Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 18, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 18, 1847 Page 1
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I % mmmmmmmmmmmmrnmm THl ~ ' ' ? j~ T'i . z Vol. nil. No. iwv?Wkou la. ?? ?. TIC NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, Nurth-weit corner of Fulton and Nuuu lU cmcUUiTlOM?FORTY THOUSAND. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Price 3 emu per copy?$7 JJlwr Hiiuum?mrable in advance. . WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday-Price 6* centa per coiiy?$3 liX ceuU per annum?payable in advance HERALD FOR EUROPE-Erery Steam Packet day? Price cent? |?er copy?$3 per annum. including postage, payable m advance. Subscription* and advertisements will be received by Messrs. Galignani, 18 Rue Vivienne, Pane; P L Simondl 18 Cornhill, and John Miller the b<H)kseller, London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD?Published on the 1st of January of each year?single copies sixpence each. # , ADVERTISEMENT?, at the uiual price??nlwaj cath in advance. Advertisements should be written in ai Plain, legible mniuier. The Proprietor will not be responsible tor errors that '"ft? Vl'lNdT'of all kind* eieruted beautifully and with despatch. ... All lettert or cominuuic?ion? by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be pott paid, or (he postage will be de ducted from the aubacription money remitted. GRAND EXCURSION TOTHK FISH 7-jfcliltu.?Wing Banks, on Sunday, July 18th. Tlie lsrge "UkkaWMMfeaiid commodious tea steamtr KOSCIUSKO. Captain Deming, having been chartered by J. N. Dilta for the ab >ve excursion, will leave the pier foot of Hammond streel at 8 o'clock A. M., Canal street at 8^, Delancy street, (E. H.) at (IV, Montgomery street at 9, Catharine street at 'JL?, Tier No I, (NR.) at9K, and will then proceed to the Sea Bass Banks, ! and remain a sufficient time togiatify the moat rigid disciples oflxaak Walton. N. B.?Refreshments furnished on board at a moderate charge. Returning, the boat will land at Clifton, and remain a short timn. Fare for the excursion fifty cents. Bait furnished gratis. A person will be in attendance to furnish lines at a moderate charge. _ _ jy!7 2t*rc BAi UttSIONB TO HULL'S FEHJtY, C j*^?C*^T'LLIETUDLKM, port LEE and TRItOabMMkMTV o EMETERY?Laitlii^g at Hammond and Nineteenth atreeu.?Fahb Omk Shilling?On and after Sunday, July 18th, the commodious steamboats KRANK. Capt Isaac Scott, and ROBERT ANNETT, Cart. Frederick Osylord, will leave the font of Canal street every day, Sundays excepted, at 6, 8 and 10 A. M., 2, 3 and <j P. M. Returning, leave Fort Lee every day, Sundays excepted, at I'X and 12 A. M., and 1, quarter to 5, and C P. M. ON SUNDAY'S, The hoata will leave Canal street at 7. 9 and 10 A. M., and 2 and 3 P. M. Leave Fort Lee at 8 and 11 A, M., and 1. 5 and t< P. M. For the accommodation of Pic Nic and other social feature parties, a boat will leave Foit Lee at 7X p. M every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday eveninir. TRINITY CEMETERY. The 8 and 2 o'clock trips of each day, Snnday a excepted, will be extended to Trinity Cemetery, the grouuda of which have been recently laid out in the most beautiful and picturesque manner. Returning, the boat will leave the Cemetery wharf at a quarter to 12 o'clock aud quarter to C o'clock. Stages will be in readiness at Fort Lee to couvey passengers to Hackenaack, Sundays excepted. jel9 30t*r OPPOSITION PASSAGE OFFICE?To r a.tlL?Albauy, Utica.S' 50; Syracuse, $2; Oswego, tttfjMOMillMaS3: Rochester, S2 2); Buffalo, $2 50; Cleveland, SI 50; Detroit, $5; Milwaukie. $8; Chicago, S8; Cincinnati, $8: Toronto and Hamilton, $4: Whitehall, $2; Montreal. S4; Pittsburg, $8. Office, 100 Barclay street. Any aecurity required will be given for the fulfilment of all I contracts made with this company. jvl# 3flt*r M. L. RAY, Agent, New York?1B47. CONEY ISLAND FEKRT?Sunday ExT* nil oiwsiont The commodious and elegant mSGBHBbb steamer ION, Capt. Welch, will leave Sunday, as follows :? Grand st, E. R. Clinton st, E. R. No. 1, N. R. 10 A.M. 10l4 A. M. 11 A.M. IX P. M, IK. P. M. 2* P. M. Couey Island. j 16 3t*r 12>4 and 5 P. M. _ -nr^lh. TO GREENWOOD CEMETERY?Fare cents.?The Steamboat CRICKKT. Cant. iriirri-?ih*Wi? a^-T). Peck, runs from pier east side of Catherine Market slip, New York, to the long pier at the Greenwood Cemetery, touching each way at pi?r No. 1 North River From New York at-^ Ironi Greenwood? 9 o'clock A.M. 10 o'clock A. M. 11 o'-lock A. M. 12 o'clock M. 2 o'clock P. M. 3 o'clock P. M. 4 o'clock P. M. 5 o'clock P. M. 6 o'clock P.r M. 7 o'clock P. M. It ia desirable in all cases where accommodations are re ((uirvu lor large latirrai urucrssioui, uui ounce or given 10 uir captain of the boat one day previoua. j y 12 I w fh ll~M 1 "*" SM'tAMBO VIS J1 OK r_3?SlL~N KLBANY, Daily, Sunday* Excepted? wSSSBSSStm I'hrough direct?At 7 o'clock. P. M., from the Pier bet ween Courtlandt and Liberty atreet*. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON. Capt. Wm. H. Peck, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening* at 7 "steamboat HKNDKIK HUDSON, Capt. R. O Crutten den, will leave on Tueiday, Thtirtdav an d Saturday eveitiuira 4i 7 o'clock Social Train* for Scheuectad'', BalUton, and Saratoga Springs, will run aa follow*:?Leave Albany at R)? AM, 3 P.W., except bund >y* Passenger* will find thi* tiie moat expedition* and convenient route. At Five O'Clock, f. M.?Laudiug at Intermediate Placet" from the loot o i Barclay atreet. Steamboat ROCHESTER, Captain K. H. Furry, will leave on Mouday, \V edne*day, Friday,and Sunday afternooua, at 5 o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Captain T. N. Hulae. will leave on Tueaday, Thuraday, and Saturday afternoon* at i o'clock. The above boat* willat all titnea arrive in Albany in ample tune for the Morning Cara lor cue East or \\ eat. Freight takeu at moderate ratei, and none taken after 6 o'clock, P. M. ?Cy- All i>er*oniare forbid trnating any ol the boat* of thia line, without u written order from the captain* or agent*. Kor pa??.ige or freight, apply on board the boata, or to P. C HrHIILTZ, at the office on the wharf. jv!2 re DAILY EXCURSION TO THE ELY ; ^..SCUZZNSIAN FIELDS, HOBOKEN.-On and after u^&oSBSLmSunday, July 11th, the steamboat PIONEER will ui.ike regular tripa from Canal and Niueleeuth atreet, direct t? the Myaian Field*, at Hobokeu, leaving the above mentioned plncea aa followa:? Canal at re?:. Nineteen'h atreet, Elyairji Fielda, HI o'clock, 10,'io clock, 10>i o'clock. 12 " llS " HK " a " 12C " ux " 4 " *? V. sh ;; i : ill : j > 8 I4t*rh 6* ' 7 " KOR8HREWSBURY. LONG BRANCH. r N Ocean Hon*-, Jumping Point, Runsom. ana 1.auHMB Eatontown Landing. The steamboat EDWIN LEWIS, Captain Ilaynes, will run a* follows from foul of Veiey street, North River:? Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. July. O'clock. July. O'clock. Saturday, 17, i P. M. Saturday, 17, 10 P. M., 18, 7W A. M. Sunday, 18, Vil? P. M. vloudiy, 19, 8<Z A. M. Monday, 19, P. M. Tuesday, 20, 9}? A.M. Tuesday, 20, 1 >4 P. M Wednesday, lit, III A.M. Wednesday, 21. 2 P. Mi Thursday, 22, 10 A. M. Thursday, 22, 3 P. M. Stages will be in r*adineaa on the arrival of the boat to convey passengers to all parts of the country. jy 1 30t*rc NOTICE. BTATEN ISLAND KERRY.?On and '3 after SUNDAY, April 18th. the steamboats SYLPH and STATEN ISLANDER will run a? follows, until lurtlier notice I.KAVK STATRFI island At (, I, 9, 10,11, A. M., and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 1'. M. LKAVK rtKW YORK At Ti 9, 10, II, A. M.. and 1, 2, ten miuntes i>a*t S, and at 4, J, 6, 7, o'clock, t. M ." Tew Y'nrk April 13tn. ?IS r MOENINU LINK AT SUVKN O'CLOCK. KOR ALBANY AND TROY and Interne r Vm. ..i^di >te LaudiuKs. V'MUHMm Brr .kfait and Diuner on board the Boat. The low pressure TROY, Captain A. Gorham, will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barclay street, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seven o'clock. Returning on the opposite days. Kor passage or freight, apply 00 board, or to K. B. the oilier on rhe whirl. mv2fl r OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION '>^^^C^ftCOMPANY, Office 44 William street. DlHIl TOMS. C. M.Smd, Conrad W. kaber, Edward Mills, Horatio Allen. William Chamberlain, Mortimer Livingston, John A. Iselin, Johu L. Stephens, Herman Oelrichs. C. H. SAND, President. r.ov?ARi> Mills, General Agent, New York. Charles E. A ' df.hsoft, Secretary. Ill e.informiti- with the provisions of the charter. noln.?, 'i kerebv Kivrn that the Booki for subacription for mi fimount n ot exceeding ston.nnn to the capital Mock nf the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, will be re-opened at the office ol the Company, 44 William, corner of Wall itreet, on Monday, 2l?t Jun*. 1IM7. . ... t -m t Kive i>ercentof the amount inhicriVd mint lie paid at thf p-nod of.nlwcnption in apecie or bank bills. The htlance ol tlir iiih-trription will be called for in inatalmeiiti not exceeding 10 per cent,** may be required by th* operation* of the Company, a-nl upon thirty !ay? previona notice. The to lowing i? the 25th aeciiot ?f the By-Law:? " Hubacriixion to the capital of the Company, alter the amount may hr SiOO.tKlfl, ?h ill In preference he all 'Wed toirvwe who may then be, and to the evtent of their then actual auKaer?t*fion " _ ifi tflfre .jSflTBOi BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL 8TKAM SHIP, '.MO ton. 430 hone power each, under contract with the Lord* of the Adminlity. HI HKRNI A. ( Aleaanuer Rvrie. I' A Lh I >(J \ I A, Captain Kdward Or. Lott. BRITTANNIA, Captain John Hewitt. CAM BRIA, Captain Cliarlea H. K. Jndkmi. AO.4 DIA, Captain William Harriaon. The fonr atemmhipa uow building are THK AMKRICA THK NLUJARA, THK CANADA THB KOROPA. Veaaela appointed to anil from Liverpool are the Cumbria, Jntie4. 1847 Caledonia Jnne 19,1847 Britania July 4, 1817 Ve???la appointed to sttil from Unatnn are the lliherni.i June IS, 1817 Cambria July I, 1847 Caledonia July IS. 1847 raaacugura'luggiige wu?t be on board the day previoua to tailing. (Wage inon?y?Krom Boatou to Liverpool, SI20, do do to llama*, ?2n. , tfn bertna aeenred, until j?id for. Thcie ihipi carry experienced aurgeou*. No ffeijcht, e*ce|>(t ?|wcie, received on day? of iailing Kor freight, luaaWge,or any other information, apply to . ? D. BRlpHAM, Jr., Agent, I At HARNDKN k Cd.fl, f, Wall at. [r~f~fn ndditioi*! to the above line between Liver|x>ol and Hnlifui, and B< Jiton, a contract hat been eMvrfd into with Her M^ieifv'i fOffiW^nN towubliih i line between Liverj?ool and NtW York iiurecf. The are*mship* for fhit aervice are n'jw being built, fcnu early neit year Hue notice will be given of the time when ^hey willatnrt. Under the n?*w contract the teamrra will aaiJi efery Satnnlay during eight months, and every fortnight dairing the other month* in the year. (Joing * I lernatrly between iLiverpool an# Halifax and Boston, ana be 'ween Liffrpoo)a?id New York. "*** r KOH LION DON?With DeapMch?The Uar aai W?3r SIV inff COppvfed and copper fnatened ahip TRRMONT. jjitfUflbl aptain T<avlor, having a Urge portion of her cargo STw.d "" '^Tf.TAP'IcOTr"*'jyII M South MrttL Lk. - - E ME1 N1 The War, dit. from the city or Mexico. IK rom the New Orleans Picayune, July 9 ] The Diaiio del Oobierno of the 36th ult . contained the proclamation of Gen. Kearny to the Californlan*. from wbioh It if copied into El Nat ional, the official gazette of the free and sovereign State of Puebla, published at Puebla. It Is tbe first official token we have seen that (Jen. Kearny had been allowed by the naval officers on the PaoiQc station to enter upon the discharge of hia functions an Governor. We append a translation of his addreM. Proclamation to thk Pkoi-lk of California. The President of the l/nited States having devolved upon the undersigned tlie civil government of California, he enters upon the discharge of hl? duties with an ardent desire to promote, as far as possible, the Interests of the country aud well being of its inhabitants. The undersigned is Instructed by the President to respect and to protect tbe religious institutions of California, to take care that the religious rights of its inhabitants are secured iu tbe most ample manner, since the Constitution of the United States allows to every individual the privilege of worshipping his Creator in whatever manner his conscience may dictate. sons and property of the quiet Mid peaceable inhabi tants of the couutry, against each and every enemy, whether foreign or domestic; and now, assuring the CalifornianB that hi* inclinations. no lens than his duty, demand the fulflluien t of these Instructions. he Invites them to use their be<t effort/* to preserve order and tranquillity, to promote harmony and concord, and to maintain the authority und efficacy of the laws. It is the desire and intimation of the United States to procure for California us speedily an possible. a free <government like that of their own territories, and they will very soon iuvite tlie Inhabitants to exercise the right* of freu citizens in the choice of their own representatives, who may enact such laws as they deem best adapted to their interests and well being. Hut until this takes place, the laws actually iu existence, which are not repugnant to the Constitution of the United States, will continue iu force uutil they are revoked by competent authority: and persons iu the exerulfo of public employments will for the present remain iu them, provided they swear to maiutaiu the said Constitution and faithfully to discharge their duties. The undersigned by these presents absolves all tho inhabitants of California of any further Allegiance to the Republic of Mexico, and regards them as citisens of the United States. Those who remain quiet and peaceable will be respected and protected iu their rights; but should any one take up arms ngalust the government of this territory, or join such as do so, or instigate others to do so?all these he will regard as enemies, and they will be treated as such. When Mexico involved the United States in war, the latter had not time to invite the Californians to join their standard as frieuds, but found themselves compelled to take possession of the eouutry, to prevent its tailing into the hands of some Kuropean power. In doing this there is no doubt that some excesses, some unauthorised acts, were committed by persons in the service of the United States, %nd that in consequence,some of the inhabitants have sustained losses in their property. These losses shall be duly investigated, and thoie who are entitled to indemnification shall receive it. Kor many years California has suffered great domestic convulsions; from civil wars, like poisoned fountains, have (lowed calamity and pestilence over this beautiful region. These fountains are now dried up; the stars and stripes now float over California, and as long as the sun Bhall shed its light, they will continue to wave over her, aud over the natives of the country, and over those who shall seek a domicll in her bosom; and under the protection of this flag,agriculture must advance, and the art* and sciences will flourish like seed In a rich and fertile soil. Americans and Californians ! from henceforth one people. Let us then indulge one desire, one hope; let that be for the peace and tranquillity of our country. Let us unite like brothers, and mutually strive for the improjement and advancement of this our beautiful country, which, within a short period, cannot fail to be not only beautiful, but also prosperous und happy, Given at Monterey, capital of California, this 1st day of March, of the year of our Lord 1817, and of the Independence of the United States the 71st. 8. W KEARNY. Briir (Jen IT S A and Governor cf California. In Mr. Kendall's letters mention W made of two orders of Oen. Taj lor, the authenticity of which wax doubted by our officers We translate the orders ae we Bud them in the Mexican papers. The motive for Inventing such orders is not obvious: Grvtral Order*?A'o "* Ilr.AUl)l)AUT>.HI. Amu* OF OCCffATION. ) \ionterey. May 8, ltJ47. ) The first division of the ?ruiy which in now at Sallilio, will be r> ady to uiaroii lor the town of Catorce ou the iOih of the coming mouth of Juue Kvery soldi>T. in Ihe interim, will prepare himself for inarching Hy order of .Ylaj Geu. 1ah.uR : W *V BLISS, A. A. O. To f.Jaj Hahvkl Shxttt. A. O., Saltillo. The second order is as follows : General 0< lier#?A'o 465. Hi:aik}Uaktf:hi. Army of OcrrrATio*, ) (No date ) J The second division of the army, which is now on the field of bul lie, will be readyto march ou the liil of the eomlng month of June for Sau Luis, agreeably to previous order*. By order of Maj. Gen. Taylor W. W BLISS. A. A. O. The battery of CRpt. Washington will accompany said division. To Maj. Samcki. J. Siii'tt, Saltillo. We give the above as we find them It is the first time we ever beard that (leu. Taylor had issued positive orders for a march upon San Luis , therefore we doubt their genuineness. We have a striking correspondence between General Canalizo and the Governor of the Slat* of fuebla Notwithstanding the disgraceful bearing of this com rnauder of the cavalry iu the battle of Cerro Gordo, Santa Anna has remained steadfast to him. Tresident Anaya removed him from his command, hut Santa Anna's Government bas conferred upon him some dio tutorial powers in the State of 1'uebla h irst, martial law is proclaimed in the State, in c?use<|uence of the presence of the American army in the city of 1'uebla. and next I aualizo is authorised to dispose of the revenues of the Stale, as well as those of the territory of Tlascala. to be applied at his discration to the exigencies of the war. The tfoveruor of the State, upon being notified hy Canaliio of the powers entrusted to the latter, replies to him on the 23d of June with spirit. 1'he Government of the State, he says, Is indignant at such u delegation of authority, aud regards it as unconstitutional and revolutiuuai-y - a* no attack upon the sovereignty of the MatHe argues the question with point and force, anil then announces tbat Instead of yielding to tbu dnnand of a surrender of these powers, they ha?? uppointod a committee to confer with the Supremo Government upon the ({rave matter* involved. It is obvious tbat tbe Slate of I'uebia in not at all disposed to acquiesce in the tyrannical rule of Santa A una or Canali/o Wetlnd in El Nacional of I'uebia tbe concluding portion of tbe reply of a Mexican citi/.eu to tbe address of an American ofitcer alluded to In our last. We find bim urging tb? necessity of a continued resistance to our anna l>y appealiog to fact* In the history n( our own revolution. lie poiut* to tbe d:?y? when disaster having followed disaster. Washington found himself at the head of but a handful of meu, and these without shirts or shoes, or provisions, and then a*ks? What would have been tbe result bad the Americans, disheartened by these reverses, then abandoned the conflict ? Clearly, he says they would have been to this day colonists of kngland He applies this illustration to the circumstances of Mexico, and to the assertion of this principle, that reversal are nothing, whin a nation has resolved not to succumb before her enemies. Again he urges that the very reverses of Mexion render peace at present impossible. That were she to yield after repeated defeats only, she would b? disgraced in tbe eyes of all I Christendom. He defends his countrymen from the charge of stupid obstinacy, by citing tbe uniform answeis of the Continental < ongress to the British Commissioners, that they would enter into no truco until the British Government should withdraw its fleets and armies Why, he asks, should history oelebrate this reply as grand aud dignified, when made by tbe luited Stales, and stigmatize it as stupidly barbarous on the part of Mtxico ? Cursorily stigmatizing the mission of Atoclia as a new and unprovoked insult, he passes on to discuss tbe terms on which peace is possible. These conditions are, he says, the loss of Texas, of part of Tamaillipaa, Coahnila and ( bihuahua. and of the whole of New Mexico, besides some flfty or sixty millions of expense* incurred by th? Coiled States tu the war. To this he answers ? A u(i who will Hiitwy Mexico for the twenty million* of duties she lias lost tu out> year, the vast expeust-s she has incurred in arming her troops, for the losses which her peaceable citizen* nave sustained in consequence of the H.iltUry occupation of foreign forces. for the bombardment and duHlrui-tiou of her ?. ities. for the misery mil orphanuge of thefamilba of thousand* of citizens who have perished siuce the war began And again he aeks:?" Supposing that Mexico submits to lose all thin and to pay all that in demanded, with what i* she to do thia? What treasury, what revenue, what time would be sufflciunt to satisfy thin debt? With what principle of justice and legality can xhe impose new contributions upon a people already ruined by civil and fore:gn war?" " You yourselves see,"' he oontinue*. ' that the supposition of peace la not possible; that it is better for Mexico that the conquest should be consummated, that her cities should Im laid in ashes, than to enter into terra* which would evidently reduce the Mexican nation to u condition worse than, it held as a colony of Spain.'' We regard it as a favorable pympto n that the Mexican mind has become so subdued that it Is willing at last to reason calmly and with dignity about the war and iu termination The discussion before us in the papers is conduct'd with the courtesy of diplomacy, and more of the frankness It i* highly interesting, toy, aad we may heieafter recur to it. AK MY. Th? Steamer Alhamhra. from Cincinnati, brought down f iur companies of the 4th Kegimentof Ohio Volunteers. under c< uimand ol Lieut Col. Werner The steamer Belle of the West, from < inclnnati, brought d 'Wti three Companies cf the above regiment, unaer the comma.,d i f < oi Brough I lie steamer I'ontaic arrived last evening with the remaining three companies of this regiment, under Major 1 Voung The whole regiment lauded at Carrollton, wh< re ! it la now encampeu. The steamer Paul Jones, from Cincinnati, brought i down one company of the 11 th I nfau'.ry under the command of Capt. Cunimlngi, from Newport barracks The I'. 8 propeller acnooner Secretary Marcy arrived here yesterdav via Key West add Braxos Santiago, having left the latter port on th? .loth alt. She brought over , . -' t t . ' * IV YO IW YOKK, SUNDAY MOI PORTRAIT OF FAT v \^Viv\.\Iv*\\'AV? v . .. The Ctrcat Irish Tom] The above in au acccurate likeness of Kathew Mathew v: the great apostle of temperance. who, by the for?e of w moral Huaxion, bun banUhed intemperance from a whole h liatUu. Having boen an eye witness of the innumera- 8 bin evil* which aloohol inflicted upon hb? countrymen, a be took the matter In baud, and determined to exert all ft his moral ntrength in eradicating it from the land. We 1 mil know the remit. '1'hounand* and thousand* followed I' his htandard. uutil now ln> numbers in his ranks Home I! three millions of people,who have been redeemed from the h besotting oin that for yearn kept thein in a most degradoU an passengers from the llrazos, Major Uix. paymaster qi 3. A ; Major Ma?ou, <juarter-ma-tt?r; ( 'apt. H. M Van- I' derveer. of the quarter-master's department; mid Messrs. ,.V Baker, Wallace. lieachem, Murphy, Owens and Todd. JI One million of dollars in gold arrived here yesterday on the steamboat l'aui Jones. Capt. WilliamNOn, from (.'in- Hi innati. It is for acoouut of the < ioverument ?A%u> Or- < Irani Picayune, 9lh init. (j Kive more companies of the Indiana volunteers will Kail to-day in the ship Sophia Walker, and I . S steamer Ann Chase, and one hundred mounted men from Ohio, in the Mary Kingsland. On Mouday, the Ohio regiment will sail in the Kudora. Telegraph and Kanny. All these troops are destined for tt (i?n. Taylor, as well as the tire companies; the rest of | the Indiana regiment, left yesterday in the Jubilee tic and Tamahroo, making lniall about v!MO men.? Xew st Orleans Cam Hullrtin, Qth imt. t'l MIDSHIPMAN HOOKKS?IN riilU> I I Nc; I.KTTKR. I'III).VI iu 1IIM. tt Booth hi imt, near Now Castle. Dal. ) tl July 15,1847. $ tl Okktlemkm Loiters wero received to-day, via lla- at vaaa, from my son. being the first authentic intelligence since bo was sent from Vera Crux For the information of many friend*, who Wave felt a deep interest In his fate. w I make au extract for your paper, from one addressed to | me y The President,on his journey north, between Wilmlng ton and Philadelphia, wan pleated to express to me the \ deep solicitude on the part of himself and the Secretary i^{ of the Navy, in hi* case Of thin I had previously been a, assured by copies of the different despatched, Dent, me by ... the Secretary of the Navy. m Vou will observe there was a feeling growing out of (lie most holy of all our atlcctious, which predominated over his keenest sufferings. * Yours, truly, Ike. JAMF.S ROGERS. " Mexico, May 'J8, 1817. s, I wrote to you on the Kith of February. the eve of my departure for Perote, since which time I have had uo opportunity of s.'iying one word to you I know you have been very anxious about me, more especially us the position and circumstances of my capture, determined this government to regard inn as a spy I think I can Jt now assure you that you may banish all such fears; their inquisitions must have proven my condemnation would be opposed to all rules of civilized warfare My situation has been critical, and even now I look back to it with painful feelings I give you a mere synopsis of my wanderings and privations. On the evening of the Itith of February, [ arrived at ? Peroto. under the surveillance of a strong escort I whs w immediately locked up in a forlorn looking apartment, paved with brick, and without onn single article of furniture. I passed that night upon the lloor, without the ei CMturinir r>t u i>v>-n >< uell n? tin, r?? f,.n,.?l,.r ? . ...n -- I.II My baggage was sen( tome from Vera ( ruz, hut the coach whn robbed, anil I lo t it all with uioru than f. 1 />() in money. Il I pwcnased other clothes here and proceeded toward* Mexico. On my route I was robbed of every thing, and arrived in the capital without a cent and without appa- 1 J el. Through the Interference of dome few foreigner" I h was put on my parole, and am allowed the liberty of the v city. I will here add, I have not received any support from this government. " Such U a mere outline of uiy hardship* when the ap- d prehension] of being shot a* a spy is superadded to s them, you can at ouce sen what has been my position and th? nature of my feelings Much has been my treatment,, " that I learned yesterday from an American p.tper pub- 11 lished In Vera Cruz, the ('resident ha* sent special in- ti structlons to (leneral Scott, in reference to a retaliatory course. P1 your letter of January l*t, my clear?I have received, ft and determined to refuse your generous olfer, which at- tl fecte-1 me sensibly; but a* 1 am without any other "I mean* -as 1 lost svery thing iu the Homers ami have Mi twice since been robbed of *11 except the clothes on my tl back, I am compelled to draw on y?u. although most un- at willingly 1 feel certain I do not impose upon your kind- of ne*i In doing *o, for you would prefer such a step rather i* Ulan I hould *o suffer p? How long I may be here I* a subject of *urmi*e. I |>* have at tiuie* been three day* without anything to eat g< ?ragged and cold. ?i [From the Washington Union. July 16 ] at We learn that the battalion of volunteer* uuder the * command of I.ieutenaiit ' oloiiel Hughe*, raised mainly from the District of Columbia and State of Maryland, are under order* tor immediate transportation to the active seat of war. It is intended thai' olonel 11 shall open the road from Vera I run to J alt pa, and occupy * that Important town for the purpose of securing (iene-al . Scott'* line of operation. With this view, the battalion .will be greatly Increased. At least one company will be taken from t arlisle. Pennsylvania; and another (If it* organization should be *peedily completed) from Wll- . ' mington. Delaware; lieside* a battery of fit IJ artillery !. from Baltimore. Other independent companies may, perhaps, be added to it as fast as they are ready. The P addition of a squadron of mounted men would be very desirable?thus forming, in fact, a corps of what I* called in Kuropeaa armies, eiluh> un. admirably adapted to a , guerilla warfare ; but we understand that there is some 1 practical difficulty apprehended in the transportation of horse* at this season of the year, for so long a voyage, J11 which may prevent such an organization A* it i,?, it . will form a beautiful and. we doubt not. a most efficient iTinian.l. well calculated to do good service In the ! organization of this force the President has. from the beginning, taken a deep and almost patern 1 interest, 1,1 and ha* evinced a disposition to rentier it as useful a* possible; and now shows hi* continued Interest and *

confidence in the battalion, by as*iguing to It a moat di*- *f tiugui-li.d and honored duty We understand that, ot the six companies now at Kort Mclleury, four will be *hlpped fur Vera Cru* on the J-Jd Instant, and the other as soon thereafter a* possible THE FORf'R OF <?l N. SCOTT. hi [Krom the New Orleans Bulletin. July H | in As some anxiety ha* been e-pressed as regards the m situation of (ton. Scott, we make the following statement w as to the force under his command, or on the way to 4 join him n (ien. Scott, m near as we can ascertain from our in- w I ^ "nl9~iJT RK B INING. JULY 18, 1847. y HER MATHEW, < I pcrancc Reformer. ifualage. Tin' name of father Mathew ha* reache^ herever the Knglish language Ih spoken, and everywhere n go.* he is hailed as the moral regenerator of maukiud. Ickness, despair and want vanish magically before h in. ud lila footprints are marked with plenty and cheeriIiicks. Ten thousand prayers are daily offered to the hronc ot titacu by ten thousand grateful hearts, for hi* tntporal aud eternal welfare Wo bclirvo Father ^a new lutunds to vinil the United Statu) tlii.' summer -a earty uud vrclcome reception awaits him f liries, had with him wkcn he joined Utn. Worth, at uebla:? bout 7000 a?i. e was subsequently joined by Col. Childs. with the garrison of Jalapa, about 1-400 en. < adwallader's coluinu is MM en. I'illow has with him IM00 en I'ierce was to leave Vera Cruse on the tith and 7th, with a large train, and will have a force of. 2ft00 Making together 14.100 So that, when lie shall be joined by the reinforcements lat have actually left Vera <ruz. his force will be about 1,000 men, from which, after making the usual deduc mi ior me glen line and otner contingencies, tnere win ill remain u sufllcient effective force for hiui to make a a ward movement We take it for grunteil that the reiforoement* will all succeed in joining him, for even it in en>-my succeeds in checking the advanced column, tone In the rear will be coining up, and when united, iey will certainly lie able to force their way through ly force the enemy can oppose to them. navai,. The I'ensacola correspondent of the New Orleans Delta rite* on the 6th instant: ?Mr. Bewail. Chief Kngineer 8 .V, arrived here thin morning Mr. Heron. Civil ngineer. appointed to superintend the construction of ie public work* ordered by Congress to be built at till* avy Vard, arrived hero yesterday. Or Kearney, Fleet urgeon, in in thin city uwalting an opportunity to go id join the (>ulf Sijuailron It in rumored that the frt? ite Cumberland id ordered back in the Gulf, and will be lu Hag ship. It appears that Lieut. May, of the Navy, who wan minded iu the attack on Tabasco, did not lose his right rm. at ban been stated in MM Of the p>)|TI. The arm an only broken. A fad misfortune, indeed, but not no irioua as the loss of a limb. IIMIIMII Hcenew. Hdnev Cm i.k, Cherokee Nation. I February IHth, 18-17. \ ccuanl a/ / gifu/ Indian Duller hy Ihr Stntea Indiana Indian Crrnuonies anil Jiniusrmrnli?Th? Dti it in Ihr Council Room? Thr manntr of tearing him oul of it?Indian ?acrifu:t, <J r. A few days since I had the good fortune to be present , the Seneca dance, during a portion of the time in hich it was Carried on ; and I have concluded to give 3U a partial description of what occurred under my ire. It happened at the fleueca council house, ut a dls men ui ifii unweive nines ironi mm point, ill' suuaiiou f which ifi exceedingly beautiful. A large prairie ex uds itself on one side of the council ground westward eyond th<* keenest night. Along it* edije rushed ;i bold Iyer, whom1 beauty in diminished only by the name il eurs, i e. the Cow-skin. On the other side of thin ri er. from the pnirie. a huge blulT uprears its rocky front om the water's brink to the height of three or four hun red feet; and out from Its side pours a beautlfu trxim. sprinkling with its dear, fresh drops, the moss] anglngs around and above It. playing an eternal an ln*iii to whatever spirits may delight in Its music, au< ion mingling its current farther down with the trans rircnt, wave* of the rlvnr I.urge cedar trees, spruni om the crevices of the rocks, hang their heads fron lit edge of this bluff, as if bowing to the mighty musii r thd river's roar. A pair of natural steps, rough, bul rui. reach** from the spring up to the summit, wher )e gnund become* Immediately smooth and level foi I least a squire utile Directly on the southern portloi ' this smooth ground the council house Is erected. II a long building, (capable of holding a vast number ol ople ) with three large ho|e? cut through the roof t< rinit the smoke to encape, anil having no floor but tht round, which l? beat down very bard It has two doors le at the eastern and another at the western end. A1 omul the inside against the walls are benches, con' ructed so as to form an immovable part of the house It If, on which the people pit, when not otherwise en igcd On the l.tth of this nv nth In tlie morning. I rod* rorto the council ground, for the purpose of witnensinf hatevur might be done there At my arrival, the flrsl ling I noticed r.f any Importance was a white dog. hunj 1 the neck.a few yards from the house, on a poladrivet ito the earth, and fifteen or twenty feet high lie win corated In the finest possible style, having ribbons o iriou* colors tied almut his neck, feet, and belly, and ? rge bunch of feathers tied to Ills tall. He had beer lied the previous day by being smothered, for It is ? irt of their most religious care not to have a stain o; lood visible on the auimiil, and not a drop wasted fron is budy. This was the acrittne appointed to atone foi le sins of the nation, during the last year, and wai migiBg there ready for the offering. Tlie day was uncommonly clear, and the sky, earth ml sir. refined soft as the Imlmicst hours of May On lis account, a goodly concourse of whites and heroees were preseut, It being the duty of ths Henecas of mrse to appear 'l'he most of these were landing isurely about or lounging laxily In the sun. 1 observed >ine unite pretty women among them When I entered the house. I noticed that preparations ere making for something about to be performed, and >on found that the young men were going to play a ?me. The nature of this game I could not describe, as did not understand It However, a sort of bowl cut It of Wood, with red line* inside, crowing so as to ftirui mr angles at the *aine point, was placed upon a Huflalo till Threo coffee not*. painted rt"l on ?n* side and lack on the other, were put Into tills howl, and two feliws sal down to It on the floor, while the other* stood round them one would jar It alternately, by hich the nut* were thrown Into different locations ? s luck would come or go, loud screams were uttered bove the general whirling sound kept up by those whe ere standing around, almost without an interval. A 4 [ERA groat d?al of iuUrest wit* manifested 1u tbU gauie through its variation* anil result Ad hour after this, the prelude to the dauce row- I nienced, and was carried on lu the following rnanue*A young fellow of fine appearance. with feathers on Tt._ head, and paint on hii face, stepped out upon the floor, and another one after him. who buokled round the first a leathern belt with brtas beUh fastened upon it Jle. In turn. stooped to the second, and fastened a string of deer hoofs to his uncle* A third one came out with deer hoofs faateuud to his ancles also ; likewise, a fourth, fifth, sixth, and so on.until tweuty or thirty were on the floor. All these were painted, and dauced before a drum of Scneca manufacture, which gave a steady. monotonous sound, broken at times by keen, startling yells ? Their gestu-es were extremely wild Sometimes they would point to the earth, sometime* low?r 1 each other, and uguiu toward the sky ; their countenances all the time wearing an expression which it would be impossible to dascriho They continued this part of the prelude ui/'un j i uu uvui /liter II ??a CUOriuUVU. u speecn 1 ?#' made by a middle aged man. relating. ax I supposed, to what was yet to be done After thin speech wan tiniibi i a very utd man arose. | uud taking up a gourd tilled with shot and having a long feather fastened to the end. handed it to a little boy , whom be culled out, and to -.vhom lie delivered a whorl speech Tile little fellvw Hat down uu a bench set out for that purpose hefure tho drum nieu. So soon kg the drum began it* beating, accompanied by oue or two voices, the youngster who was charged with the speech si rung to his feet und. rattling the gourd veherueutly against the ground, in a few momenta returned to hi seat Other rattling Instruments were given to little buys standing around, by speeches from the old men on presentment, who took their seats by the first, and .10 soon a* the inu- I Hie began, capered over the Iloor in numerous funny attitudes. This continued for fifteen or twenty minutes. After a short time, six men arose with hatchets in their bands, whose handles were mounted with silver, and stood before the drummer three abreast One of them held in his hand at the same time a singular instrument, viz : a slender stick about a foot long, slit at the eud. iu which was stuck a rouDd still piece of paper fringed with piuk ribbon, which he held elegantly These all wore eagle feathers in their hair and had their faces painted with black and red lines. s?me narrow and others broad, under the eyes and on the cheeks. They danced before the drummer steadily at first and afterwards wit h quicker steps, changing places with great rapidity .and screaming once iu a while like hungry panthers This performance was closed by an old uian who struck 011 a beam with a stick, in order to command silence; when the old fellow made a long "talk."' Other performances of a kindred character were gone through with, closed each time by Some venerable father, who thereupon delivered his peech. Orcat respect wa* shown to the old men. And here, it would be as well as anywhere else to say. that not n drop of spirituous liquor?tnat bane, that evil.that destruction of the ludian race- was allowed 011 the ground The prelude being finished, the dance itself was begun by the women at sun-down, who danced around two of threo fires built in a row through the length of the building? they moved one after another in a circular line. The musio was faster than before and much louder.made by the men alone. The women were perfectly silent bending their heads towards the ground with the utmost appareut humility. They danced with their feet close together, and scarcely lifted from the ground; slow at first, then faster; sometimes back to back ; sometimes face to face.and again side to side I could see at glimpses some quite pretty feet, really small aud delicate. This part being done, the men joined with them, and they all danced together around the three fires,their po anion oeing ursi a man. aecoud a woman, third a man, fourth a woman, and so throughout, 'l'hin (lance required numerous variations, lome of a very graceful character, especially where the men turned and faced the women, with light aud eany movemenU. A wild song was sung by the men during this portion of the ceremony, Interrupted at times by astounding yells. The women were dressed all alike, that is In the style, having huadcd moccasins on their feet, ttnely-dreised deerskin, or broad cloth ''leggins,'' a piece of cloth about two ynrds wide, and several yards long, wrapped around their waists, aud over this a calico frock, ruffled at the bottom, and extending within a foot of the ancle. Over all a line piece of silk or other goods was thrown. They wore numerous ornaments, and had their faces painted with red The men were dressed with shawls around their heads, paint upon their laues. beads on their ueckt. riugs on their tlugers and in their ears. I noticed only one mail who had a ring in his nose. They wore lej; gins the same as the women, only they were much larger and looser. Their shirts, made of cotton or liuen. hung down over the l"ggins, and their feet were covered Willi moccasins, some beaded, others not. Their outside garment was the hunting-shirt," made differently trom that of almost every other tribe, having a waistband in it, which isseldom the case with Indian dress. I must here remark the clfect whioh paint has on the Indian's countenance. It gives the men a wild and tierce expression, and to the women a look of (what I may call) interesting pain. Dances of a similar character to those heretofore described, were carried on until about 1'2 o'clock at night, when the wizards, as they are called In English. entered, one at each door. Their first appearance was rather frightful, but soon changed to the ridiculous, on closer examination. The men, who performed this part, had their bodies bare to the waist; and. on their faue a shuck-inask was fastened, with a tongue hanging out. on which a little bell was suspended, that rung musically They also had short tails, with small bells fastened to them In this manner rigged, the wizards danced like tope around the fires, first here, then there, for a considerable time, to the Infinite amusement of spectators. Anon they would leap into the air,then down again, and pitch ..1 ...... l,..f lllr.. i.l.l .?li I.IW.MI I. their complete satisfaction. they both sprung through the same door into darkness. ami disappeared. Dancing continued until twoo'ciock in thu morning ol the 1-llh.itnil ceremonies ended fur the time. All tin Sonecas then retired to their respective camps for rest and I wandered forth beneath the stars to meditate ol the long studied themu?whence thu red man s origin and where bin destiny ' Here wan a small natiou. scarcely enough to constituteanamu. dwindled almost into nothing and living tar in this western land,having departed from their ancestral home, hallowed by ancestral dust. Few and feeble, yet clinging nluiont with the intensity ol a dying man's clutch to the customs of their father's In old, old times; worshipping the Ureat Spirit under the canopy of western skies, us their fathers had worshipped him at the rising of the sun It whs beautiful and yet melancholy to think of it. Mow long will it De befure these ceremonies are all ended forever? How loug before the last Seneca Indian shall hare sung his last song, and perished from huiuan sight' Not long. No, not *mg About twelve o'clock on this day, a game of ball begant in which both women aud men. and boys and girls joined The ball was thrown high into the air, and thu struggle was then, who should succeed in carrying or ihrowiug it beyond a certain stake, set up in the ground for that purpose. The wrestling for the ball between the young uieu and the women was singular indeed for a civilised age, yet the former were exceedingly tender in the haudiing The Hctivity. grace, uud fawn-like speed 1 of the girls were beautiful to sue. This game being terminated, an old man walked backwards aud forwards, talking in a low, serious, aud gutteral tone for some time Boon after tbis the wizards appeared again, ami I drove the assembly into the house. They were scarcelj seated before two of the most hideous visages by way ol mask. Unit I had ever conceived of. made their appear au?e The owners of these masks were destitute of then usuul clothes, excepting the Icggius, which were old an< dirty. They wore large buflalo skins wrapt around then forms, anil tsslened around lliein with .l ro.'irHt* liin/i be It. and In such a manner as to produce an ugly huui| to their backs. These masks were made of soinethini pliable, and painted red all over, with the exception o theeye-holes, whose edges were yellow. I .ong, coarse home hair hung over their forehead* in a loose and lior rid manner, through which their eye-ball* gleamei ^ like Ore. Their arm* were bare, and painted red a* If they had been dipped In blood T heir linger nails were frightfully long, and in hi* hund ear] 1 one carried a turtle shell, tilled with pebble*, and havln f a wooden handle, before the audience was aware the ' tumbled through each door, and falling on their back rattled the turtle shell* vehemently against the walls. 1 About a hundred persons immediately fell into a dano around the lire*, but those who remained on the bench es, or unoccupied on the door, were tormented almost t * death by these Infernal looking beings, who took som i person* upon their backs, and danced with them up am s down; others they rolled in the dirt, making * strange I hollow noi*e over them all the time, through their noses i They will continue tormenting in this way until sown r gift is made them. (?ay tobacco or any thing whatever.! I wh?n they are *attst1?ii After they hnd terrified the Ull sophisticated audience sufficiently, they took their barf f hatid* and Mattered hot embers In every direction, fling > lug up burning ooals with perfect impunity so far a.? I * could see They then selected each an Individual, one I rubbed the ashes from their bands,and blew their bre?ths, repeating wild words Thin If called "baptising with the good spirit and with lire After performing this ceremony, they both tumbled iiernselves out. of the door, rolling their eye* bark upon the people, and ran off out I of sight. At half-pant one in the afternoon dancing oegun in the same manner a? on the 13th. and continued until nearly night, at which tiine I left for home On the 16th I went over to the council house again The dancing was conducted with scarcely any variation from the ceremonies of the lith to the hour of 1 o'clock in the afternoon, at which time auother game ol ball wan played, in which the men only were engaged A? before, there was a goal to be paused, and hard struggles were made for the ball, fireat interest was manifested by the parties In the game, but it was not ho well calculated to excite spectators as the) herokee ball play or that of many other tribe* It was altogether toosim pie to suit Diy eye and I have only notieed It as one o| their riihtoms in the interval ol religious ccrenionies Alter this game was concluded the dance went on in tb< usual manner until ulght, when It wax suddenly Interrupted by sonic cause, which I did not then understand Kvery one engaged iu It socined to l>e very much troubled, and ga/.ed anxiously Into each other's eyes The old men made long speeches After which, gun? were tired off In the open air, whose reports rung In tli? far heavens like an angel's trump Dancing pretty soon began again, and was the second time suddenly inter, rupted. The old men again made earnest speeches, no' to the people, luit to some invisible object Two or tbrei women were then led off into the shadown ol the tre*r who remained for some time - every l>ody hushed witl perfect silence until tliey returned After their return danring commenced anew and was the third time Intel rupted. Speeches Were agaUl delivered, at the eonnlurioi of which a few individuals went out and played upon kind of flute (which give* unite a variable and in. lt dious sound,) for some moments After this, daucin > was again renewed, but shortly interrupted for th fourth tim?. The people tbeu began to look iudvscribu ' 1 , I ~ ~ ~*m 4 t \ * "**v* ?'->- 1 ~ V ^ L, D WM *? Owlh ,tf ^ Uv sorrowful. aud turned lnqutriugly to - Black i htef " wno addressed them in a Urn/ and olemn * train after which, two women wer.* seut out of doers. who soon returned with bucket* of water In their hands whtehthey sprinkled OTer the people then nulet and tranquility figned OT?>r the gathered nation ' I afterward* learned that, according to tbeir doctrine, the devil had not HinongKt them, and they wished to know what he wanted, iu order to get rid of him. The speeches made on the occasion were directed to ascertaining this object ? The oh! men thought, at tint, that the infernal prince (as he ioTaw the smell of gunpowder) desirerj ? dUc barge of tirearms in the opan air (iun? were accordingly discharged , but thU was not what the old drag^u wunted. They then thought ha decirod their wooicu : Mm rdingly. two or three were readily sent out , but tbis was not what he wnnted. Tbev then thought, perhaps, be wlah ed to bear the Seneca flute; accordingly flutes were played ; but tbis was not what he wanted ? mnslo wa uot thi' thing for his majesty s ear at that time, I (up pose i iiey nnuily thougtit mat lit* wl?ned to dure tnw people prinkled. which wan immediately done. and the devil departed Still it waa supposed that lesser spirit* of evil were in the house, and therefore th? maaka, before spoken of, were called in to scare them away After repeated ami loud calla for their preaenc*. they retired again. on>; at each door Scattering diiimay around them for u halt hour or ?o. howling and throwing up thu coal*, they rolled thetnselre* clumsily out of tUe house The small spirit* of darkness had tied, an all true Sen* cat" believed. Ki d 17th.?1 observed that more than ordinary pain* ware t?ken in the dress. both of women and the men ? The former were decorated with their coatlieit ornament*. many of them being gold, and their face* wers painted with very delicate tint*, probably not more daubi ed than some of your city belle*, ou certain great oecaslous hlegunt shawls were thrown aero** their 1 ahoulders, *uperb moccasin* were on their feet, aud leggtugs beaded beautiflUly[at the bottom,covered the ancle* of many a black eyed maid. Among the men. 1 olxerveil a youth in particular whose drew, wnt truly aiileudid lit* moccasin* were of the llnest dressed deer akin and bended from the toe to the instep with color* of whito and red, in a line not more than two Incltea wide, and tastefully Intermixed. Ilia legging* were of broad cloth, 1 decorated with beads, resembling gold, and edged with piuk ribbon lli* hunting shirt wa* calico merely, yet it was splendidly made Around hi* waist he wore a long red sash,tied very gracefully; and over hi* shoulder hung a large silk shawl negligently down, and looaely tied just at hi* hip. In his ears large silver rings were *u*pended, with lesser ones hanging thereon, and trembling with every movement of his head. Wound lightly about hl> temple* was a silk hnuUkerchicf, with a silver band au inch wide aiound It. lli* black hair wa* long, but bound up in plait*, in the midst of which a quantity ofeagl* feather* was fastened. painted red and blue on the end* Towering above all were three black oatrich plume*.which gave liim a very hold and commanding look ilia finger* were covered with riuga; hi* wrist* bound with gold clajipa. and hi* arm* above the elbow* with ailvor emeu i|Uit? broad, aud bearing device* of bird* and other anltnale. lie wa* truly u grand looking fellow, and atepped liktt ft* Dioinede? " lie rise* on the toe : that Hplrlt of hi* In aaplratlon lift* him from the earth.'' Many were dressed with beautiful bended pouohea over their alioulduiH.aud a airing of silver piece* auapeno! ed from their neck*, cut iu the ahape of tha waning I mnitn Ural ?m.ll ?.,! ,? .l...ll. I... ' ' B????J iHraiii* wgether?an inch or two apart?by a silk thread Several persons, however, appeared very Indifferently attired, ragged and dirty; the reason for which ?u, that their friends had recently died. Preparations were now made for offerlug the aacTlflee A large tire wiin built in the open air, some yard* from the bouse, constructed In such a manner aa to furnish ft convenient resting place for the form to be burnt ? I About ten o'clock in the morning, the company assenj bled around this tire, aud stood in silence, awaiting the ceremony A Seneca advanced from the crowd to where the dog was hanging, and climbing up the post, took him ' down und handed him to another man below, who bore tho anlmul lu his arms to the tire, nnd repeating a few worda iu , a loud voice, threw lilm Into the flume*. Whereupon Black Chief, who is the most influential man lu the nation. although he holds no otMae, and who i* the only man aiueng them whose memory retains all the traditions of hid tribe, the names of their chiefs in sucee*sivu lino for a hundred y?avi buck (or much mure), and j who can perform every -cremouy that the Meneca cu*! tows require, ?tep|.i*U forward and delivered a loug re' citation, in a clear hut plaintive tone, sometimes jarred by short, rough sentences. Ife held In his hand a small basket, containing some yellow s?'?d, which he threw into the fire every few moments until it was cousumed, ! whun lie threw iu the basket al*o. This recitation oonI tluucd for about two hours, aud part of its desigu. I am told, was to convey instruction* to the soul of the dog aa i to what it should say wheu arrived in the ipirit-land; | none hut while dogs, like itself, having toe privilege to go there. A pause was made after this for a few moments. iu which everything was still as death, when an ; old man suddenly broke out into a long. and. slngiag loud and mournfully, walked arouud the Are in a curie , to where he wa* first standing Ho did another, and another until each man, young and old, had performed I Iih part. The sacrifice having been oflerod with all solemnity | the company retired into the house ugain. where a new ; ceremony wan Introduced All the men were seated on both sides of two Are*. Directly one of them Ix-gan to . Hint;, while Hitting ami the other* Immediately net up a ' long howl at the subsidence of whlrh be arose to hi* feet, and walked slowly arouud both tires, giving full ut . t rance to the tune he hud begun, while his seated com panions kept time with a rough grunt, until he returned 1 I to hi* Mitt, when they again net up a long howl. Thin ' performance wan executed by one after another until all 1 Lad gone through with it 11 wan very Impressive, and th?> singing musu-ftl in the highest degree ' Alter thin wan done the exercises for the afternoon began. ' The leader of the dance wan a rather large man. well Hhapud. aud uaked to the waist. Hin hair was very ' much oiled, ho much ho an to retain quantities of down i from the Hwau or goose, which wax stuck here and there over his countenance Three large stripes of red crossed one of his shoulders and hiH breast ; three others crossed his other shoulder and his breast in t Km uu tin* inuniuir 'I'hun thmu i>u<l llnua vim bm>ii?/I liiii waist, and between these were alao throe Murk j stripes of narrow breadth Hi* face wa* painted; a *t reak of vermillion under euli eye; and a streak of th? 1 name ou either check, tipped Willi black Two otl era wit.' also naked to the waist. who followed him more directly in the dance, but they were painted with red only. All tliu wen formed a line on one Hide of the Are*, and all the women on the other The former daubed around I the fire* in ijuick suooewnon, and encircled the women, : who advanced ut a flower pace TIiih was the mauner throughout A ureal many motion* were made by the i leader. Mich an lining hi" eyes towards heaven and bend j ini{ them down to llie earth attain, clapping hi* band! together, springing hi?lt from the ground and apparently quivering in the air for a second. See., Ike., which wtis iiaitated by hi* mate follower*; the females silentiy rooviug in the circle formed around them, with their head* declined. At thin period of the evening's exercise* I departed for home, but understood that a few more hour* would ' close the ceremonies for tile year ' My deacriptlon* iiave been, although perhaps loo long, ' necessarily imperfect, because I was not present during ' the whole time, and because it would require a large 1 book to give a complete description of everything that wan done. Hut the moat important of what I diu see ia r here written, and. ulthough hastily writteu. will no donbt ' interest your reader*, or those of them, at leant, who r care anything for Indian character, custom*, or deed* I'or myself, in the sur\ey of thi* common, natioual w?r. 1 ship, my reflections have told ine that true sincerity i exist in tliu strangest religion*, and that one creed, de ' voully believed and adhered to, provided it doe* not rebel ?gain*t the great law of nature. Is a* good a* an * other VKM.OW BIRD. i I, Mki.dns pok New York.? We noticed lliis morning no It-Hstlian four curt* filled with water 'l melon*, ou their way to the Southerner to be conveyed B to New York. The Southerner lias, during the present V >.<>n?,i rnenlslilnir (lie New \ ork market* wI tb all * the luiuricxof our southern *011. 1" the *hap* of early - peaa. KDMtn i-ora *n<l oth^r regeUblo*. which are much ' later 111 ?ea*on among the tiothainitea, than with uw. I- j In may ?eem hut a aiiiall alfalr, but It In no only I* 0 cauxn It i<4 thn beginning With th? Inrreafud facilities <" of another ateauior, our farmer* of the .Neck will And It 1 considerably to their advantage to hate it new market >. opened tor them to the moid populoun city of the Linou It* good i lIiKta will Ih-felt In the Inrreas. <i value of the ' farm*, In their greater eitenaiou. and In the augmented I demand tor industrious labor Little an is apparently (he trade In vegetable*, I la effect* will he very plmutlug l ly evident In the COUM* of a few year*, and we should remember that in honeat trade every little help*."? CS*rlrtl"n (SC) Patriot July 10. Wkatiifr.?At KrunrnnM, N. H., on the 10th inat, the mercury roue In the ahade to one hundred and two degree*, and the apirit thermometer to 9H deyreea 'IMMOLATH SULPHUR BATHS, No. J47 I'KAHI. X *trcet, near Bnwilway.? I'heae Hatha have been e*tM>|i*|, eU for the liut twriuy-au yean, ami are I lie only Bulphnr Badia in the city. They are highly recommended by the moat emineot phyuei*. *, for the cure of rlieumniaia, aalt rheum, cltVoinc coiuplxmt*, eruption* of the iliiu, kc. Medicated Vvpor Hatha al?.i giveu u?tly, liota I A. M. to I t. M. i? *? ? NOl'lt The auhacnoer* lulorm On- public that Hiey have jiiit received flu ir aupply of Mineral Wiieri direct Iroin tlie Spring*. *ach na Bharon, Blue Lick. Heltxer, KeaainKer, Vicliy, fco . kc , all ium ularly benebdal at tlila aeaaou ol the year. Tl y lult-'l. uv usual. all order* for the tame, wholesale and rr.utl, at tftcir eatablialimeiiia, No. 2 Park How and Ml Uroadway, uear Prince street. DV.LLUC It (O, Jen Mlt'r Bole ancreaaor* to Place k Bomllard. I ( I.AUKTi <'LAKKT! I'LARKT! 1'HK HlillMI KlliKH would inform the public that he keep* f onabmtly on hand,at Ilia store. N<>.1 Barclay *trr*i, corner ol Broadway, the l>e?t quality oft laret Wine lie would particular)' invite the attention ol hotel* aud public housea, whom lie will aupply by the gallon or barrel, a* ui^ lie*t >iiit their convenience. He leel* assured they will ne taiitlicd for giviug him a call. ajiim'ic CHALK8 KCjCKRT ' p vt; ANU h.AK-Dr POWELL, Oculut, Aurwt, k?. AU 2ii 1 Broadway, corner of Wsireu street, attends e?rla?ive l> todiaeaaet of me Kyeiud Kar from 9 till! o'clocg. I)r t Powell ha* just published a ixipalar treati** on the ?.y?. with * engraving*, Jvo , |?|>?( M cents, muslin 71 cents, coin|>ii*i> u a deai-npooii of it* anal, iny, physiology, dia*a?e**nd tnattaeut, (J with tule? for the (election id ?|>ecucle?, ke. To I* had as alxive, and at Burgea* k Htriugei'*, Berforti ft < o , howler k ' Well*, and of book.el r* generally. Jjrl Wt#ie ' ' CLOTH I NO. _ 1 A fULL AND KABlIION ABLE IT. * KKAUI M A U K, >- nog a Is to |]i, .. _. AT THK CLO'l HINO WARKHOHHK,. i- rut Ml * r No t>'?ltva aUMt.