uu (1 passed the mare, and was weU up with Dutchman. TJicy made the half mile in 1 33. Kroin there to the turn, they wore nil together, where Sarah broke and fell b.sek; up the stretch tie raee was very close between Benton and Dutchmau. but at the drawgate, Dutchman brol.e and Denton led to the score two lengths iu front in 3.44. Sarah Winch was held up at the distance staud^and walked in. Third Ih ai.?Dutchmau aguiii took the lead, Dsntou close up, Surah two lengths behind at the turn. Approaching the quarter pole. Denton threw his shoe off broke up. aud fell back. Uul'.chmau leading, passed that place in 4.') seconds. Sarah cltoscd the gap between her aud Dutchman, before he reached the half. (1:33;) but as she touk hii* Mile, they both, broke. Denton, notwithstanding hie barefoot condilioai, wax not williug to give up tile context; lie dashed afbtr I he others, and came up with them ax they turned on the home stretch, and stuck to them, head to head. to the drewgate, where he again broke, leaviug the game to be settled between Dutchman and Sarah, which was us close as it was possible to make it, Dutchman Inuring but a neck the lead us they crossed the score. Tiime, Charges of foul driving were made to the judges by Woodruif against VVhelun, which being investigated, the heat was given to Sarah IV inch. Fourth Hi at.?They gotolT in a very even manner, and wi-nt lluely round the turn, where Bcu.'.ou began to draw out ulieud of the otbeis At the ijuurl vr, (4d seconds.) be was two lengths in advance of Dutchman and Sarah, who were side uud side, lie continued To hold his advantage, and passed the hull' mile pole in 1 '41. the two others keeping us they were. 'The two in tTie real* then broke up slightly, but soon recovered, losing I (Tile ground. Benton kept on sieudily round the bottom of the track and up tlie stretch to the the score, which he rvached in *4 44, beating the others two lengths, uotwitlislanding the skilful exertions of Woodruif and U'htluu to .overtake him Fifth Htat.?The horses came up for this he.tt very finely, each toeing the mark as the word was give U, and they went rouud the turn and up loaard* the qutarler pole iu the same style; but as they passed the pole, t Wall was a little in front of Benton, Dutchman liie moi.lent before having fallen oil' a length, occasioned by a 111 ght break. Time, 41 seconds. Then it whs u side and s. (le race between Uenloti and the mare to the half mile polu, the distance being performed in 1:21; Dutchman fellowiug on behind. t-roui this place to the turn the Strug Hii' i? uie icau between Surah and Benton was very ex- I citiug (ioin^ round to tin- stretch, Benton broke, and * Sarah shot ahead; but Benton win bent ou having tho heat lie ({Ulckly recovered. and before Uulchiuan oauie ( up with bun. he put out after the inure. cuugbt up with her. and tinully succeeded in beating her by a neck in 1 i:44; Dutchman a length or so behind. CartTow Coi'H?k, Bai.t imokk?Srsiso mcktina?Sr.cosn Liar.?Tile race for the proprietor's purse of ' two mile beats, was very well contested, hour horses ( started?Mr. Millan's chesnut colt by Trustee; Mr Wal- i den's bay mare Helen; Colonel Green's brown marc, by Priam; and Mr. Hare's greyjllley Bostona The purse I was won by Mr. Hare's Bostona, taking the first and , third heats in 3:01)4 and 3.3. The sport Is said to have been very animated. To-day a fine race comes off Jockxr Ct-rn Hacks?St. Loin Couksc.?Fifth Day. ?Sweepstakes for three year old colts?mile heats, %-lb entrance?}'2!> added by the proprietors P Shroyer's s c Allen Wright, by Kevoillo, out of Jerry Lannaster's dam, 3 years old, 3 11 R \V Hobblna's. c. Uragaura, by Masaniello, dain by Waxy, .'1 years old 1 3 dis. i V. C. Caswell's R. c. Jerry Martin, by Class leader, dam hy luip. Autocrat, 3 years old, dis. I Time?1:4??3:06?3:08X. ? St. Louii Reveille, 1AM init. Political and Pcmonal. Mr. Webster, fur the lust two or three days, has been convalescent, and will, in all probability, in a few dnys be restored to his usual good health and strength. We I learn that lie attended divine worship at the I'resbyto- j rian church in the forenoon of yesterday.?Jiugutta, j litu. Chronicle, U lth init. r We havo received a telegraphic communication from i New York, dated 'J o'clock, announcing the gratify lug fact that Ambrose L>. Jordan has reconsidered his declension. and consent* to accept the nomination of Judge of the < ourt of Appeals ?Jllbanij Journal, IVednehtmy. About seven hundred persons assembled at Waynes- 1 borough on Friday last, for the purpose of paying their ! res|M'cts to Mr. Webster, whom they expected would ! pass through the place, on his way to Sarannalx. on that day lleinre separating, the friends of Mr. W. resolved themselves into a political meeting, an4 passed resolutions favorable to Mr. Clay and lien. Taylor. Hew York, Friday, May W, 184V. OUR ILLUSTRATED WKEILY. Views of the STEAMSHIP WASHINOTOM, AND THE HALLS OF THE MONTEZVMAS* The Weekly Herald will be ready to-morrow at 9 o'clock. The following is n summary of part of what it will contain :? Thomas II- Benton's speech at St. Louis, Mo.; several highly interesting letters from Mr. Bennett, who is now in Europe ; the latest news from the army and navy ; list of the judicial nominations ns far as heard from ; Mexican account of the buttle of Cerro Gordo ; full account of the trial trip of the new ocean steamship Washington, with u complete description ofth .t beautiful vessel; European and Washington correspondence, and our usual digest of comnierciul, financial, political and general intelligence. It will contain two beautiful engravings?one a faithful representation ot the iiiuiu I'laza, in the city of Mexico, with a full view of the Hulls of the Montezuinus; und the other of the new steamship Washington. Single copies 64 cents euch. Our Relation* with Mexlco_Vlew of the Halls of the Montezuma*. We are informed by the latest accounts we have received, that Gen. Scott, at the head of the ariny under his command, is pursuing his way to the city of Mexico, and that the inhabitants of that place were moving away as rapidly as possible, fearing the assault of our treops. By this time the American army is, no doubt, in possession of the capital; and the next arrival from there at New Orleans will, probably convey to us intelligence, by which we can form nn opinion as to the duration of the war. Mr. Trist has, no doubt, too, opened his mission, and ugain held forth the olive branch. We shall soon learn whether the cupture of the capital will have the effect to make the Mexicans more willing to agree to a peace than they were on former occasions. It may be interesting at the present, when so many of our countrymen areprobubly in the capi tul of the Aztecs, to give a short account of it for the benefit of their friends at home. It is situated it the bottom of a valley containing sixteen hundred square miles, in the State of the same name, ind surrounded by mountains varying in altitude From three to ten thousand feet. The city itself is 7400 feet above the level of tjie sea, distant from Vera Cruz 252 miles, and 300 from Tampico, and from Washington 2750 miles. We take the following description of this city from Williams' UnioersatOaseleer :? The present city occupies only part of the site of the ancient Mexican city of Tenochtitlan. whioh was founded, according to the traditions of the natives, in 1831, or two centuries before its conquest by Cortes. The location is near the Lake Tescuco, the waters of which, with the other lakes iu the vicinity, have been on the decrease for several centuries. "Mexico is undoubtedly." says Humboldt, " one of the finest cities ever built by Europeans In eltncr nemispnere. wun ine exception of I'ctersburgh, Berlin, Philadelphia, and Wostminiter, there does not exist a city of the same extent which can be compared to the capital of New Spain for the uniform level of the ground on which it staudl, for the regularity and breadth of the streets, and the extent of the public place*. The architecture in generally of a very fine style, and there are even edifice* of a very beautiful structure. Two porta of hewn stone give to the Mexican building* an air of solidity, and sometime* of magnificence. The balustrade* and gates are all of Biscay irou. ornamented with bronze; and the houses instead of roofs, have terraces, like those of Italy and other southern countries." Many of tho streets are nearly two miles In length, perfectly level and straight, with the ends terminating in a view of the mountains that surround the valley. The houses are in general of uniform height, most of them haviug three stories, each from 16 to 30 feet high. The fronts of most of the houses are painted in different colors, viz: white, crimson, brown, or light green, and retain their beauty for many years, owing to the dryness of the atmosphere. The city is built in the form of a square, of about four miles oa a side. The Plaza Major is one of the finest square* to be seen in auy city in the world. The east side is occupied by the cathedral, a magnificent building: the north by a splendid palace, formerly occupied by the viceroys; the south by a fine row of houses, in the centre of which is a paInce, culled the Caia dr.I Ktlada, built on the site of the palace of the Montezumas: and on the west is a range of shops, public offices, granaries. &.C., with piazzas in front. Near the suburbs, to the north, Is tho Alameda, or great promenade. The botanical garden Is small, but rich in rare and interesting productions. It is handsomely laid out in the Spanish fashion, with flagged walks, bordered with elegant large pots of flowers In the centre is a large stone basin, supplied by a fountain with water. The public buildings are very numerous. A late traveller counted 106 cupolas, spires and domes, within the city, and there arc 66 churches, besides the cathedral, | 38 convents, namely:?23 of moDks and is of nuns. Tb? Franciscan convent is n large establishment, with &u income of about $00 000, arising principally from alms. I The hospital is well support) d. and the mint is tho most extensive establishment of the kind lu the world. The university, founded in 1661, and the public library, are worthy or notice, as well as the academy of painting and sculpture. The dwelling houses of the citizens, although many of thorn are elegant, lofzy, and spacions, are not as well furnished as those of cities in the United States. The city is supplied with watei bv uoueducts : and tho canal of t'hulco, which ex tends Irom the hike of that name to the city, niTnrdi an avenue for conveying in canoes, the produce of the sur rounding country, and the fruits, flowers, nod vegetables raised iu the beautiful gardens in the vicinity, to market. The remains of the celebrated floating gardens, called Chiatnpas, are near the lakes, uud are now stationary, surrounded by a broad ditch. Mexico was formerly subject to inundation* from the lakes, to prevent which, a drain has been cut through s gap in the mountains. I'2 miles long and 300 feet wide, nt great expense. The climate is bland, and the atmosphere pure and healthy. There are many pleasant rldei out of the city; among others, that to the village ol 'i'aoubaya. four miles distant. This city enjoys an extensive commerce, which is car ried on through the ports of Acapulco, on the Pacific uud Vera Cruz. Alvurado. uud Tampioo, on the Atlantic Ocean. Merchandise is transported on mules from these seaports; and coinpuuies of traders with the goods geneially go armed to protect tnemselves front robbers, who occasionally frequent the roads to the capital. The people are much addicted to pleasure and gambling The ladies, when they are seen in the street*, art dressed iu blHck, except on holydays and other public occasions, when their dresses are gny. They generally are iu enrriHges when they appear in public, aud but seldom on horseback. The dress of the higher classes of the men is similar to those of Spain. Long cloaks are worn in the streets, aud light jackets in the houses. American. Knglish and French manufactures of cotton and wool and German linens, are much worn. Knglish earl hen ware, beer and porter, are also iu great request. Some breweries have, however, been established iu the city Beggars, called Irptrot, similar to the latzuroni of Naples, are very numerous in this city ; tbey are said to amount to 20,000. The ancient city of Mexico, or Teuoehtitlan. wus taken by Cortez. in 1621. after a siege of 76 days, when a great slaughter of Inhabitants took place. The nouses were rated to the grouud, and the preseut city built on the ruins. Lat. 19 26 N, Ion 103 46 W. Conspicuous among the beauty and magnificence of the city of Mexico is the Main Plaza, of which wc give a beautiful illustration in this iay's paper. This represents the Plaza as it api eared in 1833. It covers an area of twelve tic re a i.iTcJ with marble, forming one of fhc most > intit'ul promenades in the world. On every side of this great square, it will be perceived, magnificent nnd costly public buildings nre situaJed. On one side is seen the spacious cathedral, which extends the whole length of the square, and the Government Palace extends 'he whole length of another side. The cathedral is elected on the site of the great idol temple of the Aztec*, nnd the Government Palace on the ground ol tt.'c palace of the great Montezuma. 1 he amount of wealth in the cathedral is incredible. Th*' altnr is covered with plates of massive silver, and beautified with or mnirnts of massive ?old. The balustrade enclosing the altar extends a length of one hundred feet, and is made of a massive composition of gold, silver and copper, the value of which ts exceedingly great. Statues, vases,

mnd candlesticks, of gigantic size, nre scattered through the building; and when we know that Uie*e, too, are made from the precious metals, we /'an form an idea of the immense wealth of tHiiftcathedral. There are about eighty churches in addition to the cathedral, richly ornamented with [old, silver and precious stones, and it is I apposed that the wealth which is exhibited in this masses wthisgsnths i, !!! ii imi?mi 1 thai are kept iu conceal meat by the priests. The city of Mexico can also boast of a splendid theatre, or opera house, which was erected at an immense cost, end is capable of seating ten thousand persons comfortably. On the western side of the city is another square of forty-five acres, with a fountain ill the centre. It is laid out into pleasant walks, und much frequented iu the evening as a prouie- | nade. The ctty of Mexico, like the city of New York, j has its fashionable drive?its Third Avenue, i We must, however, acknowledge that our Third Avenue cannot be compared to it for beauty and extent. Some idea of its extent may be j fnrmpil fr?nn the fact that it is one mile wide, on which the most splendid carriages, 111 innumerable numbers, may be seen every evening. It is not unusual to see seven or eight thousand horse- | men and two thousand carriages on it ..t the same time. jl This Ua fuint description of the cify of Mexico, now, probubly, in possession of ti.e Arnerican troops. When we reflect on it? beauty and magnificence, we are not at ull surprised that the enemy preferred to allow our army to occupy it without making any resistance, for if it were bombarded in the same way as Vera Cruz was, the damage could never be remedied. We ure as much surprised, however, when we consider the wealth of the churchea, that the prieathood who have a controlling influence on the public mind of that country, would have allowed our army to march into it?that they did not direct their influence towards peace. But so it is. Mexico, the capital of the republic, is probably now in our hands, and will remain in our possession till peace shall have been concluded. Arrival of Lieut. Hunter from Alvarado. We learn that the " Hero of Alvarado" arrived in town laat evening, and ia now at the Americ in Hotel. The gallant officer came as far us Norfolk in the U. S. ship Ohio, and thence by the overland route to this city. On his arrival here last evening, he was met with such a welcome as he will not soon forget. As soon as it was announced that Lieut. Hunter was in the house, the greatest commotion prevailed throughout the whole American. The reception roomB were thrown open, and the ladies hastened to show how well bravery and beauty coincide. While yet he was enjoying the agreeable sur prise 01 sucn a reception, tne gallant sailor s ears were addressed with three times three as hearty cheers as were necessary to do his heart good. Nothing could exceed the enthusiasm which prevailed; cheer after cheer followed the regular round, and all seemed desirous to be foremost in expressing their admiration of bravery by thus showing respect to its embodiment. Intercourse with the Pacific.?Mr. Asa Whitney's project of constructing a railroad to the Pacific, receives the approval of all who become informed of it. A few days since, the Connecticut Legislature passed a resolution recommending it in a very flattering manner, and requesting the Senators and Representatives of that State in Congress to give his plan their prompt attention and support. Whether Mr. Whitney's plan, or that proposed by Mr. Wilkes, or the new project of cutting a railroad or canal through the isthmus of Tehuantepec, will be udopted, no one can tell; but it is certain that many years will not elapse before the Atlantic and Pacific oceans are united. The increase of civilization and commerce demands something of the kind. Later from Venezuela.?By private accounts from Caraccas to the 4th instant, we learn that the fate of Guzman, who, it will be recollected, had been condemned to death for attempts at creating political disturbances, was still unsettled. Ilis friends had appealed to the Supreme Court for a reversal of his sentence. That court, however, had, it was supposed, decided against him, liio f.> tniln wli/i ova waoltlur an/1 raanantahlf* auu Hio ?.ljr t..? cwv. "'""-"1 were using all their endeavors to obtain a reprieve or a pardop. Riot and Fire at Long Island Farms.?The buildings at Long Island Furms having been rented by the Emigrant Commissioners as a hospital for the sick under their charge, the inhabitants living in the vicinity of Newtown, L. I., be- . came alarmed at the danger of infection thut might result from such a use of the buildings, ' and so called a meeting, at which it was determined to take immediate steps to prevent the occupancy of them for such purpose. The end of all was, that the three buildings rented by the commissioners were set lire to und burned to the ground. A fourth building, not rented by the commissioners, remained safe and unscathed. It is said there were some fifty or sixty persons in the mob who destroyed these buildings. P. S.?A gentleman from Newtown informs us , that the meeting alluded to was called as a meeting of the board of health, but as there was not a majority of the board present, a resolution was passed authorising officer John L. Boyd to pro, ceed to the premises, accompanied by twentyorwl Inn,!,,,,, ?f |).? IIIC >uiuuir.Mr, W.U * , intended oerupantn; but before the arrival of the r ollicer the buildingn hud been fired by Home persons to him entirely unknown. i From Hayti.? We are informed by Captain ' Putnam, who arrived last night from Port au i Prince, thut a revolution hud taken place at Cape Nicola Mole. The President, with troops, had i Left for the Cape in a steamer, but returned previous to the suiting of Captain 1'. Musical. Italian OrsRA.?Slgnora Pico's benefit takes plaoe at Paloio's to-night, and we are tohave"L'Elislr D'Amore." with Pico aa Adina; Beuedettl, as Nemorino; fieneventano. as Belcore, and Sanquirioo as Dulcamara. Added to the opera is the extra entertainment of a dance.? Mile. Dimit-r, between tbe acts, will dancs"La Manola." and ii pophlar dance. 'I In re can be no exception)) taken to tbi* scheme of promised amusement; but aside from tbe bill. BIgnora Pico's personal merits claim, and we barn no doubt, will receive, substantial evidences of regard' We love to bear Pico sing, we hope she will have the very greatest reason to sing out right charmingly tonight. Sociktv Library.?This evening Mr. Lover gives hie last exhibition, in a new entertainment called the " Sprigs of Shllela." He will give the metrical recitation of " The Irish Fisherman," and. by general reauest, be will repeat the beautiful and patriotic composition on the gallant Major Kinggold and Sergeant Kelly. Those whohava not heard Mr. L. had better attend, and be delighted in listening to true delineation of character, genuine wit, beantTful poetry, and exquisite singing and musical accompaniment. Chbistv's MissTar.Ls.-AU we can say is that these inimitable performers eontlnu# at Mechanics' HaU; the fact being known Is sufficient to ensure an overflowing house, which has been the result of tholr concerts every fair evening for nearly four months past. Their suceess is truly astonishing. V At'in all.?The proprietor of this rural location has engaged for Tuesday evening next, the original Ethlo plan Opera Serenaders. The programme for this evening contains several fine trio* and songs, which, no deubt. will draw numbers to the garden. To those who CIO not W1BU to near tuo cuuvvfw, |m?vu ? OilTLi Oasdes.?Monk's German krui band continues nightly to delight the frequenter* of thle theatre of amuaenient and health. Who can spend liK cents to more advantage, in the way of pleasure, than within the walls of thle magnificent building, which commands a view of as rieh and varied seeuery as any similar establishment In the world ' The proprietors are gentlemanly and polite?their refreshment* of wines, Tee creams, he , are of the best quality, and the attendants orderly and correct. Sivori. the great violinist elicited the most enthusins tic applause the other evening. He was fully felt and almost as fully appreciated, for we heard persons unueed to musical moods expressing their delight very eloquently.?St. Lauit Rrvtillf, l Mr A <n?t. The locomotive running on the railroad between Ithaca and Owego, broke through abridge on Katurday last, near Candor, and killed D. C. Hatch and A. Dickinson, i who were on It at the time. MMCOfM* Pitx tbi?tii.-Mr. G. Andrews takes a benefit at the Park to-night, and offers a food bill. The first piece is the " School of Reform," or " How to Rule a Husband," In which Messrs. Andrew*, Barry, Bass. Barrett, Dyott, and Meodnmee Barry, Abbott, and Hunt, appear. After which comes an overture by Montfort; the whole to conclude with a new burlesque entitled " Punch In Mew Vork." This extravaganaa. which is in two acts, contains glees, medleys, and a grand negro trial break-down, with banjo accompaniineut. Ou Saturday evening, M'Ue Blaogy takes her benefit, and front her well deserved popularity, we have no doubt that the house wiU be full We should like right well to hiarofa longer engagement for M'lle B. at the Park, but other demands upou uer uiue uuuuuuieuiy require ner 10 wake u -hurl Hay with us. fiowssr Thkatbb.?In accordance with tha urgen. request of the admirers of Mr. Booth, the tragedian, the manager of the Bowery theatre baa determined upon having the tragedy of "Macbeth'' form part of the bill for this evening. In this tragedy Mr. Booth will, of course, take the part of Macbeth, which Is probably the beet part in the whole drama adapted to bring forth bin great powers It is worth a day's travel to see Mr. Booth in this character. The grand drauia of "Latltte; or, the Pirate of the Gulf,'' will be perfoiiued after " Macbeth." We have seen the cast of characters In both of these pieces, and cau confidently say in advance, that all who will attend the Bowery tuts evening, will enjoy amusements greater than they have doue in a long time. Mn. tap Mxs. Kcan have taken passage in the packet ship Switzerland, hence for Londou next week. Mrs. Ki an's indisposition Is the rcuson for their leaving the country without appearing agaiu upon the boards at the North. A sea voyage, and a littlo repose, will undoubtedly restore her. There are good friends awaiting Mr. and Mrs. K. on the other side of the Atlantic ; and they have already effected an engagement with the manager of the Hayiuarket. for twenty nights, at Jt'.iO Kir night, and with ths manager of the Theatre Hoyal, anohester, for twelve nights, on the same terms? the engagements to be fulfilled as soon as the lady's health will iiitpniif. Signora Ciocca. oa Saturday and lost evening, attracted large audience* at the National, who were iiuCressed to a degree more than usually favorable with er dancing. Although laboring under the embarra.-*meut of a first appearance before an audienoe of clraugers, whose expectations had been raised to the highest pitch, and having as an assistant a gentleman with whom she had never previously danced, she succeeded in giving entire satisfaction, and wlnniug the most enthusiastic approbation of ail present. If Ciocca had come to Ameriea, heralded by a London or Parisian reputation, she would probably ere this have had a name in this oountry second only to that of Elisler. But, notwithstanding, she is bound to win her way to a position among the highest in her profession.?Cincinnati lltA intt. Mile Blangy will commence an engagement ut the Howard Athenaeum, Boston, immediately after the termination of tho Italian opera season, which will be next week. The Bostonians have another treat in store. EpUrapel Convention?Ploceoe of New Jersey, Pursuant to adjournment, the Convention assembled at half-past nine o'olock A. M. After morning prayers, the Bishop oailed the Convention to order; and took occasion to remark, that he had taken the matter of last evening's business into consideration, and from his own judgement, was of the opinion that the constitution guaranteed the right of the laity, separately to vote in nominations of the clergy lor lay deputies. lie then proceeded to take the vote viva-vooe ou Dr. Barry separately from the other nominations; when Mr. Duaa arose and said that he agreed with the Bishop, that no question for a division was neoessary to determine that. Dr. Barry was then eleoted. Dr. Ooilhv was then proposed, when Mr. Daer again arose to call for a division by parishes, but the bishop decided that the vote hud passed. Judge Ducit.?I wish to vote understandlngly. 1 believe there are gentlemen here who are not canonically residents. Bishop.?I may as well state at onoe that Dr. Ogilby is canonically a member of this diocese, though President of the general Theological Seminary. The general Theological Seminary is not in any diocese; it is in the ohurch. Judge D.?He can't bo eligible if he is a non-resident Bisiiop.?The constitution lias bcou altered so that it is not required. Dr. Wilson and Dr.Ogilby aro both eligible to other dioceses than New York, in which they now residu. Judge D. was anxious to debute thu question, but the President insisted that no display could be made on a question not debatable , that ir two members culled for a division, he would take the vote by parishes. Two members siuuilied their wishes for a call bcinir made. The result was?on Key. Mr. Watson, yeas 13, nays 7, divided 1. Whereupon, Hey. J. L. Watson was declared elested (It will be remembered that this gentleman has recently settled in this diocese, having left Trinity Church. Boston, on account of a misunderstanding with llishop Kastburn, fur maintaining Catholic principles.) It will be seen that these gentlemen Will have a vote in the next General Convention, that will be of some importance, ts affecting the unfortunate state of things now existing in the diocese of N ew York. Key. Mr. Siikkiian rose, somewhat excited, to appeal to the Convention on a point of order, when the Bishop decided that he could not permit any discussion, us he deprecated an angry debate or discussions! at all personal. A motion was made that the constitution be altered so as to read'' and every presbyter, in canonical connection witli the diocese, who bus been duly choseu to the rectorship of any self-supporting parish, and has entered entered upon Its duties as a settled pastor The object is to take away privileges from those who are uouresidents. but who are in connection with this diocese, (t requires to lay over one year before final action. But it was a bone tnat one or two could not fail to snap at, affording a theme of debate. Kev. Mr. Shesman geeuie 1 anxious that a vote should be bad. on the question of its reception: but Judge ilucr was of the opinion that the matter would be bettor understood by those who/vere not present, when a similar subject was discussed with some acrimony, that by next year we could have it digested. Mr. Shcrniuu said, the geutlemuu's argument went to show, that a man's dinner might be digested before it was eateu?but Judge,!), said the geutloman could have breakfast and lunch too in the meantime! Rev. Mr. Pi: kt, of Railway, was very eloquent in hid appeals for sympathy, but wua called to order by the Kev. Mr Sherman. Rev Mr. Sherman entered into a discussion of th? uier.tH of the question, which wus participated in by several of the clergy and laity, which went to show that several ministers are doing active duties iu the parishes, put are not regularly instituted by the Bishop it was thought, however, to be a subject matter of com plaint which could be settled between the clergymen and his parish, on an appeal totho Bishop. '1 he question being taken by vote, was lost. Rev. Messrs Hendursou and Finch, and Messrs. Milnei and Parker, were elected trustees of the offerings of thi church. Rev. Mr. Patkhson offered an amendment to sectior three of the constitution, involving the necessity of ? church membership necessary to a seat in the a nven tiou. '1 his subject, alluded to yesterday in my letter refers to what constituted membership?baptism or com uiunion. Hev. Mr. Starr, of Trenton, and also Ilev. Mr. Pent, o Knhway, spoke to the question, as also Rev. Mr. Hallo well. 'Mr. IV.f.t explained that the reason of his cliauginp ms vote from last year, was tlu\fact. that he kuew o three persons who had been on this door who now weri avowed Unitarians. The Bishop opposed the motion on the ground that i' would drive many persons from the church and frou baptism, who were contributing to the support of th< church?that members, he imagined, were apt to mistuki the convention as beingHho church itself, whereas it ii but the scaffolding, which, indeed, is necessary, and par' it may be, of the church itself; yet it is distinct and se perate from the main building " It Is not a questioi now, whether conventions are necessary, but we mus lake litem ss they are, a part of human wisdom for tin building of the church." Air. Pattkhso* made some remarks reflectinp upon the Bishop's " tying the hands of the clergy, am leaving the laity to act with perfect freedom." The Bioior denied any such intention, and hopot gentlemen would be careful in discussing abstract qites Hons, which would go forth to the world as ' nakec truths'' on the wings of the daily press, to those whodii not know that the canons required all oflloers to be main hers of the church. The dircussiou was a warm one, but characterised with respect and courtesy. The vote wbicii was takei was as follows:? Clergy?Ayes 3, noes 33. Laity?Ayes 1, noes 31. Lost, of eourse. and laid on the table for one year, a least. Trustees to the (Ieiserai. Theological Skmiisar' Elected. Clergy- Laity. Ilev. Mr. Henderson, J. W. ( ondit, Rev. J. A. Williams, .1. 0. Uarthwuite, Rev. A. Stubbs, K. Smith, Rev. A. Tenbroeok, D. B. Ogden. Rev. H. Kinch, Rev. Wm. Morehouse, After some preliminary business, the committee ad journed tine die. City Intelligence. Villaptv.?Since tuis paper has been in existence we have in fulfilment of our duty lis a journalist recorded many instances of rascality and villany?accounts o murders, robberies, assassinations, forgeries, and ever; other crime that could disgrace mankind ; but we neve: heard of a more deliberate and damnable plot to aeduci and destroy a beautiful and highly respectable female than one. that came to our knowledge y steriluy It ap pears from what wn hare learned, that tho young larty li question, who is remarkably handsome, la i nq.toyed in i taucy store in a street leading to Urnadway, where air haa for a year or two paat fulfilled the dulie* o her altuation in a satisfactory manner. A ahor tiuie since a villain, iu tho garb ot a gentleman, milled ii the store and purchased a few trifling articles of tbi young lady. He made frequent calls, and purchased every time. A few days after he culled again and enter ed into conversation with her -complimented heron be beauty and aucoinnllabmcnle, and oxpresied hisuet >ul>b. inent thut she, ?uii was tilted to uiiugl* iu lb" lira society, and he the admired of all. could content hera< I In the humble aituatien ahich alio held, lie conclude by professing au attachment for her, and Inviting her t his mother s .souse in l\ ooster street 'I he young I dy vc; properly paid no attention to tiie invitation, ami evinc< i no desire to listeuto his protestations, wlicreupou helef the store and did not again make his uppearance I iieie. J day or two after this occurrence, a female, dressed ill i fashionable manner, made some trifling purchases in lb same store, and visited frequently in the sumo uiiimic as the mau hud done, and. like linn, admired tiie youn; lady's boauty and accomplishments. She invited lier b visit her iu Wooster street, and asked lier if she liai not observed a gentleman whose description answer"' to that of ths villain who had visited her and talked t bar, as we have above mentioned. On the young lad. ,?? < raj wealthy. of good ffcoX'and character, and had fklten in love with her. The young lady suspected that all waa not right, and declined tip visit her pretended patron. The next day, or the day after, auother woman called on the young lady, and spoke in much the ivum manner a* the other did. but with th same result After this second failure, the woman who had first called on her. sent a message to the young lady that she wa* extremely 1U, and wished her to call at nrr v house immediately. Matters had uow reached a point which justified the young lady iu imparting all that bad ocenrred to her employer, which sue did without reserve. This gentleman, whose name we need not mention. immediately suspected that the whole affair was a deliberately planned attempt to seduce and ruin the young lady by the villain who bad ttrst called on her. and failing in it that he employed these Heads inwomuns shape to accomplish bis vile purpose. The best course to pursue he thought would be to visit tbe house in Woostcr nuvm. wmcu lio ii.ui repruaoaiuauouiiioi.uar n.Kuu which the two women represented u the residenoe of her who first called on the young lady, and ascertain it* character. He did so. and his suspicious were confirmed The house is a notorious resort of males and females of had character, where they resort nightly for purposes of prostitution Not. what can be said of this villain' this scoundrel, who sought tliegruin of this young lady Hanging would be too light it death for him The moral to bo druwn from the title is that young ladies must disregard the attention of all men. except those who have been introduced to thein in a proper way. and whose families and character they ate acquained with. Whig Judicial Nominations.?The convention met at their head <|uurtcrs lust evening and made the following nominations:?Superior Court?.John Duer. William Curtis Nyes, Hiram Xetchem. Common Pleas?John L. Mason, K. C. Benedict. Ah-x. W. Bradford The convention adjourned about 11 o'clock, until this evening, when they will proceed to ballot for Judges of the Supreme Court. Alex. W. Bradford and Mr. Closson having declined their nominations. Kmc.?Tbo alarm of tire last night, at half-post 11 o'clock, originated Brum a chimney taking fire, which set Are to the weather boarding of the dwelling house. No. 71 franklin street, occupied by Mrs. Lord. It was extinguished witii great promptness by hose cart, No. '73. aided by the vigilant policeman of the 3th ward. Damage but trilling. Inventions?The advertisement of the Inventors' Institute, which will he found in our columns, would seem to indicate some unfair play somewhere existing; and we have heard It hinted that souie very valuable in ventions arc now in the market on ft peculation. Wo would caution inventor* to be careful to whom they send their plana, an there are persons always ready to proiit by the wit* of others, and no better opportunity Oau be afforded thein. tliau to havo access to the numeroui plaiift proposed for the selection of the Institute. Wo doubt not that Dr. Andrews will feel tho responsibility of his position as the recipient of tho inventions submitted to the Institute, and that they will be, as bo lias promised, strictly confidential; but he eanuot, und ought not. to be held responsible for the exposure of new inventions. if they are not sent directly to the Institute. Boakds or Hkalth and Supehvisohi.?These Boards meet at the Common Council chamber this afternoon; the former at three o'clock and tho latter at four. Ntwi mow Boston.?We wero yester lay indebted to Munu's New Bedford Express for Boston papers of the previous evening. Munn's office Is No 16 Wall street. Police Intelligence. Mat 37.? Grand Larceny?Officers Watson and Collins, of the 6th Ward, arrested, lust uigttt, a man by the name of Stephen Tuttle. on a charge of stealing $110 in bank bills, belonging to Captain liildreth, of the schooner Example, plying between this city and Albany. Justice Osborne committed him in full for trial. Piompt Jlrrett of a Cunning Thief.?Captain Terry, r\f fchtt ."ith wuril nnd nfflpor Vfnl^np/lo uvfaai.uA l??f ownn. ing about 0 o'clock, a cunning thief called James Garriga.ii, on a charge of stealing from the tailoring store No. 173 William street. a piece of blue cloth valued at $10, and a new black frock onat worth $18, belouging to John 11. Tierney. It appears that the rascul sutured the store about 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon, in tli Absence of Mr. Tierney, and informed the boy who was in attendance. that he owed his boss $1 60, at the same time pulled out a note purporting to be a $6 bill on the HudBon River llank. and asked the boy to go out and get it exchanged as he wished to leave the $1 60 for Mr. Tierney. The boy not suspecting any tiling wrong, left the store for that purpose, but soon ascertained that the bill was a counterfeit, and hurried buck to the store, when he found the store alone, and the above property missing. Information was at once given to the above expert and vigilant officers, and iu less than two hours the rascal was caught and locked up in tbo Station House, and fully identified by the boy as the fellow who gave him the humbug bill to exchauge, evidently w th intent to rob tbo store. Caught at Last.?Officer Holland arrested yesterday a fellow called Patrick W. Whelan, who Is one of those emigrant runners, on a charge of swindling a poor Irish woman by the name of Mkria Smith out of three sovereigns, under the following circumstancesIt appears that Maria went into .in office. No. 100 South street, for the purpose of purchasing a ticket for her passage to Dublin, and while in this office she met with Whelan, who undertook to transact her business by selling her a ticket or certificate for thu three sovereigns, which ticket he said would unsure her passage to old Dublin. She paid liiin thu money and left the office, but she had not proceeded far when she was overtaken by Whelan, who said to her, let me see that ticket again, upon which Maria handed it over, und Wheelan utter lookiug at it for a moment, pretended to hand it buck again, instead of which he gave her a printed card, to wit:?' Golden Fleece. No. 132 Liberty street, kept by Jo. Sykes. Good accommodations for permanent and transient boarders."' This card tlm girl exhibited to several of bur friends, who at once told her that it required a different certificate to carry her ncross the Atlantic. Consequently, upon their advice, she applied for redress to one of our worthy magistrates, Juslicu Osborne, who at once is.-ued a war. I rant for the arrest of Whelan. and In default of $600 | bail he was locked up in the Tombs. Disorderly Houses.?Constable Barber, of the lith ward. arruslcu yesterday, ou u warrsnl issued Oy Justice Vsborne, Ann Nelson.ou a charge of keeping a disorderly house and common resort fur prostitutes of the lowest grade, at N<T. 30 Kim street; also, a un man called itachel Thome, for kecpiug a house of a similar description at No. 168 Meutre street. The magistrate held them both to buil to answer. Caught in the act.?Officers Joyce and Donnelly ofthe 'Id Ward, arrested last night two bluck fellows oullcd Spencer Vnucleef and Henry Augustus, whom the officers caught in the act of stealing a keg of while lead from the store No. 173 Water street, while the scavengers were passing through the store emptying the sink. Justice Osborne' locked them up for trial. VJttrm/d to Steal.?Officer I'artridge, of the 4th ward, i arrested last night a man by the name of Teddy Tweele, on a charge of attempting to steal a foretopsail. beloug! ing to the brig Virole. lying at the foot of Dover street. Locked up for trial. Petit Larceny.?Mary Wood was arrested yesterday | by officer Sands, of the 9th ward, on a charge of stealing a pair of spectacles and a gold breast pin. belonging to Jacob L. Phillips, residing at No. 398 Hudson street. t Committed for trial by Justice Merritt. L>aw Intelligence. In Chancery, May 27th. before the Vice Chancellor. , ?In Re Mary R. Uurke and Catherine R. Hurke, Minurs.?This case came before his honor on exceptions , to a master's report. It appeared that the minors, who t are aged, one thirteen and the other eleven years, are entitled each to a sum of $30,000, under the will of their grandfather, the late .James J. ltosevelt, wnich is vested I in real estate in various parts of the city. On the 12th of February. lh44, their mother died. On the 30th of f May following, Mr Michael Uurke, their father, waa appointed guardian of their persons and fortunes, and in | the uioii lb of June, in the same year, the master reportI ail Ihut a mi ill nf C< /.Oil uiiinl.l I... . ?? un.1 .i.m tn j- tie allowed their father tor their maintenance and educa L, . tlon.liaving due regard to their rank in society and th. Ir future prospects in life. Mr. Burke, undertaking tomaL . nagu their property without any compensation, the re, port was duly contiruicd. and an order entered on the , vOthof tune, entitling him to retain that sum out of the , rents and profits of their estate. Home short time since A Mr. Corns O. Kosevelt, the maternal uncle of said luit nors. became disaulUlied with the allowance made for 1 their support and education, preferred a petition to the J ! Vice Chancellor. alleging thut Mr. Burke was of suffli i civut ability to maintain his daughters, and praying , that thu order of the 1st of May. ltt-M, might be varied, and the order of tiOtli June set uside?whereupou an order was granted referring it to the master to report on I the allegations and statements contained in the petition. lu pursuance of said order, the master mad'- his I report, by which he Cut down the allowance to I jl)0 a : year I'o tills report au exception was taken, I on the ground that the school bill alone of the I I children, amounte to the sum of $1500, exclusive of n ils for clothint. medicine, Sic. The case came on tins ! morning, when Mr, Kiiox was henrd for Mr. Rosevelt, I ! nod Messrs. K.Saniifsrd and O'Conor were heard in reply , | The latter gentlemen took the ground, that a Master was bound to look beyond the mere savings of a minor's ! estate; he was humid to take into consideration the t amount of their fortuue. in connection with their future advancement in lit! ; that is, he wa- bouud to allow their f guardian such a sum as would not only enable him to give ihem a suitable education, but to provide them with a suitable residence mi ring their vacation, and to introduce tin in iuto respectable society III short, to rouble hiui to lake advantage of every circumstance, to for in their maimers, and til Ihcui for the rank and station in society winch their fortunes entitled them hereafter in till; lbs. lliey contended, was the rule laid down by Lord Kldon. and followed by bis successors iu office Decision resetted John Sir ward vi. J" An H'inhr and John B. Saym ? This was a motion to dissolve au injunction. 1 he defendants. previous to ,1st May, Ittt/, leased from complainant the store No. lb William street, for the term of j two years from the 1st of May, 1817 The lease contain. ed a covenant, ou thu part of the defendants, that they would carry ou the regular dry goods jobbing busiuess, ^ and no other kind of business. The defendants entered r into possession, and eoinmeuced to carry on their Wusiu< sh iu the store, making their sales principally by pub' lie auction This in ode of doiug business the plaiulilT ' deemed to be a violation of the covenant, nnd tiled his ^ b.U lor an it Junction, to restruin tho defendants from selling in that way, alleging that they collected r a crswd. and made a great noise, which amount( ed to a nuisance In tho neighborhood, and that, ( in consequence, defendant's property wns deteriorated n iu vulue. t he defendant's counsel'moved to dissolve thu injunction this morning, and insisted that the covenant wns not either directly or indirectly violated.? *. There wns no business carried on but the drv emails lab 1 long bindiieea, and. at unixl, the plaiutifl could only couij" plain of the inoilo iu which it wn> carried on, but, unI fortunately for him the covenant (lid not preacriite the I mode ,n which it waa to fan conductnd ; and, eccondly, j, thi re w? re halt u dozen other bourne in the name at reel, ; and witliin In in inn, iu which the mine buHincxH wiia I carried on. and in the antnu manner ; and thirdly, t where u party Ilea hi* remedy at law. a Court of equity ^ will unt nit, rt> re to relieve huu tjirepl iu a care of u wwete : here tin re ia no preteuaiou of waatc. Declnion r j rn.ierved. r ('oMMoa Fnta*, May'J?*?Before Judge Ulxhoeffer ? t E'iphilr.t llrnwne, Jr., vt. Raymond?Tli la waa ii an action for work and laborr The plaintiff I* a lithol grapluet. and defendant ia owner of a menagerie. The 1 latter procured a drawing of the Capitol at Waahington, it together with hla ear, and aent it to plaintiff to be lithoy graphed, and paid him >b0. The plaintiff demanded