Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 27, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 27, 1847 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

TH] Vol. XIII. No. m-WM? 1*1 4*t01 Till: NEW YORK HERALD. ESTABLISHMENT, North-wc*t corner of Fulton and Nmmu III. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. ClitC CXATION?FORTY THOUSAND. U ULY HUAUMtnij 4ay( Mm '? mm per copy?IT 2>l>"r annum?nvy.-ible iuadvmcc. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Hulurilay?Price ceuU per copy?$:| | \ cent* per milium?pay*bl? ill #<Jv?u<e HERALD ^'i ill i. nnrii?i._L- ??? fc? ? 1 Pricecents per copy?Si per annum. including postage, paynble in ndvmce. Subscription* and advertisements will lio received by Maura- Galicnaui, IS Hue Vivienne, Paris; P L. Biuumili II) Coruhill. and John Miller the bookseller, London. ANNOAL riCTORlAL HERALD-Pablished on tlie 1st ol I iniiary f.l eiicli ) ear?jingle copies sixpence eacli. VliJ?HTI8EMENTS, st the usual prices?always cull in aj\dtlce. ^ Ai't ertisemeuts should be written in a plain, legible manner. The Proprietor will out be responsible for errors that in iv occur in them. I'KIM I.NU ol' nil kinds tieculed beautifully nod with despatch. All Inters or communications by mail, addressed to the e*rjihl:slimeut, mast be post paid, or the postage will be ite d.icfeil from the subscription monev reini'ted. NK'.V It ml* \NU HAKLKM KAILKOAO COMPANY SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. 4\ N AND AKTICH THURSDAY, JUNE 10thjl?|7, the * < i t will run a* fnl'owt, I'ntil further uotice. Up traiu* Hill leave lh*: City II ill lor inrffiu St Murridiaua. Forham & Tuckahoe Plcaftautville, 5 &) A. .4. VVill'ins Br'ge. Hart'* aud Newcantle 1 " 6 90 A.M. White IM'uu. Bedford. U T " 7 A. M. Whitlickville ' " 10 " 10 " Crutou Kails. 10 " 11 " 4 r. M. 7 A. M. 11 " 3 P. M. S 30 " 4 P. M. 2 P. M. 4 3 " S 'JO " 4 " 6 JO " 4 " 4 30 " 6 to " , Returning to New York will leave? Morrisiauak Harlem. Fordliam. Will'mj Br'ge. Tuckdhoe. 7 04 A. M. 0 43 A.M. r. 44 A.M. 7 30 A. M. 8 10 " 7 45 " 7 40 " # 43 " 1 M o i.n " n n* I 'M P U 10 " 12 23 P. M. 12 .A P.M. 5 5a * 12 35 P. M. 1 15 " I 40 " White Pl'na. 2 " 5 08 " ti " 7 10 A. M. 3 " 115 " 6 08 " 8 33 " 5 20 " 753 " 7 45 " 1 P. M. (1 " 5 23 " U 28 " 11 05 " rii'.mntvUlc. New f Bedford. Whitlickville. 8 IS A M. 3 AM. 7 51 A M. 7 45 A M 5 13 I' M. 5 P M. 1 51 P M. 4 45 P M Croton Folia. 7 30 A M. 4 30 P M. The trai'ii to aud from CroUM Kail5 will not atop ou New York Inland, except at Broome atreet, and 12d atreet. A car will precede each train ten ininutea, to take up paaaeuxera in tin- city. The inominK train of car* from Croton Kalla will not atop bi tween White Plaina mid Nrw York, except at Tuckahoe William'a Bridge, and t or dham. Kxtra trams ou Muud.iyx to Harlem aud Morriaiana, if fine weather. Stages for Lake Mahopack \ad Danbnrv leave Croton Falla on arrival or the 7 o'clori A. M. and 4 P. M.trauia, aud for Pawliuira ou arrival of the 7 o'clock A. M. train. KAKK KRUM NKW YORK : To Croton Kalla $1 00 To Whitlickville 87* To Newcaatle 75 To Pleaaa'itville 62% To White Plains SO Kreii:ht traina leave City Hall at 12 M. and at 7 P. M. Rrtiirui'iK, lea\ <* 'roton K (IU at 7 A. M. r.'nl !) M. DAIi.V K.\<":c'lisiON"T(TTilK Vl.V" c 4N flKLUS, HOBOKfcN.-On and after Sunday, July 11th, the ateamboat PIONKKIl will mike regular trips from Canal aud Nineteenth atreeta, direct to the Klyaian Kielda, at Hobolteu, le iviux the above mentioned places a? follows :? Hammond atreet, Nineteenth atreet, Klyaiau FieIJa, 10 o'clock, 10U o'clock, 10X o'clock, 12 " 11 >2 " 11)5 3 " 12? " liijZ " 4 " ' 2h 6 " Vl " J>j " 3$ SB ; 6)2 " ^ Jv21 tlt?rc _ _ 7)i_ 8 _!L ?ni,. i-UK.-illUi.WSiitHi , I.O.N (i BtlAN(TH. X\ iiiW Ocean House, Jumping I'oiut, Huiisom, midi ''fcTiiBBa tutontowu Liutdinir. The steamboat K DWl N LKVV1S, Captain Haynes, will run us follow* from foot of Veiey ureel, North Rivtr:? J.eave New York. Leave Shrew?bury. July. O'clock. July. O'clock. Mou lin', 86, :t A. M. Monday, 26, 7 A.M. Monday, 211, 2 I*. M. Tuesday. 27, 1% A IV). T.-uiiUy, 27, 2 I'. M. Wednesday, 28, 8* A M. Wednesday 20, 3 I*. M. Thur*day, 29, 9 A.M. Thursday, 89, * P. M. Kriday, 3?, 9 A. M Kridar, 30. 5 I*. M. Saturday, 3k, 9 A.M. Si'.urdiy, 31, 5 I*. M. Stage* will be iu readiuessou the arrival of the boat to convey passengers to ull l*irli of the couutry. jyl 30t*rc KOR SHRKWSBl'RY, OCK. AN HOIJ8K, l i. ""TbjmiiQI -nir Branch, Runsoui Doek, Brown'* Dock, L. J?tjMkiiM?MiU>llrtowii nnd Red Bank.?The Steamboat ORU8, C. 1'rice, Mouter, will rmi aa* follow*, from Fultou Market Slip, Kut River Leave New York. Leave 8hrew?bnry. July. O'clock. July. O'clock Monday, 26, 6 A.M. Moudw, 26, 3, P.M. Tuesday, 27, iU A.M. Tuesday, 27, <, P.M. Wednesday, 28, 7 A.M. Wednesday, 28, 4, P.M. Thursday, 29, 0 A.M. Thursday, 29, 4)i, P.M. Kridav, 30, 6 A.M. Kriday, 30, 10. AM. Saturday, 31, 7 A.M. Saturday, 31. 10>?, A.M. Siudav, Am. I, H A.M. Sunday, Aug, I, 6, P.M. The Line Stane* will run to Howell Works, sou&u Village and Freehold. to convcy passe niters to all parts of the country. N. B. All persona are foibid trusting the above boatonsiccoant of the Owner*. J. P. ALLAIRE. jfM Uftc MOKMMi LINK KOll ALBANY AND r ^ TROV and Interitirdiste Landings. iiiJuMNfian Breakfaat and Dinner on board the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TKOY, Captaiu A. (iorltain, will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barrlay street, Monday?, Wednesday*, and Friday*, at leveo o'clock A. M lleturniu? on 'heoppoure day#. The Steamer NIAGARA, Capt. H L. Kellogg, will lea\e the Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay street, Tuesday, Thursday and S.turdiy, at half pant six o'cloek, A. M , returning ou the opposite da) s. ? (j r~ H are 50 Cents. r'or passage or fremiti, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at lh? office on tha wharf. ________ JI ,T iM nrizKN's new i>.\y link, ok r^vdC>orrusiTioN boats for alb an v, *i*Ttfcil?ln?n(? Landing at Vau Coortlandt'* Ncwburgh, Poiighkeepsie, Kingston, Cat?kill aud Hudson.?Kare jOcelils? Bre tklistitml Dinliemii Board. Tii* ue? and elegant Steamer ROtiKR WILLIAMS, '.pt. A Djtwut, Tuesdays, Thoradavj, and Saturday*, nt hiilf-paat six, A.M.. from the pier foot of Uobui'.on street, touching at Hammond street pier, each '?ay, K ir passage or frieght, apply ?u boud the Boat*, or to Geo. T. Stan ley,at the office, foot of Ilobinson street. if?" All person*are forbid trusting tb? above boat* on acconut of the owner*. roy!9 rh PKOPL* SLINK STK \ mijoath KOM W, _ N VLBANV, Daily, Stindav* Excepted? nUaMMCBMBniThri>iik'li Direct?At 7 o'clock, P. !M., from the Pier between Courtlaiidt and Liberty streets. Hi?^?hoat ISAAC NKWTON, Capt. Wm. II. Peek, will leave on ivloniiny, Wednesday, and Friday evening*, at 7 "^'t-amboit HKNDlllK HUDSON, Capt. R. O. Crnttendeu, will le?vc on Tneiday, Thursday aud Saturday eveninns at 1 o'clock Special Trains for Scheuecl tdv, Uillston, nnd Saratoga Hiring*, w ill rur a* follows:?Leave \lhany at flit A.M., 3 V.VI , except Sunday*. Passmgeis will lind this the most expedition* nnd convenient route. Al Five O'Clock. f. .'1.?Lauding at Intermediate Place*? irorn tor loot o i Barclay street. Wtr.inhoat HUttlPJlftH, < attain u. n. rutry, w.ii leave <m Monday, Wednetiiay, Friday, Bud S'lnday ufternooiii, at i o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMKIIICA, C'apteiu T. N. Hulie, >?:ll leave on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday after. v 5 o'clockThe ib-i?? miau will it nil tiine? irnvf m Alhiuiy is ample time for the Morning Cars lor t-ie haitoi IVmL Kreight taken at moderate rate,, a ?' none tn'ten afler 6 o'clock, I'. M. r r~ Ml persons are lorhid wasting aay ol the hoars of thil line, without n written order irom the captai'ts or agents. ( 'or i?n?i *e ?r freight, apply wi hoard the holts, or to T. C Si.'Ml l.'l'/, at the office on the wharl. jtl2rc oM'oairioN i'am-ahk orrj( B?To r ?,<1L??J** *lbany,Tltica,$l JO; Syracuse, $2; Oswegn, ::Roche,ter, ?? 2); Buffalo, $2 50: Cleveland, it Mi L) troit, iv. Mil waukie, $Kt C'hic<go, $8: Cincinnati, SS: Toronto and Hamilton, Si; Whitehall, >2; Moutreal, SI; I'ittabnrg, fd. Office, 100 Barclay street. \ I- Mctirity reiitured will he gireu for the fulfilment of all etiiitricn ade with thi*conui?ny. H iii - r m I. llAV, Agent. New V'irk?l?t7 NOTICE. HTATKN ISLAND KKHRY.-On and -* - ft-- SIJN DAY, Ann I Uth, the steamboats iCImHL SYLPH and S+ATKN will <un m i follows, autil lurther-nofice LEAVE ST AT ISLAPD At 6, S, t, 10,11, A. M., and I, 2, I, 4, 5, S, T, P. M. LKAVK NKW TOHIt At *, 9, 10, 11, A. M.. and 1, 2, ten minutes past i, and at 4, 5, i, 7, o'clock, P. M. Nri? V.iik V[ riI I'trli. alt r K()K LfVERPOOL?The New Line?Regular '.VllMjP J"icket ol 2tit August?The superior, fast siilirig MWhi packet snip Ll VKRPOOL, MM tons hnrthen, Capt. John KliitliL't-. will sail as abovr l?.r iri'iil ir dav. For firight of'imuik, liifiai ?|V(nnt and ?u|ieruir acerminoil.i i' ii.P v to I he c iiitiin on Dimi il, n t ?< ' ! mile of DiirJiiM ?!i|-. or to WOOUHULL, tc MINTUHN, 11/ South ?t. Price of |>nmage $100. . ?.f the Wett, 1110 toim bnrthen. Cant I I 1111' Woodhnute, will succeed the ljiveipool, and mil 011 her regqlir day. glut He [it. ivM re jAikp '''V,K"''NX OK I'ACKKTH-Kefiiiar yjjjy Packet of thy llth of Awauar?The splendid new iff 'TV*'"1' \VKST fOINT, Wm. H. Allen, in,..t ! M ab0??? ^ier re*ul*r d?y. H?r Ireitht or 1'! ???, her accommodation* brier>'? fcf.ji"' 'i"01"' ' JW*.a,,<1 comfort, apply 011 board, at foot "l'", ?n'' to l. , , ? M. KKHMIT, 76 Honth at. rhe well known packet ahip Stephen Whitney, Charles W. [.master. will .ucceed the Writ Point and .ail llth tH'l?trmb*r, lirr r^goUr d*y. jv|l 2|f fr W^iSWof^iL'u.r1' ,(!!,<,PVV--U,-J?,,l 'r Picket of the IJth ' he fine new Br. Paekct .hip BROOKSHSRSySSr ' "" The re-nlar r^fku! * MlNTtfR:J, 17 Honth at. jdt rOK"LON DON-With Despatch?The fast" aaTcupijered and roppar latuned ship TRKMONT, JMfat il'tain Taylor, having a lanre portion of her ear*o S\r1,1"1M ,hn" ?U N South itrMt. I e 'kw NI Interesting Mexican Intelligence. PIIOM SANTA FE. The mail from the West yesterday brought a from Santa h'??uot of a rery late date, however, but , plat-Ins before uh kouk> interesting Information. The latest date* are to the *J7tli of May, the time at which llr. Murphy, Col. Uussell. oud other* left S.inta K? One of the letters which we have been nays that on : the 294 of May Col I'rice discovered that theru wore j instructions from the War Department, which had b-en recrived by the last mail brought by Mr. Bogizs,directed to tho oolouel pommaudinu in *aptu Ke, in which it wa* I announced that the Pretld- nt refused to sanction any of ; the acts of Gen. Kearny, so far u they confer any right* upon the cltisuu* of the territory ot New Mexico, as > citiiens of the United Stated . i*ud Gen Kearny, or the | officer commanding, was directed not to permit to be carried into effect such part of the organic and statute ltvrs of the territory as confi rs suoh rights. On the r.f tliMUM Inslrnul <'#?! I man dril the reltaae a ad remission of sentence of Antonio j Maria Trajillo. convicted of treason against the government of the L'nltvd States. The accused wag thereupon bet at liberty. The next step to be taken, say* the letter, will neces- I farily be to aunounce to the native* that.not being cititcu* of the United States. they ounnot elect a delegate to Con- i grops. " What think you will bo the effect of suoh an : announcement to a people whom we hare been nearly a | year past fighting, housing and talking into a belief that | they are citizens of the Tiiited States?must eujoy rigtitH , ana privileges an ouch?and must nut it all th? peualuen, when offending, that would fall upon the citizens of the ' United States ?" *' The instructions go on to say that the laws for the ! internal government of New Mexico received the full sanction of the Pr sident, and nf course we shall proceed to eluct members of a Legislative Council, and do all other acta and things that a people not quite slaves may do.-' This is the writer's deduction from tne instructions. but we think he will tlnd that even the election of members of a Legislature Is not within the privileges conferred upon the people of New Mexico. If they, aeciti- ! r.ens. can elect members of a legislative body, the distinction must be very nice which will prevent them from electing a delegate to Congress. " There hat, been shameful crawfishing on the one part, or presumption upon instructions and orders not given, on the other," in this matter of establishing a full grown territorial government in New Mexico. We shall see how this may be, when all the instructions are laid before ' Congress, but as Gen Kearny, in the matter of oitizun- I ship, has not varied his conduct in California, we feel \ bound to believe that he has not transcended the powers j given to him in regard to New Mexico. The Government has crawfished. Kxcept in the particulars which wc have stated, the letter says nil goes on as before. "Some fugitives from the valley of Taos; combiued with guerillas and Camanches, aro committing depredations beyond the Moro. A dav or two Ki?o thev ran off from Santa Clara, or the ' Wagon Mound)!, -J SO homo, killing one, and wounding two of the party in charge. This lias occurred, doubtless, from the most culpable neglect of duty." The writer, alluding to the condition of things in | Santa Ke, guys:?"One thing be done speedily. This military mob must be relieved, or we must be re- > llevcd of them soon; they beoomc more lawless and insubordinate every day.' " By the instructions lately received here, all the officers created under the Government for this territory are declared temporary?to continue only until the country shall be declared annexed, or its possesion shall be renounced." " We are nneasy about the mail from the United < States; in the common course of things, it ahould have been here weeks ago."?St. Louis Reptiblican, July 17. AFFAIRS IN CALIFORNIA* [From the California Star, February 13 ] The meeting of the legislative council will form one of the most important eras In the history of California. Their action will have a controling influence upon the affairs of the country^for years. It is necessary then that they should be careful, cautious and prudent in exercising the powers with which they arc clothed, and in executing the trust reposed in them. There will be much for them to do, and much, which designing persons will endeavor to Induce them to do, that they Bhould re- : frain from doing. Their first care should be to enact I such iawsas are Dent calculated to develoDe the resources of tho territory, and ameliorate the condition of the people. The condition of a large c1om of our best citizens should receive their early attention?we mean the late emigrants. Many of them have exhausted all their msaus in getting to the country, and are notable to buy lauds eveu at the low rate at which they ran bo obtained Qow. An early opportunity should be offered these people of acquiring portions of the publio domain free of charge, except for surveying and office fees.?In granting lauds a discrimination ought to be made in favor of those who have served in the armies, and fought the battles of the country. TfAn efficient, honest and independent judiciary being '.he great bulwark of the liberties of the people, the best means ofensuring order throughout the country, uud of speedily securing to every class of citizens their rights, a thorough organization of that department of the territorial government ought not to be delayed. It Is of the first importance, and demands the prompt action of the council. The present system is worse than none?it is worse than anarchy. We have Alcaldes aU over tho country, amuming the powers of legislatures, issuing and promulging their bandos, laws and orders, and oppressing the people Many ol these dignitaries have uever before been accustomed to civil duties, and a little office, and their belief that there is a prospect of a greater, has oomi>letely,fuddlud them. The most qyfarious scheming, trickery and speculating have been practised bv gome that was ever disclosed to the light of heaven. To the end therefore that a complete and entire ! change be made in this department of the government, | we suggest that the whole country be divided into con- j veni?pt counties, and that throe or more justices of the | peace be chosen by the people for each county, having j concurrent and coextensive jurisdiction. The territory should also be divided into three judicial districts, for I each of which a district judge should be appointed, i having the power, and being required to perform the duties of, such officers in the United States. The appointwent of a supreme judge, and the election of a probate judge in eachcouaty, would complete a most excellent judiciary system. The supreme conrt to he compossd , of a supreme judge and thu three district judges. The election or appointment of all necessary ministerial of. i fleers would follow as a matter of coursu. The station , which we have for some time paat occupied, and being ' intimately acquainted with many of thu most prominent citizens iu different sections of the country, has enabled us to learn something of the coudition una wishes of the people, and we believe that we have in the above suggestions only echoed the geuerai wilt. Hariug experienced the ill effects of the preseut system,any attempt by the council to perpetuate it would be met by thu mor t decided opposition on the part of the people. The couu- j cil have it iu their power to do a great deal of good, and ! much that would be prejudicial to the Interest* of the i country. We hope however that they will be governed j by patriotic feelings, and endeavor to accomplish the , oue and ixfruin from the other. Kv-ry thing should be done to assimilate as nearly as practicable at the present | ime, the territorial government of California to that of | the other territories of the United States. Wo have promised an enlightened and liberal government to the conquered people, and it is our duty to establish it as soou us possible, that their influence aud support may be drawn to the side of the United States, and that they may be happy and contented under the new state of affairsWe would earnestly recommend to the Couucil, the railing of a convention of the people on the first of May next, to form a constitution for the territory. A complete civil organization cannot take place without adopting this course, and we are satisfied that it would be the means of uulting the entire population of California in the glorious effurt of securing the permanent dominion of the United Stater, over the eountry.?The convention should be large. It should not be composed of less than one hundred member?. "In a multitude of counsels there Is wisdom;" and besides, the action of a large body is not so apt to be the result of interested and sinister motives, as that of u small one. In the mean time the legislative counoil ought to be increased by appointment, to at least, tweuty members, so that every principal interest in the country may be represented. That body Is at present too small for a deliberative assembly; and as its action will affect every Interest?every interest ought to be represented. ARMY. Tilt* ftlttfimnr Rnrtrund hu nn hnnril 1'c.r V'nrf uran. worth, tho following article* of ai my *tore*. vlf 17 barreU *ugar; 44 *ack* ?alt, 4d ban els beani, ft I barrel* of . coffe?, 20 ca*k* bacon, 400 *ack* llour. JA barrel* of vine- | ;;nr.? Si. Louii Union, nthinil. Sfhip I-kvir ix Canada.?It is our pninful duly to announce the decease of the Kev. Mr. Iii? hard*, an aged and re*p?ctable r>rle*t of tho Roman Catholic Church. Thi* i* the eighth gentleman of tho fern In* r j who ha* fallen a victim to hi* plou* zeal, from contagion, naught in admlnl*terlng the ritr* of their religion to the de*tltute immigrant* in the nhed*. The whole of the *!*ter* of the Grey Nunnery, we regret to .?iy, are laid up with lllne**, contracted In the naiue ml* tlon. Nevertliele**, the exertion* of tho Hoinnn Catholic clergy are unweuried by fatigue, and undeterred by danger. The ltight Rev. the i)l*hon of the dlooe*e aod hi* Vicar General *pend alternate night* in watching in that pestilential atmosphere over the *lek and dying The number of *lck in the immigrant *hed* on the 33d in*t ? < I 096; there had died during the preceding twenty-four hour*, 33.? Montreal Oax, July 54. Wi! regret to have to announce the death of Or Grass*, t, the medical attendant In the Toronto hospital! * mi lost hid life by having taken the prevailing fever ' several other highly respectable persona have fallen a sacrifice to the *atn? disease. About Sf.O emigrants rame up to the wharf thin morning : none two or three died on their way up, and there are several of them who must be immediately sent to hospital | they were in such a tllthy condition that it was lmpotsible to go among them ; even the sailors declared they could not and would not go into the holds of the barge* ?Kingtton ^Canada) Chrnnii:lt,2l$tinit. Oapt. C. L. Armstrong is fait recovering. Dr. Daioouu has returned to his duties at (irnsse Isle, We are sorry to hear that a sister of Dr. VVolford Nelson, residing at Sorel, alflicted with the prevalent disease, wa*. last night, considered to be In extreme danger. The number of admissions into hospital since our last statement is 379, making the total there under treatment, on Tuesday last, 2,049. Dr. Pinet, whose illness wo noticed on Tuesday, baa since returned to his Mends The Oreenock has since arrived at tha station, with Hlrt passengers on board She lost l*i on the passage, seven of whom were children, and bad 60 sick on board. ? Mercury, 39d imit. % rto 2W YOKK. TUESDAY M< On the Sailing of I lie fttenmahtp Union. " Thoa'rt rightly named the Union ; For 0'ir the (lowing tide The stars and stripes, and tri-color, _ Are waving side by aide. Forever wave in brotherhood, Klaus of the brave aud free, And joiu your folds in fellowship Upon the Homy go*. We had a uuion with thee, France ' We claim that union yet. And will no lo m ai Karnu unwreath* The name of Lafayette, The gallant, aud the true of heart. Whose vaTroua deeds have won A name a grateful people write Beside her Washington. Then speed thee on, thou gallant (hip, l_'r>on thv traakless wav? Wm hail th'-n an the harbinger Of an auitplctoun (lay, When iiatioim ?hall I<>n*th"r iu<et, Miuglinit their flag* In one, Thia mt.tto wATlng. raast-hw?d high ? 'KrieodHhip and Union !" R. D. T Nkw York, July 24, IS47. Trrin* of the Supreme Court, Circuit Court*, Hurt Court* of Oyer anil Terminer of the Slate of New Yorli. THIRD JUDICIAL DISTRICT. County ok Albany. CKNKRAL TKRMH. 1>IH ?1st Monday of January, City 11*11, Albany, Juslice* Harris. Watnon and Parker. 1849? Ut Monday of January, City Hall, Albany; Justicca Paige, WUlard and Hitnd. OTKCIAL TKHM1. 1847 ? lft Monday of Sept.,City Hal!, Alb'y Ju'eHurrif. 1st do Deo., do do Paige. 18 Id?3d do Feb., do do I'arker. Ut do April, do do Watson. 1st do July, do do do 1st do Kept, do do Tarkor. let do Dec, do do Harriii. 18 4P?.Id do Feb., do do Willard. 1-t do April, do do Hand. 1 bt do July, do do I'aige. Ut do Kept., do do Willard. Ut do Deo., do do I'aige. CIRCUIT COURTS AND CUUR rS 01' OYF.ll A NO TERMINI:!. IK47?4th Monday ofSept ,('ity Hall, Alb'/, Juh Willard. 1848?*41(1 do April, tlo do Harris. 4th do Sept , do do Watson. 1849 ? 4tU do April, do do Wright. 4th do Sept , do do Paige. Col'NTY or Sciioitarii:. oenkral trim*. 1848?4th Monday October, Court House, Schoharie, Justices Harris, Watson and I'arker special terms. 1817?3d Monday Oct., Court House, Scho ,Jus. Watson. 1848?Thursday aft or 3d Monday May, do do Harris. 3d Monday October, do do Wat-on. 1849?Thursday after 3d Monday May, do do Paige. 3d Monday October, do do Wiliard. CIRCUIT COURTS AMU COURT) 01' OYER AND TERMINER. ID 17?1st Monday of Out., Schoharie, Justice Watson. 1M4 - 3d Monday of .May, do do Harris. 1st do Oct, do do Parker. 1849?3d do May, do do Paige. 1st do Oct., do do Hand. County or Sullivan. general terms. 1849?4th Monday of .May, Court House, Monticello, Justices Paige, Wiliard and Hand. srECIAl. TERM). 1847 ?1Thursday after 4th Monday of Sept.,Court House, Monticello, Justice Watson. 1848?Thursday after 3d Monday of May, do Jus. Parker. Thursday after 4th Mond% of Sept, do do Watson 1819?Thursday after 3d Monday May, do do Wright. Thursday alter 3d Monday Sept, do do Hand. CIRCUIT COURTS AND COURTS OK OYER AND TERMINER. 1847?4th Monday Sept, Monticello, Justice Watson. 1848?3d Monday May, do do Parker. 4th Monday Sept, do do Watson. 1849?3d Monday May, do do Wright. 4th Monday Sept, do do Hand. County of Henssalakr. GENERAL TEAMS. 1848? 1st Monday of June, Couit House, Troy. Justices llariis, Watson and Parker. 1849?1st Monday of June, Court House, Troy, Justices I'aige, Willard and I laud. ptcial tkkm). 1847?4th Monday Sept, Court llouae, Troy, Jus. Harris. Id It)?4th do April, do do do Parker. 4th do Sept, do do do Harris. IB 49?4tb do April, do do do Paige. 4th do Sept, do do do llaud. CIRCUIT cOf RTI AND COURTS OF OVI'l? AMD TKRMINKR. 1B47?1st Monday Sept, Troy, Justice Watson. 1&4M?1st do April, do do Parker. 1st do Sept, do do Harris. 1849?1st do April, do do Wright. | lht do Sopt, do do Willard. j County or Ulster. general tki^ms. 184S?4th Monday June, Kingston, Justices Harris, Watsou and Parker. 1849?4th Monday June, do do I'aige, Willard and Hand. VKCIAL TERMS. 1847?2d Monday of October, Kingston, Justine Watson. 1848?M do May, do do do 2d do Oct., do do do 1849?Jd do May, do do llaud. -id do Oct., do do Willard. CinCCIT COURT AND COUII I Ob OU R AND 1847?1st Monday of Sept , Kingston Justlcv Willard. 1844?1st do April, do do Herri*. 1st do Sept, do do Watson. I841I?1st do April do do Willard. 1st do Sept, do do Hand. County of Orekni. oknehal tekm3. 1847 4tb Monday of Oct., CaUkill, Justices Harris, Watson and Parker. 1848 -4lh Monday of Oct, Catsklll, Justices Taige, Willard aud Hand. special thms. 1847 'id Monday of October, Catsklll, Justlco U*rfis. laJS ?,l ilr. ilr. .I~ ?-??? ? ?" ?? 2d do October, do do I'arkir. IftO-'.M do May, do do llaud id do October, do do Willard. cir.cuii covar tin coi'iiit ur ornmnii I?47 ?ad Monday of Sept., Catxkill, .lu?t.ic? Willurd h-IH- -id do April, do do Harris. Jd do bept., do do I'arker. IV I'J - .'J do April, do do Hand 2d do Hept., do do 1'aigi'. County or Columou RtNKHAI TBMMI. lb4H?3d Monday of June. Hudson, JusticesHairis, WatMonaud I'ar Iter. 1849 - 3d Monday of June, Hudson, Justices Willard and Hand. irroiil term. IB47 -3d Monday of October, llu l tii. Justice Parker. 184H?3d do May, do do Watson. 3d do October, <n> do llarru. 1849?3d do May, do do Willurd. 3d do May. do do Hand. riacriT cou* r and courts oi ov?:a amk i khminkh. 1847?ad Monday of Oct., Court House Hudson, Jubtice Hand. 1848?4th Monday of April, Court Hou'e, Hudson. Justiou Watson. id Mouday of October, Court House Hudson, Justice Harris Iiit9?4th Monday of April, Court House, Hudsou, Justice Willard. Jd Monday of October, Court Houd", Hudson, Justice Paige. Attempt at Kouiiery and Awful Death <?f onk ok tub Kobhkhb ? Un firtturday morning, about half pant four o clock, the attention of a watchman was attracted to the rear of the lame tailoring .i.?uKIUIi.nar.t I ?? ? - - - * marKia *treet. below Klfth, where, uyon investigation. be di?covered m>uie one in the act of effecting an entiance by the *econd xtorjr window The robber becoming alarmed ran, and hotly pursued by the watchman, took reftige in a range of privieit in the rear of the Merchant*' llot?l, and could not be found by hi* ptirmier* Home time afterward* the cry of murder waa heard by the Inmate* of the hotel, when search wa* made upon the prem!??*, hut nothing wan (Uncovered to indicate that any partoa wa* there In thin range It rppear* that one of tne neat* and a portion of the floor over the ceri-pool wa* torn away, to which attention wh* attracted, but at tbe time no di*covery wa* made. Information of the circum*tanre having been furniilied to the police office, *ev< ral of the officer* proceeded to n thorough search, and Anally found that a body wa* in the pool, which, after cou*lderable effort, they recovered It wa* Indentitled a* I hat of a back fellow by the name of Joseph Dlldon, who wa* wi ll known in tbe city, having been employed in *ereral publio place* In the city within the la*t live or *ix year*, from one of which, L). Dandurmd* (-"ft, In Chetnut atreet, ho wa* two or three duyi since discharged under auspicious circumstance* An inquest wa* held on the body by Alderman Ash, for the Coroner, and a verdict reudered that he came to hi* UI-HLII UV UIVWUIMK .u ? !""J ???'H "? e.-toape from the officers of juiticc. The watchmen and police discovered nlso that two or three store* on the uorth side ot Market street had been bored the same night or morning. and one or two of them Hucuisr-fuily entered, but nothing of any account taken therefrom The opinion in th?t these were operated upon by Dtldon, and perhaps one or two accomplice*, previous to the attempt upon I.ipplnoott's store. Nevernl implements for rutting and boring were found at the Utter place, which had been stolen from Mr DanduraixJ s premises; and the hat and one or two article* of clothing of the deceased were found in the rear of Mr D.'h Hotel, left thereby the robber, unquestionably with the view of returning and replacing the tools he had atolen, and putting on the hat and clothing to avoid detection. There were found on hi* person a Mirer pencil, with gold pen. and a ailver pencil, on the top of which was engraved the letter 1. or J., supposed to have been stolen. About six weeks ago Dildon waa arrested on the charge of having, several month* ago, robbt d the clothing tore at the northeast corner of Dock and Second streets The arrest*u mad* upon the Information of a relative

ot hi*, to whom it wa* alleged he had made a confession, but there not being evidence sufficient to warrant a com mlttal he wu discharged ?PMladilphia Irdgtr. WA RK 1 ORNING. JULY 27, 1847 Herald European Corree)y>mletice. Di, June 14,1817. To Tin; Kditor or the N. V. Hkrald ^ Tho Itepeal Association inrt an u> ual at Conciliation Hall, on .Monday, the 7th instant The Seeretury (Mr. Kay) read un address from thu clergymen of the Mullingar conference, expressive of Jeep regret at tho death of O'CoDDell, and their delegation of the leaderthlp to Mr. John (J'Counell, who may now bo said, notwithstanding his verbal ne/i rpttcupuri, to he formally iuducted into it. Mr. Mnurlee O'Couneil, hi* elder brother, also took a prouiiuent part iu the proceedings, and Tom Steel bade u last farewell to politics and public life, concluding his address by remarking, 'that as they aqain would never hear the benign voice wf the august O'Connell, bo never again would they hear it's echo In that of hi* humble but truly devoted disciple." I'oor Tow, to tho end he loved, if not wisely, yet full well The lent for the week amounted to Atls 3s 3d. Thu remain! of O'Connell are cxn>'ct< d to ruaeli Dublin ih- ?>IS die of July The O'Cuuuvll family nrn rv|irtnMutud by the voice ol rumor, in delayiug his interment for electioneering nod political purposes, uud that they intend, and are making themost of thu feelings excited by Ilia deceit** A communication from Mr. Smith O'Brien to John O'Couuell, Concerning hix wishes auto the attendance of tho Voting Irelaud party at his fuueral, wan rather discourteously reeeived, uud the propotitlou con1 taiued iu It. though auanswert-d, yet virtually refused ? | 11, tht; meeting ol the Confederation which took place iu the .<1 usic llitll. on the 10th, iu reference to the proueed| tug* ol mime of lite members of the old Repeal party, Mr O'Brieu had reason to express himself an follow* : ? I Willi regret I perceive that an attempt, which 1 cannot ) but designate tu> pitiful aud unworthy, ig about to be made t > couvert the wailibgs of a nation into a cry of a faction, but I tell those muchinators who hive r?[ .<orted to such unwoithy, mercenary, and nefarious deviceg. that they will not succeed 1 kuow my eountryineu well enough to be a.-<sured that they will pay tho homage which is justly due to departed greatness. without being made the dupeg of those who. for their own ptirpogeg, set k to use the manifestations of alfeotiou for the departed great, as the means of exoiting h itred against the living; they will not heguilty of this injustice, but will judge ug by our actions and motireg, ko." Concerning big imputed deglre ot assuming the leadergliip, he spoke thus:?"It hug pleased gome who kiMiwuiy inotiveg bettor than I know them myself, to asgigu to my conduct a desire to attain the leadership of the Irigh people. Now I think it must be sufficiently obvious, that if I had a desire to obtain such leadership, I have uot taken the mode of arriving at that end I knew that at the end of last July ag well us I know it today, but if I am entitled to claim praise lor anything, it is that, since 1 have been connected with Irish politics, it hag been my object to assist in bringing forward every able niau who appeared upon the scene, and give him as much, it not more encouragemeut. than 1 could seek for myself' Iu other respects the meeting wits most respectably attended aud densely crowded, and the internal resources of the country, to be developed by individual aud united exertions, for its own assistance,formed the topics ou which the several speaker* dilated; but the lull capacity of the Confederation for working out its destined end, must remain comparatively unexercised until the Interment of O'Connell, and the sucoeeding culm, when, by time and trial, itg powers aud charucter, and those of Its oppoueuts, will be fairly tested. The Irish Council is to hold its next public meeting ou Tuesday, the 16th, at the Itotunda. Several influential members have been added to its ranks since its hi st meeting,but its period of efficiency hag not yet come, the famine and pestilenoe through the land have dulled the intellects and uuergies of men, returning health and olentv must be waited for. vet ac companied by thu stimulant or an overwhelming pressure of taxes for the repayment of upwards of .? o,000,000 of debt, spent beyond their power of interference iu useless works ; and this coupled with the carrying out of the principle contained in the late declaration of Lord John Russell in Parliament, ' that concurrently the rents received by tk( lauded proprietors of Ireland, and the profits of the farmers, are sufficient not only to pay their laborers, but to relieve the destitute." All this is to be effected by the unaided produce ot agriculture alone, except that the contemplated institution of a museum of Irish Industry may be considered indicative of a wish to develope other sources of supply. In reference to this institution, a circular has been issued, signed Robert Kane, mentioning particularly thu objects of its formation, and it-* place under the general direction of the chief coiuuiiuissioner of woods aud forests. Its extensive or evcntuul utility is very problematical, iudeed , unconnected with it the Irish confederation are preparing a report on theactual manufactures of the country; instructions have been received by the several engineers superiutenalng public works, that all such works shall be tiually discontinued ou or before thu I Hu of August next. The working of thu I'oor Law bill is intended to bo the substitute; this tiually received the royal absent on Tuesday last, and is now the law of the laud, though expectations are entertained that the carrying out of us provisions aud levying the rates will be attended with almost iusuperable difficulties. Mr. Sharman Crawford intends bringing forward, ou Weduesday next, his Tenant .Right bill; it is supposed that it will be received unfavorably by the Legislature.and some go so far as to assign not tho mod generous motives touching the interests | of Ireland, as the cause for its anticipated rejection.? I Lord Monteagle brought, forward, in thu House of Lords, on the 4th, his motion for the appointment of a select committee relative to emigration from Irelaud Karl Grey in consenting to a committee, expressed himself to the effect, that " In consenting he muse repeat it was neither his views nor that of his colleagues, to encourage the expectation that emigration, on a great and gigantic sealu, which some suerned to think necessary aud practical, ought to be adopted, or that it could be rcudt red the means of immediate relief;" its result may heuce be anticipated. A meeting of Irish members took plare on thu Uih, iu London, to take into consideration measures for the eucouragemeut and promotion of Irish fisheries; it is believed that a joint stock company, with a board of directors ami committee of mauageinunt, will bu formed tu carry out no desirable an object. Ituinor says that iu consequence of the low state of tbe Exchequer, the drainage anil railway loans are iu danger; the lutlor for X(100,000 an loruierly stated, It m said if brought forward by the Chancellor, will certainly be OpfOWtt. And uow to diverge from politics and turu to the state of tbe country. Kaiuine, owing to the precautionary measures in existence, no longer strikes down its tens of thousands, but ltii consequent fever is 4111 spreading itH wings and swooping o'er tbe laud; the same districts as mentioned in last letter, being blill the principal scenes, though, alas, not the only ones, cf its ravages. ( '.very journal contains tbe names of individuals ol the higher orders, who have fallen victims to its ravages To enumerate the poor would be almost impossible. One fact will give ail idea ot tbe state of things In l ather Matthews' Cemetery, at Cork, feince August last there have been buried upwards of ten thousand dead, aud guards are obliged to be stationed round it to preveut further Interments. Tbe fear of plague aud death is increasing ro last that the poor law guardian* of tbe city are providing tkere two additional cemeteries for the recvptiou of new subjects. Tbe grain crops still continue to wear the eaine promising appearance us mentioned iu last, and t li line contradictory rumors, without a greater me; rtaluty, prevail with regard to the failure ol l< \ ' ato. Provisions keep up the last quoted prices, thou liuye supplies are said to bo ou hand, and greatci ationd cA|TOi,vru. AUVICUS Uilto UiOil iBtoiTcu \Jit mc i i bit from (Jibraltur, communicating that " n largi duel of provision laden vessels, principally bouud for Kaluiouth und Cork, has pasxed ttiiH day Two government steamers, are agisting Jiny that want, and above R thousand rail aro reported to bo on their passage froin the Baltic. The (iondola, from New York, arrived on the 11th, with Indian corn, The Very Rev. J. .Matthew, (hp appears by a paragraph In the A'aliou of the liiih, hiu) received a letter from the Captain of the United Slates frigate Macedonian, stating that the above vessel will arrive at Cork sometime during the preiient month, with a gratultouH cargo tor the relief of the distressed Irish. The present is stated to be the sixth VMsel that has brought the free gift of the generous Americans to our desolated shores. An immense stock of mai/.e, grown in Louisiana, lias been brought to Liverpool. An advance in wheat took place last week of froin is. to 4s per quarter According to the Mar k hant Kj /irm, bread at the same time has fallen in price in London, an apparent anomaly In Cork, from the depressed state of the country, and scarcity of money, most of the gentlemen have disposed of their yachts. A short time since one of the finest in the hftrbor was sold to a firm for 4'jAOO, who Intend to oonvert her Into a pilot boat. The insurances nfflce* will have to pay X 17,000, on the death of O'Connall, to person* uncon neeted with his family. Our theatre still remains closed. We have had several concerts within the last week. Music and singing seem to t:ike the place of the drama, but they possibly would have but little Inf?*r*>Nt tn r#*a.rl??r* MoKtrial, July 20, 1 h 17. The Falh of Niagara? l.nke Ontario?The Sew steamer Cataract?Oiwrgi and ill Froipectl? Sackett't flarhor?The Thoutand hlandt of the St. Lawrente-Ogdemhurgh and Builon Railroad ? The former the litiffain of Mai*achuietti?The Rupidt of the St. Lawrence?Canadian Cotia/f?Theatre Royal?Minnfir Place, of New Orleam. Dic?ii Si* Kroni UulTnlo we proceeded to the Kail* of Niagara, on our route down Ontario to Montreal; and having bnt a few liour* to Atay. our party procured an ounibufl and descended by land to the head ol the rapid*, above the great whirlpool. We chartered the beautiful little Hteanibaat the'-.Maid of the Mint," to a*cend the river. The captain who accompanied uh from th? ( alarm*! Kniun nn ?Ku \ ? kept, was ready on the Instant yind in the time that I am indicting these linen w? were in progreasive movement toward* the attraction of tho world The maatery of man propelled thin tiny pteiirner through the rnpld current, and although we had the rapids of deptructlen below, and the fall* of annihilation abov?. between a distance of a mile, yet our daring crew thought not, or leared not danger. At certain point* where the atream flown with the rapidity and Ptrength of Msgsra only, our little monster, puffed and struggled and groaned without progressive efTrot, until a midden cliang" of eddy would favor us, when on she aped a* thnilgb deetlned to destruction in the awful ahy?< that appeared In full rlew above u*. Ap wo approached the American fall, the mint came upon us like a torrent, and we w re compelled to seek shelter, for an Instant. In t ' side cublnsofmir vessel. We soon passed this p'lot, and then stood In the midst of this wonderful exhibition of the i ownr of creation, with the American lull at our left, the Canadian at our right, and Uoal Island, thu separate* tha two. with the Blddla italr-<;a*a In ita cantra, at our ftont Wa approaohal within ona hualiad liSRA ? yard* of the bottom of th? American fall but dure not ' ri?k within lire hundred of the Canadian, for fear ol j being drawn into Ho lasting embrace. Thus wan pre- j sauted to on all that ever ?hould be Been of this grand ( | feature of nature, an all other view* tend to deidroy it* | maguitlceiiee and splendor Having passed our appointed time, wo took the car* for l.ewistou, to descend iWario in tlie now and elegant Htearner Cataract, oommanded by Captain Van Cleve, who fur nearly thirty years has ped hi* way aero** this inland sea. Wo soou left Niaisani river, with its brietjing fort* to guard invasion and rolled upon the swelli lug bosom of the beautiful Ontario, with a breeie no light, yet ko refreshing, that slumber was irreristible? liurititc tile night, we entered the fieneaee river, landing 1 and receiving paxseugers for and from Rochester. and at ] Sunday daylight's early dawu, we entered tile harbor of j Oswego. This town has progressed in population aud business most rapidly for the past * w years; and on the completion of the contemplated railroad to Syracuse, a | distance of only thirty-five milto, Ibis route lo Niagara | anil Buffalo will receive wort- than halt the travelling | patronage during the tummrr mouths. Touching at : Sacketu Harbor, which improves but little, we ibra crossed tint lower end of the 1*U? to Kingston, uow tho seat of Parliament. and the recipient of goternmeut fit, TOM, in works of public defence and military support. On we sped down tho bnuutilul St. Lawrence, with its j thousand dotn and spots of island green, until early dunk landed us at Ogdcnsburg. soon to be. through Boston enterprise, the Buffalo of Massachusetts. The stock of the railroad from this point to Boston him uearly all b?eu Lakeu. aud the work will soon be couiuieucej, aud completed within two ye.irs This will not only make Boston tho market lor Lite immense products of wheat, i dour, iron, (Uh, Jko., of th'i whole Black river region of country, which Includes all Je(Tor?"u. aad parU of Uawego, Lewis, and St. Lawrence couuties; but by th.' w*y of tho Wetland (.anal, also, the products of Ohio, j Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana The u<>utem plated railroads from Hamilton to a point opposite Detroit, and from Toronto to the south east cud of Georgian Bay will save the whole navigation ef Lake Krlc, and be the route for all emigration from Canada sea ports to the far west; while Boston will preaeut advantages by the Ogdeu-liurgh route, far superior to that uow held by New V'ork city for the transportation of those who seek a home in our almost boundless western region. 'Tis time New Vorkers were on the look out, as Uioyankees are uever idle iu support of their interests. W e remained at Ogdenvburgh over night, aud od the arrival of theelegaut and staunch uteainer British t^ueeu, Captain Chamberlain, iu the evening at H o'clock, were transferred to her on her route to .Montreal, aud were lauded ut Lachine at Jusk, whence we took stages to our hotels In the city, the large majority of the passengers making Daly's (lute Hoscoe'g) their liead-'iuarters The pasture down Hit* St. Lawrence, interspersed, as it i.t, with the rapids of "the Sault,'' ' the < edati,'" and " the Cascades " is indescribable on paper. and excel* all that I have aeen in my whole tour on these great western lakes. The provincial government have evinced much enterprise in constructing canals around all these formidable points of navigation; and the Haine steamboat that brought uh down these rapids at the rate of thirty aud forty miles per hour, now overcoat)1!) tn? I m passable upward obstruction)), and ijuietly passes round every point, loaded with a full cargo of freight and pitssengerti. The couutry, a* you upprouch Montreal, presents striking Improvements 111 agriculture; and ali that Is necessary to place this whole region ou a par with that of your northern New York counties, is for the provincial government to abandou the present restrictions on trade and commerce, aud open their ports in a liberal end wise genre, to the extended world ? * anada would advance more in ten years, under such a change, than she will iu fifty years under the present syrtem of government. Her population is now gradually increasing, and will soon number over three millions of people, while her cities range as follows :?Montreal, NjOOO; Quebec, :17,0')0; St. John*, N. U. 26,000; Halifax, J'J.ftUO; Toronto, -11,000: St. Johns, N. K., 19.000; Sydney, ltf,000; Kingston, 9,000; Frederick, N.B., 4.600; Charlotte Town, 1'. K. (J , 4,600. Thus, you see, these provinces are gradually becoming of great Importance to their mother oountry, aud free intercourse will render them the rivals of our northern frontier. I visited the new aud beautiful Theatre Royal last evening, in company with K. L. I'lace, l.sij , the manager of the American Theatre, New Orleans, who will boon be In your city, to close engagements for the cdhu ing season. J nun's W alloc k performed Hamlet to h very full and fashionable house, and bilk well received by a most intellectual audience I leave to-morrow for the route down < hainplalu, to Saratoga and New York City. The ship fever cases arc coutlued entirely lo the upper part of the city, and although many per.^ons who have been in attendance upon the sutlerings of these emigrants, bare been Mick and diseased, yet uo apprehensions exist among the inhabitant.* here, nor do you hear anything relative to the disease, in the ordinary topic* of conversation. C. Sr. Louis, July 16th, 1847. Last evening, Lieut. KUiott uud about thirty privates of the Laclede Hangers, arrived here from Santa Ko, the vicinity of which they left on the 17th Juue. At the time of leaving, considerable apprehension existed of another insurrection. The Mexicuus and Indians had become emboldened by the defeat of Capt. Kdmonson at the canon of lied River, and were very generally boasting that they would soon have reinforcements from the Kurrouuding country, when it was their inteutiou to cut oil the outposts, and ultimately os.iail the city. Lieut K. informs me that the outposts are in a very exposed conditio!), and Illy provided with the niuuus of defence Capt. Kdmonson and Col. Willock hail returned trom a tour agaiust the Indians who receutly defeated the former. Wheu they got to the scene of the defeat, of course the ludiaus were gone. They followed them South a number of days, but could uot overtake tliem The enemy appeared lo have been in large firce, and from the uumber of fresh inouuds discovered on their way, it was interred that their loss in the tight was about forty Jim lleckwith, a mulatto, who haj been suspected of tampering with the enemy, piloted this expedition ? Lieut, K. thinks the suspicions of his Infidelity ill grouuded. Capt. Dant's company would probably remain with Col. l'rice uiitil relieved. Capt. Angney's Infantry and Capt. Pitcher's artillery wero to depart for Kort Leavenworth on the 20th ult.; Capt. Wood s on the Jblh. On the 'Jtith ult., the party met two ijunrtermasterj' trains, accompanied by Mr. Smith, who had been beseigud at Hort Mtnn on the Arkansas This company had lost three men killed by Indians, but were getting on very well, ami were observing great precaution. Maj Kllzpatrick, with an advance party of Lieut. Love ? command, wan met near the Arkansas crossing The account of Lieut. L.'t loss it confirmed, lie would mot a to the neighborhood of the * aches, and there await reinforcements Col. hanton's command ? that portion from St. Louis were met at Uottomwood creek, moving ou well Various companion were afterwards met ou the way, but nothing of interest worthy of relation occurred The health of Santa I e has improved, but the soldi -r ire all very anxious to get home The rumor that Dt-nt'B Kort was burnt by Indians, is probably untrue Mahki. is.?i'Ue produce business is very dull Slocks ou hale aru light, aud the trade Is almost entirely with a view to consumption Klour? Choice country dull at $4 SO; City Mills a uO Wheat -Prime is taken by the millers at Hue. Com?Heavy at ."W a :i.1e. Whis kew--raw, juc. nuiu|i?quite nriHK at 71^1 per inn lor i)K. l,ead?declining; may be quoted at f> I 4.? per 100 lb*. liacon side*. clear. hauiH ft a 7; *linuld<*r* 41-, a 5. I.urd?No. 1, worth Barrelled pork, prime J.I1 oO; men* $! ? oO. Mark> t bare of al' de*criptions of provi*ion*, except bacon. Money market quite eauy >eiiiiit; rate of exchange on eastern citlu*, 'i premium ARUL'H. The Lalt nl I'rejtd?\?j\V Koittc lo I he Many projects liave *ireftjy been formed for joiuioK or connection the Atlantic w)liJ t|1(. |>ncitlc Ocean, In th? United State* (a ?a^)un m,,r? interested in till* matter tliau any other.; ft gigantic plan ha* rec< ntly beeu conceived, which <'onK(?ls )n (j1B bulldiug of a railroad of uo leits tbau eight hundred leaguea long, through Talley*,rlTer* and mountain* not yet thoroughly explored'?an enterprise which only thin n it ion could dare undertake_Uje linal termination of which would take norne tttte,.n yearn, and at the enormous expense of >60)000,000, The Htn'.e of Honduras, in < eutral America, without the wealth and stability fg the admiuiKtralioa of the I'nited Stated, possesses, by it* topographical position, the meant ol accomplishing this great work. .Nobody ha* ever thought of examining this part of the American continent, and wo will rapidly point out it* great and numerou* advantage. Krorn the port of Onioa. litaated on the Atlantic, In the Oulf of Honduras, to tlio*e of Han I.orenio, or l a Pay on the Pacific. there i? hardly one hundred league* (300 miles); Included in thin distance there are ninety mile* from Omoa (lat, lj 311 \ , |<jn. ?7 M W.) to Tojna; that can be run by *teamers of a certain *iie on the rl- j mill Liu. >uu umuiju, naVlK*OI? """ "} ? tuns burthen. The ltin llianro Is now by bargee or pirogues of u Urg? ?'/< , out of very bad construction There remain only J JO nil< < of land rc>*d ThU distance cun still Imi shortened. by (instead of x? ing to S?u l.ori-nr.0) leaving that road at Aniareeiria. uud taking tin' rivnr (iuascoran, sixteen niUee from the latter place Thin river Is alsa navigated by larg? barge> Thus t he nad would ne shortened by JI unles to arrive lit l.a Pa*, (tut I I Ui N . Ion n7) leaving altogetbtru extension of about l"'l inllM, "r ilrtll.OUO yards Am to local advantages. Iucl(l?nt to this gi< it morement in the geueral commorce of the world, this road will traverse the towns nu<i Tillages of Tojoa, Mian) ?r. 'arrlzal. Cuevas. Ksplno, ' ouiayagns, (capital of the State) Villa de Ban Antonio, I.ainaul, San Juan. Han Antonio <1.1 Norte, arldftd. and Amareelna, situ tied in three different departments. Many other towrs ?/? found at a short distance frura the routo, which will render all the assistance In their power towar is this enterprise. fronj which tbey are the first to derive no much benefit Cpon this route ?re found, also. ns if by providential foresight, fine beds of lime, bulldiDg storm, and all the materials necessary lor the manufacture of tricks, and conveniently at hand. Several copper mines are also on the way. One of these is situated near the village of Nacaome. In the neighborhood of whioh is a very abundant iron mine. Besides all that, there is along that route a great ma| ny cattle farms, which would give to the enterprising not only their own product*, but those of the country | around, where grains of all kinds are raited, but suftiI dent only for the actual consumption of the population, j for want of roads and canals for exportation The magnificent and fertile valley of < uinuytu'ua. which, being rlt' u?tej in the laleriorof '.he country. Its Inhabitant* are ; unconscious of all the benefits they eigoy, could ho msde a depot of the necessaries for the undertaking Tills valley Is thirty miles long, by eighteen wide, and could j be run along by the railway, as it is now by the high I road Many other valley* that ate met on the route L D. Pihi *w? U?n??. ^uX?rVrV ' VT* M,'lrOU,,lb-,?Thi. i? not all The rlv.-r Ulu?, r.? reaching a ,.1.0.. called !*aleuc,ue. loone-i * Kr?at portion of it, watera uu r tbe uMie of Rio CoBMa*n? TUU Utter river if Joined by the I uiullua, which ukea luaouroe to thvalley of Comayagna, by the,, cowing from the ralley of Falanga, aud by the Cuy-iraapa creek, which descend* from the mountains ot <-ata^uuna. three little rivern fall into oue at a dulanoe of ilxtwuor eighteen mlle?, before they meet the flua, and are navigable from that place by barged Tbe < 'uvaina^a U now navigated up t<> (Jataguaua. eighteen mile* above the junction of Ihe other two. Tbe L'mullua then in navigable tome dintaui'e, a.< itfl volume of water* in fur ?upe rior to th .t of the Cuyamapa. Mr J. B Lountalet, a French engineer, dent to examine the port of La I'at. declared that, feeing the volume of water of the l'mullua, it could be uavigated in any season -ip to the Comajagr,.. 4V>..almill/t l>u i>u( u CUIltll r\W nthuP <>K "tacie on the way If there T* not. as it 13 ooufldently tupposed. by cleaneing the heil of thin river. inerchandiie* could be brought up to the capital of the State thus reducing the length of the railroad to some ?ixty mile i only' Now. if the people of tho United .State* have oonoeiv nl the id?a of connecting th? I'aulflo with the lakes Mirhignn and Huron. a distance of more than two thousand milts of deserts, interrupted by torreuts, rivers and rocky mountains, could not the Stat* of Honduras And a man who would uppreciste the facilities and advantage It offers for a communication of the two oceans'? Thin portion of the aountry enjoy* one of the most do lightful climate* of Americu. a perpetual spring It is celebrated for Us parture*, it* lofty piD<**, nnd It* well known timber it all kiud* It is corered with rich Urmn, hamlet n and village*. Througnout that route Dot a river m found Urge enough to render necewmry a bridge over It, nlthouKli !t I* watered hy uuiuberleg* brook*, which malm the land extremely fertile The territory in firm, without making too lubvriouj aoy work* of exca vallon that might br nereM*ary. This niuiple Hketch will *ufflce to show all the facilities that thin road pr<'?tut? acrufs the State of Honduras. compared with that of Oregon, throughout the leugth of which uuinerou*. and all kiu4* of obstacle*, will be met with Despite of th-? very *mall r?/?ourcee of tho State of Honduras compar?d with those of the Unlon. th? advantages are ou it* side L*t u* add. thai instead of the sixty live luiilious of dollar* that .Mr Whitney's plan would cost, from ' 'it to Ave miliiou* i would be enough to realize the on we *peali of. \\ hil* j the enormous capital of the Oregon road Is formed lift 7 I could be formed for the other. 1 In fact, in regard to all the Interest*, the read through I Honduras presents more advautageou* results thsn that, j of the United States. Wight day* would it li art necessary to traverse the continent from ' ? AlLiutic -M.t Co the water* of the Columbia; twelve tiuurs would perhaps be sutflcieut to cross from no# oceau to anothei by way of ilondura-. The transport of a ton of goode by the tirst ot these two road*, would cost. it h.-u< bean calculated, $J"J; by the second. it would be comparatively a trifle? calculating the price of the transport in proportion to the dituuce. it would not bo mure than or thereabouts. Uy establishing a line of steamer* from New York or New Orb-ana to Onion, the distaur* to the I'aoilio would be run in less than fifteen days, embracing, an it were, the commerce of the whole of Mexico and the Weil Indie*. We owe thin fxpotr to General Korrnra, ex-Fra?idant of the Mate of iiondura?, a gentleman thoroughly ac ijuaiuled with the geography of hi* country, it auy company of perilous (mould wish to undertake thin pro tilable work, they cuu address Mr C. Pardaus, la San Miguel, htate of San Salvador, L'. A., who, eujoyiug great Influence in that country, Is persuaded that the gov ruuivnt of Honduras In reudy to form an advantageous contract iu favor af this enterprise. Mr. Asa Whitney'* great Oregon Rulrnml. Last C'anaua of Uie French Population. The most auoient census mentioned is, beyond any doubt, that ordered by king David of the tribes of Israel uud Judea. The bible furnishes us with some curious documents on that subject. Joab aud the other chief* ot the army were commaudeii to kUperintend the taking of it, anu nine mouths and twenty day* ware coui-uimd | In its accomplishment. The result was thirteen tiuu1 dred thousand men callable of beariai; arms were nuui bered; fight hundred thousand for Israel and five hundred thousand for Judah Under circuin-'..ii.oe* favorable to the increase of population. the nuiabi-r of men able to carry arms is 110 more tUau ono-lotirlb of lb* | total amount Nevertheless. experience proves that lit i all countries the greatest recruiting ban n> ?er produced | more tbau the eighth part ol thu population < o> ?ei,U''iit)y. in order to know the number i t inhabit* of j udca under th-reigu of David, we must, at .-imt , .- t1 rupln the amount ( 1.31X1,000, which weuiu oU-r . il I of j.Jno iMiU sou In And an that couutry ??? oit.j iMX 1 I kilometre* wide aud io long, making an average of 40.WM i kiioui'lres square, we mum agree with tbe bible, tbat li j contained 104 inhabiiiintM lo the sijuare kilometre. Wo ' ran understand, then, how proud the holy klut; was lo I pretence of such prosperity. VVu present our readers with a very curious and authentic document, the but census of ibe Kreuch popuI Ution. We have every lua.ou to lie confident of it* aci curacy, for il is given by "ne of the most able calculator* ! in Kiauce, Air. do .VI Ml i rand, 'l'he census wan ordered by a law of the 4tu of May. l?4tf, aud does not include tne army or navy, whose number is known, nor , the priiouers incarcerated iu the different jailn of b ranee, the galleys, the bouses of reluge, the college*, j houses of ]>ablic education, religious convunlii, the refugees salaried by the government, nor the sailors of tbo merchant uavy, absent abroad. l'his census was commenced ou the 1 fit of June, lH4tf, aud the calculation i was concluded ou the 30th January of this year. Deven uionths then were required lo ascertain the result of the census it Is certainly a wry short time, 11 we rdleot on the lime consumed in the taking of Kinit I David * census; but it in very long compared willi lb* tune occupied in hngland iu performing a similar work lu that country thti id taken iu bis. weeks, aud it* result* are published in tux week* more We must nay, however, that the census iu Kngland it i taken upon it basis entirely different trow that employed in Krauve. Thus, in the last mentioned country they number all the individuals who aie iu a locality, either by uece*sity, habit, occupation, industry,or mean* of living In k.ugland they ouly number in- person* irliohave spent tint night in each hou*e of each parish ut a dale lixed in advance by au act of the Parliament i The ftherilla arc buoy from daylight to sunset iu coilect; iug in the house* printed bills which have been. the day before, handed by them to the proprietor* and tenant* ; iti order to be BlleJ by themselves with th<> names of tbo ' inhabitants of each house Agent* of the government me taking Information every wiiere, at the mo? time, of the number of individual* who have spent the night upon boats, barge*, schooners, and every description of craft on tiiH canal* aud river*, iu factorie*, coal mine*, ham* 1 livery *t&ble?, tents, and even in the open air, in all the j different places belonging to a bonne, whatever it may be The law punishes with a One of an average of forty ! itnlllng.i to five pounds each inexact declaration. I el us ret urn to the last French census After tb? calculation was known, on thu .'tilth January lact, an ordinance was published by which the table* of population | (of which we give a ropy below) were declared a? the r only true and authentic for live year* from the datn of the 1st January, M47 The t dill iiuiount of thu K'rench population divided amongst the p>iuare kilometres, which Kranct Contain*, give* au average number of inhabitant* equal to ti7 to the *i(uaru kilometre- 411,Mil In each depart roent. Urimrtmi nti. I'apula'n. Ihj'aTimrnli Populu'n J?i7,:?2 Lot JM.XHi A line . .. jil M~ Uot-ei-uaiotiue Alnrr irj,3iip unrre,, 143 331 Al|>ea 1.j6,o71 .Miinr et'Uiirr .... 104 941 I Alpea I liatitci).. . ... 11J, I On >1 xiirln 1,04 Aiili'dic,,, t7y,f?11 .Niarne jt, Ardruura 326,821 M ui.r lluiltt ). jt, '117') Amur 270,131 .tliyeMiif Aube 701,Sill Mrurthe II > 9n Ailde 2*1,661 Nlruat- 32i!7l*J Aveyfi'ii... 3liy,121 Mirbiltui <7/.773 Uoachct-da-Klionr.,. 411.918 Mt?rl|r i4*,nH7 (Mmd.ia tOK ifi.'i Nnvre.. .. . 32A26! ( 4111*1 21.(1,475 .Nurd I.U2.M0 harente. 378.031 Uim Hm.otn ( hirenl*-lu(.;f 46*,103 Vmr... 441,107 Cher 2 14,540 l'ia-ile-Calma Wi.TMt Corn'xr it! *>*' I'njr-de-Oome r>oi,Mi C'oroe 230,271 l'yn urr$ ( Bouct) ... 417,*32 ( ntr-d'Or 198,124 Pyrrurrt(Httitn)... 21I.244J I .( (lu-.VolJ ... . l'vii'ti. r?-4>nein 1*0 794 frriite 281 6?0 Kliiu (il ia) <80,373 Diirdotfne .103,117 Itti.i, (Haul) 4*7.208 Oi>yb?. M'U7 141,811 <28,071 Km'in- (Hauir) 347 m I 423,347 Maiuie-ct-Liiire 181.018 j Kinr et /,.iir 292,337 Mnrllin 474,176 Kiuiuli re " .'J' 9*'?* .-v I,*l,4?7 li,nl .. 4041.1*1 Hriur-liili riturr 71!,990 Wirnniii' (Haute)... . 411,938 Metne-et-Marne 340,112 lirrt 314,M) N>-iiie-t |-One 474,9 1 Itiriindr 602.44 4 Si-tret (Ueui) 320,6441 llrraiilt.,. 3*6,li20 Mo mine 170,129 lllr-et-Vllanie 162.91* Taru 360.6'9 lndr* 283,977 Tarn-et-(iari>iiiie 242,948 |nlrc-?t-Luirr 312 400 Vu., 3941*19 i re .'< '1,491 Van. lute 219 114 /MM 3,6110 Veu<4?t! 3761*4 I,unlet >9*, 220 Viemie..., njs 391 Lull fl-twr 2.6,833 Vienna (Htiiiej 3I4.7j9 Loire 411,7*6 Voaifra 127*94'C ( H ?ti :e> 307.181 Vonne 171 *,6 Lnift'ln/i rinn 117 781 ? ??_ Loire! 331,833 Total 31,400, l*i. It would take too Iodr to enumerate the inullituilinoun eaiiei'.a wlilrh IdiIuci' matljf to b?ll*T? that th* crn?na of thn French population I* Incorrect. It will lx> eufflch'nt to -ny that tin' taxi-t aiiicinenteij according to the popu latlon. olTi-red * pr. luiiiru to variou* kind* of deception practised by aererai entirn cltie*. aided by their erninon oounell* M. do MoaMma I Inm glvta th? proof tli it ttaMMH | of |M.m tli? Unit In which particular* wee* dnly d?iii Irom each pariah-- ha* made the <'i?c<>very of i7H,3!?l Inhabitant* who had >-*<*ap*d the preceding ren *u? of 1*31, which I* to nay, l Individual more to every 117 I he c?n*ua of IHII give but 84 'J30,17H *oul*. Mint j, 0 j lnl.nbltauU to *<juare MlcinWre 'i'h>-r? ha* been In thiw nfw < of IM7. iin increa*" of 1,170 .; ,H louls, to Individual* to each "|uare kilometre I nk 1 ikAt.iii (if iuk Ury,?OoDMidprHbl** Inr ba* l?een rxciied in tlir city, for >diyiirl?" I'M'-, in ri>niu?i|iu?ticii of IIih official report of a half .1 xnn na*?e of yellow fever !o the ho*pital Hut ther .? very little reaaon to btUm tli*'. Now (Jrhao* will * fiil'jeoted any mure to Ui!f dl?ea*e the pr-sent year th*? during the la<it three or four year* Thu dl*ea?e doubt lew 1* bred hm; lint wltn mi lmprornn?iiU ot thu itrent*. nn l th*> more thorough enforcement of nariiUry regulation*, It Iw evident tl al Lb" eitent and malignity of the fever have Ix-en arretted The predl*p"?ing cau*e* riimn and eaalerly wind*?have vl*lted tin of lata, but the caae* of fever are no few. and there Uefn ? no lner?a*e thare In ?? reaaon for any wrlou? aJa"? iVfw OrUnnt fou(\?rn?r, July 1T

Other newspapers of the same day