NEW YORK HERALD. Nnr Vork, Monday, July M, 1MT? lb? PnnriM or BUain?Increase or tlu EnglUk Steam Jfarjr, A contributor to Blacktoood'i Edinburgh Magaxini, in writing on the subject of ocean ateam navigation, says that the use of steam is yet so palpably in its infancy, yet that infancy is so gigautic, that it is equally difficult to say what it may yet become, and to limit its progress. It will have the one obvious advantage to mankind in general, of making the question of war turn more than ever on the financial and mechanical resources of a people, and thus increasing ?the necessity for commercial opulence and intellectual exertion. And again he says: Kngland is at this moment building two hundred steamships, with guns of a calibre to which all the past were j trifling, with room for a regiment of lund troops, besides their crews, and with the known power of defying wind and wave, and throwing an army, in full equipment lor the field, within a few days on any coast of Europe. These were the sentiments of an able English writer, just two years after it was conclusively proved that the ocean could be safely navigated by steain vessels?conclusively, we say, because several voyages between (jrcntBritain and America had been matle successfully, and the problem solved beyond a contingency. And yet, wiihin that short time, we learn that the English government, so eager to possess themselves to the fullest extent of this tremendous discovery, was building two hundred steamships, " with guns of a calibre to which all the re^t were trifling, with room for a regiment of land troops, besides their crews,, Sic-, &c., and with the known power, fee., lie., of throwing a fully equipped army on any coast in Europe, within a few days." Such was the promptitude with which the Britiuh government urdertook to avail itself of this great discovery in modern warfare. The English welWknow that their strength lies in their navy, and that without that, which they term 44 their wooden walls," they would be comparatively defenceless. It behooves them, therefore, to he alive to the propriety, nay, absolute necessity, if they desire to preserve their power, of turning to advantage within the bhortest time possible, every discovery which the advancing progress of science may make in every tning appertaining to naval warfare. While in the height of her power she was the enemy of every nation, and as a consequence the hand of every nation is raised against her, and it needs but an opportunity, or a coalition to be formed among the nations whom she has wronged, to crush her. This she knows full well, and knowin.' it she is augmenting daily the means of defence in which she has always relied, and with which, let the truth be told, she has been so wonderfully successful. That she is aware of the necessity of augmenting this means of defence, and that she is doing it, we have already shown. The last news we received from thence informed us that the keels of several additional vessels of immense tonnage had been laid, and that preparations were being made to add still more steam-vessels to the navy. We cannot but admire the foresightedness of the English cabinet, and the perfect propriety of their determination to not only maintain their naval strength, but to augment it in every way practicably. But let us enquire what the United States of America have done in this respect. Let us enquire what we, who are destined ere long to " rule the mam," have done towards encreasing our naval strength to such a point as would enable us even to keep dominion in our own seas. Nothing, orj next to nothing. To be sure, Congress at its last session, voted appropriations for building twelve steamships capable at any moment of being converted into formidable vessels of war, and the government previously built half a dozen, more or leas. But allowing all this, what have we done to improve the advantages which steam ocean navigation opened to us, and which have been so strikingly used by Great Britain 1 At the very time when our politicians were blustering in the halls of Congress on the Oregon question, and absurdly speaking of our invincibility, our ports would all in the space of three months have been blockaded by a force against which we could not have contended without steamships.? What would have been the consequence if war had occurred on the Oregon question ? Why, in proportion to the extent and magnitude of the English navy, and our own, we would have been worse off even than we were in the war of 1812. And what would be our condition now, if a war broke out between us and Great Britain on the Mexican business ! At peace with the rest of the world, she could send to our shores a fleet of oteamships that would be irresistible. We are obliged to say irresistible, no matter how humiliating it may be to our national pride. It may be said, and to a certain extent truly, that our merchant marine could be nrined and made service <tble in an emergency; but of what service would it be it our porta were blockaded by the enemy \ Ah the truth must be told, we have not availed ourselves of the advantages that have been placed within our grasp by the success of ocean staam navigation. We have looked listlessly on while our old and powerful enemy has been augmenting the only means she possesses of injuring, us in case of a war between the two countries?a contingency which is likely to happen at any moment. She professes great friendship towards us while we aTe supplying her revolutionary weavers with cotton, or feeding her starving millions with corn; and were it n?t for the blight in her harvest last year, we are not sure but that for the sake, as she pharasaicnlly says of preserving the peace of the world, she would not have entered into un armed intervention between us and Mexico. Her friendship is not to be trusted. Sooner or later, a war?a war of principle, to be maintained by physical force, and one which will turn on " the financial and mechanical resources ol a people"?will be waged between us and England; and while she is always ready to strike a blow I at the moment when it is necessary, it becomes he, it tvc aic nuc iu our miMQioD, to dc prepared for it. England will not sink into a second-rate power without an efl'ort to prevent it; and the onward progress of this country in bo great that she will be a second rate power before many years. | The ' meteor flag' and the ' stars and stripes' will, | we cannot tell how soon, float in the breeze, in a contest for the supremacy of the seas, and it I behooves us to be prepared, lest the wrong one should succumb. To make us successful in a war with Great Britain, we must beat her on tyrr own favorite element ; and that we have the means of doing so, if those means were properly employed, there can be no question. We hope that the next Congress will take the ^abject of increasing our steam marine into consideration, and carry out, on a scale commensurate with the importance of our country, mid more especially commensurate, with "the exertions that England is making to increase hers?what the last Congress commenced on a small scale. It is not our place to ?eek war, but many ysars will not have elapsed, ksfore it will be forced upon us, and by a nation, whose very existence will depend uaon crippling us; and, as we said before, we shall be false to our trust, if the stars and stripes be not victorious in it. comnop toi'snt?Rot hbowrds meet this svfiBlng ?t ? Nook The Gas Companies or the Old World and those or the New.?By the last news received from London we learn that a new gas company wasabonttogointo operation,andt atitpromised to supply the citizenB with light at a price fifty per cent. lesB than that charged by the company which has had the monopoly of the business for a number of years. We do not know the price charged by the old company, but we are safe in saying that it is not as high as what is charged by the gas company in this city. What is there iu the way of our having a gas company in this city that would supply our citizens with-the article at a less cost than we now pay for it 1 The business, at present, is in the bunds of a company?the members of which are revelling in luxury on the profits they make from the store keepers, and feel so independent that they care not a whit whether you use their light or not. Public opinion we had always thought the most powerful corrector of aouses, but it seeins that its eihcacy in correcting the imposition practised in this respect, haB either not been applied, or else has failed in obviating the evil. If a company willing to charge a fair profit, cannot be formed, what is to prevent the proprietors of hotels and other large buildings from manufacturing their own gas! It ia easily accomplished, and cun be manufactured without much trouble or labor, at an expense infiuitely less than they are charged by the gas companies. The experiment is about to be tried at the new Broadway theatre. We understand that Mr. Mann is determined not to submit to the impositions practised by the g-is companies, and intends to manufacture gas for his establishment. The materials for doing so are all ready, and he is sanguine that he can make as much as will light the new theatre and another building equally as large, at a cost of fifty per cent less than the gas company would charge them for the theatre alone. The space which all the apparatus will occupy, he expects will not be more than six feet by four. Would it not be well for our hotel keepers, whose gas bills form a heavy item in their yearly expenses, to look into the matter ? What reason is there that they should pay fifty per cent more than theirbrethren in Philadelphia ! The Four Government Steamers.?The decision made with regard to the points at which these steamers have been ordered to be built, has struck many with surprise. When Kitterry was announced as one of the places selected for building one of the largest government steamers, we at first thought there was some mistake, and were for a moment puzzled in thinking of its whereabouts. Another large steamer was given to Norfolk to build, one to Philadelphia, while one of the smaller size was reserved for New Vrtrlr Now it is said that the West Point Foundry is the only one in the United States prepared to forge a wrought iron shaft of proper size for paddle wheels; and that New York and Philadelphia alone contain suitable steam engine establishments on a scale of sufficient magnitude for building ocean Bteam machinery. It is also said that the hulls of steamers should be erected as near to the steam engine manufactories as possible, aa it is necessary for the ship carpenters to confer with the engine builders as to the dimensions, form, and space of the machinery to be emboweled in the hull. It is notorious that New York in every respect is better prepared for building ocean steamers, and has actually launched more of them than any other city, and yet of the four war steamers ordered by Congress, the government at Washington only gives her one to build, nnd that one of the smallest size. Where is Kittery ! T..? If k.va nnl nonuprl their croaking about the crops, it is full time that they do; for notwithstanding all their wise predictions, and the partial blight which they so continually harped upon since the commencement of spring, the result is, that throughout the country, the harvest now in course of being gathered, will more than average an ordinary yield, while the seed sown is at least one-third more than in any former year. Allowing even that the potato crop in Ireland and England will be a complete failure, which is allowing much more than the accounts from those countries will warrant, the excess of Indian corn alone in the United States, will be five times as much as would be required to make up the deficiency, throwing overboard the wheat crop?the whole of which has nearly been gathered. What will the speculators say to this T But what is of more importance, what will European countries think of our agricultural resources T This is the first time that our agriculturists have been stimulated to uny extent, and the crop of this year will be an index of what they could do in emergencies. It would seem, indeed, that our destiny is not only 10 eievate me uiubbcb ui Europe to the standard of freemen, but that we are to feed them while we are so doing. What a glorious mission ! Arrival or the Ska Witch.?This beautiful ship, belonging to Messrs. Howland & AspinwaU, which u few months since attracted so much attention, has just completed her firBt voyage. She arrived yesterday from Canton, having left that place on the Sd May, and was but sixty-two days from Anjier to this i > She brings three days later advices than have been received by the last overland mail. We have files of the Hong Kong Register up to the 27th of April by her, and the overland mail to the same date, but they contain nothing beyond which we have already published. Theatricals. Bowt.ir Theats*.?Two splendid pleoes at the Bowery to night?the ''Naiad Queen," and the "Mountaineer*," with M1m Juila Turnbull, Mr. Burke and Mr. Marshall. Large as that establishment is, we doubt if ! it can hold all who will be desirous of attending Then; j is no man in the oeuntry better adapted for a manag.tr I than Mr Jackson, and no place of amusement more en' tertaining than the establishment under his oare. Castle Gasdkiv ?If a oool and beautiful retreat du ring me HUmiDer nklod. m doi> luinoieui laceuuro w patronage, the proprietor* bare now playing at tbia theatre, an excellent vaudeville company, who keep tbe audlanoe In eontacy during their performance. Thin evening the amusement* commence with the comedietta of "The Widow'* Victim." the respective part* of which will be well filled by Holland, Waloott. Misses Phillip* and Clarke, and other member*. Mr. Waloott give* imitation* of several distinguished actor*, after which a "Pa* de Trois," from La Bayadere, by the Miise* Well*. Ml** Phillip* will *tng tbe two admirable ballad*, "Land of tbe We*t," and "My own Native Land ? Thl* in iUelf 1* a good night'* performance, but the graceful, elegant poature* and danolng of Herr Cline, will conclude the evening'* amusement. Aa we under*tand, the Chinese Junk in a few day* leave* tbia city; tbo*e who wiah a peep at it* exterior, can go early, andaee her from the baloony. Vauxhall Uamdck.?A new era In thl* agreeable place oi amusement will commence thl* evening. Mr. Delacroix will exhibit hi* celebrated automaton figure*, and M'lle* Malvina and Bruce will perform several favorite dance* Mr*. 8harpe, Ml** Bruoe. Mr. Qoayle and other* will contribute tbelr share toward* pleasing all whom* j it tend We do not know what our up-town I viv?vu? wwum mi uniy ior \n\w piacr I n?j ? * * wo i may 'ay. at their twtj door* a beautlfal And cool re*ort. | where they can enjoy themnelveiito their heart*' content | every earning Therewlll be a grand ball th?w on Wednesday, under the direction of Mr. J. Parker. Pamo't Om.*a Hoi Notwithstanding th? heat of the weather. tb? French Ballet company hare excellent hounea every night. The management, encouraged by the great auecef* which ha* attended their performance*! hare, at great expen*e. engaged the famed Mr. Charle* Winter, who will make hi* flrnt appearance *lnce hi* retarn from Brazil, thl* evening, In hi* graceful and daring feat* on the tight rope The amuftetnent* will commence with an overture, nfler which the Knpliiih Vaudeville company will play the laughable piece of " Hunting a Turtle," which will be followed by a grnml p?? nalionate Eipagnnl, by Mile*. Adelaide, Julia, Kloraand Mathllde. Mr. Charle* Winter will then go through hi* daring and agile movement* on the cor dr. imHut The entertainment* will conclude with the beautiful ballet of " Le Moltaoiieur*,' In which the talented Lehman company I will giv* rare upeolman* of dancing and cotnlo action wtal. N*w Bkiunton T'awlion?Hekz tin Sivoai'i Conciit.?W* war* praamt at the musical toirit given by these two rminent artists to tba inhabitants of Htaten Inland, on Saturday last, and we ware again delighted with the sweet and admirable melodies performed on the piano by tba celebrated u>aa?tro, Henry Hers, and on tba lolln by the " little man with the great soul," Camillo Slvori Tbare were assembled nearly three hundred of the most fashionable people living on the Island, and they were highly delighted at hearlug these two unrivalled masters. The style of playing of Mr. Herz we remarked I was very much improved, if this can be admitted: bis execution, since his last appearance among us, has much improved. This gentleman hull already given one hundred and four ^concerts throughout the United States, all of which have bten rucoessful. Amid the pieces performed by Mr. Hart on Saturday evening, we particularly admired a new composition of his own. oalled "La Valsa d?s Sylphes." This la, beyond doubt, one of tb" prettiest gems of the wreath of musical works written by this composer : in this piece U Included tba enchantiug ballad of Moore. "Tbalast lloseof Summer," which is beautifully united to the waltzing melody.? Mr. lleri performed the variations on different parts of "Lucia of Lammermoor," with great ability and science. The reception of the variation on " Le fri; aux Clercs," was equally graat; theaa uncomparable melodies wera compos- d by Harold. iNow for Camillo Slvori. We praised him as he jHiutrtHtl in mir artinlA of Mahirikv I mm I.??<t huvt* now to ' speak of hi* wonderful execution. What Dew eulogium caii we put upon the "Carnival of Venice," thai original sketch, which in of itsslf a petite comedy?a laughlog conundrum of a funny clown. "The Prayer of .VloRen." witli its grand intonation*, wan also performed by Sivori, with tbe genius of the great Paginini This is the highest praise we can giTe in favor of this artist. Tbe evening'* performance was cloned by a duetto concertant ou "William Tell,".in which llerz' and .Sivori alI ornately obtained the universal applause of the audience. Alter tbls, tbe party broke up; some returned to different landiugs, on a steamboat hired for the occasion : others went louuging on the large piazza of the pavilion, to breathe tho fresh air blowing from the sea, the waves of which were brilliantly silvered by a splendid moonlight. llerz and Sivori leave tbia oity ttr.s evening on their way to tbe North. Their intention is to give a concert on Wednesday or Thursday next at Saratoga Springs, and tbenoe tu proceed to Niagara Falls and to the < anadas. We trust they will meet with the sucot-ss tbey merit on their professional journey. These two eminent artists will again be with us by tho Grst day of Octobcr. Pake Theatre.?Old Drury, re-painted, re-docoratod, re-cushioned, Stc., will open its doors on tbls day week, 2d of August, with the English opera. Tbe artist who will be at tbe bead of the musical troupe is Mrs. Anna Bishop, who is said, by the English papei s, to possess great musical talents. We hope this actrice lyrit/ue will be appreciated t ere as she has been throughout Europe. Tbe opera selected for tbe debut of this lady is tbe English version of Doniiettl s "Linda di Cbamounix." tbe inusio of which was much appreciated here last winter at Palmo's Opera House, when sung by Harilt, Benedetti, Sanquirico, and Beneventano. City Intelligence. The Weather?We were visited yesterday with an agreeable and refreshing shower about 4 o'clock, P. M., which lasted during tbe evening?the wind blowing from the south. In the early part of the day the thermometer stood as high as 90 degrees in the shade; and those who went to Hoboken, Williamsburgh, Conoy Island, Brooklyn, Staten Island, and to various other parts of the surrounding neighborhood, in the early part of the day, enjoyed the cool of the evening on their return. ExrccTED Dukl?We arc informed that an affair, of what in falsely called honor, is about to take place in Philadelphia, between a member of the Second City Troops, and a member of the State Troop, both of whom are highly respectable citizens of native birth?a Uerman and a son of the Oreen isle. We hope the polioe of our sister city will take the necessary steps to arrest the matter, and prevent the effusion of blood on a question, the difficulty arising from which could no doubt be explained to the satisfaction of each party in a few minutes. The man who tights a duel, and kills bis adversary, is a murderer to all intents and purposes, and all the water in the Delaware would not Bufflce to wash out the stain. An Eickllf.nt Plan.?His Honor, Mayor Brady, has deputed six policemen for special duty, between Keade and Oey streets, on Weststreet, in order to attend to the landing of passengers from the various steamboats in that vicinity, and render assistance to all and every person who may require police service. These men are detailed from some of the up-town wards, which render* them beyond the reach of any clique or set of men who might possibly expect to receive favors from policemen of that ward. This system has now been in operation for several weeks past, and has been found to answer to perfection Krknch Steamkh Union?As we stated in yesterday's paper, this One steamer left her dock at hair-past four o'clock on Saturday, proceeded in grand style down it?...? -i? ?,i Buttery she fired a farewell salute to the city of New York' by which all the gallant officers or the I'nion have been so well received. The number of guns was twenty-one, but we remarked with vexation that no auswer wax made by the peace maker* of Governor's Inland.? Wc could not ascertain the reason, for the French steamer was adorned with the American Hag at her mainmast ami at her bowsprit. After having haudsomely shown herself in the bay, the Union weut direot to the Narrows. We understand that she passed over the bar without any accident, and is now a good part of the way to Kurope, where she will bring, with our last news, the narration of the kind and polite rnoeption with which she was received in our port, and the wishes of our people for a long duration of the friendship between France and Amerioa. Thk Chinese Jumk ?And so we are going to lose our long oued friends, and they are soon again going to brave the perils of the deep sea, on their route to hogland. Our citisens who have not visited them will perhaps regret it if they do not do so previous to their final departure, for of all the curious sights this is the most curious one that has ever been seen in Gotham, except perhaps when good old Hendrlek Hudson made his first entrance into our bay, and astounded the natives. We trust, however, the captain will yet reoonslder his rash resolve, and not leave us at least for same weeks. Our country friends, and those of our citiiens who are rusticating, are all axioua to see her, and will be sorely disappointed at her departure. No, our friends with the unpronouncable names and astonishment proof countenances, must not be allowed to go, at least until we have all seen aud appreciated them. Accident.?A lad named Dyer, fell overboard at one of the wharves at Williamsburgh yesterday, and was drowned. His body was not recovered up to a late hour. Bathinu at thk Wharves.?This nuisance, long complained of, should be promptly put an end to, as we observed several ' grown boys." wltn beards upon their chins, yesterday swimming during the day in the East Kiver, and elsewhere in the vicinity of the wharves There is, we apprehend, an ordinance in existence which provides lor such uuisance as this during the day-time. The polioe should look after such grown boys as Indulge iu swimming recreation in the noon-day in the vicinity or our wharves. Aiiizc or Bread.?The bakers are sadly at fault since the arrival of the lat" nnwi, on the luljiict of the assize and regulation ot the price of bread. Hour having now reached a reasonably fnir price, the publlo hav? looked forward, for the last lew weeks?though in vain?tor a fair sised loaf. We hear of several who now b?ke their own bread, and who speak largrly upon an economical plan they have adopted: and it may not be out of place to remark that the system is an excellent one. affording an average saving or nearly one third of the prices exacted by the bakers. The low price of flour at present, the quickness with which an aotive housewife can prepare bread for the oven, and the moderate charge of two or three oenls demanded at any of our domestic bakeries," where baking is carefully attended to. gives a cheap, substantial, economical and solid loaf of bread to those who do not wish to bake at home. VV? earnestly recommend the plan for a few weeks, and we feel assured it will bring the bakers to their senses. Kikes.?Yesterday morning, a fire was discovered at N?. tJ14 Broadway, occupied by James (J. Dugan, in the garret of the premises. The Are was pteinplly put out by the police of the 10th ward, by the timely application 01 water. Damage trifling Another fire also broke out yesterday morning In the varnish factory of Goodhue (k Co , oorner of 40th street and 10th avenue The building was burnt totbeground ?damage estimated at The premises were not insured. The fire, it is supposed, originated accidentally. Police Intelligence. Diiorderly Cat.man ?We noticed in the Hrrald a few days ago the arrest of a oartman by the name of George T. Hall, on a charge of assaulting a miin whom he was driving a load for. Instead of Mr. Hall, it was a cartman by the name of George Batchelor, who was in liquor at the time; and the way the error occurred was by Batchelor, upon his arrest at the I'ulloe office, handing in the oard of George T. Hall as his own?thus Mr. Hall's name became published instead of Batchelor.? We state the correction injustice to Mr. ilall. as we are mrormeu ne is a strict temperance man, sua a very peaceable citizen. Ji Funny Mistake.?We have often heard It remarked, and with truth too, that ft house wan never made to aooommodato more than one family, with peace and c.oratort; and to illustrate this adage we give the following funny mlttake, showing the errors that are liable to occur where more than one family reside in the same building It appears that one Timothy Uannon and I'atrick Dunn occupied separate apartments at No. 301) Elizabeth st , and on Saturday n ght l?tt Timothy had been out to a wake, and, after attending to the sacred rights of his departed friend, returned home, to console his wile and family; but being somewhat strengthened both in mind and body by frequent drinks of whiskey, tiken with his bereaved friends, was unable to tell, upon ascending the stairs to his own room, whether he had passed up one or two flights of stairs, but supposing himself all tight, passel Into the second story room., occupied ky I'atrlc* Dunn, instead of his own, on tho third story. All the rooms on each floor being made alike, Timothy soon pulled off his clothes and jumped into bed. as he imagined, by the side of his wife, aud then soon fell asleep This pasred on exceedingly Well, until near morning, when Patrick came home, and observing, by the light of the moon, the bed to be rather crowded, placed his hand upon a head which he thought was his wife's, but, aia? ' it had whiskers, l'his rather astonished poor l'at, which led him to tako another observation, when, being satisfied of the tact, he struck up a light, and, sure enough, there lay innocent Tim in the arms of his wife, both last asleep, looking as sw> et a* two doves ratrick, at this unexpected sight, was unable te contain himself any longer, but lustily called out 'Thieves! Robbery' Murder! Watch' Watch " which alarm brought to him the assistance 01 officer Donnelly, of the Fourteenth ward, and poor Tim was taken into custody, and carried before Justice Timpson, where Catharine Dunn appeared with her hunband, and 1 preferred a complaint against the unfortunate Timothy. Timothy upon being examined by the msgistrate, declared that he thought he was in his own room, and with his ?wn wife, or he would never have entered the room, and as.- ured Mr. Dunn that he was exceedingly sorry for what be had done, and assured the magistrate that such a mistake should uever occur again if lie would only let | him go this tine. The magistrate upon hearing the can*. considered the charg? could not be sustained; consequently b? discharged the aoeuaed from eflftody after a MT?r? reprimand, strongly impressing upon tha mind of the prisoner. that he must be more careful in future. Jim it of >1 Convict ?Officer Costeilo of the Oth ward arrested yn*t?riiay k woman called Bridget Johnion, an escaped Qourict from Blackwell's I eland Justice , Drinker sent her back to her old quarter* to finish her term of sentence. Rubbing a Monty Draiorr.?Ofll<vr Costigan of the : lUtb ward arrested on Saturday nl^ht a man called i Robert White, on a charge oi atcaling fc'JO from the ! money drawer belonging to Cornelius Rennseiin. grocer, corner of Allen and Hester streets Justice Ketcham locked him up for trial. Caught on the Shop Lift ?A bov calling himself C has. Romer, was caught yesterday by officer Cullen. of the 1 Uh ward, stealing a lot of suspenders from the dry goods store of T. Bewell, in Grand street. Justice Ketcham locked him up for trial. Straiing a Coat.?A fellow called John Keece. was arrested yesterday on a charge of stealing a coat valued at * '>, belonging to Tutnam Rust, residing at HJ Varick st . the ooat was reoorered from an old clothes shop No. AO Orange street,where it had been sold by the thief. Locked up by Justiue Drinker for trial. Caught at Last.?Constable Joseph of the 4th ward, arrived in town yesterday morning from Albany, having in custody a man by the name of James Madison Loud alia* " Mclietb," whom, the above officer arrested at Ureenbush, opposite Albany. It appears that the prisoner, some few mom ha ago waa arrested in this city for passing counterfeit money, and three indictments procured on the several charges; Loud waa bailed out and has sinoe forfeited his recognisance to appear for trial, and has since been at large until caught on Saturday last, at Oreenbush, while on his way lor Boston. Justice Drinker looked him up trial. Charge of Burglary ? Captain Wiley, of the 1st ward, arrived in this city yesterday morning from Albany. i- ....I.J. . .... k. ?v,? huKi.i "-" """J ? " ?? "J ?> ' ? .VicCrt-ary. whom bo arrested in AJbuoy, on a charge ot hurglHriuuily entering the Tribune office, on the UOth July instant, by forolng open the window iu the rear ol' the building, stealing therefrom ?ome $16 or $18 In silver and pennies. This young rascal was formerly in the employ of Mr. McKlratb, and was detected in the act of robbing the premues at that time, but thrpugh the kind intercession of Mr.
McfcUrath, after his conviction judgment was suspended by the court, under promise of bU parents that they would send him to sea; instead of which, he has beeu working at Albany. Suspicions are verystiong against this young man, he having left Albany, and was lu this city at the time of the burglary, under pretenoe of visiting his mother, who was lylug sick; instead of which bis mother was in good health, not did he go to see her nt all. but returned again to Albany Immediately after ihe robbery. The accused was locked up by the Chief of Police for a further hearing. In Ungrateful Hatcal.?A voung German boy about 18 years of age, short stature, light hair, almost white, full face, and light complexion, called Charley, In the employ of Krancis Wolf, cane maker, No. 82 Milton at , while In the absenoe of Mr. Wolf and bis family yesterday afternoon, robbed the premises of 17 silver oane heads, 4 do dogs beads, and 3 silver horse legs made for the top of canes, together with 0 silver tea spoons, and $90 in silver coin, valued in all at about $130. This boy Mr. Wolf obtained from the German Kmigrant Society In Greenwich street about four weeks ago,and was learning him a trade, when yesterday the rascal robbed the premises aud run off. Law liitcUluencc. Mari*k Court, July 44.? Before Judge Smith. Jlntoine Hinckine, by his next friend, vt. John J. Fastentine, and another.?This watt an action for assault and battery?the damage-it were laid at $1600. Mr. A. Benedict conducted the plaintiff's case, and Messrs. Brady and Urifflth appeared for the defendants. The plaintiff is by birth a Bavarian, aud about eighteen or nineteen years of age. The defendants are Prussians?one the master, and the other the mate of the Prussian bark Kmile It appeared that in April laAt the bark was at Rotterdam, and about to sail with passengers for this port. The plaintiff presented himself to the oaptain, and told him that he wished to oouie out to the I utted States; that he was unable t* pay his passage, having no money, but offered to bear a hand at any thiDg he could do on board the ship during the voyage. The Captain employed him as cook, but It appeared that after the ship had been out a iew days, his cookery did not seem to give satisfaction. He was put out of the galley, and If the witnesses are to be believed, the captain, mate, and sailors had no other amusement during the voyage than Hogging and torturing the plaintiff. Three or four witnesses, who were passeugers, swore that he was brought on deok every day during the passage, and guv iruiu eigui IU VHQ IUUDB, tiuiut'iiuioH ugub auu BUIUOtimes heavy, according to the hu ..or in which the captain happened to ba. On one ot those occasions, and when he complained of sickness, he was compolled, against hin will, to drink four glassed of proof brandy, and Hogged after drinking each glass. On another occasion, a rope was tied round hit neck, and a stone, weighing -JO pounds, fastened at the other end. He was then taken by the legs and let down by the side of the vessel until the top of his head touched the water, the stone having sunk to the length of the rope, and kept suspended in that situation tor some minutes, until he got weak, when he waa hauled up. At another time, when there were biles or sores on his hands, and when be could not straighten his Augers, the captain aua mate forced his hands into an ir?u screw-pre?s, and screwed down the plate until the blood oozed out at the ends of his nails. On his arrival iu port, he complained 10 some of his countrymun of the treatment he had received. An attorney was then employed, and the present suit instituted ; upon which the captaiu had him arrested as a deserter Irom the vessel, and put him in prison. Upon application to Judge lietts, he was handed over to the Prussian consul, wtio investigated the affair, and set hint at liberty. These are, substantially, the facts detailed by the plalutlff's witnesses. After the plaintiff's oase had closed, about half-past six o'oluck, the Court adjourned. 'J'he cause was resumed this morning. Mr. Brady moved to dismiss the suit, on the ground that the jurisdiction of the court was ousted by the treaty entered into between the King ol 1'rusMa and the government of the l.'nited States iu 1H2H, which provides that the consuls, vice consuls, and commercial aguntB of the King of Prussia shall have exclusive cognizance of all disputes and differences that may happen between the captains of I'rusiau vissrls and their crews; and because the consul had Investigated this matter and discharged the plaintiff, there was an end of it. Judge Smith denied the motion, in as much as the relationship between plaintiff and defendant was broken up. The plaintiff was not returning to Prussia, but avowedly came to remain here; he could not, therefore, resort to the tribunals of Prussia for redreis. The treaty, be thought, applied to crews returning to Prussia in the same vessels, where thev might, it ttiey were agrieved by the mui?r?, resort to the court* there tor redress. On these grounds be would deny the motion. Mr. Brady tben opened the defence, and wid they would prove the whole case to bt^a conspiracy concocted by the plaintiff, bis witnesses and a boarding bouse keeper, lor tbe purpose of obtaining a verdict agaiust tbe delendants. and pocketing tbe amount, hour of tbe crew were then examined. They admitted that the plaintiff was (logged about eight or teu times during the voyage for tbelt, neglect of duty, and lor being dirty; but flatly contradicted tbe plaintiff's wilueasts in regard to the other charges made against the defendants. Verdict for the plaintiff, Court Cai.em>ah.?Common Fleas, July 30?Before Judge Ingraham ? Nos MO to 'JJH inclusive?being the whole of the remaining causes on tbe July term calendar. The Watering Place*. United State* Hotel, > SaRatooa Sphi-ioi, July 33, 1847. ) Weather at Saratoga.? Morninge and Evening! at Saratoga.?Jl Ball at our Hotel.?Paintings and Lotteriei. ? The State fair.?Jl Serenade, Q-c. I continue to feel myself translated from tome abhorred and ostracised precincts to a purer and a brighter country, which 1 often regard with transport as a type of those oourts lrom whose radiant chambers all mortal things are restricted?while I am here 1 do not caro for an interview with St. l'eter, who carries in his girdle the skeleton kuys of the gates of heaven. I continue to admire the evenings and the morning* of Saratoga; there is intoxication in tbe vsry air we breathe, which comes to us from a peculiar point In tbe skies, as if perhaps It had been first respired by angels for Ul espt daily. of the beautiful women from the throng which id gathered ther? advances Into the Interior of the room, and neat* herself at a piano forte of the Chlckering <jutility; these lovely amateur artists often display a rapturous sweetness. a matchless and magioal grace, a fascinating naivrti, and an entire faultless execution which is untaxing, and which makes me remember aome critical notice* of Jenny Lind, that I have seen sornewbere Ab' in there any thing more divine In this world than such a throng of lovely women, all in simple white robes, and aome of them in an enchanting half dishabille. In the evening we go into the parlor again; tho scene I* new. A powerful orchestra ia in poaltion at the end of the room, and aeveral ebony gentlemen are removing the centre tables. In this superb parlor the entire furniture of which ia disposed with admirable skill, wo are suddenly introduced into the midat of toe most felegant and refined aociety of America; we see the axure eyes of the bright haired daughters of the north; we see republican coronet* heavier than duoal coronet*; we see gold and precious stones and fine satins, and outlines of alabaster arms beneath niualin cinctures; we aee passion In tho brilliant eyes of the daughters of the south; we see their raven hair interwreathed with golden orange ilowers; we see tiny feet and tiny hands Twenty of these beautiful women, accompanied by twenty gentlemen, advance into the middle of the room and the ball begins. In a corner, contemplating this scene, with hi* arms folded on his breast, we aee Major. Oen. Patterson, of the army of the United States; Lieut_ Col Abercromble, of the army, ia standing a few feet frrv.o him H?ilvtn<r with a hnurl: the room, of course. In crowded full, buch a ball, with such appointment* and Mich company, wan given last night, and such an one will be given again to-night. Home fine paintings, by Oillaumet. a great French artist, have been exposed at lottery, and will be drawn for to-day. Proofs that the Agricultural State Kair, to be held here ia September, will be the greatest festival ever seen in America, continue to be furnished to me, Many persons who design to be present, hare already engaged rooms at this h?>t*l, and rooms are bring, constantly reserved. Invitations have been issued by the committee to Lord Klgln. the Governor (Jeneral of the Canadas, nnd to Mr. Van Buren, the ei-President of the United States; these gentlemen will probably signify their acceptance of these invitations Col. Johnson, of Oneida county, upon whose herculean shoulders has been thrown the burden of the preliminaries, has already j arrived. This gentleman is contracting for the erection 1 of the necessary buildings, fences, fcc. Sic The plot of ground where this fair will be held, Is a One level meadow of about twenty-flve acres. The soenery In the vicinity Is sublime. Gentlemen, we onmm?nd you to Mr Gridley's shooting gallery, and to bi? fine bowling alleys, under the supervision of the gentlemanly Mr. Haynes, for an hour's sport Whila I write at midnight I am listening to the aoft j and deUaious muaio of the brut bud; It ! a Mraotda and It 1* a proof that the proprietor* of thla noble t^Ul are willing to do any thing to promote the happineea of their guests; they have engaged thia elegant band forth* entire aeasou I am listen ng to the music; It roll* skyward up to the fountain ot the blight moonbeam*; It guxhei and echoes through the leafy labyrinth* of the prtrX; across the park I wee an open window; I toe a beautiful face; I almost nee the veins of the tebipie which is rusting upon a snowy hand of wonderful beauty; the superb head is drooping, and the fair features are wrapt la a contemplation of the melody; not Tara's harp, nor the idolised artistes of the continent?nor an orchestra ot angels?can create any thing more dirlne and delicious than this; the melody dies?It dies. St. Lotris, Julylftth 1817. frontier A'ews?Rumored Destruction of Bents Fort anil Fort Mann?Indian Hostility?Mexican Intrigei with the Indians?Robbery and attempted Murder. 4"cOur latest advices from the frontier are to the l'ith. I There was a rumor at F ort Leavenworth, derived from a person Just in from Council Grove, that Kort William.or Bent'* Kort, on the Arkansas, had been attacked by Indians, its garrison massacred, and the fort burned or destroyed. This rumor Is generally credited, though the source whence it was derived, an II lian rumor. Is anything but Infallible a* to correctness. A thousand rumor* are always prevalent among the border tribe*, very few of which are entitled to much oredlt. It is also stated, and this I* probably true, that Fort Mann, situated on the Arkansaa, near the Caches, has been destroyed by the Indiana. This post was established last winter by a United States wagon master, by the name of Smith, "n'l MflnnHv uliun/lttnuil h* nnnthtiP nf thi) mix* name Five hundred dra oons have been Rent from Fort Leavenworth to reinforce Lieutenant Love, and chastise the roving Camaaches. The meaMes prevail to an Marmlng extent at the Fort, and man; persona have died Capt. Barnes' company from this city lost seven or eight members from this disease 1 am Informed by a gentleman who came from Santa Fe a short time since, that he saw an old Kiowa Chief on the road, who apprised him of the hostile disposition of the Kiowas. Camanches and Arrapanoea. The Chief stated that about the middle of last winter a number of Mexicans from Sarta Fe had visiUd a council of the tribes named, according to previous arrangement. The Mexicans informed the I ndians of the contem plated insurrection, and solicited their co-operation, perticularly as it regarded the cutting off of trains and reiaforoeraentsfrom the United States. The Mexicans argued that should the Americans be permitted to hold possession of the oountry, an Influence would become established fatal to the predatory Interests of the red men. On thu other hand, should the prairie tribes oombine, they might so hurruss the enemy as to lead to an abandonment of the country, and insure the continuance of the power of the Indian over the Spanish descendant. They offered to the Indians full prices for whatever merchandise, arms, or stook they might take from the whites, and a suitable allowance for suoh as it would be necessary to destroy. For each American scalp a large reward would be paid, ?10. The tribes named acceded to these terms, nH th?* m?nv ni'tu nf hnutilltv thaf. hnvu fllnnn nnAUrrHfl. are no doubt eolnly attributable to the counsels of the Mexicans of this delegation. I believe the Government of the Unlt'd State* has never been apprized of these facts; or probably larger military forces ere this would have been sent on the plains. A robbery, and diabolical attempt to murder, took place near the town of Barry, in i'ike County, Illinois, on Monday last A New hnglander, by tb<> name of riper, was waylaid by two men, one of them disguised as a negro, and after being dreadfully lacerated with a bowie knife, wan robbed of about $2,700. One of tke perpetrators is supposed to be a person by the name of Crissup. He is represented to be about thirty years of age, dark complexion, and without whiskers, over six feet high, and very athletio. Of the money. $400 was in $10 gold pieces. There were also two $60 bills on the Merchants' Bank of Boston; $300 in 5's, 10's, ana 20'b of different Massachusetts banks; $500 or more in New York oity bank paper, and the rest in various New York bank bills. The exciting rape case of Samuel J. McComus, the victim being a little girl nine years of age, oomes on on Monday next. ARGUS. Richmond, Va., July 21, 1847. Richmond?Buildings?Churches?Enterprise?Cotton Milts?Water Puwei?Proposed Railroads?Character of the Virginians?Generosity?Public Institutions. In my rambles through Virginia I thought a few facts connected with this State would not be uninteresting to your readers, and as Richmond is the oapita) of the State, I concluded to give you somo particulars respecting it. The city of Richmond is situated on the James river, and has got a population of about 25,000. It oan boast of some as fine edifices as uny city in the United States for Its size. 8t. Paul's Church (which has been ereoted witnin tne last two or tnree gpars.; stanus cuunpituuuB as one of the moat extensive and costly in the United States. It has also got several very fine and commodious hotels. There has been a new one opened within the last jear called the City Hotel. They are all well regulated and conducted establishments. There is a spirit of enterprlze pervading the citizens of Richmond, which I have never seen in any other part of the State, except Lynchburgh, which latter is known to be the greatest tobacco manufacturing town in the United States, in comparison to its size. There is a great amount of business done here yearly. There are now in operation one cotton, and two woollen manufactories; and if we be allowed to glance Into futurity, Richmond In the course of a few years, will beooine one of the greatest manufacturing cities in the Union, and I suppose next to Lowell, stands unrivalled for its amount of water power. The internal resources of Virginia are unequalled by any State in the Union. Pennsylvania not even excepted. It possesses inexhaustible supplies of ore and coal in the bowels of the earth, which only require a proper spirit of enterprise among the inhaMtauts to be developed, and the means of transportation increased, by means of railroads, canals &o What a pity it is that a State of such immense internal resources should He waste, and its inexbaustable mines unworked! The question may be asked, what is the reason of this inactivity on the part of the inhabitants ? The answer will natu.ally present itself? slaverv. But how to abolish this evil Is the next question. I (Irmly believe that seven-eighths of the slave holders of Virginia would willingly dispense with slavery, if the slaves could be disposed of without injury to themselves or owners. Wo must wait for time aud the force of public opinion to abolish it. The negroes are nearly all well fed and clothed, and their masters are bound to support and take care of them when they grow too old to work; and when they are taken sick, they have the family physician to attend them. The life of the negro is much better, except in a few oases, than the majority of the untortunate lower classes and paupers of Europe. Thi-y have got no oare on their mind* Their muster. Tor His own saKe, nupporu ana feed* them and their children,in order thai they may be able to do their work properly. They ham their frolic* and fedtlvitien among themselves. where they laugh, joke and enjoy themselves to their hearts' content. Of course, in some few cases, their masters are hard and severe, but by far the majority of them live as I have attempted to describe. Virginia has latterly exerted herself to awake from the lethargy in wnioh she has so long lain ? There is in ooutemplation the extension of the Louisa Railroad from < Jordonsvllle to Charlottesville and across the Blue Kldgo Mountains to Staunton and a macadamized road is about to be made from Staun* ton to Scottsville. Those improvements will act as outlets for the surplus produce of the great valley of Virginia, which is well known to be the most fertile rrgloi In the State. The time will soon come when Virginia will take her stand among the great manufacturing and agricultural States of the Union. All she wants is ao energetlo population. The Virginians are, in general, a very respectable and friendly people, the old pettier* especially. If a traveller stops at a plantation and requests a night's lodging, he is almost certain to meet with a warm reception, the best room in the bout* will be given up to him, with a request to make himself at home I do not pretend tc say it will always happen so. but In most cases it does. The public Institutions of Virginia are well conducted. and do honor to the State. There is a Lunatic Asylem in Williamsburg, under the superintendence of Dr Ualt, and another la Staunton, under Dr. Strlbllng ? There Is also a Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institution It Staunton, and It Is astonishing how the instructors oat teach the blind to read with such rapidity and corrcct ness The letters are all raised upon paper, and by feel inv them the nuDils distinguish their formation. 1'hi blind are taught to play on different musical instrument* and altogether form a very food band and discourse mu Mo to the visiters, who come from different parts of tlx State to see them. Those institutions are not only an ornament to tbi State, but they confer a great benefit on the unfortunati inmate* Tfee pupils are also taught trades, by meani of which they are enabled to support themselves whei they leave the institution. Grkat Flood.?The Natchez Fret Trader, o 13tli, tuiyp:?Thin cily und the neighboring coun try was visited on Sunday with oneot the heaviest raim ever experienced by us It commenced early in thi morning, and continued to fall in heavy torrents, with I few short intervals, (or about eight or nine hours Bonn dwellings In the citj have sustained injury, but not of i serious nature '1 hose two splendid brid/es over th< St Catharine, one on the Washington road and th< other on the old Court House road, and erected by tbi county at a very great cost, we learn have been carrle< away by the torrent that swept the creek. In additloi to this some of the planters have lost a large number o cattle, and had their crops and land greatly injured Krom the quantity of rain which fell on Sunday, we ha< congratulated ourselves on the probable exhaustion to a time of the source of supply, but Monday mornlni gave us a second edition of the lormer rain storm, which though not so severe, would at any other time be se to assume a more favorable *pp?aranoit. and the "rain; season " may be regarded as baring terminated Th weather gage, kept by a aclettiflc gentleman of this cltj Indicated HS lnche? an the quantity of rain which fel during the storm of Sunday morning; 3X Inches fell yet terday morning Noorhead't Graduated Magnetlf MaeWnM ?1 heir be.mtiful imtrumentt bate received llie genera) a| probation of ihe medical profession for their ? mpliciiy an power In caars of Scrofula, Dropsy, Krjaipelas, Deafneei 1 urvatuiesof ihe .-tp,n?, Tic Doloreaui, Paia'ysi", Kpilepti Fin. niH particularly all Nervous) omplaints, the emc^cvr the Magnetic Machine is truly wonderful. Price of the IMi chine $R to $13, accompanied with full directions and warran ed. Sold wholesale and retail t>v _ , D <; MOOBHKAD, 1*3 Broadway. Oold Pent,?" ltleticllcua" I rlumphsnt . The luccet* of th*?e pena, being pUced by public approval b< youd * doubt, it it renlly amusing to wirneaa the twisting an turning of tho?e who have labored ?o hard to get tneir per substituted for the *' Richelieua. Aa the public the matter in hand and will determine whether the liens," at S2 only, will *rite a* well and last aa long aa thoi 1 pens sold for $3 SO elsewhere. we a e content Only keep rh fact in \iew,that the ''Richelieua are lorsale by J. Y a , \age, 02 Kultou street, SJl(l HO wlwr# OttlMIvOltt "W j from 76 ?Mti to $1 01. 1 Pre?tug fl? -It liu been the d^torthe tu r?ud?- theae cmi u compact u possible, withoniaeelroylugthe utility of the articles contained in th?;?; J?* ?h.? have ?ucc?td?il, travellers a>.d tin public # i Mi invited id call and cuoinfl. The ?ub??'rib?r? ",?il the cheapcat auti mutt compact Dresung Case* <>'the kind manufactured O. MAl/NDERg k RON. *7 Broadway. v Fin* Cutlery__The Salxcrlben' UMttmwit 222*?S?liil'y K'""bl. ?ariety pattern of Pen, Pocket. Deak. k. w . * ' V* "wiety of choice Kaxort, Naif Filea, TieT? kc pu,ch""r A1*0' 8,1 - i? n a 2- 8AUNDER8 k SON. 177 Broadway, few duora above Courtlauat it. NavlgaUon of the Ohio River. _ P[ar" f ""' State of Rivtr. Louisville. July 19.. , .3 feet 4 in Wheeling July 90. . . .3 feet. falling Pittsburg July 'JO.. , .3 feet 8 in foiling Cincinnati July 17.. . .3 feet 4 in falling. MONKY MARKET. Sunday, July Mi 0 p. M. The stock market during the past week baa exhibited little more activity, and prioeahave in several instance* advanced several per cent. We can attribute this principally to the iniluenoe of oornerlng operationa in ome of the fancies, to the improving prospects relative to the value of others, and to the general disposition among operators to get up a speculative movement, to enable them to get out at prices above those now ruling. The abundanoe of money seeking employment, enablea speculators in fancy stocks to hold larger lot* than they otherwise could; and so long as money remain* plenty and the rate of interest below six per cent, there will not be any material decline in quotations. In anticipation of a speculative movement as soon as the s?ason opens, holders will carry as large lots as possible, at any sacrifice at even a muoh higher rat* of interest than that now eurrent. The banks have, for some time past, afforded extensive facilities to stook speculators, and as the prospoct at present is favorable for a continuation of their loans, perhaps to a greater extent during the next quarter, than during the one about closing, there is every probability of the anticipated upward movement In stocks commencing immediately after the quarterly returns of the banks for August have been made. With all the contraction the banks of this city and State may have been forced to make within the past week or two, and with all the transfer* that will be made a day or two before quarter day from the line of loans for stocks to the acoount of " cash items" in the shape of checks, which will be counted as " oash items " In the returns, and returned to the drawers the day after the reports are made, they will exhibit a very great expansion, compared with previous returns in the line of loans and discounts, and in the circulation, without a corresponding addition to the amount of specie. This expansion, or even an inorease upon it, the banks will no doubt maintain, until there are indications of a ohange in the position of our foreign trade, in the finances of the government, or in tbe operation of those measures regula J ting the financial affairs of the country, which hare for ame time post been in existence but alnkpst Inoperative. We may expect a rapid and ruinous contraction in the banking movement of the country general*/, should there be any material improvement in iiuotavjona for foreign exchanges, of which there is every probability. The importations for the next three months are lifter to be unukually large, and the expanded and depredate J" state of our ourrency is calculated to open markets here for the manufactures of Europe, to a greater extent than demanded by our wants for consumption. The imports into this port for the week ending the 33d Inst., compared with those for the corresponding week last year, were as annexed:? COMMERCE OF THE PoBT OF NtW YORK? iMPOBTI FOR TIIR WEEK. IVcelc.enditig July 23d, 1810. 1847. Kmc Croud* $166,780 81,900 Dee. 84,888 Dutiable lioodj 1,426,241 1,498 539 Inc. 73,MB Total Meichandize...(1 492 029 1,180.439 Dec. 11490 Specie 1,8)0 12 994 Inc. 11.195 Tottl.. (1,493 C29 1,493,4<4 luc. 30> Dutiei Received 447,448 391,641 Dec. 64 807 Merchandise warehoused during the week, amounted to $103 308, the duties on which amount to $3S 100; showing In the aggregate an increase In the lmperts of dutiable goods of $170 600, and a deorease In the duties received of $32 701. This exhibit* a decrease In the average per oent paid, but as the revenue from customs under the new tariff, U derived from a more extended list of articled, the duties upon the Importations Id the aggregate, are likely to be larger tbia year, than upon a corresponding value of Import* in any year under the tariff of 164:}. The great falling off In the value of free goods imported under the tariff of 1846, shows that the lists of goods entered free uuder that aot, is very limited, oompared with that of 1B4:J. A large importation of foreign merchandise, during the tall, would evidently have a tendency to tighten the money market, as the importation of ipeoie would not only be totally suspended, but we should have to export very largely and to a great extent on our own account, to prevent an exportation of specie from tills side. The present appearanoe of the crops, and of the arvests, indicate enormous returns, and there is every probability of the price of breadstuff* ruling unusually low throughout the next year. Should such anticipation! be realised, the manufacturers of Europe will be able to turn out Immense quantities of goods, markets for which will be found somewhere, most probably in this country. In oonsequenoe of the redueed supply of ootton. and the high prict-s ruling for the raw material, prices for manufactured goods will no doubt be pretty w.-ll up, which will swell the aggregate value of the importation, without giving an overstock to glut the markets. The annexed table exhibits the quotations in this market for each day of the past week, and at the clos* of the week previous. Quotation* for the Peincifal Stocks in the New Yoke Mabekt. Sat. Mon. Tut Wrd Th'v Fri. Sat. Trewury Notes 6's. ..IOC 105* 105* 105* 101*106 106 New Yurk State 6's... 106* ? ? ? ? ? ? Ohio 6's 101* 1#"* l?* 100* - 160* ? Kentucky 6's 100* 100 - 10*100* ? ? Pennsylvania i'? 78* ? 78* 79* 80 80 ? Illinois 48 48 47* ?47 ? 47 Indiana 6's 45 44 ? ? ? ? ? Rending RH Bonds.. 76* ? ? ? 77 77 ? Reading M'tge Bonds. 7?* ? ? ? ? 73* ? ' Heading Railroad.... f>6* M* 85* W* 66% 81* 68 Norwich Ik Wor..... 53* 53 13 53^ 53** 44 Krie Railroad, old... ? ? 61* ? ? 93 ? Krie Railroad, new... 82 ? 81* ? 81* 81* ? Harlem Railroad 62* 61 6 <I* 62? G3tf 65W . Long Island 32? 32 31* 32* 32)2 32* 3J* Mohawk 75 ? ? ? ? ? ? Stonington 56 ? ? 56 ? ? ? I Farmers'Loan 3i* 34 34V 31* 34* 34* 35* 1 Canton Company.... 48* ? 48V 48t ? 48 48* Morns Canal 18 17* P* 17* 18* 17* 17* | Vickshurg II* 11* ? ? ? ? ? United States Bank... 4 ? ? 4* ? ? blast Boston It ? ? ? ? ? ? North AmSi Trust... ? ? ? 9 ? 9* ? A comparison of price* ruling at the close of the 1 market yesterday with those current at tbe oloae of the previous week, exhibit! an Improvement in Reading Railroad of 1* per cent; Norwich andWorcester, *; Harlem. 3 ; Long Island, 1 ; Farmer*' Loan * ; and ft decline in Illinois of 1 per oent; and Morris CaBal *. The Bank of Mobile has declared a dividend of two and a-half per cent, payable to tbo New York stockholder* at the Mrrobnntk' Bank, on demand. The Bank of Missouri, after setting aside one per oent as a contingent fund, has declared a dividend of five per oent for the last six months. The annexed statement exbibita the amount of ooel shipped by Lehigh Canal, for the week ending 19th lust., and since tho opening of navigation:? Lkhioii Coal Trade. Thii Wttk Pirvioutly. Total. By L'h'gh Co 6.020 lltom 79,4?A ?6 M.-VO 01 I Him i?Hun ... 3.<10 Ofi 60 111 00 61.00.1 1.5 Bea?rr Meadow. 2.991 00 41.711 00 47.706 O0 Hntleton 3,1 It OA 44.70] 00 47 91' 00 ' Buck Mountain. 19 (i0 20,ill 00 ai.stoi 00 i Hummiie.nnty.. 791 00 11.366 oo 11.161 00 i From White Haven. 373 OO 4,ltt 00 4,500 I'O \ Toul 17,771 01 201 20l O 213 094 16 r The amount of coal transported on the Philadelphia r railroad, for tho week ending the 33d Inst, wu 33,360 I tons, and for the year up to that date, 083 046 tons. The i receipt* by the Schuylkill canal amount to about 100 000 f tons, making the aggregate receipts of anthracite coil, j up to the olose of the third week in July, 1,000,763 ton*, r Block BxnnanM. [ IJ100 Tr?u Note* 106 5# sh> Long hi RR tJ 33 $2000 tin I My* 200 do bOO 33K t $110*0 U8 0'*, HOT 106 100 do al 33M . $21000 do l?62 101? 120 do 332 $l(Mi0 do coupon 10'?X 200 <l? blO 33M ' $7000 III Mpl BoijmB? 47 210 do b30 S3)2 ' 100 sh* Farmeis'Tr >30 3th' 100 do >10 Stv I?0 do 3iM 100 do boo S3M II 50 do Si^ 110 Harlem RR 61)2 I. IM do 31 710 do 63& 10 do b30 31K M do >30 ?3Ji 10 Mnrri* C*n*l ITJt 100 do * blO 04 SO Reading RR 6T* 4tt do 64 ' 10 do (30 67H 1K0 do 64? > M do 6* 50 do btO 01* J SO do *7% 100 do 04K ' Herood Board 210 Famen'Trait 35W 50 ah* Harlem RR r,5W I. 1? 0 do b30 35K M do 61* 300 do 3 K 500 do blO faV M do b30 3^H 3?0 do >00 61 10 Harlem RR >60 61 .->0 do $( 6iV 100 do ti3 65)< 100 Long tiland 3(2 100 do blO 11)2 100 do blO 33* " <150 do b3 65)4 40 do >60 3 }2 !J 050 do bl .10 fan ton b 10 4I1>4 JO do >3 65)^ 10 Reading 60 " I 50 do t3 6.5$ 10 Nor It Wo? bS 14 ?00 do blO 05)J 10 do bl4 HX f New Stork Kirhange. i. 100 ilia Harlem RR >30 6V.( 10 ?li< IlnTt m HIt ra?|i M U' a- 40 Jo bl 6 IK .50 t!o cull 61H u : SO do c*?li bJ)2 UNoffc W?rRR?a?b 13K ltd do (Mil UK M 1 iN U||