Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 8, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 8, 1847 Page 2
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JL 1 "" NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, July 8, UftT. Tike French Steamer. The Union may.be hourly expected to arrive, with later news from France. The Chicago Convention. W e publish in this day's paper several additional letters, received by yesterday's mail, from our special reporter, whom we despatched to Chicago to report the proceedings of the Kiver and Harbor Convention, at Chicago. These letters are very important, as they contain the opinions of Messrs. Wright, Cass, Clay and Van Bu- 1 ren, on the all-important question of internal , improvements?a question that will have an im? ' portant influence on the next Presidential elec- , tion. | < Tbr Nrwa from Kurope?Trouble among tile , Flour Speculator*. J The European auvices uy mr > given all those speculator* in breadstuff's lor nn advance, a<iuietus. Many must l?e serious sufferers, as a fall like thnt realized, was anticipated by no one. An advance and a decline following each other so suddenly, must have caught many unprepared for the blast, which has swept over them, and we fear ha* swept many with it to bankruptcy and ruin. Prices for bread stuffs in this market rule from three to four dollars per barrel less than a month eince, and there is not the most remote prospect of a probability that they will advance much beyond ruling rates. The only chance is an unfavorable change of weather in Great Britain, and a change in the appearance of the growing crops. We do by no means consider these things very improbable. The climate of that island is no very variable, and the injury to growing crops is likely to be so general in the event of its coming, that we might as well be prepared for any and every emergency. .So long as the crops stand on the ground, so long there is danger, and not until the harvest is over and the grain , housed, can we make any safe calculations of the i probable position of prices, or the probable ex- , tent of the domestic supply. Our latest accounts are favorable; we trust they will continue so. The United States steamship Washington, j from Bremen and Southampton, will be due next e week. By her we shall have eleven days s later intelligence, bringing dates from London i up to the 1st of July. The season will then 8 be somewhat farther advanced, and soinething ^ more definite relative to the crops will be h known. Until then we would advise specula- ^ torn to pause; and we would also advise those in c want of breadstuff's for domestic consumption to j wait patiently further developments, and the ap- ] r?f Vmrvpat hf*Cr\rr> ciimnlvinrr thcnmplvpr. * as the chances are decidedly in favor of a further decline. The improvement in the cotton market reported by advices to the 19th ult., and the cause of that improvement, induces us to believe that our next accounts will be much more favorable relative to this staple than the last, and that a steady improvement in prices and in demand, will be experienced The manufacturing districts were improving in activity, and there was evidently a prospect for a better demand for all kinds of cotton goods; the trade had been larger purchasers of the raw material in the market, in anticipation of an advance, and preparations were making among the spinners for a brisk fall business. This state of things has been produced principally by the fall in hreadstufl's. The absence of that depression in the money market which ha* . for some time past weighed so heavily upon the commercial classes, has, in a measure been the cause of the favorible change in commercial 0 affairs generally. The crisis is past?the long ^ agony is over?and we are about entering upon more prosperous times than have ever yet been ^ realized. t Speculations in breadatutfs are about over for ! this season, and speculator* must tind something else to inilute, some other bubble to blow np. Those who have been large losers had better keep clear of all such movements, and those who have made fortunes by the latejrisa in breadstuff* had better withdraw from the market in time, if they wish to keep what money they have. ?Jew Charleston Steam Packet?The sea steamer Iris got under way for Charleston, S. C. yesterday afternoon, at four o'clock, and takes her place as a steam packet between that port and this, in point of speed, beauty, and convenience, she is as perfect as anything of her ton- c nage (about 450) can be. We trust that she * will be as profitable to her owners, Messrs. Ma- n son & Thompson, as sh* is creditable to their ? taste. a f< News i rom Texas?Arrival froji Vera Cruz. 41 ?We have received, by the arrival of the steamer Yacht, Capt. Crane, at New Orleans, our files of n papers from (lalveston, Texas, to the 2tith ult. ^ inclusive. We also received the following note : Stkam Yacht Galveston, June 27, 1847,) Sunday morning at 8 A. M. ) t Sir:? In oomlng over the bar, thl* morning, we met the pilot boat ifiteheock, direct from Vera Crust, who report* nethlng new. There had been no communication from Oen. Scott for dome time; all communication < had been cut off by the guerilla*. The following items are taken from the Texas papers: (From the Oalveaton News, June 36. | We expect in a few day* to have the exact population of thi* city, which, it 1* uncurtained, will not vary uiuch from 6.000 In thl* population, it will be seen by the bofpital and city nexton'n report*, there ha* not been n eingle death the pa*t week. Thl* li worthy of note a? evidence of remarkable healthfulne** The prenent war and the Iom of our last year'* crop have combined tem.... n,? nlMiani ?ill th.. mu.nt nnni I ^r'iV'probably nearly 2000 below the actual population I of last winter [From the Houston Telegraph, June 31 .j A number of lot* in the old town of Oollad will be offered for Kale on the 'id and 3d days of August next.-This town contained Are or fix thousand inhabitants beforethe revolution, and was surrounded by extensive fields of corn, and orchards of tit* and peach trees.? Some of its resident* were regarded as the wealthiest men In Texas. The property of one of Its citixens, Senor de la Oaia. was estimated at one half a million of dollars If this place was *o distinguished for Its population and wealth, under Hpanish and Mexioan misrule, what muy we not expeot It to become when urged forward by Anglo-Saxon enterprise and energy. We learn from a gentleman who recently visited the # old Hpanish Kort on the flan Haba. that most of the walls I of this fort are still standing, and might be repaired at a very trifling expense The fort Is situated on an eminence about twenty yards from the northern bank of the river The walls are In some part* about twenty feet high, being built of massive stone. They are broken down in s me places within a few feet of the surface of the ground. Many of the old door posts ami rafters still remain resting against the walls; several of the door poets are marked with bullet holes and hacked with axes or hatchets, fearful evidences of the terrible and bloody battle that was fought within it? walls, when the navages captured it from the Hpanish settler* in 17^8 ? Although nearly a century has elapsed since the F.uropeans were expelled from the beautiful valley that it overlooks, the savagea have held undisputed possession | of that section, and It has stood a melancholy relic of civilization, towering In lonely grandeur amid the wild 1 haunts of the roving savage. Generations have passed I :iway since this lovely valley was smiling with fields of grain, and decked with groves of Kuropean flrult trees ind twds of cultivated flowers Now these are supplanted by the wild prairie grass and tangled thickets of i inus<4uit But the lines of civilisation are again rapidly advancing to recorer this beautiful sectlen from savage , ,l'"n 11 fHw month* the crumbling walla of the old Iv,?*!1411.' ""'J?" 10 c"ols of happy settlers, the dense thickets will way Wore the axe of the pin*V , !?* and bleating flock* will oune 1 more traverse the haunts of the wild deer and buffalo. Steamships nnrwu.n EvRon a*o America. A privute letter Iroin I'.irin hx* th<- followina in reference to ocean steam navigation - Active negotiation* are going on between the government and the Heroult and I.ehandel company, for the trans-At lantic steamers While main lines of steamers are main talned?First, from Bordeaux to New Orleans stopping nt Havana, with a branch at Mexico Hecond. from Mar xailles to the French Carlbee islands, with branches to I'orto Rlno, Haytl, and Hantlago, and the Continent Third. from Havre to Rio Janeiro, the haven of N'ants would have no line of steamers, hut It would obtain an auxiliary I Ine to Lisbon and Madeira, corresponding Ulth the Havre line to Rio Janeiro " i .. -il it-1 >1.1 Btmkt. r?u* THCtiRi ?The audience at the theatre was not very numerous last night, on acoount of the great best, which was not even tempered by a breexe. N'everthelMS, the opera of "Moeee," or rather the grand oratorio of Roeaini, waa acted aud sung as r.ell aa before, if not better We hare pro*il*?i our reader* a short oriticlim. about the sing*rs aud the execution of their narts-we keep our promise The ohorusses, whieh are very numerous in thl? partition, were nung with energy and accuracy We hare principally remarked the hy inn of the first art. "La dolcr aurora ' There is a capital melody' The accompaniment! are superb, and the armtggi of violins. and the strokes upon the triangle, make a ipleudld fffect. The grand duo between Anaide. (Tedesco.) and Amenosls, (Pereill,) deserve*, also, the most honorable meution in the play. The ensemtle Afa perchccou Sti aziarmi," wan roceived with shouts, and gave a high credit to Tedosco and Perelii. We have to notice here, (not muHlcally speaking, however.) a brilliant rain of fireworks, which was exhibited at the end of the finale >f the first act. The scenic effect wan admirable. The (om in this oratorio is certainly the yuintttto of the lecond part, The voices and the instruments are inlted ho beautifully, that the enthusiasm of a real uusician is entirely struck dumb when the piece is inlshed. We remarked in the scene which follows, a rery good exhibition of Signora Rainieri's talent, in llfferent roulade, rornjite*. and point* d'ergne, executed with so much precision, that all the audience regarded her with applause and flowers. The soene, (In :he third act.) where Moses with his stick makes fall Lhe idols of Pharaoh, is, indeed a chef d'truvre. Kxpres>ion of fear, of abasement, ?f stupefaction, cannot be better rendered iu any musical language. The a?uompaniment pit ricatto and riafurzando, gives an immense power to the melody and harmony. This third finale in staccato movement makes always a decided hit upon any audience. It was very much appreciated here. The introduction of the fourth set begins with sweet accords, which are played on the olioes aud flutes. It is pretty as a celHStial music. Then comes off the Incomparable prayer ol Moses and his Israelites. This piece needs no appreciation; it Is so well knewn; it has boen so often prized; that we cHiiuot but ad<l our admiration to others' tidmiratioo. The seenery of the lied Sea was not so nood an wh had thought, before seeing It. The painter missed the effect. Novell!. In the part of Modes, we did not like ont.ir. ly; his intonations were not always strong enough; bo had, however, s owe capital moments of excitement Tedesco, whose part is quite poor, made the best with it and was rewarded a* usual. Perozzi and I'erelli were also an good as possible. I'erelli had not all his powert when he began, but recovered afterwards No matter we wish we had such music the whole year through. Benefit ok Sionooina Ti dcico.?This so long waited for festival takes place this very evening. It is the last night of the Italian company, and no doubt, for such a pretty and sweet singer,Tthe Park theatre. In spite of the heat, will be orowded from pit to ceiling. The lovely prima donna will appear In Norma," and between the acts will sing the celebrated piece tVom the " Barber of Seville," " I'na voir poco fa," and the so much original and queer song " l.a Colata.1' received with raptures of applause two weeks ago. These are unquestionable attractions for this evening, and a great many will be ;aught by this truly promising snare. Campbell's Ethiopian Hkhenaders.?This company, v ho have now become deservedly popular, will give two performances at New Haven on Friday and Saturday ivenings next. They performed at Toinpklu'g Lyoeum, Itaten Island, on Tuesday evening, and the room was rowded almost to suffooation. The inhabitant* of New laven have a rich treat to receive,tui thia troupe possess very quality of negro character and minstrelsy which i calculated to please the patrous of this description of musement. They have fine voioes, sing in exoellent tarmony, and their genius is versatile. Vve wish Campell success. Apollo Saloon.?Mr. Marks, the violinist, will give a oncert this evening, and will be assisted by Mrt. L. A. ones, Mrs. H. C. Timm, Messrs. George Loder, W. A. Clng, the celebrated piauist, and Mr. K. (J. Paige, the rocalist. John Dunn, of comic v".i -lety, will give scenes ind sketches of foreign lands. Vr. Marks Is a member >f the Masonic Order, and is long known to the musical gentry us a clever artist; he has al.su. on every occasion there bis services were requested, coma forward to aid he members of the profesalon, by hii abilities. No loubt, from the attractive programme presented for the iocasion, his call will meet with respectable patronage. Grand Farewell Concert cjiven rv the Italian Company at the Castle] Garden.?This musical affair takes place to-morrow evening in that magnifloent place, Castle Garden The manager, in order to give the citizens generally an opportunity of hearing the entire of thia company, previous to their departure, has reduced the price to AO cents. The concert will consist af a selection of the most favorite pieces from the various operas they have performed, ns also several new airs never before performed here by this company. The two naestri, Arditi and Botesini, will appear, and perform tome of their best compositions. An excellent concert, l delicious breeze, and a delightful soiree, for fifty cents.' astle Garden will undoubtedly be crowded to excess. Christy's Minstrels gave a free benefit to the widow ind orphans of the late Charles A. Wilson, at the Ame can iioie). unnuo, on me aa juiy. Theatrical*. Bowkhv Thkatkk.?One of the most deserving men onneoted with the theatrical profession will reoelve a lenefit thU evening at the Bowery?we mean Mr. Q. leister, the artist to that establishment?and we are onfldent that it will be such a one as his long and ariuous servioos fully entltlo him to. Leaving this question aside, however, the bill put forth for this evening s an excellent one, and we are confident that even were t not for a benefit, that it would draw as large an audience as the house, spacious and large though it is, would contain; but as the evening is set apart for his Lieneflt, we are satisfied that all who wish to go ma not possibly find room unless they apply early in the day. It comprises the famous drama of Lhe "French Spy." the farc6 of "Johnny Atkins," and that exceedingly interesting pi ce " The Last Days of I'ompeii," dramatized from Bulwer's celebrated work of that title. A band of Kthiopian minstrels will, with the orchestra, enliven the time that will intervene between Lhe pieces. With such a bill, and with the cast in each piece, Mr. 1 leister need not fear that his benefit will l>e as good as he desires. Castlf. Oardkn.?This theatre of amusement, is well >atronised. The Vaudeville company engaged there ire great favorites. In fact, those who have seen them at he Olympic would go any distance to see them again, rhe performances, this evening, commence with the ivertura to Fra Diavolo, which will be followed by the lurletta of* The New Footman,'' in which Mr. Holland, diss Clarke, Mrs. 1 sherwood, and others of the coinpaiy will appear. Songs by Miss Phillips and Mr. Walcot. I pas seul by Miss Louisa Wells. Herr Cline, whose raceful dancing and wonderful feats on the tight rope re so much admired by the audieace every night he per>rms, will also exhibit his surprising agility and evolulone on the cordt tlaslii/ur. Between the benefits ef air nd health, as also amusement of the first character, it i no wond*r this beautiful location should be every ight crewded, The icecreams are delicious,but we lave received a hint that one shilling per glass for other etresbments, Is too much, and as such we submit the natter to the consideration of the worthy proprietor*. Vauxhall Gardew.?'The novel and amusing enter.ainmnnts put forth In the programme for this evening, annot fail to attract a large audience. The exhibition of the mechanical automaton figures, by Mons. Delarroix, are very interesting; and the solo* and duets by tha vrw?*l tmml irivc th? fLtniiMMmpntfl & liirht urn! nlt>nii. Ing character. Only 2ft cents to admit a gentleman anil ladies. Independent of good air, und a neat garden to walk in, the exhibition and ringing are sufficiently attract I re. Coi.liu, the Irish comedian, is playing at the American. Buffalo. Mr Wallack was to play three evenings of the present week at the Kingston. Canada, theatre Welch & Deiavan's ipleudid national circuit gare four exhibitions at Buffalo m the 6th Mr Murdoch was still at Cincinnati on the 3d inst. Miss Logan in playing at the National Theatre, Cln rinnati. Mrs. Nisbett and Mrs Itutler are plaving at the Thea tre Royal, Liverpool. The business of the Manchester Theatre has been verj bad during the season The Queen'* Theatre, Manchester, was daily expected to close Jenny Llnd was serenaded recently, by the German Vocal Club. Mr. and Mrs Seguin are in London Mr Wilson, ditto. Madame Celeste is at the Theatre Itoyal, Adelpltl The Kthiopian Serenaders are still in London,drawing large houses. Mr. Macready is at the rrinci'is Theatre. City lntrlll^< Ths WrtTHrH.?Th? ther'i-n; i 'er stood at 00 decrees, at 3 o'clock yesterdav ir Wall street, at Delaour's. It stood at 13 o'clock M . at the Northern hoel. Courtland street, up to 7tt degrees. At Delatour's n Wall street, 0 o'clock A. M., 7ft degrees, 12 M . ha de'1 i? \f oh rutffaofl <1 p \1 OA Th,. lent whh intense (luring the day, yet we had a little ireath of air at Intervals. Uuw Stroxi:.?A laborer named Dervis received a hub troke in Monroe street yesterday, and was taken to the ity Hospital. Fmr ?A Are occurred yesterday, about 1J>? o'clock '. M . in the rear of Nos. IU and 137 Kldrldge street, n stables that were attached to the premises. Th* mlldlngs being composed of wood, were destroyed, and omo of theadjolnlng premises were damaged. The fire ?ns evontuslly put out. The Are oompanies were iromptly on the spot. Ftsr. ?About twelve o'clock Tuesday night, a fire was liscoveri' nt No. 210 Division street?premises unoccupied The Are was quickly put out. Damage trifling. Arrival or F.mi?ha*t?.--The number of emigrants trrivedat thin port from foreign ports, on Tuesday last, imounted to the tnsjor part of which were from 'lavre Aeruir.wt.?A? the second mste of the packet ship Zurich was goingon l>oard the vessel, he fell Into the rater, at quarantine, on Tuesday, and was drowned. He ms returning from the exhibition of Campbell's sereladers. We learn by Blgclow'a express that the foreign news received here on the morning of the 4th inst.. was run >v?r the Kltchburg Railroad by Mr. I.. Bigelow, on Mr. i hamtars's engine, in flfty-nlne minutes, thirty seconds --theues, by Mr. rushing, with horses to Ke?ne, distance forty miles, In two hours and tan minutes The wnole distance, ninety miles, having been made in three ti"ur? nine minutes and thirty seconds-#e.?ew Jour? ei, .Ally H -mam***i) - ?lporting Intelligence CturatviLLi Taornwo Cot'?st,L. I.?Yesterday was | a great day for heat, a greater day for duct, and the greatest for the Long Inland trotting men that haa passed | off for a- long time. Notwithstanding the suffocating | state of the weather, and the choking clouds of dust on all the roads, the ceurse had a Urge number of attendants, the majority of whom belonged to "Long Island's Sea Girt Shore, many of whom had come over fifty miles lo witness a trot Ketweeu Long Island horses, ridden by Long Island boys, and owned by Long Island \ men. There were representatives from Jericho. Manetto, ; Peacock. Jerusalem, Mattlnioock, Babylon, Mott's Cove, i (Jlen Ccye. Uuckram, Oldham. Wolvernollow, Longfwallow. Cow Neck, Lloyd's Neok, Oak Neck, Cove Neck. Little Neck, and a great many other necks and localities, '*too numerous to mention," not forgetting Little Misery. The homes entered were : ? W. LHyton'H s. g. Young Caleb by Napoleon. 4 years old, 1 I A. Townsend's s. g. Columbus. 'J 'i Time?Kirst heat. '2 6-J?becond heat, 'J 61. The horses were matched for $100 a side, to trot a. tnilo ami r?nn?t nmiu* tKa Ji? ft- - ran pretty high?the nags in good oondition?the owner of i-aoh was sanguine of success ; the oolt wu the favorite, and lie proved himself an astonisher. Seldom hu such time been made by a four Tear old. The following are the detail* of the trot, a lint of the betting being too diversified for description fVril Ileal.?The horses came up finely, and had an excellent start, but on reaching the turn the colt broke, and fell off tbre# or four length*; on nearlng the quarter. be began to close on his adversary; at the half mile post, the colt wan about two lengtha in advance of Columbus. which poaitlon he maintained throughout the reinaiuder of the heat, and won in Second Hrat.?The nags came to score together, and had a beautiful start. The colt dashed ahead at the turn, and increased his advantage at every atep to the quarter ' pole, pulsing it iu forty-one aeeonda, four lengtha in front of the horse, which broke up at that place, and fell back atiil further. The half mile post was passed in 1SJ8. the horse not being able, ao fur, to ok>?e up any of the open apatie betweun him and hia young opponent. The colt pursued the even tenor of his way, and, although the horse fame up well round the lower turn and up the home .stretch, the young 'un won in 2:51. American Yachting.?Aa we take a great interest Ln i the prosperity of the New York Yacht Club, we are 1 pleaded to see by the Newburgh papers that a new ' schooner yaoht of the iirat class ia to be added to the squadron, and is nearly ready to be launohed at that place. She Is spoken very highly ol for the symmetry of her hull, and her great strength It appeara that her model la rather a novel one, and thenoe many opinions us regards her sailing qualities; but the builder, Mr. T. <J. Mavii, thinks she will De a " fast 'un." She la to be called the Yarborough, after the late earl of that name, who died on board hia, yaoht. the Keatrel, laat summer, in Vigo Bay, Portugal, having been in delicate health for some time. That nobleman may be said to be the founder of yacht clubs in Kngland. and waa the founder, patron and commodore of the royal yaoht aquadron twenty-Ave years, called the Royal Yacht Club when first founded, afterwards the lloyal Yacht Squadron; and being a nobleman ol great wealth, spared no expense In promoting the intereata of the yacht squadron. The earl was a man of great acquirements, was F. R. S. L. L. D., &c., &c., and possessed many great and good qualities. When his deoease was announced in Cowea. the rendezvous of the royal yacht squadron, the stores and shops were immediately closed, and the greatest sympathy was shown by the inhabitants. The Earl was always arbiter in case of any misunderstanding in the squadron?which very rarely occurred? and his decision was final. We mav take occasion to speak again of him. We must wuk record something of our own gallant commodore, the commodore of tne New York Yacht Club, John C. Stevens, Esq. Mr. Stevens may be said to be also the tounder, patron and commodore or the New York Yacht Club, and being a gentleman of largo fortune, has been extremely liberal. He has built a large and elegant club house at Hoboken, and furnished it at his own expense, for the accommodation of the club during the yaohting season, and gives periodically the " commodore's plate," to be rnn for by the yacht squadron ; there was one sailed for last year, value $200. at Newport. We have no doubt that under hks tosterisg care and management?for the commodore has been a yachtman from his boyhood up?the New York Yacht Club will soon equal any of the yacht clubs in England, and we trust it will not be long before a yaoht club wdl spring up in almost every State in the Union. They have now in England ten, and in Ireland two or three yacht clubs, and the aggregate number of yachts 400, from 10 to SN tons. Pollen Intelligence. Charge oj Falit Prrtenccs.?Officer Stephens, of the lower police, arrested yesterday a man by the name of Robert I'. Darling, on a charge of obtaining $300 of Klisha Conover, by false aud fraudulent representations. It appears that wu the 11th of June last, Conover purchased of l lie accused Darling, the lease, furniture, ko. of the public house called the Star House, No. 31 Reade street, for the sum of $300; $7ft in cash was paid by Con ...... m a uulc in.Lac payauie on Mio ^.>iu of June, the same month. This note was not paid at maturity, consequently the property was transferred into the hands of a third party, aud Conover was ejected from tlio pren.lses. From this and other representations .Vlr. Couover declares that he has been defrauded Out of the above rum of money. Justice Drinker oomg)ittaj the accused to prison for examination. Burglary.?The stationery store of E,B. "Clayton & .Sons, No bti Wall street, was burglariously entered between Saturday night and Monday morning, by some smart ' screwsmen," who obtained admittance by the aid of faNe keys, stealing therefrom pen knives and other articles, amounting to about $150. No arruftt. Fatsr Pretences.?Under this head we published the arrest ou Friday last; of Win. M. Frailer, on a chargo preferred against him by Kleazer Jenks, for obtaining by false representations. Upon the whole matter belli;; investigated before Juptico Osborne yesterday, the caw was dismissed, the evidence not being sufficient to sustain the charge. Supposed to be Stolen.?Captain Wood, of the 7th ward police, arretted yesterday a fellow called John Heury, having in his possession a pair of silver plated candlesticks, evidently stolen, for which an owner is wanted. Apply to the above CaptAin. Attempt at Rape.?Captain Wardell, of the 11th ward, arrested yesterday a man called Edward McMeuoney, on a charge of assaulting a young woman and attempting to violate her person. Locked up for examination by Justice Ketcham. Arrest on Suspicion.?Officer Doyle, of the 4th ward, arrested yesterday, a black fellow called Joseph, on suspicion of having stolen $6, and other articles, from the bark Lainberest, lying at the foot of Itoosevelt street, bolonging to Captain Lacost, Looked up for examination by Justice Osfiorne. Attempt at Burglary?A fellow called John Sullivan was caught in the act by one of the 7th ward policemen last night, attempting to enter the dwelling house on the corner of Montgomery and Cherry streets, by forcing his way through the front window. Looked up by Justice Ketcham. Burglary.?'The machine shop of I). C. Forest and Co., located in Mangin street, between Stanton and Hivington streets, was bur^arlously entered lost night, and a large brass facet, t<.-rfrther with feed pipe and other articles belonging to an engine, valued at $10 stolen. No arrest. Burglary ?The dwelling house oecupied by Mr. Jones, corner of Washington Placo and .V ercer street, was burglariously entered between Saturday night and Tuesdav morning, by forcing off the locks of the back door. The rascals searched the premises from top to bottom, evidently in search of silver ware; but the family having removed the silver from the premises prior to leaving for the country, consequently the robbers were compelled to leave, with nothing but their labor for their pains. I I'ickvoi ket in Jersm Citu. ? A irentleinan ?hm? nnmn wh were unable to learo. ou leaving the Paterson car* in Jersey city yestciday morning, wax robbed of hi* poi-k-'t book. containing $ KM) Id bank bill*, of the Paterson bank Luckily, however, for the loser. that the "knack" selected that book, for, intbeother eoattail pocket wis a book containing $16,000. Clfii gr iiI shotting.?Officer llolden, of the 4th ward, arrest "d on Monday, a man by the name of Joseph Carr, on a charge uf shooting John Murphy, residing at No. 10 Roosevelt street.with a platol. Detained for examination >y. J untie* Osborne. burglary.? The Ink shop situated at No. UUO Second street, belonging to Mr. John Haydock, was broken open on Sunday night, by some burglars, who forced open the uoor with a 'jimmy.'' and after search lag the premises, not (hiding any money as they anticipated, they left ' without doinn any further damage. Pttkpuckrt in the Park.?A man by the name of Isaac I Davenport, residing iu Ks**x county, N. J., had his pocket picked on Monday in the Park. In front of tbe < ily llall. of a wallet containing $.V> in bank bills. On thr Sneak ^i/fain.?Home sneaking thief entered the dwelling house, No HI I, 4th street, on Saturday af( ternoon, and carried off from one of the upper rooms a silver lever watch, helouping to Mr. I.. Murphy; also from auother room. (rtofl. belonging toKiohard Itunyon. (hi ihr " Sntak."?The store No. 'J4ti South street, was entered on Sunday night by a "sneaking'' till thief, and while the landlady was lying asleep, the rascal st> le trom the till $7, and was making good traoka. when officer Kspin. of the 7th ward, being near at hand, grablied the fellow by the suspenders, which, luckily for the thief gave way, and he made good I Is escape. Rohhtry of Silver.?The dwelling house, No. 76 White street, was entered on Sunday afternoon, by two hoys, who carried off from the basement, three silver forks, two Urge forks, and five German silver kpoons, belonging to Dr. Oarrlak. No arrest. jlrrrut on Sutptrinn. ? A fellow called George W. Roiner, was arrested on Sunday, on a chare of stealing from the premises of Matthias Hulfart, (AO worth of carpenter s tools. Officer Smith, of the ilth ward, wa* con1 veyinj; the accused to the polioe office, Kssex Market, when be accidentally made his escape. Ji Negro Affray.?Officers f arlow, Durante and othors, of the 8th ward, arrested, on Monday afternoon, > Jerry Jackson. Bill Jackson.and Bob Hazard, all darkle* on a charge of stabbing another black fellow called Tom i Morris, in the breast, neck and face, inflicting severe wound* in all places. The nfTray took place on the corner of Broome and Laurens street, near Rotten row. The wounded man was sent to the City Hospital, and tbe accused parties were locked up to await the retult. We have ilnce learned that Morris is dead. Emigration ro Americ a.?The emigrant* to America, who left Liverpool during the pant month, from the I Mb of May to the 14th of June, amount to about 17,!Wi adults, exclusive of those people who go ' out by *uch light craft a* do not nome under the provi| sion* of the emigration act. This description of ve?a?ls do not nanry more than 'JO'jj adult passengers each (four ' children to each adult.) and In consequence of this light freight of human being*. e*cape the supervision of the i government officer*. Of these 17.P&A, about A,78A only have gone to the colonies of North America; the remainj ing two thirds, or 1I,A70, have proceeded to the United ' State*. Locusts to immense number* have made their appearance in the western part of North C arolina, counties I of Hen demon. Rutherford, McDowell, May*viUe, and ! other adjacent part* [Tim. 'mm' n?ji"T? t.T i Ll/i-i Tim prhminfi lldhmwrt Trip, Jo*r?>?, Phu ADcirm*, July a, 1W*. , The President with Mr Buchanan, Mr. Clifford, Com Stewart and ("apt. Steen. as his suite, left New York this morning at nine, in the regular Trenton train.? Several Jersey committees aboard?speech of weloome and reply at i'rlnceten. on the platform?proeessioa at i Trenton?speeohes in the State House?good and lively dinner at Wyckoff's. Spent Ave hours in Trenton.? 1 ! Left at six via llord -ntown and Camden?special ' ! train. Arrived at Jones's Hotel at half past eight. At 1 half past nine, the President. Mr. Vice President Dallas. Mr. Clifford. Capt. Steen and .) U. Thompson, Ksq . of Jersey, supped together. President a good deal sun- ' burnt, from fourteen days exposure. and somewhat re- 1 duced from the exhausting laboi s, heat and dust of the trip?off in the regular train to-morrow, at 8 A. M., for ! Washington, at whloh point wo expect to bring up the I record from the departure from New York Respectfully, THK DOCTOR. SPKKCll Mb' T1IE 1'RKSJDKNT AT ATUtSTA, UK. The President, standing in the area in front of the speaker's chair, made the following reply:? Sir?It seldom happens that the course of any man's life is marked by so distinguished a reception as has been accorded to me to-day. I have been met not only by the cordial hospitalities of your oiticens. but have now received. through you, their constituted organ, a welcome equally generous, from the highest authorities of your State. While.'wlth all my heart, I tender to you, and to those whom you represent, my grateful thanks for the honor which has been thus conferred upon me, I feel that 1 can, in no sense, appropriate it to any considerations merely personal to myself. It is a homage paid to the inatitutions under which we live, and I receive It, therefore, ouly as the servant of the people, called upon by their suffrages to administer for a brief period their own government. In such a capacity, more than any other, I am proud and r*yoloed to meet you on this interesting ocoasion. and to exchange with you and my fellow citizens here assembled those hearty congratulations which

it cannot fall to BUggest, both upon the pr?*perity of our people, and the continued existence and success of our invaluable system of free governmenf. In other countries, the monarch rules, and tl? people are required to obey ; but iu thin country, thank Ood, there >8 no monarch but the 'people thomsolvos; no allegiance but to I the constitution and laws v/hlch they approve, and no political power which they do not nivc, and which they cannot take away. While, therefore, 1 occupy, by their choice, the high oOioe of chief magistrate of the Union, 1 feel that I occupy it only as their representative, selected to execute their will; and It is my great ambition so to discharge the elevated duties which they have confided to my care, as, at the close of my publio career, to receive the rioh reward of their cordial approbation. This sentiment is in strict accordance with the whole theory of our froo institutions. Upon the sovereignty of tho people, and the responsibility to theui of tneir elected agents, was constructed by our fathers, the great fabric which they havo transmitted to us, of a free and united confederacy of independent States. It Is a legacy of freedom which we hold in sacred trust, not only for ourselves and our descendents, but for the future welfare of all mankind. We cannot, therefore, too daapiy appreciate its value, or too earnestly seek to preserve and to perpetuate it to the latest time. During my visit to this section of our common country, and my observation of Its condition, its pursuits, its great and varied interests, and its enlarged prosperity,! have become more than ever impressed with this important truth, and more than ever sensible of the Inestimable advantages of our confederate Union. Under the broad shield of our constitution are embraced flourishing and equal States, of various climates, varied pursuits, differing habits, and dissimilar institutions, and there is no greater triumph of human wisdom than that which successfully achieved one common government for so many different interests, and so many distant States. It was the work ot a convention over which presided the great and the good Washington, and In which were oollected as noble a body of patriotic men as the world probably has ever seen. A spirit of concession and of compromise pervaded all their eounsels, and we live now to witness and to enjoy the fruits of their wisdom, and the results of their self-sacrifloing toil. Fifty eight years only have elapsed since our constitution was adopted, but within that period the population of our country has multiplied seven fold, and our territory has been extended irom your own borders here on the Atlantic, to the Gulf of Mexioo and to the far Pacific. Thus rapidly has sprung up, under the benign Influence of our constitution and laws, a mighty, a free and happy people, still advancing in all the Intelligence, the industry and the enterprise which can add wealth to a community,or give glory to a nation. To this constitution, then, and to the union of the States which it esta' liahes, let us all look as to the polestar of our country's hopes, and the surest safeguard of human liberty throughout the world. He who would inttict a blow upon a frame of society .thus glorious alike iu its formation and Its results, would hazard a calamity which no patriot and no lover of his race can rontemplate without alarm. Let the Union be dissolved, and | instead of the spectacle which we now present to the world of a united confederacy of happy and prosperous ommn, ne nuui rkuiuil, a* me muurniui iruil ('I illHSevered councils, an extended series of petty principalities, without harmony in either, and wasting their resources and their energies by warring among themselves. Dissolve the Union, and the last example of freedom to the oppressed will be at once destroyed, and the only hope of man for well regulated self-government will be lost forever from the earth. In comparison with the vast importance and the sacred duty of maintaining such a union, bow poor and insignificant are all our little local jealousies, and all our divisions of individual opinion.? Id support of tlie constitution, however we may differ in other and minor subjects, all sects and all parties may freely and cordially unite, and before the altar of the Union bow down in a common worship, as citizens of one country, and brethren of the same great family. I was glad, sir, to hear you say, that, as a member of the Union, the State of Maine knows no geographical limits, no peculiar interests, no separation of climnte or of soil; and I have been rejoiced to observe a similar spirit of devotion to the Union throughout my extended journey. Among you who inhabit this region of our country, a devotion to the Union may well be regarded as peculiarly strong, for looking from your most northern I orders to the far south and to the most distant west, there is no place where von do not tind " the boue of your bone, and the nosh of your flesh," where you do not see your own children successfully exercisiLg the industry and intelligence and enterprise which they have inherited from New England, to work out their own happiness, and to add to the common prosperity of their country. They carry with them, as the children of other States bring here, affections and attachment which, rising superior to local views, contribute to strengthen in n ordinary measure the bands oi our Invaluable Union. You have reminded me that I am the first President of the United States who has visited your citizens since Maiae became a State. 1 rejoice that so great an honor has been permitted, under Providence, to me, and that I thus have the opportunity to recommend here, as 1 would recommend in all parts of our beloved country, cultivation of that feeling af brotherhood and mutual regard, between the North and the South and the Kaat and the West, without which we may not anticipate the perpetuity of our free institutions. It was this feeling which the venerated Wash men against yielding to sectional divisions or local jealousies, and it was this centiment which another chief magistrate proclaimed to the world, when, in a crisis of peril and excitement. he made that memorable declaration?"Our federal Union?it must be preserved "? What man can adequately estimate the fatal consequences which must attend It* fall ? 1 pray for the perpetuity of our institutions, not only because upon them must rent our own prospects of freedom and of happiness, but because they administer also to the welfare of mankind. By the aid of steam w? are brought already into the close neigbl>orhood of Europe, and foreign communities are beginning to feel the influence of our system, and to receive from us liberal and enlightened Tiews. Animated by our example and the successful working of our government, the suffering >nd oppressed people of the old world begin now to understaud their own rights and to claim the enjoyment, as we enjoy them, of freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom of conscience. This Uxeon has been recently forced upon them with peculiar power; and the same ships which have borne to the starving millions abroad the plenteous supplies of our abundaut harvest, have carried to them at the same time the glad tidings of our freedom, prosperity and glory. They see us, as it were, the favored people of (iod, covered with plenty, and rejoicing in happiness, and their hearts yearn for the same great blessings which, in our country, spring from the constitution and ure hallowed by the I'nion ? Not only, too, do we thus benefit the world by the great light of our example, but we open here the only free asylum for the oppressed which can be found on earth ? Our father*, when tbey framed our government, invited them to our shores, and we still welcome the honest and Industrious emigrant to participate in our abundance, and unite with us in increasing the p osperity of our country. We say to him, ' oome freely among us, act as an honest man. and von sliall l>? rights.'' The magnitude of our own national destiny It is diffli-ult even for the Imagination to appreciate. When this Union waft formed neither your State nor mine bad yet a separate existence. My destiny in my youth wan amidst the wilderness, out of which haa since grown a State, which in now the home of a prosperous, enterprising and energetic population. A similar success liai attended tiie growing fortunes of Maine, and I am rejoiced to witness your rapid advancement in agrioulture, in navigation, in the fisheries, and in all the various Interests which go to make up the aggregate of your proaperity and your wealth. The same giant growth la to be seen In all our territory, and la destined, if we are faithful to our duty aa eltiiena, to continue with Increased rapidity through t be lapse of year*. In thla view, who can anticipate the fature greatness of our republic, and who can estimate its influence upon theaifairs and the destiny of mankind! If In fifty eight year* so much haa been accomplished for the grandeur of our nation, what resuits may she not confidently hope to accomplish in the half century y?t to coma ? When our constitution waa adopted, the individual who addrcaaea you was not In existence, and the man may be now unborn who, fifty-eight years hence, will fill the office which la now held by mc. If the population of our country shall continue to increase In the same ratio us In the past corresponding period, he will then represent a people numberlug more than a hundred millions, while at the same time you, in this eastern State,by the Increased facilities of intercourse, will be brought Into the neighborhood ot our most distant possession*, and be able to communicate with them in lesa time than, at the period of the adoption of our constitution, your prtdecessora could communicate with Boston. Let ua hope that, at that distant period, when a future chief magistrate of the nation may be welcomed by a future governor of Maine, they may be able to exchange congratulations as we do now,upon the happlnesa of our |ieople and the continued strength of our Union. I have extended theae remarks because I feel that I ran do no better service to my country, than to expreaa, wherever 1 may find an appropriate opportunity to do so, my deep conviction that the preservation of the Union of these States Is paramount to every other political consideration, and that the same aplrlt of harmony and compromise In which It waa formed, la vitally neceaaary to secure its existence and to perpetuate its blessings Throughout my journey, whose northern liait I have now reached, I have witnessed on every side new prooft of Its value, and fresh Indication* of the deep attachment to It which pervade* the heart* of all our people. I shall return to my dutlea at the seat of government with an Increased sense of their responsibility and in - ii.ji.jf1 i irrrir in pr.rUtr? nJ with ? conflrtned r*eardl for tti*t tehar*- 1 tod cmrtltutlon whicb I barr bc-n ??orn ftithfnlly to administer. Suffer aw again to return my profound acknowledg- i mcnt* for the distinguished honor which had bean conferred upon me by your authorities and your people. | From (hi* ami h neighboring sister State, I hare re- j piivril the ni"'i rt*?j>eetfnl coniideration which it waa io , tliyr tii b< * tow a cordial and official welcome J from their highest legislative and executire authorities ISut let iuu|repeat aUo that In acknowledging theae mark* | of respect and kin ne?s, I refer them ail to the station j which I hold, and surely not to any considerations marely personal to myself The War, 6te. IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. [From the N. O. Times, Juna 31).] The steamer New Orleans has juiit arrlrad from Vera Crus. We hasten to transmit a portion of our correspondence from Mexico by tbia morning'* mail. Vera Cauz, June 34, 1847. You will gather a fair notion of the daring and audacity of the guerillas from their repeated atrocities under the walla of tbia city. Within the past thlrty-xlx hours another man has been hanged by them, almost within gun-shot of onr batS}va' ^he victim waa one of the most active policeofficers, a Dane, named Miller. He and a Frenchman wore out riding, when they were ''lassoed1' and carried j into the woods. The Frenchman was released, but Miller is said to hare been put to death as stated. Parties were out most of the day and night of yesterday. lu search of the perpetrators of the outrage, and seven Mexicans* were seized on the roadn and brought in. Five of these proved to be gentlemen bound to Medelin; but the others are suspicious characters, and the Governor has imprisonod them to await further examination. One of them waa Uken on the horse wbieh Miller was riding when attacked We are yet without authentic intelligence from Mexico of a later date than the 1-Jth Inst, and nothing of especial interest up to that time. There seem* to be uo doubt of Santa Anna's intention to make a stand against (Jen. Scott at some point between I'uebia and the capital, and our next arrival l'roin our little army may tell us of another (,'erro Gordo all.iir. Of the result, of course, I can entertain no apprehension, even in tbe event of Alvarez's arrival and participation. I believe the suspicions long eutertained of Uritish vessels supplying" arms and ammunition to the Pacific ports, are not entirely unfouuded. I am astured that considerable quantities of both have come in from Acapulco. and I have to ask why that port is not now occupied by our forces, naval or military '?or, if it be so occupied, how these things have been permitted to enter ' 1 suppose tbe cause lies in the fnr/,n nf ? Ir. I requires remedy. The movement of- sending the marines out here, is a good one, unless, as Home think, their destination has connection with that Quixotic expedition to the interior, of which 1 spoke some time since. The marine corps is one of the linest bodies of troops In the world, or, it was so, some eight or ten years ago, and I suppose it has not fallen off since that time, badly as It has always been treated by Congress. Qire it a chance in Mexico, and I will warrant a good account to bo rendered. The murderers of Miller, are now supposed not to belong to the regular guerillas, but to be private enemies, whlcb he has made in this city by his harsh treatment of the people who occasionally came under his chargo. He hated a Mexican from his soul, and sometimes treated the poor wretches, who committed trivial offonces, shamefully. Some of the worst of these have taken the occasion of a professional visit to Madelin, to waylay him on his return, and revenge themselves in this manner One large negro, well kncwn in the city, is supposed to be the chief of the party. 1 presume most of those conc< rned are by this time regular members of the guerilla band. It la yet, however, not absolutely certain that the man has been murdered. The vomito is yet picking our poor fellows off, one or two at a time, in the city. Colonel Banks, well known In New Orleans and here as one of the finest fellows, and enterprising men in the country, is one of the last victims of which I am'informed. He died yesterday morning, after forty-eight hours illness. The disease cannot be said to be raging, nor do I think it la nearly so fatal in its operation as it has been in other years; but it is a really serious matter,-and It is impossible to feel any degree of comfort in its neighborhood. Business is still, of course, at a stand. Another vessel, the Spanish brig Amistad Campecheana, has arrived with a cargo of the goods stored in Havana, nearly the last, 1 think of that stock. A vessel is expected soon from Campeachy, where one cargo was stored during the blockade, and that I fancy will pretty much close the foreign trade with VeraCruz, for some months at least. I am informed that the head of one firm, and one of the very first in the oity, has replied to a demand for duties, from the collector, that he has no money, and cannot pay. His thirty days are out, and it remains to be seen what will be the result. His good* will not be sold, as nobody can buy them, for the same reason that prevents the payment of his duties. The brig Petersburg, from New Vork, is now here, discharging a small, but rather valuable cargo?chiefly silks and drug*, to owners, Hargous & Co. June 'J9.?We received letters from Mexico last night. as u?n as mi? k'iu, uui mvy uu noi sausiy me on me subject of the election. One of tbem declares that Santa Anna has been cbogen. with extraordinary powers, to use in the prosecution of tbe war, but is expressly forbidden to enter into negotiations for peace.? It is also said that there are twenty thousand troops in the city of Mexico, and reinforcements are constantly arriving. Alvarez's 'force I* now augmented (by report) to eight thousand men, well armed and equipped.? Taking every thing into consideration, 1 have no doubt that a bloody battle will precede (Jen. Scott's entry into the capital. General Scott had not left Tuebla on the 16th instant, that is certain, lie is waiting for reinforcements from (he eastward. General Cadwallader left Jalapa on the l!?th to join him. with some two thousand troops under his oommand. I think the army will move forward as noon as it receive* this reinforcement, and the money and xupplles which accompany it?the same which found 1 no difficult a road to Jalapa. Alvarez, is said to havs taken his station with six thousand of his Souoi a troops, between Puebla and Jalapa. tor tbe purpose of cutting off Cadwallader's train, aud , would probably be reinforced. I Tbe editor of El .Irco Iri*, says ho h s information that the election did not come off at the tiint appointed, but is postponed until the 31st September. He says the ! general impression is, that llerrera will be elected, and i that negotiations for peace will immediately follow his installation. If his paper comes out before the New Orleans starts, I will pend it to you. Our dragoons have had quite a brush with the gucrili las, near lerote. Three huudred of them encountered : four hundred guerillas in a ravine, and routed them, the j Mexicans losing some thirty killed. Our fellows were I guided by the aloalde of I'erote. Senor Atocha Is bore cruising about the streets, with i no apparent mission, or business of auy kind. y-'rom the New Orleans Delta, June -29 ] From our flies of papers from tbe city of Mexico, by the schooner Henry Long, we make the following further Interesting extracts. They are yet^by no means exhausted; we shall, therefore, recur to them to-morrow again. ( >kp?. Tavi.or ahdthii War.?"We have all been in a state of expectation to know the result of tbe oommunicatlons directed to Gen. Taylor, by order of the supreme government, by his excellency tbe couimander-in-chlef of the army, now in this city, requesting him to say at once whether it be in accordance with his Instructions, or from his own volition, that he continues to make war upon us in a manner opposed alike to international law mid the received usages among civilised nation*. The day before yesterday the answer which the said Taylor I gave to this question arrived; and, although we have not ! *eeu the document, which perhaps we shall insert in our j following number, yet we can announce to our readers, ! that the enemy's general has not given a categorloal re| ply; but, as we are informed, it reduces itself to this? I titat hu wll cnr?? nn tho ? ?? 11 . -V -J V. .uv >u MAlluri uurrcB|IUUUIDg i with that which In made upon him; an If we were or bail 1 been at any tima the aggrcHsoi*."?La F.poca, San Luit Hotoii, May 29. Or*. Worth anii the Am iibuiiop.?| Kxtract of a letter from Puebla, published In El Monitor Rrpub lie ano, .tune 6 ]?You mint suppose that the North Ameriran* know ax well ax yourself on which Hide to attack the populace, and there is not one who does not understand that they bare entered the modern Won. Kor this reason, In all their writings the Orst thing they talk of is religion, the respect due to the ministers ot the altar, lie.; and forthia reason It was that Worth, tha day following bis entrance, dressed himself in a grand uni form , aud acoompanied by his staff, went to visit our IIlujtriou* prelate. The conversation turned, as waa to be expected from the acute old Yankee, upooflthe la w of mortmain; he apoke of the impolioy of that disposition, which be deaiguated by the epithets of ' barbarous." ' unjust,'' aud " injurious to religion," as we ourselves do. This softened the heart of our bishop, who was highly satisfied with the religion of tbs aforesaid Yankee; and more, be immediately returned the visit, and did other things of which I shall speak hereafter Not content with this, Worth gave orders that alibis soldiers should pay honors to the clergy; and thus it Is, that wo see'the crowd of drunkards that infests us pay a respect to tha pstestbood which they refuse to their own officers. More yet; even yesterday I saw, with the greatest ?nr. l>riM, a general, with an extremely proud bearing, yield the path and sweep the ground with hid cap to a muniHan of the cathedral. merely because he wan dressed in l>laok. Or.*. Scott?[From the name letter]?" My letter lia.x been delayed to thin, the 31st. and 1 use the opportunity to add that on Friday last Hcott entered with some force, and although 1 know Lot positively the number of men which he brought, it appears indubitable that it does not reach J(M?0. ?cott is as groat a hypocrite as Wortn, If not greater; since, the day following, he visited the cathedral,and spoke the samo language as the other about the respect due to the clergy, but his soldier* were not us well instructed as those who came with Worth,'- fce Pr.Acr, oa W*a?The following is the conclusion of a long and able article in El Razanatior, of June 1 ' With all this uncertainty and folly, all the contending parties, directed by a laudable but blind and unfruitful sentiment, frantically cry for war, and the word ' Peace' maddens them a* did the Instrument of Timotheu* the great Alexander. Peace, they say, Is not possible ; but how will war be possible without plan, without ooncert, and with time waited in useless quarrels ' As It was with the Italiaus of the Middle Ages, except that we destroy, or desire to destroy, each other, our enemies tranquilly taking possession of our eltles, and no one molests or opposes them. Shall we Rive to this the name of war. A peace, they repeat, will cover ui with opproblutn ; and a war only in name?with what will that cover us ! All desire to rail with glory, yet none move to seek death, lladsuch been from the beg<nuin( our resolution, were it eveu such to day, not a single Yankee would now tread our territory, and we should not be presenting to the world a scandalous spectacle,exposing our Inertness, our Indttlerenee, and our interminable fanfaronade* ? We hare said, and we repeat it, for there are things that cannot be too often repeated, we are not the obstinate partisans of peace, but because we see that war is not made and that every day there is less probability that it will be made with good results If It Is to be made, let us make It as we ought to, for now Is the time to act; but not acting now, shame and disgrace will be the lot of our ?ona, who will one 4ay live strangers in their native land. Hot. with a treaty of peace, properly arranged, their patrimony may be a country, liberty, and independence." Tlir W^y TO CONQ17BR. [From fcl Monitor Rennblicano. June 3 ] i ginee the occupation of the city, they (the Amertoans) have not made the slightest movement, but they labor lnceesantly to oonquer the f rrin i? . "irr m I , fttftdcrfthaMopi# Ud H mo?t b? thai t?* ability which they show is worthy of Viitig crowned wl success They understand admirably the ground 0 which they tread Thus, in Jalap*, a oity coquettish ad effeminate, no to speak, they were amiable and gallant: here they believe themselves to l>e In a heretical city, and among a fanatical people, and they show themselves circumapect to humility, and religious to fanatic itm. They do not even raise their eyes to look upon a woman, and if you could sue an I do the manner in which they comply with the slightest practices of t athollcisiu and devotion, you would be enraged, a* I am. at beholding the height to which hypocrisy can be carried Thej hare consumed the whole supply of rosaries, medals and other bagatelles, that are to be fouud for sale at the doors of the churches; and It is an edification to see the care they take to supply the whole world with blessed pictures aud scapularies."?Lrttrrfroiu Purhlo. [We hope that the good people who have shed so many crocodile tear* over the approaohlng downfall ef the Mexican church, will not make this extract a text from which to prove that the army has been sent to Mexico, solely for the purpose of being converted to the Catholic faith] Hkau Qcaktebs, Pi'Edla, May 21, 1847. 1. The authority ot the CoDgress and Government of the State of Puebla. in this city or in whatever other place it is or may have been since the occupation of the army of the United States of America, is and remains abolished. All acts, orders or decrees, of whatsoever kind they maybe, emanating from the said Congress or Government, are declared uull and of no effect or value All persons within the limits of said State are absolved from all allegiance to the said authorities. J. All persons whatever are hereby prohibited from printing, circulating. receiving ur propagating tno acts, order* or decrees of the Congress of the State, or of the Government, under the penalty of being tried nod sentenced for na infraction of thin order by a military couimiMion. My order of (Jen. Woitii. W. W. MACKALL, A. A.O. (THE DI ET, BltTWKF.1 MAHAM AMI) Mir.NPORn. China, May 9 Int. 1h-4T.?1 have sorrowful news to corn in un irate relating to Washington Mahaa, which God knows nooneoan regret more than I A Virginia Lieut., named .Munford. has been in the hubit of insulting him on every occasion that offered for some time past Yesterday morning Lieut. Mahan was conversing with some others, when Munford stepped up and called him a d-d liar, rascal and coward. Lieut. Mahan told him in reply he had borne bis insults until forbearance had ceased to be a virtu*. Lieut, Munford replied he might have satisfaction the best way he could, and rushed upon him with a knife. Lieut. Coleman stopped lilm, otherwise he would have killed Mahan on the spot. Lieut Mahan then told blm he would give him till next morning to make up his mind either to fight or apologise They then separated. Half an hour scarcely elapsed, ere Munford (returned, stating that be would meet him at 6 o'clock, P.M?that he might use such weapons as best suited blm?that he would use the musket. Lieut. Mahan, of course, had no choice left but to use the same weapon. Thoy met?the distance was fixed at 100 yards. When ready, Lieut. Mahau asked him If be had any thing to say; Lieut. Munford replied in the negative. They then advanced to within SO yards of each other. Twice, when Captain Bankhead told Mnnford be had better apologise, as Mahan would certalply shoot him, he refused tne second time, to make any concession whatever. They took aim the third time, and fired; both fell. Lieut. Mahan received a kail in the right breast, passing through to the left shoulder The doctors say there is no danger of him, as the ball passed through, neither touching the hesrt nor longs. He suffered much pain until about 3 o'elook this morning. Since then he has been recovering'rapldly. This morning he says he feels much better. Munford received seven balls. The doctors say he cannot live but a short time. Immediately after tiie duel, Munford directed a message to Lieut. Mahan, acknowledging his erior, and solicited his forgiveness. Munford died last evening ( Md) from the cfleets of his wounds. HEN. cos's VISIT TO T.VMPICO. Tampico, (Mexico,) June 10, 1847. The city was thrown intj a sudden and tremendous excitement about one o'clock this moruing. oaused by the appearance of some forty or fifty armed Mexicans, who approached within a few yards of the piqnet guard, some half mile in advance of the outposts. As they were rather suspicious in appearance, an alarm was given and huuuumi uiruugu mo city, in wi iosmiii every man wa< at his post, eagerly awaiting the anticipated engagement. Capt Noyne's mounted company was sentout to discover the enemy, and engage him if practicable, or report to the commander. He has not yet returned. Abeut eight o'clock this morning, it was oscertulnedjthat Gen. Cos entered the city early last evening, In disguise, and re mained with his brother, a resident of this place, through the night. This information was not gained until he bad left this morning. The Mexicans that were seen by the piquet guard were probably Cos's body guard. Capt. N oyse is in pursuit of them, and he may be successful in taking the whole party. Cos's brother, I understand, has been arrested this morning. Is it not astonishing? A few days ago a number of American ladies arrived in this city from New Orleans ?dressed, of course, in accordance with tbe latest fash ion?and, as common, certain flctitous enlargements of proportion beautified their persons. This afternoon, whllo several Mexican seuoritas were passing, I observed two dressed in American costume, and judging from appearance, had donned lis robust if bustle as was ever lugged about by an American belle. As these were tbe llrxt i have seen worn by Mexicans, it was certainly Htnunlng to see them strut through the streets, its proud of their bag of bran as a mother is of her only child Surely, the Mexican Udioa are becoming enlightened. THE ()JU:(iON EXPEDITION. Captain Van V'liet, of the (Quartermaster's Department. we leutp, has been ordered to i'ittaburgh to provide the necessary armament, tec., for the expedition ?liich has recently been ordered to he organised for the protection of perilous en route for Orocon. The expedition which Mr. Van Vliet accompanies, Ik to coustst of five hundred mounted Missouri volunteer*. Who is to roinmaud them we do not know, but Dr Walker will go out as Assistant Surgeon. Lieut. D. P. Woodbury, as Kuitiueer, and Capt. Van Vliet as Quartermaster. " The instructions to the command aro to erect two blookliouses-the first tbree hundred miles beyond the mouth i>f the Kansas river, where the Oregon trail crosses the I'lattu river, and the second three hundred miles beyond the first. The expedition will be absent two years. It is supposed they will have some trouble with Indians, hut to provide against this, they will take with them Impound howitzers.?Pittiburg Gazette. VKRY I.ATK FKOM CALIFORNIA. [K.titn the St. Louis Republican, June 20 J A letter has been received in this city from Monterey, I'pper California, dated the 14th of April last. It was transmitted through the interior of Mexico. and ae i-identally, it in inferred, reached it* destination. We li-arn from it that General Kearny wan nt Monterey I that Colonel Mason. of the dragoons, had arrived there; tbat Commodore Blddle and Commodore sliubrick were also iu port, with their squadrons ( '.very thing in Upper California was then quiet. Gen K earny was, it is presumed, exercising the government and thin he would continuu to do until be surrendered it to Col. Mason. It was cxpect?d that Gen. Kearny would leave for the United States about the first of July, taking the route by way of Santa Fe; and if so, he will reach here early in Octol>er. We cannot learn that any event of public interest bad transpired between the date of the letter and our previous advices. AFFAIRS AT TIIK WEST. Fou r Lcaykkwoitn, Mo., June 10. This place is remarkably quiet, when we recollect that a battalion of troops is setting off for Santa Fe. All Ave of the companies composing the St. Louis battalion have^H arrived, and also Col. Kaston and bis non-commissioned xtttll. The men of the battalion are in good health generally, and in excellent spirits. Several of the men, I learn, will be discharged, in con-^H rrquAuce of inability to do military duty. Capts. Sheppard and Wa'chner. with their re*pectlv?^H companies, commenced their march for Santa Fe on tbo^H 1 Tth ult. The three remaining companies. commanded^H l.y Capts. Barnes, i'aul and Cunningham, will march ln^H t be course of a few days. A volunteer belonging to Pol. Doniphan's regiment^H (whose name I did not learn.) died of scurvy thin morti-^^| ing; he oame in sick from Santa Fe, with the train re-^H turning from that place. Another train brought in a^H Mexican whom the Camanches bad scalped. Tbe cir-^H ruinstunces attending this inhuman outrage 1 cannot^^B A rumor has reached here, that Lieut. Love has been^H attacked by the Indians at Council Grove, and his com-^^| mand so (.rippled as to prevent him from continuing hi^^J march lie is still at Council Grove, awaiting the arrlva^^H of the battalion under the oommand of Col. Laaton All tbe arrivals here report the Indians unusual! troublesome on the Santa Fe route?not a train escape^^H tlicir depredations There is no news of importance from Santa Fe. thougl^^H nil seem to agree that, should the troops be witndrawn^^H there woul : be a general rising of tbe inhabitants. While it Is Oficunled bv I'nlterl HUtu tmnni no rectlon ii anticipated. Fort Lcavenwo^th, Mo.. June 11 I wrote jou ye*terday, giving you all the it?m*of ue*^H from thin plm, To-day, four companies of dragoon^^H hare arrived from independence. The companies uri^^H commanded by Captain Korponay, Capt. Mc.Nair, Capt^^H II rook*, of Oreen, and Captain Lofland of Rail*. Mexico according to the Eng Uli., [From the Loudon < hronicle, June IS.} The news wo receive from Mexico In more concluniv^^H than ever a* to the nuncew of the Uulted State* troop^^H and as to the futility of that success ' Mr. Prescott ha^^H uow the opportunity of rivalling tho fame of Solid, an^^l of enriching the literature of hi* country with a narrii^^H tl?n of event* a* striking a* those recorded by the earl^^H hi torlan of Mexico, and we believe ultimately a* portant in their < haracter. The conquest of the na^^B tives by the Spaniard* was the first step, to be followe^^H by the conquest of the Spaniard* by a still more ener^^H getic race. If the resistance of the Mexican* be prv^^H longed by their own madnes*, or by their civil di*sen^^l ? ..us " It i* most probable that they will force tb^^H authorities at Washington, and the military romman^^H ders of the United Stntes troop*, into a course whic!^^H they would, under other circumstances, have bee'^^H anxious to avoid, namely, the occupation of certain Itr^^H pr rtant town* in the Mexican territory. The expens^^H of this occupation will, n* fara" it I* possible, be levic^^H on the resources of the country. Kven so, undoubted I n large deficit will remain, which must be disbursed h^^H the unwilling votes of Congress Suppose the case ths^^H I lie mpital city of Mexico, the Californlan coast. Ver^^H Crux and the more important portion of the *ea-boar^^H of the liulf be occupied by the United State* trooi^^H and ?hip*. and that the Mexican* oontinue agalm^^H them, a series of petty attacks and a system of devest* turn, what will be the Mtnstlon of Oeueral* Scott. Ta\^^H lor, iko . aud the troops under their command? I'retlfl^H much that of Marshal Dtigead, and his fellow-crusader in Algeria It is this we mean by saying that the forci Invading Mexico have hitherto been uniformly succe* f.il, hut that their success appears as yet to have bee^^H ut evly without result. I he American army under Qeneral Scott Is. by th Imt account*, fast advanclug on the road to Mexico Tho wretched remnant of Sauta Anna's urmy had abai (loned I'erote, which was taken possession of by American forces. W? can scarcely credit the fact, bt It was currently reported that Uennral Scott had evej^^H advanced beyond I'erote. We should, however. doul|^^H the soundness of any d priori reesoning upon ataxics warfare, after the specimens we have had of the Imb'^^H c111 ty, cowardice, and Incapacity of Mexican commai der*. It ta therefore, poMible (hat all conclusions biw'^H ed on the general consideration of the number and cqi dltlon of the United States troops, may not be Justin*