Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 25, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 25, 1847 Page 1
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TH] Vol. UU. No. WM-Whol* 4V8V The War, die. ONK DAY I.ATKR FROM VKRA CRUZ. [From the New Orleana Delta of the 10th in*t.] The n team ship I'almetto. Captain Smith, arrived from Veracruz limt night. She left there on the 9th, Tampico on the 10th, and BraioR St. Jago on the 11th?one day later than the (iaWentou. W? received by her the .Sun of Anahuac of the !Uh--a dato one day later than we had previously received. Nothing from Tampico or the Urazo*. There waa, we are told, no later news- no courier from the army?nothing train the detachment of Loulaiana troops which bad left Tampico. We transcribe the following oaraaraphu from the Sun oi AnaUusc. of the 9th : ? The night before last, a Frenchman named Simon I.aiuadee, wan stabbed by a Mexican named llomane Bustaraente. The wound is a dangerous one. We are requested to say, that a reward of $100 is offered for the apprehension of Bust.umente. Capuiu Mayo, United States navy, Governor of Alvarado. as we have said in a previous number, ascended the Alvarado river with the steamer Petrlta, a few days ago, iu pursuit of a renowned priest, chief of the guerilla*. (Padre Jarauty ) Captain M. went up the river about eeventy milks, to a town called Cosamaloapan, where the padre had captured an American trader's boat, with two men, and robbed $'100 from them; but wh<>u he arrived the Mextoan had fled, after selling the boat. No resistance was made to the Governor?he hoisted the American flag, made the alcalde pay the $200, and return the boat to its owner. The padre, before leaving Cosamoloapan, on Friday last, told the people that his intention was to ga to Tesechoacaa, and Hacienda of Nopalapam, for the purpose of collecting MX) horses, to mount his mun, at this time stationed in the town of Cotasta, Ilacienda of Naratyo, and Boca Costal, in number about (S00 effective men; from these places he was to join a guerilla obief from Jalapa. Juan Chimioo Keboliodo, who is now in the pass of the llaya, nine miles from Jalapa, with 1 AO men, and collecting as many more as possible from tho neighboring country, for tl>? purpose of attaoKIng our train, on their way up. llu has positive orders to take no prisoners, but to put to death not ouly all Americans, but even every Mexican that he can catch, that has in any way rendered services to our countrymen. Tkruor ok thk Castlc.?When Com. Perry was carrying his flotilla up Tabtfco river, he saw a Mexican paddling his canoe along with a degree of dexterity which told that he was well acquainted with the upward navigation. The Commodore summoned him on .U wo II?S IUI|J VI.UU r>uur|iiuuy uuu i|uc?nuiiou uiui concerning tho condition of the river and the position of the enemy. Strange to say, he knew nothing?he was merely a laborer in an ttdjoiulng cornfield, and was going to hiH home; knew nothing about the war. But strange ax was this unexpected ignorance it was not half ho strapge as was the sudden change which took place in the mind and memory of the Mexican, after the Commodore had threatened to send him to the castle of 8. Juan do I'liia, if hit did not promptly and correctly answer al! questions. Under this gentle admonition he gave all the information which the Commodore desired, and told with great accuracy tho numerical force of the enemy, their position. 8tc. what a terror to tho natives is this same castle of 8. Juan de L'lua! THfc PRISONERS OF ENCARNACIO.V. DEEPLY INI EREBTINU NARRATIVE or THE CAFTl'H L, ADVENTUREI, SUFFER I.Ki.q, ETC., OF MAJORS UilNE) AND HOR1.ANDS VARTV IN MEXICO. There arrived yesterday, in our city, by the schooner Home, from Tampico, John Swigert, John Scott, W. lloleman, of Capt. Milam's company of Kentucky cavalry, P. Tunk, of Capt. Pennington's, aud W. I'. DenowiU, of Capt. Heady'? company, all of whom belonged to the command of Major Gaines. which was captured last February near Kncaruacion by a large Mexioan foroo under Gen Mlnon. These gallant fellows, who are very young men, esoapcd from their guard at the town of Haequetla, about forty leagues from Tampico,and reaching the latter place in safety, alter a most perilous and trying march, emhftrkHfi fnr this nnrt. in tin* uchitunup II unit* In a vary gratifying Interview with Mr. Swigert, one of these young men, we have learned many interesting particular* of tbo capture, sufferings, trials and adventures of Major < Jaiues' purty. To relate all the interest* ing and romantic incidents, so modestly and forcibly detailed to us by this brave young Kentucklan, would swell our narrative quite beyond the com pass of our paper. We trust that the task of snatching from oblivion and i handing down to posterity a faithful record of the stirring incidents counected with the capture and march of tbia party, will be assumed and discharged by some of the very capable officers and >oldiers who participated iu these eventful scones The genius of t'assius M. Clay would, no doubt, do full justlue to the subject, and we ardently hope he may soon be in a situation to fulfill the hopt-s of bis countrymen iu that regard. The principal events of the oapture of Majors Gaines and Borland * parties are well known to our readers.? These officers, with three companies of Kentucky and Arkansas Cavalry, were out on a two days' march beyond our main camp as a scouting party, ft was thought that there were small bodies of the enemy's cavalry, prowling about the country, but no one had the slightest appreheusion that a large force could be so near Gen. Wool's camp. Major Gaines having joined Major Borland at a Rancho near Kncarnaolon, the two oommands went into quarters for the night, after posting sentinels some distance in advance and on the top of the house in which they wore encamped. That night the officers, who, tired by a very long march, had lain down to sleep, were several times aroused by the alarms of the sentinel, who declared that ho saw an armed Mexican approaching the Kaaoh. But the se tlnels on the top of the house declared they oould see nothing, and the man who ffHTH the alftrm w? trnntad u a u rht hur nervous and dreaming individual. The officers thereupon retired again to their blankets, but had scarcely fallen asleep when they were aroused by another alarm from the sentinel, who declared that he bad again seen an armed Mexican, and had pulled trigger on him, but, his gun luting wet, the cap did not explode. Other alarms were also given by olber aentinels picketed some distance from the Ranch The night was now waning fast. It wu? very dark and misty. The officers bestirred themselves, and arousing the men. prepared to meet an attack, tbinkiag that the enemy consisted of a force of four or tiye hundred, which Major Gaines had already been in pursuit of, and which he considered a torce about equal to his own. Our men were all collected on the top of the Ranch, with their guns ready for action, full of courage and zeal, and warmly desirous of a handsome brush with the enemy. The mom broke slowly. The mist hu?g hoavlly around them, and although they could hear very plainly the approach of horsemen, they could see nothing. At last the light began to break through the mist, Immediately in iheir front, and the faint outline of a strong body of armed horsemen was perceptible in the dlstanoe. And as the mist rolled and gathered up into huge olouds and gently ascended towards the neighboring heights, it revealed, with most painful distinctness, a whole regiuiMit of splendidly equipped Mexican Lancers drawn up In line of battle, and occupying a commanding position within three hundred yards of the Jl&cho occupied^. Mnjor Gaines' party. Undauntedly surveying and counting thin strong force before them, our men prepared for action, crying out " Oh there are only nix hundred of them?Its a fair light and we'll gee it out!-' But, stop! Look on the right m the mista leave that Ride of the Ranch, there in another regiment, juntas strong aa that in front. " Well," cried a stalwart Kentuckian, who kept all the while a bright eye on his long rifle, " thin la coining it rather strong, the thing looks serious, most decidedly; but I reckon we can lick a thousand Oreaaers, and throw In two huudrel for good measure.'' "Can't we!" was the unanimous cry of the party. " But, oh, cranky !" cried the tall sergeant, " here's more of the virmiutal" And there sure enough on ttpir left was another regiment, about six hundred strong, whose bright helmets, fHmlng pennons and ahowy uniforms, loomed out conspicuously in the dark herizon. And there too. just a few hundred yards in their rear, waa still another regiment. Thus wan this small party of one hundred anil twenty Americans entirely surrounded by a Mexican force of about three thousand cavalry, the finest in tho country, and commanded by one of their best officers. Undismayed, our men prepared for action, determined tn sell their lltes as dearly an possible. Never did men go more oalmly aud coolly to work than this little Spartan baud, at with many a careless jest and with thsmost imperturbable .1 arte front, they reloadud and recapped their ritles, looked to their cartouehu boxes, felt the oUge of their bowie kuivea, aud glauced a proud defiance at their legion foe. in the meantime, the euemy preserved the most perfect military order, and presented a display of martial Magnificence such aa our men bad never before wltnense<l Their offioera. covered with gold, and (.plendidly mounted and caparisoned, rode In frout, whilst their buglers blew Mitt Mexican chnrge, und made tlm hills around resound with their loud and exulting blasts. Major Oalnes ordered his bugler to rotpond to their threatening flourish by blowing with nil liis might tbo American charge, and directed the men to follow up tbe blast with three loud cheers The order was cheerfully and heartily obeyed Tbe Mexicans, who were advancing upon the Kaiicli. were bo awed bv the loud yell* and tcrritto hnisahs ot our boys, that tney halted, and laokud at our little band in inute terror and astonishment that ?o email party could make such a tremendous noise. (Jive them three time* three!" cried out Captain Cimsius M Clay, and the huxxahs were prolooked to the full complement until they made the welkin ring 'or miles around, and no frightened the Mexicans that their general, to prevent hid men from running away, had to order bis tine brass band to strike up the Tolka. and to wheel bla men into column and put them on tbe march In open order and with military precision, the Mexicans marched around the ranch to the tune of the " <"racovi?nne," and deemed, like tbe cat wilb its little victim, to be eportlng with their oaptive before they destroyed him. An officer with an interpreter and white Hag wan sent to Maj <?ain?? to demand his unconditioual surrender. ' Never," replied the gallant American. ''Then no i(u.irter will beg.ven,'remirked the Mexican. "Very well," exclaimed Capt. Clay?''remember the Alamo ! Before we surrender on such terms, more than live hundred of your yellow bellied scoundrels shall he left to bleach on yond?r plains " This remark tiie interpreter dlJ not think he could do full justice to in the translation. and he lett tbe officer to guoss at its meaning; wlilc'u. however was no ditttcult task, as the captain accompanied his declaration with rerj emphatic and expre.-live gesticulation. Jtwasttually .greed that Gaines should have an interview with Hen Mlnon Krom btm tbe Major received very courteous tr>-atm?i . %n<l was asmtred that In surrendering himself anJ uir party they would be treat-d with all the consideration ot prisoners of war. Maj Ualass, on eotumunl.a'.ing the result of his in la'n-j-i-j. - E NE" IN tervlew with Gen. Minon to hi* offloers, took a vote whether they should fight or surrender; and Captains Clay and Dtnby and Lieut. Davison were for fighting, and Major* Oaine* and Borland were for surrendering. Whilst they were parleying with the Vexieans, Major (fttine* observed that their m n were approaching near the ranoh. He immediately ordered his mun to fire upon the Mexicans if they approached a foot nearer, aud told their officers be should not continue the parley until their men fell back to their original position, which they did in very quick order when u few rifles were levelled in tneir'direction. They finally, Capt. Clay giving in to Majors Ualnes and Borland, agreed to surrender on the most honorable terms as prisoners or war, the officer* to retain their prlvutu property and side arms. They delayed the surrender, however as long as possible, with the expectation of being reinforced from Oen. Wool's camp. It was an express condition in the capitulation that the Mexican guide, who bad beon forced by Majoc Gaines to act in that capacity should have a fair trial, and if he was acquitted, should be released. The Mexicans at first objected to this, but Captain Clay said he would die before be would surrender the unfortunate suide. without tuunnnaa nf hla safety. Am toon u he was surrendered the faithless Mexican* immediately murdered the poor fellow. The prlioner* were then marched, without nay food or water for thirty or forty miles on the road to San Luis, UDder an escort of eighty lanoers. MajoriOalnes having been allowed to ride, selected, in preference to his own charger, a blooded mare, belonging to .Sergeant Payne. < apt I It-uric, whose name is familiar to all who have read the stirring history of Texan warfare and adventure, and, who accompanied M^Jor Oalnes as an interpreter, had rendered himself extremely useful on the occasion of their capture, by his coolness, sagacity, and knowledge of the Mexican language and oharacter. ( apt. lleurie was very anxious for a light, and strongly dissuaded Major Ualnes from surrendering. He told the men to oount their bullets, and If they had one for every two Mexicans, tt was a fair game and he would go it. Ilu also cautioned them to hit the Mexicans below their beards, that they might frighten off the others by their groans, and to give them as muoh misery as possible One of the Mexican oflloers, recognising him, cried out in Spanish, " 1 snail have the pleasure of your company to the olty of Mexico, Capt. Henrie." ' t.xcuse me, sonor. I generally choose my own company;" replied the cool and courtly Captain. It was the seoond day after their oapture, and near the town of Salado, famous in Texan history us the place of the decimation of the Mier prisoners, that Mujor Ualnes' high-spirited mare showing considerable restlessness, the Major requested Capt. llenrie, who is a famous rider of the Jack Hays' school, to " mount her and take off the wire-edge of her spirit." The captain did so, and riding up to Capt. Clay, carelessly remarked, "Clay, I am goiDg to make a burst." The Mexican commander half suspecting his design, placed additional forces at the head and rear of the column of lanoers within which the prisoners were placed, and rode himself by the side of Henrie, who would pace up and down the line, cracking jokes with the boys, and firing up the spirit of the mare by various Ingenious nuiwruvres. At last, Henrie seeing a favorable.opportunlty, plunged his spurs deep into the sides of the noble blood, and rushing against and knocking down three or four of the mustangs party, at ? rata of speed equal to the beat time that Bonton or KashioM ever made. After him rushed a dozen well mounted lancers, who, firing their escopetiu at him, started off In close pursuit. But it was no race at all? the Kentucky blood was too much for the mustang. The lancers were soon distanced, and the last view they got of ileurie, he was Dying up a steep mountain, waving his while handkerchief, and cryiug out in a voire which echoed afar off through the valley, " Adion. seuores? adioH seuores!" Our readers may fancy the intense excitement which this scene produced among the prisoners, and will, no doubt, excuse them for so far forgetting their situation as to give three loud cheers as they saw the gallaut Henrle leaving his pursuers for behind, and safely placed beyond their reach. The subsequent adventures and sufferings of Uenrie are well-known to our readers After many narrow escapes from the enemy, and starvation, and after losing his noble mare, Henrie arrived safely in our oamp, and gave the first authentic intelligence of the capture of Major* Oalnes' and fiurland's party. To-morrow we shall resume our narrative, by detailing the adventures of the prisoners subsequent to the eaoaDe of Cantata Henri. THE MEXICAN r It ENS. The New Orleans Picayune gives liberal extracts from tbe Mexican papers of the month of June. These papers are interesting, as showing tbe feeling of the people with whom our army are contending The Mexican* are out of humor because our soldiers are so civil, especially because they treat the women and priests with respect.? All this Is set down by the Mexicans as rank hypocrisy They cannot imagine, it would suem, how *ny army can be so well disciplined a? to ensure moderate conduct in the towns of a conquered enemy. The Diaro del Otbierno comments upon that part of Mr. Marcy's Intercepted despatch which enoourage* Gen. Scott to foment domestic dissensions, and promises aid and protection to disaffected States when the war terminates. It Is tbe opinion of the edltrr that Mexico can never be tranquil till the Yankees disappears from the face of the earth. , " Some man who signs himBelf Henry W. Stolr., 1 a Pole, the viotim with all his family of the despotism and egotism of the world,' has been writing from this city a (laming address to the Mexicans, which they think it worth while to publish. It is dated the 1st June last, and urges the Mexicans to continue the contest." The Republicanu takes strong ground against the dictatorship " as unnecessary, in considerate n of the immense powers with which the government is already invested by a law of Congress, passed on the a#th of April last, whicn powers have been construed with the utmost latitude. There are, in fact, says the Repuhlicano, only the following six restrictions upon the government: It has not the power to make peace; to conclude a negotiation with foreign powers ; to alienate the territory of the republic; to enter into colonization contracts; to impose penalties; or, lastly, to confer other civil and military employments than those expressly sanctioned by the constitution. To perform any of these six prohibited acts the co-operation of Congress is required." i lie rn ayunr nay* :?"id reauing ion .Mexican papers it is very clear that the different States have ceased to anticipate a prolonged resistance on the part of the capital to the American arms. In view of the speedy fall of the city they are congratulating themselves upon the wisdom of the Federal system. Had they been placed under the rule of a consolidated Central Uoveruineut, thu fall of the capital would hare involved the subjection of the whole country. The Federal system, they reason, has created new centres of action, anu even if the capital succumbs the States, each one for itself, will resist the ascendancy ofthe American arms,and refuse torecognl-e a treaty wnlch may be foreed upon the Central Government. "Out of views of this nature has grown a coalition among the States of Jalisco, Han Luis I'otosi, Zacateoas. Mexico, Queretaro and Aguascallentes ? the latter claiming to be a State, though not so recognised by thu constitution of IX24. This new combination ot States hi regarded by the editors of El Krpublicano as an alarming feature ofthe times, threatening to aggravate the anarchy which before prevailed in Mexico. The coalition have published the followiug address to the nation. The document is almost as important to this country as to Mexico. In it are represented the views of leading men in the meet powerful States. It will be seen that they look to the triumph of our arms, to the oocupation of the capital bjr (Jen Scott, and the conclusion of a treaty of ptaco. to iuon a treaty these State* do not propose to submit." Jiddrn? of M? Commiuioneri of the Coalition of tht Shiftt of Jali$co, San Luih i'ototi, Zacatecat, Mrxico. Qurritara, and rfguaicatiente$, to the Nation : (Jravu nod sacred were tha objects which Impelled the State* to form a coalition. Their independence being in danger, and their institution* attacked. It became necessary to strengthen the ties of the confraternity which unite* them; it became urgent not only to maintain tha relation* which constitute their unity by means of the reciprocal obligation* which bind the part* to tho centre, but also to invigorate the part* themselves, in order to oppone a staunch and vlgorons reslhtanoe to the tendencies of centralism and to the attack*, more or lea* covert, that have been made on the sovereignty of the State*; and finally, to maintain, at all ha/.ards. the federal institutions, which, in less stormy time*, secured the happiness of the republlo. The bloodthirsty enemies of these institution*, who at every step have raised difficulties to the peacenble development of the federal system, have assuifled every color, have sown distrust and excited party Intercut*, have complicated more and more the state of public af fairs, have relaxed the moral tie* of society, which now present* the confused and stiange image of a uatlon proceeding without a guide and with uncertain steps, from precipice to precipice. By a lamentable fatality, the Mexican nation has had to contend under such sad circumstance*, not only with domestic misfortunes, but also with an enemy,who,disgminIng his unlimited ambition, ha*, without even a plausible complaint to justify his hostility, violated our territory, and seised oue of our ports, as noon as the fate of arms was adverse to u* at Palo Alto and Kesaca de la Talma. And although the spirit of a free people and the nehle pride of the Mexicans have since made numberless and costly sacrifice* to r?-e*tabll*h the splendor of the national arms, and to erann from It* escutchnou the blot which disgraced It, fatality presiding over our destiny has renuered our effort* useless and futile, and on the neia 01 oaiuo we imr? Miccnmbed not to th? Talor and daring of the enemy, but to the fate tbat perneout.n u* Far from being rtifthearteoi'd by *uoh catenation of adfermt uTente, far from having recount to disgraceful preliminaries which would lead to degrading'treatle*. the states, aware of the value and power of a people for whom loTe of country and of liberty are not merely Idle words, have nailed Into action the mean* of defence and the resource* on which they rely, not only to maintain their independence, but al*o the federal Institution* adopted by the nation. Free, sovereign. and Independent, they are conscious of lh?'ir duties; they have obligations to fulfil, and also right* to maintain and to make respected. A? integral part* of the Mexican republic, they cannot be Indifferent to the insult which ha* heeu brought upon them by the referee* of their arm*, they cannot look with tranquillity and serenity on he combination* of a wuak aud lufaroou* pollr y which drills them into miserable an 1 disgraceful compromise*, but,fret and Independent, they never will permit themselves with Impunity to be und?r any pretext whatsoever, reduced to dependence and servility. A free people, Identified with the Institution* which govern them, are the only one* capable of grand and heroio action*; but a degraded people paw without emotion frotp one hand to another, the name of their master being entirely Indifferent to them. The Mexican nation, which feel* and know* it* dignity, and call* to minil the glorloua notion* of It* ancestor*. oannot lubmit to tho domination of forelgner*, nor *an lt*uff*r tho attack* of iU Internal *na ' j-U U-J- J ? -r-? '.jLlil*, \J~W YO EW YOKK. SUNDAY M miea; It ha* superabundant forced to rep?l the former, and to Inspire re*peot into the latter Mexloans! The coalition ha* been jbrmed, not to be the echo of paltry party internal*; lta noble rastsion has no other ol.jeot than to defend the independence of their country, and the free inatltutiona by whtoh It is governed. The coalition haa met. not to call to account the high dignitaries and generals of the Ilcpubllc. but to aid them with the private resource*of the States which compose it, in the common defence of our nationality; It has not uiet to cause divisions, but to unite all minds, and to make all Mexicans Ox their attention on two capital points. u independence" and " liberty." In these solemn momenta the commissioner* have judged It to be of the greatest importance to explain to the people the object cf their meeting, and the sacred ends which so important and delicate a mission bad in II i.: - u.l.1.11.. nil .1... ,.r tilt* States which It represents, declares to the nation that their object is no other than to maintain the iudependence and the republican federal system; that In the event that the national representation should by any accident be unable to exerclae its functtooa, or If wltnout any fault of ita own, the sovereign general Congres* ahonld not have the requisite liberty In Ita deliberation in the opinion of the coalition, th'.n the coalition will reaaauine the representation of the confederate State*, an a ccutre of union for them They proteat that never will they consent to nor be bound by any convention or treaty of peace with the North American enemy a* long as he threaten* or oooupiea the capital or any other point of the Mexican republic; they also will not recognize any general suspension of arma whioh should comprise all the belligerent force* of the nation. The main objects of the ooalitlon being to defend independence and the federal eyatem, they protest in the aame manner that ao far front aeperating from the national union, the Statea which it repreaenta are determined to aid with their private reaourcea the general government, independent of the asalstance they are by law bound to give; aothat the one cause?oonnnon to them in ita dlsgracea and in ita perils?may be auatalned, the national credit and honor re-eatablialied. and all possible opposition and resistance made to every attack upon the popular federal representative system Laoos, Junett, IH17.?Antonio Kscudnro. for tbe Stato of Mexico, Vice President; for the State of Jalisco, f.'ayetano Perez Castro; for the State of San Luis l'otosi, Mariano Avila. Luis (Juzman; for the State of Zacatecas, Teodoeio Lares, Uibiano Bel tram; for the State of tiueretaro, Jose Maria Herrera y /avala, Manuel Maria Vertix; for the State of Aguaacalientes, Jesua Teran, Secretary; and for the Stato of Mexico, Kulogio Darrera, Secretary.'' The above coalition hits been thought worthy of several able denunciatory articles in the lirpublic ano, although in the principal end it has in view?the prevention of peace with the United States?it has had the Republtcano for an ally. This is but one piece of evidence we could present of the hostility of the different States to a peace, even should the < Central Government enter into a treaty with us. We might multiply similar statements indefinitely, but it were useless. In the absence of news we find a place for a view of the condition of Mexico, which appeared in FA Independent*, of San l.uia Potest, on the I Jth of June, and was thence copied iuto the Rrpublicuno of the 30th. It is writteu in a desponding tone, and is somewhat verbose unit heavy, but it telln many truths: ? [Krom El Indepcndiente of June 1'1 J To estimate the public spirit and the patriotism of the nutiou by what bat) b?en done thus far to repel the enemy, it might be said that we have no lore for our independence, and that we are indifferent to the loss of our honor and to the deiitriU'tion Ol our natioualitv. A few thousand banditti, without military knowledge or discipline, without any stimulus except that of plunder, bare invaded our territory, have taken possession of our towns audgovern them, without our having made on our part, in order to eject thum, anything but partial and nearly useless efforts,whioh hare only served to show our shameful want of power. A criminal egotism has seized all hearts, and in the midst of tho cries for war?the absolute necessity for which they are all aware of there are few, very few. who, Inspired by the holy tire of liberty, and carried away by their love of glory, have compiled with their duty by offering on the altar of their eouui cf their goods and their lives, to save it trom the abyss into whicn it is about to fell. The greater number, fur whom the word country has no other meaning than lucre, case and money, look on as cold spectators of the strife, as if their welfare were not interested in it, aud as If upon its result were uot depending these very Interests which so much captivate and dazzle them? wretches who thluk thoy can live without honor and enl oy their riches in the bojom of infamv. What can be the cause of such apathy and bo inconceivably and fatal an I indifference ? What! Can it be certain that we are destitute of all generous feelings? that our hearts are [ already closed to all sublime inspirations - that we hold virtue and infamy in the sainu estimation ? Have we already arrived at such an extreme or debasement and d'-gradation that we are no longer affected by the tear? of our violated wive*?by the proiamilion of our temples? by the lo?? of our pioua laitli and manner*?and, Anally, by the ruin and extermination of our race ? For if so many evils affected us, it the sentimeats of honor exerted any Influence among ua.lt appears to us impossible that we should look with ho much tranquility upon the progress of the enemy?tbat we should not rise full of rage and indignation to castigate so much presumption and the many outrages which we have suffered. Notwithstanding, t>y a strange inconsistency, we all know the perfidy of our enemies, the Injustice with whloh they have provoked the war, the tanctity of our cause, and the necessity of defending it to the last extremity If yfc would preserve our place among the free nations, we all know that glory is one of the indispensable elements In the prosperity and grandeur of empires, and that glory cannot be gained by barren wishes, and can never be joined to imbecility and corruption. We all cry for war and vengeance. To those unacquainted with our history this contradiction is inexplicable, a very riddle, but to our understanding it can be explained with perfect ease. Divided into factions nearly from the commencement of our existence ;is a nation, our want of experience made us receive many grave errors as well as many established truths, aud since then we have been unwilling to correct them, although wo have seen their fatal effects. We have accustomed oui selves to the discussion of sterile and ri'lioulous theoretical speculations, and w? have entirely forgotten practical knowledge, the acquirement of which would have been very serviceable. These unfortunate diecusslons brought us tho following evils:?They opened the door to a multitude of those superficial talents, which without knowing the world, mankind or Its Interests, foresaw, notwithstanding, tbat they ooutd derive advantage from their loquacity,by entertaining the people with fine representations of marvellous, visionary schemes, which could only tlnd a habitation in weak and imbecile minds, void of all Instruction. The errors gained credit and acquired supporters; hence all our misfortunes; hence our actual debility, and the war In which we are involved. Those who know how to take advantage of the ignorance of the people, seeing how easy was their progress, worked henceforward with greater zeal to preserve the position which they had so unexpectedly gained, and opposed to those who country. the pension* of all who wanted to advance their fortune in imitation of them. In this desperate struggle we have lived for more than twenty years; it hu prostrated us, deprived us of our strength, which wo ought to havr reserved for a proper occasion, and prevented us from seeing what was of most importance to Us. The other nations followed with a clear sight the course of our errors; they waited for a favorable opport unity to take advantage of them; and as was very natural, the nearest outstripped the others, fearful lest they might come too late to share our spoils. Wo are itill engaged in the same struggle, and such is our blindness that we do not see the danger which surrounds us, In order to attend to the triumph of our passions. To many the cause of certain political principles appears of infinitely more importance than that of our nationality, and they will neglect to combat the Invaders which are destroying it, in order to assassinate their brothers who do not think as they do. All this wo have witnessed with horror, and what is more, we are still witnessing it. There are Ntates which have a puerile pride of an independence which they do not comprehend, and of which they cannot lor that reason make any other than an unworthy use. They sen with the most culpable lndifferenon our defeats, and the rapid progress of our invaders, but rise frantically against the most insigniftcaut measure which aims at their prerogative, or rather what they consider surh. The Supreme government is isolated, abandoned by all, and every measure it takes at every step meets with difficulties from the gratuitous suspicions of those who ourht to unite with it in order to meet the crisis We do not believe that the general government has always succeeded in its measures, or kuowu how to make a proper use ol the Dowers which were undoubtedly conferral nnnn it, iu order to fulfil its duties as the common centre and tie of the Vnlon And this we have stated on several occasions Hut we cau ah little believe that It in very patriotic not to sacritloe At the present time something of their pretensions, just though they may be, as being inopportune, and the discussion of which might be deferred to a more propitious moment. The worst is that this struggle of Interest betwoon ourselves appears to us in eveiy point irreconcilable, and we believe all will think hi who will study with some care the temper and tendencies of the parties. The cause of our disunion does not consist in the diversity of our political views, bemuse, although we cannot deny that they exist, yet they do not go out of a certain limited circle, and would readily give way at the sight of danger The great struggle which exists between us Is a stubborn and blood-thirsty one on the part of those who own uo propel ly. and who by their incapacity or vieescan never acquire any, againH those who poatiroa it n struggle between crime and virtue, of idleness against industry, of chnrlatauism against knowledge Much is really the fact; but we have deceived ourselves when we bestowed the name of political party on those who having no other object tbau to live at ease without working, have caused all our trouble, invoking at the same time the naine of t heir country What point of contact can there he between this class of men and those who sincerely wirli the welfare of the country? What means ran be disciiseed that may bo capable of uniting lliein, and m tlioin con spire to the same end? We do not ? tl not only do wo not sen It but we are llrmly y -i; a thf.t nouu exists Much a state of things ctn. xist for any length of tlmo, and either tty nation ..iu?t succomb to tho efforts of its new conquerors, siuce we will not or cannot unite to repel them, or must have recourse to some extraordinary measure capable of fta.lng it. 1 be alternative Is terrlbU. as ii places us between tyranny aB i j!*" ' n,'*er have the friliU of anarchy and discord been different. lndtijtxts, rrc. in pukbla. A*mv or Invaiiok, ? Mokaitkrv or Hai* Dominoo, . . . . . r< ??la, Mexico, May 31. 1b47 ) W# marehed Into PuebU on the lath ln*t., banneri #v Mr* V>

! I * ... f. J .J L ? J |RK I ORNING. JULY 25, 1847 flying and drums heating. Th? Inhabitant* were very inimical to us, and until, and even on the day, General Soott arrived, we were in constant ezpeotation of an Insurrection. All the information we were able to obtain from the foreigners and resident American*, wan calculated to excite our apprehensions, and cause us to be on the alert. Kor an army of about 3,000 men (the force we came here with) to maroh Into a city of 70,000 inhabitants, hostile to us, in every sense of the word, is a thing not usual In war; and had such a thing been done in our country, during any of her difficulties, what a different <*our*o would have been pursued from that followed by this fallen people ! The regiments were ho crowded in the different ijuarters assigned them, thut the officers were compelled to gut ((uarters out of barracks, and in many rases, at somu distance from the men. One officer, however, remained with the ineu all the time. Gen. W wus Informed of a plot that was In progress, by a large party in town, to attack, some night, and by nutting off the officers from their meu, to mawacre the 1h of gold, and completely studded with diamonds. The nest Thursday will be the day on which they an nually carry the "host" through the streets, on whicJ occasion every parson diops on bin knees as It passes.; The crucltlz, (similar to that above mentioned) used 01 that great occasion, in no large that it is too heavy to b< borne by the prleat alone. The Bishop told Gen. W that the procewion would not be in the streets on thai day. from the apprehension of difficulty arising out of It It seems to be the custom to throw stones, and the like at every one who does not pay respect to the "host," bj kneeling aa they do. They will have the ceremony thii time in the Cathedral. The extremes of riches and poverty are more distinct ly marked and broadly contraitedhere than in any placi 1 have ever been in before. "The rich are very rich, and the poor are very poor You can hardly walk AO yards without meeting souk poor mendicant, asking charity of you, while their owi people pass by with perfect Indifference. At flrst, tin sight of some poor uniortunate child of sorrow, a plctur of the most squalid poverty, excited my sympathy am moved my generosity; but I soon found the application so frequent, they being made daily even by the same In dividuals, that, if all were answered, they would soon ex haust the purse and pay ot a subaltern. j ney appear m iook upon eacn omer s misioriune with perfect indifference. Kven to-day, while lookinj out of the window of my room intothe street, I saw i poor woman fall on the pavement, as if in convulsions and, after a lew unnatuial and violent exertion*, alii Deemed suddenly to become perfectly motionless, aud, t? all appearance, dead. While she wan thus lying, J sup pose at least JO persons paused by, among whom was ont of their sanctified priest* in blaci, and not one bestowed on her the slightest notice or attention, until a poor woman, through compassion, got sumo water and took hei into a house n?ar by. Such, however, is the heartless character of the people. The country between Jalapa and this place is quite mountainous, and the scenery varied, in travelling about DO miles, we experienced all the degrees of heat aud cold, to be felt between New Orleans and .Montreal. 1'uebla. though situated in a large fertile valley, in a high state of cultivation, entirely of grain, is yet some 9 or I0,00<) feet above the level of the sea. Just in front of us, is to be seen the celebrated volcano, " I'opocatipel." with its summit covered with snow; and, on a clear morning, it appears to be but abont five miles distant. It is one of the most regular and beautiful mountains i ever saw. It decrease* mo gradually from liuse to summit, that the top is a perfect point: and it has the appearance of h wing been sloped off wltn math ematieal precision. The snow is brought from these mountains to I'uebla, and we now have pretty good ice-creams, though they lack something to make them as flue as at home. I am picking up, of necessity, enough of Mpanish tc enable me to make purchases in the shops 1 am quitr ambitious to learn enough of the language to be able to chat with the charming signorittas I see daily. The priests here are quite a jovial set of men. They go to church and officiate there half the day, and then xpend the remainder at the billiard anil gaming tables. I have seen them in the cathedral, Hunday morning, an sanctified is possible, and, in the afternoon, playing billiards. Much is the ease with which they satisfy religious scruples, (ifthey have any) ami they are the individuals who sway the people with despotic influence To morrow a party of drag' ons will go out to visit the ancient pyramid of ''(Jholula," and, if It be in my power. 1 intend going with them. The mound on which tint pyramid is built, can be distinctly seen from the hill just outsnle the town, on which the (iuadalupe battery The ruins of the ancient city are also visible, and ti if certainly worth one's while to vMt it Jurk. 3<l -Tlii* morning, I attended III* Cathedral and witnessed tin* ceremony ol '"Corpus ( lirinti.'' Then wure ten officiating pri?-?t."? or bishops, dressed in the most maginiflcent robes, embroidered with gold. Then were also a large number of other priests of lower or d?r, and monk* and friars, who performed varloui duties. After the ceremony of high mass, the " host'1 was borne through the church, preceded by ,a largt processiou of the priesthood, and others, hearing lighted candles ; and, an it panned. It was astonishing to nee, with what Infatuation the whole congregated ma** dropped ou their knee*, a* if In the deepest devotion. I naw one man, who had a little child In his arms. not yet able to walk. and. an the crucifix approached, he rained tb? child, above the crowd, and made every endeavor to tlx iti attention on the boly Image This Id the way the .Vlextoana are brought up from their earliont infancy, and this account* for the universality of the atholic religion in Mexico. Col. iiutler, and a number of our officers, joined In the procession, hearing lighted candles They were requested by some of the priests to do this, and they, not wishing to give offence, and desirous of conciliating, consented. Oen. W. and others knelt as the ptocession passed The interior ?f the cathedral presented, on th? occasion, a spectacle of great beauty nrid magnificence The huge columns -the liases of which are at leapt twelve I?i t n|ii*re wt n< huni?, from top to bottom, with rich ftoarlcl vnlvat, embroidered nt the top with gold tinnci Thin afternoon I ?p<-nt In a war quit* in nontraat with that in which I pa**ed the morn Inn I attended a bull fight and *m much amuaed at the proceeding* It trim <|ulU) a novel right to iny?elf and many other* Three bull* wer*? killed The ahow commenced with turning in one of three dnng'-roun animal*. and hi* reception wm a prick from Ibe *puat ol a lancer on h?r*?. Yin*, in a m?a<iiri', enr.tgcii tlie animal. aijil. then, to goad him to greater fury, one of tbe actor*, with a groat ill*j?lay of activity. utile* into hl< body *harp *tlcK?, with llrework* on ihein. during thri burning :tnd explosion of which, the tortured creature u*ed every effort to dl*?ngnga theui from hi* bodv. Tn? animal being wrought to the highest pitch of rage and desperation, one ot the aator* andearored to de. apalcli him with a sword ; but. aftar repealed thru?t* the poor beaat fall exhausted. and wa? than despatched Tha lacond bull, on being pierced by the lanoer on horaa. turned upon him. and, ha not being ahla to gat out of hi* way in tima. tha bull took the hone on hla horn*, and, towing both borta and rider in tha air, tbraw them una diitanoa and tha koTM. tailing on tba man, Injur ad wtio'.e or us. I firmly believe that If lien. Scott bail not arrived wben he did, we would bare had some difficulty. We were under arm* the morning of tha day Oeneral Twins' division arrived; but the plot resulted in nothing, as all the Mexican tlampedrt do. They will never venture to attaok us; and if we must have a tight, we shall always have to be the assailants. We are quartered In the Monastery of Sau Domingo, and its long portals and passage ways. Used with huge pictures, representing the different Catholic saints and martyrs, bear a strong contrast with our lata quarters, while on the llae of march, bivouacking In the opeu air, our men exposed to the inclemency of the weather, without tents or any other covorlng, and many having none other than the broad canopy of heaven. Such, bowever.are tbe necessary privations of a camp life; and which you, as well as all old soldiers, have experienced. Hen. W. gave a dinner, a few days sinco, and invited . the Held and commanding officers of companies of th< Palmetto regiment. Lt. Manigault and myself, however were also kindly Invited, lie gave us the best the plac< .'illorded, and was exceedingly agreeable In his conversa tiou. I can say, it was the most agreeable day 1 havt passed since I left home. I'uebla is a beautiful city, containing about 70,000 inhabitants. The houses are two and three stories high I'orcelain is inlaid in the brick walls, and. in most cases it forms some Catholio figure, or emblem?such as Christ on the Cross?the different Saints, ice. It may well be styled the city of domes and spires ? There are. lt is asserted, some 70 churches, or cathodrals, in the plaee, and each place of religious ceremony is designated by a dome or steeple. Tbe principal on thedral. however, is situated in the public " I'laza," and is a most stupendous piece of workniunshlp? it appears to have been Mm> work of ages. in the way of ornament anil decoration, it far surpasses the conception of the most vivid imagination, und words lone their power iu the attempt to describe it. Thin huge structure is built of beautiful granite, as is also the pavement around it. which is elevated about three feet above the ground, and eovers, it is said an area of four acres. It hat) two square steeples or turrets of great architectural beauty and elegauce, about feet high. In one of them there are sixteen bells, which keep up an almost incessant chiming The exterior is most beautiful and attractive; but the Interior, with its three rows of immense arches, supported by massive columns, elaborately carved end gorgeously decorated with ornaments, is at onoe imposing and magnificent. The stranger is utterly cout'ouuded by the numerous costly objects which challenge his observation, ou entering the door. At the upper end of the church Is a most uiagnlticeut altar, which is of itself a master piece of art. The altar alone, exclusive of the golden Virgin, which, previous to our arrival, constituted a part of its ornaments, cost the sweet sum of ?>3,(MH),(M><). The golden Virgin, now removed, (the pedestal, however, on which the sacred image stood, stiU remains,] east between eight and nine millions of dollars. I re< gret much that the i'ueblans were so much afraid of u I as to remove It. Around the altar are four rruoitUea- the images o] Christ are of solid gold, about one fool In length Tht candlesticks, about two and a half feet in length, are ol gold and silver. These last are removed after every cere mony. Tne priests, in their rich robes of gold and silver em broidery, officiate around the altar daily; and the cere monv of high mass is certainly very imposing. Thi people either stand or sit down on the stone floor during their devotions; and, lroin what I saw, the ttrst Sundae after our arrival, we should have been compellud ti kneel, had the fact not Jt>eon that we had an armed tore in the place?or had we come as visiters, Instead of con ijuerors. The host, whioh is carried around the church, durini the ceremony of high macs, is a small rruciflx, in th centre of a circle, reorescntimr the ravs of the sun. 1 U J'! I ERA him seriously. I wm told, after ImtId(. that bl* neck was broke, and he was dead. Sueh are the cruel, dangerous. and iaTa|? amusement*. fn which the Mexicans delight and pride themselves. I would bare given something handsome to bare been able to speak tbn language ; an I eat in an adjoining box and (|uite near to a very pretty Signoritta. who gave me |ulte a polite bow, and uttered a soft adiu at parting. ARMY. The steamer Hannibal brought up a goodly number of Illinois volunteers, from N'ew Orleans; among the number were Captalus I'. Lott and J. K. I.emen; Lieut* ! . C. Illnkle. <}. rt. MoKarland, Medavin. Reynold*, and 8. S ('oudon. Rcm4In> or tm?: Hon oat; i) I)k*i?.?Lieut. Brown, of company C, Captain Baker, Ud Regiment Illinois V'oluntfflrH. WAS a DtMU'ntrAr on hiiaril th? John lltnciwk frnm New Orleans. yesterday lie bad in hi* charge the re- I main* of tut Lieut. Kletcher. id Jo Ferguson, and 'id Seoond Lieut. Kobbin*?all officers of the Alton tJuards? j who Ml bravely lighting iu the battle of Bueua Vista A committee from the citizens of Alton wan in waiting to reoelve the rumalns. an<l to escort them to Alton, i where they will l>? deposited in their Unal renting place, with all proper respect. Captain Peter Lotl. of the Uuincy Volunteera, who arrived in the Hannibal yesterday morning, brought with him the remains of Lieut. Z Kelly, of ({uincy, who alio fell In the battle of Buena Vista ? St l.ouit Rrpublican, July 10. The steamship Massachusetts left last cveuing for Vera Cruz, with $300,000 in specie for the quartermasters department. She took over rapt. Seafeldt's company of Louisiana volunteer*, and 130 men belongiug to the 11th and ISth Infantry, and the fi Mowing passengers; Capt. [ Seafeldt and the officers of lilt company, Capt. Wlnans, I nth Infantry; Capt Cummiugs. 1 Ith Infantry; I Capt. K Q. K.lliott. A. q. M. Uaron Von (irnme, I'rus, slan army; Lieut. Twiggs aud Jones, I!. A. A. ? Afrw OrIrans JJu ut/urie, July 10. I NAVAf.. The U. S steamship Princeton. Commander Knglo, ) bound for (llbraltar. left her moorings at the naval an chorag*. Philadelphia, on Kriday morning, a little after 7 o'clock, under a salute from the guns of the yard. nuivu nun lotumuu.ivuu nuu a iuii uum ui ninaui, wrc i dowa the Delaware in gallant style. t The U. S. nhip Pennsylvania had b<>ei) towed from thu (ionport Navy Yard to the anchorage off thu Naval Hospital. G HE AT MORTALITY ON lIOAltn t'NITEI) STATES SUIT k.ikitan. [Kromthe Norfolk Herald, July U3 J We learn that previous to leaving the squadron, the llaritan reoeived on board a number of nick from the , other ships, all of chronic diseases, seven of whom died on the passage home; and the crew lout ten of their number from bilious remittent fever, of which there were many cases on board when thu ship arrived hero, all, however, iu a state of convalescence We subjoin a list of the decoased for the information of their friends Captain Kdson. of the Marine Corps, died of fever at Havana on thu Iftth Inst., the day the nhip left that port. He had distinguished himself by bis gallantry in the attack on Vera Crux, and several other sharp encounters with the enemy, without receiving a wound, to be cut down in the flower of manhood, and thu pride of his fame, by the Insidious hand wf disease Midshipman Sforer, who died on the 4th, wad a son of Capt. George W. htorer, U. S. N. The llaritan was ordered to quarantine by the health authorities, immediately on her arrival; ^nd at au early hour yesterday morning landed all her sick (sixty-six in uumber) at the Naval Hospital. The disease, though malignant in ita i character, is reported by the physicians as not contagi, our; and not a single instance of voinito had occurred on board the flhlp. The healthy portion o( the crew, we aru informed, 1r intended to be transferred to the i frigates Hrandywine and Cumberland, now at the Gos port Navy Yard, ami iu aetivt* progress of equipment , for sea. Lilt of Draths pit Board Ihi Rnritan siiiie Leaving the f Squadron. , Joliii Burke, marine, native of Ireland, died June 30th, r constipation. James Kelly, marine, Ireland, died July 2, asthma John K. < ook. landsman. Ireland,died July 3, fever. Mr. II. B. Storer, midshipman, Massachusetts, died July 4, fever , Ueorge Kemp, boy, of Connecticut, died July 4, con{ sumption. J W R. Robertson, Turaer's steward, of New Jersey, d died July ft. fever. e Mr. M. Shay, Purser a Clerk, of Massachusetts, died July 6, fever. Thomas Hicks, marine drummer, of District of CoI lumbia, died July 7, chronic dysentery. ? Richard Dexter, landsman, nf Massachusetts, died t luly ID, consumption. George W. Bryan, C orporal of Marine*, of Tennessee, died July 1 'J, fever. [j Pat. Clarke, rderly Servant, of Ireland, died July 13, fever. , ( apt. Kdson, marine Corps, of Vermont, died July 16, , fever. Jamea Johnson, marine, New York, died July 16, fet ?er. Thomas Oalvin, passenger, of Kayall, died July 15, drODSV. m I James McCorinlck, seaman, of New York, died July ? 16. hepatitis. Joiwph Anderson, Marine, of Scotland, died July 18, fever. , Jama* Murray, O. 9., of New York, died July ID, fever WtMnNTM, July 8, 1817. i The Prnident'i late Northern Journey?Recapitulation 8 ? Statiitiri of the Trip. j Having finished the day book of the President from h the outset to the return to the White House, we have a * little leisure to-day for a brief Recahitim.ation ok Till! Tair. k ('resident and suite left Washington on Tuesday, June I 21, at 1 i o'clock, M.?arrived in Baltimore at 2?proces1 sion?salutes?speeohes?levee to the people?especial a supper?another levee?Mrs. Polk also receives the ladies > ?serenade till 1 A. M. J June U3?Left at 7X for Philadelphia?Mrs Polk and [ niece Westward ho!?special train North?speeches? procession round town and collation at Wilmington?by steamer Washington thence to Philadelphia?in at 3 I'. M.?procession no. nil n ? rresiuent <|uartered at Mr. Dallas's?leveo in the evening?serenade front 13 to I At night. June 34?Up at 6?out at 7?visits a great number of Interesting places within and on the burden of the city ? received the people in independence Hail for three hours ? Tory hot. In the evening excursion to <?en. Patterson'* and a vinit to other placet?serenade at night till near 3 in the morning June 30 ? President up at 5?breakfast at (i?off before H to the ferry. Speeches at Camden, Burlington, Hordentown, Amboy, ?tc. Salutes all the way Speeches i on the wharf to New York men?also on the boat to i other York committees-up in the Vanderbllt to <?othaiu?at Castle (iarden about 3 P. M. Speeches in the Rotunda there?procession, he. Special supper at the Astor?receive* friend*. i June 36. ?President up early, visits Brooklyn?procession, Iks. Returns to New York, visits oroton water works, various asylums, itc. Therincmeter at in > the shade. At night visits old Tammany. Hard day's i labor. Serenade at night till 13. > June 37.?Sunday. President up at five - breakfasts at 7. (Joes to church in different parts of the city three ' times during the day. Sleeps well at night. i June 3S. ? Up at tlve. Breakfast at H. Off before H via Peck slip up the Sound per steamboat to New Haven l at 13. Procession, speeches, levee, he. Visits Statu House. College buildings Dine* at Tontine, but out off?time up. Off by special train at three to Hartford. Arrive about four. Speeches, procession, he.?dinner at City Hotel. Day very hot. Off at eight- spend the uight in Springfield at Vvarriner's. Rested well. i JuneiN.?Up at live?nn-tmim hi nan pant mx <>ij at eight tn I) onto n, apeechea along the way at aeveral pointa Arrive at Boaton at I J - north eaat Ktfttled rain , ? pi oe< anion, he., for throe hours in the rain ipteehea at llsvere llouae. Dinner at right I'M Hwoiftw company To bod an unual between 11 anil I J. Serenade i keeping all handa awake another hour. June 30.?Up at. Are- out at wight to Kaneuil Hall I <>|T at ten to i harlentown and Bunker Hill (ireal re> ception there I'renldent nearly broke down. Hack to Boatun and off per apecial train at two to Lowell i Npeechea, proceaaion, tic . for three hour* In the hot nun Dinner at nix at Merrimack llouae Kecelvea roni|>auy i in the evening Serenade after 13. July I ?L'p at Ave, out at all Viait the carpet, i woollen, cotton aud calico factories. Ilreakfant at aeven Off at eight to Concord?apecial train Kpe.rhej at Naehua, Manrheater, and other placen on the way i Speechm, prooeaaton, *cc.. at Concord l-.uthuniaj.lic reception, all day long. Dinner at <?a?n'n Iteturu at eight, down to Lowell Kpeerh or two to the crowda on the way down. fatitf't-J July -J.?Up at Are; leave Lowell at 7, after Ureal fan t, via Wilmington, \1aan ; Haverhill, Kenntbunk and t>aco. Special train to TorMand. arri? > at three, apeerhea, proceaaion. Sic. Dinner at the United Mtaten; off at 7; ateamer Huntrena. via nenboard. and up Kennebeck to Auguata Arrive In fown at one at night; rent next morning till eight, party acattried at different houaea July 1.?I'roeennloii at half-pant ten, npeechen lu State llouae. levee, kc Dinner at Augusta Houae; off at live by carriagea, nix mllen by land, down the river to (Jar diner Brilliant reception there by Senator Kvaim, Mr Oardlner. and all the people Left at eight per Huntreaa down the hennebeck. arrived in Portland on re turn trip at one at night, put up at Mra June a exr?d lent private boarding bouae, good 'juartera for all the company July 4 -Sunday Trealdent attended church twict, vialted Mr .\aa < lapp Mr Collector Andewn. and I ?ik.. oi.n l> In tin evemnu Iterelvvl a numiier ol Utile* at Mr* Jones's, acquaintance* of the family J>*y of rent; quiet house, ulre fare, end everything nice, ("resident and friend* much refreshed and recuperated Julys?f h? (nut diy OITat quarter pant 7. Mpnaehi's at S*co. .New Berwick, and other point*. < Irand prooesidon and reieptlon, speeches. lie , at l'ort*mouth Dinner at Rockingham house. '1 hree hour* In Vortsmonth Otf at one. speeches at Newhuryport anil Inmrlch. I'rocusslou* at Beverly, Halem and l.ynii, rapid H ght to s.nd through lloiitoii, gn at commotion Sir Hurhniian. a* at other point*, in danger of being Uft I "hi nil among th? ladles; but come* up just In aeiuioii at the rery last moment. Sjpeuobes at Taunton, proucsslon round the town, Scr Off again?grand procession and display at Fall rlvar?more speech** S*? P M On steamer Bay ftate, speech from the deck at Newport, Oreat thundering of artillery July 4?In at f, put up at Actor House for braakfaat? off by Trsnton and regular train at 0. Spaaohes at % 1 * LI). rnw rwi own Princeton. Procewlon. lu- at T ronton-.p^ehea la ? Si ?7dl.n^r fct wJckoff'* boura In Trenton Off at 8, ria Bordentowh mid Camden te Philadelphia In, pa?t ?. Hupper at half put nine July 7-Quiet passage through by regular morning train to Baltimore. dine at the Kn-banim Arrive in Washington at half put 7 P. M. Time out Hixteen day*. Uupr?"ndantnd journey In the amount of buaineiui done, vi?iu made, procvMion*, he., and didtance travelled. DiiTtni t.1 Si'MMcn Ur. From the White Houae to railroad depot.. | mile Ifrom Waahington to Baltimore 40 " Thence to Philadelphia 06 ' Thence to New Vork, (via Arnboy.) railroad and steamboat 81 " Thence to New Haven, by railroad 88 Thence to Bolton, ria Hartford, by railroad.. 141 " Thence to Concord, via Lowell, by railroad.. 7# " Heturu to Lowell M *' Thence to Portland, Me., by railroad 1W Thence to A uguatu and back, by iteamboat .140 1 Thence to Boston, via Portsmouth, by railroad IM " i nvnco io ran nv??r ny r?uru?u Thence to New York, by steamboat 173 44 Thence, hy Trenton. Bordentown. ice., to Philadelphia, l>y railroad 9? " Thence to Baltimore 96 u Thence to Washington 40 " Thence to Whit* House I " Total " Time occupied in all the journey sixteen U. dJduct one day at llaltlmore. one day and a half lii J 51adclphia, two and a half days in New York, two halt day* in Boston, one day at Lowell, one day at Concord, one day at Augusta. one day and a half at Portland, and at leant three dayn divided anionic intermediate citie* and towns, aud depots along the way, which will give you In stoppages, processions. Sic , thirteen dayn. R(CiriTI)UTIOK. Time out In all the trip 10 day* Time occupied in stoppages 13 " Actual travelling time a " Or seventy-two hours, at an speed average of near 'iO miles the hour for the whole trip Through the New England States, however, the running time averaged about thirty-live miles?In Bom# places, indeed,running at the rate of at least fifty miles to the hour k?:i IPI i UI.a I'ION <> BV>inki>. During the trip, the President joined in eightuau large processions, averaging three hours each - shook hand* with at leant AO,INN) people?made at least 100 speechex ?was introduced generally in all the congregations on the way. summed up into round numbers, to about one million of his fellow citiien*?was seen on the way, dur: iug the processions, and at all the stopping place#, together, by at least three millions of people The President shook hand* with at leaat jOOO ladles ? Received from them, ill the aggregate, about 600 bouquets, in addition to poetical tribute*, pin cushions, ike. lie received other presents on the way, such a* hlok ory sticks, medicated soap, (a good article, a/ler riding twelve hours In the cars) wreaths, root beer, pine apple*, books, pen kmfei, and other notions. lie visited many public works, buildings, sohools, churches asylums. &.c , in the principal cities on the wav. fctc Sto. Dollar and Cim Calculation Kxpendltures by steamboat and railroad eompaaies, iu special trains, kc., or between said oompauies and the several State and city authorities on the way, on accuunt of the President's viitit, aud on behalf or bilii and .suite, gay f "10,000 My tbo several Statu and city authorities. he , in receiving, entertaining, aud reuderiug comfortable, the Pn-sldent and company ? processions, mimic, kc , suy 4*.000 To 60(H) discharges of artillery, and sundry small urine, fire-works, and Illumination*. . . 10,000 To banners, inscriptions, mottoes, arches of evergreens, ho., tic U,M)0 To tbo close of tbe mills at l.owell for one day. 60,000 To a suspension of one day's labor by 1,600,000 people during the trip, at an average of 60 cents per day 769,000 To expenditures by 600,000 people for refresh ments, on account of tbe President's visit, at 60 cents each J AO ,900 To wear and tear of horse flesh, and shoo leather 6,000 Total expenditures $1,137,600 kxri:*a?:s or ihi: "Dei ion." liy railroad to Kaltimore f 1 00 At Jones's hotel In Philadelphia, going and returning 7 AO At the Baltimore Kxchange, New Vork Alitor, at New Haven, Hartford, at Wurriuer'f, Springfield; at the Boston Revere. Loweli Merrimack, Concord American. Portland United States, at the Augusta II.'Use, at Portsmouth, at Trenton, at Baltimore 00 00 From Baltimore northward aud bad:, by railroads and steamboats, special and regular trains. 00 00 Hy railroad from Baltimore to AV'ashingtou. .. 1 00 Incidental necessary expenses of tbe trip, in linen, gloves, trunkage. barbers, washing, ko 16 00 a* Total expended $36 70 To which add wear and tear of oonitltutlon in exhausting travel and exoiteinenU by day, and hard labor by night, to an extant r<{ual to a Bubtractton of live year* from natural term ot life, at the minimum rat* of damages of a thousand a year 4,000 00 Total expenses and damages $6,036 70 The advantaged of this journey are mutual to all parI ties concerned. To the I'resident and to the people?to those extending their hospitalities, as well as to those receiving them. We munt alio say, In behalf of tba Baltimore and Washington Railroad Company, that they did not charge the President the $1 tH) which hi* ; fuilo, a* well as your reporter, had to fork over. W? , have no complaint to make. The laborer is worthy of i his hire, and rutlroads cost something to kaep In npalr. In any event, personally, we bad nothing to pay; and where we were exempted the advantage revert* to the office ef the Htrald, la behalf of which, to all concerned, we tender our most respectful acknowledgement* And now. having wound up the record, we aak leave to return to the President of tha United Stat** and suite, the renewed assurance* of our mo*t distinguished consideration Respectfully, THE DOCTOR. Ailh.au co.vuxkaion?umnahn.it ok the HK1N. At this, niid, indeed, ever)- ether season, the skin is often repulsive in appearance, csuted in eight cases out of ten by the atmosphere or heat ol the san I and what is suppoied to be a disease ol the Blooid, i* simply a disease ol the Mkui. If some ol the thousand* urha take purgative medicines, pills, and useless Mars*, ,11a were to use on their skin a softening and dealing Balm hat opens the pores, whitens the skiu, and cause* a healthy p. npiMtiou, lie the ikin never so dufiguied with Pimples, i<ieckii^ Sunburn. Tan and Morphew. The true and Kcuuine JONlJP ITALIAN ( HEN1K AC SOAP never fails to cure and dTspel ihem, and to make the skin clear and beautiful?even yel low or dark skill It rhani<e? to a beautiful healthy whiteness. It nets so soothingly tint it laay lie used on infants witli tha greatest safety. Pn>sici?u* use it in cases of Bcurvy, 8*lt Rheum. Chain., Old Mores, Erysipelas, Ringworm. More-head, kc. It ri is often effected cures when every other remedy has failed. It was very justly called by the Medical Hoeiety of ' Pnris.a blessing and a miracle. Persons are delighted after one trial. But iniml, gst the gt-uuiiic?ask for Jones' Italian Che mical Sosi', and take no other. Hold in New York ouly at the sign of the American Eagla. 83 Chatham street?price 'ill cents a cske?where msy be haa, slso, Jones' H|Minsh I,.11/ White, for beautifying ana giving a natural, life-like while t? the lace of ladies; JouerAmbar 'l'ooth I'asle, for whitening the teeth, sweeten in* tliebreath, making the gum* healthy, kc.: price ?> cents a box. Agents for Jones' H?ai>?lu Brooklyn, 1OT Kultou street; in Philadelphia, Zeiber, 1 ledger Building*, in Baltimore, Md . W. Taylor k Co. # Jarvis's Buildings; iu Pittsburgh, It Li borty st; in Newark, N. J., 27* Broad st. | > A 1 .1>. OBEY, RED OR WHITE HEADS, and those * wHo wnuiu iHiMrm * iicaiuinn ncmi nair Kir a rery liillmc mm, mil the lollowinn abutment of reapecuble I'd 'in* Mr. Abraham Vanderbeck, ofU Avenne P, New Vork.cer tifiea that ln? bend whji entirely lialil oil the to|>, and by (h? n?e <>f l wn J? bottle* <>l Jone*' Coral Hair lleiMranre, ha liaa a ? '"<l ?*rf (> of liair, and will a<iou hare it hxin. thick, and Iui UllJIIlt. r William Jarkaon, of It Liberty ?treet. Pirubnrith, Pa., ceriilie.: On the :td of Jebmarjr. I?l7, that Mr. Thomu Jack tnn'i head on the lop, i entirely bald fur lilWn yeara, and that by mum two U b<nrle? of Jonra' t'oral if air Keitormtive, iheh in n growia* fax,thick and health} ?he eipertaby turn* llii. a little liipff'Y to h^re a better head of hair than he erer had. _ __ _ ' *0 THOSE WHOHK IIAIM 19 OllfcV. or lallin* of I X and weak at the Jlm.ta.?I hereby ceitify that myjiair wra I turniiiK Kiev, and limit off, and that mdco I hare uaed Jonea' I I 'oral llur IteatofWire?it haa entirely cea?ed I'allinr? la truwina la?t. auil haa a fine dark lonk. Before I naed Jonra' ' t.ur I Man IieMtaranve, I combed oat haudlnlla of bur daily. WM TOMPKIN , 92 Kiuff ntreet, New York. HAVK YOU fM l. Hr (Ml DAM DKU VP-Mr. Powar, grocer, ol k niton afreet, had hia hair completely choked |i with i>aiidrulf, ami Jonea' Loral flair Reitorabn totirtlf and permanently cured it. nO VOU WANT lT> nRFSHTBenntify, and make rot Hairanli and line I? Head : I, Henry K. Cullen, lata bnrber on botrd the utrambont South America,do certify that Jnnea'l oral Hair Henloratir* la the beat article I eter uaed for diraaniK. aoltening, cleansing, and kreioiiK the hair a long time ?oft, clean, ailky, dark and B> order, all my cmlumeri preferred it to any thiim elae. M"lil III New V ork only at the ?ign of the American wu, 82 4 ImlliAirt aired?I'tice J.4 or anillin|a Au?'iit? in PlnUdtl|<bia?Zritxr. ] Lrdaer Bnild.nra; in Brnoklya, 119 Knlton atreet; in Boaton, Hcddinp, I Stat* It.; in Baltimore. Taylor, t Jarna Bnildinaa; la Pitubarg. If Librrtv at.; in Ntwiik, N. i B' Olds Jll ilroadal. M lm*re KVNh'H I'M KNT PWHTAbLK BATH I NO TU B and r liaili n>un< i ml ?A aplfndid airxantmoiit ? Un ll*m< u nhoui lii'inic ii|> their cniintiy reaidcncvt won 14 do mII to call And raamiuc ilicin. they ur mat the thin*, alio a Ktmriil ?? ' !'m-ul of batlni.g tab*. ahowrt hatha, uid hatha, wholraitle and itiail. CHAItLMI KANT,, ji'l Wif 177 Bowtry, N. Y 'I'd I' A11,< >11* - The uiiri'WvlKiird tuu renuuuiitf on hand I * fi t? ci.pia* of hn cclebrai#d w>rk i n (ntting. amooir whi< h'>'* a few cnnieaaltul.tly a< lied. but in Other reapacta r.r inlffi,* liacH he will sell at a redncd price, It ia rimmed uittieceaaary to any any think in pinia* oi I ?# aliove *i , na U ia n?i?eraa(ly acknow l>-d*'d by the trral? < b< lb* >?t l.ill and complete arrangement ever bcfor jmHi- I Price nl the book complrta ... $14 on Do. half b' lind . II t'U l)r>. almhtlv ?oil< d 5 * Add.-?>? with remitiance, W II *? f! V'? M K,' ' j l(M*r No. lUB-oad* ,.N. RKAL VALKN< IKNN1-8L VCEP-W M/OiTkO No 377 Broadway, o(f*i a la*e a.a*urti?*nt of tiie abor* of vanona width*, 20 per cent tnder regular pricea Ala?.new liatterna in Mntlia Trim mm* Banda Intanta Waiata, Kob? "ltd Capa; Kngliah and Krenct Thread l?ac?a and r.d/in* ftna jaconet, cambric, mull an nainaook , chiefa, < ollara, < henuaettea, Ci-ixa, Via.ta. Valla, *?. ? a atiy amall adraiaca an lha aoatol iBiportauo. J*? *>'

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