Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 29, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 29, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Hew York, talurdajr, May M, U4T. Oar UlMtrated Weekly. The Weekly Herald will be reudy at 9 o'clock this morning. ll will contain two beautiful engravings?one a faithful representation 1 'ie main Plaza, in L - > r? |*.?H ..leMi U..U? I lie cny ui *ucAitu, m i 11 i uu >itn ui i iic nans of the Montczumas; and the other of the new steamship Washington. Single copies 6j cents each. Th* Htrald for Burope. Naxt week we shall publish two editions of the Htrald for Europe?one for the American Ocean steamship Washington, which will sail from this port, and one for the steamship Britannia, which will leave Boston, both on Tuesday next. The one for the Britannia will be ready on Monday at 12 o'clock, and the one for the Washington will be reudy on Tuesday, also at 12 o'clock. Both editions will contain the lutest news from the ariny and navy?intelligence up to the last hour from all parts of the country, and our usual digest of miscellaneous, comnierciul, financial, and political intelligence. They will be embellished with two beautiful ngravings, one of the Steamship Washington, and the other of the Main Plaza in the city of Mexico. To business men of every description the Htrald for Europt offers many advantages. Tl?a Mission of Mr. Trlst to Mexico. Some of our coteinporaries seent inclined to mingle Gen. Scott, Commodore Perry and Mr. Trist together, in the mission which the last named gentleman has been entrusted to perform by the administration, and incline to lay great stress on the interview that took place with the commander of the navy, on the arrival of Mr. Trist at Vera Cruz. Mr. Trist, of course, had to see that officer, but that was all he had to do with him. The mission of Mr. Trist is not generally understood. That gentleman, because of his talents and education, his knowledge of Spanish and the Spanish character, and because lie holds a hiirh office in the state department. was selected by the President to proceed to Mexico, and feel the national pulse of Mexico. In case i he finds it calmer and less feverish thun it has been since the commencement of the war, he is to give the government of that country to understand that if it is willing to open negotiations for peace, the Secretary of State of the United States, Mr. Buchanan, will himself follow him, clothed with ample authority to act in the premises, and conclude a treaty of peace, if the government of Mexico will confer with him on the subject. .Mr. Trist's mission is merely to sound the Mexican government on this subject, take advantage of circumstances, and pave the way for the reception of Mr. Buchanan, if it be found necessary for him to proceed to Mexico. The intimation that Commodore Perry or vjrcn. ouun circ nytni ly 111111c iniooiuii, is iiic iicigiu of absurdity. Both of these accomplished officers have as much business on hand as they can reasonably attend to in their respective lines. The Battle of Buena Vista?The Plan of the Battle Field.?Wherever the accounts of the battle of Buena Vista have reached, that celebrated engagement has been pronounced the most brilliant affair that is recorded in the annals of modern warfare. When the British achieved a victory over the Sikhs in India, with four to one opposed to them, the Knglish journals were filled with laudations and congratulations. It was believed an achievement which British generals and British troops alone could accomplish, and was cited as an argument to prove the superiority of British soldiers over that of the world. They had their day, and we now have our's. We are inclined to think that the battle of Buena Vista was far more brilliant than the British victory over the Sikhs, because, in the first place, the Mexicans numbered nearly five to one American?in the second place, because they were led by Santa Anna, a general, whom the British journals have over and again pronounced one of the first military men of the day; and thirdly, because the Mexicans were not like the Sikhs, an ungovernable rabble, hardly acquainted with the use of fire-arms. On the contrary, the forces which Santa Anna commanded in that engagement were the best disciplined in Mexico, they were, in fact, the flower of the Mexican nnttnn nnH Sunt* Anna rnmmpnoprl tli#? huttl* with the fullest confidence in them. Nor did he misplace his confidence. The best disciplined troops never fought better than did the Mexican soldiers on that occasion. To impute cowardice to them, would be mean and contemptible. But discipline and bravery did not avail against the American troops. The steady and unflinching courage of our troops was more than a match for the impetuous bravery of the Mexicans ; the nnerring aim of our Western rifleman was more deadly than the escopette balls of the enemy; and the cool, determined and sagacious judgment of Zachary Taylor frustrated the plan of cumpaign laid down by the Mexican General, Buena Vista was a great victory, and throws in the shade the victory of the British over the,Sikhs. It is the most brilliant victory that modern warfare can boast of, and will be remembered as long as the world shall remain as it is. In view of the importance of this great battle, and the credit and renown which the United owiien nas acnieveu irom 11, we obtained a lull and perfect sketch of the battle-field and the positions of the several portions of the contending armies. Thin is now in the hands of the engraver. It will be ready in a few days, when we shall publish it, with the official despatches of the several officers who immortalised themselves on that glorious day. Stbamship Washington.?This magnificent ocean steamship will positively sail on the first of next month?next Tuesday. She has already one hundred and eleven passengers engaged, including several distinguished gentlemen, among whom are the Hon. Richard Rush, and Major Hobbie, of the Post-Office Department. The latter gentleman will visit Europe for the purpose of inducing the different governments to enter into a reciprocal arrangement with the United States, for the mutual benefit of all, in respect to their post-office laws and arrangements. The following is the opinion of the government agent of the superior qualities of this fine steamer: New Yoa*, May Mth. 1?47. To 'he President and Direetore of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company i lesTLr.Mr.s?At your request I avail myself of the earliest opportunity (after the return of the U. S. mall teamer Washington from bar experimental trip to sea, for the purpose of testing the working of her engines and the sailing qualities of the ship,) of Informing you that the result has proved vory satisfactory to me 1 left In the ship on Monday morning last, the 34th inst. at ? A. m , from the Novelty Works, at the foot of lath street. East River The weather was very unfavorllla . V. - ... * - -.uu ?? rt. E. wun rain ana a mica fog >v? proceeded down the bay to the Narrow*. The pilot 41 d not deem \t prudent to go any farther In *o thick a fog The ahlp ?m kept under way during the day, with (team, running up and down the hay. In tha evening aha wae anchored at the quarantine ground, to await an opportunity to go to aua. baring the day It wae aaoertalned that the englnee worked wall, and that the ahlp ateered remarkably *o. and that ahe had a apeed of 16 6-10 mllr* per hour with 16 lha of ataatn. making 14H reyolutlone per minute. At 4 A. M , on the 96th we got under way with the wind 8. W . etood down the l>ay and proceeded to eea. where the ehlp we* tried In a aea way. with ateam and under convene, aeparately and together Her performanre In aU the different ooettlone. with iulte a heavy ' [well wae very eattafectory to me I have no heeiutloo j 1b *ayiag that aha ?1U prov* baraalf aa axeaUant am 1 boat In au raapaeta. and under any oirciunatanoea at iea | with a apaad surpassing tbat of any Ma steamer yet pal afloat. I bare watched bar conatruction aa the agent of the gorcrnmeut. einoe the laying of har keel, aa well aa lh? conatruction and putting up of her anginas, together with her equipm-nt; and 1 beliere her in all raapecta to be equal, if not auperior. to any aee-ateamer of which I hare any knowledge. I am gentlemen, your ob't eerrant, THOS. BROWNLLL, Lieut. U. 8. Nary, Agent and Superintendent for the goeernment of the United State*. I.ntkkksti.vo kxox South Amuuica.?We are indebted to a gentlemun of this city for the following copy ol a private letter from the U. S. Consul at Buenos Ayres. The consul was appointed to proceed to Paraguay, as special agent, to bear to the latter government the offer of the friendly mediation of the United States government between Paraguay and the Buenos Ayrean government, the oiler having been previously accepted by Gen. Kosus for Buenos Ayres. This letter gives it description of the trip up the river, &c. Bcrsoi Ayres, March 1, 1847. Mr deait S.?On the 28th May last, 1 wrote, informing you of my intention to start in a few days for Paraguay, and was in hopes of finding a letter from you hereon my return.| 1 did not get back until the 30th December, having been absent six months and nine days. I will now give you some account of my trip to the grand China of South America. As 1 told you lu my last, O. L. Brent, a tine youth of nineteen, son of the charge, and myself, were appointed by Mr. Brent, the charge, special agents to bear to Paraguay the offer of the friendly mediation of our government, between that government and this, the offer having been previously accepted by liovernor Rosas. Paraguay claimed to be independent.and Rosas claimed as a part of the Argentine confederation. Paraguay had joined Corrlentes, another province, in rebellion, and declared war agaiust Rosas ; he bad routed the combined armies, and driven the Paraguayans back into their own country, and brought Corrientes to a sense of duty. It was to settle these difficulties, that Mr. Brent proposed his friendly mediation, I took young Brent witn me, because at that time he spoke Spanish much better than myself, and I did not waut to make so long a journey alone. .Alter uttiug uuibtjifbb uut at i;uubiuua?id oajtouhc, with all the travelling equipments of the gaoucha of the country, we started on the Oth of J une, with Governor Rosas' passport in our pocket, and accompanied by an escort .of an officer and seven picked soldiers from his own household troops, for our protection. Kor the first three days we wont galloping over the plains, with a troop of some fifty horsee driven before us, our baggage on two pack horses, and as our horses became tired, we took others from those driven before us. After the first three days we took horses from the posts, which are three or four leagues apart, and regulated by the Government. As we set out in the middle of winter, we hud rain svery day; we were provided with good ponchos, which kept our bodies dry, but our feet and legs were wet often from swimming creeks, and the splashing on the plains. We transferred our baggage to a cart, to which thej' hitched four horses, and in this way it went much more secure, and as the plains are perfeotly level, our progress was not retarded In the whole province of Buenos Ay res, we found no variety in the sceneryimmense plains covered with cattle, horses and sheep, and here and there a rancho," shingled mit straw,"' where live those who look after the cattle. In travelling in any part of the camp, a guide is as necessary as a compass at sea; there are no roads, all open plain?no land marks, no trees, except now and then one near some rancho. Iwill not pretend to give you the incidents of our journey, suffice it that notwithstanding the rain, Brent and mvself stood the ride well, and we were everywhere treated with the greatest hospitality and distinction. We generally managed to pass the night at some little village, where resides the " Juez de Paz," the great man of the district; and all we had to do to secure for us every attention and luxury the country could afford, was to show the passport, with the signature of Don Juan Manuel de Rosas, and the way the Juezesandall others hopped around to serve us, was delightful to see. But to do them full justice, this showing the passport was very seldom requisite; they had been advised of our coming, and the moment they heard of our approach, the justices and head men of the villages would come out to meet us; and on entering the towns, we would find flags flying from every house, the bells ringing, and rockets and crackers tiring. In snort, every demonstration of respect It was possible for them to show, and all with apparent good will and enthusiasm. Sometimes, after riding all day, on approaching a village in the evening, the Juez de I'az, would Bend to request us to wait a few minutes, till he could come out te receive us; here we would perhaps have to wait ten or fifteen minutes, then go through the ceremonv of being presented and welcomed, and returning thanks, and all that, in Spanish; after which, perhaps, being mounted on a fractious hone, we would ride slowly in, our horses rearing and pitching at the unusual sights and sounds of the bells, rockets, crackers aud shoutings of the people; but, tired as we were, we could not help feeling grateful; for all was done so spontaneously, and with such apparent good will. The truth is, there is not a more hospitable or kind-hearted people In the world than the Creoles here when they are your friends; especially if they know you stand well with Rosas. In enumerating the means ol " glorifying'' us, I forgot to mention the music, whicb was always brought into requisition, and plaoed at our door whilst we were eating?sometimes a violin and flute, or the former and a drum; sometimes a guitar. It could hardly be called a band; and the scraping, and pounding wes not always very, euphonious; but it was the best, and all they ?had, and served to show their good intentions. In this way, we travelled to Santa Ke, the oapital of the province of that Lname, about 13(i leagues from liere. At that place we were received with the same spirit; but every thing was done on a uiuvu Kmiimr, nuu luurv p|n?nuiu scale. Through thin province we had thirteen additional soldier* addod to our escort by the Governor. As we approached the city the Governor sent his principal aid. in boats, to take us across the river. On landing, about a mile from the city, we found the Governor. Kchatiue, a tine looking and intelligent gentleman, with his suite and chief officers in uniform, waiting to receive us. The Governor made a ltttle speech of welcome, to which I replied in tolerably good Spanish. We found an ^elegant carriage and four, with four postillions, waiting to carry us to our Quarters, where we were accompanied by the Governor and his suite, Jtc. We were conducted to excellent apartments, which had been fitted up expressly for us ; and for two days and a half that we remained. * If I ever expect to get to Paraguay, I must take leave or the Governor, hi* kind wife and fair daughters.? Thi*. however, ho did not permit till after he had accompanied us. with his suite, some three leagues in boats, being half the distance, to Parana, the capital of another province, Kntre Hios, on the opposite side of the river Parana. Here, before taking leave of the Governor, we partook of a sumptuous breakfast of "came con curre," under the shade of a tree, ou an island; after which we took leave of our kind friend*, and proceeded on in boats to Parana, interchanging vivat with them till we oould no longer hear each other. At Parana we wcrwreceivcd with the same spirit, but with less display. Governor Crespo is a plain but an excellent man; he had a line house prepared for our reception, aud entertained us hospitably, and for the country. magnificently, for a week. It was our intention to.have proceeded on dry land, but Governor Crespa said this was impossible, owing to the high waters and rebellious state of the country. We had to wait to have a vessel sent over from Hants Fe?this was the cause of our detention. The vessel sont was a schooner of about 66 tons, with fine cabin.? We were a month and seven days going from Parana to Pilan. the first town in Paraguay if you imagine ascending the Mississippi, a distance of over 3U0 leagues, with sails, you can form a tolerably correct idea of our voyage. We had a good Btore of provisions, and caught fine fish in abundance, and 1 shot lots of ducks, turkeys, and partridges, so that we lived well; and as we had our soldiers in addition to the crew of the vessel, we sometimes could warp, so that we got up rather more speedily than usual. The river is wider than the Mississippi, ijuite a* crooked, full of islauds, but comparatively free of snags. At I'ilan we were told we could go no farther without special permission of the President.? We were detained there twenty days, during which time we had a sharp correspondence with his Kxcellency Dan Antonio Lopes, but finally we obtained permission to proceeu, out ne reijuireu us to leave our veescl and escort at I'llan. We travelled] to the capital, Asuncion, a distance of fifty leagues, by land, accompanied by a Lieutenant and two I'araguay soldiers. We were very civilly treated on the road, but Paraguay Is a great bum bug. All my splendid Ideas of its great beauty and wealth were soon dissipated. '1 be country produces sugar cotton, tobacco, rice, inandioka. and yerba, but is miserably cultivated, and the people are demi-savages.? They speak scarcely any other language than the *(Juavanl," or that of the Indians who formerly inhabited the oountry; the great majority of them do not understand a word of Spanish. They are dark, many of them, with Indian blood, and they go half naked. I saw many children of eleven and twelve years, of both sexes, entirely so. As yon know, they were shut out from all intercourse with the world for more than thirty years by Kranola, and his great object was to make them slaves to his will, in which he succeeded.? Mince his death, his successors have pursued somewhat the same eourae : very few of the natives have left their oountry, and a stranger among them is still an object of great curiosity. They are suspicious, but after gaiulng their confidence, they are rather kind-hearted and hospitable. The people of the capital. Asuncion, whers is concentrated all the Intelligence and busineas of the country, were very kind to us. aud expressed great anxiety for the success of our mission. They know the cd vantage of having the river open to their commerce, and the importance of peace with their neighbors.? Their productions are all needed by the provinces helow, and they need but little from abroad, so that, with an outlet for their productions, they would very soon become the richest portion of this part of Seuth America. Brazil knows this, aud for this reason has recognised her independence, and spares no effort to increase her hostility to Kosas and the Argentine Confederation. The products of Faraguay are the same as those of parts of Brazil, and If the latter can keep the former out of the market of La Tlata, she has It to herself, especially for yerba. (which is only consumed in this part of Mouth America) and for timber, tobacco and sugar As I said idea of trade with Paraguay U a humbug Fancy that Ohio were to declare herself independent, and had no other outlet than the Missis dppi, both side* belonging to the United State*?what trade could England have with her * Thou is eituated Paraguay, about the aame distance iroiii the Ri<? de la rialti a* Ohio from the Oulf; but there la also thle grand difference, that the trade of Hamilton county alone would be worth double that of all Paraguay for year* to come. But thl* 1* a dry subject, and I have explained the whole matter to the Secretary of State In a long report. Aaunelon in badly (ituated, on low, eandy ground, built in Spaniah style, and doe* not contain more than eight or ten thousand Inhabitant* It require* almoit a* much ceremony to approach the President ? It would to approach the grand Emperor cl _ _ * i I China. Ha la a hi, double chlnnad old gentleman, , ! about 04, lives In what they call the palace, and la ?ur[ | rounded by a stroqg guard. On my drat visit, I went In full uniform, and eo did Brent. Tha natives (tared; i i but the old gentleman waa ready to receive ua. he being dreeaed In tn uniform of a Major Ueneral. with lota of medal* suspended on hia breaat. He waa very Indignant l with our government for not recognising his lndepenj deuce, and against Mr. Brent for being the friend of llosas We chatted a couple of hours, and left with him ' the olTbr of mediation, which he promised to answer very soon. The next day we visited the family. The old lady is as stout as her husband, and has two daughters, i chips of the old blocks. They were rigged out to receive us, very well dressed, but each one had a large flag cotton handkerchief in her hand. The Henoritaa were far from pretty, and were diffident and pwkward We had with ua as a travelling companion, a Dr. Kennedy, from Philadelphia, who has lived ten or twelve years in this country. The old lady had heard . of his medical skill, and after saluting us, immediately began to consult him about her maladies. We remained I in Asuncion six weeks. Some of the young ladies are preny, ?uu an very anecuonaie. i Doug 111 inn lull uress of a lady, a* well an that of a man, and some other article* of Paraguay manufacture, which 1 hope *ome day to show you. llut I am tired writing, and I know you are of reading; therefore, 1 will reaerv* thereat till we meet. We returned by water to Santa Fe, and thence by land. I got back 30tli March, without haying accomplished much; but Rosas is perfectly satisfied with our mission, because he know* our government will be correctly informed of the condition of Paraguay. I hope you will write tug immediately on the receipt of this; even if my successor ha* itarted, write. 1 may be detained here five or aix month*, before I can close my business; and if I should have left, (which is not probable,) your letter will be sent after me. * * I should prefer remaining here a* Consul, if the blockade were off, but now the feus do not half pay the horse hire. The office will never be as good as it has been. The last tariff will almost exclude the wool of this country, which was the chief trade. The only reason 1 would like to remain is, because 1 live pleasantly. 1 like the climate, and circumstances have enabled me to secure an influence with this government, which 1 do not believe another Consul could obtain in Ave times the leaner* h nf limn I huvu hunn h**ra I (In not HH.V thlfl buastlugly. All that I have done baa been to take advantage of clrcuin*tanue? which cannot occur again. Tell me who is to be the next I'reeident. Mr. folk, I anppoee, will not run again--and the groat Southern statesman, to whom 1 owe my appointment, is, in my humble opinion, too great a man to stand any ohauce. Yours, as ever, J. O. Later from Port au Prince ?We are in receipt of files of the Ftuillt du Commerc? up to the 25th ult. The news is not of any importance. During the funeral solemnities in honor of the late President Guerrier, which took place on the 23d, a serious'accident took,place on hoard of the Uaytian sloop of war President. By some mismanagement on the part of the ollicers of the vessel, the magazine took fire and exploded, tearing the vessel in pieces. Several persons were severely wounded, but none killed outright. Theatrical. Park Theatre.?M'lle Blangy takes a benefit at the Park to-night, and from the manner of her reception when fulfilling her engagement, we conclude that she la to have a full house. If her merits as an artist* are duly weighed, sho surely will have no reason to regret throwing herself upon the generosity of those whom she has heretofore entertained by her beautifuTperformances. She goes to Boston next week, and we hope she may carry with her happy recollections of her adieu to the New York public. The fair beneficiary will appear in the ballet of Le Lac des Fees," and " La Ultana," and the evening will be filled up by the performance of two pieces:?"Nicholas Flam," and " Itaco for a Dinner." The managers announce an engagement, for four nights, with Mrs. Mason and Mr. Wheatley. Bowert Theatre.?There is an extraordinarily attractive bill put forth for this evoning at the Boweryone that we venture to say has not been oxcelled by any place of amusement, in this city, for a year past?and one that will surely draw as large a house as has been seen there within the same time. The performances will commence with the " Iron Chest, or the Mysterious Murder." a plav that has in numerous instances been received with the loudest applauso. In this piece Mr. Booth, the celebrated tragedian, will take the part of Sir Kdward Mortimer, a character that he is eminently qualified to act in a truthful and correct manner. After which, the petite opera, the " Swiss Cottage," and the grand drama, "Sixteen String Jack," oast to the strength of the company, will be performed. These three pieces compose a bill, the equal of which, as we have stated, is not often presented in this oity. The Ravels were expeoted at Cincinnati during the present week. 'Mrs. Mowatt has made a second engagement at the Athenaeum, Cincinnati. Miss Mary Lee is said to have retired from the stage,in consequence of the delicate state of her health, i One of Tom Thumb's ponies has lately died. Musical. Italian OrxRA.?Signora Pioo had such a house last evening as made her friends glad to behold ; and the opera of " L'Ellsir d'Amore" was well performed, and han dsomely received. Pico was in good voice, and, of course, sang charmingly. Beneventano, Benedetti, and Sanquirico all performed to admiration the parts they undertook to perform, in fact, it is hardly to be doubted that this opera would have been received with far better grace than was the Barber of Seville." At the fall of the curtain, after the first ant, Pico was loudly called "for, and came out to receivo the plaudits of her numerous friends. Mile. Dimier appeared between the acts, and danced '* La Manola," which was encored. The performances all passed off charmingly. SiuRon Rafctti'i Benefit takes place at Palmo's on Monday evening, and will afford his many friends an opportunity of showing their regard for this excellent musician. The opera selected by Sig. It , is " Lucia di Lammermoor," added to which there will be several performances to fill up the evening agreeably. Mechanic!' Hall.?Christy and his associates give one of their most attractive concerts this evening. Every night during the week their loireei havo been crowded to overflowing, with the most-select and fashlonabio audiences we have ever seen attending any amusement in this city. The greater portion of their patrons are ladies, which is a strong evidence of the chastness and propriety of their entertainments. Go early if you wish to secure a seat, as hundreds aro unable to obtain admission nightly. Vauxhall.?Mr. Philips and his company of vocalists are attracting numbers to this garden. Mr. Jones is determined that the amusements in his establishment shall not be, inferior to any other in the city. He has engaged the' Ethiopian Herenaders for next week. Amusements of this kind must he vnrv arreeable to the up-town folks, after the day's toil Is over. Castle Garden.?Wo visited, last evening, this delightful theatre of amnsement and health, and'ware astonished at seeing the small patronago bestowed upon the proprietors, who have spared no expense to make it the most elegant amphitheatre In the world. This Is the more surprising,when a full brass band, under the superintendence of Mr. Munck, perform every evening, several mslodious pieces of Strauss. Labitsky, banner, liungl and others, the sweet echo of wnich Is heard on the Battery. The beautiful views of the Cosmoramas, representing various parts of the world, is value enough for the small admission money. But when the view of our own beautiful harbor is taken into calculation, the rich scenery and magnificent Bay, from which refreshing breezes of sweet odour are inhaled, Inflating the lungs with the purest quality of air, and consequently renovating the constitution, it is. indeed, surprising that Castlo Harden is not crowded every evening. The Havana company of Italian singers will arrive here on the 6th of June (to-day week J and will open at the Bark on the 7tb. Sporting Intelligence. Trial of Steed between the Cornelii'i Vanderrilt and Hendrie Hudson.?It appears by the following note, that the challenge offered by Cornelius Vanderbilt, Esq., to run his new steamer against any other steamer, has been accepted .? New You, May 28, 1847. Sir:?I noticed In vour paper of yesterday that Mr. Cornelius Vanderbtlt ha? offered to run his new steamer, the C. V. against any other steamer, for > 1000 or >100,000. I am promised the use of tbe steamer Hendrik Hudson, witn which to accept the challenge, and if her owners will loan her for that pur|>ose, I will run her against the Cornelius Vanderhilt for'the sum of >1000. to run to Newburglvbay and return, any day next week Yours. &C. W. H. BROWN. The Oore District (Canada) Turf Club races will come off on the 16th, 16th and 17th of June. Canton Course, Baltimore.?Sfrinci Meeting ? Third Da v.?The attendance at the course was very fine, and the spor t excellent The contest was for the 1 proprietor's purse of >200?two mile heats. The follow ing horses were entered: Mr. Hare's b. m., by Boston; Mr. Mlllan's b. b , by Zlnganee. and Mr. Laird's Latona. 1 Mr. Mlllan's horse did not start. The first heat was won bv Latona, in 3 62. and the second and third heats by Mr. Hare's mare, in 3:60 Before the race, bets were ' made >100 to >10. and >100 to >20, In favor or Latona. Fourth Dav?Proprietor's purse >600; one hundred dollars to the second horse Entries as follows- Samuel Laird rh m Fashion, by Trustee, dam Bonnets o'Blue ?weignt m in*; > oreen * d. g. i assenger. ny nayiie Peyton. dam by Tariff, ft yeara old?weight 107 lb#. The race will come off at 1 o'clock precisely. Thia race la looked to by the knowing once a* one of uncommon internal St Lorn Jorsrr Cli s Race).?Sixth Day.?Jockey 1 Club Puree, fifth?Mile heate, beet three in fire. M Penning'* a f. Matilda Rynnm, by imp. Olencoe, out of imp Delight, 4 year* old, 1 I 1 E. TV Weld en'* c. f. Kli/.a (ioddin. by Decatur, dam Corinna, by Trumpeter, 4 yrs old a 1 a Jo*. Metcalfe br. h Ked Eagle, by (Jrcy Eagle, dam by Moses, 6 year* old drawn i T. C. Caswell's e. g. High Stanley, alia* Frosty, by Eclipse, dam Martha Malnne, aged. drawn Time W4?- I ftl ? l.VJV There was no contest in the race Matilda took the lead in each heat, w<p never pushed, and came in an easy winner. The second race was a mule race, purse f ftO, best three in live, for which there were four entries, affording infinite sport to those who witnessed it Won by Mr. Mulball * grey 5:40? l;0l--2 14 ? St. Louit Rtvtillt, ' | 70th Inst. Cltjr toflHpnn. Ttoviii in tub Judicial Nominating Convention i uasseniMed again last evening for the purpose of completing their duties. Their meeting, however,was any thing but satisfactory to tbs friends of ths party; breaking up, as they did, in the utmoet state of excitement and confusion, without haying agreed upon a single additional nomination; while communications were receiyed from Hiram Ketcham and W. C Noyes, in which they declined aeoepting the nominations tendered tbem. It is found extremely dtflcult to tlnd good and able jurists to sooept the nominations, on acoount, as it Is supposed, of the limited compensation. The Hon. George Kolsom, Senator, was favorably spoken of last evening, and will probably be nominated to-night, until when the Convention adjourned. The W??thbi.?The thermometer stood at 78 deg. yesterday, In Wall street, at 1 o'clock. Intkbbstino School Exhibition.?We took occasion yesterday (to attend an exhibition of I'ublic School No. 4. in Kivlngton street, near Ridge. Loug before the commencement of the exercises, the spacious room was orowded almost to suffocation. The intellectual biU of fore was as fellows:?1. A recitation in concert. " Choice of Country." by four small lads. 9. Recitation in concert, u All the World's a Barber Shop," by two lads. 3. Exercises in reading by primary scholars. 4. Lxaml nation or a class or giri* in Ulstory. 6. Recitation, Wind in a Frolic," by J. Cooper. 6. Recitation " The Oaken Bucket," by Ave small lads. 7. ' Tho Lone Widow," recited by about fifteen interesting pupils of ths female department. 8. Exercise in Itcudiu.'. by a class of girls. U Dialogue. ''Care and don't cure,"' by four lads. 10. Recitation. ' Lodgings lor single louitlemcn," by 11. Ilutto. 11. Class In Grammar. boys' department. 19. Trio, by three primary aeli hrt. 13. Dialogue," Frenchman and the Hats." by tlu-i- lads. 14. ltecitation in concert, " Burial of Sir Joliu ...oora." by twelre pupils of boys' department, la. ( lass in (ieography, girls' department. 10. Dialogue, "The Philosopher's Stone," by three lads. 17. Solo, " My own Native Land," by a small boy. IS. Recitation in concert, " Soldier's Dream," by senior class of boys' department. 19. Class in Arithmetic, boys' department. 90. Dialogue,Little Patriots," by two primary scholars. 91. Recitation, " The Flower Girl," by four misses. 99. Class in Astronomy, boys' department. 93. Rocitation, " Sailor and the Monkeys," with a moral, by two boys. 94. ''Floral Festival; or, May Day Coronation." All of which went off with great cclat, particularly the " Lone Widow," the "Burial of Sir John Moore," tho "Flower Girl," but still more especially the "Floral Festival," which was truly an interesting affair; in which about fifteen flowers of the flock took a part. The nature of the latter pleasing performance may be better conceived by the following brief synopsis:? Fir it Fart? Season? Spring-time?Sunset?May-day eve.?Maia, (Queen of May,) in a pleasant grove, is l.w L'lwv. I, L'l/.W.Iu over flowers.) They are followed by the sea nymph Iris, (the rainbow); Zephyrus, (the gentle west winds, whose sweet breath is fabled to have produced fruits and flowera,) with attendant Kairies. After greeting the Queen elect, all retire?Maia at twilight is visited by the I'leiades, (her sisters?fabled as presiding over spring.)? offering presented by Merope, a sister Pleiad?Twilight closes?Maia retires. Part Second?Time?early dawn.?The Pleiades still twinkling over Maia's bower.?Enter Flora's procession? Florads, Zephyrs and Fairies?with May-pole, flowers, &c., recitation,--address to Aurora, (presiding over tne morning,)?An Invocation to Spring. Carpo, one of the Zephyrs, addresses Maia. After merry greetings with songs, &c. they retire to the wild wood for flowers. Part Third. ?Flora's procession returns,?Flora, Florads, Iris. Fairies, Carpo, Zephyrus, Merope and her sister Pleiades?and Maia The Coronation?Flora's address to the " Queen of May"?her reply?closing festivities?Flora and Carpo distribute fruits and flowers? final chorus?" Strike tne Merry Tabor." aaAt thi conclusion of which the visiters retired, apparently very much gratified with the manner in which the proficiency of the pupils under the charge of Mr. Patterson and Miss Doane, the principals of the male and female departments of this school was exhibited. Between the exercises about ISO juvenile pupils favored the visiters with satisfactory evidence of their advancement in vocal music. Three of the senior pupils of the female department, vis: Misses Eliza St. John, Mary Atkinson, and Fanny Mills, elicited marked applause by their sweet voices. The latter, as the " May Queen," drew forth general admiration. Fiat.?A fire was discovered, early yesterday morning, in the oarpenter's shop belonging to M. B. Dupuy, in 10th street, near 6th Avenue, which was promptly put out by the Police of the 16th ward. Ahothkk.?A fire also occurred, yesterday morning at No. 29i Bowery. It was promptly put out by Sergeant mansneia ana unecn men. Damage inning. Trial Tnir or the Cornelius Vandkhbilt.?We learn that the new steamer Cornelius Vanderbllt made a trial trip yesterday. She met the steamer Niagara near Manhattanvllle, and came down the river with her?the latter twenty feetahcad when off Courtland St. wharf. The C. V. made twenty-one revolutions, and the N. twenty-three. Boston Papers.?Through the kind attention of our friends of the Springfield and New Haven Railroad, we are in daily receipt of Boston papers. Coney Island.?The steamer Zephyr will make several trips to Coney Island to-morrow. Coney Island Is a delightful place. Accident.?A very interesting child, named Sarah Ann Smith, accidentally fell out of a window, and died from the effects of the fall, yesterday. She was aged three years and nine months. Her sudden death has been a serious blow to her afflicted parents and friends. Suffocated in a Sink.?Coroner Walters was called to hold an inquest yesterday at No. 495 Pearl street, on the body of Joseph Kerseh, a native of France, aged 39 years, and Anthony Albert, a German, aged 41 years, who came to their death bv being suffocated by the foul air in a sink, of premises No. 495 Pearl street, which they were engaged in emptying, it appeared ft-om the evidence adduced before tho Coroner, that after the task of cleaning the sink had been almost completed, Kersch went down for the purpose of measuring the dimensions of the sink, when he became faint and fell down.muttering some words as he did so. Anthony then went down to rescue Kersch, but on attempting to draw him out with Kersch, he also fell a victim to the foul air. Heveral attempts were made to get them both out alive, without success however; those who were let down by means of ropes tor that purpose, being nearly suffocated themselves. The bodies of Kersch and Anthony were recovered after a delay of several hours, and inquests held upon them, which resulted in a verdict being rendered in accordance with the fbregoing facts. Police Intelligence. Pickpockets at work again.?R. ?, tiillett, drover, from Cleveland Ohio, was robbed of $1030, while coming down in a 3d Avenue stage yesterday afternoon. Ho was coins to deDOslt the monev in the American Fx change Bank. The money consisted of bill* on Butchere' anil Droycrs' Bank, $670; Lewis County Bank $60; draft for $360, on Canal Bank of Cleveland to his order. Apply to officer A. H. Stewart, 3d district poliee. Burglary.?Officer Curry, of the 3d ward, arrested on Thursday night, a fellow called David Kroy, who was detected in the act of getting through a window, with a felonious intent of robbing ths Tribune office, lie was detected in the act by Mr. Wm. P. Clawson, and the above officer took him into custody, and Justice Osborne locked bim up for trial. Stealing a Boat ?Officer Curran of the 1st ward, arrested on Thursday night three fellows, called James Reed, James Dennis, and Michael Klinn, on a charge of stealing a boat belonging to James Derrick. Locked up for examination. Jiitault iwith intent to Kill.? Officer McManus of the 6th ward, arrested last night a man by the name of Janus Gobie, on a charge of violently assaulting Albert Lyons and Mary Jano Thompson, with a fork, stabbing them in several places about their body, inflicting dangerous wounds, evidently with Intent to take life. The iilTray took place in a '' den" located on the Kive Points. Justice Osborne locked them up for trial. Robbery on the Kive Poind.?A woman by the name of Marah McLogan was arrested yesterday by a policeman on a charge of robbings man called Rogers McNiell, of $16 in money, and a silver watch, valued at $10. while in a thieving " crib" on the Kive Points. Justice Os borne locked her up for trial. Arret on a Bench Warrant.?Officer Denuiston arreitud yesterday Thomas Kendall and John 11. Bate* on a bench warrant, they having been indicted by the Grand Jury for a misdemeanor, in destroying and mutilating the premise! they occupied in the Bowery. Held to bail in $600. K'AAery of Silver.?Some house "lifter" entered the basement of house No. 96 McUuugall street yesterday morning, about 9 o'clock, by breaking the side light, then thrusting his arm through, unfastened the door, and carried off from the basement, 4 silver table spoons, and 3 pair of saug?r tongs, marked H. 1'. W ; also. 6 tea spoons, marked H. P. S.. the property of Mr. Wm. 11. bteinson. The job was supposed to have been done by a black fellow. Law Intelligence. U. 8. Commisiiomkr's Oi-fick, M*v 38..?Before Commissioner D. Gardner.?Anault with a Dangrroin Weapon.?Frederick Lncoy was arrested yesterday evening, on tho Battery, by Deputy Marshal Morrison, on a charge of assault with intent to kill. From the testimony it appeared that Lacoy and another man named Jacob llorch, a German, were sailors on board tho American schooner Macon; that on the 3Atth of April last, while the vessel lay in the harbor of Porto Rico, a dispute arose between them in consequence of reflections made by I.acoy on some member of Horch'* family, upon which Horch attempted to strike I.acoy ; the latter caught llorch's thumb and put It in his mouth ;?thev were then separated, after which Horch went on deck and was soon after followed bv I.acoy, who drew his knife and rushed at Horch; the latter to save himself slid over the side of the vessel, and in the act of doing so I.acoy cut him with his knife, inflicting a deep wound from the but of the ear down the side of his neck for about two Inches. He was afterwards taken out of the water nearly smothered, and was unable to do duty for some time. The vessel came In here In the early part of the week, and the moment she came into dock Lacoy left her, without being paid bis wages, and enlisted for Mexico. He was prowling about the Battery when taken. The Commissioner committed him for trial. Cosmos Pcxss, May 38 ?Before Judge I'lshoeffer Henry Ritll ve Manual Trveieello and another.?This was enaction for a breach of contract. The plaintiff alleged that the defendants bad entered Into a contract to supply him for three months with a certain quantity of cigars, whioh they afterwards refused to perform. The defence set up was twofold; first, that the oentract, if any, was not under the statute of frauds, It not being reduced to writing; and secondly, that the plaintiff himself was the first to violate it by not performing the condition precedent, which was to deliver his notes. Verdict for defendants. For plaint'ff, Mr. Wadsworth; for defendants, Mr. Cochrane. John W. Hand for A and another. Adminiitratori <f c., v George B. Rapelye ?This was an action to rocover an attorney * bill of cnnta; the *uni claimed wo* with lnterent from 1837. The defence wa* that the money wa* paid loug before the death of the inteitate. and all account* cloeed between him and the defendant Verdict for defendant. Mr. Robert R. Scott, of the firm of It. Scott lit Co., ?hoe dealer* in Philadelphia, wa* killed on the Philadelphia and Wilmington railroad on Tueaday morning.? The accident, ,t appear*, resulted from the unfortunate I dec waned falling from the platform of the oar, upon which t U laft to infer, ha had been tandlng . -I 1 Bptaoopal cwitf ntton?Dtoewie of New Jersey. Blsli!<otos. May :17 th, 1847. I (Afternoon session ) I In my hurried communis*tlon yesterday, I was com- ! Cited to omit many preliminary circumstances of some . iportance, such aa the names of tbs clergy, lie The following were present:? Rt Rst. George W. Donne. Her. Hiram R. iiarrold, D.D.L.L.D., Bishop, " James A. Williams, Rer. John Croes, u A. Clark Patterson, 1 " George Y. Morehouse, " Reuben J. Jermain, " Clarkson Dana, ' Thomas L. Franklin, " E. D Barry, D.D. " Peter L. Jaques, " Edward W. Peel, " Richard F. Burnham, " Harry Finch, " John D. Oilby, D.D. u R. H. B. Mitchell, " Henry B. Sherman, " Samuel Starr, " James Adams, ' David Clarkson, '' John S Watson, " A. B. Patterson, " Wm. Green, " 1 n L Moore, " Samuel W, Hallowell. " Isaac Smith, i " J. L- Ver Mehr, " Edward B. Boggs, " Fernando O. Putnam. " Elliott Thompson, " Wm. Passmore. The Rev. John Croea and Archer OiSord were appointed a committee to examine the teatlmoniala of lay deputlee, and report the number of churchea represented. The committee aoon after reported 30 churchea as correct, being more than the constitutional number required. Fifty lay deputies took their seats. A committee was appointed to examine the papers of Grace churoh, Vanrorst. seeking admission in connection with the convention. ltev. Andrew Bell Patterson was unanimously elected Secretary. On motion of Her. Mr. Habsold, Resolved, That clergymen of other dioceses, and candidates for the ministry of the church, who may be pre em in itie city, be Invited to attend tne sittings 01 ?ne convention. [I notice Mr. Charles King, of the Couritr 4- Enquirer, present aa a delegate from Lllsabethtown.] Grace church, Vanvorst, wai admitted into union with the convention. Rev. N. B. Otis appeared and took hi* scat. The convention elected the following a* the Standing Committee for the emuing yoar:? Cltrgu. m Laity. Rev. Mr. Henderson, Spencer, Moore, Pennington, Finch, Howell, Wllliami. Oarthwaite. Deputiee to General Convention?Dr. Barry, Dr. Ogilby. and Dr. Dunn being put in nomination by the clergy, it became necessary for the laity to sanction it; whereupon the Rev. Mr. 8herman [understood to be a lowchurchman] rose and asked leave to speak on the subject; this brought Mr. Ogden to the floor, who made some sharp but courteous remarks on the right of the Rev. gentleman to speak on a question of the laity, when he was not entitled to a vote with the clergy, being only a rector elect of the parish of Bellville. Hon. W. A. Dr rr then moved that the vote for deputies be taken separately, in order that if any objection should offer to either candidate, it could be better expressed. A viva voce vote being taken, that the order of the convention be departed from, it was decided in the negative. A motion to reconsider was objected to by the Bishop, on the ground of its being unconstitutional and unprecedented. The Bishop has great presence of mind on such occasions, and being fully impressed with the ''eternal fitness of things," does not like such attempts to subvert the order established. This little burst of feeling or apparently, a minor consideration, is a bud of the same order that burst upon the New York convention in 1836, and which bids fair to sharo a similar fate. He^ral members took part in the discussion, pending whichi the Convention adjourned to Monday, at nine o'clock A. M. Divine service was ; performed in the evening, and a sermon preached by Rev. Mr. Putnam. Afterwards the clergy and delegates participated in the hospitalities, &c., provided by the charming lady who dispenses the charities of a liberal fortune at Riverside. 1 should not be surprised if an animatod discussion />>?* nf til., ..uaetlnn nf flia Tlariii tlua and (ihnilPal Convention, from what 1 Uarn of one or two members. The Bishop will not permit it to assume an angry or dlsoonrteoug tone, for, although willing to " tolerate error, where reason is left free to combat it," hie poiltion in the Convention ae President and llishop, is one that involves the necessity of a character for good order and christian sobriety, lie may also be said to be the keystone in the arch which supports the diocese; for the Kpiscop&l fund is a mere bagatelle, and were it not for the large private fortune brought him by his wife, the splendid chapol which adjoins St. Mary's Hall, indeed the very Hall itself where 150 female students are lecelvlng a christian eduoation, as well also Burlington College, were still In embryo. Board of Supervisors. The first meeting of the new Board of Supervisors took place yesterday evening, his honor the Mayor presiding. On motion of David Valentine, Esq., the Mayor was Mr. Valentine was then appointed Clerk to tho Board. The Chairman nest announced the following standing committees for the year :? On Jlnnual Tuxti?Messrs. Oliver, Lawrence, and Purser. On Civil Courtt?Messrs. Maynard, Messerolo, and Crollua. On County Officer!? Messrs. McElrath, Franklin, and Spofford On Criminal Court! and Police ? Messrs. Kelly. Smith, and Tappan. A special committee on salaries of judges was next appointed, consisting of Messrs. McElrath, Kelly, Crollus, Purser, and Spofford, The Board then adjourned to five o'clock on Monday next. Political and Personal. Gov. Gayle has b-en nominated as the whig candidate for Congress trem tho Mobile district. The New Hampshire Legislature will meet at Concord on Wednesday next. The Chicago Democrat publishes the subjoined tiokot: For President, GEN. WINFIELD SCOTT For Vice President, GEN. EACHARY TAYLOR. We shall then propose, For Secretary of State, Gen. Twioos. ? For Secretary of War. Or.n. Worth. For Secretary of the Treasury, Gen. Kearnt. For Secretary of the Navy, Com. Connor. For Post Master General, G>:n. Cuihino. Tho remainder of the offices can be given to the oolonels, captains, lie., lie., not forgetting the corporals. On Friday night, Edward Acker, who had been com ? " ? I'? * W I nnl Vila Ko<l nlnl VlAO into strip* and hung himself to the bar* of the cell window Ha wan not quite dead when discovered, but no near it that he soon expired. On Sunday, George Seoby. of the name place, cut his throat, but failed to effect his suicidal purpose. For Albany?Fare DO rents?Citizens' Line? The new and elegant aleasner ROGER WILLIAMS, Capt. A. Degroot, will leave BM foot of Warren afreet every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday mornings, at (>3w o'clock, landing at Hammond street. Van Conrtlandt's, Newburgh, Poughkeeptie, Kingston, CatskilLand Hudson. The ROGER WILLIAMS is commodious and very fast, arriving at Albany iu ample time for the cars going North, East, aud West, and at New York lor the boats going Cast, and cars to Philadelphia. Notice to the Ladles?We take great plea. sore in calling the attention of the ladies to theTiandsome shoe store of J. B. MILLER, 122 Canal street, where they can find his first quality of Slippers, 'l yes and Buskins at 9 and 10a; second quality Slip|iers and Tyes at 6s., aud Biukins at (s.psr pair. Ladies' Gaiter Boots at 16 and 18s., with Misses' aud Childien's Gaiter Boots aud Shoes of all kinds and prices.? Try them once, ladies, and we are sure you will repeat the visit to J. B. MILLER'S, 122 Canal St., between West Broadway Place and Thompson st. Gold Pena?The cheapest In the city?Every style of Gold Ten that cau be wanted, may be found in the Gold Pen Depot of J. W. GREATON k CO., 71 Cedar St., (up stairs;) and at prices lowar than they ara sold anywhere else. Much Pens as others advertise for $110 and $2, Greaton k Co. sell for $1 23 and $1 75. From their large assortment the most difficult to please may be suited at a discount, either wholesale or retail, at from 10 to 20 per cent from other's prices. Also, Levi Brown's premium Pen; the genuine are stamped Levi Brown, A. D. 1047. Beware of counterfeits. Diamond Pointed Gold Pens?Great Reduction.?If there be any who doubt that J.Y. SAVAGE, 92 Fulton st, sells good Gold Pens at the lowest prices in the city, let them look at the following prices and judge for themselves:? Real Diamond Pointed Gold raua, Silver pencils included, at $1, formally $1 Ju; those $1 30, sold elsewhere at $2; and for $2 we sell as good a Pen and as durable, as those sold elsewhere at $3 Call and sea. Content* of the Yankee Blade for the Preeent week. May 29.?The Blade is brimful of rich matter, original and select, grave and mirth-exciting. Among the contents are three choice tales, each complete in this number, viz The (irntcal limce Homer, or maintainingyne ? i <>> < <> . Edward Granville, or the Mother and Son ; the House Ilunter'? Family. The remaining contents areThe terrible Catastrophe, a thrilling sketch of a scene in the Lite of Napoleon an Old Salt; Love's Labor Lost; a Letter from the South West, by an eminent writer : and a great variety of choice poetical gems, amusing sketches, jokes, eastern news, editorials, lie. .. For sale in this city, at J. A. TUTTLF. fl, Nassau st. MATHfcWS, OOULI) It CO.. Publishers, l3Bt, Washington St., opposite School St., Boston. New Htiilc?Jnat Published, at Atvrlll's, HOI Broadway, "Pilgrim Harper," written hy Lover, and composed by Massett. " Lament of the Blind Orphan Girl," composed and song by Bradbury. " Flower" and "Harvest" dances of the Virtnnise Children. " Oh, no! 1 do not doubt thee," by F.. K. B. "My own bright cottage home," by Pierson. Oams from the Operas, vocal and instrumental ; New Marches, Waltzes, Quadrilles, lie. Itc. The Plumbe National Daguerrlan Gallery, on the upper corner of Broadway and Murray street, (over Tenney's Jewelry Store) is the place where sn'cimeos of the Daguerreotype art can he seen in perfection. The recent improvements in this art are astonishing. Persons desirous of procuring a good picture, should hy all (means exsmins these pictures, that they may when they do perpetuate their " face divine,"they may not have their works of Providence rendered disagreeable by the light of the heavens. Metallic Tablet Razor Strop?.MerehssnU and dealers are invited to cell and examine the various patterns of the above, at the manufacturers. m G. SAUNDERS It SON. 177 Broadway, a few doors above Conrtlandt st. Travelling and Toilette Dreartn* Coae*? The rrrreinrly compact constroction of three r|M dure not in any manner detract from the usefulness of the articles contained in them, end while thev form an elegant addition to a toilette, ihey are admirahl' adapted to the wants of the traveller, heing beautifully finished, durable, of great utility, and uncommonly cheap. (J. BAUNDKRM It HON, 177 Broadway, opposite Howard Hotel. Gentleman's ItaU-tnramer Ktjrle?-Beehe It Cottar, Hatters, No. 156 Broadway, will inrroduca on Saturday neat, 15th instant, their Fashions for Gentlemen's Bummer Hats. B. It V. will present to the pnblic a new and aniqneatyle of White and Pearl Bearer Castor Hat, uniting beauty and durability with lightness and aomfort to the wearer, finished and trimmed in a new and elegant manner. Also, fans ma and Straw Ham and Caps fcr Genu, Youths Md ehildren- MS o 1 Tht Knr Hat Company will Introduce their1 kajMi Hats this day. They will count of Rocky Muuutain Bnru and Pearl Hata; the latter will be of an entire new tyle, and will, be enld at their standard price of three dollari. Kir*t quality Nutria, three dollara: first quality, Moleskin, three dollars. No secoud quality?no second price. New Hat Company, 148 Nassau street, corner of Spruce. _____ OABaNATTI, Manager. Gentlemen's Pearl Straw Hata?M new ar- I tide and new shape. Pearl and White Castor Hats, lie.? AMintIN ITT Rrmilmv is now oreoarrd with his usual es. H tensive sstortnieiil of*eutUmeu'j and hnyt' gummrr H?U, of every deeirable HyU. AM I DON, 177 Broadway. 3???ea?? HONEY MARKET. Friday, May 98, 0 P. M, There wu a alight improvement in some of the faneiea to-day and an increaae in transactloua to come extent. Harlem advanced ,V per cent; Reading. X; Illinois, X; Fanner*' Loan, Indiana, Treasury Notea, and Penn ylvspta 6'a, eleeed firm at yesterday's pricea. Long Iiland fell off X per cent; Norwich and Woree*ter,X; Canton X. At the aecond board prloee were firm, and the market eloeed with an upward tendency. Our lateat advices from Mexloo are raiber more iavorable, but it ia impossible to tell what a day or an hour may bring forth. There appear* to havo boon a change in the feeling* of the better claas of citizen* in Mexico toward* the United State*, and tboro are evidently more indications of a apoedy cuaaatlon of hostilities, than we have before observed. Messrs. Loavitt & Swift have been re-elected trustees of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, on the part of the foreign bondholders, for the next two years. A movement has recently been made by the reaident bondholders to have the salaries of these trustees reduoed. It appears that the trustee, on the part oi the State, receives only $2,600 a year, and has all the duties to perform, while the two on tho part of the bondholders receive $6,000 each, and give very little of their time or attention to tho work. They do not make their appearance on the Hue of the canal oftener than onoe in a year; and, In oonssquenoe of their absenoe, ruinous delays have been experienced. This should be remedied, and upon proper representation* being made to the proper pwtles, we have no doubt it will be. The receipts for the week ending the 0th of May, are not included in the above statement. It is believed that the tolls this year will be mora than $700,000; that sum was the estimate of the State Auditor last fall, and there is every probability of its being reached. The reoeipta of the Western Railroad Company last week, were over $27,000, being an increase of $10,000 over those for the corresponding period in 1846. The above is the largest week's business ever done on the road. A very important case has recently been decided in South Carolina, relative to the sale of stock pledged as security for ifloan. It appears that the Charleston Bank loaned its customer $30,000, and received in pledge stock of the Railroad and Bank Company to the amount of 644 shares, as collateral security. The note was not paid at maturity; and at the request of the debtor time was given from 8th Docember, 1838, to January 4, 1842; when, after lull notice, the stock was sold in open market by a broker, and bid off at tho full market price, by a president of the bank, who oaused the amount of sales to be carried to tho credit of th* debt. The stoek was bid off at about $15 per share; some months after It appreciated, and was sold at a considerable profit. In November, 1845, this hill was filed to compel the bank to give credit for their re-sale, on the ground that being trustees to sell, they could not buy themselves, and as trustee* must account for 'all their profits to their cestui que truit, and so Chancellor Job Johnson, in an elaborate decree, decided. An appeal was taken by the bank to the Appeal Court of Kqulty, and was argued at its late sitting. The Appeal Court reversed the decree, and dismissed the bill, thus affirming the validity of the sale. Many large cases were awaiting this decision, and thousands would have been put in litigation if tbe decree had been sustained. The positions malnt ained by the bank, and sustained by the appeal court were these : 1st. Because, after tho default, there was in fact no I fiduciary relations between the bank and its borrower, in I the just seme of the terms. There was no obligation to serve, and no compensation for service. The stock was actually sold to the bank, and transferred at the inception of the debt; and after tho default, was the'property of the bank, who were only bound to give credit for It at the time payment was peremptorily demanded, which they did. 2d. Bocause the usage of banks is obligatory on its customers, authorizing, in case a redemption is not effected, a salo by a publio broker, as a common agent; and the creditor, having an interest, is authorized to proteot his interest, by bidding; otherwise, in case of insolvency of the debtor, they could not secure themselves by giving the highest bid at auction. The public works of Ohio have this year been highly productive. The annexed statement exhibits the amount of tolla received and paid into the State Treasury, for the six month* ending 5lay 16th. in each of the past two years. Public Works of Ohio?Tolls Received Half year Half year end g May end'g Hay Ohio Canal. 1), 18?? 16, 1817. Cleveland $10,077 61 $9,061 24 Akron 13.099 M II 640 96 Massillon 2.664 27 11,738 07 Dover 3.086 83 7,172 74 Roacoe 2,723 07 6,111 17 Dresden 4,110 18 6,620 63 Newark 6,471 40 10,4611 65 Carroll 6,312 39 5,270 16 Columbus 4 805 61 4,441 35 Circleville 6,212 17 8,073 20 Chillicothe 7,99< 21 14 075 53 Portsmouth 11,191 43 13,451 46 $80,669 82 $106,733 67 Miami Canal. Cincinnati l.\296 23 18 814 46 Hamilton 1,964 83 9 512 31 Middletown 5.133 21 9 287 29 Dayton 12 967 39 19.330 30 $31,402 68 $50,971 34 Miami Extemion Canal. Dayton 2,894 48 1,448 II Piqua 4.260 02 8,740 22 Junction 1,271 52 7,964 87 $3,416 02 $18,153 20 IPolsii and Erie Banal. Junction... 17.034 08 1,723 24 MaumecCity 1,726 19 981 28 Toledo 6,ti)0 68 5,120 66 $26,160 95 $7,836 17 Mutkingum Improvement. Dresden 1,1*2 15 2,059 45 Zanasville 6.974 23 14,194 51 McConnelsville 2,762 91 3,1?7 19 Harmer 6JI7I 95 7,694 29 $16,971 27 $27,095 44 Hocking Canal. Carroll 572 89 624 13 Nelsonvilie 1,259 56 1.047 II w."31? ?'.67121 fralhonditig Canal. Roscoe 139 35 327 09 Total $167,292 74 $212,792 17 Receipts for the first six months of 1347 exceeded those for the lame period of 1846, $46,499 43. The following statement shows the amount of tolls received on the several State Canals for the three weeks of navigation from May 1st to 23d:? New York State Canals?Toli.s Received. IsitrrrAc. 2d wtrk. Jdwetk. Erie.... $202,716 12 $140001 03 $168 946 96 Champlain 4,171 80 4.672 86 6.761 39 Oswego l.Wl 21 3.292 96 3 632 02 Cayuga and Seneca 1,820 90 1,096 90 490 98 Chemung 1,001 62 618 32 916 43 Cr. Lake 42 69 43 46 172 37 Chenaugo. 1,118 63 1,680 80 1,679 06 Genesee Valley 1,132 118 1,113 62 1,392 84 Oneida Lake 30 (hi 4 09 28 62 Oneida river improvement.. 121 91 8 32 Seneca river tow path 16 79 24 92 20 41 $211,216 04 $162,278 86 $173,687 41 Total for three weeks in 1847 $640,112 31 Total sum collected to 22d May, 1846 482,743 69 Increassin 1847 over 1816 $67,368 62 In 1846, the canal opened on the 16th of April. In 1847, the navigation commenced on the 1st of May There has been collected this season, In three weeks. $67,368 63 more than was collected in Ave weeks In 1846, StOCJt tticnmngc. ? Kb."', Aaa'n itoo u. 1.6?, ti i?jx ^tant"P Co J1!" 5000 Indiana Bondi ?2 M <}" I*? " iHiiOO Priiun 5i 7B 50 do >i0 ?? 10000 do nrA lAOHtflemRR i?0 * 5000 do ?<> 77$ Ml do 3000 Ohio 6?, M) 101 JM do blO i6^ 7000 lllinoia ?p, ?90 425 do 56,? soon do nv 12a 650 do 56 13000 do 42^ 100 do ?60 525^ 2000 do bOO 43 100 do i90 557a MI00 Read's Bda *60 72?^ 100 do b20 Ml SOOO do a?Q 73 100 do bS Ml 10 aha Mechanic* Bk 107 Ml do 561t? WPheoixBk 00 .Ml Nor & Woic ?J0 3o? 10 State Bk 00 75 do MiJ* 5 Bk of- America 103>< IM) do 5('H 10 Manhattan Bk 9I>? 100 do ?M M1 a, 97J Farmera Tr 3 'a Ml do b7 50 \ 175 do 3t% 250 do Ml'a 150 do ?30 31 150 do 6 o? 50 200 do bio 341* 50 do >6m 49 250 do #60 31"* 20 H R f0 >4 I0? North Affl'u Tr 9'* 44 N. Har'n fc Hartf'd 90 do ti?0 9*4 300 Long !?l 11R 27 10 Ohio Life li Tr 1<'.5J4 75 do 100 lUading UK 57*4 100 do 75 do 579ft 50 Rtonington RK ?? 50 do ?I5 57* 50 do Srrond lion I'd. $5000 Penna. 5f s'iO 7n}4 500 elu Farm's Loan bl? 31,*4 5000 Hrid'g Bda 630 7->tf 5" do 615 31'* 5 al? Bnk of America 103 50 do 3i>? 200 Long Id. KR .30 25{< 25 Vick.hurg nH H 200 do t)60 2514 110 Reading MR a30 57Si 100 Stonington low 50 200 do i'H 100 Harlem b60 56* 50 do ?1? ?7S 25 do 56ft 50 NorkWorRR H# 100 do 56 .50 do 50$ 150 do J5J4 100 4o ?9? 50* & fkmoro Loon 34*

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