Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 1, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 1, 1847 Page 1
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\ ? 9 gg. ? TH] Vol. X1U. No. 131?WhoU No. *T?? THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, Horth-wwrt corner of Pulton and Nunu Mb ?AMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CUXCinUATIUN ?FORTY THOl'IAHD. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Price 2 cents per copy?ST Olier annum?payable iu adrauce. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 6X eeati l et copy?>3 I2X cents per annum?payable iu advance. HERALD I^R EUROPE?Every Steam Packet day? Price 6k cenu per cwny?$3 per annum, payable in advance. HOLHIAY HERALD?Published eu tlie lat of January and IJtu: Inlv of each year?single copies aiipence each. ADV r-KflSEMENTS, at the usual prices?always cash in a< v nee. Advertisements should be written in a plain, legible man i > The Proprietor wlD not be responsible for errors that may occur u tliem. PRINTl.Nu of all kinds executed beaatuully and with daspateh. All letters or commnuieations by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paid, or the postage will ba da dncml from tne subscription mnuev remitted. UN ITEL) 8TATE8 M AIL STEAMER WASHINGTON. KOR SOUTHAMPAND BREMEN.?Passengers by steamer, who have engaged thsir berths, but not yet taken o"t their passage receipts, us r-quested to eall for the s<me, at the Ocean Steam N vifpriou Compny's office, 41 William st est, on or veil#re Oji umav evening, s.nn lnsr ' w 't4,,e P'er No. N. R, on Tuesday, 1st Jons, I' is-.e>i|<ers will please send their baggage on board on Monday, sud have all that is not wantetr ?u tlie passage marked ' be In w ." All letters and mailable matter must pass through the post "Ifiue. my29 4trc tr-ma, REGATTA.?THE ANNUAL A*3P> r negatu of the New York Yacht NKMVW 'viiSasfaSiSLt'liib, will come off on TueadayffifiiAfa inorniiig, June 1, from Head Quarters, Hohnken The steamer IOLA8. will leave the following places to receive nil laud nersons after t e race is o??r:?Dry Dock, ffeenr's Pier, at n*i A. M.; Head of Cherry street, 9; rike St., Dkfc Pier No. 1, N. K , 9>i; Canal street, 9>{; Hammond street, Ml The lulaa will accompany the vaehts on their trial or speed down the Bay, and return ill time to the stake boat to tee them come in. Fare fur the whole trip, 30 cents. PRIZE RACE?On Wednesday,the lolas will leave the same place* at tlie same hours, a d accompany the squadron down the Bay, and return to the Stake Bust at the coming in, and leave passengers where they were taken on board, after the race is over. Fare f r rtie win. 30 cents. je| lt*ro -fcjtfUKSIU.N?Hit, STEAMt-K C. VANDERBlLT on Tu-sdty, 1st of June, rrcJK iriialuik after her race w.tli the Oregon, will accnmpauy the . e .iiishiii Wrshiugiini down the Bay, leaving Pier Nil I. Nor h rn er. at aboui 3 o'clock Tickett One Dollar, to he had at No 8 Battery Place, before 18 "'clock je| ifrre esweua. UR\NO R V E bet-te n the steamboats N OKe.OON. owned hy George Law. Esq , ?SiHi and CORN' LIU9 V\NDERBILf. ownedi uy Itir 11mod Vdm'r | .if i|, ,i .nine, for a stake ol $100,000. The sreamer IIENDRIK HUDSO VCaptsui R G i ruttandan, will letve the People's Pit r, h. iween Liberty and Courilandt streets; and the MOUNTAINEER, Captain Krazee, will leave the foot of Ch mhers "t eet, at I0,J< o'clock A.M., on Tuesday. June 1st, to give those interested, an opportunity of witnessing the greatest trial of speed between steamers, ever o/Te-ed. Fare, for the Excursion, One Dollar. The competn g steamers are to atari a stake boat, near <loveriinr's I-laml. and proceed to a stake boat oppoaite Sing Si. g, and return to the place of?tn>tiiig. N. B Tickets must be obtained early, as but a limited number will he sold ___________ jI It*r sw NOTICE? i?W STAG km, I E ? The subscribers respectfully inform their en*fanssif*cea*l|>ieiids and the public that they will commence running on Wednesday, June 2, a Line of Stages, from the comer ol A venue C and Niuth street, through Avenue C, Houston strce , Bowery, Chatham street and Broadway. to South E'errv.and do hereby iiilirir a share of nnhlii patronage LENT & HUNT. WILLI *M C. LENT. leon Milt hunt Jel Ht?rc _ FOR BALE.? elegant family Horse, 6 years a -? ^ 1'1 brig i bo, line form, and laige size, sound and f- 1 ? , id, we ! br kt id single and double h <nie?a, used . tree: w i ri fastening, end suit-blr for a pliy Ala i a btnil) k twey.wifh harness l ut little soiled; i ill be sold together r separate. May be >een lor a few days only, bv railing at 38 ' mi I street. New York. jl 7'*r -eg VV. Kl SSeLL. KLOH1S7' Ike., has now in bh>om 'he most rare and elegant collection of Cinerarias, PeInL. i argon i n ins, Hoses, Az si ms and Hliododeudruua in this or they con try 1'lanis and B quels for sale at eery low prices, at the Garden, Henry s'reet second block Irom Atlantic strict, near the .South Kcry, Brooklyn. N. B. II s new varieties ot Pelargoniums, Oensral Scott. IloUgli ao(l Ile-dr, Victoria, Wa?hingtoma. itc., are perfect gems. The whole collection are lie " productions raised from seeds hy W R jt3t?rrc ARCH V. THE ON L 2 HE L C VTKKeR.? (f/S} The Ureal est Attraction Vet?26 Bull Finchee, with VelfK'ro,n '''tee to four tunes, also, over 1,800 Singing Canaries. just imported via Bremen, selected by hit agents from the most celebrated districts of Europe. This variety for n uri and plumage, will be found on inspection, to eclipse any Archv h is been enabled to offer. N. B.?On show the lirge-t Cockatoo in America. Arrliytike this opportunity to apprise his friends at a distance, in anticipation of this importation, thst tbey may m ke early application. P S ?In consr>|Ueure of the limita of his old establishment, No 5 John street, he Ins rented Bramble Cot'age, Bloomingdais, near Bur iliam's Hot-I, for that branch of It's business not connected with birds, viz: Shetland ami Fancy Ponies. King Charles Spaniels, Pointers, Ike , and every variety of Fancy Pigeons, Barn Door Fowl". Itc. As usual, letters post paid will at all times meet with prompt attention from A. GRIEVE, No. 5 John st. jel :i0t? r I NVr. v I <MtS WILL PLEASE TO TAKE N UTILE, thst all let era and plans of new inven'ions intended to reach the Inventors' Institute, innst he irected ?o the subscriber, at Perth Ainboy, N. J. This notice is given bee-use it is believed that muuv letters and plans intended for the Ins'itnte have been retained by the parties to whom they were addressed. Not one has reached die Institute which has not been answered bv the subscriber in person. Inventors by this can judge of the whereabouts of their letters, and if necessary can forward duplicates to ths Institute. SOLOMON ANDREWS. X B ? A meeting of the stockholders of the Inventors'.lnati'ttta will lie held at the Merchants'Hotel, in Coiirtlanilt st, Now lork on Monday evening June 7, at I o'clock, to appoint their Board of Directors for the ensuing year. mv2Mje7rc 80LOMON ANDREWS. 1.VIPOR 1'ANT ro TRAVELLERS AND OTHERS? Gentlemen or families having anv supe flunui wearing apparel, jewrlry. fire arms, or furniture, 8te.. wi.ich they deeire to dispose to the best advantage, (for cash,) have the best opportunity of doing to, by sending for lie subscriber, who will attend at their residences by appointment. H LEVETT Office No 2 Wall st., comer of Broadway. N B?A line addressed through the Post Office, or a call, will li i v prompt attention. m38 3t*rc TO GROCF.R8 ? For tale one of the best cash Family Grocery Stores in the city, with leate.stock, and fixtures. The location is in the principal street, and the store aud stock cannot be surpassed. For particulars address M. L. at this o flics. mytt tf re Notice to mehj h antsand shipm.vstersRe vised Statutes?Vol t, title!, nage 437, section 10 ? Every master of a coasting vessel shall nay to the Health Commissioner, at his office in the city of New Vork, within 21 h urs aft-i the arrival of his vess-l in the port, such hospital tnon-y at ahall he demanded from him under the provisions of this ti'le; and every master f ir each nmiasion of such duty, ahall forfeit the sum of one hundred dollar* Copy 11 section of act to provide for aick and disabled actmen:? Sec. 11. The President of said Trustees shall demand, and lifta-itifled to ri?reivii- and in p?m nf ns.?l?n?t aw -? Kail sue lor anil recover in the name of the people of (his State, the following turns from ihe master of every Teasel that all-ill arrive at the port f New Yok, namely: Fint, fiom the master of every vetsrl from a foreign port, for himself, one dollar and fifty cents; for each mate, sailor or Marine, one dollar Second, from the master of each roasting vessel, for each person on hoard composing the crew of such ve-ael, twentylive cents; hut no coasting vessel from the 81* ea of New Jersey. Connecticut and Ithode Muni, shall pay for more than one voyage in each month, computing from the first voyage in each 7esr; and the said Preeident rniy sue for the penalties imposed by hw oil m isters of coast iug vessels for not paying any hospital money. The Stite tat imposed by the above act, including that part heretofore collected at the Custom Houae, will in future he payable at the office of th- He men's It street, No. Old slipto t ike effect ou the first of June. 1847 ROBERT HAZARD, Jr . Collector, Under nhove act. Office hours, 10 to 3 o'clock in29 Ut rc Billiard rab lk.-f<>k~ sale, a dilliahd ta le imported from Be'gmm. It it the most h-au'.'ful bi hard table to be seeu ill the city of New York, and probably in the United States. Apply to Vtr. Better, 3"2 Broadway I mv3l St re PORTR ' If OF GENERAL Z.Tih OR.?II Long* Brotlo r, resoe tfully announce to the public, that the uneipec ed d- mi in for their full, eorreo , and highly colored portrait of oen z taylor. has been so gre-t, that we sre not able to supply tle ded.fSand. Wen?k 'he kind iiidulgeu e of the public Until WEDNESDAY NEXT: when w? trust that we ah II be able to supply all orders. The follow ing certificate accompame- each plate Nr.w Yoan. May, 1817. We, the undersigned officers of the U. 8. Army, being personally arauaint d with Gen. Z. Taylor, consider the above portrait to iws a Correct likeness w. morrison, Cart 4th Regiment of Infantry, R.A. LDIH-R, Cat t 3d Regiment ol Artillery. , F HAMILTON, Major 10 h Infantry. w. sydney smith, 1st Lieutenant 1st Artillery. d. G. ROGERS, 1st Lieutenant 2d Dragoon*. We will deliver this plate to anv part of the city, 'o those I who leave their address at our office, tint will INSURE GOOD IMPRESSIONS. Trice SI h. lono a brother. 32 Ann itre't, New York. P. 8. Conn* mailed, postage 10 cent*. On the receipt of SI, post paid this Portrait will T.e mailed, carefully done up in ..tiff wnppera Add'g? aa ahoy iny3l 3tii rc CL ilMER HT.SU y r - Ph# subscriber would rea pec fully 17 announce t i those wishing to enjoy a fine prospect of^Jew | London Harbor and aorro nding country, that lie can iWuiah I hem wnh pleasnnt airv rooms st >1.,. ..:? i I this p see is prnhsblr nn.quXd ?g <** h* ,,JoV d, ! tjSSS &fcm~4^nmr' W 'gffi^SKa to.Wter lid nimin? our ntocli of SIhcIc* nrlL!_j DOWCry, ; tl>? city ret ,,1 trsric, f r ,ttU --2 !Vre,,lv for fail to suit the 'cost fasti'tioui md ?e,?. ilo i I\??' cann.ot brnMc?i^,.>l. Kr w^y ?<?* PAHKEivS COFFEE H O U 8 E no ao oey street: * FORMERLY OF or !?.?* J0HN ""** yoke. E NE MAP or TO " \ y ;i ircnce u r* >H..iu?M?^l:.rrwy^^T|.T|1| | ^ ^ + + lyBCfe 25 ttrrfc* ? \\ /omjgf '^JJ / . a rut ansa's if / * j^cxzj: j/ s a all c ulatf <v V r-, f. h n ^ / / < I | J ' A. Waeblngton'a Artillery, Feb. 2d end 23. B. Two oompeniee IUinola, let Regiment, Feb. 23 an C. Six oompeniee Illlnole, let Regiment, Col. Hardin D. Second Kentucky Regiment, A. M., Feb. 32. K. Heoond Illnoie Regiment, A. M., Feb. 23. F. Indiana Brigade, Feb. 32. O. Kilburne'e Artillery, detaebed, A. M., Feb. 33. msivni ur GREAT BATTLE Or TBB AOS. The Straggle on the Field of Baena Vista or Angostura. General Wool'i Despatches. HEADQUARTERS, C*Hf TAH.OR, Adl'i NPCVA, ) 30 mllM south of Haltillo, Mexico, > March 4, 1817 } Major:?Agreeably to the order* from the commanding general, I hare the honor to report that, on the 3l*t nit, the troop* at Ague Nueva broke np their encampment, and, preceded by the supply and baggage train, marched for Buena Vista and Snltillo, except Col. Yell's regiment of Arkansas volunteers, which remained to look out for the enemy, reported to be advancing on Agua Nucva In great force, and to gnard some public stores left at the hacienda until transportation could be obtained to carry them to Buena Vista. On the arrival of the commanding general at Encantada. he directed that Col. M'Kee's regiment 3d Kentucky volunteers, and a section of Capt. Washington's battery, be kept at that plaoe to give support to Col. Yell In case he should be driven in by the enemy. Between Eneantada and Buena Vista called the pass. Col Hardin's regiment 1st Illinois volunteers was stationed. The rest of my command encamped near the hacienda of Buena V ista. The major general commanding, accompanied by Lieut. Col. May's squadron, (3d dragoons.) Capt. Sherman's and Bragg's batteries, (Sd artillery,) and the Mississippi regiment, commanded by Col Davis, proceeded to 8altillo, to provide against the attack meditated by Gea. Minon with a cavalry foroe reported to be 8.000 strong. As many wagons as could be obtained were ordered to return forthwith to Arui Nueva. and bring off what remained of the stored at that plane. In the eonree of the evening, agreeably to the Instructions of the commanding general, transmitted from 8*1tillo, Cel. Marshal, with hie regiment and the 1st dragoons were ordered to Agua Nueva to reinforce Colonel Yell, who was directed, In ease he should be attacked, to destroy everything at that place he oonld not bring off, and to retire before 13 o'clock P. M. Col. M'Kee, at Encantada. with the section of artillery, was directed to join Col Yell on his retreat, and the whole to fall back to fiuena Vista, should the enemy pursue them to that place. Before leaving Agua Nueva, Col. Yell's pickets were driven in by the sdvanoed parties of the Mexicans. He then retired with the reinforcements, under the command of Ool. Marshall, after destroying a small quantity of corn yet remaining at the hacienda, and leaving a few wagons which had been precipitately abandoned by their teamsters. All the advanoed parties came into Buena Vista, except Col. Hardin's regiment, before daylight cn the morning of the did. At 8 o'clock A. M., on the 33d, I reeeived notice that the Mexioan army was at Agua Nueva, and ordered a section of Capt. Washington's artillery to move forward and join Col. Hardin. Shortly afterward* 1 repaired to that position where it had been determined to give battle to tne enemy. During the previous night, agreeably to my orders, Col. Hardin's regiment had thrown up a parapet on the height, on the left of the road, and had dug a small ditch, and made a parapet extending from the road around the edge of the gully, on the right of the road They were then directed to dig a dlteh and make a parapet aoross the road for the protection of Captain Washington's artillery, leaving a narrow passage next to the hill, whloh was to be closed up by running into It two wagons loaded with stone. About 9 o'clock, our pickets, stationed at the Eneantada. three and a half miles distant, discovered the enemy advancing. Word was immediately despatched to the commanding general at Saltillo; and I ordered the troops at Buena Vista forthwith to be brought forward. Captain Washington's battery was- posted across the road, protected on Its left by a commanding eminence, and on Its right by deep gullies. The 3d Kentucky infantry, commanded by Col. Megee, was stationed on a bill Immediately in the roar of Washington's battery. The six companies of 1st Illinois reel stent, commanded by Col Hardin, took post on the enUnsnee on the left; and two enmnanlas nnS? I.U?? " *?" -- cupled the breastwork on the right of Washington's battery. The 3d Illinois regiment ru stationed on the left of the Kentucky regiment. Tha Indiana brigade, commanded by Brig. Oen. Lane, was posted on a ridge Immediately In rear of the front line, and Capt. Stein's squadron in reserve, In rear of the Indiana brigade. The Kentucky regiment of cavalry, under the command of Col. Marshall, and the Arkansas regiment, under the command of Col. Yell, were stationed to the left of the second line towarda the mountains. Shortly afterwards the ride companies of these two regiments were dismounted, and with the cavalry companies of the Kentucky regiment, and a battalion of rifleman from the Indiana brigade, under Maj. Gorman, under the command of Col. Marshall, were ordered to take poet on the extreme left, and at the foot of the mountain*. Theee dispositions were approved by t bo major-general commanding; who had now returned from SaTtillo, bringing with him Lieut. Col. May's squadron of the 3d dragoons, Capt. Sherman's and Bragg* batteries of artillery, and the Msealsetppl regiment of riflemen. The enemy had halted Just beyond cannon shot, and displayed his foroes on either slue of the road, and commenced pushing his light lnfkiitry Into the mountains on our left. At the same time indications of en attempt on our right induoed the commanding general to ordar the id Kentueky infantry and Capt. Bragg'* battery, with a W YO NEW YORK, TUESDAY M I! battle FIELD OF I , ) > n ; ; i / I n M I l I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r.;zz::z:z::::i/:rr 1111111 it 111111; Ml liiiiiiiiif": ! """" rs -V . *) "*** L^\ (<fow fiiSJ k c Si I fjT fe A ~ v' Vu | ] l i 11! 11 u f$ ^' t' 'T^b IpSBB ''''''' ^ i. t'l I'll *Tf?\\ i! ; ! i j;l\ ^UNUm: ?J? if ffl1 "'' 'I iy~\ ^^WWun'f'Ill |f"i mi 171 iThTffi niiin ~i* \? I 1 M 1111 11 111 I: i! 111111 [5 gi111111 ii 111111111 ii 11 n2 ril Ji 1111111111111111111, n i '-n 11 I I IA'A'A'aiaav^ .VA, A A \ -L \ \ A ^ n J |: I.AAA A'Ai ViilllL A A 1 " I I ! , I I I I , PA fit [0Fi FN EMY'S CA MPS I I I I < i I : I i l I M i i ; 1 I I I I I i. THE RBEI H. Arkansas Cavalry, Feb. 93. dM. 1. Second Kentucky Regiment,0 A. M. , Feb. 30. J. Second Kentucky Regiment, ikirmli K. Second I Hi noun Ilegiment, with secti L. Second Indiana Regiment, with C position ) M. Mississippi Rifles, 3d Indiana Regim detachment of mounted men, to take post on the right tl of the gullies, and at some distance ia advance of Capt. oi Washington's battery, in the centre. dl Capt Sherman's battery was held in reserve in rear of el the second line. ta The enemy was now seen pushing his infantry on his tt right towards the heights, showing evidently an Inten- d tlon to turn our left, in order to get possession of the key tc to our position?the eminence immediately on the loft of hi Washington'* artillery?and thus open a free passage to cc Saltillo. cr Col. Marshall, with his regiment, the Arkansas rifle- ta men, under Lieut. Col Roane, and the Indiana rifle bat- ct talion, under Major Gorman, waa charged with meeting Y< tkia party, and checking their movement on our left, th Brigadier General Lane, with the Sd Indiana regiment, Pi and a section of Capt. Washington's artillery, under a Lieut. O'Brien?linoe captain in the quartermaster's d?- m partment?was ordered to the extreme left and front of th the plain, which waa terminated by a deep ravine, ex- Bi tending from the mountain to the road, with orders to su prevent the enemy from coming around by the base of .M! the mountain. Cs At 3 o'clock, as the enemy's light infantry wers moving mj np the side of the mountain and In the ravines, thi-y lai opened a Are on our riflemen from a large howitzer post- on ed in the road; and between 3 and 4 o'clock Col. Mar- Mi hall engaged the Mexican Infantry on the side of the Be mountain, and the firing continued on both siai>n at in- go tervala until dark. In this onr troops sustained no loss, cei whilst that of the enemy is known, by a subsequent In- eh spection of the ground, to be considerable. After the pa firing had ceased, the major-general commanding again in returned to Saltillo to see to matters at that place, and lal te guard against General Mineu and his cavalry, tuking wl with him the Mississippi regiment and squadron of the lis 3d dragoons. go The troops remained under arms during the night in co the position they occupied at the close of the day. po About 3 o'ctoek, A. M. of the 33d, our pickets were drl- pa vim in by the Mexicans, and at the dawn of the day the no action was renewed by the Mexican light infantry and ex our riflemen on the side of the mountain. tlv The enemy had succeeded during the night, and ear- up Iy in tho morning, in gaining the very top of the moun- un tain, and in passing to our left and rear. He had rein- tal forced his extreme right by some 1,500 to 3,000 in- 4 fantry. his Major Prall, 3d Illinois volunteers, was ordered, with in his battalion of riflemen, to reinforce Colonel Mar- he shall, who was engaged in holding the right of tho one- hii my in check. im The enemy now opened a fire upon our left from a to battery planted on the side of the mountain near where of hia light infantry had commenced ascending it-every mr thing now indicating that the main attack would be wb against onr left. dm The 3d Kentucky infantry and Bragg's battery of ar- see tlllory were, by instructions given to M^jor Mansfield, or- swi dered from the extreme right, and Sherman's battery or- 1 dered up from the rear to take post with Col. Bissell's su< regiment (3d Illinois volunteers) on the Dlateau which wil extend* from the centre of the line to tbe foot of the th< mountain, the side* of which were now filled with the grt Mexican infantry and our riflemen, between whom the log firing had become Terr brisk. About this time the sot major-general commanding was seen returning from 1 Sallillo with the Mississippi regiment and the squadron tb< of the'2d dragoons; and shortly after he arrived and cor took hi* position in the centre of the field of battle, an< where he could see and direct the operations of the day. ma At fl o'clock a large body of the enemy, composed of in- 'I fantry, lancer*, and three pieces or artillery, moved lefl down the high road upon our centre, held by Capt. wit Washington's battery and the 1st Illinois volunteer*, thi but w*re soen dispersed by the former. The rapidity his and precision of tho fir* of the artllery scattered and bol dispersed tbl* force In a few minutes with considerable mil loss on their aide, and little or none on our own. imi In connexion with this movement, a heavy column of net the enemy's Infantry and cavalry and the battery on the the side of the mountain moved against our left, which was int held by Brig. Oen. Lane, with the 2d Indiana regiment, ma and Lieut O'Rrlen's section of artillery, by whom the Col enemy'* fire was warmly returned, and. owing to the 2d. range, with great effect, by Lieut. O'Brien's artillery, cor (ion. Lane, agreeably to my orders, wishing to bring hi* the Infantry within striking distance, ordered his line to wh move forward. Thi* order was duly obeyed by Lieut, ly r O'Brien. The infantry, however. Instead of advancing, bat retired In disorder; and. In spite of the utmost effort* of mo their general and his officers, left the artillery nnsnp- dla ported, and fled the field of battle Home of them were rec rallied by Col. Bowles, who, with the fragment, fell In ene the rank* of the Mississippi riflemen, and during the pie day did good service with that gallant regiment. I in I deeply regret to say that most of them did not return Cs| to the field, and many of them continued their flight to w?l Sallillo. 1 Lieut. O'Brien, being unsupported by any Infantry, the and not being able to make head against the heavy co- out lumn muid| down upon mm with t fleitnwtlTi fire, 1 Ml book on the centre, leaving one of hif plecea at th? which all tho eannonelra and horaaa worn either killed or cot ditabled. In tho hand* of tho enemy. Seeing them- dot eelret out off from the centre by the flight of the 3d In- Doi dtana regiment, and the conaeqnent advance of the wh Mexican lnfhntry and eevelry upon the ground prerl- ter outly occupied by It, the riflemen, under the command urn of Col Menbell, retreated from their poeltlon In the ver mountain, whera they had been to ueeemfuUy engaged not with the enemy on the other tide of the dry bed of a waj deep and broad torrent that le Immediately In rear of wk our poeltloo Hera many fled In dlaorder to the rear urn Some ef them were aubeeauently relied and brought nee again Into notion, with their brave companion*, other* pri were atopped at the hacienda of Buene VUta, and there her re-formed by thalr offlcera. ( The enemy Immediately brought forward a battery of *<j\ RK E [ORNING, JUNE 1, 1847. IUENA VISTA OR A P't '!; -im Wllill/////yZ^'/^TJ///<///> ,y " + =i *T J iffe *? #/",sa-! ii))Jl" aaaaaaoao ** ' ,,,,,,,4j??W!iWL ~ 4r"*2 * E"? SpMBM^! WJ'/liki/t 'firoir j| in I IP"1 /V DHHNCBt. W. May and rike'i , Fab. 93. O. Maxican Art ill ihlng, Fab. 31. P. Max lean Cavali on Sherman's Artillery. A. M., 9ld. CI. Mexican Light I'Brlen's ArtiUary, A. M , M, (la* R. L'niUd SUtes 1 H. Mexican Infant lent and Artillery, 19 M., Feb. 33. iren pieces, and took a position an the extreme left of ir line, under the mountain, and commenced an enfllang fire on our centre, which was returned with so much Tact upon the advancing column of the Mexicans, confining near 8.000 infantry and liiocers, that it toroed iem to keep to the upper aide of thu pl.iteau. cloao unsr the aide of the mountain; and, instead of turning i the left and advancing on our centre, against the . wvy Are of so much well-served artillery, continued its lurse perpendicular to our line on the extremo left, ossed over the bed of tke dry torrent, in the direction ken by our retreating riflemon, keeping all the while oae to the foot of the mountain Cols. Marshall and ell, with their cavalry companies. Colonel .Ma^r, with ie squadron of the 1st and 3d dragoons, and Captain ke's squadron Arkansas regiment, in connection with brigade of Infantry, formed of the Mississippi rcglsnt. the 3d Indiana, (Colonel Lane) and a fragment of e 3d Indiana regiment, nnder 0olonel Bowie's and 'agg's artillery, and three pieces of Sherman's battery, cceeded in cneeking the march of this column. The ississippi regiment alone, and with a howitzer under iptain Sherman, moved against some 4,000 of the enef, and stopped them in their march upon SattiUe. A ge body of lancers, from this body, formed column in e of the mountain gorges, and advanced, through the avlsaon Infenlww frt ma Ira a Hon thii hfLCicudA Of lena Vista. near which our train of supplies and bagg? had bean packed They were gallantly and sucKsfully met by oar mounted men, under Colonel* Marall and Yell, and the attacking column separated ? 1 rt returning to the mountain under cover of their fantry, and a part through the hacienda. Here the Iter were met by a destructive tire from those men 10 had left the field in the early part of the action, and >d been rallied by their officers. Colonel May's draons and a section of artillery, under Lieut. Reynolds, uiing up at this moment, completed the rout of this rtion of the enemy's cavalry. The column that had seed our left, and had gone some two miles to our rear, w faced abont. and commenced retracing their steps, poeing their right flank to a very heavy and destruce Are from our infantry and artillery, who were drawn in a line parallel to the march of the retreating solin, of whom many were foroed on and over the wounns, and many dispersed. Ion. Santa Anna, seeing the situation of this part of i army, and, no doubt, considering them as cut off, sent a flag to the major general commanding to know what desired. The general asked me to be the bearer of i answer, to which I cheerfully assented, and proceeded mediately to the enemy's battery under the mountains, sue the Mexican general-ln-ohief. But in consequenoe i a refusal to oease firing on our troops, to whom the i *rs of the truce had not yet been communicated, and i 0 were actively engaged with the Mexican iafantry, I i dared the parley at an end, and returned without 1 ing iieneral Hants Anna, or communicating the an- f sr of the general commanding I The Mexican column was now in rapid retreat, pur- i !d by our artillery, Infantry, and cavalry; and, not- i ihstanding the effect of our Are, they succeeded for < t greater part, favored by the configuration of the >und, in crossing the bod of the torrent, and regain; the plateau from which they hnd previously de- | laded. iVhilst this was taking place on the left and rear of 1 line, our centre, under the immediate eye of the ; mounding general, although it suffered much in killed 1 wounded, stood Arm, and repelled every attempt to rch upon it. 'he Mexican forces being now concentrated on our , ., made a bold move to carry our advancing h his whole strength from the left and front. At , s moment, Lieut O'Brien was ordered to advance battery and check this movement He did so in a ' d and gallant manner, and maintained his position til hi* supporting force was completely routed by an Densely superior foree HI* men and horses being ( irly all killed and wounded he found himself under i I necessity of abandoning his pieces, snd they fell | o the hands of the enemy. Krom this point the enemy rched upon the centre, where the shook was met by 1 i. McKee. the 1st Illinois, under Col. Hardin, and the i under ( ol Illssell, all under the Immediate eye of th# i Hounding general This was the hottest as w*U as i > most critical part of the action; and at the moment ku our troops were about giving way before the vast- l UDcrlor force with which the* were contending the , tori#* of Captain* Sherman and Bragg coming np t opportunely from the rear, and unaer the 1mmete direction or the commanding general, by a well dlted Ore checked and drove back with great low the i 'my who had come cloee upon the muiclee of their ce* A part of the enemy'* lancer* took our infantry i lank, and drove them down the ravine in front of ] plain Washington'* battery, who *aved them by a l-dlrected and well-timed Are from bis piece*. i 'hi* wa? the last great effort of Oeneral Santa Anna: i Bring, however, between the enemy * artillery and ! own continued until night ? 'be troop* lay on their arm* in the poult Ion in which y Were placed at evening Major Warren'* command iiUtlng of four companie* of lUlnol* Infantry, and a i aehment of Captain Webeter'* company, under Lieut i oaldeon, were brought on the Held from Haltillo, 1 ere they had performed, during the day. important 1 vice* In connection with Captain Webeter'* l attery, I ler a plceo ably eerved by Lieut (now Captain) Sho- t 3d artillery. In ropelllng the attack of Oeneral Ml- 1 i and hi* cavalry on that place livery arrangement i made to engage tlia enemy early the ncit morning, en, at daybreak. It waa diacovered he had retreated 'J ler cover of the night, leaving about 1,000 dead and eral hundred wounded on the Held of battle, and 2IU r eooera In our hand*, one itandard, and a large numof arm*. )nr own lo?* waa. I deeply regret to *ay, very great t tailing, it not exceeding, In proportion to the nuiu- * [ERA NGOSTTJRA. ^ i' S** J Mr'Jf : m^ & ^ V" i r # cifl I ?sr <'> 3 o Wm&s- v iUI i-'jr; C^P*4' / !fo?i ** 2 ? :-=li I ^//OWITZrx k\ % % SUPPORT INC. ? ?. ^ is, H; t; MP. X<C || ^ jjg^ =..^ I I FH y I ?y . if Js^- ? ===> * /' ' f ^ I Squadron of Dragoons, ISM, Feb. M 17, with Infantry supporting, It M., Fab J3 y, charging Miulaaippl Rlflaa. Infantry, evening, Feb. 22. -lght TroopH, evening, Feb. 22. ,ry, charging, 3 P. M., Fob. 23. here engaged, that of the enemy. In killed, wounded and missing. it amounted to riling of 700. Among the dead, aome of the most gallant of our officers fell while leading their men to the charge, and tome who are well known to the country for distinguished services on other field*, among whom were Col A. Veil, of Arkansas, Col. Wm McKee, Lieut. Col. 11. Clay, of Kentucky, and Col Hardin, of Illinois. I also lost my assistant adjutant general, ( apt Lineoln, who was as brave, gallant. and as accomplished an officer as 1 ever knew. He fell in the execution of my orders, and In the attempt to rally our men. The troops posted in the centre were constantly under the eve of the commanding general, and their move men to and bearing during the battle are better known to him than myself. I think it proper, however, to bear witness with him to the particular good conduct of the 1st Illinois volunteers, under Col. iiardin, and, after hii death, under Col. Weatberford; of the 2d Illinois volunteers, under Col. Bissell: and the 2d Kentucky infantry, under Col. MoKee, Lieut. Col. Clay, and after their death, under Major Kry. These regiments suffered greatly in the contest and were ably and gallantly led on by their officers, as their number, names, and ruuk of the killed will abundantly testify. I also desire to express my high admiration, and to offer my wannest thanks to Captains Washington, Sherman and Bragg, and Lieutenants O'Brien and Thomas, and their batteries; to whose services at this point, and on every other part of the field. I think it but justloe to say. wo are mainly indebted for the great victory so successfully achieved by our arms over the great force opposed to us?more than 20,000 men and 17 pieces of artillery. Without our artillery we would not have maintained our position a single hour. Brigadier General Lane was very active and prompt in the discharge of his duty, and rendered good service throughout the day. He reports, among many others, I '.olonel Lane and the 3d Indiana regiment as having done themselves great credit. To Colonel Davis and the Mississippi regiment under his command, whose services were conspicuous in the open engagements on the rear of our left, great credit is due for the part they performed, and much praise for their conspicuous gallantry which caused them to be a rallying point for the force that was driven in from the left, and who, in connexion with the 8d Indiana regiment, and a fragment of the 2d Indiana, under its gallant colonel, constituted almost the only infantry opposed to the heavy column of the enemy. Colonel Marshall rendered gallant and important services, both as the commander of the riflemen in the mountains, where he and his men were very effectual, snd as the commander of the cavalry companies of his regiment, in connection with those of the Arkansas regiment, under Colonel Veil, and after his death, under Lieutenant Colonel Roane, (who commanded them in a ;allant manner.) in their operations against the enemy's ancers. Colonel Marshall reports that Lieutenant Colonel Field was everywhere during the battle, and squal entirely to his station,and rendered the most essential assistance. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel May, 2d dragoons, with the squadron of the 1st anil 2d dragoons, and Captain I'ike's squadron of Arkansas cavalry, and a section of artillery, admirably served by Lieutenant Reynolds, 3d artille?, played an important part in cbeoking and dispersing toe snmy in the rear of our left. They retired before him whenever he approached them. The gallant Captain Steen, whilst rallying under the orders of the commanding general some msi running from the field of battle, was severely wounded in the thigh. Major MaCullooh, quartermaster, in command of a rents spy company, has, on the field, and in all the rejonnoissancea for several days previous to the contest, jlven me great assistance and valuable information. Though belonging to the staff of the major general torn man ding, yet the very important snd valuable serrices of Major Mansfield, to whom 1 am greatly Indebted fttr the aid I received from his untiring exertions, activity. and extensive information, as well as for his gallant bearing during the days and nights of the 21st, 22d. 23d, and 24th. gives me the privilege of expressing to the commanding general my entire admiration of this accomplished officer's conduct. My thanks m also due to Msjor Monro#, cnisf of artlllery, for the services rendered by him on the field, as chief of artillery, and for his exertions in rallying the men at Buena Vista and disposing of them at that place, to meet the attack of the enemy's lancers. Paymaster Dlx and Captain Leonsrd rendered very valuable aid by llioir gallantry In rallying the troops Lieutenant Renhain, engineer, was very gallant, sealous, and efficient at all times, night and day. In the performance of the Important duties with which ho was pharged. Of my staff I cannot speak in too high terms their devotion to duty at all times, day and night, and tbslr ?fiviti* mikI Crtlliint bearlnx on the 21st. 22d. 23d. and 24th, not only command my admiration, but I* worthy of all praise. I cannot close my report without expressing, officially ind formally, as I hare heretofore done personally to the major general commanding, the feeling* of gratitude 1 hare for the confidence and extreme consideration which hare marked all hie acts toward* me, which baa glreu no additional motlree for exertion.and Increased seal In .lie execution of the responsible duties with which I hare jeen charged. The forces engaged In the great battle of the Wd and [3d ultimo, were as follow* The United State* troops onjnmgrded by Major (leue?l Taylor amounted to only 4 110 including officer's. The forces uuder the command of Oeneral Kent a \ una amounted to 11 000 Some of the Mexican officer* sken prisoners stated the uumbor to be lit,000, exclude of artillery. This number, 1 presume, inoluded I LB. l*rto? lira UaUt I General Mlnona oar airy, reported to be from 3 000 to I 3,000. The army U represented to be In a iisorganiaed rttU, end that the loaaea in hilled and wounded end by iiaif tion. exceed 0,000 men. The dead, the dying. and the wounded in a (tarring condition, everywhere to be area on it( route, beepeak a hurried retreat and extreme dietreat. I bare the honor to be, very respectfully your obedient errant. JOHN E. WOOL. Brig. Uen. To Major W. W. 8. Bant, A?et. Adjt. Own. Gen. Laoe'i Deepntclt. Hxaoqi'aaTcaa 3u Buhmul. 1?t Dmaioa, t Vkta, Mexico. Feb. 33. 1847. ) Sir. I hare the honor of laying before you the following report of that part of the battle of the 33d and 33d inat.. in which the forcea under iny Immediate command took part. lu obedience to your ordera on the 33d. I took poaltion on the left of the Held upon whieh the battle waa fought, near the foot of the mountain, with th eight battalion conipanlea of the 3d regiment of my brigade, aupported by three piecea of light artillery, commanded by Lieut. O'Brien. The four rifle companies of thla brigade (two from the 3d. and two from the 3d reglmenta) baring been Kent, under your ordera, together with two companlea of Kentucky mounted riflemen, to oooupyan eminence and ridge on the aide of the mountain, to check the adranoe of the enemy (two regimenta) who were attempting to ?? ?> uai>& ui uijr posiliuu uy emu mug mo aiuos of tho mountain. Those rifle companies took their position In the afternoon of the 22d?-the four companies of Indiana, commanded by Maj Uormau. of th? 3d regiment?tho whole under the command of Col. Mondial, of Kentucky; and noon afterward* the enemy opened a brisk Are upon our forces, with hut little elfeet. which they continued without intermission for three hours. In the mean time, my men, being secure from the enemy's balls, and watching their chances, and taking good aim. succeeded in killing and wouudtug some thirty or lorty of the enemy. In thle engagement uiy loss was four men slightly wounded. During tho night of the lid, the enemy sent a reinforcement of aixiut 1.60s men up the mountain, and succeeded in occupying heights which oonunanded the position of the riflemen. My whole cuminaud slept upon tba field that night on their arms. As soon as it was light, on the morning of the 23d. the enemy opened a severe flre from their whole force on the mountain, now amounting in ail to about 2,600 or 3.000 meu. commanded by tba Mexican Colonel Ampudia, it is believe l. Notwithstanding the great superiority of the enemy in numbers, our gallant riflemen held them in check for several N hours, killing and wounding some fifty or slaty of their forces About 8 o'clock, a. m . of the 23d instant, a| art of the Kentucky mounted riflemen and cavalry (dismounted for that purpose) were sent up the side of the mountain to support the forces already there, at which time the flre of the enemy became tremendous, but which was returned by our gallant force for more than one hour longer.? My instructions from yourself were to hold my position on the left of tho field against any force which the enemy might bring against me in that quarter. The enemy bad been in great force all the morning of the 2Sd, directly in my front, and in sight, but too far distant to be reached by Lieut. O'Brien's battery. A bout 9 o'clock I was informed by Colonel Churchill that the enemy were advancing toward my position in great force, sheltering themselves in a deep ravine which runs up towards the mountain directly in my front. I Immediately put my columns in motion, consisting of those eight battalion companies, and Lieut. O'Brien's battery, amounting In all to about 400 men. to meet them. The enemy, when they deployed from the ravin* and appeared on the ridge, displayed a force of about 4.000 infantry, supported by a large body of lanoars. The infantry Immediately opened a most destructive flre, which was returued by my small coinmuud. both infantry and artillery, in a most gallant manner for some time, I seon perceived that I was too far from the enemy for my muskets to take that deadly effect whlob 1 dasi red, arid immediately sent my aid-de-camp to Lieut. O'Brien, directing him to place his battery In a mora advanced position, with the determination of advancing my whole line. By this movement I should not only be near the enemy, hut should also bring tha company on my extreme left more completely into notion, as tba brow of the hill impeded their flre. By this time the enemy's flre of musketry, and the raking flre of hall and grape shot of their battery posted on my left flank had become terrible, and my infantry instead of advancing, as was ordered, I regret to say, retired in some disorder from their position, notwithstanding my own and tha severe efforts of my officers to prevent them. About the same time, the Tlflemen and cavalry on the mountain retired to the plain below. The Arkansas cavalry, (who had been posted by your orders in my rear at the foot of the mountain, to act as circumstances might require) also lett their position, the whole making a retrogada movement aloug the plain towards the rear. At tha same time one of the Illinois regiments, not under my command, but Htationvd at some distuuee in rear and on tho right of my position, also retired to the rear. The** troops, the most of them, were Immediately rallied, and fought during the whole day line veterans A few of them, I regret to say, did not return to the Held at all. By this apparent succeis the enemy were much elated, auil poured down along the side of tne mountain on tha extreme left of the field their thousands of infantry and lancers, and formed themselves in good order along tha mountain fronting perpendicularly to where our linaa had been posted. At this critical juncture, the Mississippi regiment, under the command of Colonel Davis, arrived ou the field, and being joined by a part of tha 2d Indiana, met the enemy in a most gallant style.and, after a severe and bloody engagement, rr.puls d them With great low. In tile mru.ii time a lai'ge body of lancer*. 6t)0 or 800 in number, wiio bad jm.-i.rj do.rn along the loft toward our rear, made a moat desperate charge upon the Arkansas and Kentucky cavalry. with a rliw of cutting off and plundering the baggage train of tba army which woo at a rancbe near the baltle-llcld. Thin charge wan nu-t and resisted most gallantly by thoso cavalry, aided by about two li.iudi-edinfantry who had taken refuge there after they had retired from the llrld. Thbt repulse discouraged tba enemy; and tba Mississippi regiment and part of the 3d Indiana, being joined by the 3d Indiana regiment, commanded by ColoDel James II. I.ano. now advanced up towards the foot of the mountain for the purpose of dislodging the enemy 's force stationed there. In this enterprise I was aided by Captain 's battery of light artillery, and it was crowned with complete success, the enemy retreating In disorder, and with immense loss, hack along the side of the mountain to the position whinh they had oecupied in the morning: some living In terror up the sides of the mountain, and into the ravines, while a few were taken prisoners. Amongst the last desperate attempts of the enemy to regain and hold the left of..the Held, was a charge made by a large body of lancers upon my command This charge for gallantry and determined bravery on both sides has seldom been equalled. The force* on either side were nearly equal in numbers. Instead of throwing my command into square* to resist the charge, the enemy were received In line of two ranks, my force reserving its lire until the enemy were within about seventy yards, which was delivered with a deadly aim, and which proved most destructive in its effecta?tne enemy flying in every direction in disorder, and making a precipitate retreat towards their own lines. About sunset the enemy withdrew from the field, and the battle ceased In a brief report it is impossible to enter tato the details of a day like the 33d. The fighting throughout consisted of different eiiiCMirsmenta in dtffurant narta of the held, the whole of Ihetn warm and well contented, many of them bloody and terrible The men under my command actually discharged eighty, and noma ninety, round" of cartridge at the enemy during the day. The 3d regiment of my cominand.whicb opened the battle on the plain in such gallant style, deserves a paeeing remark. I "hall attempt to make no apology for their retreat; for It was their duty to Htand or die to the last man until they received orders to retire; hut 1 desire to call your attention to one fact connected with thia affair They remained in their porition. in line, receiving Ike fire of 3.000 or 4,000 infantry in front, exposed ml ike tame time on the lejt flank to a meet desperate raking fire from the enemy's buttery. posted within point-Hank shot,until they had deliberately discharged twenty rounds of cartridges at the enemy. Some excuse may be framed for those who retired for a few uiinutvs and then immediately rallied, and fought during the day; but unless they hasten to retrieve their reputations, disgrace ftiust forever hang around the names of those who refused to return, audi regret to say there were a few of those from nearly every volunteer corps eugsged. >i i . , In a battle so tierce and protracted as this, where there were so rnaoy exhibitions of coolness and bewvery. It is a difficult and delicate task to particularise. Bat justice compels in? to mention Colonel l)?*is sad hie regiment of Miesisslppisns, whoso nobly and ao.bravely came to the rescue i.t the proper lime t? aave the fortunes of the day. , , Although censure doeajuatly attach to a few who proved recreant to their duty on that dasr yet I am of the opinion that veteran troops, either of this or any other country, could not have Iwwgbt and won the battle better than those engaged. It Is a victory without a parallel in this or any other war on this continent, and the men and officers who did their duty at the battle of Dueua Vista, deserve to have their naxues inserihed OB the brightest pages ol their country's history. Ilesnectfull* Ttmr nbeillrnt uiTtatiL JOSEPH LANK, Brig. oomd'g 3d Brigade. T<> Brig. lien. Wooi., U. S. Army. Captain O'llrlrn'i DmpAtrli. C ??ir ??rru u*?rim ?* Uvkna V??re, ( Mmco, February U, 1047. ) Hm: ?1 lm v o Hie huoor to report to you the part taken In tlif motion of tin ltd iuMant. by thai portion of artillory which we* dotaohod from yuur battery, and placed under my commend On the mormon id the I2d imrteat I wee planed an the elereted plain. wkiah elterwerdi became the battle groued. in commend of three piece* of light artillery, rii: one la-pounder howitter, one 0-ponndargtm, and one 4-poundar Me*men gun. Mo opportunity wna offered for the uee of three plena# till the morning of tbe Mil Instant, when I pnefcnd the howltaer oloea ta tho mountain, and tied a few ehelle at a body of Maxleaae that were edTearing elang It# Mope. In order to get poefteMlon of th? head of tho rarlaa. near which our troope were then poatod binding tha elaration and dlatanaa no greet aa to eawae aomo of my ahot to be wmated. I diecontinued tbe lire, end mored my battery to tbe poaltlrn mi-signed It In Una. During tbh time e battery of beery Meglcan artillery waa playing again*! me. at each a dlatauca that It waa impoaalbla for we to attempt to return lUIre Soon after thi* I waa directed by Brigadier Owneral Lane to move iny battery forward. In order to rherk the aaTapce of Mime lancer*, who were reported to be po ' log itp the ravine, nearest tbe enejny'* "n* I he 2d regiment of Indiana volunteer* wa* ordered to ?npport m?. _ ... On arriving at the point indicated, 1 lound mjwl

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