Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 17, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 17, 1847 Page 1
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/ th: Vol. xni. No. 18ft?What* No. ?H). THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, Itorth'WMt comw of Fulton and Nmmb ata. C?llCl!L?ATION?FORTY THOVIiHO. DAILY HEIlALD?Every day, Price 2 cents per copy?$7 3k per >uinuiu?payable in adr ?nee. WEKKLY HCIIaLU?klvery Saturday-Price ?* cents prrcuoy?$3 I W cents i er annum?payable ill adran..e HEHALD fc'DR EUROPE?fcrery Surnn Packet day? Price i cfiaj per copy?%, per anriim. BjcludiuK |k>sU*?. payal.li m ndrance. Subscriptions and adTeitiarineut' will he received tiir .\U??u GiliKunui, in Hue Vivi??u?*rFWil?; P. L. tifflu.idi, 10 (Jornhill, and John Miller 'lie bookseller, London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HUH VLD?Puulisheil on the lit nf l.inu\r> . fenci> > ear?single copies sixpence each. ADV EHTISEMENTS, at the usual pricis??l?ajs cash in ftdfauct. Advertinemeuts nhnuld be written in a plain, legjble iii"niii'r. The Proprietor will not be responsible lor errora that in?y i-ccitr iu tl.rui. . . .... ... PRINTING of all kind* eaecuted bcautiAilly and with despatch. ... All letters or enmmaaicatiout by mail, addressed to the txtabliihineut. must be post paid, or the pottage will pe de ducted from the subscription money remitted. . REGULAR CONEY ISLAND FERRY Sunday and Daily Kacursions to Kort HavH&SHBiainilton hjid Coney hlaud.?The well known steamboat AMERICAN EAGLE. Capt. Ororae H. Power, will iuii ri l'uI *rly during the season to Coney Island, lauding >r kor. II..." .1. - fnllnoa ? fcXe.ving Pier No. I North Hive' (near the Battery)?Al 10 o cock, A. M ; 1 audi o'eloek, P. M. On-.ey Island (itturuiiig)?At IIM o'clock, A. and6>* o'clock, P. VI. N B So boats aar* those belonging to the Ferry will be allowed to land at Coney Ialaud, without a written permission Ijom the proprietor*. jll7t*"? CONKV~isl,AND J&iLRY?buacUy C-aXIhi .iN cursioes. The cuMtooiona and elegant xtumir ION, Capt. Welch, will leave Sunda\, *a follows :? Grand *t. E. R. Clinton at, E. R. No. 1. N. KJ| Jfl A.M. 1V>? A. M. 11 A.M. IX P. M. 1X P- M. 2* P. M. Coney Island. JJI?3t*r_ tt^andJP.M. INCREASE OF SPEED, AND SAFETY STEAMBOATS.?My new method of propelling hai heeu secured, aud I have a Boat nmrly completed, so that the public mav >ee the grett improveI meHt about to be applied to steamboats. This invention has been examined by a lar^e uumber ofscientific and practical engineers, and they say it will increase the speed one-third, and make the boat very safe. 1 wish to communicate with those who feel interested in improvements, and I should like to sell one-eighth purtof my inveution, to enable me to defray the expenses of building. Enquire at the Croton Fouudry.59 Goerck street, or IM vesey street. 8EVVALL SHORT, jyIS ?t?rc _ , TO GREENWOOD CEMKTERV?Kare . . cents.?The Steamboat CKICKET. Cant. D. Peck, run* from pier east side of Catasnne Market slip, New York, to the long pier at the Greenwood Cemetery, touching each way at pi?r No. 1 North River From New York at?> From Greenwood? 9 o'clock A. M. 10 o'clock A. M. 11 o' lock A. M. 12 o'clock M. 2 o'clock P. M. 3 o'clock P. M. 4 o'clock P. M. S o'clock P. M. 6 o'clock P. M. 7 o'clock P. M. It is desirable in all cues where accommodations are required for large funeral processions, that notice be given to the captain of the boat one day previous. jy 12 Iw fh PEOPLE'S L1N?~STEAM.BUATS KOtt ALBANY, Daily, Snndaya Excepted? BSSASBBLa Through Direct?At 7 o'clock, P. M., from the Pier between Courtlandt and Liberty street*. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Capt. Wm. H. Pech, wiU leave on Monday, Wednesday, sad Friday evOnings, at 7 o'clock. Steamboat HENDRIK HUDSON, Capt. R. G. Cruttendeu, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenIingsat 7 o'clock. Special Trains for Schenectady, Ballston, anil Saratoga Springs, wilt run as follows:?Leave Albany at BK A.M., 3 P.M., except Sundays. Passengers will fiud this the most expeditious and convenient route. At Five O'clock, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places? from the foot o i Barclay street. Steamboat ROCHESTER, Captain R. H. Fnrry, will leave on Mouday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday afternoons, U1 O'CIOCK. at mm boat MOUTH AMERICA, Captain T. N. Hnlie, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday afternoon at 5 o'clock. Tim above tioau will at all times arrive in Albany in ample time for the Morniug Cars lorcne Kant or Weat. Freight taken at moderate ratei, and none taken after 6 O'clock. P. M. Ur* All persons are forbid trusting auy ol the boat* of thia line, without a written order from the captains or agents. m>r passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C BCHULTZ, at the otBoe on the wharl. j v 12 re DAILY EXCUH8ION TO THE ELY r-rSKmN8IAN KIELD8, HOBOKKN.-On and alter eKMMWkWiy, July llth.tlie steamboat PIONEER will make regular trips from Canal and Nineteenth street, dil?ct to the Klksiau Fields, at Hobokeu, leaving the above mentioned plaees as follows:? Canal street. Nineteen'h street, Elysian Fields, 10 o'clock, 10K o clock, 10)? o'clock, 13 " lltf " 11)2 " a i2? " 12)i " 4 " 2)2 V 2? " 8 : $ 5jC ' S? " JyS 14t*rh ?U * 7 " FOR 8HREWSBI/RY.LONU BRANCH, r | W Ocean House, Jumping Point, Kunsom, and 'wfflkHNHs Entontown Landing. The stesmbost EDWIN I.KW1S. Captain Hav-ues, will run as follows from foot of Vesey street, North " . Leave New York. Leaw Shrewsbury. July. O'clock. July. O'clock. Saturday. 17, 5 P. M. Saturday, 17, 10 P. M. Sunday, 1H, 1% A. M. Sunday, 18, l'l% P. M. Mondny, 19, K A.M. Monday, 19, 12)2 P. M. Tuesday. 20, 9% A. M. Tuesday. 20, 1)4 P. M. Wednesday, 21, 10 A. M. Wednesday, 21, 2 P. Mi Hl)ursday, 22, 1* A.M. Thursday, 22, 3 P.M. Mukvs wi I he in r-adiness ou the arrival of the boat to convey pn?cngir> to all parts of the country. jyl SOt* re m i~vt1 rr>u~" m?. STAT EN ISLAND FERRY.?On and after SUNDAY, April 18th, the steamboats iVfciMMfcs SYLPH and 8TATEN ISLANDER will ran as follow*, until further notice LEAVE STATKN ISLAND At 6, 8. 9, IS,II, A. M., and I, 2, 3, 4, 5, #, T, V. M. LF.AVK NEW TORS At ft, 10, 11, A. M., and 1,1, ten minutes paat S, and at 4, 5, 6. T, o'clock, p. m Nt-t York \tiril l:Un. *13 r MORN IN di~ LINE AT SkTVEN O'CLOCK. KOK ALBANY AND TROY and IntermeM'_ wWi?.^diate Landings. ijMaMufiHMHB Breakfast and Dinner ou board the Boat. The low prcssnre steamboat TROY, Captain A. Oorham, will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barclay street, Mondays, Wednesday!, and Fridays, at seven o'clock. Returning on tJ?e opposite days. For i>.usage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. mv20 r , citizen's new day line of tjp>?l_>opposrriqn boats for albany INTERMEDIATE PLACES.?Fare 50 crnta?Breakiast and Dmncf on Board. The new and elegant Steamer ROGER william8, Opt. a. Degroot, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at half-past six, A. m.. from (he pier foot of Robinson street, touching at Hammond street pier, each <*ay, toKor passage or friei;ht, apply an hoard the Boats, or to Oeo. T. S'a lev,at the office, foot of Robinson street. lO*" All persons are forbid trusting the above boats on aecount of the owners. my II rh ... FRENCH TRANSATLANTIC steamship company royal /,MAIL?Office 14 Broadway.?The Steam'~*~Vr mtiinpM ship UNION being now in port will posi ""^ ^""-' tively sail on 8ATURDAY, the 34th instant. The letfrhsgs must, by law, go to and come from the Post Office?no letters will be received at the agency. Passeiiwrs must be provided with passports I ne pHUlir is rrsiwcnuiiy re(|uesrea to aDsimn irom calling on board until further notice, which will be duly given. j_y 10 if fli OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY, Office 44 AV^XIiam street. C. H. rtuid, Conrad W. Faber, Edward Mill*, Horatio Allen. William Chamberlain, Mortimer Livingston, John A. Iselin, John L. Stephens, Herman Oelrichs. C. H. SAND, President. Edwaid Mills, General Agent, New York. Chables E. Andehsoiv, Secretary. In conformity with the i>r ivitions of tlie charter, notion '* hereby given that the Books for subscription foran amount not ?ireviling RiOfl.OOO to the capital stock of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, will be re-'ipened at the office ol the <V>mpany, I I William, comer of Wall street, on Monday, list Juue, IH7. Flvi-percent of the amount subscribed mnst be paid at the period of subscription in specie or bank bills. The balance ol the subscription will be oellril for in instalmerits uot eiceeding 10 pe: r ent.as may be required by the operations of the Company, and ojion thirty days previous notice. Tbe following is the ZVh section of the By-Law.*? " Subscri|ition to the capital of the Company, after the amount may be J.VtO.OOO. shall lu preference be allowed to those who inay then he stockholders, and to the extent of their then atlnal sntwription " J* Mtrt f^ipP* BRITISH AND NOHTII AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SIHP, lloo tons and 43() horse power each, under contract with the Lords of the Ailmirality. Ill U Kit Nl A. Captain Aleianuer Ryrie. CALEDONIA, Captain Edward (/. Lott. IIRITT\NNIA, Captain Joltu Hewitt. CAM BR IA, Captain Charles ILK. Judkins. AC A DI A, Captain William Harrison. The four steamships uow building are THE AMERICA THE NIAGARA, THE CANADA THE EUROPA. Vessels appointed to sail from Liverpool are the Cambria June 4, 1847 Caledouil ...June 19,1847 Britania July 4, 1847 Vessels appointed to sail from Boston are the Hiliarnii, June HI, 1847 I amliria, Jnly 1, 1847 Caledonia Jnly 16, 1847 i ssaengers'luggage must be On board the day previous to sailing. Passage money?From Boston to Liverpool, tl2*>, do do to : Hshfa*. 820. No berths secured nntil paid for Tfiese Aliips csrry experienced aurgeon* yo freight, eicei* specie, received on days c( *ail?ng For freifht. passage, 01 any other lnfmmntiou, apply to D. BRIGHAM, jr.. Agent, AtHARNDEN ?( CO.'S, 6 Wall st. | (T^In sdflition to the nbove line between Liverpool and i Hallftx* and Boston, a contract has been entered into with Her Majesty's government, to establish a line bet ween Liverpool and New York direct The ateamahipa for this aervice are now beinf built, ami early nett yesr due notice will be given oi the tune when tbey wilNurt. I.Tnder the new contract the steamers win sail every Saturday during eight months, md every fortn.rfnt uiiring the other months in the year. (Joihu al Ornately brtweap Liverpool and Hslifax and Boston, sn?l be ?w*en LiviVwTsnn Nry York mC2 r ?A*jkr rOK LONDON?With Dsapatch?The faaf sai coppered and eopper f??ten?d ahip TKKMONT, jHmiifeM Captain Taylor, having a large port ion of her cargo etigigrd, wili sail aa above, rOthilwrr of freight r>r passage, >rply to W. fc J. f, TArtlCOTT, I fit IN Soath iintt. I L : - rrs E NE' NE IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. THE NAVALATTAOKOnfTABASCO. THE PROSPECTS OF PEACE. THE AMERICAN PRISONERS. AFFAIRS IN THE CITY OF MEXICO. TBS aUBRZLLAS. &C> dil'. die. [From the New Orleans Picayune, July B J The g team ship Alabama arrived at an early hour yesterday, from Vera Cruz, touching at the Braxo* She ( ft the former port on the 'id of July, and tho latter on the 4th. The following passengers came oyer on the Alabama from Vera Cruz':?Capt. A. U. Hetzell, assistant quartermaster ; Dr. A. H. Saunders, latu bearer of despatches from the government to General Hoott; Messrs E. O. Elliott and C. Kinley. of tho army, and Messrs. Ki*her, Tobbler. Korey, ltichards, Carpenter, Tenbriok, Hardin, Tai, Moore, McCall, Mrs. Goates. and thirty discharged teamsters. The following passengers are from thu BrazosCapt. Carrington, Lieuts. Kinney and Ashley, and Messrs. J. T. Webster and Win. C. Hogg, of the Virginia riwlment : and Cants ( hmrlxa Clark and Acker, and Lieut. Gouvenaux, of th? 'id Mississippi regiment. By thU arrival, we have direct advices from Mexico to the mcming of the 21>th of June, and from Puebln to the 30th. General Heott bad not then been able to leave Puebla. He was awaiting the reinforcements under General Cadwallader and General Pillow, who had not then arrived. [Some of the papers mention that General Cadwallnder arrived at Puebla on the 30th. Letters from .Air. Kendall of that data make no mention of it, though he was constantly expected He was at I'erote about the 20th, awaiting General Pillow.] The news from the eity of Mexico is very indefinite.? General Scott Is said to have communicated to the government that Mr. Trist was with him and authorised to negotiate for a peace. Santa Anna had been in vain endeavoring to prooure a quorum of Congress to lay General Scott's communication before it. Mr. Kendall's letters rather encourage the prospeot of an early pi .ioe ; but we have bad access to letters from a very rusponslble source in the city of Mexioo, which take a very different view of the subject. The writer thinks Gen. Scott will lave to march into Mexioo to secure a peace. The censorship of the press existing in Mexico prevents us from knowing what measures to defend the city will be taken. Santa Anna was to leave the capital on the 30th ult., Intending to pass three days in the country for the benefit of his health. It is said that every avenue of entrance into the olty is fortified, but the writer in Mexico, upon whom wo very much rely, thinks the Amerioan army will easily overoome all such obstacles?that the defence of their fortifications will only embarrass the Mexioans. We are unable to throw much light on the movements of Gen. Cadwallader and Gen. PlUow. The latter is said to have been compelled to oontest the road with the guerilla parties, till he was beyond Cerro Gordo, (juer rilleros took advantage of every defile to resist bis progress. His loss is said to have been severe. We have by this arrival a tile of the Jintrican Star No. 2, published twice a week at Puebla, by Messrs. Peoples, Barnard k Callahan. The file extends from the 12th to the 27th June, and wo gloan from its columns several items of intelligence. The government of the city of Puebla has been entrusted to Lieut. Col. Belton, of the 3d Artillery. Gen. Alvarez was at Atlixoo on the 14tn of June, with 300 Mexloan cavalry. The Star thinks bis foroes have been greatly overrated. A long, elaborate letter Is published in the' Star, in Spanish and English, addressed to the people of Mexico, kw &n nfflnnr of t.hu Ainurloan >nn* U7a han? ???<> portions of It, but it appears a calm, familiar statement, aimed and well calculated to teach Mexioans bow unfounded are their inveterate prtgudieo* agulnrt the United States, and the futility, ou their part, of a further prosecution of the war. We may recur to it. A correspondent of El Monitor Hepublicano, writing from Puebla, says:?'' Gen. Scott, with all of his engineer corps and a number of other officers, proceeded to Cholula the other day, and. after ascending the pyramid, agreed at onoe to fortify the place." llo thinks it is only throwing salt to the fishes to fortify so out of tbe way a place. The truth of tbe business Is. says the Star, that <ien. Soott never went there at all, but that Oens. Quitman. Twiggs, Col. Harney, and a party of officers, hearing of the pyramid and wishing to sue tliu spot rendered so notorious by the massacre of tbe Cholulans by Cortez, did go; but the idea of fortifying was farthest from the thought. The Star tells a good story of a party of guerrillercs who stopped some Mexicans who were driving hugs into Puebla. They first compelled the drivers to pay tbe usual city tux on their swine for entering the oity, and then drove the swine o(T in unother direction The Star says there U throe months' provisions in the city for the army, and that the fields around the city supply all the l'orage necessary. A Mexican named iI.-redla has been detected by his countrymon on his way from the capital to Puebla. with ilr.aln? nt <1.? .11 : I <v. ? .1 till. He w?h tried and condemned ax a spy and a traitor and was condemned to be shot oil the '21st ult. The fellow made his escape the morning of the 31st. fciTbe [Mexicans are nsing every laduceiuent to make our men desert, and with some Buooess; but those who have deserted find little comfort from their new friends The Star tells of two dragoons who rau off from us, but had not gone three leagues before some Mexicans came across them, took their horses and stripped them of everything but their shirts. A German and a Mexican have been tried by a court martial for tampering with our soldiers and persuading them to desert The Mexican was acqulttted?the Herman found guilty and condemned to be shot. Being reeommended to mercy, his sentence was remitted. The following narrative U from the Htar of the 24th ult.:? On Sunday morning last, the 30th, a party of Americans, not connected with the arm?, left here for a hacienda on the road to Mexico?say about eighteen miles distant. The object in view by the party, eight In number, was the purchasing of mules for the Government; and after they had bargained for a number, to be brought In the next day to 1'uebla, they prepared to leave, but were prevailed on to defer their departure until after dinner. The repast was served up iu good style, and after it wax partaken of, the host refusing to receive any pay whatever, the horses were brought out and the party mounted They were warned not to go too near the village ou tlieir left, as some live or six hundred soldiers were uuar. t?red there, and If we mistake not, a Mexican wu preparing a horse to accompany them along a bye path tn the mountains, when a party of lancers were discovered riding up to the hacienda The little party of American* started off in a slow gallop, their loader telling them to save the horses until It would be necessary to run. In this way they proceeded some distance, the soldiers continuing to decrease the distance between them, when it was proposed to go a little faster. A half a minute had not elapsed with the inoreased gait, before they came upon another party of the enemy, formed across the road. To attempt to pans them would have been foolishness; so they halted, and through their interpreter, Informed the captain that they were Americans, but not connected with the army. The pursuing lanoers were now close upon them, and before a proper answer had beeu returned, came charging dewu the hill in such a manner as to leave the boys doubtful as to their Intentions; so they prepared themselves for an attuck, which was soon commenced by the Mexican foroe. numbering near eighty men. After a brief engagement, during which the Mexicans crowded one upon another so fast that they could scaroely use their arms, Mr. Dickinson, who had been severely wounded in the thigh with a lance, touched his blooded mare with the spur, and she made an opening in the enemy's ranks, running down one or two hors?s, and shoving the others avlde so as to effect his escape. During this operation another of the party who had been unhorsed and wounded, slid off into a ditch, where he concealed himself until night, und got into the city next morning. Dickinson waa chased by two lanaars to tha river, close bv, at which plaoe ho shot the foremost one, und thun making | his way to an Indian but, concealed himself until the , next morning, when be stwted for, and entered the city about nine o'clock. Alt the Americana in thla affair were wounded, and one named John Klnaey in auppoaad to bare been killed. Another named Wallbridge has written a letter back i to I'uebla from Atlixoo. He had been ordered to Mexi- | oo. The re?t of the party, not named, are supposed to be priaonera alto, although there was a report that all had beenRhot. The Star doea not credit this report. The Star of the 34th ult. haa the following paragraph about the American prisoners in Mexico. The following paragraph la extracted from a letter dated In Mexioo on the 17th instant :? " 1 observe in the Star you sent me, that it la said that | the American prisoners are kept in confinement here, which is not the case They have bean at liberty for a long time past, and aannter about the streets like other , people. >0 one troubles them ?I see Major Oaines and thers daily. The decree ordering the other Americans awav was not extended to them, und as far as 1 ran see has had very limited effeot, lor 1 observe the well known ' American residents knooklng about as usual.'' We were told yesterday by a per?on who had advices | from Mexicoaa late aa the 30th. that the Amerloan pri- i sonern were in confinement in Santiago. It may be that < our friend of the 17th ia not a strict observer of affairs, i and that the reincarceration of our men waa not known | to him. It may even bo that Majors Oalnen and Borland | are at liberty, and none others , We giva thla paragraph as we find it The inforenee | from it to our mlnda is that the prisoners were yet In , Mexico aa late aa the 20th ult If this were so, the raKrt brought here on Tuebdav from Taraplco Is likely to , unfounded. We regret that we have no means of clearing up the doubt. i The Star reports that the Prefect of Tuehla recently \ ran off to Atlixoo, taking with him all the oUy funds i He piiblU>ed an address to the people giving an explana- , tlon of hia conduct. i, By this arrival we have the result of Com Terry's second expedition agalust Tabasco. This time be was i entirely sucue<wful We have a letter from a gallant ? oOlcer enclosing to na a sketch of the river Tabasco y from Devil's Bend, so called to tho city showing tha j landing and maroh of Com. l erry's force, which con- a slsted of eleven hundred seamvn and marines and i ten Held plecea. An account of the expedition by i an accomplished mrgeoa in tha navy which ac- c _ .IBt.J "* " W YO W YORK. SATURDAY J von pa ik'U the map. bu failed to reach us u yet. but the map Hlmoet tells the story. The town was tiken on the Idth of June The expedition anchored in a ?ery nhurp turn of tho riter, called the DeTil* B 'UJ, and wns fired into from an ambuscade. A little higher up the landing of Com. Terry la marked, uron the left or nortu bank of the rlTer. The route from this point which the Commodore pursued la traced ou the map up to Kort Iturbide. which U a ahort dlstnnoe below tho city. The fort waa manned by JiK) regulars under l)?n Kdhagaray. commandant general of the 8J|Ue. Thupoint is marked on tbe map where Bruno'a Civieoi tired into the Coinmodore'a steamer from an ambuaoade, tbia ia below the Davil'a Turn. The next point of intereat ia the breaatwork where Lieut. May waa wounded So far our map tella ua the atory; the reat requires but few worda: th? fnrta whiuh defend the town yielded to theguna of the tloet, before the land expedition could get into action. The enemy stood but one discharge of artillery. Lieut. May. it ia aaid. had hi* arm broken, and one other oflloer waa wounded. It Is said that none of our men were killed and only a few wounded A aufflcient force waa left behind to hold tbu lowu. and the Commodore returned to the station off Antjn Lizardo on the 39th ult. A ruinnr waa current in Vera Cruz on the morning of the int iuat.. that (Jan. Scott had entered the city of Mexiua.und that Gen. Pillow had been captured by the cueriila partiea. We know tba former report to be fall.', mill believe the latter to be. Our Vera t ru?. corrtnpondent put uo laith la eUber story Our letters from Mr. Kendall were dispatched by him, by a epeeial courier, and reached Vera ( rust tba evening of the IhL iust. Wo have a few Mexican papers by the game conveyaneo. We append two letters from our Vera Crux correspondent, for the local news contained In them, though not of the latest date. Vera Cruz, June -28,1847. I wish 1 bad something in the shape of Interesting news to comrounioate, but although 1 have seen letters one day later than has been forwarded to New Orleans, they contain nothing of interest. The expedition which left here on Saturday to try to recover soino goods captured from the train under Col. .\h^ntosh, which were said to be near Santa Ke. as well other purposes, returned last night without effecting auythiug. 8o many reports have been started and published concerning the health of the oastle, that I beg leave to furnish you with the following facts, which 1 have been kindly permitted to extract from the reports and journals kept there. Since the capitulation of the olty and castle of San Juan d'Uiua, the latter has been garrisoned permanently by company O, of the 1st Infantry, under the command of Brevet Major Backus. The Phoenix company of Louisiana volunteers were on duty there for about two weeks, and there were alBo in the oastle a number of Ameriaan and Mexican prisoners undergoing senteuce or awaiting trial, varying from ten to twenty. The deaths at the castle from the commencement to the present time are as follows:? Month of April, Co. O, Ik' Infantry 3 " May, Co. O, Is* Infantry 1 " May, Phoenix Co 2 " May, Prisoners 3 " June, Prisoner 1 Total deaths 9 There were also two or three prisoners carried to the city hospital for treatment, who are said to have died with the vomlto, but there were but one or two of them who died at the castle whioh were pronunced vomlto. Or. Weckam was also carried to town and died several days after. The proportion of sickness was greatest in the month of May, and loast the 20th June, when it wad reduced to one man. Tho sick report yesterday called for eight, but seven of these wore ablo to walk about. The most common disease is diarrhuia, but in so trifling a form that it Is easily stopped. When our troops first took possession of tho castle it was one of the filthiest holes 1 ever saw, but now every thing is as neat as a pin, and does great credit to its gentlemanly and obliging commander. One death from vomlto has oocurred on board the Potomao. as I have been Informed by an ofllcer of the hip, but there is but little sickness on board. J?r?r. 30th- ? Lieut. Merryfleld, of Capt. Ford's company of 3d Dragoons, committed suiolde this morning, in Capt. Duperu's tent, by blowing his brains out with a pistol. His appearance indicated a free use of opium, and it Is generally supposed that he was laboring under Its elfeots when ho committed the horrid aot. Maj. Smith, of the Quartermaster's Department, re lleves uapt. lietxeii to-morrow, una capt H. will proceed to New Orleans by the Alabama, which vessel will probably leave to-morrow evening. W? UaTo no later new* from the army or tho city of Mexico. The guerillas have threatened a descent upon Tlacotalpaa. and are cald to be about 300 (trong in the neighborhood. Althouh there i? a sufficient number of troop* here to hold the city against an attack, there are not the means to keep in subjection the marauding parties which constantly borer about the city, and until we get about >00 Hangers hore to Bcour the country daily, there will be no security tor such Government property as it is impossible to keep within the walls of the city. . The vomlto In rather on the decrease, which, 1 think, is partially owing to the want of subjects In the city.? j The troops that have arrived are encamped three miles distant, and few case* of yellow fever occur there, but those who are brought in with other eomplalnts frequently turn into the vomito. Puebia, Mexico, June 29,1817. The ever-varying, ever-changing kalelduscopo of Mexican politics, which but a few days sinoe presented a phase all red, sanguinary and belligerent, by the single turn which the rising and going down of the sun has given, presents a new and most pacific aspeot this morning. A* another revolution of the machine may bring another change.and that within the tolling of a few short hours on the city clook, ( shall wait until the last 1 moment before 1 give you what may be termed theiDros- I peets of a peace. ' Within the last twe Jays Rome twelve or fifteen prisoners, Mexicans, who have been confined fordiffereut period* from one to ten or more yearn, havu been liberated by lien. Scott. That f>omc of them Have been guilty of groan and most heinous crime* there can be no doubt, but that they are aay worne than those who incarcerated them in questionable. So long hare coma of them been confined, that even the original charged against them hare been lost?one of them says that ull he ever did againBt the law was to strike aD officer for insulting his wile. It wax a study to watch the faces of the poor devil* as they were brought from their dens to be questioned as to their past delinquencies, and a pain to see their eager looks as they ouoe more stepped forth (Yee, and saw the face of the blessed sun of which they had been so long deprived. Their families, too, hearing i hat they were to be liberated, crowded arouud the threshold ot the prison; and tne different groupings formed a piotnre which will not soon be forgotten by those who witnessed it. The hair of one prisoner, although his face denoted that he had not even yet reached middle life, ww perfectly white. Another prisoner, a Frenchman, waa one of the most noble specimens of humanity I have ever seen. He had been incarcerated several years, charged with aiding in some robbery on the road, but had never been brought to trial. Our latest papers from the capital are to the 33d Inst.; from Atiixoo wu have El Nacional of the 26th. Santa Anna I* striking boldly at the liberty of the press, and hence we are unable, through the papers, to oome at the true state of affairs at the city of Mexico. Senor Sojo, the printer of the Bulletin of Utmocracy, (Dolrtin dt la Democraeia) has beeen sent to Acapulco, whilst Senor Lufemio Romero, the principal writer for La Calulvtra, has been packed off to San Lnis at a moment'* warning. Torres, the editor of El Monitor Rrpublicano, has been repeatedly threatened by the authorities with imprisonment, but notwithstanding these threats keeps up a constant fire ?t Santa Anna and his minister*.? Why he too, is not m-nt off, it Is hard to say. Ibarra has been appointed Minister of Foreign Relations, and Vincent Homero, of Justioe. Both are said to be ultra Puros, and with little or no character. It I* asserted that no honest man will take offioe under the present goverement,and a dishonest one does not appear to retain it more than eight and-forty hours. fe Ihe latost papers from the oapltal contain two orders purporting to come from Uen. Taylor, at Monter?v. the lint numbered 404, dated the bth'May, and directing the IIrut division of hla army to maroh on the 17th June for Catorce; the second numbered 404, without date, and directing the other division to march on the 33d June for San Luis. Many of our offloers doubt whether these orders aro genuine. The lhario del Gnbitmo of the Jilt Inst protends to have dates from Monterey up to lh? 6th Inst, at which time it U Mid Oen. Taylor wan confined frem an injury or wound ho had reoeived in one of his feet. HI* disposable force wu then put down &t between 6000 and 0000, and the iuipresnion was that be would move upon San Luia ahortly. Of <v urae vou Itnow more of the movement* of General Taylor than we do. The Mexican paper* continue to brag about the auccrkcea of the guerilla* between Vera Cruz and Jalapa. We iihall know with what reaw>n when the train oomea up. A letter from Maxatlan, dated June 3, states that that neighborhood haa been declared under martial law.? The U. S. ship Independence sailed from Maiatlan on the 1st Inst . deatlnation not mentioned, leaving thu Cytnc only oil the bar. The only article I have aeen in any of the Mexican iournala relation particularly to the aotion of the Ghpress on the <iue?lton of peace, la the following in El Monitor Rtpuhlicano of the 33d inst. The editor aays :? A communication has been addressed to our government from (Jen Scott, at Tuebla. in which the arrival there of a oommlseioner from the United States. fully empowered for the adjustment of a peace, la announced ; but It haa been a?nt to the Congreae for that body to deiberate on ao Impor *int an affair. We think that a suf Icient number of deputlea will uot aaaemble ; and (should thu be the caae. the absentees will appear In our coumns, In order that the public being made acquainted with them, may never return them again '' This Is the English of the entire article, but. what the 'dltor ia driving at lu the last clause, it is difficult to nake out. It may be that he threatens to expose the kbsent members, because he wishes them to appear and rote against listening to any propositions of peace, and t may be exactly the reverse He must he a shrewd obierver who can tell from what a Mexican editor aays one lay what hia feeiiugM will be the next I wrote you a few days since, giving you a small specinen of the ravings of one ot the Han l.uls editors o* the uhject of coming to terma with the vile Notth American 'andals. He said that hla State would never llhten to (reposition* of peace until Oen Roott was on his knees [taxing the hands of Hanta Anna, and General Taylor ras chained In one of Oen Valencia's stables' but the

nan was evidently excited when he said all this. A wag >f an offloer at my aide says that If they do chain old I. . RK H /tORNING. JULY 17, 1847. "Rough and Heady" in a stable, they will And himatand- 11' ing up to the rack The writer for til* Mine paper??.'( ui Ktiandiirtc dr lot Ckinaeaht? handle* (ien Scott vary 1" severely for hi* Jalapa proclamation. I shall endeavor to w forward you the paper, with the hope that you may ra?d b< and translate hi* ravlnga.for the benefit <rf those fond of ri the tomahawking and scalping style -J . ? We have a thouaand and one conflicting rumor* in re- 01 latlon to the upward bound train undrt (Jen* I'illow " and C'adwttllader, and a* many report* about the move- tl ment* of PimMm, Alvarez, and other Mexloau (funerals, ? who are said to lie leagued In the attempt to cut it off The train, maugre all the attempts of the Pinto*, guuril- n la* and other*, will be along Id the course of a day or two. * ' Puksla, Mexico, Jnne 30, 1S47. b All the talk now in of peace. Immediate peace, with the great Mexican nation, and those who talked but a short week since of revelling in the hall# of the Montezuma*, I now appear to think they arc just about as near tho i aforesaid halls as they ever will be 1 hardly know what to think of the matter. The arrival of the heavy reinforcement* known to be Qn the way for Gen. Scott, combined with the loss of ctytidenoe the Mexican leaders have iu tliein.ielve* and thuir Mlowara, have turned their feeliDg* to a decree, and the molt belligerent among tbcin may now really be in favor of oomlng to terms. Siaula Anna himself, although he will be very far from starting the ball, wiLl doubtless help to keep it in moMon when it is once under way. Mis very salva- I tlon depend* upon It. He knows that ha will be defeated j and Ionh nil If lie makes another stnnd; by making cat'* ; paws of some of the member* of Congre**, and getting , them to look with an eye ef favor upon propositions for I peace, he think* that he may be able to second their movement*. If everv thins lot k* ?nri flnaiiw I hiuiself reap nil the benefits that may grow out of It ? What the propositions are that have been made to the ! Mexican government few here know; but what with British inference, and the timidity of the Mcxican lead- i err, they hare evidently been llntened to. 1 Three days sfnce and hardly a man in Oen. Scott's army thought that there was a hope of coming to terms i with the enemy; now, the tune him changed, and many I of the offloers nre even talking of the chances ol avoiding and escaping the vomito on their way home. With ail I the cry of peace, I am not one of thone who think that ! our affairs with Mexico are yet nettled. A K'*'** deal depend* upon circumstances. Should the upper train, containing, an is supposed, a large sum of money, meet 1 with a reverse, the Mexicans would be emboldened to t offer fresh resistance; should Santa Anna And, on counting noses, that a majority are against him in any ' committee appointed by Congress, he will be found ' among the first to sooff at any idea of terms with the per- 1 Odious Yankees; should, in fact, anything turn up out of which the Dictator may makifc capital for himself, no matter whether for or against the best interests of his dearly beloved (.') country, he will embrace It for his own aggrandisement. He wants time, he wants to procrasti- ' nate, he wants to delay the approach of (ien. Scott upon * the capltul? ill short, he wants to do anything which ' may aid and further his own ambitious schemes. , " '1 here is some reason to suppose that (ien. Taylor is ' advancing upon San Luis, although there is no posltlvo 1 information to that effect. With the American flag flying at San Luis and Zacatccas. the inhabitants of the oapital might be inoro disposed towards talking of peaoe ?this, In case the inhabitants wish to save the seat of government from the disgrace of having it occupied by b lot eslrangeroi But, as I have before said, these peo- I pie cannot be Judged by any rnles which apply to other <1 nations, and therefore the effect of seeing their foes upon a every tide, and knocking at every gate, caunot be counted ? upon. I 1 might run on for hours with speculations as to the i | present condition and future prospect of this war with t Mexico ; but. as it would all en(k in speculation. I shall j close with a few remarks which may De taken for what 1 | they are worth. Santa Anna, tired of fighting the Ame- I i rlcans, is anxious to make peaee with them, although < fearful of openly avowing It. The peace party in the t oapital?the capitalist* and property holders?are also I anxious, unwilling te support the war longer, and taxed I already beyond what they cousldor their means. The | military are anxious to see the war continued, as the i only means by which they can support themselves ; the i Itptroi, the ragamuffins of the oountry, care but little, i one way or the other, how affairs go, so that they can I steal enough to supply themselves with blankets, chin- I gulrltes, and frijoles and tortillas sufficient to support life. The Indians care for nsthlng, and they are the l most numerous class, so that they oan sell their produce ! for silver, la which they have sufficient confidence to bury, and many of the other inhabitants of the country will follow their example. The priests?perhaps 1 should have ulaced them at Inn Inn of th? I lit. _u.ru ?nwlnn? I preserve their position and thair riches, although they may look upon uh as dogs and heretics ; and thus you have a mere Inkling of tun feeling of the ulfferent parties. Al! these feelings aud interest*?after taking Into consideration that ail hatu and despise us?you may mix up, and theu make out the chances for a peace. I do not know that any one ban reflected inuoli upon | thin subject, but to uie it letmi that this thing of making a peace is tr> be n more difficult matter than making war upon thu Mexicans, and will be surrounded with greater perplexities. 'J'exae ha* to bo brought into i 'juestion, otner boundaries taken iuto ooniideration, Ca- I lifornia ii to be a bone of contention. indemnification* i and costs of war are to be called Into account, and a thousand other matter* will bo found in the catalogue of i stumbling blocks iu the way of an amicable arrangement i of difficultly. The " three millions,'' after bantu Anna ' has helped himstlf?for he must be thought of first? i will not go far. in way of salve of cordial for thu many wounds under which poor Mexico It suffering, aud there i will be other proviso* than Wilinot's for increasing the ] sum Let me conclude this hasty scrawl. The talk, as I 1 said at the outset, is now of peaoe; but It will all end in H&nta Anna's advancement or his utter downfall, in all i his diplomatic arrangements, whenever he has been al- 1 towed to argue his point, he has been invariably a win- I ner. At this game, somehow or other, he always turns everything to his own advantage, or at least always has, ] so far. How he will xucceod In his present scheme ra- I taltaa to be suen; but ho should, aud probably will, be closely watched. A few days will bring us out of the i doubt and uncertainty in which everything is at pre- I sent enveloped, and 1 shall make opportunities to keep i you intormed of everything that transpires. I AFFAIRS IN THE CITY OF MEXICO. ! We have papers from the city of Mexioo to the 2id of June, but not a perfect file. .Santa Anna ha* again been c tampering with the freedom of the press. One of his first 1 acts upon resuming the reins of government,on the 'JOth . of May. was to abrogate thu decree of Anaya shackling the press. The pruss enjoyed their freedom, thus ob- '' tained, nearly one month.. On the I8tli of Juue Sr. Vln- : coute (J. Torres.the proprietor of Lt Monitor Hrpuplicano, was euuunened to the presence of (Jan. Outierrez and j! informed that ('resident Santa Anna had ordered that lie should lie sent off at onct, to Acapnlcn.if he continued '' the publication of such article* as had hitherto appeared , in th? Monitor in opponition to the Oovcrnmout. lie J) was expressly forbidden to speak of the generals, to say any thing disrespectful of the army, or to discourage the ? war. Kenor Torres replied In a very spirited manner to the governor, and his paper has not ceased Its opposition to Santa Anna and hi* measured. The editors affect to believe that the verbal throat was merely intended to frighten the proprietor. A like measage was communicated to the Repuhlirano. Thorenpon Senor Otero, who has been acting as editor ui iiibi nuio j'ufmr. in ms auruuee 01 ae nor < ampnuo, at once withdrew from the paper. He refuses to write p under the restriction* imposed upon him. The editor of the Calavtra , a satirical paper, was sent { off by an order of tne President to Kan Luis Poiosi. and ' the paper discontinued by the proprietors. The editor 1 of fthe flu It tin iit la Democraaa, Henor Mojo, has ' been sent off to Aoapulco. His paper was considered ' the organ of Gomes Farias While such measures are c taken to keep the press in subjection, our readers will not expect to derive much information from such papers as have reached us ? Te test how far the laws wilt protect the citirens against the arbitrary edicts of the Oovernmeut, Senor Torres had determined to bring the'acts of (ieu. Outierres before the Supremo Court, and demand punishment upon him for his infractions of the constitutional rights of the oltlzens. This will probably lead to some yet more arbitrary act of the Government, and we shall perhaps hear that Torres hai been packed off to some remote prison. He is accustomed to these things. Tlin papers contain aooounta o: the assaults of the guerilla parties upon the trains from Vera Crux. It was supposed that Oen.Alvarei would join Father Jarauta aud continue to harrass the trains. Several communications are published from Governor Soto In which he nssuros the government that he will take the promptest measure* to eat off *11 communication betwer? Vera < Crux and Jalap* H? *ay* that guerilla parties were rapidly collecting upon too route, and he contemplated 1 taking possesion of Jalapa. He annouueon in one of ' his letters that the American sick and wounded at Ja- <1 lapa were all to be left there, " entrusted to the gene- c roslty and humanity of the Mexicans '' We believe. on the contrary, that all our sick and wounded were re- r moved early to Perote The Impression U that the coin I mand of Gen. Cadwallader awaited at Perote the arrival t of Oen Pillow, but In regard to the movement* of th**e '< generals we are left almost entirely in the dark. a An official statement is given In the Mexican papers of * the forces under the orders of Ueu. Taylor on the JOtli * of May, with a minute acoount of the strength of each ' position from the mouth of tho Hio Orande to Saltillo <1 The volunteer* which have lately returned are Included * in this enumeration The Mexicans were aware that 'I they were to be disbanded and their places supplied by fresh troops. I The Monitor of the 'i'M ult. says thatour army at Pua- t bla had lost fromfr!''<l to 300 men by sickness, death and " desertion It mentions, too. that four or Ave months' " pay was due to our troopa, and that in consequence of ii this the flth Infantry had refuted on the IBLhuit. to turn ti out when ordered for drill This is ail gammon . of courae , The American army is twitted with having boasted ' that they would spend the 4th of July in the capital, * while the truth.In say the Mexicans, that their rein forcement* Instead of reaching Puebla have got stuck in F the mnd upon the route. An opposition paper says that when the Americans r, lr*rned that Tanalizo bad been appointed to the coin- u mand in the Htate of Pnebla, 0?n. Scott, wai highly delighted; and that Worth and old Twiggs (thus irreverent ly are tliey named) declared that if these 8000 oav*lry f were under hia command they were safer than in their own houses. tr An ofliclal letter Is published.dated the 14th June.from t> Sun Juan d? los Llanos, announcing that an American n? train haA be?u attacked above Curro (iordo. and forty wagon* were taken Thl* probably rt frr* to the attack ^ upon the train under Col. Molntosh, which I* often al- u, luded to l? In Mr. Kendall'* letter allusion Is made to a loan chII- ^ d for by Hanta Anna The decree referred to is dated the 17th of June and UnpoMa * contribution of on* mil Q| [ERA an-of dollar* upon the Federal district. and tb? State* j id Territories not occupied by the eneniy The ap- ! jrtloumeut uf the amount among the different State* , I ?uld not Interest our reader* The contribution l* to h enforced by the authorities of the different State*, t'' . I Mpsctively?no one to l>e compelled to pay OTer $!W<K), r less than $'J5. Ten day? are allowed to apportion the i untrlbutions umonK individual'* In the most equitable < lanner. IudlviduaU are allowed jui?t three days to pay t asir respective quota*; If they make default, they are undeiitued to pay twice the amount ' The entrance of D. Vlceute Romero into the ministry, * head of the Department of Justice and Religious Af- ( ilr*. Ih scoffed at by the Mexican paper*. The Monitor , Irfiublicuno pronounces it equivalent to another defeat ? y the enemy. I AFFAIK8 IN CALIFORNIA. [From the St Louis Reveille] iNOErcMDC.NCK, July U. 1847 ?1 had the pleasure to- , ay of ah. king by the hand, my old frieud Col Wm II ; tussell, direct from California. The Colonel has. it will . e remembered, been an active participator in the batl?s which have beeu fought in < allfornia. ?iuce the war ' etweun the United State* and Mexico commenced, and . laving been In the tent, a* it were, of Col. Fremont for 1 he last eight month*, i* familiar with our affair* lu that uarter. The Colonel left California on the Jith March . int. with a party of fifteen men. and arrived here in ud- . ance of hi* little party, who were left at Council Orove, ud will be here in a day or two. lie state* that every thing ww quiet at California vlien he left, and our troops there all healthy Col. Fremont was ?till acting a* Uovernor of the ten 1ory, the <|ue*tion a* to the extent of the power* of (len. vearny and Commodore tockton, still remaining a* it ?a* at the last acoounts we had from that rjnarter Hen Kearney, with hi* command, and I ommodore Shubrlc, were at Monterey, Commodore Stockton at Han iok"<?uu rmmont, witn tile forcea under his com- I mand, waa at Ciudad de los Angeles, the ancient capital uf the territory. Thu Colonel represents the people there as being 'iu'?t and apparently contented with thy change of government, which had taken place in their country. Colonel Fremont had about 300 men under his command?what force General Kearney had the Colonel does not know, oor had he heard any thing Ha id of Geu. K.'h leaving California at the time hu left. Tho Colonel caine by tho Southern route, crossing the Cireen and Grand Rivera, and struck the Spanish setiemeutH at AbitfUe, and went from thence to Santa Fe. Col. Russell is the bearer of despatches to the governnent, and will proceed without delay to Washington ilty. He looks aa though he had seen some service, but a well and hearty. Thf Marine Corp*. [From the Washington Union. July 16.] The following letter from an offloer in the marine jorps, destined for Vera Cruz a* a reinforcement to Gen. Icott's army, has been put into our bauds by big correaloudent, with the privilege of publishing it. It contains ome facts that may be interesting to the publio. and we >ublish it without any comment on tho transactions vbich It describes. TairtsreRT 8mr Atlas, Off Havana, Friday morning, 8 o'olock. < June 18. 1847. 1 Mv Dr.\* On Wednesday last it waa arranged 1 iy our colonel and captain of the ship to send a boat luto I tav&na for cigars, fruit, wines, kc., and suoh other laintles as any ot the officers might send for. We pot ibruast of the Moro castle at about 4 o'clock yesterday uornlng, and the boat was soon lowered, with a crew of our sailors, and Lieutenants Haker, Rich, and Joues, ind Mr. George Twiggs, aa passengers. The night prenoling, 1 sat up latel and, between aieep and awake, wrote you a long rhapsody of nonsense, which I sent by Lieut llich, in the bout, to be forwarded. The boat pulled off or the shore about & o'clock, about throe miles dlstaut. )ur expectations were, we would not ba detained more han a few hours. We waited until 12 o'clock, when a arge Spauish boat came alongside, with a verbal meatage from the authorities that this ship should go into ?ort. The functionary in the Spanish boat had also a lotn from Mr. GeorgeTwiggs, and one from Lieut. Jones, itating that Lieuta. Baker aud Rich had gone to the conlul'a office, and they, (Jones and Twiggs) were taken up by the authorities for violating the port rulea, aud were toed $'300 each; but, by the intercession ofau American. (Capt. John Gallagher, of the ship Louisa.) the flue was remitted. The Spanish boat left without any reply or message from the colonel to the authorities, or to the party ashore, it is now 11 o'clock, and no news or message, or communlcat'on, has been had ftrou or with the shore since the Spanish boat of yesterday. Whether Lieuta Baker and Rloh, and thu four sailors, are prisoners with Jones and Twiggs, of course we know not; but it is strange the consul has sent us no message. There Is uo doubt the town authorities wish to force ua in. at a cost of ten or twelve hundred dollars of port charges, added to a Spanish delay, which is interminable. The captain of the ship says, uudcr no circumstances will he go in. as h? does not wish to get into Spanish handf and it would destroy his policy oi insurance. We have now lost about 30 hours of a splendid t> or 7 knot breeze in our favor: and bow long we are to be delayed I cannot judge By what I have stated, you know is much oi the case aa 1 do, and may guess of the result iccoriliugly. - I A number of Aiu?rioan vessels left the port this mornng ?perhaps for the United States?and will bring the { innnnnt* th?r?fnr? if villi I-Himna "All /.nr? ?.f rrrltu such a brief account for thu public as may ]>ut it right. My own impression. at thii moment, In. that those ah ore wlU be leapt, and communication with this i-hlp prohibited, until we are compelled to go la aud obtain pratique" or bill of health. or sail without the absentees. The time aud fair wind we are losing is mortifying; but I trust we will be in time to do t>ur country lome service. I cannot think how I will rend you thu; but when I do, I will give you the latest account Till then. sdieu. Half-past 19.?A boat (we believe it to bo our old Spanish friend.) is coming out from the Moro; and, a* a frenchman might say. "we shall nee what we shall see '> rhe captain of the snip was very anxious to sail thU morning, but. at the request of Col. Watson, he agreed :o remain till to-morrow morning, when, thecoloyel said, ihould the shore party not come. we must sail without .hem. When this boat comes alongside "we shall see * hat we shall see." The boat has brought ofT a letter rem the consul, saying tbe ship must go Into port. The lolonel has ordered the captain to go iu, and the captain efuses. How it will end I know not. 1 O'Ctock.?Tbe colonel pressed his order. The capaln utterly refused to go in; said the port chnrgcs would Xi-lmiI tlMKI' anil If I... fi.i- > - o pay the (loo of $200 each on the three officers aehore, h?n to pay detention and port charge* of the ship. Tho olonel Htill initiated; whereupon the captain directed the rat mate to muster the crew, when the captain adtlreesd them ax follows :?" Men, you shipped in New Y ork or a cruise In thin ship, from that port to Vera Crui ? o you all know that ?" "We do." was the response. You knew I was tu be your captain, and you '.fere to bey me ?" " We did." Well, now, there sri ms to ho , disposition to wrest thin ship out of my hands, snd rom under my command; and I order and warn you o do no manner of work, or receiTe any orders, on >oard this ship, except by my orders, or by orders emalating from me." Soma of the field officers were dls>osed to take possession of the ship, and get a crew of narines; but such crazy Ideas soon boiledover The efetvescenee of those who would take possession of the ibip soon eTaporated; and the captain and crew retain d possession It Is now arranged that an ofllcer shall (oashore in the morning to the <iuarantine ground, and 'rom there communicate with our consul. What willbo he result, Ood knows; but I think wo surely will not lelay longer than to-morrow evening. That will be a oss of throe days?with such wind as we hare had. suffl:icut to have taken uh half wsy to Vera Cruz. Strang* Crime.?The following story of the ibduction and murder of an inf.int, the only child if Mr. Oliver Hinckley, of Barnstable, is taken from the Hiiilan Trantc.ript, of yesterday, and is confirmed by he Barnitable Patriot, received last evening. The seectmcn of Ostervillo have offered a reward for the per etrator of the outrage: ? An act of so atrocious a nature as almost to exceed luman belief was committed on West Shore, Ostervillo tillage. Barnstable, on Sunday forenoon last. Most of he people of the village had gone to church, and Mrs Silver Hinckley having put her ohild, an Infant only kbout ten week* old, on a pillow asleep, went np stairs :o attend to some household affairs, when on her return -nme fifteen minutes afterward, she found that it bad iisappeared. Search was Immediately made for it aad : ho neighborhood aroused, and a shot t time after, the | ihild was found floating on the water, off a wharf, dead ' i no nenu wno perpoiriueu mo pci inu.-a nnve wairneii j lit opp< rtunity, ?nJ when the mother left tlx- child, nu*t nave matched It up and carried It to thai wharf, a | listsnco of about thirty rods from the home thrown It | iverboard, and than mads hi* escape I Mr Illnaklav and hi* * ifa ?r? high y itupctabie and ; eapeoted people. ha being a ship carpenter by trad" " 'o clue has as yet been obtained to the perpetrator of j he <Mabollcal act. thouRh it Is nertain that Mr IHuck- JJ ey hat Koinn enemy reckless and ruthless enough for I j .nything, aa hi* houaa has been get on Arc ?t two dill' r- | () lit time* within a *hort period and he has been othc r- | j, rise annoyed. Tha whole of the neighborhood. us may M rail be Kiipponed. la up In arm* about thn matter, and no loubt every mean* will be taken to discover the wretch >y whom the deed wa* committed A crime of a deeper 1 lr? We never remember to hare heiird of J The Tranirript of Thursday *aye We have Ju*t ' cared from a source said to be perfectly reliable, that * he murder of the child of Mr Hinckley, In Barn-table w 'n .Sunday last, wa* committed by Its mother, and that R, he has confessed the fact, as well n? that It wax ?hn who iad sat Are to the house in which her family lived She ? said to be insane _ T UvTFALO lioBES. T OR*, foe.?The St. Loill* ?, ?'ew Kra-"ay* the receipt* of bntTaio robes furs, he by , ray of the river, for the tix months commencing .tan- h ary 1st and ending 'une ,10th, were h WIV robe* 1 811 ackagii'. hoies, fcc., skinsjl M4 do do furs, 7A? do pel P ries The entire receipts of robes and the be*t portion f the fair, skins. .Vc , were from the Miioourl river, the prldue from the Upper Mississippi end Illinois rivers, dded to a few received from below Wnet.RM Factoky in (Ikni.va -The Gen*-va 'ciriVr aanounces the credit* >le fact that the eltUens ' thu beautiful town have already subscribed AO OOit iwnrds the erection nf a cotton factory. and tiiat lere will he but little difficulty In raising the rest of the h ded capital. Tiie Nhw War 5>tkamj:hs.?One p| the new r >ip* i* to be bailt at Brooklyu All tha modal*, n?a. hi ry, an t other particulars relative to them have also ? en approved The other three vessels are to be con- ' runted at Omport, Philadelphia, and Klttery navy ' urda; and tha respeetive order* will ba transmitted at ' |, I x, ? m ? L 1). mrUrn Tm U?nUb TUe Cro|M. The following extract* wiU g! r. au id.a 0f what uiav j? expected from Ohio . ? Though the straw does not stand thick on the ground. :he head* ar? long and the berry plomp ?nd large rhere will bo a full half crop of wh?at lu llntf -ouoty, ui'l what there in, of a flrat-rale quality At tk? agTlmltural meeting on .Saturday, some hea>l? of Mediterranean wheat were exhibited, grown ou a farm tu Pwiu towuHhip, greatly exceeding, in length and weight, ,he ordinary red chuff. ? Sciuta (Roit Co.) Qazritt Harvesting having commenced in different porllons of .hi* county, it 1* now generally believed that the crop, iltbough not an average one. will be pretty heavy. The itraw is thin on the ground, but the head* are remarka >1 v large and filled with fine, plump, heavy gra'?? ? Vem'u (Qrctnt Co.) Torch Light. Our farmers are about closing up the harveat After bin week there will be little or no whaat to cut in this iounty. The " turn-out" is not very good. We think, lowever. there will be more than half an average yield, ind what la wanting in c|uautity will be, to coma extent, lupplled In the ii?allty, which ia very good.?Baton Clermont Co ) Courier. We have of late had opportunities, from frequent tx -ursions through various parts of our own county, and :o some extent in I'utnnm and Hancock, of observing the prospect of the wheat crop now ready for harvest Although we have seen many fluids that promised Vary poorly, yet we must say that where the soil was good and properly cultivated, uothing could be more cheering lliun the firAdhoitt n..vv iii'.mi. ,il ...I In ..II ?hu O. I.U th* head* art* remarkably well filled, and the grain* are of unusual plumpness. On the whole, we believe the present to be the largest crop we have seen in the county for Ave years.? l.ima (Allrn Co) Reporter. Our farmers are la the wheat In good earnest The weather I* One, and very favorable for the gathering. The orop this year will but little exoeed half an average on?).? U'bana (Champaigne Co.) Citixen. What there is of the wheat will be of the be?t, and thrt yield much larger than wai anticipated ? Dayton(M?nt* gimery Co.) Journal. it in the impression of good Judge* in the matter, that the quantity of flour which will be manufactured from the wheat grown this year (in Montgomery county.) will be equal to if not exceed that of laat year.? Oermanlown Telrgraph. From what wo have neen. and from what ? int from other*, the crop this year will h? three-fou v? i an average crop, and thl* county will yield a surplu from 70.000 to 100,000 bushel*.?Katun (Preble Co.) Hrfilter. Thocropi* light?very: the quality good? remarkab'y. ? Marietta (lYathinglmn Co.) Intelligencer. During the pa*t week, the weather ha* beea floe, and our farmer* are makintf active preparation* for cutting their harvest From aii that we can learn, the wheat orop in the county 1* a light one. considerably abort of an average crop.? Ml. I'rrnon (Knox Co.) I\mei. From all parti of Maryland we have account* representing the crop* a* In a most flourishing condition. Au agricultural friend on Nantemond river, inform* u* that the wheat, which I* all cut, 1* fair to good. The uat crop bid* fair to come in inuoh above previous calculation*. The corn i* very backward for thi* period of the Beaton; but look* promising, and it la believed will be a good average Sweet potatoe* are exceedingly backward. Fruit* of every description are almrit entirely cut i d.? Norfolk Ilrrald, I'lth initThe Savannah Republican say* " From the general testimony from various quarters of the State we have derived the opinion that the provision crop* will turn out generally very well, while the cotton crop I* decidedly more unpromising than usual."' The Xatrlirz Courier, of the UWth ult , state* that In the adjacent counties the corn and ootton generally look well, although ill some plaee* a bad stand was made of the former, and the latter has suffered somewhat ft* want of rain. On the Louisiana side of tun river, cotton 1* in a much better growing oondltion than was anticipated Mime weeks since. Taken generally, (says the Courier.) the Drosnect for a uood croD is fair In this seo Lion; anil if the terrible worm or no other unforme? calamity steps in between thin and the ripening of tbe crop, our farmer* may safely calculate upon a fair remuneration for their labor. In Abbeville District, 8. the cotton crop is said to he more unpromising than wan ever before known: and the Charlritan Mrrrury nays that the (ame state of things exist* throughout that State, in which the cotton crop must fall far below au average one The Mercury exprenses tbe opinion that a similar reeult may Im expected in Georgia and Lower Alabama, while from MU sisnlppl and Louisiana the accounts are more favorable ? Ih< Hmonit Daily ll'U| July IS In .Ww Kuglaud the prospect In "till as favorable an could be hoped lor ' Tbe wealber ban been of the moat splendid kind, for the growth of vegetation and for the making of tbe bay crop This ha* brought oorn for* wind, ho that iu many fields, where the soli is of a favor able character, it is now nearly an forward as ia the ave rage of seasons. and quite as forward as in aoiuu former years, when great crops hail been rained. The fear* which wore entertained on account of the baokwardners of this crop bavc consequently subnided. Far tners are very bu^y now in securing thi ir hay The crop will be large, bot.li of low meadow and upland, and with luoh weather continuing, it will be nured and housed in the most perfect manner. In this vicinity there lias been no interruption to the liay making for the last weeek. but toward Boston, there was a shower on the afternoon of thuTth innt. Wherever tbe grass ia 1H to be cut. the present favorable opportunity for securing it should be improved to the best advantage There is Dot only a great saving in time, but tbe hay ia much uior" valuable than It is, if got in in unfavorable weather, or when it has stood too long f'otatoei are growing finely, and we hear of no indications of tbe reappearance of disease among them the present season Heretofore, they have been considerably affected with the curl as early iu tbe setson as this time The epidemic?for such we have uniformly believed tho rot. which has etTeoied them, to be - has probably exhausted itaelf. aud U pa?slng away. Koine cases of its recurrence may be expected, but we feel a strong confidence iu the hope that, generally, the coming crop will be free from its destructive effects. Knglihh grain looks Qnely, and promises an abundant crop It has rarely looked better Apples and pears, we think, have fallen from tbe tree* more than is usual. The hot weather ban becu very favora improved it to the best advantage. StiQ, if the aeaaon la favorable, enough urn left on the troea, and thou* that remain will grow thn larger for being well thinned out ? Karly oherriea are now nearly gone The crop ha* b?en lielow the average, though Koine kind*, an the Tartarian irid .Mfty Duke, have borne well The later kinda will >e Iaim abundant than thn early Plum tram am leavlly laden with fruit, but the broiling hot weather ots them badly. aud thin, with the operation* of the curiuIIo. will considerably reduce the quantity under the vcight of which the tree* are now bowing down. The >eanh tree* have u*aumed a healthy appearano*. They ire growing freely, and having sufficient fruit npon their tranche*, they give promise of a flne orop.?N C. farmer. . iju-H -".fiu .. iu??? patknt k.labtic bauy jumper, ok . NUllSK'S ASSISTANT.? A uew and useful article of :he Nnraery, by which infanta three month* old and utiwardj can amuse and eterciae thetnaelvea, retting, u lliey do, nan little seat or aaddle, which aerrea to malum the child and give it all the support required AUo.it* atiachiueut, the Baaket, which forma a light, airy CRADLK lor the comfort of ohlld r?n during warm weather. It ii recommended hy phyaiciaua aa conducive to health. To the mother it i* iuralu?ble, a* ahe can leave her iit'le wiie aloue, and be assured on tin ling it,on her return, amused aud perfectly aafe. To be iind, wholesale aud retail, at 311 Broadway. O. O. W. Tl'T 11."., jell 3flt"r Inventoi and Paiewt# LKOStaTK; LAMP8.?L. thapdelame, NnTTjj~ 77,7d way, ha* received i>er late arrivals, a large aiu allien uaertment of French parent Oleoatatic Limps, of diAere iut term. Theae lampa were invented by tiie celebrated A. Tin Inner, of the Krench Academy, and are considered the best lampa unw m nae. Theae lampa are for aale ouly at IT) Broslway in thia city, Alao, on hana,a large aaanrtment of rich plain and cut (la**. Cutlery, girandoles, va*ea, chiu.i wire, toilet sets, and ever) article in tlie maMM line wM IMw i > ABI uef LO iTiT.x# AW'? rUKM'fUki WAN] VV KD? Ladies and (ieutleinen iiaviog anv caal olf ormpeetlnoui clothing or farbitnn- t <!up<*e of, can obtain a (so rash price for the same, by sending a note, or by calling o? the ubacrilier, at lua reaidenie, or through the po*t, whifh will be punctually attended to 11. VK JSOKH. TIM (4anal at., up atain. N. H. I,adies can be attended to by Mra De Boer i\lA ....4 i.iK */oaH* h/niifiir. 4)1 hiiv d^arrii'Mnn anil MVnottnf m vM Wfr SI'V kOmITkM ? riH* t?i ' It ""i unliapeiiaabl* Medical diacorery, which haa recently attra? ted the attention. and received Ihr appicihanoo of the rncinliera of the Royal Society, in London, for terting the Inn/a, and jadging their Mat* In Itealth anil diaeaae, i> now 111 full practical operation, m the lamia of the proprietor and inventor, at 211 ^With atreet, whwe if w ill be in attendance from Itl o clock, to 1, daily. On Vloudaya, Wednwday* and Krida','? kiwntuui advice will leiriven to rhe i.?nr. from* to ItWel.wk, oivtT ln??? L~KoTfu k HKKKS UK ANOTKH-t^untlv~M?U(d an* formic by the aubacriticr, (entitled to debenture) a (all sortmrnt of the at ver-.l hraud* of the abort well known Irandica, counting of Cognac, Kochelk and fyordi-au llivora. I a grf.it variety of vintage#, new and old. in ^ ami >t 14 ? *, winch arc offered at I lie loncat current pricea by (lie nporter. Dealeri are united to rill -nd etatnine aample*. HK.NKV LKWKK. invM *Wt*r Ofliec No M4 Wall afreet New \ ork. VOTK K.?The anbaeribera inlorm the public thai they have jiiat rerrived Hirir aupply of Mineral Watera direct 'om the Hjinnga, luch an HI.iron. Ulae Lick. Seltter. Keaainft, Vichy, kc . he., all particularly beneficial at tlna aeaaou f the year. They fulfill, aa nautl, all ordera for the a-vme, rholeaale and retail, at their eatahliahmenta, No. t Park Row nd 081 Broadway, near Prune atrert. DK.LLUC k CO.. ji-niOt'r Sole anceeaaora to Dace k Sonillard. IMIK NATIONAL KIRK INSl'KANt'K. < OMPAN V No. S2 Wall utreet ? Inaurance agatriat Kire and lutaiid Jaiigntion Riaka?Thu Company i? prepared to mvke inwi> nee againat loaa or damagt by nre on dwelling mm w*n ouaea htiildmga in general, rnoda. warn and meichandin of rerv ile?riii'tion, and peraonnl pmpr ity.and on nik* "f tituu rfatiou ana inland navigation. PIRECTORS Ttvimn \V Thome, VViMiatn Vm W\r.k, ( ho Van B ??kfic.k, W.I . Hedlield, Eugene linear t, Martin Hoffman, Henry M. Ward, Robert I. I ?r John .1. Derrick. .John I) W?rd, Henry D. Beach, Htepheu Holt, W II Jacob*. THOMAS W. THORNE, Preaidont. W. C K M.i.orio. Secretary N. B ?The capital of thit institution ia now full, and w ith a ur, Int. Money to loau on bond and mortgage. j 111 TOt m I'lMOLAT'SWLPHIIR baths; No.'"'hi P?.ak1. . atreet, near Broadway -Theae Hatha hare been eatabliaf. d for the |aat twenty-am yeara, and are the only Snlphnr li i't ? >i tk? city. Thay are tughly recommended bi the tmui nunent phyaiciana, for the cure of rhcnmatiain ?alt * " rhronie coinflaintj.enptioiia of the akin, kc M*dicated Varor Hatha alan gi??n dally, from A f. M

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