of taking a look at on* of the country neat* of a military chieftain, who is at present attracting ao much attention throughout the country It ii a delightful summer residence. and a pleasant retreat from the hot and unpleaaaut confine* of Vera Crux. It la Mituated within rlew of the main road te the city of Mexico, on the eide of a prominent hill, and in every manner adapted to defence against odd*. At present it ia in charge of a servant of Santa Anna's, who ia under the protection of a safeguard from lien. Scott. This servant lakes advantage of the magnanimity of lien. Scott, (who has thus given him the means of protecting his master's private property from harm ) by organising and equipping various corps of banditti, for the purpose of murdering our men. and plundering whatever they oan lay their hands on At this hacienda they are regularly supplied and equipped with whatever is neceasary to carry out their operations I am very much mistaken if Gen Scott does not vary soon break up all these arrangements, and effectually put a stop to the many depredations that are now being committed daily It ii the general Impression of all the military men along with us. thiJt the train going up will be attacked between here and tlio Puente Nacional Many parties of armed Mtxicaus hare been seen at u distance last evening and this morniug At the Puente Nacional we will meet Colonel Riley with a strong escort So fully couvineed is that ofilcer that an attempt will be made to intercept the train, that ho despatched a strong squadron Of dragoons to meet us at this place, lor the purpose of Strengthening our force. Kroni that pjaee we will be under the eaoort of the old Colonel himself, with u strong detachment. As soon as we meet Col. Riley, the Tennessee cavalry, who arc at present with us, will return to Veru Cruz, for the purpose of embarking for their homes. The whole of the twelve mouths voluu teers are now on their return logroll, and will bo despatched as fast as transportation can be procured. 1 be blood they huvc spilled and the suiferings they have endured, in the maintenance of their country s rights and honor, will entitle tlu-rn to, aud J ain certain they will receive a hearty welcome with open arms Many parents, however, will mourn the loss of noble sons, and maidens the loss of their gallant lovers. Large numbers of noble fellows have left comfortable and liappy hemes, beloved friends and kinsmen, to engage in the strife of arms in which the country is engaged Most ably and gadantly have they discharged their duty, aud maintain' d their own honor aud the high standing aud chivalry of their respective States. May they hnd strong bauds aud warm hearts to receive them. The graves of those who have died may be levelled over, and no trace lrft to point to the place of their iuterment; hut their memories will live in grateful remembranco in the bosoms of the people of our country. (Jen. Scott is now at Jalapa, awaiting tho arrival of this train. It is likely he will march for Puebla as soon as it errives. Sauta Anna is at present at Orizaba with about 700 meu. which he is at present commissioning as banditti, for the purpose of murder and plunder. So strnmrlv has he orgauissd this force, that a man runi a great rfsk of lii* i to If ha drops behind the escort two hundred yard*. This will be broken up ai *oon a* the dragoon* get pro perly mounted. There appear* to be great necessity for an increase of the mounted force. 1 hare heard of a great many patriotic and eloquent speeches to excite troop* when going into battle, but I have just heard of one by i. apt Williams, commanding a company of volunteer* from Kentucky, which, I think, for effect and brevity, will vie with any thing that ha* ever been uttered As the troops were advancing up on* of the heights at Cerro Gordo, the Captain turned round to hi* company and said. "Boys, remember old Kentuck!" The company are at present here on the road horn*. 1 beard one of them relating some of the incidents of the battle to an old acquaintance be met here, and he remurked, "When I beard Capt. Williams say 'boys remember old Kentuck.' I felt as if I could jump headlong into the mouth of every cannon there was in the Mexican battery." I have no doubt, from the manner they fought, that the same feeling pervaded the whole company. SALTILLO, MONTEREY AND MATAMORAS. [From tho Saltillo Picket Guard, April 26.] A young man uamed Jackson, an American mechanic, ho has for several years been in the employ of Don Manuel Kvarro. of Pa-ras. Mexico, was murdered a few days ago, near Catariua, between here and Monterey. The following order shows what a strict police is enforced in Saltillo:? Sai.tii.lo, Mexico, February 27th, 1847. lu resuming the command of Saltillo. the commanding officer deems it proper te issue the following ordurs:? 1. All privates and teamsters belonging to the American Army now in Saltillo, unless wounded or on detached servioe, will immediately join their respective commands; and such found here after 6 o'clock, will be confined in the prison. 2 All Mexicans, except the Police, are ordered to confine themselves to their houses after sunset. Any found in the streets after that time will be fired upon. 3. All IvtexicanB without families, or property-holders, are ordered to leave Saltillo in 13 hours 4. No Mexican family will be permitted to leave the Ity without permission of the commanding officer. All families that have left the city are invited to retnrn. under a pledge from the commanding officer of protection to their persons and property. 5. The sale or liquor is forbidden; any person violating this order, if an American, will be imprisoned and sent vu? vi i,un ?:vuntry uj cue nria irain; n a .Mexican, mey will be punished by confiscating nil tholr property, and such other punishment as may be ordered by a courtmartial. not excepting death. fi. Alt persons arriving in, or departing from the oity, most report to the commanding officer. 7 The Mexican Authorities will be held responsible for the strict compliance with this order on the part of the Mexicans, and the officer of the day on the part of the Americans. h. Tattoo will beat at 9 o'clock, after which time all persons found in the streets will be arrested. The city clock will govern the time. By order of W. B. WARREN. Lieut. Colonel and Governor of Saltillo. W. v. Hkniiv, Adjutant. [From the Moutery Pioneer.] More than a thousand mules havo arrived within the last few days; also India rubber tanks, ponton trains, etn. It is evident, from these InimenBc preparations that u movement of some kind is contemplated for this division. Almost the entire laboring population of the land is in a state of the mast abject servitude, and are even allowed less privileges than our negroes. And these people are not a distinct race; they are of the same blood, of the same complexion, but still they are slaves. These remarks were elicited by the fact of Jour seeing, the other day. a fair and beautiful girl, of about sixteen years, publicly sold for the sum of forty dollars. Such things are of frequent occurrence. In the Mexican prison can be seen females from fifteen to sixty, imprisoned for debts which it is impossible for them to pay. Those who think that shivery, and that in its worst form, does not exist here, had better come to Mexico and inform themselves on the subject, before making such assertions. CAPT. TATTNALL, OF TUB NAVY. [Krora the N. O. Delta. May d6.] The following letter from the gallant commander of the celebrated " mosquito fleet," by which n?arly all the successful and brilliant enterprises performed by our Gulf Hquadron were performed. la alike creditable to bis head and heart We had the plt'Aaura of a long aud interesting interview with thta gallant and experienced officer ilia zealous and lucid defence of the character and conduct of Ilia veteran auperior and bro- i tber officer, upon whoae app.irent latitude and inaction ' the public hail indulged in aotnn strictures, convinced I us that we. in comuioii with other persona, judging too hastily and from insufficient data, had done Injustice to the services and merits of Commodore Conner. A proud sensitiveness, with somewhat of the stoical indiffer-ncc, cool self-possession and moral courage of the" strict disciplinarian, exposed Commodore Conner to much misconstruction and misrepresentation, both among the officers of the fleet and among the people of the country, from which u little more facility and less pride would have protected him. llut certainly the dissatisfaction expressed by a people, justly lond of the reliown of our noble Navy, at the difficulties and disasters encountered by our squadron in the early part of the war. ought to give way to admiration of the mnguillcent debarkation of our troops at Vera Crux, so Bkllfully effected under the direction of I. ommodore Conner.? Many of the arrangements in regard to the investment ! and bombardment of the city and castle were also made by Commodore Conner, who. from the same morhiil aansilivenes* and pride to which we have referred, readdy gave up to Commodore Perry the command of tlie squadron, at a time when he might have been justified by tho rule* of the service in retaining it until the capitulation of Vera Cruz had been effected. bo much of Com. Conner, to whom, we trust. I the people will uot Le slow to accord Ihuthouor and consideration which a full knowledge of what he has done in bis difficult and embarrassing situation, will no doubt satisfy them he is justly entitled to. Of Captain Tattnall's incessant and successful exertions to sustain the high reputation of the service, of which he is a bright ornament, we cannot adequately express the admiration and gratitude we feel. From the commencement of the blockade he has planned and executed the various difficult and perilous enterprises on the dangerous reef, and against the well-defen ed towns of the Mexican coast, which have exccited so much admiratiop. and contributed so much to the success of our occupation of the towns in the Terra Calif via On the gallant Spitfire he has led every attack, constituting on all occasions the advance guard of the squadron At the bombardment of Vera ( ,rui. he commanded the fleet of small vessels, which approached within a few hundred yards of the Castle of Man Juan de I'Ilia, and opened upon this famous fortification, sustaining a constant fire from its two hundred guns At the last achievement of our navy in the attack on Tuxpan, the Mpltflre again led the attack, and was exposed to a heavy tire from a concealed fort, by whieh several of our brave officers were wounded? among them the gallant Captain himself received a wound in the arm, from which he Is now suffering. The necessity of returning te this country to Improve his health and heal his wound, withdraws < aptain Tattnall from the scene of warlike operations just as he was preparing to join General Hcott in his march to Mexico. New Okleaiv*, May 33, 1847. I notire in your paper of the 11th inst., a letter from your Vera < rux correspondent. A 1) J., detailing a conversation held by the writer with a young midshipman of the squadron, in which the latter is staled to have remarked?" Cspt. Tattnall says, that blood ought to be shed sir. to blot out Alvarado and Conner from the recollection of men.'' Ho far as < bin Conner, is concerned it is unnecessary for me to say that no such reference to him was ever made by me Iic> would not credit it for a moment. But as I cannot suffer the public to think me capable of i m.C\ irrfmm an r,nt?u,?. ..... - 1 ? ??- ? -hi nir uiscipunc or the service, I must give it an unqualified denial. The young gentleman hae doubtless been minted by remark* which I did make, and which may have reached him in a perverted shape. I had often eaid. substantially. that public opinion required more from the naval force in the (iulftbnn could I be aeoompllehod l>y our Inadequate mean* that the eerviee wae loeing caste?that the only mode whereby the eapeetatlone of the country could be eatietied, was to exhi lilt a lint of noma hundred* of killed and wounded- ! that the public called for the sacrifice, aud that it muni in Kime way he made With re?pcct to that oflloer. Com < ouner ia worthy I of hie country aud of the it-rvlcu; hi* reputation re- . quire* no support from me or from other* ; hut i inu*t ' be ex caved, under present elrcumstancee, in saying that I have alway* entertained for him the very higheet regard both a* an officer and a gentleman, and I have uraofc regretted to observe in portions of the public press ttrictures and complaints relative to bis late command j la the Gulf, whleh hm oonitltuUd a put wrong, not moralv to on* who wu faithfully and meritoriously wring hi? country, hut an Injury to tho oaral serrioe. 1 am gentlemen. rery reep'ly. your ob't eerv't, J0S1AH TATTNALL, Com'dr. U. S. Nary. AKMY NEWS. 11'rom tho N. O. rioayuuo, May 46 ] On Sunday, tho brig Harriot, Captain Miller,with Col. Baker and (tad. and companion K and L> of tho 4th 1111nois regiment; the brig Importer, with Colonel Coffee, Lieut. Colonel Carle, Lieut. MoCann,Lieut. A. H. Rlpj toe. Lieut. Monroe, and 69 eiok volunteere of the Alabama Regiment, all convalescent; t.j-> schooner Cabot, I Captain I'hillipM. with Lieutenant Licy, company A, Tennessee caralry. Surgeon Qulnn. U. S. A.. Win. Oro nard. and Thomas L. Dickuson, South Carolina Volunteer* ti. P. Garner, id Illinois Volunteer*, Surgeon Haymon. U. S A , in charge of the remains of M. R. Smith, of the South Carolina regiment, who died of I congestion of the brain at Vera Crus. on the 13th Inst, I and a part of the Tennessee cavalry, arrived from Vera I Crus. The schooner Heroine, Captain Shaw, from Brasos Santiago 17th instant, arrived yesterday The Heroine ?aW anH fil. of th? lat Kuntnnkv r*a. broujroi iuv uiDu. *ou? w? ?w ?"?j - ? triinent under command of Lieut. Smith. sDo the reinline of Dr. Brown, of Mississippi, who fell at Buena Vista She has been absent but fourteen day* from this city, including the time she lay at the Brazos. The ship Remittance bad arrived at Brazos, and the troops who went out on her were disembarking. Yesterday, the ship Suviah, Captain Gardiner, arrived from Vera Cruz, having sailed on the 10th Instant.? She brought over Lieut. Colonel R. D. Allison, with three companies Tennessee cavalry, 140 rank and file. The brig Shamrock. Captain Rogers, arrived from the same port, having sailed the same day. She brought over Lieut. Col. Moore, commanding companies B, G and K of the Illinois volunteers, 144 rank and file. The brig Will, Captain Heard, also arrived yesterday from the same port, having also sailed the 10th inst. The schooner Kleanor Stevens, Captain Hall, also arrived yestrrday from Vera Crus, and brought over companies D, r' and G of the Georgia volunteers, 110 In number, all under the command of Captain Davis. City Intelligence. Thi Wlather.?The heavv thunder storm that pawed over our city in the early part 01 yesterday mornin*, and ?n (he previous night, had the effect to clear and purify the atmosphere. The thormometer stood at 70 degrees in Wall street at Id o'clock, M.?and the air during the day was balmy and agreeable. Gaj i.a*t Act.?On Monday|inornlng the crew of the ship North Carolina were engaged in washing decks, tcc. wheu a young man by the name of Abbot, who was at work in the mlzzcn chains fell overboard, and immediately commeuced sinking. Two of the ship's company, one by the naineof Hugh Steward and the other Charles Elliott. jumped overboard front the poop, (a height of some twenty-live feet.) and with some difficulty succeeded in saving him at the imminent risk of their own lives. The tide was running strong at the time; the pour fellow, stunned, probably, by bis fall or fright, made no effort to save himself, and when the first of his gallant rescuers reached him ho was two or three feet under water. Stewart first reached him; he jumped over without a moment's hesitation, clothes all on, grappled with him and raised him to the surface, where he held him until further assistance could be rendured. It is proper to say that this good man is as modest as brave. When he came on board, wet and dripping, he rather seemed to feel he had been committing a censurable than a most meritorious a ;t; and when complimented and rewarded with liberty for his gsllantry, seemed unable to understand the merit of his action. The other man who followed Stewart, with more presence of mind, took off part of his apparel before jumping inte the water. By their ' joint exertions the unfortunate man was saved from a watery grave. An Excellent Move.?It will, doubtless, afford many of our citizens pleasure to learn that the Harlem Kail iload Company have at last prohibited segars from being smoked on the platforms of their cars. For some time oast, the practice of smoklna on the cars has been a source of great annoyance to many parsons, especially so to the fair sex; some of whom, rather than subject themselves to the fumes of the obnoxious weed as they enter and leave the cars, are induced to travel altogether in stuges. It frequently happens towards the close of the day, as persons are returning to their places of residences, the cars are crowded to excess, and gentlemen, to whom the fumes of tobacco is very offensive, in giving up their seats in the cars for the accommodation of ladies, and retire to the platforms, experience great annoyance in being compelled to be thus brought in direct contact with half a dozen smokers, who have no regard whatever for the comfort of others. The movement is an excellent one. and the company will find it to their interest to Bee it thoroughly carried out. Foosd in thi: Wm?.? "oroner Walters was oalled yesterday to hold an inquest upon the body of an unknown man. about thirty years of age, who was found floating in the Fast River near the foot of Pier No. 9. Verdict?Death by drowning. The deceased, when found, had on a roundabout woollen jacket, striped satin vest, white woollen under shirt. Btriped cassimere pantaloons, black silk neckerchief , and shoes.' He aDDeared to have been in the water about six or eight weeks. New List ok Omsibiiio.?Anew line of omnibusses. called the Merchants' Line, was yesterday put cn the route from the l)ry Dock to the South Kerry .via Avenue C., Houston street, and Chatham street. They appear to meet with a goodly share of patronage, and will, no doubt, prove ef great convenience to persons residing along the new route. There seems to be a great want of a more direct communication between the foot of Grand street, Kast Kiver, and the foot of ( anal street, than we have at present. Sprinokielo and Jftw Haven Railroad.?Passengers by this route from Boston, arrived yesterday afternoon before seven o'clock. We are under obligations to M essrs. Dennis it Cloyes for our usual supply of papers. Arrivals ok Passengers at this Pout during Mat, 1847:? Krom Groat Britain and Ireland, 17,984 llanse Towns, 3,047 '* France, 4,358 " Belgium, 1,416 " Holland, 829 " Other ports, 344 Total, as entered at Custom House,. . .. 28,676 Calvary Church.?The sale of pews In this church, by public auction, which was to have taken place on Saturday last, was oommonced yesterday morning; but in consequence of some misunderstanding with regard to the day of sale, but few persons attended, in consequence of which, after selling five pews at auction, In addition to those previously stipulated for, to those through whose means the church has been erected, the sale by auction was postponed until further notice be given. In the mcautime. our citizens will have an opportunity of in peotiug the interior cf thin beautiful edifice. !fho architecture of the church is of the Gothic order, and designed by Mr. lien wick, architect of Grace Cburoh, and erected under the immediate supervision of Messrs. Butler &. Brinkerhoff. It is built of free stone, of a light brown shade, with the exception of the spires, two in number, which are constructed of carved wood, presenting quite a striking and unique appearance. The pews, 2-JO in number, as also the pulpit, reading desk and gallery front, are of black walnut, highly finished. The frame, or casing of the organ, is also made of the same materinl. and carved to correspond with the style of the building The altar is composed of highly polished marble, about six feet long by three wide; the margin ef the top is a bluish white with a black centre, in wliicb Is inserted, as in Mosaic work, the letters I. H. S. of nn orange color; the sides and ends of the altar are of bluish white marble, on the surface of which are ornamental columns of finely polished white marble, having a yellow cast, thus forming a pleasing contrast with the ground work. In front of the altar, and between the pulpit and reading desk, stands a beautiful baptismal font, which is, perhaps, as fine a specimen of sculptured Italian marble hb can be found in the new or old world. Around the top or basin, is delicately chiselled the following inscription : ? "THE WASHINO OF RF.IlElSr.RATIOIS ASD RCNEWIMO OF THE HOLY OIIOST." The organ is from the establishment of Messrs. Davis Ik Ferris, and is said by judges to bs of superior tone and power. I The church, it is understood, will be consecrated by Bishop McClosky, of the Northern Diocese, to-morrow; I after which it will be opened for divine service every ; Sabbath, under the charge of the Kev. Sam! L. Southard, i son of the late S. L. Southard, af New Jersey, and ('resident of the 1'. S. Senate under the administration of John Tyler. From the facts that we gathered yesterday, relative to | this church, It appears that about three years ago the Society consisted of about forty members, who then, and have until the present worshipped in a frame building of humble appearance, at the corner of the 4th avenue and 2'ld street. After gradually increasing In numbers for about a year, the vestry resolved to make an effort to erect a more suitable building, and with this view called upon the most influential members of their congregation, amongst whom were found forty who subscribed $20 000. 9600 each, and pledged themselves to advance hs much more, if necessary, to carry into effect the desired object, which they have since done; the ...In, In ?kn At 1 ' * 1 I .......j iu lut imftubini(* uuYing gone on, made tne contract*. hat] the church erected and flniehed ready for consecration?the forty original subscribers ta! king their choice of pews, agreeably to the conditions entered into at the time of advancing the means referred to. The number of communicants now exceed three hundred. The cost of building and finishing the church., together with the amount to be paid for the organ. will] be about $70,000; to which may be added about $10,000 more for the rectory adjoining the church, which is now in course of erection. The following named gentlemen have become purchasers of the pews to which their names are respectively uffixed: 1'rwt Purchaieri. I'rio*. Purcha ten 16? L. M Hoffman. ..$000 107?Aaron Arnold. . . 000 36? Alfred Heaton.. . 600 108?James Kent 600 37?Clia* Davis 600 100?William Kdgar.. . 600 39?T T. Klssam. . . 600 112? Judge Oakley. . . 600 40?H H. Klliott.. . . 600 113?John C. Clarkson 603 41 -T.C.Tucker.... 600 114?Jahn B. Seaman. . MiO 42?(Jhas A. Havis.. . 600 116? John R. Walters. 600 43?A. B Neilson. . . 600 118? D. Hubbell Hoyt. 600 44?Phillip Kearney.. 600 117?Thomas 8. Olbbes 600 rWm. T Johnson 600 119?Thlllip R. Kearney 600 Mr. Tallmadge... 600 120?Charles A. Jarvis. 600 00?John Thompson. 600 121?JohnOriswold,... 600 <11?Ogden Hoffman.. 600 122?J. 8. Carpender.. 600 99?R. M. Olbbes. . . 600 133-John H. Swift... 600 100?John W Gerard. 600 101? Charles Cartlidge 600 101?Phillip Kearney. . 600 103?Mr*. Dobbin.... 600 103?Phillip Kearney. . 600 10.1?Kllolbronk 600 103?Herman 'I'liorn. . 600 179 - Samuei B Ilugglei .600 104? J Wat*on Webb. 000 196-K. Smith Clark.. 600 106 ? Mr. Arerell 600 106?L. K Com*tock. . 600 Total #90,000 The following named pew* were raid by auction at a *tnnll premium upon the a**e*Mcd nilue ot tin eame, vl* : ?1'ewe, number* 46, Mr*. Kdgar, #7.6 premium on #660; lid. Vlr Barrett, lo do on $300 . 03 Kranci* March. 60 do on $460; 96. Alfred .North, 10 do on $600; 138, Lewi* rhilllpa, 10 do on $460. Amo* lliniiey. K?q who died at Rome la*t winter, and who had made a will bequeathing $10,000 to the Natural Hlntory Society of Bo?ton, had, jpreriou* to hi* death, to It now nppear*. made a later will, which glre* no euch *um to the eociety The offlcer* of tbo N. N. 8. had made arrangement* for building; but thia late InteUigence will materially alter the whole courae of their proceedlng* NEW YORK HERALD. n??r Tark, Thursday, Jww 3, 1MT. The News from Europe. The steamship Hibernia is now in her fifteenth day, having left Liverpool on the 19th of May for Boston. Her advices will be but eleven days later than those received by the Rainbow at this port. Our advices are to the 8th, and by the Hibernia they will be to the 19th ult. The advance in the corn marketa of Great 1?U Q?l. RA... -.-J .1.. uinmu iiuiu iuc tilt iu me oiu vi may, auu uic activity which existed in these markets at our latest dates, was hardly anticipated; and the anxiety for further advices, has, by the arrival at this port, increased. An advance in breadstuff's yesterday in this market was the effect of the news received by the llaiubow, and the views of speculators have become very much unsettled, relative to the probable progress of prices. Notwithstanding the steady tightness in the 'London money market, there were indications of a further advance on the other side, and we have no doubt the steamer now due will bring advices of higher prices. There appears to be no prospect of any improvement in cotton ; but on the contrary prices were steadily settling down, and will without doubt continue to, so long us breadstuff's remain high and the money market so much embarrassed. It is our impression that the steamer will bring more favorable accounts relative to the money market, and should such a result be realized, there must be a corresponding improvement in prices for our principal staples on both sides of the Atlantic. Breadstuff's are destined to advance ; no restrictions in the money market can keep down prices for food ; as the season advances there appears to be a demand for consumption greater than the supply, which speculators are not slow in taking advantage of. The shipments from this country have not for some time past been as large as usual; and the receipts at Liverpool and other ports of Europe, have, therefore, been less. This is, no doubt, partially the cause of the advance in prices. We look for the steamer every hour; in the meantime look out for speculators. Hold on to all the flour you have until an Extra Herald is issued, and then let it slide at the best price you can get. The Capture or AlvaradOb_The Court-Martial and Reprimand of Lieut. Hunter. The court-martial and sentence of Lieut. Charles G. Hunter, have been for some time before the public ; and have been commented upon freely by our citizens and by the public journals, as regards ine press, mere are two opinions entertained, and we believe they are participated in by the public. These opinions are directly contrary to each other; but the most prevalent one is, that Commodore Perry used more harshness than the case required, and less of that gallantry which one brave officer owes to another. "We have not as yet expressed our opinion on the matter, but we phall do so now, first, however, giving a few of the reasons and circumstances on which it is based, without which no one can form a proper opinion. The capture of Alvarado, by Lieut. Hunter, as every one knows, was the prime cause of the court martial; but we shall see by and by, whether it was the cause of tfie splenetic remarks, which formed Commodore Perrv's renrimand. and which might have been better omitted. Lieut. Hunter did capture Alvarado?the port which he was directed to blockade, until the arrival of the great naval and land force, which Commodore Perry had detailed to attack it. This was unquestionably a breach of orders, but not to a gallant and comprehensive man like Lieut. H. There were circumstances connected with it that go far to palliate it, and to make it a splendid affair. It is well known that it is the same port which baffled Commodore Connor,and a large naval force, composed of the vessels officered and manned by men who were burning to partake of the glory which had crowned the army. The attack of Commodore Conner was made, and was unsuccessful, owing to several ;circumstances. The fleet then proceeded to Vera Cruz, and remained there month after month, literally idling away time, or making an inglorious capture occasionally of an unfortunate ship that intended to run the blockade. This was not the kind of glory which our gallant navy officers courted. They wished to Ibravs danger, and reflect honor and lustre on the American flag. They did not wish the army to gain all the laurels in the war, and the navy none. Well, Vera Cruz was captured, and so was the Castle of San;Juan dcgriiia; in taking both of which the navy contributed their share, and of course are entitled to their portion of the glory that accrued from it. Lieut. Hunter did not, however, participate in that glory, for he arrived there immediately after the surrender. That belongs to Com. Conner and Captain Tatnall, and the brave officers under them. Lieut H. was ordered, as we said before, to blockade Alvarado; but hearing that several American prisoners were confined there, a fact unknown to the commodore ; knowing that the time had arrived for its capture, in order to secure the munitions of the war stored there ; panting for a portion of the glory which the war had hitherto denied him ; and wishing also to prove to his countrymen at home that, notwithstanding the inglorious inactivity of the navy for a year past, it wanted but an opportunity to test and prove its courage und gallantry, he resolved in his own mind that the little vessel which he commanded, and his officers and crew, could take it, and, by taking it, do an act that would for ever silence the croakings of those who, without enquiring whether the navy had an opportunity of doing any thing or not, condemned it for its inactivity. All this prompted the gallant Hunter, and under such workings of his spirit did he and his brave officers and crew, resolve upon takingAlvarado. Commodore Perry afterwards said to him that he captured it at mere haphazard ; but the charge was unfounded. He prepared and digested a plan of operations different somewhat from what he afterwards curried out; but a plan that would have succeeded as effectually as in that which he followed afterwards. His original plan was, to land on the night of the 29th of March, and then to storm the first fort by surprise; but a heavy gale occurring, he was obliged to stand off shore all night, and this alone prevented him from capturing a Mexican General and a force of five hundred men. frustrated by the elements, over which he had no control, he then resolved upon the plan which he pursued and successfully carried out the next dav : and which. under the circumstances, was one of the most gallant affairs that ever took place. Because it was constructively a disobedience of orders, he was court-martialed. The discipline of the navy perhaps required such a course to he pursued, as it has been in a few, a very few other instances ; but if, at the same time that the intended capture of the same place by Commodore Conner was undertaken and failed?as it did fail?Commodore Perry had asked for volunteers to undertake its reduction, and Lieut. Hunter hud undertaken it, and had succeeded, as he did, on his own hook, the Commodore, the government, the public, and the w hole world, would sound his praise. Thus, while considering the gallantry of the deed, aye, and the credit and renown which it has reflected on the navy of the United Slates, as well as the personal interests which Lieut. Hunter staked on the success <4 the enterprise, w? are free to confess that we think Com. Perry was not altogether animated by a desire to preserve discipline. We think that the language he used in his reprimand will carry us out in this opinion. That language was not appropriate to the occasion. It was tinctured too strongly with spleen and mortification?spleen, because a subordinate had succeeded in what his superiors had failed; and mortification, because a Lieutenant, with one gun and sixty men, had taken a place which a tremendous naval and land force under his direction, was proceeding to take. This is our view of the court-martial and the reprimand; and while we are willing, us far as strict discipline is concerned, to condemn any breach of orders, we are free to confess. that if Com. Perrv had. instead of using the language he did, said to Lieut. Hunter, " You disobeyed orders; thut was wrong. Your
capture of Alvarado, however, was a gallant affair. It is my duty to reprimand you in accordance with the finding of the court marii. I, and discipline requires that I do so. 1 do it accordingly, but will be happy to set- you in my cabin,where we can talk the matter over .< buttle of wine at our leisure." This would have answered every purpose, and the gallantry of the Commodore would then have been equal to that of the Lieutenant. The European Designs on Mexico.?We have been favored with the perusal of a letter from a I gentlemun of talent and intelligence to his lriend jntnisciiy, irom wnicn we extract uie iouowing items. They show, we think, that the letters that we published some time since in regard to the Franco-Spanish designs on Mexico, were of some importance, and the statements they contained had, perhaps, some foundation. These extracts are important in another point of view, us they show the feelings of the people of Cuba to the United Stutes, and the desire they have for seeking our protection at some future time:? Havana, May 9, 1847. I have had the pleasure of conversing with a Spanish officer, who was present when the great battle of Cerro Gordo took place, and who witnessed that engagement. He says that it was the most brilliant acbievement of modern warfare. He also says the American foroes fought like devils against the Mexicans, who were far superior in numbers. He described the Mexloans as brave and good soldiers, but his opinion of their offloers is contomptible. With the exception of Gen. La Vega and another, he says they all fled, and that Generuls Santa Anna and Canallzo were the first to leave the field, and seek their personal safety in flight. The same officer says that from what he has seen of the Americans, they could, if they wished, conquer Cuba in a very short time, in spite of the great number of well organized troops that we have here. The friends of your republio are rqjoioed at the success of the American arms. In your suocess, and in the continuance of the war, they see, that at a future time, Mexico will bo Incorporated with the United States, and then they can turn their attention to Cuba, which would be a valuable acquisition. j^The Prince de Joinville and the Infanta D'Enriquo are expected to arrive here soon. The Infanta is to conduct the great naval operations. What are these operations for? We think we see something in the letter from Havana, which appeared in the Herald newspaper of your city a few months since. 1 wish I could write as freely us I would wish, but you are aware that we have not that privilege. Yours, icc. P. 8.?The English steamer has just arrived from VeraCrus. The Americans are within 46 leagues of Mexico. Go ahead! Hurrah for the American republic and its gallant soldiers. Many years will not elapse before Cuba will excite much attention, and create a commotion in the world. Mark that. Direct from the Atlantic.?The beautiful Canadian yacht Alice, belonging to the Hon. A. Killaly, arrived at our wharves yesterday, direct from Montreal, bound to the Sault Ste. Marie. Her intelligent owner, who is on board, haa been engaged in the survey of the proposed Canadian canal around the Hault, and is now going up on business connected with the mineral enterprise This is the first vessel that has ever reached Lake Erie from the ooean.?Detroit Daily Jldvtrtiier. The last sentence of the above is quite erroneous. There are some scores of boats which run regularly between this port, " on the Atlantic," and Buffalo, " on Lake Erie;" and besides these, we sent a small steamer from here to Lake Erie, through the canal, a number of years ago, which for years made regular trips from Buffalo to some port in the London District, (J. C. The Hon. Henry Whkaton.?This gentleman, who has devoted many years of his life in the service of his country as her representative abroad, is now in this city, and has accepted the invitation of hia friends to attend a public dinner, to be tendered to him on the 10th instant. This is a mark of respect which Mr. Wheatonis eminently deserving of, and eraenatingas it does from his fellow citizens without distinction of party, is a compliment he may well be proud of, Government Finances, The Washington Union gives the following explanation relative to the financial movements of the government, and the charges made against the Secretary of the Treasury:? lit. Mr. Walker has never sent treasury drafts, large or small, to New Orleans. He has never negotiated, nor directed nor authorized the negotiation of any treasury drafts, large or small, on New Orleans or elsewhere. Requisitions of the several departments are made on Mr. Walker for public disbursements on account of the war, for the army or navy; and Mr. Walker, as authorised by law. draws his warrant for the amount in favor of the officer or person named In the requisition, upon the Treasurer of the United States, to whose credit all the public moneys are deposited; nod the Treasurer then draws his draft in favor of such officer on any of the public despositories having sufficient funds deemed by tba Treasurer most convenient; and Mr. Walker has no power or control over the use or negotiation of such treasury drafts, nor has the Treasurer. 3d. Mr. Walker has never directed or authorized any nnti .lr.n. .. ... .1...I In I I, ? Il.l.- <n I.. .1 from New Orleans or elsewhere on the treasury; nor does he know anything of them; nor are they drawn upon the treasury. 3d. Mr. Walker, more than a week since, directed the transfer of $'200,000 in specie to New Orleans, to meet tDese demands on the government; and for the same purpose be has sent, and has now on the way to New Orleans, one million of dollars in addition?making In ail twelfe hundred thousand dollars in specie. 4th. Mr. Walker has made arrangements by which, at a cost of only three-eighths of one per cent, he can transfer any amount of specie from the north to New Orleans, fie will make no unnecessary transfers, but whenever the War or Navy Department, who will no doubt perform their duty, give him notice that specie funds will be wanted at New Orleans, Mr. Walker will instantly transmit, at any time, the gold to that point, in any amount desired for public expenditure. f>tb. And now tojthe question, why treasury notes are not sent to New Orleans for disbursement: To this there are two answers. All the treasury notes authorized by law and not previously used to meet the pressing demands upon the government, were advertised tor a premium, and all taken at a premium ranging from oneeighth to two per oent, under the sixty days' public notice, on the 10th of April last, and more than twice as much more bid for than could be supplied. The reason, then, why treasury notes are not sent to New Orleans, has no connexion whatever with Corcoran St Riggs, as is most unjustly insinuated; but because there are no such notes at present which can now be issued, and sent as suggested to New Orleans, without a clear and palpable violation of the law, But suppose Mr. Walker oould now thus issue such treasury notes, which would all be immediately funded in the six per cent stock, when such notes and stock have now risen to a premium of Ave or six per cent,what would be said if Mr. Walker should arbitrarily select and pay a particular class of creditors or contractors in New Orleans in such treasury notes, and thus sacrifice five or six pt-r cent of the funds of tne Kovernment ! What charges of injustice, of sacrifice of the public interests, and of favoritism to individuals, would soon be made by tne federal press, if the Secretary were to pursue such a course! So far from favoring Corooran St Riggs?who bid for the wnole loan at an eighth per cent premium?Mr. Walker not only gave all who bid more tne whole amount of their bids, > s he was bound to do, but to all who bid an eighth, the same as Corcoran St Riggs. Mr. Walker awarded the whole amount of their bids, which were very considerable. This he was not bound to do; but, by the usual practice of his predecessors, could have apportioned the loen among all the bidders at an eighth, Including Corooran It Riggs, In proporj tion to their bids, which would have give them nearly the whole; Instead of wbioh, Mr. Walker assigned to all the bidders at an eighth the whole of their bids, except Corooran k Riggs; thus giving to each one of the bidders at an eighth a preference over Corooran ti Riggs, leaving tbein only the remainder. Mr. Walker, then, as the .nXA?/la alma wsnf tn thai ut met at. n * tf n t. that thai law would permit him in diminishing the amount assignable to Corcoran It Kiggs. And now, then, we ask of the New Orltant Bulletin, and all the whig presses which hare copied its article, the simple act of justioe which will be performed by publishing this vindication. Mr. Walker has already ordered twrlvehundred thousand dollars in speole to New Osleans, and be is ready at any moment to send Immediately, from time to time, as much more as he may be notified will be required for the wants of the government, and will do all that tho law will permit him to advance the Interest of the great southwestern emporium. The new tariff on Mexican imports must soon stop the drain of specie from New Orleans, tho duties realised under the Mexican tariff (partly of General Hoott, and partly of Mr. Walker) having already ieallxed nearly half a million of dollars, and the ourreat of specie will toon bo from Mexico to Now Orleans and Now York. " 1 . I Tux SxxAUSHir Washi.noton.?W? learn from Mr. Maginn, the New York pilot who navigated the steamship Washington to sea, that he took that noble vessel over the bar on Tuesday evening at 6 o'clock; and that immediately after he left Iter, she was going over the Atlantic at a tremendous rate, with all sails set. We wish hsr a quick and prosperous voyage. Thsatrical. Park Theatre.?Mrs. Mason's performance of Mrs. Beverley, in the tragedy of the " Gamester." drew a tolerably good, but by no means a full, house at the)Park last evening. This character is one in which the higher qualities of her acting are displayed to great advantage. Few scenes are more touching than those here preseuted ?no character fraught with a higher charui. than her's; 'tis au appeal to the wannest sympathies, the tenderest ehords of the heart?such Is her personation of the unfortunate gambler's wife. To-night Mrs Mason appears as Julia, in the " Hunchback.'' Mr. Wheatley playing Sir Thomas Clifford. The performers and other persons employed at mm VltbttUUBUUivUb piuuctou mcii unnuinmo w?vices tor the benefit of that popular comedian, John Fisher, who, wo regret to loarn, continue!* still seriously indisposed. Wullack. lirattan, and other actors of repute, have volunteered for the occasion, and we hope to see on Saturday night." old Drury" filled to the ceiling. Bowkev Theatre.?This will be a groat evening at the Bowery theatre. If an opinion can be formed from the bill. Mr. Milner will take his farewell benefit, and a variety of amusements will be provided, which cannot fail to please all who shall have the good fortune to witness them. The " Hunchback" will be the first piece performed, in which Miss C. Wemyss will take her favorite character of Julia, and Mr. O. P. Whitlock. a young gentleman of great talent and promise, will make his first appearance as Master Walter. Between this piece and the national drama of " Putnam." which will conclude the evening's amusements. Mr. Brooks will dance the naval hornpipe. an4 the Virginia Minstrels will sing and play some of their most favorite melodies. Mile. Blangv left this city yesterday afternoon for Boston, where she will commence an engagement at the Athenaeum, as soon us the Italians have closed their season, of which this evening is the last. The graceful motion and truly artistloal performances of Mile. B. will be appreciated, without doubt, at Boston, by those who are admirers of chaste and elegant dancing. The beauties of attitude are not better presented than by Mile Blangy in some of her performances. Musical. Italian Opera.?There won a very good attendance at Palmo's last evening, and the opera of "Semiramls" was performed in ozcellent style. Barill having recovered from her late illness appeared on this occasion, Slgnor Sanquirico's benefit, as a volunteer. She was received with the greatest marks of approbation, as was also Signora Pico, who assumed the character of Arsace, her performances in which were rapturously received.? Slgnors Benedctti and Beneventano both acquitted themselves bravely. They were in good voice, and made grand musio. "Semlramls" will be repeated on Saturday night. Castle Garden.?It must be borne in mind by our down town citizens, that if they wish to spend a pleasant evening, and enjoy excellent amusements, as well as fresh breezes and delicious ice croams. that Castle Garden is the place they must go to. Every evening the finest music is performed by the German Brass Band, and the cosmoramas, which are of themselves worth twice the price of admission to see, are open for oil who have the discrimination to see them. Vauxhall Garden.?All who have had the pleasure of seeing and hearing the new company of Ethiopian minstrels, known as Campbell's Ethiopian Opera Serenades, represent them as artists whose capability to split the Bides of an audience is unexcelled, l'bey will perform again this evening, in Vauxball Garden, one of the most agreeable places of amusement in the city. Herz and Sivorl lately gave a splendid musical entertainment at the Planters' House, in .St. Louis. Sporting Intelligence* The Yacht Race.?The annual regatta of the New York Yacht Club camo off yesterday, and was a really handsome affair. The boats, thirteen in number, started from their anchorage, off the Elysian Fields, Hoboken, the lightest yaoht, Hornet, taking the lead. The arrangement, we understand, was, that the boats were to have a start of 40 seconds for every ton they fell short of the tonnage of the heavier boats This arrangement Save the Hornet the start, while the Maria, Commodore tevens's boat, being the largest in the fleet, was the last to leave the ground. They had a fine day, with a handsome breeze, and made excellent sport of it. At about three o'clock passengers began to throng tho IIoboken boats, and the paths leading to the Elysiau fields were once more alive, and the groves were male to ring with the merry laugh of belles and beaux, merry children and happy birds. At four o'clock the fleet made its appearance down the bay, and all eyes and some glasses were turned in that direction.~As they came nearer, Mr. Waterburv's boat, the sloop Una, seemed to take the lead, and stretched across the river (the wind being ahead) from off Jersey City to a point near the old State Prison Dock. The Maria was the next boat astern, and as she lay nearer the wind (just at this time) than the Una, it was generally thought that she would mako the stake boat ahead of all; but the Una was in experienced, or at any rate, in expert, hands; and instead of making a long tack and allowing the tide, which was running out, and very strong, to carry her below the Maria, she made the shortest taok possible, and then going about again stood away up the river, (which it will be rememoered forms a large oove abqve Hammond street) so that before tho spectators were aware that she had gone about at all she war again standing on her course, going as near to the wind's eye as possible. And now she nears the goal, the Maria is hard upon her, but the little Una is now the favorite; yet the Maria's advocates are not few?up they oome, dancing onward, onward, the Maria walking straight up towards the stake boat, and the Una above it, but to the eastward, while the westward or inner side must be passed by the winner. Now the Una goes about, and cominw riAurn wrtiVi U a. w(n/l and 4id.. na.aad nnda. tug uunu nibu mo niuu auu muc jw.^ru uuuct tun DbClli of the .stake boat, tacked again, and in lues time than in requisite to tell the story, she passed the flag boat on the inner side, and thus came out champion of the day. The steamer Kureka, which wai chartered to carry the members of the club down the bar and back, had some time preriously come up.and was lying just off the stake. As the Una came up along side of her. the passengers gare three cheers for the little victor which danced by, and after passing up tho river some distance, came about and went down in search of the loiterers. The Una passed the required point at ten minutes before Ave. and the Maria three minutes afterwards. The third boat in was the schooner Cornelia, white hull with green bottom; the fourth, was the Syren; the fifth was the sloop Dread; sixth, the schooner Cygnet; sevsntb, the Hell-Gate pilot boat Hornet, a great favorite by the way; eighth, schooner Spray; and ninth, the schooner Coquille, which last came up about fifty minutes after the win ning boat had made the nag. The other boats came up shortly after, and the fleet again anchored off the club house. To-day, according to custom, the sport will be renewud, when an opportunity will be afforded for craft of all sizes to try their sailing qualities. Every thing that carries sails, and sails only, may with propriety enter. If the weather is fair, good sport may be expected. An incident of an amusing character occurred at Hoboken yesterday while the boats were coming up. A Jersey constable, of about 200 pounds weight, and wearing a shocking bad hat, was observed walking about among the crowd, looking as officially grand as a live constable could well look. He evidently had some important business on hand, and was eager for an opportunity to consummate It; and good soul, as he was, he finally enlightened one of the lookers on by informing him that a lawyer from New York bad put the necessary papers for the arrest of a non-resident, in his hands; the man to be arrested was on board the Eureka; the Eureka's passengers would, of course. come ashore after the race; the lawyer was there, and would point out the man to be arrested; and when alt this was done, tho constable was to have for his services, besides his regular fee, $50?yes. fifty dollars, was to be bis reward, and Hackensack jail was the destination of the non; resident, and no mistake. The prospect of so good a lee for so small service, made the man happy and communicative. The gentleman to whom he told his story as Ingeniously us possible, readily imaglued bow the matter would terminate, and could not keep so good a joke, us this was likely to turn out, to himself, and the constable's story was soon known on the ground. The steamer came up, and the oonstable looked more Important than ever. The boats came in. and the time had nearly arrived when the passengers ought to come on shore The coustable took u position to suit his purpose. The Eureka got up her steam.and came nearer.whA?oh ! the vanity of expected happiness !?she passed down the river, never landing so much as a fair and square rich man, let alone a non-resident debtor, for whose incarceration fifty dollars and costs would do humanely paid. After the boat had got fairly on her way towards the city, we looked for the fleshy constable; hut ho had not been seen thereabouts since it first became known that tho Eureka's passengers were not going to land there. He was clearly a poorer man. by fifty dollars, than he was two hours before. We might remark that the New York lawyer, who was to point out the non resident and pay thu $f>0, disappeared about the same time, Thi Rack at the Union Coi rjt.?There was a race yesterday, mile heats, for a match of $200, between H. Jones' s. m. Lady I'earl, by Clarion, dam Alice Gray? and A. Conover's b h. Lsngford, by I.angford, dam Miss Matty, which was won very easily by the latter in two straight heats. Time. 1 66>i?2. The attendance was very limited Police Intelligence. Robbed in an Omnihui.?A Mrs. Moss residing at No. 76 Hicks street, Brooklyn, was robbed of her silk purse containing $10 26, by some pickpocket,while riding yesterday in one of the Bowery stages. The rascal suspected Is rathor tall, of a bloated and sallow complexion, black hair and eyes, stout built, a dull, stupid looking countenance, wore a brown sack coat, dark vest, and a glazed ofp. I'riil Larcenies.?Officer Jewltt. of the 3d ward, arresled y.'stciday afternoon a fellow callod John Williams, on a charge of stealing a pair of pantaloons, valued at $4. the property of Mr. Almond Williams, 180 Greenwich street. Committed for trial by Justice Drinker. A thievish looking fellow called John Harrison. was brought in by a policeman, having in his possession a tub of butter valued at $4, belonging to Mr. I'eter Mehan, residing at No. 62 Prince street. Justioe Drinker committed him for trial. Stilling Clothing.?Oflloer Cornecn af the 6th ward, arrested yesterday two fellows called Win Carter and p?t..inb nnf stealimr from John Sweeny Detained for examination by Justice Drinker Petit Larceny.?Officer M Uinnis, of the 16th ward, arrested last night a man by the name of John M Anally, on a charge of stealing a truck chain, for which an owner is wanted. Looked up by Justice Timpson. .1. J" -A DmwmmIIi Hmi MmUiir In th? Park. A mtN meeting of tha democrat* of N ? York ?u otllid ouMonday evening tut in the Park, to ratify tha nominations of the nominating oommltt#*, of candidate* for tha oScesof Judges of thii Judicial District; but In consequence of the unfavorable state of the weather on the evening of that day, the meeting was postponed to last evening at half pant six o'clock Pursuant to adjournment, the mooting was held last evening, and Fbskcis B. Cutting. Esq appointed chair] man, and % number ol other gentlemen appointed scoreMr. Branxs read the address of the nominating committee, and afterwards Mr. Livingston Livingston read a set of resolutions, which were una- niinously passed. Chaklci O'Conoh. Esq , on being called upon made a few remarks in favor of the candidates selected by tha nominating committee, in tho selection of whom, he -? --- ??? ? !. uuauiuiifcj (ircTsueu. Ma rererred *uocinctly to the past experiment which the voter* of thla State were now entering upon, and predicted the happiest result* from it. Doubts had been expressed by the opponents of the measure; but the unanimity of the nominating committee, and the perfect absenca of all disposition to riot and disorder which prevailed at the meeting, were to him a guarantee that it would be su cessful. Of the several gentlemen wb? were put forth for the suffrages of the voters of this city, all but two of them were well known as faithful administrators of publio justice, and those two, from what he and the public knew of them, were competent and trustworthy, lie said it had been urged against the democratic party that it would not coalesce with the whigs in rnakiug their nominations, but it had a goed and sufficient reason for not so doing, because by keeping separate, the voters of New York would have presented to them a greater number of candidates. known to them, from among whom they could select the best and most competent. Mr Cl'ttiiso next addressed the meeting. He congratulated the voters of this city on the triumphant success which awaited their nominations, and also on the complete absence of all disposition to riot and disorder which was observable in the meeting. The following report was then offered to the meeting; ? The Democratic Judicial Nominating Convention respectfully report:? That, this being the first occasion when the people of litis Slate have been called upon to elect their Judges, the Con eution have felt that an unusual responsibility rested upon litem, and that iu selecting men f?r these very important offices, tbey had a serious duty to perforin to the whole community. The perpetuity of our republican institutions altogether depends upon maintaining, inviolate, the supremacy of the laws. Vrom an upright and lea.ned Judiciary, we can alone expect the impartial and fearless administration of justice. To it we are to look for the preservation oforder, of the security of person and property, and of the just dispositions of the various rights which grow out of the relations of individuals. Obrdience to the laws is among the hrstof public duties, and obedience will be cheerfully rendered where the people have confidence in their public magistrates; with goo' Judges even bad laws may be tolerated, but laws the most benign and enlightened will fail of effect when the duty ol administe iug them is entrusted to ignorant or incompetent men. To our Judges, therefore, ia committed the most important power which it is possible lor a people or a government to delegate. In the discharge of their ordinary duties they act directly upon the lives, liberty and proper V of their frllow citizens, '1 hey wield a power lor good or evil which reaches all classes, the rich and the poor, the high and the low, which extends its innnence tnrouglinut every portion of society. It is not every individual whe is fitted for this high and responsible itation; among a busy aud enterprising people like ours the lawa are uumerousand complicated. They multiply with our increasing wants, aud are constantly undergoing change aud modification. The conflicting interests which spring nut of the action, pursuits, and great prosperity of our people, give rise to questions of the greatest intricacy a?d difficulty, and renders necessary in the nice adjustment of the rights of individuals the application of principles as various as are the pursuits of men. Our fudges, therefore, must be men of no ordinary endowment, of great experience and extensive learning, emlmed not only with a knowledge of the laws, but familiar with its practical application. To sound judgment and acute perception must be added the most thorough acquaintance with their duties; in short, the most unswerving integrity must be U 'ited to undoubted capacity, before the public can have confidence in their judicial decisions. These are general considerations, but they have peculiar reference to the city of New York. In this great commercial metropolis is transacted one half the legal business of the State. Before our city courts are brought the most intnrsta mercantile ewes, involving large amoiuit* of property, requiring in their tliapoaition the moat intimate knowledge of the law. To place ignorant, incompetent, or impracticable men in inch a station would be fraught with the gientrat mischief. To correct their errois would greatly increase the expense of suitors, or lead to disastrous or ruinous delays. Sensibly impressed with the great importance of this subject, the convention determined to make the very best selection in their power; and they feel a proud consciousness that the result th? y have arrived at must rommeud itself not only to the great political p rty they in this Instauce represeut, but to reflecting "'en of all parties. With great unanimity they hare nominated all the existing Judges. This they considered but an act of justice to (he able and distinguished men who compose our judiciary?men with whom the public have long besu fsmil ar? whose great ex erience upon the bench ia of incalculable value, and whose high character, known impirtiality, and acknowledged capacity, fully entitle them to this mark of confidence, To have placed none bur new, and untried, and inexperienced men in our Courts, would have been a dangerous cxiwrimeot; and the convention felt that they but consulted the public interest by selecting men whose past career m on the bench afforded the best guarantee of heir fitness for the station. For the Superior Court and the Court of Common Pleas, the present judges have been nominated, with the exception of Chief Jusiice Jones, who has been planed in nomination for the Supreme Court, and in whose stead the convention have nominated Vice Chancellor Saudford. In nominating additional candidates for the Supreme Court, men have been selected endowed with every pre-requisite to render them good and competent judges. The sawe general considerations have influenced the convention to place in nomination the present able District Attorney, who has discharged liiaonerous duties with remarkable ability, promptness, and impartiality. With these convictions, the convention submit the following judicial ticket. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN NOMINATIONS. for judoes of the court of appeals. Addison Gardiner, of Monroe. Greene C. Bronson. of Albany. Charles H. Huggi.es, of Dutchess. Freeborn O. Jewktt, ol Onondaga. for clerk of the col'rt of appeal!. Charles S. Benton, of Herkimer. for judge! of iupreme col'rt. E. P. Hurlbut, Samuel Jukh, John W. Edmonds. Hknrt P. Edwards. for judoes of superior col'rt. Thomas J. Oak< ft, Aaron Vanderpoel, Lewis H. Sandford for judges of common pleas. Michael Ulshoeffer, D. P Inoraham, Charles P. I)alt. for district attorney. John McKeon. The meeting then adjourned. Law Intelligence. United States District Court?Before Judge Botts. June 'J.?The grand jury, for the June term, was sworn in this morning. Hia Honor shortly addressed them, stating that there were seven or eight cases on the calendar, none of which were of a serious character, all consisting of attempts by sailors to create revolts. There wero, he said, two other offences, oonslsting of charges against officers of the mercantile marine, for inflicting cruel and unusual punishment on individuals of their crews; he then stated the acts of Congress relating to those offences and the extant of the jurisdiction of the grand jury and their various duties, after which they retired and an unfinished cause was taken up. The grand jury, in the course of the day, returned true bills against the following persons: Goo Johnson, Geo. Wilson and Thomas Doherty, lor an attempt to mutinv on board the ship Southerner; and Frederick l.acny, for stabbing Jacob Horseh on board the schooner Macon. Chancery?Before the Vice Chancellor?June 2.?In the matter nf the Jackson Marine Insurance Company.? There was a motion on an exception to a report made by Master Fowler. It appeared that in April last a petition was presented by various persons interested in the affairs of the company, for a receiver over its assets. On tho 2Hth of April, his honor made an order referring it to the Master to examine and ascertatn who were suitable persons to be appointed a receiver or receivers, and the fitness of tho persons to be selected; and also to ascertain and fix the am?unt of security to be given, and report on the fitness of the persons to be proposed as such surety. Two sets of porsons were proposed as receivers. The company proposed Messrs. Stebbins and Woodruff and another set were proposed by the petitions. The petitioners objected to Messrs. Stebbins and Woodruff, on the ground only that they were officers of tho company, and interested in its affairs; that they were to be the accounting parties, and, if appointed, would bo accounting to themselves, and although personally there could be no objection against them, they contended they were objectionable npen that ground. The Master selected out of tho set proposed by the petitioners, Mr. Jeremiah P. Tappan, and reported that he was a tit and proper person to be appointed receiver, and also that he entered into the necessary security. To the report tho company excepted, contending that there being no per huuhI objt-Rtion to Mr. stebbins but that of his being connected with the company, that in all other respects lie woe perfectly eligible, and the master ought, from thu fact of the connection, and hie knowledge of tho affair* of the company, have eelected him In preference to Mr. Tappan. The Vice Chancellor said that, in the prooeodings before him. there was not the slightest iinputatiou cant on Mr 8tebbins, or any of the officer* of the company; and if be had been deciding on the question in the character of a Maxtor of the Court, he might, perhaps, have made another aelection; but a* Master Fowler had selected Mr. Tappan, and there was no objection urged against him, he, the Vice Chancellor, would defer to the opinion of the Mastor, and Confirm the report. Report confirmed." Mr. Ketchuut for the oompany; Mr. II. Owen for the petitioners Common Pleas, June '.'?Before .JudgeUbhoeffer ? Jot. Kitrnan v$. William lirnwick.?This was an action by the endorser against tho maker of two promissory notes, amounting in gross to $404 79. The defence was a set off against one of tho notes, and that it was also an accommodation note, given without consideration. The case is adjourned. Before Judge Daly ? Mtn. V Lande$ and David Lande$ vs Jhidrtuj Gilhaaty and anothrr ? This was an action for a quarter's rent. The plaintiffs let to the defendants premises in Nassau street for a certain term, and at a certain rent Pending the lease, the former made some alteration In the premise*, by which the latter alleg*, they were damnified, and now Insist upon recovering the damage*. A similar action has Ween brought every quarter for the last year. The oase 1* adjourned. Coust Calk*d*a?This Dav?Common Plea$?\$t Part?S98. 19, M, 88, 89. 181, 188, 115. id Part-399, 98, 40, 84, 80, 88, 74, 48, ii, 88 Diamond Pointed Gold Pens the cheapest._J. W. Oreatou k Co. 71 Cedar street (upstairs) keep on hind the best assortment of Gold Pena to br found in this city, ol ail qudittos, from 75 cents upwards, including silver pen and pencil case; and iheir prices at retail will be lound on examination to be full 25 cents on each pen, leas than the cbeape t prin sold any where else. The trade supplied at tin manuUciUiers loweat price*. Diamond Pointed Gold l*eii*_Ureat Reduction.?If there be auy who doubt ilint J.V. 8AVAOU, 92 Fulton It, 1-lli good U >!il Pens at the lowest prices in the city, 1st them look nt the following prices and judge fur themselves:? Ileal Diamond Pointed <J?ld Pens, Bluer pencils included, at w ? riivvriirrt- Hi a?; HtiU lor (2 we aell na good a Pen and ?i durable, aa thoae sold elaawhere at $3 Callj'id -ee ___ Portable Dreulny Cu?i._The undersigned hating the greateat facilitiea in the tnuiolactuie of above, art enabled to offer the ?ame, at much leia price than the imported, while in many reanecta they are greatly auperior, each article contained being of a size moat coneenteut for uae and of quality warranted to render aatiafaetion. Kor aale at O. 8AUNDKR8 k HON, 177 Broadway, oppoatu Howard Hotel.