Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 24, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 24, 1847 Page 1
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I I TH] Vol* IUI. Mo. 173?WlkoU Mo. ?T7U. Bthb new tore herald ESTABLISHMENT, JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. OmoULATIM-FOHTT THIHJRAHD. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Prie* ? cents vm eopr-C "fffcsarBrffiKisK ?? ? T?ess *?tPrice fill cent* par copy?$3 par annua, including postage, payable in advance. <?ub?criptions and advertisements will be raeeived by Messrs. Oaliguani, l? Rue Vivienne, Paris; P. L. Htmonds, N?, C Barge Yard, Bucklersbary, and Miller, tl'ANNkUA'PICTORIAL HERALD?Published on the lst or Jua*r? o[^each xsar?single copies supanca each. AU Y UITIBEMENTS, at the uaal pneea?always caah 11 ai.v uea. Adyrrtiiemenu thonld be written in a plain, lcgibl* manno The Proprietor will not be raaponaible for error* thai AlNTlMit?all kind* execated beaualnlly and with deapatch. All letter* or eommnnieations by mail, addreaaed to tba eatabliilimeat. moat bepoat paid, or the poatage will be da ??-! '! from the nkamiHim moaay remitted OUR ARRANGEMENTS IN mrmogB. Foreign Circulation and Foreign Advertisements. THE HERALD FOR EUROPE, Ac. Ac. The objeot of Mr. Bennett's visit to Europe having been attained, we are at liberty to detail the arrangements which he has concluded, for connecting the minds of the people of this country and the old world, and drawing them closer together than they have ever been, by means of the newspaper press. We have to state, that his arrangements, having for their aim the improvement of the Herald Establishment, have been directed to the employment ef correspondents and agents in every city of importance on the continent, with a head, or chief agency, in the city ot Paris, for the continent of Europe, and in London for n.r?i TtrW?;n TU. .:ii ?i? ? v??v?v MI1VUIU. A IIV IIUUVI og^uvico mil ciuuiauc Vienna, Munich, Trieste, Berne, Madrid, Rome, Antwerp, Bremen, Brussels, Berlin, Naplss, Constantinople, St. Petersburgh, and the North of Europe generally; Dublin, London, Liverpool, Alexandria, Bombay, and the East, as far as China, connecting with the great Overland Mail from the East. These agencies have all been established without reference to.their cost, and the proprietor relies upon the discrimination and patronage of the people ot this country and Europe for a return of the additional expense to which they will subject him. Newspapers have become a powerful element in the civilization of the world. With their aid, and that of ocean steam navigation, the world is destined at no distant day to be completely fraternised ; each nation becoming part of a grand and united whole, and each people becoming parts of one great family. The experience of the last ten years shows what has been done through the mighty and united influences of these two agencies, and affords us a prospect of the ultimate good which they are destined to accomplish before the next halfof the present century is over. But to accomplish such grand results, these two great forces must go hand in hnnd. Neither must be permitted to lag behind the other. Improvements in ocean steamships must be accompanied by similar improvements in journalism; and it behooves the United States, in fulfilment of their great destiny, to originate and practically carry out the improvements in both. This has been done in one respect, and it is nearly done in the other. The steamship Washington has gone on her first mission, bearing, in the beauty of her model and the superiority of her machinery, ths greatest improvements of the age; and the recent arrangements of Mr. Bennett in Europe, which will be carried out immediately, constitute the improvements in journalism. Steam and journalism, therefore, have a fair start on their new career of civilizing the world; and wt pledge ourselves that every successive improvement that may be made in ocean steam navigation, will be followed by a corresponding improvement in American journalism?as far as the Herald can do it; indeed, we may beat steam, for we have a superior power to aid our efforts. We are now on a par with the Washington ; the electric telegraph may soon place us far beyond that chef d'auvre of ocean steamers. Our arrangements being thus aearly co plete, we now promulgate our programme or newspaperial bulletin. TERMS or ADVERTISING AND SUBSCRIPTION. 7*A? Herald for Europe. _f This is a double sheet, and Issued on every steam packet day, at per annum, delivered free on board each stoam-sbip; or $3 35, delivered at the oflloe of publication. Single copies, S>{ cents each, exclusive of (Mintage. The Weekly Herald. This is also a double sheet, and is published every Saturday morning, at 0 o'clock. Single copies, 6X cents each, or $3 13K oents per annum. The Daily Herald. The yearly subscription to this paper Is $7 36. Single copies, 3 oents each. With the exoeptlon of the 1st of Jauuary and the 4th of July, it is published every day in the year. The Annual Pictorial Herald. Is published on the 1st of January. It generally contains over a hundred splendid engravings, illustrative of the events of the previous year. Single copies, 6)? cents each The Pricei for Advertiiemente. w Daily Weekly Herald for Herald. Herald. jEuropt. One iiju.ire of 3 lines, 7 insertions.$2 00 4 00 3 00 8ne Miu.i'f of 8 lines, 3 insertions. 1 00 2 00 1 JO lie square of 8 lines, 1 insertion.. 60 1 00 75 All payments to bo made In advance. The following named gentlemen are our chief agenla in Europe, to whom all our patrons in that part of the world will make their remittances, and through whom they can forward their advertisements :? AGENTS IN EUROPE. Messrs. Galtgnani, 18 rue Vlvienne Paris. P. L Simonds. 6 Barge Yard, Bucklersbury, London. Miller, the bookseller, London. Through the medium of any one of these gentlemen, persona in any part of the Old World oan subscribe for or advertise in the Herald. There is one feature connected with the advertising columns of this paper, that will, probably, attract attention. It is, that, owing to our determination to give nil the news, we can never publish over ten columns of advertisements in any one day. These we make it a point to distribute equally on the four pages of the Herald, thus giving our patrons an advantage equal to daily ; 1119iut' ino<cbiiviin IU men iiuucrSs To the people of tliiB country the Herald for Europe affords an unrivalled medium for making their business and callings known throughout the world. emTa KAILKOAD CONTRACTORS.-^ate^aon k Hamapo Railroad?Proposals will be receiTeil until the 30th day of June imt., for the grading, masonry, and bridging that part ol the I'atrrann and Rainapo Railroad,extending irom the north tide of the Passaic riser to Ramapo, a distance ofahont fourteen miles Maps, profile#, specifications may be found at the K.ngineer's office, Peterson, where erery nereaaary information will be giren. * J VV. ALLKN, Kngineer. June 13, 1147, jllto 29*r MKOR BALK?Twenty rail road carta and ail one horae wagons, and aomr two horae wagona, and are constantly making to order, where they can be had at the ahorteat notice if not on hand, where all kinds ol carts, wagona and har? neaa can be had at the moat reasonable terms, by MltJHAKL MuLLANU, Wagoa Maker, No. Mand 30 Montgomery at., Jersey City. W. J. jelS 3St? r DR. FHANCid W. HARTLKY'8 Office ami Residence i? (traenwich atreet. recently ocdupfed by Dr Bolton ? Might bsil attached to ths hall donr. mat Mt*is % * E NE1 ? ' ' i ?? ' =ac NI JML A OOOD CHANCE FOR ANY PERSON pT!W wishing to eugsgr himself in the public house business. JmUL?The public bouse, situated at No. it Harrisou street, kuowu as the Fountain Branch, for sale; Consisting of bar auu fixtures, all complete, and will be sold at a bargain. The ouly reason for selling is, the owner hating other business to attend to cannot attend to it. For further particulars, eu quire on the premises, or at 336 Broadway. jc20 it" m M APARTMENTS TO LET, handsomely juruished or unfurnished, at 31 North Moore street, jll Ht*r MFOR SALE, OR EXCHANGE FOR CITY PROPERTY.?Property in the pleasant tillage of Liberty Corner, consisting ofa fir t rate Dwelling House,33X10, containing 10 rooms highly finish, d, with a good cellar. Carriage Maker's, Wheelright and Blacksmith's Shop, all new. Also, a good barn, 30X38, with wood and smoke houses, a good well at the door, apples, cherries, currants, Ike. Price for the whole $1800. Also, 14 acres of laud, 7 acres of timber, 7 of clear laud, all under new fence. . t0 ? a"Y Wednesday, from 9 A. M. to ?r" r'rr"0,u1J hursday, till ' M., on other days at the New York Real Estate Company, corner of Broadway and Maiden Lane JAMES B. BARR. jelll 30t*m M PAVLLION, NEW BRIGHTON. Staten Island.? The proprietor begs to inform his friends and the public, that he has made considerable alterations and improee menu in this establishment since the last season. He has erect, eu n large building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooma are intended for gentlemeu only; they are of a comfottable sixe, light, and well ventilated, and superior iu all respecu to those generally denominated siugle rooms in the various watering places throughout the country. The proprietor is now ready to treat with families orparties wishing to engage rooms lor the season. Letters addressed to him at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attention. A steamboat runs between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, vie? From New Brighton?At ( and U A. M, and 3 and 3:30 P. M. From pier No. l North River, New York?At 9 A. M. and 13 M, and 3^, 3 and 6 P. M., and more frequent communications will be established as the season advances. Bunday Arrangement?From New Brighton at 8 A. M., UH, 5:30 P. M. r rom new x or*, ?i?? m., i anu o r. m. The Pavilion ia now ready for the reception of Company. ap25 tire K. BLANCARD. **4 DESIRABLE FARMS IN NEW JERSEY FOR jMq|S ALE?Firat, a very neat and beautiful place, with good *s*h?.House and Outbuilding, containing 18 acres of laud, mostly under cultivation, aituated in Union, 1>? miles from the Somrrville railroad, and four miles from F.lizabelhtewn; will be aold a bargaiu, if applied for immediately. 2d, A Farm of 24 Acrea, in Madiaon, Morris County, nesr the railroad, with House, Barn, Itc , plenty of fruit, and a very pleasant location. 3d, A Farm of 54 acres, lying near the summit of the Morris and Essex railroad, with House, Barn, and Outhouses, plenty of wood, tic.; will be sold low. 4th, A valuable Form of CO acrea, about three miles from the Morris and Essex railroad, with new House and Outbuildings, House for Farmer, fences in fine order, fields well divided, under a high state of eultivatiou, will be sold with the crops, if wished, or exchanged for city property; as neat and handsome place as cau be found in New Jersey. Mh, A Farm of 100 Acres, situated in New Providence, good House, Barn, and Outhouses, plenty of fruit, aud a large quantity of wood. For further particulars, apply to SAMUEL M. MElilE, je!614t*r No 27 South street. New York. vjg* A KAk>1 FUK BALE, almost adjoining the village KfSof New Rochelle, coutaiuing seventy-two acres, iucluesiiBkdiiig marl enough, (I believe,) to manure it for ages.? It is a pleasant and healthy situation, and will be within a few minutes'walk of the railway. Terms accommodating. For further particulars enquire of the subscriber, on the premises. Jet 3w*rc WALTER BURLING^ rft BUMMER HAT8?Economy and Fashion HO ikm-BERTBON, of the Phenix Hat and Cap Manufactory, formerly of No. 103, but now of 89 Fulton street, New York, aud 63 Fulton street, Brooklyn, whose coustaut aim it has been to produce superior articles at the lowest |iossible prices, has introduced his summer style of Hats, consisting of beautiful pearl and drab Castors, trimmed in the peculiar manner which has hitherto given such universal satisfaction,inasmuch as it prevents the perspiratiou from staining the outside of the Hat, and at the same time insures comfort aud coolness. REDUCTION IN PRICES.?Robertson gives notice that he has reduced the price of his Pearl Hats to $2 SO, aud hit drab Hats to S3; and at the same lime prices challeuges manu facturers to produce a better article even at 25 per cent higher. . WM. ROBERTSON, 3r. J. PLUNKETT. _ . m22 3Qt*r . LOOK AT THIS?Ladies, Gentlemen, Misses and ^ Children, nil thit are in want of Boots or Shot s, please call at 367 Broadway, where you will find the largest assortment, and cheapest in this city, wholesale or retail. N.B.?Imported French Boots, SS. M. CAIIILL. jc9 30t*r JL. WALSH (k BROTIIERB-Erench Beot Makers, No 6 Ann street, New York. French Calf Boots of the latest fashion made te order for S4 50, usually sold for SO and $7 ; fine French Calf Boots $3 50. usually S5. Patent her Boots $7, usually sold for $10. Also. Congress Boots* with |>atent springs. Gentlemen's gaiters, shoes and slippers constantly ou hand, and made to order at the shortest notice Repairiug;8tc., done in the store. L. WALSH It BROTHERS, my25 30t*r No. 6 Ann street. ^ YOUNG k JONES, 4 Ann street, are selling hue IwFrench calf hoots at ?4 50. enual to anv sold in this rirv Hior$6or$7. Fine Freuch buou at $3 40, usually $5. Beit French patent leather boots $7, equal to those usuall v sold at $9 and $10. A great assortment of shoes, gaiters and slippers always on hand, and made to order at short notice. All goods warranted to give satisfaction. Meudiug, he. done in the store. Please call and examine our stock. m27 Or ? re YOU NO 8t JON KS, 4 Ann sr., near Broadway. J NEW FR.ENi 11 BOOT 8 CORE?The latest Paris style of French Calf Sewed Boots for $4 50, equal to those usually sold for $6 and $7; fine French Boots for S3 50. city made, equal to those usually sold for $5 ? ilso, Congress Boots, with parent springs; Boots, Shoes t jailers, bee., constantly on hand, and made to order in the shortest notice. Wending, Sic. done in the store, corner of Fulton and Nassau streets, opposite the Herald office, N York mvJ? 101 ?|e THE SUBbCtllBEK would res|iecltu!ly inform his customers and the public generally, that he lias on hand a large as-oitmeut of L dies'. Misses' and Children's colored sud black Gaiter Boots, Buskins. Slippers, Ties, Ike ; Gentlemen's anil Boy's sewed aud pegged Boots of every description, all af which he will sell as low as inch articles can be purchased at any store iu the city. N. B ?Ladies' and Gentlemen's Boots aud Shoes made to order in the best manner at moderate prices. A call is resiiectfully solicited. JAMES WALKER, jel2'J0t*rc 92 Canal street, corner of Wooster. FRENCH FANCY STRAW HATtf.MAH ? ?? \\ufaclured entirely of silk and straw, litcstd?^', sseajl'siyle aud fashion.to be had at 17 Division st?*>(4? at the ost reasonable prices. m22 JOt* re ?a. MRS. M. WILSON, 291 Grand street, respectlullj gqf informs her friends, and strangers visiting the city, wtM^thatshe has nbw on haud a large and very handsome assnrtineut of Spring Milliuary, to which she invites their attention. Mrs. Wilsou s stock comprise! on assortment of the richest and most lashionable flats, such as ChipJCrepe, Hire, and Shirred, with a choice assortment of Straws, which she Clatters herself call be sold more reasonable than at any other establishment in the city. Country Milliners will do well to call before purchasing. Mrs. M. WILSON. 291 Grand st.. between Allen and Orchard sts Ten good Milliners wanted at the above establishment, all 2m* re . at PIANO FORTE, lie.?A variety of new jpq aud second hand Piano Fortes for sale or hire jrw'Bt Also, a general assortment of Music and Mn IIS I aic tl Iiistrumeuts, at No, 261 Washington St. esr Myrtle Aveuue, Brooklyn. mlO30t*rc _ J. WALKER. -ai n' 1 ?a MRS. JOHN MACF iRREN, (Jrom F.uroiiM. pupil of Madame Dulchen, pianist to jPyiS e el the tauien of England.) gives lessons in Piano IIS I "Forte aud Suing on the lollowing terms; Two lessons weekly at Mrs. Macffirrrn's residence, $20 per quarter; free lessons do., $25; two lessons weakly at the pupils'residence $21 per quarter; three lessons do. $'40. Mrs. Mucl'arreu has the pswilege of referring to Dr. Elliot, Dr. Hodges.George Lnder,w.sq., H. Meiggs. Esq., and the Rev. Dr Wai'iwright 91 G ee? street near Sonne. ie9K?r*m L'aJti 4ARP8T28I BROAUWAV ?J. F. B~ROWNE, rrsiakaar and importer invites the attention of idmii|jy?'ieri ol this delightful instiument to the very elegant 'aji" selection he has now on sale, comprising some of the moat splendidly finished, and also plnn descriptions, of brilliant toned Double Action Harps, ever offered to their notice? in tone, touch, elegance and style of finish certainly unexcelled. Harps repaired, strings, he. A list of prices aud d ascriptions can be lorWanlcd per tingle postage. je II Uliil 11W re e-- ARI I1V. THE ONLY REAL ( ATKKEKVjiff The Greatest Attraction Yet?26 Bull Finches, with om three to four tunes. Also, over 1,000 Singing T5AM. f auarira, just imported via Bremen, selected by his agents Irorn the must celebrated districts ol hurope. i Kit vanity for sings and plumage, will be found on inspection, to eclipae any Arcliy hat. been enabled to offer, N. IS.?On ibnw the largest Cockatoo in America. Archy takes this opportunity to appriae bia frienda at a distance, in anticipation of tliia im|x>rtatlon, that they may imJte surly application. P. S.?In conae'iuence of the limita of his old establishment, No. 4 John street, he has rented Bramble Cottafe, Bloomingdale, MM Buridiam's Hotel, for that branch ofhia business not connected with birds, viz: Shetland and Fancy Ponies, Kiiik f diaries Spaniels, Pointers, &c., and every variety of Fancy Pigeous, Barn Door Fowls, tic. As nsual,letters post pain will at all timet meet with prompt attention from A. OKIEVE, No.i John at. je I Kit* r LOT OF mock1.no bikos?Only bird is worth TOf, c."Kf roorni nut* weepa all kind bird species song away day or night. Also vrry fine collection Long Breed Canary Birds. Also, lot short breed German Birds; tuncy Cages and Seed; To be seen at 355 Bowery, between 3d and 4th ?t. mv2? 30t*re H. WILLI AMrt. kkll1n(ik,rs infallible lini / rt V ,? wl,Jln^d to cure sorea and ulcers ol eve ? | I ry nature in a few daya. It acts like magic in removing rheumatism, and all other f>nini. Our or two doses ia certini to relieve bilious cholic, diarrhoea lie., m it is taken It is oerfsctlv delightful in its odor and flavor. It ia universally acknowledged to b? the best family medicine ever offered to the public I'rice 50 cents i>er bottle. Bold at 210 Pearl street; King, corner of John and Broadway; corner of Bowery and Broodle; 3d avenue and 10th at.; Jeffries' drug store; Dr. Barrett's Dover, and Chatham, and at tin- li <11ein Railroad office, ( try Hall j5 3flr*rc notice-new 8taok route? i he subscribers respectfully inform tliair MniiMiaiW i rrt|, iruil. and the public that they will com mcucc running, on Wednesday,June 2, a Line of Stage, from the corner o Avrnue C and Ninth afreet, through Ave nne C, Houston ?trvet, Bowery, Chatham street and Broad, way, to South Ferry, aud do hereby solicit a share of public patronage. ,? LENT <1 HUNT. WILLIAM C. LENT. f.EONARI) HUNT _ jet Ml-re NO'l It: r. ?The subscriber begs leave to inform the patrons of the Hiding School Nos. 127 and 139 Mercer street, that John S. Roiilstoue is no longer connected in any mannar with this establishment, and all moneys dne for ruling or otherwise, most lie paid 11 the proprietor. The riding department will be in future conducted by a person well qualified to take charge of the same. HORACE F. JONES, i Proprietor Hiding School, Noa. 137 and 139 Mercer st. , June ' I. i?i7. JettTfr A PIANO FOKTE, just finished;it Hun line and powerfnl tone and a new pedal, that conveys the sound to t dis- i lance. The contrast between the two |ied?ls ia great, and very pleasing. |r is the only one of the kind to be had in the city? Kr.r . ile a' 17 (; It r I - f II- sr. I "" lor rash. JtM7l*W PANTALOONS -K. All KENS, the well known Pants Tailor, 20>i Ann strset, has lately received over 100 pes. finey Cassimeres and Linens, of which he makes Pants to or der foronly t? 30 to tt per pair. .... 1 Also, French and English black cassimeres and doeskins, ( from $4 to $1 per |>?l r, warranted good, or no sale. (Jen is who are ia want of Pants, will do well to call at 2(iW Apn street, je20 Mt'lfi 1 W YO SW YORK, THURSDAY 1 HIGHLY INTERESTING FROM THE WAR QUARTER. IMPORTANT FROM THE CITY OF MEXTGO. [From the New Or Warn Picayune, June 16. ] We have flies from the canital a. tat. !>? ??li May. we have leen a letter from one of the American officers now a prisoner In Mexico. It xu dated May 38th. He had been promised hie liberty again and again, but expeoted to be released on the 30th beyond a doubt. He writes that Oen. Scott was expected to enter the capital within eight days, and he did not anticipate that any formidable opposition would be made to him. Oen. Worth found In Puebla a large amount of tobacco belonging to the government. It might readily have been removed, and those by whose fault it fell into our hands are severely oensured in the papers. The papers give several extracts from despatches Intercepted, with that containing Oen. Scott's proclamation. They are not all very intelligible, and amount to very little. The latest Revuhlicano says that the excesses of the Americans in Puebla were dally Increasing They are accused of having plundered a shop, and robbed a lady passlug along the streets of a string of pearls. Shocking ! Whilst exercising supreme power, Santa Anna, on the 33d ult. (ilrected that every prosecution against military persons should be discontinued, and all accused of otfences be at once set at large. The services of such men are thought to he of sufficient importance to the government to justify this clemency. It looks to us like an attempt of Santa Anna to strengthen himself with the soldiery. Scour Tacbeeo was namod Minister of Juxtieo on tbs 37th ult. In El Ilepublietno of the 38th ult. there is an article upon the defence of the capital, and the propriety of removing the seat of government into the interior. The editor urges upon the authorities to defend the capital to extremities, and says that the work of erecting fortiQcations isgoing on aotively. But this part of the article is not in his usual bold strain. From the tone of It, and from private letters from the capital which we have seen, we feel persuaded that little opposition to General Scott's entiuuoe Into the city will be made. El Rtpublicano urges streuuously that the seat of government should at once be transferred. Then, should the capital >an, iv urgm, vuu government win Htm exist, and form a centre of uulonaud a rallying point. The editor urges the point with such force that wo are persuaded he anticipated no formidable opposition to Oen. Scott's advance. In an earlier article upon the subject of the defence of the capital, El Rrpublicano acta down the troops available for the purpose as follows: The garrison then in the capital (the 26th of May) was not far from 10,000 men, while there were to arrive, says the editor, from the State of Uuanajuato 3000, from the South of Mexico 3000, from Mlchoacan 2000 and from Queretaro 1000. We infer from allusions made to un article in El Razonador, that the latter paper ridioules.the idea of making any defence of the city. We see nothing in the papers about the formidable works said to be going on at Rio Krio. We are inclined to the opinion that the resistance anticipated at this point has been much exaggerated. The Mexican papers which we have seen Hay nothing about it, and speak only of the fortifications in the immediate violnlty of the capital. To the same effect is the letter from {>fr. Kendall, which we give to-day. It is mentioned in the papers of the capital, that an advance party of Gen Worth had roconuoltered the road as far as Rio Krio The resignations of Gens. Bravo and Kinoon wore induced by an order of the Government, bestowing their eommnuds upon Gen. Lombardlni during their indisposition. The latter general is not celebrated for genius. Gen. Bravo's letter to the Government breathes a flue spirit. The only title he retains is that which the people formerly thought himdeserving, *'Btnemeitrilo dt la Patria." Five hundred infantry, perfectly arraod and equipped, arrived in the city of Mexioo on the 2-tth ult., from Queretaro. Tbey belonged to the National Guards of that Htate, and were sent to aid in.the defence of the capital. Gomes Farias, lately the Vice President, was at Guadalajara, the capital of Jalisco. This is the State which protested against the abolishment of the Vioe Presidency as unconstitutional. It has since refqsed to vote for a President under the law of Congress, and given later and unequivocal signs of making a revolution. The cauHus of the arrest of Almonte are not given. El Republicana says that various vague charges are made against him, but it does not name them. Subsequent to his asrest, a correspondence between him and the government waH published. On the 31st May. Alcosta, the Minister of War. anuouuoes to Almonte that ho has been appointed commandant general of the State of Vera Crux, and directs him to start for Cordova within twenty-four hours. This note was not delivered till the 23d. Almonte replies to it by putting various questions to the government as to the nature and extent of his powers, the forces to be put at his command, tkc. Stc. He nl?o demands that he may be accompanied by several oillcers, whose names he gives. The government in reply referH him to Gen. Bravo. This note Almonte answers on the 33d and makes some new demauds. if any reply was made to him we have not seen it, but the next we heur of him is that on the 24th he is placed under arrest, and remained a prisoner on the 3Vlli. We dud in the papers an address of the valiant Ampudia to the nation, vindioiting his conduct at Monterey. As this worthy is quite well understood and appreciated in the United States, we shall not dwell upon his defence. We are at a loss to understand these various movements among the military chieftains of Mexico. We have the resignations ofSauta Anna, Bravo and Rineon, and the arrest of Almonto, all within the space of eight or ten days, and the departure of other generals to remote points, and Sauta Anna during the time was exercising full swav, and extending every indulgence to the soldiery. It looks as though parties were marshalling vucik iuiue? lur ?t ruukgir lur power among tuttmMHlTvl, rather than to defend their country against a foreign foe. We find in the papers a copy of the new constitution, or rather the amendments to the constitution of 1834, which have been adopted. The addresses, too. of Gen i let rem. Gen. Santa Anna and the i'reeitlent of the Supreme Court, upou the former promulgation of the new law, are given at length. We liavo looked into that of Gen. Herrera with much curiosity, to see what he hat to say of tbc war. tie touches upon it only in general terms, lie says that a people truly free was never yet oonquered by a foreign invasion, and conjures Mi xicans to lay aside their animosities, and unite in support of the laws and constitution. This done, he promises that their defence of the iudependenoe of their country cannot fail. Santa Anna's address is in his usual veiu ; we get uo new ideas of his designs from it. [From the New Orleans Delta, June l.V] A new paper, called La Qurrra, [The War] has been started in opposition to El Razonodor, and it advocates Santa Anna's principles strongly. El Ropuhlirano, of the 30th. contains a long article against El Razonodor, whose editors seem to disapprove of the defence of the capital In the said article, El Republicano states that thure are ten thousand troops to garrison the city, and besides they were daily waltlDg the arrival of some nine thousand more, viz: 3000 from Guanajuato, 3000 from the Southern States. 3000 Irom Michoacan. and 1000 from Queretaro, togctuer with a respectable force of heavy artillery. A letter from Xacatecas, published in El Republicano, says that the press at the capital of that State is more in favor of the Vankees than of the Mexicans, as the editors will not publish any thing in favor of Mexico, but will publish everv one of Geu. Soott's orders which appear favorable to the Mexican people. Gomez Farias was at Guadalsjara at last acoounls,snd had asked for part of the pay due him as Vice President, as he was in great need. El Monitor Republicano thinks that Farias's Intentions are not of a very pacitio character. El Monitor complains strongly of the appointment of a lawyer. Don Ig. Sierra y lloseo, as a general commanding the first line of those which will be established for the defence of the capital El Monitor says that Seiior Sierra y llosso may be a very good lawyer and poet, but that thess qualifications cannot make him a good general, and muoh less one to take command of the principal post lu such a defence as is to be made against the invaders. (Lawyers do not seem to be in as high esteem In Mexico, in the military line, as they are here. The lawyer-hating editor of El Monitor will perhaps turn up his eyes with wonder, when he is told that two-thirds of the American officers who commanded at Buena Vista and Cerro Gordo were lawyers by profession, and that Gen. Scott, our commander in-onief, of whom they have such a great horror, only gave up the green bag when the emergencies of the country called for the services of all its sous iu the tented field. This allusion will justify a tribute to the legal profession?a tribute which cannot mnrn nit >(i inn! 1 v hit HKiiri'ifdtil than hv irlvinir thn niinimi ot Shield*. Hardin, V*11, f'lay, Watnon. Iiuvls, Willi*, and a boat of otlur*. who havo distinguished themselves in thi* way, all or whom were regular practising lawyer* ] The *arae paper ha* a hitter complaint against the appointment of one Don Simeon Ramlrel, to *uper*ede Col. Carraseo, who retired after taking an active part In the battle* at Mler anil Salado, (during the Texan war.) and at Palo Alto. Re*aca de la I'alma, Monterey, Angostura, and < erro ( iordo. but who i* not remarkable for bravery, according to the Monitor. About 4.110b men, volunteer* or national guard*, quartered at the brrrack* of nan Domingo, belonging to Oen. Uraga'a command, were ordered to return to their occupation*, until they would be instructed otherwise, a* the government had not the mean* to support them The Liotral Vrrdaitrt, of fluanajuato. *ay* that great preparation* are going on there tonupply the army with several pleoe* of artillery, from 4 to I'l-poundvr* All other arm* were undergoing repair*, and tailor* and women were active in the arrangement of uniform*. [Mexican* ar? great for uniform*?they cannot valorlxe, unless they are well olad in laced ooat*.] El Diario del Oohirrno quote* several article* from the New Orlean* La Patria, in regard to the war, and, according to the Mexican official organ, our Spanleh contemporary 1* regarded a* among " the eneinio* of Mexico " [Some of our contemporaries in the States, think that /,? I'atria in favorable to the Mexican*?M that there I* the same complaint on both *ide* ] MANIFESTO OP SANTA ANNA.J Manifnto of IIu Exctllon.-y the President ad interim of the Nation. 'Ihe unpropitlou* event* of the war have conduoted me to the capital of the Republic, and in obedlenoe to tho law I have once more, and that for a short time, *eixed therein* of the state. It become* my duty to explain to the nation the grave and powerful motives of thif oouductjxad the ooune which 1 intend to pursue in i> xr rr XX IV XI MORNING. JUNE 24, 1847. the solemn moments which are to decide the life or the death, the honor or disgrace of our country. ?u? Ever since the commencement of our Just contest with the the United States fortune has treated us with disdain, at i and has rendered unavailing the efforts of honor and pa- '"K triotlsm, made for the most noble and holy cause which tar has ever been defended on earth. The defeat at Cerro Oordo has only been a link in the chain of our misfor- 100 tunes, to try. perhaps, whether we are capable of over- M 1 coming by our constancy the iron destiny which pursues l0' us without pity 'lb Hardly had the valor of the foldlers of the republic n01

succeeded in humbling the pride of the Americans in T" the field of Angostura, currying off the trophies of vie- ^h tory, when the imperious necessity to put an end to the cu* discord which was destroying the beautiful city brought ?or me hither. In couformity with the invitation of a re- ?al spectable majority of Ine national Congress. Havlnr 0UI accomplished this object, I proceeded to the next most ?n Important, that of preventing. if possible, the advance bul of the enemy, who, being already in possession of Vera Crux and Clua, was in search of a better climate, to ?? escape the rigor of the season. In three days I went I1* frem Moxlco to a position recommended of old by all <**' those experlen ed in the art of war, and foi titled it as well as the want of time and soarcity of means permit- an< ted, uniting in It two brigades of tbe army of the north, an some other troops, without discipline, and some bodies a 8 of recruits. The enemy fought with the greater aud the utH most select portion of his army, and although he gained nei the battle, it cost him much blood, and he received wa another proof that the MexioanB do not refuse to fight, although the circumstances are unfavorable to them.? ba As far as regards myself, I am satisfied that I spared no ,el exertion nor fatigue to snatch a favor from fate, and that I exposed my existence as long as I entertained any hope of regaining the day. Escaped. iw by miracle^ out of the baud* of the enemy, ' I proceeded to Orisaba with the intention of unitlngthe thl diepereed, to gather new troop*, aud to prepare further p? resistance to our daring invaders, my firmest resolution thl having always been never to despair ef the fate of the tei country, nor to abandon it under its greatest reverses.? i Twenty day - sulflccd to form an army, with which i pro- thl cueded to the city of Pucbla, desirous of increasing my hh material, in order to render more important services. go The eneury in the meantime undertook bis march to G? the same city, satisfied that no defence had been organ- me ized, nor had the public spirit bean suitably excited. It ou is most painful and uflltntiug to the nation.that a city so art distinguished by its warlike spirit during the civil wars, wll should have been made to appear indifferent in the most '] dangerous crisis wbioh the republic has passed since the thf conquest of her sacred independence. a v Without entering into an analysis as to the causes An which brought about such a lamentable occurrence. I to will merely observe that its first consequence was my in retreat to San .Martin Toxmelucan, in order to disousH tirt and determine what would be most conducive to the to ' interost of the service. A council *f war having boon 1 called by me, it determined that the Army ot the East Pu should continue its march to the capital, in order to de- t fend and save it at all hazards. It is undoubted that the an< splendor and honor of the nation would be tarnished wit forever if the enemy should find open the gates of the prs most important oity, in wbioh reside the supreme autho- lari rities of tho nation? a city which abounds most in re- ke< sources, and offers the greatest facilities fur the creation, ter organization and concentration of forces, a city which us by its relations for ages with the rest of the republio, 1 exercises such an Influence over its destiny that tne loss bat of one would expose the loss of the other; and although me we must oxpeot much from tho constancy of tho Mexl- a b cans?of that constancy superior to all the rigors of me fortune?It Is not prudent to expose it to the risk of not such probabilities How cau we forget that after the ?f fall of this city came the ruin of the Umpire of tho As- trs tea ? And when Mexico surrendered, in 18:11, did the mc power of Hpatn maintain ltselt one day longer on our It I privileged soil ? These recollections had a powerful pe< weight on my mind, and I have arrived to attempt to evi frustrate the most vehement desire of the enemy, that me of rendering himself master of the city, which Is one of entile first of the American continent. gle **"M y return te the excurclse of the Supreme Executive an for the fow days which will elapse until the new election, an was due to chance, and also to necessity, on account of ed the reluctance to continue in command of the modest an aud pure patriot who so worthily governed during my us absence with the army. Forced in spite of my vehement resistance to take charge of the direction of affairs, be I submitted immediately to the deliberation of all the lu officers present in the capital the question of its defence, W and it was unanimously determined upon?consulting th not only the rules of war, but also the utility of remov- ? lug the people to a greater distance from the risk atsuf- th faring from the prqjectilea|of the enemy. But if the fate tu of war should bring them to this beautiful city, its inV,.kl?..n?. ?HI h...- In ml.J ?!..? I? I- . ? u.v.??.u.n *? ! mvw. >u iuiuvi bu??v aw ii* Ut |ro?b VWU?, UH though not greater than th? whole nation, and that an ho unfading glory will bo reserved to it, if all resolve to imi- tic tato the example of great nation*?to lose every thing except honor. m At the same time that I recommended immediate Racrilicea to the generous capital of the Iteiiublic, the wi States of the Federation are bound to assist it promptly of with troops, money, and all the other resources in whlcn ?I they abouad. The federal systom, which was called fri for with enthusiasm by the nation, and for the re-estab- gh< lishunnt of which I huve labored with purity and loyal- ill) ty. multiplies the centres of action, and, far from contri- wl: buting to the debility and decay of the whole, it bestows power and euergy when all the efforts centre in one point ThiR practice of isolation, or more properly called unaccountable egotism, fosters the bopes of the enemies of federation, and gives to the enemy ell the advantages . of disunion. How could be dure to advance into the " heart of the ltepublic, if he were not encouraged by the V. sad perspective of our dissension* t Mow great will be the responsibility of the authorities of the States If they j', assist without arousing themselves, at the funerul of the ? ltepublic ? Knergy and sacrifices for a few months are , sufficient to shake off tbo yoke of the invader. He is J, powerless In himself , his situation is extremely hasar- l' dou* ; let us take courage for one day, and we shall be ?! free for ever! The co-operation of all classes of society and of every .. single Individual, is also necessury. The olergy cannot conscientiously submit to the domination of a people who J? admit as a dogma of their government the toleration of J, all religious. Are they already determined to suffer that . in front of the very teiuplo in which the Holy Host is adored, Protestant cnureliesshould be erected' The sa- ' 1 orifice of part of its wealth would prevent their losing the remainder, together wfth the privileges sanctioned .* by our laws, and which tbo United Hiatus do not re- , . spect. Do the landed proprietors know how hard and exacting are the decrees of the conquerors? If the high social advantages, if the blessings of independence are so little appreciated, and if to be ranked among the in- . J dependent and sovereign uations, has no longer any valuu to Mexico, why did we contend during eleven con- " seeutive years, spilling torrents of blood, and desolating A ' our own country, in order to make It free? The moment . . tin- finally arrived to explain all. in order to save all Woe to luiu who does not comprehend the gravity of our , * position! ( It is now we are reaping the bitter fruits of our lnexperieneo during the years in which wo have governed j* ' ourselves. A nation, arrogant and coveliug our ele- 1 ments of power and wculth, has been watching, like a tiger lying iu wait for its prey, the moment when the civil discord should have debilitated and prostrated the 1 nation, to surprise and subdue us. And when the ene- prl my is carrying Into execution his nefarious iutentious, Sei we do not even correct ourselves Disunion progresses hu ?sedition increases?the politioal passions are agitated in in the worst seuse?and as if it were nothing that the kn foreign cucmy should be enmbatiug us, we endeavor grs to deprive the authorities of power, aud with a fatal eel bliudness and perverseness prevent them from under- a ti taking the defence of our couutry. ha' Uf these truths I am at once the witness and the vie- 1 tloi Hinoe ray return from exile, I have only thought on of the salvation of the republic. Did I not hasten to cor create and organise a powerful army ? Did I net meet sor the enemy Without regard to risk and danger? Did I not exf traverse the whole republic to close the road to the cruel Die conqueror of Vera Crus' Have I not in all direotlous esc sought the front of the enemy? My duly was to combat prr and I have fought. Am I the master of victory to de- am tain her as my slave' My courage was not more vlgo- u.rou* at Tarapicothan at Cerro (lordo, and fortune which I permitted me there to add another laurel to the many tin glories of the nation, has refused to let me secure her pir happiness. Ills, however, consoling to me that the in- I i justice of men is not lusting, and what still morn con- Ml soles me is that the majority of my countrymen are Im- trc partial aud Intelligent, ami that they will pardon my er- Co row. huh esteem my constant devotlou to tbelr service .Ml An regard* tho Interest and defence of the nation I hu shall be indexible. I Intend that the war muit be con- Dfl tinued until our position improve* The conqueror op- I prt-nxMii the vanquished, and accord* him,nothing but an an iugloriou* peace. Will tho nation permit that an im- wb menee portion of it* territory ?hall be torn from it' Can te<i it consent to be called a nation, when it baa ceaacd to be tin 00 by it* nullity and impotence' pri Should the cloee of my public Ufa be near at hand, I to dealre to terminate it leavlug exalted lessons of devo- of tlon without limit to the cause of the uountiy. A* long thi a* I lire, her sovereign will lhall be the conatant rule of nit my oondunt. I desire to serve my country,and wish that he all may serve her with a firmness and nonatancy which wa may form a rampart agaiuat which all the effort* of her pi! enemiea may prove unavailing. of Mexican*, iny countrymen, examine my actioi *. and hu let theni reapond for uiy Intention*. If the Supreme I Arbiter of society ha* proved u* In the crucible of ml*- He fortune, he already commence* t* ahow hi* compassion, hli by allowing u* to form a constitution which will be a gu table of salvation lu our trouble* I have aworn to It.? m< 1 have signed it, and I will defend it. With respect to we the indepeuileuce and integrity of tho nation, I have but th one wish, aud that is the inmost of my heart, "to com- W bat and die for thorn." Mi ANTONIO LOPKZ UK. SANTA ANNA. an Mexico, May '11, 1817. foi tlx I.KTTF.R FROM MAJOR MORI.A.NH. nil "Prison or St. J*oo, Citv or Mr.noo, ) re| March 7, 1847. ) rot lr, Three dnya before reaching San l.ui*, we met Santa tin Anna on the road. Me 1* one of the finest looking men lac I have ever seen, lie waa very polite, and assured u* of thi good treatment, Ito. The next town of any conaequence on I* Qucretaro 17.1 or 300 mile* from Han l.ui*, or half llli way from that town to thi* city. Here we remained a trw day to re?t the men. Nearly a day'* travel from Que- I n-laro, on* ofour men. (John Unlay, of rapt. Dillard's St* company,) became too sick to travel, and we had to wai leave him at a hacienda, called (Jolerado. Two gentle- dot men, merchant* of Queretaro. happened to be there, who (he kindly offered to take him back to Queretxro. and take cal care of him. and rnfueed every offer of compensation In < Ktndnees to tha sick Is a striking trait In the Mexican ren character. I have witnessed Its admirable exhibition in Th Several Instance*. It Is the bent they have. We ar- poa rived within three league* of th# city on th# Jllth h*i Keb'y, at a village, and there receiving Intelllguuo* \ ERAI I t a new revolution had broken out in the city, our tilk ,rd were afraid to come In. We could plainly hear the runt We remained there until about ten o'eloek Net light, of the let Inst., and then oame to this build- was , which Is a sort of half monastery, and half mill- wou 1 prison; serving also, in its basement stories, as a arra litentiary for common felons, of whleh there are now noi i? sou confined in It. IU upper storing are occupied tere irlsons for Mexican officers. guilty of hogtillty to th# dint eminent. There are gome 16 or 20 now here with ui. mad e building is a large one. and is situated in the fldei 'them outskirts of the city. We were brought in and y cautiously and silently about I o'clock at night. W e resolution is still going on. Which party will sue- com d it is difficult to foretell. In the mean time, we are Mlsi illned in this dirty prison?are allowed fifty cents a brln r. that is, each officer, to live on, and base to sleep on thei blankets, upon a dirty brick floor. The meu are fed C< very coarse, and dirty, and not over abundant food ; vies t, with a very few exceptions, the health of all keeps he v ids. and all seem cheerful and in good spirits. The as ai oers in charge of ns are very polite and kind in their who oner, and seem disposed to grant us every accommo- coui .ion in their power. I have become somewhat of a catl orite lately, as they have found out I am a physician. 1 eagerly avail themselves of my services. We found American negro at San Luis, who is a good cook and T ood honest fellow. He came on here with us, waiting u on us on the way. He is allowed a room in the prison ir us. where he cooks for us. and his Mexican wife ?fp' shes for us. He does all our trading for us, and is 111 " y useful as our interpreter, though the most of us 8OT re learned to jabber Spanish enough to make our- Pr'" ves understood, on ordinary oacaslons. #uKl , tho HltuM GEN. SCOTT S DIVISION. me, (Prom the New Orleans Delta ] Jii ata, Mexico, May '43, 1847. 7 The army moved out three miles last evening, aud e(j \ is morning <ien. Twiggs moved with his column for <!ril rote and i'uebla. Oen. Scott did not leave town until rai Is morning?also the Commissary and QuarLetmas- pre -'s Departments. roi, Jinee my last, we have reoeived positive intelligence am it Santa Anna has left Han Marti 11. The spies dogged | 1 steps almost to the city' of Mexico, whither he has cal] ne. The Mexicans at i'uebla state that the Mexican cot] neral has geue to the city with the view of raising |n , m and supplies for the purpose of driving our troops bee t of Puebla. before lien. Scott and lien. Twiggs will ijm lve with the additional troops. This the Mexicans njM I find much easier talked of than done. WHI i'hu news from Puebla status that there is no doubt of p'al 1 election of Herrera for President, and that there was mu ery strong expression of publio opinion against Santa pro na, that a pronunciamtnlo had been, or was about acc be issued, declaring against him. Another revolution 0f.1 publio affairs was daily looked for?guns had been e,ju id, which was considered tho signal of an event about p-al) transpiro. NUr, ['he stage was robbed, on the 'JOth,between Perote and him obla?no Americans in it. prtff In abundanoe of supplies have been fouud at Tuobla, thai 1 the inhabitants are disposed to supply our troops pun h whatever necessaries they have, but have been ?hoi ivented by the. guerillas frem bringing them in. A frou go mounted force is highly necessary at this time, to fur 1 ip these fellows In check, and prevent them from in- an 1 ferlng with the Inhabitants, who are anxious to sell mi*, their products. diet There is a prevailing opinion that we will have another rvie ,tle before reaching the capital. In oase we should gen ct the enemy after leaving i'uebla, it will no doubt be Am loody anil sanguinary one. T..o Me loans will not blet et us without an overwhelming force, while ours will w(Ji t exceed 6000 troops, If Indeed It reaches that many his .he calculations of the Adjutant Uoueral to the oou- bee ,ry notwithstanding?the books here will not show full >re. But, three-fourths of tho battle Is fought before goo is begun; our troops do not believe they can be whip- <Ja] 1 by uny number; they go into battle as a regular ion iry day affair, confident of success, without exoite- (,aii mt or doubt of the result. They go into action with u?i Brgy'aud pride,every man believing that the honor and chi try of the country rests on his own particular should] ( 1; while, with the Mexioans. it is Just the reverse; they thi 1) enthusiastic and vociferous until they become prtss- cot by our brave troops, when they cease all their clamor tin a turn tueir backs, as IT any further resistance were Vie uless. In Mr. Trlst continues on with th<> army. 1 do not believe do has yet entered upon the discharge of the diplomatic thi notions with which he is charged by the government, ico hether Gen Scott is to carrr the sword, aud Mr. Trlst hei 0 olive brancli?or whether Gen. Scott is to carry both I'ri is a subject for further consideration, and a fruitful enie for newspaper editors. " Sunds form the mounin, minutes make the year." The court martial which has been sitting for several . ys trying the case of Capt. Ker, of the Dragoons, has ,. uorably acquitted him of all the charges and specifics- " >ns brought ugalnst him, and he has returned to duty. .e Gen. P. K. Smith has so far recovered, as to he able to arch with the column last evening. a,K In the course of a few minutes, necessity compels me, V th regret, to bid adieu to the quiet and peaceable city ?f Jalapa and its vicinity?to its green and verdant fields con its graud scenery?its blooming flowers and delicious vic? tits?Its transparent, invigorating air and refreshing ryh iwers?its good living, and handsome women. To- T {lit 1 expect, with good luck, to be iu Perote, from Wa lence you w^ll hear from me. Oei NEWS KHOM MA/.ATI.AN AND SAN LTIS. [Krom the New Orleaus Delta. June 1ft.] Wo had the pleasure of an Interview yesterday with . intelligent German gentleman, who has jnst arrived 1 our city, from San Luis I'otosi and Macallan, lie re- ard rts that when he left Mazatlan, which was on the Hth the ay last, that port wsh under strict blockade by the is ? nerican squadron, as well as all the other ports on the No .oific. It was believed by the inhabitants of Mazatlan. w' at that port would be taken possession of by the Ame- Nr Dan squadron, as soon as Intelligence could be received the capture of the city of Mexico, a consummation ' Dst devoutly to bo wished for by the people of this > f lurishiug town. gol Our informant left San Luis Potosi on the dftth May. VV 1 was quietude and indifference there. The inHam- Va story address of the clergy produced no effect upon ahi e Potoslaus, who have long writhed under the infllc- to ins of a lurge army quartered upon ttu-ui. and support- fro by extortions aud impositions upon the poor people. Pel > preparations had been made to defend the town las zinst Ueu. Taylor's army. Indeed most of the people int rrnly prayed for the occupation of the city by the larj Dericiiu army, from which tbey could hope for kinder wit 'atment than from their own army. There were tat Dut 7 OU0 troops at San Luis, the i/rfti i* of Santa Vn- sea s once proud army and those have b en ordered to poc 1 capital, leaving only a few of the National Guard to bis 'end the scsnt fortifications of the city. These de- cur ces were miserably constructed, and mtolly lnade- boo ite to protect the city. It was rumored iu San Luis adv it General Taj lor would uot march on thai place, bah ' wi uiu uuvaiice on uiu oapiutl. ny w.ty ul /tacalecuH. plui i inhabitants of which aru said to bo highly favorable Air Mm American* up jeneral Urrea wu* stationed at Tula, with a largo stra srilla foroo, levying contribution* alike on friend* kee 1 enemies. leav arkival from cod. Doniphan's ucoimknt. ,u^r (Krnin the St. Louie Ropubllcan, Juno 1ft J I'uHterday morning, our citizens were token by our- lu ! to, by the arrival of Lieut. I ol I) D. Mitchell, of the J?''1 aoud lit g, incut of Missouri Volunteer*, from Chihua- , A. Col Al was with Col. Doniphan* nonuuan l. and, advauoo, haa made the most extraordinary march own in tho annals of modern warfare It will be ) ' itllying to his friends to know that he returns in exlent health, more robust, and, with tho exception of '' intied and sun-burnt, tarn, looking bettor than wo re seen him for years 1 Ve gather, in a few minutes hasty conversation, that, S" the Ath of April, Col Doniphan, with a portion of his nmand, left Chihuahua for Parras leaving t ol. Jacki in coiiimaud of chihuahua Tho oltject of this 'J mditlon was to capture, or disperse, a kind of govern- . " nt vhtr.h had loien organized there, and from which 'itli g proclamations were Issued Upon their ap- " iaol . the provincial government abandoned the place. '** J n< thing was effected by the expedition. The com- , then returned to Chihuahua t was then determined tojoln (Jen. Wool'* command, 1 ^ i tarm of service of tlio volunteers having nearly exed. and there being no prospect of any relief from the '"I1 lited States On the U7th of April, Lieut Colonel "I1 tcbeil. In command of one battalion, and some other J.'01 tops, left Chihuahua, taking the direction of Saltillo? ,r0 I Doniphan, with one regiment, remaining Colonel tchell moved forward to Santa Roaalio, about one ' ndred and twety miles, where he halted for Colonel ill inipban. toi iol. Doniphan, in the mean time, effected a treaty or Ne rungenieut with the authorities of Chihuahua, by the ilch they stipulated, in substance, that, upon the I'm- of 1 States' traders paying the customary duties upon 10.' sir goods to the authorities ol ths city, they should be not iteeted In their live* and property, and permitted gen trad* in any part of the State In the formation pari thl* treaty, Col. I), gave tln ni distinctly to understand, for xt if the terms were not strictly compiled with, their upo y should be deslroyed,and all the property of the ctate or s Id responsible, by a force froin lien Wool s army It nor .? believed that the terms agreed upon would be coin- i, rued with, and so confident were the trader*, th?t soms ado those who had left with Col M . returned to Chlhua- find a when they heard of the arrangement. flou ! ol. Doniphan overlook the advance party at Santa last sallo, three days after the arrival of I ol M Upon abb i arrival. Col Al was ordered forward with an advance at 1 ard, consisting of vne hundred of the i?est mounted We n in the command, to Saltillo In this command, mai re t apt Kicd.uod Lieuts Walker and llinton Willi tot Is force, Col M proceeded on the direct road to Parras ble hen encamped about fifteen miles from the town of ineine be was waited upon by a delegation from the I t'horille*. who informed hlin that they had a force of Col ir hundred men, prepared torealat bin pannage through *..rt l town, but that If ho would go round, they would fur- Mar >h hint a guide. and not mnleat lilin The Colonel oil. )licd. that In- did not need a guide to follow the mala rati ul. and that In- could not depart from the beaten dier ick When he entered the town, the nelt morning, eha i troop* fled He found a number of muaket* ami day ice* In the place, hut not baring the mean* to take Orb oi with him. be put the Alcalde and other authorltie* aim der pledge not to una them agalnat the I nlted Htate*. K,.? i troop* were here regaled with a public dinner, and the a ted in a very hoepl'ahle manner. late urther on. whllft paeelng through a portion of the nut Aea f Durango. he iiarned from hi* guide, that thera apo< ? a fort, about tlflenii wile* from the direct route, lie Hl.r> ermined to attack it. and by a nlglit niaroh. arrived re the next morning, about daylight. The fort, led I'elllo, I* nttuated ou the nuinmit of a mountain, |i in open plain He iiuuiediately ummoned It to ?ur- , der, when, after a brief comultatlon. it waa given.up. ' ere ware only a few men in charge of It. but from It* itlon and command of the plain*, the garrlnon might tine re nuccemfully renlnted the aaaault of a greater foiae. chi Vtthout farther Interruption, Colonel M. reached fcal- tm .B. Mm *w? (Mb l on the 17th of May and left there for Muntarsv on 28(1, from whence ha proceeded to tha Brnoi iad r Orleans His command ramainad at SeltlUo and It expected that Colonal Doniphan with his torca id join them on tha 29th or 30th At that plaea' mgements were made to furnish th* troops with six itha' pay, tha first thay have received ainca they and tha acrvioc; and after this thay would moee innately on tha route homo. From the arrangements ia and making, and dua allowano* for dolays. ha eon tly expects them to arrive hare between tha first fourth of July next. ro learn from Colonel M., that General Taylor, la ilderatlon of tha gallantry and noble bearing of tha wnri troops, had issued an order permitting them to g home tha oaanon and other trophies takea by u In tha battles of Braoito and Bacramanto. >1. M spent a day at Monterey, and had an laterr with Gen. Taylor. Ha learned from Gen. T. that ras anxious to mora forward to Queretaro, but that, I present situated, it was impossible to do so. Tha la of his limited force was required to garrison tha itry already oaptured, and keep open his communion with the Rio Grande. AHZKIOA.N PRISONERS. be following latter from Col. Marshall was enclosed s from Vieksburg, snd received only yesterdav. It >f tbe particulars of the negotiation for an exchange rlsouare after the battle of Ruena Vista, and exhibits conepieuous light the gross perfidy of the Mexican -rumnut in detaining the Knoarnaoion and other loners taken previous to that battle. Col. Marshall's gentlon ol retaliatory measures Is Just and propsr, ugb we doubt if such will be enforoed, unless govsrnit gives instructions to that effect:? New Osleavs, June 7. 1847. 'a Me Eilitori of the Picayune?I have been rsqueetio statelwhat I know,touching the exchange of prisonbetween the Mexican chief and tbe American Gsneafter the battle offBuena Vista, inasmuob as It Is tended by some that no provision was mads for tbe as? of Majors Gaines, and Borlaud, and tbe oflkoers 1 men under their command, know that when Major Bliss returned from the Mail i camp on the niglit of the 34th February, he waa acupanted by (.'apt. Faulaeo. t<> whom 1 waa introduced Dur camp on tho morning of the J.itb (It may have >n the 36th ) Ilia business waa to euter into the preinarioa for the exchange I waa called upon to furh the liat of the officer* and men of my regiment who e prisoners, and I did ao. I conroraed with Captain ilaco aa to the aituation of the priaoner*. He told that Major (Jainoa'a party waa in Mexieo, but it waa bable ( 'apt. Heady'a party waa then in San Luis Ha epted the liat, copied, I think, by Col Churchill A liat lexieana waa made out, who' were then given up aa ivaleuta for the Americana to be released. and Capt. ilncn iu aecretury and agent for (ien Santa Anna, an d Col. ( hurohill and myaeir, and 1 afterwards heard i repeat theaameaaauranceto Maj. (ien. Taylor, In the lenco of (Jen Wool, and (ien. Marahall and myaelf, t ao aoon aa the expreaa oould reach Mexico, all tha tona whoao namee were borne on the liat furniahed, iild be immediately releaaed and would be shlppod i the moat convenient Mexican port without delay tho United Statoa. Under the force of this pledge idjutant general of the Mexican army, aeverai oomdoned officers, and a large number of Mexioan eoia returned to the Mexican camp, and were, aa mna aaed and exchanged for, received by the Mexioan eral. Capt. Faulaeo was the aeoretary of Sen. Santa aa, and came to our camp with such vouohera aa ona1 our general to regard his authority as perfect, and it lid seem by the reception of the persons belonging to at my who, under the negotiation with Faulaeo had n released by (ien. Taylor, that (ien. Santa Anna y ratified Kaulaco's acta, and assumed to carry out in d faith the pledges that offleer had given. After )C. F.'a return, he sent back a corporal (Hour) Waging to my regiment, then a priaoner in the Mexioan np, with a very polite note, requesting invito have bU ne added to the list of American prisoners whose oxlege had been negotiated for. )t' tiie wanton aud shameful violation of tho pledge is given by the Mexican leader, perpetrated by the itinued incarceration of my men among the felons ot > city of Mexico, and all by order of the authorities ot Aicu, civmzeu society win lurai the proper judgment thn rneun limn the fortunes of the day at ( erro liorpluci's in our power a number of officers belonging to t Mexican service, through whom it is hoped that Mexi will be taught to feel the estimate our generals oan reafter place upon the plighted faith of her leader and isident. With respect, your obedient servant, HLMl'HUKV .MARSHALL,Col. Ky. Car. MILITARY MOVEMENTS. ['he Aibuny bulletin. of the 10th, states that tbeeleen of Held officers to command the new Indiana regint took place the day before, resulting in the uboloe W. A. Gorman, Colonel; K. Dumont. Lieut. Colonel, I W. W. McCoy. Major. Ye understand that < apt. O. W. Hughes, of thooorna topographical engineers, has been " assigned to the imaiid of the couipaules of volunteers called Into aer) from the District of Columbia and the State of Msind." hn marine corps of 1)00 men, commanded by Col. Lou, are probably en mule from Vera Crus to Join i. Scott about this time They are an efficient corps, 1 may prove as serviceable In Mexico as they were In Florida war. ? tfaihinglon Union, June Vi. N A V AI, NEWS. Tie U. 8. steam revenue cutter McLane, Capt. How1, arrived last evening from Vera Cruz, her departure nee having already been announced. '1'he following l list of her officers:?W A. Howard, captain, Joseph yes, 1st lieutenant, Camillus Saunders, id do; James right, chief engineer ; Mr. Turnbull, assistant do.? u> Orleans Pic. June I ft Perilous Voyaok on a Taiilf.?Death op Mr. in IJorkn.?When lite Chesapeake was about ng down, A. M. Stem, of Green Spring."; Ohio, . H. Higgins. of Karmington, Ohio.g and (Jeo. n Doreu, of Lower Sandusky, Ohio, left the wreek, 1 attempted to reach the shore, supported by a table, which they clung After they had Moated a few rods ni the wreck. William Steele, o! West Mill Creek1 in , thinking all would be sucked down with the then t sinking craft, took his cbauoe of escape by leaping 0 the lake ustride tlie tiller stick. Mr. S. being a <!', resolute, muscular man. and soiurwUal familiar h the water, soon overtook the persons clinging to the lc, aud joined his fate to their,* Not loug after, a kueuKeU oil his hat, in which he had placed bis kel book. ooulaiuiug valuable papers, when he left hold on the table and tiller stick, swam alter and seed bis hut. and returned to the table Ilia pocketk and lilierstlck, however, were lost in tlie daring euture. The four tound it difficult to keep the table inced. aud the action of the waves frequently Liged some of the number under I is one instance, Van Doren was swept completely under, and cam* oa the opposite side of the table. He was muoh ogled, ana after tbis failed fast In his endeavors to p bis head above water About an hour after ing the wreck, as Mr. Steele thinks, Mr. Van en succeeded in raising htintelf upon the table, 1 <16wu. and lacking strength to support his head toon drowned, and Ills body restud upon tlie table ie minutes slier life was apparently extinct, before waves washed it olf He said but little after leaving wreck, an<t was divested of all his clothing except rt and pantaloons After losing Mr Van Duron. Mr. in and Mr. H.gKin* occupied oue aide of the table, i Mr. Steele, being a heavy man, balanced them on other Tiiu talde was without a leaf, and bottom lly drawing their br? aata up ugaiust the edge, they ild roach over and clasp the ivga of the table with ir hands, and in thia way they kept afloat for boura. Steele urged Ilia compuuiona to exert themselves atautly, in order to prevent chillineaa and stupor, but daylight both had become nearly unconscious, and in picked up by the Harrison, Mr. Iliggins had been i-iiNibie for aouie time, his hands fixed ou tho table v In a death grasp Mr. Steele informs ua that he reed no effort to work the float towards shore, until the rrison camn in sight and gave hope of rescue, and it uutil that time lie did not feel much exhausted or died, nor did hope for a moment forsake him. But en the Harrison passed by without hearing or heed [ hi* cry for help, hla heart sunk and he nearly gave furiosi. Still he struggled on. and fortunately the ?t soon returned and rescued hluiself and companions ill a watery grave?Clrrrtarui HtralA. i mmtit.in'i in Fr.oi'r.?Few person* not dealers (he article, are prohuhly aware of the extent which gambling in (lour is carried on by dealers In w York. For instance, we frequently see reports In New York papers, similar to the following. ?Bales vooo barrels flour to arrive in duly, at M). sales of (00 barrels to arrive in August, at $7 3d.'' We do pretend to Miy that none of these transaction are nine, but we are confident that not one-twentieth I of this flour changes hand* When the time comes delivery, the dlttereiioe between the price agreed n and the current rate, is paid either by the buyer eller. as the case may be It is in faat, nothing more less than a bet on the state of the market at a given s. In some cases bets of this kind sre probably pted to bolster up the market For Instance, ws In t h? VA. ? / . .. >V... .11 1 ? ? l~-..?ll? I? r, which tooJt plum shortly after tha arrival of tha ateanier:? A aale of" |00<> barrels Western, (dellver ( within 4H hours of the urrlrul of the ne*t steamer >8 ftO." On the day thin transaction took place, Rood atom flour could liuvs been bought at ?, and tha ket wua tending downward llrcadNtuffs would K?n >e the last urtlrle in which* mm would with to gam? Hoitun Journhl Jiinr'it ItJYiMu Summer*' Scrip.?It is but justice to rcoran and It ifffc* to oontnidict the ttbovc aslou We fml ourselves authorised to state that iara Coruornu and Kiggs have not purehaaed to tha <nt of $ 1,000. and hate given par for tha few certlfl a of atock that they hare purchaaad from tha sol's Thia ia the second time that we hare aeon thhs rg? made In the paper* It wan aaaerted tha othar that lliey had purchaaad, through an agent In New ana. from diatraeaad aoldter*. oartiflcatea to tha iint of 1? 100,000. The whola atory ia falae These Llemen have shown their confidence In the credit off government, by subscribing for a large portlou of tha loan They deserve credit for their public spirit, they aoorn to mingle In thair great trauaactlona any iulallona upon tha distresses of the soldiers who have red their oounlry.? W'aihington Union, Ju?e 41. KAL. VALKnI lr. SNK8 LA< Kg * si O'lTM <> . No. 3TT Broadway, offer a large assortment of the above, annua widtha, 20 l>er ceut uudrr regular prices Alan, new erua in Mnslm Triinmiuct, Bauds Infanta' Waiara. lie bee (laps; Kngliah ami Trench Thread Lacee and KdSJcge; jaennrt, cambric, mull and uainaonk muslins, llanaka^ efa, I nliara, I hemisettes, I apes, Viaitea, Ved<. nr. at a y small advance on the coat of importation. J??J '? ?