Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 13, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 13, 1847 Page 1
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5*e*HBBaHBBH5=5-??SCSSS^ TH] Vol. X1U. No. ?il_U hole No. *81*.' THE N KW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-west corner of Pulton and Nuns *f. ' JAMES GOROON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION?FORTY THOUSAHO. n VILY HERALD?Every day, Price 2 cents per cop#?$7 iiiuuni?(livable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 6% cents per c >py?$1 12)? cents tier annum?payable in advance HER \LD FOR EUROPE? Erery Steam Packet dayPrice t,'4 cents per copy?per annum. including postage, payable in ndrance Subscriptions aud advertisements will be received by Messrs. Oaliguani, 1# nie Vivienne, Pari* ; p. L Siuimidt, IS Cornhill, itidjohn Miller, the bookseller, London' ANNUAL PICTORIAL HER ALD?Published on the 1st of January of each year?single copies sixpence each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual prices?always cash in l4vai.ce. Advertisements should he written in a plain, lettable rn muer. The Proprietor will not be responsible (or errors that may occur in them. , ? PRI NTINO of nil kind* executed beautifully and with de?|intch. All letters or communications by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paid, or the postage will be de dnct?,l irom the snbserintma moner remitted ??SP? new york and h&rlem railroad company SUMMER AKRANOEMENT. ON ANU AFTER the Cars will run as follows, uutil further notice. Up trains will Irave ilie City Hall for H irk-mit Morrisiana. Forham (k Tack woe Pleasautville, ' > 30 A. M. Will'msBr'ge Hart's and Newcastle 7 ' 5 30 A. M. White Pl'ns. Bedford, 8 7 " 7 A. M. Whitlickville 1 " 10 " 10 " Croton Fulls. 10 " 11 " 4 P. M. 7 A. M. 11 11 S P. m. 5 M " 4 P. m. 2 P. M. 4 3 J 10 " 4 " 10 " 5 " 5 30 ' C 30 " Returning to New York will leave? Morrisiaim ttHarlem. Fordham. Will'ms Br'ge. Tackahoe. 7 O.'i A. M. 6 43 A. M. 6 45 A.M. 7 30 A. M. 8 10 " 7 54 " 7 40 " 8 48 " it " 9 09 " 9 OP " 1 20 P. M. 10 " 12 23 P.M. 12 .5 P.M. 5 52 ' 12 15 P. M. 1 45 1 40 '' White Pl*n?. 2 " 5 08 " 6 " 7 10 A M. 3 ? tl5 u 6 01 " 33 " 5 !0 " 51 " T 45 " IP. M. 6 5 31 " 6 28 " 8 04 " Pl< i.;antville. Newcastle. Bedford. Whitlickville. 8 13 A M. B AM. 7 51 A M. 7 44 A M 5 13 P M. 9 P M. 4 51 P M. 4 45 PM Croton Falls. 7 30 A M. 4 30 P M. The trams to and from Crotou Falls will uot stop on New York Maud, except at Broome street, and 32d street. A car will precede each train tea minutes, to take up passeugers in the city. Tne morning train.of cars from Croton Falls will not stop between White PUitis and New York, except at Tackahoe William's Bi idge, aud For dham. Eitra trahis on Sundays to Harlem and Morrisianaa if fine W Stages Cor Lake Mahopackand Danbury leave Croton Fulls oa arrival of the 7 o'plock A. M. and 4 P. M. trains, and for Pawlui-'s on arrival of the 7 o'clock A. M. train. FARE FROM NEW YORK : To Croton Falls $1 00 To Whitlickvill 87* To Newcastle 75 TNl PlMUKBnrrill* . .. K2? To White Plains.,.. , SO Freight traiiu leave City Hall at 12 M. ami at 7 P. M. Hemming. Iri<vi- Ootim halls at 7 A.M. nail 9 t\ M. ?" UA.Y~& CO 'S BOSTON AM) KAttl'fcKN fcXP11K3S, vit Newport and Kail River.?This ?xpreti leave* tliu office, No. I Wall street, comer of Broadway, daily, at i|uart?*r before 1 o'clock, P. M., thereby securing to merchants and olhers the advantage of a late hoar for forwarding cases, packages, tic. Biuk notes, specie, drafts. aud valuable parcels are secured iu iron safes niitl placed in the charge of faithful conductors. OAY Ik CO. Merchandise, \>v kagei, Jke. forwarded in our own cars, aud by leuviuu orders at our office. No. 1 Wall street, corner of Broadway, packages will be called for in any part of the city. J No. 1 Wall street, corner Broadway. " j No^7 8t 'te street. Bostou. anS 3ntrc 'jgjflTdNklY ISLAND KKKtlV.?The well flv -? Wjy^|?knowi) steamer AMEUICAN KAULK, CapSCSaKBLttta Uro. H. Power, will run regularly during the season to Coney Island, landing at Kort Hamilton, as fo!Iowj:?Leaving Tier No 1, at 10, 1,4; leaving Coney Uland at 1>4. 6)<J. In r-dditiou to the above trips, will make a itvorniiu trip to Fort Hamilton, leaving the city at 7,-Kort Hamilton at 8 o'clock. au4 15t*rc i m KOHKt. V l'OKT.?The s'eamer JUSfcPH i mSV'. COb'Ki&JS, will leave the pier, foot of Chambers street, daily, fur Key Port, at 2 o'clock. P. M. N I).?On Sunday's, the boat will foot of Hammond street at H!<; Canal street. 8J4; Chambers st'eer, Pike xt'eet, E 11.,'jV * <! ''"*r No. t. K K... at !>>< o'clock. au3 *>t?in TKOK FKIvJH AMUOV AN1? NkW ? / <y'.-<icNBKUN iWl'.K ?Daily, Suudays ,'iceoted, jjft iflniatluat V ntst3 o'clock P. M . from the foot of It bi.'.W't Mr.-et, lie*- u> Barclay. Tin' iif n mid elegant st?*in?ir ANTKLOPK, Capt. S. Van Wick'I. will, IIU anil alter Tnesdiy, August 10 h, leave (lie foot of K'bimou street. for Perth Aainn. a <1 New Brunswick landing at Rossvillf, Woodbridge-Totten's and (French's Lauding lt'tnroi (.theANTULOfb leures Nrw brumwick at y? past S A.M.; Perth Amhoy at % pant 7, stopping at the above places. Passengers for Kings.on and Prince'.>u take stags at New Bruuswicli on the arrival of the boat All freights, haggle, (kc? at the owner's rink. cultr,t?rr ?u FOKSHKK WSBUKV.LwNO BAA.M 11, < ..-fts-JNP W. SCHKNCK'S. HIGHLANDS, Ocean ' I III HMUfllfflT Home, and Katontown Landing. The Steamboat KDWIN LKWI3, ('apt Haynes, will run as follow* from foot of Ve?ey ?treet, Nortli Hive'-: Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. Aug. o'clock. Aug. o'clock. Friday 13, at P.M. Satur.lay, 14, at 0 A.M. Saturday,M, at tk P M. Saturday, 11, at <'1 P. M. 8md.iy, 15, at lilt A. M Sundiy, I), at 11 A.M. Monday, IS, at C}gA.M. Mouday, Hi. at 11 A.M. Tuesday, 17, at 7 A. M Tuesday, 17, at 12 M. Wedu'y, 18, at 7 A.M. Wedn'y, 18, at 12 M. S'a,es will be iu readiness on lb- airivdl of the boat to con rey passenger* to all parti of the c.ii^ry j v"I Wfrc 'H1 KORMHKfcWWBUK 77OCtAN '1 OUafc, , ,iii?yi'*Loui{ Branch Uuiisnm Dock, Brown's Dock, Midaletowu aud lted Bank.?The Steamboat OKI'S, C. Price, Master, will ruu as follows, from Fulton Market Slip, Hint Hiver Leave New Vork Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock. O'clock Friday, 13, 8 Friday, 13, 4>? Saturday, 14, y.l4 Saturday, 14, 5 Sunday, 1}, 8 Sunday, 15, C Monday, 16, 7 Monday, Itt, 11H A.M. The Line Stages will run to Howell Works, Sqnau Village and freehold. Htiges to convey passengers to mil parts of the Si. B. All |*rio?i are forbid truiting the above boat on aecoui<mf thr Owner*. J. 1'. ALLAIKK ?u4 30f*re OPPOSITION PAS1AOUUKM(,K-Jo t ('k?^ Mbniiv. I'tifa. ?l iO; Syracuse, $2; Oswego, MflUMiriBNa ; Hocheater, SJ: Bu Halo, $2', Clevehud, $4; D'lroii, (I; Milwaukie, $6 71; Chicago, $i> 71; (Jincinnati, iO '5; 1'oronto and Hamilton,$1; Whitehall, $2;MontrenI, S<; Pittsburg, 56. Office, loo Barclay street. Ai tecurity required will be given for the fulfilment of all lontraCi' iiir with this company. jyl8 30r.*r VI. L K\?. A??nt, Net^York?1847. mh Tha ?M|>eri(>r WWIW NKVV HAVltN, r *|aatL_ffS<:npiaiii V.ui Pelt, cau be chartered fur tacurtMHMliwaMtasioii* to any place, by application at No. 8 Battery fi-we. Ninthriver. jy28 30trc MORNING BOAT AT HALK-I'AST ' ^rat^*'* ,or A'hitiiy and intermediate landings.? wMmMUMm Karr JO cent*. Breakfast and dinner on bward the boal. The well-known low preaaure steamboat SOOTH AMhRIC A, Capt. T. N. Hiilse, will leave the Sieamboai I'ier, foot of Otrcluy street, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at hull-past ait o'clock A.M. antlU'rc id. MOkNINO LINE mil Al.BAN V ANU THOY and Intermediate Landiugs. Breakfast and Oinuer ou hoard the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. (iurliain, will leave the stermhnat pier foot of Barclay at reet. Moudtys, Wedneadaya, and Fridays, at seven o'clock A. M Returning on the opposite dnyi. l'he Steamer N1 AOARA, Capt. H L. Kellogg, will leave lite Hteamboat Pier foot of Barclay street. Tuesday, Thuriday and Saturday, at half put sii o'clock, A. M., returning on the opposite day a. Ir/" Kare SO Cents. Kor pwnge or freight, apply oa board, or to f. B. Hall, at the oiLce on the whirl. j y-20 NOTICE. 8TATKN ISLAND KKRHY.?On and I" ^ after 8UNDA\, .Aiiril 18th. the steamboats (aBUilfiAte SYLPH to4 STATION 1SLANDKR will ton aa follows, until furtiier nance s? I.K4VK ITATKn 111411) At 6, t, 9, 10,11, A. M., and 1, 2, I, 4, 5, 6, 7, P. M. i.ksik mkv/ vona At 7, ?, to, 11, A. M., and I, 2, ten minute* past I, aad at 4, 5, C, 7, o'clock, P. M. New Y.>rk Anrit IStfi. alt r M. rburbb o uni ?iiamjioiib m>ii \WAN i, Daily, Sundays LvceptedW&mJMmUa Through Direct?At 7 o cloe.U, P. M., from the Pi*-r between (Jour'landt nod Liberty streeu. Steamboat ISAAC NKWTON, C?|)t. Wm. H. Peck, will leave no Monday, Wednesday, and Friday teuuigi, at 7 I o'clock. _ _ ? 1 Hteaiuboat HKNDRIK HUDSON, C?pt. K. O. Crnttendet.will l?ve on Taeiday, Thursday and Saturday evening at 7 o'clock. Mpecial Trains for Schenectady, D.illston, and Saratoga Hi ririi.H, Will ran us follows:?Leave Albany at A.M., 3 P.M., except bund '??. Pnsseugers will lind this the most ei peditious and convenient route. At Kivl O'Cloch, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Placrs? fro-.> the loot o I liarclay street. Steamboat NOKlrt AMERICA, (Jaffna Trnadcll, will leave ou Monday, Wednesdny, Kriday, Snvuy alteruooui, ali o'clock. Mteiinhoat ROCHESTER. Captain R. H. Korry, will leave oil Tuesday, Thursday, oud Saturday alterioous, at) o'clock. The above boats will at aJl times arrtve in Albaay it ample lime for the Morning Cars lot the K-vsr or West. freight token at inodmti rates, and none taken! after O'clock, P. M. |f*/* All iiersoni are forbid truiiin; any of the boats of thif line, without a written order from tiie cap'atns or ageuta. I? or passage or freiijht, n|>ply on board the boats, or to P. C. tU..^^JtNTI NEW ua i Or r> ..-^OI'i'OHInw itOATD KOR ALUANY, t I .'tiding ut Van Courtlandt's Nrwburgli, I'nughkei-psie, Kiugstou r,?t?mil and Hudson.? FareMcenu? Bsenkl'iai and Dinner on Uoard. The uew and elegant Wemifr ROGER WILLIAM^, Cept. A. Degroot, Tuesdays, Thursdays. and Saturdays, at half-past S.I, A. M.f from the pier foot of Robinson street, touching at llexnmona street leer, from New York, Tor pumf or frieght, apply en bo?fd the Boets, or to Goo. T. Stanley,at the offlce, foot of Robtoeon street. (T f All persons are fortjid trnsti?* the above boys om aeennnf nf the ownef* WWlll Uii. NOTICE?.All liersons are hereoy cnunoned WrTTV.'?ainst trusting any of the crew of the Or. bark Ann fialHbli tiley, as no debts of theirs will be i?.i I by the (>?pPJN! WUODHULL 4C M INTKH N , )(rc k7 South suctt t h E NE1 j The War, Ac. MEXICAN ROBBBIS. (Tran*lated from N 0. La Patria. August 4 ] We have bean lafornwd that a person recently arrived from Vera Crui. and who is at present in this city, state* that be wus robbvd in the vieiuity of Vera I riu by Lieut Col. J M Mata C'erro Gordo prisoner) and hU party, who. under the denomination of guerillas, allow no one of nny cliies or nation to pass them without robbing them of all thev have. even if th?-y spare their lives We can scarcely believe such a pi-ce of news, notwithstanding we have been informed that this person is well acquainted with the personal appearance of Col. Mata. and that it was at his order that the *3000 were carried with him We would wish to be more cer tuinly informed on this head to plac.? it with full confidence before our readers Although we heard that Sen?r Mata, before his departure from this cit v. intended to form a nuerilla. h?nrl nn hi< -? ?1?.? 1 1 I would place himself. still we cannot believe that he has j degenerated into a mere highwayman?a public robber. ARMY. The stenmship Galveston left New < trleans for Vera Cruz via Tainpieo. on the 3d Inst She took oyer one company of the K>th Infantry and about 80 horses We understand that there in now ready In this city, under the new requisition for troops to protect the traders against th- hostile Indians on the plains three companion of volunteers, who have beeu holding themselves in readiness; and. at the suggestion of the Governor, Capt. Petzer has a company of mounted men. handsomely equipped and uniformed; and Captains T. U. Wetmore and Napoleon RoHcittloaki have each, we understand. full companies, and will be raady to march at sliort notice, and as soon as they are inceivoj by the Governor.? St. Louis Heveillr, .lug. 1. NAVAL. A Naval Court of Enquiry to examine into Uta luubo cf the recent accident to the U. 8. ship Jamestown, assembled yesterday on board the U. 8. ship Pennsylvania. The court consist* of the following officer;,Coin. Wilkinson, President; Coin. Kearny and Capt. Webb, members ; Lieut. A. Sinclair, Judge Advocate.?Norfolk JJeacon, *lug. 11. j Herald European Correspondence. Dublin, 19th July 1847. The Repeal Association?Irish Council?Parliament ?Election Movements?Crops?Fever?Temperance, *?., 4-r. The Repeal Association met aa usual on Monday last, E. O. Mahoney, bart., in the ohalr. Mr. John O'Conneli addressed the meeting at great length, on many of the accustomed topics, lie especially alluded with reprobation to the conduct of the Young Irelanders. in putting the pledge of 11 no plaoe'! to Dr. Power at the Cork election, and maintained bis own right of freedom of action and choice of recommondlng repealers to plaoes unil#r the present ministry, Sic., Ktc. The rent of tho week, owing to the excitement of the coming elections and the axertions of some of the Roman Catholic clertrv u.mmin fuil to A'122 19s 4d. Dr. Powell has. as anticipated In last, been returned for Cork, by a majority of 289 over his Conservative opponent, Mr. Loader. The Irlah Confederation held its last public meeting on the 7th Inst, one of the largest, most enthusiastic, and respectable yet held. Mr Meagher refuted some groundless accusations of the Pilot newspaper, and then at great length, and in the most eloquent terms, pointed out the mischiefs of the place-begging and accepting policy, and besought his hearers to confront corruption wherever it appeared, whether on the hustings or in the forum Mr T. D. McOee, the lately appointed secretary of the Confederation, (Mr. Hamill, the former one, having retired in ill health.) read the report of the trade committee, aud Mr Barry, an able and argumentative address of the Confederation to the 1'rotentauts of Ireland, in anticipation of the approaching anniversary, 12m, Sto . exhorting for the future to lay aside all sectional differences aud combine in union for the common cause of country. The meeting separated, cheering loudly for repeal. The Irish Council held Its last great public meeting, previous to adjournment to Tuesday, 2d September, on Kriday last. Many practical measures of great utility connected with the encouragement of agriculture, trade, and Irish manufactured, were brought forward, and after congratulations on the present promising condition and prospects of the Council, the meeting separated until the above date?its future exertions promise the greatest eventual benetit to the country and a ' Incus in gut'' at length is found on which men of all opiuions can meet, not for the discussinnor promotion of class interests, but the advancement of the national caua? Tim nl>l cries, notwithstanding some injudicious attempts at Conciliation iIh.I1. are being fust abandoned. and Ireland for thn Iri?h Is tho general frilling, eveu where from long liabit and associations unexpressed. It is now generally supposed that Parliament will be dissolved about the '21th or 'J6th of this month, and that tho election* will be held about the 10th of Augustmost of tho constituencies will lie contented, and active exertions are going on accordingly. Mr John O'Contirll ha* withdrawn from Dublin. 11 in return for a place, where hiH conduct had excited Mich active, and perhaps, deserved odium, was hopeless Mr Moore, the Attorney (Jen? ral for Ireland, though he lius not yet declared hit intention, it is said will aland, supported of course by all the government interest, and the liberal party are looking out for two eligible candidates to represent their interests. Mr. McTavish, who stand.-' on the Conciliation Hall interest,is from Maryland. U. S. Sir Lucius O'Brien, brother of Mr Smith 0'Briiin,it Is announced, proposes starting for CUre, as a repealer To meutiou other candidates would be tedious and uninteresting to your readers. By advices received from all pnrts of Ireland thn crops continue to wear the same luxuriant and promising appearance, and in some localities the grain orops are ripening rapidly No Might lias hitherto appeared on the potatoes, and the apprehensious entei taiucd at an earlier part of the season ?re fast diminishing or disappearing and provisions are fast pouring in at all tli- * a ports Kight vessels with Indian corn cargoes arrived in Liuierick on Friday Tho dork Rr/iortrr states that upward* of titty grain laden Towels have Hrrived slue* its last publication ; among these were tins lona. from Philadelphia with (lour, meal and Indian corn; Metawora, from N?w uu , uwiuiimu. uuiu .-1CW Uficuun. UO. I nCUM are every day cxpected to fall. hdiI yet, strange to gay. are still generally maintained; the great consumption. of course, culls for those large supplies, ami renders their arrivals, except by tlielr announcement, scarce perceptible Kever still rages, and probably will suffer little or no (liminutieu during the beak <>f summer; them are. at present, 707 cases of It in the Cork hospitals In Belfast lever hospitals. 2 040, frightful ; In Mallow, a small town in Iniiisliannon. the patients in some Instances lying in the streets; In Ion, 'id burials on Saturday?24 dead bodies in the receiving house. These are melancholy details, but the people of this country are learning a lesson from the sufferings through which their unhappy fellows have passed, that will remain long, perhaps never unforgotten?there have been nearly ten thousaud emigrants from one county, Sligo. this year t(> America; with the same county there is connected an interesting fact which cannot, perhaps, be too widely diffused Lord Palmerston has an estate with a rental of X8 000 per annum; it is stated on authority, that for the last ten years, he has received none, llie whole having been expended In the Improvement of the property By a parliamentary report, it appears that before the Iftth of last March, for a neighboring county, there were returned eight hundred and sixty verdicts of death by starvation j inquests wero held but In the smaller number of cuses. The ltev. Or Hpr-tt, on .Sunday week, administered this temperance pledge in the I'h.i-nix I'ark, Dublin. Uioups of postulants continued to receive It up to a late hour, when the mectini; broke up to the sound of music. Tho bill authorising the advauce of jCMO.OOO In aid of tho construction ol Irish railways, was read on Wednesday week, a first time In the Mouse, and without any comment was ordered to be printed and read a second time on the following Krlday, it bearing ft per cent. Conlederate clubs for the Improvement and mental elevation ot the neoble. and the spread of repeal and na tioniil priuclplea, are belug extenalvely established in DuMin. md will soon xpread to the proTinoea. .Mr. Sheridan Knowlr* the great dramatist. no* in bin sixty-tbird year, wan offered an aunulty of .?11)0 a year by l.ord John llimnell. The offer was rejected. Menmired by the yearn and merits of the man, ita amount wan mean in the extreme. The offer wan in ron*e<|uenre of a petition from llelf.nt. Liverpool and (Jlaagow A Kay coinpauy la being eHtablinhed in the North.? The l.ord Lieutenant and < 'onnteaa of Clarendon atteud-d the baziar held In the Commla ioncr'a Vard, Kingstown. on the 7th and nth ln?t.,for the benefit ol tbe dlntreaaed poor of all religion* persuaaion* The lAmerick Hrpnritr aaya that nearly half the ?ltir.eni" of Limerick have been auminoned for poor rate and grand jury ce??. and that a great majority ?f them are utterly unable to meet thoee demand* A meeting of the Trade*' Union ii to be held tomorrow, to maka preparation* for the funeral of O'Connell. The <ay of hta interment in not yet tlxed. An awioclation ha* been formed hi Derry, under tha title of the Ulster Tenant-Itlght Aaaoolation. for tha protection of tenant intercut. In the aourae of Dm* than an h?ur. a very Urge number. both of commercial aud other gentlemen, ox well aa tenant ftrmara fri in all part* of the cuuuty, enrolled tbcmaeivea im member*, ami auhxcribed largely for the udvauceuient of their view*. Thiaiabut the commencement of what may bwcome an cxtenHlve organisation. Kverything of thi* nature hitherto in Ireland waa but in embryo. Una large a*?ociatlon, the Repeal, inonopoliaed, ovvrahadowcd or discountenanced all other*. On the crumbling ruin* of it, more lusting aud beni'Uoiai atructurei may bn raiaeJ, which, it la hoped,hereafter may combine to the renovation of this aell-neglceted land. Some food riot* have taken place In the *outhorn district*, but they have been without difficulty *upprr*ft>?l. Mr. llackett, a gentleman of property near I'ortumna, was lately attacked by two rufliau*, who diHcnarged two gun* at him, which lacerated hi* neck. Their discharge would probably have proved fatal, had not lin di*turbcd their aim by atriking violently at them with hi* whip. Our principal theatre In Dublin remain* ntill cloaed Tha Uuoen * theatre, with a very resectable company, continual to draw full hou?e* Moat of our Uubliu Mimical Hocletiea have adjourned for the ajmmer. There ia scarcely any information on dil, intereating to tranaatlantic ear*, within my reach, that I have not given A gentleman who arrived here yeaterday by mail, Inform* ua that an ex prea* paaaed them between Montgomery and Mobile, which waa eta ted to be a government espreaa. It however may have been a private one with the ateamer'a n?wa.?N. O. Commtrnal iluUthn, 411 i nit. BE9BS9EHMHB9BKBB W YO MEW YORK, FRIDAY M< Spirit of the Watering Plum. United State* Hotel. j SaKatoua Sramat, Aug 11, 1H47 i The Grand Fancy Dreti Ball. 1 have the honor to tranimit herewith a copy of the programme of arrangement* for the grand fancy dreM ball to be given at thi? hotel on the evening of the 13th lmtant. It will be the moH magnificent ball ever given in America, and it will be attended by men of difltlnction, and women of remarkable beauty. The following is the programme, which should be Inserted literally * 000000000 0000 0000 00 oouon oooooouooooooooooooooooo* S FANCY BALL. o 0 ? 0 o To l,e i veil ?t ihr o o U. S. HOTEL. H ARATOOA 8PB1NOB, o o On Friday Bvtn.ttK, Aug. 13, 1S47. o o IMANAUKKI. o o lint. I iatt. M<l. fc . Wrnnccr, Cmiaudaigua. o o Col. Monroe, N. Y. Samuel ?Va,d, N. Y. o o l)r. Wilcox, Pa. Dr. Paige, Pa. o o I. R. Marshall, Miss. Dr. Duncan. Mm. o o I Jen. J. J. Jones, N. Y. Mr. Luimaii, Md. o o If. Kulin. Pliil'n. Gau. Cooper, Albany. u o Jas. IVlaiLoe, Pa. Ju. I. H. Dountll, Bait. o o H. M Dav ?. Miu. J Allslon, H. C. o o O. Hoffman. N. Y. D. Uraimu, N. Y. o o II iVlcCall, La. Mr. Rollins, Mass. o o K. H. Morris. N. Y. J J. T?>'lor. N. Y. o o K. Vincent, Pa. Jud^t' Boardiiiiiu. ('t. o o Dr. Bedford, N. Y. lien Stevem, N. Y. o o K. Dean, Uoaton. Mr Tiugley.R. I. o o Hull-K.N. Martin, Md. H. Davit, Ln. o o P. M. Huydam, N. Y7 J. Randall. Pa. o o Dr. Mutter, Pa. Mr. (Jroesbeck, Ohio. o o C. Livingston, N. Y. Col. ilallett, N. Y. o o K. Carriogton, R. I. J. C. linger, 8. C. o o J. Thompson, N. Y. H.A. Coit, N Y. o o K. J. Cottiiiet, do. L. P. Couner, Miss. o o K. Corning, jr., Albauy. J. Vau Hmisnlaer, N. Y. o o V. L. Waddell, N. Y- Mr. Kowler, do. o o Jas. Bailey, Matmzas. J.J. Riug, do. o o Mr Williams, N. xT K. Sauford, dW. o o 11. Mc< all, jr.. La. C. O'Couor, do. o o .Mr. Si 11 mini, N. Y. Hon. W. C. Hasbrouck, do. o o o o The Ball to be uuder the exclusive charge of the follow- o o nig Directors, who will be designated by a scarlet badge, o o to wito o lien. Cooper, Dr. Bedford, o o K. Dean, J. C. lluger, o o S. M. Duns, K. Vincent, o o If. J. Cotcinet. o o ? o o No person to be admitted except iu Kancy Dress, utiles* o o bv Permission of the Committee on Costumes, consisting o o of the following teutlemen o o Frederick Vlucent, David Graham, o o < Jen. Cooper. o o ? o o The Managers will be designated by * blue badge. En- o o tree, and dancing to commence at 9 o'clock. Supi>er at 12. o o ? o o The Ladies are respectfully requested to assemble iu o o the Drawing Room at half |?st 8 o'clock, P. M , precisely, o o ? o o Tickets, $5,?to admit a gentleman and ladies. o o ? o o rUOc.UAMME. o o 1?UuaJulle. 8?Redowa. o o 2? " It?Quadrille, o o 3?Waltx. 10?Polka. o o 4?Polka. 11?Walz?. o o 6? Quadrille. 12?Uuadrille. o o 6? " 13?rolka. o 0 7?Polka. II?Galope. o ,ooouoooooooooooooooooooo *000000000000000000000000 ? It will be perceived that (iovernor Pratt of Maryland, the Adjutant General of this State, the Speaker of the New York Legislature, Krank Granger of Canandalgua. the Attorney General of Maryland, K Vincent, Ksq , of New York, and many other distinguished and excellent men, are among the managers A rdie of characters will be personated at this grand modern /'("<?,such as were never before attempted at any carnivul in America. The supper vrjll be Berved at midnight, under the noble lindens ami elms in the I'ark. /^bandoliers will be suspended from the trees. The effect will be sublime and unprecedented. Toasts will be drank, and there will be extemporaneous wpeaking. Probably two thousand persons will sup. I have only time to assure you that the excitement in relation to this ball is already at a conspicuous altitude. The lovely Tedesco sang at Congress llaH last night. 1 shall notice her at length to-morrow. Sarit0Oa Sfhinrs, August 3, 1847. Weather?lluteh?Amu?rment$?Iler: and Sirori? Jltrr Alexander. The weather is once more tine, the sky Is dear, the air is balmy,the sougsters that have sat eold andshlTeriugfor tnc past live uays, nave once more regained their wonted cheerfulness and vigor; and all nature, again revived* seems more gay than usual The ladies. ' C!od bless thein,'' have put on their most cheerful smiles. and bail with joy the return of a clear sky and One weather. The hotels are all full, or nearly ho, and hundreds of strangers are arriving daily. The United States, Union, und Congress, are the tuvoritus. and have had their hoarders lodglug out tor the liutl fourteen days. These hotels, till tuey are lull, do nearly or quite all the busineaa. Kor amuseuienU at the present time we cannot complain. Her* and Sivori gave a grand concert at the " States'' ou Thursday night last which was well attended?they give another, and farewell coucort this evening. lien Alexander, the tierman wizard, inhere too He has performed here during the past week to full and fashiouaMe u idiuucus. The strangers hero are all taken with this gentlemanly magician, especially the ladies, wiin whom h" is decidedly a great favorite, lie performs lor the last time here to-morrow evening, lie has been invited by the trustees of Balston, to visit their village, aud i uudirstuni intends doing so during the eusuiug week. 1 have just returned from the beautiful lake, which never before presented a liner appearance. 1 crossed in the ucw aud beaulilul little steamboat 11 B. (/Oleinan, as pretty acratt as inu be imagined, and just calculated for tier prvetut ocuupailou, thai of crossing aud re-crossiug the lake with passengers. There were quite a number of persons on board, injOyiug themselves in various way* ; uue company 1 noticed, wnuiu there seemed most revelry and gaiety; und being on board to see ail that was going on. 1 crowed the deck to where the company was sitting. aud iuxtuntly recognised that uiuri iemarKiiDle man, ilerr Alexander. It seeuis au old gentleman uu boaid hail a vary curious and uuiquii mull box, and to hiui uu invaluable oue. lie was allowing it to the company, when it waa presented for inspection to the magician, who took it aud immediately threw it overboard; the consternation and uriel may be better imagined than described After matters had remained no lor some time, Ilerr Alexander requested the old |rt'iitlfui:tt> to think no more about it. aud lie would give li'in 11 better one on his return, to which the gen<1 i1' wished none other, when he wax re. UMtfel to XMAlBQ liiii pockets, when, to his astonishment mud delictii'ne found the identical snulf-box in one of bin side pockets, as good and as Hutii as ever. Ail on board concur in saying that Alexander is possessed of supernaturul powers The grand panorama of the city aud luku of (Geneva is here; it is painted on four thousand square feet of ciinvass, and is the work of thu celebrated " Hereford " it excites uiuch admiration au>l attention, and in point of artistic skill, is second to none that lias ever been presented to the public. Alajor Kdsou, the living skeleton, is here, aud is doing very well. Iter* and Sivori go front here to Newport, Rhode Island. itoCKAWAV, Aug 10, 1847. llnrkaway?Hejch I'iewi and Carriage 8crnr%. The cold and rainy weather for the last few days, has in a measure checked tlio inllux of strangers at the different watering places, with the exception of Hockaway, mat priue ui tun in ?nu nome m iue aweuenng Oothamite. The pn: .timity of thin place to the ocean, pre vim tit Id n great measure tbegrea?and*udden change in the temperature that ia experienced at tho more inland place*, and while one revolt* at thu baru idea of guiiling water at Saratoga during thu late ' ?pi-U of weather,'' he will plunge into the wavea of the old Atlantic with tho gTeateal nunchalattcr, and dance a hornpipe with a snore or morn of the fair inmate* of the Pavilion Tliif place Iiam become a ureal, retort, not only for the denizen of th? city, but to tlie resident* of l-ong litland, who look upon It. an. in a ineaeurn. their properly, and go to the beach in great number*, to pan away au hour or two, pud luhale the xeft.breexe. and lave tbeir bodiea in the wave* of the boiaterouii ocean A delightful drive it in from the pleaaant village of Jamaica, and oilier aaburban town*, with a goodly company, whirling over the .smooth and even nad*; cro**liig the railroad track within ear-Mint of the furlona engine, with it* frenzied whiHtle, ju*t martllng the four-in-hand bullicieutly to nuicken the puli-n of the fair inmate* of the carriage, and to draw from their throbbing boaoma a gentle algb, perchance a nmothored ?eream, uud then da*h ahead at a telling pace for a hour, until the broad, aroooth, .sandy beach in reached, and the boundless ocean greet* lb# view. The tcene here I* Intereatlng, varied, and amuaing. The daubing and anow-capped waves, which have washed tho opposite ahorea of decrepid Kurnpe, nowroll iu with nil their innjeaty and atrength.and bow to youlhlul America, and klas the feet of thoae who * ? -?.l ?hinh wniilil Iim iIm* brnttu urr |>m uiin, anu i<??" ??mi ? - ? nied the greatest kings and potentates of th? earth The saudy shore Is lined for a wile or mora with vehicles uf every description, the lite occupants of whloli are seen in costumes as varied as at a hal matijufy enjoying the briny waters, or reclining ujnm the Maud, patiently waiting the embrace of some towering, dancing wave, as It comes combing in. to natch these temporar / naiads of the deep. Soni' will fondle and dance with the tyrant as though It was but a play thing for childhood, whll* others resist the contact mid will hasten lroin an lnrolling wave with the spend of light, soaroety suffering their heels to be touched by the whitened locks of father Naptune, who suddenly retires

spent and exhausted by the effort. Oh, it Is altogether a most gay soene, and you should be hern to enjoy it. Not the least amusing, Is to witness the attempt of some pale-faced city beau, to drive bis nag or pair over these grounds "deep with ocean sands" (Julte a ' scene'' occurred a lew days since. A carriage witu a load " Precloua to all ey?g, but more than all to mine,'' was returning from the beach, wh> n it met mid way "'twixt the heaven and the bath,'' a vehicle well tilled with four pair of as praolous eyes at ever Hashed frotu beneath fair browa. The horsra were decidedly "frisky," while the man at the helm was evidently no piiot. He stood brimed up In front, not unlike a < olotnu* of Hliodea-all but the < oiossus?abowing plaiu>7 vuvtitfit umt to ktoir tow vv mm*** mi iuwu* of iu RK E ORNING, AUGUST 13, 18 gar, or a bill or exchange better than a pair of horses. As the lint named party drew near, a lusty ory for help wan heard, accompanied with -'ladios do get out," "ladie* won't you jump out," " do, ladles, jret out," Ike. Icc. To help the fair, la man's first care. A struggle now ensued between the two male occupants of the retiring carriage, to see which should be first to the rescue. The on* most nlinble. ot course succeeded, while the other had the satisfaction of remnining and retaining the sole oharge ot a constellation of heaven's brightest, richest gems. Arrived at the scene of action one lady had already made her escape from th' threatedoraah Another, not waiting for the extended helping hand, with a bound passed completely over his head, while the astonished swain exclaimed, as eho fell upon the sand? i. V.. ..If,-.. ? ... . ? . oiuiMLiiiu i> fr ?*?|>? liri'ii, And falls on th? otherside"? while the third and fourth accepted the proffered aid. and were Kently raised from tlieir perilous situation. and placed i? safety upon the yielding earth. But there till ntood the Jehu of the duy. as erect an a cUtp'K mast only more so, holding on like mud?would neither give the rein, keep quiet, nor leap from hid stage of action : but screamed out, ' WiU you hold the hordes'?Please to hold the horses." Wall, the horses were held, when out ctrnu this tyro of horseman ship, turning a hnlf somerset. and more than half buried himself in the satid. Mo suon found his legs, however, and used them to i;reat advantage in seeking hla way to thu pavilion, leaving it to his precious charge to thauk their deliverer, und his horses uud carriage to cool their distempered _*al in the wuves ol' the ocean, if tbey chose ?o to do. Uut more s.igaolous tliun their late morter, they remained quiet until one. more used to the reins, got them under way again. Whether the poor horses ware berated for their naughtiness^! know uot: but shrewdly suspect tiiut tkoku lair ladies have had many a merry laui:h at the Expense of their awkward reinsmun ; certainly another party have. Vou must, Mr. Kditor, ouuie down and oujoy scenes, daily, whioh would make an anchorite shalce his sides, and dinners which would cause au epicure to stare with wonder and delight lUltMU'Ouu, > Near I'olloksvllle, N. C., July 17, 1847. ) The Knowledge in England of the United States?The Crops?Politics, (J c. Wishing that some friends in England should become bet^sr acquainted with the " moveuieuts, doings, and so on," in the United States. I do not know how it can be to more purpose effected, than through the oolumns of the Herald. You wtll please, therefore, forward the Wctkly Herald, by the regular packets, as per address at foot, for six months, commencing 1st of this month. | I am Ignorant of the expense attending the receipt of these papers i i England. Could not you inform your readers f Many would like to supply papers, if the expense was not heavy to the recipients, hxcepting in those parts more immediately connected with the United States by trade and commerce, such as Liverpool, Birmingham, Sic., the people of England are but illy informed of what regards this country. 1 was once asked, by a person of respectuble standing and education, if we "had any almanacs in Amerioa." Powers of calculation !?wbat lots we oould send them. Another time I was in a so-called " American Coffee House,'' near the Royal Exchange, and on enquiring for an American newspaper, the cockney waiter very consequentially told me. " Yes, sir, we take all the American papers. North and South," and forthwith he proceeded to bring me about II f teen newspapers. u Why, my friend,'' I observed, " there are as many as these, I believe, published in the city of New York alone ''? The fellow opened hiB eyes, and muttered something about Yankee quizzing. I must relate to you one other example of Knglish information of America. During the war, a young British mldahipmau fell in love with one of our lovely ( arolina girls?a sweet creature she was. with blaok eyes and the sunniest smile, the whitest teeth, and lace of th? purest red and whiU; she would have meltod the breast of one of the crack tenth, much more a young mid. However, the chap wrote his mama of his love, and to ask permission to marry and bring her home. Mama, inclined to indulge her pet, gave her consent, but Bald she " should feel rather awkward in introducing a M..W l..t? Ku- -1 !? ? were all ot the Bable hue. except Much km had gone out from " llinglaud." She had never promenaded Broadway on tunny day in May 1 may aswell add u line about the crop*?the universal reply r f almost all the fanner* on enquiring an to their crops Li, *' mighty sorry crop, any how.'' and this 1 perceive is the fact? the late unusually cold spring, has affected corn aud cotteu injuriously . the corn is low. backward, aud irregular, and this I am told by one or two persons who have lately been in the eastern (torn counties uf this State is very much the case there ; tliey have shipped off more than the surplus corn, aud it is now sraree. < orn now sells here at (I, has sold at $ I .'*> Cotton crops will be all hut a failure ; fields at this season of the year are usually redolent with blossoms, now one lit scarce to he sewn, aud the plants low. and stunted In my field, which, last year I planted, made,11(H) lbs per aore, will aot now make WO. As to politics. I have Utile to say ; the people are very whtffgish, and all go right in aud for that strong horse. Dick Ponnell. as he Is familiarly termed?he is, I believe, a sound whig, a young mm of high talents ami education, and of firm decided good principle*, and beyond all price. lie will do the Ktute honor aud service, for he I* to be elected 0?:ncva, N V., August1847. Comiaenn inrnt of Geneva College - Sorrowful tiding) about it. As you are accustomed to publish letters giving an account of what happens in the various part* of the Stale, worthy of notice. I hare thought that a brief description of the commencement of the College located in this beautiful village might be acceptable to you. '1'he commencement was held yesterday. A cl*s.i of thirteen wna Krmlu.itod, tne largest class but oun that Lax ever received the honors of tUo institution. The orutiwwiof tho oaudiditea tor the decree of A. U. were highly crt ditable, and evinced that the department of belles lettres and oratory had received the attention which their importance merit. The orations were lolloped by a master'* oration,and a Baccalaureate address by the Kev. Dr. Hale, i'reitldent of the College, an eloi|iient aud learned production. vindicating the course of the College, (which has met with great censure in thin part of the country) end appealing to Die friends of the inwtitution to come forward and sustain it I tho afternoon an addreHH wax delivered before the Hermean Society, by the Hey Sinyth I'yne. of .Washington city, and an address b? fore the Alumni ot the College, by the llev Henry Oregory. of Syracuse. Both these addresses were admirable, and listened to with great satisfaction apparently, by a Relent and respectable audience. After thin an excursion on the lake in the line steamer Richard Stevens, w:is participated in by the beauty and chivalry of this and the surrounding towns, and was pronounced delightful by those who enjoyed it. In the evening there was a levee at Profsssor Prentice's. .A II the exercise* and festivities of the day passed off with great success and enjoyment; but I thought I could peroeive that there was a sadness in the countenance* of many, owing to the tact that this is probably the last commencement ever to be enjoyed in connection with the C?ll?ge under Its present organization. The withdrawal of the annuity granted by the State, added to an inexplicable feeliugof hostility to the institution In this part of the State, has ho far decreased the number of students, auii the consequent revenue of the i onege. mai nerioun imn ur" puutuiiipu uh id iin iuiure existence. At a meeting of the trustee* thin morning. 1 understand It win* decided to reduce the number of profetsors; and tbat accordingly I'rofessor Irving (a aepln-w of Washington Irving) and Profwor I'rentice were notified that an the trustees with without the means of paying for tneir services. they were at liberty to look out for other situations Thin arrangement will leave only the 1'rnHidnnt, Dr. ilale, and i'rof. Webster ill the faculty aud it Ik difficult to nee bow the College can be oontinued in successful operation with no small a force There have only been about sixty students during the past year, and I learn that many of them are intending to leave at the end ol thin term, and enter other college* The opinion seems to be confidently entertained here tbat the College must either Slop, or be continued under nreorganization more favorable and complete I trust that the latter will b# the case. This village and this region, so beautiful and fertile, with suob au intelligent population, ought lo have a I 'niverslty, well endowed and well appointed, aud it is to lie hoped that by greater liberality of sentiment and less of sectarian iutluence. the trustees of the (ollege will be induced to open this Institution to thoxe who are able and willing to make it what it should be. The last place where proscription tor opinion's sake should be allowed, in a surnlnarv Of learning, and the education of the people In useful sclenoe should be it* first and only objeot. ( Ienkrai. Worth Auain.?We aimed, by a juet mn11 l.iir MtntrMiierit in relation In thm \A/> to disconnect that gallant officer's name frnm political discussions. Hut the Jlllat, quite incapable of appreciating this motive, seeuis determined to drag the general Into its arena. And in doing no, It Is an reckless of truth in regard to General Worth's political liiittorjr an it ovor In of fairness toward* this Journal. It la not true that " up to 1H41," General Worth * Tote and hid InUufnce" were always given to loeofocoism In IW4, (ienural (then Major) Worth was a warm supporter of John (iuincy Adams, agaiust Mr. Crawford, who was the Van Buren candidate for President. He united with the friends or Mr. Adam... at thu Kagle Tavern. In an enthusiastic idebration of Mr Adams's election, fn IMS. Maior Worth was opposed to the electloa of General Jackson, and he was, also, opposed to his ro-eleotinn.? lint iu 1830. as we have admitted, the Major supported Mr. Van Buren, And, as we have further admitted, he wm Kubati|u?utly, on account of his associations here, drawn into political hank speculations, which occasioned thu pecuniary embarrassment* which have been made the subject of newspaper remark It Is also true that in 1310 toe friends of .Ylr. Van Buren, in their despair, sought to make Colonel Worth a candidate lor < ongri-fs, in the hope that his personal popularity might aid their general ticket. Bat having been among the friends with whom i olonel Worth conferral. at that time, in relation to the movement, we are not at liberty to say more than that his views are totally misrepresented by the Jhlni. lie was, as we have betnre conceded, warmly attached to Mr. Van Bareu lie went with that parly, then, because of that personal attachment, and not because h s judgment or his feelings sanctioned the iu>-a*ur>s or policy of tlw administration -,llk*ny Junrnal. [ERA 47. W*?w iNuToit, July Ml, IS47. The Propoied Continental Commercial Lin* ?f Intercommunication between tht Pacific and Atlantic, either by Railroad to San Di*go, in Calif ornia, from the Mittittippi, or by Pastagr through the Tithmus of Tehuante/iec?The Trade of *itia Reviewed and briefly Recapitulated, in Connection with some tuch Enterprise. Br an OrricKR of tkc u. S. Navy. papek no. iv. Speaking of the Tehuantepec project, and of the project of a railroad to San Diego. In California, our correspondent continues:? A viuw of the resources of the countries. so far as they enter into commerce, whose trade would have the opportunity of passing over one or both of these routes, and of the considerations which would determine thU trade to take this course, will show that a more Inviting field for the investment ot a large amount of oapital. oannot be found within the limits of ttrra eognita. The resource* of Asia and of t'.urope would muot. by means of them, particularly by the Isthmus route, at a deduction of expense, Itself, enough to make a nation rich The exchange* of these three great regions, which hare for many centuries been eagerly sought by the nations of the respective continents, would be made with a facility suroasHlng all former improvements. They would be as great as the structure of the earth the discoveries and inventions of science, and the energies of active industry.cau permit or en.-ure. Wealth and art would then have achieved their greatest physical improvement upon that earth, which man has been commanded to " replenish and subdue;'' an improvement excelling all that has gone beforo it, exoept those only effected by the most important inventions of soientitle genius. Of the resources of the Asiatic trade, at the time when Gama doubled the Cape of Oood Mope, we have a vivid portrait in Karia V. l.aota, a Portuguese historian. We introduce it, because well descriptive of those resources now, although the channels of that commerce were changed by the grand revolutionary naval voyage of Gama We only remark that it has not deteriorated or lessened at this day; that It has lost none of its splendor, none of its interest. Sausa thus accurately describes it:?"Before these our discoveries, the spioes and riches of the eastern world, were brought to Europe with great charge and immense trouble. The merchandise of the clove of MalacI oa, the mace and nutmeg of Banda, the sandal| wood of Tenday, the camphor of Burnet), the gold and silver of Lueonia, the spices, drugs, dyes and perfumes. and all the various riches of China, Java, Slam, and the adjacent kiu^doms, centered lu the city of Malacca. in the golden Chersonesus. Hither all the traders of the countries as far west us Kthiopia and the Ited Sea resorted, and bartered their own commodities for those they received ; lor silver and gold were reckoned as the least valuable articles By this trade, the great cities of < anctit, i ambaya, Ormuz and Aden were enriched. Nor was Malacca the ouly source of their wealth. The western region* of Aula had full possession of tho commerce of the rubles of Pegu ; the silks of Bengal, the pearls of Calicane, the diamonds of Narslnga, the cinamon and rubied of Ceylou, the pepper and every spice or Malabar, and wherever In the eastern iblaads and shores nature has lavished her various riches. Of the more western commerce, Ormus wan the great mart; for from thence the eastern commodities were conveyed up the Persian Gulf to Uassora, at the mouth of the Euphrates, and from thence distributed iu caravans to Armenia, Trebizond, Tartary. Aleppo, Damascus, and the port of Bey root, on the Mediterranean. Suez, on the lied Sea, was also a most Important mart. Here the caravans loaded, and proceeded to Grand Cairo. Kron thence the Nile conveyed their riches to Alexandria, u.' which city, and at Beyroot, some Europeans, the Vene tians in particular, loaded their vessels with the opu i l?uco of the etxturn world, which, at Immense pricei they distributed throughout Europe." While the east eru commerce flowed through these channels, the east urn kingdom* received fiom it a vast accession c strength and wealth. By the arrival of the I'ortugues< every thing was reversed in this respect; and Kurop begau to receive the richest outpourings of this corui copla. The trade of Europe, which will connect itself wit these new routes of commerce, whensoever they shai have been constructed, is the trade of one hundred an , seventy millions of people, the richest, in equal numbei on the globe ; the people who claim precedence as 111 most refine! and scientific, the most skilful and artistl cal, on earth Whether they be this or not, they are, be yond dispute, the most wealthy as a body ; so thin Kuropo. with but two hundred aud thirty millions aiu fifteen millions of them Turks, who know not how to preserve, although they originally conquered, wealth ? apI proximate* very nearly to the wealth of Asia, with foui hundred and fifty millions. Twi> very nearly equal streams of wealth meet, therefore, in this woiidenul comm-roe; like the great branches of the Amazon, or of the Mississippi. It is the wealth of one hundred and seventy millions of Kurope. ami of three bundl ed millions of Asia combining to conduct commerce through an improved channel: a commerce of an amount almost overwhelm Inn f?r one, mill, in time, will 1?> suOlcieiit for both the*i highways tor America unit part of Africa. whun popu Ution shall have been developed upon tbum, ou iln magnificent uud multitudinous scale which the progres of time in sure to bring, will rival the other continents n tbu tribute* they will throw upon these.the two grea continental highways of nation* Whatever grauueu commerce may have attained in the past, on which ora tor* have <lilat?(l. and statesmen aad financiers written and klstoriays enlarged. will be eclipsed by this future and Bental-y sMea will be triumphantly realised, "Time noblest empire In the last." Thin great physical iinprovi: ment at the UthmUH, probably the most effective of ni and its appropriate companion, the railroad to Sun Uieg< in combination with the. iuvcntionN of scientific geniui will be the greatest material Instrumentality that im ever bean di vised, or ever can be, for the complete suli jugation of the earth to inau, according to thu origiim desigu and law of the infinitely wise < reator. And ai though material improvement* are by no means sufliuien of themselves to produce a state of general hup pi next they may be rendered abundautiy conducive to Uiat en by the rightly direoted moral powers ; the intellect t< discover truth, the benevolent will stuadily and dixit) tere?tedly to pursue it .Nor is there any reason to ?up pose that these great improvement* will noi be so direct j ?d? when they shall have been made?as to be rendered subservient to the general weal, as they will be auxiliary to the general wealth. The very fact, ludeed, of theii construction,will bo one strong proof of general progress It will be one very striking evidence, in monument* more durable than braes, of the continual advance* ol that Augio Saxon lace, of which it has been Wi ll said " nothing earthly can be compared to this (iolliic an>J massive power,'' _ llut we will leave general considerations, to enter upou something more specific ; in other words, wi will trtVKl ft little over ine territory 01 trm iinau cl?r. However dry his themes, th<y an; fountains o necesnary instruction iu any well considered view o this great subject. Fortunately. the ai<e In which w live furnishes more precise (lata on which we luay pru coed with safety-avoiding the bewildering conjecture of imagination?than any that hu preceded it. Th sources of revenue, the rate* of taxation, the quantity c raw and yianufactured material, the products of ih< Tine, the forest, the sea. of the earth, which feeds us, c the river on which we glide iu piunace, canoe, or ?hi| have been calculated ?have been brought under th operation of square and compass. subjected to the axphi ration of common arithmetical or even of algebraics and geometrical analysis; and we are well altuated t take every step with due caution anil du* knowledge and by this means to avoid difficulties that might imped or overwhelm us. The considerations which would determine Kuropeai commerce with Asia to this route. ar? very obvious?sat mn of expense and distence, aud greater safety an comfort iu the voyage The abridgement of dlstanc would be immense, from nine thousand to sixtenn thoi sand miles. The duty now levied on tea inlireatUr: tain is is lid , or Justone-eiguth of a pound sterling I brings ?1,800,000 of revebues, or J,000 per annum or more iu one year than would be sufficient to make hip canal itrroHN the IbUiuiuh. according to iiomo cut mate* None make the cost ever forty million*, ami am diapoaed to think that It would not exceed tliirt million* fur either of the route*. Thin tax on tea la 01 the Hinouut connuuied in thu United Kingdom, It doe not Include a couaiderablo amount which 1h bon<l?< exported to the continent, ou paying wurehouae charge* The vo*t intercut which K.ngiaud ha* in whatever hiaj perpetuate and iucrcaae thin trade. I* very evident I In r?v?uue on it couieH within ?'>0.l..'>0'i of the revenue fron her greatest source of reveuun, the income tax Tin tax of Uh. and )>d.. In very nearly 00 cent.<perlb. I.el uh HuppoxH the amount consumed in the 1,'nlted Statet aud iu all the rent of Kurope except the l!rttl*h i?le*, to f<iual the amount consumed In Ureal Britain Than tlm number of pound* would 1>? 7l> HOO.OOO Kor the tranxnortatlon of ihl* aero** the l*thmu*. or railroad. [?t the amount ??*e*a?d per pound b* two cent*; then the revenue would be I ..'>30,000 from thia article alone. There mu>t go bank article! of equivalent value to th<> nonaumera In < liina for thi* want amount of tea*. Suppoae that the Invoice value of the tea* la IS ccnla per pound, the atwregate value of the 70,MOO,000 pound* would then bo yj7 :i 10,000 Hx the rateof tranaportatloii aurotii the c ntliimt for thia at two cenia per pound the valuo of which we are now apcaking, la the value of return merchandlae and apecie Nearly "11 of it would certainly go buck by thia matj Admit a falling off In valuo for anioutt transported otherwiM; (hen the revenue would be t-VjO,. ooo Add iui.4 to the sum preceding, and the aggregate la >J,O.JO,(iOO - - - ' ?.< -t-v. f# .... v..?i, lilll APM '? |K?|IUIUUH <v vi.m Ilutno ww f J 11m wealth And mean*, Bilnirtrmit to luxury were mirh In the day* of Oloero, that he Im elaborately to defend Murena frotn thn > harp" of luxuriant .Indulgenca, boeauiw he ha<l nerved two or three campaign* In Aula, and in rank not elevated. We will nuete hut one sentence of hi* In lllu*tratlon of the reputoofAftia in hi* time: Kt li habrt .'Inn mtfiicionim /11 r una ijonndam, non Jitiam ridittr, i?rf in .1tia < oulitt'ntrr rinlttr, InuitnnJum fl " And if to Aala I* attached certain ruKpioion of luxury. we are to eulogise, not the roan who ha* never Been Acta, but the roan who haa lived in it Umperately ' Such wan Ita luxurious abundance and variety, by which men in thn Malum of Murena were tempted tu ludulge in kt. China ha* an immensepopulation (iencral I uniting. a tnao of very high rapacity, toid the writer of Ihi* article that he diil not think the estimate ol 3ft0 niKl 0<K) overrated lie remarked that the abaenoe of anitnal* I* a striking feature in the physical condition of t lilua Trari*]>or t at ion i* by canal*?cultivation by the hand* of man Deuce tha food that would be applied to ?n*t?ln th? lower auiinais goes to tha subsidence ol mi'ti iail yet. a* ail nut lieutic hl*toria? of ( hiua attest, mil.,on LD. Hrtra I'wu t?nt of people are oceaelonally stinted there; probubl* Indeed, efary year, and not unfrequeutly hundr?U of thousand* die lor want of wbolew> in? rood Dog* and oata are eaten there without ceremony; think of that ye who luxuriate in biscuit. or other preparation* of flour, and in rich johnicake! There la no neighboring oountr"o supply the deficiency. They, too, are taaked to the utmost of their mean* of subeistence, aad would, were tbera but spportunity. call loudly for our superaabundance. Hut America can su pply it all, if the l*thmu> be peuctrated by canal, or 'panned by railroad, or the highway from the lower Mississippi to San Diego constructed Look oyer the broad acres of the unparalleled valley of the father of water*, the richest Tall**, in ' capacity, to produce the eei-rlla in the wide mirth, mid see a resource t'? supply and volace nil wcmflhlt Asiatic famine. iih w? have thin year supplied itnd fed Ireland and Scotland, and other parts or Kurnpe. In recompense, we could receive the fruits ol' their industry. in climate* (MUerent from our own, and abounding with the finest tropical production*, and the far fauied silks of Asia. The en hance and advantage would be mutual; the exact rat* of a profitable and enduring commerce To dhow tiie capacities ol' th? Mississippi valley in full, we would extend this article beyond tho limits we could complete in the time at our command. We wtU. therefore, merely extract an article from the Cincinnati Chronicle, adding a few preliminary remark! from uother newspaper :? "mr riBTitirv or th> uii it wkst. Ad illustrative of the fertility of the great Want, the Cincinnati CUroniclt estimates, us dependent on Cln cinuatl, a circuit of country, including in (Sept. l'.'th) the State of (thio, twenty-nine counties, running from the Ohio north to Hhelby; twenty-one counties of Indiana. on thit aa.itern Hide; twenty-nix countiea of north eastern Kentucky, una eleven counties of Weatern Vir' giula: There U uo other city or town whioh can materially compote with Cincinnati in that region. ThU comprises u space of about 40,000 square miles." [Krom the Chronicle 1 ' Uy U?o agricultural statistics of the census of 1840, and reports slnou, it appears that the section of country thus described, produced in l-Utl as follows Of Indian corn, A1.H70 015; of wheat, 10,l<88 579, of oats, of barley, 1 J4,;it>ti bushels'. The following are conclusion* from these data : ? 1. That corn and wheat raised around Cincinnati, in 1840, was equal to one-eighth that of the entire I'nited States. That, at the rate of Kuropeau cultivation, It would bo one-half the whole raised in the United State*. a. That tlte quantity actually raised around Cincinnati. in 1640, within these limits, would feed six millions of people, with their cattle. .1. That New ?rk ami Boston, cities of half a million of inhabitants, are the marts of a oountry with but five millions of inhabitants, and whose people do not ralM wheat and corn enough to feed themselves. 4. t'hut If Cincinnati >u nnm ?H? of New York, it would not have attained the rise of a city proportionate to the feediug capacity of the country immediately adjacent to it, ia the year IMK. o. That of the eighty-seven counties thus eetlmatad, two of theni, (Butler aud Clermont.) raise more Indian corn than the United Htatos ever exported In any OIM year, prior to 184ti. B. That fifteen only of these eighty-seven,'(vis : Hamilton, Butler, Warren. Treble, Montgomery, Clermont, Brcnan, Clinton, Green, Kayette, Madison, Clark, Champaign, Miami, and Logan.) raised more corn In 1H40, than tluvenlire amount exported to Europe, In lMtt-7, with tQJhLuiino of Ireland and half of Europe to maka the dtmuii. 7. That the amount raised in these eighty-seven connties, wan four-fold the boasted export of the United , States In 1H-16-7. The table above might bo greatly extended ta 1U dej tails, and the Inquiry might bu extended to mineral aa ! well as vegetable productions In that respect, the ln( qulrer would be more surprised by the facta, than he Is t by this exhibition. The present calculation may, however, be taken as one glance at both the present and fta~ ture of the Ohio valley ." , The capaoitles of the United States to supply with ^ breadstuff* the wants of all the famishing in the wide world, accessible to her by sea, cannot be questioned, if Let the great Isthmus canal, or the San Diege railroad, j be opened, 1inu the world shall not starve for the want of e any breadstuff* in their power to purchase, and to the poor we will bestow it gratis. We will be the Egypt of ui win uiuuiin who neeu our assistance, and our repubI, llcaa governors the Joseph* to supply the wants of transU greasing brethren, and of the stranger that in In the utj termost part* of the earth. To return from this dlgresHi on to the calculations we proposed? rt 11 in altogether probable, when we consider the VMt population ol' China, and the adjacent maratime countries of A*ia,that the demand for our breadstuff! instantt ly on the opening of either of the highways of commerce I across the continent, would eijual $!,'<,000,00U par annum Let us fix the rate of taxation on thin amount for transportation at three per cent. The result is $4*1.1(00 per annum The return merchandize may be I calculated at itn ei(U?l value, and ut the same rate, we have the same amount in value; that Is, $4M>,000; the two added together making a total of $900,000. Brought forward toll on tearf, and the return merchandize 060,000 I Add as above MK),00O $J.9S?000 Ad'l oue half of the abovo I'ur all other tranaportation, including bobh passengers and ? truffle 1,478,000 t Aggregate 4.434,000 .. The per ccntuin of protlt on an expenditure of ^ 1100.000. at 0 per cent, is $l,fi00,000; atlHperoent, , $1. ' 00,000. It will be perceived that the above sum ap proximate* very nearly to eighteen per cent. And in 'f this we think there is no exaggeration This Is a greater per centum than can be derivable from any eijnal sum I invented otherwise In short, it Is the most inviting speculation to eapllalists that the world has furnished , n two centuries, and the most so of any now in the h country. A Frauds ithn l.uiiiuramth,?There are iliree modes l>y which roblx-ries are committed t upon pmnengeril |{oing by the </ua?i passenger , agents in tn? city anil el.iewhere?1st. Hy excessive j charges 'Jd, Uy fraudulent weight in baggage; and 3d, > Uy spurious tickets?drafts upon men talsely represented a* steamboat or propeller agents ou the lane*. Twice or tin ei- tun** the regular I are is sometimes charged from -New Vork to> l.uggage weighiu# M?o lbs I hi.i been marked 7jO and IN Ml 1N< ; and. in a multitude , <>i inaiaiicen, (ijiMr i?ih iiavtt liail ticket* glyeu tlirm addrewed to mi'ii in ltocheiter mid Hulfalo, who knew nothing of the pi i miiii. by * hum the ticket* wore nigued , Tliat tho?H who fool nu InteruHt lu thin subject, way I know when iiuuilgriiutH are charged exceptive rate*, either lor thennielrc* or luggage, *? nubjoiu th?< prlcen I tU'f' paaneuger broken pay lor lorwardiug iiuiulgraut" The figure* have been furnished tn by a perwon tho roughly acquainted with tho Kubject. On Ihr Itii rr?lit) ceiilH for each paNftengcr, from New York to Albany; and 1'renin 100 for baggage K?rk paMcnirer in entitled to 50 Ibx. baggage free |- On ihr ('mitt?7.'i cent* in the iiteerage. or $1 in the cubit), to any place went of I tica Kor baggage, 37>fc centB per 100 ibx to ltochenter or any place went; $S ~ extra tor board Kacli paenenger in allowed 40 lb?. of bags* He free ? On ihr l.akrt?Jil hO to Detroit, or any port between Krle and Detroit; VJ '>?> to any port on Ilia upper lake*; . 40c. per I 06 lb. lot 1/aggagn to any port on the upper lakM; | and per loo Ibn to any port on the lower lakM. ' I Kaefi iiamotnger la entitled to 100 lbi. of baggage, frae, ^ Oil tliu la ken j We have heard of hmtancei where patwengera hare u Umm ubarged lor a Kteerag" pannage to Buffalo, with out board. The ordinary charge In $3 .'<0 to $1 Men ' have paid fO to Buffalo, Including board, and $10 to < hicago. M'hey generally exact V to IJ to < hicago, without board. And on luggage, they have tometUaee r. cnarfcwu iih nigh em |o pur 1(H) Inn. to Chicago, when tD* ^ CO*t to theiu in ?Jilhany Evening Journal. i. Thk Huston CfsroAi building, I- long tiince commenced, and so plow in ita conit pletion. wan flr?t occupied for biwlnee* yesterday. The i; date of ita prtyectlon i* not now recollected, but we belt Here it in not far from ten year* On tbe uorth end of I- tfie ft rut floor of the building, from it* entrance, the auI teriy *ld?, l? the olllce of the Aiwiatant Treasurer?a y branch of the monater Hub Treasury, whoae grup n reaolie* to the extreme* of the countrv. The eUwi H (npecle clause) of tbe mounter are not to be aeen eioept I by thoxe who are initiated, or tbose who are required to deal with It. The vault, for It* nafetr, 1* rery capaclou* , and secured by door*, elide*, and bolt*. sufficient to de, ter any one from attempting without leave, to look at i the animal On the opposite aide of the aame projection . are tbe office* of the uieainireni and marker*. At the other end of tbe building are the room* for the Inapeci tor*, weigher*, and gauger*?a hoxt of them. A wide i alairwiiy frotu each aide of the entrance hall, lead* to the office In the principal atory, and tbe main ball or rotunda On the north end are thu ifttlrei of the < nUee. tor and the naval otllcer; at tbe oppoalte end are thoae of the surveyor and public atorekeeper. in tbe Mali, the principal bu*ineM of tbe coUeotlon department, embracing all the clerk*liip*. I* transacted There arn *ome twenty de*iu. all tilled On either end, ara tbe de*k? of the deputy collector, In one corner 1* the oaahler, and on Ui>< op|?osite Hide I* the offloe of the Keglatary, The warehouse office I* In another corner. To an out*ide barbarian, unacquainted with all the mlnutl* of the cu*tom?, the ?rra* of employi e* lead* bin to wonder anything I* left for the pocket* of tha old gentleman who employ* theiu The whole number connected with the cu*toin hou*e l? near one hundred and twenty-Ave. We have mentioned that business haa been eomwenced In the building. The work about It ! not yet completed, and will re>|ulro eotue tltna longer lur im |>rrifcu"ii ?rmig, Itllacc 1 Inn cons. Id addition to the destruction of property along tho Combahee and Maltketeher rlters, by freshets,already refrred to, w? Iinr of a tornado which prostrated almost all the liouacs at Possum Corner on Monday laat On Sunday morning last, between three and four o'clock, the warehouse of Wm. M MaJInry on the dock, wh discovered to he on Are. and notwithstanding the utmost e&ertlons of the lnhabltanta, it was entirely destroyed with it* contents, as also the small warehouse adjoining, belonging to the same Individual. A canal boat which waa lying under the building took (Ire frotn the warehouse, and was dama?ed to the amount of 9IOO One man was sleeping in the boat at the time,and barely ' escaped with his llf>- The buildings were Insured for $moo No Insursnoe on property In atore. The total I loss amounts to fli.OO* or upwards Among the sufferers ar? Win M. Mallory, J. O Bralnard. B W I'ayne It Co, K P. Kinpie, K ft. Wright. ? Lov^joy, D J, ' Hhaw lr anil Doge. of thi > town; and J I.oveiand, I of Addison, and T. L Ualdwin k Co , of 1 loga. ?Cert?1 ing Journal.

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