Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1847 Page 2
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' " " . 1 ft had been iw?oItm1 to bora tl* capital before til* ap- I pr eaeaiy ' r '< ??: .1. 0 tb? ?I)is and f?i.?t- | of tlsn country By >u?re .-rcdible intelli^noa we learn that th- exasperatiou of th? people ajsinst the in- j vad-rs *** .1 ull<r lncr.. i?lo?. aud tb?t the prlneU had eneiv-Mflali* adopted the th' populir snnttment* It is j now however stated th\t Svit.* \nn?> reported iuocassor U knowu to he more paeiflnally disposed. and bv h most extr*ordiuary phriseoiogy tha " prospects of pf?e?" are said to bj ' brightening" upou an ua- ; resisted hast of invader*. who are marching at will I through abandoned town* and unprotected territo- j rles ?Ve admit that we cannot aoe the grounds for expecting Buy final or satlsfsotory urraugemeuts < It 1* indeed altogether inconceivable that a hostile lore* in oomnuad of the capital should not be able to 1 extort it* own terms from *uoh authorities as may be th?re extemporiaed ; but auoh a negotiation will tell vny little toward* the ultimate object of the Americans ' How fir their demand* may hate b#eu modified or stimulated by the event* of th* laat three month*, it is difficult to say ; but it is probable that th* chief article will ntill ?>e the cession of soine of the Calitomia territory, dertned tther by the 3id paralltl. or some even wore adYautag?ou* liue Nor do wo think it unlikely that they ta ty still repeat Homo of tho terms contained in that (frot*?qu'! canoature of an International negotiation exhibited t?y their last oundltion* of peace, wherein an aggroasivc and victorious army off?r?l pardon, purchase- , money,acquittanoe, apology. and friendship toau Injureil ar^il helple* neighbor Korthosake of securing what they have all along desired, what they are perfectly able to tak?. but what, without a regular release and bargain, tti'-y well kuow it will be impossible to keep they will probably not scruple to sacrifice a million or two of those dollars which tho author of the war *t> prudently renerved for it* requlr?m> uts. They will specify the territory they covet, they will avow "heir honest disposition to puro tasn it, :md ihe oousideratiou agreed upon will bo made up by a groat- deal of ingenuity and a little exnan.litur*. their own claim* o/ iudemnitication being set off against the chilli portion. wnue me smaii remaiuu.-r , liny 'e reprenHuled by lb- plausible and palatable equiv- I aleut of money down. ... ! That upou tin* arrival of fvwtt iu the capital m provt- , atonal govern)aunt may be found to give a nominal ac- ' omslon to some such termi a* w have surmised 1? pro- j bable enough. tVe do uot even dispute the allegatiou j which describes iierrera as notoriously disposed1 to par- ' ley Mut tbero in no evidence of auy material change in the national disposition, We hsve before asserted our Ik lief that no *uch body *? a pease party .-xistH in vlexicn and our conclusions have only been confirmed by thi> nnxi'ty d'-playe.l to trace it in some quarters where it is said to let disguised by unusual cl iumr for ! wr.r It I*, iudeed. abnndatitly obviotu that there has I been mi jirKi*1 division in tile Mexican council*. They j Lave been at leiiAt unanimous in their ignorance, itnbe- ' oilitv ami bravado. Santa An.'a is clearly uot tmpnpu- [ lar because he fought, bill becau-e he lied; and if Her- J rent nteps into the vaoent olitce, it will rather be in de- | fault of another occupant thau for the purpose of ai.- j other policy. That the acts ot such an authority under su'th rircUTintnuci-B. will be generally binding on mo disjointed and di-<triicted a nation, it is almost preposterous to expect; aud yet this universal acquiescence and recognition will alone convey to the I'nU.d States the t itle aud enjoyment they require. 1'nless they can get quH i. and legal induction into their new domain, they will merely have bartered a bloodless c iinpaign for au araji-d occupation, aud will have marched to .Mexico to extort only justnueh a right as they might have assumed on the Kio Orattde. We oannot. thereiore. cuncelne that the elevation of J Herrera. or his accession to the terms proposed, can tond J a In l?raiimil? IVim fin.n,,! J very laou'-ui^.j ? ? .... proct.tnatloua or au at med stranger from tho bails of . ;\|onte?urna,sbould?perat? after Aomemiraculou* fashion in neuiral;i.ng the effects of hia bombs and bayonets, and recone Uug antagonistic rae.es an J exasperated foes Tliat General Scott Ua? <"<en endeavoring to invest hima-lf with such pacificatory aud iiarin iniziiip attracticua, and that theravagor of Vera Crux would fain b? received as the deliverer of Mexico, in cl-ar nough from all that ?? have heard by way of the United States, But thorn is little room iiere fur the operation of such addr-f.MU rnere is no great oppressed or discontented imrt.T?uo disaffected population driven to war by a d?vpouo novernment The >iexii:ans are a* freo as anarchy can w<*e them, they change thuir rulers at their will, norcau the most Seductive appeal of tbi) luVAder olfer tQem any iucreaae of political power The war. such ao it la Is emphatisaily a popular war It was not excited by the priests or dict*t"d by the President. Th? Mexieans bate the Americans clearly and intuitively enough, though they cannot reeiat them. They defy their ad- i drehsea. though not their arms. They will not light, but | all the powers of the coutlnent canuot miKe them shake | hands. And thua. when a acared or aubaervii.nt Con- ; gresa may have Minted a compulsory compact, there will till bo the obstinacy aud opposition of au entire peopli) to reconcile or overcome, [From the Times' Correspondent ] Mexico, May 19, 1847. After the rout of Cerro (Jordo, Santa Anna, collecting what men he could at Orizaba, and froin Oaxaca. pushed on to Puebla. where ho arrived only two or three days before lieneral Worth. The Poblaoci have never been very well disposed towards Santa Anna, and iu the hour of adversity they gave him clearly to understand that his presence was not desired He was therefore, obliged to evacuate the city which waa peaceably occupied by the forms of Worth oa tho ISth inst When the Americans take posaeeaion of any of the Mexican towns, the post be tween them aud tbia place, ceaaea. by order of the Alex. Therefor.' tliouirh an ii.nr Pm.hlu IC?U k?t, ? " . r> - ? ? ?. we know little of what In passing there. it would appear, however, from the accounts of occasional travel- | |?r?. that the Americans are on good terms with the townspeople. and that they hare even succeeded in eon- I dilating the religious orders?a step which, in a plane no | notorious for fanaticism, would have been extremely difficult a ft-w yraT' ago But latterly the church Ij^j ' b??n so rudely assailed by each successive government I here, that the clergy are now well disposed to wave some antiquated prejudice* in exchange for th t secure and peaceable possession of their temporal goods. Since lien Soott's victory a largo number of volun- | teerH (it in Raid 3,000) liavo returned to the 1 nited ) States, heartily sick of the expedition. The plau oi hiring a body of men, not soldiers by profession, by the jo i, to attack an etieniy'< fur I. rein or to tight a buttle, iaid then return, bears tho American t>Ump of originality; and it in a conclusive proof of Mexican weakness that the system basso far proved successful, The .Mexican* were much pleased wljen Lord I'alwemton expressed his opinion in tho House of Commons that their resistance would prove too strong fur tho United States; but their subsequent conduct has certainly done nothing to confirm it I'uebla. with n population ofbO.OOO, i? held by lire or six thousand undisciplined foreigners; and for the m&iuteuance of the extensive line to I ho coast, including the garrlsous of J'erote, Jalap* and Vera Cruz, General Scott ha.i probably a not much larger force It w>wi announced front Vera Crux that Scott's taoreinuut on this city would b? supported by the march of Gen. Taylor oil Siu Luis I'otosi, but old " Hough aud Beady ' seems n have been left by his government with Very slender means for suoh an expedition. The volunteers who held chihuahua have marched to joiu him, .mil it U now said that. iu*tead of advancing on San Luis, he will proceed t.o Tampico, and embark there for Vera ( rui (rather a dangerous experiment for unacclioiated men at this season) to reinforce (ien. Scott When Santa Anna abandoned I'uebla, nothing remained for him but to retreat on this city, where he had reason to apprehend his reception would not be very cordial In fact, his old political enemies teemed to ! think the occasion highly favorable for a jironunaamtu- i to. and before he had reached Ayotl* (six leagues irom j thU) an organised conspiracy existed to deprive him of | all intervention in public affairs. General Valencia, with whom h- bail quarrelled at Hhu Lui.n, wan propone,! ?n hie successor iu the command ol the array. At Ay oil a he halted, and received the visits of Home of the military and political leader*, whom, with his usual ability, he mauled to gain over, ami tinally made his entry here. j and assumed the Presidency, without lunch aliectatiou ' of state indeed, litlt also withoutopposltiou, tien. Anay.i, j who held that pout provisionally, rt tiring from oftloe. ! Hut though no fur successful, he *oon found his position to be one of great danger All parties now treat htm an j a llou. whose teeth anil claws are drawn. The journal- J isU talt? tt inalieious pleasure in recurring to some ot the i most disgraceful pannage* of his life Ouh pa|?er coiy- j men's on th^ degrading avarice which induced him to t sell u mi /nlflcent -word presented to hlia by Congress j Another reminds him thai. before th? battle of 4'erto ' Oordn be asserted that i, tills city should bo occupied l>y the American-', he wr.uld not survive to foe it. aud gr?T? 1 ly expresses a hope, as that < ent. itf now not remote i ha' ; he will comply literally with his proin'ew AaSalled on ; ad sides. Sauta Anna addressed a luandW ><> to ihe nu- i tioo it is couched in eloquent language, and COntitius some truth as respects his own recent exertions, but pro- ; Juced no effect. Nor did he oonliue liiinsilt to w.rds j uione. v'aieucia was got rid of by appointing hlin to tho j command ofthe troops in f>?n l.uls, Atupudia, In whom | Santa Anna formerly regpsed confidence, is exiled to j '.ueniavaca, and Almonte, who name with him from Havana. is a close prisoner here. Veeterday, however, Snn ta Anna, appareotly despairing of being able to sustain : himself, seul In hie resignation of lh? 1'resideBey to j Congress, ami that body iiu* named a oomuuiUe to deli- | derate aad report thereon ieueral Scott Is expected to appear here About tho Iftth of next month, and many peopjo admit that it W now high tinio to thiols of treating for j,"\?oe. A new paper. El UnznnnHur, has been established expressly j to advocate tins principle, and though others ktill eUm f our for war, it in generally understood that they do so! without much serious meaning, or merely for the pur- j poses of parly The only 1110,in proposed tor continuing ! the war is by guerilla parties, and experience has al- I ready shown that these would l>e nothing but organ lied bands of plunderers, living at free quarters on th* I country, and can tally av-'nliiig it meetiuK with tU" rat ny K.ven if, hy ? species of miracle, tb? Mexican* I could rouse themselves lo expeltbe invaders from the I interior of the country, the Americans h*v? put the bit | in their mouth* by the capture of Shu Juan d l.'lua, Tampion, and Metamora#? posit Inn* froin wtilch it In in I rain to think of dislodging them Petce, must soon be > made. or the conquest of the country l>? decided on by the I uited State* The latter is a consummation much desired by all foreign resident* here, ami (privately) l.y not, n few Mexicans. The prospects of Mexico, if the j American armies were withdrawn, are Indeed tar from encouraging The different political parties which have ro long divided tho country stand prepared to renew their contests with tresh bitterness, and none Iim a/nlll ctent ascendancy to afford a chance of stability. The emancipation of Mexico from the mrther country was evidently premature A new constitution has just biren published, being subi tautially that of IHJ4, witu some alteration. Under thi* cod* the states have proceeded to elect a ('resident General HerTera and Don Angul Trias (ex-Governor of Chihuahua) have to tar about aa equal number of votes j TwosUiies nave voted tor Alrnont" nut One for Snuta j Anna Gaudalsjura declines voliugitt ail,atfertin|( constitutional xcrupie* Aguas 1 itllotileA Use* thu right by . agai-i merging in Zacat.e**,; and in Oaxeoa two parties, ea-b styling uselt the legntm .te on-. Iiave returned different individuals Ttie election oflirrri ra would be a j guarantee lor ptace When firinerly in power, he ad- | vMa'ed tUa aettleiaeut of the i i-xl.iu ^u>Htion with the j United Stales, but his Intcn'mus were fiuslrated, and hini?ctf deposed by the insurrection of I'uredes in i-itu Lui* Trias is a man ol provincial reputation only, and with good deal ol luiJmn blood in nit veins. Ho h?e, I however, travelled in Kurope In consequence ot < xistlnij circumstance*, the ' great annual gambling feant at Mitn Augustin d? la Cue-' ran (an event of tin' highest importance In Mexican society,) did not take piaoe this year. A minor performance wax attempted at Tuotibaya, but met wKh litJittlf. encouragement. [From th? London CtaroaieU, inly 9 ] Notwithstanding the eittraerdlnary rorness of the Anglo- American aims in Mexioo, the prospect of a pc*ie, with any securities that will h? effective. or o?? My condition* that will b? luting, tppears more remote than ever. The rnor* complete lie overthrow indicted by our Ameriuau descendants ou the degenerate and disorganised scions of the Spanish race. the greater will 0* | the temptation to the firmer to abuse their ylotory j Dictating, a* they ar- likely to do terras of peace in tne Mexictn capital thrv will be led to exact conception ^ | and impoae condition*, which, however the necessities or | the vanquished may oouetrain them '^P0"^'0 accept, it were hopeless to expect that th y' P" manently and quietly acquiesce in Ibe I wiU be either a renewal of the war before the troops or ; the ooo'|ufrur? bare time to be after their departure another revolution in the Mexican Uovernment the return of the war party to power, and the violation of the new frontiers ol the Union, where?r thoie are to be, by incessant inroads of Mexloan tfu'riluTUlcb while the Government might eocretly SttauliUe It would preteud to be irresponsible for.? | I'r ocutlou?of this nature wiU soon wear out Jonathan's , ,Mtience and then-tho whole affair will recommenoe l/c 11 to, with little essential difference from the former position of the combatants. | rtuppoaiug a peace to be shortly patched up. we shall ; in all probability witness in a year or two a repetition of the same victories on the part ?f the States; and the | same incapacity and cowardice on the part of their ] opponents. The Mexicans will again be thoroughly turashed; but this peculiarity will be found to attend on . what wu may term the passive resistance whloh is their mode of fighting The more they are beaten, the less they are hurt The less show ol? resistance they make, i and the more promptly they run away, the more of their shins and lives they preserve Intact. Their opponent* I gri tuo giurjr ?uui, wuin vi uini luoio tuvjr ate, auvr I andjolly, fine materiel for future guerillas, whenever it Khali please their rulers to make the second peace an ineffectual an the first. An<l so It may go on. a J infinitum, a* far ax human eye can reach It will be the French game of Algiers (with the exception that the Arabs tight), played over again in the western hemisphere; rather an expensive amusement, as the Frenoh know by : this time. And this brings us to another consideration, which is the novelty of this position for the I'nited States. If wo except the contest with this oountry in 1812- 14, it is the first regular war of any importance in which the XTnlon has been engaged. During seventy years that have elapsed since that Union was formed, the young Republic may be said to have been "on its good behaviour." It grew at a giiut's pace, but it promised to be an inoffensive, peaceful giant, vitao would never look crooked at any onr. The young Titan appropriated,largely, to be sure, but it was from the rn-dy au J the weak. France was cajoled into the sale of Louisiana. Spain was bustled out ol the Florida*. The red-men when refractory were punished rather cruelly; but who cared for that' On tho whole the young giant of a oountry, so far as keeping the peace was concerned, promised to set good example to the old reorohates of the eastern hemisphere. Alas! all there pleasant illusions are at an end for ever Seveuiy years are a respectable minority for a country, in these times of progress and precocity.? Yankee-land is come of age,and proves to be as unscrupulous a state, and as dangerous a neighbour, as any in ancient or modern history. A grossly unjust war is commenced against a weak and unoffending neighbour, one creatlv more sinned against than sinning; witness the Texas "transaction, from flist to last. A rapid thirst fur conquest, u hunger tor extended dominion, has seized upon tb? model rupublic, tha cynosure of discontented democrats in every country in Kurope: and behold, injustice is rife as erer on this earth, and the paged of the new worM':> history are bloodstained like those of thu old. Let but a guniiM a.iu America equal to these new euiTgent.ies and the histories of Sesostris and of (;r\sar may tind their parallel iu the West before the close of the present century. However, before a country, with the success of whose Institutions so many of the ! ' '>..r of progress in human affairs were indentitied. tiecoii i-retrievably committed to a repetition of all t.hos ? it like abuses which had previously becu deemed tii .vlusive reproach of the old world, it behoves tli? so er thinkers of the States, and all who are really attached to '.he permanence of tliel. aioDaDdoftberepublic.au institutions on which it Is based, to reflect on the poiaible consequences of the new career on which the States are entering. The permanence of thosn institutions, based as they are on Saxon ideas, and cemented by Knglish law, must indeed bo an object of solicitude to all Knglishmen who have any regaru for constitutional liberty, or who take any pride in the spread of their race and language. And they, too. may ask themselves whether the constitution of theUnited States has yet had any trial at all which would warrant a cool observer in guaranteeing Its permanency. We do not think it has. its foundation is ! undoubtedly broad, and sound, and deeply laid But is I the superstructure of a like stability? Are seventy years of peaoe, prosperity, and self-expanding dominion an adequate test of that? We cannot think so. A constitution much less in accordanon with the ideas and habI its of the people might have safely weathered all perils > that have yet.assailed the boasted Union. In short. I peace, and the occupations of peaoe, are not tlie test ' of republican institutions at all ; no inoru than perfect culm is of a vessel's strength and staunchness. It In the storm which trios aud tmt? both the ship and the erew It is war?war as a regular system, that Is the only sufficient trial of a republic's vitality. Can it stand that trial?does it, after a Ihng habituance to warliko influ ences, continue a republic ? Above all, if a federalism, can its member* pursue unceasingly a common aim, nud sharo among them cheerfully the losses and regponslbl lilies which war brings in it? train '! Blinded by a lyist f.>r conquest, will these members, with interests bo diversided as war may make them, never seek to inflict a deadly injustice on each other ? And p??n if so agreeing, will they never surrender their liberties to some warlike demagogue? some new Cromwell or Naj?oloon of the West Meantime, at this moment, what appears to be the prospect, as regards this unjustifiable war, into which Home people allege that the States were dragged, mainly by the ambition of their President to renew his term of uflicu ! Hither, as wo hinted above, the States must make up their minds to reconquer Mexico every two or three years, or they uiu.?t hold the greater portion of that iuimens? country l>y means of a permanent army of occupation, <i Ja mudr d'%Hgerir. Thu latter is said to be uow tho favorite project at Washington. A permanent army of-JO.0(H) men is proposed to be supported by the produce of the new tariff which has been introduced at tho porta which the States have occupied, and apparently mean to retain. What a field is thus opened for individual ambition it were needless to expatiate on. Generals Taylor and Scott aro already candidates for the Presidency, folk's only hop? of defeating both is said to lie in making them quarrel acton j ea.h other about the management of the war but if a few paltry victories thus lift *o suddenly to the pinnacle of popularity men hitherto uuknown, how will it be when war has become a habit, and the occupying army of 'JO. u 'ii men nas incrriiHcu peruaps w iuu,uou, a in viatir rii again If a ?.uily Marshal lluguaud. cruel an Suwarrow. without bin genius or lovalty, makes the dynastic l.ouiH i'Jbiiippe and hh minister shake in their shoes, whi n he fsinakes for a while the scene of his bloody triumphs, how would it tare with the four yearB' Presidency ? Some future Hough and Heady might, perhaps. take it into his head to make himself the Yankee King of Mexioo. Slave-holding Southern States, in high dudgeon with abolitionist Northern*, might prefer monarchy with shivery, to republicanism without it. The realities of royalty, *u{>poslng the name mill odious, might by the bewildering iulJuenees of warlike renown, become dear lo the democratic heart of America ; extreme* having an acknowledged tendency to meet. And thus might virtual kings of Kentucky, and of Texan, of California, of Oregon, and Mexico, inake ijuite another tiling of America, than at present she threaten* to be. Another New l'lanr< Hi h?Hoping that the weather would have enabled me to accompany it with this nlght> meridian observations of the new planet, whose dlscoveiy 1 doubt not it announces, 1 have delayed transmitting you till the last moment the following copy of a letter which 1 received this afternoon from 1'iufenwr Schumacher :? "Ai.tosa, July ti. "Mv Okas Sir-Mr Ilencke. the discoverer of A* tiiv*, writes m? that he hfcs found a small star that. In deed, si-ems to Im' a new planet I have received thi letter hi) late that there is uo more time to-day to print ill" circular, sv. till next Friday, you must he con t.-nt with this previous notice I subjoin his estimated pUc., i ileii. ve :ne ray dear Mr yours very truly, H C 8CHUMACHKR ' The star Is of ihe ninth magnitude Its estimated .1 aces iu- inir Hour XVII of the Berlin maps) are? Right Ancrn. South Derlin h m min <l*f! min Jaly 1 l i IS (nuiiii time) 2u7 7 mid 3 4.') '.i II 4"> (iwi un time) 2.'>(i to an 1 3 ftl I'erhap*, however, to the above I may add from the above data th" foJJoarinR approximate planes ot the pin iint for tb? unit four iuk&Jk, ft about II o'clock m^ati time r.t London flight *1*crn, tiontli Drclin. It. m irr. ilrg mill s*c. ./illy ? 17 I '.'2 I |4 24 10 17 0 2?l 4 Irt 1H j; I.i :>'j :"l 4 32 12 la ..10 .W 43 I 20 6 Tli? star lie* nearly inldir , ou'ireen Zeta and Ourn ma (Iplilurhl; ll is not in i < i\ ii?-h part of theheavenx, ha* nn hourly motion of a 1. out.seconds of tim? In right oscunsion. and of abont 10 s> c >uds in declination m, on a fliO- evening it will be found without much difliuulty. J SOl'Tlf. Observatory, Kensington, Friuiiy night, quarter past 10, July !?. Sin?I have received thin morninp a letter frou< M Mauris, of the Royal Observatory at Paris, stating tbnt Iih discovered a comet near the I'ole on the night of the 4th of July. The approximate position was ? July 4, at l.lh. 36in. ?>* M.l it A. 22lj Mm I li North Decl h0# 36' In .14 minute*. the It A. diminished IM?eoonds, and the declination increased I min. 2H ?ec. Yours very respectfully, J. It. HINI). Mr. Bishop's Observatory, Ki'geat'n Park, July n. niarflUnmiil, II I. U.l. t. ... I eminent offices that now the prorogation of Parliament In not likely to tnke place until the "nil of tbl* month, or the tlrnt. week in Augiiitt. A letter from llerlin of the vl7tli My* " It is rumorod that the Kmperor of liu**ia has reeolved to place here n very considerable sum of money Homo account* nay 11,0<MliMH),aiid other* 1 000,000 ailver rouble*. It 1* asserted tnat thi.? loan will not l>e made to tlio Prussian government, but Uoh been oOerod to the king peraonally I he importance of thiB fact will not e*cape any one who hue followed the recent incident! of our iuternal politic*. It i? not uwiex* to add. that a personal loan lo the king l* not a new thing; when the ex'roordin iry expense* occasioned by the ?ta'e of Kurope in 18#0, exhaunted the I reasury, the king personally coutracted a loan of 10,<>00,<HXl thaler*." We regret to learn that fever to an Hltrming degree atOl prevail* in Liverpool The K< v Wm Dale. ?.f at. . lary *. K.dinuud *treet. I* the eighth victim to the pe?tileuce among the Roman < atholio clergy of Liverpool. Typhus fever I* Increasing alarmingly among the "navvies'" employed on the < aledonia railway Intemperance, want of regulable food, ami the damp hut* which th??e laborer* inhabit, have Ooutribuled to Increase the prevailing diseaae Lou Month ?TUe Cologne (Juirllr of (lie | 3d. gives the following ?"Krom letters received froin i Bavaria, it ttppenrs that the auimonitiea ezeiUxl at the Wi"Hi| ofthU TUT against Lola MonUa, Ml kl from I haVloff "ubtHdod On passing through Nuremberg she | b?? been coldly received, but with decency At Bam1 berg, however, It was quite different. On aiirtring at th? ' Mtation she wm not only binned and hooted, but stonaa thrown at her carriage, and at one moment the present: ?d hur pistols^ and threatened to punish her assailants. I On arriving at the hotel, where she alighted, It becafM I necessary to shut the gates, to prevent the populace from entering and insulting her These demonstrations assumed a character to decidedly hostile, that although she had intended to pass the night at Bamberg, she resolved upon continuing her journey. The higher classes of the town were ashamed of these excesses, and yet they in a measure will have to pay the penalty; for, it is said, an order has been reoeived by the chief magistrate of the town, insisting upon his appointing a deputation to wait upon Lola Montes, and apologise for the treatment she had rrceived at Hamburg. Srr.iit: to America.?Immediately after the departure of the Britannia from Liverpool for Boston on the 4th instant, a policy of insuranoe was opened at Lloyd's for ?100,000. to be shipped by tho Hibernia on the 19th instaDt, at the rate of >? per cent. It is not Improbable that, from the rate of exchange at New York on England, on the departure of the June 16 steamer from Bos ton for Liverpool, that a larger amount will be remitted. The RKvuNfe.?The foilowirg is an abstract of the net produce of the revenue of Oreat Britain, in the years and quarters ended July 8, 1840. and July 5, 184 Quart its ended July 5. 1816. 1817. Incr'te. Deer'ie. Custom* ?4.523.391 ?1.519.119 ? 4,272 Excite 3,101,711 3,291.052 186,341 ? Samp 1,730,495 1.869,464 138,969 ? Taxes 2,006.427 2,075,001 68,574 ? rroperiy la* i,virj,i02 i.uju.ji/ &/,)? Pott office 181,000 215 000 34,000 ? Crown land* ? ? ? ? Miscellaneous 18.001 7,461 ? 10,540 China money...... 410,000 ? ? 440,000 Imprest and oilier moneys 73.939 88,622 14,693 ? Repayment* of adadvances 111,607 137,914 26,337 ? Total income 13,198,733 13,810,194 496,269 4.VI.8I2 Deduct decrease 454,812 Increase ou ihc quarter..,. 41,547 Ymrs ended July 5. 18(6. 1847. lncr'ie. livcr'it. Customs 17.688.461 18,792,318 1,103.887 ? Excise 12,025,112 18,731,998 708,8'? ? Huintm 6,998,940 7,201,797 212,857 ? Taxes 4.229.B9U 4,325.732 95,U3:i ? Pro party tax 5.183,912 5,49',93a 308.021 ? Post office 791.000 831.000 60,001 ? Crowu lands 100 0f>0 112 04)0 12,000 ? v isctllaueona... 193,237 307,621 114,381 , ? China money.... 1,190,859 227,641 ? 963,215 Imprest and other moneys 215,523 200.190 ? 7,333 Repayments of advances 1,448,146 804,843 ? 6H.2S? Total income... 50,056,083 51,060,109 2,615,871 1,611,815 Deduct derease 1,611,845 Increase the year on 1,001,026 The Corn Trade of Europe. [From the Mark Lane Express, July 6.] The weatht-r experienced since our last can scarcely be described an favorable; the last few days in particular have been dull and cold, and the temperature at night has fallen very low fur the time of year. Vegetation has, consequently, been somewhat retarded; but wo are happy to say that the reports respecting the appearance of the growlDg grain crops are, up to this period, highly satisfactory. The auspicious character of the aocounts from all parts of the kingdom on this subject, the Improved tone of the advices relative to the potato plant, and tho continued large arrival* of corn, flour and meal at the leading maritime ports, have counteracted the effect whirh might otherwise have been produced by the smallness of the supplies from the growers; and so tar lrotn any rally having occurred, an increased degree of depression ban prevailed in the trade. Unimportant as are the stocks held by the millers and dealers, all parties lniv shown far more anxiety to dispose of what they have still on hand than to mVke fresh purchases, and importers of foreign have been under the necessity of landing for want of buyers. This state of things may probably last a week or two longer, and during that time the downward movement will continue. To determine how long-priceH may be depressed is scarcely possible, as this will in a great measure depend on the weather; but that a very large demand must inevitably follow the present inactivity is oertain. The reduction in the value of wheat since our last has been considerable at most of tbe leading markets. At Liverpool, on Tuesday, all articles were quoted much lower than on that day week; the decline on wheat was Is to Is 3d per 70 lbs, on flour 'is 6d per bbl, and spring corn of every description waa obtainable at proportionably reduced terms. Later in the week a further abutement took place; notwithstanding which the transactions were comparatively unimportant both on Tuesday and Friday. On tbe latter occasion, the very best brandB of United States flour were offered at 36s per bbl. and fair qualities of Indian oorn at 40s to 42s per 480 lbs. The fail at the other large consuming towns in the north has also been great, but not to tbe same extent as at Liverpool, which may, however, be readily accounted for by the magnitude of the foreign arrivals at that port. lu the agricultural districts more firmness has been HSanlnvud titan mierVit hiivu lmvu ln>pn ovniwtiul t.hu vnrv (lull advices from tlie chief markets of consumption having, in consequence of the smallness of the nome supplies, had less effect than might otherwise hare been produced thereby. liy the accounts from Sootland, it appears that the weather had, on the whole, been favorable, and the crops am reprenented as promising. In regard to potatoes the reports are quite as conflicting as those from the south; and we huve come to the conclusion that very little is yet known on the subject. At Edinburgh, Glasgow, nnd most of the other large markets, prloes of grain have given way materially during the week ; notwithstanding which buyers had, wo are informed, acted on tho reserve. Krom Ireland the reports are of a very gratifying character; the potato disease would, it was thought, prove much less serious than was at tlrst apprehended; and lis for the grain crops, they wore, it appears, going on as well as could possibly be desired. Trices of provisions were consequently fulling in all parts of the iuland. The arrivals of Kngli.-li wheat into Loudon do not increase, only 3,448 qrs having come to hand coastwlni during the week ending this (Saturday) evening. Tho quantity brought forward at Mark l.ane by land-carriage samples from the neighboring counties has been equally unimportant; indeed little or nothing has been exhibited on the Kssex. Kent, or Suffolk stands beyond that left over from Monday. Unimportant, however, us has been the supplies of home-grown wheat, they have proved more than sufficient to satisfy the demand, the millers having apparently determined not to buy a bushel more thau needed for immediate use. On Wednesday scarcely a transaction took places quotations were, consequently, nominal; and thou*li u further reduction of Us to 3s per qr., was submitted to on Friday, this concession failed to impart any activity to the inquiry. We have again to report a very liberal arrival of wheat from abroad, viz: (18,540 qrs. making the receipts of the past fortnight at this port 1:17,iliil qrs. To dispose of any thing like this quantity from on board ship, in the exiting position of the trade, has been quite impossible, and a large proportion has already been taken to granary, with a view of awaiting a more favorable opportunity to realize. The local, as well as tbe more distant buyers, have kept aloof as much as their necessities haru permitted; but as all parties are forking out of stock, a large demand may be expected as soon as prices are reduced to a point deemed safe by purchasers. The business done on Wednesday was of quite a retail character, and to succeed in effecting sales rates !2s to 3?, anil in some cases even 4s per qr. below those of Monday had to be taken. On Friday the market was more numerously attended, but the inquiry was not much more lively, and purchases might have been made on still easier terms than tho preceding day. Tbe sale for flour, whether of home or foreign manu i fact lire, ban been exceedingly difficult throughout the week ; und though the nominal top price uf the former haH remaiued unchanged, ail other sorts have been offered at lend money. Thi* has beon particularly the cane in reguid to American, if not perfeotly fre?h and sound ; und even the very best brand* have been offered 3s to :'.s per bbl lower, 3.">s to.KJg per bbl beiDR extreme rate* on f-'rid-iy. '1 toe n.i rivals of i.nglish barley have been on the name limited si-ale hn before, buttbe receipt* from abroad have been rather liberal This grain appear* not to be wanted iit^i'resent, and ha* certainly met with little or no att^otion Ihin week. In the absence of business prices \ have remained nominally unaltered, but lower terms would willingly have been taken if Mien could thereby been facilitated. What we have ju.it *tated about barley will also apply to malt, in which nothing of the slightest interest ha* transpired *ince our last Whilst only 369 quarters of oat* have been received coastwise, andnone from Ireland, the arrival of 63.188 quarters from abroad has prevented any thing like scarcity being felt. That the Urge dealer* have worked very nearly out of stock in anticipation of the Russian supply cannot be questioned; but they still act on I the reserve, being desirous of a further reduction ere they enterh to investments. Under these circumstances : the market had been unable to *tand so large a supply, and ltiga oaU, which were quoted 28s per quarter on (Monday, have since been bolj at 2tig per quarttr, and other Horla at corresponding prices. The late arrivals of beans from Alexandria, nod ti.e low rates at whivli these have been offered as compared ! with the terms aslteJ for Kngltsh, have naturally interfered with iba disposal of the latter, of which hardly a snle has been mad? iiaau Monday. Egyptian beans lmve aho moved off slowly, though obtainable at 33s to 34s per qr. Peas have been quite neglected; and with trluing receipt* t he value of the article lias tended downward. I< urther important supplies of Indian corn have readied u4, and there being at the moment no demand, it is impossible to give accurate quotations .Some of the cargoes have come to hand in such wretohed condition &i to be only lit for feeding pigs. The late dull advices from hence havo naturally had a very depressing effect on prices of corn all over the continent; but according to the moft recent accounts wheat was still relatively higher, as well in the Mediterranean as in the Baltic, than in this country. A letter from Marseilles, of the 'JBtli offline, informs u'that that market had been well attendod by buyers from the interior, which, with important shipments to Ureat Britain and Belgium, had enabled sellers to clear off considerable portion of the supply. The latter had, however, been so large as to render any rally in prices impossible, and the tendency was then still downwards ? h urth-r arrival* from the Black ami Azoff hchh were daily rxpeutrd Kroia J'alermo we learn. under date of 31?t ult., that hirvefct operation* had been commenced In that neighborhood, and that tb?ro w*< ev*ry reaaou to expert a good yield both In point of quality and quantity. I here whh little prtiin being Milpped, in couaequenee of the fcarcity of venaela. At the Lower baltio port* very little buaineaa appears to I. ive been done, holder* having genet ally aaked higher t *ruif< than buyer* have l>< en diepoaed to pay. At Danaig

the oparationa seein to have been rather Important; tod a letter, dated the 36th of June, Inform* ua that about .1011 laata of wheat had been aol<l the previous day, i constating of fine mixed Upper I'ollah, weighing ?l lb*, per buah., at 7Sa; high mixed Caiimir, tli 1!>* , 7H*; and good mixed Lower Poliah, 01 10*,, 7ia per quxrter, free on , board. During Die week not leaa than 1700 laata had ' changed hand*. Veaaela had been chartered for London at 4* Hd to 4a 3d, and tor.Newoaatle at ;ia 7d per qr. for I wheat | At Stettin hardly a bargain appears to bare been closed during th# weak ending Mtta alt., ud quotation* ' of wheat had. we are informed become nominal Rye had arrived freely from Ruaaia; but the demand having been active, good qualities had realised a price equal to AM per qr , free on board. From Hamburg we learn that the business in wheat had been confined solely to supplying the local wants: but the stocks being very trifling, previous prices had 1 been about supported, equal to 86s to 87s per qr. having been paid for red Upland, weighing only tfO lbs to ttov, lb*, per bushel. Spring corn had been wholly uiv lected. From Antwerp we have advice* reaching to the 30th of June. Fiue qualities of wheat were then no cheaper than the preceding week, but Egyptian had become quite unsaleable. About forty cargoea of Russian rye bad arrived, whioh had sold at 48s to 60s, and Urge quantities were being taken dally to supply the wants of the interior. [ From the London Times, July 14. J The Paris Prrmt states, that new wheat has apeared in the markets of the south. In the entire of the department of the I'pper Uaroone the ears of corn are thick and heavy, and all acoounts coincide in considering the quality of the grain as exoellent. In the tiers the horvest is completely terminated. In the Uironde the harvest was saved with the most favorable weather. New wheat was offered for sale on the 34 inst. at La Reole and at Nerac. The price of wheat had, in consequence, fallen rapidly. The produce of the present year has been sold at Marmande at'J If the hectolitre. New pota toe* bare been offered for fl&le at several markets The weather had become extremely warm in France. In Paris. at 9 o'clock on Monday morning, the thermometer (Fahrenheit) indicated 90 degree* of temperature. A breeze subsequently sprang up, aad. although the weather remained beautiful, lowered the heat, by J o'clock, to .88 degrees. BuniED, July 13.?The condition of the lower ula?ms Is difficult to desoribe. The famine which has existed for the last four months, is happily drawing to a close; they are. however, still compelled to eat the flesh ot horses, wnlch they seem yet to relish, though it costs them nearly one penny per pound. The poor creatures who have been able to tow peas, and plant early potatoes, are in the highest spirlU, and while at their meals bless Ood for granting them wholexomo food onoe more. Broad, however, remains still too dear for them to purchase. On tho 0th inst. the com market at F.ocloo experienced a decline totally unprecedented. Hye fell 14s. attack; barley and wheat likewise declined, as well as butter, egg* and poultry Potatoes wore Hold at the rate of'JJid. per stone of about 7 lbs. (3 kilogrammes.) Russian Urain?The surplus quantity or grain, including I ye, meal, buckwheut, beans and peaB. which will remain for exportation f-ioin St Petcrsburgh this year (exclusively of the growing crops) is estimated at 6.000,000 chetwerts, or about 371,400 quarters, among which are 2,000.00(1 wheat. Coloonl, July 10.?In the valley of the llhioe harvest has already begun with cutting barley and rye. An abundant crop of both is confidently expected. They are now placed beyond the reach of hail storms or other inJury. Lo.vdon Corn Exchange, July 14.?The accounts from all parts of the kingdom continue to give very favorable reports of the progress made by the growing grain crops to maturity; and If the present foroing weather last much longer we may expect harvest operations to be pretty generally commenced In the south about the close of the month. Whether a more gradual ripening of the grain would not have been more beneficial may be questioned, such extreme heat ai that lately experienced being calculated to cause the corn to turn too suddenly. At the sameftime we must remark that the complaints of blight and red gum are on the increase, and though *tiAao uPrtnnnta oru nrnti'ihlv ATiio>ffAPit.A(l nt.ill wh fuar that the yield of wheat may not prove bo plentiful ax could be wished. At all the markets held since Monday, prloes of wheat hare tended upwards; Indeed, the rise in some Instances has been Important, and nowhere less than 3s to 3s per quarter. The cause of the advance has been the inadequacy of the supply to meet the consumptive demand, the deliveries from the growers having nearly ceased. At our market to-day thero was very little English wheat on sale, and a clearance of the Essex and Kent stands was speedily made at prices rather exceeding those of Monday last. Foreign wheat was taken to a fair extent by buyers from different parts of the country, at rather above previous prloes. The business in flour was not of much importance, but the late advance ?n American was well maintained. Barley, beans, peas, and Indian corn were but little Inquired for, and quotations of th?se articles remained much the same ad in the beginning of the week. The arrivals oi oats were quite moderate, and having again rather an improved inquiry, former rates were slightly exoeeded, particularly for good fresh parcels of Riga. July 6 to 10.?There has been rather more firmness in the corn market since the sailing of the Britannia; and were it not for the splendid weather whicn prevail*, no doubt speculator* would make a more determined and successful effort to maintain higher prices. On the Oth, the show of wheat by land carriage samples from the high oounties was very small (more particularly from Kssex); the quantity exhibited proved, nevertheless, more than equal to the demand, and before any progress could be made in sales a reduction of 8s per quarter on the currency of that day se nnight had to be submitted to, ant^ven at that decline the stands were not cleared. KorWgn wheat met with little attention, but there was less pressure than might have been expected, considering the extent of the supply. Many importers refused to submit to so great a full as that on Knglish. but the sales effected were at quite that decline. The top price of flour was put down to H5s per sack, and other qualities recorded iu proportion; good brands of Amerloau being offered at 31s to 36s per bbl The operations in barley were on a strictly retail scale, the low prioe of Indian corn, tec., interfering with the sale. In the finer kinds nothing whatever was done, and the ordinary descriptions were at least lis per qr. lower than on that day se nnight. On the 7th tke trade exhibited more firmness, and millers paid the prices of the previous market day for the extremely small quantities purchased by them to supply their immediate wauts; but no action in the late material decline can be said to have occurred. Thero is a small demand for the beet brands of American (lour by the bakers at from Ills to 37 s per barrel, being, according to weight aud quality, considerably lower than tifts per sack for town-made flour, its value, at the present prioes, of the best samples of Knglish wheat. London I'om Market, Mark Lane, July 14?Webavo but short supplies of Knglish wheat; of loreign the recaipts amount to about 11,600 quarters. We experienced a good demand for the latter article at the extreme rates of Monday last. The buyers were chiefly merchants and millers from the north of Kngland. Barley and pens unaltered in value. Oats met a fair retail demand, at improving prices. Beans were 'is dearer. LOM)ON A W.nAUr.n? n iicnv, t-uo iu, uaxicjr j igg *U, out*. 28s ;U; beans, 60s 9d; pea*, 56s lid. Lowno:* Corn Market?Mark Lamk, July !).?The arrivals t>f Knglish wheat since Monday have been trilling in the extreme: from abroad about 16.300 hare been received. There was a greatly increased demand for wheat tnis morning, and an advance of fully 2a. per qr. on Monday's quotations was readily compiled with. Barley without alteration In value. Oats were more free of sale than of late, and Monday's rates wera fully maintained. Beans and peas as laat quoted. London Averages?Wheat, 86s. la; barley, 48s. 4d.; oats, 38s. 3d.; beans, 60s. 9d.; peas, 65s. lid. Livkhfool, July 9.?The arrivals into this port, since Monday last, contain a good supply of wheat, flour, Indian corn, and corn meal from abroad; but, with the exception of a fair quantity of malt, we have little to note either coahtwico or from Ireland. A few thunder showers on Wednesday inoml&ff. and several more yesterday, appeared to give the weather an unsettled aapept, confirming the Improved tone of business experienced on Tuesday, and promoting an extended demand, partly speculative, for wheat, Indian corn and flour, each of these articles acquiring a moderate advance upon the curri nt rates of that day. Having a good attendance of Knglish and Irish millers at this day's market, the wheat trade in general continued to exhibit a firm appearance. and notwithstanding the raina, noticed in the foregoing report, have been hitherto of important benefit to all the coming crops, good useful qualities of wheat were in fair demand, and 3d to 4d per 70!b over Tuesday's rates freely paid. American fl( ur, being still in lively request, realized Is per barrel advanoe, prime western brands commanding 37s,'aud at the close of the market few importers were Inclined to sell at the amendment. In beans there wait rather morn business doing than at an earlier peilod of thn week, but without any change in prices. Ptas quite neglected. Barley and malt, upon a limited sale, barely sustained our last quotations. Oats and oatmeal dull, and the turn lower.? Indian corn, good fresh parcels moving off rather freely for Ireland, must be noted Is per 4801b dearer; and inferior kinds, being more saleable for feeding purposes, obtained a similar amendment. LIICm'OBI., JUIJT lo -o.u.Ti.nv i Iirnumy iiirm aMr been large arrival* from tbe United States and Kuropean porta of wheat. flour, Indian corn and meal, and of bt-ans from Kgypt There haa not been a vessel reported from Canada within tbe week. Tbe import* from Ireland and coastwise are still very light. In comparison with the extent of export*. Tbe weather, with occasional showers and thunder storm*, haa been favorable for the growing crops; if anything, perhaps it has been too closely hot and foroing. The week's biuinen* has not been large, but, upon a fair daily demand from the country, holders of wheat and flour have been enabled to obtain advancing prices, and at the close of the week the Improvement wan 3d to 4d per bushel on the former, and Is. (id. to 'J*, per barrel on ilia latter. Western Canal flour haa realised 17s. per barrel. Indian corn has been in good request, and all qualities have readily brought the full rates of last Tuesday. The growing crop of beans b-iing spoken of less favorably, tbia article ha* been held with more tirmness, and Is to 'U per quarter advance boa been required. Oats have met with a steady demand for mealing and for provender; still price* have yielded a little. Barley and peas have both been very dull sale. This morning's market was well attended bv town and country miller* and dealers, flood and fresh qualities of wheat met a fair sale at Friday's prices, which were 3d to 4d per bushel over tho*e of this day se'nnight; secondary and inferior samples were without attention. American flour on the other hand met au Indifferent demand, and 30* fid wa* taken for Western Canal. which is Is per bbl. higher than last Tu?*day but 6d under Friday. Egyptian Beans wera fully la per quarter dearer, hut tbe aale wa* not fr??. No change a* regards Oats. Ilarley, and Peas. Good fresh Indian Corn being scaroe brought the full priees'of this day week, and tt.? lower qualltlc* were taken pretty freely for feeding purpose* at :10s to 3 Js per 430 lb*. Financial Intelligence. ?? London Monrv Market, Wedueedny Kvening. July 14 -Tim opinion confidently cxpreaeed foraome time by well Informed merchant*. that the rate* of exchange would come better froui New York by the Cambria, haa been verified by her arrival. The rate* on London for bill* by the ateamer are I06l? to thoae received by l*^t arrival wore rather widely Mated at lOA^ to i fli*. The Improvement tnny be takun. therefore, a* | equal to more than U per cent. Commercial letter* Indicate the lmpreeeiuu that the rated would ri*c I aomewliat higher Htltl. Any demand for *p<-eia for that quarter would aeem, therefore, t i bn out of the ijueation. at leaat to any extent worth naming. The merchantd having the moit Intimate relation* with the United Htatea never calculated indeed, that, with all the excitement of the high priced of breadatuffx here, carried out bjr the Ilibernia, and the dhlpmeutd conaeqifently preaaed from the other aide to take advantage of them, above a quarter of a million In ipecle would be wanted to meet commercial balanced, if *o muoh. It may be atated alao, that no apprehenaion haa exiated or doea exiat, at the B*nk of England of any call foe ipeel* from the falted Stataa. *ltho?ffh AoatxJoaa the daetlata* ' ?tat? of continents nrhufn ?mM ???tr Uhaty t* U?4 to m uporUbM of th? pr?c?oo? b?U1< to aw qHrt?n of Karofe To mich et?rr1itt? Iwm \mw*n u?r woald boworer attach m nli?r ?mi4 a? <* ? * be the Ttlw nwt r?-jolr?d ) in tbo earlr part "f Uke nknrnlag, aaiae n< I emmtU |a i nme amount by a raapootabie brwker If* eraated a j ?l>i?ht >l.'t<r.-??ion !n pricoa. or rsllwr preeeatod the* adTiii' ! i > *1 ?*ace of mmr m<w ?ey? rial f?o? t.f die! i iiM tutu outi we* bwfnre > ??>. aaee a r??tted NfM a mihM of the iuaaae of l.o?M I'hiUpa*. the x^n- r.l t of the Inte'llfeaee brought by the I aiubria had a larorable * fleet um tbo fuad* < oaaota. from HHit to H Improved to < ', to (ur mom?y aad tbo 1Mb, with a tolerably Arm market Tbia aad lb* ftcant reaction In prieoe from the extreme pointJt doff (inn, la attributed rariouely alao to tbo -taMAaytaa >a of wrm extonaivo bear acwoaata The uftmnSHr pr* ralent tbat tbo aettieuieat oa tbo 1Mb nuUWa - ball account, would aeetn to bo galaaoid by Um pr~e*at a|> pearanoe of price* Bat. h (aid oa a > tm ix-oaatoa it i? probable that, ai it baa aooAoa baffoMl bofor* wb*a the day of wttleiueiit arrive. ther* will bo Ibw artowta | out>tandiDR to balance atM the ><u*in?*a will rvaolve itaolf Into tho elm pie operation* of makla? traaafer? aad paaalng cboquoa Heduood Tbrm to lbr*? and-a-ltuartor par ( eau nu*, to I t>? AaaatiuM 9 1-16 to X; Ki?he<]uer Mill. Ilia to lie pr*? ladia Bond* Aa to 10a pram . Bank Stork IM to 7 The half monthly aoooaat oaaaa ?a for **ttle?ae?t today In the foreign market The lraaaa<-tloaa were hew ever, rather more active than u.ual wiib?at aay parti cular variation In prieaa Buoaoe Avr** war* auotad aeKtoHX; Mexican. IM to U NmiUIi Uvea daetlaed to JJ to the tbraei. 31 to J I'aMiva, 4', tat. Portagwoe 30 to 1; Dutch two-and-a-half par ooata, ?7 , to a the fours. IK) to Lomoo> Mown Mxatir, Kriday ? v?%lag Jalv * ? The ti'auauoLiona recorded la tbefuad* to-day haea b*wa nf Pur* irtn.l.it&fA Aitjant TKpm mm* * i laal ?li> position an the put of the habitual ifcaltlort t? van bark lu fresh operations, without Mora prveta* tahrai tion thuu hiu yet appeared about tna mnl? In wbtHl M la I proposed that the J renrh luan bow fonnajly annuared for the heavy lun of IMJ.OOO.OOOf taav 114 ?l? OM *?? ling.) (hall be worked out Although not MaUd with aoy distini'tne*.< of authority, v?t it May ba at Humeil as suflcietitly probable, that tbe real iiMm i of the loan in to be thrown over a period of tw? yaara Tliura remain*, therefore for the fu liana* of <nl ea change calculation*, to know in what pro$w>rtioa. tb? amount la to be distributed over that spare nf Hate aad the particular date* at which they are to b? ca.led u| Should any large xuui be presently re-,uire<t or area rqulred duiin* the praaant year sonte i>r< >?>i? aj?-a tb? money market It not waltkely to a?aie. be waver fbewa hly harvests may prove. a?alla| pearanrea promi** will be the cas<>. for it would be Km luurli to take for granted thut thu extraordinary uiotiKary aud NMMNW lev sea and crises of the II ret half of tbe preeent yrareaii lira* readily brought to a balance, aa that affaire aball re sumo their usual equable current before the year baa putixed away, or even before a new year has baaa ea crouched on to noma extent To Impreaalon* in I hi* Dunne may be attributed tbe dull stale of buaiueaa la the < fund*, and the unsteadiness or wvakaaaa of priees Cousolit wavered between variation* equal to cent from higher to lower They war* first quoted at 88X to fi, and left off rtrt'? to \ Tot money and tbe op*-n Ing. Reduced Threes Hit to Three and a Quarter per Cents 907* to 1; Long Annuities ? I-Its to *?; hacbequer Bills 10a to 14a prem, India Bond 7* to 10* praB. llatber wore dealing* took place in foreigu ?tocka. but with scarcely any dlnplacement in price* Bratillan ?J to.'i; Mexican. 19 to?>i; Spanish Klves were VI to S the Threes were lower at 31to 3<%; I'ortunueei* 31 to uutcn Two ana-a-Mall per l,eiiu?. ?; m? i-"ur> 8% to 90; Danish. 84 to 6; Yenesuela. 39 to 40, Kelt | dor, 3 to H'. The returns of the Bank of Kngland for the *?k wl ingthe 3d Inst.. give, as compared with those of the week preceding, the following result* : ? Circulation?Issue ?23,162,330 0efre??e. ,i.lll.tlS | Circulation?Active...... . lH.40l.lliO lurreue... 3r>3.08;i Public depoaita 9 7 38 622 Decrcue.. .'<*(>?' Other depoaiu 7,968.314 Increta* . 47,6*8 Oov'rumut securities iuBaukiuK department 11,806 386 Increase.. 99 169 Other aecuritira 18 718,130 lucres*?... 4 Coin and bullion 10,396 571 Decreaae. . 129.831 Seven day and other bills... 807.186 lucreue... 43 1.U The real 3,489,468 lurreaae... 21.471 The reserve of notes In the banking department wax reduced to ?5,158,330, being less by ?467.300 than by the previous return. These accounts are indicative of the then fullness of deposits and approach of dividend time, and evince the disposition of the bank to afford accommodation. The next returns, for the week now ending, and for the week to come,will no doubt exhibit some considerable changes. Cours Authenti<iue?Paris, July 13?French three per cents 67f 60c. Kive per cents 1 iSf 30c 40c 45. Treasury Bonds 6^. Obligations of this City 1260f. Neapolitan 103f 75o. Romans lOOf. Belgian five per cents. 1840, lOOiif. Ditto, 1842, 100 l>{f; Spanish three per oents 33^. Exchange on London?one month, paper, 26fJ7>?o; money 25f25o; three months, paper, 25f 7>?o; money, 25f 5o. The market has been very dull throughout the day, and. from the little business transacted.the prioes at the close may be regarded as little more than nominal. Threes at 77f.65c, and Fives at 118. 55. The market closed as follows : Three per cents for cash 771' 60c; for account 77f. 05c. Kive per cents for cash, 118f 11. * Danlr ..< LV.mnu nr.* quoted; Neapolitan 103f Too. Spanish threes S3)*; do fives, not quoted. Commercial Intelligence. Liverpool Cottom Market?For the week eliding July!).?The past week has been one of quietness although during the early part the Rules were laige; yet altogether a general tone of dullness has prevailed, ami we close the week with a decline of >,d per pound ou all American descriptions. The cause ot this decline is difficult to account for; the weather has beeu fine and seasonable for the approaching harvest, on which muoh depends; and, therefore, we must suppose the trade, who have for some weeks bought freely, have now sufficient stock*, and so can remain from our market. Cotton in freely offered, buyers having plenty of choice. Brazil and Egyptians have been muoh in demand, and '?d per pound advance has been obtained on these description* Surats remain without change. 7600 American, 2AOO Surats, 370 Kgyptian. and 90 Maranhamshave been taken on speculation; a'd 1760 American and 300 Surats fur export. Bales to-day, 4000 bales.? 0'- Holt Co. Liverpool Cotton Market. July 14?The market to day was very steady. Bales 10,000 bales, one half of which was on speculation and for export. Liverpool, July 13.?Cotton?The market was firm to-day. Sales: 0,000 bales, 1 000 lor export, and a,000 on speculation. Prices: New Orleans, 6% to ?; bowed Georgia, 6% to 7)?; Surats, 4>? to Liverpool Marketi, July 0 ?Ashes?The business in both pot and pearl continues on the most limited scale, and the chief, if not the only holder, Is obtaining 30s per cwt for Montreals. Freights?Thoro is no material variation since our report per Britannia, but passengers have greatly fallen off. in consequence of the hay harvest; considerable difficulty has thus been experienced in filling the ships on the berth, and rates are lower than for some months past We have heard of ?9 per head, and even less in some cases, by first-class vessels, which will scarcely afford more than AOs net as the present value of 'tween decks, though more has been given in general. Our quotations of freights remain nearly as befo.e; say New York?dead weight, 8s to 10s per ton; line good*. 20s; hardware, 18s; earthenware, t5s. Boston ?dead weight, I'Jj 6d to,16s; fine goods. 20s; hardware, 30s; oartlieuware, 6a. Philadelphia?dead weight, 10h; fine goods, 20h; hardware, '20a; earthenware, 8s. New Oileanft-dead weight, 12s tfd to 16s; flue goods, 20s to 26s; hardware, 20s to 25s. Iron?The price continues to improve, and thi> demand to increase. Stocks are low, and in pig are likely t? diminish, au it is fully expected the? will be a general turn out amongst the men in Scotland. Present prices in Liverpool?for pigs ?4 to ?4 2s fid per ton; common bars ?0 6s to ?9 10s; hoops ?11 6s; sheets ?11 16s. Molasses are in moderate demand, andprioesare barely supported. Naval Stores?Turpentine is without any improvement, either as regard* the demand or prices paid, and in consequence of foreign spirits and rosin, our distillers continue to evince little disposition to effect purchases. The price of fair parcels is now 7s. Several lots of American rosin have found buyers at late rates. Rice?Since tlix 3d inst, some Bales have taken place, and the different parcels offered were generally disposed of. Carolina bus been selling at 22s 6d to24s; Italian 17s to 17s 6d perewt. and of Bengal nearly all in tirst hands has been disposed of. Salt?There is no change of moment in the statu of the trade, and no alteratlin in prices, which continue nfoliowe -Best fine stoved for bags 14s to 16s; handed squares 13* 6d to 14s; shute lumps Us to 12s 6d; marine and butter 1 Is; common 9s; river freight 3s; dock and town dues 7d per ton. Sugar?The market has continued in a dull position, and prices still more in favor ot tne buyer, i\o public sales nave Men reported, Tallow remains in a similar position to that last noted, Y < candle being worth about 60s 6d per cirt. Tea?An improved feeling has manifested itself in this market, anil considerable business is now being done, but without any quotable change in prloe. Tobacco?We have but little to report iu the trade at this port; 1 AO hhds have changed hands slnoo the departure of the Britannia. In price* there is no alteration worthy of notioe. Wool?We ar<< happy to notice an improved feeling in the trade; an<l since tho termination of the sales in London, there hsr been decidedly more doing. In prices there is no change, but purchases are made with more confidence, in the expectation that prices will not be lower. The arrival of low wools continue small, and stocks srs light; with a better assortment, there would no doubt be a better demand. London Market. July 13 ?Indigo?The sales of Indigo commenced this morning, and are .stated to contain 13,042 chests, conxlstlng of lOtib Madras, 14.M Kurpnh ditto, 12 Manilla, MM) Oude. and 10,016 Bengal Benares See. The total passed to-day is 99(1 chests.of which 67n have been sold, 2A0 bought in. and76 withdrawn Strong support has been given by the importers, and the mi i dling and good iiualities of Bengal have sold at the ex treme rates of the May sale to 3d per lb advance, and the nndecideil, ordinary and consuming sorts at about last sale's prices. The few Madras and Kurpah have been mostly bought In at from May's sales prices to id per lb advance. There Is only a moderate attendance of buyers from th? country and the continent. The follow UK i?io lur JM1I uuuimui lue i|ll?imes and prices :?bengal, Uanares, &c , middling to good violet, 4s tld to 6* 3d; ordinary and middling ditto, 4* 3d to 4* Hd; violet aud copper, 4* 3d to 4h; consuming qualities, 2s fld to 4s fld; ordinary and lotv ditto, 2n 6d to 'Js !)d; trash and dust. 1? to 3k Id Madras, low and ordinary, Mild to 2m fld Kurpab, 2s to 3* Id Sugar?There has been a g?od demand for raw sugar to day, and llim) hhd* Went India, including .100 hhds St Lucia and I60hhda Barbadoehave been i>old at last week's rates At auction 3 ><'0 bags Mauritius all sold, good and fine grocery descriptions at high rates; the low quxlitles wentiather cheaper li/iO bs^* Bengal sold at very lull prices ; white Benares, 4fix to 47h Cd. 6(io bags China sold steadily, middling grayish white. 43s to 43* 6d II Ice- 20n0 ha?s Bengal carg i wi re bought In at public sale at 14s 3d perewt ? S-ltpetre ?2,4H) bags Bengal wrre t^hen In ?t about 6'1 nbo?e the market valud, vii:?at 30s to 30s fld, lor -''..i to 'A\ per oent refraction. Havre, July 7 -Yesterday's transaction* in cotton were quiet. 1'hls morning little business is doing ? prices, however, are well maintained Wa bav? Liverpool ad vieea of Monday last, with sales of 10.M0 bales at firm prices. Higher prices are paid ''if B'"''. ' continues to give wav In England. On Monday, at Mark lane, sales could only be * 1 .nil Jrain duced rates. In our own neighborhood flour and grain j are declining In price Yesterday, at UodervUl. thore , was a fait of lOf. per wok. la our Hour U Ttry | I - -Jl < ?* t? W MllNd. ma opoa 1M11 nnttn, at praaent rata* At aararal public ?al?* (Mil MtfMll amij ?mM ba ibnl Iba cbi?f part nt obi lead to ba withdrawn Tba Mly particular r*atara la tba ? !* of irwt*IMI lurr^i of 0*aMM which kujoat baaaaold at Uf Ik* barral In K reach enlnolal migmr*. AO oaiks Wh baan ~.IJ at Mr to??/ S0? Th. demand labutllttia artlra at Uw rat* la i?4|e to ebuH of Baagml hm b**a laaa at 7f Ma. duty paid, or at 90 oaata uodar tba ra'uatlan la peppar. ?ala* a4 HO bag* middling htra km aa4. at Mf an J 1*0 allgbtly damagad. at Mf .duty paM i am'iaa rtaa I* Jaeltaiag; W Uarea* bar* baaa old iigbtlr ira*b?d. at Mf. datr paid Oar arrirala re aaaflaed U> coa*tiag t *??! . chip* from a dlatanea aro attU kept at *aa lata mf Tia<? *? ? itMira )mty II ?<Hir market val much quiatar ta-day aad wry little JUponltloa abown to do bual r? % any boaaaa aould aot gat oCar* at tba prlo*> *f lax week ftblppara ara aetlag oautloualy aad kaaplog Ml >4 tba market aatll oy fatora pro*pacta ara mora dadaila Tba aUgbt raartIM la tba grain markat raatarday. rbtady raaaed by tba uaaatUad waatbar of Iut a. k fitbtk* Iacriaii I Ugbtaam of tba money market bar* pradaaag tbl* laagaor la oar market to-day. Mbnald tba waatbar. however eaatfaoa faa. ? bar* tiiiie AeaM tbat tba priuat unfavorable rymptoau will La? aa July IS Although tbara wa* a frir attendance af au-eebaala at ear rtatb ball* tbl* morn lag. tba boat w 4"aa wa* U** tbaa w* bara lately bad ooeaaloa to report, ret aaaarally of tba ordlaarr character, tba mar baata abawlag graat eaatioa la tbalr purcbaa** Tba g?da principally la damaad war* low woad*d blue*. wool dyad Uaaka, witb frw lataof Ihocy plaid* aad oloak AAUra la <? < rro* lk? MMtrwl Herald July M ) MM* th* lad ntMi tk? ruUtwit haa r??>lunl la MMto* hut It I* to be adjouruad to day Throughout, IU I aetata! are Ua ilw*a Itealf JUpuaad to adopt UUM HMtnlil pullny mfkru tk< rifulttloi of oom ?w? rrA* utth itaaif M ith '?0r! to rrlitlou with tkt MMho rouutry It mm aiaa to ba uaderatood that foae ti iir itti b? farced u|>oa ua at to our prod no ta. and t?>e> luatead ad uaataaa r?fr*?*. tka haet thln< we o*a do I* to 1mm ta attain fro* <<raat Britain fraadoai for ur ii.ua tha Jifl-rantiaJ dutiaa bara haao repealed aad aa addraw rated to bar Majaety praying for ti.a rapaul uf the aarltfuttow Ian aa Tar aa tktjr re lata ta aur truda ui Ike (Vaa Mriftlua of tlka St Jawr?ma Auttker a??i?ra of tuta kind la the aitoeetou af tba ad for Iti pfolaaMnu of ropyrifht Tka Bntlah p>?riiB ut h?iii| lulariuod tka eoloulal (OTarnaaut that tkay war* ready U laaboee tke praeeut prohibition < of Amoimmm r*vr?nu of ??p)ri|kt hooka, If a folr pro teeUon u>pa afforded tka Brttub author. It uaa at trot t ' . ? : I..* . . ? da. at... dui? ?? raprtota. hut aa th? pi Iva of tkaaa Aa art no a editieua ara ao laaoui parably i haaper thai* tka original t-ngMak ouaa It wuo ai*au e?--a thai ua duty a,>u4d all. rd aay raal ptx>taction It uaa tkaiafora pmpiwad ta allow all ? ngtieh author* to >UJ'>y a eepyrlgtt uadrt tha provincial rtatute on roodiUo? of IM rapuUlaattca af auah worha wtlhtu tha pro? iuaa tha reprtwta *< ali other work* being ndalttad ut tha nrdtnnry rata af tuti mm haaka Tka other grunt uawuru of tka aaaatoa froaa whloh m l *u k?H ha?a Iur?a4 ml Mum. mHI?| lu brfn 4<>m* about the past < ?. ??4 talkl*| tint King I >4lmgm asaaft t |ir?|iiiiHt?? to flvifc Ik* full tB' lilt naaihcr af eaUafaa Tb? rwil am Ukt It Pilar baa baao t?t*4 u?i4??i by lb* II 'im* by lie manmtw ta tba Itiort <4 tba Mi POMltln Tha iinmlcTfclK.il u4 tba etekaeo* raneed by It. UatU1 tba "( iiuu*ua*i<-o Tba fallowing la from t report m?'i? by cowsitUe of |ibyrirt>a> m4 otban. to vsMBlaa Into tba ?it< at of tke afclp feear UMriaJ raturaa akow tba ortelltt la tba ally, for tba teat ait weeks, to ba?a baa* aa fuiluwa Immtg faaif B'rrJ ?a^i *? Ktndrnli i* fair* m tkrdi Ttltl J una IV 44 II l? 1*7 " *1 47 4.) 171 9M July * M 4? it* IH "10 Ill >0 310 41* "I? 161 7b lit 40* ? 94 IM MO WJ 417 Total* M* 114 1114 M4C Kor the eorreepondlng weeks of UM yaw thay abew tba following result : ? ResiWtnfs. Immig Tefal. Week ending June 30 M I M " " 27 . ?> o o? " July 4 61 I 04 " "II 41 ? 44 " "18 44 0 44 " "26 AO 0 00 Totals 118 7 Ml Upon these figured, Independently of the almost aUadf Increase of the total number* of tlit* j*r, and the appalling contrast whloh they present to th* total nunbtti of last year, the committee mud make twa remarks In the limt place, tliey show no such encouraging falling off in the mortality among tha Immigrant*, as tha published report* of death* at tha sheds ha*? lad many to suppose ha* lately taken place At the *hed*. indeed, for the taut fortnight, they ?how *ome, though by no mean* a great reduction. but In town?and it u tn town where *uoh mortality I* mo*t dangerous to tha el ti seas ?there has been a corresponding and almost ejuai increase The total* for the nit weeks rauge. 161, ill. t7l, J85, 242, itil, a remit in which (mora especially coupled a* It I* with the fact of thi* increased and Innreaatag rate ot Immigrant mortality in town) the committee find no matter of congratulation Another and even mora alarming consideration U the contra*t exhibited In re*pect of thi- mortality among tb* resident population of tbe city. Till the last three week*. It wan rather below that of last year, but ft?r tbeee last three weeks it baa augmented three-Md With the Intercourse between the resident and immigrant populations, kept up as It is. by the refusal to remove the immigration station, and with a consequently increasing amount of Immigrant Nlcknrrs and d-a'h within the city, how soon is it presumable that It will diminish ' The committee have felt it their duty to examine the I returns carefully, to ascertain the number of deaths by fever, uniting the resident population of the elty during the above six weeks, and they And them to stand thus Week eliding 19th June, 1647 I " 98th " 4 " 3rd July, 1847 li ?IB ? 10th " 6S ' 17th " M " 34th " 7i -IN 904 Week ending 90th June, 1840 9 " 97th " " 4th July, 1848 M " 11th " ? " 18th " ? " J?th M ? ?14 48 So that, while for the first three weeks the coat art is strikingly favorable to the present year, as regard* the prevalence of fever, the last three weeks show it (as com pared with the corresponding three weeks of last year) to have actually Increased twelve-fold, and to be still, to all seeming, on the Increase. That the committee draw no unfair inference la thus comparing the la*t six weeks with the corresponding period of last year. Is easily shown. For the months of January, February. March and April, tlie contrast of the two years is the following ? 1847 > 1848 , Total. Of Ftvrr. Total. 0/ Frrrr. January 191 18 971 4} February 104 ? MS March..*. .. . ....142 18 180 U April \...10? ? 154 II Total 470 6 J H08 1M From the lit of May to the commencement of the tlx weeks in question, a perfectly exact comparative statement csnuot be made ; beoause the number of InUrmeats at the sheds this year, (probably small.) <1urtog this period Is not given in the retnrni; but with thlt defect, the comparison stands thus 1847 1846 , Total. Of Ftvtr. Total. Of Ft nr. May, and to l'Jtb or 13th of June ? Residents 196 1,5 iM 4? immigrant* 13 (or more') 1 It is thus apparent, that for the whole of this year, till the crowding in of the Immigrants upon the city, the mortality of the resident population was greatly below that of last year ; and that fever, in particular, was decidedly the reverse of prevalent. The deaths from fever in five months and a half had not been one-third as many as during the name five months and a halt of the year before. What proportion they bear now, the current returns establish but too sadly. Of the cause of the ohange. fraught as It is with disaster to the olty, there can be but one opinion. Assuming the resident population of the elty to be. In rouud numbers, 60,000,?and It must be tolerably apparent that it does not at the present moment reaoo that figure, from the unusal number* who have left town, the mortality above exhibited (leaving, It will b* remembered, wholly out of view that of the Immigrant portion of the community) has been for the last six weeks at the rate of about ten and one-third per eent per annum, or more than one In tenof the whole population ; for the last three weeks. It has been about fifteen and a hair, and for the last fortnight nearly sixteen and a half per oent, or nearly one in six of the population To show the frightful significance of theee figure*. It is enough to hrt that for th* corresponding six w?fki of last year, the rate (then a very high rate) was but about uve and a half per cent per annum, or not quite on* la eighteen; that for the year I84rt, It wa* scarcely ow four per cent, or one In twenty-five; that for lai Ore inonthn and more previoua to the laat ais week* It m only about three per cent, that I* to ear, oae la thirty, three; that In the unhealthleat part* of London, on an average of many year*, it li leM than one In twenty Ore, that In the whole of London it la not one la thirty-live; that in (ilaegnw It la little mora than one In thirty-alae, In Berlin hardly more than one In thirty. aev?n. aad la nome European cltie* of considerable *lae, Oeneva tot example, less than one In forty-als. From the H ivkr of Pi.atk.?Th?* Morgan l>ix, a' Boston, from Montt*vid?*o, brings dntrs to June 4th Advices to June 8th were received hereon WVil nes'lay. via Rio Jaueiro. whiel rtated that no ''hang* had occurred in th* aspect of uilltical nfUlia The fol lowing extract from a circular of V1e?f>r? South*-!* h Co gives a hurcinct view of the state of alftira in that quarter: ? ?lor?TFvrr>Eo. Juno I, 1847.?We have nothing from huenoi Ayrea thai tan be dnpend-d upon respecting th? oouriie Diallers will take The bloct aile of that p..rt tiaa not yet. b-Mii removed and there aeemn to b? great doubt in Urn mind* of many peraona whether it will hpeedily be so. Difficulties, It appeara, are coutlmully aiismg to prevent the parties from coming to an amloabl* unuoratanding. and we may possibly be atill autyect to the aaine atate of reatriotion and anxiety that we have been laboring under for the laat tour or Ave yeara. A auapenalon of hoatilltla* haa been agreed upon, and there have been no sklrmlahei between the belligerents for koi time pMt."

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