Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 1, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 1, 1847 Page 2
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within musket range of about thro# thousand Mexican infantry. while their battery. thraa hundred yard# on my left, was ponring in heavy discharges of^grape and canister I open?d tha fire ?s*lust tha infantry and lancers with tremendous effect Every shot, whether canister or shell, aaamed to tall Tha enemy wavered and fell back I advanced on him about fifty yards. Ho was strongly reinforced, until iu fact. I found his main body pressing on me The pieces were admirably served, but failed auv longer to cheek his advance. Every'gap in the Mexican ranks was closed as soon as made On looking round, at this moment, I discovered that the trcm-ndous cross-fire of the enemy had forced the regiment ordered to my support to fall back. Deeming it useless to remain alone, and sacrifice my pieces needlessly, I waited till the enemy came still closer, and then gave the order to limber up and retire. I found that all the horses aud all the cannoneers of the Mexican -1-pounder were either killed or disabled The other pieces were in but little better oondltion I succeeded, however in withdrawing them, and retired to our line. Os urriving there. I had not a cannoneer to work the guus All had beeu disabled or killed Finding it Impossible to replace them, either from the other batteries, or from any other source, I was compelled to return to your battery, which was guarding the passat the foot of I the heights You then furnished nie with two six-pounders, with ' 1? s~ ?"-.>v./lo;l tn hittlln trrnnnfl I thitn i WI1I0Q 1 Jiguiu ? found my?t*lf opposed to a Htroug line of the Mexican in- I fantry and cavalry bud to one of their heavy batteries. I was supported by a l>ody of infantry, posted in two ravines on my right and left. The remainder of our ar j tlllery and infuntry were engaged with the enemy about half a mile, or more, to our left Wo kept the enemy in check, while our troops on the left drove the body opposed to them round the head of the ravine, where they united with those against whom I was tiring. At this I moment, i received orders to push my section forward. ' 1 advanced, and again opened a heavy Are. The enemy | was strongly reinforced hy infantry and lancers. Kind- 1 ing themselves so superior in numbers by their junotion 1 with this reinforcement, and with their troops driven from our left, they advanced The position of things now appeared very critical If the enemy succeeded in forcing our position at this point.thu day wastheir's. There was no other artillery opposed to them but my section and one other piece It was alt-important to maintain our ground until our artillery came round the ravine from the plain on our left and joined us. I therefore de termined to hold my post till the cneiuv reached the! muzzles of my guns The firing from the nection l>e- j oauie more and inure destructive an the enemy advanced It repelled a body of lancers which was about charging on | the Illinois regiment. My own loss was severe. 1 had had i two horses shot under me ; the one I was then on was i wounded and limping. 1 had received a wound iu the ! lug. All my cannoneers, except a few recruits who had ' Joined some days before, were killed or disabled. In the j midst of this heavy lire, with horses and men dropping around them, the few recruits who wero fit for duty lost their presence of mind, and 1 found it impossible, with all my efforts, to keep them to their guns. 1 remained with the pieces to the last, until the enemy came within a few yards of them, when 1 was forced to retire for want of a single cannoneer to load or lire. I was. however, delighted to find that I had maintained my ground sufficiently long to cause the victory to be secured ; for, at this moment, the rest of our artillery arrived, and came into action. You are, sir, well aware that it is often the dilty of an artillery officer to sacrifice his pieces for the safety of other troops. Such was my position. I could have saved the guns, bad 1 withdrawn them earlier; but, in such case, the day might, perhaps have been lost. Tho large number of killed and wounded (men and horses) in the email command under me, will sufficiently show the nature of the service in which we were engaged. There was but one man and two horsed killed by round shot. All the rest were struck by musketry or canister. JNO. P. J. O'BRIEN, Captain U. 8. A , Comd'g Detachment Art. To Captain J. M. Washiivotov, Comd'g Company B. 4th Art. Capt. Bragg'* Despatch. Aoua Nuzva, Mexico, March 2, 1847. Majob:?1 have the honor to report that I marched from Saltillo, under iustructions from Mnjor Monroe, chief of artillery, on the morning of the 2Jd ef February, 1847, with one section (two pieces) of my buttery?one gun under Captain Shover, having been detached for the defence of the town, and one under second Lieutenant Kilburn, to escort a train. On my arrival at Buena Vista I was placed in reserve, and directed to hold myself in readiness for orders. About uoon, under instructions from the commanding general, I crossed the deep ravine to the right of the road, and took up a commanding position on the extreme right of our line, supported by Col. McKee's regiment of Kentucky infantry. In fhla nnuWIr.Ti nftuw (hsnwinir lin o alirVlt. )lPi>KHtwork I placed my guns in battery, and remained through the night, keeping a vigilant watch. Elarly on the morning of the 23d skirmishing commenced on the extreme left of our line From my position, I could clearly observe tlio enemy's movements, aud perceived that, unless I recrossed the ravine, 1 ahould he excluded from the action then ubout to commence. At this time 1 was visited by Major Mansfield, engineers, and, after a short consultation, finding we fully coincided, 1 started to rccross the ravine, and rejoiu our main body. On facing to the rear, a heavy cloud of dust was perceived several miles off on the Saltillo road, and, knowing the enemy had a cavalry force in that direction, 1 feared he was moving upon our depot aud train. With the concurrence of Major Mansfield. I moved rapidly to that point, and on my arrival met a horseman, who reported the torce to be the commanding general with his escort. The action had now commenced in my rear, and 1 countermarched and moved up to our lines. Passing no one in my route to instruct me, and finding an opening on the left of Captain Stein's squadron. 1st dragoons. I came into action with murked etfect on masses of the en< my's infantry then hotly pressing our front. Here I remained, and kept up my fire until I observed our left fiank turned, and the enemy rapidly gaining our rear. Being very closely pressed with uiHsketry in front, and without adequate support. 1 retired some two or three hundred yards, and changed the direction of my fire to the left, so ai to harass the head of the enemy's column, and check his advance upon our rear An impassable ravine prevented my gaining his front. In this position my guns were arduously served for a considerable time Captain Sherman was in my vicinity, and fired in the same direction with admirable effect. Bo destructive was our lire that the enemy's column was divided, and a large portion of it retired, leaving those in front, as I boned, totally cut off I immediately limbered to the front, and moved up in the direction of the foot of the mountains. Passing Colonel Hardin, with hie regiment of Illinois infantry. I requested hie support. which wae promptly given. Having advanced as far as 1 deemed prudent against so heavy a force as opposed me. 1 came into action and again played upon the enemy's infantry anil cavalry. It was but a short time, however, before I discovered a light battery of several guns had been advanced by the enemy within eanlster range of me, and in a short time it was opened with such effect that I saw my men and horses must all fall if I maintained my position. I accordingly retired again beyond their range, and fired upon the foroe which had gained our rear. I am particularly indebted to the lamented Colonel llardin for his able support under this heavy fire. My ammunition, by this time, was exhausted from my limber-boxes; my old cannoneers could not leave their guns; and my recruits, for the first time under Are. ( found unequal to the task of replenishing my supply. I therefore moved under cover in the ravine behind me, and rapidly transferred my ammunition to the forward boxes Before completing it, aloud noise and a cloud of dust attracted my attention to the depot and train. I moved off in that direction, without orders, at a rapid pace, supposing the enemy bad attacked that point, and my presence might be essential in maintaining it. finding, when I arrived, that the attack had been made and repulsed. I directed my attention to the large infantry and cavalry force which had turned our left flank, and was still advancing. At this time I saw that Lieutenant Kilburn had joined me with his gun. He had been actively and gallantly engaged in my vicinity during the greater part of the day ; but my close occupation caused me to overlook him Seeing that the force which had turned us was gradually moving along the foot of the mountain towards SaltUia, and was only held in check by Captain Sherman, with one gun. under the support of the Mississippi riflemen, which he had daringly advanced against at least 4.000 of the enemy, 1 put my battery in motion towards them, and sought support from scattered parties of mounted men In the vicinity of the train. About fifty followed me. Jly the time I arrived within range oT the enemy?my movement being very slow, owing to the jaded condition of my horses?I noticed the Mississippi regiment gallantly led against a force immensely superior. Overwhelmed by numbers, it was forced to fall back. I am happy to believe that my rapid and well-directed Are, opened just at this time, held the enemy In check until Colonel Davis could gain a position and assume a stand. Under my Or* the enemy retired some hundred yards, and I advanced the same distance, and again came into action From thie point I several times fell back, and as often advanced, regulating my movements by tjjose of the enemy, my support being weak and uncertain. The effect of my Are was very apparent, frequently throwing whole columns into disorder. Whilst thus engaged. General Wool came up, and, at my request, ordered our cavalry, thea some distance to my left, to move to my support. I at once approached within canister range, and felt confident I should Inflict a loss upon the enemy from which hs could not possibly recover. A white flag, however, rapidly passed me, and I ceaifed my fire. The enemy seised the opportunity, availed themselves of the protection of our flag, aud drew off beyond the range of our guns As they were retiring by the very route they had advanced. 1 feared they would avail themselves of our weakness at that point and renew the attack, regardless of our flaff 1 accorillnirlv rf-vrrsoit tuv l.uttur.. - urged my horses to their utmost They were so exhausted. howerer. that a walk wan all that could be forced from them by both whip and spur Several deep ravines had to be panned by circuitous routes before I could reach my desired position ; and, as I feared, before I could posslb/y get there, an awful roar of musketry commenced. Knowing the importance of my presence. 1 left some of my heaviest carriages, caissons, ami pushed on with such as could move most rapidly. Having gained a point from which my guns could be used, I put them In battery , and loaded with canister. Now, for the first tlm*. I felt the imminent peril In which we stood Our Infantry was routed, our advanced artillery captured, and the enemy in heavy force coming upon us at a run. Feeling that the day depended upon the successful stand of our artillery. I appealed to the commanding general, who was near, for support. None was to be had; and, under his instructions to maintain our position at every ljasard. I returned to my battery, encouraged my men, and. when the enemy arrived within good range, poured forth the canister as rapidly as my guns could be loaded At the first discharge I observed the enemy falter, and In a short time he was in full retr.-?t A very heavy loss must have been sustain-1 by him however before he got beyond our range My Kui.e were now advanced several 1 huudred yards, and opened on a position held bv the enemy, with a battery of heavier calibre than our own- ' the eame from which our left IWnk had be..n driven in i the forenoon Under the sup post of the Mississippi real ment, I continued my fire until convinced that nothing oould be effected?the enemy holding an eminence from which wo could not dislodge hiui without a sacrifice I which might compromise the success of the day. | no'cordtngly withdrew from their fire Thus closed my severe labors for the day. except a i < w scattered shot fired at different parties o: the enemy | passing within oar nm*. I had nfnM about IN rounds of ammunition Iter aaoh nun. About sunset 1 withdraw my battery into the ravine in rear of our line, and took a position for the ntKbt from which I could readily more to any assailable peint. I Ilere I remained? officers and men on the alert, and horses in harness At daylight tho next morning the j rear'guard of the enemy wai eoen in full retreat; and a minute examination of tbe Held showed the awful Ue- ' etruction to his ranks, which we oould scarcely realise . J before, but whleh uow fully accounted for hie movement. f ?? .?* I 1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, c 7 BRAXTON BRAGG, Capt. 3d Art'y, commanding light Co. "C. ? To MaJ. W. W. S. Bliss. Ass't Adj't General, Army of t' Occupation. Lieut, ihover's Despatch. tl Cams at Aoua Nukva, Mexico,) 1 March 3, 1847. ) ri Sia ?By your direction I have the honor to report my 1 operations with one picoe of artillery from the hattery li of light company C, 3d artillery, at and near SaltiUo, on a 33d aud J3d February, 1847 hi On tbe morning of the 'i-(l I waa left at the camp near o< SaltiUo with one piece of artillery (6 pounder) to assist | w :_ thss i-uinn Two enmnaniefi of MieaiAMinni v riflemen were left in camp for its defence. During the c afternoon the wagons were no placed as to form a barri- t< cade for part of the camp, the frout being protected by tl my gun and the two companion of riflemen, with a cross u lire in front from the fort. (J On the morning of the -J3d the general gave me dlrec- 'j tlons to watch the motions of a large body of the enemy's J cavalry in the plain below Saltillo; and if they camp up c upon the plain above tho city and attacked the camp, to ^ " defend it to the last extremity." c Soon after the geueral left for the line* beyond Buena t Vista I discovered small parties of the enemy coming up p from the lower plain, and climbing high into the mourn * tains to the left of the road, evidently to overlook the upper plain and battle Held. Just at this time two heavy squadrons of the enemy's lancers came upon the plain at the foot of the mountain, and above Arisna's Mills. Thcv advanced ranidlv to wards the road and halted near it, so as to be just out of the reach of my gun and those at the fort. I fired two shots, but without effect. In this position they picked up a few stragglers. As the runaways from the * army reported our force routed, and believing we should have to make a desperate stand to defend the camp, I 11 deemed it impossible, at that moment, to attack them on 1 the open plain. 1 had my gun ready, horses harnessed, * See., to make a dash at the first favorable moment. 8 1 watched with a glass, from au elevated position, and ( saw that our troops were not all routed, and that from ' the direction in which our cannon were firing that every- 1 thing was going well in our lines. The lookouts in the ? I mountains had evidently communicated by signals with 1 ; the enemy in the plain below the city; for, early in the 1 afternoon, the whole body of the enemy's cavalry (mostly lancers) came upon the plain in one vast column.? 1 They halted in column behind the advanced squadrons < near the road, Captain Webster, from the fort, fired ' some shells at them, but without effect, as the distance ' ! was too great 1 1 After remaining a short time in this position they 1 wheeled into line and moved off towards the mountain, j and obliquely towards Buena Vista. I saw this was the time to attack them, believing that 1 could drive them ? from the plain, or else bring them down la u charge upon 11 j our position, where I knew perfectly well, with two com- J | panics of rifiemen to support me, we could beat them off, j and then rout them. Thus my first Intention was to ad- ' vance rapidly upon them, and tiro, and retire to oainp 1 if they attempted a charge with their whole force. ' Accordingly 1 advanced at a rapid gallop, with a sin- 8 gle piece, in an open plain, upon from fifteen hundred ? to two thousand cavalry, mostly lancers. By the time 1 t was within striking distance the whole column was in c motion towards the lower plain. 1 halted and fired several shots at the flank of the column. I again advanced t upon them, halted, and fired a lew r unds in rapid sue- a cession, producing some oonfusion, at least, in their 11 ranks. About this time a large crowd of stragglers, P teamsters, kc., something like a hundred, had gathered P about my gun, mounted in all sorts of style, and armed, 8 some with swords, some with pistols, some with muskets, 0 rifles, double-barrelled guns, (kc., and all yelling tremen- ' dously. but without any order or organization. ^ 1 again advanced and fired several rounds, when I dis- 0 covered that ( 'aptain Webster had started a piece to my 1 support. About this timu I found 1 was getting rather 8 too far from camp to retreat if the enemy made a rapid c charge, thus placing myself and command in imminent c danger unless 1 observed great caution. I discovered J that the head of the enemy's column was, far advanced * along the foot of the mountains, and, in consequence of 1 the many ravines, could not readily come to the assist- ' ance of the rear. I again advunced with confidence, be- * lieving 1 could easily keep off the rear of the column.? 1 When within good range of the foot of the mountain. ( nearly all the enemy had passed into the ravines and * behind a small hill in my front. Suddenly I discovered a ' single horseman in our front watching our movements. ' I susnected at once that there was a l.ariro force drawn I up under cover of the bill to charge upon my gun the I moment I should come upon the hill, thug being within ' two or three hundred yards of them. I advanced alone J at full gallop several huudred yards, when suddenly 1 ' saw close in front of me a heavy column, eight deep, 1 ready for the charge. I galloped back, moved my piece 1 to the right to a commanding position, and fired a single shot into them, when they all tied. Just at this moment, | by some accident, the pole of the gun-limber was bro- ' ken. 1 immediately caused the limber of the caisson to supply its place. The men, with most commendable activity, replaced it with a sparo pole from the caisson.? 1 Whilst this was being done, i galloped to the top of the 1 hill above Arispa's Mills, where a grand sight burst upon 1 my view. The whole column was winding its way along 1 the foot of the mountain and through the ravines, more < than half the column being in range of my gun. I gal- 1 loped back to bring it up, placed it in position and fired 1 rapidly into their crowded ranks, producing considera- 1 ble confusion and much execution. One squadron was ' faced to the rear by fours, and began to move back brisk ly with the evident intention of charging me. when a I shot sent into their ranks sent them off to the left-abont 1 in a gallop. I continued to fire upon them as long as ' they were in reach, evidently doing them much damage. * Owing to the deep raviues over which they passed 1 ' could follow them no further, but I felt very mnch grati- ' fled that we had been able to drive them from the plain. 1 Duriug the latter part of the firing, the howitzer under 1 Lieut. Donaldson did serious execution, as we ceuld see shells bursting in and near their ranks. Thus having lollowed the enemy over an open plain for near three miles, from which he was compelled to retire, 1 leisurely returned to camp. w. ii HHUVKK, 1st Lieut. 3d Art. To Capt. B. Bragg, Comd'g. light oomp. C, 3d Art. Col. May'i Detpatch. Dragoon Camt, Near Agua Nueva. Mexico, March 3. 1847. Major : In compliance with your direction*. I have the honor to submit the following report of the service* rendered by my command in the affair of the 32 d, and the battle of the 23d ult. with the Mexican armj. Im- 1 mediately on receiving intelligence of the advance of the ' Mexican forces on the morning of the 23d, I accompani- 1 cd the general-in-chief with my squadron to the battle- 1 field. The action not becoming general that day, the ( duties of my squadron were simply observatory; and I returned iu the evening, in compliance with instruc- 1 tions previously received from the commanding general, ( | to Saltillo. On the morning of the 33d I again accompa- 1 j nied the general to the battle-ground with my squadron, 1 j consisting of seventy-two total, seventy-six aggregate. F As soon as I reached the scene of action, I took position d near the squadron of the 1st dragoons, so as to be able to 1 co-operate with it, if necessary, and also to be in sup- 0 porting distance of Captain Sherman's battery. Short- 0 ly after this the battle became general, the enemy's ? grand column of attack having forced the position occu- 1 pied originally by the Kentucky and Arkansas mounted volunteers, and driving them before it, was rapidly gaining ground towards our rear. At this moment the comiflandlng General directed me to assume command of the dragoons, and check that column. Captain Stein. 1st dragoons, being absent or engaged in some other portion of the field, the command of cbe squadron of the 4st dragoons devolve 1 on Lieutenant Kucker. Owing to the numerous deep ravines cutting the entire field of battle, I' I was compelled to pursue a circuitous route to gain the head or front of the advancing column. On my way thither I was joined by Captain Pike, Arkansas mounted volunteers, with his squadron, who informed me he had been ordered to report to me for duty. So soon as I appeared with my command in front of the enemy, his cavalry halted, under cover of a deep ravine, supported by large masses of infantry. At the same time Colonels Marshall and Yell, separated from my command by a deep ravine, advanced their respective commands towards the enemy. By these combined movements the progress of the seemingly victorious column was checked. I maintained that position nearly an hour; during I nuivu vuuv mo vuvuij uiu nub iiuvaucc D?ynnu ioa ae| fensive position assumed on my first appenr&nce in bis front. I was. however, unable to charge his cavalry, owing to the intervention of deep ravines. The position I then occupied was eminently favorable for the use of artillery; and I accordingly despatched Lieut Wood, my adjutant, to the commanding general, requesting a piece of artillery to be sent to me. llefore the arrival, however, of the piece of artillery placed under my orders by the general. I was ordered by Brigadier General Wool to return to the position I occupied first In the morning,to support the batteries situated on the ridge nearest to the enemy, and which were also immediately under the eye of the general-in-chiof.? While in that position I was directed to detach Lieutenant Rucker, with the squadron of the 1st dragoons, with orders to proceed up the ravine under cover of the ridge, and to charge the enemy's batteries situated on the plateau at the base of the mountain. He hail aot. however, proceeded more than a few hundred yards, when it was observed that the enemy's column on the left flank was again advancing, driving the Kentucky and Arkansas mounted volunteers, and menacing our rear. I was ordered by the commanding general to recall the squadron of the 1st dragoons, and to proceed with my three squadrons and a section of artillery, under Lt. J. r Reynolds,to cheek and force back this column. Before the squadron of the I st dragoons could be recalled, lt had gone so far up the ravine ae to be in close range of the enemy's artillery. It was thus for s short time, exposed to a severe fire, which resulted in the loss of a few men. The other two squadrons and the section of artillery were in the mean time placed In motion for Bnena Vista, where a portion of our supplies were stored, and against which the enemy was directing his movements. Lieut. Rucker joined ' rne near the rancho. and in time to assist me in check- t ing the heavy cavalry force, which waa then very near t and immediately in our front. A portion of the enemy'* c cavalry, amounting, perhaps, to two hundred men, not v perceiving my command, crowed the main road near to r the rancho. and received a destructive Are from a num- t her of volunteer* assembled there. The remaining t heavy column was immediately checked, and retired in e Kreat disorder towards the mouutaius on our left, bu- ? fore, however, i could place inv command In position to K ct.arKc. Being unable, from the heavy clouds of du*t, ? to observe immediately the movement* <f the body of tl cavalry which had passed thu rancho, I followed It up, " and found It had croiacd the deep and marshy ravine on w the right of the road, and was attempting to gain the p mountains on the right I Immedi itely ordered Lieut w heynold* to tiring his section into battery, which he did ei promptly, and by a few well directed shot#, dispersed b and drove the enemy In confusion over the mountains, tl 1 next directed my attention to the annoying column j A' which had occupied so strong a position on our left i 01 I nk an(1 t#ar during the whole aay, and immediately a< Bond mr eommeed to ? position rtiuw I eould on mv artillery on the maMea crowded in th* ravin** and ronre* ot the mountain*. A* I wa* lea ring the ranebo, I was joined by about two hundred foot volunteer*, under Valor Gorman, and a deUchment of Arkansas mounted volunteer*, under Lieutenant Colonel Roane. Bellovmr command now sufficiently strong fl?r any ooningency which might arise. I advanced It steadily toeard* the foot ot the mountains, and towithlnafew tundred yards of the position occupied by the enemy. then directed Lieut. Reynold* to bring hi* section gain into battery; and in the course of half an hour, iy the steady and destructive fire of his artillery, the neiny was forcyd to fall back This advantage 1 fullowd up | in doing which I wa* joinod by a section of artil*ry under Capt. Bragg. My command still continued o advance, and tbe enemy to retire. Wo soon gained a oeition where we were able to deliver a destructive Are. hieh caused tbe enemy to retreat in confusion. While he artillery wa* thus engaged, by order of Gen. Wool, steadily advanced tbe cavalry ; but owiug to the deep a vines which separated my command from the enemy, was unable to gain ground on him. The enemy havig been thug forced to abandon his position on our left nd rear, I was again directed to assume a position in upporting distance of Capt. Sherman's battery, which coupled its former position, and against which the enely seemed to be concentrating bis forces. After having occupied this position some time, the general in hief directed me to move my command up the raviue uwards the enemy's batteries, and to prevent any furher advance on that llank. This position was occupied ntll the close of the battle, the enemy never again aring to attempt any movement towards our rear, 'he cavalry, except Capt. l'ike'a squadron, which waa etaclied for picket service ou the right of the road, ocupied, during the night of the 23d, the ground near rhere I was directed last to take my position before the lose of the battle. Finding on the morning of the 24th, hat the enemy had retreated, 1 was joined by Captain 'ike's squadron, and ordered by the general in pursuit. I have the honor to be, your very obedient servant, C. A. MAV, Brevet Lieut. Col. 2d dragoons, comd'g. Major W. W. 8. Bt-iss, Assistant Adjutant General, Army of Occupation. Col. Marshall's Ilea patch. C*>ir at Aqua Nueta, Mexico, ) March 1, 1847. ] When the presenoe of the enemy was first announced, ny regiment was ordered to take post along the base of he mountains which covered the left of our position ; >ut while proceeding to execute this order, it was again lAinmaniiui) fn t urn intn thn nlain anil tn murs?Vi to t has >olnt occupied in persou by Brigadier General Wool.? { Ting occomplished this purpose, you ordered me to de,ach the riflemen (dismounted) and sustained by one iquadron of uavalry, and to take ground " to the front tnd left." The remaining squadron was in a few monents directed to support this movement. To render the explanation of our movements more satisfactory, it may be well to state here, that tho position >f Buena Vista is in a vale between two ranges of mountains whose general direction is from south-east to northwest The plain inclines from the south to the vale, which courses in a direction parallel to the mountains, ind is intersected by numerous deep ravines worn by the torrents that, In rainy seasons, rush across its face.? rhese ravines have precipitous and abrupt banks, vary- . ng in height from three to forty feet. Their course icross the plain is irregular; so that theground on which ve were to take position consisted of a series of plains ssuing on the left from the Sierra Madre, and termlnatng on the right in the deep dell through which the road lasses from Agua NuevatoSaltillo. I n length, they vary rotn three-quarters of a mile to a mile; in breath, from ifty to three hundred yards. Ground which, at a little listance, would seem entirely practicable for the operai ?ns of cavalry, will appear exuctly the reverse on a more lose examination. Having the general direction to move my regiment "to he front and left," I proceeded to the base of a knoll, bout one hundred feet in height, whloh forms the termilub of a spur from the Sierra, and commands the entire lain before mentioned. Here I halted the regiment? iresuming, from the appearance of the ground on every ide, that it would be a At point on which to rest the left f our lino, and, from its commanding position, that it rould be seized by the enemy on the first opportunity. , routing towards Agua Nueva, tbe ground on the right if the knoll presented a broader plain than any other In he immediate neighborhood. The rear of this knoll (or pur) was bounded by a broad deep ravine whose banks , lould be passed with ease by cavalry, while from the ither face issued numerous ravines of great depth which, vith winding courses, extended to the valo below, offerng almost perfect protection to riflemen against cavalry, Hid the utmost facility of resistance by a small to a large 'orce. Issuing from the same peak of tbe Sierra with he spur that terminated in the knoll before mentioned, vas another spur, which bore away to the valley in front >f the knoll, and at an angle of about thirty degrees to .he line which connected the knoll with the mountain. iy crossing a deep valley, this ridge was accessible from .he knoll; and, as tbe lines of these hills converged to ;he same point of the mountain, it was evident that the jassage from one to the other became more easy the jighcr the point oocupied by any force. The ridge of ;his second Bpur, commanding a view of tho entire plain aeyoud, and of the entire army of tbe enelhy, was, to my inind, palpably the correct line to be occupied by the light g(S,iawhowereto defend our left tlauk. In truth, I was convinced (and so. at the time, repeatedly stated to those around me,) that the enemy would never fight the battle until he sucoeeded in carrying this position. After halting at the base of the knoll a few moments, I ordered the battalion of dismounted riflemen to take post on the front spur I have described, and there to resist every attempt to turn our left, but when overpowered by superior numburs to retreat across to the ridge connecting the knoll with the Sierra, and there to fight igain; and should they be unable to hold that line, to rejoin the regiment by retreating along the rear face of ;he knoll. The squadrons of Captains Price and Milam were dismounted, and held in concealment on the hill lide of the ravine which bounded the rear of the knoll. x uaitiuiuu ui uio ArAauDim cavmijr won lurmuu uu iau >laln, at about 300 yard* to the rear ef my position, while a battalion of Indiana riflemen took pout, under .he command of Major Gorman, near my squadrons. Id ,hla position we awaited the enemy, who had already ;ommenced deploying battalions to his right, (our left.) with the evident intent of carrying the points 1 occupied. His intention was made maifeet trom the fact, that, from a battery in the valley, he commenced throwing shells at the riflemen who were near me, at the same time that his infantry approached. Captains Shawhan and Beard and Lieut. Field promptly executed uiy orders, and were already in possession of the heights in front, when a staff officer communicated to me the apprehension of Brigadier General Wool that this advanced corps might be cut off by the regiment* of the enemy which were marching up the ravine beyond, and his wish that my men should bo re-called. Keluctantly I yielded to the order, and sounded the recall; whereupon the rifle battalion rejoined the regiment Scarcely had the riflemen returned, when Gen. Wool himself rode up and explained that his views had been misapprehended by the officer who communicated them, as it was his design merely to apprise me of the danger which threatened the advanced corps, yet to leave their position entirely to my discretion. At the same time be charged me with the command of the troops on the left lank 1 attempted immediately to rectify the error, by >rdering a company from the Indiana battalion to remme position on the front heights, while the three disnounted companies belonging to the Kentucky cavalry who were much exhausted by their previous exercise) rere ordered again to climb the hill, and to take post on he ridge connecting the knoll and mountain. The comanv of InilijanianH ulartad hut thev falln.l tn nnrfitrm thu uty assigned to tbem, and with deep regret, 1 observed he Mexioan troops were, in a short time, in possession f the very heights my own men had a half hour previusly so advantageously occupied. The firing immedi,tely commenced. It was about 30 minutes past 3, p. n., on the 3'ld of February. The Mexican light troops ppeared on the ridge, constantly taking additional ground to their right; so that Captain Shawhan was orlered to extend rapidly to his left, with the view of outlanking them. At the same time, throe companies of Gorman's battalion were ordered to take position on the tnoll. with one of which the Kentucky battalion was lubecquently reinforced. The Mexicans occupied a highsr ridge than that on which my force was posted. They lvershot their mark continually; for though the notion continued until night, they killed no one, and wounded mly seven. The loss of the enemy is not known, but is inderstood to have been large. The Mexican troops continued to extend to their right, until they had scaled .he very summit of the Sierra Madre. Foreseeing that .hey would extend to this point, I ordered Captains Miam and Pennington to dismount their companies, pssi he gorge in the mountain, and, by scaling the mountain torn the rear to command the right flank of the enemy. Jarkness prevented them from succeeding, though their >bject was so nearly attained that they came within the Ire of the enemy, who had reached the summit; and here would have been overcome, but for your order recalling all the troops to the plain lor tho uight. When light closed, the enemy had succeeded in out-flanking is, though as yet our position was not turned; and, from ho abruptness of the face of the mountain, it was hoped hat his apparent success would yield no raaterlul adrantage. Throughout the evening. < aptains Shawhnn and Beard, and Lieut. Field, acted with promptness and iravery. and their companies with coolness and skill. I'he same remark is applicable to the Indiana company srhlch went to their assistance, led by a sergeant or eubiltern, as well as I recollect. Major Gorman was with ne during the evening, and his obedience to orders and reneral conduct deserved and receives approbatory menIon if is men wore not exposed, except on the knoll, ind there, by the conformation of the ground, were to a ;reat degree sheltered. They seemed, however, to bo rilling to engage the enemy whenever required. During the night of the did the Kentucky cnvalry and he 'id Indiana regiment maintained the position at the tease of the knoll, undisturbedly tho enemy. At dayIght on the i.'ld 1 was relieved of the command of the >rigaile by Brigadier General Lane, who will report its urther operations. aii noon an it wan lignt enough to see the enemy on the 13(1, the rifle battalion, reinforced by the companion of diiam and Pennington, were ordered forward to renew he fight. They were ordered to dismount in the gorge, ind to ascend that slope of the inountaiu which descends ,o the broad ravine in rear of tbo knoll. This gave to he enemy the position which the rifle battalion oecuiled the preceding evening. This step was rendered leeessarv by the vast superiority of the enemy in numlers. The enemy was prompt to take whatever ground ve yielded, and commenced to move his regiments along he face of the mountain until he bad displayed at least wenty-flve hundred Infantry in our front. The fire beam e hot and inoensant. The companies 1 had sent forrard were assisted by (loruiau's battalion of Indiana iflomen, and four companies of Illinois riflemen uudcr ho command of Major Trail Our men stood as firm as he rocks of the mountain. They were but a handful as ompared with the enemy, hut they yielded not an inch f ground for at least two hours, daring which I was ratified to observe that they kept their front clear rithin rifle shot, though the enemy was enabled to turn heir left Hank, and a regiment or more pressed down the lountaln to their right, with the view of cutting the hole ofT from our main body I cannot too highly cemliment this gallant hand They were under iny eye the hole time, and their valor could not have been surpass- j I I.leutCol Held was there and every where dnringjthe attle, equal entirely to ills station, and rendered me ! 1 le most essential assistance lie has mentioned in j 1 altering terms the gallantry of several as conspicuous n this occasion, and it allords me infinite pleasure to Id my own testimony to ths general good conduct of I thetroopa. Tha execution dona te tho mmmteia by oar troopa U admitted to hava bean tremandoaj. Persona who have ainoa visited tha aoana represent tha daad of the enemy left on thia mountain aide, aa from two hundred and fifty to thraa hundred?tha number of wounded not known. Tbalr loaa waa immenae. We did not lose a man from tha commaada engaged, beeauae the enemy hot too high. I waa olosely observing the movements >n the mountain, perceiving that mattera were reaching ixtromea with my rifleman, when I obaenred that a reginent of Americana ware retreating on my right: lnrtantly I had the rignal Bounded to call my men from :he mountain, and atood with i'rice'a squadron and the pour Arkansas cavalry oompaniea until they iaaued from (he ravine, and, mounted, commenced to ascend the hill >n the other aide Our line being preaaed back, aud tha men retreating in apparent diaorder, 1 proponed to Col. fell to charge the Mexican line ; an#he readily oasentid ; but befere the enemy had taken poaition to enable ua to execute our deaire, the right of the Arkanaaa corpa commenced retiring in order. Our whole force waa then withdrawn to the other aide of the ravine, and we found that we atood detached from the reat of the army. The riflemen of the Kentucky cavalry had not yet joined the regiment; but, retiring before the enemy in order, waa occaaionally preeenting a front to cover the retreatofthe infantry In thia way they twice delivered a lire upon the body of the eneiny, who were preaaing in manses along the mountain aide. After cros*ing three ravine* In thia way, the riflemen aucceeded in joining the reat of the regiment, and, at once, 1 ordered the oavalry to form for a charge upon the lanoera of the enemy, who now moved forward along the baae of the mountain, kh if to engage the companies under my command. I'tic lunuera were protected by the infantry on theinountaiu-side. and, whenever checked, would at once reform under ever of their Are; while the infantry, because of the confirmation of the ground, could not be approached by 0111 horses. The regiment of Kentucky cavalry and the four Arkansas companies met the lancers (Irmly, and the head of their column was pressed back. We lost several valuable lives In this ^hargo?not by the lancers, but by the musketry, which constantly fired upon my command. Wo were utterly unsustainod by infantry, and powerless, of course, as against a foroe we could not reaoh?a force exceeding mine by at least six to one, and constantly reinforced by other infantry and cavalry?and, withal, in a position to us inaccessible. At this point of time I could see no infantry belonging to your army, and the progress of the enemy seemed unresisted, if not resistless. If we had a Une. it was palpable that it had swung away from the mountains, and therefore it was deemed best to take a position which would draw the enemy into the plain. Accordingly the cavalry moved off directly at right angles to our former course, and approached the Saltillo road, near the ranche, at Buoua Vista. The infantry of the enemy at onee descended to the plain, aud formed a line of battle parallel to the mountain'n huR. t hair naval rv fnrmali H rnll I inn nf innAdroni. to charge upon my regiment. We formed at once to receive them, Col. Yell's companies being on my left. The enemy came down in most gallant style and beautiful order. They numbered from 1,'iOO to 1,400, and constituted the brigade of Gen. Torrejon. Our force did not exceed 400. Our men were armed with rifles, or with carbine, pistol, and sabre; theirs with sabre and pistol, or with lances. 1 waited their approaoh until they had arrived within sixty yards of my line, when our men delivered their tiro. Under its effect the head of their column wavered, and for a moment checked its march, when the order was givon to my command to charge upon them. Their column parted--some went right, and some left. The men on our side pressed through them, pursued one part, and the melee became general. The wholo crowd was enveloped in a cloud of dust, and all order on both sides was for a few minutes lost. Mexicans and Kentuckians, and some of the Arkansas soldiers were together, and so continued until wo had reached the valley in rear of the rancbc. A large body of tho Mexicans broke through the ranohc, where they were fired upon sb thoy passed; and thence, pursued by my men, they fled across the mountains opposite. As they ascended the mountains, onr artillery began to fire at them. Among others who fell in this affair were Col. Yell, of Arkansas, and my adjutant, Edward M. Vaughan. Your army contains no braver spirits than these. In our new position, after the Kentucky cavalry returned to the field of action, little was left for us to do but to sustain the battery by our presence, and to cover It when it retired. This duty was performed under your Dwn immediate observation. The advance of some infuntry regiments induced you to order me to a new position, to cover their flank from anothor ffolumn of the enemy's cavalry; but the character of the ground and progress of the battle offered no new opportunity to engage. It was ascertained that the energies or our horses, by the action of the preceding sixty hours, had been completely exhausted; and about this time I received an order from Major General Taylor to repair to the position he occupied upon the field, there to dismount, and to act, if necessary. on foot. While marching thither, the firing on both sides ceased, and the battle closed. In conclusion, I would remark, that from the commencement to the close of this memorable action, my regiment was at no time fifteen minutes out of the fire of the enemy, or out of the reach of his lances. If the part it has played has been serviceable to our country and in any measure contributed to produce the glorious result which has crowned our common toils, we shall feel fully recompensed for all we have suffered by a separation from our homes and families. 1 deeply deplore the great loss the regiment has sustained; but the dead have left an example which must endear their memory while patriotism has an admirer. I respectfully submit the list of the killed and wounded of the Kentucky cavalry, and have the honor to be your very obedient servant, HUMPHREY MARSHALL, Colonel of Kentucky cavalry. Brigadier General Wool. Mexican General* In the Field. The following in a correct lilt of the general* in the field :? Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, President, general in chief. Don Manuel Alvarez, general-in-chief of all the cavalry. Lombardini (since dead,) commander-in-chief of infantry. Don Antonio Requena, general-in-chief of artillery. Don Ignacio Mora, general-in-chief of engineers. Micheltorena, chief of the general staff. Vasquez, Rafael Pacheco, Torrejon, Jose Ma. Garcia, Ampudia, Ortega, Andrade, Mejia, Jarera, Don Nloholas Flores, Quintamar, Guzman, Minon, detached* Perez, Janregin, Mora, Kufael Garcia Conde, Manuel Romero. * In front of Saltillo. and attacked that oity on the 23d, and was repulsed by the artillery under the command of Captain Webster, and Lieut. Snover. Mkiicai* Prisoners Captured at the Battle or Bl-ena Vista, February 22d and 23n, 1H47, and subsequently brol'iiht in BT the TROOrS UNDER the Command of Major General Z. Taylor. mimrm ii?"5 ? ? to s 111444 81 141 106 Sent from Buena Vista, Feb. 21. in charge of Capt. Faulac, to Gen. Santa Anna, for exchange. 39 39 Fit Ifor duty, confined at Saltillo. 1 J 9 133 1 1)9 Wounded and in hospital at Saltilio. 1 I 1 9 13 1 267 1 5 1 291 S.CHURCHILL, Inspeotor General. iluftcto* Gekkral's department, Camp at Aguu Nueva, Mexico, March 4, 1847. Pollen Intelligence. Mav 31.?Burglary in the Pint Degree.?Officer Welsh, of the 1st ward, arrested last night two young men by the names of Frederick t'ameran and John Black, on a charge of burglariously entering the dwelling house No. 69 Greenwich street, about 10 o'clock on Sunday night, by forcing open the scuttlo on the roof, thus obtaining on entrance, and breaking open a trunk, carried off therefrom a lot of linen clothing, valued at $60, together with an overcoat, 3 pair of pants and a brown dress coat, valued at $17. the property of Mr. James Van Raynegan. The young rascals, it appears, got on the top of the house by passing through an unfinished building alongside. The property was all recovered from the unfinished building, where the young burglars had stowed it away, in order to watch an opportunity to carry them off. Justice Drinker committed them both for trial. Stealing Cotton.?A thieving looking fellow called George Stevenson was brought in by a policeman on a charge of stealing a lot of cotton worth $10, belongiug to Capt Spates, of the brig Brookline. Locked up for trial by Justice Drinker. Petit Larceny.?Officer Scally, of the 6th ward, arrested, yesterday, a woman called KUen Troy on a charge of stealing $9 in bank bills from Terry Mulligan, of No. 247 Centre street, while in a ''crib" on the Five Points.? Committed by Justice Drinker fer trial. Secreted to Steal.?Officer Bennett4of the 14th ward, arrested on Sunday night, a fellow calling himself Isaac Williams, whom the officer fourfd concealed in a house in Grand street, evidently with intent to steal. Justice Timpson locked him up tor trial. Valuable tiond Stolen.?Some thieving rascal carried off yesterday, from the Athenaeum Hotel, corner of Leonard street and Broadway, a small box containing a bond for $62,000, together with other valuable papers, the property of Mr. 8. K. Hartwell, one of the boarders. It sppears that the furniture of the above establishment was sold out at auction yesterday, which allowed ail angers accenn m me uiuereui. rooms. i weaiy-iive dollars reward is offered for the recovery of the property. Stealing Clothing.?Officer Joyce, of the 3d ward, arrested a man yesterday, called Henry Aiken, on a charge of stealing clothing from Henry Young. Locked up for trial. Stealing a IFaUh.?Officer Watson, of the 8th ward, arretted last night two women called Bridget Philips and Catharine Cosgrove, on a charge of stealing a watch from (leorgo Clark, while in a "crib'1 located on the Five Points. Justice Drinker looked them up for trial. Rohhtd en thi Fire Point*.?Officer Corneen, of the 8th ward, arrested last night a woman calling herself Catherine Farrell, on a charge of stealing a watch valued at $10, belonging to John Flsk, while In a " den" of infamy on the Five rotate. Justice Drinker locked her up for that. Petit Jsirreny.?Oflloer Brady, of the 7th ward, arrested on Sunday last a black woman, called Julia Hammond, on a charge of stealing $3 50, belonging to James Koss. Justice Tlmpson locked her up for trial. The Steamer Thomas Powell. J. (J. Bennett, Ksq.:? Dr.** Sir,? I saw a statement in your paper of the 30th inst. that the steamer Alida made the distance from New York to Newburgh. in two hours and fifty minutes, and that it took the Thomas Powell two hours and fifty-seven minutes to perform the same distance. I have no objection to the owners of the Alida. or any other person, publishing the speed of the Alida, but I do object to their making a statement of the Powell's time, that is not true. The Thomas Towell has made the distance Irom New York to Newburgh in two hours forty minutes running time, instead of two hours fifty-seven minutes 8AMUKL JOHNSON, Captain of Utsamsr Thomas Towell. Niw Yoaa, .May 31,1847. NEW YORK HERALD. N?w York, Toeadojr, June 1, 1947. Notice to tko Public. We wish the public to understand distinctly, that any pereon who, for the purpoee of obtaining favor, or anything else, represents himself as a reporter, or in any I "*1.? ? *t*t? nanar <ln?a tint hdlanflf to it. vuiw w?j uuuuvvwu ????? r-r? i? w Our reporter* do not want, and wiU not a*k, favor* from anyone. We are compelled to glre thi* notice injustice to the gentlemen really connected with the Htrald, and to prevent the public from being imposed upon by windier*. Foreign News. The Hibernia in in her thirteenth day, and fully due.wi'h two weeks later intelligence from Europe. It will be of importance. THE HERALD FOR EUROPE. THE GREAT BATTLE OP THE AGE. The Steamship Washington. Ac. Ac. Ac. The first American mail steamship, the Washington, Capt. Hewitt, will sail at half-past two o'clock this afternoon for Southampton and Bremen. She carries the American mail, which will close at the Post Office at one o'clock. This magnificent steamer has astonished and delighted every one, and we are gratified to learn that she, yesterday, had one hundred and twenty-five passengers engaged. We shall publish the second edition of the Htrald for Europe at 11 oe'lock this morning, to coin her mail bags; and persons desirous of send ing that paper to Europe can obtain single copies, in wrappers, at sixpence each. It will contain thelofficial dispatches, which are given in this day's New York Herald, of the gallant officers who so nobly sustained the credit of their country on the battle field of Buenu Vista, and struck terror into the hearts of the Mexican hosts. They are written by Gen. Wool, Gen. Lane, Capt. Bragg, Col. May, Col. Marshall, Lieut. Shover, Capt. .O'Brien, &c., &c., and form a complete history of the most important engagement that has thus far taken place in the Mexican war. After reading these documents carefully through, our friends will turn to the engraving of the battle field on the other side of the Herald, which forms a key to the whole, and they will be amazed at the success of our little band of soldiers against the overwhelming thousands of the enemy. At first sight it appears that the American army is locked in completely, and cannot escape from the enemy. But the indomitable bravery of our soldiers, and their unflinching firmness; together with their unerring and deadly artillery and rifles, soon put another phase on the matter, and the position of the haughty Mexican general, and his defeated army can be imagined. It is well known that Santa Anna was for weeks and months making preparations, such as he thought could not fail in turning the tide of fortune, and achieving a victory that would reflect lustre on his nation and on himself. But kis hopes were disappointed ; instead of achieving a victory, he was glad to 6ave himself from total annihilation by a retreat. Our readers had better preserve this engraving for luture reference. They Can, years hence, nnmt fHpir rhilHrpn tn tViie mnmnruKL AnM an/1 the exact spot where Captain Bragg was directed by General Taylor to give the enemy a " little more grape," and the positions taken by the several regimentB of the two armies. We have not room for the complimentary notices of the several officers who took part in that day's struggle. We do not, however, consider it necessary to insert them, because every one appreciates their skill and gallantry. The Growing Crops. We have made it our business to read, carefully, the accounts ot the growing crops throughout the country, since the opening of spring, and we have arrived at the conclusion that the prospect of the husbandman of reaping a good harvest is decidedly good. To be sure, the lateness and coldness of the season, and the hail storaas, have, in some places, destroyed the young cotton and tobacco plants ; but the ground which these occupied has been generally re-planted with com, or something else equally as good for the sustenance of man. In the west and southwest, the prospect of an abundant yield was never better; and, if the weather be propitious, that prolific part of the country will give an unlimited yield. The immense drain upon this country for food for the past year, and the prospective demand for the surplus of this year's harvest, stimulated many of our citizens, who never made two blades grow where but one grew, to leave their regular business and embark in agriculture.? This, with the fact that our farmers have planted on a larger scale than they ever did, will give the world an insight into the immense agricultural resources of the United States. We shall continue to watch the progress of the crops, and record from day to day their advance to maturity. It is the most important and interesting intelligence that we can present to our readers. Tiik Reported Defeat of Col. Doniphan? We were informed yesterday by telegraph that the force under Col. Doniphan had been attacked at the pasB of the Sierra Gordon, about half way between Saltillo and Chihuahua, by a Mexican force from Durango, under General Rieso, and defeated, with the loss or seven men.and all his artillery. Although it ought not, perhaps, be expected that our forces will be victorious everywhere, and on every occasion, yet we cannot credit this report. We very much mistake Col. Doniphan's characterjand the mettle of his men, if he would surrender to any force, no matter how powerful it was, without fighting ; for, to assume the report to be true, it must be assumed also there was no fight?no American officer could be defeated, and at the same time lose all his artillery and only seven men. Ths thing is preposterous, and we cannot believe it. The Passengers in the Steamship WashinoJ ton.?Besides the Hon. Richard Rush and Major Ilobbie, the Washington Union of the 29th, mentions the name of Silas E. Burrows, Esq., of this city, as among the passengers to sail today in the Washington. The Union says :? Among the passengers who will go out in the new steamship Washington, is Mr Silas E. Burrows, of New York, with despatches from the Department of State to our minister at St. Petersburg!); and we think, by this new route, he will be enabled to make the trip from the United States to St. Petersburg!) In less time than It has heretofore been aoeompllshed. He expects to land at Bremen from the Washington, and take the Russian steamer at Lubec, for Cronstadt. We may be excused for adding, that Mr. Burrows visits Russia under very Interesting circumstances. He is one of the very few individuals in the United States who have had the opportunity, and improved It, of contributing to serve the Csar of Russia. About seventeen years ago we had the pleasure of offering the public tribute which was due to Mr. B. for the relief extended by one of his vessels at sea to a functionary of the Russian government. His generous conduct In subsequently expending hi* funds, without any compensation, in tne service of Russia, reflected great credit, not only upon himself, but upon his own country. Hon. Richard Rush.?In consequence of indisposition in hiH family, Hon. Richard Rush, Minister to France, will be unable to take passage in the new steamship Washington, which leaves New York to-morrow. He will embarV however, from New York in the course of a few days,-ln one of the Havre packets.? Philadelphia Bulletin, May SI. A company in Fayettevllle, N. C., has commencod the construction of a ootton factory on Blonnt's Creek, near Its confluence with Cross Creek. This la the seventh establishment of that kind la Fayettevllle and vtolnity. , - , i 4 Nkw York Bay in Holiday Dkess?Aquatic Scobt.?If the weather is propitious, our lovely bay will present an appearance to-day seldom excelled. Without any preconcerted plan this day lias been selected ior u great variety of aquatic displays. At nine o'clock A.M., a fleet of yachts start down the bay, the occasion being tho annual regatta of the New York yacht club. The steamboat Eureka will start from the foot of BaN"laT street, the above-mentioned hour. The steame."9 C. Vanderbilt and Oregon start for their trial of speed up the North River at ten o'clock; the new iron steamer Magdelene makes her trial trip at half-past one o'clock; the new and elegant ocean steamer Washington starts on her first voyage at half-past two o'clock P.M., and, wind permitting, the packet ships Switzerland, for London, Oxford for Liverpool, and St. Nicolas for Havre, will give their canvass to the breeze. Besides all these, the trnnsient ships St. George, unil Cornelia, for Liverpool, the Anceliniip for Amsterdam, and the Clifton, for New Orleans, will start out and help to make up the magnificent picture. In the midst of all, the steamer Southerner will probably arrive, as she has alwuys been punctual, and this is her day to come in. In addition to these departures und arrivals, there are a host of smaller craft that go out, and the proud steamers upon the rivers and sound, will arrive and take their departures as usual, while the ferry boats to Bull's Ferry, Fort Lee, lloboken, Jersey City, Staten Island, Fort Hamilton, the four Brooklyn ferries. Wil liamsburgh and Astoria, will keep up their regular trips like a water police, and hundreds of gay pleasure boats will flit from point to point by aid of oar and sail. Weshall have such a day us will do aquatics good, if the winds and clouds are but inclined to favor the various enterprises which combine to give interest to the occasion. Theatrical. I'ahk Theatre.?Mrs. Mason's engagement Is drawing to a termination rapidly, aud lasts but two nights longer after to-night. She will appear this evening in Knowles play of the uWife." It is a treat to seo this talented lady In this play, and should be enjoyed by all who have tbo opportunity of doing so. Strangers at present visiting here should by all means see her. Bowery Theatre.?Mr. Wemyss, so well ana so favorably known to the patrons of the Bowery Theatre, will take a benefit there this evening. A host of his professional friends have volunteered their services, with the determination of securing for him a bumper?and a bumper he will assuredly have, or wo ore much mis taken. Miss C. Werayss, Mr. Walcott, Mr. H. Marlu, Barney Williams. Mr. John Winans, Mr. Hadaway, Mrs. Wilkinson, Miss Gordon, &.c., are among the many excellent performers, who will take part in the evening's amusements. Rarely, if ever, have we seen a stronger cast, or a better bill produced. "The Lady of Lyons" will be the first piece performed. In it, Miss Wemyss will, for the seoond time, make her appearance as Pauline. The comedy of "A Tompkins Blue," in which Mr. Walcott will take the principal character, will be next performed; and the laughable piece, "The Bashful Irishman," in which Barney Williams will act Terence O'Oallagher, will sum up. This, however, is not all. Between the pieces, several favorite comic songs will be sung by vocalists of talent. Such a bill was hardly ever put forth before. Palmo's Opera House.?This well known place will be filled to the utmost this evening by the elite of our population to witness the amateur performances. There is much curiosity manifested by our theatre-going citizens to see in what manner " Damon and Pythias'' will be acted. Mr. W. Marshall takos a benefit at the Chatham theatre this evening. Bee advertisement. Mr. T. D. Rice, the original Jim Crow, is at Buffalo. Last night Madame Augusta made her first appearance hi me ueauuiui uauei 01 iNamaue. ana was warmly welcomed by hundreds of enthusiastic admirors. and all her dances and actions were replete with that consummate skill and beauty for which she is so justly celebrated.?Louiiville Journal, 16th ult. Mr. E. S Connor took a benefit at Buffalo Theatre on the U9th. Wsllcott, genteel comedian, is playing at the Albany Museum. Mary Taylor and Chippendale are playing at Pittsburgh. The Chesnut street Theatre, Philadelphia, purchased rocently at auction by Mr. Hart, of Carey and Hart, for seventy-four thousand dollars, will be torn down and a splendid Hotel erected on its present site. It has been a losing concern, and we are not sorry it is to give place for some useful purpose. Ilumer connects Mr. Hartwell, the well known proprietor of the " Washington House," with the management of it. Those who have experienced the pleasure of a sojourn with him, will be delighted with the increased facilities he can command. Mimical. Christy's Minstrels oontlnue their popular concerts at Mecbanlos' Hall during the week. They are performing to the largest and most fashionable audiences of any amusement in this city. Their sucoess Is indeed wonderful. Castle Garden.?The very best view of the numerous aquatio sports whloh are to come off to-day, may be obtained from Castle Garden. The yachts, the steamer* Oregon and Vanderbilt, the Washington, the fleet of packets and transient ships, with the hundreds of small craft that will help to make up the beautiful display (providing the day is pleasant) may all be seen from the promenades at this beautiful retreat. It will be worth the price of a ticket to insure a good berth up there. Vaushall Garden.?The manager of the Vauxhall Is making praiseworthy exertions to render it as attractive and pleasant a resort as there is In this city, and is sueceedintr admirahlv. Ha him pncriurpd fmmnhmll'a nnm. pany of Ethiopean Opera Serenaders for one weak, commencing this evening. In the bill we observe some fifteen of the most admired negro songs, which they promise to perform, and also a regular old fashioned Virginia breakdown by Mr. Bryant. Austin Phillips.?We understand that this distinguished musician, in company with Mr. Harrison, the oomic vocalist, will soon make a professional tour through the country. We have no doubt they will meet with gratifying suooess. Rapetti's Benefit.?Notwithstanding the storm last evening, there was a full house at Palmo's, and those who attended will not regret having done so. The "Lucia" has seldom, if ever, been better performed, or reoelved at Palmo's, than it was last night. We have so often alluded to the beauties of this opera, that it would be but an old story to mention the points which deserve espeoial notice. Barili, Benedettl, and Benevantano were all in good voice, anil did not spare themselves in their exertions to'please. The other performances of the even ing were well recoived. M aster Perkins, Sigr. Rapetti's pupil, who made his drbut on this occasion, took all by surprise. His present proficiency promises much for his future career. Quite a sensation was created during theperformance of the third act, by the arrival of Lieut. Hunter, U.S.N. The modest hero took a place quite out of the way at first, or we are not sure but there would have been a " demonstration" of feeling made in his behalf But the absorbing interest of the opera at this point was such that the attention of most of the assemblage was riveted to the stage. At the crose of the performance, an attempt was made to cal: Rapettl out, but his modesty predominated, and he did not ooine out. Siunor Sanhuirico's BanxriT takes place at Palmo's Opera House, to-morrow night. Bignora Barlli has kindly volunteered to appear in the opera of Semiramide." We have no doubt that the late subscribers and, in fact, all who patronise the opera, will lend their aid on this oocasion. The Philharmonic Concert, at Philadelphia, on Saturday evening last, was attended by an immense audience. Barili sang four pieces, and was enoered in the aria from " Linda" and the aria and rondo from the "Borgia." Benedetti was sick and could sing but one of the pieces for which he was announced; in that however he is said to have acquitted himself with great credit. Common Council. Board or Assutan r aldtrmtn.?The Board met at I 6 o'clock. Presont. the President in the Chair and a quorum of member*. Minutes of the proceeding* of previous meeting were read and accepted Sundry petitions were read nd referred, among them was the petition of General Storms to have 65lh street opened to 3d avenue. A petition from citisens of 8th ward, to have engine company No. 3d reinstated Petition of the " Association for the improvement of the condition of'the poor," for authority to exercise a limited surveillance over the children in the Alms House. The Committee on Finance reported lu favor of reducing the amount of bail required of the clerk of the Mayor. Adopted. A communication from the Comptroller relative to moneys expended in 1847. Ordered to be printed. A communication was received from the Mayor returning the resolution relative to the opening of William street, with his reasons for refusing to confirm the action of the Board of Aldermen. Ordered to be printed. The action of the board. UDOn the matter nf takinir from the Commissioner of the Alms House the power to appoint the officers of the Alma Home, waa on motion reconsidered The commissioner, under the present arrangement, has the disposal of about 976 000.1n salaries. and the minority members wore not disposed to yield up the matter of having this r< main within the gift of an office belonging to their parly. The ordinanoe was slightly amended, and as amended passed. The board la to meet hereafter every alternate Monday evening at 6 o'clock. The next regular meeting will take place on the Mth of June. At Montreal the dearness of provision* Is now very severely felt by all classes. Vegetables are scarce, flour rising, potatoes poor, and animal food.with the exoeption of eggs and butter, are something like double the price - verxnown before.

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