Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1847 Page 1
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TH] Vol. son. Ho. 1M?Whole Ho, 4T90. TIIK NEW VORH HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-west corner of Fulton ud Numo Ota. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. COICUI. ATK0N ?FORTV THOD8AHA DAILY HER ALU?Every day, Price i eentt per copy?F *i?r.*!iuum?i>*sablr lu adriuire. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price CM ceot? per copy?$3 12k cents per auiiuui?payable in advance. HERALD hOR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet dayPrice ti V ceuta per cepy?S3 per annum, payable in advance. HOLIDAY HERALD?Published un tl>? lat or January and litn. July ofeich year?jiugle copies six|>ence each. ADV EKl'ISEMKNTfl, at the usual prices?always cash in a' ' uce. Advergpenu ntiahoald be written in a plain, legible maim- The Proprietor will not be reapostible for errora thai may occur cithern. PlMNTI.Nij of all ktnda executed beaatitally and with deapatch. All letter* or communieationa by mail, addreaaed to the establishment, muat be pint paid, or the poitage will be dedttcr*.l IV.,m the nheeripfinn monav remitted AlA TO LET?At Hobokeu, thirty aix amall houies, suit|;;:W ab e lor mechauict and laborer*. Rent low, and imme ' liate possession gireu. Knuuire at the office of the lioboat Oomiiany, at the perry Lauding, Hobokeu of rti'ifl 7i*rc W. W. SHIPPliN, Agent. MTO LET?Possesliau given immediately?Offices in the building N?. 71 Fulpm street Apply to JAMES B. DELVECClliO, in the budding, or to BROWN, BROTHERS It CO. nill)l4t?rTC No 39 Wall street. JpA A FURNISHED HOUSE TO L-.T, in Bleecker ] street, suitable for fami'ies visiting New York for the uHLsummer. A two-story house, in a crutral and fashionable p.irt of the city, will he let, furnished, from the first week in June, fur four months, at $100 per mouih, payable monthly, in advance. with securitv forth* term. Can he arenhrtween 12 ami 2 o'clock daily, by applying to Mr. Richard Oakley, No. 3 Broad streer. n?30 7t#rrc SOUTH BROOKLYN?A 8l IT OF ROO.M8.with private table, to let to a family. Also, Room* with Breakfast ana Ten to single Gentlemen. The situation is vei >- desirable, being less '.bin five minutes walk of the ferry. A|i(ilic<iion to be made to Nu'llSidney Place, near State St., Smith Biooklvil. mv29 7t*rc . MBKKKAIAN HOUSK, No lieekman street, (late I Mrs. Floyd's )?The proprietor begs leave to anuounce to nis friends and acquaintances, that he has opened the auoveunmed house, aud Hatters himself that, bv strict attention to business, to merit a sh ire of public patrouage. The finest liquors that can be procured are at his bar, and the beat flavored segars. He will be happy to eve his old friends, and respect'uHy solicits a call. There are over thirty single lodging rooms, which will at least he equal fo any in the city, in |>oint of cleanliness and respectful auction. Single meals at all hours of the day and evening. Open till 2 o'clock, A. M. o Iree lunch served up every day at 11 o'clock. tt?2I 2w*rc JOSK.PH WILSON, /ft PAVILIO.N. NKVV but Oil 1'U.S, Siateu Island.? IjjlW The proprietor begs to inform his friends and the public, XJULtbat lie haa made considerable alterations and improve memt in this establishment mice the last season. He has erected a lsrge building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of a Comfortable sixe, light, and well ventilated, aud superior in all respects to those generally denominated single rooms in the various watering places throughout the country. The proprietor is now ready Pi treat with families or parties wishing to engage rooms for the setsou. Letters nddrested to him at the City Hotel. Broadway, will receive irame'diate attention. A steamboat rntit between New York and New Brighton, at the following hour*, viz:? From New Brighton?At 8 and 11 A. M, and 2 and 5:20 P. M From pier NO l-.Vorth River, New York?At 9 A. M. anil 19 M, and 3X5 ami 6 P. M., and more frequent communication* will be established aa the season advances. The Paviliou it now ready for the receptiou of Compsuy. aptt tire F BLAN <4Rf) MMON rUC VL CAN All A.?TO Lr. I ? vp c,..u. newly constructed Hoel, nearly finished, aituated in lie beat aud moat accessible part of the City of Mo. treq, oi the Custom ifiuu Square, overlooking the wharf. Commanding a beautiful view of the River St. Lawrence, the liland of St. Uele it and the shipping Tl e river steambo-ts land in the immediate vicinity and it io (lie first hotel of its class that pre-e its itself to tourists The building is of cut stone, in the best style of modern architecture, aud in the interior arrangement will he louud all the detail- of an extensive it itilish.nent, includi eg a spacious I):: it:g Room, Parlor and Sitting Rooms, with foity-five Bud Rooms, and every other reqnisire of domestic comfort For further tia. ticulars, apply to the proprietor, Moutreal, May 25. 1847 WILLIAM DOW. m?5 int?rc Full BkLfcl? vVfcsJ l'i>.K LANn-l'u *cu JfWhtleinen in want of sires for Country Seats?To Marks t ,i it'iis < 1 Iiileners in want of land for Gardens;ami to all |iersoi a wishing a location in the ueighbo hood of New York 500 acres of Laud iu the town of Wes'che-ter, w ithin nine amies of the City Hall, with right of passing over Harlem Bridge free of toll, are now offered t private sale, in lots, Containing from five to fifty acres each The I mils are within fifteen minutes walk of the rai road; front on good roads; are in the neighborhood of schools, and churches of different denomination-; the water is good, and location healthy. Title indisputable. Terms moderate. Apply to GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, Mornsania, West. hesterCo.?or to WALTER RUTHERFORD, Counsellor, m15int?r 1(4 Nassau -treat. New York. MTU FOREIGN GENTLEMEN arriving hi the United States, or others, deajrous of purchasing a per. ^Nfc.mnnent Country Residence in Pennsylvania ?Tire subscriber offers fur sate his Farm, situated in Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania, I I miles north of Philadelphia. It contains 308 acres of land 258 acres of which are iu the highest state of cultivation, producing wheat, rye Indian corn and hay.equal to any upland furoi?ilie remaining 20 acres being woodland. On the irreinis-s is a fine ston- mansion, 60 leet by 45, with a veraud ill attached, 15 feet wide, extending the length of the house, aud a large piazza on the east, the whole giving ample accommodations fora fimilyof twenty perso. s The pleasure g ouuds iirroiiuding the house are shaded with elegant evergfeus.and very beautifully laid out. There are on th-farm three stone hoases fo f riners or tenants, together large atone bams, containing stabling and conveniences for a hundred head of cattle, and for the storage of 2j0 tons of produce. with coach house, svagoo house, gr?nary and corn cribt attached. There are also the ail vantages of a fine spring house, icehouse, fish pond, a garden of two acres, orchard* stocked with the finest fruit, green house aud grape wall, a stream of spring water in every field, a ilailv mail, by which the Philadelphia anil New York papers of the aame day are received, and an "inuibos passing the gate morning sod evening. In the immediate vicinity are Episcopal, Lutheran and Presbyterian churches Further description is unnecessary, as all persons wishing to purchase are invited to cull and eiimuic the estate. II may. however, be added. tbatfor beauty, hetltliful situation, and advantages, it is notsurpassed by any in the United States It uiiy be wi II alio to mention the price, which is $220 per acre Apply to (IEO. UHEAFf, VVhitemsrsh, bI3W??*W Montgomery I n Penn. ;m- bTkUbTuOGH AND COMW.-A J I HAbl lUiN ' 'iWr ?The gr?at attraction for the city is now at ARC UP. VS. No. 5 John street, where nature a song * in its most select variety, is only to be obtained from the little Robin to the Cock of the North. As usual. King Charles Spaniels, Italian Greyhounds. Set ters, Pointers. Newfoundland and every variety of fancy Dogs; also Shetland Ponies, &c. Sic. Sic. I' 8. Lcttera post-paid, will at all times meet with prompt attention from A. GRIEVE, 5 John street. N B Four Isle of Sky Terriers, imported eipressly. in J 30t*r : "LOr OF MOCKING BIHDV-Only bird is worth < ivr r ,ce ror>mi anr' sweeps a:I kind bird apeciea aong away SjR?r day or night. TiaSlk Also very fine collection Lone Breed Canary Birda. Also, lot short breed German Birds; fa cy Cages and *eed; To be seen at 333 Bowery, between 3d and tth at. my28 3ftt?rc H. WILLIAMS. Vv W ATCHKSi at wholesale only?Louis Parrel, N# rf'?>33 John Street, upstairs, i.nporteraud agent for several JttVac Swiss manufacturers, offers to the trades moat complete assortment of Swiss Watches of every description, of this Spring's importation., (inn try merchants and dealers in general will find it gre.vly to the.r advantage to cull as above before purchasing elsewhere. a3f) lm*r Mild. M. WILSON, 2!tl Grand street, respectlnlly s YMinfortmr Iter friends, and strangers visitiug the city, TlffW'lliiil ij i has now on hand a large and very handsome assortment of Spring Millinery, to which she invites their attention. Mrs. Wilson s stock comprises an assortment of the richest and most fashionable Hats, such at (drip, Crape, Rice, and Shirred, with a choice assortment oI Straws, which she flatters herself can be sold more reasonable than ' any other establishment in the city. Country Milliners will do well to call beftire purchasing. Mrs. M. V; ILSON. 291 Grand St.. hotweeu Allen and Orchard sts. Ten good Milliners wanted at the above establishment, a II 2m" rr 19 -Lr iv] Ell IIA'1'8 Economy and Fashion KO aJe> Br.RTSON, of the Phenit Hat and Cap Manufactory, iorm-iiv of No 103. hut now of 89 Kulton afreet, New Vork, and 63 Fulton street, Brooklyn, whose constant aim it has he n to pro luce superior a tides at the lowest possible p. ices, h is ii.trodu ted lot summer st' |e of llats. consisting of beautiful Mail aud dnb Cattura, trimmed in the regalia* muti winch has hiilierto given such universal >arisVcti n.inaamnrh as it prevent* lie perspir-tion from .Mining the outside ol the Hat. ami at the same tune insures comfort >ud coolness. HEDU' TIGN IN PRICE* ? Rnlwrtson gives notice that he h is reduced tl.e of his Pearl ll'ts to (2 30, a d his dr?b IIa'.s to S3; mil at the same tim- |>rices eh 'liengrs manufictu.ei s to produce a Iwtt-r article t.veu at 23 per cent higher. ' WM ROdERTHON. Jr. J. PLTTNKF.TT mmm*r ~~L~Tl .lL II V llllu I'll HIS,irr.icli Uoot .Hatters, No. A in slirct, "sew Vork Kren. Ii I all Boota of the lateat jaft.hioti in to order for $1 30, usually sold for #f> sod Af >7 ; hue French f all Bonis >130, usually $.3 Patent L-ather Boota >7, usually sold for >10 Also. Congress Boo't* with piteut springs. Gentle men's gaiters, shoes and slippers constantly on hand, and mul-to order at the shortest in lice. Repairing; Stc , done tu the store L WALSH & BROTHERS, tny23 30t *f No 0 Ann street. . 1 GL'NG V J OS 1.8, I An t stirei, are selling hue / French calf boots at SI 50, equal to any sold in this city i J. for Sfi or >7. Fine French hoots at >7 30, nsnally S3 Best jn French patent leather boots >7, to those Usually sola At $3 mill >1(1 A great a-.* .rtm--rit <>l shoes, gniters snu suppers h.1 wxy* mi hand, and in ule to order <t short notice. All goods warranted M give satisfaction. Mending, Re clone in tli?' stnr*. Please c ill and examine our stock m2:t Oi?re VOIINQ k JONKH, 4 Aon sr.. near Broadway NEIV FRENCH HOOP SrORC?The latest Paris" .tyl? of French Calf Hewed Boote for $4 50,'ei|nal to Wtliose usually sold tor $ti and $7; line French Boo't for 70. city made, ec|u il to thine usually eold for $5.? /rIt.>, Congress Boots, wuli patent springs; Boots, Shoes, (hilert, Ur , constantly on hi id and made to order in the shortest n nice .lending, !to. clone in the store, corner of k u I coo and V man streets. npootitr the Herald office, N York. m\M mt'jc TO BOOT AND SHOE M A N UFACTUREKS AND L)l. VLEilS ?The intent "Congr-ss Boot*and {/ * ? Shoe- "?Licensee to cnannl'acture the Congress Boots and Shoes under Oiinnnl Jt Hyatt's Patent, and tinmerou? patents ?ranted Charles Ooodyear. and the undersigned, aro now offered io mmnfacturers in tne ciey of New York, and other placet throughout the United Rut's net yet disposed of. on liberal terms, or the esclnsire right without unff, is offered for sale. The undersigned, owner of all the mteuta, ten in number used in (ho prodii nun of these boots and shoes, hereby 'iotilir? ill persons, both linkers and dealers, that every piir tni 'e bv aethoritv it dnly at mped with the name aud date of the patent, according to law. A y infringe ieut, either in making or telling these boots a d shoes will lead to the unpleasant nece aity of prnaecution. Trn ting, however,'hit no honorable inau wishea to steal or filch tiir property and vscluaive right of another, licenaea are off-red under a small tariff, nntil the right shall be sold, with the assurance that Itcensea and purchasers will be fully protected. HORACE H. DAY, m2J Mt re h Assignee and owner of the ratent. E NE N IN OBEDIENCE to a certain order of the District Court lor tlie City and County of Philadelphia, the Sheriff publisher the followiug:? HENRY LELAB, Sheriff. Philadelphia, Sheriff'! Office, May 11,1(47. City and County of Philadelphia, aa. Tue Commonwealth of Pcuus> Irani a, to the Sheriff of Philadelphia county, greet iua: We command you that you attach Theodnrni Van Tine, lare of your eouuty, by all aud amgiilar hie goods and chattels, am) tenements, in whoae hands or iiossession soerrr the i.ime may be, so thai he be aud appear before out Di,triet Court for theeitv aud eon..fir of Ph.L.I.I..1,1. .......I t. :.l - ...I couji'v, on the first Monday of June next, to answer Fernando Wood of a plea of trespass on the case. And we alio cuminand you, that you summon all iiersous in whose hands or possession the said goods or chattels, or any of tlo in may be attached, so that they and every of them be and appear before the s tid court, at the day aod place aforesaid, to answer what shall be objected against them, and abide the judgment of the court therein. Aud hare you llieu there thia writ. [l. ] Witness the Honorable Joel Jones, President of our said court at Philadelphia! the thirteenth d?y of May, in the yearofour Lord o ethoumud eight hundred and forty-seven. , , F.D WIN T. CHASE, Pro. Prothonotary. Description of property attached by virtue of toe above writ A certain lot or piece of ground, situnte on the north aide of Morris s reet, in the district ol'Spring Garden, and county of Miiladelphia, beginning at a point distant ninety-four leet east from the east side of Kairmount street, being the corner of a twenty feet wide alley and said Morris street, extending thence eastward along .Morns street ninety-six feet to a twenty feet wids street, called Chatham street, thence northward along the west side of said Chatham street, one hundred and ei.hty feet to a certain thirtr feet atrert, called Hill or Centre street, theuce westward along the south side of Hill or Ceutre street ninety-six feet to the comer of the twenty feet wide alley above mentioned, and thence southward by the east side of said alley one hundred and eighty feet to the beginning. my 21 Iaw6w*r I~N~PURSUANCE of an Order of the suKRoGATE of the County of New York, notice is hereby given to all persons having claima against GEORGE BETIEMaN, late of the City of New York, Grocer, deceased, to present the same with the vouchers thereof to the subscriber, at the store of Lohsen Lohler, No. 203 Centre street, iu the City of New York, on cr before the 27th day of November t ext. Dated New York the 24th day of May 1847. REBECCA BETJBMAN, my25 24t 1 aw?rc Administratis. IN PURSUANCE OK AN ORDER OK THE SURROGATE OK THE COUNTY OK NEW YORK, NOTICE is hereby given to all persons having claims against JOHN RICHARDS, late of the city of New York, deceased, to present the same with vouchers thereof to the subscriber, at ncr iwiorniT, mo. 11 c/aa sireec, 111 me cny 01 new i um, un or before the 18th day of October next. Dated New York, the 16th day of April, 1817. alfi ltaw6in*rc JANE RICHARDS, Administratrix. OPPICE OP THE OuD KKLLuwj' HAI.L ASSOCIATION ) or the Citt op New Yore, May 12, 1847 $ THE Annual Meeting of this Association will be held at National Hall, Canal street, on Monday, the Uth day of June proximo, at 3 o'clock, P M? for the purpose of acting upon an amendment to the By-Laws, increasing the number of shares of the capital stock, and for the transaction of such other business as may be b.ought before the Association ; and at 3 o'clock P. M. of the same day an electiou will be held for twelve managers fur the ensuing year, also for two inspectors of the next annual election. Extract from the BvLaws of the Association :?" Article 8. Every share of stock subscribed for, and ou which all mstalmeursdue have been paid, shall entitle the holder thereof, in person or by proxy, to one vote at any election or on any question submitted to the consideration of the Association.'' By order, W. W. DIBBLEE, mil lt*liw re Secretary. GUN COTTON?To Enguieeis, Miners, aud Quarryinrn. The subscribers are now ready to supply Gun Cotton for the above purposes, and recommend this article as possessing decided advantages over the use of gnu powder, in not producing any smoke, in its easy introduction inta side, or overhead blasts, and great efficiency, exceeding p power from eight to twelve timrsthatof powder. For sale at No. 36 South Front street, Philadelphia. C.&F. LENNIO. Agent in New York, John C. Thatcher, 41 Beaver atreet. myl9 3taw3m*r FOUNTAIN HOTEL, J~ Light st., Baltimore, > January 27, 1847. ) ARTHUR L FOOO, ) PHINEAS THURSTON, \ Pr0P"e'?rs. THE undersigned having succeeded the late firm of DIX (t FOOO. in the proprietorship of the Fountain Hotel, so long and widely known as one of the most commodious estalr Iishmenta in Baltimore, take this method of informing the travelling public, that beside the great improvement made last spring, in the addition of an eutire new wing to the house by which a large number of lodgings were added, as well as an extensive Bathing (Establishment, they have recently had constructed a new Ladies' Ordinary, fitted up in the most uniuue aid beautiful style, and also a private sitting room for gentlemen, which is entirely free from the hustle necessarily incident to the more public parts of the house; an arraugeineut highly desirable, and which they Batter themselves canuot fail to please. In connection with those improvements, the whole interior of the house has undergone a thorough revision? everv thing appertaining to the upholstery of the establishmen .ias been renewed, and attendants for the chambers selects I with a strict view to their entire capability in every respect. The table will be found at all timea fully supplied with every thing the market affords, served up in a superior style, while in the way of wines, &c. Sic., nothing will be kept but what is of the best quality. Added to these facts the attention and courtesy which will be rendered by their assistants, acting under their own personal supervision, to those who may favor them with a call, 'hey flatter lli? mselv?s will not leave dissatisfied, as no pain or expense will be spued on their part to meet the wants of their guests, and trust their hopes of a liberal patronage will not prove unfounded. Baggage taken to and from the Hotel, free of charge. ARTHUR L. KOMO, ft >tnw3mrrc I'HlffKAS THURSTON. GHEAT INDUCEMENT TO SUBSCRIBE KOIt TIIE NEW YORK GAZETTE OF THE UNION.?The Proprietors of this splendid Literary and Family I'apvr will distribute fairly, equitably, and without favoritism, $2,',00 among every 5,000 subscribers to the Gazette of the Uniou, or in this proportion among a greater or less number, which shall be received up to the first day of September ucit, in the following premiums, to wit:? 100 of *2 each! to of $5 each ! ! 40 of $10 each ! !! 25 of $20 each I! ! ! 10 of $50 each !'.!!! 5 of $100 each !!!!!! These premiums will be awarded on the first day of Septena* ber next, and immediately forwarded by mail in bankable money to the subscribers to whom they may be awarded, whose names and residence will be published in tlie Gazette. (twill be seen that among every 5,000 subscribers to this paper 100 of them will receive $2 each; 80 $5 each; 40 $10 each; 25 $20 each; 10 $50 each, and 5 $100 each; and it will also be evident that any fiaud or failure on the part of the Publishers to carry out this proposal with strict impartiality, would defeat the end they have in view, viz : the permanent mcrrase of the circulation of their paper. N. B?All subscriptions must be paid in advance to render th? tubsciihers eligible to the above privileges. Terms $2 per year. Address, post-paid, J. T. HARRIS i. CO.. jel JtTuThSat'r Publishers, 111 Nassau st, N. Y. OLEOBTATIC LAMPS.?L. Chapdelaine, No. 375 Broad way, has received per late arrivals, a large and splendid assortment of French patent Olenstatic Lamps, of differeut'psf terns. These lamps were invented by the celebrated A. Thi lorier, of rhe French Academy, and are considered the best lamps now in use. These lamps are for ante only at 375 Broadway in this city, Also, on hand, a large assortment of rich plain and cut glast, cutlery, girandoles, vuses, china ware, tailet sets, and every article in the furnishing line. ml4 30l*re Notice to merchants and shipmastersRevised Statutes?Vol. 1, title 4, page 437, section 10.? Kverv master of s coasting vessel shall tmv In the Health Commissioner, at his office in the city of New York, within 2t hours niter the arrival of hi* vaurl in the port, anch hospital money as shall be demanded froin.hirr nnder the provisions of this title; and every master for each omission of such duty, shall forfeit the sum of oue hundred dollars Copy II section of act to provide for sick and disabled seamen :? See. II. The President of said Trustees shall demand, and be entitled to receive, and in case of neglect or refusal to pay, shall sue for and recover in the name of the people of this State, the following sums from the master of every vessel that shall arrive at the port of New York, namely: Kirst, from the master of every vessel from a foreign port, for himself, one dollar and fifty cents; lor each mate, sailor or Marine, one dollar. Second, from the master of each coasting vessel, for each person on board composing the crew of such vessel, twentylive rents: but no coasting vessel from the States of New Jersey, Connecticut aud Rhode Island, shall pay for more than <gie voyage in each month, computing from the first voynge in each year; and the said President may sne for the penalties imposed by law on mastaraof coastiug vessels for not paying any hospital money. The State tax imposed by the above act, including that part heretofore collected at the Custom House, will in future be payable at the office of the Seamen's Retreat, No. S Old slipto take effect on ihe first of June, 1U7. ROBERT HAZARD. Jr., Collector. Under above act. Office hours, 10 to 3 o'clock. nil lit rc tIMy i|$iy tUty BRoTtRhsT A Ma'^R!kS'oN) No. 101 ., aiV den lane, having now completed their arrangements, beg leave to announce to their friends and l?e public, that passages to and from the Old Country cau be seAred on the most reasonable terms, in first class packet ships, sailing regularly from Men Vork and Liverpool. They also guarantee that theie slull be no detention, but that emigrants will be forwarded on presentation of their tickets. Drafts payable on demand on the Royal Bank of Ireland, and on Messrs. Preacott, Orote.'Amea A Co., London. my 23 J0t*re AAA- FOR BELFAST?To sail punctually Hh June? TOJgV The well kuown faat sailing packet ship LF.TITI A JAMba HhYN, Captain t'irrie,will sail as ibove, her reguFor freight or passage, which will be taken on the lowest terms, please apply ou hoard the ship foot of Beekman street, or to J. Mc.MURRAY, comer of Pine je2 rc and Houth streets. ??& . UN'ON LINEOr PACKETS TO AND FROM affjy LI VKRPOCIL -The splemlH, last sailing and favorflMBBas te 1 a ketahip MARM ION, t apt. Edwards, will sail Iroin New Vork, positively, on Friday, June 4th, and from Literpool on the 25tli July, tier accommodations lor Cabin, Beennd Cabin and Hlrerage passengers, are unsurpassed for comfort and convenience. Those about proceeding to Europe, or those wishing lo send for their friends, should make early application on board, foot of Peck Slip, or to W A J T. TAP8COTT, If2 ?trr Wl South afreet, 2(1 door below Hurling Slip. WANTED?A good vessel to carry abont IM KlSraV bins f heavy freightto New Orleaua. A small one jUmMBb preferred. Apply to m'h h. K. COLLINH,SS Houth iL TZ Tfirffv. TlKE ONLY REAL CATER* it Z trf; The (ireaieat Attraction Vet?28 Ball Finches. with -JBg, from three to four tunes. Also, oeer 1,000 Mlngine TEST Canaries, joit imported ria Bremen, selected hv his sReats from the m >st celebrated districts of Lnrope. This rariety for ? urs and plumage, will be found on inspection, to eclipse any Areliy Ins been eiisbled to offer. N. B ?On show the (arrest cockatoo in America. Archy take > this opportunity to apprise his friends at a distance, in anticipation of this importation, thst they may m ke early application. P S ?In oonseqiienee of the limits of his old establishment, No. 5 John atieet, he Ins rented Bramble Cot'age, Blooming, dale, near Unrnhatn's lintel, for that branch of his business not connected with birds, via: Shetland and Fancy Ponies, Kinr t harlrs Spaniels, Pointers, lie., and every variety of Fancy Pigeons, Barn Door Fowls lie. As usual,letters post paid will at all times meet with prompt a lennon from A. ORIKVK. No.l John et. jel30f r A**"- IFOR FRICIOH OR (IIAKTCK?To any KTrOfVpor' in Orest Britain, the first class British brig fljakRo.c,I,?u.5&tm?IuRRA? je3 3 rc &? South street. W YO EW YORK, THURSDAY SPECIAL OVERLAND EXPRESS I TO THE NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE, on wans later KKOM THK CITY OF MEXICO. The War Peeling Among tlie Mexicans. TBS QT7BRXX.D A WARFARE. THE CONGRESS DISPERSING. INCREASE OF TUE WAR SPIRIT. CONTRIBUTIONS SUSTAINING THE WAR. Countermarching of Doniphan to Chihuahua. SANTA ANNA'S FORCE INCREASING. FORTIFYING THE CAPITAL, die. die. die. Another overland express has arrived at Philadelphia, for the New York Herald, with Intelligence from the seat of war one day in advance of the mail. This was transmitted to us over the wires from that city. The tfew Orleane Delia has received letters and papers from the city of Mexico, which contain Intelligence to the 8th ult. The Mexican papers still breath war and doflance to the North Americans, and urge the people to unite in adopting vigorous measures of defence. They complain of the desertion of members of the national Congress, seventeen of whom had left their posts without license ; and many others declined to attend the sittings, on the ground of sickness, which was feigned. The government had appointed a committee to receive subscriptions for the purpose of carrying on the war, and solicited sums from both the rich and the poor. Any thing at all would be received, no matter how small?a shilling or a thousand dollars. Letters from Orizaba report that Oen. Scott is sick at Jalupa, and would not proceed towards the oapltal until the newly appointed peace commissioners (probably meaning Mr. Trist.) from the United States would reach him. The guerilla system of warlaro is being prosecuted on a imall scale; but as yet, nothing serious had taken plaoe, except the capture of an American baggage wagon, containing sixty thousand dollars in specie, which was on the way to the army. Letters from Durango report that Doniphan's oommand was countermarching to Chihuahua, in consequence of the receipt of intelligence that another insurrection had broken out in New Mexico, and that severa Americans had been massacred. Santa Anna at the last accounts was exerting himself to Increase his army, which he was augmenting rapidly. General Canalizo had been sucoeoded in tho command of the cavalry by Gen. Acesta. It was reported that a party of guerillas bad attacked General Taylor's wagon trains, and that in the mtlee General Taylor bad been wounded. The reports, however, came in such a questionable shape that they are not credited. The fortifications of the capital arp going on under the direction of Ottn. Guzman. The Bishop ot Oajaca had contributed twenty thousand dollars for the prosecution of the war, and the churches wvro giving their plate, fkc.. for the same purpose. The city of Guadalupe was also being fortified. Generals I.emus and Iturbldo are dead. The government had issued a decree suspending the liberty of the press, accompanied with a long address from the clergy. At 8an Luis Potosi, the priests were striving their utmost to raise the enthusiasm of the people, and prevail on them to take np arms in defenoo of their country. In consequence of these appeals enlistments were going on rapidly. At the last accounts they had seven thousand muskets and fifty pieces of artillery. NEWS FROM (JEN. SCOTT'# AllMT. [From the New Orleans Picayune, May 3ft ] By the arrival of the Kleanor Stevens, from Vera Crus, whence she sailed on the 16th Inst , we have letters from Jalapa to the 1 tth Inst.?three days later than our previous advices. The movement off Santa Anna upon I'uebla Is mentioned in Mr. Kendall's letter below. Hopes are entertained that Gun. Worth may be so fortunate as to encounter him. The probable motives of Santa Anna are conjectured bv Mr. K. Gen. Worth left Perots for Puebla on the 10th, with his own and Gen. (Quitman's divisions. He was expected to enter Puebla on Sunday, the loth. It is supposed the authorities of the towu will oome out to meet him and escort him in. All will be glad to learn that Gen. Shields Is wending, though slowly ana mat Gen. r. r. smith has reported for duty. Oon. .Scott Is still detained at Jalapa The reasons for his detention are mentioned by Mr. Kendall. It will also be seen by his letter that Mr. Trist has arrived at the General's head-quarters. We have the Jlmtrican Star of the 1.1th Inst., the last number of that paper to be issued at Jalapa. We infer that the publication of that paper is to be transferred to I'uebla. and ultimately to the city of .Mexico. The enterprising firm which conducted it lias been dissolved by mutual consent. Mr. Jewell will attend to the affairs of the Eagtr, at Vera Crux, and Messrs. Peoples St Barnard willcloes the business of the Star. The last number of the Star informs us that rumors were rife on the l'Jth Inst., that the troops at Orixaba had pronounced against Santa Anna, and made him prisoner. The .Star Is incredulous, and Mr. K.'s letter of the 14th does not confirm the news. Colonel Childs is Governor of Jalapa, and will remain there with J,000 picked troops,when General Scott moves on to 1'uebla. The city of Jalapa is entirely quiet and orderly; no rows or disturbances have occurred there. We nave a paper printed at I'uebla on tk e 'Jth instant. It announces positively that General Taylor had left 3altUlo,and moved either!upon Zacatooas or San l.uis Potoel; one report says with 4,000 men upon the former State, and 0,000 on the latter. Would that he bad the force to do so! The Vankee, or "foreign legion," organised by Santa Anna from deserters from our armies, has been disbanded and ordered out of the city. Their immorality and insubordination is assigned for this proceeding. Their manners, the Mexicaus say, are not at all adapted to their society. A letter from Durango. dated the 'J6th of April, states positively that Colonel Doniphan's forces had fallen back upon Chihuahua instead of advanoing upon Durango We think that there can be no doubt of this fact, and consequently that Colonel Doniphan has not been defeated The insurrection in New Mexico is assigned as the cause of his return. Jalapa, Mexico, May 14, 1847. For two or three days there has hardly been an item nf iiowi ?orth riirnrilintf?not cviin a rumor of tli? lnn?t. moment; but last evening and thin morning report* liavo come in which are entitled to *om* little show of importance. It i* now confidently asserted that Santa Anna ha* moved from Orizaba, and in the direction of f'uebla and the city of .Vleileo. The adminietrador dt lai diligenetes general etage agent I auppoae he might be called in the vernacular-left yesterday for the capital on buslnea* for the line, but thi* morning he returned with more speed than he went. He report* having met at Cerro d* Leon, near Perote, with a force of aeventy armed Mexican*, whine appearance he did not at all like, h'rom atraggler* he learned that Hanta Anna, with a large force, had p*n*ed on toward* i'uebla, that the road* were tilled with robber* and brigand*, and that it would not be prudent for him to go on?*o the ailininiilradnr dt lai diligmriat returned without effecting the object of hi* mieelon. Laat night an Intelligent Spaniard informed me that be bad reen two letter* from Orizaba, one dated the 0th and the other the 7th in?t. On the tirnt day the letter stated that the flrnt brigade or division ef Mania Anna'* army started en route for Puebla, and on the7lhthe other division marched in the same direction. Hi* entire force was put down at 'J.300, the most of litem indifferently armed, and under little or no discipline. If Hauta Anna ha* moved toward* the capital, and there certainly is good reason to believe that he has, hi* intention* are douDtln** to control the election for I'realetdent, which take* place to-morrow. He cannot certainly have thn temerity to even think of attacking Oen worm, whom division could put to night lo.ow 01 beat Mexican troops that ever bore arms; so that the conviction i? Irresistible that he knteuda having a hand In the coming election. One would naturally think that after hie uiany (Ungraceful referee* he would either attempt to leave the country, or elae hide himaelf In aome obscure part of It; but the cowardly tyrant love* power and place too well, and will oling to theni aa long aa there la a dollar, a muaket. and an open road on which to run, left in the Republie. Mr. Downle, sutler of the 3d Pennsylvania regiment, RK E MORNING, JUNE 3, 184", arrived here yesterday. It may bo recollected that he had a large mm of money stolen from him at Vera Crus by a Mexican a short time sluce. that he pursued the rascal to Cordova, and that he succeeded In recovering the moat of his money. So far so good; but the worst of It has ye% to he told. Mr. D. cam i out with the permission of thu alcalde and authorities of Vera crux In search of the robber of his money, found him. and succeeded, as Is said above. In recovering the most of his treasure; but just at this inwneut a worse robber got hold of him. in the eh*m. i.r ?.? ??n cast Into prison us a spy. all his money again taken from liim, and the only way by which ha could obtain bit liberty was to acknowledge himself a spy in writing. Till* Santa Anna insisted upon, as an eiouM for robbtug him of his money; but, ou the other hand. Downie insisted as well in putting a protest at the bottom of Ills confession, stating that nil he had said above was false ! Did ever one hear of such a raecally farce? The way Downie now speaks of Santa Anna is any thing but complimentary. The long wagon train is now oninlng into the city from Vera Crux, and has met with no opposition on the way. There are between throe and four hundred wagout, and between eleven and twelve hundred pack mules in tliu train?quite a string, you would think, were you to seo them all together, ( apt Grayson, the stirring and most popular commissary, is along with the train, and 1 am pleased to learu is going on towards certain halls uarned after the elder Montezuma. The foreigners in the city of Mexioo are ell extremely anxious for the arrival of Gen. Scott. It Is said that a heavy sum has already been subscribed for a grand Fourth of Julv dinner; one individual, an Irishman, having put dowu his name for no less than $800. The war has been inest disutrous to all the foreigners, breaking up the business cf many entirely. The ouly advantage it has been to any has been the depreciation it has ouused in tho value of real estate. Houses In the oity of Mexico belonging to the churoh, and which have been sold under the hammer, have been bought in by the Kuglish and other merchants at prices far below their real value. j uu win uouuuiw.i learn wiiq pleasure, us will doubtless his numerous friends in New Orleans, that Go*. P. F. Smith has again reported for duty. For no less than a month ha was unable to put his foot to the ground, to such a degree was his ancle inllamed. 1 am also happy at being able to statotbat Gen. Shields Is still mending, although slowly. The saving of his life may be put down almost as a miracle. I saw him but a short time alter he received his dreadful wound, end 110 one then thought that he could live even twenty-four hours. Gen. Scott's proclamation, which I sent off to you two or three nighis since by an express rider, has been read here by all the Mexicans, and in a large majority of cases with excellent effect. It is a most able document, and goes home to the feelings of the people. By this time it has been circulated at 1'uubla and the city of Mexico, and will doubtless turn the minds, at least of the honest and refloating, towards peace. Mr. Trist arrived here this morning firem Vera Cruz. His businesa I do not know, but I suppose bo goes ou witli the army. Gen H: ott, owing to the non-arrival of all the train, will not be able to move for two or tbreo days to come. ( apt. Walker, with his rilles is on the * 'y "Pi guarding another smaller train. 1 trust there may be wagons enongh to carry on the little baggage our officers now possess. For want of sufficient transportation heretofore they have been compelled to leave carpet bags here, trunks there, and boxes elsewhere, until nearly everything lias been lost. With not a little trouble and expense I have been enabled to procure the very latest dates from the city of Mexico, and also from 1'uubla. You will see that the freedom of tho press hm been suspended, but not until the editors had lied most lustily about us miserable Yaukees. The letter about Gen. Scott's destroying Knccro, and offering a reward for Santa Anna, it would puzzle tho father of lies to beat. On the contrary a safeguard was placed upon the house of Santa Auua, and not a stone of it has been moved. Tho report that Santa Anna has irono towards tho capital receives additional confirmation. Wo hear nothing of Gen. Worth, but every one hopce ho has fallen in with Santa Anna. A Mexican offlcer, Capt. Velasquez, died yesterday from a wound received at Cerro Gordo, and was buried with military honors. Lieut. Shelby Johnson of the 4th Illinois volunteers, also died yesterday, and was buried with appropriate ceremonies. Gen. Scott and staff, with many other officers of our army, attended both funerals. ~A work has been thrown up near this place, whioh completely commands tho city. It was constructed under the superintendence of Capt. iieauregard, a native of LmImu, who enjoys a high rcpulaliou in the army. [From the New Orleans Delta, May 28 ] Through the kindness #f the editors of La fatria, we have beeu placed in possession of full files of Kl liruublicano, El Monitor and Diario drl Cubic) no to the 8th instant. Thuse .files are tilled with interesting information, and were they to be considered a fair index of tho popular mind, they would go to show that the "war spirit'' is increasing daily, aud that new measures are constantly being udopted to carry on the war with vigor and perseverance. Almost every number of the Mexican journals is filled with appeals to tho people and to the authorities, urging action?prompt and iuoessant defensive action. The papers complain bitterly of tho course pursed by the members of tho Muxicau Congress?many of them, from six to ten each day, were reported sick?about as many, or more, would not attend, aud at last accounts, somo sixteen or sevonteeu members had left the capital without license. Don Vincente Koniero was constantly 1 endeavoring to arouse bis brother members to a sense of the country's condition, but bis eloquence seemed unavailing. The Supreme Government appointed a committee tc raise money by subscription, for tho purpose of paying the expenses of the war. There were several thousand names on the list, and we ree amounts from 12*4 cents to ri?0?. [ What arich idea is this ! A people raising the supplies to defend their homes aud friends in the same way that we collect the means of aiding any charitable enterprise, or of relieving the distress of any suffering foreigners. Just think of subscriptions to the amount of 12J4 cents to protect our country against a foreign invasion Why, there Is no American who would not be ashamed to subscribe such an amount to the relief of the distress of tlie poor Irish and Hootch. A bit's worth of patriotism ' Oh ! Mexico!] Don Manuel Montano has been appointed by the government Chief of the Guerillas of i'ulancingo, and of the Llanos do Apam. The lltpuhlicana of the 8th inst. says, that by a letter from Orizaba of the 4th, tliey were informed that Gen. Scott was sick at Jslapa. and would not move towards I'licbla until the commissioners from the United States, bearing the propositions of peace, would reach headquarters?that by that time he would have the necessary reinforcement; and that besides two wagon loads of supplies which the "gusrllleros" had captured from the Americans on the road, they had also taken $60,000 in gold. The same letter says that the forces under Hanta Anna were rapidly increasing, and that- llishxrullency'' wan only awaiting for the monuy which he had anted, in order to begin bin operations. A letter from Duraugo, dated :16th April, says the "Yankees" (Doniphan's command) had counter-marched to Chihuahua, on account of intelligence received by ! them that the New Mexicans and I'anenon," (natives of CI Pano.) together with the barbarous tribe of Nabajoe Indians, headed by the clergymen, had commenced an indiscriminate slaughter on all Americans in the place. This insurrection Is said to have boon so general, that even the women were in it. and enacted a conspicuous part in cutting the throats of the Texans. It was also reported that those very men, feeling elated with the result, were marching towards Durango, in order to avenge the outrage ef < hlbuahua. (Jen. Bravo published a decree on tils 6th inst , ordering every person ha\ ing two or more horses in his poaseesion to deliver one of them to the commissary, at or before the expiration of the sixth day. The prices to bo paid for the same were set down at from |ll to fSO per head?and in case the horses delivered should not be fit for use, tho owners would be compelled to replace them with good ones. [This seems to us a very hard law, and speaks harshly for Mexican justice.] By another.decree, of the same date, General Bravo, General-in-Chief of the Central Army, orders all citii?ns, from 16 to 60 years, to enlist at the shortest notice, and be prepared to present themselves, armed and equipped, when tliey should be called u|>on. El M <nilor of the 4tb. ays that the partisans of Santa Anna have sunt commissioners to the different states, in order to obtain votes for him to be elected President. The same paper asserts that General Canaliso has received orders to give up thn command of the cavalry, and proceed to tho capital El Jtrjiutlicano of tho 4th says, that notwithstanding the ministry had promised to court martial Cantlizo, he still commanded the cavalry. Ills flight at t'erro Gordo during thn battle, and his failure to cover tho retreat of the Mexicans, were notorious, and yet be is un imuiiiucu, wiui.ii. AriFi'i n?.i open pcnracuit'ci ior Ul* 1080 of the battle of Resaca. which ?m caused by the fault* of others, when, too, it in well known, that Arista wan the last to leave the Held of that disastrous battle, ami remained In the rear, constantly projecting the retreat of hi* army. General Santa Anna had been joined at Orliaba, by General U. Kranclsco I'erea. with a foroe of ftdO, and also by General* Urito and Danenelli,with H00 Infantry and a park of artillery. General Alrorta, who had succeeded Canalieo in the command of the cavalry. 1* still at Chalchicomula, with 1300 cavalry and dVOalragoon* from Vera f'ruz. under Colonel ( enobia [We should like to know if the*o fellow* were paroled at the capitulation of Vera < ru?; If they were, and Gen. Scott catches them, we trust that there I* a good supply of hemp In the commissary'* department.] There are already MX) men here, and the guerilla* are forming rapidly. Two wagon*, with goods, have been taken from the Americans.which give* great encouragement and joy to thu poor fellows who are skulking about Oriiaha. Santa Anna ha* had a battery of artillery mounted, under command of Colonel Aguado Santa Anna need* nuijr muurj auu iuui ui|im inn American* much (rouble. " This great Renin*," aays the admiring Mexican, " work* from all in tbe morning until late at night. and ia becoming every (lay more worthy of tbe national gratitude.'' An iron mine haa been dlacovered at Jalapa. The Monitor of the lat iuct. nay* that i- me important norrrepondence waa taken from the enemy, which will afford the Government uaefut Intelligence According to the name paper ot the 8th, two lettera from Aguaa < alientea aaya that aome banda of guerlllaa Iroin New I.eon and f 'oahuila, had attacked aome wagon tralna which they took, and that General Taylor wee wounded at the aamo time. [Thia la evidently untrue, a* v e have later datea from General Taylor a dlvlaion.1 General Lemua died on the evening of the .Tlth ult. Gen. Joaquin de Iturblde alao died on the lat lnat Tbe Htate of Jallaco ia to contribute lft.000 men for the [ERA r. time the war may last. The State of Guanajuato has promised U,000 for the National Guard* and Guerilla* A. recent order from the Government direct* that all the foroe* from the eait and south should reDort to Gen. Santa Anna as the only Commander-in-Chief. Don I'edro M. Anaya I'reaideut Substitute of the Bs- J public, published a decree uu the 2J, declaring the whole district In a elate of siege. In another decree of the comiuauder of the Federal 1).strict, it is prohibited to lutroduce any goods or merchandise iu the tuwus or cities in pos-euiou of the Americans, under a line of from $100 to f 600. which will be appropriated to the expenses of the war The e&lu of auy provisions, goods, horses or entile to the Aiuericaus, is also prohibited, under a flue of from $100 to $1000, applicable to the aforesaid purpose. A correspondent of El Republicano complains that there Is lack of patriotism and disposition to resist the Americans, in the States of Liurango and Zaceteoaa. According to thu Monitor of the 27th of April, the President Substitute ordered a " Yankee rl to be incarcerated because he had the audaoity to appear before bis fclxcelleucy, and expose to biin the advantages of entarlug into an amicable arrangement witb the Cutted liltsli The village of Guadalupe wasunderging thorough fortiflcations. Gun. I). Pabustian Guzman bad takeu charge of thu . works of fortillcntion hear thu capital, aud the three | following points had been selected to be fortified be- , tween Sun CristoTal aud Cui-sta de Burrientos :?1st, Cerre du Tlapaooya Clialco, with those of J loo aud Tepecingo. 2d, Cerro du Sun Isidro, Tlahuac. and Cerro de Teyahualoo, 3d, Punol Viejo, Cerro du Gataputa, and Santa Cruz de las Kscobas. The Bishop of Oajaca had sent to the Government (20,0U0 for the expenses of thu war. Several churches had delivered the greater part of their plate to the Government, in order that it should be melted into coin. QBMERAL SANTA ANNA. Great difference of opinion seems to exist among the Mexican people as to the merits of their distinguished leader. El Monitor Rrpnolicano, in a supplement of tire 2bLh of April, lias a review of the battle of Cerro I trordo, au<l Gen. Santa Anna as connected therewith, in I which It shown him loss courtesy and quarter than he could hope for from either Lieu. Scott or lien. Taylor. ! In the communication of (ien. Santa Anna to thu Minister of War and Marine, he imputes the loss of the battle principally to the raw recruits of the National Guard who were ignorant, he says, of even the manual of arms. To which the editor of tho Monitor replies i " It is an old system of tactics with lieu. Santa Anna, when he suffers a reverse in war to cost the blame upon those * ho cannot or know not how to defend themselves. Immediately after his overthrow, at San Jaointo, without troubling himself with scruples, he Imputed the miafortuue to two of his aids who were left deud on the field of battle, as he was certain that they would uot return from the other world to give him the lie, for the simple reasou given by the Portuguese, that ' dead men tell no tales.' in the famous battle of Angostura, ho attributed to a private soldier, who hud deserted, the iact that he had not obtained a decisive triumph; as though the enemy was iguorant of hla march and his movements, or as if this miserable soldier, by any thing he could say, could give thu enemy such information as would make the opposiug General change his plans; and as if the latter had not already determined upon thu place uud manner in which he would reosive him aud givu him battle. "Aud now, at Cerro Gordo, without knowing exactly upon whom to fix the blame, unless ho inculpates himself, or without, as we believe, knowing what took place, he fixes upon the unhappy National Guard of thu States of I'uebla and Vera Crux, and informs us that their inexperienoo was'fatal to us.' And after a severe aud critical examination of his military pretensions, the article concludes: 44 When you shall have washed out tho dlsgraco of Cerre Gordo, when you shall have restored and washed out the disgrace of Vera Grux, the country will proclaim you its liberator, you w ill have a just title to its gratitude, aud we will be the first among the number of those who will render you the homage of justice." Santa Anna, however, is not without bis friends, and very able ones too. The Diario drl Gohierno, of tho 30th, contains a defence of the battle of Cerro Gordo, and of the General, from which, as It Is very long, we have only room for the following extract, to show its spirit :?"General Santa Anna may have committed errors, for he is a man, like all others, subject to the frailties and uncertainties of our nature, but his owu misfortunes and those of the country are not his work nor bis fault. llis intenlious have always been to sacrifice himself for the country, to serve it, to defend it, to secure its happim-ss. Wlio saved us In 1H'40, in 1838, and oilier remarkable epochs ? Who lost an important part of his body in thu war with the Kreuch Who sacrificed himself at the end of 1844 and in the beginning of 1816, voluntarily expatriating himself in order to prcvont the effusiou of Mexican blood, as tbe hero of Inguala had done in I8'J3 Who abandoned bis asylum, and the quiet of retirement, leaving his family, his comforts, the honors and domestic pleasured which he enjoyed at Havana. to serto his country in a war so difficult aud daulierous ? Who. Oil bis return tn the ? o,?.1 the Chief Magistracy, to pluce himself iu trout of tin* enemy ? Who undertook this doubtful andjdifflcult enterprise with a force lu the greater part uuinstructed, nuked aud huugry, a itbout a military chest or other resource* for a campaign' Who made a new sacrifice in retumiug to take charge of the government iu Ihv agony of the ua' lion, putting a healthy end to our internal dissensions ' Who again left bis elevated punt, aud hurried to take upon lint shoulder* a second time the defence of the rupital aud the whole country t Who ha* risked hi* credit | and hi* fortune in furnishing subsistence to the army, and remedying, us far as possible, the public wants or er rum ? " iVlie has postponed his proper interests his honor and repose, which lie might hare enjoyed in private life, coffering. with heroic resignation, the shafts of calumny, and the envy of his enemies, und consecrated himself wholly, his time aud his means, to the service of the nation .' Who, finally, has given so many andauch repeated proofs of pure patriotism ?" From all of which we couclude that there are two parties in Mexico, relative to the merits of hanta Anna, hut that his friends have at present, and will probably have for a lone Litni, ihmtilvanOirii THE LIBERTY OK THE PRESS. We find in the Rrpublicano, of the 7th May, the following decree against the liberty of the preen:? " Excellent Sir?The abuse of the* liberty of the prone having becismo scandalous. it having been converted into a meann onnentially directed to raine and excite internal dinrord, reciprocal dintrunt and dinunion. indirectly aiding the foreign fee. and making it daily more difficult to defend tho country, the Supreme Government, employing the power* which have been conferred upon it, have directed that your Kxcelluncy. an charged with the command in chief of the dintrict, shall take immediate measures to suspend the liberty of the press, during the time that the capital remains in a state of siege, in all matters relative to political or military discussions, criticisms of the supreme authorities, and iu all things that will bring discredit upon the army or its chiefs." This was directed to the Military t omiuandant of Mexir.o by the Minister of War and Marine, and enforced on the 6th of May. It meets with but little tavor from the press, as may be supposed, and the Hrpuhlirano has a long and very able artiele discussing the subject in the same paper that contains the decree Like most arbitrary regulations, it will be without eSect for any good purpose. ENr.I.ISII MEDIATION. It wns understood at Mexico that the British Minister had o(Ter.-d the mediation ot his government to secure a return to peaceful relations between Mexico and the United States. 'J'lio step, however, meets with but little favor from the papers; but, from the fact that their liberty has since been suspended, there is no certainty that it is equally discountenanced by the government. The Rrpublicano, upon this subject says :? "The unjust and savage war, to which the vandalism of the North has provoked us, can only be contested in an honorable manner by war; its termination will in the end be peace; but it does not become the Mexican nation to take the initiative, nor in the present condition of things can it accept the conditions which would be imposed on the Meld of battle, where the national arms havo just suffered a defeat. A government like that of the United States, which has not feared to present itself before the civitiieil world, with the stains ol avarice and injustice, is not likely to absndou any of it* iniquitous pretensions," ten Showing that a portion of the people, at|ieust, are, or pretend to be, in favor at ail events of a war, which must inflict incalculable sufferings upon the mass of the people. and terminato by the utter destruction of the nation. THE CLKRUY OK SAN 1.1,'18 POTOSI. Issued, on the :18th April, to their "faithful henrers," a loijg address, which is published in HI Rrpublicano of the 4th inst., with the following letter heading It:? " I send you a printed sheet, issued by the prelate and ecclesiastics, who have determined to preach three days during each week, in order to excite in the people the proper religious enthusiasm. I hope that many will be Induced to join the army through these means They have here 7000 muskets to arm them, and also pieces of artillery (among them 16 ot heavy calibre) and the necessary ammunition The direction of operations will be given to Generals Mlnon or I'rrea. who are expected to arrive here soon; besides Don Manuel llomero, Mejta. Amador, anil other chieftains,who will follow their brave commanders. We will have a large amount of " gueerllleros " In about a mouth Iroin tins, and a base of l aw men, which we now haveners. will facilitate the defence of the State with success. The town of Calori e is now In course of fortification, by order of the governor, who will start next week in order to examine the operations In the neighboring towns. The Htates of /.acateeas. Guadalajara. Durango. Guanajuata, and two others, (the names I do not recollect.) will raise 6000 men, in order to give assistance to San Luis in case this State should be attacked tlrst, or to detain the Invaders, should they proceed Mrst to Zacatoeas and Durango. In every case, San Luis will nnemte III concert with forces which mm Is- reiaaH tiirrf, I expect, will be from (5 to W)00 men in nil a geuoral enlistment to take place In forty-elgbt hours'lime, has been this day agreed upon by the govenimeot; and this U In accordance with the proclamations and exhortations of the clergy, who will glee the host examples. All tbla affords us hopes of salvation Above all, there is a strong determination here to resist any treaties of peace which .Mexico would wish to enter Into with the " hated \aukeea,' as it has been suggested in hitters of very late date from the capital adhrkhs or tub ci-kroy or sax totrm rotori to i ii r rKori.K. The clergy of this Htate would not he a fit depository of the high nnd sublime power which has been placed In its hands, nor worthy of the glorious nacieof Mexicans, if It should behold the last sigh of our holy religion and our beloved country, and remain in cold indilference, without raiaing Its voice to arouse Ita compatriots from LI). PriM Two Conta* that Indolent apathy In which lor mora than a year they hare boon submerged. and if it should not oause them to comprehend our present lamentable and disastrous situation, and to know and aocuretUe means of eur ia'.ration. To do this li our sole object. Tho cabinet of Washington hare determined to petpetuatu, In the pr'-sent age. a horrible crime, rare, indeed. in the annals of the whole world Ambitioua to extend their prosperity and temporal power, and to per ....... ........ iiw ruoinig ^vnrrmom they iiavo not hesitat" d to violate, toward* the gentle society of Mexico, the most sacred of human rights In their wild delirium, they b;liold with faring thirst. the opulenue of our temples. the riches of our church, the ro?gnitloeuoe of our homesteads. the angelic beauty of our weaker m-x, the iinmenae and inexhauatlble treaaurea of our mountain*. the fertility of our fields. and the beautiful veriety of our cllmute ; and ever the lm)>laoable enemies of our race and origin, t^gy have taken rapid atepa to extinguish our name, and poaaeaa themselves of all these precinua gift a | You have already eeen them, eompatriota In Tain la the memory of the thousand and thousand assasslnations committed at Palo Aito, Resaca de la Palma. Monterey, Aogoatura. Vera fclrus and Cerro Oordo?in rain have we seen multitudes of Mexicana wandering in the woods, and pursued like wild beasts. In their own country. robbed of their property, and driven from their families?iu vain do we retail the multitude of peaceabla and honorable men who have been intuited, seized and beaten, in presence even of a beloved daughter or idolized wife -in vain do we recolleot the proud barbarity, the shameless cruelty, required to burn the village, to slay the simple rustic, the feeble woman, and the innocent child, as we beheld at Agua Nueva, Hidalgo, and other towns at the North. But what can we hope from a horde of robbers, destitute of humanity?monsters, who bid defiance to the laws of nature?when they even Insult, rob. and contemn <?od In his holy temple f When a uian enters a earner of vice, and throws aside the reins of religion, the insensibility and obduracy of which he is capable, can hardly be believed What ean we expect from these Vandals, vomited from hell to scourge the nations, when we know that thev wnrshltmo uou out gou, and aspire to no happiness but the gratification ol their brutal passions? A wlae writer of the last century has said that "man without any religion la a terrible animal, who appears only to enjoy his liberty In destroying and devouring." Such. In effect, appears to be the picture which Proridence, with a high design, has deigned to preseut to us. Yas, compatriots! you have seen it; our religion, our country, our liberty, ourselves, our families, our property?nothing?nothing is respected: and if thny spare even our existence, It is merely for the purpose of turning it to profit in tha unhappy condition of slavery. And finally, they will endeavor. as wo have already said, to blot our uame from the catalogue of nations. Fellow citisens of I'otesi! Can you behold with waking eyes, and without the blood freesing in your veins, a condition so humiliating, a fate so disastrons and frightfulCan your bold and valiant character behold without rage that the foot of a heretic adventurer should defile your magnificent temples, destroying your venerated images, and trample even upon your Uod. overthrowing your holy sacraments, and depriving the Christian soul of tiie sulnime virtues and exalted enjoyments of the aiigcls ? Will you permit that a covetous and barbarous stranger should outrage that (jod who has visited and consoled you in your infirmities?who accompanies you in tiie horrible transition from life to the enjoyment of eternal beatitude! Will you consent, brave Potosinosl to have the uo y rites of your church abolished. and the sign of your redemption exterminated ' Finally, fellow citizens, will von lie iinuinaihln in ?hu w. 11-1? v .. v. ;vm your to uj'li'o ihj'I ovou to tbo sweet name of Chrlstlan I Vol all tliin will hu|ip?u to you. Vour famlllm will hunger aftor the broad of the Word, ami ll.o ternal consolation* wlilrh tho adorable religion of JerU* cau alone dispense, and there will be none who can furnish thorn. Vour daughter* and your wive* will bo seized in your eight, and made victim* to lascivious passions, evtiu iu the atreet* and public place*. Vour tender (tout will expire ou tho point* of to* sword* and bayonets of the barbarous conquerors, directing towarus you their last looks of fear and agony; and you, yourselves, will be seized and bound like brutish brunts for the dungeon* of slavery; and savage men, til thy prostitutes, and wild beasts, will com* and ?njoy the comforts and delicacies of your homos. Ye*, fellow-citizens of Potosf, hear it! On* hundred thousand time* we tell you ! Hear it! This feaiful calamity comes upon you?it arrives at your throshhold ; aud iu compliance with our hig'i duty, attend?listen 1 We announce to you, you shall suffer all the misfortune, In all its weight, if you do not awaken from tho profound sleep In which wc behold you prostrated, and assist us in raising u force worthy of the sacred cause in whiok we arc engaged, and the glory of your name. The invader does not retrogade. He has surrounded, In a manner, our territory ?he has left us hardly a retreat. We ought not. in so perilous a situation, to abandon a cause truly Important and common, w holly to our armed force, weak by its numbers, impotent by its smallness?weak through its poverty, its sufferings, and it* past labors, though worthy by its never-sufflcienlly-Mtimated valor. No !?it concerns our common interest* ?all that man hold* dear on earth. Let us fly then, all of us. to tho comhat?placing ourselves under the direction of our authorities?let us fully and sincerely place in their hands our fnrttmcs and our person*?let us enlist with promptitude, aud with whatever arms we may be able to obtain ?let us throw aside tbu senseless desire of living longer?let us encourage solely an Insatiable desire to die for our religion '. our j country,and the honor of our families? make ifestive that compassion, hitherto sterile, which you should show for your tender children Lot us die before we tee ourselves degraded to slaves, in u strange land, deseitcd, or followed perhaps, by gome ancient father, some son. or a wife wL? lineament* are already changed, everywhere abhorred, our powers prostrated by tho weight of indigence, .-e nding forth trie* and lamentations without llnding a single being to oxtend to us a hand of pity! Potosinos! for tho slave there is no consolation?hi* respect and his glory are eclipsed forever. ii I These arc tho solo means of salvation. Let us all unite. Let us forget our domestic disagreements ; and authorities, army, people and priesthood, all?all form a compact mass, an J resign ourselves to death rather than turn our hacks t? the enemy, or survive otir misfortunes and disgrace. Let us swe r to God to die for his religion, aud to the country for its Independence Let us swear to the tender child, the delicate maiden, and decrepid ago, that our blood shall run In torrents--that we shall have sunk into the grave before these proud Vandals shall place a hand upon them Potosinos : these are the words of your Clergy, and we shall not fail to inculcate. In thr villages and towns, and from the pulpits of the capital, these grand sentiments. In your hands is the religion which vour fathers have left you, the country which Heaven has awarded you, the honor of your daughters sod wives, the lives of your tender infante, and y*ur whole future fate, if you wish it, you may enjoy them all. it depends on a heroic sacrifice. Make it! Two fates ore left open to you: to be vile slaves, or independent < athoiics. ( boose. If the former, bend the knee to tho invader; if the latter, prepare for the com Uttl. , Comprehend it?the*e are the laat momenta. If by indolence you incur an unhappy fate, if your religion inuet tly to a more hardy toil, diagrace and Ignominy will fad upon you. To your Priesthood will remain the satisfaction of having expoeed to you the danger, and Indicated the mean* moat Hernial and beet adapted to our clrcuinatanree And wu conjure you uot to lieten to our wonla wlilo lit emotion, aeeiired that you meet in u* a tender parent who conaolea and Huocoura your familiea. a humane friend who anoint* your wound*, a Christian I'rieat who dtepenaea to you the laat cumulation of religion, who guard* and remember* your ashes, a companion that doe* not aban dou you in ttle day of battle, and who now even I* willing to haro hi* breast in defence of the religion of Jeeua < hrist, and of the moat beloved Republic of Mexico. (Signed,) MANUEL DIKZ, KR MANUEL NAVARRKTE. PRIMO KELICIANO CASTRO, KR IUNAUO SAMPAYO, KR. HI,AS ENCISO, KK. JOSE UE SAN ALBERTO, 1)11 KK KKLIX HOSA ANOEL. f'an Lui* Potoal, April 'JSlh. 1H47. Ill): T K AI k KRtlM VERA t'RI /. [From the New Orleans Bulletin. May 'J6.J The train thut left V< ra < rui on the 11 lb, eouniated J7o wagon* and oOO pack mule*, loaded with niuuitiona of war, lumpital store*, provision* and >1.500.0 j# ipeol* for the army of (Jen. Scott A* the great value and Importance of thi* train, it wae thought, would render it an objoct for attack, no less than three rvgimente of regular* were r. nt hack aa far a* Puante Nacional to protect it up to b<'Uil (piarter*; to the former place It was escorted iy about tdj men, principally cavalry whe returned to Vera 1 rug. The laat ac unif have of Hantr. Anna, left him at Orizaba, with lor >< uieu, audit ?m agatait hiin. and not the roTlng hand* of guerilla marauder*, thai *o trong an c*cort va* rcniiiied. There i* a route from Vera Crux through Orlaaba, which fall* into tu uiiiu National road, beyond i'rrote, and we learn that itl* even ahorterthan the road through Jalap*, hut not practicable for wagon* At Orizaba Santa Anna 1* really In the rear of (j,n. Scott, and dintnul only about 3rt uiile* from the main route, on which our line of communication* exist*. and which will be travelled by the present train. It la, therefore, very evident, how rea lity he could cut It off, unlet* aulHciently protected to re*i*t any attack that ha might attempt An oracer or run*, recently irom ine army. Inrurms ui. that General .Scott must either send a force to drive Santa Anna from hi* present position, or else no train mil lie safe with a less escort than J.000 or 2.600 nten. We lielleve, however, that the intention of General Scott is to cut loose entirely from the sea coast. so far as supplies are concerned after the arrival of the present train In u i(eneral order that we have even, calling for AIM) volunteers, as teauistcrs, to proceed to Vera f rux. anil to return immediately to the army, it le stated that it will probably 1m the only trip in which their services would be reijulred. The reinforcements Intended to join General Scott will only leavo Vera Crux after they have collected in sufficient force to protect themselves on the route, and the advance of each of these columns will, of course, be embraced, to send forward such further supplies us may be required, and are ready; but, excepting on such oc caslons, General hcott, it is believed, will depend on the supplies that can tie procured In the country, and not attempt to keep his communications permanently open Mason die Clava. May 0, |Hi7. The large train referred to in my last Is now on IU. way to headquarter* We are at present enesnipd about one and a half miles from this famous ranch" "IV. el Honor Don i.opes de Mania Anna. A small paityor ex us paid a visit to thi* place this evening, for the pnrpoe

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