Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 23, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 23, 1847 Page 2
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r ~ - NEW YORK HERALD. I?w York, Monday, ??, 1841. SR. BENNETTS LETTERS FROM FIROPK. London, Auaun 2, 1847 The Rlrttldii In tinat Britain The Klatto* t?l Kr>in?iilM ot KngUud, Franc*, uul AXttcrK*. The 'hret- kingdoms are all in the midat of an a'.eciiun for the ne*t Parliament. Nearly one half of the next Houae of Commona ia already alact d, and tha remainder going to be. Laat week nearly all the electiona of London took place. I hava been much interested in comparing them to thoae of New York, and the United States. The general *ystetn of oonatituenta and candidates meeting face to face, ia different from oura in New York, but they are like aa twopeaathoae in the southern and weatern Statea. Here eve* ry canaidate canvasses ma aiatrici?spends ma own speeches?and tells his own story. Still they Jiave committees, cluba, and all the machinery of a popular canvass, as we have. They talk very much in Europe of the wild orgies of democracy in the United States; but ia point of order, regularity, and decorum, there is as much difference between a fpopular election 1a London and New York aa can be pouibly imagined?and all in favor of the latter city. We 0?n poll 00.000 votee in one day in New York, with le?a excitement, and more public order than they can luke 6000 in London. This is fact of | the two capitals?and the same may be said to a greater extent of the two nations. Such is the difference between the action of American democracy and British mouarchy. The correspond nts of the French journals are astonichrd at the publie order of an English election?how much more would they be at an American election, if they dared to speak the truthl Of the exact results of this election, no one can yet tell. Thus far it has been a surprise to all?extraordinary and puxzling in every point of view. The old tory party have been much cut i down?but equally singular to relate, already half a dosen of the member* of the whig ministry have loft their election. The principal element already developed ia the progress of popular principles, looking to the ballot and alrnoat universal Muffrage. O'Connor, the gre<it radical leader, hue defeated Ilobhouse, one of the minis teret for Nottingham. Liverpool, Birmingham, Edinburgh, &c lie., have shown a strong disposition lor more progress Indeed it is now aiid tnat the two old parties, whig and lory, have vii.ub?d for ever, and that the next House of Commons will present but two great element*? that of the "finality party," headed by Russell, with the old whig and tory aristocracy at his tail?and that of the movement with a hundred heads and no tail at all. The declarations of many of the new members are very democratic?favorable indeed to the monarchy as a pretty idea, represented in the peraon of Victoria, but terr bly hostile to the ariatocracy, either in land or money. Thompson, the famous abolition lecturer, once in the United States, ia elected by a tremendous majority for one of the diatricta in London. He ie thoroughly for the ballot and universal suffrage. It ia true that Lord John Russell is elected in the city, but it is said that he ia indebted to Rothschild, who is on the s me ticket, for this result. It is pomtively asserted th.it ?26,000 have been expended by the Rothschilds in securing this result. Infect, corruption, the actual buying ano selling of vot's, exists almost in a complete stat* ot organization in many places?almost as much so as it does in the electoral system of Franoe Iu the city election here, it is said that the " 'long shore men," as they ure called, were bough) up by the friends of the great b inkera; at th rate of ?6 apiece to ?25 apiece, according to th' ir greedinects or avarice. Many of the districts, in v nous p*rtH of ttin empire, h^ve be?-n up tor sale to the highest bidder, and their agents have been peddling seats in the Common# for weeks all over the land. These facte have been stated in parliament and in the news r r ?*? "uu uvm/ Th?* whig and tory aristocracy, now joined by a portion of the great bunking and moneyed inureal, are opposed to all further reform, and have expected to organise a system of corruption for managing the 800,000 electors of this country, as the 200,000 of France are wielded This system has been growing and spreading for the last few years. It has been gradually bringing the two old factions of whig and tory together. The spirit of the age, in the shape of a further extension of the electoral franchise? of iree trade in land?of the vote by ballot?of separation of church and state?(he spirit of the age, in these forms, is gradually gathering force and organization?and a new party of progress will be thrown up in the next parliament, that will shake the aristocracy to the heart. When these ideas shall have become strong enongh fur action in parliament, there will be n coalition between the old landed aristocracy and the new mixed aristocracy to put down the reformers, and bribery and influence will be their principal weapons at the polls. This will be a great and a long struggle, for in England reform has terrib.e obstacles to overcome. As yet, England will go on for years in her present humdrum pace. 'Parliament will try to legislate away all their social evils?but all legislation will be fruitless to relieve the soaC 1 rol.n/4 nr onv nort nf fhrn in. v* *s^.u?.??, v. ?.?/ r-m * ~ ? try. The aristocracy maintain 300,000 servants?200,000 horses, 600,000 dogs, 100^000 grouse, and fiOO.OOO game of all kinds, nil to minister to their pride and pleasure. These men, beasts,land birds consume the food of idleness, which would feed the starving Irish and all others of the lower class. Here is the dangerous condition of England?a condition that is increasing in magnitude every year, and reaches a crisis whenever any of the crops fail. It is a social evil, which mere ordinary legislation cannot reach. The only natural avenue to a remedy is through* universal suffrnge and the ballot?but although this idea is developed stronger at the present efcetion than ever before, it is yet far from any point of success In a population of 27,000,000, which is nearly the number* of the three kingdoms, only about 800,000 are electors, while 48,000 persons hold all the avmAI 1*4* L;ii_ iouu vi mic cui|uic, mtiuuiu^ mvuiuaiuB, iiiui*9 i rocks, rivers, and moor*. The government alone ?laim a property in the eun and heavens above, and accordingly levy a heavy tax on the light of day. Ia fact, one pays for the very air that is breathed Yet the modern Englishman talks , much of hia liberty, and affects to look with ?u- , persthoaaneaa on the democracy of America. ~ Later f*om Havana ?By the bark Rapid, w? are in receipt of Havana papers to the 8th iaat. The new steamer Habanero, built in this eity fer the coasting trade between Havana and Mfttanias, arrived out on the 6th inat. The w? generally ia unimportant. Mails FOR Eu*op?.-The fine packet ship Liverpool, C*pt E'dridg^, will sail this morning for Liverpool. She will carry out the latest mail to Europe j Naval SCHOOL.?In addition to the midhhip-i men of the dHt?* of 1841, who were eximiiien I rrcantly and pa?s?d at tba Naval Soho^l, AiinapotU and iivnr ..am*-# ta*T? alraad* publiahad th?-r? are two k xtitlomxn of th? cUs? of 1H40 who w?re aUo rxanilnml an* La?fad Wt ?uhj< ln ttaetr namesColvlUe T?rctt . / Indian*. iwoUittl J?Ttarr I 1M0. W F DaTl<l*>u. of Virginia, appointed February 90, 11*0 ? WiJutifivn ^ 30. - . ??= i.J. . inHkm iMtoM la Maw York. The large najnber of steamboats ia and belonging to New York, excite* the surprise of all i-trangers who visit our city. Indeed, we question if our own old Knickerbockers, the descenI dautsof the very persons who first gave to our ' good city the cognom* a of New Amsterdam, and 1 who have grown with its growth and strengthenI ed with its strength, ina pecuniary respect, know the immense steamboat trade connected with New York. From a point in the bay, from whish a view can be obtained of the North and East Rivera, a J greater number of steamboat pipes can be seen, than perhaps in any other city of the world, while the number of boats shooting hither and thither, on the ferries, or going up or ooming down the two rivers, on voyages of business or pleasure, is amazing. We have often thought that a list of these evidences of the genius and enterprize of our people would be acceptable to our readers, and be valuable as a proof of the go-aheaditiveness of he Americans, when, as Davy Crockett advises, they know they are right. It is now forty years since ths Clermont, an experimental boat, built under the direction and superintendence of Robert Fulton, made an experimental trip by steam from New York to Jer- . sey City; a short voyage, to be sure, but long i enough to prove that Fulton's great genius had succeeded in the work he undertook. The Clermont was one hundred feet long, twelve feet wide, and seven feet deep. The engine was constructed in England by the firm of Watt Jt Bolton, and was brought by Mr. Pulton to the city of New York in the year 1806. Her hull was built by an eminent ship builder, Charles Brown, ancestor, we believe, of Mr. Brown, of the firm of Brown & Bell, shipbuilders, up town. On the second of October, 1807, the Clermont started on her first trip to Al* bauy, amid the jibes and hisses of a multitude of people, who assembled in the neighborhood of the I'laoe of herdeparture, to witness what they were pleased to term an exhibition of folly and madness. The rate of speed at which the Clermont made her first trip was three or four miles an hour; fast enough to show that Fulton's plans w re not so preposterous or absurd as the majority of the people considered them. The trial succeeded, and, as we have already said, the increase of steamboats in this harbor, from that time to the present, has been amazingly large. By an extract from the Panorama of the Hudson River, recently published by J. Disturnell, we are enabled to give n list, embracing all the pissage boats built and running o.) the Hudson river, between New York, Albany and Troy, sinoe the first introduction of steamboat navigation, by Fulton, in the ??? 1 mi t v* a liat r\f f ua avnlaninna tliu y COI tout, Wjiu a UDl VI IMW VAj'IVtlVUO IU| IUV name period. Naaui. Ton*. Comm*ndert. Htmsrki. I8U7. Clerni " t. Winmi Name changed. .'Ml. North River 1C*. Wiawall Broken up. 18 9. Car of Neptune... Ml. Kooibach... . Broken up. 18U Hope 180 Buuker Hiokeu up. I8U. r?rtcrsMuic?.... 2*0. 8h-rmau Brokm up. III). piragon '..331. B*rtholomrw..Hni.k, 1823. 18U. liicnmoud *?#. C?utrr Br keuuo. 8 3 i?liv Brauch Mi- Woo re Broken up. 1816. Chat Livkgatoa. 494. witwi.l Broken up. II 3 J?mea Kent 3 6. Wiawall .. ..' o?l bane. 18M. Hudaoo 171. Bartholomew .Broken up. 823 9audn>ky 2|9. Penuover... .Towb et. ih<3. co"ititotinn* ... 278. Wiawall Now Indiana. 1123 Connellitn.n..... *78. rrutteudeo. ...Tow barge iKAi. Ch. J Marshall., t 300 Shrrtnan ... Lost in L. I. Sn'd. :8Ji. Saratoga 230. Beuion Tow barae. 18*8. Sun.t 210. Drak Burnt, 1831. 82* N. i h.Udelph'a. . 300. Seymour Drlaware river. lun Albany......... 308 Jeikina Laid up. 1827. North America... 4?T. Latluon pea. bv ice, 1839 18'7 ludei?ud*nee. ... 368. Wiawall Philad. route. 8*7 Victory 290. Cobb Souk lu 1143. 1828. De Witt Cliuton.. 371. t-herman t ng. in Kuick. 8/9 Ohio) 412 Bartholomew.Tow barge. 1830. Novelty . 47T. Peck Tow barge. is >2 Cham plain 471. G rdon Tow bargi. Hi2 hne |i 47.. Benaon ... . ..Tow ba ge. I8t3 Heleu Burden Deiiroyed, 1834. 8li K. L uteveua.... 291. D?-en Run* to Hau-'t? 18JC Koche?t?r 491. H tchcock... .Kuua to Albany. .8J6. S?a low.t 126. McLean *ui.k..\p.7,1843 1837. I'tica 340. Bhultz Huua *o Catakill 8:<l. Diamond 3?W k'li w.-r Lodup. 18.9. Ballo'.n 204. Hitchcock... .Hunato Newark r839 North Americ i... 49t. Fu'y Buua to Albany. 8 0. 8< uth America... 63 . Hulte Kuua to Alb ny 1840. Troy 724. O 'rbam . ...Run. to Troy 1841 Co umb* 3*iI. 'Jut'l>*r huua'oTroy. 811 Baiubow 230. Fury On Del river. 1842. i urtu 1 eck Peck 0> J mea river. 1143 Empire 938. Mary. Hunato Tr y. i813. K ickerb cker... 831 Houghton On L I. Sou d. Oneida Tobiaa Buna to Ibany. 1813. Niagara 730. Krllogg Kuua to Troy. 184) R Von Winkle.. 310 Kigga Bun* to Albany. 1143. Orfg-i 1000. St John On L I Bound. 1813. Hand, tjude in... ,1170. Cru'tendeu... hum to Albany. 181*. Iron Witch Roe Laid up. :816 l?a?e Newton.... UJO. r?irk nans to Albany. 84 i. Me amo * Kuight Rum to Albuny. >Sit Alid* Tapiwr... . Hum to Albuiv. 1846. Hog. William.i .. De Qroot Hunt to Albany. * fiplidrd her bnileri in lt3}. kill ng three penoni. t Explode Iter boiler in 1830 killing II j>?ru>n>. I Built to rnnat a da>-bam between Npw Yck and Albany ( tii?oded tier chimney or fine iu 1133. killing five peraont !l r xplodedhe. chimney or tine in 1(38. (lightly i> juring one IF Sunk in the Hudsou river, near the Tillage of Ath?u?, Apr 1 7, I81J, with about 300 putengers on board, 20 or 30 of w hom were drowned. On perusing this list the reader must be struck with the rareness of accidents on our river. It will be ecen that, for forty years past, there have been only four explosions on board of regular passage boats plying between New York, Albany and Troy, and very few other accidents. We doubt if the records of steam navigation in nny part of the world can compare with those of the Hudson river in this respect. There is a great number of boats plying on the Hudson, to ports intermediate between this city, Troy and Albany, which we may as well | give in proof of the great increase of eteamboats since the year 180?i? To Hudioi*?The Hndaon, Capt. W. H. Mellen; Fair1 field, J Bxebe. To Catskill? Utloa, Capt. Oeorge Pen field; Wa?h; lngtoQ, J. B. Coffin Ncwauaoii and Kuhkill?Tho?. Powell, Capt. 8. Johnson ri> ?uiLL?Colnmbua, (.'apt. J. 8. OdaU. Nkw Hambchom and Siaslboko?Splendid, Capt. 11. A. liugbxon Kimoito.n?Want* Claus, Capt. B. Overbagb; Mohegan. WB Doilgt>. Kmhkill?Norfolk, Capt Brlnokerhoof Kisihto.i, Roundoi't, Ito ? F.merald, Capt. John Bavoebtiei. ks ?R L 9teren?, R. L Mabay 8iwo 8i!?u, Sic.?Zephyr, Capt. ?. B. Wall*. The boat* above enumerated are, or were, exclusively connected v ith the Hudson River. We wish we had the means of preaenting our readers with a list of a>l the boatB on the Sound route in the same manner as we have those of the HudHon; but as we have not, we shall compile a list of those at present running, which we anticipate will be read v. ith interest in connection with our j previous remarks:? I New Toaa to Stomisgtow?Oregon, Captain Tbnyer; I C. Vaoderbilt, Capt. Potter. New yo?? and Fall Ri*eb?Massachusetts Capt. Ilrown; Bay Utile. Capt Comstoek. New Yon and Nobwich?Worcester, Capt. XV'IiIImdh; | Kmoker booker, Capt. Van Pelt. New Hat?i??Traveller, Capt. Brown; Hero, Captain I reek. BmiiOEraRT?Nlmrod, Capt. Brook*. Foa P*bt Chbsteb. Rockt Neli, (ttamroao and > NoawALa?Cataltne. Capt. Curtis. Foa New Hociibllk, Olbn Cote, Otitkk Bat and Cold Sraiito?Croton, Capt. E. Peck. Jr nswrobt and Fbotidence?Perry, Capt. Woolsey. These comprise all the boats running on the Sound, that we at present recollect?the greater ! {'onion oi wiiicii arc an guou uoma u? vrrrr rvcr ; built. In addition to the Sound and the North river j routes, we have the steamships Northerner anil : Southerner, plying regularly between this city i and Charleston, and a host of boats plying to Bull's Ferry, Tillietudlein, Fort Lee, and Trini- j ty Cemetery, Elizabethport, Coney Island, Ho- I boken, Port Richmond and New Brighton, I Shrewsbury, lted Bank and Eatontown, New- I ark, Greenwood Cemetery, Middle-town Point, j Staten Inland, Brooklyn, Governor's lelund, As- I tona or Hell Gate, Jersey City, WilliHmaburgh, : and the steamer John Potter running daily to I South Amboy in connection with the Cimden and Amboy Railroad. These, we believe, comprise all the steamboats i runninr. on the waters ot New York city, and ^e are confident that our readers will say the li?t is larger than they had any thought of The increase, it will be perceived, since the year ldC7, when the first steamboat was built, is wonderfully great, l>ut not greater than the progress , of our city uid State. City Intelligence. inK n*w uwtts, The above engraving wlU give oar reader* at a dlstanoe an insight into the sufferings of the down town people of New York, oaiued by the constructing of aewere la Maiden lane, John and Fulton atreeta. The earth excavated, la piled up on eaoh aide of thoee atreeta, aa high u the second and third stsry of the buildings, and it la with the gTMteat difficulty that pedestrians oan make their way through the piles of dirt, boards, gas pipes and laborers, that choke up the sidewalks, or "tore keepers reach their places of business. It was amusing to see oorpulent " chunky" men, wlioee temper on ordl. | nary occasions it wen impossible to ruffle, making their > way over those sandbanks and (heaps of dirt, in ' the last warm weather, puffing and blowing?after oarrylng their orange-shaped bodies over one mountain of sand, they would congratulate themselves on their agility, when lo! at the next oorner they see another apparently as bUh as the Rocky Mountains and as difficult to climb Patience Is a virtue tbat fat men generally possess, but who oeuld be patient under these circumstances. The victim heaves a Slgb?so deep and far-fetched that one would thin*, it oamefrora his toesanathematises the common oouncll for their improvements?raves sgaiost th?lr extravagance -wishes contractors, wheel-barrows, picks, i-hovels and boards in any place but wht-re they are?and having gatberod strength from the outburst, he thinks himself strong enough to commence the asoent, but his foot slips when he Is half way up, and he lies sprawling at the bottom, amid the jibes and geers of the newsboys, and the affected regrets of the waggish spectators Mad with rage, he becomes desperate, makes at the hill again, masters it, oulis an omnibus, and reaches home as fsst as be can. it is not fut men only that suffer by these improvements. Every | man, woman, and child who vmi ur<'S into any of the , above mentioned streets, have to suffer some, and will < not repeat thfl expurimt-nt. Mounted Artiu.*ht.? We were *10002 a cumber of gentlemen, one dk/ last *wk, at Newark to witness a new and Important application And invention of Capt H L. 1 htme. at most applicable. ?? * mean* of defenoe 1 and agnressioo in our present difficulty with Mexico It constats in havli g a splendid bronco oannon. (carrying % lbs of lead, or, say 60 ounoe mtu-kct balls in cannlster,) mounted on a strong and elegant carriage, capable of being In an lattant unmounted, and hw a most ingenious oontrWanoe, placed with ease and nafety on the back of , a borse or mule?that is, the gun oa one mule, the oar- 1 riage on another, both will secured, and capable, of course, to traverse at>y difficult mountain pass or defile where it Is possible for a mule to go under any other clrcumstanc -s. Thus six mules will carry with ease a gun of this description aud two hundred rounds of fix*-d ammunition The wholo arrangement Is both simple and strong; the gun was from Ames1 oelebra'ed mauufao- : tory in Massachusetts; the carriage was made by Mr. | Qoiuby. ?f Brotd street, Newark, under the Immediate supervis'on of Capt Thistle, who illustrated the feaslbl- ; llt.y of Its great use by taking it out to the back part of ; the town, mounted, with the naoestary ammunition, on the backs of two horses, where the Captain and assist- ' unts dismounted the gun aud fired six rounds in two ' minutes and twenty seconds It has been tried with a 1 sii gle ball, and will carry five hundred yards with the { precision of a rifle, and the way it placed a cannister of | ounoe balls the same dlstanoe in the gable end of an old barn, the balls in some instances going twice through inch oak boards, would ratlier astonish come of the I guerilla parties in Mexico, if Captain Thistle is *1- ' lowed, as is his wish, personally to try kls owe expe- 1 riment upon them as a mountain rsnicer. The Captain offered to take the responsibility with 600 men and 30 guns of this description, to keep the com- i munication open between Vera Cru? and Mexico, and | we ii?ve no nuuui no tnuiu uu -i. nit'niu uih on<*r oo accepted by the guvtrnment j but whether accepted or not, ! this plao of pun and manner of transportation, in dure to be adopted at no distant day by tbe army lu Mexico | Oregon and California, on account of its extreme t>iin- ! pilclty and ease of trannportation over the most diWcult | routes. Tilt Weather ?The thermometer ranged yesterday no higher than78 degrees It Hood iu Wall street, at 1 Delatour IkCo at noon, at 77 degrees; andat tbe same hour, at tbe foot of Cuurtlandt street, at the Northern Hotel, at 71 degrees. The day was agreeable, and seve ral of our cltltMni, anxious to enjoy themselves, went on excursions to Hoboken. WUIiauisburgb, Brooklyn. Staten IrUnd, and to tbe various agreeable retreats in this vicinity Awpvl cowrnoaATio* ? About 11 o'clock last night a Are broke out in the stablea attached to lingers 1 Trean's stores, No 317 Krone st, In tbe vicinity of tJouverneur street, and witbin the short space of 16 minute* spread with uu a*ful rapidity, s>> as to envelope several dwelling houses immediately adjoining In one sheet of flame Tbe Ore coulinued to spread rapidly, after defying tbe efforts of tbe lew fire companies who had first 1 an lved, and the flames f-uberqueutly ooumuuicated to tbe boures la tbe ro*r. fronting Water street Several companies*nd a large pokse of polioe under iheir active 1'hief, Mr Matsell were soon on tbe spot, and also, in some ininut-s, a large accession of flrenion with their euglues. All began to work vigorously, but the houses being wooden, and nany of them old. the entire block, embracing an urea from No 317 to Sift on Front street, and Noh 039 to 66S Water street, were all In flames We have seldom seen a Are spread with surh awtul effect. Tbrse houses were ail twscupied by industrious mechnn inn una lanorer*. wno rcnieu apsr ments ?ami me street* ; iu the vicinity prevented a moat melancholy picture? a peifect wreck of all sort* of household furniture, bed?, I utile*, chairs and such otber articles We were given ] to understand that one hundred families were, ' thus, In the nhort ("pace of a few hours, thrown upon the world houtelees. Considnrable damage to propert/ was done, several families being absent enjoying their Sunday with their friend* No live*, fortunately were lost, but many havo lost their little all In the ttamea. We undstand that few of the dwelling* wore in* nured. and that the place wliero the Are first occurred was occupied as a distillery store with the stable attached, where it originated accidentally From the lateness of the hour at which tbe Are took place, wc have not been enabled to procure the name* of tbe sufferer*. A vast conoouri>e of person* were colli cted on tbe ( oca* r on The fire wu eventually *ubdued. The fire companies and police displayed their usual ability, and the . nonflagration would have rapidly extended were It not f.ir their active iuid persevering exertion* Officer Martin of tbe 7th ward, together with ?omv of the police in til* immediate vicinity, did lmtncusu service in saving the property of the poor peopl- who were burned out 'l lu< tire was not got under until nearly 2 o'clock tnls 1 morning. The Dog Kii i.es* - It is remarked that the dog killer* are seen less this year than they ever were, and that although they have not been down town at ill, there 1* not a dog or cat to be seen in that part. We tbink this look* suspicious. If any of our ladles have lost their pet poodle*, pei haps tbev may get some information from Mr Keyslti?. mandarin on board tho Junk. Tn* canine -ponies, we think will not be sorry when our Chinese friends leave us, which we believu they will do in a day or two. Dkath by a Fall. ? Coroner Walter* yesterday held nil Inquest at Bellrvuu hospital, on the body of John l iary. a native of Ireland, aged-I > y?ars. The deceased I was admitted to the hospital on Krlday nigbt, laboring | under typhus fever In the course of the following I night, the deceased got out of ln'd, unbolted tbe door of j tbe ward in which h? wan placed, went out upon the piazza, over tha balu trade, and fell a distune of 3<V . f -m hiLiilv frvcLutfiiir hi- mill Ami ItifllrtLincr nfh*r ; vere Injuries Verdict?deiil'i by from thu pl' i w<. whilo laboring uuder diliilum from typhus fever. j Bio lilyii IuU-Utffriioe. Riotors Co.touCT iio*o t ii k Kmemk:*.?We hear ? nr?at many complaints about the riotous and disorder* | ly conduct of ihe tire department in Brooklyn, on the occasion of an alarm of flro last Friday night We understand those disorder* arisu from the fact of boys being allowed to run with ihs engine*. There In a law Imposing a penalty upon the guardiaim or parents of suoh offenders. Why not have It rnf 'rood, and remedy the evil Wn hope the proper authorities will see to It and have no more nf these disturbances, which are certainly a disgraou t? any city lu which they t?ke plaoe. Nrw Boat os tiii Fi'ltow Fr.iier ? Any r,<-rson who Is desirous of viewing a spjendld specimen of a ferry j boat, had better walk down to the South F?rry, and examine the now steamboat "Transit." She is not running yet because the slip Is too narrow to admit b"r Workmen are now employed In widening It. and It will be finished in a Uw days She will then commence running on tho South Kerry. This is an important addition to the number of boat* owned by the Union Kerry Ccmp%ny. The Transit if a much finer and larger boat than the Montauk. (formerly the crack boat of the ferry ) or the Wyandank. and Is built In the most commodious manner for the transportation of cur citizens RtDt-cTion o"i Tilt BaonKLTM Kraaiss ?We hear some mention made of the propriety of the company reduolng the toll to one cent on this ferry. In all conscience two cents Is reftionable enough but If m much could be realised from a reduction of the rates, we think it ought to be tried There is no doubt it would greatly Inerwi** the Immense travel now going on between the two cities Polio* Intslll|sn0e. Small Rutintii ? I'he amount of buslnee* at the Police offloes was remarkably small yesterday, consisting only of several drunken and disorder y persons The l.oulsvlUe Drnorrat of the 10th Inst, says : " We learn from a gentleman on the Oeneral Taylor, tbat Stauwood is eleoted to Congress from Teaaesse by 04 majority." i i. i ' IkMtriMU Md HariMl, Pase Thiitu? Shakespeare's tragedy of "Othello,1' or the Moor of Vsnlce, and the comedy of " Sboaklog Events.'' are the pieces advertised for this evening's performance at the Park Theatre. Mr. And?rson will take hU own character, Othello, and the remaining part* are oast In such a manner as to eninre their being well performed Bowckt Thcatrc ? There 1* mnoh tain about Sheridan Knowles' play of-Slander,1' which will be prodaoed at the Bowery Theatre this < venlng, In a rplendld manner. And we expeot there will be a rush to tee It. aa Mr? Shaw will take the principal oharaeter. From what we hare heard, there need be no fear of disappointment The drama of "Maaaanlello" will likewiaebe performed thla evening Chatham Thcatrc.?Those two great families of pantcmimtsta. the Holland family and the Carland family, with Mr. VV. A. Barnes, enter upon an engagement this evening st the Chatham theatre. They will perform a variety of pantomimio entertainments, in which they rxorl Two comedies, a pantomime, classical groupings, 8ic.. are included In the bill. Palmo's Ores a Houii.?The comedy of the "Widow's Vl.tlx II Ik. iM.Mi.ln>. xf II on/1 . urlu nf achievements of tlgtot rope dancing by the Ravel family oomprUe the amusement offered to the public at Palmo's thii evening. This place U filled every evening to the utmost, and the performance* are much admired by the pubiio. * Castle Garden.?In order to eniure a good house at Castle Garden this evening, we have only to mention that th? reoelpta are for the benefit of Mr. Charles Wlnther, whose great feat* on the tight rope are so much admired. The bill Is capital, and lnoludes an unequalled variety of amusements. It will be found In another column, and Is one of the best produced this season. Minerva Rooms ?We believe that the Virginia Serenaders will remain in the city another week, the patronage extended to them last week being so liberal as to Justify them In taking the step. This evening the burlusque opera of "Stuffo" will be performed, and several negro songs sung. Herr Alexander Is now at Saratoga. Madame Ablamonics the celebrated vooalist, has been highly successful at the west. She drew orowded houses at Cincinnati. Louisville. &o , and is highly and deservedly popular with the western people. Booth wu In Buffltln on tha QOth in?t Rockwell St Co.'a circus Is at St. Johns, N. B. Cirr Island, Aug. 90, 1847. After the departure of tl>? New Vork deputation In th? itwnit Now Haven, yesterday, the company retained to tbelr customary habits, bat the scenea of tho day wilt long be remembered by thoae who participated la them. Previous to Mr. Clay'a departure from the Columbia Houee, and while most of the gentlemen were engaged In paying the last attentions to the New York deputation, a curious aoene was ooourrlng In the parlor Tho veteran stateaman, whose auoeess In winning the ladles' smiles, indicate that he has. In his younger days been an accomplished suitor in the oourt of Venus, had bargained with a few fair Philnddphlans to exchange some rllppines from his hoary locks for the nfctar from their lips. The trade was carried on with snch earnestness that th?re w*s danger of bis needing a wig to oorer tils losses while the kisses he took in ex change caused innumerable heart-burnings to jealous husbands and lovers, who accidentally were attracted to the spot. An exouralon to the Breakwater Is fixed upon for today in the steamboat Ohio. Mr. Clay will acoompany the party. New Books. Columbia* Mauazinc. Ormsby k Haokett, 116 Fulton Btreet Tbe number for September la on our table; It U fully equal to any previously published. Steamship Missouri ?Cap*. Morin, of the Fre?oh ste inner Mis-ouri, ukei the first opportunity to cknowledge publicly thr essential service* rendered him, when <>nt of coal off Hali'ai. by Cant. Darby, of the British cutler Dirug aud to expiess liis thauks to Cant D-irby, for h s v 1nsble aid, rnd the great courtesy and cheerfulness with which it was given. New Yoke, August 13 1817. To the Editor of the Herald As all travellers are b >nnd to commuuicate to the public, the facilities ol accommodation they expei ieuce ou t' eir summer excursions, I so ready to ad"pt <hc course, a'id state in truth what a res dence of a <ew weeks at Morris's Hotel, Long Branch, enables me to publ sh. lu point of health, the position is unequalled coromsndmg a bold view of the ocean, with a 'hore for ba hing of matchless comfort. 1 he establishment is conduced b>' Mr. Morris with elegance and comfoit?the tables and wines are nf the best bran<ts. the amusements of fishii g, hunting and driving are numerous. and if there is one host m >re polite, effi~ieut and gentlemanly th >n another, it is Mr. Morris Under these circumstances, and i'a proximity to the city. 1 conscientiously recommend it to those who want to enjoy the solid comforts of % summr-r's r?tr at lam.Bir, A VisiTr R AT LONG BRANCH. Richelieu Gold Pens, wholesale and retail, may be hid of B E WATHON.O Willi <m street, one door tel' W Wall "freer. opposite Merchants' j^X'-hange, and J. Y. 8 WAGE 92 Fu'lon s re?t. stid nowhere e|?e m the city. Purchasers of ?l' kii.dit of Gold Pens, either by the gross or Miiine our, win linn l orr"i iiioucrniri m < nrn-u i.> uon m n in ; lu ficr wh- uever a redurt-ou of price is pmiiblt. we will laid off, not follow. The " 1< ich?lieua?' *rr S2 only, s-hI are w 'it 'tied equal to iho.e peu? sold at (3 S<1 elsewhere. Gold l'eua, $1 and $ I SO; aold elsewhere at 11 50 ai.d 12 Oold Pent carefully repaired. Uold Pent?Bcwa ? of Impmiltlon.?J. XV Qreatoii k I o., Wholesale a <1 HeUail Ueitle a iu (io|d Pent* mil Uo.d ud Silver Pen and Pencil < uses 71 Cedar at, New I Voik, 11 Chesnut street, Philadelphia, keep au eitmiaive asaortmen' of all the ino.t ai proveil styles i'i u>e;and tlieir prieet will be f>und couaiderably lower than those ol anv other home. The have s?cuied (by fair comi-eltion) the >c'usive right to sell fir $1 SO any kind f ' en ? M elsewhere f?T S i War anted Peua of celebrated makers fur $17J. UJd I'ena carefully repaired. Travelling Dressing Case ?The exceedingly small coinpua iu which 'lie sub.c ibe s hare p aeej every thiug ueeessvy fir the toilet without destroy i'ig the;' usefulIIra . and the h mlsO'ne olid substantial manner i i whi-h they 1 a e made render theie rates au|>eri r to nny manufactured Aji examination cannot mil of bmng attii facto y. O. HAUNDKRS ?c SON. ITT Broadway, Fine Cutlery. _T he Subucrlbera' nMortment crab ares every possible variety pattern of Pen Poc et. Desk, a,in Kpo liuti Knife Willi a laiKe variety of choice Kazois, which will be warranted to the purchaser. Also Scissors. Nail * ilea, Tweezers, kc. O. SAUNDERS It SON, 177 hrondway. a few doora above Conrtlandt st. Dr. J CImwmmi Kelley, Analytical Physician, will be in attendance at h a office, in New Voik, No. 42t> Broad wav. During Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday aud Thnrs<liv ih- 23d, ?4th ISili and 26th of Auiinat. for cousultaiiou with patient* on the va>ious diseases incident to thesyatem; pa-tirnlarly affections ofthe Lungs, Liver, Kidneys, Spleen, Nervousness, Dropsy, Kli*umMi*m. Asthma, Debility, Sic., Those complain'* usually termed Dyspeptic derangements, may easily and readily be subdued. Advice gratuitous. Navigation of the Ohio lUver. Placet. Time Stale of RtVee. Louisville Auk. Id.. . .4 feet 8 In atsndlng Wheeling Aug. 17. . ..4 feet 6 In. Pittsburg , , Aug D)... .3 flset 4 In. Clpnlnnst.l Auk 10.. . .4>? feet, rising MONEY MAHKKT. Sunday, Aug. !4K?O P. M. ; There hu bnen no particular movement in the stock msrket during the pant week; price* of come of the Round and *ome of the fancy stocks have ti actuated con siderably, but there has nothing of importance transplred to aff?ot the market favorably or unfavorably | The decline in Treasury notes ha* been prodnoed prini clpally by the movement of our bank* These inatituI tlon* took advantage of a slight depression in prices, caused by the character of reoent advioes from Mexico, I and the heavy expenditures on acoount of the war, reI ported for the quarter ending July 1, 1B47, and by call' ing in loans madejipun these seouritie*,compelled many ; to submit to forced sales, and, consequently, a heavy depreciation. As soon as prioes had touched a low point, the banlu came into the market aa purchasers, and *upi piled thi'uselves with all they wanted. In thla way these eornerers operate in the stock market?they inllatu and depress prioe* at pleasure, as there are alwayt Dough timid holder* disposed to tell ata decline. These holders are o ompletely at the mercy of tb?*e bank* hdi] invariably purnhaae at high, and sell at low price* This Is a very Important part of the bualnes* of the*? Institution*. Not latiffled with loaning largely on fancy stocks, they speculate dlreotly In government and Cute stocks, and their power In the market a* operator! in Immense. Having at command any amonnt of eapl tal, which, aoeordiug to their charter*, should be em. uloved in discounting legitimate buslnee* paper, thej go Into tbe stock market under a strong combination, U inflate or deprees the price of any stock they may determine upon If It 1* their Intention to depress tht price of any security, for the purpose of becoming larg? purchasers at the decline, they oommence calllag In all | the loans made upon that particular stock, so as tc throw upon the mat ket as much of It m possible, and loans to a great extent are oalled In upon other stocks that the market generally may be depressed. As soon ss prlcos have beooine as much reduced as may be doetne.l suflotent, tbe bank brokers make their appear| ance In the market, and purchase at once all they want ! As soon as they are supplied, the banks oommenoe loan| ing on this and other stocks, and the market improves immediately and an advance of several per cent Is soon | realised When prices have reached a point high enough to pay a fair profit, the bank brokers become sellers, and I soon olear out the snpply they have oo hand Opera tlons of this kind are continually going eu, and In tbls j way the banks are able to squeeae out fair dividends The managers of these lostir.utiotis are not much be hind In operating on their own account, and the stock market Is kept all the time In an unsettled state Individuals are at the mercy of these looorporated stock i speculators, and hundreds are ruiaed annually by being eaugbt in their power. The annexed table exhibit*the condition ot the leading I daparuwstolaw*>MkutbteState,Mooc<Ua?to 1 vum M to th. CamftnUmom tUi* U, ? *?? " ? ' K"?mcu. , r-LiaKhi,!, ' , i til I"* Auti.j oj BI <k$. _ ? 5.3 s ji | ii{! liiS0^8^ -' *$ u&s IS-is *i&o 3? E2L M is ?.? ??? afir^s^ 2? B.?k of ai?,2 :: *5 ,,3W '* '*' 1 a* <*> ??<"? of Auburn i?! ? Js? .ia4W g^kof Bnubndw' '* 1#,?f \li M #".?* 1 C?utf?, s. Vork NiH, -if Sl.Wtt ? ?B"k?fJheiJ?''?" . ' lit 39b rJft MJ?< B?.k of ( ommerne * sii'IiS ..I, J 1<7,637 33 ijf H*"?Ur ?oruinf--'.'r V ??? *"?2 ?,??,?? uf DM.vYlTe. . In jii ??? M.7JI BwikofUe ? .'! ! ?!? J?*-*** 37.191 Biiik of Oeuev,.I.; ]? ?5 49.174 ?^k,?f Jlh*c? ? ?? *79.190 11< fsj B?;.k?ifK,uc1c,ho?k. 9J6?b '?i.?79 66.076 B^itk of LiL?ui^burkh i g'f? I*?7? **,419 59 912 Bank of L?w*ij,r i?15 1'SiI WU?3 40.31* B?nk of Aiouro? ..." |Sj?2 f|2? 19.Ui 98 .'.'5 Sffi as Bkot New Kochelle 5,000 2 in 50,Ml 1,01* Buik *f New York... 2,361,855 747,941 407,029 1,095,746 BkufUraace County.. 180,344 7,445 108,?34 54J<9 I Bulk of OrTram 336,781 1295 195 397 40.80 r bauk of* Owego 242.585 12 899 185.549 89.001 ! Bkof Poughkeepaie. . 20S,7?4 17,534 141,411 85,013 ! Buikof Home 177,950 5,*49 143,'86 79,435 i buik of Saliua 234,139 7,637 168 932 15.981 | Bkof Silver Creek.. 84,304 4,397 79,483 2*.836 Bk State o? N. York 3.357,024 140,856 367.098 3,088,244 Bauk of Syracuse ,.. 220,588 5,791 167,456 3 081 i Bank of Troy 1,008,193 15,907 269.704 113,354 I bauk of Utica 574.3*5 20,7.4 *77 .318 92,045 ' Br. doat Cauandaigua. 206,777 7.216 159,3-6 17,756 I -Binkof Varnon.., . 55.289 S.736 63,511 37 *31 Bankof Waterville.. 64.337 3,86 1 93,636 19 398 I B ink of Whitehall... 168.333 9,3*7 131.655 41,923 Bk of Whitttatowu.. 117 87 3 3,407 79.307 66.839 I "Black River Bank... 123,121 3.633 83,780 97.143 | Broi klyn Bank ... 79678 8.922 41 235 38,733 Br ume bounty Bk... 150,144 9.?l3 137,482 48,946 , Butcher*Ik Drovnit Bk 1,068,748 214.913 r7,5ii 746.878 ' Can .1 B ink of Albany. 624,515 25.7(1.1 191,944 94.610 I Caukill Brink... . 159 393 7,849 104,437 35 491 Cayuga' ouuty Bauk. 445 ('80 10,3?>2 318,764 1516)3 | CeutMl Bauk 208,784 5.152 139.792 14,313 I ChiOiplaiu Bauk... . ? *467 105.000 ? Chautauqua County Bk 190.608 7,139 144.030 41,025 I 'Chemical Bank 1,017,615 90,*40 377,321 767,344 I < hemung Caual Bii.k. 339,764 8,894 196.347 74,138 4 heater Bank 80,383 1,197 91.942 9,613 I City Bauk 1.544,902 37.310 18?,I09 1,111,807 ] I om. Bauk of Albany. 408 064 30.4i3 208.276 199,49* I 'Com. Bk Rocheater.. 308.499 9.413 200.873 1(.,046 I 'Com. Bkof Troy... 310.411 4.0?S 108.898 66,896 Cuvler'a Bxnk 36.896 868 M 797 31,7*0 Delaware Bank... .. 144.440 2,047 10*,801 33,663 ! * Drover'a Bauk of Cat| taraugua Cuanty... 20 783 3,431 100,000 8,843 Eaati Couatt Bank... 208 343 4,969 138 7u8 30,118 ! ichaoge Bk Buffalo 7.U1 9 84* 28.000 12,3*4 Exchange bk Ueueaee 33,200 3,338 49,164 10.310 Eichauge Bauk of ! Lockp.it, 103,494 3,904 59.048 49,344 Farmera'.Bmk ol Amite.dam.. 100 007 2,333 64.444 M.6M ' 'Farmers'Bk Hndaou. 133,68 6,281 9 ,700 74,634 Feimen' Bk Mini .. ? 469 74,000 ? Kxruiera'Bkof Troy.. 664,919 17.300 194,693 167,494 Farme a' a'd Drovers' B ?..k at Somen 84,166 6,409 44,961 30.340 : Fa mers' aud Munufacturera' Bank.., .. . 473,146 30,345 338,563 146,308 B?nk"oioVu*fee!".T 13,755 3,521 42,118 20,645 r h: inertac ? echauics Bk l Oflenabanrn. 25,159 10,339 St>4,J8ti 1,107 hannr-Bk. Mc. lmuic? Bunk of Kochc*lcr.. ? 500 83,WO ? Fo t Tlai 1 Bauk.,. . 31 18j 2 089 81,000 18,997 ' * Kiankliu Couuty Bk. 81,474 1901 9? 47* ? KulU>u Bank 1.447,479 210,510 314,<01 971.846 I Urneaffe County Ilk. 60.459 1,111 47,598 * 36,4u2 Orreu?ick Bank 422,608 45 811 154,17# 237,614 Herkimer Oouoty Bk. 335.0til 8,386 194.377 $4 174 HighlandB >iik .... 173.314 9,9*7 175,892 87 89# Huiliou Hirer Bnuk .. 278 3x9 5 137 149,185 74 576 Hu gerford ? Bank.. 15 881 3,327 63 IC? 49,559 Jame?' Bank 18.^32 ? 69.1)4 ? JrflVr?ou County Bk.. 304,TTT 11,812 186,361 71,960 Krgiton Bank 331,311 9.481 177 017 51.613 Kirk land Ba, k 51.417 1,31* 49.258 16.135 Leather Man. bank ... 1,222,278 217,415 249 16 1 726,142 L?wi*County Bank,,. , 117 645 4,6 9 121,706 3.IH2 Lmnciton County Bk. 229,383 6,125 119610 50,937 *Lo>kp n Bank and Tf? Company.... 100,561 2,887 71.688 11.895 Loiif Uland Bank... 645 780 15.577 154,H51 181.172 Luther Wright'* Bk. 111.862 5 406 157,0)5 112,OHO Miditon County ok .. 187,545 5.661 142C42 39,<8G Manhattan Company.. 1.975,9)0 368,305 ? 1,221,018 Mrchauica'B >uk 3,164,040 844,179 512,851 1,625,866 ; Mcchanica Banking Association 459.518 185.406 342 953 461 330 Mech ItKirmeu' Bk.. 666 889 44 163 251 880 289,349 Mech k Tridera' Bk. . 512 345 72 072 156;751 352,*32 | Merchant.' B-nk 1,580,117 1,079,137 287,5 0 2,477,814 Merchants' Bank ol r.aiiaudaiirna ? ? 86,659 ? Merchatm' Bank of "* Chantaoque County. ? 500 205,9)1 ? Meichauta' Bank ol Eria Couu'y 15,361 1,91? 22,060 7,066 *M?rchanta' Bank iu Pou*hke?p ie . 810,859 4.3*1 117,710 108,311 Mrrchauta Exchange Bank 1,714,581 303,647 828,281 77? X* j Merchants' and Karmera' Bank ofhhica. 38,801 ? 46.600 10,418 i Merchants' and Farmers'Bk rutnam Co. 99 634 1,344 11) 343 1.100 Mrr.and M'ch. Bk... 701 664 14.410 138,324 1114 3 i Middletown Ba:,k... 71.lit 3.0*3 7026 29.144 Miihawk Bulk au 427 11,4 6 90 191 99 273 Mohiwk V tlle? Bk. 40 9il 1391 129 u71 30,U0 Moi.tr mery Co. Bank 129,789 1,?IB 136.171 16 641 . Nat oual Rank I,46l8i9 314 967 328 462 886604 N Voik Dry Dock Co S4*,4ll 13,011 64,091 44,613 New Vork State bk... 710.670 11,461 1*4,417 293 833 ! ?l\ew Vork St'te Mork Sacorit" Bk.. ? ? ? ? N. Vork M.ick Bank II,HI 2 761 105 8^6 2 111 I * N riliern Bk N V ork ? *.W5 I73,0i.i ? Naitli Rim Bank... 1,164 971 162,101 416,26V 9'9,878 Ol.l-nsbu gh Bank... II*H? 13,4< 3 143 488 10,113 Oliver Lee fcCo'sBk 810628 37 463 181 *19 247 7?9 Oneida Biuk 493,972 6,891 290,331 2.18 011 I Ouonda-aCouuty Bk. 291.904 11.487 I6?.9il 100.M Out., no Bank .... 317.122 4 B'.l 17* 330 6 ',807 OalarioBancliB.uk.. 4*0.749 3 897 213.211 11.490 Otaero County Bank.. 217,616 4,37* 140,t30 3 I6H Palmyra Bauk ? ? 19 40n 29? Patchin B ink 339.267 "0 341 190,968 121191 fhenix Bank 1,914 961 628 1H6 40018 1,322,Iii7 Piue Plauia Bank... 19 HH J.95I 8 211 11.4211 I Powell B<nk 113,470 8 198 87,936 82,131 "PratikTille Bank... . lMIWC 1 912 91,84* l*,0*l I 'Rochester Banl? 90j j I 956 1(1600 28 089 Kocheater City Btnk. 136 183 1J.S61 297 699 161 407 S.ckei's Harbor Bk... 2C6," 32 8 722 182011 26 629 I Harntoita County bk... 23#.3lii 4,184 142.478 M 491 Sehmjertad y Bank... 291 411 16.223 137,860 142,0*0 Sa- eea Couuty Bank. "267.211 8 814 193.9 * 44,4K : Seventh Ward Bank.. 988,714 132,498 291,M4 640,177 Hiat* Bank at Haugertiea 906 1.339 19.11* *748 SteubeuCoa tyBk... 336 862 1,0*4 1*6,04* *1,461 Huff Ik County Bk.. 18-182 3 30 V 92 141 20.729 T<nu*>a' Bank 206.104 7.299 136.074 1* 380 Tompkins County Bk 403.920 7.981 220,907 101,442 i r.ut imtu ? uaua... yia.Kj 170.222 2*j 7?7 lino,am ( Troy City Bank 6486.2 9.469 141.700 130 332 Ul'terCoontV Bank... 210 747 4 MO 132.324 45,316 * I'nadi'la Bank 87.29 1 800 65.000 3 775 Union Bank 2,014,173 1,044,362 414,582 1,122,814 ? Warreu County Bk.. 169 852 291 189 440 ? | WashinnUjU Co. Bk. 70.146 2.197 57,718 49,548 We?trheater Co Bk... 310,390 3,348 144,122 60,410 I * White Plains Bunk.. 27,237 1,000 J5.8S7 ? Wi ne's B of Buffalo. 200,217 13,078 49,833 114,137 Wooiter bhermau'a I Bauk 41 577 4,181 39.S60 23 109 | Yates County Bank... 218 266 R.OM 133.2*7 13,791 73 743,371 II,*83,114 24,363 111 36 781,086 The Comptroller acknowledge* the reoeipt of report* j from every bank In the State, but the New York State Stock Security Bank of thta city. There appear* to be ooualderable difference of opinion between the Cempi troller and the proprietor of the above bank, relative to ' I these quarterly report*; and It remain* an open qne?' I tlon, subject to future arrangement. It is our opinion that there 1* no authority in the revised Free Banking act, requiring quarterly report* from thl* bank; and I nuch appear* to be the opinion of the proprietor, a* he refu*ea to make the regular return* to the Comptroller. Wt> have received hi* laat quarterly report, made out very different from thoM required by the tree banking law. It give* a clearer Insight Into the operation* And oonditlon of the bank, than any we have previously ween; and we recommend It to the notlee ef all thoee In bringing thl* system of banking to it* greatest perfection. Statement ebowlng the true condition of the New York State Stock Security Bank, of the city of New York, on the morning of the let of August, 184? New Yoke State Stocc Skccrit* Hits. New York State Stock* transferred to the Comptroller 1111 HUH lur lur iviaui|?iuu ui >un uiivuwuku UHWIIJI the New York State srnck Security Bunk, >17.000 . 6 fit cents per oenta; $ft,000 6 do; W.W00 7 do. .$31 800 Registered Bunk Note* received from the Comptroller. Wsued nd In circulation $14,-MA ; Ileglstere Bunk Notes received from the Comptroller. Isaned and on Land 3.788 1 Registered Bank Note* received from th* i Comptroller, (SSOsheetsoflO's and iO's) never issued 10,600 Total circulating notes outstanding $28,471 Surplus neeuritie* over total amount of oiroula, ting notee $g 339 The aecurlties are thereby more than 11 per cant over the total of the circulating notea. i Loans $? 3.V), 1 bis bank went Into operation In 18S8 . without flllug a certlOcate of capital stock It does not discount The fundameutal rule thereof U to loan Its | circulating uotm in mdiII luini on proaUaorj notM puj* i ?bla two months from date, oharnlng interest thereon at I 'be rate of 6 per cent yearly, and the above amount of loaus Is represented by promissory note* to the aggregate amount of. $0,410 70 ipeole Fatid* 1,381 ?H , Cash Items utiil Treasury Notes 10,648 00 1'ot.al securities in the hands of Comptroller, as above detailed 81.800 00 Total Resources $60,146 M Total circulating notea actually In olrcu1 . culatlon $14,90;'i Personal property Hypothecated to bur New York mate Mtocta trarsf rnrtf to the Comptroller In trust, 8to...... 7,000 Total liabilities $31.20600 j Surplus Resources over liabilities $J8.941 M TL? New Yoik State Stook Security Bank being owned by a sole individual ( vlr. L Bonnefotia.) who went t>i Europe In 1843. U utsoontloued Issuing clronUtl-.g not* for about four yeera. Tbl* remark is mad* for the purpose of pointing nut ? remarkable ?eault of the system of loaning adopt* t oy that gentleman Ilia ataumvnt of tb* Wt of February lMt. (At* we*k* after circulating to*** were laaueJ,) show* that the loans, th?n, were $8,800, and tfea oUouUUoa $?,018. BU aoalfea afur 1 1-JI w?rd?. the loaaa happen to baaau?tty tha same (>6,?00 ?they mr>(< rather leas la the whole period.) and the circulation haa gradually inpreajted to $M 405, that U, considerably more than double the amount of the loan*. This extraordinary result his been obtained by the regular working of tbe system of loaning be has adopted. D? banker geU thereby an intereat, oa aa aggrngaU ameuut. rising to nearly twenty tlmra tbe amount of hit Idle fond* on hand, and although theee Idle fund* average, generally, little over f1,000, he U prepared It all time*, through the maaaa of treaaory no tea, ko., to command specie for the whole amount of his olreuia* tlon Tha owner of this hank doe* not wleb to Increase lu | loana, being advanoed 1b life, but it la eaay to psroaivo I what a profitable oonearn It would be, iflt* loan* amount- 1 ad to thirty or forty thousand dollar*. Tbe Bank of Loalalana ha* declared a dividend ol four per oant, payable to New York atookholdara at the Merchants' Bank In thla city, on the Oth ot Sept. The reeeipta of coal from the anthracite region* of Pennsylvania to tha 19th Inat., have been as annexed:? Anthbacitb Coal Taaoi: or PsnmrLvaNia. Receipt* by the Lehigh Canai, ton* 370 0 IS ' " Beading Railroad, ton* HiSSTtf >' ? Schuylkill Canal, ton* lQl.taS Total ton* 103 The raoeipte now amount to about alxty thousand | ton* par weak. At thla rate, the receipt* for tha raI malnder of tha aaaaon will ba about one million of tons, matl.a u aMTMita nf two millions three hundred ] thouMod toaa for th?/Mr. Ilim Bxebanm* SlAuOu Tr?u Note* 6a 1U3U 50 abaMoma C?nal Id I MM do 103K 32 N Haren Sc Hartford 105J* SOi-O do 103V St Cautou Co 46*? 8000 Treai Notn 5 2*3 lOJJtf 400 Cm ton acrip 4M 1000 Alabama 5a 60 50 Mohawk RR Mm 71 : M0" kitM* it, *45 10IX m Nor fc Wore RR MX SOi'O U StaiMta,M7 a6m 101 100 do bU M 1 MOO do bUm 103 75 do 50 | 10000 Penn 5a 78 100 do 5?K 1700 Ohio6?,-60 100 |50 do bli 50 V 200?h? Farmen' Truat JJTtO du M>? | 50 do blO 34V 50 Reading R K b7 65W 100 do b'JO 3JV 75 do 6'.W ' 50 do bli 350 L Ulaod H R JvW 5<i0 do 34K 300 Mailem U K 66* 100 do b60 3iK 150 do bSU 67 200 do b?0 35 500 do fcoU 100 do blO 34tf 300 do b30 8i.X 50 N O Canal (12m 80 50 Ratnapo RR b60 100 i 46 N O City 93 525 Kail Button *?9C 45 ahafrforna Canal 16)t 200 do b60 *3 Hecond Board. ?5<K0 Trcaa 6a bl* 104 100 aba Harlem RR t60 66K 50 aba Harlem RK 67 100 L laland RR 4m M *0 do 67>f 100 do 4 m 33 loo do 67 50 Nor <i Wor RR bTO MK >00 do t60 G6K 50 do b90 56V 1?0 da blO ?7,V )00 do Mff 200 do aS 67 *5 do 50 do a3 67 50 do MK 200 do aM 6CH 50 do blO 3*>R 100 do . 67 50 do bit MX 100 do b30 67X New Stock Exchange. 100 V S Buik bio 4tt 50 aba No. fc Wor* blO 31V 50 Harlem HR aB ?f? 30 do a3 Mk 40 do Ii-l KK'J w ,l? kit VI I? W L Ulaud " H bJ 3tii 50 do M 100 Farmeri' Treat ?% 3ijJ 50 do b3 MK 100 Nor k Wor HR >3 56 50 do c ICH CITY TAADB KKPORT. New Yo*a, Atukdat Afternoon, Ado. 31. The market for Hoar and grain opened pretty lira at yesterday 's prloes, but at the olose there was soma keavl. uess manifested, owing to Its being the oIom of the week, and many merchants baring left town temporarily for the oountry Bale* of Genesee flour were mad* at $6 73, $'i 76 a $>G 81.S?. A lot of flat lioop Ohio, one brand, Bold at $5 76, and a lot of do., bakers' brands, at There was no Southern of moment in market. Sales of : all kinds were limited. Sales of uew Virginia and North | Carolina wheat were made at 120 eents for the red, an& | at 136 conts for the white. A considerable sale of Wenti ern was made, for export, on private terms; and a lot of | common do. sold at $1. Sales of mixed oorn were made i at 74,76 a 70 cents, and of round Northern at 70 a 80 oents; a lot of white sold at 74 conts; a lot of mlxel to to arrive next week sold at 76 a 80 oents. Rye continued Arm, while oats were held at an advance Sales of mess pork wero made at $16 36, and of prime, thla State lower oountles, at $13 37>?. Lard ooutloued firm. Groceries exhibited no change, while sales were mode: rate lire Hp It down the Hudson lUuer, ?flu g. 30. Flour 7,860 barrels. Coromeal . 600 barrels. Corn 19.600 bushels. Rye *60 doAihei?Small sales of pots were reported at $? 36, and of pearls at f8. I Br.Ki?a*?The last sales of northern yellow w*r? i made at 24o. BaKADiTurri?Flour?Sales of about 1000 bbls. Genesee straight brands were made at $6 76 a $6 SI Ii. the latter J price for fr?sh ground, and 400 a 600 do, straight Genesee. ! sold at $6 76; 600 bbls. flat hoop Ohio, one brand, sold at $6 76; 6u0 do Ohio, baler's brand, sold at $4; S luthrrn was scaroe, an > no sales reported Whtat?Sales of 1300 bushfls new Virginia and North Carolina red. were made at $1 30, and 100 do , white, at $1 10tf<> bushel* common Western, sold at $l.and 10 000 4o Western sold for exnort to Liverpool, ou private terms. Corn?Satan of 10 000 a U 000 bushels mixed were made at 76c. a7tto 4.600 bushels sold, at 74a a 76c.;* 10,000 do. do xold to arrire next week, at 75c, and 4000 a 6000 bushel* round ISortnern. were reported sold at 7?o a SOc and 2000 but-LfU whit* were reported soid at 74o. Mtal? ; duiM of 100 a 300 bbls Western New York war* mads at 3 73 Aye wan Arm, and h?id at 8Ao a 87Ko. Oat* be! lug scarce aud receipts very ligut, were bel<l at a further advauce Some holder* asked fltiio a 00c bj retail, and I Mo a 08o by wholesale. There were no sales of moment reported. Canolf.s? 8alei of 180 boxes sperm were made at 81o. Patent adamantine were worth 40c. 1/orrr.c?The market continued steady, but we heard > of no b. les of importance Cottojc?The siiioa yegterd y were 800 bal?*. and about as mnoh more was disposed or to-day?chiefly for export. The supply on sale emoe the stsamer bas dw] ol'ledly increased, bnt as holders ask pnees beyond our outside quotations usually? buyers have been reluotant to oome into market at present; consequently the appearance of the market is unfavorable u> an advance, although It Is not possible to buy lower than our lusida quotations LiTwrooi. Claiiimcatiok. New OrUant Upland*. Fltrida. Mob. i Texas nferi'jr- none none. none, Ordinary UK a IlK UK* UK 1>K * UK Middling l!Xi 11K IS a UK 12 a 12* j ipAd Middlimr UK '*K 1>K * 12X UK a UK 1 vitddling Fair- UK a UK UK a tlx UM a U | Fair U a I3K U a UK 1SK a UK ! fully ifaix. ?.lMa UK UK * 1?2 !3K a UK ! iood Fair UK* UK uoue. \2\ i 14 ; fins ? a 14 Done. ? ? Fish?Hale* of 3<i0 a BOO quintals dry ood w<re lnirt<> | at $8 0'JK. Mackerel oontinued flrin, with a 1 retail demand. Scaled herring were worth 00c. 1 Feathem?The sale of lire geese noi^Qad yesterday ; amounted to 3000 lb*., and not * 300,'? at 81o?market steady Fauir?Sale* of bunch raistus continued to be road* j in a moderate way, at $1 40 a $1 46 lleMr?The market oontinued firm at about $130 per | ton, for a good article of dew rotted. LiEad?noiuers siuca out tor ?o per lb. There were , buyers in the marker at a trifle leu Molassks? We have only to note a sale of 60 hhda j Porto Kico at 34o. Naval Storks?We ha*o only to notloe sales of 360 | bhls raw Turpentine. per 480 lbs., at $8; the last Hales i Spirits wsre iu .de at 47 o, and of North County Rosin at I 600. i Oils?Bales of 800 gallons country Linseed were mad* l at Ma; city pressed ana EngtUh were ratner quiet, with I moderate sates, without change in prices; sales of liUOU ! gallons bleached winter rtperm were made at IdUe; these 1 was no change in Crude ttperm or Whale, whioh went both steady. i Provisions?Sales of 100 bbls Mens Pork wsre made at W6 24; 100 do prime lower counties New York, soid at $12 37>a Lard oontinued Urro at 10 a l0>?c for aood In barrels, and 11 a llXo for prime in kegs. A sale of 60 tibia soft Meea Pork was made at $1S nO. Reef? A aale of 60 bblacltj Mesa was made at $I-J 76; no ohang* in prime. Butter and Cheese were in fair demand, without ehange in prices. Kice?Sales of i tieroes were made at $6 26 a $9 76; ! choice was worth $6 76 a $8. Ji?:so?Good Ohio Clover was worth 7)(o; Flaxseed | <lo, $1 46 a $1 60, according to quality. "u'fias?Bales of 100 hhda Musoovado were made at # ! 1 allow?Sslos of 60,1 >00 lbs Butchers' Aseoclatlou were made at eta Tobacco? There has been a good deal doing this week In mauutaoturod at lull prices. We submit tiie usual statement ethibUibg the prUes,sales, reoeiiitsandstooa* i nit hand, for the weiik coding thi? afternoon : ? Sold Hrc'd thil StO<S JYitss. tKit v>ttk. tettk. an frantj <an?n.rtsro7ii)t,t l?to 7k wo hds. w9 h(ji ?7% to 7>?0. Vlirylind and Ohio. " ~~ 31 iidi. oouueccicut teed... J to U ? ? 118 ca. Irauia 7 to 10 ? ? IK ei. Florida m JJi/ ..Ti- ? f3 ?a. 36 to IT* - Ml bu ? "a Me. Oil*, "U>J? . - 311 bli. ltTObl*. r'ara 14 u> 45 Jo bl* 44 M ? ill bl? 4M>nminto...... " ? , ? ? There U a fair for tha rarlou* grade* at firm prloe*. Wn*m?o!?r?Holder* a*ked hlgbar price*, but no tale* warn rep or tad Wmi?*ct?There ?u an active feeling In tha markot, and 6U0 hbl* sold at 28a.including about une hundred do, reported at 28){e. V arioiii*? a vaaeel was chartered for London at I* per hbl, aud ft nargo waa engaged for Cork at 9* 9d A reixet *ai Migeg.-J tor Falmouth, England, at 8d for grain <n taok* To Liverpool 2* aeemed to be about the pr;o?, iud 8 and 9d for grain 1'ti* it Auci ion?Imported In the ?hip WcxxUld*.? Tumi note* at m month* Young H.von-W9 hf obe?t* 62 cent* per lb; 13 do lfl* i do' 3? J 41 d? 31 ; 814 do 81; Utf do 98 ; 31* do 17*. Hyeon - 83 hf ctieata 4H>< (Junpiwder?lo hf che?t? 41; SO ca*e? 37 ; JW 61b ' o*>-k 30*. 9 .0 131b do So ; lii'i h?lf aheau 9?K ; 40 do 10; 41 uo JlX i 0*14 do withdrawn liup nal-10 hil. ohe*U 4(5* . 60 caa* 38; 260 61b >?'M 36 ; 100 131b do 33 ; 160 do and 71 half Cheat* 39 , >tl do 96. Orange Pekoa- 08 half cheat* \1%. Oolong ?ouch >ng?t*4l half chveta MX ; 900 do 8J ; .6 do 98 ; 60S do IW M) tier Souchong ?<0 half cheat* 20 ; 73 do 96>i 8oucl\ong 1680 half cheat* 10. C'ft08??iOOQ watt 17 orau {>er lb.

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