Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 28, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 28, 1847 Page 1
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Ie^mmmmmmaaaami in i th: Vol. nil. Mo. IIT-WM* a? MT?I THE NBWfOttM HERALI ESTABLISHMENT, aoitmnit HWBfrnw?m JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. OHODUTHM-PORTT TBODIAID. DAILY HERALD?Erery day. Yrtee I eenta per aofj?T "?fciKirifBK{fi?K?r-rj- ? ? "kirzg Price 63< cent* per copy?ft par annum, including poatage, payable in iiItum Mnbecriptiona and ndTaitiaanaeuU will be recoiled by Maun. Oalignani, It BueYirtenne, Peru: P. L. Mimoada, No. Barge Yard, Bucklenbury, and Miller, lhA^^^r,WCTOIUAL HMLALD?Publiihed on the at.V" Lea. AdVvtiMBMUtbauld b? *nm in aolam, legibl. nunne The Proprietor will aot be responsible for eirore tb*' may occur 111 then. PIIINT1NU of all ktnds executed beeutUuIly aad wit! da. patch. All letter* or communications by mil. addressed toth. eessbliibment, must be post paid, or tho postage will ba ?. dscts.l I'tnn the nKwrariw mowr rnnilM COTTAGES ON STATEN ISLAND.?For aale or laaaa, the three Cottages on the hill aide below Capo di Monte, belonging to Mra. Grymea. The buildiugs ue.v dud highly finished, are situated in a thick wood of 14 acre., within teu minutes of the ferry. The out houses afford every convenience, and a new road easy of access, has just been completed jeti 1ft* rc M FOR SALE.?THE YONKER8 MANSION |"im House, outbuildings, and seven acres of laud?the whole or a part, to suit purchasers, and on the most accommodating terras. This extensive building commands a magnificent view of the Hudson River, from 10 to 10 miles in each direction. The house ie M feet tqnare; carriage honse St. feet sqnare, with stabling for one hundred horses; shed <: feet in length; all nearly new, and in complete order. There u alao a fish pond and water power, with a never failing stream ol water running through the middle of the grounds, aa pure as Crotou. The Hudeou River Railroad ie to run within three hundred yards in front of the property, and about the same distance south of the vill-ge of Yonlters, where the depot is to, be located. There ere five well conducted schools, all within shall' mile. Two splendid fast sailing steamboats plv daily to and from the city; and stages also ran daily in connection with the Harlem Railroad For terms apply to William Kellinger, at the Williamsburgh ferry, at the foot of Delancy street, or upon the premiaee. jet J0t*re_ sNi WANTED?TO H'RE Tors few months, a country pjS Seat, or Farm, within 30 or 100 miles of New York. # JiLThe house must be large, end famished, on or near the ws'er. Auy person wishing to travel forthe summer, end leave ilu i. place in 'he caie of a respectable and responsible tenant, . in-., hear of one by addressing a line to Town, New York Post I V1SS5: jeitc li'r Ami I'O LET?In Jersey City, the W. ateru Hotel, and a ] !? large stable, convenient for 30 to 75 horses. The nreini JaUL <?* are now occupied by Joseph Crocker. Al*o, several pleaaaut rooma for private families, and several large rooms and basements suitable for manufacturing purposes. E.iuuire of Isaac Lewis, or 'oseph Crocker, at the Western Hotel. Vork street. Jersey ''itv. jc26 3t*r jgd APARTMENTS TO LET, handsomely luruished ffjM or unfurnished, at 31 North Moore street. JjjL jll l?t*r FuR SALE. OK EXCHANGE FOR CITY PRoffr.M PKRTYe?Property in the pleasant village of Liberty Jaa&Coruer, consisting ofa fir trute Dwelling House,34X40, containing 10 rooms highly finished, with a good cellar, Carriage Maker's, Wheel right and Blacksmith's Shop, all new. Also, a good barn, 30X38, with wood and smoke houses, a good well at the door, apples, cherries, currents, Itc. Price for the whole 81(00. Also, 11 acres of land, T acres of timber, 7 of clear land, all under new fence. Apply to Jamee B. Birr, any Wednesday, from 9 A. M. to 7 P. M ?on Thursday, till I P. M., on other day* at the New York Real Estate Company, corner of Broadway and Maiden Lane JAMES B. BARR. j?1030t*m J m PAVILION, NEW BR1UHTON, Staten Island.The proprietor begs to inform his flriends and the public, that he has made considerable alterations and improve meuis in this establishment since the last season. He has erect cd a large building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen only; they are of a comfortable size, light, and well ventilated, and superior in all respects to those generally deaominated single rooms in the various watering places throughout the country. The proprietor is now ready to treat with families or parties wishing to eugage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to him at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attendon.' A steamboat runs between New York and New Brighton, at else following hours, vis:? From New Brighton?At I and U A. M. and 3 and 3:80 P. M. From pier No. 1 North River, New York?At B A. M. and 18 M, and 3)8, 3 and 6 P. M., and more freqnaut communications will be established as the season advances. Seuday Arrangement?From New Brighton at 8 A. M., 12%, 5:30 P M From New York, at 9 A. M., 3 and 6 P. M. The Pavilion is now ready for the reception of Company. ap85 tfrc F. BLANCARD I M MILL AND WATER POWER FOR SALE?Te be sold by public auction, at the Merchants' Exchange. New York, ou the 15th July neat, at 18 M.. by Hallidav ler. auctioneers, (if not previously sold it private sale,) a lease, liaviug about four years to ruu, of six acres of land iu the town of Springfield, Essex county, New Jersey. The land is in fine cnl-ivatiou, planted with coru aud potatoes, uud apple, pear and cherry trees of the best quality. There is a mill ?let. v?l?.,l.l? ., hi...... ...J .......II.? power itnd overshot wheel. Xlie. mil!, is now useii as a paper mill, but hat been used as a grist mill, having a good run of stones, and is well adapted for either purpose. Also, a good Dwelling House. For l'urthcr particulars, enquire 01 MOllTIMfclt UK MOTTE, counsellor at law, IK Broadway. New Vorli. jeW e nl tnjvlS*was TO KOKfclUN UENTLtL,.vlbN arriving 111 Uie KAUuited rttstes, or others, desirous of purchasing a per^dkamsnriit Gauntry Hesideuce iu Pennsylvania.?The subscriber offers for sale his Farm, situated in Moutgomery co., Pennsylvania, It miles north of Philadelphia. It contaius 308 acres of land. IM acres of which are iu the highest state of cultivation, producing wheat, rye, Indian com and hay, equal to any upl uid farm?the reraaiuiug 20 acres being woodlanu. On the p emiaea is a fine stoue tuausion, CO feet by 43, with a verandah attached. 13 feet wide, extending the length of the house, and a large piazza on the east, the whole giving ample accommodation fur a family of twenty |iersons. The pleasure grounds surrounding the house are iliaded with elegant evergreens, and very beautifully laid out. There are ou the farm three stoue houses for farmers or tenants, together with three lurge arnue barns, containing stabling and convenience* for a huiuhed head of cattle, and lor the storage of 230 tons of produce, with coach house, wngoa house, granary aud corn cribs attached. There are also the advantages of a liue spring house, ice house, fish pond, a garden of two acres, orchards stocked with the finest fruit, green house and grape wall, a stream of spring water in every field, a daily mail, by which the Philadelphia and New York papers of the same day are rec-.ivrd, and an omnibus passing the gate morning aud evening Irt the immediate vicinity are Episcopal, Lutheran aud Presbvterian churches. Further description is unnecessary, as all persons wishing to pure a*- are invited to call and evamine the estate. Jt may however, he added, that for beauty, healthful situatrm, and adv ulnars, it is uot surpassed by any iu the United Stat-j It may he well alto to mention the price, which is $220 pet acre. Apply to GEOHGE cHKAlF, Wliiteinarah, jit 8'2iw*rrc Montgomery Co., Penn. 1 >ESI 11 tllLe. KAk.il8 I.N NE W~J EHMr. v KUh V Ly*? First, a very neat aud beautiful place, with good aauw.nnu?p. anu uutliuiiuings, containing 18 acre* of land Bin-ily under cultivation, aitaatad iu Union, IX milea from the Snmt-rville railroad, and four milea from Hixabethtnwu: will be an d a bargain, if a|>|ilied for immediately. 2d, \ Farm ol III Acea, iu Madison, Morris County ae r the railroad, with Home, Barn, Itc , plenty ofirnit, and a very pleasant location. 3d, A Firm of JJ acres. lying near the anramit of the Morrir and K??ex railroad, with House, Kara, and Outhouses, pleuty of wood. Itc ; will be sold low. 1th, A r ilu'ble F rm of 60 acres, about three milea from the Moms mid K.s-ea railroad, with new House and Outbuildings, H m.e for Karmer. fences in fine order, fields wall divided Boiler a high state of cultivation will be sold with the crops if wished, or exchanged for city property; as ueat and hand. Soine place as can be found iu New ler?ey. 5th, A Farm of 100 Acres.situated in New Providence good House, Horn, and, plenty of fruit, and a large quantity of wood. For fuitber particulars, apply to SAMUEL \l. MEOIK, je!6 llt*r No ST South street. New Vorh. A P'AK.vl FOR SALE, almost adjoining the viilag > -,'V f New Rociielle, contaiuiug seventy-two acres, inclu. Sm ding mart enough, (I believe,) to aaanure it for ages ( is a ileaaani and healthy situation, and will be within a few pn-iur. ?'wait of the railwiur. Terms accomm 'dating. Foi fifth r imittrulara eminire of the sehscriber, on the premises Jed US' rc WALi EH BUR' |NQ i , li il.vlhR HATS economy and Fashion?? KU fpfih UKRT80N, of the Phenix Hat and Cap Manufactory lormi rly of No. 101. but uow of (9 Fulton street, New york, and bJ f ulton street, Brooklyn, whose constant aim it has been to ptoJuce su|?erior articles at the lowest possible prices ha introduced hit summer style of Hats consisting of beautiful pearl and drab Castors, trimmed iu the |ieeuhar manner wbich has hitherto given such universal satisfaction,iuaiuiuch Sit prevents 'he perspiration from staining the outside of the at. and at the same tune insures com tort and coolness. REDUCTION IN PRICKS.?Robertson givea notice that he has reduced the price of hit Pearl Hata to $2 36. and hit drab flats to S3; and at the same time prices challenges mano I'adtnreM to produce a belter article even at Si per cent higher WM. ROBERTSON, Jr I. PLUNK KTT. m22 Kit?, LUUK A'l' THIS?Ladies, Oentlemen, Mtasrs and 9 ?a Children, all th t are to want of Boots or Shit-1, pleas. Call at Mf Broadway, where yon will find the largest assortment, and ehea|tesr in this city, wholesale or re tail. N.B.?Imported French Boots, $5. M. CAIIILL. _je9 30l?_r L WALaHk BlOTHEite.Freurh Boot Makers No (fl Ann street, New Vorh. French Calf Boots of the latest Vfa.hion made to order for St JO, usually sold fur $6 and 67 : line French Calf Rom. fca an .,.>-.11.- T>.r...r Leather Boot* $7, usually iold for $1(1. Also. Congress Boots with patent springs. Gentleman's gaiters, mora and slippers constantly on naiid, and made to order at the ahorteat notice Repairing; kc., done in the storr. L WALSH It BROTHERS, myli Nl't No > Ann street. ~~YOU~NCJ~fc JONICS, 4 Aiin~atreet, are selling line French calf boota at $4 M, equal to any aold in thla city lor $6 or $7. Fine French boota at $3 60, usually $3. Beat French intent leather boota $7, equal to thoae uatinllv aolil at $ and $10. A great aaaortment of shoes. gaiters anrt slippera always on hand, and made to order at ahort notice. All So.tda warranted to give satiafaction. Mending, lie. done in le store. Please call and esamine our stock. ill iQt rc VOU NO It J0N F.8, 4 Ann at., near Broadway . NEW FRENCH BOOT ?TORE?The uTeat Paris watyle of French Calf Sewed Boota for $4 SO, equal to those aanally aold for $ and $7; Ane French Boota for $1 SO, city made, equal to thoae naually aold for $S.? Also, Congress Boots, with patent springs; Boota, Shoes. Gaitdrs, ke., constantly oa hand, and made to order in the ahoilcst notice. Mending, kc. done in the store, corner of Fulton and Nassau streets, opposite the Herald office, N Vork. mtW W'|e THE MtiBShtllBKIt would respectfully iuf<>rAs his customers and the public generally, that he has on hand a large assortment of L 'dies', Misses' and Children's colored and black Gaiter Boota, Bnakius. Slippers. Ties, ke.; Gentlemen a and Boy's saved and imaged Boots of erery description, all of which be wtlleell as low as sneh articles can be purchased at say store in the city. N. B.?Ladies'and Uentleiprn's Boots and Shoes made to order in the best maimer at moderate prices. A call is respectKlly solicited. , . JAMES WALKER, jell Mt*r? MLaaal street, comer of Wooeter. E NE" i FRENCH FANCY STRAW MATS, MAN ? g^*i\ufactaied entirely of ailk and itnw, latestf^QN vWityle and faahnn, to be had at IT Diviaion it,H0 attha oat roaaonabLe pricea. mM SOfrc MRS. M. WILSON, Ml Or&nd street, reapectfhlly 0TX\ informs her friend*, and etrugere visiting tha city, WWthatahe haa now on. hand a large and vary haadaoma aaaortment of Spring Millinery, to which aha inritea their attention. Sua. Wilson's atock compriaea an aaaortment of .tha richest and moat laafiionable Hats, auch aa Chip,|Crape, Rice, and 8hirred, with a choice aaaortment of Strnwe, which aba flatten heiaeif can ha aold more reasonable than at any other aataMiahaent in tha city. Country Milfinara will do wall to call before purchasing. Mrs. M. WILSON, Ml Grand at_ . between Allen and Orchard nM. Ten good Milliners wanted at tha above eaubliahmaak eH *m"rr PIANO FORTE, Ac.?A variety of new and second hand Piano Fortes for sale or hire FT A Iff Also, a general aaaortment of Music and Mn A ' sical Instruments, at No, Ml Washington at., near Myrtle Arenas, Brooklyn. MM30i?rc J. WALKER. agMMBB-MHll. JOHN MACF<\KREN, (from fWcHVMREuroiie, papil of Madams Onlchsu,pianist to > t i | II the Qneea of England,) givaa leaaona in Piano ,1 T 1 I a Forte and Sauting on the olio wing terms: Two leaaona weekly at Mra. Maclarreu's residence, UD per quarter; ? *? .hhviwuv., ?*J, IOTU IDHUUI WffftlT U UM |>Upil? 1**1* ileucc $24 per quarter; three lassous do. $30. Mr*. Macfarreu ha* the prkilrt* of referring to Dr. Elliot, Dr. Hodges,George Loder, Esq., H. Meigg*. Esq., and the Rev. Dr. Waiuwnght 91 Green street, near Soring. ie93(li*in r.; _ AHCHY. THE ONLY KEaL CATERER,? /A The Greateat Attraction Vet?26 Bull Finches. with "JBfcfrom three to four tune*. AUo, over 1,000 Ringing tSKC Canaries, juat imported via Bremen, (elected by hi* agent* from the moat celebrated diatrtcts of Europe. Tin* variety for aonga and plumage, will be tound on ioipectiou, to eclipse any Archy ha* been enabled to oiler. N. B.?On ?how the largest Cockatoo in America. Archy take> tliii opimrtuuiiy to apprise bi* friend* at a diatance, in anticipation of thia importation, that they may make early application. P. 8? In conacqnenee of the limits of hia old establishment, No. i John street, be has ranted Bramble Cottage, Bloomingdale, near Bnridiam'* Hotel, lor that branch of hi* husiuesa not couuected with birds, vit: Shetland and Fancy Ponies, King Charles Spaniels, Pointers, kc , and every variety of Fancy Pigeons, Barn Door Fowl*. Itc. As usual,letter* post paid will at alUimes meet with prompt aitentiou from A. GtmF.VE, No. 3 John at. JelKK'r _ ~ ? LU l OF viOi.KING BIRDS? Only bird is worth vm* cage room, and sweeps all kind bird species song away ^ jvdai or night. ^SK. Al every fine collection Long Breed Canary Birds. Also, lot short breed German Birds; fai<cy Cages and need: To he seen at 333 Bowery, between 3d and 4th st. mvM 30frc H. WILLI AM8. ei .. Ull. KELLINUKR'o INFALLIBLE LINI AetlNMENT is warranted to cure sores and nicer* ot eve 1 A uatnrr in a few days. It actslike magic in removiug rheumatism, and all other pains. One or two doses is certain to lelieve bilious cholic, diarrhoea, lie., as it is taken It is perfectly delightful iu its odor and flavor. It is universally acknowledged to be the best family medicine ever offered to the public Price 30 cents per botue. Sold at 330 Pearl street; C. Ring, corner of John and Broadway ^corner of Bowery and Broome; 3d avenue and 10th St.; Jeffries'drag store; Dr. Burrett's Dover, and Chatham, and at the H*rl*m Railroad office. City Hall J3 30t*rc TO RAILROAD CONTRACTORS.?Patersou k Ramapo Railroad?Proposals will be received until the 30th day of June, inst., for the grading, masonry, and bridging that partoi the I'nterson and Ramapo Railroad.extendi?g Irom the north side of the Passaic river to Ramapo, a distance of about fourteen mlos. Maps, piofiles, specifications may be found at the Engineer's office, Paterson, where every necessary information will be given. J. W. ALLEN,Engineer. June 13.1147. j 12 to 29*r_ FUR 8 ALE?Twenty rail road carts and six one horse fiBI wagons, and some two horse wagons, and are constantly SBCmakiug to order, where they cau be had at the shortest notice if not on haud, where all kinds of carta, wagons and harness can be had at the most reasonable terms, by MICHAEL MULL AN E, Wagon Maker, No. 21 and 30 Montgomery st., lersev City. N I ie'< *?? v II ~ i i M SI U N ??BULL'S KERRY, r - fU. wrnST ryr _...i uirvcvajrv?i ?i difiiHIHm ing at Tillou's Dock?Fame One Shilline. The commodious steamboats FRANK, Out. Iaaac Scott, and ROBcKT ANNK'FT, Capt. Frederick Clay lord, will run Daily, until further notice, (touching at Hammon<l and 19th streets, as follows:? Leave N.York Juol Canal tt, Ltavt Fort Lee. Jl. M. P. AT. Jl. M. P M. Monday, at 6, t, 10. .1, 3, 6 Monday, 7W 13. .1 4j? 6 Tuesday. C, 8, 10. .2, 3, 6 Tuesday, 3W7K 12. .1 *\ 6 Wednesday, 6, 8, 10. .2, 3, 6 Wd'sday,3>2 7>i 12..1 i\ 6 Thursday, 6. 8, 10. .2, 3, 6 Th'rsday,3K 7? 12. .1 4V ? Friday, 6. 8, 10. .2, 3, 6 Friday, 3>2 7}J 12.. 1 4X 6 Saturday, 6. 8, 10. .2, 3, 6 Saturday,3>? 7)4 12. .1 67)? Sunday, 7,9, 10. .2, 3, Sunday. 8 11 ..10 6 Persons whoso time maybe so much occupied as to render it incouvenieut for them to leave during business hours, will observe that a boat leaves New York at 6 o'clock every morning, retnruing from Fort Lee at 7X o'clock, thereby affording au opportunity for a pleasant excursion without loss of time. Stages will be in readiuess at Fort Lee to convey passengers to Hackens?ck Sundays excepted. jel9 30t?r <P??. CITIZEN'S NKW DAY LINK OF OPPOSITION BOATS FOR ALBANY MBBBmAND INTERMEDIATE PLACES.?Fare 30 cents?Breakfast and Dinner on Board. The new and elegauf Steamer KOOKK WILLIAMS, Capt A. Degroot, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at half-past six, A. M.. from the pier foot of Robinson street, touching at Hammond street pier. For passage or fiieght, apply on board the Boats, or to Goo Dobsou, at the office, 126 Warren street, comer of West street O" All persons are forbid trusting the above boats on ac eount of the owners. my 19 rh jEg. CONEY ISLAND FERRY.?'The tpleurjfc?lL__Mdid and comtnodions steamboat AMERICAN lelindhfihdas EAGLE, Capt. Power, has taken her place in the above ferry, and will run regularly du'ing the season to Coney Island, lauding ut Fort Hamilton, as follows :?Leaving Canal street at 9>?, I2>? and 3W o'clock; Pier No. 1, North ttiver. at 10, 1 and 4 o clock ; Louey Island at ll,Vf, 2>? and fa o'cloclu. N. B.?No boats save those belonging to the ferry, will be allowed to land at Coney Island, without a written jwrmiuiou from the proprietors. Je26 6t*r MOKN.N UN* AT HCTEN O'CLOCK] im. FOR ALBANY AND TROY and Iutarme-wgUk?^dUte Landings. MHlMii Breakfast and Dinner on board the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TKOY, Captain A. Uorhain, will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barclay street, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seveu o'clock. Returning on the opposite days. For passage or freight, apply an board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. my20 r AFTERNOON LINE, DAILY, FOR NEWBUROH AND FlSfuv.n? f* j> *"'[1 11 ^ Landing at Van Cortland's, (Peelukill.i West HMn Point, Cold Soring and Cornwall. The Steane er Thomas Powell, Cant. 8a ml. Johnson, will leave the pier foot of Warren street, for the above places, every afternoor (Sundays excepted,) at 4 o'clock, commencing April Id. Rooming?will leas'1 Newhnrgh every morning at 7o'clock. N. B.?All Baggage and Freight of every description. Bank Bills or Specie, put on board of this boat, must be at the risk of the owner thereof unless entered on the books of the boat or re c?i|'trd for nsvl3 30t*rr notTUET. sm?. ST ATK.N ISLAND FERRY?On and alter SUNDAY, April l(th, the steamboats JSaBBBBm SYLPH and S'i'ATKN INLANDER will run as follows, until further notice LEAVE STATEI4 ISLAND At 6, 8, 8, II, U, A. M., and I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, T, P. M. LEAVE NEW von* It 3, i, 18, i|, A. M-, and 1, 2, ten minutes past 2, and at 4, 5, I, 7, o'clock, P. M New York April 13th. . *"Lr_ ~ I. mi _ OPI'OsTtION P ASaAOti OFFICE?TO Albanv, Utica, $1 .70; Syracuse. $2; Oswego, 8HMIMHHma83; Rochester, S3 2.7; Buffalo, $2 70; Clrve land, f4 70; Detroit, $7; Milwaukir, $8; Chicago, $8; Cincinnati, SO; Toronto aud Hamilton, $4; Whitehall, 82; Montreal, SI; Pittsburg. St. Office. 100 Barclay strerL Any srcui it> equirrd will be given for the fulfilment of all -tout*arts in idr with this compact'. mil lm*re M. L HAY, Agent, New York, 1847 ? NJEW IRON'STLA.I1SHIP MIKAH sy&ig'#* j ?'? SAN If ?, William C T oinpson, coininau1300 tons register, 800 horse power ? Tile (I <> of titling of the above ship, for the reimider of the current tear, are fixed as fol ow From love-pool?i.VIi .luos, 20 h August, 21st Oc ober. From New Yoik- IStli July, 21st September, 24tli November Har cabins are fitted np with unusual splendor, even for a pickrt ship. Tli- price or pasragr (without wines or liquo'i, which cnii be obtained mi board.) is from Liverpool thirty guineas,and fine guinea steward's fee; and from New York one huudred dollars, imd five dollars tewird's fee. The captain and genu of the vessel will not be acconntabl? for any pa1eel or package, unless a receipt or bill of lading is signed for the same. For freight or passage, applv to je27 tf'C ROBT KF.RMIT. 7f. Month street FRENCH TKANS-A I'L V v'J'it. Si hA v.oHir COMPANY-ROYAL MAIL. ^ f?? 'By the) Cambria, tha Ueumal Agency is informed that the first s.earner, the /Y-ffiJlTTLjmT** UNION, waa to sail oil the KhhJuiie, and is, therefore, rualilrd to sdvertis- her dipariuie from N?w York, for tha 10th of July,unless pieveiited by tome unforteeu circumstances. The price of puatage for the first clsss 8120 " o For freight ir fu'thcr particular., apply ai the office of the Company. It Broadway. Je2fl tffh bOM LI V Mti'tlUL?New Line?Kcgul?r pack KHV * t ?f Bbth July.?"I'lir utw aplendid Uet aailiuR WHblulxl liip ROSCIU8, Captain Aaa Eldridge, will puuitivrly sail aa above, her regular day, For freight or paacage, apply on hoard, at Orleana wharf, foot of W all atreeu or to F.. K. COLUN*. 46 flonrhai The picket ihip 8IUDONS. rapt. K. B. Cnhb. will ?nc card the Hoaeiua, and a ill the SSth ol Augu?t, her regular day je77 UMON LINK OK PACKETS KOH LIVKKt) L--Toeai'let July, the fine new faat tailing parflHflblcl |l|ip AM KB I'". A, I Vm tout burthen. Capt. McCerreo, mm on her tecoiid voyage, will aail punctually aa above her regular day. Hie America liaa elegant accommodation for cabin paaaeugera, and can comfortably accommodate a limited nuinberof aecond cabin pattengrra in atata ronma, (being a part of the cabin,) well vcntdated, and offera great indncementa to peieoua about proceeding to the old country. The ataerage ia in a large airy lionae on deck, and altogether the America preaenta advantaaea for paa<iengera aeldom mat with. Price of Carnage will be low?to eernrvt artha. early application ahonld e made on board at Pier No. 4. North Kiver, or to j?27 w. Jt(.J. T. TAP8COTT, 86 South ntrrtt. gjaK NOTfct? htekut. ahip R08CIU8, Vom LiverbXY^Wpool, ia now discharging under general order. Con will please attend to the receipt of their e.,oda iiuuedialely. All goads not permitted will poaitively be rent to the public ttore. Jel7 SPORT I NO" INT ELLIOENCR.-A SLOOP iHVElltCK, to come off on the Jth day of July, free for MHMwall aloopa wearing their own jib and mainsail, withnt ri,Urging. Entrance money fifty dollare? three or more to make a race?to atart from the Hammond afreet pier, at 10 o'clock, A. M.. to and arouud a etake boat atatinned oppoaite Tarry town, and back to the place of aUrtiac, the boat back Brat to have the money. N.B. All eulrieato be made on or before the Brat day of July. For pellicular.. inquire of R VRRBRVCKE J"1 lw*re corner We?t and Hammeud at recta. AdgF TO OWNEH8 AND MASTERS Of VK8|HK SELS?Helmet It Springer's Patent Steering Wheel JHBHb "The ettention of ahip maateraand owner, ia called to tn.a improvement in the atrenng gear of rcaaela, which ao completely obviatea all the difficultiea heretofore itrieiiig in the ordinary way of applying the ateenng wheel. A model .1 W YO VEW YORK, MONDAY M The Famous Kit Carson, of the West. [From the Washington I'nion.) This singular man left Washington this morning. In company with Mrs. Fremont, for the west. On entering the war office yesterday, we were asked," Hare you soen Kit Carson? lie has this moment left my room; and a I singular anil strlklnv man lia U< Mmlnt u ha ? hanan wltB the fire of enterprise La his eye?with the bearing of an Indian, walking e?en with hie toe* turned in?1 wish you could hare Men him." We were ?o unfortunate ai to miss him. though our curiosity woe greatly excited; but, in the course of two hour*, a gentleman who had Keen much of Carson, waited upon us and politely furnished us with the following description of this singular man. The portrait is admirably drawn, and it gives us great pleasure to lay it before our readers. It is the charaoter af one of thoM bold and enterprtzlng spirits of the west, whom the peculiar influences of the frontier settlements?between the white man and the red man? are so well calculated to produce. Carson, however, is a master spirit, whose habits we like to understand, and whose adventures we delight to hear. Kit Carson, within a few years, has become quite familiar to the public, mainly through his connection wit-1 the expeditions of Fremont, one of the best of those noble and original characters that have from time to time sprung up on and beyond our frontier, retreating with it to the west, and drawing from association with uncultivated nature, not the rudeness and sensualism of the savage, but genuine simplicity and truthfulness of disposition, and generosity, bravery, and single-heartedness to a degree rarely found in society. Although Kit has only become known to the reading people of "the States" and of Kurope through Fremont's reports, he was long ago fumous In a world as extended, if not as populous; famous tor excelling in all the qualities that lite in the trackless and vast west re quires and develops. He has been celebrated (though now aged only about 37 years) as a hunter, trapper, guide or pilot of the prairies, and Indian tighter, uniting to the necessary characteristics of that adventurous and sturdy olass, a kindness of heart and gentleness of manner that relieves it of any possible bsrsbness or asperity. He is now in " tbe h tut eg," having recently arrived with despatches from California; and I have taken tho opportunity to extract from him a few incidents ot bis eventful life. He is worthy of an honorable aud more extended memoir; aud wera his adventures fully written out, they would possess an interest equal to any personal narrative whatever. Christopher Carson was born in Kentucky, in the year 1810, or 1811, his father having been one of the early settlers, and also a noted hunter and Indian tighter In tbe year following Kit's birth, the family removed, for the sake of more elbow-room than the advancing population of Kentuoky left them, to the territory of .Viiegouri ? On this frontier, bred to border life, Kit remained to the age of fifteen when he joined a trading party to Sauta rw, m mis wan uip lunuuuctiuu iii tllUBU TOffb pialDB IDU ftrntch beyond the State of Missouri. Inetead of returning home. Kit found bis way, by various adventures, south, through New Mexico, to the copper-mines of Chihuahua, where he was employed some months as a teamster. When about seventeen years old, he made his first expedition as a trapper. This was with a party which had beeu induoed by favorable accounts of fresh trapping grounds on the Rio Colorado of California, to an adventure thither; so that Kit's first exploits were in the same remote and romantic region where, during thelast year, he and all his ceinrades, with their commander, have earned imperishable honor. The enterprise was successful, and Kit relates many interesting anecdotes of the hardships of the wilderness, and of tho encounters of his parly with the Indians. Tnu Mexioan authorities and settlers in California were even at that time jealous of tho Americana, ana threatened to seise even this inoffensive and roving party of beaver- catchers. They made good their return, however, to Taos, in New Mexico; wheuce, soon after. Kit joined a trapping party to the head-waters of the Arkansas, (likewise a region embraced. since tho last published expedition, in the surveys of Col. Fremont) Without recrossing thepralrleY Kit went northward to the region of the Rocky mountains that gives rise to the Missouri and Columbia rivers, and there remained near eight years, engaged in the then important occupation of trapping. The great demand for the beaver, and the consequent high prices at that time paid fbr the peltries, gave an additional stimulus to the adventurous spirit of the young men of the west, and drew nearly all who preferred the excitements and hazards of life in the wilderness to quieter pursuits, into the recesses ot the Rocky Mountains. Here a peculiar class was formed: tho elements, the sturdy, enterprising, aud uncurbed character of the frontier; the circumstances that influenced and formed it, nature in her wildest, roughest, and grandest aspects?savairas, both as associates and foes, of every cast, from the wretched Root- diggers' to the vindictive Blaclifeet and the conra Bbuub >nu waruae lhiwh?ana a vocation 01 constant labor, privation, and peril in every shape, yet of gains of a nature and dvgree to give it somewhat of the cbaracteris.icsof gambling* The decrease of the beaver before a pursuit of the poor animal so ruthless as was thus stimulated, and the substitution of other commodities for the beaver fur. have left trapping scarcely worth fol lowing as a voeatiou; and the race of trappers has nearly disappeared from the mountain gorges, where tbey built tbelr rude lodges, wbere they set their traps for the wily beaver, and where were their frequent combats with the savages, and with wild beasts not less formidable. In the school of men thus formed by liurdship, exposure, peril, and temptation, our hero acquired all their virtues and escaped their vices. He became noted through the extent of the trapping grounds, and on both sides of the Rocky mountains, as a successful trapper, an unfailing shot, an unerring guide, and for bravery, sagacity. and steadiness in all circumstances. He was chosen to lead iu almost all enterprises of unusual danger, and In all attaoks on the Indians. At one time, with a party of twelve, he tracked a band of near sixty Crows, who bad stolen some of the horses belonging to the trappers, cut loose the animals, whioh were tied within ten feet of the strong fort of logs In which the Indians had taken shelter, attacked them, and nude good his retreat with the recovered horses; un Indian of another tribe, who was with the trappers, bringing away a Crow scalp as a trophy. In one combat with the Blackfoet, Carson received a rltte ball In bis left shoulder, breaking it have this, he has escaped the manifold dangers to which be has been exposed, without serious bodily injury. Of course, in so turbulent and unrestrained a life, there were not uufrequent personal reuconters among the trappers themselves, nor cnuld the most peaceablytl Is poses always avoid them. These were most frequent and savage at the periods when Lhe trappers weut in to the ' rendezvous,'' as were called the points where the compauies kept their establishments for receiving the peltries and supplying the trappers. Here a few days of indulgence were commonly allowed himself by the trapper, and there was muuh drinking and gambling, and consequently lighting. Keuds growing out of national feelings, would also naturally enough sometimes occur among the trappers?there being Canadians and Mexicans as well as the Americans; all having pride of race and country. On one occasion, a Frenchman. who ranked as a bully, had whipped a good many Cauauians, and then begun to insult the Americans, saying they were only worth being whipped with switches. At this Carson flred up aud said, "He was the most trilling one among the Americans, and to begin with him." After some little more talk, each went off and armed himself?Carson with a pistol, the Frenchman with a rifle?and both mounted for the light. Riding up until their horses' heads touched, tin y lired almost at lhe same instant. Carson a little the quickest, and, bis bail passing through the Frenchman's hand, made him jerk up his guu. and sent the ball which was lutended lor i arson s heart grazing by bis n-ti rye and singeing bis hair Tbis is the only serious peisou?l quamlol Carson's life, as be is, like most very brave men. of a peaceable and gentle temper (Joi. Fremont owed tn* good fortune in procuring Carson's seme**. to an accidental meeting on h steamboat above St. Louis ? neither having ever before heard of tin ther It was at the commencement of Fremont'* tirst expedition < arson coutlnued with it until, in it* return. it ifnd mcrofrnl tbo mountain* Hi* courage fidelity. Hint excellent ehnreei. r. *o tar conuiliatud llir good will ol the couiinander in his second < <petition he gladly availed himself again of Kit'* service*, on meeting with bun a* he obanceti to do.on the confine* ot New Mexico. Kit again left the party after it* arrival tht* ride of the mountain*?not. however, until Fremont bad obtained a prntni*e from hint to loin the third expedition. In ca*e one nhould be orgauixed. Some Incident* wlU be iutereiting, connected with this latter expedition, which waa Interrupted in it* purely scientific character, by the treachery of the Mexican chief (Castro) compelling Fremont to change hi* peaceful employment, and which, owing to the continuance of the war with Mexico, 1* uot yet completed. In the Interim between Fremont'* second and third expedition*, < arson had settled himself near Taos, and had begun to farm, preparing to lead a i|uiet life, when he re< etved a note from Fremont, written at Bent'* Fort, reminding him ef hi* promt**, and telling blm be would wait there for him On thl* occasion Carson showed his strong friend-hip for hi* old commander, and the generous and unselfish nature of hi* feeling*. In four day* from receiving the note, Car*on had joined the party, having sold house and farm for len thau half the sum he had Just expended upon it. and put his family under the protection of his friend, the late Gov. Bout, until he should return from a certainly long and dangerous Journey This protection, unfortunately, was taken from them, in the late massacre at Taos, when Carson'* brother-in-law was also one of the victim* to the fury of the Mexican* against all oonnectod with the Americans. Mr*. Carson saved her life by tight, leaving them to rob the houso of everything. Kendall, and all other* who have written of their adventure* in New Mexico, ascribe the highest character to%e women of that country for modesty, generosity, qulelc sympathy, and all feminine virtue* To thl* amiable clan* belongs the wife of Car*on, who ha* paid *o dearly for her affection lor him. The route of the third expedition led the party to the southern and western side of the Great Halt Lake?a region entirely unexplored, and filled, according tothe superstition* and tales current among the Indian* and the trapper* or the mountain*, with all Imaginable horror*. A ra*t deoert, void of vegetation and fresh wat< r, abounding la quicksands and In brackish pool* and rivers, with only subterranean outlet* Thi* *u the reputed character of the country, justifying at least tb* appreheu*lon of lack of those Indispensable* to the voyageur of the wilderness?water and graM. In truth, the itoutbern tiorder of the lake wu found to lie skirted with a salt plain of about sixty mile* in width. Over this, a* elsewhere, ( arson, In his oapacity of scout, was alway* with the advance party, to search for water and convenient places for oamp? the usual signal of the prairies, a lire, serving, by It* column of smoke, to point out where the advance were halting. The neighbor hood of the Rio Colorado and the Sierra Nevada of California Is Infested with Indian tribes of Hlppophagl,or Horse-Katers,(a# they may well be callod.) who keep the northern parts of California in alarm, l>y sweeping down Into the settlements, and carrying off [ horses and mules, which they use for food. With these RK H [ORNING, JUNE 28, 1847 npi the expedition had itnrtl ikirmUbM; but, i owing to the perpetual vigilance which wu exercised, t neltbar man nor animal* fell into the hand* of the savage* Whan Framont'* party, in May, 1646, (not knowing of J the existence of tho war with Mexioo), retired from Ca- *j lilornia. they proceeded north a* far as the Tlamath u lake, in Oregon, proposing to explore a new route Into i the WiUbameth valley. , A oourier having overtaken Col. Fremont there, tosay i that Mr. Gillespie and five men were endeavoring to i overtake btm, be took ten men and returned sixty miles with the courier; making all haste, In order to reaoh them before night, and prevent any attack which the Indians might be tempted to make on a small party.? These Tlamath Indians, by nature brave and warlike, have now a new source of power in the iron arrow-heads ] and axes furnished them by the British posts in that ' country. Their arrows can only be extracted from the a flesh bv the knife, as they are barbed, and of course are 1 not to be drawn out. The events of that night and the \ days following illustrate so fully the nightly dangers of ( an Indian oountrv, and the' treacherous nature of sav- i ages, that I will give them, and in Carson's own words:? i ' Mr. Gillespie had brought the colonel letters from , home?the first he had had since leaving the States the i year before?and he was up, and kept a large fire burning < until after midnight; the rest of us were tired out, and \ all went to sleep. This was the only night in all our \ travels, exeept the one night on the Island in the Salt , Lake, that we failed to keep guard; and as the men were j so tired, und wu expected no attack now that we had sixteen iu party, thu colonel didn't like to ask it of them, but sat up late himself. Owens and I were sleeping together, and wu were waked at the same time by the licks of the axe that killed our men. At first, I didn't know it was that; but I called to Basil, who was that side ? ' What's the matter there ?? what's that fuss about f'? He never auswered, for he was dead then, poor fellow; and he never knew what killed him?his head had been eut in, In his sleep; the other groaued.a little as be died. The Delaware* (we bad four with us) wuro sleoping at Miat flro, and they sprang up as the Tlamatlu charged them. One of theui caught up a guo, which was unloaded; but, although he could do no execution, he kept them at bay. fighting like a soldier and didn't give up until be was shot full of arrows?three euteriug bis heart: he died bravely. As soon as I bad called out. 1 saw it was Indian* in the camp, und I aud Owen* together cried out' Indians .' '1 here were no orders given; things went on too fas', aud the colonel had meu with him that didn't need to be told their duty The colonel and I, Maxwell, Owen*. (Jodey. and Slepp. jumped together, we *ix. and ran to the assistance of our Delaware*. I don't kuow who tired aud who uidn't; but I ' think it was Slepp 8 shut that killed the i lamath chief; for it was at the crack of Htepp's gun that ue fell He had an Eng.isb half ax- slu> g tobi> wrist by a cord, and there were forty arrows lett in his quiver?the most beautiful aud warlike arrows I ever saw He must have been the bravest man among them, from the way be was armed. und judging, by hi* cap When the Tluinath* saw him fall, they ran; but we lay, every man with hi* rifle cocked, until daylight, expecting another attack. ! " In the morning, we lound by the traoka that from fifteen to iweuty of the Tlamatlis had attacked us. They had killed three of our men, and wounded one of the Dtlawaree, who scalped the chief, whom we left whore he fell. Our dead men we carried on mules; but, after going about ten miles, we found it impossible to get them any farther through the thick timber; und, finding a secret place, we burled them under luge and chunks, having no way to dig agrave. It was only a few days before thin fight that some of these same Indians bad come into our camp; and, although we bad only meat for two days, and fell sure that we should have to eat mules forteuorflfteen days to come, the colonel divided with them, and uvcn had a mule unpaoked to give them some tobacco and knives." The party then retraced its way Into California; and, two days after this rencontre, they met a large village of Tlamaths?more than a hundred warriors. Carson was ahead with ten men, but one of them having been discovered. he could not follow his orders, which were to send back word and let Kramout come up with the rest In case they found Indians. But as they had been seen, it only remained to charge the village; which they did, killing many, and putting to flight the rest. The women and ehildren, Carson says, " we dld'nt interfere with;'' but they burnt the village, together with their canoes and fishing-nets. In a subsequent encounter, the same day, Carson's life was imminently exposed. As they galloped up, he was rather in advance, when he observed an ludian fixing his arrow to let fly at him. Carson levelled his rifle, but It snapped; and In an instant the arrow would have plereed him, had not Fremont, seeing the danger, dashed his horse on the Indian, and knocked him down. "1 owe my life to them two,'' says Carson? " the Colonel and Sacramento saved me." Sacramento is a noble Californiau horse whioh Ci ptain Sutter gave to Colonel Fremont in 1044. and which has twice made the dlslanee between Kentucky and his native valley, where he earned his namo by swimming the river after which he is called, at the close of a long day's journey. Notwithstanding all his hardships, (for he has travelled every where with his master,) he Is still the favorite horse of Col Fremont. The hostile and Insulting course of Castro drew Fremont into retaliatory measures; and. aided by the American settlers, lie pursued the Mexicans for some time; but, being unable to make them stand and fight, (they always flying before him,) the flag of lndependenre waa raised at Bonoma on the 5th of July, 184(1. I.earning soou after of the existence of the war, the American flag was promptly substituted, and the party proceeded to Monterey, where they found the fleet under Com Bloat already in possession. Castro, with his forces, had re | irrmeu uejure rreiuout; aou. iu prevent tneir escape Into Sonora. Col. Kreuiont. with u hundred and sixty men. were ottered the sloop-of-war " Cyane"' to carry them down to Han Diego and facilitate the pursuit, ah he hoped by that means to intercept Castro at Pueblo de ion Angeles. Then Canon, for the tint time, saw the blue ocean, and the great vessels that, like whltewlnged birds, spread their sails above its waters. The vast prairies, whose immense green surface has been aptly likened to the sea, together with all objects ever seen upon It, were familiar to him; but it proved no preparation for actual salt water, und the pride aud strength of the backwoodsmen were soon humbled by the customary tribute to Neptune. The forces wero landed, and raised the (lag at Han Diego, aud then they procooded jointly to the capital, (Ciudad de lus Angeles) where, although front the detention at sea, Castro hud escaped, American authority was also established h'mm this point, on the 1st of Hepteuibcr, 184t?, Carson, with iiftacn men, was despatched by Kremont with an uccount of the progress und state of alTulrs in that distant conquest, (arson was to have made the journey from i'uchla to Washington city and buck, in HO days He pushed ahead accordingly, not stopping even lor !;aute, but eubslstiug on his mules, of which they made bod as the animals broke down in the rapidity of the journey, lie bad crossed the wilderness, as he expected, in 30 duys, when, meetiug with (letf. Kearny's company within a few days of Hanla Ke, be was turned back by that officer, to whoso orders he believed himself subject, and with infinite reluctance resigned his despatches to unothor, and returned to guide Kearny's command Into California. (Jen. Keurny entered California without molestatiou, until the tight of Kan I'asiiual, an official account of which bus been published, io the charge made upon the Mexicans, Carson, as usual, was among the foremost, when, as be approached within bullet range of the enemy, who were drawn !)> in order of bitlle. his horse stumbled aud fell, pitching him over bis head, and breaking bis rifle in twain seizing his knife, he advanced nU foot, until be louml a kilinil nininxiii ritle he look. ?' ll WU- preesing mi. wbeu III Ulel IJje mounted iuku returning l'roni lite cnarge, the Mexicans having galloped oil At lite instance of 1 arson, tbe American party then took possession ol a small r 'cky hill, near lite scone of lite bailie. us the strongest pomllou in taach. Not being lu ? situation logo lorwuid th-y encamped here, ami (lie eiteuty eo. noting in loioe. th'-y r< in unci iu a iltate of sclge there *n? little of either giass or water, uu the It II. a> d sn,.u both a.ini.ils ind men bewail to Miller The w?y w.?s mi thickly beret with tlie e.iemy tlmi tbe commander doulitrd the propriety of attempting to cut a pus-age ibrougu, when, after four day'a seigc. hereon aud l'ae rd otdehlputan Beale.ut the navy, (who liad been rent to ntevl Kearny, with some thiity men. tut a couipl ni-ntary eeeort to Hau Diego.) volunteer,d to go to Captain Stockton, at that place, and bring a reinforcement. Title daring enterprise these intrepid and resolute young men, accompanied by a Delaware Indian.who was attached as a spy to General Kearny's command, sueoessfully accomplished, but not without extreme suffering and peril. '1 he distance between the oauip and Han Diego was but thirty lulles; but. as they had to make long detours, they travelled nearer fifty They lelt the eamp In the night of the Olh of December, crawling in a horizontal poritlou through i he enemy a hues. Their shoes made some noise, for which cause they took them off. and during the night unfortunately lost them. Lying by all day to amid the eutmy. they succeeded by tbe eod ol the second night In reaching their destination, and procuring tbe ueuessary reinforcement Their feet aud llesu torn and bleeding from the rocks and thorny shrubs, haggard from hunger, thirst, anxiety, aud sleeplessness. they were again nevertheless, in lull performance of duty at tbe battles of the nth and Uth of January. When Fremont, after meeting with aud accepting the surreuder of the Mexican forces, reached Los Angeles, Carson immediately returned to his command, and in the eusuing month was again selected to cross the desert, the wilderness, the mountains, and the prairies, to bring news of those Tar off operations of its agents to tbs government in Washington Leaving the frontier settlements of California, on tbe U6th of February, ( arson arrived in 8t. I.ouis. about the middle of Mnv? milking the journey, notwithstanding the inclemency of th? season, and an unavoidable detention of too days at Sun In Ke, In a shorter time I ban It waa enr before accomplished. Th? unsettled state of the country?the 1 war with Mexico, inciting tba oarage tribes to unusual license and during--addad much to tba inevitable i hazards and privation* of tba Journey, rendering the | uinat unceasing vlgilaune neceaaary night and day: i while the apaed with which the parly travelled debarred 1 them from the usual resource of travalleia In uuinbablt- I ad regioua, and they were fain to resort to the unsavory I subsistence of those lltppophagl of the Hlerra Nevada; I only converting the poor beasts to food, however, when they were travel-worn and exhausted ? Kortunateiy the journey waa made in its extant with- | out serious mishap, and Carson, with Lieutenl Deals, < his comrade, in the night march to Dan Oiego, and Lieu- i tenant Talbot, the young gentleman who lad the gallant t retreat of the little party of ten through the enemy's r midst, a distance of three hundred miles from Saute c Barbara to Monterey, are all now In Washington I *< Wince Carson's arrival, solely through tba appreciation t by the President of his merit and services, he has re- n cetved a commission of lieutenant In thn rifle regiment r of which Mr. Kremont la the lieutenant oolonel Tba h appointment waa unsolicited and unexpected?the ang- n geetion entirely of the President's own recognition of d the dsaarta of this man of the prairies?a fact that is e; wmmmmmamammmaasegaamassai ERA I i ~ mi aost honorable to the Executive. and make* the favor po be more gratifying to the friend* of Carson Six duller* wa* the price pai.l to the trapper, at that time, fui or a beaver akin: and a food backwoodaman would secure jjjj rom four to aereu beavert of a night; *0 that, notwithatanding I he rzorbitaut chareea of the rompaoiee f<>r ererv necessary >r luxury furuiahed to the traptiera, (for example, twenty dol- . ara for a blauket, two dollars for a tin cup full of brown ait- eel ar, and the same for the aame rneaaure of coffee,) the trap- pel icrawere .still lucited by the frequent receipt of auch auma aa thi tare additional and faacinatloa to the purauit. pal lot Military Academy at West Point. [from the Washington Union, June 94.] fa We hare the ple**ur* of laying before our reader* the 1 eport made to the War Department by the Board of 9u Clatter* which aaaembled at West Point on the 7th in*t.. the md adjourned on the 18th. Thi* txyotc wiU be partion- tha arly acceptable to the country at a time when a itate of 1 ear ha* brought into public notfoe so many of tha iUvtt anl >f thin inatitution, who hare fought thsmselvee into fa- th? ror and diitlnction. Every one 1* now curious to under- ent itand better the character of the academy, the course Th }f it* instruction, and the improvements of whioh It is tlo lUHceptible. Of all the branches of the military art thi ehich are cultivated at West Point, there is none more *oi itriking than the corps of flying artillery, which an in- I* i telligent observer saw exhibited there during the late 11*1 examination, and which excitod hi* warmest admiration rot for the promptness and precision of their evolutions, tlo REPORT OK THE HOARD OK VISITERS. Unitku Statxs Militahy Acauxmv, ) |_, West Point, NY, June 18, 1847 \ Si* : The undersigned, a Board of Visiters invited to attend the annual examination of the oadets of the Military Academy, met at thi* place on Monday the 7tb instant, and haying organised, proceeded to tho discharge u, of the duties assigned to them in their letters of invita- , tion, and the act of Congress of the 8th August. 1846 , ' By this act, It Is the duty of the Board to atteud the ex- r . aminatiou of th* Military Academy, and " to report to the Socretary of War, for the information of Congress at rf the commencement of the next succeeding session, the J actual state of the discipline. Instruction, police, administration fiscal affairs, and other oonceras of the instltu tion." Avoiding, therefore, any expression of opinion** * to the propriety or impropriety of the original establish- l)Q ment or continuance of the institution?points upon t which there may not be emire unanimity?the Board m have couAued their report to such subjects only as are epecitlcally aubuiiited to them by the law under which n they have been oouvened They have also, for the eatoe g remum. felt bound to abstain from many recommeuda- lh tione which might otherwise seem appropriate. , That the Secretary of War may be fully iuformed of J the action of the b>>ard. they refer hint to the accompanying copy of their proceedings From this it will be , perceived, that no pains were spared in their efforts to possess themselves of all the Information which could be ,al obtained at the academy. It is due to the superinten- ^ dent, officers, and professors, to say that they afforded nr every facility lu aid of the Investigation* of the Board. of This will appear from the accompanying series of com- = muuications marked from A to O, inclusive. In order jjai to make a more minute examination luto the varioua subjects to which attention was directed by the act of a Congress already cited, it will be seen thut appropriate = committees were appointed, whose several reports, as _1# adopted by the Board, constitute the body of the general | report now submitted. It is also proper to remark, that d most of the facts detailed upon the reepectlve subjects presented, fell under the actual observation of overy jj, member of the Board; a circumstance which enabled the members the more cordially to concur In the general c( features of the main report. This they now proceed to ^ submit, under the several heads of '"the discipline," in- ,, struotion," " police, administration, and fiscal affairs,'' together with additional general remarks. k OK THE DISCIPLINE. rt The Board have carefully examined Into the inannur tl In whloh the regulations are executed, and discipline U and subordination maintained. The government of so . tl large a number of young men as are embodied here, Is necessarily difficult, aud complete subordination not b easily attained; but the means adopted for maintaining p the dueobservano* of the prescribed regulations of the * Academy, seem to be well devised and discreetly di- c rected. 1 The system of discipline In force is that established In a 1819, with occasional amendments. The Board is una- j hie to specify in what respects. If any, these regulations may be defective, because long observation in the prar- ( tical operation of rules, can ulunn warrant a judgment of n their value. But an experience of nearly ten years must ti have furnished to those who are charged with the super- h visiou of the institution, material for confirming or cor- a reeling the details of the system, and, if any revision be ! u iMiTiMum, nicy win u? uesi. auiu 10 ueieriiuno. It is uo- n derstood that such a revision is contemplated. tl Much, after all, muat depend upon tbe intelligence and juatioe of the oflloera to whom the diacipliue of the Acad- of emy la confided. Theae are, the auperlntendent and the 1 h commandant of cadeta; and it gives ua pleaauru to say tii that, ao far aa we are cap tLlu of judging, the beat diapo- at pitions and tlie moat intelligent attention, in the dia- is charge of their reapectlre functioua, tuay be justly fie awarded to them. It accma to lie borne in mind by the |>a officers connect ed with the Academy, that, although due subordination and diaclplino are imperiouaiy necessary ti< to the moral good and military improvement of tbe ca- in dets, they are yet aasoelatea in service. Discipline is It thus tempered with respect, and the rigidity of authority tc moderated by the sympathy of class. fi, on INSTRUCTION. o The system of instruction now pursued at the Acade- j my, Is the result of exi>*rieure, aided by the increasing ol light of science, and a knowledge of the wauts. as well as ci of the resources of the country. * The Board are satisfied that the character of the in- a struction imparted to the cadets, rightfully accords with A the design and objects of the Academy. The professors seem to have labored with ability and success, and to have infused their own zeal into the breasts of their pu- 1 p pils. The examination was at times carried on by the pro- fc fessors, or their assistants, and at times takon under the control of the Board itself. In some instances the pro- } fessors announced the i|Uestion, and the Board selected : p the individual cadet who should solve it; and, in some instances, a >|uestiou proposed to one cadet was, by di- I ruction of the Board, given to aiintl fur y,.iiiiln? Question*, also. of important practical bearing, and re- t< lating to nul(ioctn not recently reviewed. w< ru freely pro- ni posed, and, in most lui-tnncn*, readily answered. Intact t< every variety nf method was put into operation, to tunt di the fidelity "I the teachers and the ability and acquire- hi incnl* of the punils. The different branches of knowledge to which the men- tt tal energy of the cadet is directed during tils term at the ! at Military Academy, may be classed under some one of the of three following heads: 1st. military instruction; id, tu mathematical and scientific instrnetiou; 3d, moral set- uu Chen, literature, tic. ba lit. Milltaiy Instruct ion. ?After a close attendance su oil the examinations, and witnessing the inameuvre* of all the cadets in the Held, as a battalion of infant ry, as a to corps of cavalry, as a company of light artillery, as well dj as In other military exercises, the Doard cannot refrain in from saying that the kuowledge acquired by the cauets. both theoretically and practically of this branch of their Ci education, far surpassed expectation, (treat rare ap- to penis to have been taken to make this part of the course in thoroughly scientific , and lu all cases, where the means are pes*, seed practical skill seeuis to have kepi even ol pace wi' h leh nee. J,I 'I Inie are however, seme branch s of uoiiU >s i nee. u the lliemy "f anion seems 'o be both ?,li la igtu and ?n Web uuomsin. J. in v. biOn ib Cadet uas f w ,f any op- ci portuuith s of acquiring piactleal skill I he If,.aid may u ci Lu military engineer, og as an iosiauce let f ibe cadet b ? ll iiis.iucted in the rub * of engineering and have a pr qui itgard for li s profession, be mil afier ins ni eiMlliectbill iv,til Lne vOaUeni) has ceased P-.nJll, hc- a (juire tl,e pi- c'l-.d ips-lleatl. u of his cieiililtc.ilta.b- 01 Ultll'S 11 I b?rf in out* c.?m? ni wb oh it mi^bt be w? il to 11??11?ir?-* whelh<r the lura.,* fur s< cuiiux piaclieal aimwl dge "> ungbt liOL lie a iv lilitgHOUBiy increased 1 he hiiuiIm r of ll horSi s at Hie p *? Is suia.l and do. s f. of a full-liarueiwed battery, nor of one enlii e c<iiilpany of cavalry This U obviously a defect. The room appro- ti prlatud as a riding-school is both inconvenient and dsn- d gvrous. Iieing of au improper shape, and ibe area, used for eifultatioo. being too iiiuuh broken up by column* ti supporting the building A house constructed specially ll for practising the art of horsemanship, now Considered ti indispensable to the well-educated oUloer, would ooulrt- it bute much to thH advantage of the cadets. it J Muthiinaticat unit icttnttjic. inslrto tinn?The ex- . di amination of the nadets was spread over a wide field of ' * mathematical and philosophical scleuce, theoretical and j A practical ra There were, nf course, differences in the acquirement* in of the different members of the same class ; wnichdilter- in ence, the Hoard believe, may be attributed, not only to I an difference of native talent, and to differing degree* ot ap- I wl plication, lint to a difference in early education. A want I iui ot proper preparation before entering upon the studies of , thii Academy, uilint be fi ll by tin* cadet iIiii nig III.' whole i m enure* Tbf ItiMi il believe Hint <1 n?* allowance xliould j *u bo made, in thin mpnet, in eetimatlng the comparative . be etandiug of an entire cla**. a* "II a* of tbo individual* rlc of a cla** r? The cour*?of*tudy 1* quit* externi?*, and no xtudcnt can attain to full ?ucec*? iu the mastery of It, but by **Tore and ronxtaiil effort Nuchnppear* to have boon put forth by tho majority of tho cadnt*. Tbo capability of the toucher ?how* Itnelf In tho ronditlon of the leu* talented, rather than in the acquirement* of the greater intellect. The latter need but little aid?I he former rauet bo guided and encouraged and it ia in euch Inetancea. among the cadet*, that the ildelity and iklll of the academic board ie mort couapicuoue Whether r|ueatloned In or out of tho direct range of thoir immediate etudiee, the cadet* mi*tained theiii*olr?* with ability Taking a retro?poct, then, of their appearance in tho 1 leveral department* of learning In which they were ? preeented for examination, the Hoard are happy in ladiig ible to utate that they are eatletlod that the eereral ^ j rain-he* of nclence preecrlbed in the academic couree mJl( Hare been faithfully ntudled. and ekillully taught, mid cl. :tiat the Academy hae well *n*tained tlie high repnta- day .Ion which hae alway* been conceded to it. to* lid. Mural ecience, literature. go ?Under thle liead ""o ire included the more common *tudle* of grammar, ct" reography, logic, rlietorin. ineral phlloeophy, ami kin- y'S Ireu branebe* Were It coneietent with the otber and g, 'arled pureuit* of tlie Academy. It would be well, If t? 7 he*e were added ajudiclouely abridged eyatem nt the atai ulea of eridence in relation to court* martial. Yet It i* iianlfeat that no much time ie neeeeaary to make eound " cholar*. In all that pertain* to tho apecial dull** of mili- rip arylife. that many branch**. In what may be denoml- A aled the literary department of the Academy, cannot ecelre a proportionate degree of attention I oneiderig the atate of nre|>aratton In which many of tha new 1 adeta are found. thla I* to be regretted But the Board d,# 0 not attempt to preacrlbe for thta defect in rlew of kitting clrvumataneea, and lvarc tho autyeot by cow 1 A ' " TV ' -i _LP ~ ' -* '" Two Cnatn* ending It t o the stientiou or thwe ehe~bt^ met to pr#Ti(l? * rtmady. U*T PO LIC> . rh? eubjeet of polieeendedmlnUtrati.m bu bean u Jy considered In former report*. that bat little reline to be remarked upon it by your Board. In aooordanoe with the existing rules and reenlatkma the institution, great cere is taken to avoid all the 1 influence* of Improper as Rociatlon*. No cadet la rmitted to visit the hotel, or elsewhere, or to receive ?visits of strangers, without permission from the ra -intendent or oommandant, and, during the hours sited to study, none arts permitted to intrude upen im Ureat care is taken to protect their morals and ird their health. The use o f all intoxicating drinks itrictly prohibited. ^he chapel of the institution is open for the cadets on nday. They are required to attend its services, and > ministrations of religion are regularly conducted by iir chaplain. The medical faculty consists Of a surgeon and assist L surgeon. The hospital arrangements are good, and ward* clean and Weil ventilated ; but the building Is Irely destitute or the requisite supply of wster. ero aru *ix room* amronriated to the aacnmmode d of the tick; in each of which provision if mad* for ' lodging of two patients. The uaual number of paris at the post entitled to admission Into tha hospital, about '140. There is no hospital provided for tha en.ed soldiers and rispfeytet of the post, BOV if there >m in the hospital building for tbelr aecommodan. i'lie Board subjoin a report prepared by the surgeon the post, at their instance, which exhibits an interest[ view of the inedical statistics of West Point, for a riod of ten years preoedlng this date. This table, th the remarks accompanying it, is marked E. or THK FISCAL AFFAIRS. rhe next subject that demanded the attention of the tard was that of "fiscal affairs." fhe whole amount appropriated by the act of 8th of igust, 1840. for the support of the Military Academy ' the year ending on the 30lh of June. 1847. is one boned and twenty-oue thousand nine hundred and sevensix dollars. Of this sum. eighty-six thousand nine indred and seventy-six dollars nave been expended der the direction of the Paymaster General of the my of the L ulled states, and the vuuohers are supRed to be in the possession of that offleer, as we learn, enquiry, that they are not kept at any of the offices the Academy. The items of appropriation wbieh ike up this sum are?1st, seveuty-six tboueaid nine indred dollars, for pay of officers, instructors, cadets, d musicians; i'd. five thousand two hundred and fifty[ dollars, for commutation of aubeialenoe ; Sd. two uusaud four hundred duitars.lor commutation 01 forage 'officers'horses; ami 4th. four hundred and twenty liars, lor clothing for officer*' servants rwrnly thousand dollar* appropriated for repair* and provements. fuel and apparatus, lorag* for public rata and oxen, statiouery. printing, and other lncldenand contingent expeuaea, were received by, and bare an expend) d under the direction of, Capt. Hoary ewerton. superintendent of the academy, and Oaptaln engineers. In addition to thio sum there remained the hands of the superintendent, at tbo oluoa of the cal year, (June 30) 1846, $VS47 52, and ha ha* reived from other source* $608 70?malting au aggrote available fund in his hands, for the fiscal year dlug June 30. 1847, of $26,850 31; of which he had id out on the lOtu 1 us taut, $22,600 04?leaving a .lance In his hands on that day, of $2.97.> 00. against ibts due and unpaid of $1,980 65?exhibiting aa unexinded balance of $995 11, u will be fully shown by atement annexed, marked A. The Board have made a personal Inspection of the actuate and receipt*, and are of opinion that purchases ivo been made with a just regard to eoonomy; and that ie fund has been judiciously expended. It may be proper to remark thattba system of booksepiug of this department Is such, that errors may be tadlly detected, and the actual flnanelal condition of ie Institution easily ascertained. Tbe manner of ksepig the cadets' accounts excites the special eommsnda ion of the Board, Th* sum of fifteen thousand dollars was appropriated y the above mentioned act of August 8, 1840,for comletlng barracks for cadets. Captain Fred. A. Smith uperintends the erection of the building, aad the noney has been expended under bis direction. Th# ioard submit an exhibit of the fund* on hand, nd tbe amount paid for the year which will end Jon* 0, 1847. marked B. The Board inspected the accounts and vonoher* of 'aptaln Smith, and do not hesitate to express the oplliou that his purchase* have been made on the best I'rms possible, and that his contracts hare been entered ito with strict regard to tbe public interest. The bove Investigations were greatly facilitated by the btisless-llke manner of keeping tlm accounts, and the readies* with which all the books and papers were opened to ie inspection of tbe Board. The cadet barracks" are tocousist, when completed, a body >40 feet 8 Inches long, and a wing of 102 feet inches in length, ou a depth of 49 feet 4 inches It is e- proof; tbe partitions being all of stone and brick, id the floors composed of a series of brics arches It to contain 134 rooms for cadets, besides room* for offers, for the guard, offices, armories, stores, coal, it lis. Sec. Of the wing, 102 feet 8 inches in length, aad tlx* paron of the main body west of th* entrance, 168 feet 4 ches in length, the masonry is finished, and the roof ou. lias still to be provided with stairs and wooden floors, > be plastered, receive its doors and windows, and be oished generally Inside, and bave n plaits constructed n the rear outside. Of the main body east of the entrance, only a small part f the foundation of the walls is laid The estimated ->st of this part is $76,800. The Board submit a general fiscal statement of funds ppropriated. and estimates for the whole building .ppropriated prior to June 30th. 1A40 $60,000 Do. for year ending June 30th. 1847... 16,000 Do. for year ending June 30th. 1848... I5.00U '.sibilated cost of fluishinir uart west of main en. trance dO.OOO .(timated cost of llniKhing part eaat of main entrance 76,800 Intimated total coat of building (excluiivc of outbuilding*.) . .$166,600 It will t>? obnervod that twenty thouaand dollar* ara squired (in addition to appropriation* already mada) ) complete that part of the barrack* now arectad and rcloHed, and ninety-*!x thouaand eight hundred dollar* > complete the entire buildiug according to the original JMgn; and if we include nccennary outbuilding*, one undred thour nnd dollar* will be neoeaidtry. And- while on thin nuhject, the Hoard bog leave to aay, lat, having viaited the prenent quarter* of the cad a la. id al*o the new harraek* now heing put up. a favorable iporLuuity wa* aflnrded for eonlrantiug thalr adaptajii to the purpo*i'H of atudy, discipline, and the perao>1 comfort and convenience of the cadet*. The old ,rrack* are badly ventilated, the room* ara gouarally tail and ill conetruct. d, and are much dilapidated, aad uio*t uutit for u*e Th* new building 1* well planned r all the purpoet'K for which it i* deetguod, and it* *poar completion la demanded by the beat tulereat* of tha aliluiion. Variouafuud* have been created, and are under tha lutrul of the inatituliun tor epaclflc hifurmatlan ucning their nature and condition, we refer to itataeut and explanation marked U. A statement ot the rank pay. and ciuoltmi uU of all ho ra, pr< fesaor*. and cad- la together ? nli nh ihu > mluyvc* couueclvd Willi Uin .t.inlai y Acwn u y .. In renin appended, Uar a. d II. Inv.awolih It lie re ID JUIaimd. Ill* respectfully ?uilliilll> il wo ,o ( th.IT cop. uauuon uuglu not ao to b u a* to m*ae it .ore pioportionaie to the ??i vice n uo i. d. ota.ati. a? atn> Appended to tin* report are two Interceding tabli*. mi ned I' and (J showing Ibe number of cauel* i.e. .led ii.i'd at Itiw icademy, one, ai rang! d ill the id.rot liniii respective State*, from it* tuntn uli n to iu year la46. inc.uaive. and the uuuibei ul ibo-rgiauat.*iiuw nerving iu the regular army of tnr i u.?d late*, au.1 the ulnar, containing a lint of uUkiih loinlatidlug Voluute. rn in the pro*eut War with .oeJtlco, a* tr mi known to the ?upi rintendeu1 here are other i.-ouiUJUuiual*ib* appended r. f.rrlng 0 valiou* *ubj ctn and wanla of importance to tb* Aliaemy, to whicu attention I* invited Tun board cannot clone tin* report without adverting 3 the obvlou* physical training which the app. aranceuf 'ic cadet* proven tiiem to have ri c-iV. d at lUU luntltUou lu an equal number of youth*, without selection, W.llllll Im lIlDlcUb to till I HO UHliHal ?|, ibust It-tilth and prrleul phye.cul development. 'this, mbiii'Bx, bi attributed. iu a great degrte, lo an ebiicx ot the local causes of disease iu the viciutly of tha rademy and to the (act that any obvious want of geue1 height, or site, lurniehea a r?atuu tor rvjeclg an ttpplicaul for adunssiou tulo the tnstltunou, hut uch mcim In to be attributed to that couimi of regular d somewhat severe exercise and physical training, lo uch tha cadet is subjected from the day he enters tba dilution. Kor all the purposes of military terrier, whether In during the hardships and fatigues of the Oawp or la countering an enemy iu the held, it is believed that no tter preparation is required Ihnu the every-day laboius discipline etiforoed on the rsdet. without faror or legation, during his entire academic term. All of which is respectfully submitted. It A IIAIt ALBON, Of Oeorgia, President HKNRY K OLIVKIt. of MammebvawUa, Secretary of the Board. \ a BROWN, of .Mississippi. BAMI'KL WKI.LH, of Maine. ItoUh.RT J. KINHKR, of Pennsylvania. JUI.M'S (-'ATI.IN, of t'onnectlcnt THOM M DRAKK, of Ohio. KHVV LLOYD, of Maryiaud, D. L YULKK, of Florida, DIXON II Ll'.WIS. of Alabama. I'o lion Wm L. Maacv, Secretary ot War ARDNKH8. KARMKKH, PLANTKRK, HOTKl. AND I HIV AT h. llOl-SLKP.KPh.R8? 1 lie subscriber hes le considerable improve meats in all his preparations; his rience fiotn the beginning of his invention to the present , warrants Itim iu assuring those iu need uf his preiararioas rrest the attach of moths, bedbugs, cockroaches, rats, ants, Khet?es, he., that they are effectual, and carry out the sac i to ita fallrst eitrnt. >r Gardners' and Farmers' use? ins various manures, sech as phate^of Ammonia, Nitrate of Sods, Snip bale of 8od.? and 'tis vary*celebrated Kly Paper, to be depended uo in all u? ucee. Apply to ^ Mw,g ptUCHTWANOKR, 113 t m c W Liberty siree i > KA.?( ouutry dealer., hotel keepers, and all consumers J Ih'pecksgt* ol good Black Tea for BI II 4 lb. do Young Hyson 1 !* Tie above Teas are eitraordinary cheap. layers Kill save rnnsiJrrabls by otskmg ihetr pur-h-?ea st siieiisiva Tea warehouse of the NKW YORK AND t'HINA TRA COMPANY. ,7 jot* rrc KM Oreeawich, andM Catharine e?. N, Y.

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