Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 8, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 8, 1847 Page 1
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\ THJ V ol. XXII. No Whole No. 4813. I THE NEW YORK HERALD | ESTABLISHMENT, Rortk-wot corner or Fulton ?nd Dunn Ml. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CIRCVLATION-KOKTY TIIOC8AWD. DAILY HKRALD?Kvery day, Price 2 cent* per ?ow-|7 Ijjkt hiiuuin?payable in iiilviuff. _ WEEKLY HERALD?K.veiy Saturday?Price 6% centt per copy?$3 1 cenu per aim um?payable in advance. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Erery Steam Packet dayPrice ft,** cei<* per c<>pv?$S |>er hduiiui, Hiclndm* p?*<5,v' payable hi advance Suu>criptioiia and advertiaemjiute will be received by \1e??r< CHIivu'tiii In Hue Vineuue. Pan?; r. I*. Simondi, ItCorubill, ?u<l Joliu Miller the bookMller. L<md..u ANNUAL PICTORIAL HER YLD-Puttluhed on the If.l of Jauuxry of each year?aiiiKle copiea tiipence each ADVEHTlSEM KNTS, at the uiual i.rice??xlwa> ? caahi in advance ^AdvertiH-'nenUihould be writteq iu ajdaui, legible uinuiirr. i up rruprietor will not DC responsioie ior errors mat m*y occur in them. PRINTING of *11 kind* executed beautifully and with despatch. All letter* or communication* hy mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paid, or the postage will be d? dnrreil fr,,m r|,^ mh?criptiou innnev remitted NKW (UttH. AND HAKUCVl HAlLKOAU COMPANY HUMMKU ARRANUhMKNT. ON AND AFTER TIIIJRSDAV, JUNK 10th, 1847, the Car* will run an follows, until further notice. Up traiua will leave the City Hall for Iiirleinili Mormiaua. Knrliam & Tuckahoe PleasantTille, 1 30 A M. Wii'msBr'ge. Hart's and Newcastle 7 " 5 30 A.M. White Pl'iu. Bedford, * 7 7 A.M. Whitlickvllle " 10 " 10 " Croton Fall*. 10 " 11 " 4 P. M. 7 A. M. 11 " 3 P. M. 4 30 " 4 P. M. 2 P. M. 4 '' 3 5 30 " 4 " i 30 " 6 " 5 30 " 6 30 " . Heturuing to New York will leave? Morrisianalkliarlem. Fordham. WiU'insJJr'ge. Tuckahoe. 7 06 A M. 6 53 A M. 6 45 A. 7 30 A.M. 8 10 " 7 55 " 7 50 " 8 48 " 9 " 0 09 " 9 0? " 1 20 P. M. 10 ' 13 23 P.M. 12.5 P.M. 5 52 * 12 35 P. M. 1 45 I 40 " White Pl'na. 2 " 5 08 " # " 7 10 A. M. J ' 4.15 " 0 08 " I 33 " 5 20 " * 753 " 7 45 M 1 P. M. 6 " 5 23 M 6 28 " 8 05 " Fltasamville. New Cattle. Bedford. Whitlickville. 8 13 A M. 8 AM. 7 51 A M. 7 45 A M A 13 P M. S P M. 4 51 P M. 4 45 P M Crotou Fall*. 7 30 A M. 4 30 P M. The trains to and from Croton Fall* will not stop on New York Island, except at Broome street, aud 32d street. A car will precede each traiu ten minutes, to take up passengers in the city. , , _ The moruiiig train of cars from Croton riilliwill not stop between White Plains and N?w York, eacept at Tuckahoe William's Bridge, and Kordliam. Kxtra trains on Suudays to Harlem aud Marnsiana, if fine WStages for Lake Mahopackaud t^nburv leave Croton Falls oo Ktnval of the 7 o'clock A. M. aud 4 P. M. train*, and for Pawling* ou arrival of the 7 o'clock train. KAllfc FROM SW YORK : To Croton kails X 91 00 To Whitlickville To Newcastle 75 T<> rit'uaiitville ... <M7fe To White Plain*... ., M Freight tram* leave City Ilall at 12 M. and at 7 1*. M. Returning, leave Crotou Falls at 7 A. M. and 9 P. M. FOR8HREWSBURV7oCEAN HOUSE, r Long Branch, Uuusom Dock, Brown's Dock, "JJ'MHBMfcMiddletown and lied Bank.?The Steamboat ORUS, C. Price, Matter, will ran a* foliowi. from Fulton Market Slip, Ea*t River :? Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock. O'clock Sunday, 8, 5)4 A.M. Sunday, 8, 4 Monday, 9, 6 Monday, 9, I Tneiday. 1?, 6)4 Tuesday, In. Wednesday, 11, 7 Wednesday, II, I Thursday, 12, 8 Tl unday, 12 4 Friday, i:i, 8 i:i, 4)4 Saturday, 14, 9)% 11, i Sunday, 1}, 8 , 1), t> Monday, lt>, 7 ay, I#, 11)4 A.M. Tlie Line Starrs will run to 1. I Works, Stjuan Village and Kieehold. Stage* to convr . -niters to all parts of the country. N. B. All persons are-forbid lIih above boat on accountof the Owners. J P. ALLAIRE. au4 30l?rc FOR SHREW b LRY.LONG BRANI M, r- W 80HK,N(^K w- HIGHLAN US. Ocean WHMlkHoutr, and Eatoutown Landing. The Steambut KDWIN LEWIS, Opt Ilayues, will run as follows from foot of Vesey street, North Kiver: Leave New JKorJc. Leave Shrewsbury. Aug. o'clock. Aug. o'clockSunday, 8, at 5 A. M. Sunday, 8, at 4 P. M. Mouday 9, at 3 A.M. Monday, 9, at 7 A.M. Monday, 9, at 1)4 I'. M. Tuesday, 10, at 7 A. M. Tuesday, 10, at 2ii I'. M. Wed'y, II, at 7)4 A.M. Wed'y, 11, at P. M. Thursday 12, at 8 A. Si Thur'd'y 12, at 3 P M. Friday, 13, at 9 A.M Fr day 13, at 3'4 P.M. Saturday, 14, at ? A.M. Saturday,14, ut IH P M. Saturday, 11, at 8 P. Si. Htages will be in leadiness on the arrival of the boat to convey passeugers to all |wri* of the country. jy3l 30t?'c mFORKKY PORT-The ..earner JOsTFil yiNE. C OFFICE, will leate the pier, foot of Chamber* street, daily, for Key Port, at 3 o'clock, P. M. N. B.?On Sunday's,|the boat will leave at 8)4, A. M. sil l Ml in The superior stiamer [NEW HAVfcN, Van Felt, can be chartered for P.xcurmktmMMmmmstoni 10 any place, by application at No. 8 Battery Flue*. NorttHriver. _jy28 30trc MORN I NO BOAT AT MALF-PAST for Albany an<l intermediate landings.? NdBHHBUbi Kari-M reiitH. Breakfast nud dinner ou board the bout. 1'lie well-known low pressure steamboat SOUTH AVIERICA, Capt. T. N. Hulse, will leave ilia Steamboat Pier, foot of Barclay street, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at half-patl ?ix o'clock VM. ??4 11?- re ,r^u. VIOKNINO LINK FOR ALBANY AM) TKOV and Intermediate Landings. Breakfast and Duiner on board the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Oorham, will leave the ste.*mb'>at pier foot of Barclay street, Monday*, Wedneadaya, and Kridaya, at aeven o'clock A. M Returomr on 'be opposite day*. The Strainer Nl AUARA, Capt. H. L. Kellogg, will leave the Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay street, Tueailay, Thoraday aud Saturday, at half paat aix o'clock, A. M., returning on the cpi>oaite days. [[/- F are 50 Centa. ForjMunwe or freight, apply oa board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. jyJO NOTICE. r-*^ 8TATKN ISLAND FERRY.?On and ^ln SUNDAY, April 18th. the steamboat* SYLP* and STATEN ISLANDER will rati a* follows, until further notice LKAVK STATKN ISI.ARD At ?, 8, 9, 10,11, A. M., and 1, 2, S, 4, 9, ?, T, T. M. LKAVK SIW YORK At 7, >, 10, 11, A. M-, and 1, 2, ten minutes past t, tad at 4, 5, K.7, o'clock, P. M. N'ew V(irk April llili. alt r irw?. OPPOSITION PASHAOE OFFICE?To c N A Ibany. Utica, >1 SO; Syracuse, $2; Oswego, MMMBkl]; Rochester, (2; Buffalo, $2; Cleveland, $4; Detroit, fl; Milwaukie, i<; 7.'>; Ctrl Cairo. tO 75; Cincuinati, 46 7J; Toronto and Hamilton,t4; Whitehall, |l;\loutreal, S4; Pittsburg, fi>. Office, IOO Barclay street. A i"' aecurity required will be Riven for the fulfilment of all coutracii "'ade with this company. jyl6Mt?r M. L. RAf , Agent, New York?IS')?. DAILY EXCURSION TO THE ELY r' jfc^alt^ZLMsiAN HELPS. HOBOKEN.-On and alter MHWHlMMSiiuday, July 11th, the steamboat PIONEER will make regular trips from Canal and Nineteenth streets, direct to the Elvsian Fields, at Hobokeu. leaving the above men turned placet iu follow*:? Hanftiioud atreet, Nineteenth (treet, Klyaian Kielda, 10 o'clock, I0V4 o'clock, 10U o'clock, 12 " 11W " IIC 2 I2$ i2>2 ;; I I | \ JvX14t*f 1ft ? ? 11 m __ reuruD MME BTfiAMUOA'A 8 COM r il "nilllB^ Daily, Sunday* Kirepted? dHMlMBM Through Direct?At 7 o'clock, P. M., from the I'ler between Courtlandt mid Liberty atreet*. Hlcamlx?t IHAAC NEWTON, Capt. Win. II. I'eck, will leave on Monday, Wedue?day, and Kriday evening*, at 7 o'clock. Hte.imbont HBNDRIK HUDSON, Capt. R. O. Cruttenden, will leave on Toeiday, Thursday au d Saturday evening* at 7 o'clock. Special Train* for Schenectady. BalUtnn, and Saratoga Spring!, will run aa follow*:?Leave Albany at IW A.M., 3 P.M., except Sunday*. I'aaaeiiKeri will lind thia the inoK ex peditiou* and convenient route. At Kire O'clock, I*. M.?Landing at Intermedin* Placfa? from the loot o I Barcltv (tract. Steamboat NORTH AMKRICA, Captain Truadell, will 1(4)0 on Mouday, Wednesday, Kriday, and Sunday afternoon*, ml o'clock. Steainbont KOCIIESTKR, Ca):tain R. H. Furry, will leave on Tueaday, Thnrttlay, and Saturday afternoon*, at '1 o'clock. The abuve boat* will at atl time* arriv* in Albany it ample tune for the Morning Cart for cue Kaat or Went Freight taken at moderate rate., and none takeu after i}? o'clock, P. M. [Cr All per(ou( are forbid uniting any of the boat* of thia line, without a written order Irotn the captain* or ageuta. Kor r>a**.ige or freight, apply on board the lioata, or to P. C. 8CHITLTZ, at th* office on the wharf. aii l CITIZKN'H NKW BAY L INIA ?>f r wdi^SMprPOSITION BOATS FOIl ALBANY, Landing at Van Courtlandt* Newburgh, roughkeepsie, Kiugston.Catskill ?ud Hudson ? KarsiO cent*? ROGER WILLIAMS, Capt. A Degroot, Tuesday*. Thursdays, and Saturdays, at ruilf-past ai< A NI-, from the pier foot of Robinson street, touching at IJamtnonii street nier, from New York, (for passage or meght, apply en t>onrd ihe Boats, of to Cleo. T Stanley,at the office, foot of Kobmson street. it /" All persons are forbid trusting the above boats no aeeoaotof the ow?er?. niv!9ili JUA*- ONLY REOl LAH LINK Of' l'A< KK'J'8 KOR J?B?W,tiLAH?X)W.?The splendid new packet ship SfiCgSalillOOKHB V. Captain McKweu, will sail |io*itively 01! tne I it It August, her regular day. She has splendid cabin accommodations, ami can also com (nrtably accommodate a limited number of second cabin pas v.-imcrs if early application be made to sengers, W. fc J. T. TAP8COTT, nu7 Iti South street. ONLY HKUUI.AH I.INK OK I*A KKTMKOU JrV*N?N KW OHLK A NH.?Packet of Ktli August.?'The SL?jb?aM'len<liil last sailing aod faeorite packet ship VICKSn^t^^;apt Berry, will positively Mil on Monday, Augnst ?lth 18)7 her regular day. Tke accommodations ol this msgiiiAeeot iine rf packets, it is well known, are superior to mest ol Ihe other H..utherii packets. I hey sail punctnslly as silvertUed duung the nasou. and the pi ice ol p.age low lhi?e "S- M'VW i*x*rw6M'.?,C.u: E NE1 IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. [From the Now Orleans Time*. Jul? 30 1 Th? United States transport Hteauiidiip Maa**chus?tt*. Captain Wood, arrived here yesterday. from Vera Cruz the 23d inst . bringing u? Hle< of the Sol Je .luahuac to date tif departure, and our regular corrpspon li nee from ' Indicator'' up to the time of her departure No intelligence direct from the city of Mexico or even from I'uebla, traceable to any authentic eouree, had reached Vera Crua, since the date of our last advice* It will be recollected, that all was then in a ntate of doubt and suspense. Information in an unofficial form 1 had arrived there, intimating that Hanta Anna had taken the initiative in the question of the constitutionality of opening a negotiation with Mr. Trliit. which had lain between him and the Congress, and had appointed three commissioner* to meet the American Knvcy at Han Martin Tesmeluoan, on an appointod day. In reference to this vital subject,thefSn/ dr Jlnahuar of the Uid instant, states that rumors were in circulation quite unfATOrfthlH to tha lllflMM nf VIa T.I.* ?I"J I-J 1 I from letters which had oomtt to hand from Puebla. It wan certain that the commission had not been installed, and '' consequently, that the hopes of peaoe which had been founded thereon, had completely vanished." He adds, on the other hand, that from the oontlnund Inaction of General Scott's army, the only datum on which caa possibly rent the probability of a commission for the settlement of difficulties, and the total absenoe of news for some time from the Interior. It may be that the Commander-in-Chief is waiting the arrival of fresh Instructions from Washington. The Immediate nomination of commissioners, and the designation of the plaoe of meeting, would seem to indicate a slnoere desire on the part of the Mexicans, for some kind of a pacific arrangement. Mflloultles of an accidental nature, delays, etc., may have intervened to obstruct the consummation of a treaty. Kuglish mediation, it was stated, had been proffered and aceepted. which bad progresaod so far as to have brought the Hecretary of Legation of the llritish embassy to the headquarters of General Scott at I'uebla. In allusion to this last means.which the Mexicans had had reoourse, the Sot ift^hialniac expresses its dissent from any foreign interference, an being always costly, and sometimes most fatal in Its results. In reviewing all the news, however, whioh has reached us by this arrival, we are bound to oonfess, that everything is in ifatuyuo as at the last receipt of intelligence. Nothing definite is known ; either of the sentiments of the Congress, of whose meeting not a word is said, or ot the mode of acting of the Mexican Government. Gen. Soott has not yet left Puebla, when the the last accounts were reoeived at Vera Crux from that nitv. 1 Li. In opposition to the foregoing speculation*, however, we find that a letter of the 17th, which h*s not come to hand an yet, a circumstance we much regret, in alluded to by our regular correspondent, " Indicator," in which, as we glean from his remarks on the 20th relating thereto, he state* that all hopes ot peaoe are entirely crushed, and that lien. Scott was to maroh on the capital on the lftth Inst. Santa Anna, at the head of a large army, supposed to be 22,000 strong, intended to give him battle at some point between i'uebla and Mexico. General Pierce left with his trafn on the day indioated in our last advioes. During his advance firing had been heard along the road, by which it seems he must have met with some obstacles from the guerillas, ilia force, however, was so overwhelmingly strong?three thousand men with one hundred and fifty wagons?that he no doubt brushed away these predatory bands with ease, in reference to this, we learn that two hundred men. who set forth from Vera Cruz after the train whioh left a few days before, were attacked a short distance from Santa Ke. The Mexioans had u strong force, but were defeated. Lieutenant Kitigerald had been sent on an expedition with twenty-five men. They went to Santa Ke. took away some provisions belonging to the army, and set tire to that town, a place of refuge to guerillas. Vomita, the terror of foreigners in Vera Crus. still continues its ravages, but it is quite oertaln that the health orthe oity has immensely improved in comparison with that during Ipast years, through the enlightened measures introduced by the Americans. The Board of Health are unceasing in their labors to prevent and mitigate the ravages of this horrid scourge. We take the following from the Sol de Jlnahuac of the :id instant : ? The following extraot of a letter from Col. Gates, atlrt'Hsed to Gov. Wilson, who had the kindness to permit us to publish it, will show that Col. De Hussy's loss was not so great as we have announced it : ? Tampico, July 17, 1847. Colonel?I do not at this time regret that you could not send me the assistance 1 desired. Col. De Hussy has returned with bis command, having lost only eight or ten men after being attacked by twelve hundred or more, and surrounded for three days, whilst on his way to Tampion, lit* made such havoc with his ti-poundur and his men. that the enemy were afraid at last to come within gunshot. He killed and wounded one hundred and fifty men. confessed by an officer of the Mexican forces. Uur officer* say one hundred and fifty killed?the truth Is, one hundred and twenty men parsed through a range of one iiuuuicu nuvi CIJJUI I uiucr. auu n pv|/ui?viwu U1 III^J LUOUMind, with great suocess. The Col. ?u ambuscadrd three times by one thousand, or more, and yet he defeated the enemy continually, and when 1 heard of hiii being surrounded by so large a force, I thought he would find it beyond his power to escape, but he extricated himself handsomely?and I am rqjoiced at his ' feat of arms.'1 As there is a probability of a night attack on the city, when muoh injury might result to persous and property, for want of combined movements, the Governor of Vera Crux has issued orders, directing all Americans residing there to enrol themselves in a corps to be commanded by Capt. Wm. s Tippetts, and to repair on the first alarm to a plaoe designated. In the event of an alarm,which will be known by the discharge of a signal gun, all the Mexican men, women and ohildren (watohmen included) residing in town, will repair to the northern end of the city, iu rear of Kurt Conception, and all neutral foreigner* to the Mole, where tbey will be Hecnre front injury. At a signal from the town, the guns of the castle will open a Ore upon the city. Captains of vessels in the harbor, are requested, in case of an assault, to repair with a part of their crews to Forts Santiago and Conception, as they may be nearest. Auy inhabitant of the towns, found to be acting in conceit with the enemy, will be immediately arrested, and dealt with either at the moment, or afterwards, as the nature ot the case may require. Keepers are prohibited from selling arms to the Mexicans, and are called on to deliver them to Mr. Diamond the Collector, for safe keeping. We are sorry to learn that the Oovernor of Vera Cruz was taken suddenly and alarmingly ill on the morning of the 'Md Instant. We trust that he has recovered before this. Commodore Perry has again left Anton Lizardo for Tabasco, and it is reported that the further occupation of that place is to be, for the present, abandoned. An alarm was given by an excitable character, named Samuel M'Quillan, at half past (>, 1'. M , on th? 16th lust The citizens could be seen running in all directions? the doors of newly all the houses were shut with precipitation, making a noise like that of the discharge of musketry?the cries ot the frightened women and children in the bouses oould be heard by the persons in the streets, and the city had ail at once taken a very sombre aspect. An immense crowd of Americans rushed into the Arsenal to get arms and were Immediately equipped, as it was believed that the Mexicans had revolted. After the excitement was a little eooled down, it was ascertained that this waa a false alarm. iM'qulllan was sent prisoner to the castle for the incautious way in whloh he had octed. Vkra Cam, Julr 20, 1B47. In my hurried note ofthe 17th, I Informed you of the destruction of our hopes with regard to peace, and of the report that Hen. Scott had tlxed upcu the Kith instant for his march upon the capital. It Is to be expected that our next express will bring us intelligence of his being on the road. I have ween one letter to-day, from nn olllcci ot the staff at Puebla, which states that from the best information he can obtain, he forms the opinion that Santa Anna has a force of twenty-two thousand men, most of which will probsbiy meet ( Jen. Scott's army on Its way, and afford another;Cerro Gordo laurel to each of our brave fellows. I believe it is true, however, that Alvarez has gone South, without having redeemed a single promise made to Santa Anua. or having accomplished one of his dread intentions declared against the " Yankis " All hid Indiana, of course, went with him One would think Santa Anna would nave hanged a miserable old eoward like Canallzo, rather than lose such an auxiliary as Alvarez at thi* juncture ; but the faot is, Hanta Anna's judgment is about as much below par as his courage, a nd he had not the tact to conciliate his ally. Alvarez is a sovereign in his own district, and as absolute as Nicholas, or Mahomed, and it Is no wonder that his pride revolted at the Idea of serving under a creature so contemptible as Canalizo. A quarrel on the subject of rank, has also arisen in our army, but I presume the consequences will not be very serious. The oommander-in-chief has made a very sensible decision on the subject, and the matter lies in a proper shape, pending an appeal. Just think of Hen. Worth seHving under tuoh a man as t'lllow, or even under (Quitman ! [Napoleon under Colonel Pluck ' Oen. (Quitman is a gentleman, and a good offloer perhaps the very best of his class of appolntmonts, but he should never think of leading Worth, who Is decidedly, and by gwneral consent, the second man in the army, In point of talent and fitness for command. Vera Cruz is quiet enough just now, and I see no great reason to apprehend an early disturbance, but there are idle and foolish spirits at work, which may produco damage to themselves, harmless as the Issue may be to us. There are in Vera Cruz some thirty or forty young men who wore brought up in public offices, and have b?en thrown out of employment by the advent of the American*. Some of them, however, have received small <,fl\ces under the Municipal authorities and Home lew are attached to th? civil branched of the army, in situations of trifling importance. Thorn out of employ regard the other* with jealousy, and are now denouncing them as traitor* for holding the very place* in which their own effort* to supplant thein have been unsuc.cpstful. <lnc of these disappointed oflice seeker*, the other day succeeded in gathering a number of Vera Cruzano* around him in a room of one of the principal coffee houses of this city, when he induced them to take an oath, individually, not to accept, or hold in any form, an offioe under th* Yankees. A friend of mine, who is a great deal behind the scenns. has given me some notes of a speech made by the gentleman to whom I allude, upon the occasion ipoxen of, from which I translate the following extracts ; ? "Many of my fellow-citizens havu l>een induced to believe that, because I have tilled an office connected with the financial concerns of this city. I hare united my interests with then* of the Americans But how much they wrong bm ! Never could Antonio *******t prove W YO NEW YORK, SUNDAY IV such id ingrate to hi* country ! And. gentlemen, permit inc to t*U you. the day of sweet revenge i? at band; the day of glory for the Mexicans. When it coram you will learn that I, your friend, have merited and wilt continue to merit your entire confidence, Sic. Sto." Thii and some other speaker* on the occasion are Spaniard*, but the young uien who composed this meeting were Ahietly Mexicans 'I'wo K reach gentlemen arrived here yesterday from Jalspa. and inform us that Oeneral Pierce will meet with seriou* opposition from the guerillas and other* at almost every step on his march. To impede his advnnce as much as possible, two bridges 4>n the road have been destroyed, one at Nan Juan.twenty miles from here, and the other at El Plan, near Cerro Oordo The latter was a tine structure There is timber, however, in the neighborhood, with which I suppose another bridge can to be built, to answer a temporary purpose, but much d> lay must necessarily be suffered The bridge at Han uan is of less consequence, but as the rainy season has set in. the river ha* swoollen to an extent that must rend r Its passage a most diflloult matter. Of course. (General Pierce has no pontoon train, and t don't know that. .-t?n Men. Scott has one. 1 treat my information as oorrect, as I have no shadow of reason to doubt the authority from which I reoelved ik, ?uu uiuBb i>iu iuh buu .vieJMumui* nro gremirr uuun than 1 bare ever considered them. If It b? not correct And who in to blame for this and the other difficulties which line the road to Jalap* ' Is it Oenmd Scott, or higher authority, or both ? One thousand men. stationed between Jalapaand Santa Ke. a distance less than seventy miles,would bare saved not only these bridges, but many valuable lives, and much property. Such a guard would have afforded ample protection to travellers, and by preventing depredations, would so have disoouraged the guerillas, that half their band* would ere this have been broken and scattered over the oountry, to prey upon Mexican iusteatl of XmcricKii property. Many think lien. Scott is more to lilinue ill this regard than the government at Washington. lie has bad but few troops it is true, but what service could they render in I'uebla, where they have been lying inactive tor so long a time ! And who evtr heard of a General advancing without supplies, into the heart of an ill-supplied country, leaving his rear, his only channel of supply, to be blockaded up by the euemy, cutting off or se. iously delaying his ineaBS of subsistence ? It seems to me to be a new kind of generalship. Whether an Improved or worse kind than the old, I am incompetent to judge. The ship C harleston arrived last evening from Charleston with two hundred and seventy troops ; the ship Virginia to-day, from New York, with two hum'red and fifty, and the steamer Massachusetts with a number more ; I have not learued how many. These, with the Louisianians, received the other day by the America, place us out of all danger, except of rowdyism, and the Increase of mortality. The foreign residents, and the well disposed Mexicans, complain seriously of the recent orders, Nos. 34 and Issued by Oovernor Wilson, in whloli he says the castle will lire upon the town In case of an attack. I can hardly suppose that he seriously contemplates suoh a measure, as its elfeot would be to aid the express objcct of tbe guerillas, or robbers, composing the assailants. Their design would lie to destroy as muoh property as possible, and they would thank the Oovernor for his valuable assistance in its destruction- and who would protect the poor foreigners, huddled together, old men. women and children, in such a place as that appointed for their shelter, or rendesvous, for shelter It is not in any sense of tbe word! 1 sincerely hope that better councils, or rather authority, will induce a further amendment of his orders, before an attack takes place. The effect of the orders has been to destroy, in a great measure, the confidence reposed in our promises of protection: and 1 don't know how anv rood enulil h? my. poeted to result from them. The health of the city certainly grows no worse, and in probably, under the excellent regulations of the Board of Health, improving, although the weather continues extremely hot The worst of the season may be considered as having passed, but it is still dangerous for strangers to venture here. A family of live oame in a week ago and took rooms at the hotel at whloh 1 make my home. Kour of the five have taken the vomlto. One died two days ago, and two are now very low; the other in convalescing. This case is one wltnin the general rule, and 1 mention it as such by way of caution to those who have a notion of trying tlieir fortunes here. Vera f'rut is to be avoided on another aocount?that of speculation. A number of young men who could not get employment at home have rushed to Vera Cruz, in the confidence of accumulating a speedy competence. Out of every twenty who have come here wltn such no'irtus, about ten have died with the voinito; five barely obtain means of subsistence; four return from whence they came, far poorer in health, purse and spirits tbau wheu they came; and one, possibly one, finds a respectable salary, or a paying business. The following articles are scarce iu this market, and would bring the prices named respectively, vl/.:?flour. M4to(ln per bbl., duty paid?yellow corn, f'i to la per bushel, duty paid?butter, 'JH to 40c. per lb., duty paid -7c.; lard, 19 to -Jlc. per lb., duty paid? 4c; Colgate's white bar soap, 11 to i:to. per fl>., duty paid?8c. Vera C*ux, July J-', 1H47. The steamer Waaliiuirton left this afternoon for Turn pico au<l tho B radon, and thu (^iiart?rmaxt?r'K people tell us that thu Massaohusetta wilt start early to-morrow morning for New Orleans - thin being the cut, 1 must write, although I hare little to say Indeed. After all the delay winch occurred in getting oil the train and esoort under Uen. Pierce, many of the wagons were ill au unprepared Htate. and became detached from the main body. An escort of a hundred and fifty or two hundred troop* wan detailed to remain with the struggles and guard them until they could rejoin the train, while the uiaiu body moved forward. The detachment had, however, advanced only a few miles beyond Santa h'e, when it was attacked by a large party ot guerillas, which kept it engaged for about four hours, at the end of which time the Mexicans were well ' used up," and the Americans moved forward. A gentleman who passed along the road yesterday moruiug, stales that he saw several dead bodies in the vicinity?all Mexicans?and has no doubt that the guerillas had m-t with a considerable loss No wounded have arrived here from our troops, and it is to be presumed that their lots has been (tinaU. It Is strange that no messenger has been despatched to the governor with the intelligence. The tiring was plainly heard by our siok, which had been left behind at Sauta Ke. The detachment which 1 inenllon?d in my last, as having been sent to Santa Ke. has returued, and report the entire destruction of the place, in conformity with the governor's orders. I ho measure of destroying that place is a good one. and it is to be hoped will be followed up with that of the destruction of all the hamlets within ten miles of the city. The preservation of life and public property requires such a step,and even if we have to pay for the property destroyed, it is yet the policy of true economy. The police think they have caught the murderer of t he poor wretch mentioned in my last, but I think it extremely doubtful. They have apprehended a "suspicious character," and that is all they know of the natter. In the Sun of Jlnuhuac, of to-day, which 1 send enclosed, you will find a new system of tanation just put In force throughout this Slate by the ciovernor of Jalapa. Amongst the appointments to carry the law into operation, you will observe those of collector, sub-colleotor, and secretaries, for the cities of Vera L'ru/. and Tampiuo. Their duties will not be very fatiguing, 1 fancy, and the quarterly returns which they are required to furnish, will be fully exhibited, 1 think, on a blank sheet of paper. We have an arrival to-day from Orazaba, but no news of the slightest Interest. United Static* Shit Ahkhicam, t Oir Vara <;ru*, July 24, 1H47. ] The steamer Massachusetts being about to leave I drop you these few lined, merely to say to you that we have not had another stampede in the city since I last wrote you. Fresh arrival* of troops continue to cotne in : The Charleston, twenty-nine clay* from Charleston, with two hundred and fifty men of the 19th Regiment: the Virginia, tweuty-nine day* from New Vork, with nearly three hundred men ; the Massachusetts with volunteers and regulars?in all about eight hundred men. Major Smith, Quartermaster, la very low from a relapse ; Col. Wilson had a slight attack; Capt. Warrington and 1-ieut. Creanor convalescent The health of this place is not so bad as the people who talk about it. Captain riumer is now aoting for Major Smith, Quartermaster Our ship If now made a store-ship, taking in oats and ammunition from various chartered ships. A French Captain of a man-of-war, died at Hacrificios a few days ago ; I did not learn his name. Commodore f'erry has gone to Tabasoo, It U Mid, to abandon that point. Our market is glutted with everything, Including money, but no intercourse with the interior. AFFAIRS IN VERA CRUZ. **A correspondent of the New Orleans Commercial Timrn writing from Vera Cruz, under date of July lftth, says?''There is no improvement in trade. One foreign vessel only is here, the Duvlvier. not yet commenced to discharge A fair amount of drafts on I'uehla, principally received for duties, go up with the train now leaving. No goods belonging to merchants can take this mode of conveyance, or some business might be very profitably carried on. Jalapa and I'uehla must be very much in want of foreign goods by this time, but I believe they receive small low from the coast, which are landed by smugglers. It Is reported here that New Orleans Is doing a very fair business In that line, and it Is probably true Vessels clearing for the " Oulf of Mex. ico" have * large licence. SCENE IN OK.N. TAYLOR'S TRNT. [H'rom the New Orleans National J The public are familiar with the excitement that seized upon (Jen. Taylor, when he learned that hit veteran troopa had left him, to join (Jen. Scott?how he turned nimple.wholeiome dishes into etUrtei, by putting mustard into hid colTee and on hid bread, the like of which, had never before been witnessed, except in a foreign oookery. It in said that when Don /achary had got well over hi* wrath, he wu Kitting in his tent, reMeeting upon the philanthropic idea of writing to Santa Anna, that he had better compound thin war to nave himself from being tlog^od to death, should he ever con* elude to come to Mexico by the way of San l.uis Potoii wLen a starched up orderly presented himself at the General'* tent with a formidable looking official document. The old Oeneral, not in a mood to be disturbed

by bunineiw matter*, handed it over to Major lilies, with the remark that he might Mend an answer to it. The old lieneral then fixed hid oyeg philosophically upon a tarantula that had gone to sleep upon one of Ills tent poles, and recommenced cogitating about writing to Santa Anna Now, Major Bliss had, In the mean time, travelled through an Immense number of military title*, and reading aloud, had got Into the glut of the'.offlcial looking letter, when he stumbled on the following, "send me alto Bragg's and Washington * Batteries Hereupon old Zao wheeled round on hit camp etool ao I RK H IORNING, AUGUST 8, 18 suddenly that the tarantula took to hi* heel*, and an rapidly m hit oould artinulat*, ho exclaimed, " Ah, what in that ?" Now, Major BIIm was tak n all abaok by the order he had read; so he recovered from hi* surprise. aod began reading airaln the nentetice that had created so much excitement the old hero?" Send me aUo Bragg'* and [ Washington'* batterie* " Thi* too much-all the old veteran* of the 9th iinij !tth (rone and mo*t of the volunteers that bad *erte<1 at innterey ?and to order off the *mall remnant of artillery left with him made old /ac perfectly terTi ble Hi* eyebrows elevated themselves until they displayed a pair of glnwiog eye* that seemed to be burning wi(hin their locket*; eveu the old browu coat for a momust a**UBi?d a *ort of indignant air. and the nap of It. wMpre there wag any left, turned up with indignation " * 8-a-y to hl-m. not another gun " articulated the Ot*>ral with difficulty The storm was passed?the evpbrow* fell into their nl^xua tK. i with philosophic resignation. find the mouth grew into a go*$ iiatured smile, anil not unother word was ever said about the order so ?ummarily answered, so positively dlaibeyed. The bittlo of Butna Vl?ta ia time followed, and the part took in It by the light artillery has become Immortal fame; and the prompt reply of ' Not another gun'1 wall consequently followed fcy A little more grape, Capt Bragg nava1.. The officer* and orew of the itarltan were on WednesJu.i discharged from quarantine, and have left the ship. l'lB Ilaritan, however, remains at the quarantine ^rJand, with th? sloop of war Vandalia as a guard ship, wl\jt a crew under the charge of master's mate K. K. Olty^tea!?Norfolk beacon Ouwuiodore O. W Storer, IJ. H. N , arrived in this clt^jeiUorday, and will go out in the U. H. frigate BrandyKlf, (his flag ship.) as commander of the squadron on (he Brazil station. Capt. Thomas Crabb, who oouimidld* the Brandy wine, arrived here some days ago.? yjjotk Herald, August 6th. Herald Foreign Correapoiulence. Dublin, June 28, 1817. frith Rrpeat *Issociation?Irish Council?Mr. O'Connell?Remains of O'Canntll?Politics and the State of the Country?The Crops?fever?Price of Provisions? Waste Lands of Ireland. The Repeal Association met as usual on Monday lust and Mr. John O'Connell, as on former occasions, was the principal speaker. At a meeting of the Irish Council, field June 1st, Sir Colman ()'I,oghlen said that "Mr. John O'Connell had requested him to assure the Committee that nothing hut the bereavement which he was suffering, could have prevented him taking part in the proceedings.'' Scarcely three weeks had elapsed since that declaration in his behalf, when ho rises In Conciliation llall on the 21st. and gives utterance to a continous strain of ridioule and condemnation against the self same assembly?his speech was directed against the members, principles, and Constitution of the Irish Council, and ho argued in a merry strain to support his views, coming to the conclusion that the complicated patch work of different political opinions which composed it, would form but a sort of harlequin nationality. (The runt nt flia wouk w.a 1 >1. \ III. - J?i will scarcely conclude that Mr. O'Connell U acting with Kunioleot judgment Hlnce bit recent loan, and speedy assumption of the leadership. However, he is nominated an the Repeal candidate for Dublin, though with but little enthusiasm,and by a divided interest, and hisohaneea of success are very slight indeed. The Irish Council held great ireeting on Tuesday, the il-id Instant, and adjourned, by the length of the proceedings, to the following day. Smith O'Brien, without advooatiug his favorite uieMure of repeal, an extreme measure excluded by the constitution of the society, gave an ubie exposition of bin views with regard to the promotion of the interests of Ireland; and Sir Colman O'l.oghlun, the secretary, in answer to oertain remarks of a portion of the proas, gave a full and most satisfactory account of the formation, objects, and constitution of the Irish Council. Its sittings will bo adjourned shortly during the long vacation, as the summer months are called in Ireland ; but, though yet In its Infancy, it promises well lor the long neglected interests of thin poor island, and afford* a common ground, where men of all politic! hitherto kept apart by sectarian and individual interest can meet to discuss and promote the welfare of theii fatherland. The Irish confederation has Issued an able and spirited address, iu anticipation of the coming elections to the respective censlituencies of ,'reland. Thu special i|Uall(lcalion lor an Irish representative, in con junction wiiu anility sun integrity, la stated to lie a thorough devotion to the cause of Irish independence ; and Uiu absolute necessity of these qualification* In at longfti set forth, Mil recommended to th? convictions of the electors. It must prove a source of the sincrrest pleasure to the member* of thin political body to |?>rreive that principle*, of which, some time nince, they seemed to stand forth ait the sole advocates and supporters, are now daily spreading widely, and beooming the priciples of an almost entire people. At a meeting of Conservative gentlemen, held last week in Cork, for the purpose of chosiug a proper representative, a Mr. 8arstield expressed his opinion that a repealer should be supported in preierence to any who would not pledge himself to complete independence of an ?ngish ministry, and total application to Irish interests; and similar sentiments are in existence elsewhere. The repeal party in the city of Cork have nominated Dr. I'ower. of Ridigacuulting. as their candidate for the oounty. The several /candidates in the different localities are not as yet generally or definitely tiled upon, as the time for the dissolution of Parliament is not as yet certainly named, the Spectator mentions confidently the middle of July, and others state about the soinmencement of August The remains of Mr O'Connell are expected to reach Southampton ?u the 17th July, the Pensular and Oriental Steam Company having, in the kindest manner, presented one of their vessels for its conveyance to its final destination, so that the ceremonies uf his interment will lake place almost at the Hume time with the elections. ? Gcuoa lies at the distauce of a week's journey from Dublin?five have passed since his decease. To turn from polities, and indirectly to the state of the country and prospect* of the coming harvest, report* lrom all quarters are of the most favorable character. The apprehension* entertained some weeks tince of a blight in the potato crop, are rapidly lessening or departing A Mr. Uniacke states that for some time past, he had I,.-en examining the potato gardeus for twenty miles round his house in the dlrenlion of Kermoy, Mallou. and Middleton, and he had not discovered a single bllgutcd Held in that tract of country. The accounts from Mayo, Kerry, Newry, give a like statement, and the Louth .hirertiter reports most favorably of the luxuriant appearance of the corn crops in Louth, Meath, Down, Armagh, and In tb? northern counties generally. The greuu crops promise a rich return, and all in the immediate neighborhood are rapidly approaching maturity. We regret that we cannot give a like cheering acoount in other respects. Kevnr still rages lu several localities with undiminished or increaiing severity. In Cork, Dr. beamish, the oldest and most experienced medical ofllcee 'there, states, that il there were 1,000 more hospital beds for fever patients, he could fllU them within twenty-four hours. In Tnam, Longhrea. Oort, and other towns, fever rages to an alarming extent The fever ho,pital in Loughrea is full, and In the other districts where there are no hospitals, and where the fever act is not as yet In operation, the workhouse hospitals are crowded toexcesr. Kever is still spreading in llelfast with unabated vigor; several respectable inhabitants have lately fallen victims to It. The number of patients in the three hospitals on Monday night, including the convalescent In the camp tents, were 1,0a0. The number oj deaths among the lower order of people in town, for the week ending Tuesday the 1.1th, was announced In the Vindicator of the Itith, to be one hundred aud forty-tour In Uerry fever hospital, there were 011 the l'Uli, !?l? patients. During the heat of the summer months, it is tn be feared that the violence of lever will still further Increase. Notwithstanding the large arrivals of provisions in the ports of Ireland, there is still no sensible fall in the price of provisions here. Accounts have reached of large arrivals also In the Kngllsh ports, yet their ef. feet upon the retail market cannot yet be perceived, and it is to be feared, that while we have so many consu. liters all depending upon importation, price* will no! sensibly decline until after harvest, and then, from causes formerly hinted at, by no means to the extent expected. Tho American ships Husr|uehannah, from Philadelphia, and Patrick Henry from New Vork, have reached Liverpool with the largest oargo of biscuit jet imported Ify an order from the treasury, biscuits may be imported from foreign countries dutv free, otli?r dun lancy'biscult or oonfeotionery, until the enduing lit of September. The Chancellor of the Kxchequer is preparing to lay before 1'arliament, a bill to facilitate the recovery ol' money lent on the security of property In Ireland. Thia, and the prospects of aa income tax, and the pressure of a poor law, all bearing upon the landed 1 liferent, must call up cheering anticipations in the minds of Irish landholders. .Self-Interest, contrary to the expectationx of the Whig premier, may prore a powerful future stimulant to nationality. Mir William Homerviile will succeed to the Irlsli .Secretary xhip, which Mr. Labouchera vacate*. Immediately aftci the dissolution of 1'arliament, fur the 1'residency of the Hoard of Trade or Control. On the JJd instant. In the House of Common*. on Mr. I'oulett Scrope rising, to bring forward the following resolution: "That the waste lands of Ireland offer an available resource for the immediate employment and future maintenance of a part of her population now apparently redundant, and that it is expedient to apply them to this great national object, making equitable compensation to their present proprietors," be had only addressed the house a tew moments when the house was counted out, there not being forty members present. The amendments of the lord* to the Three W Railway Hill were on Tuesday night considered and approved of in the < ominous, and probably received the royal assent on Friday. Mr. Mharmita < raw ford ? tenant right bill, was rejected by a considerable majority. The royal assent has been obtained to the measure for advancing XI.000,0*0 for the drainage ol land lu Ireland; difficulties are ejcprctcd to lie in the way of the similar advance of 11(100,000 promised to the railway: to the teachers of the national schools a ?iim nf j?*,fl00 has been appropriated, there being 4.600 of them, thia will give each of them about JC'J a piece ; regulations have been made apparently In their favor, but their inconsiderable nature renders them ol but little importance The number ol constabulary employed in Ireland, ou January 1st l?47,waa 11,404, its total ex [ERA 147. pen?e The Birkenhead, one of the largest *t*aiuers of tho British navy, l'e* present Id Kingstown harbor, for the conveyance of troops from Ireland. The Uuhlin Society hold* its exhibition of specimeu* ol Irish manufacture this day. in Dublin. Au acknowledgment appears in Saturday's journal*. of Messrs. Corcoran ft Rigi(?. of Washington. having given Ire thousand dollar* tor the purpose of purchasing food to be transmitted to Irelaud for the relief of the destitute, a* al?o that the Rev I)r O'Connall, Dublin. having received the inm of t'418 from the Right llev Bishop Hughes. of Mew York. being p*rt of a collection inaile iu hi# dlooess for the relief of the differing poor of Irelaud -Mr. F Blood, pay clerk ot the public work* in < lare Home day* ulnce dropped a bag containing in silver; it *m found by a poor man called Howley. of liuoeu who voluntarily refunded it aad eveu refused a reward ot ?6 of fured him to requite hit honesty In Skibbereuu work house, there have been but four death* for the last week, there u*ed to be upward* of one huudred This morning * paper, mentioua the 33d of July a* the day fixed for the prorogation of Parliament The Karl of Clarendon U expected to arrive in Dublin on \he 3d of July. The first nod of the Nawry, VVarreupoint and Roatreror Railway, wax raited la?t w>'? k. There are ilx candidates named for the Univ< reity. Wtatf of Hurtle* In Kuglaml. [From the Paris Journal dea Debats.] F.ngland, at the approaching elections, will present a spectacle very different from bur ordinary habits?that of a complete confusion of parties At these elections you will seek in vain for those rallying cries, those devices, those bauuers of different and marked colors which se parnted Into distinct armies the tories ami whlgs, tbu conservative* and reformers. What a difference thorn is between these eleot|ons and tlittse ?-f IH41 ! At that period the Whig Ministry, linking further mid further into a moral and material deficit, and feeling itself rapidly descending into an abyss, had, as a last effort, once more nailed itn colors to the true of liberty, which at that time wan represented by the liberty of commerce, and made an appeal to the nation, taking for itH war cry, 'cheap bread.' The electoral battle wax then fought regularly between the two syetema and the two parties : there was the white and the blue, and each remained faithfully in hid camp. But now, where are the lories ' Where are the whigs ! Where are the conservatives ! Where the protectionists and free traders ! Sir Hubert I'eel has changed all that. During the four years which he passed in power?most fertile years for the history of Kngland?he modified and overturned ail political positions and doctrine* lie has operated the greatest and molt extensive reforms, by moaufl of the very persons who were elected for the very purpose of opposing them. Kven while approving of the great measured of which he wan the author and instrument,one cannot help regretting the prioe which they have cost. The old and traditional uotious of the spirit of party, and the faith in public cliaracteis, have been profoundly impaired. A change has taken place on the benches of I'arliament, which is certainly not calculated to support in the public mind that feeling of fidelity to opinions, which is one of the most solid bases of representative government. From this alteration in the ordinary condition of the parliamentary system, which has been rendered necessary, perhaps, by circumstances, but which is not the less dangerous in principle, an inextrloiOJle confusion has resulted, which still reigns among all parties, of whatever shade of opinion. The year that has passed since the fall of Sir Robert I'oel, lion made no change lu the position of things. The recovery from Rucb a shock in not an easy ona. Betides, there has been in the interval a higher power which domineered over everything?the famine; or in other words, Ireland?for they are one and the xine thing. In presence of thin terrible and immediate danger there was no opportunity for regular battles, and differences of opinion were adjourned. The discussions, of which Ireland wan the subject, did not turn upon thU or that political doctrine, but upon questions of property. I'arties, therefore, have remained in the Name state of confusion In which they were when Sir llobert I'eel was upset by the coalition of his old friends and his natural euemies. Lord Joliu Russell has done nothing to change the position of affairs, indeed, It may rather be said that he has done everything to keep them as they were. Urought Into power by oircumstances entirely Independent of himself, he entered into office without a system, without any fixed ideas, and ready only to follow the current public opinion, wherever it might carry hliu ' Having only a negative power, and being only main, tallied by the division of his adversaries, without having in himself any principle of collision, he has passed tin whole of this the first year of his administration ir tacking between every system, and in negotiation will [ every opinion, lie has grasped at much without catch i ing anything, and has undertaken much while he hiu t terminated nothing. There is not one of his measure that has not been mutilated by the concession* which i he has tnade to all parties in succession. We shall oolj quote some examples in passing The ministry of Lord , .John Kussell had placed ill its geueml plau with respeel to Ireland, the purchase by the government of uncultivated land. A simple observation an observation very old, and rather jeering, from Hlr Kobert I'eel. whs sufllI'luni in mukii >iiin renounce it. lie nronoscd a Verv important bill for the health of town*, which would centralize in the hands of government the powers exercised hy tile corporations; Lord l.iucoln defied him to inolude the corporation of Loudon iu it. aud in polut of fact, lionic time afleiwuids it wax exempted, lie rejected the fabulous project of Lord Oeorge Uentinrk. to undertake the railways in Ireland to the amount of 41)0 million* of franco, and one or two mouths afterwards he asked for the same object some fifteen or twenty millions To gain the support of th? protectionists, he presented a law respecting education, from the benefit of whioh the ( at belies were excluded, aud to make friends again with the Catholics lie has promised to introduce a new bill in their favor. The other day, Lord Lincolu made a motion on the subject of colonization. The Minister began by opposing It. Afterwards. Sir It. I'eel having lnterlered in its support, Lord John Hnsseil, in the very sauie sitting, supported the motion in order not to be beaten The principal measure of tho session, the Irish I'oor law Bill, forced upon the government hy what is called in Knglaud the pressure Iroin without, ouly reached iu termination modified and mutilated by the amendment* of the Lords. Tbis general system of tergiversation aud compromise which Lord John Hussell appears to have adopted, or rather to which he has abandoned himself, is easily explained. Having entered power at the end of a I'arlia nent, he suits all his policy to the approauhing elections. Iu order not to compromise himself with any of the great luAueutial bodies, he truckles to all. To a certain extent he seems to have succeeded. it is possible that in the absence of any very distinct rallying point of which he is not the focus, ne will get together in the elections whioh are about to take place next month, a very considerable majority in his favor) but that majority will be composed of entirely new elements, whioh cannot fail to produce changes iu the composition of the cabinet Itself. 1'he <|ueation now is. in what direction will these modifi?k. m?,l? ? Toward* which of the two fractions of the cabinet will tho Kinil Minister lean There ia reason to balieva that at tho present moment Lord John Russell himself does uot know, ?ii4 consequently it is not tor u? to pretend to have any kuo wledge of tbe mat* tor. If the place of Lord Clarendon, for example, a* President of the Board of Trade, baa not yet been Mini, it ia probably because Lord John RusaelljWishea to wait, that ha may nee to which ilde the soole will turn. If hi only consulted hi* own inclination)), at least if we are to judge of his Inclinations by the general leaning of his conduct for the last year, he would endeavor to get ' the most important men in the moderate tory party to join him He has already made an attempt in that quarter, and it will be remembered that on coming into power he offered different department) of his administration to Lord Lincoln, Lord Dalhousie, and Mr. Sidney Herbert, all of whom wert member* of Mir itobert Peel's government. W? should not be at all surprised if tbe*? offers had boon re pvated, and if similar offers had been also made tosucti men as Lord Ashley, or Mr. <Jla>bitone, <r Lord Kllesmere, whom we know better by the name of Lord Fran. cU Kgerton. It Is not necessary to have the gift o] double sight to have already discovered that Lord John Russell Is doing every thing In his power to secure th? suppert of the rhureh party < X that we wish for no bettei proof than his Kduoatlon nlllthau hlsrefuxal to demum the revocation of laws which still close the doors o > Parliament against certain religions, or than his propo sition to re-establish the bishoprics in Walei krou these different indications, we can pretty confident!' i conclude that if any modification of the i aUnet shoulc I take place, It will be towards conservatism, rather thai I towards reform principles. The approaching elections are, if we are not mucl 1 mistaken, destined to produce singular changes in th< composition of parties. At bottom, end the whole o i Uieir history piovea it, the wliigs have always been tlx i aristocratic party ;><ir rjrrll. ?<? i.or i John Russell hi his character, and by hla inclinations at least, as mil, fi H* or nil oiri.ii, wuum n?m uniu inu< M n??r i the head of the Knglish aristocracy than Sir l(nl>nrt Paul. The true party of Sir Robert Peel it the miildlr (Itll'l, wAieAll ill'll ? IWw, ivl ' ( mrry ilny nn mrrraiing rlnnrnt in Kngland. V. ? recollect that wltliln tb? ' Iiwt year wo expressed tn? opinion that we might very probably one day see Sir Jtobert Pee) and Mr. I. obden in the name < abinet We still think so, without wliihing ill the slightest degree to appear para doxical. If Sir Robert I'eel were at the present I day Prime Minister, we are persuaded that he would i have the courage to (fife the meant department of the i Board of Trade to Mr Cobden, but l.ord John Russell i will not hare that courage. He Will not hate it for two reaaon*; because it frinild Uurt the landed inter-.t. with which he wishes to keep upon good term*, and because the great whig families would not submit, excepting at i the last extremity, to that plebeian invasion. Krom thin general remodelling of the old partie*. which are all to be thrunt. the one over the other, Into the electoral furnace, it in, then, probable, that aooitfthlng entirely new may come out It In certain that Sir Robert i I'eel will not remain long without becoming the centre and the rallying point of a party and it in believed that i that party, composed,a* it already I*, of Huch men a* Hlr Robert I'eel, Sir Jarne* (Jrahaui, Lord Lincoln, Lord Dal houele, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. < ardwell. und other*, Will4recruit itself much lee* among the old torie* than among the liberal* of the claae of which Mr ( obden, and Mr < harle* Uuller, lor example, are member* (if cour*e the*e are only conjecture*, but they are conjecture* which every man ia allowed to make The |Kt|iloaloii of Mcura Unll'a Uun-L??l*n Factory at Ktvrrihim. |Krora the London chronicle, July If* ] Messrr IIhIIs w<>rk* cover an area exceeding twenty acre* in extent. The gun-cotton manufactory, whlrfi ha* only been In work about nix month*, is situated in that portion of the premise* known a* the Marsh Work* which lormed the northern boundary of Memrra Hall' eetate The*e work*, until the manufacture ot gun cotton wa* commenced, were used a* powder mill* ?u< twool the four building* of which the range consisti are still used for the same pvupoee Laoh of thee* build ?>t 11 LD. Price Two C ent tag* occupies an area of about forty feet mjuare, and th?y ar?- ?Ycr?lly divided from each other by mouad* of earth al>'>ut forty fail bijh having a uM of about Mm cHUir extent alter Ih.- fi-hion of 'rlluary powder uiltt*. tbeae mound* beiug intended to prevent the expliwtoa if Que bulidiug affecting either of tu adjoining -reotlaw* The building* are very mawivc. tho brinkwirk of the wall* being eighteen feet thick They conalct of one floor only. .<nd thoae which are devoted to the manufacture of the ootfon are divided into four compartment*. known ait the drying room, the packing department., tho labelling department, aod the cooperage ?o call?d laverted iu the wall of the drying room la an liumenae Iron chamber, or cauldron. of a alightly ci n oal form ; tbi* receives the heat from the furn?i:e and c xmnuui 'ite* it i to inn iiryin? room. wn?re me imports i proca* 01 drying the cotton i? carried on. Noflrewiiat-var la allowed to exist within the building, and the mgix precautions m to the non admission ot the workmen In ?hn?i, he , generally adopted in powder-mill* Milt in the uuildinga devoted to the gun-cotton manufacture The prore*? of preparing the cotton may be thu? briefly dmcriwd The web la first steeped Into * volution of sold*, after which iti* washed in clean apriugwatvr; it U then drained of all the moisture It oontalns and taken Into the drying room, where it is carefully dried and subsequently packed into cartridge paper tube*, in which form the article la ?old The steeping proceas la carried on In a separate building, erected for the purpose, in tha rear of the store No 4 The building contained 'ome massive cauldrons and other machinery. Un Wednesday morning, just previous to the explosion the worka wara in full operation. Uetween forty and fifty persona wara employed lu the two cotton atovea, and in the steeping department. Nothing seems to have occurred calculated to occasion the slightest apprehension up to the moment ' of the accident taking place As near aa can be ascertained. about a quarter past eleven, while tha work people employed lu the (No 41 stove were activaly engaged, the explosion occurred. The effect, a few momenta after it took plaoe. oan scarcely be imagined The No. 4 stove was literally blown to atoms. Of the masslva brick work forming this structure, not one brick remained upon another, and. marvellous as it may appear, the earth, to the depth of live or six feet beneath the foundation, was torn up aud rent into chasms, as if by the shock of un earthquake. The materials raising first into tha air to an immense height, fell in different directions, and a large portion clearing the uiound of earth which separated the buildings Nos. 4 and 3. came with great violence on the roof of the latter. This was but the work ol a moment, and the next instant the stove (No. 3,) the contents of which had beyond doubt ignited from the fallen materials of No. 4, exploded in a similar manner. With the exception of the chimney, which is still standing, this building is reduced to a wreck. Nos. 1 and 9 (still used as .powder mills) extensively injured, and almost wholly unroofed ; white the buildinu in which the steet> inn process is carried on, situated as before stated In the rear of N'n. 4, wu blown completely down, and the nufive machinery which it contaiued hurled Into a stream which skirts the northern boundary of the premises? Of the unfortunate beings at work In the building No. 4, scarcely a vestige wan discovered near the scene of the explosion. Arms, legs, and portions of shattered trunks were thrown in every direction, and in Home cases. to an incredibly long distance ? The remains of the unfortunate creature* engaged in No. 3 were less mutilated. Home of the parties Tn No. 3 were extricated alive, One youth, named '> a most miraculous escape. II" the explosion took pli tarily lost his senses by thi himself buried up to bis mi .. having sustained any serio wretches seriously mutila miserable end, being burne bu extricated. The extrao on the buildings in the neip tields in the violulty, ranno by an eye witness. The ro< about a quartnr of a mile of stripped of their tiles, and t Kven in the town ot Kuver . u. lant from the scene of disaster, > were breken, and the houses otherwise damaged, in some instanoos. On tho opposite side of the stream which forms the northern boundary of the MaTsh works is a Held of whfat of some extent. The explosion has completely blasted this over i a space of about two acres, and the ears, drooping and discolored, present a scene of-desolation in perleot cb vacter with the adjoining ruins. The willow trees which j skirt the bank ol the stream referred to, and, indeed, all , the trees within about titty yards of the buildings. No 3 , mid 4, are torn up by the roots and scattered about in , all directions. Those more distant are less seriously in. jured, but the foliage of all within a very large circle is * wholly destroyed. Another remarkable Instance of its i power waf shown in the forcible ejection from a deep , I well of two massive pumps. tbo leaden pipes el which, r nearly twenty fret long, were drawn up and thrown to a I | very considerable distance. The explosion was beard at .la enormous distance Irom Kevcrsham At Deal and Maidstone. nnd even at some places more tbau thirty mileh from tbe scene of the accident, parties are de scribed to have beard it distinctly. It may be Interest mg to state that tbe strength "of gun cotton is just six tiuies that of gunpowder ; In other words, ten drachma of tbe cotton are equal to two ounces of powder. The New Planet. IIii-h School Uiukuviiuhi, Aug. H, lb-17.?To the editors of the Philadelphia North .'li/uriran?Gentleman: During a temporary absence I'rom the city, my attention was called, by an article in the Ntw York Herald, to tbo receut discovery of llencke's second asterlod, at Driesseu, on the first of July last. On arriving In thin city to-day, 1 learned that Air. Uunsetl llind'a hlemanta and Kphemeris bail been published in the AVrmng Mail, London. July l!Uh, and received in this city, and that tbe new asterlod had been observed on tbe night of the Ith and Mb at our observatory, by Mr. Sears C. Walker, *-slated by Messrs. Reynolds and Mason It is of the ninth amplitude, and perfeotly resembles a fixed star ? I subjoin Mr. Hinds' Kleinents of the sixth asterlod of our system. Its name has not yet reached us Kpoch July 0, IH47 2H3d. Mm. il.Ot in nooaOr'h. I Perihelion I'owt H 17 24.1/ . I?iv I* i Aseeudi.n* Node 1J7 ii JS i S Ju>v Inclination IS 2 Ml \ .gin ol' hcceiilncity 11 i'J fl.O ilrnn disl.incc 0 40I0H99 Sidenal period.. 1.201 The following Kphemeris fr<m Mr. Hinds' Klsments (corrected by Mr. Walker's observations) will serve to point, out the plane of this new Asteroid 111 the heavens I'he date is for mean no*u, Greenwich ? ~ I'lantt'i Hight ?'Jn nuiuri. Pluntl't South Or.chnation. Aug. 2 Ibli. llin. Vis. 7J jfcm 2J?. " J 16 J4 17 8 II :i2 " 8 ....Hi 14 I# H 51 4 " II Hi M 4i 'J 18 J| The Klements of Mr. Hinds were computed from Knoke's observation of July 6th, a?d Mr. Htnda'of July loth and 1 Ith, They resemble those ?.f the Asteroid Juno Mr. Walker's corrections of the Kphemeris here applied are a diminution of twenty seconds of time in right ascension, and an Increase of fourteen minutes of * ate in south declination. _Mr. l.ricke Is the only Mtronomer except Olbers who has had the good lortune to discover two planets llespectfully yours, K. OTIH KKNDALL. To the Editor of the London Timri i? Sin I forward to you tbe elements of the new Dlanet baited upon,the Berlin observation of July ft, and two accurate micrometrical observation* made here on tb? cveulug* of the lOttl a lid 14th ; ? K/iorh 1847, July 0,0. Orernwich M. T. i dtg. m. i. j Main anomaly -.W3 fttf &4,0 , Longitude of Perihelion N 17 -!4.l I v. .. , , .. . A*cendlng node 137 Jft Sft,l $ July ? , Inclination 1ft 1 .'Mi. I , Angle of eccentricity 13 49 'JQ.O l.og. *eml-axl* major 0 loiiWi'i i year*. sidereal period 4 0(14 Krom there element* I liate calculated the following r ephemeri*, whleh will probably be of *ome a**l*tance to i your astronomical reader* until we hare obtained fur tiler observation* for the correction of the element*, f The position* are given for 0 h M. T. at Greenwich ). Oitlant r ' llight Jitcm. South l)tlc. from KarlS. h. m. i. rfrf. tn. i. I July 18 IS ? 6,3 1HH ? "<? U ' 21 Hi i7 <2,7 '.1 22 0 21*3 i a" * '? M 3J.9 ? m i? ?,m? J " 27 16 ' ? 40,S 6 I" *" t.tnt II ' 30 . . . 16 2,7 7 IJ 22 0.2j3i The orbit I* very similar to that of the plauet Juno I remain. *ir, your* very respectfully. \ J. R HIND. , Mr Blfhop ? Observatory, Kegent * l ark. July 16. Peranunl unci I'olltlcn I ! The lllinoi* tttate ( onvention ha* fixed the Governor * salary at >1,250 -made a vote of three-fifth* ne< e? nary to pas< a bill after a veto, and gave to the Governor the power of appointing the Secretary of State I'rof. Mor*e ha* purchased 100 acre* of land a mile and a half south of Poughkeep*le. on the bank of the llud *on, for $17,900, where he propo*e* to e*tabli*h hi* residence. Tiik Tki.k<;kai'1I!' Wirks.?'The repairer ol the lin<* between Boston and Worcester, discovered a day or two *lnce that the wire had been tain|>ered with lu the following manner a short piece of the wire hail lieen broken off and a piece of *llk corj of the ?inu< general appearance hn-1 bwn that It could lit looped into tint plane, which would instantly ileatroy the communication. aud at the eame time evade diaeovery from the repairer Wh"tt the end required wan effooted, the wire waa replaced A gentleman dated to u?, that In cumin* down the road yeiterday. the place Where the wire wax abstracted wa? pointed out to him, and he aaw plainly the mark* of the repair* ?Botfon Trantlltr, mlug UKOAHH. 8KUARS, MM JARS.?II. HENRIUUK* tt ^7 <| erifiilly inform* ln> friends and ilie public thel he lie* opeued the iinr* No. 106 Urotdwny, corner ol Tine Meet. f?i ilie exclusive sale of imported Havana awl Principe Seg?n wl.rre will be couataatly ?u hand a choice aaaorlment of ell the favorite brands N II ?The irnde supplied on liberal term*. Jy? *?*re LKKT OKK W AKDHORK. AN D KlFKNITUHh. WANT KU.?Ladies Of iielilleincu liaviQK MHMlflwiW < fleet" to* dispose of, sueli aa Wearing Apparel, Kurmture, he., c?n nbtiin * fair cnah price for the ame. by aendinif for the snbseober, throuidi the Pott Office, or otherwise, wli? will attend it their reaideaert. J l.h.VKNNTYN, 4M Broadway, qpstairs l l.ivlies cm be nttei dtd to by Mrs J l.eyeostvn I M K*m m-*? ? i |V| KINIIAHUT* fc HTUryHUILDKli BHAHM-KT a lTl TKKH KOH HIONH-Office 10 Maiden Une eMni ice Oreen street?These letters are remarkable forearaNlltr. iii't 1 a hrilhincv of the tnldina voe<|aalled by any ?'ber ?rft |? . tli* ii t>ril|ii*nrv ? w*rr?uUd l" ' ' t.. the ?.1>. Thayer* all >1 I?aaed?a?? " ler M t ' | tra facteJ. V***

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