Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 12, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 12, 1847 Page 1
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\ TH Vol. xm. Mo. iBooWholt No. ?IT. THK NKW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, RnrthMTwt cnrrtar of Fulton and Wmw o itv lAWES QOflDOW EHHETT. PROPRIETOR OIKCDLATMH -KOntTV UMi-V HERALD?V.i try dtf, Prm? S ce?U w copy-* 4uer nmiiii? payable in advoie*. I1KRALD? k?err Saiuro&r-I'ree *M *r copy ?$:i C'Js i-euu per vjiuin?iwyabl# ?n adranee HfckALD KOH KL'ROP*.?K.verv #ieain Packet "rice t>S.reu[? j>er copv?13 per aiiunrw iiitluduit po?ta*e payable in ?<lTitio "ubscripMoiy and arfcertiaeinenfi will P' receive I by Weiwra. fjaliguaui, U> Hue Virieuue, "iri?; r. L. Siinnmls, No. G Barge Yard, Buckleiabury, auu Miller the l??'k.rller, London. , , .. \NNl \I. PICTORIAL HI'TRALD-ruhluhrd on th. 1*1 ol Jui'^rv of o&ch year?aiusle coi?e? ?i*P?nre ?acn. v) V MIT1SKMRXT8, at th. uiucl pnce??alwaya eulii u i i ?e AilTeniiemeuiJi ?iiould be written in a plain, leiribli inaun- The Proprietor will not be rciponaib. for crrori tiu Ul'iy oC' rr lu iiipli'. , FT.INTIM. cf all kindi ??rn'?d btautilollr ?d Wit" '"AilVttc.t or compiunie.ationj by mail, uddrtasad toth., imui be po*t pn.d. at the pottac* will b? * r r* i;t? A* TIM* * -flpjL T > |,KT-To single gentlemen, in a French family, i-flt several haudeome luruis'x'd rooms, with breakfast il , 'CI|U ml. Apply at No 9fl Whitrstreet jv7 5r*r-t aa' f u SAI.K.OU EXCHANUK FOR CI TV FHO i"i3 ''ERTV.-Property in the pleasant village of Libertj . V?lL1 "r er, consisting of* lir I rale Dwelling House,38X40 coiumning ifl room* highly finish td, with a g.:od cellar, Car rtage Maker's, Wheelright and Blacksmith's Shop, all new All", iv good b.iru, 30X118, with wood and smoke houses, a gooi wi ll m the door, apples, cherries, currents, 4tc. I'rico for thi whole $1,100. Also. II acres of laud, 7 ucrea of timber, 7 of clear land, nU nedtr new IVnce. \pply to J.imes B. B:rr, any Weduesday, from 9 A. M. tc 7 I1. w?on Thursday, till I 1'. M., on other ilayiatthe New V ork Real Estite Company, corner of Broadway and ^laidec Lane. JAMES B. BARR. ielQ Jtt?m I AV FEiONTNEW" BKIoHTON, Stoten liliuid., v il The proprietor beu? to inform his friends and the public ? :JttLth&i ht lias made considerable alterntioua luid improve tiiriiij in Lhia establishment since the last seaaou. tie has erect eil & !in;e building, containing thirty-three rooms, altogetha disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. Thru rooms ire intended for gentlemen only ; they are of acomforta ble sue, light, and well ventilated, and superior in all respecti to those generally denominated single rooou in the various watering places throughout the country. ' nr proprietor ia uow ready to treat with families orpartiei wishing: to eugage rooms for the season. Letters addressed tc nun at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate at tention A steamboat run* between New York and New Brichtoa, ai re following hours, viz:? From New Brighton?At 8 and 11 A. M. and 3 and 5:20 P M I1 rom pier No. I North River, New York?At 9 A. M. and 11 M, and 'Jii, 5nud 6 P. M., and more frequent communication! mil be established as the season advances. Sunday Arrangement?From New Brighton at 8 A. M-, 12X 5:20 P M. Krom New York, at 9 A M., 2 and i> P M. The Pavilion is uow ready for the reception of Company. Tittrfrc _ F. BLANf'AKD vVji FOR 8.VL>.?\ very convenient two st"ry house a pTW Rlizabetlaown, New Jersey, now occo|iicd by Wm ["ip J,;,,, xhe location is on high g.ouud, aud withii il,,. ...mutes walk of several churches aud the private depot Oentlemen resiAi.ig at Elizabeditown can be ia the city of N York hy ilie 7 o'clock tram or bo* by half-p?*{ eight o'clock and cou veyarfces by boat and railroad frequently. ih'OUjfh thi (lav 'J ha liouse contains nine rooms, ana a milk and wasl rooua and every couvenieuce. Kor further particular!, apply to Mn. 8. T. E. Willismaou opposite Jt9 7'eod*rrc KtJit SALE OK TO LET?A liuuie and two lot: of ground, pleasantly situated on Mtaten Ula d, nea: the l/pp?r Quarantine Kerry. Terms and price ikror ab'e. Also, a summer residence on the south aide, fronting thi outer bay. A delightful sitntion. with an abundance of fruit Apply to CHASE (St BULKUEV, 161 Kultoost. $2011(1 to loan on bond and mortgage. Apply aa above. JylO 7ieoH?rc .vill.L aNU WATER POWER KuK SALE?T< jnajt ha sold by public auction, at the Merchant*' Exchange JiiHLNew York, ou the lSth July 12 M., by Hallidat Sl Mailer. auctioneers, (if not previously sold at private (ale,) a lease. h<ving about four years 10 run, of six acres of laud u the town of Mpriuglield, Eaaex county, New Jersey. Th? land la ill fine cul ivalion, planted with eoru and potatoea, auc apple, pear and cherry treea of the best <iuality. There ia i g od mill, with valuable machinery, ami iui excellent wate: power a i? overshot wheel. The milt ia now used as a |>ape mill, but tins been used as a grist mill, having a good run o atones, aud ia well adapted for either purpose. Al.o, a g'>od House. Kor furtlier particulars, en nuireof MORTIMER L)E MOT I E, counsellor at law, 19: Broadway. New York. jeii ? d Wirl"' TO" KOtiMUN llENTLEiVl" N arriving m thi nited (States, or others, desirous of purchasing a per Maaktu.tneiit Gauntry llesidence in Pennsylvania.?The sub termer offers for sale his Farm, situated iu Montgomery co. Pennsylvania, 14 miles north of Philadelphia. It contains 30 acie? of land. 2?V acres of which are in the h'ghest state of cul tivatiou. producing wheat, rye, Indian coru and hay, equal ti aur Upl Ikd farm?the remaining 20 acre* being woodland. Oi t)? p t miles is a hue atoae mansion, 60 feet by 45, with a Ye ran dal) attached, li feet wide, extending the length of th< house, and a large piazzi on the east, the whole giving ampl aeeominodatiou for a family of twenty ;>ersoua. The plea sure grounds surrounding trie house are shaded with elegan evergreens, and verv heautil'ullv laid out. There are on th faun three (tone house* for farmed or tenants, together witl three large stone ba>us, containing stabliuc anil convenience for a hundred head of cattle, and for the storage of 250 tons o produce, with coach house, wagon house, granary and cori cribs ittached. There are also the advantages of a hue sprint home, ice house, fish pond, a garden of two acres, orchard stocked with the iiuest fruit, green house and grai* wall, sire in of spring water in every field, a daily mail, by whicl the Philadelphia and New York papers of the same day an received, and on omnibus pasting the gate morning ani evening In the immediate vicinity arc Episcopal, Lutheran ani Presb teriau churches Further description is unnecessary, as all persons wishing ti pure as* lire invited to cull and examine the estate. It may however, be ailded, that for beauty, healthful situation, am adv intakes, it is uot surpassed by any iu the United States. I may be well also to mention the jri?e, which is $220 pe / acre. Apply to GEORliE .-llKAfr F, AVhitemarsh, j2f 8'2aw*rrc Montgomery Co., I'enn. ?n " Tilt: ONLY INDEPKnTJeN i1. .JHEaPES 1' Jj*lVand most agreeable medicine of the age, ia Dr. Ue f ^ > A ?li? r. Kt lliuger'a infallible Liniment, which i used by the medical faculty throughout the cit] aud country. It eradicates all pains, heals sores, r-'duces in Itammatiou, extracts fire, he ,ol the most aggravated charac ter immediately. Only one teajpoonlul is required to beta ken as a dose, for au adult, for diarrhoea, and bilious cliolic 110 lorfeit will be paid lor every failure in these cases, if usei according to direction. It is put up in lame bottles, so that al who have horses can aff rd to use it; it laya all the other reme dies on the ahelf, after they get one trial of thia trulf wonder ful md incomparable compound?it is only about three centi an ounce. Sold at iO cents a single bottle; one dozen $1; hal gro?s aim gross at much greater deduction of price. Hence thi cause aud the propriety of all the stage proprietors of Nev Voik city, the Harlem Railroad, and oilier large companies lognher with our beat aud most distinguished horse trail,er anil de ilers, laving dowuall other remedies used by many o them from tweuty to thirty years?and ow will use this alto gether, aud will uot nor do uot use anything else. It can be ob leine'l always genuine, wholesale and retail. ofS. Ingersol t Ce , No 23(1 Pearl street, removed from 9(1 John street,am from William Kellinger, at Willirmsburgh, at the foot 0 Or ii1 Street Ferry; of Mr. Kyle, Harlein Railroad Office City H 'II Park, New York city ; aud at the druggist*, ston keepers, saddlers, and t verns throughout the city and couu try generally. Distributing Agents are wanted from all part of the United State i, to wli imlir^e profit* will begiveu. Wi will pay the expenses of all who may come from a distance ti treat w th us, if we fail to sttisfy their most sanguine expect* tlons ia relation to its truly wonderful enra'ive effects uix> in in aud hor?e. Travelling merchant* of every respectabli cli'sand denomination, will do well to call on us, it will no be coufinail to any privileged few. Therefore, all who havi lieirts and souls lastuoned as they should be, and d ire try, am exercise them, can profitably assist in spreading this magic sn native over the face of the whole inhabitable globe, where i must a id shall be All l-'ters must be directed to Dr. DE WITT C Kfc.LLINOER. Principal Agent, Director, am Manufacturer,at YouUers, Westchester county. New York. jvll 8"teod?T(* LMt HARPS, 2?I BKOA JVVA V ?jTh. umi ?v t, y?\Bmaker and importer, invites the attention of tdmi IfcjRyrers of thi* delightful instrument to the very elegan dh> selection he has now on sale, comp'ising some o the most splendidly finished, and alto plain descriptions, o brilliant toned Double Action Harps, ever offered to their no tice?in tone, touch, elegance and atyle of nniah oertauily ho ictlled. Harp* repaired, atringa, he. A lint of i>rice? and i eacriptiona can be forwarded per *ingle poatage. ie j^Wrd 4tW?re 4 LOOK AT THIS? Ladiea, Gentlemen. Miaaea am f* A Children, nil 'hit are in want of Boom or 8ho> a, plena. P F*? call at Jf>7 Baoadway, where you will And the largea aaanrtmeut, and c lie* peat* u tnia city, wholeaale or re tail. N.B.?Imported French Boots, 15 M. CAHILLjet tot r 'I Hei HIIBsChlBKK would reapectfally in form his cnaforoera and the public generally tint lie ha> op hand a large jaaortment of L 'die*', Mm<ri' am Children'* coloied and black Oaiter Boot*, Buakiiu, Slipper* Tie*, Ike..; Gentlemen'* and Boy's *ewed and pegged Boot* o every deicription. all of which he will aell a* low a* *ueh ar tielea can he (>urclia*ed at any *tore in the city. N. B?Ladiea'and Gentlemen's Boot* and Shoe* made t> order in the heat manner at moderate nricea. A call i* reapect fully tnlicited. JAMBS WALKKH, iclt'llli?r<- <W< <11111I ?f r?"<"t corner of Wooater. KOK NKW OHLtANW?Louisiana and Ne* ?#f3rV Vork Line of Packet*.?Positively the fir*t and onl] Packet to ami Monday, July 12?The ney and >i>i?u'iid laat sailing picket bark CUOTON, Captnii D V. Mouillard, Maater, ia now loading, and will positive!] tail a* above, her tegular day. Kor ' 1 k> 11 or pa??ige, having accommodations nusurpaaaei for splendor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleani wliarl foot of Wall atreet, or to K. K. COLLINS, 5<i South atreet. re*v Hatnriiay evening, July 10th Atfenta hi New Orleans, John O. Woodruff 8t Co., win will promptly f"iw? il all goods to their addrese. Picket bark Oenesee wul eneceed the Cr?ioo, and a..ilhe r*eulnr Iv9 rh 1^- I^OTICE.?The public are hereby cautioner OTVYVaRain" harboring or trua'ing the crew ofthe B'itiil j?|?|SBi>ark m'KEN, T'*pt?in Oibbout, from Liverpool,* Qti iiniu of their contra tin* will he paid hv the captain o eon?i?uee. J. McMUHRW, jl tt rc W Houth atrcer. AJhfr- 'OH lIvKKPOOL?New Line?itegalar |?J pf 36th Jnlv?The new splendid, lut aailta ,ifilSBfcl'''eliet ?hip KOSCIUB, Can tain Aaa Eldridge, wil posiriTel), s?tl a* abore, her regular day. ( "or freight or [manage, harinf superior fnrniahed aceotr m illations apply on board, at Orleans wharf, loot of WaJ street, Of to u K. COLLIN*.*! Booth ?t. The packet ship SI ODON8, Capt. K.. B. Cobb, will sue c*?il the IUkiiis. and sail the Mth of August, her regtilt <l?v il-lfl let Wisa ?The it?< ntiou of snip masters and owera ? call* t,. tins iim.riirein*nl lo thf steering gear of vessels, which ? coinp f|ny flhvlltM nil the difficultly hcrvtofore arising i III ordinary way of apply inf the steering wheel. A inoda can be aren an't a 1^>1 deaeriptmeobtained. by calliiw on 1*91 Itt're KVOKLBRFCHT k HALF.. m William a ?** r\( Kf.TH ?0ft H A VItfc-BECOND LINp hi m Ann L-UL-^., i?1_ -'I M E NEi NI 0JML u""' farther ?oticc. 'Vp tmn* will leave the City Hall for H-rl'-inSc Morrin.ina. Korhfc'n fc Tiickah oe Tleaaaiitville, 5 30 A.M. Will'm?i?r'|je Hart and Newcastle 7 ? 5 3(1 A. -Vl- Wlllte PI'lii. Bedford, 8 " 7 m" 7 A.M. Wliiilickville 9 " 10 " 1# ' Crotou Kiilla. 10 " 11 * P.M 7 A.M. I ' I P.M. S30" 4 P. ft. 1 P. M. * I } so ' 4 ? 8 30 " i I' 5 30 " G 30 " Returning to New York will leave-' MorrltianakHarlem. Fordham. YVill'in? Br'fo. Tackahoe. 7 Oi A. M. 6 53 A M. 6 43 A. M. 7 30 A. M. 8 10 ' 7 55 " 7 50 " 8 48 " 9 S UH -J iyj ! Z0 r. 1*1. -J <0 " 1* 23 p. M. 12 15 P M. 5 5* ' i> Ji P. M. l ? " i ? ' Wiar? P|>n*. 2 5 oa " 6 " 7 10 a. Al. : 3 (15 " C 08 " S 33 5 20 " "53 " 7 45 " J P. M. = 6 " 5 23 " = 6 28 " B 05 " _ i Pleasantville. New Castle. Bedford. W%?itlickville. ~ ? 3 A M. I AM. 7 51 A M. 7 (4 AM ! 5 13 PM. 5 P M. * 51 P M. * 45 P M Croton Falls. 7 30 A M. 2 4 30 r M. ? = The trains to and from Croton Falls will not stopimr^ew ? VorU Island, except at Bioome street, and ltd street. A Car { will precede each tiaiu ten minute*, to uk? up paajtm?iers in z the city. I Ttie morning train of car? from Croton Falls will not atop i between White Plains and N?"W York, easapt at Tucki Jioe r William's Bsidge, and For dham. ..... , , 1 I Extra trahis on Sunday* to iltirlem ajjd Morruiiuia, if . we weather. ? Stajies for Lake Mahojmck and Danbury leawCrotnnr nils nt' arrival of the 7 o'clock A. M. and 4 P. M. traui', ?"d lor raw* g 1 lings ou arrival of the 7 o'clock A. M. train. FAKE FROM NEW YORK : Z To Croton Falls $100 * To Whitlickville 87)tf . ToNewcaatle 75 f To Pleasantville ?3K To White Plain..,... 50 . Freight trains leave City Hall at 12 M. and at 7 I'. M. < Returning, leave Crotou Falla at 7 A. M. and 9 P. M. ' Jefl rc , > TO TRAVELLERS GOING SOLTH. ! NfcVV A.\U MOST AGREEABLE LIVE TO FREllr.rickshurg, Richmond, Petersburg, Va.. Staunton, Va , and the Virginia Springs, Weldou, N. C., and Charleston, S C. > ~ I The public are uil. rmed chat the new and splendid low pressure steamer POWHaTTAN (con ectiug with the Great ~ Mail Line at Aqqnie Creek,) leaves Commerce atieet wharf, I Baltimore, (very and Friday Evcniug, at CP. M., I for the "hove point* Through-tickets to Richmond J$4 '* Petersburg 1> 6 " Weldon, N. C 9 ' " Stannton, Va., II . " Chirleaton. S. C .$31 Being at the same price, mce direct and expeditious, and mi t much more certain than the Chesepeake Bay ana James River ?' nteauiboar Line,?all the wide and rough jiortion f the Biy, j between the m uih or ihe Potomac and Old Point Comfort, being entirely avoided by thia line. Tiavellers are adviaed thit the line hereby advertised is part and par?el of the ureat Mail Line through Virginia; and that J it is the iuteuiion of the companies composirg the Oreat Mail , Line, tint passengers shall be conveyed by them, in connection with tnc ''o what tan, always as cheaply a* by any other line, and wiih more comfort, exredition and certainty, than by tfi ' any other line, except the line via Washington. For further paiticulara, inquire at the Southern Railroad ol- , > (ice, Pratt street, Baltimore; of Stockton Ik Fall, or at the ( at r Commerce street wharf; or, on Tuesdays and Fridays, on board the Powhattan. of G. W. GUN NELL, Capt N. B.?Travellers by the above line will hear in miud that ' liif* twft k/inra tnnr* tn Rit It < rnrtrt* it,an luuriifffri l?v tha Chesapeake Bay and James River Boa'a, and yet reacfi any point south o( Petersburg at the tame time with these last, even when there is no breach of connexion by the Bay Line. jy< 3meoJ*r i CHEAP AND EXPEDITIOUS TRAVELLING TO Tii? WESTERN STATES AND CANADA. TtryWl BY TAPoCGtT'S 1 EMIGRAIVT8 PAB8ENOER LINES, 1 Office, 86 South street,New York. r The fubscribers continue to forward Emigrants and othen r to all puis of the Western States and Canada, at the very r LOWEST HATES OK PASSAGE, by Railroad, Steamboat and Canal, to the following places, ria Albany, Rochester, Buffalo and Pittsburgh :? 2 Utica, Syracuse, Oswego, Auburn, Rochester, Buffalo, " Erie, Pa. Cleveland, Huron. I Stndusky, Mauraoe, Monroe, Toledo, Detroit, Mackinaw, Milwaukie, Tlaciue, South port, 0 Chicago, Green pay, Pottovilla, Pittsbuig, Pa- Wheeling, Portsmouth, Ohio. * Parkcrsburgh, Cincinnati, . Louisville, Ky. ' St. Louia, Galena, * Dubiwue. 1? Bond Head, Darlington, Hamilton, C * Whitby, Coburg, Queenston, ni Kingston, Toronto, Sandwich. ni 8 Montreal, ci " And all other intermediate places. Persona proceeding to >< . any part oi the West, or Canada, would do well to call ou J W.kJ. T. TAPSCOTT, ?? At their General Emigration Office, d< f 06 South street. New York. ' Tapscott's Emigrants' Travelling Guide can be had on ap- ,.v J plication, free. nn3 30t*re "j 1 jd KOUR O'CLOCK BOAT KUK HOUGH- tb ? tf^WfSfKEEPSIE AND KINGSTON.?The new, Dl i and fast-tailing Steamer SANTA fi. e I.LAL'S, c?pl. a. Uverbaugh. leaves the liter between Court] laudt auu Dey stieeta every Monday, VVednesd y, and KYiday J1': afternoons, at 4 o'clock, landing at Caldwell's, West Point. 1 New burgh, New Hamburgh, Milton, Hyde Park, Elmore's, and Rhinebcck. on ? SUNDAY TRIP. The SANTA CLAUH also leaves every Snuday moniiug, or 1 at 7 o'clock, from pier aa above, returning aame eveuing; landt ing, in addition to the above {dice*, each way, at Hammond " r utreer, Kocklaud Lake, Van Courtland'a, Cold Spring, and "J Corawall. N For fuitlier information apply on board, or at lit Weit it., V r npsttirs j> 11 2i m ,vi KEGULAtt CoNEY ISLAND KERRY HI C^lgWA-Snnday and Daily Excursions to Fort Ha- C< Y wnMHk milton and Coney Island.?The well known N steamboat AMERICAN EAGLE, Oapt. George 11. 1'nwrr, jj will run regularly daring the season to Coney Island, landing L> at Fort Hamilton, a* follows ij ; Leaving Canal street?At9H o'clock, A. M.; 12and * i o'clock. P.M. I? 1 Pier No. 1 North River (near the Battery)?At 10 o'clock, O A. M-; 1 and 4 o'clock, P. M. In ? Coney Island (returning)?At ll.'i o'clock, A. M.; 2>4 and 6 \| o'clock, P.M. j, f N. B ?No boats save thoae belonging to the Ferry will be c allowed to Und at Coney Islaud, without a written )>ermiasiou t from the proprietors. jll 7t*?? t?l DAILY EXCURSION TO THE ELY- sn ? r af'KTZ^SIAN FIELDS. HOBOKEN.?On and after " 1 hwHBBUSunday, July llth.the steamboat PIONEKIl m ' will m ike regular trips from Canal and Nineteenth street, ?Ii- ol rect to the Elysian Fields, at Hoboken, leaving the above nenJ tioned places as follows:? yi Canal street, Nineteenth street, Elvsian Field*, 1 10 o'clock, 10V o'clock, I0J? o'clock, i, |2 .. .. ni5 .. pi e 2 ? 12^. " 0' 4 " iii " 2K '* Hi $ $ : r 6? * 7 " w I jyS I4t?rh c| t II i~?. ?JjJf ' HMl O N ? -uIILL'S f r.KK*, ' b tjtaSflL?J^FORT I.F.V.. and IIAI'Kt'VMAI'U-l .Ji tl 1 Tillou's Dock?Kark Owr SHiLi.ina P .?i IiohII'S^ * RANK, Cam. hue Scott tJ t Md KOB'.KT ANNtTT, Capt. Frederick May lord, will rtiu vi Daily, until farther notice, (touching at Hammond and I9th w 1 rtreets, as follows:? * Leave N.York Joot Canal it, Leave fort Lee 'B Jl. M. P. M. jt. Af, p u pi ' Monday, at 6, S, 10. .2, 3, C Monday, 7 W 12 1 |V 6 v i Tuesday, 6, ?, 10. .J, 3, C Tuesday, 3W 7W 12. 1 iS c Wednesday, S, I, 10. .2, 3, 6 Wd'nlay,3)2 7)2 |?.. t 4C g J. Thursday, 8, S, 10. .2, 3, C Th'rsday, 3)2 7)2 12.. I 4jJ 6 tn J Friday, 6. 0, 10. .2, 3, 6 Friday, 32 7)4 '2. .1 iS S 1 Saturday, 6. ?, 10. .2, 3, 6 Saturday,3)fc 7>j 12.. 1 |V e7W Sunday, 7, 9, 10. .2, 3, Sunday. 8 11 ..II 6 n' J Persons whose time may be lo mucn occupied as to render ' it iuconvenieut Tor them tu leave during business houra, will til observe that a boat leaves New York at 6 o'clock every morn- co ing, returning from Knit Lee at 7)* o'clock, thereby affording r,. i an opporiuuity for a pleasant excnrsiou witliwut loss of tune. u t Stages will be ill readiness Ht Fort Lee to ciuvey pa?srnger? t to HackeusAi'k Sundays eicepu-d. jel9 30i"r Vl' _FOK8HREWSBURY,LONG BRANCH, co TTtr?^^ Oresn H'luse, Jumping Point, Runs<>m. and )u tafoutown Landing The sieimboai ED- ?r ' tWlS, Captain Haynes, will run as follows from foot of Vcsey street. North River J? I" I Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. ? , July. O'clock. Joly. O'clock. tl' 1 Monday, 12, 4 A M. Monday, 12, V A. M ft. I Monday, 12, 3 P. M. IHesday. 13. ? A.M. tb ' wr;d*Vl 3" 4 ? M. WednesJay, H 3 A.M. Wedue-Jay, H, i P.M. Thursday, IJ. 9 A M . ? Thursday, IJ, j p. M. Kridar. 1?, 9 A. M ot " FrifSL P.M. Saturday. 17. 9 A.M. Stafta will be in readiness 011 the arrivnl of the bo*t to convey pMwnftn to all perti of the country. Jyi 3flt*rr. Hi ! NOTICE. ' - - f.8T^,T?'N '?LANH FKKKY.?On and ; 8YLPH ^aVAftV^LANyEK^Tll bl ' rnu as follows, until lurther notice Vi 1 ... . . ? .l-.*W-TAT<" t'LMO II, At , I, 9, 1*, 11, A. M., and !, J, J, 4, J, 4, 7 p. M t. v > ii 1 u "-**?? l?*w voaa At , ?, 10, II, A. M., and 1, 2, ten minntea past J, and at 4 i ? ? v 1. ? " clock, P. M T, New York April 13th. ?ll r r' : s M cents?Breakfast and Dinnat on Board * t0 j The new and elegant Steamer KOMKK WILLIAMS, Cant wl S A I'egroot Tuesday., Thnrsdav. an,I Saturdays, at half.pL, 111, A.M.. from the pier foot of Robinson ?ue?t, t?ttchmg at pr * Hammond street Pier, each ' ay, ?1 *For passage orfrieghK ,r?.ly an board the Boats, or to Geo. r0 Dobsoo, at the office, Itt Warren street, comer of West street. 4,, ITf^ AII persons are forbid mming the above boats on ac- I. (. count of the owners. mvltrh I M'OllNINft LINKWAY ii'.vfcN O'CLOCK ,h - Jr?^/OR ALBANY AND TROY and Inwnne- ^ . H i * t a Luidinffs. 00 i Breakfast and Dinner oa board the Boat. on The low nressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. (iorham, on will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barclay street, Monday* ch Wednesdays and Fridays, at seven o'clock. Returning on un . the opposite days. F?r passa?e or freight, apply no board, or to F. B. Hall, at i.. the office on the whsrf rrryM r FDll SALF,.?TSa Liverpool line packets, if I^RVcomprised of the thi[>s Rotcius, Biddons, Kli? liilan on - JHHKiaiid Oarrick ;tliey were built ill this eity with the tF n tie.i uiMerials, frames mcatly live oak, locust and ( edar. saltI r?l mi the stocks, aud lesalted av?ry year since. All very re- r7 eoflT coppered and refitted, and nearly in as good condition tni t as when nrst bnilt. Their accommodation for passengers are th si?i ions and handsomely fnrnished. If not sold on or before Tuesdsv, (lie tOth Inst., tbey will be sold at one P, M. that ^ay j0 p A," I'.'JL - 1 W YO 5W YOKK. MONDAY M THE FRENCH UAH NOW IN ?'? Her Appearance7in Coming_'u] "HE CHICAGO CONVENTION. The Grand Procession and Organization. tic Letters of Benton, Clay, izht, Cnss, Van Buren, & 1 illuno, July 5th, 1817. Tbe Convention ,iU under an iuiiuuDHe tont In e public fkiuar morning Previous to w ' he following was the programme Arrangement sion; HARBOi KR CONVENTION. : IHK II* y. lie Day. Clevi. tillery. Other Military. Marshal Band. Mariners. Marshal. Baud. Vire Department. Mart-hal Judiciary and Civil Officers. Clergy. Mayor and Common Council. MarsMl. General Committee. Committee ot Arrangement*. Committee of Reception. Societies and Orders of ?'hieago. Marshal. Uand. Illinois Delegations. The procession of escort assmnbtad and formed as folws at half-past nine o'elock. at t?ie signal of a guu leveland Artillery and other Military, sailors and marlera in Water street, right resting on Michigan ave lie; Kire Department iu street; judiciary and Til officers, clergy, Mayor and Common Council, Kiiayor* and Committee*, on Kandulph street, societies id order* of Chicago, on Washington street; Illinois 'legation*, on Madison street. The procession moved at 10 o'clocOc, at the signal of a in. tiling ^lto line on Michigan avenue?passed through onroe street to Wells? through W?lls to Lake street? irough Lake street to Michigan avtinue. resting at the lbllc. square, to take in escori the foreign delegation? en proceed west upon Madison street to State street? >rth upon State to Lake street?west upon Lake to arke street?south upon Clarke to I'ublic Hjuare The foreign delegates assembled at the Public djuare i Michigan avenue, at 10 o'clock. In the procession of escort, they wrro formed by seniity of ^tate. The delegations from the different States >re designated by badges as follows :? aine. yellow. Wisconsin, yellow, white, ew Hampshire, white. and green. ermont, green, Iowa, blue, scarlet and assachusett*. red. brown, bode Island, purple, Missouri, white and scarlet, mnectlcut, scarlet, Kentucky, white and green, ew York, crimson, i'enuessce, crimson and ytlew Jersey, pink, low, aryland,lilac, Georgia, orange and lilac, trgiuia, brown. Kiorida, yellow, drab and innsylvania. drab, pink, hio, red and white, Mississippi, purple and idiana, brown and red. Louisiana, blue and yellow. icbigan. blue and white, white, linois, red, white and blue. The procession proceeded to the plaec of meeting, and le vast assemblage, then comprising alxiiit ten Ihound people, was called to order by Wm 11. Ogdcn. Ks'|., ho nominated tames L. Barton, of BuIIhIm. as ( hairan. and A. U. Chambers of St. Louis, and Hauscrocker, Wisconsin, as Secretaries. The blessings of lleaven were then Invoked by the Rev. r Allen, of Northampton, Mass. S Lyle Smith, Ks<| , of Chicago, then presented several opositions to complete the primary organization of the mimlttee. and the convention then ailjourned to meet (tin at 4 o'clock, to bear the report of the committee to ilect a President and other officers. On re-assembling at 4 o'clock, the committee on officers ere not prepared to report, and the lt*v Mr. Allen was illed upon to address the meeting. In which he claimed le prosperity of the west as emanating almost en roiy irom uis neignDors Hr.ving closed, and tho committee still in dispute us to in officers and resolutions to be presented to tlio con ntlon, loud cries were made for "Corwin.'' "Corwin." ho finally took the stand and addressed the assembi?fe i his most hsppy stylo, and alluding, in sly wit and jlnt, to the puritanical positions assumed by the preour speaker. Home cries being made for Horaco (ireely, he appear1 on the stand, and delivered a few remarks appertalnijc to tho objects of the convention. The committee Anally returned and presented the line of Kdward H. Hales, of Missouri,as I'resident. and me doien Vice Presidents and Secretaries On taking i? chair the President returned thanks for the honor inferred upon hinij and In alluding to his own position, marked that It whs the first time in twenty years that i had publicly interfered with the operations of goirnment The committee, also, presented resolutions that the invention should be governed by the usual parliaetitary proceedings: and also for tho President to ap lint a committee of seven, to prepare an address to the opleof the United .States: and a committee of two, tai each State, to present resolutions for the cnnsld>raie of the convention. Also a committee to prepare atistics for publication: nnd another one to attend, at e next session of Congress, to aid in tho accomplished of the objects of the convention, and to call anher convention if this wes not effectual These resolutions gave rise to much debate; and the cord, appointing a committee on the address, was tally laid on the table The convention remained in session until half past ven o'elook. at the time of the closing of the mall; and ini theiefore, compelled to present yon a brief sketch; it add the letters of Messrs Hen ton Wright. Cass, nn Buren. and Clay, that will be submitted to-morrow, ere they are :? The Ltltrr from Cilonrl Htnlon Mt. Look, June JO, 1817. ? Messrs. Wayman, and others;? Omtlinis?In iny brief note addressed to von on my turn from Jefferson, 1 expressed tho gratification 1 ould have felt in going with the St, LouU delegation the Chicago Convention, and made known the reason ilch would prevent ine from having that pleasure. The Lake and Illver navigation of tho (jrcat West, to omote which the Convention is called, very early had ihare of my attention, and I never had a doubt of the nstilntlonaltty or expediency of bringing that navlga>n within the circle of Internal improvement by the ideral government, when the object to be improved ould be one of general and national Importance. The junction of the two great system of waters, which cupy so much of our country?the northern Lakesoa hand, and the Mississippi River and its trlbulari es the other?appeared to rae to be sn object ot that araoter, and Chicago the proper point for affecting the Jon; and uear thirty year* ago, I wrote and published tlcles in a St. Louis newspaper in favor of that object, Heated, and ulmost accomplished by nature lierstlf,

d wanting from man but littlo to complete it. Articles the Ht. Louis K,\qw rtr, of April, 1*10, express the Inlons whloh I then i ntertalncd, and tl>* report"' of il period, pnbllshed In the same paper, to the Mecretaof War. by Messrs Oraliam and Phillips in fsvor of at canal, (and which' report'' I wrote.) *as probably first formal communication, upon authentic dala, In ror of the Chicago canal. 1 hese gentlemen, with Mr ha C. Sullivan, of MlMourt, had been appointed by the eraUry at War, to run a Una from the south end ot ika Michigan to the Mississippi I proposed to them to RK I ORNING. JULY 12, 1841 STEAMSHIP UNION, P O K T . pgthe Harbor, Last Thursday. examine the ground betw een Chicago and the hen \vaters of tho Illinois riv er. with a vi?w to the coi Ntruction of a canal by the Federal government. The did so, ami on their return to St Louis, i-ubmitted s their observations to me; a nd hence the publication* i the new .papers, and the re port of the Secretary of W?; I merit i' n this to show that my opinions on this subjm n >llon indin; ami that the nationality of th " Ho ial.and "f cour se.of the harbor at its raoutl 'V no means new conceptions with me But I mui that I did not obse rve then what 1 have sine sci tho I .ills of Niagara surmounted by a ship cana and aschooner clearing from Chicago for Liverpool. The river navi ation of the great West is th most wonderful on the globe ; ami since the applicatlo of steam power to the pro pulsion of vessels, possess) the essential i|uallties of open navigation. Speed, dl tance. cheapness, magnitude of cargoes, are all ther and without the perils of the sea from storms and en< mies The steamboat is the ship of the river, and ftm in the Mississippi and its tributaries the amplest thei tre for the diffusion of its use, and the display of I power. Wonderful river, connected with seas by tt head and by the mouth?stretching Its arms towar< the Atlsntlc and the Pacific lying in a valley, whtc Is a valley from the (julf of Mexico Hudson's Un ?drawing its tlrst waters not from rugged mountaii hut from the plateau of the Lakes in the centr of the oontinent. and in communication with tl sources of the St Lawreuce and the streams which tal their course north to Hudson's Bay?draining the large caxm >'i aus ilcurnt lltuu ? Clllieeuilg prOOUClS every clime, even the frigid, to hear the whole to a g niai market in the sunny south, and there to meet tl products of the entire world. Such is the Mississipp Anil who can calculate the aggr' gate of itn advantsgi and the magnitude of it* future commercial results Mirny yearn ago. the late Governor ('lark ami m self undertook to calculate the extent of the boatab water in the valley of the Mississippi , we made It aboi 50,000 miles! of which 30.000 were computed to uni above St. Louis aD<l 'JO,000 below. Of course, v counted all the infant streams on which a flat, a kei or a batteau could be floated, and justly j for every tr butary of the humblest bos table character, helps I swell not only the volume of the central waters, In of the commerce upon them Of this immense extei of river navigation, all combined into one system of wi tern, 8t Louis is the centre ! and the entrepot of il trade ! presenting even now, in Its infancy, an astonisl fng and almost incredible amount of commerce, destine to increase forever. It is considered an inland towi Counting by time and money, the only true cominercli measure of distances, ami St Louis is nearer to the sc than New Orleans was before the steam tow boi abridged the ulstance between that city and the mout of the Mississippi. St. Louis is a sea port as well as a inland city, and is a port of delivery by law, and has co locted $60,000 of duties on foreign imports during th current year; and with a liberal custom would become great entrenat of foreign as weil as of domestic con merce. With the attributes and characteristics of a sr port, she is entitled to the benefit of one, as fully and a clearly as New York or New Orleans. About twenty years ago, 1 moved in the Senate, an obtained an appropriation for a survey of the Kapids < tho Upper .Mississippi ; it was probably the first appri priation over obtained for the improvement of the u] per part of the river About twenty-tive years ago, moved, and succeeded in the motion, to include the Mil souri river in a bill for the improvement of Wester rivers?it was the first time that river had been so ir eluded. Thus, on the important items of the rhicng eauul, the rapids of the Upper Mississippi ami the Mil souri river, I was among the first to propose to includ them within the circle of internal improvement by th federal government. I have always been a friend of tha pystem, but not to its abuses ! and here lies the difilrul ty, and the danger, and the stumbling block to Us sue cess Objects of general and national importance chi alone claim the attention of the federal government and in favor of such oojects, I believe all the I. j art lilMIltM nf rh? in Ks. nnl(o<l ' ' ? tbein, and the Constitution can reach them, anil tin treasury sustain them Extended to local or a?otiona objects, anil neither the Constitution nor the treimur; could uphold them Nat ional objects of improvement ar* lew in number, definite in character, and manageubli by the treasury : local and sectional objects are innu werable. and indefinite, and ruinoua to the treasury.Near twenty yeara ago, the treasury was threatens with a demand for two hundred milliona of dollars fo objecta of internal improvement, then applied for, an many of them of no national import ance. The enormlt of the ium balked the system ; and so it must be agalt if the proper discrimination Is not kept up between loci and national subjects It la for Congress to make tha discrimination : the President cannot: he must rejec or approve the bill as a whole, llere, then, is the pint at which the friends of the system, in Congross. mm exert all their earn and vigilance. No arbitrary rule ca he given for the admission or exclusion of proper ohjecti but really national objects admit of no dispute ; and couflned to them, I apprehend but little danger of losini a bill, either from executive vetoes, or for want of vote in Congress. Very respectfully, gentlemen, your friend and felloi citizen. THOMAS II BENTON. Silai Wright'I f.rlter. Canton, 31st May, 1847. (Jkntlkmcr?Vour circular. Inviting me to attend " i North Western Harbor and lliver Convention," to bi afembled at I hb ago on the tirst Monday of July nexl was duly received, forwarded by Mr Whiting, of you Committee Vly attention had been previously called ti the same ubject by the invitation of a friend, at you city, to attend the Convention.and generously tenderini me quarters In his family during Its sitting I wu forced, from the state of private business. to inform bin that I could not make the journey, nr. the time nameil and the period winch has elapsed ainoe I declined hi invitation, has ouiy tended to confirm the cnnclualoi pronounced to hiui Were it possible for me to atten* the proposed Convention, without an unreasonable sac rltice, I should most gladly do ao, as my location give me a strong feeling in reference to the prosperity am safety of the commerce of the lakes The subject of th Improvement of the lake harbors is one. which myser vice In Congress has rendered somewhat familiar to m< in a legislative aspeet, while my personal travel upon thi two lower lakes has made the necessity for these im provements manifest to my senses I am aware that questions of constitutional power have been raised li reference to appropriations of luon?y by Congress, foi the improvement of the lake hurbora, and I am well con vlnced that honest men have sincerely entertainer string scruples upon this point, but all my o'leervatlor and experience havu Induced me to believe that thea* scruples, where the Individual admits the power to Im prove the Atlantic harbors, ari<es from the want of ai acquaintance wiih the lakes and the commerce upoi them, auj an inability to believe the facts In relation t< thai commerce, when truly stated It la not ensy foi one. familiar with the lakes and (Jib lake commerce. t< realize the degree of incredulity, as to the magnitudi and importance ef both, which t.i found in the mindi of honest and well informed men, residing In re mote portions of the Cnion. and having no personal acquaintance with either whili, I n?. an instance of a number of Uongre**, wh" h&i travelled the lake*, and observed the commerce uoo them, within the Ui t ten year* requiring any fur i er evideneo or argument, to Induce hini toadmtt th< constitutional power and the propriety of appropriation! for the lake harbors, at much an forthouc of the Atlantic oaiit I have long been of the opinion, therefore, that to Imprra* the mlud* of the paopie of all portion* of the Union with a reali*1ng ?euM> of the fact* a* they are. in rotation to the?n inland lea* and their already va?t and r.tpldlr Increasing eommerre would be all that in re quired to kecurai *ach appropriation* a* th* *tate of the natioual treasury will from time lo time permit, for the improvement of ihe lak* harbor* I ma.ui the improven>-nt of *urh harbor* a* the body of the lake commerce require* for ita convenience and *at'ety. a* contra dl'tln gui*hvd from tha nunieruua application* for ltie*? Improvement*, which the varioUH competing local IntereM* upon the *hore* of the lake* may prompt; *n<l I make thl* dutlnction because my own obeervatlou ha* *hown that application* for harbor Improvement* at the puhllo eipeme are made and pa*ted. within dIKanoee of a very few mile*, and at location* where, from the natural po IERA r. nit ion of thfi lake and cotxt,a good harbor at either point would secure to the uoniniercv of the lake all the conf?nlence aud safety of duplicate improvements. Much of thn difficulty of obtaining appropriations grown out of a these conflicting applications. auU the sternness with which all are pressed as necessary to tl) . Ife r -"tee, . iuipair* thn confidence of strangera to ih. lot ' i-.ims and interest* In thn important) of all. It 1h thn duty of those who urge these improvement*, for thngmat objects for which alone they should be niadn at thn expeuse of the nation, vli: tha convenience and Hafety of the lake commerce, to be honest with t'our.sH, auil to ur e appropriations only at points where lhe?e considerations demand tin m The river improvements constitute a much morn dltti ! cult subject, and the connection of them with the I lake harbors, has often, to my knowledge, fatslly prejudiced the former. There are applications for It;,, provements of rivers, about which, as u matt'.- of 1 principle and constitutional power, I have n< more I doubt thau about the narbors upon thu lakes, r the j Atlantic coast; and there are those, which, in j I judgment, come neither withiu the principle nor the 1 constitutional power; but to draw a line between the two classes of cuses, I cannot 1 havo witnessed tinnier- I oils attempts to do this, but none of them have appeared to my mind to be very sound, or very practical Tne j facts auil oifcuinHtancrs are >o very variant, betwe. n | me various applications inat 1 (loilDt w nattier liny gene- j I ral rule can he laid dowu which will he lound just an?l | P practical; and I think the course most likely to ? cure a satisfactory result, with thu l?nr.t danger of a violation I of principle, would be for Congress to act separately and I indepeudeu ly upon each application. Micro has appear5 ed torn* to he one broad distinction botwecu these cases, 9 whicli has not always been r. ? ?> I. ? hut which I think always should be. It is between thu applications to pro? tect and secure thu safety of commerce upon rivers, | wb?r" it exists and is regularly carried on in defiance of the obstructions sought to he removed, and iu the face iof the dangers they place in its way, and those applications which ask for Improvement of rivers, that cumI incrce may be extended upou them, where it is uot. Thu i one class appear to me to nek Congrurs to regulate and protect commeicc upon rivers where commerce in fact exists, and the other, to create it upon rivers where it doc* not exist. This distinction, if carefully observed, might aid in determining some applications of both "* classes, but is uot a sufficient dividing line for practical 3 legislation. If it i? fur the settlement of the principle upon which ail such applications should rest I umi the term "oommerce'' in this 1 do in this letter, i in its constitutional sense and scope. 1 must ask your pardon, gentlemen, for troubling you with so long aud hasty a communication, in reply to your note. It is nut made for any public use. but to express to ysu very imperfectly some of uiy view* upon the interesting subjects you bring t? my notice, which I shall not have thu pleasure uf communicating in person, aud ,d to satisfy you that I am not indifferent tu your request. ). lie pleaded tu acccpt my thauks for your polite iuvitay tiou, aud tu believe me, II Vuur very respectful and ob't servant, n SILAS WKIU11T. r Messrs. N. B Ji'dd and others. >t 'l'Ke letter from Gen. Cast. 8 DSTBOIT, May '.29, 1947. Dfar Sin : ? I am much obliged to you for your kind t attention in transmitting me an invitation to attend the ** Convention on internal improvement, which will meet 1- in ( hicago in July, Circumstance*. However, will put it out of my power to be present at that time, i* I am dear sir, respectfully yours, n LEW18 CASS. Martin fan Buren't Letter. Liudk*wat.t>, May Qlit, 1847. My Dear Sir?1 thank you kindly for the obliging jH terms i which you have been pleased to communicate to me the invitation of the cominittoe to attend the ,H North-western Harbor aud River t ouventiou. and beg 1B you to be assured that you do me but justice in assulH ining, that i am by no means indifferent to its objects, u Having virited most parts of your interesting country, and witnessed, with admiration und h gh hopes, its pc 'J culiar capacities for improvement. i cannot but wish success to all constitutional efforts which huve that direotiOD. Regretting tuat it will uot be in my power to | comply wiiq your request, t oeg you 10 maKe iny ac- | Ht knowl dgements lo thu committee, for this proof of their o( respect. 1 ant, p Very respectfully and truly yours, M. VAN BUREN. K. W. Tract, Esq. S, The. Lrlter from the H?n. Henry Clay Ashland, '11th May, 1H47. i y. Drat Sir?I received your letter, accompanied by th" ' In circular of the oonimittie, requesting my attendance at : ut the North-western llartior and River Convention, pro- I te posed to beheld at Chicago, on the first Monday in re July uext. Cordially concurring in what la announced 1, to be the object ol the Convention, 1 should be happy to i- assist in the accomplishment oi it, if it were iu my power. Lo but I regret that I cannot conveniently attend the Conit veution Wishing that its deliberations may b? conit ducted in a spirit of harmony, and that they may lead i- to good practical result, ts 1 am with great respect, i- Vour obedient servant, d H. CLAV. i E. W. Tracy, Esq. il it Intcreatlug War Intelligence. h NEWS FROM TIIK 11IO URA.MlK. n Through the courtesy ol a fellow citizen, we have re1 reived a copy of the Matainoros Flag of the J8th ult., e but it is particularly barren of intelligence. The st> amn boat l aurel arrived on the i6th at Matamorus from l- lleynosa. with three companies of the ?id Illinois Regi a meut (Col. Bissell's ) The remaiuder of the regiment is was expected down the following day. The alcalUu of Reynosa has reimbursed the money of d which four ot the Illinois volunteers had bren robbed, if after being latsoed. as we have already mentioned. >- The Rio (Jraude is still very low. the rains not ynt >- having set in. I The Flag represents that Carvnjal ? or Carrabajal. as i- his name is often given?was a few days previous in Vicn torla, In consultation with the Governor of 'i'amaul'pas i- and other influential men of the State, on a subject of 0 vital importance to the future destiny of several States i- of Northern Mexico?no more nor less than a separation e from thn Mexican confederacy,aud the establishment of ? an independent government. Carvajal has beeu alive t to this subject for years, says the Flag, and will let pass no opportunity to accomplish his cherished purpose ? Now he thinks is the proper time, and the Flag thinks 1 there is great prospect of his success The Flag thinks th? country in the vicinity of Matam< ros quite free from robbers, he., and in proof of this adds: ? i "We have recently conversed with a gentleman who has I been scouring the country in all directions, 'purchasing 1 mules, who tells us that he neither met nor could hear ? of any hostile Mexicans on the road or any of the ranis chos which he visited With one companion ho traversed the country far beyond San Fernando and returned with a Urge drove of mules, without being mo1 I? vt< <I It. ia tn thi< r?f nnrtkin m>ni?U< In Mm. n?t %> to crrfttH an impression that tho roads are benct by robber*? they make money by tho fears they inspire and we advise that little heeil be given to the bugbear* which are every <lay rained up." We had occasion to expo** the simple credulity of the Mexicans about their saints. The Flag Lnsnu article on thcsubject which we copy : ? ''Mexico Is us prolific of saints an she is of insects and thorn*-and by far the major portion of the population n believe in their pretended supernatural power*. We i. hail an opportunity, a few days since, of witnessing the I. extent to which the delusion prevails among this superK stltlous people. An indiscriminate mas* of Mexicans, s of all nges, sexes and conditions, rushing from every quarter of the city, drew us. in common with others, to v the scene of commotion The crowd, with devout and elongated faces, surrounded the building in which they affirmed wa* a female saint. A guard was stationed at the door to prevent disorder, and *he received visits from the city priest and several citizens Tho woman was brought 1 into town afflicted with a paralysis, caused evidently by " exposure to cold and dampness The warmth from the '' bed on which she wa* placed restored her; and on being r a?ked how the cure wa* wrought, she replied it was n through the agency of an auut who wa* a saint, and r ?.?i??..,i I.... ..ii, ....... i? .? - ?? y- m" veil | which shut* out frotu human vision the future. Thin story the simple-minded natives, who titTrr trouhbt themselves to search out a natural e(U<? fur e v?*ry rfl. cl. religiously believed. Hhe hiix Inteu removed from town by order of the tlntlile. There are many such wizard* scattered through thin country, and, straiue to *:iy, obtain credence from person* who are otherwise por cxsed of Haue minds '' MEXICAN MKW5. (f rom the New Orleans Delta July 3.| Kl National comments with mi severity on the promptness with which <!en. Worth has the judgments , ( of hia Court* Martial executed. Hergeant McKeown. of , company K, N. V. Volunteer*, was recently tried at , I'ocbla on two chnrgea?1st, f*>r conduct subversive of | ?ood order and military discipline ; id, for robl?ery j Tile specification under tile first cb?rg" was, that said I McKeown, on tha 30th May. a little more or less, (/<?< o | ( mm a meno$.) entered, iiword In hand, the house of Don ( Joae Santa Crux Polanco. and threatened the paid Hon , and hi* family with violence The second specification ( waa, that said McKeown robbed the said Don of a qnan- | ttty of money. The sentence of the Court wan, that said | McKeown ahould pay a fine of flfteeu dollar*, for the . r benefit of the Don-be imprisoned for the t line the r? gi- , ment should remain in Puebto, notexceeding thirty day* ?and be reduced to the rank of a private soldier. I The same Court tried and convicted a soldier by the , name of Patrick < rumaln, of company II, N. V. Volun- j teers. oil similar charges, and imposed a similar fine for t | the lion'* benefit, and sentenced the criminal to fourteen , k day* imprisonment , , El .Varional, alter publishing the charge*, specific* t i Hons, judgment, He thus comment* From the fore ( going document, our readers may form au idea of the , , promptness with which the Anglo-American* terminate y , a oriujinal ca*e. condemn the accused, and executejudg- y ) ment ; but, at the same time, It will be observed that all t Ibis exaggerated rigor of punishment la nothing in y | reality in order to condemn the robber* of Polanco ?the sergeant to a Una of fifteen dollar*, Imprisonment J, for thirty day*, and deprivation of rank ; and the ??l- ? dier to a similar line and only fourteen day* im- / pviMmineut-there Is Indeed, no need of Iwims and , delays, by which the accused may have accent to | the mean* which justice furnishes for nelf-defeuce By our law*, American aoldlera subject to them would have tuKered at leaat fmr years Imprisonment , yet the whole price** would have been procrastinated sufiVIently long to have every matter Involved completely l investigated and only when the crime and (he partlcl I patlon or the accused should have been rendered a* 1 clear a* noonday, would they have been condemned, for our l*wa reaped whatever It due t? the person of the man Our Invader*, however, who pride themeelvea to nnob I. i). WM VW9 UlDfih upon their oivtliaatlon. and upon proceeding with entir* jusBtkatlon. do not stop to Me*rUln even the d?U of th? crime. a* appears from the document here inferUd in which it in averred that the day of the robbery wiJ> the -iOth of May. a little more or lees ; that U to lay the judge* neither knew nor wi?hu<) to know the day wheu the crime was perpetrat-d. a* If thin were not a circumstance ho important in the process a* to b? worthy of ex. tensive investigation If ncertain knowledge of the perpetration of A crime be indispensable, thu day and tb.> hour of it* perpetration are, as a uecefkary consequence, e<ju illy so. The Anglo-Americans. in ihreedayx. suppo*. ed the robbery preceded the 'Joth of May, not only did not make that fact clear, but th?-y pa-K il seutence and called that sentence right-a" It. provided the crime were certain.'soci. ty would loae little iu not having a corresponding punishment infliot?d j if it were aot cortiln. but little would be lost by th? punishment of innocent men. '1 hat which is important is thehrcvity, not tli? effect. In this way, a great oriinemav be punished without an opportunity for the accused to be hewd. If this be not an offence against common sense, we know not .vhat is ; at all events, it is a matter About which there c hi be no doubt " I Epnca, pibli.-bi d in San LulsPotosi, has an article ?o cliarticteristlo of Mexicau philosophy and bombssC eomb'.n-.l that wo canuot resist the temptation to givu Ir . ... ... - There liTtn the d*pth of the buraau heart n?tura'. prlnciplu of perve?sity inclining us toevl In oioer that tin., principle may uut be developed, am! thus irtak?* men as ferocious hs i-avtiges. it is necessary that, from tbe mi ment reason commences. jdforts should be mi.d? to counteract natural propensities, as well by inspiring in tbe youth those moral tendencies which render mot virtuous, as by presenting hiui examples by the Imitation of which habits avu Insensibly formed Yet, iustead of li-oral maxims, of virtuous examples, there in not in ng but disorder and excess, exhibiting, at al) hours, ?rU of cruelty; aud what must be the 'unt-oquence but a Wind ol wild beaut iu the shape of iinn ' llence. there are many destined to dtxgraou? families, societies, t Veil whole nations. Among these. >re believe ought to be placed conspicuously our neighbors of th? North vVhat morals, what religion, what principles, have tli"N? ruen received in their education ' What ar? the examples which they hold up to view every hour Morality ' They know it not. '1 heir religion in unsubstantial, and anion t; them atheibls abound Their principles they hold for one object Their habits are tirunkenness; and. lltially, their daily examples ar<i the unheard of cruellies with which they treat unfortunate slaves. Sacred Liod ! aud are these the men who pretend to domineer in our country ? Are these the uieu who have h?d the audacity to come to dictate to us their odious laws, aud to pretend to teach us how to live.' Sooner let us see our people reduced to fragments, our fields to ashes ! Sooner let us see our beloved country sad and desolate, ensanguined and perishing, than iu the grasp of those monsters, whom we are bouud to resist as we would wild beasts Compatriots ' Our enemies have penetrated almost to the capital of the Itcpublic; aud now is the time for them to receive due chastisement, In order that neither they nor others mar escape the consequences of their audacity. A unanimous effort must be made to bury our aggressors In the abyss of nothing Thus must be washed out the dishonor we have received for not having repelled Ihcm at the first opportunity. THIS HKALTlt OF VKRA CRUZ. So much has been said of the health of Vera Crux, of the extreme mortality from the yellow fever which pre i ails there thai Dr K H Oar Ion the head of the Board of Health in that city, has felt it his duty to make a lull exposition of the facts of the case. Ihat the public may be undeceived. He has accordingly transmitted to Gov. Johiifon statements of the mortality In Vera Cruc from the 1st of May to the 10th of June, with various explanatory remarks. Soon after I)r Barton arrived in Vera Cruz.the Municipal t ouucil. upon ills recommendation organized a Board of Health, to whose control was rubiuitied the entire sanitary condition of the city and neighborhood. The keepers of cemeteries were required to make regular reports to the Board, which Im thus placed iu possession ol the facts connected with the mortality in tbe city Kroui the doctor's letter to the Governor wo are .v aKnn ?unu ?? u uu i>u epuriugiy. uui give enough to relieve the extreme apprehension i ntertained in some quartera. ' There are fuw caaea of yellow fever hero cumparalively, and hud wtt the appliaucen you have In New OrUauf, the mortality would be much lent than It in It In ihe name dlaeaae we have alway* been lamlliar with there, though romu of our foolieh country um think it otherwiae, becnu.-e the Spaniards uame it no. and fall victimn to a ridiculous credulity. Hut to tar there U no epidemic, and the fatal caaea have oocurrcd mostly amouK men who would have died any where with fever ot some kind , and leurleanly assure you that if 1 could regulate ' the habits ami mode of living' of our eouutrymeii, very few would take the disease, and still fewer die ' l.ur or Mon i at Vkiia Catrt, ihom 1?t Mav to 1{th J( IIE-li'lOM K? ( OKU or do?Rno? HtALIM From V'omito, Olhir Viltatei. Nation*. Soldier*.........20 Soldiri? 112 .American* ... I7P <Jr Maild'* Dtp. .13. Qr. Ma*ter'? Dep. 49 Mciicaii*... . 10k iViexicaus II .\leiicaii* 84 Otlitr foi'cra.. .74 Oilier* 7 Other* 10 Unknown Id Total SI Total ?i Total... .M? iKuivAi. ok col. koniphan's regiment at st. LOUIS. The Miaaouri regiment; Col. Doniphan, met with a splendid reception on their return to St. l.oula on the id inat The Rrritllr of the 3d. Ifive the following an count of it:? Them never whs h more glorious morning than ycster(lay presented?glorttus in its atmospheric splendor, Mid in the return from trio beld of those sout ot Missouri whose deed* have awakened. every where, gratitude and admiration la compllnace with the published order the belli made joyous music throughout the morning; the cltiieni were abroad iu crowds; the military and tire companies made the streets gay with their bands aud unifoims. while the guests of the city?the heroes of Uracito and ttacromanto?attracted the universal gaze, and elicited an wide a shout of welcome. At the moment of starting from the Court House, the procession wan arrested by tbe announcement that the Pride of tbe Went, with ? a plain Hudson and the captnred artillery, who In night, Tbe oitizens lushed to the landing, aud, sure ouougb, thero came the steamer, prouder than erer. booming out tbe triumph of Mluouri valor. The volunteer*, now assembled in front of the flant?n' House, were warmly and eloquently welcomed home by Judge Howling. Arrived upon the ground, enthuaiajun burst forth ?n tbe appearance of <. ol llenton upon the stand; and during Inn address, but one feeling of mingled pride and welcome wan evinced by the deoa? crowd. Col. ii concluded amid cheers. and. on the appearance of Col. Doniphan, shouts and hurrahs made the welkin rlug again. Col. L). eommeuced by warmly thanking Col. Benton for the terms in which be had mentioned the achieve incute of the Missouri column, remarking further, that hi* uiinuteues* ol detail with regard to their march, entitled bin speech to the claim.* of history itself. Col. D. observed, very emphatically, that thli wai a strange war. It wax strange at home, and strange abroad. It was branded by Col L) 's own party, an an unjuat war, and yet opponent* as well as supporter! rallied to iu?tain it. Wings and democrats composed the fame messes, and slept in the same tents; lie wan only lorry that the same unity had not been evinced in the councils of the tiovernnieut. As an instance of whig feeling while in the field, Col D huH that after long, long months, during which nothing had been heard from the States, and while all hearts were yearuiug to bear from home, the first thing met with in American papers was the speech ofCorwin, of Ohio' It was a complete shower bath' It was received with a shock?a shudder! After having overcome weary leagues, Impraetinable mono tains, alter cutting their way through the enemy, all their thanks was. to be told that they were robbers and cut-throats' Colonel D. indignantly denounced every speech aud every paragraph which went to deory the prosecutiou of the war to a prompt close It was said that thono who made such speeches belonged to the peace party; no such thing' They would, on the con trary. postpone peace to eternity i'rorupt action, aud sustaincil action, or all effort! were in vain. Colonel Denton' |>Ihii, ii* stated by tout gentleman. would have achieved a I Cay lor would have been in furor Santa Anna would have been crushed foMTur, and the dominant. the democratic party, would at once have dictated 11 government to Mexico. Nothing could have interposed to prevent instant negotiation The war would have been terminated Scott'* efforts have been i;ramped by the Mini- want of mean*. Ucnrral Taylor alter liin four unrivalled victories may t>? Raid to have arrived at no result It Was like a mail In a fever, bin moot violent effort* were followed by a corresponding exhaustion Taylor * line of operation, at thia moment, in an far from a bearing upon a (a-ace ((Ueftion an if he were at Jefferson barracks lie la where he wa? last September, and there will he be found next Ootobor ! Scott Is nearly a* cully < !! lie baa won victories only to remind bin tow much h < wm crippled, while Santa Anna w.ulelt lo iod fresh resources and to give lurtber tr-ubie Col. ) appreciated fully the moral effect which till* war nu't h'?ve upon the world lie saw the triumphant con radiction to the slanders with regard to the bravery of ItUeu soldiers It was a war without the loss ot a single .attle. lie spoke of the conduct of the volunteer* at Juen* Vista He spoke further of their progress and eadinesa for discipline under -enerala i aylor and .V ool Col I) took an affectionate farewell of hi* "Ulcers and nen They were from different part* of the .State, and night never meet again Their year * connection had >een n inexorable one. but tbey were again (tuple cltl;eiu. To the eternal honor of his command. ba said hat in bis *pv companies his exprenaes, bit many *?r r)ce? of peril, he had never had occasion to make a de all . all was done by voluuteers ' 1U alluded toncbingly o Ihe dead wbrm Ibey had left behind them , to the 'ictimx of disease and suffering, a* well aa totbosa of the attle-field In conelualon. Col . D declared that in their tallies It wa? not geueraUhip which waa to be admired he victories of Bracito ana Sacramento, emphatically ielong?d to the rank and llle ' It waa the intrinsic pirit and valor af tlw man which wore to be re mem ierrd . and, Anally. If Mlaaouriaan ever recurred with an inpleaaant feeling to the supposed tarnish upon their ame in Florida, at Oche? Chobee, tbey had ouly to reuambei that the battle of Bracito was fought on th > am? day ?< hriit ma*' ARM* ?w>, [From the New Orleana Delta, July a ] A gentleman wbo recently arr.ved ii?r? from Monterey, had ati interview with < ?en Taylor immediately be fore ha left The lieneral told bun that it was not hit intention to advance on Han I.uis I'otosi but that It wae hi* fixed determination to reaigu hla command ou the let of September next The troopt at priient with Otn Wool at altUlo. ?* 1

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