Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 9, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 9, 1847 Page 1
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I Tfl] V ol. XIII. No. sm?Whole No. 4814. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-west corner of Pulton and Nunu ata. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION?.KORTY THOUSAND. DAILY HERALD? Krery day, Price 1 ceutt per copy?$7 Si per iinuuin?i>ny*ble in advance. WEEKLY HEllALD?Every Saturday-Price centt per copy?(3 K'% cents i>er annum?payable hi advance. HEllALD KOR EUROrE?Kverv Steam Packet day? Price 6.'* cent, per copy?fk per annum. including postage, payable in advauce. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received by Messrs. Galignam, 18 rue Vivienne, Paris ; r. L. Hiinonjt m Cornhill, and John Miller, the bookseller, London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HJCRALD?Published on the l?t of January of each year?single copiei sixpence each. ADVKUTIBKMKNTS, at the usual prices?ivlways cash in advance. Advertisements should be writteq in a plain, legible inauuer. The Proprietor wilt not be responsible lor erron that may occur in them. PRINTING of all kindi executed beautifully and with despatch. All lettera or communication! by mail, addressed to the establishment, must bepost paid, or the postage will be de ducted from the subscription money remitted. HERALD FOUR L'EUROPE, SI) MM AIRE DES NOCVEILES AMERICAINES I'OUR EXPED1ER PAR LA L1GNE DKS STEAMERS FRA1VCAXS. Notre journal est si repandu en Europe, ses leuillea sont tellement recherchees sur le vieux continent, qu'il nous est derni&reinent venu une;! bonne id?e, laquelle, d?'j;\ conimuniquee au pub-* lie dans plusieurs de nos numeros, a rerti une approbation generale. Tous les negocians Francis, Allemands, ltaliens, Suisses, ltusses, etc., unt lu avec plaisift l'annonce que nous faisons de la publication en langue fran^aise des evenemens les plus importafts, des nouvelles les plus recentes parvenues a New York dans l'intervalle des departs de chaque steamer fran^ais. QH est done entendu que le New York Herald pour VEurope, lors du depart des navires a vapeur de la societe Il6roult et de Handel, contiendra un sommaire de toutes les nouvelles ain?ricaines, irnprime en fran^ais. Tous nos lecteurs reconnaitront sans doute dans cette idee, quelque chose de neul", un desir de plus de rendre notre journal populaire et de le lane nit, iiuu oruicuiciii I'm CVUA ijut UIH aj'|>ii3 a fond le langage de notre pays, mais encore par ceux qui l'ignorent. Dans toutes lea occasions, depuis sa naissance jusqu* a ce jour, Le Herald a fait tous ses efforts pour march#r de niveau avec le progrfcs. Le premier il a fait paraitre des Extra contenant lee nouvelles les plus fraiches importees par les paquebots arrivant d'Europe; le premier il a public une Edition particuli&rc destin6e aux babitans de l'autre cot<; de l'Atlantique, et qui devait leur etre apportee par cbaque steamer : le premier il aemploy?, pour son propre compte, la merveilleuse decouverte de Morse, si utile au public et au journalisms: en un mot, ues constans efforts onttendu vers le but de se maintenir dans le rang qu'il a conquis comme le premier et le meilleur journal des Etats-Unis; et c'eat encore dans cebat qu'il vient anuoncer aujourd'hui une innovation propre a resserer fortement les liens d'amitil qjii encbainent les citoyenti des EtatsUnis a la belle France. Tel est done le motif qui a engage le prnprietaire du New York Herald a publier dordnavant un resume de l'histoire des progris de ce pays dans 1'art militaire et naval, la politique, le commerce, les tinanues, la vapeur, l'dlectricite, elc. Nous comniencerons done notre nouvelle entreprise le jour ou le steamer fran^ais Philadelphie quittera notre port, e'est a dire le 15 de ce mois. Notre premier No. du Herald frangaia pour rEurope, au point de vue commercial, politique, et mon?taire,sera, nous I'esplrons, aussi int^resBant pour la France, l'ltalie, la Suisse, l'Allemagne, la Ituseie, etc., iju'il l'a dfja ?t?, et <|u'il Peat encore pour l'Angleterre. Le livre d'abonnements est ouvert dans nos bureaux et le prix de chaque souscription sera le meme que pour lea num?ros destined aux steaniers anglais et americains: six sous et demi par exemplaire. Nous recevrons aussi des aunonces en f'ran* ?ais et notis croyons utile de faire remarquer ici a nos lecteurs quel sera pour eux l'avantage de ces avert issemens par lesquels lee produits de ce piiya pourront etre annoncls par toute PEurope et vice versa. Nos correspondans a Paris seront MM. Galignnni, 18 rue Vivienne, et M. Combier, agent de MM. Livingston, Wells et Cie, 87 rue Faubourg?Poissonniere. NEW YORK AN!) HARLEM RAILRO AD COMPANY 81J MM Kit ARRANUtMENT. SHMHI ON AND AFTKK THURSDAY, JUNK 10dtv 1847, the Ch? will run im follows, until fnrtlier notice. I Jr. traim will leave the City Hall for Harlem 8c Moninana. Korham fa Tnckahoe Pleasantville, 5 30 A- M. Will'msBr'ge. Hart's and Newcastle 7 " 5 30 A. M. Wliite PI'us. Bedford. 8 7 " 7 A. M. Whitlickville ? " 10 " 10 " Crnton K.ills. in " 11 " 4 PM. 7 A.M. 11 J r. M. 5 10 " (P.M. a P. M. 4 " 3 j so " 1 " 6 30 " 5 !' 5 30 ? Returning to New York will leave? Morrisiana fa Harlem. Kordham. Will'ms Br'ge. Tack&ho*. 7 05 A. X. ? 53 A. M. 6 45 A. M. 7 30 A. M. 8 10 7 55 " 7 50 ' 8 48 " 9 " 9 09 " 9 OP ' 1 30 P. M. 10 " 13 2.1 P. M. la .5 P. M. 5 52 12 35 P. M. 1 45 " 1 40 " White Pl'n?. 2 5 08 " 6 " 7 10 A. M. 3 " 115 " C 08 " 8 33 " 5 20 " 752 " 7(5 " 1 P. M. 6 5 ai " ? 28 ^ Pleasantville New Castle. Bedford. Whitlickville. 8 13 A M. 8 A M. 7 51 A M. 7 45 A M 5 13 PM. 5 P M. 4 51 P M. 4 45 PM Croton halls. 7 30 A M. 4 30 P M. The trains in and from Croton Falls will not stop on New York Isbn<l, except at Broome street, and 32d street . A car will precede each Irani leu minnies, 10 un np passengers in lhThe morning train, of car* from Croton KhII* will not *toj> between White Plain* and New York, encept at Tnrkahoe William'* Bridge. andKordhain. Kutrn tram* on Snuday* to Harlem and Morruiana, if fin* * Stage* for Likr Mahopaekand Dauhury IfnreCroton KalUon nriiv.il of tlie 7 o'olock A. M and 4 P. M. train*, and for Pawhug, ou arrivaUf the T^.lock A.,U trnn.^ ; To Croton Kail* ?? To Whitlickville {'H ToNewca*lle 75 To Pleasantville 62K To White Plain* i# Kreifht trams leave City Hall at 12 M. and at 7 P. M. Hemming, leave Croton Kail* at 7 A. M. and M. Si.W si ( 0*H BOSTON ANli KAD'lhHN K.XPHKHS, via Newport and Kail River.?Tin* K*pre*a leave* the office, No. I Wall atreet, corner of Broadway. lUily. at nuarter before i o'clock, P. M., rherehy securing 10 merchant* and other* the advantage of a late hour for forwarding case*, package*, kc. Hoik n )te?, *perie. drift*, and valuable parcel* are secured in iron *afe* and placed in the charge offaithful conductor*. GAY k CO. Mtrchandi*c, package*, ke, forwarded in our own car*, mid by leaving order* at our office. No I Wall *lreel, corner of ill aid way, package* will be called for hi auy part of the city. . _ S No. 1 WhII ttr^et, rnrner Broadway. i M.t fk j No.7 8t .te itrtet, Bo*ton. *n5 Wrc ONLYR Miui,ak LINK OK ?'A< kmTmiii wCTfy jjbAHQOW.^riw ipUndid lie w packit ship jlSfiflfeBROOKsB V Captain McKwcn, will .ail positively on the O'h 4>ign*t, her regular day. She b:? *|>I*'idid cat),u aci'iimmmlatioiii, and can a|*o com /or .*M" nee. mm idale i limited number of secouii cabin pa* leugef*. if early applicitiou be made to W. k J. T. TAP5COTT, n7 16 8 ath ifreet. iTA* KOH LIV KPOOL? I'll.- Ne* Lin*?He \ ., P?fket iwrior, fa?r tarling MmlSmmt PMbet ship LIV l?Kt OOL, I 15<i tons litmhru, Cupi. JTTim hidririge, will ?nil a* shore, her regular dn>'. Kof I' right or |*isnaffe, hat ing elegant and superior irrornmod a ions, apply' to'n* cjyjW'! ?!? *><>"*<1. ?t writ sido <,i Hulling slip,or to WOOUHULL fc MINTURN, KT Suuth ?i* I'rice of i?i*?age $100. ThetMicket ifiip,, Queen of the W?*l 12J0 ton* burthen. Capt. Philip Woodhon*?, will *aece*d the Liverpool, and *aii ?n n?r regular day.lln *!* irtfra I E NE' -I jf* DELIGHTFUL AFTERNOON EX r**e53* curaiou down ihe Lower Bay. lauding at CoXLiJCL uey Island rich way?accompanied by ihe N?w Vork Brass and Cornet Band. The large mid commodious tea steamer KOSCIL'SKO CapL Demiug, on THIS DAY Auk 9th, will leave < h*in he r? it. at 1 o c'ock 1'. M.; do Hammond street at J>?. il<? ii<> Cnu?l Mreet at IJi, do; do Mon'gomery street, E. R , at 2.U, do; do Pike stiret at *>?, do; do Pier No. 1. N. II , al 2*{. and proceed down the Bay as far as Sandy Hook, gmng passe igers a line view of the Harboraud Bay, a"d their fortifications, Sandy Hook Light Hou?e, the Highlands of Neeersink, 4tc., tcc ; together with the eujo- inent of a wholesome sea breeze. Returning to the city by naif past 5 o'clock. Kare lor the Excursion M cents. Refreshments of tlie choicest kind provided ou board. n8 2t*rc J|MQ CONEY WLANU KERHV.-fhe ?,il W?^gt-^aaliiiowii Steamer AMERICAN EAOLE. CapXMjKJLtuiu Ueo. H. Power, will run regularly during i..<- m <^uur ) lainuu, iiuiuiiik || run ii i 111 iiiou , hi ioilows:?Le.iving Pier No. 1, at 10,1,4; leaving Coney Island at '+.2l*.6)?. In addition U) the above tripa, will make * nvuruiiu tri|> to h ort Hamilton, leaving the city at 7, Fort Hamilton at 8 o'clock. au4 45t*rc n*? FOR PKK'J'H " AMB5Y AND NKW _^^^EMLh?^BHUN8WICK?Daily, Son lay a excepted, Hill ,L* l>aat 3 o'clock P. M., from the foot of Rjb iimoii street, uext to Barclay. The new ami elegaut steamer ANTELOPE, Capt. 9. Vaa WickM, will, on and after Tuesday, August lOtli, leave the foot of Robinson street, for Perth Ambo? and New Brumwick, landlug at Rosaville, Woodbridge.Totten's and French' Laudiug. Reiurniig. the ANTELOPE leaves New Bruuswick at >i past 6 A. M.; Perth Ainboy at >^piiHi7, stoppiug at the above placet. Passengera for Kingston and Princeioii take atage at Mew Brunswick on the arrival of the boat. All frelghta, baggage, Sic., at the owner's riak. au8 6t*rc FOR SHREWSBURY, OCEAN HOUSE, C Loim Branch, Ruuaom Dock, Brown's Dock, JlflEfiHEkMiduletowu and Red Bank.?The Steamboat ORUS, Price, Master, will ran ai follows, from Fulton Market Slip, East River Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock. O'clock Monday, 9, 6 Monday, 9, 3 Tuesday, 10, |t>)? Tuesday. 10, 3 Wednesday, 11, "> Wednesday, II, 4 Thursday, 12, 8 Thursday, 12, 4 Friday, 13, 8 Friday, IS, 4){ Saturday, 14, 9'? Saturday, 14, 5 Sunday, 15, 8 Sunday, 13, 6 Monday, 16, 7 Monday, 16, HJtfA.M. The Line Stages will ruu to Howell Works, S<juau V illage and Freehold. Stages to convey passengers to all parts of the country. N.B. All persons are forbid trusting the above boat on accouutof the Owuers. J. P. ALLAIRE. au4 30t?rc m ?. FOR SHREWSBURY,LONG BRANCH, f^wgZfep. W. SCHENCK'S, HlOHLANuS, Ocean aMHHkHouse, and Eatontown Lauding. The Steutnboat EDWIN LEWIS, Capt. Haynes, will run as follows from foot of Vesey street, North River:: Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. Aug. o'clock. Aug. o'clock. Monday 9, at 3 A.M. Monday, 9, at 7 A.M. Monday, 9, at IK P. M. Tuesday, 10, at 7 A. M Tuesday,10, at 2>Z P. M. Wed'y, 11, at 7^ A.M. Wed'y, 11, at 2 >, P.M. Thursday 12, at 8 A. M Tt...11 i l> \f L-ri.l... II a A VI Friday 13, at Vt P. M. Saturday, 14, at H A.M. Saturday,11. at 4>i P M. Saturday, 14, at 8 P.M. S:ai;es will be iu readiness on the arrival of the boat to convey passengers to all part* of the country. jy3l 30t*rc KUKKKV PORT ?The learner JU'SEFTl COFFEE, will leave the pier, foot of MMBHIIIHMChainbers street, daily, for Key Port, at 3 o'clock, 1'. M. N. b.?Ou Sunday's,|the boat will leave at IK, A. M. au3 39t*m MORNING BOAT AT ?ALKPAST for Albany and intermediate landings.? >Fare 50 cent*. Breakfast and diuner ou board the boat. The well-known low pressure steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Capt. T. N. Hulse, will leave the Steamboat Pier, foot of Barclay street, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at half-past lit o'clock A.M. au4 I4t*rc irw*. MORNING LINK (TOEALBANY AND TROY and Interiardiate Landings. JHHMHHhi Breakfast and Djjiner on board the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Gorham, will leave the ster inboat pier foot of Barclay street, Monday*, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seven o'clock A.M. Returning on the opposite days. The Steamer N1AOARA, Capt. H. L. Kellogft, will leave the Steamboat Tier foot of Barclay street, Tuesday, Thursday .uid Saturday, at half past sii o'clock, A. M., returning on tlie oppqiile days. tt Fare 50 Cents. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F*. B. Hall, at he oilier oil the wharf. jyJO NOTICE. STATEN ISLAND FERRY.?On and rfeflCh after SUNDAY, April 18th. the steamboats JUmBKmrn SYLPH and STATEN ISLANDER will 'On as follows, until furaier notice :? LtiVK STATION ISLAND At C, 8, 9, 10,11, A. M., and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ?, 7. Y. M. LKAVK NKW YUIIK it 7, f, 10, 11, A. M., and 1,2, tea inmate* put I, ud nt 4, 5, <i, 7, o'clock, P. M. Now Vork April Utli. til r ~li m OmNUTlOM CAMMAtik OKKKk-To r J_N A1 biuiy, Utica.tl M; Syracuse, $2; Oswego, eSBBH^BleS'l; Itochester, t'i. Buffalo, t'i; Cleveland, Si; Dtruit, $1; Milwaukie, fli 71; Chicigo, $<> 75; Cinsinsw, (6 75; Toronto and Hamilton,$4; Whitehall, $2;>loutrcal, $1; Pittsburg, ifi. Office, 100 Barclay street. A security re<|uired will be given for the fulfilment of all jo.icrec:* made with tills company. _j I It) iOt'r M. L- HA k , Agent, New York?1D47. . i- . I'KUI'Lf. ? l.l.Nt. 8Tt.AMi>U.t / it ti>t\ ' AlWlirmSALBANY, Daily, Sundays Excepted? JKEaacflBBbThrough Direct?At 7 o'clock, P. M., from l,i l mm between Courtlaudt and Liberty streets. Hteamhoai ISAAC NKWTON, Capt. Wm. H. Peck, will eave iiu Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening!, at 7 'clock. Steamboat HKNDKIK HUDSON, Capt. 11. U. Crnttrnleu, will leave on Tueaday, Thursday and Saturday evenugs at 7 o'clock. Special l'raina for Schenectady, Ballstoo, and Saratoga Spriugi, will run a* follows;?Leave Albany at BX A.M., 3 P.M., except Sundays. Passengers will find this the most ex l>cditlous and convenient route. At Five O'Clock, f. .VI.?Landing at Intermediate liners? Iroin the loot o . Barclay atreet. aicRinuom Atisiwrt AiXniiioA, i/3i>uiin iruaueu, win lexire oil Monday, Wednesday, Kriduy.auJ Sunday afleruooiu, it 'j o'clock. Steamboat ROCHESTER. Captain R. II. Furry, will leare on Tueaday, Thursday, and Saturday afternoons, At) o'clock. The abore boats will at all times arrive in Albany ia ample time (orthe Morning (Jara forme East or Weil. Freight taken at moderate rates, and none taken after 5>i o'clock, P. M. [T/" All penonsare forbid unsung any of the boats of tlm line, without a written order from the captains or agenti. Kor passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. iCHi'LT/, at the office on the wharf. an t mb, C IT I /. KM '3 NKW DA V LINK Of J^BEZINOPPOSITION BOAT* HOR ALBANY. Landing at Van CourtUudt's Newburgh, Pouehkeepsie, Kingston,Catskill and Hudson.?Kare JO cents? Breakfast and Dinner on Board. The new and elegant Steamer ROUKIl WILLIAMS, Capt. K. Degroot, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at half-past in, A.M.. from the pier foot of Robinson street, touching al Hammond street uer, from New Vork, Kor passage or frieght, apply on Donrd the Boats, or to (ieo. T. Stanley,at the office, foot of ltobiuson street. O" All persons are 1'osbid trusting the above boats on account ofthe owners. myl9 rh ~ ... FRENCH THANlATLAN TIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.?The ships of company are appointed to sail as fol?? Ifc" ?KROM NKW YORK. The PHILADELPHIA on the ISth August. The MISSOURI " " 31st 7' The NEW YORK " " .ill. Sept. The UNION " " 30th ,r ri\u.w M/i v nr.. The NEW YORK " " 15th Auguit. The UNION " " 31.t p' These Steamers are eqnal to any afloat, with commanders of tried skill and known courtesy. Their itate rooms and cabint are unusually commodious, aud they are provided with every fhint; requisite for the comfort of passengrrt. The price of nassage in the lirit cabin from New York il (120. Krom Havre 1,000 fmuci. Wines arc not included, but will be furnished at moderate rates. All letters must pats through the post office. Kor freight or passage, apply to nil re AV M All & CO., II South street. H)K I'llKKBOl R<1 OH HAVRE.? The Steamship PHILADELPHIA, Capt. / /wutwidbtf'* Wesson, will leave on her regular day, Stinday, the litli of August. Letters must pass through the Pott Office. No parcels received alter 4 P. M. of Saturday, Hth inst. Price of passage ill lirst class cabin (120 For passage or freight, apply to AYMAR It CO., an4 lit rrr 34 Siinth street. I? OCEAN 8TEAM NAVIGATION <^&K?Wld*COMPANY, Office 44 William itreet. ?Directors. C. H. Sand, Conrad W. Kaber, Edward Mills, Horatio Allen, William Chamberlain, Mortimer Livingitoit John A. Iselin, John L. Stephens, Herman Oclrirht. I,. II. BA,"ML?, President. Ktnvann Mil.i.j, (leueral Agent, New Vork. Cham.es K. Ainrmon, Secretory. lu conformity with the provisions of the charter, notice's screby given that the Books for subscription for an amouut not exceeding $100,000 to the capital (lock of tlie Ocran Steam Navigation Company, will he re-oneued at the office of the Company, 44 Willmin, corner of Wall street, ou Monday, Slat June, 1847. Kive per cent of the amonut subscalteil must he |?id at the period ofsabscriptiou in s|<ecie or litiik bills. The balance ol the subscription will be called for in instalments not exceeding 10 per cent.u nuiy be required by the oi* rations of the Company, and noon thirty days previous notice. The follow nig is the 2Sth section of the By-Law:? " Subscription to the capital of the Comimuy, after the amount may be 000. shall in preference be allowed to those who may then be stockholders, and to the extent of their then actual subscription." jefi 30t rc BRITISH AND NORTH AMKRICAN ^^HCi|*K()yAL MAIL. STK.AM SHIP, 1200 tons *^4J^U?4UJj^.inil 430 horse power each, under coutract ^^^^^^^ with the,Lords of the Ailmir.ility. HIBKRNIA,Captain Alexander Ryrie. C.M/KDONIA, 1'aiitain Kdwsrd ( . Lott. BRITTANNIA, aptain John Hewitt. (' \\1BMIA,Captain Charles II. K. Judkias. ACADIA, Captain William Harrison. The four sir imship* now building are THK AMKRICA, THK NIAflARA. THK CANADA THK KUROPA. The v -ssels np|>ointed to sail from Boston is the Hibernin . .Augnitl#, 1*47 Passengers' luggage must be ou board the tay previous to "WUc money?Krom Boston to Liv?rpool,fl2#, do do to Halifax, *20. No bertlis secured until J>aid for. These shi|>s carry experienced surgeons. No freight, except specie, received on nays of sailing. For freight, pus sane ,orany other information, apply lo 1) URK'IIA.M, Jr., Agent At HARNDEN <k CO.'?,1 V ill ..nrrin addition to the above line between Liverpool n? Halifax, and Boston, a contract has been entered into with Her Majrsiy's government, to establish a line between Liverpool and New York direct. fWie steamships for this service are ( uow bring built, and early uext year due notice will be given of tiic time when they willstart. Under the new contract the stCMners win sail every tsatnrdsy daring eight months, and every fortnight daring ins othsr months in the y^sr Ooing al? ternauly between Liverpool tod Halifax and Boston, and be twssu Livtrpool aaa New Yerk ? | W YO NEW YORK, MONDAY J AMERICA m EUROPE. | &c. Ac, Ac. [From the London News. July 16 ] The Mexican war is evidently drawing to * oIohh The two pnrties which have shown all the ferocity of hatred, without any of ita energy, toward* thu Americans, hare heen deponed from influence and power They are tho military and the ultra-democratic parties. These are th? parties which, blending together and exciting each other, undertook the defenoo of France against tb? united and overwhelming force of the rest of Europe In 1789. Soldiers and democrats in Mexico have by uniting tut rendered defeat more overwhelming, and their own weakness more conspicuous Santa Anna and (iomez Farias have eaph and both had f*ir trial, and been found wanting. The quiet and timid civilian party reappear, with ilerrera, no doubt to inake peace, and, no doubt, on very disadvantageous term*. And yet wo see enough in the American bulletins to feel that Mexico might have been defended. Uener.il Scott's communications with Vera Cruz and lila own de pots have been completely cut off by guerillas. All that in wanting in to multiply these, and for the towns to Hbow thf same hatred, and to make the same sacrifices, ' that tliu Spaniards did in the peninsular war, in order to render the advance of tbu American uriny impossible. T? burn the towns, destroy or tNWIt provisions, give the Americans welcome nowhere, but harass them front and rear, and cut off communication?this would evidently make an end of General Scott.and force the United States. to much greater efforts, or much more lenient terms. 11 ut it is iiulte evident that tho Mexicans are prepared to do no such thing. Tbu clergy fraternise with the Y ankees, the farmers give them provisions in return for promissory notes, and the Americans are quite at home at Puebla as at Vera Crus. All this is the fault of the villiinous governments of free Mexico, its corrupt aud selfish statesmen, its miserable commanders. Despotism is u bad thing, but despotism itself had not the effect of so completely crushing every spirit of nationality as the system which called itself a republic, aud which was more base and is more cowardly than any nation under any regime. The contemplation of such n state, of such men and such events, prompts one to turn attention altogether from Mexico itself, aud consider merely the ruinous effect that so great a conquest must have on the future conduct and fortunes of tho great western republic. Internal influences, too, are at work, which will more immediately, aud not less powerfully, contribute to shape its course. Of the leading questions upon which parties in the United States have divided, few are more vital than that which relates to the action of the central government in respect of internal improvements. The waste lands of all the territory of the Union are by the i onstitntion vested in the Congressional government. Many of the best statesmen of the country have earnestly urged the application of the proceeds of the sales of these lands to the opening of great trunk roads and cana s, and the effecting of such improvements as by developing the national resources would enrich and strengthen the whole republic. The jealousies of the party, which, in its fear of central power, maintains a view of state independence almost leading to anarchy lias hitherto thwarted the advocates of this policy. A great inove is on the eve of being made in the cause of internal improvements. A convention na? been summoned to meet at Chicago, on Lake Krie, to deliberate on thu best BtOil Of completing the water communications between the seaboard and the Western States. New Vork has appointed deputies to take part iu the proceedingH of this convention. So ban Philadelphia And, what iii scarcely less Important, .Mr. Benton, and other leading members of the party hitherto opposed to the feeling of internal improvements, have either promised to attend, or expressed their regret at their inability to be present, and their sympathy with the onjects of the meeting. The circumstance that such a Convention may be able to unseat the present government, and change its internal policy, is, perhaps, its least important feature. The improvements contemplated by those who have been instrumental in bringing about the Convention would accelerate the development of the immense mineral region which has yet been ouly scratched at Pittsburgh and Wheeling; and the additional power which the management of these improvements would vest in (lie authorities at Washington would go tar to imparl gieater reality to the Congressional government. Since iim breaking up of the national bank, thu Supreme i iiu l of the United States is the only felt national luntitutu ii iu the Union. The material power of an internal improvement commission would conlirui the authority of this emiuent and high-minded oourt. The powers of the central government would be Increased without out- rt al liberty of the States beiug encroached upon'. And the repetition of such lamentable examples of weakuKM* as were exhibited when the frontier hunters' lodgn* ot tile Mate of New Vork set at deltance the authority ol the government at Warhington, would in lime be modeled iui| osoible of recurrence. [Ktoui thu London Globe, July 16.] The UniWd States -eem to exist for the special vexation and confutation of those who imagined that the virtues iif umiij-government were sure to form an exaot contrast with the rices of lew-government. That waf is the particular pastime of monarch! and aristocracies, and that nations would never have anything to do with it, wheu they were wise enough to govern themselves, had become a scarcely contested axiom ainougst popular politicians But we have seen this wanton Mexican war, the favorite offspring of popular policy, expressly and exclusively undertaken to secure popularity, and which iu authors would now willingly abandon, tince they see popularity transferred (as they might have anticipated) from the civilian planners of the war tft the direct military perlormers Again, that buck stairs Intrigues aguiunt meritorious public servants nould occur nowhere but iu palact-B, and that four year* autocrats needs must be exempt from nil ttiu loibltis kings and ijueens of hereditary tenure were prone tothin wan another unquestionable axiom, wlileii required 10 sanction from experience. The experience Ik enlarging, but the axiom is none the b?i ter for it. President Polk is at back-stairs work against General* Scott and Taylar. And reason gcod. The ('resident " shows" at New ^ork; and no uau says tiod bless hiiu' According to the Timet ' Oeuevese I'raveller," " The municipal authorities received him iu a manner highly creditable, regardless of expense. But there was uo warmth?no enthusiasm, Everything ? eTeiy act?eviuoed a cold formality. From the whig party he had no right to expect any other. But from his professed friends he doubtless expected a cordial reception. If he did, he lias been sadly mir.taknn.'' It would appear, therefore, that President Polk, baring made a war for1' political capital,'' is not less anxious to make a peace, now he tlnds the capital accruing to <>en. Scott. Odu enough that it should not have 00oocurred to him, that, if he must needs start Huotlier " Old Hickory," Hickory the Second, and not Polk the Kirst, would have all the chances for the next--and next ?Presidential triumphs. The American people, when ever ttiey can get anything like martial glory, art* as sure ax th aborigines of taeir continent to award it the powers of dictatorship. They hailed Jackson hm a military dictator; they will hail !ico:t an possessing the saiue title. Accordingly, Mr. 1'olk in an nick of his war as the Northern men themselves. He has been sending a certain Mr Trist to Mexico, it is said, to attempt negotiation. and?it is farther said by " the well-informed friends of Gen. Soott?as a spy upon the public conduct of the General, aud if possible to ruin him." We know no recent "monarchical ' intrigues quite parallel to this game throughout?or at least to the rumors regarding it. Gen. Scott, it is further reported, will not let Trist cobble up a peace for him, as Marlborough was served in the treaty of Utrecht. It would seem, therefore, that the military power has taken the bit between its teeth, and left Mr.Trist s civil employers the trist alternative of swallowing the affront, or breaking epenly with, and unhorsing the popular General. The former will afford an ominous precedent. The latter will at onco commit suicide of whatever remains of the presidential popularity of a war wholly undertaken for that object. Hut if popular favar Is already transferred from the gown to the sword, that were no great sacrifice. [From the Liverpool Mall, July 17.| The news by the Cambria is anything but favorable to the arms of the United States in Mexioo. General Scott's Invading forces are in a starving state at 1'uebla, only about half way between Vera Cruz and the capital. Krorn Vera Crua alone can be procured his supply of provisions, and the trains ha employ* for that purpose are daily and hourly attacked by strong guerilla parties, who plunder or destroy them, aud carry on a running fight among the mountain pagsea for a distance of twenty or thiaty miles We see plainly enough that the Mexican chiefs aru willing to sell their country and buy a peace, and the Washington government and iU citizens, tired of the war, and disappointed in its remits, are eager to make a purchase and pay the dollars. On the other hand, we can discern a difficult* In the rising spirit of national feeling. Wuerilla warfare to the Spaniard is sport The Mexicans have Spanish blood In their reins; and If the rude peasantry once determine upon the extirpation of the intruders, all the money in the United States will not buy, and all the courage of their troops will not conquer ii peace The guerillas who harass the march of (ieneral Scott are daring and sanguinary men, burning with Indignation, and thirsting tor rerenge Their wants are few. and these their predatory pursuits can easily supply, while their knowledge of the country, ami the rapidity of their movements, give them formidable advantages. If, therefore, those feelings should become general, and a little success lend encouragement to their enterprise, and we ?inoioin(io prevent nun, mc <> mu iui States will have cause to regret th.it thry ever embarked iu tbo iuvahion and conquest of Mexico. The DImMIKIh or the Jwi Lust evenn.g a crowded meeting of the members nf the Jewish Aiimlltlon for the Kemoixl of 'ivil and Itcllgloiis r>in?.bilitt> 8. B-Heinbled at tli? KllbnongeN' Arm:-, r-t liimes's-plMCe. Aldg&te. Thin us*- elation had already held two preliminary meetings, nnd the nlJ? ct, of the present one hum to confirm Ihti minutes of (h- preceding one, to hear read an addrettft d"dicHt.ei4 t<> ihe electors (1 the city of London, and comport i| I y Dr. Raphael, of the Birmingham Jewish Cotufregat iou and to discumh the resolution* detailed b.-low The chair w*k taken by Mr. Mitchell, who after a few remark*, tnlle.1 on tint secretary to read the minutes of the last inn I.iik These having been read and confirmed, Mr. Sajh tiulo, hitii proceeded to read the address alluded to which ?k? received with much applau?e. nnd In coinmi ntlUK on It tie stated that he was happy to nay that the liberal |artj, nay, many conservative*, would ote for the removal of oivll ana religious disabilities. Up to the present time he regretted to say that politic*! otlon had been wanting on the part of the Jews, But RK H CORNING, AUGUST 9. IS

these were tlmei that would call energies hitherto dormant into action, and he relied much on tho present poult ion of affair* to induce them to support the Jewish Association in thel? effort* If they did not support the Heron de Rothschild, and the other liberal candidate*, they tmiHt formally year* ?ut>in!t to the diiabllitie* no severely felt by (hem It wa? moved by this gentlemuu and h* eonded by Mr. Philip Barrett. " that trie address b adopted, printed and circulated among?t the elector* of the city of l.ondnn." lurried unanimou*ly. The third resolution, that ' this association pledge* Itself not to dissolve until civil and religious disabilities shall be removed.'' was moved by Mr. Ihaac I.vonj, seconded by Mr. It. Lazahi>?, aud carried by acclama- | tlon. The fourth resolution was proposed by the Rev. T. W. Marks, who observed, with reference to the o|iinions generally entertained of tho feeling of thu Jews with respect to the (Christian religion, that there was nothing to prevent a Jewish member of Parliament voting in favor of the support and endowment of churches and chapel* and without offering an opinion as to the proEriety of the connection between church and state; but e wonl4 Hay. that had they no class more inimical to them thftn wore the Jews, ohurch aud state might remain united for centuries He felt much pleasure in proposing the resolution entrusted to him, vlx "That this association hereby offsr their grateful acknowledgments to the metropolitan ?nd proviucial press for the generous support they have afforded to the Jewish candidates for the honors of Parliament." The resolution was enthusiastically received. Mr. Cak>ai.ho spoke to to the next resolution, an<l ... i.i !!,.( 1,1. iknimlil Iuoij 1....1 r.1.1- ? sure for their want of energy in not agitating long two for the removal of their present disabilities; yet it might be argued that they had bided their time, and he considered no period en opportune as the present, the more ho, as public opinion wan now favorable to their claims, and there was no violent party feeling abroad to prevent their being discussed with perfect calmness. He called on them, one and all, to support the Baron de Rothschild, and place him at the head, of the poll. [ Loud cheers J Mr R cakrkntkr (introduced by the chairman as a Christian) most cordially approved of the present association and its objects, and should rejoice to see Baron Rothschild at the head of the poll. Vet a weak and crufty enemy would naturally have recourse to the maxim ol divide and govern, and he trusted that they would not allow the pardonable vanity of wishing to see the Baron de Rothschild at the head of the poll interfere with the sucoess of the other liberal candidates whose names appeared in the resolution, and which he now would read. (Cheers.)?" That this association, considering that the claims of the liberal candidates?Lord J. Russell. J. i'attisou, Ksij , Sir (J. Larpent, and Baron de Rothschild?are identified with the great cause of civil and religious liberty, pledges itself to afford these four candidates its best support.'' Carried item. Jit. Thanks were then voted to the Rev. Dr. Raphael for the address Composed by him, and a similar courtesy having been awarded to the chairman, the meeting, at a late hour, separated. [Krorn the London Court Journal, July 3 ] Lord John Rut'st-11 has addressed' the electors of London. but very briefly. He says, fairly, that he takes too active a part in the nightly business of the House to reuder any explanation of his political creed at all uecessary. The other candidates for the oity have also put forth their appeals- among them Baron Lionel llothschild. who. the Slumlord declares, has no qualification at all except the " reputation of great wealth.1' The other Hebrew, Mr. Salomons, does not seem likely to come to the poll. Neither can sit ; and we do uot imagine that the public mind cares sufficiently whether Jews become legislators or not, to make a parody upon the celebrated < lure election a winning game. We dare say either the Baron or Mr. Salomons would make just as good a member as any other millionaire, who lounges from his opera-box to the House, and from the ilouse to half-a-dozen saints, and looks into the opera agaiu in viuiu w di-w v/cww n iivnv /??>. nub mere nro ?u many able-bodied rtirlNtiauH to do the work of millionaire, thai it seems unlikely the new candidates will get up an interest. Anil with Mr. Ueqjaniin D'lsraeli in the House, the Hebrew mind canunt complain of not being spoken there?Mr. D'lsraeli, who claims an Jew* everybody who has ever dune anything brilliant, from Uldeon down to (Jrisi. lly the way, wu suppose, iu the sequel to " Tancred," we shall have a Hebraic pedigree found for Jenny Liud. Did no Jews ever nettle iu Sweden auy time between the years tioO and 16.M) ? If they did, rely upon it the Nightingale will, ere long, be reminded that her nest is on Lebanon. Atluli'H In Turkt-y. The following are extracts from a letter writteu at Constantinople, and dated June 17 :? 1 was present a few days ago at the most interesting assembly that was perhaps ever held in this country. It whs the tlrst meeting ot a .Mechanics' Institute, cstablisbed by a little colony, as I may call them, of hnglisnm >u in the service of (be Sultan. A Mr Hague, who lias the direction of an iron foundry at a village called Mackriquoi. on the coast of the sea of Marmora, presided at this assembly, and a Mr. 1'hilips, who has the management of a new cotton factory lu the same place, acted us secretary. Kifty Knglish operatives, or engineers, belonging to these ciauulactorics, attended as members of the society. There were besides, also, Armenian members present, and some Americana, among whom was Dr. Davis, a gentleman who is director of a model farm for the Sultan, which is to be ot four thousand acres extent, iu the neighbornood. Three I'achas have already put their names down a* honorary members of the institute. Mr l.isit, the great pianist, is in Constantinople. He has heeu introduced to the Sultan ; und the sultan played on the piano betore bun. This act, to those who Know what the severity nf taatern etiquette is, shown the Sultan iu the most amiable light, ludeed, from all I can learn, the nultan is about the most amiable und benevolent man iu the world. Mr. Liszt has, no doubt, received some valuable token of his Imperial Highuess's favor. He is to give a aoncert here in u tew days, but I am alraid he will not be appreciated j for, with very few exceptions, the ears that will listen to him will be barbarian, that is, insensible to the art, and the transcendent charm of rntisic. Kude sounds lor rude ears. A delicate, practised, uapaoious ar lor a high cultivated harmony is more rarely met with in this country?even among (Europeans?than any where else. 1 have just learnt that the French government have very recently instructed M. de JJourquenay to inquire of the Porte, as a Mahomedan government, by what means a French cousul may be established at Mecca, the holy city, into which no < bristian has ever been permitted to enter. The object Is to have a French consul there in order to riser the passports of Algerines. French subjects, who yearly make religious pilgrimages thereto. And it is desired that the consul should be a Christian und a Frenchman In either of these characters, however, the consul's life there would not be worth twentyfour hours' purchase. If the cabinet of the Tuilleries, therefore, wish to have u consular agent at Mecca, they must send there an Algerine Mussulman, or. If a French nan they must have to answer their purposes, I dire say there would be no difficulty in finding one, if the Hillary affixed to the office be sufficient. who would submit to abjure his baptism and be circumcised, to cast on Christianity and adopt Islamism, for the good of his country, humanity, civilization, and the glory of first carrying a French banner into the Holy of Holies of the Moslem creed. This kind of false grandiose Is what particularly enchants the Krench imagination. French Weiohts and Measireb.?The direct communication between Kranee mid ilie I nited States, by means of the New Vork and Havre line of steamship*, will bring us more in contact with l- rendi terms and technicalities of buaines* and trade. The following table and observations, therefore, of the Kngllah value of the weights and measure* most in use will be useful to those who are not acquainted with the I rrni'h language. It Will be seen tMt tlx Mml Tallies of the French coins are approximations but they are so tieur the truth as to answer all ordinary purposes. The foundation of all the Krench measures, whether of lines, surfaces, solids, or the contents of vessels, (generally called measures of capacity) Is a quadrant ol the earth's merldianal circumference This is presuraedto be constant In the same hemisphere, and foi the same longitude; and the quadrant which they use is that passing from the equator through Tarls to th? north pole. This, accordiug to the most accurate ad measurements and calculations. Is estimated at 9,130,740 olJ Krench toises of ? French feet each. Tht 10,00ft,000th part of this Is a metrt; and one metre it equal to 3 feet and 11 \!!Ki-looo lines, or 3 feet I Inch ol the old measures, very nearly. The metre, the square metre, and the cubic metre. Hrn the radical standards of the three measure*; for there are only three, ns solidity and capacity, though differently named and used, are the same in reality. TUB rH'lti'-hI denominations are not always the square and cube of the metre, because thn first would be too small a measure for land, and thn second too large for the greater number of substances estimated by quantity. The following are the denomination* l,inr.nl Measure.?The mitrr, which means measure, and Ik in round numbers about 3!) 9 JA Kngltsh Inches. Surjace.? The art, which means surface or area and is the square of 10 metrex. or 100 square metre* Coyacify.?The litre, which nieim a measured quantity, and in the rube of one-tenth of a metre, or the 1000 part of a cubic metre. In Knglish measure it in nearly a culm of four inches, and very nearly sixty-one cubic inches. Soliil The Mtrrr, which means a ootid, and la the cube of a metre, or nearly 3.V , Knglish cubic feet. Krom these radical denominations the larger ones are procured by multiplying by 10, and the lower ones by dividing by the same. Thus Deca, prefixed, means 10 timed. Il'rln, 100 " Kilo 1000 " Mi/ria 10,000 ' The** pretties, which are a sort of barbarous Oreek, lor tho numbers, are prefixed to the radical names, metre, are, litre, arid stere , and the number Is understood to multiply the surface of the solid, and not its .xlde : thus one decare is 10 acres, and uot a square of ten titnes the side of an are, and so of the others The denominations below the radiral ones are ex pressed by a sort of I.ttin prefixes : ?Thus I'eci is on# tenth C'ttli is. . one-hundredth Milli is one-thousandth In the name mode of estimating, time wa< arranged Into tenths and hundredths: 1 day hours) I" hours ; I hour 100 tnlnu rs ; and I minute 100 seconds The olrole, or angular measures, were alro arranged In hundredths 40(1 degrees In a whole cireumference , 100 In a quadrant lOil minutes In one degree, and 100 seconds in a minute. These measures hate, howeTsr, been abandoned, or, at all stents, they are far [ERA 347. l'rom being convenient. a? none of tba more useful an gular amnion* are tenth* We annex the detail* of thoie tabled which rem aln the moat in u*e KRENCH AND FEDERAL COINS. French Munry ^alue in Fedrral Currency. The 40 franc piece, double Napoleon or LouU.. .$7 4'J The 'JO franc piece, Napoleon, or L.ouU 3 4(i The 30 houh piece 'JH'? The franc loo centime* IH't The 16 houn piece I *J? The half franc -? 60 oentime* The i|uarter franc m % > centime* 4.'4 The two hour piece - 10 centime* 'i The ?ou, or one aou piece ? ? 6 centime* 1 Oie centime 1 The liard 'in.., >.i r.r . it ii; 4 1.CJI ICUtVI l?U ^ The piece of six liarda , , K TABLES OK MONEY, ko. Englith Monty I'ulur in Freuth. One guinea, or 21 nhillings x= aOf 47c. One pound, or aoTerelgn, ' 30 shillings... - 35f MO Bo. A crown, or A shilling piece t,f an.7c. The half-crown piece, or 3s Od ? af ?o.4c A shilling, or 12 pence > If 10 14c. Sixpence (Od) - of r,n tiTo A penny (Id) Of 10c. Ahalf-penuy (>?d) . . Of 6c. A farthing (..^d) of 3>4o. A dollar - Af 7c. * The J stands for frani or franc i, and r for centime or centime/. WEIGHTS. TROY WKIOHT. English Wrights. Frenah Wrights. 1 grain -- 1-34 jwt (100477 gtam>. ??. 1 pennyweight = 1-30 of an or. * 1.5A460 gramme*. 1 ounce 1-13 of a lb Troy, 31 09130 grammes. 1 pound Imperial, '= 0.37301)64 kilogr'mes. AVOIRDUPOIS WKIMHT. English Weights. French Weighti. 1 dram ? 1-10 of an ounce 1.771a gramme. 1 ouncu = = 1-16 of a lb. 38 3384 grammes. 1 pound, or 1 lb imperial. 0.453414b kilogr'mes 1 cwt = 1 la lbs AO 7834000 kilogr'meo.. 1 ton ? 20 cwt. *= 1016.0490000 kilogr'mes. French. Englith. 1 gr'me 15.438 grs. Troy ^ 0.043 dwts. 0 03al0oi.T. 1 k'KUe 3.68037 lbs. _ a lbs. 8 ozv. 3 dwts. Ogr. T. wt 1 k'gme 3.20648 lb*. = 2 lbs. 3 o*. 4 4-5 drs. Avoir'ps. MEASURES OK LENGTH. LOKO UUIVM. Englith. French. 1 inch, or 1-30 of a yard ? 2 539964 centimetres. 1 foot . K of a yd. = 12 in. 3.0479448 decimetres, t yard = 3 feet 0 91438348 metre. 1 fathom = 3 yards I .83876090 metres. 1 pole, or perch ? 6% yards 5.02911000 metres. 1 furlong, or 220 yards 201.10437000 metres. 1 mile, or 1700 yards 1609.81400000 metres. French. Englith Incnet, 1 millimetre = 0.039370 1 centimetre -- 0.393708 1 decimetre i 3.937079 I metre 30.37070 = 1.093033 yard. 1 decametre 3iM.7U/u - lu.w.ioojy yarus. 1 hectometre ^ :inn7 079 109.366300 yards 1 kilometre 39370.79 4 furlongs, J13 6.(3 y. 1 myriametre _s 393707 .9 6 in , 1 fur., 160.2HS y. French. English. I toi.se 6.3945 feet ? 2.1315 yards 76.736 inches. 1 aune, or ell ? 3.893 feet 46 79 Knglish inches. IttL'AHK MKASl/HE. Englith. Frmich. 1 square yard ? 0.836097 metre carre. 1 rod, or pole 30', sq yard 25.201939 metre carres. 1 rood 12 10 square yards 10.11677.) ares 1 acre ? 1840 sq 40.16(11 a 0.404671 hectare. French. English. 1 metre carre 1 centiare - 1.196033 Mquare yard. 1 lire ? 3.9o Knglish pole* ? 0 98846 rood. 1 hectare --2 a. I r. 5 perched 2.473614 acres. MKASUKKS KOK LltlUOHH. English. French. 1 pint, or'1, of a gallon 0 667032 litre. 1 quart, or \t of a gallon 1.135864 litre. 1 imperial gallon -=? 4.63457 9 litres. . DRY MhAat'HK. English. French. 1 peck 2 gallons ? 9 0869169 litres. I bushel ? H gallons .?= 36 347664 litres. 1 sack 3- 3 bushels 1.09043 hectolitres. 1 quarter = 8 bushe i_ 2 907813 hectolitres 1 chaldron 12 cks s_ 13.0b516 hootolitre*. French English. 1 litre 1.760773 pint *= 8803865 qts. =*. 2iuuy?'J galls. 1 decalitre --= 2.2009667 gallons. 1 hectolitre =n 220096670 gulions. 1 lie new l" reneh ileniiiiiir.RtloiiM ha\ inn been louuil very inconvenient fur common purpoaea, v??re, iu 1*12, arranged as follow* : ? 1 tome, or ti (Bet =r metres t>S(ilo334 Knglitll It I foot, or M ini'hea flllttf I WMIW IbafUah It I iuoh, or U lines 1 ofJoJs:' English in. 1 lino - - u.tWl 136.J Kugluli in. 1 aunt', or <'ll 1-i metre .'1.937 English leet. or 1 aune 47J44 hngliah inch's I bualiel ? hectolitre - ? 762 85 cubic lnchea. I olil 1'atrin toot - - 1 (Hid hngliah loot. 1 old I'ans inch - - 1 (i.iti hugliab inch. 1 ol>l line - . " .utmrt hugllalr inch. Old foot, iucli hud line to n?w ad 4 to 4? nearly. AllHcellaiicouH Foreign Itcmi. The Faubourg St. Ueriuain ban been thrown into conateriiation by the resolve of the young autl buautilul rrincusa La '1 remouille to appear on the stage ! Kvery effort ban beeu uaed to dlaauade her but In vain. She persists in her determination to make a <lrlmt at the theatre Krangaise, In one of Rachel's part*, on the day that Hhe become* of age; and if. through the iutturnce of 1 her family, the doom of the Krauvalse should be cloned ugainat her, ahu baa declared her intention to appear at the French Theatre iu London or St. t'eteraburg. A buxom country girl in Ayreablre left her place last Whitaun term, with the merciful determination of putting a matrimonial period to the doubtaaud sigh* of her alaiwart awain: but, having the bump of caution large, ahe read of high markets, and sagely pondered thereon ; and ultimately ahe last week arrived at the dwelling of u civic functionary, in whom ahe placed implicit reliance, and requeated aa a moat particular favor that he would give her hla advice. The question ahu put WHa, whether markets were likely to rise or tail ? "tor,'' added she in a whisper, " Alick and me intendit to gang thegither at this time, but I canna mak up my mind to't wi' the meal at 3d. a pec.Y Alick, I aee, wad riak it at two shillings; but faith I'll no try t aboon aughteen pence.' It will, we are sure, alTord pleasure to all our readers to learn that the IJueen has tattled on Mr*. Dr. (Chalmers and her family a pension of X'JOO a year. It ia highly creditable both to the monarch and her adviser that the act,alike unaolicited and unexpected on the part of Mrs i.nimners aim ner menus. msw iue lorui tu a spontaneous expression of sympathy with'the bereaved widow, and of respect for the illustrious dead. The Watering PIoccm. KKvroRT, N. J., Aug. S, 1847. Tltr Rite ami ProgreH of Kryjiort ? liuiinm?llutth, > \c., 4*c. i I am not at all surprised that, from tlio press of business on jour hands, jou should overlook a place like Keyport, which has sprung into existence like a mushroom. Seven years ago not one solitary house stood on the Kearney estate, which was the only name thii place was known by. The contrast, how great!?the Oyster dredgers have located here and have added wonder!ully te the value of property ; they have over one million of dollars invested in the oyster beds, besides thirty-one sloops and schooners, employing on an average almut four hundred men and boys, each man ami boy averaging liiioiit f 2'> per month, the greater pari 01 wnicii is spent freely in Key port by theHe enterprising and sea Turing men, who are honest and free-hearted. Two steamboats which are owned and ply constantly from hern to New . \ ork Three large and reKpectable'hotels,who are second to none Id the country for rural enjoyment?the primepal one Is the Keyport Pavilion. owned and conducted by K. \V. Thompson, K#<| ,and a more gentlemanly, cour' teous and cheerful landlord is seldom met with In town ' or country. The house Is most beautifully located on an eminence, fronting the Itaritan Kay. from which you have a full view of the Highlands of Nevcrsink to the ' Narrow*, as well as of Staten Island, Perth and South ' Amboy, and the thousand large and small craft which spread their Mowing, snow-white sails to the Invigoratiug breexe, which constantly wnfts on r the Ilaritan Uay. Mending the vessels with all the luxuries of life to and from your city. The next hotel is the Atlantic, conducted by a gentleman unsurpassed for his assiduous attention to his crowd of boarders Mr. Biookfleid The third Is a large and beautiful house, put up this spriug by (i. C. Paries. Ksi| , one of our wealthy New Jersey old-fashioned American gentlemen The h?use is conducted, I believe, by Messrs. liorden and llunsinger, two young men of energy and enterprise, who gave their opening ball .last evening, which was brilliant and gave entire satisfaction. Kor grace and beauty, I may say, it was unrivalled. we have here a ship yard, owned and .oonducted by i. .11 k ... vim launches t new sloop about every ?wk. and employ* constantly about 1 one hundred men, InHuding whip carpenter*, joiner*, 1 biackHinlth*, rigger*, painter* and will maker* The beach cannot be *urpa**ed for bathing, and you would laugh wont heartily, could you pee but a tenth of the untie* performed by your city belle* MUd beaux, while indulging Id the pure *aline bath Leaving the beach, the wood* afford great an.u*ement to tho*? who lore fowling, and you might *eethe V orker* turning out every morning with their dog* and gun*, on deed* of daughter Intent Home take boat* and glide over the bay.^and thun they *pend their merry time, without a thought of care or wo Keyp?rll*a paradl*e during Hummer and afford* every kind of amusement Jlcra is the old Vaterau, Col llayne* who keep* a kind of gymnasium and pixtol gallery, with tlrtt ii?ta hair trigger*, nod many are the pleasant hour* *p?nt la his reading room, where arc to l<e faund a good m-ltxtiou ol book* and new*pap<rs, Including, of tourse the tin aid. Tkavki.i.ini; 1.1 Mai*k.?Si.x BteauilmuiM arriv^d at Portland, on Wednesday, with 1,111 |>na*< uger*, I'W from Boston, 51ft from Kennebec, ItiI Iroui the Penobscot, and -JSft from St John* and Kartport. In addition to the*? arrival*, there arrived In On car*, In the eour*H of the day, lMtwe> n loo and ftOII pas*euger*t be i'le* the number Drought in from the country by *ouie h?lf dozen *'.age line* Tbl* will do, for one day. Th? Hon. Edmund Burke, Commlsalonar of the Talent Offloa, wai In Columbus, Ohio, on tha 4th Inat ^ L A l b. Prhw Two C cot J Miwubuutti Politic*. Buttux, August 4. 1947. Tint flrat itup tuwnrdu opening the political caiut>*l<n in thin State, wu made about a fortnight ?tmce, by the publication of a notice from the Democratic State Cantral Comuuttee. calling upon the iwv.-ral towns to ehouae delegated to a convention, which i? to meet at Worcester on the i'Jd of September next Hhftuld the convention be uo more nuiuerounljr attended than wan the meeting of the committee at which thla notice wu be a mighty alitu affair indeed, as but throe or four counties were represented at that meeting. Among the oountles unrepresented, were pretty near all those which, in " the good old timea " of the party here, were wont to elect democratic Senators, and meat of the democratic representative* That very listless military hero, Oeneral Apathy, who wa* formerly thought to b? so thoroughly wedded to whigirm aa to be beyond the chance of changing hi* opinion*, ha* joined our damocraey. and is exercising an Iron rule over them. Tbey appear to be attticteil with an overwhelming drowslnea*, aa if they liail ull been sucklug away at the letheon, and rather liked both the article itaelf and the oonMquanoa* of using it. I.ike the seven nieeperaof hphesus.or Rip Van Winkle, or whoever is most renowned for power to deep long and soundly, they have stretchod themselves out tor a nap, au<l act as if they believed their constitution required It. Ferhaps the bleeping beauty, who lay down amid the Hhrub*. and did not awakeu until they had grown up into trees, and found herself surrounded by a forest, would afford the bent comparison for their case. It may be that they hold with Shakspeare, that sleep ia the" balm of hurt minds,'' and are resolved to try it* application In soothing their cares It is. however, the " twin brother of death,'' and they may chance to encounter the one brother while courting the more gentle embrace and ministrations of the other In the meantime, the democratic presses are aotlng the part of dleturbers of repose, and are eudeavonng to arouse the 'masses'- to exertion. They deserve credit for their labors, for what can be more praiseworthy than honest endeavors to accomplish impossibilities Tlwre is about as much enthusiasm in the party now. as therein in the skeletons in Surgeon's Hall 80 dull are they, that the whigs jeeringly say that there will not be ift.ooo democratic votes thrown In November; but whig observations respecting democrats are to be taken cum gratia tali*. Vet the utter waut of life manifested by the democracy. would seem to warraut this prediction of their opponents, who, however, would do well to remember a certain old proverb, which teaches the wisdom of permitting sleeping dogs to remain undisturbed. If democracy be dead, as the whigs say it is, there can be neither magnanimity nor common sense in maltreating th? corpse. i uo uuniunns ui wie i unvenllnii to meet at Worcester, will be thu nomination of candidate for Governor. Who will be the fortunate individual set up, in order that hB may be voted down. It is not vet possible to nay. Several gentlemen have been spoken of for tbe place, the most conspicuous of whom are lsa*o Darin, John Mills, and Gworge 8. Houlwell. Mr. Davis suoceedBd Mr. Bancroft iu the candidacy, Mr. Morton having got tired of playing the part of the gentleman of Rotterdam, who. as you will recollect, had so nice a cork leg that it kept hiiu " running'' a race as purpoeelew as it wan unceasing Mr. Bancroft made over to Mr. Davis a tloatlug capital of ,>1,000 votes, with which he operated at the elections of ?4f> and '46, and contrived to sink the number to about 31,000. Khould he be run once or twice more, with similar results. the party will get back to the poiul at which it started twenty years ago. It would be uujust to Mr. Davis to say that he can be charged with having caused this decrease iu the party's strength. The most that ran be said agaiust him is, that he does not possess those elements of character which enable a party to I ear up against " the pressure from without,'' or to preveut the spread of dissensions in its own ranks, lie has been a passive Instrument in the business, aud not an aotive one. lie has done nothing to acoelerate the decline of our democracy, aud just about as much to prevent that decline. In short, he has done "his duty, his whole duty, | aud nothing but his dntv " Mr. Mills was formerlw DU I Irict Attorney under the Jackson and Vau Buren administrations. He is respet table in point of taleut. aud finally 50 iu his social position, an is proved by the I act tl>nt lit* wait the only man in the party who could get the requisite boiiil.1 to fill the i llli:? ol Mate i'reaa -rer, when t tie democracy, by some miraculous interposition, got possession of our government iu 184H. I do not believe lr. Mills will accept the nomination,should it be tendered him lie in too shrewd a man to allow himself to btf made a victim of Morton?s bad management and unpopularity, and in too much ol'a gentleman to lead a forlorn hope Mr lloutwei; is a young man, and much and deservedly eateeuied by members of all parties He ha* l.i en u conspicuous member ol the legislature for some r-n or seven yearn, and is a thorough going democrat In all his Ideas In 1?14 lie was opj>o?ed to the annexation ol Texas. and for this and some > ther reasons. he i? supposed to lie an abolitionist, though he is no more so than are most of our puhlio men Were he an abolitionlat of the strictest Beet, he would be the lavonle ol tbe "peculiar" friends ol the a<luiluistratlou all of whom are notorious lor their abolition sympathies it i* a curious f?n:t, that almost every place iu this Male within Mr. 1'olk'n gift, has been bestowed upon abulitiomala; and thin is oue of the principal reasons of the 4eeliue of democraoy iu this and the other .New t.ugland Slates. Mr. Heual or Hale, ol New Hampshire, bad' aid and comfort" iu bis successful onslaught ou tbe democracy of that State irom high otltcial nuariers, and the oondillon of the party there au<l here, is tbe legitimate result of the insane course of tbe l'resideut, iu proscribing all the tree trade uirn and constitutionalists, aud conferring lavors upon tew save tbe ardeul friends of protection and abolitionism - as i'armentier and Morton, for example*, i he unsparing proscription of Mr. Calhoun's Iri.uds every where, aud particularly in New Hampshire, is well known, aud has worked admirably?for the whigs Hut 1 am getting away from my subjeot I have reason for i...ii?im>.? ib-> vir wii i- ?? - -ii -? nomination. Were it made clear to him that by accepting it tie would subserve the interests of hlH party and the public, be would accept it, be theoonsequences what lliey wight. Hut nothing of the kind can be done, and neither lie nor any other man in called upon by a seuse of honor to injure himself by hopelessly endeavoring to stem the current of misfortune and inevitable ruin brought upon the party here through the ignorance and the imbecility of the administration. General < ushing ha* been suggested an the democratic candidate by a coi respondent of the Fott, but there ha* been no response to tne suggestion from any quarter, and the coniuiou opinion in that the General ii quite an much of a whig now a* he ever wan There in not the slightest proot that his political sentimeut* hare undergone any change True, he took a conspicuous part in getting up the Massachusetts regiment of volunteer*, and be tought the anti-war whigs in the legislature last winter, but so did other whigs, whom no one suppose* to have changed their party relation*. I believe Mr. (. ushiug i* a Taylorite, and more likely to attach himself to n new and rising party than to chivalrously throw himrielf into the rank* of a falling cause. He is a man of too much acutenes* not to know the precise strength of democracy in .New hngland, and must be convinced that it can no longer carry weight. What inducements can Mich a party bold out witti which to tempt an aspiring politician, who has hitherto had a mnst successful career, and had it because he ha* alway* chosen his positions and made his movements with no ordinary sagacity ? In another letter I shall pay my respects to the whigs. whose condition here is not, on some points, much ataaad of that of the democrats. Their duel advantage is to be found in the fact, that they term a portion ol the national opposition, and the party ol nope Is always batter utile to maintain Itself than the parly iu possession Mary Fox.?We Htuted y?xirriliiy morning that this girl had lif<*n found. It will lit* recollected that site wan seduced or abducted from her parents iu , New York in May last tier agoni/.lng father had offered a reward of for lier recovery .she was only |.i years of age. The Uu alo f'.Tjirrii gives the following imrttcuUrs ' The lust, one is found. Mr II II Best of till* city receive 1 the above handbill a short Unix since, and from information that he obtained. wa* led t*> i think that the girl and her seducer had paaeed up the i lakes. lie immediately proceeded West, and overlook i them at .Mllwaukie, where he necuretl the girl, and prepared to return with her to her parent* Hare, or whatever the scoundrel's name In, who went away with the Kirl. took passage on the Illinois. the name boat with Mr. Hest. determined to rescue her If an opportunity offered. ( apt Make and hi* ofHcers. we are assured by Air. IJest, rendered every assistance In their power to thwart the Irllow'e purposes When at Detroit an attempt wan made to take hur away from Mr. Ueet by habe** corpus, but the Illinois wa* a little too t|ulck for the law and h? ai rived here nafely yeeterday morning with the girl yet In charge. He ha* gone to New \ ork to restore the daughter to her disconsolate parent*, and receive the HOUg little reward offered, for bin vigilance Hare, we understand. I* in town, and an we bad enough of the genus knave here before, we trust he will make hi* stay very short." Intkukstino I.nve*t<iation.?A cane of inorc tlixn ordinary iiit<*rfM ih in (>rocem ol inveMigtition at New Haven, before a committee r.f the l ounty Kcclesiastlcal Association I'he parties belong to the most cultivated circle of society, ami the affair, w? understand. brings Rome eminent men of the clerical profcseion in that city into painful oollision with each other. The lady is a sister of a distinguished orthodox clergy man, and the young gentleman is a candidate for tile mini Jru Thorit is tin lLtl'ITint to ft* lH?* rhnriVM nf breach of promise. but the allegation U that her charac ter ha* aulfered Irom ralumnloua and tal?e representation* made by biui alnotJ tbn amicable termination of their intimacy and lrieud*hip. The affair ban occupied public attention for pome month* pant In that city. and It If now In proceM of investigation. by the aaeoalatlon to which he ix am?nablo for Chriatian deporlmtul Tko reverend brother of the lady, we undvratand. uiauaff*? L-r < ???, and lion, liturg* A.ihmun.of thin town, la counsel for tile gcntieuiau, ill connection with He* *lr. for ter, formerly nettled here The examination began on VVadneaday afternoon In Hey Dr Day's study. and will probably be extended through the remainder of the win k Sprirngjirld Rrpuhtican. NOTK K TO SMOKKHH-H. HKNHI<tU?'<* leave to call the attention of bi? friend*. and the b>ver? I | the favorite weed, an well a* llie public in fen?r!l, to ? i'inm* * hn choice mid extrimve tUBurtineiit of flanii* id I'nnetpe Nrgara Some ofibe mo?t delightful bra?d?J??t recuvedier (/lulde Harold b*v mi beeu ?e|ect*?i under ibe 'nal^-i'ti' i ? I < ' of the beat iudust in Tl >?mia, in order to |de ne tlie n"><' tnlloua, ana n"t to be auip<\M*d by any other collection " city, or elaewliere. No. IMBrpadw* . _ jy2j Mt*rc corner nt rine i ?i