Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 9, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 9, 1847 Page 2
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pp? <M< NEW YORK HERALD. Maw Twt. rrMtoy, Jwly 8? WW. The Weekly Herald. The following are the contents of the Wttkly Herald, to be issued at nine o'clock tomorrow morning: ? The foreign news received by the Caledonia ; domestic markets ; movements of the President, with accounts of his reception in the Eastern States; the despatches of our special correspondent attending the Chicago Convention ; a full account of the celebration of the 4th ol July in this city ; correspondence from Washington ; the latest news from Mexico; money and statistical articles, &c.,&c., &c. It will contain three engravings of the celebration of the Fourth in New Vork. This Bheet will be ready in wrapj?ers, and sold at 6^ cents each, mailed free from our office. The Next Arrival from Europe. We inadvertently stated yesterday, in an article on the news received by the Caledonia, that the American steamship Washington left Southampton on the first instant, and would be due here next week. Snch is not the case, because Captain Hewitt had decided upon having the hotwells of the machinery enlarged before he left, which would perhaps take several days to accomplish, and fixed upon the 10th as the day of sailing. We may, with confidence, expect the Washington on or about the 22d inst. The n<>xt arrival will be that of the Britannia, at Boston She left Liverpool on the 4th inst. The >'?wi from Mexico. The thousand and one rumors of peace which have been flying over ihe country in every direction for some time past, received their quietus yesterday in the news from the seat of war, and published in this day's paper. Instead of the probability of an early peace being concludcd, the likelihood now is, that it is us far off as ever, and that another bloody conflict will probably take place between the opposing armies of the two countries, before General '5eott can enter the capital. We cannot say that we are in tha least degree disappointed at me purport 01 mis news, never having credited these peaceru inors. Our correspondent at Washington has as good facilities of obtaining information as any person in that city, and he never 'mentioned a syllable on the subject or referred to these rumors till today, as may be seen in his letter, and then only to contradict them. We are probably as far from obtaining a peace as we ever were; and instead of Gen. Scott taking unobstructed and quiet possession of the capital, every inch of the way has likely been contested, and a determined effort made by the Mexicans to annihilate him. This is startling news,when we place it in contrast with what we have beeiA receiving from the war quarter for some time past. The enemy is determined, it Hppears, to risk every thing in another battle, on the issue of which will depend the possession of his capital. We cannot conceive, however, how it is possible lor the Mexicans to make such great preparations for defence, us we are informed by the news they are making.? We heard that, at the battle of Cerro Gordo, Santa Anna concentrated all his resources of military material, and there he wasdefeated.with the loss of all. We were told likewise that there were no means of defence left to him, that all the cannon of the country had come into our possession. Vet now we hear of the enemy acting on the offensive, and preparing to attack General Scott at three different points, and that the capital is to be defended with seventy or ninety pieces of artillery, made of the bellsjof the cnurches. If this news be true, the resources of the Mexicans have been underrated, and the next news will, therefore, be looked for with increased interest and anxiety. Stea.m Navigation i.n South America.?The Nutionnl Congress of the Republic of Venezuela, South America, having granted to Mr. Vespasian Ellis, a citizen of the United States, and to such persons as may become associated with him, the exclusive right of navigating the rivers Orinoco and Apureby steam, for the term of eighteen years, that gentleman, we perceive, is soliciting the attention of men of capital to the subject, and inviting them to co-operate with him in carrying out the enterprise. The first considerations which the contemplation of this grant suggests, are ihe present resources of the country?the extent of territory bordering on the Orinoco, its productions, and its present trade. The valley of the Orinoco is, in many rcspccts, like the valley of the Mississippi in our own country. It covers an area of four hundred thousand square miles of land, yielding the richest products of the earth, such as cocoa, coffee, indigo, tobacco, sugar, horses brazilwood, &c., &c., and watered by a hundred streams, many of which are navigable. The climate is temperate and salubrious. The Orinoco is navigable for four hundred leagues, and its principal branches, the Guaviare, Meta.Caroni, and Apure, are likewise navigable. The total amount of exports from the valley of the Orinoco, in the ynr, was two millions of dollars; a vast amount when we consider that a great proportion of the produce of the country is carried to the seaboard, hundreds of miles, and across mountains ana valleys, by means of mnles. Notwithstanding the want of steam communica tion on the Orinoco and its tributaries, we find thai the trade of the country is increasing at a Murprising rate, f 111832 the exports from Angostum were aDout $152,000, while in 1844 they were upwards of ?<j00,000, and the exports for the first uuarter of the present year amounted to #400,(V)0?showing a surprisingly rapid increase,,in the face of the obstacles which trade has to contend with there. The ratio of increase will no doubt be (juadrupled every year from the time that Mr Ellis will have his steam vessels navigating those rivers; for besides, the regular trade a large additional trade can., be carried on with New Granada, the Orinoco being navigable for steamboats to apoint within one hundred and twenty miles of Bogota, the capital. In fact, the Orinoco is not only the natural outlet for the produce of three-fourths of Venezuela, but also of that of Eastern New Granada, and northern Brazil, the freight of which, at the rates fixed by thegrant of Mr. Ellis, would annually amount to a very handsome snm. The estimated sum that would annually accrue from freight upwards for the first two years,is forty thousand dollars?on the article of domestic salt, fifty thousand dollars?for passengers forty thousand dollars?and on downward freights for agricultural productions, horses, mules, &c , eighty thousand dollars, making in all two hundred and ten thousand dollars yearly, on the present trade of the valley ; all of which would be carried by steamboats. It is proposed by Mr. Ellis to commence operations with two steamers, of three hundred tons burden each, the expenses of which, including every possible charge, he estimates, would not exceed seventy thousand dollars annually, leaving a profit of one hundred and forty thousand dollars annually.for the first two years. This estimate, it must be recollected, is based on the present export and import trade of the country, and it would of course increase with the auif. 1 ? ..? 1_ .i_-. PJ inemauon UUU cAjmiiBiun vi uauc nun wumu follow the introduction of steam navigation. It is the opinion of Mr. Ellis that, to keep pace with the increasing commerce of the Orinoco, it will be necessary to increase the number of steamboats on the rivers which he has procured the exclusive right to navigate, to five or tux, or more. The amount of capital requisite to commence this great enterprise is two hundred thousand dollars, and Mr. Ellis is desirous of associating * with him a company who] can command thai sum, and are willing to invest it at once ; for be it known, that unless he has the details ot the enterprise carried out and in operation before eighteen months from the month of May lust, the grant will l>e vitiated. Unless application hhall be made to him within a few weeks by a company possessing the means, it is his intention to form a joint stock company fixing the share* at one thoueand dollars each. We think, however, that he will not be forced to adopt the alternative, because w? are confident that he will find men possessing the necessary means to join hin in the enterprise. In addition to the grant of the right of exclu ive navigation, it is provided in the grants tha the enterprise shall be exempt from alimunicipa contributions, und from all national duties o ini|x<rting the steamers, tackle. &.c., and tha Mr- Kllis and his anociates shall have the pri "ileg? of cutting fuel free of oharge ARRIVAL # or thk STEAMSHIP UNION. VERT LATE INTELLIGENCE. OPENING OF A NEW EBA IN OUR OOKICXIKOB WITH rKAVOZI SPECIAL DESPATCHES TO THE NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. die. dIC, dlO.; The Union, Captain Herbert, the pioneer of the French line of Ocean Mail Steamers, arrived yesterday from Cherbourg, France, after a fine passage of sixteen days. She left that port on the 22d ult. She came up the bay in the afternoon between 5 and 6 o'clock, in beautiful style, and fired the national salute when near the city. She was cheered by the passengers and crews of the various vessels which she passed. The Union has a black hull, and three masts, and appears very much like the Great Western. one moves nanasomeiy, ana came up uie Day with good speed, and took her place at the Great Western's dock in the East River. The impression made by the new comer as she entered the harbor was decidedly favorable, and the officers und passengers seemed greatly pleased with all that they saw and heard. Thus the new era in our commercial relations with La Belle France may be said to have fairly arrived, and hereafter we are to look for the French steamers as regularly as for the English mail packets. This new line of steamers is composed of the following ships, each of four hundred and fifty horse power : ? Union, New York, Philadelphia. Missouri. The second steamer of this line, the Philadelphia, was at Cherbourg. The intelligence brought by the Union is of very little importance. We are indebted to Mr. Wm. G. Hersey for late English, and to Dr. D. L. Ne6 for late French papers. The Chamber of Deputies was occupied on the 18th ult., with the bill destined to prolong the law passed last February, for the free entry, under all Hags, of foreign grain. This law, as it originally stood, would have expired on the 31st Octobei, reserving to the ministry the power of prolonging it by an ordinance, if this term should seem insufficient. The Chamber of Commerce of Strasbourg has just received advice from Maycnce that the proposition of the French Commissary to transport grain, flour, and dry vegetables free of the Rhine river duty, has been accepted by all the river governments, provisionally, until the 1st of September next. The price of bread in Paris was fixed as follows from the 17th June:?Bread of the first quality 58 centimes the kilogramme; 2d do 50 centimes the kilogramme. It is a diminution of . 3 centimes for the first quality. and of 4 centimes for the second. The Greco-Turkish difficulty is terminated by the submission of Greece to the conditions imposed by Turkey. The French Chamber of Peers, at the commencement of its session, on the 18th of June, received a communication, by a message from the Chamber of Deputies, which authorised the proceedings against M. Emile de Girardin, and it has ordered that M. Girardin; shall appear at its bar in four days, that is to say on the 22d of June. The Belgian journals announce that King Leopold will leave for London on the 21st or 22d of June, if his State will permit him. The harvests in France promise an abundant yield. It is with pleasure that we announce the receipt oi the first series of our correspondence from the continent of Europe. As the day of the departure of the French sieamer will in future be regular, our despatches will hereafter be written up to the latest moment. The Special Despatches. Paris. June 16, 1847. We are now drawing close to the termination of the parliamentary session, and the public asks, and asks in Tain, what has bee* done? There is no government in any country in the world, not even in Austria itself, so conservative as that of the present Cabinet of France. It verities strictly the(motto ascribed to it by its opponents. Hien, rim, rien. " Nothing, nothing, nothing." It literally does nothing. It belongs to what is here called the conservative party, but what in America would be called a stationary party. The administrative part of the United States govern ment tins iwen uiien spuitun ui u using uaoie to corruption, peculation,, malversation, and abase of patronage; but the worst charges against it sink into Insignificance, compared with those recently brought before the public, and the Chambers, against the government* here, past and present. An enquiry Is now In progress, before the Chamber of Peers, In which a former minister is charged with granting certain rights and privileges to a mining company, in consideration of receiving shares In the said company gratis, to the amount in value of about '200,000 dollars. This Is what is spoken of as the Cubit-res affair; General Cubic res, a Peer of France, having been the person threugh whose instrumentality the negotiation was oondurted. This enquiry had not proceeded far, when, to the astonishment of the publio, and the consternation of the Cabinet, M. hmile de Glrardin, a member of the Chamber of Deputies, and principal editor and proprietor of the journal called La Prttie, published in that paper a direct charge against the present Cabinet, the substance of whioh was, in fact, that they had opened a shop for the sale of every description of ministerial patronage and favor, and at which there was even a regular tariff of prices. The circumstances which led to this extraordinary disclosure are curious, and exhibit, in a striking point of view, the vast Influence ascribed to journalism In France. Last year a newspaper on an unusually large scale of magnitude, and advancing the most extravagant pretensions, was started in Paris, called the Epoque. This was soon known aa a ministerial journal, and was understood to be more particularly the personal organ of M. Gulxot After being continued for several months, the circulation, though considerable, falling far short of the expenses, aud the shareholders becoming Impatient undei the calls coming rapidly upon them, and hearing of no dividends even in prospect, meetings were held,at wklcb I it waa finally resolved to sell the enterprise by auction. This was accordingly done, and M. Km He de Uirardin became the purchaser of the good will, the subscription list, and all the goods and chatties of the unfortunate Epoque. He incorporated it with the Prettt, and so ended the Epoi/ue. A few month* later M. de Qirardin, who is one of the leader* of that party in the Chamber? called the "young conservatives" by some , and the " progressive conservatives" by other*, and who had with that party generally supported M. UuUot'a miui*try being fairly worn out by it* aUtlonary policy, denerted it, divided agalnat it on leveral question* in the < hambers, and Anally beoame the most bitter political opponent* of theii former friend, M. Oulaot, b?th in the Chamber* and in the Prnit. La Prene which lately had advocated th< measure* of M. Onliot now opposed him; and like ail renegade* from a party, became the moat bitter and pitilee* of all hi* opponent*. Matter* being brought to thi* state, there appeared within the last fen week* the article in La Prme, already mentioned charging the cabinet, in ezpreae term*, with permittinf the ministerial patronage to be publicly sold, and de daring that the editor* of that journal were in a oondi Hon to substantiate the charge by document*, in a word ltmppear* that on purchasing the JEptqut, M. de Glrar din found in the books and document* of that concern evidence that every *ort of patronage was publicly ?olc at it* bureaux?privilege* or patent* of theatres, oonce* - sions for public companies, audiences of the minister* crosses of the legion of honor, and, in fine, blank promise! of the peerage! The tariff of these article*, In some instances, was given. Thus, a license to *pen a new opera 1 house, was sold for twenty thousand dollars. The prlo? of the promise of a peerage was only *ixt?en thousand dollar*! It i* not pretended that the money, exacted in thil manner, found its way, in all case*, or altogether, to the pockets of the functionaries who really exercised th? i prtronage. It wa* a sort of douceur, paid to the journal for its interest In attaining the otyect* of the payer ol the fee. Juat a* people, who confer favor*, (ometlmei [ wink at their servant* receiving a gratification from ' those on whom the favor is conferred. > When this announcement appeared in La Preur, it wa* publloly noticed in the Chamber of Peers; and that - part of it which related to the alleged sale of promises oi t the peerage, was pronounced to be a high contempt ol .1 that House; and a motion was made, that M. Emife de n I < Hrardln he called to the bar of that House, to answei it Journal However, the editor being also deputy . this eoulrt not he e(footed without the permission ef the i representative ahamber; and an application Wa* th*r*' 1 'JP?n ?*>* wUob wa* referred to a select eometttw ? I tha Chamber of DrputUm, before "bom M. de Oirardln appeared He repeated bis statement, declared that ha could prove It. but must reserve bla proof tor the Chambar. If heahould be oomprlled to go before It; but at the same tin*, ditarowed aojr intention to attack the Chamber of I'eera, which he held in high respect Ilia attack, he mid, vai directed atfainxt the honesty of the Ministers, aod with the M in later* alone wax his quarrel. The committee appointed to raport on thin, liare reported in favor of aeuding M de Oirardln before the Cbambel of Peers, and thus the matter now stands. The financial condition of Krauce hnn become seriously embarraaaed. The rate of interest la raised, and the Dank of France la obliged to aeek relief from one extraordinary drain of apecia upon it, by obtaining from the Legislature, authority to laaua notes so small a* two hundred franca, ($40.) no not** having been hitherto issued under five hundred franca, ($100.) The causes assigned for this preeaure arc, first, the failure of the last harvest, and consequent necossity for large Importations of grain, necessarily followed by a'correeponding exportation of specie; and secondly, the extensive lines of railway which have been andertaken, and are in progress through the country, creating a new and augmeuted demand for the circuiting medium. The prospects at present of thenarvest in every part of Kranoe are good. The weather for the last month has been most favorable, aonsiderable heat being alternated with heavy falls of rain. The appearance of the crops i? consequently very cheering; nevertheless, it is quit* certain, that,owing to the deficiency of the potato, which has been planted this season in comparativelysiuall quantity, there will be ademand for foreign grain, however favorable the harvest may prove to be. In contemplation of this, the ^Legislature ha* already extended till next year, the present free system of importation, of every species of alimentary matter. * To foreign visiters Pari* has been especially dull this season. The number of resident foreigners was greatly less than usual, and the number of passing visiters still more seriously diminished. This has damped the spirit of the shop keeping classes, and all who live on the disbursements of those whose chief business is amusement. London has robbed Paris of most of the theatrloai stars. The grand opera, formerly so celebrated for the georguous ballet, and' Its magnificent body of artists, now hides Its diminished head before the Queen's Theatre and the Itoval Italian Ooera House. In fact it offers no attraction either to the resident or the visiter. The minor theatre*, those of thn? Boulevard* especially, continue to fill m usual, being the resort of those Parisians who never leave the capital, and cannot live without the yafc and the tpeclutlt. In liter*ture, the most popular work of the reason, is Lamastrlne's ' Girondists,' a work on that unexhausted and apparently inexhaustible subject the great revolution. V our speculating republishes would do well to translate it, if they have not already done so. Madrid, June 10J1B47. The results which had been anticipated by all well informed person* as consequent on the Royal marriages oonoluded by King Louis l'hilippe and the Queen Dowager continue to develope themselves. The Queen Isabella and her consort are in fact separated. They are domioiled miles asunder. Mutual aversion is the feeling which has followed these unhallowed nuptial*,which have had aasure Jly no honey-moon. The marriage bed will, of course, be barren; and unless the cunning of the French K ing have overreached itself,the leigning Queen is only the locum-tenen$ of the throne, whleh his daughter-in-law and her children must ultimately occupy. The prince consort ha* for some time back occupied a royal palace at some distance from Madrid, oalled the I'ardo, where he i* surrounded by a coterie hostile to the Queen and her cabinet. He ia the otyect of frequent visit* and axsiduous attentions from the French Ambassador, the Duke of Olucksburg. Kvery exertion has been made on the part of the friends of the Queen to induce him to return to the same roof with her Majesty, so as at least not to present to the world the scandal of an open separation. These attempts have been ineffectual ? Meanwhile the young Queen attaches to her person the fallen Don Francisoo and one of the sisters, tne Infanta Jossela, of her consort. In all her ridos and drives she is accompanied by these, and they are domesticated in the palace. When she makes a visit to any of the summer residences they invariably accompany her. Her mother, Queen Christine, who, it will be remembered, was some time since obliged to quit Spain in consequence of the unconstitutional influence she attempted to exercise in the palace, has lately applied for permission to return to Madrid. The ministry intimated that on their part no opposition would be made to suoh a step, but it was ascertained bv the friends of the Queen mother that the reception she must expeot from her daughter would not be such as would prove agreeable to her. On this hint she decided against returning, and is now at Paris. The Queen Dowager has just returned to France from a visit to Naples. Tho professed object of which was ta see her brother, the king of the two Sicilies, and tho other members of her family She had hardly arrived there when she departed lor Rome. It is understood that the reception she met with from her family, was not of a very cordial kind. Indeed, according to some reports, they declined to receive her at all. On her return she stopped four days at Rome, where she had a private audieuce of the Pope, the object of which is said to be to supplicate His Holiness not to grant the divorce wliic'i her daughter, Queen Isabella, is understood to have applied for. The present ministry here, is. in politics, of a shade between the tory and the radioal. A sort of ju$temilieu, as it is called in France. Its stability, however, is very doubtful, and it seems probable that ere long there will be a modification in the liberal direction. The conservatives or the moderadu party, as they are V...... -.11..I ..I... ......... V... the queen some months ago, appear little likely to recover office. The oourt of Rome, which, since the accession of the present queen, held no diplomatic relations with Spain, has just sent a legate. M. Brugnelle, to Madrid. This step is considered highly detrimental, if not totally destructive to the hopes of the Count de Montemolino. A divorce, followed by a marriage of the Queen with the Count de Montemolino, would appear to be solution of the Spanish question, which would satisfy oil interests; but the state of parties in this country would at present be violently opposed to such aooalition. Lisbon, June 10, 1847. The efforts of the Portuguese people to resist the assumption of arbitrary power by the Queen, have had a result not anticipated. To say they have failed and that they are crushed by foreign intervention, would not be < strictly true, since the English government has imposed ?onditions on the Queen in favr of the liberal party.? The capture of Das Owley, and the forces of the Junta off Oporto, was a proceeding, the origin of which was not at first apparent, in fact, it was a mode of accepting the intervention of England; which, from reasons connected with the state of parties, couid not have been freely and openly assented to. Although a free and constitutional government, exempt from all objections, will not be established at Lisbon, still a large portion of the objects of the movement of last October will have been obtained. The complete failure of the coup d'etat, the impotence of Spain to aid the Queen in carrying it out; the change of ministry in that oountry; the check exercised by England on the other parties to the quadruple alliance, and the narrow escape that Donna Maria has had of losing her throne, altogether, will serve as a warning to her in future against similar violent proceedings. Meanwhile free institutions will grow and strengthen in Portugal, and the people will learn the proper use and exercise, and the true nature and value of their rights, so that any future attempt made by tho sovereign to encroach on them, will be still more successfully resisted. The great aim of England has been to prevent 8paln and France, by separate interference, establishing a rooting in Portugal. The chances of the Duchess of Montpensler succeeding to the throne of Spain, render the British government more and more tenacious on this point. Berne, June 11, 1847. The liberal cause in Switzerland progresses In spite of the opposition, sccretly as well as openly, practised by tho French government. It will be remembered that Switierland, like the United States, only on a smaller scale, is a confederation of Independent republics, called cantons. Tbe rederal government consists or we uiet, which U the legislative body, anil the Vorort, which is the exeeutive The neat of the federal government 1* net fixed in a particular canton, but a?ses In rotation among several oantonr. At present it Is in the cai.ton of Berne, the resident of the grand council of which, in, in fact, President for tbe time being of the confederation. This individual la M. Ochsenboin, a diatinguiahed liberal and republican. Of the cantons which compose the confederation, there are seven in which the Catholic religion is predominant, and which favor arbitrary government, advocate tbe Jesuits, and are patronized and secretly protected and supported by Austria and the absolute courts. These cantons, opposed to the others, formed, some time ago, a separate league, and are known by the title of the ultra-montane league. Such a proceeding, being deemed Incompatible with the rights of the general government, and the obligation* due to the Diet and the Vorort, by tbe oantons, has been resisted by the ether cautons, and Internal dissensions have arisen, which at times reached a point approaching to olvll war. On the transfer of the general government to the liberal canton of Berne, the revolution which took plaoe last autumn In Oeneva, and other liberal movements, it > became apparent that the league of the seven cantons was likely to be soon condemned by a vote of the fede* ral legislature. The moment now approaches at 1 which this question will be brought to an > issue; and. accordingly, the ambassadors of the foreign powers at Berne, are assuming those attitud s in regard to the federal government which correspond with 1 the policy of their respective courts. Those of the absolute courts?Austria, Russia, and Trussia -have with ur&wn iroul owrue KiLUKticuri. BUU ?iiru up IUC1I msidence Rt l.ucerne, one of the cantons of the league ; thus signifying the sense they entertain of the general I government. The nmbaasadors of France, Kqgland. and Belgium will remain at Berne; but the first had 1 already nad a violent collision with the new President, | to whom be presented a menacing note, having reference to the possible proceedings of the Vr>rort,and whoreturn' ed'a dignified and spirited reply. France, in fact, under the polioy of M. GuUot, has plainly indicated her intenr tion of joining Austria in coercing the Swiss confedura> tion, and, as far as she can venture to do so, repressing t the liberal movement in this country We shall be able probably, by the next mail, to give you more definite information on these subjects. ' CoKJTANTijforLi, -J7th May, 1847. fcThe uuarrel between the Ottoman Porte and Greece, { whith threatened to lead to serious consequences, may b? considered as very nearly brought to a conclusion.? The unanimous declaration of the representatives of the | foreign power*, France alone excepted, against Greece, has been decisive. The Turkish envoy at Athens was insulted by the King of Greece in a public ball room, | beoause he refused to grant a passport which his own I government hail forbidden him to grant. Upon this, he i quit Athens, and returned to Constantinople Such an , outrage against the inviolable person of an ambassador, p wad felt to bo an oflence against the customs of all olvili lied nations. There waa but one statesman in Kurape r who did not feel that it ought to be visffed with the moat severe international reprehension, and that statesman was M. Gutiot After a leng and Ineffectual resistance, the cabiuet of Athens bun been compelled to oonsent to the return of M. Mlssurus, the offended envoy, and to olTer to him a suitable reparation | and apology. It Is understood that when this has been r dona, M. Mlseurus will be recalled, and the good understanding between the States re-established A commercial treaty between France and Greece is said to be in prooeM or negotiation at Athens. H?mk, June 3, 1017. The popularity of the sovereign pontiff Is augmented r (Ma day to day, m4 it U now uot transcending the truth to declare, that there la no sovereign in Europ* to 1 beloved by lil* peoplt. Hom?. which formerly did not I allow n?i?*|>ap?r. except the official gasette of tha |ov eminent, to be published within her walla. now mh toot half doaeu well conducted and well written Journals issued weekly. one of which i* in the English language Measures are in progrew fur calling into {rtdaal operation the principle* of constitutional government A council of distinguished Individual* i* already em ployed in revising the municipal regulation! of the town* and citie* of the States of the church. A national guard in spoken of, and will probably soon be organised. With the best intentions, however, the good Pope Pius has to struggle against the secret opposition of

Austria, and even of ! ranee, which, notwithstanding the revolutionary origin of Its government, leans in all its foreign policy to the absolute governments. Markets. Pari*, June 18.?In our flour market, to-day, sales were smaller than yesterday. Klour was offered at I07f. to 11 Of per 159 kil ; sales were made at 103f. to 106f. per 169 kilogrammes. Sales of flour from the provlnoes, to arrive, were made at 93f. to llOf. per 169 kilegrammes ? In Belgium and Holland, prioes of grain haVeadvaneed; also, in Germany. Prices were tending upward In Paris. Havbk, June 18.?Cotton?Sales of iO.'i bales of Louisiana, ordinary, at 99 francs; and 100 bales Mobile, ordinary. 98f. ;i0c. The quotations are. New Orleans, inferior, 88f. to 91f.; very ordinary, 5>2f. to 93f.; ordinary, 97f. to 99f ; good ordinary, 104 to 105f.; fair, 114f. to 1 lif; good fair, 1 ltif. to 117f.; fine, llflf. to 120f ; very fine, 1'iOf Florida and Upland, inferior, 88f. to 90f.; very ordinary. 9if. to 93f.; ordinary, 94f. to 96f.; good ordinary, 97 to 99f.; fine. 1001. Paasengers Arrived. Cherkoiim.?Steamship Union?Mr Wsldman, Mr de Nee and family, Mr. Msurin, Pari*; Uaac C. Msyro, New York) Mr CliapmuJlCiiKlaiid; Mr. Buteox Catholic Priest, France; Mr S|H>hr, Mi>s Mpohr, Mr aud Mrs Huck, Miss Mayer, Meiin Bslbach aud Urotlier, Mr Mayer Schreiber, Germsuy; Mrs Ledue and family, 11 Hermau, E Uirard, Mr de Hosier, ! ' w.n Michal. New Vork: Mr.Dwiaht. W O Hersey, iVUisaciiuietU; and 107 in Un itrerngc. Lai nch.?Will be launched on Saturday, the 10th inst., ut 7 o'clock A. M., precisely, from the yard of Messrs. Perine, Patterson and Stack, head of Water street, ship Mameluke, of 900 tons burthen, built for Mr. Warren Delano, Jr., of this city, to be commanded by Capt. C. H. Chriatenson, under whose immediate superintendence she has been built. The Mameluke is a very superior model for sailing]and carrying, and has been built of the best materials?live oak, locust and cedar top, and live oak cants; her ceiling, bilge, streaks, clamps and ceiling between decks, are of extra thickness, and as thick as many ships built in this city of two to three hundred tons larger. Her hanging knees between decks and lower hold are very heavy, and extra fastened. She is thoroughly copper-fastencd throughout, and in every way calculated for heavy cargocs. lier cutwatcr and head are of a new and improved principle, and.are spoken of in the highest terms by many of our talented naval architects and sea captains. We would advise merchants, sea captains, and others interested in this branch of naval architecture, to examine the structure of this ship, as we feel confident that she will compare favorably with our best packet ships. Musical. Parji Tiikathk.?Tedesco's benefit last evening attracted a crowded houne?the most fashionable audience of the whole neaaon. The boxes were all filled with charming ladlea, elegantly dressed, nearly all bearing bo\iquets and wreathes for the htntficiaire. The opera of ''Norma," which had been selected by Tedesco as the best for a full exhibition of her extraordinary talent,was sung by her with an entrain and sentiment entirely unknown to the dilettanti who have some times reproached her for being not very animated. But last night her performance was admirable. "Costa Diva'' she exprennud with a taste Indescribable. Severi (Pollione) was in bettor voice, and displayed very eloquently the merit of his histrionic talent and the power of his compass. Kainieri, as Adalgiza. went through her part amid a merited reward of applause. Now for the two extra songs given by Tedesco. The celebrated aria of Rossini, ' Una voce ]>ucu J u, luftii uuuiiiauiu ggtu, wim oaouuicu Muiunb i?|i* tures of applause; and "La Colotain which Tedesco Rings and speaks, was a decided hit She was called out before the curtain at the end of the performance; and tho lovely singer, after having picked up all the flowers thrown at hor feet, tiaid to the assembly, in very ?;ood Kngllsh, ''My heart is full of gratitude." These ew words were enthusiastically applauded by all present; and so terminated the last night of tne season given liy the Italian company of Havana, in New York. Gha.ni> Coni kkt given at Cajtle Gakhkm bv the Italian Company.?This fete muiicalt takes place this evening. It is the last opportunity for hearing this talented company of singers, who will display the best piece of their repertoire. Ardlti will perform the celebrated Carnival of Venice," and Botesini a grand fantasia touvenir of " La Sontnamhula," upon his magic instrument, the contra taiio. The tickets are only fifty cents. The place Is airy and comfortable, and no doubt i ust 11- Garden will be crowded. May it be so. Tomorrow morning the whole company leave New York for .Philadelphia, where they are engaged for a limited number of performances. Will they return here ? We hope so. Madame Klkuuy Molly and Mb. Duureul.?These talented artists left New York last evening, on their route to Saratoga Springs, where they are to give one or more concert*. The United States Hotel, with its admirable halls, will receive these very able singers, and no doubt all the fashionable people now sojourning at singer we have bad since Madame Dainoreau. and the superior barytone. Mr. Dubreul. We wish Madame Jolly and Mr. Dubreul the success which they deserve. Their travel will continue perhaps to panada. Vauxhall Garden.?With the view of keeping up the attractivenesa of Vauxhall Uardan. and maintaining the enviable position which the exertions of the managers have effected in placing it in, we perceive that Mona. Delacroix, a celebrated artist from Paris, is engaged to introduce his grand automaton Lilliputian flgureawhich need but to be seen to be admired. Nor la this all. for a company of vocalists, of surpassing merit, have llkewiie been engaged. who will amuse the visiters by singing a variety of cnoice songs, duets, trios, rondos, Ito., every evening this] week. Well does Vauxhall deserve the great patronage it daily receives. Campbell's Kthiopian Serenade*! perform this eve* nlng at Tompkln'a Lyeeum, Staten Island. They intend exhibiting the peculiarities of negro character at New Haven, Conn., next week. The auocesa of this troupe, while playing at Vauxhall, Is a sufficient introduction in their tour through the Kastera States. Theatricals. Bowery Theatre.?So great has been the success of Monk Lewis's tragedy, "The Castle Spectre, or the Mysteries of Conway and so enthusiastically has it been applauded every night it waa performed, that the manager haa wisely determined to repeat it this evening, not however, without his being solicited to do so by his friends and patrons. That excellent piece, and the laughable comedy styled "Peter White," with the drama, ''The Beaoon of Death, or the Norway Wreckers," will form the bill of performances this evening. The manager will shortly revive the most gorgeous spectacle ever produced on the Bowery stage, ' The Naiad Hm-en." which drew so tremendously for a number of Hucoessivo nights. To morrow evening Mrs. Jordan will talw a benefit. Tom Thumb is now holding dally levees at Liberty Hall, New Bedford. Sport 1 iifg Intelligence. Psf.iehtation of ' tmic Bii.t."?James Sullivan, ex-pugilift, wan presented with a magnificent silver belt on Wednesday evening, at Mullen's Democratic Head Quarters, in w ashi ngton street, by a large party of his frUnds, as a testimonial of their regard for the dauntless courage and scientific ability displayed by him in his numerous encounters. The belt was presented by Capt Rynders; and It was received by Mr. Mulllvan under the solemn asHurauce that he would never again enter the prize ring. The belt is of solid silver, about three inches wide, and nearly forty In clroumference, and is lined with green velvet. I n front there is a carved representation uf two pugilists engaged in combat; on each side of which is a large spread eagle, with fourteen star*, circling round to the back, each star mounted with a jewel ? These fourteen stars denote the number of victories won by Sullivan in different countries, Including four in this, viz : Hammond, 8ecor, Bell, and Caunt. The following Is the lnHcription on the belt :?"Presented, July 7,1847, to James Mullivan, Ksq , by his friends and admirers in the First Ward of the city of New York, as a token of their esteem, for his skill and efficiency in the ring, and hiB gentlemanly deportment In private life." Police Intelligence. Jui-Y 8.?t/l Charge of Grand Larceny.?Officers Woolrtdge and Norris arrested last night, a young woj man by the name of Harah Jane Merserau, who the officers found in the Bowery Theatre, on a oharge of stealing from the possession of Oenrge H. Knox, residing at No. 21 West street, the sum of (163 in gold. A portion of the money was found on the accused, and Justice Osborne locked her up for trial, and held Knox to ball in $3(10 to appear and testify. Jiltempt- at Burglary.?Officer O'Brien of the Ath ward, arrested early yesterday morning a young man oallea John Clark, whom the officer found on the top of a shed n Cross street. It appears the rascal had olamin-red npon a building in the rear of No. 0*2 Cross street, and haa broken a pane of glass in a window in order to gain access for the purpose of stealing. Robert Williams, who occupied the room, was woke up by the noise, saw Clark at the window, gave an alarm, which resulted in bis arrest, as above stated. Justice Osborne locked him up ft>t trial. *9rre$t on Suipicion.?A man oalled John B. Murray, was arrested yesterday by a policeman of the 1st ward, on a nharge of stealing a watch belonging to Thomas W. Armstrong, residing at No. 7 Washington street. Looked up by Justice Osborne for trial. Concealed to Steal ?A black fellow oalled Ned Young, was discovered concealed on the premises. No. 33)4 Bowery, evidently with Intent to steal. Officer Duffy found the rascal stowed away In the vault. Looked up by Justice Osborne for trial. It is stated that <ieneral Taylor was In communion | wltb the Methodist Lplscopal Church, previous to his ! departure for Mulco. 0 I 1 city liiUUlfenef. WiiM Weather.?The weather for the last three or n four d?y? hu b-eu eioeaalvely hot, sod to prevent * disease oar cltixaa* must um great prudenoe in their P diet. At 4 P. M. yesterday. the mercury ?u u high aa }( 8# in our oAoe by one of Roaoh'a th?rmomuters. By ? Uflk way, we recommend our friend* in need of tlmse In- M diapenaible article#, to drop into Mr Roach'a, 83 Nasaau < street, and procure one. Hia assortment ia very exten- f s4ve,and hla reputation ranka deservedly high. ? Effects or Heat.?Coroner Waltera waa called yea L terday. to hold an inqueat on the body of Thomaa Coo- at ley. a native of Ireland, aged 33 yeara. who, while walking through one of the street*, waa taken auddenlv ill, and died shortly afterwards in the city hoapital, C whither he had been conveyed for medical aid. Ver- ? diet?death by the effecta of ezpoaiire to the sun. t) Sun Stroke.?The foreman of Hose Co. No. 3, re- ? oeived a sun atroke in Pitt atreet yesterday morning, r about 11 o'clook, A. M. He waa removed to bis rest- V dence, where by the timely application ol lee and other ^ stimulants, with a view to keep down the effects of the f atroke, he waa soon recovered. A man named Bolger, a i German, received a sun ctroko in 31st atreet yeaterday morning, and waa removed to the city hospital. Hia re- " covery Is doubtful. Arrival ok Emigrants.?The number of emigrants arrived at the quarantine on Wedneaday, from foreign porta, amounted to .104, the greater part of which were from Hamburg. Fia*'The bell of Jeffuraon Market, In sounding a a raise alarm of Are yesterday morning, waa broken. I Slaughter Houses.?'The alaughter liousesjare felt t . ^ grievous nuiaanoe in the upper part of the city. . At this season of the year the depoalta of blood and of?l ' "?" owwom, ursiu ? uuiuacs wuicu ib particularly offensive and dangerous Too Large a Do?k.?The coroner was called to hold an inquest also, at No. 35 Hose street, upon the body of Ann Smith, a native rf this oitj, aged 40 years, who was yesterday morning found a corpso upon the floor of her room. From the evidence adduced before the coroner, it appeared that the deceased was a member of Ark No. J Temperance society, but was too partial to the taste of "lire water'' to faithfully keep her pledge; that on the morning in question, aa soon as her husband left home to pursue his dally vocation, the deceased procured half a pint of brandy, which she drank, and in the course of a few hours afterwards, was found dead, as before stated. The Jury rendered a verdict, that the deceased came to her death by congestion of the brain, produced by intoxicating liquors. Accident.?A man named Brewster fell overboard' yesterday, about 3 o'clock, P. M , at foot of pier No. 3< North river, and wan rescued from drowning by a looker on, named Kavier, a German. lie was soon removed towards his residence, apparently fully restored to health. 1 Fouwd ii* the Water.?The body of an unknown man, apparently about Si years old, five feet seven inches high, with sandy-colored hair, dressed in a check shirt, grey cloth pantaloons, black satin vest, and shoes, was yesterday found floating in the North River, near the foot of Duane street. The coroner held an inquest upon the body, and a verdict of death by drowning returned. The coroner held an inquest also upon another unknown man, apparently about 33 years old, who was yesterday found floating opposite pier No. 6, Kust River, and is supposed to have Men in the water for two or three days. Verdlot as in the preceding oase. Law Intelligence. Common Pleas?Before Judge Ulshoeffer?W. West vs. Cornelius V. Anderson, and another.?This was an action of trespass to recover damages for various i acts of annoyance, alleged to be committed by defendants, on plaintiff and his family. It appeared from the testimony in the cause, that plaintiff had originally been : master of a merchant vessel; that he afterwards became a stevadore, and while engaged in the latter business, be became embarrassed in his circumstances, and had to take the benefit of the bankrupt law; that defendant Anderson was one of bis creditors. Subsequently to obtaining his discharge in bankruptcy, he hired a house in Henry street for himself and family. As soon as defendants understood that plaintiff had hired a house, they commenced a system or annoyance, by going to bis house at unseasonable hours, demanding money from him, and collecting a crowd round his door; that not satisfied with going to his house, they followed htm to bis place of business on the wharves: collected a crowd there, and made use of Improper and Insulting language, and that ultimately he bad to call in the police to protect him. The defence was that plaintiff owed the defendant Anderson a debt for groceries; that he, with the other defednnts. went to plaintiff's home to demand it, and that plaintiff gave them in charge to two policemen, and that that was the head and front of their offending. For plaiptiff, Mr. Mulooke; for defendant, Mr. N. B. Blunt. Adjourned. Before Judge Ingraham,?Wm. B. Carpenter vs. Henry lirevoort.?This was an action of trespass, for removing and taking plaintiff's furniture. It seemed the plaintiff hired two room* from defendant, in which the furniture in dispute was, and that it wan removed by defendant on his order. The defence was not gone into when the oourt adjourned. For plaintiff, Mr. Pinckney ; for defendant, Mr. Cutting. Montgomery vs. Baldwin and others.?Verdict for plaintiff, $1*20. Supeiiior Court, July 8.?Before Judge Oakley.? Henry Richards vB. Austin B. Trowbridge and others. ?Thin was an aotion on a draft for $614 60, drawn by Trowbridge on the other defendants, in favor of a man named Schlessincer. and by them accepted, and afterwards endorsed by Sehlessinger to plaintiff. The defence was that the note was givon in payment for a paroel of wool bought by Trowbridge from Sehlessinger, and that it was not according to sample. It turned out, however, that Trowbridge inspected the wool before the purchise. and that no warrantee was given. Tbe Judge told the jury there was no defence, and directed them to find for plaintiff. Verdict lor the sum claimed with in. terest.?For plaintiff, Mr. Bonny; for defendant, Mr. Kevnolds. Peter Naylor w. Peter H. Morse and another, Executors of John Morse, deceased.?This was an action of trespass, to recover damages for injuries alleged to b? done to the plaintiff's house. The plaintiff resides in hleventh street, and the defendant's house is in University Place, the premises of both parties meeting in the rear. The plaintiff alleges that the water from the defendant's privy has oosed into his basement, thereby damoivinn ttii. fn.inilatiAn un/4 _.1I. n/ VI. _ A auu warn ui um uuiuc, >uu tendering the basement [and street stories untenable. For plaintiff, Mr. Ballatler; for defendant, Mr. Bonney. Adjourned. Court ok General Seshioni, July ?At the opening of the oourt this morning, several cages wore called up, but none bi.'ing ready for trial, the court adjourned until te-morrow morning. Court Calendar.?Superior Court.? Thii Day, July 9.?Before Judge Oakley.?(This Court meet* at 11 o'clock, A. M.)?Nob. 29, 30. 31, 31, 38. 40, 41, 45, 67, 158,69,61,64, 69, 3, 10, 28, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75,76,77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82. Common Plf.ai.?Part Firit.?Before Judge UlahoelTer ? Thii Day, July 9.?No* 67, 311, 43, 306, 51, 55, 67, 79, 309,33,71, 17. Pavt Second.?Before Judge Ingraham. ?Nor. 298. 300, 304, 302, 310, 46, 69, 113, 126. 136, 140 142, 212, 214, 246, 288 M toccllaneoua. The following additional particular* concerning the railroad accident on the mill dam on Monday, we gathsr from the Jttla?. The hack belonged to Mr. John D. Kainford, and was driven by a man named King. The horse* were both instantly killed. Uf the persons in the oarriaga, a boy named Daniel Murphy, ten years old, was dangerously hurt. An Knglishman, named John Kyte, had his arm broken, and was otherwise injured ? A man named James Corvney, and bis son, were conj slderably injured. The driver was seriously injured ? ! The collision waa caused by the driver persisting in atI tempting to cross the traek, although the man stationed i at the crossing warned him that the train was coming, I and endeavored to stop the horses, bat the driver persisted in whipping them forward.?Botton Evening J rantcnpt,lth init. On Wednesday, at IK o'clock, P. M ,the thermometer at Albany, was at flJ degrees In the shade. In State street, Boston, it stood at 96 degrees. An extra of the yew Orleans Commercial Timet, announces the reported Iom of the steamer Star Spangled Banner, Capt. Pearce, which struck a snag near Baton Rouge, and sunk In a few minutes. Four or Are persons are said to hare been drowned. The Cincinnati Gazette has been informed that preliminary steps are being taken tor the establishment of a University in California, on the Bay of San Franolsoo. The Cambria arrived at Halifax on Saturday morning' in 40 hours from Boston. A most singalar looking flsh was caught yeiterday, at one of our wharves. It was nearly five feet in length and two and a half feet broad. The mouth one foot from corner to corner, with two rows of small sharp teeth. Under the belly were two claws shaped something like the human hand. On the back part of the head were several horns. None of the large number of persons who saw It, knew of what species or by what name it was called, and but two or three persons ever before saw a fish of the kind. Whatever may be its name, It is the ugliest looking customer we ever saw. and I should we comeTn contact with suoh a monster while in the act of bathing, we should paddle for the shore as qulok as possible. It could swallow a good sized boy without much inconvenience.?Briitol (h. J.) Phmix. The Charleston Evening New says: We are informed that Mr. Judah Touro, of New Orleans, has presented a church to the Hebrew congregation of that city, valued at $40,000, to be fitted up at his own expense as a Synagogue. Mr. Touro is rather remaikable in this line of bequest, and is not in the least exclusive. He some years since purchased a church in New Orleans, and presented the Kev. Mr. Clapp. a distinguished Unitarian clergyman, with its annual revenue, which he is to enjoy during his lifetime. Kii'th or July Accident.?At Riohmond. Va, while the volunteers were firing the national salute, on Monday, Mr. John M. Brown, of Petersburg, was killed by a ball from a musket, which had been accidentally loaded with a ball cartridge. The ball entered his forehead, and, passing through, had carrie with it a large portion or the upper part of the head, producing almost instant, death. Portable Dressing cams, of an entirely new and compact construction. furnished with articles, the sise of which do uot detract from their ussfulaeis in forming ani,elegant and complete appendage to ihe toilet; alao, peculiarly adapted to the wanta of the trar?llin^|iabU(^ go 177 Broadway, oppoaite Howard Hotel. Metallic Tablet Razor Strop?Tlie attention of detlen is invited to this article, being made i?f the b?at material, city manufacture, and tinder the s ibacfiber* immeaiate mpervision. They hare, in all cases, raadsrsd to purchasers ths moat perfect "'' frc*0?AUNDEW, * SON. 177 Broadway, a few door* above Courtland at. Richelieu Diamond Pointed OoW W> ?; with Silver Peucils w T-H,as. Who study the future welrhildren should know that their health dependa . '*re of theirxhildrtn, *no important, then, that every upon that ol ixiasesaed oftnat information annertainmarriedladystoold bef h -Married Woman, sr ?sEwtsa.WB | } Erery Mother's Book THe gmt Interest laniletied hy mtrricd ladiea in the >ubject trailed of in this ork, hn tlntdy eih?u>tiil the lir?t edition. The terror* ol ' frty, and the pro*pect of a large family of children, prernt many prudeut iwople from entering the matrimonial ?ta'e, at km la a work that will tell yi>u important aecrcti. The utlior la uot allowed to atatr iu detail the character nt the 'ork, but he can auuK hn leinale reader*'hat it i> univerilljr approved of by tnnae lor whone benefit it it designed. rice SO cent*. For *ale at 222 Broadway, under the Amerian MuhiiH: and ?eiberfc Co., corner of Cheanut and Third treeta, Philadelphia; and of the publisher. No.l Ann atreet. .etter* encloaing $1, addressed to the Publisher, will euaare ending oue or two copiea, poat paid, to order. jyl St Ttoe Married Womati'i Private Medical loroiwnion?By Or. A.M.Mnuriceau, Profeaaor of Diaeasea I women. Second edida*. Price $1. The great demand for alia moat important work (of which louaanda are aold) haa compelled the iaaue of a uew edition. ;r.ry female lagettinv a copy whether married or unmarried or aale at BUHUfc.88, 8TKINOKH k Co., >22 Broadway, nder the American Musenrn; 205 Broadway, aud by Dr A. I. Mauriceaa. at hi* Medical OAce, in Liberty itreet. New rork; briber It Co, comer of Cheuut aud Third atreets tiila.; C. P. Fisher, Richmond, Va.; Geo. Kedfield, Troy .ittle It Co, Albany. Oa the receipt of $1, a copy will be tranamitted by mail (fre* f poatage) to all part* of the United Htate*. j2l MtexS MONEY MARKET. Thun?l?y, July 8_iJ p. M. The stock market opened very heavy this morning, ,nd almost every fancy in the list fell off a fraction.? larlem declined l.'? pur cent, Norwich and Worcester i, Long Island X. Reading X, Stonington Jtf, Farmers' j0an 'i, Canton X, Pennsylyanla Fives >?, Morris Canal 4. Indiana closed at prices current yesterday. The lales were rather limited at the d dine, and there apleared to be more disposition to buy than to sell at the sarrent rates at the close of the first board. At the eeoond board, there were large Mies of Harlem, it prices current In the morning. Other stocks also closed about the same. Money i? exceedingly abundant, and the banks are loaning freely at Ore per cent. In the street any amount of money can be obtained, on good security, at four per sent. There is every facility for an inflation in the itook market; and if pr.'cee do not expand under the influence of this state of th.'ogs, we do not know what can carry them up. The reoeipts of the Harlem Railroad Company for the first six months in each of the past four yeai"*- bare been as annexed:? Harlem Railroad?Monthly Rkceifti?1314, 'u, 'ic, AND '47. 1814. 1815. IBID. 1817. January 6,612 10,04} 1I.39H 13.692 February 6,025 7,425 8,703 42.597 March 7.980 1 0,750 12.010 14,>11 April 10,183 12.070 13.813 IS.563 May 14 883 17,772 18.051 32 793 June 15,068 17,978 17 649 23,015 Total $61,384 76,040 82,225 103,671 The increase in the receipts for the first Ax month* of 1847, was $21,840, being equal to twenty-five per cent on those for the corresponding six months in 184t*. Should the receipts continue at this rate for the remainder of the season, the gross income for the year will amount to two hundred aud thirty thousand dollar*. It is our impression that the increase for the next six months will be greater than for the past six, as the road was not opened to Somers until the 1st of June, and the increased reoeipts up to that time were upon the old length of road. The receipts in the first and last six months in each of the past four years have been as annexed:? Harlem Railroad. 1814. 1815 1816. 1847. First 6 months $61,381 76,040 82 225 103,571 Sccoud 6 mouths .. . 79,304 101,397 100.468 ?145.000 Total $140,685 177,437 182,693 248,571 'Estimated. 0 The receipts of the company for the first six days in July this year, were $8,094 77, against $5,117 17 for the corresponding; period lsist, showing an Increase of $2,977 60 or about sixty per cent. On tho 3d, 4tb, and 6th of July, this year, the grog* receipts were $6,284 91. This road is doing a very largo Business; it is well managed, and the speed of the trains is not exceeded by that of any other road in the country. The fifty-four miles is generally run by the looomotive in two hours, including more than a dozen stops. There is a large foroe at work above the present termination of the road, upon the extension; and a double track is in the course of construction from Harlem to Williams' Bridge, for the purpose of accommodating the New Haven line and its own rapidly increasing travel. The Merchants' Kxohange Bank has deolared a divi dend of four per cent. The Baltimore and Reisterstown Road Company have declared a half yearly dividend of twenty-five oents per share. The Baltimore and Vorktown Road Company a half yearly dividend of three quarters of one per ceBt. The Washington and Baltimore Road Company a half yearly dividend cf one half of one per oent. The Baltimore and Fredcrlcktown Turnpike Company has declared a half yearly dividend of three quarters of oue per cent. The receipts of the Macon and Western Railroad Company, for the month of June, 1847, were $B,148 11, of nhich $2,110 00 were from freight; $5,037 03 from passes gers; and $411 from the mall. A new company, entitled "the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad Company," has just been organised at Marion Court House, South Carolina,the object of which is to connect the improvements of North and South Carolina, so as to have an unbroken link of improvement. (iov. K. B. Dudley, of North Carolina, is the president of the company, and everything augurs well for its success. There are reports in circulation injurious to the credit of the City Bank of Albany. It is stated that this Institution has experienoed large losses in flour speculations; but there Is no foundation for such statements, and the solvency of the bank is undoubted. We learn from an ofilcial source that negotiations for the completion ot the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal have been completed. One million of dollars have been raised. The Barings take $300,000, Boston capitalists $300,000, contractors $300,000, Virginia $300,000, and Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria $100,000. The exports of produce to foreign countries from New Q rleans, for the week ending the 36th ult., inclusive, were as annexed :? Commerce or New Orleans?Weekly Extort*. For Knoland ? Cotton, 11,069 bales ; corn, 136.373 bushels ; flour, 6,713 barrels ; corn meal, 7,701 barrels ; wheat, 37,130 bushels : beans. 160 barrels; bread, 343 barrels ; lard, 410 packages ; pork, 61 barrels; bacon, 330 packages; tallow, 173 tierces ; staves, 4,600 ; oil oake, one cargo. For France.?Tobacoo, 167 hhds.; ootton, 61 bales ; staves, 4,000. For British West Indies.?Corn, 160 sacks; flour. 1,600 barrela ; pork. 100 barrel*. Foa Ireland.? Corn, 68,883 bushels ; (lour, 638 bar* rel*; corn meal, 43 barrels; tobacco items, 7 hhds. , beef, 59 tierce# ; barn*. 69 casks. For Sweden.?CoUod, 401 bale* ; tobacco, 46 hhds. For Spain.?Tobacoo, 885 hhda Fob Cuba ?Corn, 14,707 bus hell; flour, 1,094 barrels ; corn meal, 400 barrel*; bread, 100 barrel* ; lard, 3,336 package* ; hams, 46 cask* ; butter, 44 keg*; pork, 96 boxes. Kstlmated value at that date, $983,473; besides sundry clearances for Cam peachy, Alvarado, Laguna, Honduras with assorted oargoes. For the same time, exports of breadatuffs coastwise, for port* north of H atterai, were: ?Of oorn, 37,173 sacks ; of wheat, 33,978 sack* ; of flour, 17,847 barrels. The exports from Oswego, via the oanal, during the fourth week in June, in each of the past three years, were as follows Canal Commerce or Oiweuo? Exports 4th Week in June. 1815. 1U6 1147. Flour, bbls 6,Utt 14 106 21.100 Wheat, bushel* 1,500 11,354 M,?40 Corn, " none. 41,684 57,460 Gross amount of flour, wheat, and corn RhiDDed by oa nal, from Oiwego, from the opening of navigation to Jnlj lot, for three years:? 1815. I?f. 1147. Flour, bbl. 76,721 I?.380 2? ?74 Wheat, bushel* 14. IM #<> ?*? Corn, " 4>0J1 "U" 429.1U The shipment* of wheat and oorn In the lint week In June this year, were several hundred per oent larger than u* to the 1st of July, in 1845, a period of mora than two months of navigation. The imports into Oswego, via tho lakes, In Jane, vrere as annexed : ? L**e Commerce or 0?wcoo?UironTs in Juni, 1847. Lumber, feet .... 1,313,784 Ashes, oasks .... 694 Wheat, bush. 678.331 Cheese, " .... 131 Corn " 348,468 Starch, " US Oats, " M41 Whiskey," 47? Barley, " . . . 8.??0 Eggs, 198 Rye, " 8,648 Lard, " 1,839 Heed, " 433 Butter, tubs 1,647 Beans, " .... 386 Cheese, bzs f>39 Peas, u .... 913 Dry goods" .... 116 Flour, bbls 37,133 Leather, rolls... . 163 Corn m'l " .... 3,7n9 rig iron, tons.... 40 Tork, " .... 4,141 Wool, lbs 8,100 Lard, " .... 1,344 Hans, " .... 334,400 Fruit, " .... 141 Baoon, " .... 8,760 Fish, " 133 Skins, bale* 198 Oil, " .... HI llomp, " .... 119 With few exceptions, the increase in the Import* of the articles enumerated in the foregoing table is very large, compared with those of any former seasoj. The imports of flour, wheat, and corn, by lake, from the opening of navigation to July 1st, for three years, were as annexed:? 1845 181# 1*47. FJonr, barrels 27,i?5 43,395 lOn.iU Wheal, bimlicU 353,Ml 589.014 1,110,537 Corn, biiihfla J,731 IIG,523 371?.(II7 The importation of these three articles lie* mors than doubled thia season compared wjth last, but compare^