Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 22, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 22, 1847 Page 2
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|jb , t .YEW YORK HERALD. Vrw Vo k ' hntwlay, July M, 1MT. MR. BBIfNETT'S LliTTERS FROM EUROPE. Lovdon, July 2, 1847 I have now heen nearly three weeks in England, and in that time have travelled from one end of the country to the other?from the British Channel, in the South, to the head ofthe Murray Firth, in the North?-from Southampton to Inverness In that time, also, I have spent the last week in London Travelling throughout England is reduced to morning excursions?or at most to those of a day's length. You can touch the two ex fremiti*! of the realm, in either direction, in the brief CAmpass of a day Railroads have made greater progress here than in the United States; but we are far ahead of them in electricity, as yet. Thus far, England and her dependencies are deoidedlv in the midst of a revolution in h11 her laments of society?but as yet, it is slow, gradual, frspm^ntarv, piecemeal, narrow, undigested, snd coming on bv fit* ?nd starts. I have ju*t reached Enelsnd in the mid?t of a most remarkable and interesting transition state?and I do not know but I may remain here a couple of months or so, just to stndv out its present tendencies. There are certain points of prominent interest in Endand which are oloselv associated , with the progress of thin?* and th* present prosperity of the United States The crops, the foreign policy, the political condition, the commercial prospects of England, have nil a greater internet to us than those of any other country in Europe. What is the prospect of the present crops 1 Whr\t may be the future condition of the grain markets 1 What is the foreign policy of England relative to the Mexican war 1 What is the tendency of the present transitions of English politics and society 1 All these questions are of great interest, and I think a couple of months might be profitably spent in their investigation, previous to my return? for it is very evident that hereafter, the United States will be censidered one of the great powers of the world, and will be more intimately connected with the movements of society and government in Europe than ever the founders of the republic anticipated. The Anglo-American republic hasalreadv entered upon a great national career?and nothing on earth can prevent her from becoming, in due course of time, a greater nation than ever the sun shined upon. Every public man, either statesman or newspaper writer, must hereafter give more attention to these questions, and less to the small movement? of local factions and the narrow interests of politicians. The differences and disputes of the locofocos and the whigs, sink into immeasurable insignificance betore the higher objects of national progress?foreign policy?the growth of the republic?and the principles which should be the basis of all public conduct. Those original principles of human rights which must agitate Europe for years, if not centuries, are all settled with us, or very nearly so. The last 1 meagre fragments of inequality, which are found only in particular localities, are fast disappearing before the lights of the age in the United States. The national enereies and the national mind can hereafter be principally directed to encourage and foster the national movement to that point of greatness which nothing can arrest but an order of Providence himself. The Mexican war, with all its evils and its drawbacks, is one of those elements of progress which has probably produced the deepest sensation in Europe that they have felt since the French revolution. We have been astonishing them in detail for many years back?and in various ways too, by our industry, our commerce, our manufactures, our railroads, &c., &c.; but rely upon it, the biggest sensation which has yet been produced in Europe, has been caused by the Mexican war. That great enterprise has immeasurably thrown every thing behind, and produced already two classes of thinkers, reasoners, and debaters on American affairs. In England and France the feelings are fear, surprise, hatred, dislike, among all the adherents of the existing ? governments and present condition of society. That a rennhlic. under a svHtem of universal mif frage, can be a great nation, equally adapted for peace or war, has been a problem hitherto pronounced by the politicians of Western Europe, an utter impossibility. They are afraid of its influence among the masses of the starving white slaves of Europe. It is a singular truth, lhat in Germany alone, there is sympathy for the United States movpm<>nta in Mexico; and this is among the higher classea of society. I have an extraordinay fact to state on this point. Not long since, an application was made by one or more young officers in the militury service of Prussia, for letters to the United States, for the purpose of entering her armies as volunteers in the present war with Mexico. One of these applications was from a. young officer, high in the Prussian army, and closely connected with the upper ranks of society Through Chevalier Bunsen, the Prussian Minister in London, he has procured letters to some of the American generals, and probably is now on his way to the United States, to serve as a volunteer. He is a sort of German Lafayette, and will be followed by many other German military men of high rank, and singular enthusiasm. Iu tact, it is only in Ger l.any that the present policy and progress of the United States are appreciated?and tl|f re, justice is done and expressed, even among the higher ranks of society?and particularly by Young Germany. The war with Mexico is considered a step, however disagreeable, in the progress ot that civilization which is to spread over the whole earth. With barbarous, or semi barbarous nations, no proorMa nn bp mnrlr but bv hard knocks on the - ~? -# head. India and China can only be civilised in that unpleasant method. The civilization of all South Amerioa, as conferred up*n them by the Spanish race, is of a character scarcely superior to that of India before the English conquered if, or of China in its present condition. The Germans believe that the Anglo American republic, a rrtce of people sprung from themselves, is destined to spread a higher order of civilization over the whole continent ot South and North America. This ia the belief they entertain, and this causes the sympathy felt in Germany for the United States. But England and France feel differently, and this difference arises from the jealousy and dre?id of both these governments. On a future occasion I will enter more minutaly into these points. In the meantime, I shall study the policy and tendency of these governments towards the United States on the Mexican war. There can be no dnubt of this truth?that both England and France, if it were practicable,would interfere tomorrow between the United States and Mexico, and seek to establish a monarchy there, as a barrier to the United States. They would make it another kingdom of Greece, if they dared to venture.upon siich a project. The commercial interests of England with the United States, alone prevent such interference. I am persuaded also that the conquest and retention of MexiJ co by the United States, would even be tolerated by England, if we were to acknowledge the Mexican debt?about ?80,000,000?and ultimately muke Mexico pay her bondholders in Europe, principal und interest. On that ground, the Tnited States may retain the possession of all Mexico, so far as English policy is concerned. Job* Bull|U fkvorabit to monarchy, bat b? r?? T#r?i tb? dollar mueh more. But before I close, a word of the grain cn>??Wherever I have been, they are superb?yet it is acknowledged that a large deficiency wili exist, be the crops ever so good. Not one hall of the potato has b?-en planted this year, and even of that, it is doubtful if there is not another failure. Lord John Iiuasel and many others believe there will be another failure of the potato, and they ought to know. At nil events, Europe will now require a permanent annual supply from the United States. This ia certain. Expected News from Europe?Thb Bakers ?Price or Flour.?Persons would suppose that the speculators in flour and other produce, received a surfeit of news by the steamship Britannia, which arrived at Boston a few daya since, bringing to them the unpleasant intelligence that, in consequence of the prospect of a good harvest, the quotations had receded to a point ruinous to many of them, but excellent for the unfortunate people of the old world, who have been suffering from famine for a year or more pist. Not so, however. They are anxiously awaiting the arrival of the American steamship Washington, which is twelve days at sea to-day. They will very soon be gratified, for that steamship will, in all probability, make a short passage. The news by the expected arrival will be six days later than that brought by the Britannia. If the promising weather which prevailed when fh? Ijflf mrtntinnorl wuooal a .1 i I **/! n^ntiri iia/1 (a tKo time of the nailing of the Washington, the markets, of course, cannot have improved, unless the potato disease has made its appearance. In the latter case, the markets may have rallied slightly, but not sufficiently to alter materially the price of grain. The slightest advance, however, would be welcome intelligence to many in this country whose solvency may depend on it. When men gamble in.breadstufis, they become desperate, and will hold en to what they have, in the hope, no matter how remote, that matters may assume a shape favorable to their interests. We have no doubt, that there are hundreds in thiH country in this condition, nt the present hour, who will go by the board if the Washing| ton's news does not came an advance in the articles they possess. Flour has reached a point in this market below which it cannot very well go. Five dollars a barrel is low enough?indeed, we do not wish to see it lower. At that price, the farmer will receive a remuneration for his toil and labor; and when the farming interest is prospering, the country at large is prospering. We quest.on, however, if it is as low as the bakers wish 'it to be. Although it is low enough to enable them to give their customers much larger loaves than they do?for a good healthy boy of five years old can eat three of them for breakfast?we perceive but a small increase in their size, indeed, there is not much difference between their weight now and what it was when flour was eleven d >llars a barrei. These workers in dough must reform. If they do not, our housekeepers will get into the habit of baking their own bread?a habit that will injure the bakers a great deal. Some people are desirous of having an ordinance passed which would compel bakers to sell ?I- - : - I 1 L.. *t J C3.. -.L. ..... 1,1 Llicir uiciu uy luc puunu. OUtll u. UUUIDC nuuiu be ridiculous. We have too many laws already. Let the housekeepers bake their own bread, and the bakers will soon knock under, and give them a good sized loaf Steamship Iris arrived yesterday morning, completing her first voyage to Charleston The passengers en her return trip, appeared to fee satisfied with the performance of the ship, and have expressed their approbation in a complimentary card to Capt. Spinney. Thiatrlcti), Bowehy Theatre.?^The three pieces which were performed at the Bowery theatre lait evening, will b< repeated to-night; a convincing proof that they arr much liked by the patrons of that establishment. We don't see how It could be otherwise, for they are extreme ly Interesting, and well worth seeing. With Mr. Marshall and Mr. Burke, and the excellent stook company, together with the judicious selection of pieces, adapted as well to disnlay their talen.s as to amuse and please the audience,on the part of the manager, this establishment maintains its popularity, and is nightly filled bv respectable audiences. No weather affects the rush that is mad* there nightly. The French ballet oompany will appear again this evening at Falmo's Opera House, in a new ballet comiqvr, entitled '' La Olable Rouge," or the Vine Dressers of Como, and also In a grand dirertisement. In addition to the attraction which the ballet company offers, Miss Mary Duff, Minn Mitchell, and Mr. Tbomu Flyan, will appear ia th? popular faroe, of the "Dumb Belle.'' The | ballet oompany have met with decided suocoss since their arrival among us, and we have every reason to think tnat they will have a continuanoe of it. Their dancing ii very graceful and chant* n> e would like to see a vat it drux between Mad'lle Biangy and Vlad'lle Adelaide, tt would draw ? crowd. Where ia Biangy? On the whole. Palmo's aff rds much pleasure every evening to our jaded and fatigued citizens. Castle Gamden.?The performances for this ulng consist of the musical burletta of ''The Two Oregories," and the vaudeville of the "Rendezvous," in which those favorites and excellent comedians, Messrs Holland, Walcott, Everard, Arnold, the Misses Phillips and Clarke, Mrs. Isherwood, and the other members of this talented oompany, will appear. Those who have once aeen Holland and Walcott In the "Two Qregorles," will be sure to see them again, as their style of oomic acting belong) to themselves alone?they are the very life of any company to whloh they belong Miss Clarke is also a very attractive feature, and seems to have a perfect knowledge of stage effect; and Miss Phillips, in tbe respective ballads wbioh she sings, Is much admired for sweetness of voice and mot est demeanor. Added to this trait of character. Is the dancing by the Misses Wells aad La Petite Maryanne?they are enoored in almost every dance. Thus far, the proprietors have reason to be pleased In their judicious selection of performers, for tbey have good houses, and the most respectable oitizsus Who can resist such pleasing amusements, and the enjoyment ot a lounge or promenade on tbe balcony of this beautiful looation. which is every way calculated to impart vigor and health to its patrons? Beside*, those who oannol ave their respective employments during the (lay, can have a peep at the Chinese Junk, from the baleony, by going early in the evening Many have Inquired why tne Chinese women are not exhibited? We are not aware that there are any of the enlestitl fair sex on hoard; or, 11 so, perhaps tney are kept back till tbev are somewhat acolimated, and recovered from the fatigue ot a long voyage. Vauxhaul?This neat saloon, we regret to say, is not as well patronized as the exertions of the proprietor de avwos TIiiua litVA anavi tha automata hlblted by Mona. DelaaroU, apeak very favorably ol tb?m. and of tha amusing comic long*. duet*, and glee* of the vocal company engaged them Mr Quayle, a wry dcaerving man, takes a benefit, on Friday eveuitig next, when it i* hoped hla friend* will give him a hamper. Mr. Collina, the much admired delineator of Irish character, arrived In thin oily yesterday. after filling a aerie* of very aucce**ful engagement* In Buffalo and the South Hla next appearanoe will be In Boatoo, whence be return* to New York, and afterward* proceed* to 1'blladelpbla Few actor* have met with more aucoeaa than Mr. Collin* ha* alnoa hla arrival In the United State*, and but few there are more de*?rving of It. The Ravel* are *ald to be very popular at the Howard Atbeneaum, Boaton, where they draw crowded hounen, notwithstanding the excea*lvely warm weather The Vlannolaa Children are giving entertainment* at Lowell. Mary Taylor and Chippendale were still at St, Loul.? on the I Vth inet. Mr. Murdoch 1? playing at the National theatre, Cln olnnati. Hndeal. We understand that Her* and Slvori intend giving a grand concert at New Brighton, Staten Island, shortly and that they have engaged asteamboat to convey paaseng?ra from < lifton. Fort Hamilton. SUplaton, Jer*ay City Brooklyn, kc , to Ibe concert, and take them back again. Thla will be tbn flrst lime that these celebrated artists ever performed together In this vicinity, and it will no doubt be a great treat to our fashionables,who are pining for amusement. Sporting Intelligent*), The steamboat race on the lakes I* likely to coma off. The challenge of Capt. Appleby, hanking the Sultana against any boat en the lake*, for a race between Buffalo ami Chicago, lOun miles and back, for $A000, It la aald will be accepted by M Read, who haa pitched on the Niagara for the trail Both vessels burn coal, and no landing at Intermediate port*, for wooding up, will be necesaary. The Weather.?On Tnfoday morning, at sunrise, the thermometer at Boston stood 74 degrees : at 10 o'elock, A. M . it marked H4. A fine easterly wind prevailed on Sunday and Monday. *mrnw hiM.?n I H " S't .'ft." "?! f box Cawiowtu.?By tho poutooM* of Ll?t Howiaon, whoa* arrival wa noticed yeaterda we have received a aelection of California ai Sandwich Island papers, among which are copi of the Californian, of Montery ; Star, of Yer Bucnii,and the FrUnd, published at Honolulu, S They contain nothing later than that which % have already given. Commodore Biddle, wi the Columbus, remained at Monterey. The f< lowing notification was issued immediately i his arrival at that place:? The blockade 'of all the porta, harbors, bay*. out!? and inlets on the west cout of inuxico south of 8 Diego,' declared by Commodore Stockton of tha bat; the Unlted States on the 19th day of August last, ia he: by annulled. In virtue of authority from the President of the Unit States, 1 do hereby declare the ports of Masatlan a Guymaa, on tho writ ooaat of Maxioo. to be in a auto blockade ; and with tha view to the atrlet enforoemt thereof, a competent force will be stationed before t blockaded ports at as early a period aa practicable. Neutral vetaels lying In either of the blockaded po: will be permitted to retire within t wenty days from a after the commencement of the blockade. Given on beard the United States ship Columbus, Monterey, this fourth day of March, A. O. 1847. JAMES BIDDLE, Com'dg the U. 8 Squadron In the Pacific Mo?Ti:ar.r, March 14, 1847 I do not consider this port as one d> stined to atu any high dugree of prosperity; it Is unxheltered from t winds, which sometimes blow with great violence fr< tbe north, ana aitnouga on* siae or tn? bay it exoei ingly fertile the oppoitite, for mtlM and mU??, la a (an waste. At the present time there ia tbe greatest w? here of all the neoeaaarlea of life, save beef; n* provlsic or clothaa to be had for Iotb or money. Montebet. California, Maroh 17,1847 Wa an enjoying the day. The more Irish aay of c neighbors are, of course the more they enjoy the div sions of the place. The band from tbe ''Columbus" * play In tbe afternoon at the house of Thomas O. Lark who has invited the ladles of Monterey and tho navy a army officers iu port. We have at anobor Coluinb Commodore Diddle; Independence, Commodore St brioh. Savannah leaves to-morrow for home Warn Capt. Hull. Erie, commanded by Lieut Turner, bou to Oahu; Lexington. Capt. Bailey; the Thomas H P kins, Barnstable. Vandalla and Mosoow. of Boston, i dally expected from San Franclsoo. The Thomas H Pi kins, with Col. Stevenson and troops, left Rio de J neiro with the other transports, who are to touoh at Vi paraiso. The Congress, Commodore Stockton, we lo for from San Diego Portsmouth is off San Bias and M satlan. Cyane is at San Frauolsco. There has, fur the first time since 1831, been a llg fall of snow In this place. Sinoe 1840 we have not hi so fine a season of rain as this winter, all attributed ohange of flags. Over twenty of the emigrants, mi and women, who travelled too slow, bad to remain the California mountains, where they perished. The were others who endured the cold and hunger,and can in, though in distress. Aiany of the emigrants are y with Col. Fremont, at the Pueblo dn los Angeles, * miles south of this. They are to be disbanded or re-c vanlsed under Gen. Kearny. The harvest of Californ will bu very geod this year. Muob flour has been brougl from Oregon. This traae wiU soon end in C. The Sacr mento River will soon produce sufficient for home ai outward consumption. Gen. Kearny and Col. Mason have aocepted an im tation to remain at the house of Mr. Larkln until thi have a government house. Com. Stookton having twice taken California, onoe I connection with Gen. k!, goes home this summer. Tt Callfornians are tired with their " pronunciamento," I September to January, and have retired to their horn to attend to their rancbos. Most of tbe Mexican office and some native*, have fled to Sonoma, in such a bun aa to forget to see whose brand their horses had?tl owners know. The M or mens who came in the Brookllne, are separ ting, finding business or work as they can. Lots land in towns In this oountry, of AO to 100 yards squat that the alcaldes, up to 1846, sold for under $30, a now held at $200 to $1000, according to location. V expect an emigration this year of 6000 souls. List of officers attached to the U. S. ship Columbv bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Biddle, Monterey Captain T. W. Wyman, commanding; Commander ' O. Selfridge; Lieutenants, Perclval Drayton, H. Freno James H Strong, George W. Chapman, J. B. llandolp Aoting Lieutenants, Lewis McLane, Madison Rush, Ac ing Master, J. M. Walnwrigbt; Fleet Surgeon, B Tic nor; Past Assistant Surgeon, Charles F. B. Guillou; t -lstant Surgeon, D. L. Brien; Purse*. Edward T. Dun i^u&piaiu, j vv . newiuo; rruiesourui mauieiuaiicB. mi decai Yarn&ll; Past Midshipmen, D. M. Fairfax, An tin I. Drake, T McLanahati; Midshipmen, J. B Stewart; W. Stevenson, John O Whitaker, N. H. Van Zan< David A. McUermnt, Charles R. Graham, Edward Seidell Jonathan Young, 8 B. Luce, A. R. Simmons. < Harrison, jr.; Commodore's Secretary, E. St. Clt ?;iark; Commodore's Clerk, Joseph Lewis; Captali Cleric, Robert Harris; Commander's Clerk, J. L. Keff? Purser's Clerk, William H. Needles; Boatswain, V. Hall; Uunner. T Robinson; Carpenter, Jonas Dlbb Sailuiaker. Robert C. Hodman; Marine Officers. Capts Henry B. Tyler; Commanding Marine Guard, 2nd Liei John C. Cash. Police Intelligence. Charge of Perjury.?Officer rue wart, of the third d trict police, arrested yesterday, a man by the name Jesse W. Conklln, a resident ofPatehogus, Long lslat -in a warrant, issued by Justice Osborne, wherein stands charged with swearing falsely to an affidavit t fore Judge Daly, in the court of Common Pleas. It a peurs tuat a man by the name of Thomas Biggs su Conklin in the above court for $2 300, are in the leg oource.of proceedings,aud a declaration was served upi Conklln, who it seeuis denied tije fact, and made i affidavit to that effeot, which affidavit Is deemed fal and material to the matter at issue. A hearing in tl oase will oome off before Justice Osborne, at 11 o'cloc to-day Violmt Atsault.?Officer Stewart anested yesterdaj man by tbe name of Jobn Maloney, whom he found No 22 Ann street, on a charge of violently assaultii bis sister-in-law. by drawing out a pistol and threats ing to take her life. Justice Osborne held him to ball $200 to keep tbe peace for six months. Charge of Stealing a Bank Book.?A Millerite preacl er. by the name of Samuel S. Snow, or who styles hit r.hM M MMJUMnffar of thft Lord." wan arrnflted vftBtt* day by a policeman on a charge of stealing a buck bo< on tbu Seaman's Bank for Savings, containing a creel of (36. belonging to Edgar Neville, residing at No. J Gold street. On the arrest of the accused, the bat book was found iu his possession The case will I heard before Justice Drinker this forenoon, when, I douDt. Mr. 8now will be able to explain the matter Mti factorily. In the meantime Mr. Snow was allowed to f on his parole of honor. Jlrrest of a Dishonest Servant.?Conn table Joeej arrested yesterday a woman by the name of Ann Hmit on a charge of robbing her employers. It appears si was ngaged in May last by a Mrs. Drady, residing i 115 South street, where, after a short time, she stole purse ccntaining seven dollars, together with several a tides of clothing, and ran off The next place she hir< out to Mr. Lyon iierhard, dentist. No. 435 Pearl stre< where, in a few days she carried off a set of teeth valui at $10. and various articles of wearing apparel. The < Seer discovered her secreted in a room at No. 6 Batai street. The teeth and clothing were recovered by t officer, and Justice Osborne locked her up for trial. Brooklyn Intelligence. Thi Charter Convention.?The members of t Charter Convention assembled at four o'clock yesterdi and eutered upon the business which they were elect to perform An application from John W: Lomas, soliciting t office of reporter to the Convention, was read and 1 ferred to the committee on expenses. A motion was made that the snm of $335 be appi Briated for publishing the proceedings of the Conventii eferred to the committee on expenses. A motion thatone hundred copies of the City Char be printed for the use of the members. Adopted. A motion that the Convention applv to the Comm Council, and request their assistance in giving inforn tion in regard to the City Charter. Withdrawn. Several resolutions of an unimportant character wi passed. Adjourned to next Wednesday. Law 11? tell lire nee. Common Plkab, July 31.?Before Judge Ingrahan Patrick Fat rail vi. Jamil Cody?This was an action assault and battery The defendant occupied preml in Oreenwich street, owned by the plaintiff, who on i Kith of Maroh last, between H and 9 o'clock in the mo lug went to the premises, and demanded a monthly re which he said w?s due. The defendant replied tba wasnotdae; that when it became due he, defenda would pay It, and ordered plaintiff out of the store; i plaintiff not having gone hi quickly ai defendant wilt ' the latter laid hands on him and pushed him out, a in doing so, tore the buttons of his coat aud the c< also. For this, the plaintiff brought an action to cover damages. The defence was that defendant did l use any force In putting the plaintiff out; that plain had oome to the store before the rent was aotually d and demanded it in an insulting manner; thatdefendi ordered him out of the store, and that having refui to go nut. plaintiff used no more force than was neces ry The jury found a verdict for defendant, withe leaving their seats For plaintiff, Sohaffer and Carp< ter: for defendant, Blunt and Henry. Lrtitia Riktr vs John Moore and Oto. Fair, J minittralnrt of John N Moore, decerned.- This was action for work and labor The plaintiff's counsel sta that plaintiff was a colored woman, who was born in I family of deceased, lived with him as servant upward! Jrt yean, and that Mrs. Moore, the wife of deceased, w 'lied six or eight years ago on her d>ath bed reques i her husband to continue tnn plaintiff in his service, s at his death to make some provision for her; that ! Moore had retained her until his death, which happct in January. 1046, but made no precision for her; she n brings her action tor a month for a term of twen eight years. The defence was. that plaintiff was paid to the death ot Mr. Maore, at the rate of $4 a mon ' except the last manth, and was pal4 that by the *se , tors, after his death. The evidence of Mrs. Fllsab Moore, the sister-in-law of deceased, taken de bene e was read to show that plaintiff admitted the faot of ! ' having been paid, and that it waa not for wages brought the present salt, but to reoover a maintenai out of the estate of Mr. Mooie Thejury, without le Ing their seats, found a verdict for defendants. I I plaintiff. Mr. Huiith; for defendant. Mr. F Sandford Ii* CijAM?its??Before Judge Fdmonds? The Sh Cair.?Thia matter ia further postponed until Fri< morning Court Calki?da*? Common Pleos, July 22d.? Bel Judge Jngrabain?No#. 97 to 144 inclusive. Sebioi;h Accident on thk Norwich and W< ckrter Railroad ?t >n Tuesday, a train of c* | loaded with iron, became detached from the engine the top of the elevation of the road, at the town 1 Webiter, and returning with furious speed, name In ci tact with an upward passenger train, the collision luolishlng the engine and several oars, killing the glneer and seriously injuring some eight or teu [ sengera. r> +r- . ? - ? ***iw? MHH ?" iMm?i <jiitp W^IJI^I * ? *?** ? T*i^fwimTSIiM?? ii? Hoirom ?r ! 'J CArr. J w ZaSBISBIK. who rtLL AT Bv**A VllTA ? ~ na At a meeting of th* military officer* held at the Arsenal i ea on Monday evening last, the following order of proct-aI *ion was a<l?[>t?d. to be observed on the ftrrival In this , Dtt i olty of the remains of the lamented Capt J. W. ZabrlsI Ue. The parade, etc takes place to-day. OaDER or TIIK 1'HOCLIIION. pit ve Band, (mounted) . j _0 th German Hustarfc . Ourman Horao Guards. of "* Captain Jagles and Captain Finok. th nn Lafayette Fusiliers. as Guard of Honor, th Commanded by Captain Wilson. i " Captain Laurssen'* troop. 3 Captain Liamu'i troop, an re- B to a(j" Relative* of the deaeaied and J? _j Friends of the Family nf Mayor* and Corporation* of tne Citlea of Pa t New Vork and Brooklyn. , b>< Officer* of the Army and Navy, (in uniform.) r* Officers of the 1st Division, (In uniform.) rtl Officer* ol Infantry, (In uniform.) _j Independence Guard. Dd Capt. Reynold.. ? New Lefavotte Guard. j*' * French Corp* Washington Guard and other Infantry Corp*. {f( Rifle Ranger*, Captain Parker. 9jj OF M A1ICII. , ft The body will be received at .1 o'clock, P. M.. on Thur*- , l'n day, the '12d Inst, at Pier No. 1 East river; the oommand m( "e wiU then march up Broadway to Canal street, to steam- j >n> boat Frank. The body then lelt in charge of Captain tu <*" Wilson'* Guard of Honor to be oonTeyed to Fort Lee, ?*7 where it will be passed to the proper authorities of New int Jersey. A short address will be delivered by Capt. ?n* jno J Mumford, late of the Governor'* Guard at the *0 foot of Canal street. y0 Minute guns are to be fired on the Battery, on board ^ iur the Frank, and at Bull'* Ferry.when the boat Is in sight. th r- A salute will be fired at Fort Lee, on the arrival of the , rill body. . of The Wbathkr.?Yesterday wsj an agreeable sort of fu n(1 day, the atmosphere having been considerably cooled pa u" down, after the rain aniT heavy thunder storm of pi ,u the previous night The thermometer In the early part sn- of tne day ranged up to 8 j degrees, and we had a soft ev nd shower of rain about one o'clock, the wiud blowing m Br" from the south-west. The evening was cool and agreea- wi ire ble We had also a shower about six o'clock. At Mon- fo j"1" tioollo. Sullivan county, on the 19th Inst., the thermome- iti tor stood at 99 in the iliade. wi Bank Difaulcation.--Considerable excitement was J? ia. created within the walla of the Leather Manufacturer'*

Bank a few days since, by the announcement that a large sum was deficient in the cash account. It appears { " a(1 that one of the officers of that Institution is a defaulter jj" t0 for about forty thousand dollars, a portion of which the >" #n directors hare hopes of recovering. The party implicated * n has been under arrest several days, and the probability " r? is that his secret detention Is principally with a view to * ] ,n arrange the affair to the satisfaction of both parties. J et As there are a large number of stockholders interested V 0() in the result of the matter, we shall watch the prooeed. ings very closely. 1)0 la Oua City Gue?t?.? The offloers of the French steamer ftu ht Union, yesterday visited the City Hall, and several of jn< a- our public institutions, as gues'.s of the city. A full j id report of the entertainment given by the Mayo; and pa, Common Council, will be found In to-morrow's Herald. |,u rj. the press of other matter precluding its insertion to- j10 ny day. A dinner is to be giveu to the officers of the Union w j this evening, at Delmonico's Hotel, by the French and 0, In Amerioan citizens of New York. No doubt the party ^r| ie will be numerous. ^ Thp. Chinese Junk.?A few people, pretending, of a 68 course, to superior wisdom, and ignorant of every thing litl r" pertaining to China and the Chinese, having asserted a g ry that th? Junk, now attracting so much attention in our thi w harbor. Is not in reality a Junk, but an affair manufao- ho tured for deoeption by a down east Yankee, we make an ' room for the following communication from a ship- th< of master, who examined the strange craft from stem to we '*< stern, which shows conclusively her tr*e character. He nic J" sayscis 'e " Having seen in the papers a disposition to Impress nle the public with a. belief that the Chinese Junk is an lm- wt is. position, got up in this quarter for exhibition, I have ws at been induced to visit her with a view to ascertain the ba fact; and have examined her from stem to stern, In pri r. every particular. I am satisfied that she is of Chinese pa h. origin, and that there Is no deoeption. She has the ap- Htc h; pearance of having been built about three years, and to in st- have seen much service; every thing pertaining to her. fa< k- and on board. Indicate her " truly Chinese." I spent su< is- three hours on board, and was muon gratified in viewing by n; the peculiar construction of the vessel, her bamboo thi ir- railings, spilt rattan satis, rattan cables, bark hawsers, iw wood anchors, and various windlasses on different parts ari B of the deck, for the purpose of hoisting the sails, rud- Cs it. der. anohors, Ice. Add to which, the cabins are pro- ' A. fuselv decorated and embellished with ourlous Chinese Do G. furniture, images, 8to. Sic., too numerous to dosoribe. evi tir She may be termed a " floating museum of rare and Mi i-g rloh Chinese ouriosltles," embraolng numerous Chinese,. f?c ir; who appear pleased to see the visiters, apd for attention Fr K. shown them making presents of trifling valM. No pefson of le; can Bpesid 35 cents with greater satisfaction. While on Tt ,in board I heard a number express surprise how she ever it. got here. As I am familiar with the prevalence or the Tt winds at the different seasons of the year, I soon solved Co the mystery by stating that the monsoon winds blow from north to south in the Indian Ooean, extending to< Ig. from latitude 38 N. to latitude 38 S., for six successive Tt of months, commencing in Ootober, which must have ch jt], brought her around the Capo of Good Hope, when she es< must have soon got into the trade winds, which de blow from east to west perpetually between the latitudes ,p. of 38 N. and 38 8., entirely across the Atlantis Ooean. e(j When she quit the trade wind, she took the southerly ,?l wind prevalent on our coast at this season of the yi ar, qu which brought her into port; she having with trifling J in exception oeon ucuore in? wiuu um wuuie passage. nnc ?? U illy adapted to a head wind, and will probably be taken br by steam to the prlnoipal port* of the United State* ik thence go to Havana, England. France, Spain, Portugal. ' and the Mediterranean, by which time the owners wlil f ra hare made money enough to give the Junk her freedom. ^ Ht The American Inititute.?In the report of the .. ?g "Farmers' Club," in yesterday'* Herald, the October 1 n- Fair of the Institute waa inadvertently put down for the tra In 20th of October, instead of Monday, the 6th. This Fair thi receives articles for exhibition, at Castle Garden, on the . h- first and seoond days of October. 0411 Emigration.?Those interested in settling emigrants J In the Wester- country would do well to refer to tlu: str i( notice of a large land sale in another oolumn. tiei jti Fire.?A fire broke out yesterday morning, about 11 hei ik o'clock, at No 18 William street, but waa promptly ex- r tinguished by the police. u >o Melancholy Occurence.?Yesterday afternoon, a an' *- sail boat,containing several boys or men. was seen to cap- wo 50 size at the lower point of Blaokwell* Island, and whllo git the individaala were struggling to save themselves, it is . >h said that no less than six or eight vessels sailed olose by !i. them, without an effort being made by those on board to rei >?* rescue them from a watery grave. Their perilous sltua*t tion was at last discovered by James A. Smith, residing a at the foot of 3Mh street, who immediately sprang into at ?r- a boat, and pushed off to render what assistance be an sd could, hoping, at least, to save one of the party,whom he of >t. then saw clinging to the side of the capsized'boat; but cli ed before he could reach it, that one had also lost his hold wo >f- and sunk. The boat was soon righted by Mr. Smith, co 'ia who towed her to the foot of 36th street. The name ?f ou he th? hunt, nrnvftd to he the "Sea Gull " A Mark Hummer Dri cloth coat, a blue Hack ooat, a pair of casiiuere pantaloon*, Tc a striped Tent, a straw hat, a email banket, fishing rods, at reel*, fco , were found either in the boat or floating near, th . Mr Smith's attempt was well made, though uniortunate- ho be ly he did not sucoeed in saving any life. The wind at the time was blowing quite fresh. of ?d th Died from the Effects of Heat.?Coroner Wal- ?ii he ters was called to hold an inquest yesterday, upon the k, re- body of Patrick Sheridan, a native of Ireland, aged 33 ta years, who was at work aR a laborer, ou Monday last, in ro- a sewer, and died yeiterday morning from the effects of e* m. heat. Verdlot accordingly. m Fatal Accident ?The Coroner held an inquest, also, in ter at the oorner of 14th street and 4th Avenue, on the body of Thomas Kinny, a native of Ireland, aged 34 years tli 011 who, while engaged in digging the foundation of a house bj la" above, a quantity of earth fell upon him, causing almost, of instant death. Verdict la accordance with the foregoing to B" facU. at C< Accidf.*tal Drowning.?The coroner was called to Kf bold an inquest also, at No. 311 Delancey street, on the d< body of a girl 13 years old, named Margaret Delahanly. th . a native or Ireland, who went on board a steamboat . w| ! 0f lying at Corlear's Hook, on Tuesday afternoon, for the hi wa purpose nf gathering some chips, and on going ashore, mi she stumbled and fell into the water, and waR drowned; m< rn no effort being made by those at work oh board the boat, (|i nt who ordered the girl to leave, to rescue her from drown- go t jt nlng Some persons on shore endeavored to reach her, m Dt but without success. Her body was grappled for, ana re- ar Lh ' covered yesterday morning. Verdict, death by aocldeu- wl ,#(J tal drowning. ? ,od Mt Board of Kd neat Ion. th r?. T. Harris, Ksq , President, In the Chair. Theminuten ec not of the preceding meeting were read and approved. se tiff Public Suhnnl Socirly ?Communication from th ue the Publio School Society, enclosing a copy of a resolu- D int tion passed by that body, appointing a committee of con- in fertnce, and requesting that tho Board of F.ducatWn cl mv. should appoint a similar committee, and that both sbeuld di )Ut meet at an early day, and hold a conference Refe*ed bj 9U- There was also enclosed in the same of mmunlcatlon tho m annual report of tho Public School Society, which was cc jj. reierrea io a special nimuiiwt. > an Flirvrnth Ward.?Communication from the trustees of w t,.,l the Eleventh Ward, stating that an additional sum of re the $300(1 would be required to finish the ward school, now d< i of bring erected In that ward, and asking that the same be In 'ho appropriated Referred. tli led Thirteenth Ward ?Communication from trustees and pi inj Inspectors of the Thirteenth ward, asking that be a, appropriated to make up deficiencies in the expenses in tl) ,,,fj purred In the erection of the new school house In the ar lOW 131 h ward. Referred. oi ty_ Fifteenth Ward.?Resolution by the commissioner of fli up the Fifteenth ward, asking an appropriation of $ft000 for to tli the legal and other expenses of sohool No. 20, In the 1 ftth ed cu.' ward. Referred to Mnanae Committee, with instmceth h< Rtporli?Of Finance Committee. In faTor of paving hi h?r the assignees of Charles O'Brien $348 for painting Bcnool r? ,a}iH House No. 17, in the 14th ward, referred back to the (,| acn same Committee. 0f From the Committee on Applications, In favor of {.or establishing a new school In the 3th ward?Accepted. tr Eifht Ward Ttar.htrt.?A resolution, to appropriate ?r lve $1300 to pay the teachers of the 8th ward up to the 1st pr |a- August nett?Accepted j? Various small bills were next read and ordered to bo hi 'ore P*'d, after which the Board adjourned fc Personal and Political. The whig* of the Senatorial district composed by the tr >R- counties of Jeffi'rson and Washington, hate, by acola- it r?( mation, selected George Htapleton. Ksij . as their can tli dldate for the Senate .? Savannah Republican, l7tA in$t. te i of ??; f c on- The steamer Ktnplre, plying on the lake*, burns 700 tl< de- eords of wood to tT-e trip It is estimated that she will or en- consume two hundred and thirty-four acres ol tim- gr im- ber. employing forty wood Choppers at an ex penes of over oi #10,000. ' t: -*.r? *m*iv in' ? i' nlWMiaii -ir i ** wmmi MMH> V. S. Hotil, SaBatsoa Iniati. July lfl. 1*49. ? lit to Saratoga Lakt?Magnificant Scmtry? Sulphur [ Spring)?Tht Park *t the V. S. Hotel? Afuiie?.ir- i ritalt. We went over to the Saratoga Lako yost?rday| dap- v ?1 greys and a stanhope wagon ; ting agricultural o untry; beautiful garden*; herd* of cattle; and folds Umbo. We. whose blood bad become stagnant in ( * rile air of the capital, were electrified at sight of e moss, and the grey rocks, and the sweet rustic worn. and the simple farm houses, and the lake. A dck ride of four mllei and a half, by scientific mearement. through a most lovely country, brought us the bright waters of the lake. At the hotel, near at . ,nd, we drank a bottle of Heldiac with an amiable enchman from Cuba ; afterwards, with a brilliant I rty of men and women, we w$nt on board the steam- o at R. B Coleman, Captain Young. The Saratoga c ike is a mass of clear and pure water, nine miles in lgth, and from one mile and a half to two miles in L dth; it is one of those basins of sparkling water, bor- e red by jogged rocks and tall pines, and growing grain f d deep tinted forests, which Ood has beneficently ren to man for happy purposes; it wa> as calm and 1 aceful as the skies wbloh were mirrored in Its bosom a . four o'clock, the well appointed steamer was unloosed >m the wharf, and we were immediately underwsy.? ' le Is a neat boat, painted white, with an engine from t e Allaire works in New York; she was built especially ( the travellers who como to Saratoga, and 1 think I . ly say that this elegant little steamer is perfectly suit- ! to such survioe. If there is anything which can dis- ! rb the gravity of your reductions, or put cynicism to i e blush?If there is anything that can break those nvsntionallties of iron which are the curse of dittin- j e society?if there is anything, sir, that can promote ! ur respect and love for the adorable Ood, or improve ur opinion of the human character, it ia the chanc% at suddenly incarcerates you in a position from which ere is nothing to behold but the divine and aatoundg works of the Omnipotent. Theie palpable evidence." his being and his wi?4om. overcome the heart and suf Be the ey?a with grateful tears?they show that com.riaona between Divine and human operation! are im >ssible and intolerable. We had a happy company on board the steamer, and cry thing was calculated to diffuse happiness; in forty iuutoB alter wo cut loose from the lower wharf, we sre at the landing at the head of the lake ; here we uud a sulphur spring; we drank of the water freely ; i temperature hardly ever varies, even in the warmest father ; I believe it is about 36 degrees Tbis spring owned by Judge Thomas Marvin, of 8aratoga, and by s brother, Hon. James Marvin, who was a prominent amber of the Legislature two years since. These genimen are large landed proprietors, and ('believe they .ve an interest in the Congress Springs; they have lilt a pavilion and a bathing house at the head water* the lake, where we > njoyed the luxury of a cold bath, e remained here an hour, and then strrted on our turn. The entire excursion was delightful, and I recommend ilmllar one to every visiter at Saratoga, as a feature In b entertainments,which should not be forgottsu. The at makes two trips per day, one In the morning and e in the evening. Ours was the evening excursion, d we arrived in town at 7 o'clock, charmed with the iidents of the day. will offer you a simple description of the grounds or rk of this hotel, which is in the rear of the principal tiding, and onclosed on two sides by wings of the tel. This park is several aores in extent; It is shaded th rows of msjestlo elms and msples; the thick cart of grass with which it is covered is divided by finely tvelled walks; at the extreme rear is a gentle ascent. iioh is also shaded by beautiful trees. The whole forms magnificent promenade. Beneath these trees the tie archers bend their bows and the ehlldren play ame called *'the graces;*' down the gentle asoent lu ? rear, the little fairies skip the rope and trundle the op ; In the front is a group of gentlemen sitting In n chairs and smoking their regalias ; a few paces farar on we observe a group if Spanish gentlemen,whom easily distinguish by their olive faces, and by the muof their language; these gentlemen are just now orlt'ilng the prima tmorr at the concert last evening (Monur Dubreuil) ; in the centre of the park is a fountain, ilch, with the aid of several hundred feet of hose, iters the entire grounds ; near this fountain a superior nd are playing beautiful airs : angelic women are oiiienadlng the piazzas of the wings which front the rk ; frequently one of these lovely creatures suddenly >ps and applauds an air which the band has executed; the embrasure of a high window, we discover the pale )e of an Invalid. listening smilingly to the softmuslo ; oh is half the picture, and the other half you Bhall have and by. We shall sdso have something to say about b circular railway, near the Congress Spring. Among the arrivals of army and navy officers to-day 9 Lieutenant Steedman and lady, or the navy, and .ptaln lloluud and Sydney Smith of the army. l'he concert of Madame Fleury Jolly and Monsieur ibreuil, which was given here night before last,was, in ary respect, worthy of the reputation of these artists, idame whs in good voice, ana she was never more per:tly capable of singing the most difficult passages from Bnch operas. They were received, by a largeaudienoe the dilletanti, with most unbounded enthusiasm.? ley wefSUfi doubt gratified at their reception. rho State Temperance Sooiety, which met here on lursday, has recommended that a State Temperanotinvention be held at an early day. rhe celebration of the Sons of Temperance, which >k place yesterday, was throughout a handsome affair le procession was very fine, and the performances In uroh were very interesting. These gentlemen were sorted to the depot by a body of cltiiens, and on their parture were cheered with enthusiasm. St. Louii, July 4,18 47. iian Massacre? Matters at Fort Leavenworth?Small Pox Jlmong the RecruitI?Doings on the Return of ' Doniphan's Volunteers?Incidents of the Battle oj c Sacramento?Death of Owen?Mexican Tricks?Ruiior of Court Martial on Captain Reed. $c. < iince I taut wrote you, we have received no reliable inmation from the Plains. The rumored massacre of i^eamsters near Walnut Creek, has neither been condieted nor confirmed. Some six or eight small parties it were to have left Santa Fe and Taos at stated perii, and all of which might have arrived here before this, re not been heard from, an'l tho supposition is a very ong one, that all communication, except for large par s, has beer cut < ff by the Indian* who, when last ird from, were in large foroe between the Arkansas osslng and Council Orove. The companies of horst' il foot, however, that have recently left Fort Leavenrth for Santa Fe, will soon give an account of the uation of affairs along the route. ireat dissatisfaction exists among the new recruits, in 'erence to the shameful manner in which they hav# en treated by the Government. When they arrived Fort Leavenworth, there was no adequate subsistence, ins or camp equippage. All but one of the companies mounted men, were turned out on the plains with old imsy muskets, Instead of carbines, their appropriate upon One oompany refused to receive them, until trend into compliance. Several companies left witht tents, and on short allowance, until teams could be Dvidcd, and stores purchased, to be sent after then) > make the matter worse, the small pox has broken out the Fort, and some two hundred teamsters have tows up their engagements, and departed for their mes We have had great "doings'' in St. Louis, In the way receiving the returning volunteers under Doniphan e details of whioh you have no doui>t seen In the ly papers. Among the ''lions1' of the city are Jauit-s rker, Thomas Forsyth and Antoine Clement, mounlueers and trappers, who performed the most signal rvioe In carrving out the more haiardous duties of the pedltlon Kirker is an Irishman by birth, but* for er resident of this city, from whioh he has been absent the mountains and plains about thirty years. Forth is a mau of the most daring intrepidity, and a nape of this oity. He oarried to Santa Fe, accompanied r one man,the express which conveyed the intelligence the battle of Braoito ; fought like a tiger at Saoramen, making more " center shuts" at Mexican officers than ly other man, (it was him who woundrd desperately >1 de Leon, at the dlstanoa of two hundred yards!) and tor the taking of Chihuahua,bore an express from Col. >niphan to N'ew Orleans at the head of aeventeen men. rough a Camanch* country, having several battles thttie Indians, without the loss of a single member of s party Antolne, by which name Mr. Clement is alost exclusively known, was born in the mountains, hip other being an Indian woman, his fether a Frenchman was reared in the wilderness, and though au Intellint man. seems reconciled to do other life. At Sacraento be volunteered as a cannoneer under Wrightn-au, id it was by his advloe that the artillery was planted ithln fifty yiiran or one 01 me reuouois - c ignt ciox- . tight clone!" said Autoine, " dat It de ?y v? vlp de mnish and Indian !" and dure enough, It wan the way at Saoramcnto wan won. Every man went into the ; i^agemeut on his " own book," and wan a host in him if Owens, a? It ha* before been stated, w?a killed J rough hia own rasbneaa His is a melancholy tale, omeatic aflliction made him a drunkard. On the even g of the engagement, and a* the tiring ?u commonug. he rode up to oae of hi* command who waa on , ny a* a guard over the wagon train, and said, " (Jooii r, VV , I in going to charge that redoubt yonder, nmti 1 ;pect to be killed; hand m? over your canteen," he mtinued, " I'll take a good pull, and go to hell rich !" ? wan th?n much Intoxloated, and taking a deep drink 1 aved hia hand and dashed off in the direction of the. 1 i loubt A party at tne moment waa charging the re- ' >ubt on the right of the road, but Owena rode to the ft and ancended the emlnenoe to within ten yarda ol ie muatiea of lh? guna Mere he commenced tiring hia ' atola into the fort, and had retained hia poaltion about re minutes, when a muKketoon ball, from a battery on . in other aide of the vall-y. atruck him on the left knee, id killtid hia horae. Tne animal wheeled, and fell , l hia riiler, whoae back waa then towards the . 'at named redoubt. Perceiving that he waa struggling | discogagn himaelf, another oharglng party near ruahI to hia rescue, but. before they could reach him, an copette ball had atruck him ou the back part of the lad. and aeveral lancea from the besieged had pleroed ' a body. The second charging party daaned over the pa- I pet, just ?* the tlrat entered the redoubt on the other i ile. Owen'a death waa immediately avenged by that < almost every man in the redoubt. I At the buttle of Sacramento, some of the best Mexican oops, those of Durango, fell down, when holly pressed, id pretended to be dead. A number of these became , isonera, and were marched to Chihuahua. A story , told of One poor fellow, who cam" near losing his life j r having counterfeited death. With others, he had i Hen among the alain, and waa paaaed over by the oon- t lerora aa a sure enough done for Mexican. At length. I >wever, ft canteen of muaoalle, alung on hia back, at- j acted the attuntlon of a volunteer, who stooped to cut J looae. I he poor fellow, alarmed U the appearance of , 0 knife so near hi? throat, ?prang to hie feet, and atinpt'ed to make off " Stop, you acouDdrel, 'said tho ilunteer. throwing hia rifle to hia cheek At that crl sal moment, the Mexican, perceiving the danger, fell J 1 his knees and begged for quarter. It was reluctantly , anted by the voluntuer, who awore that the fellow ( ight to be killed, at any rate, lor hia cowardice. t I understand from one of the heroes of Um Lipan fight, ?.???? mil iwa. . tu? OaataU ft*t4 ?U tktrttMwi wtlki? Muri *4H??4 >t liltlUe. tot his assault ob th(M Indians 11 ire mi hat 0?n*ral Taylor had made a treaty of pruct. with bam, bat of thU Captain Read hail not b??n apprised, ?hleh Uttrr fact lavfd the gallant captuja'f oonduet t?m lnv<-?tlgntlou There i* tin infinite deil of humbug bout this faith keeping with \>xio;*is aud (lavages, rho rrgard a treaty merely tia a protection for their wn atruclctlos Lake Miciiiuak, July 8 and 9. Steamboat St. ?Pirn sure Trip to Orten Buy? I Milwaukle?Ex- Police Justice Job Haskell- theyboygan and Philip Hone, Etq.?ji,i Indian Beau? Oreen Bay and Ui Island Scenery?The Manitou Island!. The convention having closed lta labor* on Wedaeslay, I took passage In the elegant stoamar St. Loula, rlnclpally owned by the liberal Hollister, of Buffalo, and ommandsd by Captain Frederick S. Wheeler, who la } onsidered on* of the moat capable navigators and popu- 1 ir officers on theaa lake*. She ?ai deatlned for a tour 1 >f pleasure, extending to all that waa considered Inteeating on the route to Oreen Bay, and thence to Maokiiaw and the Bault St. Maria. The paaaengera numbered ibout two hundred, nearly half of whom were ladiea. tmong the distinguished gentlemen that formed his Interesting party were the Honorable* Thomas Torwln, of Ohio; Thoma* Butler King, of Oeorgla; '.dward Bate*, of St. Lout*. Preaident of the Chicago Convention; Ueorg* W. Clinton and Wm. A. Moiely, ot Buffalo; Johh O. Camp. ol Florida; Levi Beardslvy, of ?Jew York; Trumbull Carey, of Bvtavia; Chaa Evan*, if Lock port; Thoma* C. 8beldon, of Detroit; Mr. Van :ier*, the author of the Tippecanoe songs, of Ohio; Jaa. L, Barton, of Buffalo; Dr. E. H. Merryman. of Sprlngli Id. Illinois; and Dr. Simpson, the king fisherman, of ? Louis. t*c , fcc. The press was fully represented br rhurlow Weed, of the Albany Evening Journal; Chamjpti, of the St. Louii Repablican; Keemle, of the Rtveil'e; Treat, of the St. Louii Union; Thomas Allen, fornerly of the Maditonian, Williams, of the Detroit Adlertiter; Matthews, of the Cincinnati Herald; and John J. Wrlitht. one of the fathers of the craft. (to.. &o The evening gaily pasted away with danoe and conversation, and the next forenoon brought ug to the thriving town of Milwaukie, the destined route of thou- * lands of our most enterprising emigrants. Time was here riven for n visit through Its limits, and in my stroll, the fcmillar face of ex-polloe justloe Job Kaskell met my rlew. He Informs me that the entorprise of thin town was unequalled in the territory, and that its advantageu of if an extensive power and riohnesa of soli of the Interior, bad almost yearly doubled its population. The large itoresand dwellings, are mainly built of bHck, of a white hue, manufactured within its preclnots. This article alone will be of immense advantage to its wealth, is there are but one or two other points in this whole sxtent of country where clay can be found suitable for ouilding purposes. The population is estimated at about 13,000, and two daily papers of opposite politics are well lupported. The next point of partial interest that occupied our ittentioa, on our route, was the new and overgrowing own of Sheboygan, owned principally by Philip lone, Esq., of your city, who came with us to risit his young empire. A large number of rame houses have been erected durin the >ost year, many of which, however, appeared to bo overenanted, and my conclusions were that an attempt was naking to force a settlement beyond the present retirements or emigration. The only spirit of rivalry bat struck my eye was the sign of an eastern man, tainted ' Yankee Grocery," and that of a Wisconsin iatlv?, labelled" Badger Orooary." On passing through he village, whioh I should suppose contained about 400 nhabltanta, we aocosted a gav, handsome, young Indian Jhief, mounted on his pony, decorated with all the gew;aw? and trinkets that oould be loaded upon himself and lis animal. On promise of a " little something," be folowed us to the boat, where the ladies iiad opportunity ;o soan his taste and musoular beauty. Friday morning put us in view of the distant shore >f Oreen Bay, and soon after we passed Death's Door," he Indian legendary name for the southern entrance, rhls appalling cognomen appears to have been given 'rom the fact, that, many years ago, a large band of Iniians were wrecked in a terriflo storm, while attempting o cross the lake at this point, aud all perished. The icenery of the southern main shore was most ilcturesque, while the whitened orags of the several leautiful islands and the bleaoned pebbles of he beach, presented a strange wintry oontrast to the 'ich foliage of the graoeful fir and cedar above. After 'oundlng the islands we ohanged our oourse due East, 'or the Manitous, for the purpose of wooding for our 'oute to Mackinaw. We landed at the northern Manitou sland, and the passengers dispersed to various points, 1 o stroll upon the beacn, or occupy tho time In fishing, >athlng or hunting. But few fish were caught, but the [tinners shot a large quantity of young pigeons, with rhich the island swarmed. Our wood being stowed, we \ oon were under way for Mackinaw, the queen island of he lakes. , The evening passed off with danoe and song, and the Jbum of the intellectual and handsome Miss Love, of iuffalo. received the following addition to her beautiful md well stored album : ? " If friendship is the spring of love, A lid love the source of human bliss, May lov*, like NoaU's pilot dove? llest, - Lore,' in happier world* than thli." C. Mackinaw Island, July 10,1847. rht Scenery of the Queen Island of the Lakes?Th* Fort and Volunteers?The Arched Rnck and Sugar Loaf?a Pic Nic?Brook Trout Fishing at Carp River, JfcDear Sir Saturday morning brought us within 'lew of the bluffs and cliffs ofthe Island of Mackinaw,so :elebrateJ in the early settlement of this Northwestern cglon, by t>*e Krenoh and English. The party was here livlded, in order to pass the cfky agreeably to all?a large tortlon being desirous of enjoying the pleasure ef trout Uhing, while others preferred a pic nio and stroll hrough the woods, to view the beautiful scenery of the gland. Under the direction and preparation of our at. entire steward, Bloomer, who provided all that appetite lould wish, some fifty ladies and gentlemen wended .beir way to the arohed rock, while the steamer, with the emainder ofthe party under charge of Capt. Wheeler, left 'or Carp river, soma twelve miles distant, to spend the lay in brook trout fishing, under the cnteriiing inanagenent of Sandy Welch, Jr., son of the oelebrated ' Sandy" >f your city. The island of Mackinaw presents much to interest the iraveller, and much was I pleased that I remained on ibore instead of acoompanying the flxhiog party. The irst point that strikes the eye is the whitened garrison, levated over one hundred feet above the shore, and t>oldly overlooking the strait below. It Is now ocoupied r>y a company of volunteers from Detroit, who offt-red :heir services to the government for war service, but were stationed here,anil tbu regulars sent to Mexico It is but justloe to add, however, that nearly all the original volunteers presented substitutes as soon as they were ;unt to this point, instead of being ordered in defence of their country. Half a mile In the rear of this fort is mother plateau, seventy-five feet higher, formerly the nite of old Fort Holmes. From thto spot tbe panoramic view extends to an area ol hundreds ot miles, enclosing the Indented shores of upper Michigan, the smoky haze of the lower, and tbe green isles and inlets that dot the distance at almost every point,? The waters around tbe Island are so narrow and tranquil that excursions of pleasure are made up dally by rusl.tent boarders and visiters; and there Is scarcely* a point within view that Is not reached by the ordinary nixed canoe or the skiff boats that encircle the shore. The grotesque village of Mackinuw Is situated in a reoess on the south-eastern side of the Island, under the brow of the fort, and opposite tbe steamboat landings, l'he dwellings area mixture of thatched cabins, frame liouses, and bark huts, built In all styles of architecture. Interspersed with some modern improvements' All the inhabitants are a mixed breed of French, Indian, Knglish, and Yankee, speaking a patoit with a similar origin. The entire oircumferenoe of the island does not sxeced ten miles, and its formation appears to be of ;rey secondary lime stone, rising on the easterly side jver 150 feet from the greon waters below, and aru decorated on the top with the evergreens of the forest. On the verge of this eastern cliff Is a narrow natural bridge, ir " arohed rock," as It Is her.i tormod. with a span of ibout one hundred feet, from the summit of which '.h? lake below appears like a vast mirror, rejecting the beauties of nature above. This forms a place of attraction to all visiters, many of whom are iaring enougn to pass over the arch, notwithstanding It ippears fast crumbling away, while others are content with climbing up the declivity that forms the Inner bank opposite, and fall panting with exertiou on reaohl n tr Ih. ...mmW A >h?l ,11 ~ .1 - - - - >..n v huuto niinui n corneal rook, culled the " sugar loaf," whoso pinnacle over* :op? the forest like thejofty tower|of eastern battlements, rhe western tlope li oove.red with primitive boulder*, ilmllar to those on the granitic mountain* beyond Lake Superior, and the forest presents attractions to the l.ota. list. while the naturalist inay occupy his time In the colectlon of organic remains distributed through hia mo. Iter earth. The climate at thin season li bracing, except during he middle of the day, when the thermometer stood at >A : but in a few short hours a change Is experienced, md at suuset, we had a temperature not over AO, to Kid si refreshing sleep. After the morning's stroll, the pic nle party assembled it a rural spotoalled " Uobeou's farm,-' about a mile and i half from the village, whero a most refreshing lunch ind chowder, with all the accompaniments, were served ip by our gentlemanly steward, and relished by the keen ippetltes produced from the morning's exercise, and the pure, fresh air of this healthful climate. A variety of iport followed among the gay and active,when the party icparatod and wended their way, as best pleased. bacK :o the village,to await the return of our beautiful steamsr. Shu poou after arrived with the trout ti?h< rmen, who had enjoyed fine sport, having taken betweeu two lud three hundred trout, auiidst perfec. swarms of black lies and inoschetoes. Yours. C. A railroad between Washington and Kredsrickaburg is suggested, the eijueduct at Oeorgetown to be the base Tor a railroad bridge across the I'otoinao. The distance would be about 60 miles, and It is supposed that the mall jould then be carried from Washington to New Orleans in Ave days. Gold l?eria,_" Klelit-llnia" l'rlnmplMiit The auccesa of these pens, helm pUred by public approval beyond h doubt, it u really ?in minx to witueas the twiatiun and urDing of thoae who have labored ao hard to K' t (heir pens lubatuuted for the Ftir.heljeua." Aa the public have taken he mitter ill hand and will determine whether the " Kirheieua,"at >2 only, will * rite aa well and last aa lon? aa those >eii? aold lor &J W elsewhere, we a.e content, Only keep thia act hi view, that the " Hichelima" are lor sale by J- V Harare, 112 Kulton at-eet, ami no where rlae. Ulher (Jold Peua roin Vj cents tofl 50. Tr?vtilliif( Dreaalng Cnaea?The awccdlnglf until compaia in which tile atibtc iDera have placed evjiv hiiiK n?cea?ary fur the toilet, without destroying their naefullesa, and tin: Intiidiome aud substantial maimer in which thev ire made, rendersthese cases su|ieriorto toy manutactored. \u examination cannot fail of beiut aatiafacjory. U. SAUNOfcHS Ik SON, 177 Broadway.