Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 2, 1847 Page 2
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[ U* MWta of 0*n 0.. ?m *vldMtl* MWttftOy d by tb* mention of hi* aim*, bfltfly tat feelingly re*. | noatWd a* toUow* j? rt*wrBai.-in reply to your eloquent and oompllmeneery tlliulon' to the c-ivlo?-i? of the *1*017 under my ' 4ouimsu<|. I can ooly briefly ejpre** my thanks and thotn of the brave men of my command, to whose exertions suii gal'.autry alone our successes are due. For myseir T M* claim no merit beyond that of sharin? and encountering danger with their Yon hare traced op and deptatad V) moot faithful colore the rapid progre.*of our country from thn ooinmoncement to It* present condition of graatbcsu and prosperity-occu j pylu? the front rank In the nation-* of the world The existing war may show the world that in great na- 1 ilonsl ?nterpri*ea and lntere*tn we nre firm and united 1 ? and that the flower of our country, without dts'lnc- ' tlon of party. 1* always readv to vindicate tk"> national i ttonor #11 th? battle-field. Should it be our lot to re -iumo offensive operation* on thia line, i shall diot? j with every canfldence in the gallantry and success of the foro?"? 1 hare but little doubt that those who I have but recently come Into the field, and have not veu able to participate in active service an yet. will . dintiuguish themselves a* greatly ns those who have goua before. That thousands of volunteer* who have, many of tham. be?*u brought up In affluence, have left their pursuit* and comfortable homes, to encounter the haidship* of an active campaign, is* sufficient guaranty > that the right* and honor of our country will always bo maintained. A general shaking of hand* and congratulation- here took place for some moments; after which Colonel Wright of the Massachusetts volunteers, by Invitation, % reudtha Declaration of lodependenoa. The company ! Ihan ptrtook of a substantial lunch provided by th? hospitable commander, who had a oiuilf and a pleasant word for all, and happy in being able to make | other* so. He wan dreaded in undress uniform, and looked a littla moia Ilka the bra re old hero that he In, and a littla less like th plain, unaffected country gentleman-a rary little?than 1 have yet seen him. At 111 o'clock, while the oompany were yet at camp, a nation J salute wu fired by Bragg's battery.and before the touod of the last gun bad died away, the booming of cannon from the black fort seemed to echo back the salute. About 3 o'clock (Jen. Taylor and'stalT. with an escort of dragoons, came into town. and with (Jen. t ushin^ and the officers of tbe Massachusetts Regiment, pro- j needed to Arista's garden, or Arista's house 1 should , say. where a table ?a< spread in tba broad corridor j opening into the garden witb its bright green shrubs, its crimson rose boshes covered with fragrant flowers. ' its well kept waits, aud the gurgling stream that mu- | augers through it. 'Ill* smell oi tbe bright geins ot i uaturu's hatnliwork wan not morn plowing thi I odor which arose from tho su-ory viands prepared for immediate consumption. Every one was surprised at tha profusion of good taings and the variety that was placed upon the table, all owing to the exertions of Oapt. Glover, a merchant residing here for some years, one of tho committee of arrangements, whose peculiar province it wis to see that nothing *liould be wanting. He perf rtued his duty to perfection. Claret, Madeira and Champagne in abuudaucu served to give zest to the repast and aid in the sentimental expression of feeling When the substantial* hud been discussed and removed. Geo. Cushing. who presided at tbe head of the table, with (Jan. Taylor on his right, arose and after some remirks complimentary to the committee of arrangements for the faithful manner in which they had cared for their guests, proceeded to annouuee the following regular u>asts. which I think you will admit are butter than regular set toasts generally are : ? The Day we Celebrate?As dear to us In a strange clime and the midst of war as when welcomed at our peacrfut homes. The President of the United States. The Memory of Washington?Brightening with time, all nations will at last behold and adiuirc its lustre. The Army and the Volunteers of tho United States? They have conquered all but peace. Tha Navy of the United States?With amphibious facility fiuding no enemy on the waters, it has constantly sought and successfully enoountereil him on the land. Tha Constitution?May it ever be administered in the spirit which controlled its first formation. i be Surviving Heroes of tbe Revolution?Length of day* Qtd dttt'U TIIUUUIMHt-M bv IUDIU kUAb lUKJf Ullglib Utf" huld the inarvelloun results of their youthlul toll?all bou ir to their venerable uauies. Oar Brethren in Arm* at the South?They have lighted their patha with a blaae of victories. Mexico? Blessed with a genial dime and the physical elements of greatness and power, she is h prey to civil strife and bad government; way the influence of wise rulers and free institutions restore her to her proper rank amoug the nations of the earth. The Spirit of "76?It burns as brightly among the mountains of Mexico as of old at Trenton. Skies, not soulK. they oh&ngti who cross the sea.'' The Mexican War?Waged to recuro an honorable and a lasting peace, may such be Its early consummation. The Illustrious Dead?From I'alo Alto to Cerro Gordo, every Held is couseoruted by the sacrltJce of gallant spirit;; a sympathizing oouotry yields spontaneous and grateful homage to their memory. The American Fair?Worthy descendants of the wo men of the Revolution, their hearts and prayers are with those who uphold their country's cause in a foreign laod. These sentiments were all drank with the strongest testimonials of admiration, and all was harmony. About seventy persons, including a number of citizen*, partook of the repast. Volunteer toasts being called for. Lieut. Crowningshield, of the Massachusetts regiment, gave : Andrew Jackson?Sacred be his memory. (Drank standing, in silence) Lieut. Fuller, of the Massachusetts volunteers, gave : Oeneral Taylor?We hail him as the next PreslJent.: may his civil be as brllllai.t as his military career. (Thi'i sentiment wap drank with three times three ) General Taylor rose to respond to this sentiment, anil said ? Mr. pm-.iir>FNT Asr> Oknticmf*?i liave never had the vanity to aspire to or look for that elevated situation whieh haft just been alluded to, but If my fellow-i-ouu tr.vioon think proper to elevate me to ho distinguished ] and honorable a position. I certainly Khali do my best to discharge the duties of that responsible position faith fully. But if hny other candidal)) id preferred and offered who may be more competent than inyolf, I need not *ay that I shall acquiesce moot cheerfully in their decision, and shall rejoice th it there In one more worthy to represent theni in the highest uiftoo in their gift. He then gave hp a toaat The State of Massachusetts and the ("ity of Boaton? The place where our liberties were cradled : whose son* hav borue no conspicuous a part in the establishment and maiotainanoe of tho principle? of our independence and the constitution, and have gallantly maintained the *ame by sea and land. Col. VVmoHT responded? Massachusetts and the eity of Boston; it is niy native State and my native city, and the Stnte where many of us who hare been complimented this day were b^rn We hare just received a compliment, and a great one, from th* commanding general. Massachusetts lias heretofore done ber part, hor name reads Hell, her star shines brightly in thenfcMonal galaxy In former tinms ?.ho was known well, and did well. Mho then held, and does now, as her most i-<*<*red spot, what we call " th'< radle of Liberty"?old Kaneuil flail. \V"e may all securely praise the past, because It cannot be changed, ami now may it be our lot to make the future a:: brilliant as the past has been, and perhaps mure ho. We are htru with our arms in our hands, her colors, bearing the figure of thai proud warrioraud (bat good old shield with its lone star, a twin star to that ' { Texas. I do not bulitfvo. gentlemen, Massachusetts bar a son on this soil but who comes with the same feeliDgs and sentimenti that inspired their airw of old; whose whole heart is not In the cauac. and wh'< will not do all ho eau iu supporting the namo and the honor of his country ; iu maintainiK*? Lrlutit rhivulm of whinh i*ho in H'i nr&nd ami displaying courage and good conduot wben the foe in in eight. I will give you, gootlemeu? Xbo i'cst and rreaent?Talo Alto Uwuct, Monterey, and Bueoa Vista, the Bunker Hill, Princeton, and Vork towu of the present century By Captain Montgomery, L'.S A?The orator of the ?l?y, scholar. statesman and soldier An ornament to hit country at homu and abroad. \V*< doubt not thut his sword will prove as irresistible as his eloquence Gen. Ci ewii'o ro*c and suld? " OtoTi.i-Micpi ?I b?g to return you tuy honrl'elt thank a for the sentiment Just presented, and tii. kindnusfi with which you have received it. I know and see that those V who are bravest In the battle Held are the most courteous in the saloon; that the beet soldier i? the best gentleman I appreciate the kind feeling" which dictated this sentiment, and wheu I look on them I am ready io?ay A Marshal Uoursiuault said ill the fitee of the hlviiry of France, >-they are not only competent to Mtstalu their country's honor, but lleavyn itself, upon their lancc points " Lot mo repeat what has been rai l at home, a fact which hw struck them with well-found ed admiration, that whero<i<? iu all the contexts of the American and Mexican armies, the MexiFan officers have followed, the American officcr* have lod. Our officers not only made the plan of battle, ordered the cntost, and plauted themselves iu the first rank, but placcd themselves tn ttie poet of danger, and where the cry of danger w.w Inudent. the boom of cannon heaviest, and the iron hailstorm thickest, there wcro found the gallant general aud his officers I:, was not in the cathedral of Monte- I rey that the American commander was found, beneath the impervious walls ot the city that our gallant officer.* sheltered themselves that day; not Iu the deep ravintM of Bueoa Vista that the general und his nfltcera took repose; to Hen Han la Anna and hU stalf was left that poit of security The men of America, they whom their country had selected to tight for her honor, and who hnve given evidence that their confidence wag not mis nUced. need I say where they were found ! When the blood of the brave streamed tho la*te*t. tlic leader* were the first to be struck, mil died on the bosom of honor, seuding up to Ileavep thnt cry of glory which shall ?nklndle all tho youug soul* of America But, gentlemen, we, th" remote hearers of the stupendom event* occurring here, we were forbidden to stop at the leaden* in our admiration;tor wo ?aw. and wore proud to nee, that nomuiou soldiers, meu in the rank*, regular soldiers, t<> whonr the pro?peet of promotion i remote end casual, with nought to animate them but that love of liberty which Is Inherent, wi re worthy of their officer*; anil wherever Taylor would lead, there would the brave coldlers gallantly follow Wherever that vlotorious foot wan placed, there stood to hack him the invincible legion of the army of the I uited States Gen C. made some additional rumarki<, but the limit!' of my letter, already dwelled touu extraordinary extent. will not permit me to give theui any ino c at length. I could not refrain from giving these remark* so coinpli- ! mentary to the regular army. In conolu/iion. lie offered | thit sentiment: ? The United States ? Buptlscd in the blood of tbs re volution, consecrated by the sacrifice of our fathers rendered glorious by the courage anil glory of their sons, may her iuture prosperity correspond with her present grandeur. A number of volunteer toasts were given, but I have only time to give a very few By Oapt. Montgomery, A <1 M. U. 8. A.?Henry j Clay: lie h*s devoted a life to bis country, and a son to 1 bis country'* glory. By Capt. Uoyt. A. ? ommlssary IT. H A. Mass Reg.? faactc VVDeuevur it some' in-iy it be a permanent one. | which 'hall result ill the u?lmu*l prosperity of both the i nitttd stater and Mexico; a peace which shall brin*" to j the people of Mexico liberty .ind happiness?to the peo- | , pie of the Totted States union, aud all the blessings of a i rr?? and united nation. Pj t apt. R A Arnold, 8d Reg. Dragoon*?Th? square ' of it< oSfsUi The dtioofory of perpstuil noUoa, ?a<l the " ooaqttaMvl p ?? ." By Lieut. OturgU. 31 Srofooos?Hour* CUy: II* brought to the altar of hla country the hlgnnet talents that ever adorned It. and mtcritloed his favorite son ujion the plain of Buoua Vista Vou wilt perceive that tbi- dinner aud celebration ? ? got up entirely without distinction of party, and the prominent men of each of the two great political divisions wore indiscriminately toasted. and the sentiments tnet with e'jual applause, a proof of the good feeling aud harmony which prevailed, and that it was not Intended to hare, and did not hare, any party purpose WHICHK IS t'KKRA i Krom the .New Orleans Picayune, July 24 | We have a short note from Monterey, dated the 7th inst . which says that a report havluz reached therefrom l.'erralro that l'rrea wan in the neighborhood with a considerable force -noma said oil the other road at Caidoreyta?a detachment of fifty dragoons under command of ('apt. II. A. Arnold and Lieut. Sturgls were aent out that morning on a tour of reconnoissance. They were to visit Monte Morale*, diverging to different point*. No ere lit waaattached to the report that L'rrea was in the vicinity. According to a letter from our Tampioo correspondent in another column, l'rrea waa nt Tula on the 2d Inst, and at the head of a very inconsiderable force, which he wsji trying in Tain to Increase. army news. [From the New Orleans Pltayune. July 24.] The United States steamer Fashion, ('apt Ivy. got off last evening for Vera Cru* She took down the following passengers: Col. Wilson, of 12th r-nim->nt of Infantry; I.leut. 8. H. Martin of 14th infantry; Lieut Klot:, P.hnn|,.n,.?jnntun' U'm H Allmin.l United Scfttes stesmer Mississippi; Wn Teubrick, Captain of Vera Cruz Police; J. M. Dorr Interpreter to Quart?rnuitor'l Department; John B Cottons, Sutler; Mrs WilliHam. matron of Vera Crui Hosoital. rh? Fashion carried down 50 mou and horses of <apt. Bssancon's company of Louisiana volunteers. The F.udora alio got off with 40 men and 40 horsns of fame company, with the officers, tie., of said company. NAVAr. affairs. [Krom the .V. O Delta. July 33.] San Juan Bactiota dp Tabasco, July 1, 1B47. My lout epistle from this place, dated gome time ago, I notilled you that we wer? e.bout to leave this c ty to return to oar ships. bavins gairsoued the place with a force which wax thought > ufli-'ent to hold it unmolested; but the t,piea of the miliary leaders were about, and no Boonur were our bucks turned than they organised on the outskirts of th? city, and commenced a system of annoyanoe which harassed ill* girrlson night and day. A mi"'1 party, under the ci nuruud of Lieut Coramsud'.ng Porter of the stuamer Spitfire, was fired upon aud one man wounded, but they took ample revenge by laying out some six or ?l;ur, of the attacking foroe. Added to this disagreeable way of skirmishing was a report, widely circulated and generally believed, that General Uruno, and other lenders, were assembling au army to come down upon the city, and this reudered It advisable for the commanding officer at this place to despatch a boat to inform the < uljui iud?r-in-< hlel ot the atate of aff.iirs. and request a reinforcement. Scarcely had I aired my room ere this report reached us, and the Commodore, with the utmost prom tiluue. in which consists the grand mcret of bis general tucorss, despatched thr Marine officer of the Mississippi a full company of Marines, gathered from the Trssels of the squadron, and one additional field piece, with about sixty officers and seamen as artillerists The stesmi-r Vixen transported this reinforcement up the l'Xig river, and we arrived here two days ago, much to the gratification of our numerous friends, brother soldiers, itud sailors. We were in.mediately ordered b^r Coiu'r Bigtlow to hold log (.Wth iilt) four or five utile* into the interior, in quest of the enemy. Accordingly, yestfday morning at daylight, was Hssemhled in the I laza, a battalion of seamen and marines, with two field pieces, properly organized, and, without delay, the force wax put In motion, under the command of Com'r Bigelow, Lieut Alden acting as adjutant. After we had oleared the town, our road wound ulong through a somewhat hilly portion of th<> country, and, as my oompany was in the advance. 1 stopped at a turn of the road and cast my eye along the line, and it was truly an edifying sight. 'I lie marines, properly uniformed, with the bright barrels of their muskets glittering in the Bunbeams ; one oompany of sailors, in blue jackets and whito trousers, then came the artillery, and the tout ensemble was a fair turn out. highly creditable to tho commander and tho naval servico. Three or four miles ou our route we passed through a deserted town ; the people, by the way, were yot flying from it when we entered tho suburbs. Droves of horses, cattle and sheep were grazing, but we left them uumolested. for the (laukers had taken a prisoner, who informed us that at tGe next town, a mile further, the enumy was in force and would give us battle; and then we struck out with right good will, and soon, on aooending the brow of a hill, descried our competitors for glury that day, drawn up in line and In martial array? but they opened too soon upon us Before we got within a hundred yards they commenced blazing away at us, but their balls did but little damage. We pressed on a short distance, aud then were ordered to halt, until the artillery oame into line. This I regretted exceedingly, and was anxious to push forward within sixty yards, that we might bag a Mexican at every shot. And now they peppered us right cheerily, and we returned their fire in good earnest. At length the artillery opened, and a tew discharges broke their lines; they rallied in squads, and iwinrind uf nil frrtin i?hnnurral unit himhi'M At tliln stage of the action the order was given to forward, and notwithstanding the shot from the entmy wera dropping around us on every quarter, onward w? pressed with a cheer such an sailor men only can give vent to. Whenever the ore became too hot from any particular part of the chaparral, we clewed a ?uu and sent a stand of grape among tbi'tn. and thus tighting we reached the centre of the town, which is called Tain ill t*. and is beautifully located on au undulating eminence, with hill and valley covered with primitively constructed houses, garden spots. grass plats, orange, banana. Sic., Sic. .Ml thpeople bad tied for dear life, and the houses were open and ready to receive tis. Horses were tearing through the streets, some of which were saddled?the riders, no doubt, unhorsed In the fight We quartered our men In the town Our loss in killed and wounded was Inconsiderable, and we had routed an enemv of nearly twice our force, alter an hour's fighting, and rested from our labors in some of the best houses of the Tribunes of the people. Tbe number of Mexicans engaged is stated at from four to five hundred, including cavalry, and it was about the best stand-up tight that these people are capable of making. One company of marines occupied tbe church; sentinels were placed to prevent the desecration of its properties; inventories were taken of tbu plate, and, carefully restored, it was left where fouud. The surgeon's party approached with the dead and wounded; the former were laid out neHr the altar, and the wounds of the latter carefully dressed in the centre of the sacred edifice. After burying our dead, and holding possession of the town some hours, wo marched back to this city of San Juan Bautista de Tabasco. The U. 8. brig Vesuvius was at Laguna on the 3d ult , last from Tabasoo. Schooner Mahonese was also at Laguna, 3d ult. [hrom tne retisacoia i.itp uaK, July f> | The I nitod >States schooner Onkahye. Lieut Horrywiiu, commanding, arrived here from Key West on Wednesday last. She brought us a passenger. the Representative (elect) of thin State, in Congress, the Hon. Mr. I HtW'll. The United States Ordnance bark Elcctra, T Hunt , Es<| . coinmauding. arrived iu port on Sunday, eixht and a half days from Vera Cm/. The following are lists of her officersaod passengers. ?Officers ? Lieutenant Flag?, Acting Master Parker. Parsed Midshipman Thomas Pattinou. Midshipman Denioud. Passengers?('.apt. A Hlidvll Mackenzie, Purser Keurion. Midshipman Van Wycke. The United States brig Perry. Samuel Barron, Esq , commanding. Is still in poil. but will soon sail to join the Brazil Squadron. Mr. Nulinns. the newly-appointed United Slates Consul at fVruaniouco who. as we stated in our last, had been walling bum. some length of time, to take package in the iVtiy. bob returned to Washington i^ity The Hccmm dati uB of this vessel not being sufficient for her officers and passengers besides, Mr. Salinas preferred making another application to the Pcpartmcnt of State. Police Intelligent-.** Ihduction of a Young Uirt?News arrived in town yeKurday. and Information given to the police authorities, respecting the ahdu tion of a beautiful young girl of Hi years of age, the daughter of a widowed mother reI siding at Columbia. South Oaroli.m The villain is supI posed to be a manbythe name of Eaton, who is described l us b".iag about 10 years of age, feel U inches high, "loops a ILtle ? dark Jiatr, long and partly gray?slim made, and sallow complexion Hh likewise carried bit with htm two mulatto slaves, young men about 'JD years of ago. The accused was tracked as far an Baltimore, where ho was seen to De flush with money and purchased tickets for three pisM-nger* l'or tbUiul.lphin }>1000 is offered for the arrest of haton and the young girl, or $500 for either. Citughl " Fku1.v~The Mlow calling himself John .Smith, whose arrest we noticed in yesterday's Herald, t>y officer McDonald. oi the 4th ward, having in hit) possesplan h trunk, supposed to be stolen, proves to have been stolen from a steamboat at Whitehall, and the property of Mr. John D. Traill, residing at No OS Cherry street. The trunk contained a hill of exchange, meuey and clothing valued in all at $3o7. Justice Osborne committed Mr. iiuilth for trial. Uurnlnry and Baal Stealing.?Officer II run Jape, of the 3d ward, arrested yesterday two young men called KUward McClusky and David Harden brook. on a charge of burglariously entering, on Krldsy night last, the premises of Mr. Fountain, situated at Port Richmond, Htaten Island, and stealing therefrom various articles of wearing apparel; and In order to leave the Island without observation, the rascals stole a sail boat belonging to Mr. fountain valued at together with a new sail worth $30, the property of Mr. Depeystc r The boat was recovered by the above officer on the North river Hide, where It had been drawn up out of the water to give her a coat of order to alter her Identity. The sail was found at an old junk shop, where It had i<mm *ni<i oy tlie tbluy*** for jti. * ipuio tsouaiiiot iock? 'i thein both up to await a requisition from the authority of Richmond county. Caught on Ikt Shnji Ltft ?A woman called Maria McBirmott waa detected on Saturday lost In the act of i'tcnliuK n |.ioc? of calico from the dry goods store of Lord aud Taylor, in < atharine street. Looked up for trial by Jiihtlce Ketohain Silrrr spoon*.?Some thief entered the basement ofhoiisi^No 30 Attorney atnet, on Saturday laat. and oarrlcl off lour Mlv?r tea spoon*, and two table spoons, worth fin. ib? property of Mr. Vanderwater. No arrest. Uivorilrrhj Larkt ? Officers McManus and Baker, of the Hth ward, arrested, yesterday afternoon, two roung larks, calling themselves Augustus Hutching* and <*eo. Kredericks. whom tbe officer* found acliug in a very dUor lerly wanner in a female boarding bouse, kept by .Maria Adams, at No. 3 hranMin street, spitting tobacco juice on the carpets, and otherwise dretroying the furniture Justioe Oxborne. afler a severe reprimand, held them each to bail in the sum of friOO ; in default of which they were locked up in the Tombs. Dkpakti'ke or Missionaries.?The American Board ha* *?ut a reinforcement to the Bombay miaelon, in the Goodwin, Captain Kennard, which Bailed from this port to day. The individual* composing thi* reinforcement are the Hev. William Wood, or Ilensiker, New il:impshire, and Mr*. Wood, of Ornton, Massachusetts. and the Re?. Oeorge Bowen, of New York City.? Jiviton Truvtlltr, July sil. t NEW YORK HERALD. >ew York, Monday, August -4, IK4T. Malls for Kurope. I The Oneida for Havre, the Isaac Wright for j i Liverpool, and the Prince Albert for London, j will sail to day, if the wind and weather permit. , Their letter hags will close at the.usuul hour thin morning. The steam ship Sarah Sands will leave to-raor j row lor Liverpool. Those desirous of sending the latest American : intelligence to Europe, can obtain the Weekly Herald of Saturday, and the Daily Herald of this morning, tor the packet ships, and the Herald for Europe of to-morrow for the steamer. The Ocean Steamships. There are three ocean steamships now on their i w?v fn this cnuntrv. all of which are nearly, if I not quite due. They are, the Hibernia, Captain Ryne, which left Liverpool on the twentieth of July?the|French steamship Philadelphia, which was to leavs Cherbourg on the fifteenth, but she may hav? been delayed?and the new steamship Guadelquiver, Capt. Hoskins, which was to have left on the twentiet i. If these vessels nailed on the days appointed, they must be very near our shores. The N?w? from Mexico. In this day's paper, our readers will find a collection of the latest nuws from the seat of war, as well as from Gen. Taylor's and Gen. Scott's camps; the 1th of July proceedings, including the speech of Old llough and Ready, on the subject of the Presidency, &c.; nil of which will be read with interest. "Whether we are near peace or not, we cannot tell, the accounts on that point are so conflicting. The better way is for every person to torm his own opinion. MR. BENNETT'S LETTER!:; FROM EUROPE. The Steamship WanhlngtonUHeannou of the British Post Office Depart men t?The Cheap Newspaper Press of Europe?'The English Elections. Sot'THAMi'TON, July 10, 1817. I left London the day before yesterday, and ciime down to Southampton in three hours,principally for the purpose of seeing the new steamer Washington, and of ascertaining the truth of the numerous rumors circulated about her in London. The country is most beautiful at this season of the year, and the ride very pleasant.? Southampton is a prettily situated town, and is beginning to be on the qui vive since the arrival of the American steamer. Yesterday I went on board the Washington? 1 saw Captain Hewitt and the American Consul. During her first voyage, several untoward circumstances retarded herspeed, and the efficiency of her powers; but from what I have seen and learned, 1 have no doubt of the ultimate success of the American steam navigation over both French and English, come from what quarter it may. Ih a f??w years all foreign steamers will be outstripped, and in a few more, they will be positively driven from the Atlantic. This is my faith. The Washington is a most beautiful model of a ship, and her internal arrangements are on the plan of the packet service, which is generally allowed to be far superior to any other system prevailing in foreign vessels. 1 allude to the cabins, kitchens, berths, and other accommodations. In her machinery some slight mistakes have been made, owing to the hurry of getting her afloat; but I have every confidence that those that are to follow, will avoid those errors, ller hot wells were too small for her powers?she has now got new and larger hot wells. Other improvements have been made, and if is now believed that her voyage to New York?oil which she starts this day?will realise the expectations of her friends. Great efforts are making in London and elsewhere to discourage American steam navigation across the Atlantic. Even the government is concerned in this mean purpose?the British Post Office Department has, 1 understand, levied a higher rate of postage on letters received in England on American steamers tiian upon the British steamers from Boston to Liverpool?that is to say,they allow nothingfor American steamers. This is a most impudent attempt to levy a diecriminating tax, in favor of their own vessels, and 1 trust that Congress, at the first week of the session, will take care to set matters to rights.? Only think of one-third or one half more postage being charged on letters reaching tne shores of England by the American steamers than upon those of English vessels ! I am very much pleased with Southampton as a port for the American steamers. It is nearly equi-distant from London and Paris, and intelligence from both these points reaches this placc of departure quicker than from Liverpool. All the advantage which the latter has, is in the cotton market, and the manufacturing districts. A very curious controversy has broken out in London among the newspapers, relative to the cheap press, growing out of a singular announcement made by the Morning Chronicle, that it intcuded, in a few weeks, to reducc the price of it.^ sheet to its patrons. I have already stated tliut llm\Dail;iiVctra, not under the regime of Dickens, who was unfit for his post, but by other and better management, has commenced as great a revolution in the press of London, as that which the Herald did in that of New York twelve yrars ago, or the Prtsnt d.d in Paris about the same period. It is even a greater revolution; for I am persuaded that, in the present position of English politics, the movement in the London press involves most important political and so cinl changes in the future action of parti?h. The adhesion of the Morning Chronicle to the cheap system of journalism, is another proof of the extension of the power, influence and action of the middle and lower ranks of the people. The Daily New* in merely leading the way to a vast and untold revolution in the condition of Kngland.? The cheap press of Paris is at this day in the midst of a vast revolution, which is only retarded by the talent, skill and spirit of Louis Philippe alone. ?When he dies, then look out for the first effort of the great mass r?f the French to obtain that liberty'which they have never yet enjoyed. Tor the United ytates, I need not enumerate the great and valuable results which have followed the establishment and growth of tne cheap newspapers. Before that era, the rascally politicians and office-seekers of both parties were all powerful, und could control th?press as they listed. Now. there is a power established by the great body of the people, far be] yond their reach. In London and I'aris,the cheap Hnrt in.tonon.lon* - = I... o and longer battle to fight? they have an old and terrible aristocracy in Kngland, and a modern despotism in France ; but the victory will be certain, indue process of time. The elections are very rapidly approaching all over the three kingdoms. These elections differ in character Irom any that have hitherto taken place in a century. All parties are broken up? the old factions of whig and tory hardly exist. Kvery element of political life is in a state ot confusion, and I have no doubt a House of Common# will be returned, which will bring forth, no one can tell what. One thing is certain?the great monopoly of pcftver, heretofore retained by the aristocracy and their supporters, ia gradually slipping away, and will in time, find a j lodgment among the great body of the people.? j Among the journalists of London, in all parties, ' there is a jealously and dislike towards the aristocracy, which will show itself in the broadest way one of these days. The social position of the London, journalists is not acknowledged at il by tit* up{Mf ?Um?? at society?not **eu to tU? exi'Ut which it is in ?*urU. This narrowminded cxciu?ivni.>#? creutea the ir.oMt bitter feuliugH among the newspaper writer* towards ull the aristocracy and their principal retainers. The charucter of the approaching elections, and the singularjmovtment going on in the London newspaper press, art' alike in certain tendencies, and will gradua ly lead lo vast changes in the social and political condition of the various classes in England. Two weeks later from Soutb Amerlru_Very iittlck Passage. The splendid bark Guilford, Captain Appleton, arrived ,at this port early yesterday morning from Kio de Janeiro, after a passage of thirtytwo days. The tiuilford has made a very remarkable voyage. She has been absent from this port but ninety days; in that time she s tiled from h?re in ballast ior Richmond, Va., v. here site took in her cargo; she thence wailed for Rio, where she discharged her cargo and re-loaded ; she thence Bailed on her return to this port, and after the very short run of thirty-two days, anchored in New York harbor. This is a most astonishing voyage , it is one of the quickest on record, and Captain Appleton muy feel proud of it; his inovementa were so rapid tbat he reported his own arrival and departure at each port. Our famous news clipper Teaser boarded her, a considerable distance at sea, at daylight yesterday morning, and despatched her news to the New York Herald ollice by carrier pigeons by i the 14 ?ir line." These swift aerial news messengers reached the city about seven o'clock, passing the lightning line which run along the shore beneath them. The latest Itio paper received by us is the \ Jornal do Commercio of the 29ih of June. We learn, verbally, that the ill-feeling between the Brazilians and Americanucontinued to exist, and that it had spread throughout the Brazilian pnpulation. The Americans were anxiously looking for the Ohio and the relief squadron. The Ohio will probably reach mere in about two i weeks, with the Hon. Mr. Tod, our new minister, on board. Tlie Brandywine 1ms not yet sailed from Norfolk. The Ohio wi.l remain at Hio till the arrival of the Brandywine. It is said that the Brazilians throw every im pediment in the way of^the American ship masters. They still retain the Sarah and l'>thernn<l Yeoman. We are under the impression that Brazil will have her hands too full in warding off the blows from Rosas, of Buenos Avres, to quarrel with the United States. We feel sure that on the arrival of Mr. Tod, the new American Minister, and of Mr. Lisboa, at Rio, the Brazilian government will see the folly of its courBe towards this country. The frigate Columbia was'at Rio; the brig of war Bainbridge was on a cruise, rendering efficient service. The news contained in the Jornol do Comerci'o, is uninteresting. The Senate were still in ! session, hut the business they were engaged in was local, and we do not see any allusions mad<! to affairs with this country. Senor Luciano de la Mar, a Spanish merchant, long resident in Rio, committed suicide on the 27th ult. From the specimen of the reports of their congressional proceedings in the official papers, newspaper tactics seem advancing in Brazil. The dates from Buenos Ayres and Montevideo, which they had at Rio, were not later than those received here?June 7th and 10th. Additional Intelligence from Montevideo. To the kind attention of Cupt. Scott, of the hark Mason Barny, whose arrival from Montevideo we have the pleasure of recording, we are indebted for a copious supply of ncwspapeis; in addition to which we have our regular filesofthe Commtrcio del Plata,published at Montevideo, to June 1st, as well us complete files of the Britith Packet and the Gnctla O Merrantil, published af Buenos Ayres, to the 28th of May. The intelligence, howtver, has been in th?* main already given, hav ng been received vi? Rio Janeiro. The following letters from our correspondents embrace all that is of interest:? Montevideo, May 28, 1847. An your friend and correspondent, thn ' Independent Englishman," 1km left our rity for hia native land (aweet Ireland) I take the liberty to forward to you n file of Montevideo papers, in order that in hia absence you may know what ia going on in this far famed " Oriental Kepablle '' You will aee by the papera, that England and Franc. are atill at work with their great men. First they *eut out a Sir Wm <Jeo. Oualey and Baron Deffaudis. They not succeeding in entreating or talking Rom*, next they Kent u Mr. Hood, a particular friend of Rosas ami Oribe. He alio failed, ami uow they have sent out Lord Howden aud Count Wale>ky. (withdrawing Oualey. I O.ft'unrlia th? French Admiral. Lane) hODine. no doubt, that these great men will bo uhlo to pull wool over Rosas' and Oilbe's war; but the opinion is that they will not head them oil thin time. and no doubt the arrangements are made with Brazil to furnish men to do the fighting, 1 > cane the; tail in thoir object. This arrangement on the part of Brazil i? widely made, for they hare eventually to tight with itosa.'. and I hey can do it much butter and cater on hiH own territory,au 1 particularly when backed by F.nglaud and France, for nhould peace now be madu. and an opportunity offered to Itosas to march an army iato their oountry, he would most assuredly make the empire tremble, att ha woul l declare the slaves free, wko constitute a large portion ot the inhabitant^ and at leaat one third, if n-jt half of the white inhabitants are discontented, and would join hi* party. And again, with peace. England would be lit liberty to assist Koran indirectly, which she would do, if for no other object but to put down slavery. But there is that old Hore unhealed between I'.ngland and Krancv. and it would afford a line chance for revenge, and at the name time Increase her influence in the South American States, which she id anxious to do, as her ootnmercc will eventually be great here. Ho you will pee that I am of the opinion, let the present question tak* what turn it may, we are to be ouried with war for years to enine. li Kosns agrees to withdraw his troops from the Oriental renuhlic. Oribe will still be outside of the town, with :i strong force, which must eventually oarry the day, and wo shall be much worse off than we should hare been if Kngland and France had never meddled. At present there Is a cessation of hostilities; but how long it will laet, no one can tell. Humbugging I* the ordrr of tb<; day. F.ngland and Krauoe are humbugging each othor. and the people, and getting most delightfully humbugged by Rosas In return. The Htand the Amerlcnn government has taken 011 this question, does her much credit, and has been the means of raising her much In tho estimation ef the inhabitants. American citizen* are esteemed liy both par ties; and as long as their government doe/ not lend herself to party, only asking what Is Just and right, they will always be happy and respected in all ports of th? world, being at all times proud to be called an American OLD OT8EOO. Montevidko, May 90. 1847. We have at present very few American vessels in port, as yon wtll perceive by the enclosed list. Freight* for the Mutes have ruled high of late, ranging from I Si to IX eenti per lb for hidos, and $l4to$ltt per ton fo bales. The stock of flour in ail hands does not probably exceed 10,000 barrels; last sale $18. sine* when there h?f> been an arrival of wheat from Chill, whicli may effect the market in some degree. Count WalesKy arrived at this port on tho 6th inst. and Lord Howdeti on the 7th , these ministers proceeded forthwith to Buenos Ayres. on a mission from England and France, to paciflcate matter* in this quarter.if practicable. The former ministers. Baron l)eff*udii, and Mr. Ouseley have been recalled by their respective governments. as also Admiral Laine, Commander-in-Chief of the French Naval forces Commodore Predonr, hn < taken the command in hi* stead. The Admiral and Baron departed for France, via Kia Janlerio, on the lUtli tout. ; Mr. Ouseley ana nmniy leave m ? re* "?j?. A general armistice win aoredpil to by the belligerent on tne 18tli inst. an proposed by the Commanders-ln Chief of the Knglish and French naral force*; consequently the effusion of blood oeasee, for the present. It appear* to be well understood that the proposals for negotiation, a* presented to Oov Roeus by vlr. llood, will be renewed on the prenent occasion; the result wit have yet to learn. As the armistice has been agreed upon, we are In hourly expectation of the announcement of the blockade being withdrawn ; the next step will probably be that of the Argentine troops evacuating this province. simultaneously with which, the foreigners in Montevideo under arms will be disarmed, under full guaranty of safety to their persons and property; this being effected, a provisional government of this republic will be established, both parties being members thereof, until the country becomes tranquilizer. nnd an election takes place in conformity with the constitution. The French Bribkry and Corrt'ption Cask. ?At the last account* from Paris the trials of M. Teste, Cubierres, and other distinguished men of France, for bribery and corruption, were drawing to a close, and no d#ubt were concluded they day after the steamship Washington left. We shall probably henr the result and the punishment by the Hibernia, now due at Boston. - ? ? " * ' J1 T?* Wkauv** a)i?l tux Co:o?oN LtnrHott.? The Mayor i?M a v?ry U ti?e nu rountile community,not .?nly of the city, Lui of the State, l>v his veto of the ordiuuuce lor granting the exclusive use ol Pier No. 4, N. lv., to the Troy and Erie tow-boat line. A vast majority of our citizens are not aware of the prinoi: j>le which that grant was sought to cst^blinh. I The land uuder water which surrounds the city, belongs to the people of the State?the right to construct piers is ceded to individuals t jT public benefit and accommodation, and with the express condition that no more shall be charged for the ie of such piers than the rates specified by statute. For public good, a power has been given to the Corporation, upon the application of the owners of such piers, to appropriate them " for the exclusive use of steamboats, or of any other class or description of vessels." But the law gives no power to such proprietors to ask or claim from those <o whom such exclusive grant may be made, a greater amount for the hire or use ofth* pier than that which is specified by the act of lbl!i. The grant of Pier No. *1 is sought, that the principle maybe established (forthe proprietorsof the other piers in the North River,) that they may be let or leased to the highest bidder, and taken J from the control of the harbor masters appointed [ by the State Government. If this should be at taiiud, there would cease to be any regular rat? of wharfage; nor would there, in a few years, b^ a single wharf or pier within the limits of the city government that a ship could of right tine. The success, therefore, of the proprietors of Pier No. 4,would do more to destroy and hamper the commerce of the port than fire or pestilence. It is to be hoped that the Common Council will sustain the Mayor in the course which he has so nobly taken. State Elections.?Congressional election* take place to-day in Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois. Alabama and Iowa. City Intelligence. DrlMftTUUE of the SrANIKIl Steameh ' Leon."? The Spanish steamship " Loon," (formerly the Meiloan steamer " Guadaleupe") lef^ thin port for Cadiz, Spain, yesterday morning. Thli Teasel was built in this port for the Mexican government; and was afterward" purchased at the Havana by the Spanish government It wan despatched to this port recently, for the purpose of repairs, on the completion of which she immediately departed on her voyage aoross the ocean We un derstand that great improvements have been made lu her machinery?sufficient, at least, to place her in that respect upon a par with other recently constructed steam ships. Her tonnage is 760 tons; power of engine, 30<i horse*. The departure of the vowel yentAUay, of course, attracted the attention not only of the press, hut of those who, by their commercial relations, are connected with the Spanish trade; and a goodly company of gentlemen were assembled on board at an early hour, with the Intention of accompanying the vessel to Sandy Hook. She left the wharf of the Novelty Wor ts at about 7 o'clock, passed the Battery at 6. and pursued her way smoothly toward the outer bay, quietly submitting t the superior speed of the different local ateamers, satintied with the advantage of security, the speed of tbe I.eon, at the same time, being nearly or quite equal to that of tbe best packet steamers plying between Kuropn and the United States. Having heretofore attended on the departure of vex sels from this port, we have nooooasion to speak of tb? symmetrical beauty of those natural objects which aroompnny the confirmation of the harbor ot New Vorli; and, therefore, we puss directly to the fact, that wo arrived at Sandy liook at 11 o'clock, without expcrieuoeingof ought to mar our complete enjoyment of thexcursion. At ten o'clook breakfast was served to the company of gentlemen on board; and. afterwards, sundry toasts wore dr?nk, well tempered with loyalty, patriotism an I compjiment. by both American and Spaniard. The oc caxinn was one replete with Interest, especially btcau-u Ot the fact that never before had a Spanish steamer occupied our port; and this visitation was but the precursor of ma'iy whii'h may hereafter bind in harmonious unison the interests and sympathies of the two nations. The hospitality and gentlemanly bearing of the Commander, Don Manuel Sivila, may be equalled, but not excelled. Mr. Mathews, the engineer (an Irishman by birth, a citizen of the United States, but who is, nevertheless, a speaking Spaniard), distinguished himsel: equally with the captain and other officers, by exlumiiriv hid ennri and im nurtinir Snfnpmul.inn fn I hn .' temporarily on board. Having accompanied the Leon to Sandy I loo*, we. with others. went on board the NtV Yoik pilot boat Charlotte Ann. and Railed for that most unexceptionable Rand bank. < oney It-land, from whence we undertook to save our distance to the city ; but in that agreeable anticipation, we were disappointed: the Swiftsure steamer, on boird of which we were domiciled, getting aground, and nobody to blame. HoweTer, ?? filially arrived at Whitehall, lull of the good humor imparted by the associations of the early part of the day We must not close tbiu notice .of the departure of tlx Leon, without a word of reference to Mr. Thomas Vai1. a New Vork pilot, who conducted the vessel to sea, ai .1 to whom we as well as others on board, are underspceir! obligations for service* rendered. Thk Wr.a'rHF.a ?We were sgain visited with a heavy shower of ram yesterday afternoon about 3 o'clock. VY bad some rain also in the early part of tho day. TJw thermometer stood in the evening at 60 degrees. Skkviokj it I)a. Srnino's Church, YoTsanAr.?A very large and fashionable axsemHuge was collected i t this church yesterday, at morning rcrvioe; it being tie1 3!tli iinniveriury? during which, tho emiueut nctor oi the church. Dr. Spring, has had the pastoral charge ol the cougn gation. The occasion demanded and eliclte < an elaborate discour.-e from the respected pastor of th" church, which was listened to with profound attention by the crowded congregation, and which took two hourin the delivery. In the course ot the performances of the services, the ltev Dr. Hpnug delivered the d>r cour.-e.takii:,> bis text from the oth chapter and tith verse of the fir.-: KpUtle of I'aul to tho Corinthians, lu his opening the llev. Dr. laid it down as an established pnncipl that no man was to-day what he was yesterday, nor wiil he be to-morrow what be is to-day. tons tan t chang-. were taking place iu man's intellectual and moral faculties, aud everything around us was undergoing tbichange. Human influence was a little thing, but 11V" the leaven referred to iu the text, it diffused iUell throughout human society. Influence had il i leading characteristics. I'bysical influooco upon nu tural bodies was like tho influence of the sun upi>>i vegetable creation, the moon upon the tides, and magnetic poles upon the needle, l'here was a sympathetic influence, producing emotions in the human heart, an<i also a moral influence operating on the moral tacultie.Uood aud evil angels existed alno?the good going fortli to counteract the spirit of evil. The influent* which one man had over another w?s well understood both its source aud origin It was founded in the very nature01 man. ion au-wi^e i/remor nan noi diwuuuh mind of man an ax to deny him the sensibilities which br long to him.audonlya few make It the great. object of thei. liven to govt rn their conduct from It. It is inseprraM from man's being, the influence he exercises for good or evil: and this influence increase and expand.' when awaae when asleep, when In nioknts* ind in health everywhere. whether in the crowded city or In the cloj. ter. This appeal went forth to the world with a " still noi all voice,'' and wax felt everywhere. They would thin!' it curious, if he (the Hev. Dr fi ) would ??y that t vet . man In the congregation exercised an influence on tli, Kmperorof ltusnia; Ina word, everywhera around tli globe. They were not acquaint ed with the va?t influentin the natural world, which one part exercised over an<> ther?and it was the name as regaided the ieflueniv which one mind exerted over another mind, produced by the same agency as that which mutter exerted upon matter. All Influence originated from some source, ard innn was continually engaged In sending It back to where it came from Thus would be seen the great iinpxrlanee of the influence which on? man produced upon ti e mind of another. An additional importance w:is attached to It, both as regarded IU etfects eilb< r for good or for bad A roan that perfectly was gooH and with the best intentions to make a good in,pre? ion. may often produce >in evil influetice; and on theothir hand, a man who was reallv bad. atid willi bud intentions, still may d<) good The lie v. Doctor here, in illustration of hn argument, reviewed in detail the historic* of some of the ancient and modern hcroe". disciples of Christianity, showlig the Influence for good or for evil they exercised over their respective followers and subjects; and went on to pay of ouro^n Washington, though sleeping iu his tent, that hi? Inltuence was ft It at the point of the linyonet. Th??aM f..w ir<>n?rul nhufrTiit inna lo?l t.-? tliu ?n<niirv wluit I were the element* of Influence ' The basis" is mom I character. as to who such n man ia ! what he i?t f what li h1" moral character ' A truly good man wri ever to hr held up to the reppect of bin feilow maa. Tliere was one general fact, that every man exerted no Inflnenot by UK personal character. In all sgfi man exerted more or let * an influence.either for good or evil. If a man aimed at any particular influence upon hi* fellow man, hi* personal character must aid him lu the second place, influence wan exercised by reputation. Man may po**e*a character, but uniesn ho po*se?* reputation in the esteem i>l bit fellow man. bin influence would be but of little avail No matter who tile man, if hi* reputation be not safe, and hia character good, hi* influence with hi* fellow nan would be but of little avail. A man * reputation also depend* upon hia opinion. A man'* privilege ol thinking, give* an influence to hi* opinion?opinion* were the appointed channel through which all influence were exercised The great huh of uien were Influi need in their opinloua by the opinion* of other* Men in theti influence* were often the creature* of time. Thof? cri*e? in their blatorie* which designed theui a ppheti of action, wa* the reault of Mod * providence. The fall of an apple flxed the great mind of Mr Isaac Newton on the great law of gravity. After Illustrating hi* view by referring to the hl*tory of several of our leading an<l nio?t eminent writer*, historian*, he , in Europe, hewehi I on to notice the principle of asaociatlon, and continuedThe great principle of association had also its influence" for all voluntary associations were formed by mutual eonaent. It awakened the strongest pa**iun* or the mind and gave a powerful influence, which always spread " I.I N ? ' ' ysteyggtaeat. ins?, estttsssi lit th? DQUMh cit tt? living Oo4 tU? ?? ?? exiting am i uuufcllt<w?<i lut)u?Bc>, ?uX ihe other a dlvlue and ; liuatimljr ol??. Th? power of tin1 former im felt 1 everywhere. Id K.uru|>i: iu intlut w^rtt bud, but the power Bud influence of tht uhurrh was a salutary one. It wm soatteriug the principle off hrtNtlan benevolence through every land and evrrj clime. It mmreil everywhere, and tiod liiuwelf was with it. The KeT Doctor ; here reviewed the oourse of antlon pursued by hlio dur1 Ing a long series of thirty-seven year*, utid tV oredltabl? demeanor of his Hock during thU loan period; the i influence such muit have exercised in advancing, I the truths of the gospel ?having taken no part in ! the nuestiou of the abolition ol slavery, nor advocated the system of hanging tor the crime of murder ; moral reform societies?and often dwelling U|>on the liberality and charity extended by the congregation upen all occasions, to adranoe missionary purposes, and enlighten the heathen, to relieve the distressed, and aid in the cause of human benevolence. The Kwe?end Or. concluded an address, whioh took two hours io the delivery, and was listened to with the most profound attention. The congregation hereupon, at the conclusion of the services, separated. CiiiNeir Jt-nit.?Those of our citizens who have not seen the Chinese junk will be glad to learn that Captain Kellett has decided upon keeping her here one week longer, in order to please all, and not be subject to the imputation that he did not remain here long enough to give all who wished an opportunity to see his strange craft This will, no doubt, be good news to thousand* who are now In the country anil will not arrive till the end of the week. We were at first disposed to think that our citizens did net Uke much Interest in this craft, hut we have had abundant reason to think otherwise siaoe. for every day she U crowded from early in the morning until the latent hour limited far her remaining open to the public. We miy never have another junk here, and while the opportunity of seeing the Keying ia before our citizens, they should proiit by it. Minerva Rooms.?four beautiful p?lntings. the productions of the late William Dunlap, of this city, will be exhibited at 406 Broadway, from 9 A. M. to 9 P. M., this week. They comniMnce this ovmlrig at hilf-past seven o'clock. The subjects are?Christ Rejected, Christ bearing the Cross, Christ on Mount Calvary, and tho Attack on the Louvre. Paris. Common Cocxcil.?Both board* meet ia their respective chamber*, at 6 o'clock this cveniug. Theatricals. Bowcnr Theatre.?Mrs. Phillips, Mr. Burke, Mlu Julia Turnbull, and Mr. Marshall, four brilliant lights In the hlstrionlo world, are now ongaged at the Bowery the. atre, and will appear this evening in a succession of highly interesting pieces, that form a bill, the equal of which canuot be aeon any where but in the Bowery. These are, the tragedy of ' Douglas," the dramatic spectacle "The Naiad Queen,"^and the comedy of'A Kiss in the Dark." If a more entertaining bill than this is wanted, our citizens must go out of the olty to find It, and we doubt very much if they would sncoesd any where in getting it. We expect there will be a great house this evening to welcome Mrs. Phillips. Palmo'j Opi:ra. JIoi'Be ?1The Frenoh ballet company enter upon their last week at this establishment this evening. Tho bill put forth Is one of the best they have yet performed, and will certainly ffll the house. The public are beginning to appreciate this excullent company. and now rank them as tho best in their line that have over visited our city. Th? performances this evening will commenoe with the vaudeville of "The Pleasant Neighbor " Mr. C. Winther will follow on the tight rope. The balltt eomti/ut * Le Dlable Rouge,".will then be performed, and the whole will oonclude with the pantomime " Le Molssoneurs." in which the whole of the Lehman family will appear. ru.u tu?.a?x tim v?i?? vn?in?M 4 uo i.unvuuiu tumUO UftfUJ| pasted Into the hand* of a new management, will commence a new era this evening. Mr. Fletcher hat now tUa control of it,and for the purpose of deterring a ahara of public patronage, has made such arrangements aa cannot fail of making the Chatham a very agreeable place of amusement. With this view he has engaged Mr. and Mrs Brougham. Mr. Whiting. Mr. Parker, .virt. Madison, Mrs. Howard. Mr. McCutcheon, Mr. Howard, and several other distinguished actors and aotrrwes. The performances this evening will commence with tha comely, " Grist to the Mill," to be followed by " Life in the Clouds," and to conclude with the farce.His Last Legs." in which Mr. BroughauTwUl take the part of O'C&llahon. Castle G\?uen.?This evening,tha amusementsoom? Hienoe with the overture to " /ampa " which will b? followed by the musical comcdyofthe " Serenade," In which Miss Clarke, Miss Phillips, Holland, Walcot. and the other members of this excellent company, will appear. This will be succeeded by a grand Pan de Ti oil by the Misses Well*; and Miss Phillips. will sing tha beautiful ballail. " Land of the West." Herr Cline will then go through his surprising and graceful fe?ts on tha tight rope;'and Miss L. Wells will dance the "(,'achuoa," and La I'etite Maryanae's Indian dance, will conclude the entertainment. To-morrow evening, Miss Clarke takes her benefit. Mr. Neatie, Mr. G. Loder. Mr. Masks, and other distinguished artists, have volunteered their services. It will bo recollected that Miss Clarke's benefit at the Olympic, previous to its closing did not take place, and to those who admire her as an excellent actress and great favorite, we nay, be sure to crowd Castle Garden on this occasion, aH a testimony of your esteem for sterling merit. P?kk Theatre.?Tbfo house will open on Wednesday night next. 11 lias been put in complete order Mnaln-i Mrsic*i. Mi:l.\n<;f..?A musical and fashionable mr lungf. will be giren this evening at the Hamilton House, Kort Hamilton, by Messrs. Barney Williams, Mr. Chantrau, Mr. Marks, and Mr. Briston, embracing dramatic elocution, anecdotes, humorous recitations, carricatnres, imitations of K.dwin Forrest. Sto. 'I bis will be quite a treat to our Kort Hamilton friends, and will, we have no doubt, be enjoyed by all who are staying at that fashionable watering place. Christy's Miwstrkls have been playing at Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago to immense houses. They are on their route to Montreal. Mit-odco*.?The Virginia Serenade!* are giving negro concerts. at this place, every evunlng. Mr W I'rice is the leading feature. Law Intelligence. The new Judges of the supreme Court iu this circuit, have decided to take up any rasa In equity at once. Tliia in un excellent and an important rtue. Court of Sessions.?Tbo August term of i this court commence* to-d?y It is probable that none i but prison cases will be culled up tor trial, during the torm. and that a-" soon as they shall have been disposed of, the court will adjourn till the flrrit Monday in September. The KoMcluako Case. i To the Editor or thk H >11*1.0 :? Okjctuf-mkm Taking notice of my difficulty with Mr. , DoUodisco, Minister from Russia, in your paper of the : 27tli lust., in the column headed ' Kosciusko's case at f Washington," you have insinuated some doubt whether ' tho hitfh-minded, honorable and worthy" representative of Russia ''would step out of his way and assume un interference that he could not possibly hope could be of any avail" to him Aud then, you say that '-you can , scarcely credit it. that as the story gntB. the Russian ' Aliuister could have informed my ns-ociate counsel that he will not allow iue to .ict, as attorney of the heirs of (Jen Kosciusko in consequence of tny political offence* against Russia." It is not my Intention in any way to lessen in estimation Mr. iJe Bodisco s personni reputa' tloo, which his private sociability aud gentlemanlike , manners have won for hiin at Washington I myself admire iu him those private qualities, and hold him to be a true gentleman, in every respect. But I deem it to be my rignt and my duty to remove any doubt >is to the tacts of his ill-undertaking and unjustifiable cSIcImI or i political interference in this country, with my privileges as an American citizen, as well as with my professional pursuits and the duties of attorney of the heirs of Kosciusko To remove, then, the ilouht which jonexpr. ?s< ed in the aforer.aid notic?,{ NRMOtfllllV be* yeu to op*ii your column.') to this communication, and to thu enclosed letter fr<;in one of my former srsociaics. 1 h? indiscreet nnd Htnitig* propositions which tills letter contains. were rejected; nevertheless, a power of attorney in the name of the gentleman named in tli? I.Iter, was prepared, and >lr. De Uodisoo s*nt it to fit i Petersburg in February, 1841, requesting hii government to gat the signatures of the heirs of Koaeiueko to my power of attorney. As to the p?iiil?ii which Mr. Do Oodisco addressed to the Orphan'* Court at Washington, praying that uo action be taken lu th? ease of the heirs of Kosciusko, which is not sanctioned by the imperial Russian Legat ion, or I he counsvllora engaged by him. It is 01 the file in th^t o.urt Iu authenticated oopy has been already published In m?ny newspapers, and you hsvc correctly quoted It In your paper of the 37th inst. I do not lu?l<-t. therefore, upon Its re-publication, uulets you choose to do r,o. With much respect. 1 am, gentlemon, your ob't serT't., O TOCH.VUN, New York. July 28, 1617. Mr. Braillry'ii L'ttrr. < Mr Dr.*a Sin ?I have delayed my answer to your letters, to *e? wh?t view Mr HodUco is disponed to tako. He Is. as I teared. excessively indignant, and has re quested Mr. Kendall either to get through him a power of attorney for himself and sui-h ai'oeiatcs us he, vjr. Kendall sbiill name (myself, for InsUnee) or to return the papers to him. I cee nothing left for us but one of two courses?either to abandon the case.(for without the papers we can do nothing,) or to let Mr. Kendall take the i oourse required by Mr. Oodisco, In which event our agreement will stili stand, lie to receive one-third, and , wr,ncii ui un, oue-iniru. niinougn it will l>e inipoeeinie that your name mm !>? put In the power : thin u?u?t b? j dona by a prlvnte agreement 1 t\v. ? 11 ourtelveft. You underfltaud thin bunlueiin thoroughly. The papera, th<> only evidence we have. are mil.ject to hU control, and muet bo delivered to him II lie require* It. It 1*. therefore, (Melon* for me to enlarge upon It, except. to add that ho seeiuii to have heen lately more oxcIted t>y fome recent occurrence, againxt you, what It in I know not. j 'out the etlect of it 1? to nih'-e him |H.nltlvely and abeo , lately refti?e to recognien any one. particularly yn. *ho ! doe* not receive hi* authority through the lection I have directed a copy of the Intrtligmrrr, containing j the notice in Armstrong'* ca'o, to he cent to you. The time ba* not heen changed You will *ee In the report* of the Senate that I have ut lant got tile petition i| before them. 1 am, very truly, aud with great re*peot, I Your inoct obedient iervant. t {?January, 1946. JOB. H. flllADLEY. Major U. I'ocHMAff, New York. , Mm.?1 have promised to give Mr. Kendall your reply 1 on Monday, no I beg yon will let me hear from jou by I return of mall, and oblige I Your moet obedient ?ervant, J. M B.

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