Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 3, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 3, 1847 Page 1
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x.'is -? TH] Vol. xm. Hu. ?U_Whole No. M08. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-west corner of Fulton anil Himm JAMES GORDON 8ENNETTrpR0PRIET0R. CIRCULATION?KOR.TY THOVSAND. DAILY HERALD?Everyday, Price 2 ceutsper copr?f wthKLi Hfc.RALD? Every 8*turdav Price ceuU p?/.'i?l!v.T*3 1 <S r?:iu r*r annum?payablvfl advance. HnKALD rOll EUROPE?Every Steam racket day? rnce Ji cents |ier copy?$j per annnm, including postage, payable in advance. SuWriptions and advertieemenU will he received by Metsn. Qalignuii, IB Ilue Vivienne, Paris; PL. Simomls, 18 Cornliill, Hii.l .lolin Mi'ler iho boukseller, Loudon. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD?Published on the lut of January ..f fic^i year?single copiea sixpence each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual prices?always cash in advance. Advertisements should be writtetj in n lilain, legible in inner. The Proprietor will not be responsible for errors that nwy <?ccur in theui. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully and with despatch. All lettera or eommnniciirioni by mail, addressed to the establishment, miMt be po?t paid, or the postage will be de darted from the sub<cripriou monev remitted. OCEAN HOUSlfi. SHREWSBURY, i-oiiite the High laud* of Nevrrsmk, O. 11. WILLI8TON, Proprietor.? The above home having heeu enlarged aud refitted, ia now open for the senaou. The Pishm? aud Sea Bathing are The steamers Orus and E. Lewia, leave daily for the Ocean Home b'o liuie of departure, aee advertisement in "llr,er and Enquirer ami Sqn. jylO l2t*m3(HW TuTliSnt ECONOMY AND BfcADTY OK KI > ISH?Oentlemen, why not 1 K.k ui> your fall clothing in due lime aud have them cleaned aud the spots entirely taken out, the colors restored, dretsed and nreesed, ?o a* not to alter the set of the garineut, nt the axtnuisning low price of $1 per suit, in a few hour*. Also, cloaks cleaned. A word to ladiea?It would be well for tliviu also to haye their aiticlea cleaned or dyed ill readiness f<>r t'ie fall or wiuter. A silkdreis dyed aud watered f?r$l; woolen d i dyed from 75 cent) to SI 50; carpets cleaned from t1^' ceuis to 10 cents per yard, without taking apart All articles returned m a week or ten davs. Country orders punctually attended to. i\.B.?Blacks altered to other colors. T. SMITH, jy'll 3t Sit Sun *tTu*m 70 Allen ?t. 3 doors above IIntnil. MR OE LINIEkE iias the honor to lulorm tlie pubntl and particularly young gentlemen who desire to perfect themvlvus ill the Kreucli language, that he has opened Uu c.ur* de conversation, to take place three times a week. Oentlr-inru who wish toavail then elves of this opportunity, will apply at No.430)% Broadway. Mr. D 'L. takes tins occ >sion to offer his services to ladies anil gmrleoie w o de'.i'e private le??ons jv27TSiTh 8t*<c 'IM-iK KVL-UU. VVHtC-XKK, Oculist, 29 Ureeuwich A utieet, ik-vnte* his exclusive atteutiou to diseases of the Lye ind Optha'mic surgery. Artificial eyes fur sale, and Inserted on leisnuable term*. Otfi e hour* from 8 A M. to 1 P. M., after winch lie visits out-door patient*. A pamphlet coiil titiiiiK remarks on diseases of the eye. with numerous instances of cruat cures effected by Dr. Wlieeler's mode of treatment, can be had uMruitously at his residence, or the same will be lo'waidrd to any milting application to him by letter, post paid. jv3t 3lis Hat fugt'l'li* m W.vl. ChO WLL? Si SUN, Needle and Kish Hook Vlauufiicturers, Al'esUr, Warwickshire, Lugland?-Store No. 77 Maiden Luie, (up stairs) New York VVm C. and Son leii>ect'ullv inform the meichauts of New Voik a?d other cues that liav ng now on and an exensive stock ?f tliei matiul'acnir* I articles, will sell to t> e trade or Importers at a snail ad'v ince from their manufacturing prices. One of the fir n, Wm Crowley, b?i; x now in Eugla?d. auu ime.iriint: shortly to lucres* their Nt*bl:s*'raent by the erection of si?ain mi i Is, we shall be euablod to sell at ex retnely low prices, j v'A lilf * rr D\i O I'. \ J> NT 'MnN-fui -Jilr iu >r*? Vork by the inventor Tilinvi'lacturer, iO ( ourtlandr street; James 11. W liter. 296 Brund way, Joseph H. Ash, 201 Broadway; J. k 8. Philhiu. J Dry s.ieet; W. Ik. S. C. Ohardavoyne, 134 Cherry street; Uenrge . Howell, JJ Park How; Farr (k Brign, SO Ket'tnr stiaet: eoige, 555 Broadway; K?i|(h' tt Rhodes, SI1 Broadway;Thomas Hanson 3J0 Broadway; Miler it Co nes'116 Grand street: Charles Pitt te Sou, 17 Third avenue; "-nthl Sawyer, 2J9 iJleeckerstre?t; J.Craia. 7 Broadway; J & .I. 3mart,826 Broadway; J. 1'. CJuiun,541 Broadwa> ; H. K. Trowbridge,210 Water street; McKenxie (k O'Haia. 646 Broad ay; John Hndsou, Union Square, corner fourteenth stree J. Akeu, 191 (Sixth avenue; Samuel Prynr, 154 Third avenns, Clumbers; and D. Hodfman, coruer of Maiden Lane and Nassau street, and no where else in the city of New York. jet Kli re The national fire insurance company N<i. 62 Wall ?treet ? Insurance agniiiat Fire Mid Inland N<vig.itii)n Kink*.?Thii Company ii propared to m?ke in*ursure against lo?? or damage by fire ou u welling house*, ware house*. hu Idiug* in general, good*, warn aud merchandize of every description, aud prrsonal property,and on riaki of transportation aud inland navigation. _ DIRECTORS. Thomas W. Thome, William Van Wyck, J >hn Vau Boskerck, W. C. RedfHd, Kngaue Bogart, Martin Hoffman, J-leury H. Ward, Robert L. Cam, John J. ileiT'ck, John D Ward, Henry D. Beach, Stephen Holt, W. H. Jaeoba. THOMAS WVTHORNK, Preaident. W. C. Kcllogo, Secretary. N. B.?The capital of thia iuatitution ia now full, and with a uri lu?. Money to loan on bond and mortgage. jyll 30t m HKOELKR, M.D., Sugeon uJ Oculist, haa practised f?r more than ten yeara indifferent parta of Europe. Axia Mi' or, L-uiat.ui, Armenia, South Africa, Braul ana N^w H'llaai. jy27 >flt?rc Greenwich afreet,632, cor. Morton. IMPORTANT THiS WARM WEATHKR.?Monthly Tickets entitling the holder to the dm of the Warm, Cold, Showerand Swimming Batht, COO Broadway, forjl 50, may be had ia the Reading Room. T. H. BYRNE8 It CO. Preaent holders of ticket* are, of courae, allowed the privileges of thia arrangement. Entrance for Ladioa, 134 Croaby at. in llfrc NEW PAPER HANGINGS?F. PARES <t CO., No 379 Pearl street, New York, Importers and Manufacturer*, hare received their usual large supply of all the new paterns, of every style and uuality, of French and American Paper Hangings, Borders, Views, Firebosrd Print*, and wide Window Curtain P per, which they offer to dealer*, merchant*, aud others, at extremely low price*. '1 he mow competent workmen to hang paper may be had at Very short notice. j 29 30t* rc TFS8UE PAPER?lOOOReanTs No. 1 White Tissue. 500 do. Green do. 600 do. Yellow S0Q do. Blue do. For sale by PERSSe. <k BROOKS, ?1 t H m Vn M ami A7 Va?a?n PAHJ8IAS DVEINQ ESTABLISHMENT?Office }S2 William stTeet, New York-COURT k DESCHAUX dve aait finish ia * new unci mrwrior style, uever before introduced into tlie United States, >11 aorta of goods, sewing lilk. twi?t and tram*, either plain or shaded; zepl%rr worsteu and woollen yarn, sewing cotton, mohair, lie They hive imported patent machinery for putting up worsted and silk, either in skeins, spools or sticks; damaged or faded goods, ribbons, silk, satin, merinos, thihet and cashmere hhiwl I, gimp*, fringes, cords and tassels, ladies'and gentlemen's garments, Sc., dyed and cleaned equal to new articles. jv28 30i* in _ Notice to smokers.-h. henriques begs leave to call the attention of his friends, and the lovers &,! the favorite weed, as well as the public in general, to examine hii choice and extensive assortment of Havana and Principe Srgcrs. Some of the most delightful brands jnsl received per Childe Harold,having beeu selected under the inspection ofone of the best judges in Havana, in order to please the most fastidious, and not to be surpassed by any other collection in this city, or elsewhere. No. 106 Broadway, jvtt Kt*re * comer of Pine street. WHOLESALE SHIRT WAREHOUSE, No. 34 Piatt street, 2d door from William, where may be fouud a lanre assortment of Shins, of every quality, made in the latest styles, and of superior workmanship. Fancy and Plain Linen, Muslin and eomm<Ai Shirts, constantly on hand. Southern and Western merchants are respectfully invited to call before purchasing. JOHN WOOLSEV, J4 Piatt St. JylO 60t?rrc Agricultural rooms, lvceum building 361 Broadway, New Y?r|tHORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION?At the suggestion of the State Agricultural Society, whose Fair will be hrl>l at SarKUvn, M the 13th of Sept., the American Agricultural Association have changed the time of holding thtir Exhibition to the 8th and 9th of Sept. All persons de sirout of aiding the Okuse of Horticulture, are earnestly invi'ed to exhibit specimen* of Flowers, Fruits , or Verffclables. mid t<-> compete for premiums. Progrtmrn^s muy be obtained of Mr James Hogg. Seedsman, 402 Broadway, opposite the Rooms?of any of the priuoipnl seedsmen in New York, orol the following Executive Committee s? Lather Bradish, Win. Coventry H. Waddell, J^mea Lenox, Shepherd Knapp, Theo Frelinghnyseu, Rnrus Kim; Oelaiield, Archibald Russell, R L. Pell, r.nward t^larK , rn?<it?rr n i' aiwpnf.h. jw* &')L4R LAMPS, OIRAVDOLK8, HALL LAN 3 THORN J Tm Tray?, he.? I'h? iubMnb?r hu now n*i\y for iiuiiMctiun one of tht be?t telectiul atockl ol the above articlei in thU ritr. Country daalei*. ehnrchea, hotela, mi nrivit* families. will fiud il to iheir advmitace to call and i?.mioe tht atxire nock, which wj^UM^?o|d nMj-diu-rd jjricei. jv'4 tnfre 14* Fiilfontr ona itnnr ?*m of Hrn?<l<r SHOULDER BRACKS, ami BODY BKLTH ? A?*te'? Premium PnVut JlIuiic ShonMer Brace, ao III/ ly re >>iiim<*ii<i?d luid fcitrnuiwd b the tno?t t-mi iuu aurgeouf in thi? ' oaiitrr, "O' cnilaren or 4aU(. who are inclined to ?ior i> or ?re round ?hou<i)er?(1, w fpina p?r<oiu with wrakpui, or pain in 'h? men. tlioie of eonaumptire or tedentary huh.n. or tboie confined > y tqily, or at the iTitlu* dealt, an tl..... .*.11 l',?H rliam ... Ihxln hl?.rf...|> 1.1 hr !> rrt, etliaml the chast. the eby firing a I toe mid calthy sr. lion m the lungs. Mechanics ?iiit Hbnrfrt by eariug thu braee. will be able to do m >ie work with lea fati ue, na well u imrroTf the form. To be had wholesale at. re.ail at J.AOA 1'B 8, (ientlemen'soutiitliiig tore. !37 Broadway, eo ner of Park Place. N B.?Also a superior Body Belt, or Abdominal Supporter hishl recommended ivljftt'rc JKKKKHSON INSURANCE COMPANY?Office No jO Well street, opposite the Merchants'Kichanfe. Thia company continues to insure against Ions or damage br fire, on dwelling houaea, warehonaea, buildiugs in general, goods, warea, and merchandise, and erery description of personal property. ... Losses correctly and promptly adjusted and paid. Diugcreas. Tlioa. T, Woodruff, B. R. Robaou, M. D., Francis P.Sage, ! loses Tucker, John P. Moore, Anson Biker, 'hompsoi] Price, Caleb C. Tunis, Jas. K. Holmet, uhn H., JClisha Rim, Thoa. Morrell, ,lohn 0. Memlt, Joseph Allen, Engeue Boirart, Joseph Drake, Win. K. Thorn, Robert Smith. Thee. W. Thome, John R Davison. _ ? _ M08E8 TUCKER, t tsidenL Oio.T.Hon. Secretary. mvUe iTRArt cHaLlbiMiUHSu ce to gentleiben who want their old clothes to look like new, e*ll at the Tailoring, Dyeing. Cleaning and Repairing Establishment, No. 77 Gold street, corner oiOold and Spruce, where ordera will b? punctually attended to at the shortest notice, and on the most reasonable terms, by J. ?. NO AH. 77 Oold at (V B ?The hicheat pnoe given for gentlemen's left off we*rv1t* apparel Jyll Wm ("1 v ST 'ipFCLOTKINO AHD nmNtTURE W^NT > KD ?L?di?a*'"l fjh.itlenwt. h?n,,g any cast off er superAung, clothing Of furniture od>st>nae of, ean obtain a lair cash price fur the same, bv sending note, or by celling on ihf siiImc/ibar, at hla residence, or through the post, which will be punctually attended to. H. DC BOF.R, 71X Canal street, upstairs. N B Ladies can be attended to hy Mrs. De Boer. Old stock and Job gxM* bought, of any deeerirtion aad i IIMUI< ir4M*m I k- r ./ E NE NEA OLD E8TABLISHED PASSAOE OFFICE. ,*& ilft Street. SAMUEL THOMPSON AND NEPHEW. aoenti fob thi "Bl.ace Stah" l.iwe of packets. hit. Liverpool to Ntw York. 1m7. Shift Captains. 7>ij Keg Tnt H'n M.rnina Innl W. KiloirJi. M4 1U19 Sardinia, (new) C. K. Crocker, 802 H00 8ea, T. F. Freeman, 8 IT 1100 Liberty, P.P.Norton, 791 I :U>0 Huguenot. S. Goodhue, 932 I Mil) America, (new) Wenrr, :i(tu 1900 ? Kminre. (new) J.O. Russell, 1090 1H00 Niagara, H. Russell, 730 11',0 Senator, (new) H. Coffin, 810 l(M Ohio,. t.j. Bird, 768 1175 Cornelia, F. m. F rench, 1064 1710 Chaos, J. L. Wilion, 810 1400 _Eliiabeth Dm won, T. W. Spencer, 806 1100 13Peter Hattrick, J. D. Post, 670 1300 The subscribers would resiwetfully inform their friends and the public that they have added several splendid new ships to their line of packets between thia i>ort and Liverpool, which turn been favorably known and extensi\ely patroSRed for a period of more than thirty years, and have no hesitation in assuring those who may wish to make engagements for the passage ol their frienib from England, Scotland or Ireland, tliat they will tunr these ships inferior to uone inuoiiit of comfort, convenience and safety, oue of which will TOl from Liveri>ool, every sii days, throughout the year, ranking delay and the consequent eipciise to emigrant* at the port of embarkation im|>o?aibie. A free passage per steamer from the various Irish and Scotch |>orU, with bread >tuffs, and hospital money paid, may be secured all at the lowest ratea; aud when thoae settled for decline coming out, the full ainouuUiaid will be promptly rea. y^HEw, 371 Pearl street. or to C. GRIMSHAW It CO. v 10 Goree Piazzas, Livjh. Drafts or eichaiige, payable at sight, are also furnished for any amount, ou H. C. Olyn 1c Co., Bankers, London; C. Grimahaw It Co., Liverpool; the National Bank of Scotland; National Bank of Ireland, and Northern Banking Co. Appl) as above. jyliO JOl"re remittances f OTHKLANX), ?e.~~ Mk Ml m. ^EuHOE No. ^^^^Tway, continues to VT remit mouer, in sums large or small, to persous residiug many part of Ireland, in the same manuer as he and his predecessor in business have done for the last thirty years and more; also, to auy part of England or Scotland. .vlouev remitted by Tetter, post-paid, to the subscriber, or peisonally deposited with him, with the uame of the person or persons iu Ireland, England or Scotland, to whom it is to be sent, and nearest post. town, will be imtnediMely transmitted and paid accordingly, and a receipt to that effect given ur forwarded to the sender. J> 21 Ml* m roil NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA AND EW YORK LINK. ffiMV t?M> Jaagw TO SAU^fvERY TE^DXYS. Ship OSWEGO, Captain Johnson. Ship HUDSON, Captain Page. Ship CLIF'TON, Captain Inirersoll. Ship LOUISVILLE, Capt. flint. Ship SARTELLE, Captain Taylor. Baric GENESEE, Captain Minot. Bark J. E; WILLIAM8, Captain Parkef. Bark HEBRON, Captain Greig. The above ships are all of the first cram, of light draft pf water, and commanded hy the moat experienced captains in th? trade. Their cabins are handsomely furnished, and every attention paid to the eolnfort and conveuieuce of the passenger!. Neither the captaiiu or owners of the above ships will be responsible for jewelry, bullion, precious tones, silver or plated ware, or for any letters, parcels, or packages sent hy, or put on board of them, unless regular bills of lading are taken tor lite iame, and the value thereiu expressed. For freight or passage, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, Toot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS, S6 South street. Agent in New Orleans?John woodruff & Co.. who will promptly forward all goods to their address ?#?fy JAjk j&ify BROTHEM^ k MAflWnSbN, i.*> den lane, having uow completed their arrangements, beg leave to announce to their friends and the public, that (Kissages to and from the Old Coiuitry can be teamed on the moit reasonable terms, in firit class packet ships, sailing reKularly from New York and Liverpool. They alto guarantee that there shall be no deteutiou, out tliat emigrant* will be forwarded on presentation of their tickets Drafts payable ou demand on the Royal Bank ol Ireland, and on Meisrs. Prescott, Grote, Ames k Co., Loudon. mvaa 30t*rc *ff|y j?f& ^^^^loTT'l^^^rollATlON u*nCE, 86 Souta si.? X Per* iiis wishing to send for their fneuds in th* old country, can secure passage on reasonable teiin*, by any of the m ignilicei.t shies comprising the new Line of Liverpool packets, vix:? < ONSTITUTION, I7J0 tens. Captain John Britton. QUKKN OF THE WEST, 1400 ton*. Capt. P. Woodhouse. LIVERPOOL, 1230 tous, Captain John Eldridge. HO 1'TINOUfc.R, I140 tons. Cant. Ira Bursley, (ailing from Liverpool on the Sin of everv month. Passage Oui also be secured bv the Br. Oeorge's Line, or the Uuion Line of Liver|>ool paAets, making hi all a ship every fire day* from that port. For further particulars apply to W. fc J. T. TAPSCOTT, jy? 06 South st'eet, New York. OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY, Office 44 William street. Dkectois. C. H. Baud, Conrad W. Faber, Edward Mills, Horatio Allen, William Chamberlain, Mortimer Liviugston, John A. Iselin, John L. Stephen*, Herman Oelrichs. C. H. SAND, President. Edward Mills, General A (rent, New York. Ckablks E. Anderson, Secretary. In conformity with the provisions of the charter, notite '? Bereby given that the Books for subscription for an amonnt n o( exceeding $300,000 to the capital stock of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, will be re-oi>ened at the office ol the Company, 44 William, coruer of Wall street, on Monday, list June, 1847. Five per cent of the amonnt subscribed must be paid at the period of subscription in specie or bank bills. The balance u! the subscription will be called for in instalments not eiceeding 10 per cent,ns may be required by the operations of the Compauy, and upon thirty days previous notice. The following is the 33th section of the By-Law>? " Subscription to the capital of the Company, alter the amonnt may be $600,000, shall in preference be allowed to those wno may uini oe iwcinuiucia, uiu ut uie ikicui ui_ uicir uiru actual subscripiion." j?6 30t rc r f-f-.-.? FOR LIVERPOOL?To Mil on Tuesi day. 3d August, The splendid new iron ihip SARAH 8ANDH, burthen 1000 f<^alyiaD[_tou?, Captain Thompson, will mi as above, appointed day, Having ipleudid accommodations fort Tew second cabin passeugers, who will be taken at reduced rate*. Those about leaving, should make early application to J. McMURRAY, jv2C corner Pine and South streets. BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIP, liOOtons and 430 horse power each, under contract ^ fcBwith the Lords of the Admirality. HIBERNIA, Captaiu Alexander Ryiie. CALEDONIA, Captaiu Edward U. Lott. BRITTANNIA, Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA, Captain Charles H. E. Judkias ACADlA, Captain William Harrison. The four steamships now building are THE AMERICA, THE NIAOARA, THE CANADA. THE EUROPA. Vessels appointed to tail from Liverpool are the Britania July 4, 1847 Hibemia July 20, 1047 Vessels apiwioted to sail from Boston are the Britannia August I, 1*47 Hiberuia, Augart 16, 1(47 Passengers'luggage must be on board the day previona to Passage money?From Boiton to Liverpool, $120, do do U; Halifax, S20. No berths secured until paid Tor. These ships carry experienced surgeons. No freight, excepti|>ecie, received on days of sailing. For freight, passage,or imy other information, apply to D. BRIOHAM, ir., A(?nt AtHARNDEN fc c6.'S,i V ill (T7"In addition to (he above line between Liver]>oo| 11, Halifax, and Boston, a contract has been entered into with Iter Majesty's government, to establish a line between Liverpool and New York direct, 'rtie steamships for thin service are now being built, and early next year due netine will be given of the time wheu they will start. Under the new contract the steamers will tail every Saturday during eight months, and every fortnight dnriDg the other months iu the year. (Joing al temately betweeu Liverpool and Halifax ai d Boiton. and be ween Liverpool and New York. mM r - ... FOR LIVERPOOL.?The magnificent new Steamship SARAH SANl'S, Captain W O. Thompson, will sail punctually on the 3d of August, having superior accom ^^^?^^Mfc?mo?l*tions for a limited number of second cabi'1 passeuKprs, who will be taken at a reduced price. Persons desirous of engaging second c bin i**s.ices for their friends iu the old country, to leave Liverpool on the #th ol 8 ptember for New York, in the above steamer, can do so al prices charged by applying to Jytl llt'ii HI Month sr.. Vein w Bnrling Blip. xJpji&fQ I IP F< :o.M V \nV^Iot al mIiV 4r^,e "'"P UNION, E. Hebert, Commander, tskes her departure ixwitireiy Saturday, the 14th instant lhe order or denarwre from France is as follows? The MIMOUbI H1A ?n iIS "f 'afr:: :: js*** And from New York The ?mPHU ".'.U ??!^ Theae Hi cam Shipa arc equal to any afloat, and commanded by ik Iful and coarteoua navigatore. When their tranaformstion from war veaaela to commercial onea ia complete, they will be loond aa comfortable aa any ahipa can be m ide. The price of paaaage from New York for the drat elate ? $120 From Havre 1.000 fnuiea. Wineawill be charted extra, bat the prioee will b#very moderate. The freight in Havre i* regnlated by a fixed tariff. The freight from New York ii ruled by the market rate. For further particnlara apply to the office of the company, U Broailwav )vl?r roche, brothers it Co.-Pa?ia*e to and wrJCTyirom Liverpool, pe' Black Ball Line of Packeta. and AlBflp?'eioittancea to Ireland, fcc ?Perioua wishing pa?eage to Liverpool in the splendid and cominodioue packet ship ISAAC WKIOHT, which sails on the lat Augiiat, her regalar day. will please make immediate application to Captain Mart lull, oo board, at foot of Beekmaii atreet, or to the iubscribera. . Thoae lending for their fnenda to come out from I.irqrpool by tne above favorite packet, or any of the Black BaU Line, wuling from theaee on tie lit and suteanth of ever/ non.h, can secure their peaeage ky applying to aa. , . , Pe renin remitting money to their friends, can have drafts for any auouut, payable aa demand on the Royal Bank of I,aland, or on Meaars. Preicott, Oro e, Amea k Co . London which wi t he Paid at their various branches throughout (Jreat Britain aud Ireland Apply to ? ? RQCHK. brothers fc co . No.? Fulton "treet, New York, neit door to the Fulton Bank, only autho-iaed paeaeuger agents lor the old, or Blaek Ball - A / + if. -Vi-v--. W YO N YORK, TUESDAY MO] The War, dcc. Bark Hekrv Hakbcck. { At Sea, June 25,1817, { InciJcntt on boanl a Transport?Death and Burial of a Member of the Third Dragoont?Beautiful Sunsett? Priparutiom for Lauding and Coming to Anchor. Although my foot h??not yet touched ttw noil of Mexico, nor eren our anchor found a renting place in Mexican sand. neTertheleM, aa it* hills plainly and proudly raise their headi to our tIcw, and a gentle breeeie Is now rapidly wafting ui to the long expected chore. I hasten with pleasure to embrace the perhaps only few moments of Iflmre I shall havo for pome time after our arrival, to fulfil my promise of writing to you; knowing well the interest you take in military aovtments in general, as well ai particularly in those of one of the least worthy member! of the profession, whose pen is now running across this sheet We have had rather a long passage, and suffered severely from the intensity of the heat attending the frequent calms which we have met with, and whlon seemed ' (o mock our anxiety to reach our destination. I have ' been enabled, however, I am happy to say, owing to the - smoothners of the water, to turn the time so to aocount, that by constant drills, from 6 o'clock A. M. to 7 p'clock P. M., daily, with tbo exception of a few hours during the heat of the day, I have succeeded in bringing my company to rather m satisfactory proficiency in the use I of their arms, Ice., and saved a deal ?f labor and i time thut otherwise would havo been requisite after landing. We havo been very lucky both In our ship ; and its captain, (T. U. Merwln ) My me* have bad ahundanoe of room, aud more air and fresh water than often falls to the soldier's share in crowded transports; and very fortunately so, as we have had quite a number ol'nick ittid some oasesof diarrhamand ship fever,which, haviug no medical man o? board, hati added of course to i?y anxiety and trouble. One poor fellow wo lost by fever, and had the melancholy duty of committing his body to the soa : the 1 pluuge of his corpse in the water, and the rattle of the volleys tired over him. as I concluded tbo touching and impressive service cf the Kpiscopal church, set npart for such occ&ftons. seemed to brlr^ forcibly to the iniuds of all. r s?nse of the utter futility of all huiuau plans, and a vivid Imprest-ion of the (ft repeated, but little regarded truth. ' That m?n proposes, but God disposes ' ' Poor Waters was an Kngllshnian. a stranger, far 1 from his early home and his ktns-p<ople; stimulated with a love for the adventures of a soldier's life and an honorable ambition to serve his adopted country, he ?n 1 lifted in my troop, and was as full of hope and desirous \ of distinction as others; his quiet and unpretending ; manners and attention to his duties, made him a general favorite with both officers and men,who vied in th> ir at, tentloan to his wants, and in their endeavors to assist and save him I closed hiseyes with a fervent hope tbat he might open them In heaven. The beauties of our sunsets and morn-light sailing. ! since we left behind us the brilliant light of the Mor? | lUht-house at Havaua, are Indescribable?sailing at the rata of four or Ave miles an hour, without any ap; parent motion and banking in a flood of moonlight We ' fouud a delightful chauge from the blazing h* at of the : calm and breeteless da\. and with occasional song and | story .and thoughts ot home.aud those we have loved and I left behind us. we have not been without our mom?nts ; of plea-ure and happiness, whtoh. as well as our oomtorts, have been In no small degree promoted by our excelleut | t-htp master, Capialn .Vierwiu than whom, a better ; skipper, nor more skilful, worthy, and hospitable fallow. \ ever whistled for a breeta; and fortunate indeed will those voyagers be who may antruat themselves to his My men are now all engwged brushing up clothing and clt-nulug arm*. aocouir?iu< nts. fee . In order to iuakH ?? ' good an appearance at poesibl" on lauding. and I Lrlieve I that I do thi>a> uo mora than Jmtlo* in saying, they aru 1 a Hoe. (mart. Intelligent tet f lollows, who will, IN ain j not much mistaken. ?lve a satinfa' t'iry aocount of thuiu, selves whenever an opportunity olfers. We embarked at Port Hamilton on the 34th ; May; since when we hare spoken but three vessels, ! tlx on the 3Ut May. Id lat. 32 33, long. 73 47. the brig ! Gen. Wilson, from New London, bound to Key We?t; S and on Jane 14, in Ut 33 30, long 81 30, near Double Headed Shot Key*, the bri^ Montreal. 17 days out from Doston, bound for Havana; and half an hour afterwaras. ' the bark Condor, 18 days out from Charleston, bound to ' New Orleans. P. 8. We hav* just oast anchor under the walls of 9t. I Juan d'UIlia, and we have been boarded by the port j oilioer, who reports nothing new from the army, but I says that Oeneral Scott was to leave Jslapa for the olty ! of Mexico on the 18th inst., and that the road betweeu 1 this and Jalapa is swarming with guerillas. 1 feel satis' lied, from all I oan learn this morning, that we shall not I have much idle time for our Dragoons. Camp Booardo, (3 miles from Vara Crui.) ) July 6, 1847. J ! Deiceut on a Ranche by Lieutenant Divver't Di aguoni ?A Oeneral Grab?Country McCluikry. Here I am, and have been tor about a week or ten days, well and happy 1 have been out on two scouts with Lieutenant Divver and about thirty men, with guides. We ransacked and burned three ranehos, or huts, in which wo found Amerioan arms a?d goods, and earth man kept what be sot Mv irrab was ahniit Ave dollars' worth, which I told to Country MoCluskey, who iff out her*, engaged in the Commit Bury department, and in engeged In a kind of sutler's concern near the camp I like thin kind of life, at present. We maroh from here in a few days to Join Oon'-ral Seott, and I ao not expect to be able to write you again in somo time. One of our deserters haa just arrived from New York, where hit wan arrested through the advertisement In the National Police Oatitir. 11in name U Snowden, Irom Albany H. R. B. ARMY. About eighty regulars arrived here yesterday from the Tol'do rendezvous and took quarter* at the barrack* in Newport. Col. K. A. Churchill left last evening for the neat of war. He in under order* to report hlmaelf at Monterey. Ninety regulari from Newport barracka, I nhipped yesterday evening on the steamer Pontlac for : New Orleana. None of thein had yet seen service.? ! Cincinnati Commercial, 28th ult. | Dr. Wood, of the U. 8. Army, 1* preparing the bar- ! . racks at Baton Rouge, for the receptlen of two hundred 1 rick and wounded men from the army of Mexico, who ' , are daily expected to arrive there.?N. O. Picayune, | I 26th ult. Mlacellaneoua. Steam Siior Burnt.?The machine shop of the Nashua Mechanics' and Manufacturer*' Association was burned this moraine. Considerable stock. In wn? ?. | ved. The 1oi*m?(i are as follow*:?The building, with its engine and fixture*, co*t about $9600; insured $4000 at I Hartford. Daniel Fox and Noyses, machinists, from $8000 to $4000; no Insurance Alford Fisher, sash.door and blind manufacturer,log* $i000; Injured $1"200. Kdwln i Chose. sash, door and Mind manufacturer, lose $1600; insured $1100 Aaron Hay ward, pencil manufacturer, Ioks $1600; no Insurance. H. W. Abbott, cabinet shop, tog* $001; insured $400. John D. Kimball, *ash, door : and blind manufacturer. 1cm $800; insured $600. TIioh. Tolman, in palm leaf. $100; no insurance, (ieorge F. Alien, machinery stored, $160; no insurance.?Xushuo Telegraph, July 31. A Nil k r*i* ?Wo sometimn ago nave an aocount of a most unprovoked and cruel murder which was perpetrated lu Kentucky by a Dr. Pondergast on a school teacher, named Brehenar. Th? murderer Is sMtl at large The day the brutal deed was committed, the murderer was taken before two justices, Kalfu* and Standlford. when the former stated his inability to ant | because of bis not having a form book by which to write a warrant; and the other alleged that the acoustd wart a connection of his, and be therefore felt a delicacy to act in the case. They therefore allowed the accused to go his way, under a promise that he would give himself up on Saturday, flv? days thereafter, which of course he forgot to do. This bright pair of rascally J ustioes ought to be indicted as accessories to the deed. A Louisville paper, we are glad to see. gives the oorrupt scoundrels a most admirable lashing. Oov Owsley has offered a re ward of five hundred dollar* for the appreheuslon of Pwndergast. The Philadelphia rowdies are still playing their dangerous. reckless, aid rutllanly prankp On Saturlay I night, a gang of them went through one ol the maiketa, I stealing Irult. and lnsulti ng the women who sold vegetable*, and finally got Into a fight, when ore of thi-in selied a butcher kixfe. and with It out an old m?n severely across the abdomen The scoundrel was arrested. but was afterwards res n?d by a companion, who fortunately liberated bis oompnol"U at the expense of his own freedom The fellow who Intttcted the wound is known, and will, If possible, be held loascount. The pig that went over Niagara Fails, ha* recovered from the effect of the bruised he received, and is doing well He belonged at Navy Uland The laborer* od the Illinois canal are on a strike for higher wage*-they now rectlve $ib per month. Npoittng Intelligence. y\ grant! inm 01 pjtft-u mr nuyrriom j win c?mn ml over the Cambridge park on Wend**day neit at SK P. M between 8tiow storm, Tom B?ntou and Kuclid ? Mil* heats, b?(t 3 la 5, under lh? *aid:*.? bntlon toil of Monday. Changes in Boston.?A Boston correspondent of the Enstport, Me., Stnlintl, Alluding to the increase of population and buslue** in that city, *pi-ak* of the effeota of the change in th? character of society there, aa followsMany of the old families of New Knglnnd origin are leaving, and tbelr place* are bring supplied by new corner*, mostly foreigners. One or two clergymen hate lately resigned tbeir charge*, on account of the failing off of their oongregattona front tbi? cause Some of the city miaelonarles, In their public report*, allude to the enanga which i* going on, and are (peculating a* to lta probable effect upon tha character and prosperity of the Yankee metropolis Amherst College Commknckment.?The commencement at Amherst College occur* on T^urs-dajr, tha l'Jth of Augur*, The prtle ?pealili(k will be given upon the Toctday ornnlog prevb/u* Uu W-dnesday. Ue literary aociettea wUi be addressed by ( baa Sumner, Esq., of Boston After which, an addrtks will | be delivered before Ui* alumni, by the Rev. Mr. I.*avltt, of Providence. Upon tha evening of the lame day, Rev. Dr. Adams, of New York, will deliver a discourse i

before the eociety of inquiry The music will be luinUhed by the Cornet Band, of B oaten >RK I JNING, AUGUST 3, 1847 L?w Intelligence. Umitcd Statki Circimt Court ? Present Judge* Nelson and Betta.?The following In the opinion of the court. a* dellTered by Judpe Betts, In the cause of The United State* th The ship Recorder and cargo, the growth or production of the Kast Indie* i? The llbtl of information charge* that thi* *hlp, not being a vessel of the United State*, nor a foreign ressel truly nnd wholly belonging to the cltitens or subject* of the Britl.-h Last Indie*, on the 22d of May. 1847, imported troin London into New York. Tarlou* good* described, being the growth, production or manufacture of the British Kast Indies, from which place they hare usually, since March. 1817, been shipped for transportation j and by reason whereof, and by Tlrtue of the aet of Conttrosa of March 1, 1817. the sai4 ship, her tackle Sto , and the said cargo, became and were forfeited to the United States : and prays proceai. and a decree of nniulxmna.. tlon. Sic The claimant*, averringthemflelves to be natural born subjeots of the i^ueen ot Oroat Urltaln, and resident In Knitlaud. within the United Kingdom, pleaded specially to the libel, that the Mid ship, at the time, truly and wholly belonged to them, and still doe*, and that the Orltisb Kant ludies ori', aud were at the time. provinces, and pari aud parcel of the United Kingdom of <ireat Britain and Irelnnd, and of her Majesty's dominions. and that th? paid goods were the growth, production and manufacture of the dominions of her uiaj Bty. and were received by them on board said ship at th? port of London, for transshipment to the port of New York, and aver their right to make such importation. Sic Sic. To the special pleas, the District Attorney demurred. Ji'ly 3.?Judge Betts, district judge, delivered the opluion of the court The question raised br the issue in law. is whether the trade in which thin ship was employed, is inhibited by the act ofTongresa con corning the navigation of the I lilted .States, panned .March I, 1H17. The tiri>t section of the act provides, that alter the 3flth duy of September next, no goods, wares or merchandise hhall be imported into the United States, from uuy foreign port or place, except in vessels of the United States, or such foreign veeaels as truly and wholly belong to the citizens or subjects of that country of which the goods are the growth, production or manufacture, or trom which such goods, wares or merchandise c;in only bo, or most usually are, tlrst shipped for transportation. Provided, nevertheless, that thin regulation shall not extend to the vessel of any foreign nation which ban not adopted, and which shall not adopt a similar regulation The Hecoud section declared the vessel and cargo coining into the Culled Statev, in violation of those provisions. forfeited It in not stated (In the pleadings, nor admitted by the claiuiantson tint argument, that Great Britain has adopted regulation* similar to those established by this act, and tlie claimants, therefore, in strictness of law. may be entitled to the objection, that the construction iusisted on by the government, does not bring the vessel and cargo within the condemnation of the statute. We think, however, If the navigation litws of Great Britain, notoriously restraining the trade In American vessels, with her colonies, within limits more strict than the regulatious of this slatute.are not to be judioiaJly noticed by tint Court the provisions of tho Convention between the United States nud (ireat Britain, of July , ldl5 must b? regarded as part of the law of the rase, nnd in that Couv-ntlou Ureal Britain reset res to her self and adopts, by implication, regulations sini'ltr in tills resprct to those established by the aot of Cougress iu question. bo slso it stand* admitted by the pleading*, that goods, w ir. and luerobainlise. the growth. production or manulsoturH of the British Kast lUlles, have, sui<-? tbe passage of th? net of Congress. 1*" n usually shipped lor treir portation. from the port* of the ba^t ladies Tlie District Attorney on ihe purl o< tbt govt romeut, acuuidlngly coult uded that the course < f trade atl> nip: ?u In this instano , is prohibited to Hritlsh vessels?Gr-t. by the diieel I?n?uiig- of the eol of Congress und. secondly, by ill Inteut uud policy as g<lhered from ante, o deut and coleinporuuuoui facta leading to lis enactment. We think, upou general principles of law. the question Is no louger open to the governuiMut upon tb? construction and bearing ot the act of Congress, in this respect. In September, 1817, on transmitting the act to the officers of customs throughout the United States, tbe Secretary of the Treasury instructed them that "tbe term 'country,' In the tlrst section. 1s considered as embracing all tbe possessions of a foreign State, howevei widely separated, which are subjtcted to the sain? executive and legislative authority. The productions and manufactures of a foreign Stale, and of its colonies, mnj Km tmnArlud int/l til* I 1 - the citizens or subjects of such State, without regard tc tbelr place of residence within It* possessions.'' This exposition of the aot doe* not appear to hav? beou called iu question or doubled by the United States until the 30th of June, IB42, when au opinion wan given by the Attorney tieneral on its inuaniug and operation, which on the 0th of July, JS<13. was transmitted by the Secretary of the Treasury to th? collectors of the cuhtoniH. The Secretary, in his circular, instructs the collectors to be governed thereafter by the opinion of tho Attorney Ueuer^, and " to take care that the penalties ol the law are enforced in all cases coming under its provisions," and the seiiure in the present case is made in execution of those instructions The Attorney (General Intimates that the language of the first seQtion of the act is not entirely free from ambiguity, but declares it his opinion, " that It does not In any case authorise an Indirect carrying trade by foreign " The proviso waa intended to restrain the privilege extended to foreign vessels in the enacting clause, By this they are allowed, where they belong wholly t? the citizens or subjects of that country of which the goods are the growth or manufacture, to bring these gooun into our ports, fiy the proviso this is confined to cases where a reciprocal privilege ol the samt kind Is extended to our vessels." ~T his interpretation of the aot Is entitled to the highest respect, and If we regarded it as removing or meeting the difficulties raised on this issue, we should give it the most careful consideration. We should probably feel considerable hesitancy In aooepting as the true key to the Interpretation of the aot, the Idea put forth iu the opinion, that the enacting clause extended a privilege to forelgu vessels, aud that the proviso confined it to cases where a reciprocal privilege or the same kind-is extended to our vessel* It rather appears to us the natural reading of the act gives it a retaliatory and prohibitive character, restrained by the proviso from being enforced against any nation not having adopted like prohibitions or restrictions against the United States. But we forbear an examination of this point, because thu case submitted to the Attorney General had none of the features marking this. That wss a Belgian vessel which imported to the U.S. a cargo from Buenos Ay res, the products of the l.ll? ' ?.ru. vv?...? J, -?a?- Wiv I|uinbiuu wu u? UWC1UHU wan whether Mich indirect trade wan open to her In article* of foreign growth or production. The Attorney ieneral was of opinion, that the act of March 1, 181?, did not authorise it. The case would have been apposite if the Belgian ship had been laden at her home port, in Europe, with productions of a Belgian colony or territory in the Kast or West Indies or Africa, and the United States were debarred Importing the same goods, except directly from tha place of their production. There la no evidence before us that tbn Treasury Department, or the officers of the Customs, hare, since the act of 1817, arrested, or (questioned importations ol oolonial products,made in vessel* of the mother c< untry. from their home ports : *ud we must regard the cotemporary exposition of the Act, given by the Secretary of the Treasury, as the one acijuicsced In and practised under by the Government,frem that period,except by the exposition of the Attorney (ieneral, above referred to ; and there Is no evidence before us that his interpretation has ever been enforced in a case similar to this. We hold the Government, If not all other parties, new precluded by that long usage, and practical construction ' of the law, from (questioning its correctness and disturbing the course of its execution Admitting that on the face of the Act it is doubtful whether the trade now attempted to be prosecuted, can be allowed ; or even conceding that the intention of the statute to the contrary is manifest, and that the Treasury Department misapprehended, aud misinterpreted its provisions, lu the instructions of September. 1817 We think the settled rules of law. and the principles governing the Interpretation of human language, with whatever solemnity, and to whatsoever purpose it li employed, require us to adopt and :id here to the contemporaneous construction, corroborated by an undt-vi. atlug usage ut tliiriy years, as that which mutt bo ap plied to the statute, and govern this case weuuemit unn oeas?iiy to atato ar^ilinc-ntH or analyze caned aiipportlug the proposition. Tlio principle I* r*oognla*dandliluatratod by the high at l?g*l auUiorittea?- (Uwarrtaoa ^UUitoa, HS3; B x ab Mat I ft; I l Iimcii 6 Ciauch t$ 3 PMb H #17 ) The Raprruie Court of the Unitad Htatva gleee the m??t aoleuin HHDotiun to ibe doctrine in dreiurlbg tn?t a font-ivporaiy eipvaltlon of the Couatliutloj. praotlaed anu acquiuNcud under tor a period of year*, flxea It* conatrnetion idtuart and L*ird I Crancb. J99.) and In prououiii-lng the practical conatrnntlon Of aataiute, llit' one which muat tie enforced, although clearly un* authorized by the terma of the law lta*lf?(5 Cranch 42, McKeer and Delanry ) In the llr-t cane, tlie period of acquieacennn had been coiDp?r*lliely ut ?hort duration? about twenty year* Tbe Suprcmn Court of (Maaaacl>u?etta, tn a cm# moat maturely cunaldrred. held " that a cont?nnporan??ua. if generally the beat eoD'truction of a atatute It iilve* tLe an ae of a community of the term* made vae of by thi< Lcgialature It tbere la ambiguity In the language the uuderaiauding and application of It, when the atatute tlrat cornea Into operation, aauctloued by long aequleacence on the part of the lrglalature and Judloial tribu nala. la the atrongeat evidence that it haa been rightly explained in practice. A conatructlon. nnder audi clreuuiatancee.beoomea ratabilahed law"?Packard *a Kloh..r.l...? 17 M>? 111 in \A i? " ? Th? navigation law adopted by Congress in 1817, would be on" eminently calculated to attraflt the notice of the bUNlnees community. It provided for owe* of deep public moment, and inost especially has It tended to meet In *ome degree the embarrassment our trade suffered from the navigation lawa of Oreat Britain, and ber eomtneroUl regulations, affecting the Intercourie with her colonies. There had been toplos of agitating Interest in the nrgotlatlens between the two eountrle* preceding the war of lilt, and In thoee leading to the termination of that war, and the adjustment of new relatione of peaoe 1 he MID congress. wh'ch oame Into power with the does of tb? war, must have lw?n strongly imbued with the couinen t >ne of tealiof, and familiar with the stats of thoee oommercial regulations as enforced by ureat Britain. and their effeet upon the Intereets of the l '?lt*d Rtatea. The President, in hie messags to;, Deo Id, lata, adverted In strong language to the stste of trad* wit* Us British sole ml es est of luxeps, It* paittel aa? ^?. ? ? IEKA % injuriout bearing on our narigation, ami the refuaal of | that Government to negotiate on th? auhject. The merchant* of New Vork and Portland memorial- I ized CongrttM on tlie (ubject. urging that Importations ! of good*, iic Into the I'nited State*, nhould be prohibited, " except In ve*ael* of the I'nited State*. or In *e??el* built by, and actually belonging to the citizen* or ?ubjecli of the nation in which xucb article ban been produced or manufactured, kc (11 Nlle'.i Hegiater, 'id *e** Uth Cong.Doo No wl). jroi u> us law*, torus iIn i*rr torus. nu<l It Is the corniiiou oounny uf mII the iudmuualri of the nutiou. (Ibid B 1. < b 11). t) UU ) It Ik very npp^reut upon the provision* of th? act of 1 el7. that t-niigri-K.- understood and um <1 the term country id the eulargid scu-e given by Vattell Thus nation in ibti proviso to 8. 1 : foreign prinoft* or State Id 8 8 : and foreign power In S 4, all represent. in tbulr connecturn, tbe i-aiue idoa ait country in the first Miction th<special designation of citixeu or subject does not mark with more prruision that tbe law bad reference to per noon, to politloal powers and Nancies, than tne mere word country?the thing containing being by a familiar I form ofsj>eech, used tor luat winch it contains ; and. b? , (id*'i*. persons could, with no propriety of language, be Htjled ciiiifug or subjects of a country, without under, standiug country to mean the State or nation, anil not merely a section or portion < f territory belonging to the , nation. So in the preamble to the convention of lttlft? countries, territories and people, are used by the two [ government tut having oin import, and in the first article, territories Is employed as the oorrellative of Inhabitants. Other instances are frequent In our statutes and treaties, and diplomatic correspondence, in wblcb foreign countries an J territories are referred to as the people, state or nation occupying and governing them. But in the present case, it seems to us tDat tbe phraseology of the first petition of the act, Indicates more distinctly ev>-n t'lan the use of the ordinary word country, that tbe regulation bad a view to foreign governments and nations, and their vessels, and not to tbe localities within which tbe individual ownors might reside, or where the vessels might be employed. The expression of the law 1*. in ?Mi?h fnr..i< a* truly and wholly belong to the citizun* or *uhjects of that country of whioh the good* are the growth, production, or manufacture." It ha* been ahowu that, by the well-known principle* of publlo law, colonies are part* of the dominion and country ot the parent Mate. and the Inhabitants are her subject* and citizen*. It follow*, a* a neocssary consequence of that relationship that there oan be no citizen* or subjects of the oolonlea, a* dlitlnct and separate froin the mother oountry, and that they can possess no shipplug, which In It* character- ownership, or employment, will be foreign to other nation* in any sen*? other than a* belonging to thuir common oouutry. by the Lnglloh law, none but vsssel* wholly owned by British subject* regi*tered within the Brltiiih dominion*.can be recognised. (Holt Sbipp . ch i, k, 3, tj 6 > Cougre** thus most manifestly bad reference to the nationality of vessels in the designation of foreign, because the vessels must truly and wholly belong to citizens and rubjects; term* necessarily importing a State er government to which such owners appertain This consideration furthermore supports the interpretation placed by the Court upon the word country, for the term is introduced into this law in connection with expressions demonstrating that the shipping interest and products of foreign State* were in contemplation, anil not merely the part* or places where the products were grown, or the snip owners resided The -'act to regulate trade in plaster of Paris.'' passed March 3, 1817. strongly import* that thi* act was intended to hare application to tun foreign State, aud not any of it* particular members or part*, and in a significant exposition of it* scope and purpose in view of Congress. The subject matter of the two enactments were ol a kindred character, and the latter, if not both acts, was in effect aimed at the restrictions of the British navlga tion laws. There were circumstances in the regulation , of the Nova Scotia plaster trade particularly offensive to this country, and ( ongress, two days after the law in question, passed a special act, providing "That, no piaster of Paris, the production of any country, or its dependencies, from which the vessels of the I'nited State* are not permitted to bring the same artiole. shall be imported into the United States in any foreign vessel " (3 U. S Stat 3bl ) ik id i,u i/o irumi ii?u ijpuu nun nmuiK', II1HI 11 W&fl wholly flupcrogalory, If thn conotruntion now claimed on the part of the United State# to that of March I lit, la oorrect; becnu*e the interdiction of thn latter law bring unlTemal, it would necertnarily include this particular duKcrlption of importation)* in foruign ve*nel*, It being denied to Tenaeli of the United State*. It therefore alTord* a strong presumption thai Congrc?u did not Intend, by the a t of March I. to exact and enforce a reciprocity of privilege* with foreign res eels, in thn trade to and front foreign countries. la the , *?n*o of giving our vessel* the right to bring foreign product* from any part of a for el it n country from which , the Tftudvla of that oountry may Import them It denote*, moreover, that Congrein considered It nece*?ary to designate dependencies, or place* of production, when it'van intended to discriminate them from the mother eountry; and ulno lu'pr*e*ively *h?>w* thai < ongre?s understood the antecedent not ns autboriilng the importation Cf plaster of Farlii in foreign ve??el?. from countries nnd their dependencies. from which the ti-smIi of the U state* are not permlftn i to bring the ame article That cuoh wa* the understanding and alu) of Con re**. Is mora distinctly maalfrslwd by the act passed the suoceading session, and wbioh will b* adverted to Hgaln. The grievance under which cur navgatioo labored clearly wa* not the carrying trade of the ludia coloniea of Ur'-at Hrt'ain nnr tli? direct trade between them and the United State* '1 h'?*e subjects were robrucd In the r-cent convention of I8lt> and we had given and a-oep'.ed *tlpalatl?>n? re^uia^og both We yielded to (Jreaf Britain the e?. Imiv- rirfht a* to u*. to carry ou the (qwUiiil and foreign trad*, to and from tb'*fu de pen delude*. npl*e?lj aureeing that the ve??eli of the United State* *n??uld not carry nnv article from thep ortM to which they are admitted to any port or piHCH rinrpi hj Home (" " ?? j.?' wh?r? It ebould be unlidwn Id tli? uimitaKe ot Ihn l'r?eidcnt to Congrem, and tan memorial* of inerchann. l>clor<i cited. no refrrenoa la iiihiIh to Oriltiih regulation of tbe KmI India trad*. an lujurloui ? uk or ohjentiouable. Nor In It tfuggetted that th* carrying trad? "f Oreat Britain from her colonlf" l? r.mi.'H of complaint, on our part. further than that It Indirectly ag.?ravate? the injury of our vxdualun from th? direct trad* But what Mr Madleon and th? merchant* point to n* op;>rrMirH to our navigation. In it* total exnlueion from a direct trade with the colonl*-* The President (ay* : ? 'Tl?i Urltleh gorurnnMDt. enforalng now, regulation* which prohibit a trade between It* coloDiee and tlin United rttatni, in American v***el*, whiiet they permit a trad* In Brlllth ?? ?!?, the American navigation ?u fieri accordingly; and the Iom la augmented by the advantage which 1* given to thn UrttUh competition over the American, In the navigation between our port* ami the port* In Kurope. by tbe clrcultoua voyage enjoyed by the on* and not enjoyed by tbe other ? (S;*?**ge, Die 3 lil? ) Thl? wrong, of entire*, woe oommlt'ed In r**cect to other dependencies of Oreat Britain than the F.att lg. dine, forth* retaliatory art of April IS, WIS (3 L' f tut . 131. *) >) ipeolally pa**ed to countervail the Lug I tab colonial navigation law* (14, NIlM'a Reg , 111) aavea (9 provleo) all the provliloai of tb* Convention of .lulv S, 1(16. t onfT*M, in tbe Hut mitiuio *<'opt*d, ?**mel to flop 1 at U* *? pout of tHtrtoUoa towktohowtntokM I iu vuis wiunru state oi puune opinion ic is not nop- | I posable, that the exposition planed by the Secretary of 1 j the Treasury oa the act of March. 1 til7. could esoape the i notion of the executive and legislative branches of the government, and of the community at large, and that ' count ruction, therefore, uuder those circumstance*, j stands augmented with presumptions supporting it< ' justness, stronger In fore* than even the lapse of thirty ' years acquiescence. It is not to be credited that the President. Congress, and the whole body of mcrchanta.wonld permit an Inter- j pretation of this statute, which failed to carry out the spirit and meaning of its enactment to govern our trade unU revenues : and it is difficult to put a case where eotemporaneoua construction could with more ooutidencu and justness be relied upon, ar the expression of the true meaning of a law. We feel, therefore, that we could with great propriety I rent the decision of this case'upon the application of that principle, as recognized and enforced in the authorities . referred to and supported by tile special circumstances surrounding this law. But in a case presenting a <|Uestion of grave import to our own mercantile interest*, and also to the relations between the United Ktates aud < treat Britain, we have considered it proper to examine the statute itself with attention, aided by the arguments of the respective counsel, and shall proceed to assign briefly the reasons leading us to the conclusion that the i?ouNtruotirm heretofore adopted is correct and ought to be still adhered to. It seems to be maintained, on the part of the Inited Mated, that the act ahould be understood to restrain the importation by British venself,. to articles the production or manufacture of her Kuropean posneseions, and to compel the production* and manufacture* of her depeudencies out of Kurope. to b? brought hbre In veiwel* be longing to the place of production or manufacture. This construction Ik founded upon the assumed import of the term "country'' employed in'tbe act, In connection with the supposed policy of the statute to establiah a condition of reciprocity iu respect to the navigation and trade of the country, where that wax not already regulated by the Convention of July 3, ISI.i. It may be admitted that the term "country" used in the act, in Its primary meaning, signifies place, and in a larger seuse, tk? territory or dominions occupied by a community; or eren waste and unpeopled sections or regions of the earth; but it* metaphorical meaning is uo lew delluitc and well understood.and In common p i lance. In hiitorical and geographical writing in diplomacy, leglslation. treaties. internatiouul codes not to r* fer to sacred writ, the word couutry u employed to denote thn populiiliou. the nation, the State, the government having pos.-esslon and doiniuion over It Thus Vat tell sayn, ' the term country seems to be well understood by every bony However, a* il is taken in different senses, it may not ue u useful tt give it, here an extct definition. It cotuiuouly nigtitfi?-? the Slate of which one in a member." "In m more coutti tnl sen*'l his term sigoltli H the State, or even more particularly th''town or place of our birth " (B,Kill I oh I).t) lii ) \Vh?u a uaiion taken possession of a distant country and settles a colouy there, tbat country, though s?-p> rated front the principal estnblishmeur, or mo'h-r coun try, naturully b> Quuieo a pari ot the Mat-. qunlly with It* ancient possesions Whenever. therefore, tile poll noal lawn or treaties makii no di?tiucti?n between them Ieveiy thing said ot lh>: termor) of a n:tti*u ought llau 10 extend U) lt< colonies. (Valtell U I Ch ll. tjJIO) The whole of a country pos-ivs. >1 by a nation and aub ^1 -^11 11 mr* r i nniwmi LD. Pr?ce Two Cent*. been BUly.'otnl by foreign power*. and to intend thai luw to be pplieahte to all nation* with whom we hud commercial lntereon??. Xtey In xubntanc* adopted tb* Kngliah Navigation Aot, of li < hurl**, 2d cb 18 an it wax ootoriouK that the operatlou of the art of lH17 under the proviso, would is effect be limited to the HritUh navigation That tbii act wa? not designed to m?l the mischiefs suffered by oar trade under the regulations of ih?. B itish colonial policy. 1" therefore indicated plainly by the after art of March 3, 1817; and it appears 10 u? ImI? inonstratod by the provisions of the "act concerning n?navigatlon," passed April 10. 1818 (3 U H statute* 434) and the two act* supplementary and In addition thereto, passed M?y 16. 1?J0. mud May ?, IsJi (3. V. S statute* WW mid 681 ) These statutes, with the moat rigarou* Inhibitions of the Introduction of the productions of British coionlea Into the United States In British vessels. directly or Indirectly. when not allowed to 1>? imported with kjumI privileges 111 T?MeU of the United ?taf?--t, are in effect limited to tho British Weft 'iidia end North American dependencies. | Report of com mittee. 11 Nile*- Register, 111] IVi think these various enactments, made uuder the suggestion of the (Executive at the Instance of our shipping merchant*, accompanied by earnest diplomatic efforts and expostulations, in ruspect to tho tr de with the Knglish dependencies la North America and the Weft Indies, conclusively support the meaning originally applied to the act of March 1. 1817, ami which we adopt that it does not render illegal the trade attempted in this inntano*. W? perceive nothing In the provisions of the eeooud I clause of the first section of the act of March 1,1917, : bearing upon this (juration. The information avers that the productions of th? Last Indies hare usually been first shipped for transpor: tation from the ports or the Kurt Indies, and tbe plea in substance admits the fact i Vet. as already Indicated, the art. In our judgment, , does not exact a direct trade from tbe port of produc Hon, or usual shipment, *hen the importation Is in a I vessel belonging to tbe country in which tbe goods ar<? I produced. It piacea un limitation of place upon her : right to bring the productions of her own country If a foreign ship engage* In auch carrying trad*. the act might probably require that her voyages chouid bi> 1 from a home port, aud that it ahould also be the country from which auch goods. wares or merchandise can onlyhe, or most usually are. first shipped for transportation but wo do not undertuke to define the ell*-ct or application of this clause further than to say. it doea not re strain the exportation in vesc Ik o*ued by citizens or subject* of the country, to the port ol production or uomil Mhipment in that couutry We are also led to observe upon the proTlao. that it does not appear upon the pleadings, or any regulations of trail.' made by Great Britain, which we have examined. that she prohibit') the importation in vessels of the United States, of the production* of our territories or dependencies, shipped from a port of the Union, to which ihej had been transported from the place of prouuctlon Nor doea it appenr that vmsel* of the United Stated are prohib'ted by the Hrltlah government, iinpoiting to ttii.i country from Knuland. good*, wares or m*rohsD dive. the growth production or manufacture of her Halt India dopendeuciei Af already intimated. th*wfor??. thne l? ground for d'Ubl ? heiber upon tli "ouolruuilon of lm ?ri a>vum- I on Ol" part of lli? tfmrniuf lit. a c-fe U nmdr hbowInn my Tlol it ion of |tn provU out, l?y the importation lu que-ton. >\ |i bnut adverting lo many o' h>-r topio* of ar ument, op-ucU by the ! ?/?. and d, In our judgment. Ibe df"en?" it Hd? liy ibe epecial plea. I* a bar o i In* u<" Ion. uud ih? i1ruiur*r taken ou tbu pail of I he Uiiit4*d Stalf" muni tin on rrulKil It. Iiein.{ c-n'id red by lb" Court, tbat the matter xpaclaily pinadoii by the claim u'N K' >bi' ll'wl and uloruialion tiled In lbin o<un". ain 'Uiita l(? law to a bar ib reof. and to Hit- proR-cullon ai.jrt-Mtiil tOf tbu tualtera | iu the said libel i-picirt'd It i* ordered by the l^ourt, tha t judgment be Jieudered for the elamuiuia. upon ilia demurrer iuterpo?< <1 iXt tb?j part of the plaintiff lo lb" pl"a atoreaaid. It in further ordered oy the Court, that the aald uhljj, her tackle, apparel and furniture aud the cargo in tb? pleading' ppeeifled, be dittc.harg"d from arr"?t In thbl cause, and be delivered up to the claimant!) therein. In Judge Ingraham?Jimrt Hunt vi. J G Umntit?In tbU lime a motion wa? made by plaintiff in perxun. that defendant might nbow canco 1 why judgment thould not be entered up Mr. (Jalbraith, ; for dotendant. appear d and Htated that nearly tiro yeir? nince an order had be"ii made by which the plaintiff was ordered to pay (IU rout*, and that proceedings should be Ma\ed until the coita were paid?lhat plaintiff had not since complied with the order by paying the coats. >iotion denied, wnh $7 additional oosts. llahtai Cor/iui Cn?e ?William Snuwden. who enlisted Noum time elncs In Albany, wan discharged on tbu ground of bis being a minor, upon refunding the balance oi IIin Dtiuniy aim returning uih ciouimg In Chamii ii, August i.--Before Jii'lge K imooda.? Tht Stave Catr.?Tile parties appeared In Cbainlx-rthla mnrniug, and requested tlie judge to proceed with the | cane. lie declined. In consequence of the multiplicity of bunines* on hand, aud recouunendrd tbam to wait until i Judge hdwards arrived In towu It was then suggested i to transfer the matter to Judge Oakley, but upon appllj nation being made to bim. be refuaed. on the ground of i having no Jurisdiction; that If be were to proceed the prevent writ cbwuld be discharged, and a new one grantI ed by bim The parties then agreed to wait until the return of Judge hdward/i. who is expected to-iaorrow, (this morning ) Court or Ociran.Hihiok, Aug 3?BeforeRecerd er Heott and Aldermen Dodgn and Merserole ? The following Is the cal-ndar from the prison, t?t down for trial: (irand larceny, 19; burglary, 2; forgery, 3; rape, 3; attempt at rape 1; attempt at grand larceny, 3; false pretence*. 1; disorderly house, 1; stabbing, 1; abandonment, 3; emb< tzleuient. 'J; petit larceny. 2; concealed , with Intent to steal, 1; bastardv, 3; Indicted, 11. Total, 61. The (irand Jurors were called and the followl eg gentlemen appeared and were sworn, as follows; William (isle Iforeman; Thomas Dol*u. William UenmM. A B. Nkilloian. Albert Maoe, Michael (iilhooley, CKorge W. Atibey. Alfred Barmorv, Mlrbael Brady, R B Daly, Juo. Kgan. Daniel Kanshaw, John .vIoKioiietnon, Jobn M?Oearh, Isaac R. Noyes, William R. Painter, L V. Hosted. V. M. Armstrong, W. Lockwood, jr., J Oretson, | uuiip, a. ?? nurj, auu u. <i. uni H?*?* ?. After ?n elaborate charge from Recorder Scott, tho j Grand J urorn retired to their room for the j roeeoutlon of their dutie* ,1 |'A iat for Rapt.?David Crottaern, impleaded with' ward II. Smith, IIeory i'etit, and fuatioe Turner, wan placed upon trial, on an indictment, for having, on tbn I?t day of July laat. committed a brutal outrage on the | person Of an Iriab girl, uamad Mary tjivea. Before the j conclusion of thin cause the court adjourned until tomorrow morning Notice.?The Andrew Morrison mentioned in thia paper of tho 'JSth ult., under the head of "Law Intellignncu. Is not Andrew Morrison. trom Tennessee, whoi* character and itanding among us, are, we understand, above reproach LM>R ?AL?.?A new SAIL BOAT, feci luuj. ' r lot R inches brum, well found mi sails, riggius, awn iinca, uahlona. H iid. ballnat, anchor, romp, k' Tl ? abote u perlectly uew, havinu been launched ouly out. mouth, >uid no cspcuac ?r*itd in hliiun her not. 8he iniy ba ittn hy apulyinK to Charles Thomas, boatnun, at Battery riitee, wlitre'.lie bout it ? >* lying For futhrr ptiticulan. apply to KOBKKT K18H. 110 7|'m No. 401 Wa'er itrect BROWNS' COrfKK HOUSE AM) DINIMO HA LOON, No. 71 Pnarl street, situated in the buainess par* of the city, (brad of Coentiea slip ) presents ?reat induct nirnta to merchants, strangers, anil others, whosebusiness them to thai part of the cny. Uresklasl, Diunrr and Tea (IKOHtiK BROWN,Uteol jtlWJOl'tc Lnvejov's Hotel FAN'f ALOoNS-K.' AlliU.NB. the welTkuowu ranis Tailor, Ami street, h%a latei> rereued over 100 t>ci. f?ney Caasimeres aud Linen*. of which lie nuke* putts to older lor only $2 .'j0 to ^4 |>vr piir. Aan, Kren band c.uglitn black rsasimeres and doaekiai. from ti to $U per pair warranted good. w no salt. Meats wh.1 are ill want of PauU, will do well to rail at Aim street. _ _ 1' 30t*re INKH' IIOTKL, No lit Chestnut atree'. Philadelphia I lie subscribers, nnder ihe tiiui ol (Iridic* At \i ea', tiara purchased Mr. J interest Hi rltta esMblishoteiit. aid hope hy the t!nc(e>t attention to tne w nt? did comforts { Uieif guests, to ineiit a r< of tne libersj | etrouage heretotart receivr d r ita f- rnier ^* it. Tiie I'o'i e (in" been th-jiowr If r-novated, an rejmird; we the efore i? I i'?fU ed ?? C"i veleon-eott t'lenot and the publie to accomrotMUens eensi 'unr.v <u 'nr eityof Ph Udelpbia. I* W BRIDUK9, ) to llirre -)O.HN v? K*T Kn. t. it .>e.f?I.Nr MUl at.. ? t\i>? tir.LLt,| lit suksorrber btgs leavt it# lafui >n loa friends ?<id the . uMit gtiwally, 'hat h'sKmiae la now open for the aootner xinjaigu Tiie whole eamtiluhmeni has b?en entirely ieni? * ii?<l A* n rrr> itifi. n imp nvrn si, re lair iik to*.ma t.ava i.e?u newly liilrjl o|. in .u.erior atvla, will compare will" lit* boat. They w il! ?' way? be I >un<l > * '( I clean. It ii >mewhv am i.ritma ihm thu italimi I'm tpol ituoi (nor* known u, lim f.iniliei. m lie city, *110 art every an miner tkni* i larea t-. reeoit to Fur health ami pleaao'e. It olfera <reai uiiliici't.,?iiu to faniilicii comma m from ti>? S-'uth, aa 'be ?ill find ! il? a moa li< illliful )>l<cv <>Tr Tli'jilnci la api.roicUible by laud 01 ? iter daily Thll Man ti fill alKiT *41 opened eitfht yrara ago by 'he preaent oo:?icuai.and h.ia been kept up at gieat riiiwui aeia? t liouao lor private luiulici. nil nan beru li' ?r?i1 > auppoiled Ilia tint! ara now changed, and *? tl?* w ti iii we?th*i it CmRi iiK t u iii. ilie iiUm-iioer bat mi doubt hi? liou?e will be hortly tilled and, therefore, advertiaea in order to vdviae f.imiliea to apn! y early The underanrned haa *reat confidence in b?iu? aei? to five enure aatialactioii to all who may lavor htm with their petrounge, and he it now ready to treat with familica ami f itiea I >r r -'tni to board upon fair term*, by the d<y, week or nuiu'h Tuiwent company can alwayi depend upon helm accommodated. I Coo ma can be secured on application at the houtc, or by letter. v . K. KICK. New Rocheile, Jnna 19, IMT. . " tot * rc hTTk IIOL?K SALOON. NO. 7 MklRI K.K STMra J. PoflTLKY, late of Philadelphia, hay nif leaaed the above lioaae, and ornuchly renovated the mtuiior with new and coatly furiiitnre, adding liot, cold end ah'.wer hath*, lor the accommodation of the imardera, it now leadv lo i?ceite boarderi Tin* hotue will be found a in?M drairable rrtiJri.fe for ainglaga 'amen, being within a lew momenta walk ol that ureal thoroughfare, Broadway, .ii d a lew doon ebnva < anal atreet, in a quiet md retired (treat, free I'rom the aoua mriuantal to moat h aari of thu dexriotiou. To itxi h"UH? there ia a har atvu-hao Tha li'ioort and vegan are not to be autpaaaed by any eatabliansiaiit in tha city ; and Mr*. A Poatlay li"j?ea that by tba untiring efforta of heraetf and the nu merova attach** of har honaa, th? will he able to *ive neurral itufactioa to all thoae that ma< favor b?r with a rail. a jy:i wt?t ^ \I QTirfc,.-Tha lubacribart Worm the pnblii l'?i tha if I A" haveJa?t received rtiait pplv of Mineial er. -Itr-el I fl"?> the Spiuni. ??ch a* fcharou, Blue Lira, Valuer, K. I gar, Vichy. M. *c., all nartirnlarlv beaelirial ai thi. .t -u of the They ftilfill, *? nanal, alt orderj lor die - ?.r, whuletalf nid retrnl. at their eitabluhinenta. No. 2 1, 1 ? I ?.d i.l Broad wajr, aaar Pr.nca ct, I j$M m*t ??U ?JrU*? * ,