Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 13, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 13, 1847 Page 2
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^^^H^^yorF'herald. Haw York, Tuoaday, July 13, 1MV. America and Europe?The Progrew or Dtr moo racy. There is no more certain indication of the moral influence which our republic is exerting over the minds of the great masses of Europe, than the progress which democracy and democratic sentiments are making there, re-echoed as they are by a portion of the press, which, with its ten thousand tongues, is rapidly preparing the way for the downfall ot monarchy and aristocracy, and the establishment in their stead of institutions and governments based on the simple but secure foundation on which our own so safely repose. A few years since, the United States?our government, our character and our institutionswere unknown to the people of Europe; but now they are partially, if not wholly, understood, and properly appreciated. Indeed, we cannot take a step that is not watchsd and commented upon with as much Tiff""* interest us an? me movements of Euro|>ean governments. The newspaper published in Belgium, styled A? Debut Social Or wine de la Pemorratie, contains, from day to day, a faithful record of every thing we do; and is particularly industrious in contrasting the liberties which are enjoyed in America,with the tyranny and oppression inflicted on their people. This paper selected as its theme, for a series of well written editorials, the new constitution recently adopted by the people of the State of Xew York; and took especial care to point out the vast power which it reserves to our citizens, and the perfect subserviency of the government to the ballot box. It holds it forth as a model worthy of being adopted by the |>eople of (Europe, if circumstances would allow of its being done ; and contrasts the inabilities they now labor under, with the liberties and freedom they would enjoy under a similar form of government. We have b?en induced to make these preliminary remarks, by seeing in that paper an editorial, referring to this country?to the war with Mexico, the policy of our government, und the proposed junction of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, by means of a canal across the isthmus of Tehuantepec. We have translated it for our readers,, and herewith present it to them :? No matter how the Mexicans may act now, or how much they may boast, and display, they are ruined ! That nation in already exhausted by the exactions of a military government, and abased by a gang of rapacious and ignorant clergymen, 'l'hc United Status hare now Id their hands the fate of Mexico; and thefriendsof civilization over the whole world, ought to desire that the United States will never surrender that fate into the i bands of an impious association of monks and soldiers. Upon this subject, the government of Mr. Polk has not 1 yet taken any resolution ; but we see, with a great deal of Dleasure. that the newspapers In favor of hlu ndminis tration propone different plans of dfrect and indirect occupation of Mexico, till that important country is m&du capable of appreciating liberty These papers are of opinion that the expenses of that occupation, will be covered by the customs received by the United States from the Mexican ports. None of these papers have even mentioned the idea of having any diplomatic difficulty with other countries. They think (and with reasoo) that the Kuropean cabinets have at present, and will have for the future, more and more domestic embarrassments. which will be quite sufficient for them to manage, without interfering with the business of the new world. One of the first and greatest services which the occupation of Mexico by theUnited States will render to humanity. will be the piercing of the Isthmus ot Tehuvntepec, of which Mr Polk's government Is teriously thinking, intending to begin it this very year. This glorious enterprise, which the friends of Mr. l'olk affirm will be finished in time to be ascribed as one of the greatest remembrances of this magistrate's administration, will render still more ridiculous, if possible, our monarchical governments of Europe, when they will bs compared with the great republican government of the United States. In fact, for many centuries, Europeans have been talking about piercing the Isthmus of Suez, which is under their hands; and all the governments united tog ther or separately, have not yet produced a settled plan for that enterprise. Within a few years, the French government has projected a canal across the Isthmus of I'anama, and have taken possession of the principal part of the Island of Tahiti, as a depot for obtaining supplies between Panama and China ; but the Isthmus of Tell uantepec will be opened by President Polk before Louis Philippe and M.tiuizot have ilnisbed reading the reports and surveys of the cxplorators that they have sent to Panama ; and then the Sandwich Islands, when; the Americans have already a port, will serve them as a dee U /. r-kinu K? K .? a I ?#> /? |/v.? ill U?I|||WIU| TO I/UIIH tuu How exct-lleut has been thti operation made by Louis Philippe and his minister ' IThev bare conquered, with a great leal of difficulty, a kingdom of some miles, and they possess now an hotel, which will never accommodate a single traveller. By expressing their gratitude to the people of the United States, who take care thus to bind all the nationi of the world to themselves, the learned men of all countries will confidently hope that that people may never be prevented from accomplishing their great mission. The language used in this article is significant, as we before said, of the influence which we are exerting slowly, but surely, in Europe. Th who would write snch sentiments as the? n years ago, and clothe them in such plain and forcible language, would have been considered a disorg nizer; and the paper which contained it would have been suppressed by the government officials. Bui we hear them now epoken loudly, in the most forcible language, too, without being attended with any result than opening the eyes of the people of Europe to the glorious privilege that we enjoy. The Hot Weather?Health of the City.? For several days past the weather has been excessively hot, yet we have not heard that the number of deaths averages more than it did a month or two since. There are but two things required to muke New York one of the healthiest cities in the world?clean streets by our Common Council, and care in regard to diet by our citizens. If garbage of every description is thrown in the thoroughfares, the action of the nun's rayB generates miasma detrimental to health and destructive to the constitution, while indulgence in green fruits and other trash which our markets abound with in the summer months, cause* diarrhcna and dysentary,which proves often fatal, especially so with children. ? Parents must be careful of their children's diet in this and next month, or their charges will assuredly fall victims to that dreadful malady cholera infantum. Let them eat fruit sparingly; but above all things, do not permit them to touch any that is not perfectly ripe and fresh. By judi. cious attention and care in this respect, our infantile Donulation will enioy good health. By the way, would it not lie an excellent thing for our Common Council, to direct the street inspectors to open all the hydrants in the city lor a short time every morning, or every other morning, lor the purpose of washing and purifying the gutters and sewers. The water would not be wasted in removing the filth, which daily accumulates in these conduits, while we are satisfied the health of the city would be improved by it. I.vtei.liobnce from Cuba.?We have received by the Childe Harold, ChpI. Rich, files of the Faro Industrial and Diarin dr la Marina, Havana papers, to the 2!>th ult. We arc also in receipt of th?* Aurora dt Matanzas to the 23d ult. The Superior Executive Junta of Finance of the Island of Cuba have resolved to prolong for six months further, that is to say, from the lHth of the present month of July to the 18th of Jan., 1848, the freedom of duty on corn and corn ineal imported into that island at the same ports designated in the ordinance of January last, granting the above-mentioned privilege ol freedom ol duty on said articles. Reported Accident in Montgomery, Ala.? Wr received a letter from an unknown correspondent yesterday, stating that a portion of what he calls the new Htatr House, now being built in Montgomery, Ala., fell on the :id instant, crushing in its fall two carpenters^wo plasterers, iiid the architect; and killing one of the carpenters named J. Gewce, and a plasterer named fiandy McCray. We are not disponed to place gr*al reliance on the statement. ' ? . ? ... ?? Th* Stxamer Union?The French Link.? The new French steamship Union is attracting much attention, and ia deservedly ranked as one of the moat beautifully modelled vessels that ever visited our shores. She does not appear to so much advantage as she will when she makes her next trip, because the company to which ahe belongs were obliged for want of time, to despatch her as quickly as possible after she was handed over to them by the French government. When she returns to France, she will be repainted and decorated throughout, and receive the adornment which she would have received in the first place, if time had permitted. Then she will compare favorably with any vessel afloat, and present a much handsomer appearance than she does at present. She is, however, even in her disordered state, a very tine vessel. She has not yet been thrown open to the'public; as, before visiters are received, the officers wish to have all the cargo discharged, her coal taken on board, and the interior made I as nice as possible, in order that Bhe may appear as well as circumstances will permit. The agent in this city intends to have a grand reception on board previous to her departure, to which our public functionaries, &c. lie., will be invited. Her machinery is much admired for its superb workmanship, and particularly lor a novel contrivance, the invention of Mr. Joannett, for working and stopping the engine. It is a beautiful thing; and so admirably answers the purpose for which it is designed, that by turning a crank attached to a small engine of eight horse power, the large engine is stopped and put in motion at the will of the operator. Annexed is a table ot tne day* 01 departure 01 each steamer of the French line from Cherbourg to New York, and vice versa Steamtri. From Cherbourg. From N York. Philadelphia July IS August 16 Missouri. July 31 August 31 New York August 15 Sept. 16 Union August 31 Sept. 30 We learn that by the terms of the contract between this Company and the French Government, the latter is to provide them with dock accommodations of the best description in the port of Havre, on or before the first day of September next. In case of failure in doing so, the Company will receive a large sum of money from the j government, by way of damages. The entrance , to that port is also to be cleared of all obstructions, and other measures adopted to ensure regularity and despatch in the sailing of these < steamers. J The Reported Resignation ok Gen. Taylor. j ?A paragraph is going the round?, to the effect ? that Major General Taylor has announced his ? determination to resign his office, on the first e day of September next. 'j Such is not the case. General Taylor has c made no such announcement; but he intends to [ apply, on the first of September next, for a short i leave of absence from duty, in order to attend 1 to his private afl'airs, which need his care. It seems that an extensive plantation on the Mississippi, which the General owns, was re- 1 cently overflown, by which it received much da- 1 mage, and it is to repair that as well as to attend 1 to some other private matters, and see his family ] and friends, that he will seek a temporary re- < tirement from service. He purposes leaving his , post on or about the first of November next, and returning immediately after he accomplishes 1 what he designs. We learn the above from a letter, written by a gentleman in General Taylor's camp; and in whose statements we have the fullest ?onfidence. We repeat that General Taylor has not announced his intention to resign. The Summer Season.?Biros ok Passage.? The hotels in New York are at present overflowing with strangers from all parts of the TTnil(>(i Af tln? hrpulriawt tuKlpy vnn nun are the swarthy, open-countenunced Southerner touching elbows with the ho*sier from the Western wilds, or the tall, sharp-visaged Yankee taking his coffee and toast while pondering over the market value of nutmegs and hams made of maple. This is a glorious season for the hotelkeepers. The migratory propensities of the people are in full play, and impel them irom one place to another by boat and car, as;if the salvation of the world depended on celerity in moving from one end ot the country to the other. If the hotel-keepers do not make money this year, it will be their own fault, for surely they are well patronized. Spanish Views of thk Mexican War.? The Madrid Herald, of the 13th of May, alter making some remarks on the spectacle which is presented by a weak nation, struggling with vigor against one more powerful than itself, which seeks to enslave it, and referring to Poland as an instance of this goes, on to lament the appa * _r j: 1 i 1 a. -?* : icni wtun ui vigor uiP|>my<'u i>y me ivjcxicnns in allowing the American forces to take Vera Cruz; and seems to think that it is the just fruits of the anarchy and disorder which have reigned in , Mexico every since her severance from Spain. It concludes in the following somewhat remarkable strain Mexico U virtually blotted from the llntof independent nations, and it? misfortune is io well merited that we almost consider it as a Rood to humanity, this absorption of it by a nation full of robustness and life, did we not consider that there is about to disappear a race always Spanish, though it has degenerated, and that our Antilles will sooner or later be compromised by the extension of the Anglo American preponderance over all the Mexican extent. What will be the part which the Anglo Americans reserve lor the dictation of their conditions in Mexico Is a thing we cannot foresee ; but doubtless the spoliation will be ample and rioh, and will serve as a basis for the conquest of all the territory in the short space of a few years. The Firkin tiieKkak.?The Washington Union of the loth Inst., gives the following shot in the rear of Oneral Scott:? The repetition of these charges [relative to the interference of Mr. Trlst with Oenernl Scott,1 in other journals, however, has led us to make careful inquiry into the matter; and we now state, positively, that all th' se accusations against the administration, of giving Mr. Trlst any authority to interfere in any form, or in the slightest degree, with (Jen. Scott's military command, are absolutely and totallv without foundation. Having made these statements tnns positively, we deem it proper to suggest to those lederai journals which persist in charging upon the administration an attempt to do injustice to Gen. Scott in this matter, that the Intercourse and the relations between the government and Ueneral Scott are matter of record. In due time that record can bs made to ppeak for itself. Meautime, it will be no morn than nrudent for those innrnalu >hUk w Sut the administration In the wrong w against General oott, to remember the fat* of a similar ill-judged attempt by the professed friends or that offlcer, which led to the publication, on their call, of the well known correspondence between him and the War Department at a previous period of the war. If the succens of that experiment warrants, in the judgment of General Scott's friends, another call for the record, we undertake to say. on the part of the administration, that such a call, when made in due season and by due authority, will be cheerfully and at once complied with. We say this, not only without the slightest reeling of unkindneis towards Gen. Soott, but, on the contrary, with a full sense or the distinguished services which he haa rendered to his country in the field. Mporting Intelligence. Harlem Pari Trottiwo Course.?There will be a trot at this track to-day, at 4 o'clock P. M. Two unknown nags are to undergo an examination before Professor Woodruff and associates, both of which are aspirants for the degree of K. C. Cajito* coime, Baltimore.?A match race, one mile, for $1.IHM) wss to have taken place yesterday, between the I'irhmond Huttiur mare, and the Washington bay horse /ingant-e. Bets weru on time at 14A and 1)47. Musical. Vatthhall continuous concerts every evening; they are well patronised. Campbell's StRE^ADrsi perform, this evening, at New Haven. The first night of their exhibition was wall attended. Hers and Hivorl, the inimitable performers, gave a grand concert at Cincinnati on Tuesday evening of last week, and were to give another on Thursday. They are as popular at Cincinnati as they have been wherever 1 they have previously performed. r' ThMtrtMd*. Boweby Thkatris.?The drank of the H Wept Wish-ton-Wish" will be repeated tbia evening, and doubt not that it will be received with u much entl aiamn u any piece ever produced at this or any otl theatre in tbil city. The wanner in which it baa be produced U oertalniy unexceptionable, and reflects t highest credit on all coueerned. The little iinperfectJ which necessarily mark* every piece on the tirit of it* premutation, will be eeen and corrected, and no pai omitted to show it to tbe greatest advantage. T tragedy of " Vlrgiuius," and the comedy '' All in t Wrong" will likewise be repeated. During tbe eveni Miss II Vallee will danoe the Polacra in ber own gra< ful and inimitable manner. Castle (iikutm.-Tbe performances, every eveni] at this (julet,;cool. and Invigorating retreat are very i tractive. The pieces selected are " Lend Me Five Sfa lings" and tbe " Widow's Viotim," in which Meat>: Holland and Walcott, and Misses Clarke and i'billl appear. These favorite comedians are well know* I celebrity in their profession, and with the addition Mrs. Isnerwood, and other assistants, Castle (Jard will become a favorite resort. Another attraction is t dancing of tbe Misses Wells and La Petite Maryanne. la fact, with vandeville, singing, danolng. and overtui by the orchestra, a very pleasant eveniug's amuseme can be enjoyed at this spacious, healthy and beautil theatre. Broadway Theatre.?This building progresses adu rably, and promises to add to the many new features improvement in this part of the city. The first story, rather the first pillars of the building, are already 1s down, and are ef chaste construction and design. * T building will be completed, we feel assured, within t time appointed. The new theatre at Montreal, opened under the ma ageiuent of Mr Hkerret on the evening of the loth. V Wallack was to play Benedict in " Vluch Ado aboi Nothing," with Mrs. 3kerr?t, as Beatrice. City Intelligence. The Weather.? We had at intervals, yesterday, soi heavy showers of rain, preceded by a thunder stori which was particularly heavy about 10 o'clock, A R aud also about 2 o'clock, P. M. Tbe day was agreeat cool, and the streets were as usual after rain, well fill with inud. fn?. t-.. i ?.,i *" W'MIIV.l ? * ' fWDIUtl 1 '"D ' Company No. 10, of Boston, are to arrive hero this mor ing. They will be received on the Battery by the Ni York company No. UO, the Washington. The Emigrant Officr.?'This new building progresi rapidly, and will soon be fully completed. It is sltuat under the United States Court'* building in the Pai and in point of accommodation, central position, ai numerous advantages to those woo have occasion to ft quent it, will be foundof vast benefit. The office, und the guidance of its public officers, promises every thii that had been required to aid the emigrant. Dkathi by Ship Frvkr.?Coronor Walters was call* to bold an inquest, at No. 148 Anthony street, on tl body of Lydia Skidmoro, a native of Long Island, agi 33 years. Also, at No. 14<i Anthony street, on the bod of Kiekiel Rogers, a native of Connecticut, about < years old. Also, at No. 'JO Orange street, on the body > Itobert Gallagher, a native of Ireland, aged 63 years ill of whom same to their deaths by typhus fever. Ve ilicts accordingly. Natural Ciriositv.?We learn from the Jersey Oil Tel-graph that our neighbors in Jersey City have bee imused and delighted for some evenings past, by a streai >f natural gas, proceeding from the bed of the river i ;ho Cunard dock. On applying fire to this gas, it i| lited immediately, and produced a flame varying i ength from one foot to twenty inches. It is not know vhether it proceeds from below the stratum of mic late which forma the bed of the river, or from the dep< its of mud, tic. resting upon it. If it proceeds froi telow the slate, the stream may last forages, and can b mployed for purposes of light; and, if not, it must pre :eed from the carbonaoeous matter which the rive leposits, and therefor* cannot last long. The charactt if the gas U not yet distinctly known, but the fact ? ts burning without smell shows that it must bo eithc lydrogen, carburetted or subcarburetted hydrogen. Ou .itizens,curious in such matters.must take a look at th: latural curiosity. Board of Supervisor*. July 12.? Morris Franklin, Ksq., in the chair.?Tb Boaril met at 4 o'clock to-day for the purpose of pr< partng a grand jury list. The first motion was, that when they adjourn, ihould be until Monday next, which was carried It was then moved that each member should furnish list of thirty-three persons from each ward, and preset it at the next meeting. The Supervipor of the 10th ward, offered as an amem ment, the following resolution :? Hesolved, That each ward shall be entitled to as mat prand jurors as their population will be, making s hundred for the whole of the wards, according to tl vote cast at the last charter.election. Adopted. lMllt.?Various bills from the Police Department we prevented and referred. Petilwni.?Kroiu sundry persons for the correction taxes, were also patented and referred. Documents from the Board of Education.?A coi munication from the President of the Board of Educ tio'i, enclosing the annual appropriation report of schc moneys for the ensuing year, together with applicatio from the trustees of wards for appropriations for fittii up and furnishing school bouses in several of the wan Referred to Committee on Annual Taxes Reports.?Of Committee on Annual Taxes, in fav of correcting the taxes on the several lots in tjie 16 ward, and some other places, and adverse to the claii or Mrs. Chegarie and two others. The Board then adjourned. Police Intelligence* Buying Stolen Goods.?Officer I'rinco John Davis a rested yesterday a man well known to the police, calli Lewis Vause alias Sailor Bill, on a charge of buying pen knives valued at $8, for one shilling eaoh. from small boy of 13 years of age, by the name of Vergerei Slmonson, in the employ of Mr. Henry Fairbank, No. Chatham street. It appears the aocused has been f some time past induoing this boy to steal various ar cles from his employer, which he bought for a trlf knowing them to be stolen, and Induced him to sti more, until detected.^Justice Drinker locked him up 1 trial. Pickpacketi in the Cart.?A gentleman, by the nai of Wm. Tilden, Jr., residing at No. 64 Kulton stre Brooklyn, was robbed of $50 in gold and $75 in ba: bills, wrapped in a red cotton handkerchief, and depos ed in his pantaloons pocket. The money was abstrai ed by some expert " knuok," while in the cars from I'l ladelphia to Ssutli Amboy. The gold was in $S h eagles, the bills were all in $10. Philadelphia mon< The pickpockets are doing a considerable business t tween here and Philadelphia. It is certain they mu operate somewhere; and New York, by the excellent i rangements adopted by the Mayor and Chief of Poll* they find it impossible to, as all their movemen are so closely watched. Small Potato Pickpocket.?Officer Powell, of the i ward, arrested last night a fellow called Oonklin Petei on a charge of picking the pocket of Frederick Kamso containing $7 in money. The accused was detained I examination. Jlrretl of a Convict ?Officer llorton, of the 6th wai arrested yesterday Terrence Cook, an escaped convl from Blackwell's Island. The rascal was sent back to 1 old quarters. Another.?Officer O'Neil, of the 6th ward, arrest yesterday a fellow called Jonn Anderson, an escaped cc vict from Blackwell's Island. He was taken before Ji tioe Drinker, who sent him back to his old quarters finish the balance of his sentence. Disorderly House. ? Officers Torbushsnd Files of t 6th ward, arrested yesterday a woman called Ma Stephens, on a warrant issued by Justice Drink wherein she stands charged with keeping a disordei house at No. 166 Church street, and a common resr for vile and vicious persons, both male and female. T magistrate held her to bail in $500 to answer the chari Stealing a Coat.?A policeman of the 6th ward i rested yesterday a man oalled John Whalan, on a char of stealing a coat wortu $10, the property of Jar Wolfeiutein, 186 Chatham square. Justice Drink locked him up for trial. Rohberu of Silrer Spoont.?Some ''sneaking1' thl entered the basement or the dwelling house No. 43 vlng Place, yesterday morning while the family were * sent in the yard, and carried off five silver spoons, 1 gether with seven tea spoons, valued in all at $J0, 1 longing to Mr. C. P. Houghton. No arrest. Petit Larceny.?A black woman by the n?m? of Sar Francis was arrested, yesterday, by officer Wall, of t t in waru on a marge oi stealing a sun-snaue.a miik ca| and a pair of nil k gloves, valued in all at f7, the proper of Mr. Benjamin C. Matlock, residing at No. 48 Ki Broadway. Justice Timpson locked her up for trial. Ditordtny Officer < ullen. of the 13th wai arrested, yesterday, a woman called Sarah Johnson, 01 charge of keeping a disorderly bouse at No. 'J4 Hest street, the common resort of black and white prostituti Held to bail to answer. German Colony in Texas.?Mr. Ciedding 011c of the .surveyor* of tha (ierman coloni grant, arrived in town a few days since, and we we pleased to learn that the surveyors ate rapidly extendi] their surveys t* the Concho. They have already su veyed the western line along the San Saba valley, ai when last heard from, were near the Concho. Ti Commanches appear to be <|uite friendly, and smi parties of tfif Indians belonging to Santa Anna's ban frequently visit the camps of the surveyors. They mat fest no uneasiness to tM the "land stealers," (as th style the compasses) moving into their best huntic grounds They say '' the Germans no hunt like Amei nans, and buffalo will be plenty where Hermans bui towns.'' Santa Anna, their chief, is so desirous to pr secute the war with the Mexicans, that he rares b little about the encroachments of the white men up< his hunting grounds.and he doubtless has endeavored persuade his warriors that the Germans will not destri the game in their new settlement*. Old Mopechupei however, Is dissatisfied, and says that white men mu not come into his country. He visited Torrey's tradii house a tew weeks sinue, anu expressed much uissat taction, because the western bauds nad permitted su veys to be made in their country, lie finds that t settlers in the Mercer colony are pushingthis peot from their hunting grounds on the Trinity, and tl Germans are extending their settlements high up on t Colorado, so that his band will soon be hemmed In settlements, ami will have no place tc retreat to but tne bleak and desert prairies of the North The wi old chief, therefore, is dijterminrd to prevent the settle from encroaching any further upon bis Hunting groun< and improves every opportunity to Intimidate t frontier settlers, and thus restrain them within th< present limits So great is his antipathy to the whlt< that be will not permit a white man to visit his tril except when they are encamped directly on the fronth Hnu$ton Tele/;rnph, Junr 14. The Columbia (Pa ) Telegraph Mne was organised i Saturday evening, by the appointment of the followii officers:-Samuel Schock. president; J W. Catsell. Ill vice president; James Myer, second vice president , jr. Atkln, secretary ; James Cowden, treasurer. Tl line at present, only extends from Lan>-N?ter to ( olui hl? It will sooil be opened to York Cwumh Omuwil* - Boaxd or Alpmmi.i. Julyf 13? Moaaia Fsam?lii?, President, in tha Chair. The minutes of tha last m?etw? ing having bean read and approved, tha following paper! m- were taken up for action. via.:? Sewer in Jintkony Strut. Pet tion of sundry par r (Mia to have a ??w?r built in Anthony atreet, between ?n Broadway and Cantre street. Referred ho hHUing Low and Sunken Lots?Petition to hava come on low lota near .Madiaon square filled up Referred, re- Compensation for Rrfreshmenta.?Petition of French ng &. Heisw to be paid for refresh enU furniahed the he troopa during the iaat great conflagration. Referred, he Mount Morns Square ?A memorial wan presented ag from numerou* persona residing in the vicinity of thia J0. publio square, asking that tha vale of intoxicating liquors may be prohibited in the neighborhood. Heferred. '*> Transfer of Stall.?Petition of |Ieremlah Merkla, for it* transfer of stall No. 7 Franklin market. Urantod. 11. Them Start.?Petition of James M. Bard, to be paid for the stars and chains furnished for the police. Ren ferred. ipa Gas in Fourth Street.?Petition of sundry persons to ror have Kourth atreet, between Washington square and 0f Broadway, lighted with gas. Referred. ,,n Compensation Allowed.?Report of Finanoe Commithe tee in favor of paying Ueorge W. Farley for services ren dered as Street Inspector in the 7th ward. Adopted. Sale of Lots ?Report in favor of selling oertain lets of nt ground in 13th street, near the old reservoir, at public 'ul auction. Adopted. Thirtieth Street.?Report in favor of oausing curb and gutter stones to be set in 30th street, between Madison avenue and Bloomingdale road. Adopted, of Thirty-sixth Street.?Report in favor of regulating or 3tith street between the 8th and 9th avenues, and setting curb and gutter stones therein. Adopted, ij? Sewer in Canal street.?Report in favor of extending P" the sewer in Canal street, under the pier, to be built at the foot of the same. Adopted. Sewer in William street.?Report In favor of bulldiDg n- a sewer in William street, from Maiden lane to John Ir. street. Adopted tit StuiM- in South William street.?Report in favor of building a sewer in South William street, from William to Broad. Adopted. Jippropriation for the Coroner.?A communication ue was received from the Comptroller, stating that in conn, sequence of the increased number of inquests held by 1., the coroner, he required an additional appropriation to ily meet the expenre < incurred thereby; and an accoinpanyed ing resolution in favor of making another appropriation or *2,auu tor toe current year, was adopted. ne Presentment of the Grand Jury.?A communication n. wan received from the Grand Jury, now in session, in ,w which that body complain that tney are not provided with suitable accommodations, and intimate their intention of asking to be discharged forthwith, unless they >es are furnished with more comfortable quarters for the <"1 transaction of their business. Referred to the Commit'"i tee on Publio Buildings, Sic. with power. na Penitentiary Hospital.?Alderman Tapi-an presented e" a resolution in favor of inquiring,by what authority and r for what reason. Dr. Livingston had been removed from 18 his situation at the Penitentiary Hospital. Adopted. Beds for Lost Children.?Resolution in favor of supid plyiog eacli Polloe Station with cot bedsteads, for the )e accommodation of lost children. Adopted. id Fire Jllarm ?Resolution in favor of accepting the use ly of the bell in the tower of the First Presbyterian Church, 15 corner of Sth Avenue and 10th street, to be rung in case at of fire, until the bell at Jefferson market shall have been ? replaced. Adopted. r- Reduction of Salary.?Resolution in favor of reducing the salary of St. T. Williams, clerk in the Comptroller's office, from $1200 to $800 per annum. Adopted. 'J Clearing the Streets.?Resolution in favor of directing m the Street Commissioner to cause the earth in Kulton Q street, Maideu lane, and John street, to be removed, and _ deduct the expenses incurred thereby from the amount jj specified in the contract for. building the sewers.? n Adopted. !m Medicines for the Poor.?Alderman Purser offered a resolution in favor of re (uesting the Committee on Chart rity and Alms to make an arrangement, by which the l0 destitute and poer can have medicines put up lor them j. at the dispensaries, when the prescriptions are signed by ,r respectable physicians. Adopted. ir hits House Department.?Resolution in favor of re,C questing the Alms House Commissioner to report the ir number of emigrants that have been received into the lr Alms House and Hospitals; how many have been sent ia there by the Commissioners of Emigration; what moneys have been received on account thereof, and by what authority such arrangements have been made. Adopted. The Chinese. Junk.?Resolution in favor of appointing a special committee to wait upon the officers of the Chiie nose (junk, Keying, and tender to them the hospitalities ?- of the city?adopted. The chair appointed Aldermen Maynard, Adams and Mesercle. It Appropriation for Schools?Communication from the Board of Education in relation to the appropriation of * certain moneys for common schools. Referred. it No Pic king sallowed?Alderman Adams offered a resolution of inquiry respecting the sum of $1,400 said to 1- have been received by the Alms House Commissioner, for the sale of barrels, easks, Sic., while $401 only appears >y to have been oreditod for the same. Referred. I* Sale of Monroe Market?Report and resolution from the Board of Assistants ln favor of selling Monroe market at publio auction. Concurred in. re Stuyvesant Si/uar*?Resolution directing the Comptroller to draw his warrant in favor of Mauus MoNamve ?f for $H,000, on aocount of a contract for placing iron railing around Stuyvesant square. Adopted. >>- Cab Law Jikulished-Resolution in favor of concur? - ring with the Board of Assiatants in repealing the law ii)i regulating cabs; and thut after the 1st of August next. nM all cabs in be numbered and regulated by the law reguDB lating hackney coaches, except that the license for runIs oing the oab, drawn by one horse, shall not exceed $3. Adopted. nr f.. i/.. i i c?i ? i>AaAi.wun u rn.nw 1,1 ing Hubert street with huh. Adopted. 1118 Second Strttl.?A remonstrance, numerously signed, was presented against changing Second it'eet to llond street. Referred. New Ferry.?A memorial was received asking for the establishment of new ferry between Jersey City ami the foot of Canal street. Referred. , Nunerxt?.-?-A communication was received from the 1" Alms House Commissioner, transmitting a letter from the Physician at the Nurseries, relative to the want of ' * better and more extensive accommodations for the children. Referred. ' * Ship Fever in New York.?A communication wag ?, then received from the Mayor, transmitting the following report in relation to this subject J"j At the last meeting of the Academy of Medicine, the 'or following report on the subject of ship fever, which has been the cause of ao much excitement and alarm among our citizens, was read by Dr. Stewart, in behalf of a committee appointed at a previous meeting to lnvestigate the subject. ?* New Yor k, July 7,1847. 5* The committee appointed at the last meeting of the u| Academy, to investigate the subject of the prevailing .j- typhus, typhoid, or ship fever, respectfully mtort:? That in accordance with their instructions, they have . I visited and inspected all the public hospitals and private institutions in the vicinity of the city, into which fever * cases have been received; and the result of their invegtigallons has been so far satisfactory, as to have enabled them to obtain a vast amount of valuable general and 3(i statistical information In regard to the subject upon _ which they are required to report; which will place it in ' thoir power, at some future period?when sufficient time ?' shall have been allowed to collect and arrange all the data upon which their report will be based?to present ,. what they conceive will be an interesting and valuable lct record of medical experience, in regard lig 1st To the origin, causes, and mode of propagation of the fever of the present season. e(j 'id. To its distinctive characters. _ 3d. To its autopsic phenomena. )R* 4th. To its statistics, and to ftth. To the course of treatment which has been attended with the most satisfactory results. Il0 Sub-committees have been appointed to examine Into ry each of these departments of the general subject, and a e' correspondence has been opened with the health officers riy' ol various seaports on our continent, at which the dlsirt ease is prevailing. he As a considerable time must elapse, however, before '< |e. all the expected returns can be received, and a final and ir- satisfactory report rendered, your committee have gn deemed it expedient, in view of the state of public alarm ob in regard to this fever, to submit to you at the present ;er time, some few general facts and conclusions In connection with the sutyeot, which, if allowed to go forth with iff the sanction and approval of the Academv, will be calIr culated to removo from the public mind all fear in relaib tion to the danger to be apprehended, either by citizens to- or strangers, from this cause. Jf- Tnat more tia* Been (luring tne past three months an imuKual number of leases of typhus. or (hip fever, in our ah public and private hospital*. in undoubtedly true; it has he been confined, however, almost entirely to emigrant*, au, and particularly to tboae arriving from Ireland, to whose ty unhappy condition at home, and the criminal negligence ist of those engaged in transporting them to our shores. may be attributed the vast amount of suffering and rd, sickness to which they have been subjected. 3 a The records of the Commissioners of Health show that j"r no l<'Ni a number of steerageor emigrant passenger* than H4,'ilH arrived at tills port during the Brut aix month* of the present year, and of these 74,4 JH have been landed since the 1st of April; giving a monthly average since the latter date of nearly JA.OOO. This immense increase of emigration Is alone sufficient a' to account for a large increase in the number of cases of a disease which always prevails with us at the period ot nK the year when emigrant* are arriving. In addition to lr" this, however, other causes, already alluded to, have had "J a material influence in causing the sickness of the pre"u sent season. It is now a well established fact, that typhus, ship, or "J; jail fever, is capable of being produced at any time when > f- a largo number of parson* are congregated together in a py confined space, and deprived of the means of cleanliness, '8 pure air. and proper nourishment; and a* mo*t of the*e r'" causes have existed to an unparalleled extent in the ra*i' of emigrant* of the present seaaoa, It is rather a matter of surprise that so small a numbar, comparatively speaking, should have suffered from it. In the case of the Irish pauper* Introduced amongst us, 10 all these causes have been in full operation ; previou* to ay embarkation they had been for a long period in a ?tate =a, ?f utter destitution?but little short of actual starva"t tion. '1 hey have been taken on board ship in a filthy ?K condition, and in moat cases were unprovided with a if- single change of clothing. Numbers of them, to the exr* tent, in *ome Instanoe* of more than Ave hundred, have be beeu received Into the steerage of one vessel, and their ,|u condition at *ea haa sometimes been most deplorable I* In a British vessel, (the ship Ceylon,) which your Comhe miltee were, through the politeness of the health ofhy ficer, and hi* deputy, Dr. Ilarcourt. enabled to visit and Inspect on her arrival, we found J67 passengers hudly died together In the steerage, whioh wa* in a moat foul r? state This vessel had lost as many a* 30 of her passenl*< gers. previous to her arrival, and lift were then so ill a* he to render it necessary to land them at the quarantine <lr hospital. At other ports on this continent vessel* have arrived In a still worse condition. The ship I.oosthank, from ?. Liverpool to (Quebec, bad to put Into C hatham In distress. Hhe had, on leaving Kngland, 349 steerage paa sengers, of whom 117 had died on the passage, and otjly W persons on board had encaped sickness Kive in I ?n grant, vessel* arrived at Quebeo. about the middle of the ng last month, whioh bad lost at sea no less than J7a of ?t their passengers?an average of 6ft for each one of 11 them. >i" The returns made to our health officer, at Mtatan in- Island, by captain* of vessels arriving here, show an aggregate of 947 deaths at sea on board of tqimIb coning I nnwl'iimpm pnrli Mlthrn fr-rTT rfllr liimkwhi mitted into the quarantine hospital (moat of them Irish) bin been taken from British vessel*. These facts prove conclusively what ia the mum to which we are to attribute the increase of .ship fever during the preaent season Notwitnstaudiug this great lucrease, however, we think that no danger need be apprehended by our cltisen* But few of the causes, productive of tbe disease, exist among us; and no apprehenaion need be felt of ita becoming epidemic, no long aa due attention is paid to cleanliness and ventilation. Tbe diaeaae baa, ao far, been exclusively confined to emigrants, and those in constant attendance upon them ?aucb an physicians, medical atudenta. and uuraea. We have been unable to collect the particulara of more than two or three caaea, which were not traceable directly to intercourse with those laboring under the disease, and who had lately arrived from aea. Although hundred* of oaaes have been congregated in our publio and private hospitals, no person living in their vicinity has been attacked. None have suffered but those who, aa haa been already stated, are in constant intercourse with, and daily attendanoe upon, tbe slok. The bills of mortality, too, show that the disease has been confined almost entirely to tbe hospitals. From 'the City Inspector's returns, we gather that tbe whole number of deaths, in the city, from typhoid and typhus (ship) fever, was, from the 2d day of January to the 46th of June, inclusive 570 Of tbeae there died? At the Bellevue Hospital JfiO " Children's Hospital on Blaokwell's Island 18 " Tentitentiary Hospital ti " City Hospital 62 Private Hospitals at Bloomingdale and Harlem(wbole mortality 201, of which.asthese hospitals are for sick emigrants exclusively, it is fair to presume the greater part were of chip fever), say two-thirds, or 134 Total of deaths in hospitals 480 Leaving for all other publio institutions and the city generally, only 670 This ia a mortality ao trifling, when it i* borne In mind that it occurs in a population of more than 400,000, and embraces a period of six months, that it affords no ground whatever for apprehension. In addition to all this, moreover, ample provision has now been made by the Commissioners of Emigration to provide for tbe accommodation of sick emigrants without the city precincts. Krom tbe foregoing facts, and other information in their possession, your committee feel themselves fully justified in presenting for your consideration and adoption the following conclusions :? 1. That although there has been a decided increase in the number of cases of typhus or ship fever in our city during tne present season, an compared wun omer seasons, such increase is only in proportion to the increased emigration of the present year, and the bad condition of the emigrants. 'J. That the diseased Is confined almost exclusively to emigrants, and those who are in direot and constant attendance upon such of them as are sick. 3. That no danger need b? apprehended of the disease becoming epidemic; and that, with a due regard to cleanliness and ventilation, our cltiiens have no cause whatever for alarm on the subjeot. All of which is respectfully submitted. Ordered to be printed. Medical Staff of Jilm$ Htutt Department.?The Board then went into a committee of the whole, and resumed their proceedings relative to the medical staff of the alms house department ; but little progress, however, had been made, when the reporter left, at a late hour. Board ok Assistants.?The Board met last evening at 6 o'clock, P. M. The President, Mr. Stevens, in the the chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. Petitions were received from inhabitants asking appropriations for construction of sewer from avenue C to :U street. Keferred. To refund moneys, &c., &c. Referred. Kepurts.?la favor of lighting Ann street with gas. Adopted. In favor of lighting Grove street with gas. Adopted. In favor of paying 8. Tendner|for loss of his horse. In favor of paying Maurice MoMenomy a certain account. Adopted. rickii. The Board re-assembled, after taking a recess of 40 minutes, during which they retired to the tea room. Reports being in order. A Report adopted in favor of constructing sewer in 11th street to Bowery, thenoe to 12th str?et. In favor of constructing sewer from William street, through Pearl, thence to Burling slip. Adopted. In favor of constructing sewer in 31st street, to Bloomingdale road and Madison Avenue. Adopted. In favor of regulating 69th street. Concurred in. Adverse to regulating 3d avenue, above 30th street. Appointment?Henry H. Van Vleet, inspector of weights and measures. Resolution in favor of filling lots between 9th and 10th avenues. Keferred. Petition in favor oi lighting 50th street with gas. Referred. Resolution in favor of lighting 0th avenue and adjoining streets with oil. Paptrt from Board of Jlldermen.?Several papers were received ajsd concurred in. In favor ot opening South street in two years from 1st May next. Concurred in. Park Fountain.?Mr. Allen offered n resolution in favor of abolishing the office of keeper of the fountain in the Park. Adopted. The Chinese Junk?Resolution in favor of tenderi g the hospitalities of the city to the Captain, he., on board the Chinese junk at present in our harbor. Adopted. The Swinith Multitude.?Resolution in favor of adopting the necessary measures to keep the streets free from pigs. Concurred in. Resolution in favor of allowing the use of the Governor's room for the exhibition of the Krench works lately presented by Mr. Vattemare to our government. Concurred in. Resolution in favor of allowing an appropriation for the purchase of a clock for the Comptreller's office. An amendment was offered, '' provided the expense do not tAVOOU ^*U a iuiburi luou iuivuk n ?o vuvtvvi, proposing not to exceed $!'?' M. Adopted. After concurring in some other papers from the Board of Aldermen, the Board adjourned. Law Intelligence. The Slave Caie.?In re Jma da Rocka, Joseph da Costo and Maria da Costa.?It will be remembered that this matter was adjourned from Satnrday until Id o'clock yesterday. Long before the hour of adjournment, a crowd of colored people of both sexes collected on the steps of the City Hall and in the vestibule, and continued to increase until 12 o'clock, when all ingress an i egress to and from the chamber was blocked up. Two extra officers were then appointed to open a passage and keep the crowd from forcing into the ohamber. At 11 o'clock, Mr. Josiah Hopper and two or three colored men, who seemed to take an active part in the proceedings. made their way into the chamber and took seats Shortly after, the Brazilian consul, Capt. da Costo and Mr. Purroy their counsel, with the girl Maria, made their appearance. They were followed by the two male slaves, in the custody of a sheriff s officer. Mr. Jos. L. White, the associate counsel of Mr. Jay, next made his appearance, and stated to the Judge that Mr. Jay having been suddenly taken ill at his country residence,>as unable to come to towu, and requested a postponement. Mr. Purroy. on the part of Capt. De Costa, havi <g consented, the matter was further postponed until Tuesday, this morning. The two boys were remanded to the cestody of the sheriff, and the girl to the custody of the captain, he having undertaken to produce ber in the morning. She is about twenty years of age; was respectably dressed, and appeared to be comfortable and happy; upon being told by Mr. Purroy that ahe was in a free country and might go where she liked, she declared positively she would not leave her mistress; that If she was taken from her it would be by force, and she would go back to ber again. The two boys who have been tampered with by the colored people think differently from the girl, and, are it seems, anxious to obtain their liberty. SrrERion Court, July 11?Before Judge Oakley? Maberin, Livingston and Wife, vs. William Valentine, and others.?This was an action In qjeotment to recover a lot of land in Clinton street, In which there was ? verdict for plaintiff. Mr. Livingston brought several other ejectments on tne same title, and Involving the same question as this, which were all reported. Mr. O. Sandford and Mr. Schell appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Muloch for the defendants. Qrunenthalvs. Hement and Tessenden.?This was an action of debt for rent of a store in Pearl street. The plaintiffs leased the store to Dow, King & Co. for three years, from 1st May, 1844, at $1,600. In May, 1846, Dow, King U Co. failed in business, executed an assignment of all their property, including this lease, for the benefit of their creditors. The assignees executed the assignment, and thereby accepted the property assigned to them. They held the lease by this assignment when the rent in question accrued. The defendant's counsel claimed that his oiients being assignees for the beneflt of creditors, they were not liable for the rent unless it was pro red that they had actually occupied the store after the assignment. The Judge charged the jury that if they believed the defendant* accepted the conveyance of the lease, and merely acquired a right to the possession of the store and held that right, thus depriving the plaintiffs of the right of regaining the possession of their property, they were liable to pay the rent although they never actually occupied the premises. The jury found for the plaintiffs *794. Mr. L. Sandford for plaintiff* ; Mr. J. Kessenden for defendant*. Court of Ucm-jal Sesmo.m.?Monday, July 13.? Before Recorder Scott and Aldermen Lawrence and Keeks. Jouas B. Phillips, Assistant District Attorney.? r> ial for Rape?At the opening of the Court this morning, David Crothers, Kdwin H. Smith, Henry Petit, and Justin Turner, were placed at the bar for trial on an dktment for having on the 1st day of July brutally violated the person ol Mary (Jives Mary Uivk?, sworn.?I am IB years old ; I was born in Queens County, Ireland; I was in this city on the night of the first of July; my father and mother tad died in Ireland, and my cousin had paid my passage to Ireland, and I intended logo there; I met Crotners, wh? spoke to me, and said bis sister wanted a girl; 1 thought it wa* so and went with bim ; after taking me some distance he said his sister was at ohurc <: the boy now present, Justin Turner, then came up; two others with Crothers and Turner took me into a stable and locked the door: they then put their hands upon my mouth, and violated my person; Crothers first and the others after bim; they did it against my will for I never wm in bad company; I tried to scream and they put theif hands upon my mouth; I do not know how 1 got out; I was Insensible, and knew nothing until I was taken to the station house. The case here rested until to-morrow. Plea of (iuilty and Sentence.?George Battice, initiated for a grund laroeny, in having stolen a gold watch, the property of hraetus W. Brown, on being arraigned this morning, pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to be imprisoned in the State Prison for the term of two years. The Court then adjourned until to-morrow morning Cot'BT Calendar?This Dat ? Superior Court? Opens at 11 o'clock A M ?Before Judge Oakley.?No* 4ft, ft8, 69, ai, 70, 18, IB, 17, 30, ?0, 34, 0?, 51, 81,83, 84,8ft, H?, 87, 88, 89. 90, 91, 93, 93. 94, 96, 97 , 98, 99. Common Pleat?Court meets at 10 o'olook A. M.? Tart I?Before Judge Ul*hoeffer?No*. 31, .10, 117,11!*. 131. 133 136, 137, 139, 111. Part 3?Before Judge Ingraham-No*. 143, 313, 314, 348, 388, 8,1.1,38,44,03,60, |0#i 140, 148, 178, 304, 318, 344, 383, 74, 64, 160, 19H, 330, J4*> 364, 66, 3M, 138 1 Four Independence Hotel.?Families seeking for comfortable quarters for the summer, will find very desirable accommodations st Fort !nde|>endence Hotel, recently erected !?y Col. P. Van Cortlandt, at Peekskill, (Van Cortlandt'H Landing.) The house is beautifully situated upon one of the highest points of the Highlands, commanding an unsurpassed view of the river and country?the rooms are large and airy, and every attention is devoted to the comfort of the guests. The house is now in charge of Mr. Isaac (^erow, who spares no pains to make it agreeable, while the many daily communications with the city, render it a particularly attractive resort lor geutlemen who cannot remain long away from their busiuess, but who wish their families to enjoy the country air. By arrival of the Southerner UiU (lay, J. H. BHOAS 8c CO. w II receive from Charleston, picked Saturday, from (hnr garden. Watrr, Citron, tu<l Nutmeg Melons, Tomatoes, Ike. Ike., 72 Veiey, corner of Greenwich street. Card to the 1^suite*.?Jas. J. Broas 4c Co. would respectfully iufile the Ladies of New York, wishing Pine Apples for preseives, to Rive thtin a call, as they have taken extra paius to procure a large lot of lull flavored I'inea, imported ou the ml1-,expressly for the Ladies of New York, aud als'> a large assortment ?f choice truits of the srason. constantly on hand, lor sale at fair prices. and delivered to any nart of the city. JAMES J BROAS it < O., corner of Pa k Place and Broadway. Ciold Peas?We would advise all our city frieuds who visit the country dnriugllie warm season, to provide themselves with a good gold pen from tfie establishment of J. W. Ureaton tic Co., 71 Cedar street, up stairs. They have some new and very superior kind* of pens that can be found no where else; aud furnished with one of tliein a persou is relieved from one great source of vexation in his correspondence, that of using old aud worn out steel pens. Gold Pens,?" Hlchelleu*" Triumphant ? These pens will write ss well, aud last as long as those sold elsewhere at $3 60. We caution the public uott'? buy peus of this brand, that may be offered elsewhere, as they are fraud. The genuine can be had lor $2, at J Y Savage's, 9i Fulton st , and nowhere else. Having pleaded ourselves to Kive the public a first rate Pen at a reasonable price, we adopt this method of britiinng it fairly in competition with more eipensive ouc s. Other Gold Pen* from 75 cents to si so. m Dressing ha* been the object of the subscribers to render these rases as compact as possible, without destroyingllie utility of the articles contained iu them, how well they have succeeded, travellers and ihe public generally are invited to call and examine. The subscribers offer them as the chea|>est aud most com|iact Dressing Cases of the kind manufactured O. SAUNDERS & SON, 177 Broadway. Fine Cutlery _Tbe Subscribers' awortinent embraces every possible variety fiatteru of Ten, Pocker, Desk, and Sporting Knife, with a large variety of choice Razors, which will be warrauted to the purchaser. Also, Scissors, Nail Files, Tweezers, &c. O. SAUNDERS & SON. 177 Broadway, a few doots above Courtlaudt stMesmerism?Preventive of Paln_Curatlve of Disease.?Dr. JAMES ASHLEY, 40 Hudson street, gives sittings daily, at 9 A. M., 4 and 8 P. M. Surgical Operations are performed without pain. Childbirth is rendered painless? far safer lo the mother?the period of confinement shortened. The most severe diseases often yield to its remedial influence, after all other remedies have failed iu the hands of the most skillful of the profession. The palsied have the use of their limbs restored. Tumors are arrested in their growth aud fatali'y. Those who have sleepless nights.are soon made bv it to rest iu slumber as refreshing as that ol inlaney. The mind diseased, III Mesmerism tinds its cure. Dr. Ashley treats the diseases of women and children, and attends to the geueral practice of medicine and surgery. Every Mother's I look.. The great Interest manifested by married ladies in the subject treated of in this work, has already exhausted the first edition. The terrors of poverty, and the prospect of a large family of children, prevent many prudent people from eutering the matrimonial state, but here is a work that will tell you important secrets. The author is not allowed to state in detail the character of the work, but he can assiiw his female readers 'hat it is universally approved of by those for whose benefit it is designed. I rice 50 cents. For sale at 222 Broadway, under the American Museum: and Xeiber 8c Co., corner of Chesuut and Third streets, Philadelphia; aud of the publisher, No. 2 Ann street. Letters enclosing $1, addressed to the Publisher, will ensure ending one or two copies, post paid, to order. jl3.WM3.l7 The " Married Woman's Private Medical Companion."?This most important work is creatiug great inquiry aud discussion. and eliciting the commendations of the press throughout the Union. "This publication js of a delicate nature, but it is one of great importance to the welfare of woman, aud cannot fail to he productive of good effects, if placed in the 'iglit hands "? [N. Y. Mirror ] ^Office, 129 Liberty street. jylJTuThdt 3^ Th? Marrlarf Woman's Prlvata 1IA.II,... I Companion?By Dr. A.M. Maurieenu, Profeuor of Diseases of Women. Second editiou. Price $1. The great demand for this mo?t important work (of wlffc'i thouiands are (old) has compelled the iuue of a new edition. Ev-ry female is iretrinr n copy, whether married or unmarried. For sale at BURGESS, STRINGER fc Co., 222 Bro.Uwav, under the American Museum: 206 Broadway, and iy Dr A. M. Mauriceau. at his Medical Office, 129 Liberty i rert. New Vork: Zeiber St Co, corner of Chesnut aud T "ird streets Phila.; C. K. Fisher, Richmond, Va.; Gto. Redlield,Troy Little Ic Co, Albany. On the receipt of |l, a copy will be transmi .ted by mail (free of postage) to all parts of I he United States j21 241 eiS Navigation of (he Ohio River, Placet. Time. State of River. Louisville July 2. . .5 feet; falling. Wheeling July 0. . .4feet. Pittsburg July 9. .. .3 feet 9 inches. Cincinnati July 6. , .4 feet; fulling. MONEY IHAllKGT, Monday, July 18?0 p. DL The stock market opened heavy this morning, and prices fell off a fraction. The Bales of some of the fanties were large. Harlem declined per cent; Farmers' Loan, )?; Norwich and Worcester Reading, 1J<; Long Island.Pennsylvania S's,''Morris Canal, Canton, and Stonington. closed at prices current on Saturday. The oppressively hot weathor has an unfavorable effect upon the stook market, both in driving operators out of town,and in destroying all disposition on the part of thos? left, to do anything. It is the general Impression that the present is a good time to buy on long;credit, so as to carry contracts into September before they mature, as a speculative movement is expected about that time. The report of the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad Company for the year ending March SI 1847. presents the annexed monthly statement of re celpts, distinguishing the extent and sources of income : Richmond. Fricdkrick?iu ho, and Potomac Rail Road, April 1st, 1846. to April 1st, 1847. From Trans- Long Local Tram of For portation. Travel. Travel, the Mail. Freight. Total. April 18I6,$7.855 $3,019 $1,7)2 $4.6lW $17,267 May " 9,482 3,Jit 1,752 4,632 19,422 Jane " 6.631 3,318 1,752 2 716 14,437 July " 6,475 4,226 1,752 J.935 15.390 August " 6 714 4,6:13 1,752 3.888 17,008 September..." n.268 4,312 1,752 3,251 17 585 October " 8.148 4 080 1,7^2 4,105 18.087 November.... " 6,579 2 780 1.752 4,550 15.671 December... " 7,629 4,531 1,752 3,263 17,177 January 1847, 7,815 4,328 1,752 2,184 16 101 February.... " 8,790 2.G63 1,752 4,?67 >17.884 March " 11,531 2,977 1,752 4,171 *1.413 95.962 41,464 21,034 15,005 206,166 nf Da.l C.?.la *?*?ivj,ll .ItinrilT >1,1 I'M, 109 Income Tor the year ending lit April. 1S47 $206.85ft Deduct Cnrrent Expenaea for year ending lat April '47, M,7<? Net Revenue, after payment of Cnrrent Expentea... $120,11 i It will be seen by the above, that the income of thf . company was $300.86$ for the year ending 31st Marc) i taut, being an inorene of $7,934 on that ot the previoq n yea?; and the whole current expenses of tho company y were $86,743, leaving a net profit on the business of th a year of $130,116. The amount paid on account of interest on loans an <1 new stock was $34,316 94, which, deducted from tb amount of profit above stated, leaves a balance of $96 ,897 Oft, out of which the board declared, in Novemba r last, a dividend of 3X per cent, and on the 1st of May, like dividend of 3K per cent, leaving a balance to be pal fled to the eredit of profit and loss of $34,797 OS on tl ? operations of the year. The net profits of the compal ly would have permitted the declaration of a larger dh fidend; but In consequence of the stock of material on ha) >4 having been reduced $13,000, it was not deemed beat to advance the rate of dividend, without the certainty of continuing it. This road is ihout seventy-five miles long, and omt $1,469,335. The capital stock is $1,000,000, divided into 10,000 shares, of which 3,753 are held by tho State, and 7,348 by individuals. The aggregate amount due by the company on the 31st of March, was $697,418 06, and the amount due to the company was $343,363 66. The financial operations of the company for the year ending Maroh 31st, 1847, were as annexed RkHMO.IP, Fr irhKUK AMD Fo lOKK. RAILROADReceipt'. Cash on hand 31st March, 1846 119,333 62 Virginia alx D?r cent Stock?Reoelved this amount 3,543 83 Capital Stock?Received of the Htockhold ftd Waahlnrtonand Fredericksburg Steamboat Stock?Received this amount MM) 00 Dividend* unpaid?Thla amount 3,337 75 Renta of Real Estate?Received this amount 393 (XI Transportation?Receipts from Transportation. 306,408 5i (333,789 37 Diihuritmenti. Coat of Road and property?Inoreaaed this amount $3,his 74 Stock Purchase?Invested this sum 470 07 Debta due to the Company?Increased this amount 31,604 -tO Potomac Road Bonda? Paid off in full 300 00 Debta due by the Company?Paid this amount 16,030 ? Transportation -Lxpe s of transportation 86,743 33 Interest ?Paid this amount 17,017 60 Interest on new Stock?Paid thia amount 0 643 07 Interest on Certificate of Debt? Taid this amount 7.639 18 Dividends?Paid this amount. . . A0.HI# hO Cash?On hand 31st March, 1847. 39,9(18 0>?309,783 37 Thla looks encouraging for the stockholders, and the prospects of larger dividend* in a year or two arefcertainly very flattering. With a fair increaae in the net iaerace from year to year, the payment of the Indebted J neas of the company must progress rapidly. The importations of hides into Boaton for April 1st

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