Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 27, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 27, 1847 Page 2
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ready a complete ^^^^HHI^nroughout the whole country ; ^^^^^Swafrom England ; interesting correspondence | ^ Ll l-^ -I -. .'.. I'n,'>'l I irom an p?n# 01 i^urope nuu m ~ Slates ; the latest news from the seat of war ; au account of the presentation of a sword and epaulettes to Lieutenant Hunter ; Mr Bennett's letters front Europe ; a description of the grand fancy dress hall at Newport; the speech of Mr. Cldy at Cape May; and a variety of other entertaining matter. It will be embellished with two engravingsone representing the inconvenience to pedestrians of the new sewers which are being built in this ciry ; and the other giving a view of the church of the Annunciation, in this city Single copies 64 cents. The Political Chess-board?The Whig Candidates for the Presidency. The chances of politics are like those of a campaign, they often falsify the shrewdest calcul ttions and predictions. The dissensions in the rinks of the democrats, in 1S44, and their selection of a candidate, whose name was by no uenns a national n;im*, threatened to give Mr. Hay an easy run over the cour3e. Party cohesion prevailed over popular enthusiasm in the election of Mr. Polk. It is questionable if p<rty cohesion will ever again be so strong as to secure the success of any man who has not been prominently identified with the history of the I country. Since the Presidential election, in 1844, party organization has received many a shock. The Oregon question?the river and harbor improvement question?the tariff question?the Wilmot proviso; for it may as well go by that nickname as any other?and the war question, have broken down the barriers of party?have conglomerated the odds and ends of faction, and h;ive forcibly converted democrats into whigs, and whigs into democrats; not alone individually, but by districts, and by States, and divisions larger than States. Since the last election, Mr. Webster, General Scott, Mr. McLean, Mr. Clayton, and Mr. Crittenden, have, each, been spoken of as the choice of the whigs for the Presidency [in 1S48. Mr. Webster, although pre-eminently the most talented, is, perhaps, the lcust available of the prominent members of the whig party. He is obnoxious to the entire Southern section of the party. He suffered himself to be drawn too far into the muddy stream of nativism, for his sentiments on that subject,to be soon forgotten. A year ago, his friends united with those of Gen. Scott in a design to take up the latter; but that scheme, like many others, was soon abandoned. It was rumored about that time that Mr. Clay's friends were determined to nominate him on condition that he would decline in favor otivir. orittenaen, a man little less popular than himself; and it was probably to chcck this move that this coalition was formed between the friends of Mr. Webster and General Scott. The war suspended for a time the prosecution of the game on both sides; the players wisely concluding that ail :h?ir combinations might be defeated by something arising c??t of the prosecution of the war if popular, or ita opposition, if the reverse. Mr. Clayton was never seriously regarded as an available candidate, and he himself would be the most astonished man in the country if he were. At one time Mr. McLean was looked upon as the strongest man in the party?not because of any extraordinary political services, but that having always been identified with the democratic party prior to his.retirement from the political arena to the bench of t.te Supreme Court, and having received his appointment from General Jackson, he would be least obnoxious to the democracy. We regret to add, (hat Mr. McLean's friends counted upon another element of success, which should never enter into political calculations. They relied upon the unanimous support of the religious body of which Mr. McLean is a prominent memuer. We mention the Let?not in derogation of that gentlr-man, whom we believe to be too pure to build a single hope of success on so unworthy a foundation; but as an ins ance of the unhdllowed means by which party works out its ends. But Mr. McLean is in fact too faultless a politician, and it may be be, too little unprincipled, to be an available candidate. He is, perhaps, too much the totus teres at qui rotundut, to succeed in enlisting a warm support. To have a chance of success a man must have some projecting scandal attached to his name, whereby he may betaken hold of and raised into the Presidential chair?some glaring fault, the objurgation of which by his opponents, may draw round him a host of friends, indignant at what they regard a wanton persecution of a righteous citizen. But while these names were publicly mentioned in connection with the Presidency, a large section of th? whig party was determinedly bent upon the nomination of Mr. Clay. They clung to him the more fondly for the reverses h< hud sustained, and late events have given fresh ! impulse to their efforts. The section of the whig j pnrty now in power in this State are undeniably the advocates of Mr. Clay's nomination. But hitherto they have contented themselves with tOAbting him at anniversary dinners, and keeping his name prominently before the people, not as connected with the Presidency?for that would have been premature?but as a man who, having retired from public life, deserved the respect and gratitude of his country for his manifold services. This was the position of the whig candidates until after the battle of Buena Vista. The name of General Taylor was then on the lips and in the hearts of his countrymen. The people felt J?*L_ r*--. i c oorpiy tu uic uiu ucucmi 101 ins llliibicr* ly soldiership, and the glory he had shed on the American arms. The politicians took advantage of this enthusiasm, and endeavored to force the old hero to minister to their sordid and selfish purposes. For a while all sections of the whig party held their breath. If General Taylor should accept the : whig nomination it was probable that he would be preferred to all the other candidates, and to oppose him was to run a dangerous risk. For some lime they went with the current. But lately it has been discovered that General Taylor will accept no party nomination. He has given the strongest indication of a desire not^o be a candidate, at all, by honestly declaring himself unacquainted with the merits of the various questions of domestic policy agitating the publie mind. With honest indignation he has spurned the trammels with which interested ! politicians of both parties have sought to bind hira. Long since we declared that hs would i not be the puppet of the politicians, and nobly has he verified our prediction. Mis declaration, oa iht Wilwot 1'roviM, more than any other. any longer or even ^^^^^HPI^nts of the j^HR^Ttili open. The whig candidate is HH^o be chosen. T" Qf all men in the whig party, we regard Mr. Clay an most likely tp be the choice of the whig I party for the next presidency. Now that Gen. Taylor is probably out of the question with that party, no man occupies so prominent a position us Mr. Clay. Old as he is, he is the strongest maH in the party. He is painfully identified with the war?an impotuou requisite for success in ibe struggle fytffie next Presidency. He can call oJt the^^jng strength better than any other man *ti the country. And what is more important than all, he has now enlisted in his behalf a larger portion of the party than perhaps all the other candidates in the aggregate. His friends ure already working with the greatest energy. If he were with the north on the Wilmot proviso question, his success would be beyond a problem. In politics there are transmutations as strange as those performed by the wand of the necromancer. Alreudy Mr. Clay's friends are actively employed in paying court to some of the prominent members of the old Van Buren faction, and not altogether without hopes of succcss. The whigs are justly elated with the result of the late elections; for, with all the odds against them, thty have beaten their opponents handsomely. Should, the wur drag its slow length ttlong until November 1848, there is every probability of their success. But they must discard some of the worn-out watch-words of party. They must not adhere to the thn-adbare policy which worked their defeat in 1814 The next twelve months will test sufficiently the operation of the present tariff and sub-treasury laws. Should they prove succees ful, any attempt at alteration will be fatal to the prospects of the whigs. Let them be sound on these questions?let them advocate a liberal compromise of the slavery question?let them abandon their unwise and unpatriotic opposition to the war?and victory may yet crown their aspirationa. Thf Loss of the Mamlouk.?The awful loss of life by the wreck of this vessel, was caused by the house or houses on deck. It appears that the Mamlouk had these modern improvements, as they are called, occupied by the steerage passengers, and that the heavy sea that struck the ship swept this house overboard with all its inmates, numbering thirty-six, only onu of whom waB saved. Had this vessel had a flnsh deck fore and J ait, irie passengers wouia nave an Deen ueiuw, > and the sea would have made a cl^an sweep over 1 her, without doing so much damage. These houses on deck have to meet the whole force of ' the sea, and as they ale not, and from the nature of their construction cannot be, very strongly constructed, they are very dangerous places in a ; severe gale of wind. Capt iin Codman, of Boston, the Captain Ringbolt, author of "Sailor's Life and Sailor's Yarns" says:? "In nothing Is there greater Improvement, or perhaps change, than ia continually going on in hip building. The great object of all this ia, to combine foot sailing with good carrying, the latter being the great desideratum to which the other is, If possible, made subservient. There is, too, more finish and smoothness than formerly; aud. after all, this, with great carrying, is the prlnoipal Improvement. For, at the risk of Deiug called an ignoramus, we must be allowed to express an opinion, that there is no improvement upon the fast sailing and real beauty of former times. Instead of the former beautiful symmetry of spars and hull, so gratifying to the seaman's eye, b rks (ugly half formed things) are the order ef the day; the sticks of a three hundred ton ship are stuck into one of tire hundred; and the decks, instead of exhibiting the clear and flush nppearance of former days, so convenient for working ?Qip. are now ciuiiereu up wun ho many houses and block* of building*, that one can scarcely find his way fore and aft without a directory. These Hortof Teasels are real eyesores; besides, tbey muit be losers in the long run, being crank, requiring more ballast, and leaa able to carry full cargoes; in addition. being at all time* unhandy and inconvenient." A his meets our view of the case exactly. There is nothing to be gained by ho much economy. It is certainly strange that there is not sufficient room below decks, in the immense vessels that are now built, for passengers and the crew; but the disposition of many ship owners seems to increase with the size of their ships, until by und bye we should not be surprised to see furnished apartments in the tops. The builders of the immense steamer Washington, in their fear of lacking room, built a city upon her decks, which they are now removing. We trust that due attention will be paid to this subject, and thus prevent a repetition of such loss 1 of life as we werejyesterday obliged to chronicle. We learn that a Mr. Davis, a steerage passenger on board the Mamlouk, lost twenty-four thousand dollars in specie. We wer? in error in yesterday's paper as to the insurance by this vessel. The following is believed to be a correct account:? In New York, at the Mutual Safety Ins. Company on vessel and freight $14.64)0 j New York Ins. Co. on vessel ll iwv> ! General Mutual Ins. Co. on cargo 14.000 Atlantic Mutual In* Co. on oargo SI 000 &.ln N. Bedford and Phil*, on vessel, about... 33 000 *81.600 The rest of the cargo, it is supposed, is insured in Europe, there being no other insurance in New York. Mail Arrangemento.?We learn that Cave Johnson, the Postmaster General, now in this city, has made a contract with James McCullock, Esq , for the conveyance of the day mail to and from Boston. Six thousand dollars per annum are to be paid for this service. The I whole community will rejoice to learn that this | arrangement h s been effected. Now, if Cave i Joonson will only regulate the Southern mail, ! nndi uiv#> it tn na nt f^n in iW ?? ? - -? " " " "?"'I'bl instead cf four in the afternoon, our merch&ntB will almost feel disposad to erect a monument, not in Westminster Abbey?for that would not be democratic?but in the post-office yard, to commemorate the event. Laier raoji Venezuela.?We ore in receipt of the Caraccas paper, El Libtral, of the 31st ult. There is nothing new, though the bank question has been settled definitively hy the government, on the terms we have already published. 'i he most lengthy discussions of it are going on in the papers. The Fine Art*. rowers' chqj ouvrt?the SUtnt of the Greek Hl?r?? will be exhibited at the National Academy of Design. Society Library, on and after to-day. The public muX hear In mind that the proceeds of the exhibition are foiN 1 Mr. !>wers' benefit, to unable him to pursue his stud 1st 1 In Italy. / New Book*. Simmosu'i Colonial Oaistte? published by Mmmnnds and Ward, London. Is an extremely valuable work, and one of the best of the foreign periodicals. Brooklyn Intelligence. r*r?e*T*Tiow or a Hwoau to Lieut. Mask*.?This Interesting ceremony took place laet night at (Jothlo Mall There was a large number of people assembled Lieut. Marin was accompanied by Lieut Hunter, and several other naval officers. (ten 1'nderhill was appointed by the committee to address Lieut Marin, which he did in a very handsome speech, to which Lieut. Marin responded. Lieut Hunter also addressed the meeting In the course of his remarks he justified himself for bis attack on Alvarado and Klacotalpam, and praised very highly the gallant conduct of Lieut Mario on the occasion, and the efficient service he rendered him, without which ho said he never could have snaeeedeil in taking tha two cities. Wa have full <op<esof the speeches of (Jen. L'nderhlll and Lieut Marin, but they were too late to put la type for this morning's ^H^^^^^^^PI^Andereon'e benefit will take ^at the F?rk theatre, u4 if ? Inter PRythe sontimenU of the people of New York, ^^weoonfldent that it will ba J oat such a benefit m be deservea, and one of the lacgeat of tbe hum. Ob tbia occasion tbia celebrated actor will appear in two oharaetera, aa Alexander, in the tragedy of "Alexander tbe Great,'' and aa Charles, la the comedy of tbe " Elder Brother." We tru?t that the attendance at the Park this evening willbe aa large aa it ougfct to be,considering that tbe reoeipta will be for Mf Anderson's benefit. Tbia gentleman haa certainly delighted the admirer* of tbe legitimate drama with hia acting, and it la no more than Juatloe that a compliment should be paid him on the night of hia benefit. We hope and expect that it will be so this evening. Bowiar Th(4tu.?We promise the patrons of the Bowery Theatre a rich treat at that establishment this evening. Mrs. 8haw is advertlsad to appear in the character of the Couateaa, In the beautiful play of " Love," in which Mr. Clarke will take the part of lluon. To those who have never seen Mrs. Shaw on the atage, we can promise an entertainment this evening which they will relish and remember as long as they live.? The drama of " Oliver Twist," will form the oonolusion of the evening's amusement. As a matter of oourse the Bowery will be filled to-night. Chat ham Thkatke.?An exoellent bill Is provided at the Chatnam Theatre this evening. In It th? Holland and Carlo families will exhibit the talent of whiob they are composed, In a variety of comlo and pantomimio performances, In whioh they are acknowledged to exoel. It muiit not be forgotten that this is the last night but two of the enitagvineot of tiieae talented families The performance! this evening will be of a very Interesting character, as all who will look at the programme will perceive. Caitlb Oardl*.?ThU fine retort far amusement was a;aln 'filled., last evening with an audience of severs) hundred persons. Anjong the strangers present, we witnessed the gallant officers of the French steamer Missouri, General Klores, President of the Republic of the Ecuador, and several other distinguished persons of foreign countries. Decidedly, the Italian opera oompany attracts the most fashionable audience of the city; Signorina Tedefco Is the favorite of all lovers of muxio. The grand opera of "Norma" was rendered by the whole oompany with an tnirmbU, a taste, whioh we mention with tne greatest pleasure. We repeat, that no plant* in the oity is more agreeable than Castle Garden, and that no musio is better snog anywhere. "Hernani" of Verdi, is to t* performed on Saturday, and we hope that a large audienoe may be In attendance. To-night, the Lehman family close their performances The entertainment will consist of the vaudeville of " Turning the Tables," tbe exercises on the tight rope by Charles Wlnth?r and tbe Lehman family. The whole to oonelude with the excellent pantoime of '' L'Arbre Magique," in which Miss Adelaide dances so exceedingly well. No doubt the house will be filled with all the admirers of that sweet and charm. Ing danitute. Palmo'i Or*ra Hons*?The Ravels.?We have again ,o mention that there-was a crowded house and an ex salient performance at thii place last night. Tb? Ravels lave won the admiration of all the lovers of mirth.? 3abriel Ravel's performances on the tight rope, and in :he pantomime of ' Vol au Vent," were very fine. La Petite Amour'' was well reoelred. and Mr Leon Javelli, a his wonderful exercises, surprised the whole audience. The vaudeville company played t e comedy of " Perfec.ion" with a great tntrmble. and Miss Mary Taylor, lohn Sefton and Plaoide were as jovial as usual. Tollght the entainments will consist of the faroe of " My Neighbor's Wife," the tight Hope, a pas srul"LaCaihuo?," by Madame Leon Javelli and Mr Henry Wells, l'he seoond part will begin with the '' Brazilian Ape," in which Maroetti is so skilful, and has always won aplUuse. by his inimitable imitation of the famed monkey. I'he whole to conclude with the tableau vivans the "Italan Brigands'" Mimcuva Roomi.?The best proof of the manner In irhioh the Virginia Serenaders are appreciated by the New York public, is the large audiences which nightly attend the Minerva Rooms to hear their performance*. Their comedy of " Stuffo" is certainly one of the most ^tooinna ?nH a.mu?lnir nieces we ever law. It will be repeated to-night, with' a variety of other entertainments. Cloceo and Morra were In St. Louis on the 17th Inst. Signer Blitz Is in Lowell. It 1a the Intention of Mr. Dempster to give one or more concerts in Boston, in a short time. Yankee Hill and Dr. Valentine were In Roxbury, Mass., on the 25th Inst. The Fakir of Ava was in Provldenco at the lant account* He visits Newport, and then makes a tour through the New England States. On the " Banks of the Uuadali|niv?r," as sung by Madame Anna Bishop, Is just published by Firth, Hall, Sc Pond, Broadway. City Intelligence. The Weither.?Vcstf relay was an agreeable sort of day; the thermometer did not rise hlgbor than 79 defrees. It stood at the Northern Hotel at 12 o'clock. M . at ti? degrees At the same time it stood at our office as low as <i?2 degrees. Fire?A lire broke out yesterday morning about 1 o'clock at 138 Essex street, occupied by H. Weil and brothers, as a eabinet warehouse and manufactory. The fire was oonflned to the building. The lire was soon got under. The premises were partially injured. Another fire was discovered at 140 Hester street, about *J o'clock yesterday morning, occupied by several small families. Damage trifling. Another fire broke out about half past ?ne o'clock yesterday morning at 34 Catharine St., the soap and candle factory belonging to John Klrkraan. The premises were entlrelv consumed. A daughter of Mr K.'s jumped from the third story window, on a feather bed that had been thrown on the Bide walk?sho was considerably burned. John Simons, a clerk employed in the store, was also very much burned. Fire Companies. -The Cataract company of Fall KiTer. numbering 100 men. arrived here yesterday morning; they dined and partook of a sumptuous repast at the Astor House, after whioh they left for home. They were acooinpaniad by a splendid band, and paraded hrough Broadway. Chinese Junk ?This curious concern will close tomorrow. 8he has been visited by a great number of persons since she arrived here, and will proceed to Boston, where our taatern friends will have a chance of examining her and her curiosities. Lecture on Mexico.?The Rev Mr. Maffltt'a Leeture on the War with Mexico, will take place this evening at the Tabernacle. Mail Like to Boston.?The regular mall line for Boston, via Stonlngton and Providence, on and after the 28th Inst., will leave at 6 o'clock P. M , Instead of 6. Thk Easter* Mail.?The disordered condition of the Boston mails throws.us entirely upon the kindness of our friends of the New Haven railroad, Messrs. Cloyes It Dennis, who, with the most assiduous attention, supply ua dally with eastern papers. Arrival ok Emiorakt Passenoers.?The number of emigrant passengers arrived at this port during Wednesday, amounted to 134?quite a falling off within the last lew days. Mr. Htutye?a?t'? Will ?The manner in which Peter O. Stuy vesant. Esq., lately deceased, disponed of bis large pronerty. has been ascertained, from a peru.'al of his will, wnlch has been deposited in the surrogate's office To the .following named public institutions he has left the sums annexed : ? American Bible society $6,000 American Tract Society 1,000 Institution for the Blind 3,0i o Protestant Half Orphan Asylum 6,0H0 The real estate which this gentleman left is not so large as it was supposed to be Persons intimate with Its vslue estimate It at t wo millions of dollars, one-half o* which h? has devised to twelve nephews and niece*, and the other half to three other nephews Street Nuisances ? He adk Street.? Some time since the" I hief of the Police issued us order, requiring the polieemen of each ward to report any and every infringement of the law regulating the condition of public thoroughfares, but thle <>rd*r receives very little attention. We have been witnesses of many instances ol gross neglect ou the part of policemen, in relation to this business; but the officers of the Six?h ward poll-* look on with perfeot indifference, and see the most outrageous uuisances daily commitflru The inhabitants of Kendo street, between Broadway snd Kim. would feel particularly obliged to Gapt Mr,wrath. If h? will make use of the nuthority with which be in clothed. and put a stop to tb? large and dangerous bonfires niuhtly built in tnat street, aud to tbe offensive rubbish daily thrown from some of the housed in tnat neighborhood, Bonfires about the first of May are bad enough but are tolerated partially on account of the ?a*t quantity of vermin consumed with the old atraw. The destruction of bedbugs la noma eicuae for the evil, out when the shaving* of a carpenter's shop are piled up in the atreut just at'ti r dark uv?ry evening and set on Are, it becomes a very great nuisance, and should be stopped. Capt. McOrath must look after this. Suddkw Dr.ATH ?Coroner Walter* was called Tester, day to bold an Inquest at No. 140 Mulbery street, on the body of Henry Hanson, a colored man, who was taken suddenly ill at the corner of Broome and Mulberry street* amWednesday. and almost Instantly expired. Verdict, X Heath by congestion of the lung* ^ Mi RDK.tt AT PtATTBVii.LE.?On Monday morning, the 2Ud inst., Mrs. Lewin, mi old lady who raelde* entirely alone in the upper part of our village, was found dead in her bed At first, it ww the general opinion that she had died suddenly in a tit, but upon further examination, marks of violence were observed round her nenk. a* if she had been throttled, and thus murdered. Suspicion at once rested upon an Irishman, named Kelly, who was seen at the old lady'* house lata on Sabbath eveulng, an 1 subsequently a little after midnight, ab?ut three miles from the village. Officers wero immediately sent in pursnit. and Kolly was overtaken when about twelve miles on his way to Catskill. Hi* demeanor during his detention i* quite Indifferent, and he ejpreaaes himself quite carelessly about the matter. A highly respectable physician of this place t< stifles, that on returning from a visit to a patient about midnight be heard tbe vielent slamming of the door of the deceased's house, and saw a man run therefrom He passed him farther down the road, and had an opportuj nity uf examining him closely He hss no doubt that the prisoner Is the man The old lady murdered was a most Inoffensive woman No other Inducement can be Imagined why the villain committed the foul deed, excepting that Mm Lewi* had tone $10 to *15 Uid by la her oh*?t which h? wu anxious to pomnt. TIm CMM Ptacy Dnm BttU at ttu Ottw Htnti ??ii|iil, ?lHw4? WbmL Occan Htvit.NtwrokT, R 1.) Wednesday afternoon, Aug. 1U, 1047. J Well, the grand affair of the lkahionable world In these part* is itw at band. The grand fancy dress ball, which it U Mid, will eclipse ail the balls which have gone before It, la joat about to begin. The prinoea, the robbers, the Greeks, the Turks, the Chlneae, the Kamschatkans, the Down-easters, the South Sea Inlanders the monks, the rakes, the Hamlets, the harlequins, the fairies, the stately court dames, the peasant maidens, the Jewesses, the Greek mothers, and the representatives of unnamed tribes and of unheard-of people, are ; now about donning spangled robes, pasting on yuast moustaches, and tying on all aorta of gear. Messrs. John ; C. Taylor, of 68 Prinoe street, New York, and the brothers Gould, of this place, have shown a degree of enterprise, In the matter of preparing ooetumes, whloh is 1 highly commendable. Mr. Taylor's wardrobe is, proba' bly, the only one unconnected with a theatrical.esta| bliahment, which could at all comply with the demands made upon it on the present occaalon. The dresses are, | many of them, superbly beautiful. The arrangements of the house are all that oould be desired. Mr. Wearer, with his charaoteriatio enterprise, has bad the long plana in front of the Ocean House enclosed for a supper room. It makes a magnifl' cent saloon of some two hundred feet in length, which, it is hoped, will serve to seat the ladies at sup... TK? .llnlno w.m In ?hUh hv lhA wav fall* linn. dr?<l persons yesterday sat down to dinner, baa bean con| verted into a ball room. It la handsomely trimmed with : greens, and lighted by fifteen magnificent chandelier* ' suspended from the ceiling, and by hundreds upon huni dreds of wax candles, a complete belt of whloh surrounds the room. The eifoot of this arrangement is truly grand, light sends back light from the glittering objects wound, and the luminous rays seem d&nolng a merry acoompaniment to the busy gaiety of the surrounding scene, and bright eyes seem to sparkle with renewe* brilliancy as they meet this scene of almost enchantment. I shall now give -yoa a description of some of the costumes, waiting until to-morrow to complete the sketch. I give the list as I took them down. Young Lord Durham, who is on a leave of absenoe from his studies In England, appears as Patron te Ma'tan?fall French trowsers of black velvet, with red silk shirt and fawn colored jacket, short sleeves, shirt showing underneath, straw hat, trimmed with evergreens. John W. Dorr, as a Sicilian noble?Rich vol vet Jacket and pantaloons, trimmed with red galoon; rich cashmere i scarf; sleeves to Jaoket, hanging, slashed with crimson; i hat pointed, and ornamented with green plume. Hon. A. Egerton, son of Lord E -g?n, German student of the middle ages?Black velvet trowsers, trimmed with soarlet, jacket light blue, trimmed with salmon, basket buttons. M. Moutholm, first oostume, a female with long ; ringlets. Seoond costume. Krenob fop. striped ooat, blue ' and yellow, fawn colored tights, full white wig and beard Prince Benfremont. (of Rutnla.) Oe Bardonr, powdered I wig and queue, green pants, fall red satin shirt. I R M. Gibbes, English court suit, time of George IV. David Sears, English court suit of preeent time. ' Major Gen. Jrsup. In United States uniform | Gen. Wayne, Indian Chief Fowhattan, and his lady as Pocahontas. Mr Barclay, British Consul, at New York, In his own uniform.

! Ex-Governor Gibbs, of Rhode Island, in propria [ ptrtuna. A J amen, or Mew York. a [Neapolitan boatman. W. Middleton, of Charleston, South Carollaa, French Count, suit court of Loui* Phi 111 pe A. 8. Macomb. Esq , la splendid costume, (description anon.) | J.J. Pringle, of South Carolina, as a brigand. | Mr. Edward King, of Newport, as a Orand Mandarin. A. L. Robertson, of New Orleans, as Mephlstopholls, j (In Faustus.) scarlet tights and oloak, cap. Sto. I H. C. De Rbam, of New York, as a Venetian boatman. | Major Calhoun, of U. 8. A., in uniform. G. Calvert, Esq., author of u Thoughts on Europ?," Sto., in oltizens dress. 8. Thorndlke, Esq., of Newport, asm courtier of the time of George I. A. 8. Izza, of S. C., appears in oltizens dress. George Jones, do. do. R. M. Htagg, artist, of Newport, as Sir Thomas Clifford, in his ooatume of the secretary, the earl, &c. Mr. Haley, artist, of Boston, as a brigand. Wm. A Clark, of Newport, Cashier of Bank of Rhode Island, as Sbylock. Mr James H. Perkins, of Boston, (captain of yacht Coquette) in English court dress of the present age. Col. W nthrop, of New Orleans, court dress George III. William D. Sayer, of Mississippi, as Sir Walter Raleigh. Mr. Barnwell, as Ravenswood. Mr. Trapler, of Savannah, French Hussar. J. M. Hayden, of New Orleans, as Othello. Mr. Hubbard, of Boston, as De Bardon. Mr Rico, of C., as Don Juaa. J. P. Alston, of S. C., as Sir Walter Raleigh. Mr. Colt, ot New York, as Ureek boatman. B. 8. Wells, of Bostoc, Spanish oourt dress, blue and silver. Mr. Beck, of Philadelphia, as Richard III. Mr. Elley as a Greek nobleman. Mr. Blair, of Missouri, as a Greek nobleman. Franois VV ad dell, Esq , of New York, appears in two : costumes; first as Ivaniioe, and second us Robert Maoaire. H B. Wllklns, of England, appeared as Hamlet, In full dress. Mr. Gerard, of New York, as a French boatman, gaily dressed. Mr. Honeywell, of Bostoa, English court dress. Mr. Sargeant, of New York, in Highland costumeScotch Mr. Dean, of Boston, as Grattan. Mr. Murray as Don Cwsar de Bazan. Mr. J. W Cotes, of Providence, as Richard III. R. D. Izard, of 8. C., as an Italian noble. Mr. Edward Shlppen, of Baltimore, as a French boatman, old style W. T. Wood, of Va., Claude Melnotte, aa the Prinoe. Mr. Clifton in Chinese costume. Wm. U. Bailey, of Newport, a young graduate from Cambridge law school, as a Highlander. Mr. Cunningham, of Boston, appears as a Neapolitan Captain, in black velvet, with blue trimmings. iierr Alexander, as a magician of the present day?he is already the life of the place?we shall speak of him again. George W Oibbs, son of Ex-Governor Gibbs of Rhode 1 Island, as a Spanish grandee. E. M. Harris, of Rhode Island, French boatman. Wm. Windle, aa the Black Prince. J. C. Lyman, of Boston, richly costumed as a Turkish Knight of the days of the crusadea. C. Maingalt, Greek dreaa. Col J. Preston, of New Orleans, full oostume of an Indian chief J. M. Luokey, aa a German student. E. Alvler, attache of the Spaniah legation at New York, in costume of a courtier ef Leuis IV., very rich, hair powder, tie. E. Matthews, of New Orleans, as Baladin ) very rioh ooetume. Oliver Gibbs, of New York, aa a Frenoh peasant. George Jones, Eaq., Caahier of Chemical Bank, New York, as a Chinese mandarin ; rioh dreaa. Mr. istla, of New York, Swiss peasant; black aatln I jacket and trowaers, trimmed with blue and allver, striped hose. Hub. Mr. Oilman, of Boaton, aa Will Honeyoomb ; full dress of white velvet, trimmed with silver?a splendid oostume. Of the ladlea' coatumea thua far we havt got only a | part. Mine Gerard, of New York, will appear aa a dame of tho Court of Louia IV. in splendid costume of that age. Mrs. Sargeant, of New York, as a Greek peasant. Miss Cotes, of Providenoe, as a Greek peasant. Miss Freeman, of New York, as Rebecoa Miss Franois Gibbs, of New York, said to be her del/ut in society, a very rich ooetume, French marchioness of the time of Louia IV., white satin aklrt, richly trimmed with gold, vert of same, aplendid aoarlet apenotr. MiHfl Hope at Swiss peanant girl, beautiful in oortume and person. Miss Jackson will appear as a Swiss peasant. Miss M. Sabine, ot Providenoe, aa a Greek mother, national costume. The Misses Winchester, of Boaton, one aa a Grecian lady; the other as a Kidney Miss Crocker. 01 Bustou, as a Greek peasant. Miss Hunt aa a Polieh lady. Mist liubbard. of W-ah-ug-n square, New York, aa Pi lit ilu Hfgimnt. Miss Wltherell aa a Tyrolese maiden. Mra. Legnre, of South Carolina, aa a .Scottish laasie. Miss Anderson, ot Savannah, Ga., aa Turkish lady. Miss Haiaey, of Washiugon Place, N. Y , French marchioness. rich dress of silk brooade. Miss Borea. of Philadelphia, oostume of a lady at the court of Louis IV. .mihs uoiiriuge. 01 uosion, ai a iaay at, me court 01 Spain?a splendid contum? of that style. Mies Pa-il. a Hwlss peasant girl A group, of which .vliss Harrison, of Virginia, dm Norma, mid Mia* Goodwin, of Newport, as AdelKUa, form the priuripie figures. ia much admired Meenrs lien and Sirorl gave a concert last evening at the A'Untie House. and notwithstanding tbat tbe ladle* were buMj in preparing for the ball, there were present at the concert bet ween four and fire hundred. It was a brilliant affair, and Mouri H and 8. look ai cheerful a* no many ninlhug face* might be expected to cauit them to look. The p. r for in aim oh were received with all tbe demonstration* of applause. Ilerr Alexaud^r will give an exhibition, perhaps more than one, h?r?, after tbe ball excitement. I oannot imagine where all the people who are her* at present lodge. Load after load of weary traveller! are at I every arrival tnrned away from the hotels bv the smiling landlords, who are extremely sorry to do so; but every little oorner is already crammed fall. The very reading room at this hotel has no less than three beds In it. Newport is literally running over. The Watering Place*. Srstno Hotel, Richfiei.d Srsinus, ) Ang. JS 1847. J It Is hard to abandon a home which has become endearing; and tbe longer our sojourn in that dear vicinity lasts, the greater sorrow we feel when we are finally compelled to forego its hallowed Joys forever. As for me, I never had a resting plaoe for the sole of my foot; and when, during my pilgrimage. I have arrived at sanctuaries where nature appears in those divine shapes which only Ood aan create. 1 have felt a strong desire to remain ; I have Imagined that there Is protection In innocence, and safety In peaceful retirement; I oan comprehend the eagerncM with whloh publlo men have rt> j turned to it, m toot ttwnf ahip Hukm good hub** covered with the marka af h*r conflict with tfc* terrible elemanta of nature. ThU, I km reminded you, la a aequeatered town, sleeping In ailent beauty, ia a green valley. I have reminded you that in the lublimu hills which girt ua about, tnere la gave; and away off, beyond thin chain of hilla, there in a limpid lake, witu an Indian name, which 1 have sent you. I have also sent you an analysis of the HJchfleld watera, which being more powerful than 1 any other aulphurlo watera on thia con'inent. are, I believe, destined to become more celebrated than any other. In the hot montha, the watering placea at the North are already the resort of hundreds of thousands, and the only difficulty which presents icaelf to my mind is the fact that there is no entertainment for many applicants for lodgings at the hotela. Among the elil* in the oitles, emigration, in the aummer, to the country haa become a great ouatom of society la a few years, thia custom will bs universal among rich men ; and the only question will be, how to get suitable lodgings in the oountry. 1 do not, therefore, injure any private Interest, when I oall the attention of . the public to the Riohfleld Springs, in Otaego county. They are located In a moat commanding and beautiful poaition, and they are about nine hundred feet higher than the Mohawk. The watera have been analyzed by several well known cbemiats, who have pronounced' them more pungent and more strongly impregnated than any springs of the kind in the world, exoept those at 8t Denis, near Paris. During the next seaaon the convenienoea for vialtera will be most ample and luxurloua; this elegant hotel will be enlarged to twioe its proaent aiae. To the Kioh&eld Springs 1 commend all the invalids and poeta, and naturalists, and philosophers, and lovely women in Amerloa. Among the company here ia Miss B. of Herkimer; ahe la a graduate of a seminary of high rank, and abc ia a model daughter of an American citizen; art.stsare iin periuroHDie,Dui saivaior oouiu noinav* looaeu at suou a head as her's wit hout feeling of freuiy Hover&l emluout men from New York are here with their household*, and they do not design to leave in a month. Cooperstown, which U fifteen miles distant, in the residence of tome distinguished literary men Every evening we have dunolng In the parlor, and every dav. at table, we have a combination of iiioomparabie edibles, and we have a little rort in the oellar fifty years old. You may be certain thMkhis is an astonishing country, ana that seven-tenths of tlxggople in the United States are prosperous and happy nnuay be. You know that wheat and corn are not much grown in Northern New York, the climate is too oold lor corn, andanlnseot called " the weavel," Invariably damages the wheat crops in such a manner as to make it necessary for the interests of the husbandmen to turn their attention te the growth of some other staple. In this and ttku adjoining oounties, very little wheat or corn is ever planted, and ths crops consist generally of barley, rye. (potatoes, ko ; the orops of hay are always large. In ail the agricultural districts there is abundant evidence of wealth and oontentment, and bupplnes*. it is with the utmost facility that men aocustoiu themselves to self-government, when their olvil obligations and Immunities are graduated upon a just and equal basis; the world will eontinue to be a theatre of strife, until mankind ascertain and acknowledge the natural rights of maukind. When men confess their mutual obligations, and their paramount obligations to Ood, then we will all be happy. Bath House, Thursday, Aug 36,1847. The boarders at this delightful watering plaoo give a ball to their friends on Friday, (this) evening, whioh is ezpeoted to be a more than usually fine affair. Many distinguished strangers, at prssent sojourning with us, we learn, have been invited. 1'oilce Intelligence. Caught on the J'mp ?Offloer WiUon, of the ISth ward, arrested on Wednesday afternoon a fellow calling himself Bill Smith, on a charge of stealing a lot of silver ware valued at $116, the property of Mr. J. J. Palmer, residing at No. 210 Kourth street It appears that the officer spotted the accused trying the various door handles la the above street, and suspeoting something was wrong, piped him down the street until he came to door of Mr. Palmer, whioh door happening to be on the latch in he went, and no Boooer was the rascal in than in popped the officer, and passing Into the parlor, there he dropped on the rogue just " lifting" the above named silver from tho closet, andune of the napkins was already in his pocket. Immediately upon seeing the officer, the rascal exclaimed, 41 You have caught tue on the jump? 1 plead guilty?don't, for God's sake, swear hard on mo." The accused finding himself caught in the act surrendered himself like a lamb, and the officer notified Mr. Palmer of the robbery, who felt much pleased with the detection of the thief, and Justice Roome looked the *' sneak " up for trial. Charge of Stealing Segart ?Officer Cresett. of the lower police, arrested yesterday afternoon, rather a genteel youog man by the name of Ugly Ely, on a warrant issued by .lustioe Drinker, wherein he stands oharged with having stolen from the possession of Samuel Phillips, of 33 Cherry street, 300 segars, valued at $10. The magistrate held him to ball In the sum of $300 to answer the charge, in default of whloh he was committed to the Tombs for trial. Dithoin.?t Sailort.?Officers Duflon and Itooney, of the Tth ward, arrested on Wednesday afternoon, two French sailors, oalled Ilowal Lewis and Dlra Vanout. on a charge of stealing 46 frano pieces from the steamship Missouri. Committed for a further hearing. ~Petit Larceny.?Officer Cougblin. of the 17th ward, arrested, yesterday, a fellow called Thomas Williams, on a charge of stealing about 60 pounds of lead pipe, belonging to J. H. Walters, No. 296 Broadway. Locked up by Justloe lvetoham for trial. Naval Affairs. Mr. Kditor :? In enumerating tho officers on board the United States steamer Vixen, you mention the names of Passed Midshipmen J offers and Simpson. Permit me to Inform you that the*e two officers have ueen in the Vixen ever since she started from New York?have bo>ue their share in every battle, and what is more In every hardship enoountered by the Musqulto fleet since their departure?they are the only offioers remaining of the the yellow fever they will rejoice more on being transfurred to a sloop of war, than a fellow would do in being taken out of a dirty coal boat and placed in a decent parlor. 8. COMMENCEMENT AT HARVARD COLLEGE.?The nun phone brmht and the weather whs most favorable yesterday, on the recurrence of the annual commencement of the moat numerous branch of our venerable University. The throngs of the old friends and the young friends of the College, filled, at an early hour, the various avenue* which meet in Cambridge, and the"First Church" was tilled at an early hour by a large company, of which, as usual?to borrow a phrase from the street? a " handsome" proportion were ladies. The most illustrious Esquire Governor Briggs, with the most honored Esquire Vice Governor Heed, with Counsellors and Senators of the Commonwealth, (eelerique Uniorrsitatii Conlabrigi mil Curutorei?honoravdi?let us add?ati/ue rtverenii,) were present at an early hour With tbem ome Hon. Edward Everett, the President of the Uuiversity at Cam bridge,and the representatives of his Aoademio Senate, and many otiiers ' fu> in Rrnui Uniut-iitalii veriuntur." with mauy ot the ' every where revered pastors of churches." and many others fi om all parts of the world, " Humanitatii culture*, Iinque Pubtica notlrtt liieriria f'autumSo came also many friends of the "juvenet in ortibui initiotog >' all properly Invited, either by English or Latin herald. The exercises were conducted In the usual manner, ar.d according to the order which we yesterday published. We can say of the addresses only in brief, that they were highly satisfactory to the friends of the graduating class, and gave ample and Interesting proof to the friends of the College, chat neither the class or those to whom it had been entrusted for Instruction and guidance, had neglected their appointed duties. We have not time to particularise, even if it were worth while to do to, but we are glad to say in general terms, that the performances and the elocution of the young gentlemen graduating were highly creditable to themselves and the College Our readers will recollect that the time honored custom of" Master's orations" from candidates for the degree of A.M., has been discontinued. Immediately, thorefore, after the conclusion of the exercises of the Sraduating class, the degrees of A. B. were bestowed ? y consent of the Governor and Council?upon the | young gentlemen whose names we published yesterday IM IDB grHUUBUUK civ>. I IJO urjjirm VI n.. in , ifi, u and LL D. wore then bestowed. by like authority, upon quite a number of gentlenftn whose D-men we iiro uot eble to give to-day. Several A.M. dsgrews were grunted out, of course. Tbe following honorary degrees were then granted Messrs ?vangelinuH A Sophorles ami Henry Wnrrrn Tomy, tutor* in the University; fcbmi Norton Hor?ford, Rum ford Prolemor; and Rev Krederio T Oray, were made Master* of Art* Dac.ttn of Divinity. ? K?t Samuel Barrett, of Boston: Rev. Emerson Davie, of Westiitld; Kev William H. Kurness, of Philadelphia; and Kev. Tbvodore Wooln-y, Pre. sldent of Yale College, Were muile Doctors of Divinity Dn. tori of Lawi?K.dward Tyrr-ll Chaining. Kh(j Professor of Hhetorio and Oratory; Hon William Kent. Dane Professor of Law; Hon. Peleg Spraitue. Judge of tbe United States District Court; Hon John Taylor Lomax, of Virginia; Hon. John Bannister Oib.-on. Cliiei Justice, of Pennsylvania; Henry Holland. E*q . M. D , London; and Judge Timothy >arrer. of tioiiiM. N.H.. formerly Judge 01 the Supreme i ourt of that State, aged l(iO years, the oldest graduate, were made Docters of Law. After tliep* interesting ceremonies the 'oollegiate pro. oetslon was re-formed at tiore Hail, and moved to tbe p cture gallery in Harvard Hall, to dinner. The dinner was despatched with tbe usual quietness and rapidity and its termination was marked by the singing of the 78th Psalm, led? O, tic srviptr? by the veuerable Dr Pieroe. President Everett then directed attention to some Interesting pieces of silver plate, the property of the University. given to it in it* surly day* and still prewired, and gave a brief account of these relicx and their doner*. He aftorwardi paid a reeling and happy tribute to the benefactor of the University, who ha* made no handsome a gift to it during the past year?the Hon. Abbott Lawronoe?and announced that the corporation bad that day, by a vote which, he doubted not, would be confirmed by the board of overseer*, voted to give to the new brauch 01 the university the title of ' The Lawrenoe School of Scientific Instruction." The Pre*!dent paid an eloquent and deserved tribute to the liberality of the founder of thi* new school, whloh wa# heartily appreciated and responded to. After these remarks the company ?oon separated.? The graduates and the graduating olaes, with thair friends, including many ladle*, visited President K.verett In the evening at hi* house, and closed th? day with mu?ic and dancing, pleasant recollection#, mutual congratulations, and the expression of bright hopee. The annual meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa Hoalaty Is to be held at Cambridge, to-day, and the Hon. Mr. Mtirsh, of Vermont., wilt deliver the oration.?Boiton Jldeert-itr, >Aitg 98. Lowkll ?Large number* of will girla >re leaving l he city every day, on a visit to their num>-? and friend* in tho country Mr Fuller. the stage ..gent Informs us that Marlon fc Co. proprietors of theliMOf stages between here and Boston. carried over the road during the month of July, nearly ,our for down east, by the steamer from Boston. twelve or fifteen hundred ab?e*t from tool* wort.? 1 Steamship Southerner, for Charleston.. I This parket will positively depart oo Saturday afternoou. (.to- ? morrow) *t 4 o'clock. from the EaU side feck Klip, and rati yet iccunvMtlaM imihuk?ti with state room* nod single I berths, uotw ltlutaiidi.jg re;?>rts to the contrary have bein cir cnlated. St The Plumbc National DagntrHin Gallery, J on the upiwr corner of Broadway au'i Mm ray street, should be visited bv all strangers, aud other* who l'??e uot dime 10. I The kperiineus exhibit* I there ere sufficient to satisfy any one H that it this place the art haa leached the highest poiat of per- I feciion. Gold Pene Wholesale and RctalI._Spencer V to KH'v I) I.l.H. Fire i<-lliuif OeM I'eua at their tnioufactoty 'A 170 Broadway, corner of Maiden lane, of d Iferent qnalitiea, it tnnsutlly low prices. The genuine Diamond I'ot.itod Pen 'fl is atill niiauf ictn'ed by them; ai.d from their long exix ie c? A in the busi' eaa, they hope to be nb'e to aatisfy dealera m wel( M the public in geiirtal, both a< to <iu*lit? and mice. Please call and examine. N'o. 170 Broadway, coruer or Maiden lane. .1 Diamond Pointed Gold Pena?Thoae who |l may wish to procure a good Uold Pen at a low prtcr,sh?uld HO to J. W. (Jiea'on It Co.. 71 Cedar atreet, wli-re cm be ! lound tbe p?us of all the moat celebrated inakera, at price* fl lower tlianeliewhere. Tney do 11 t advertise to sell the beat tfl pens in the citv for f I or S'i, auil nik $3 for others, though t^ey ll have peoa a?d case, from $1 upwards, mid the Kenuiut Albeit l8 O. Barley, $1 7S only, silver pencil case iucluded. II Richelieu Gold Peni_Thla elegant Pen, the I best article of the kind in use, and an cheap an it is good, is sold exclusively, by B h . WAl'SON It Co., <4 William street. H one door below Wall stect, and J. Y SAVAUK 92 Ku I ton street, wuerea genera' assortment or tJol'l I'ets inav be found I| wholesale orraiail. Tho'e wishing peus bv the dozru or sin- VI gle one, will make a great savinghy giving tli?n* a call. Levi II 11 row 11'? Peu?, at IS per cent redaction. Other pens $ I *nd II Si 50?told at $1 SO, aiidS2 elsewhe *. Gold pens carefully II retired. jl Gold Peiui W Hole Mil <J ami Kctall._Thc New I York Gold Pen Compn<\ manuf'Ctuie a sple> did article of jl Diamond Pointed Gold Pens which they offer at redur-d IB price*, at their Depot, No Tt John street, corn*r of Nusnau, IH (np sta rs ) In addition to which Ihev hive milled a fine ??ort- IH iiltnt of Gold Pens, "f all the ino?t celehrnt'd slumps?s l?e?. TH ed *t they are by those experi-nird in the husitess, 'hey fed W conlidrn' of uniting any perron who may furor them with a IH call. Gold Peus rrpiir-il _ "H o (ho Fubllc?'riie Splendid Mammoth 11 Given Turtle, weighing 419 lbs, from the Stall of Mr, D. W, iH Teller, 10 Fulton Market, which hai been eibibitrd for I ho H last thrr or four di> s to thousands of spectators, will ba serred .H dn ib Soap a?<l Steaks, itnsdiy and to-morrow, the hthand <1 28th, at Gould'* Saloon, 10 Fulton strort. TH Travelling Dressing Uases?The exceedingly |l small compass in which 'he mbsc iber* have p'need eve-v |H thing necessary for the toilet, w ithoot destroy in* their useful- (I nesi, and the hindsome and substantial manner in which ibey ] are made render these esses superi r to any mauufacturea. jl An examination cannot faiI of being satisfacto y. I G. HAtJNDKKS Ik. SON, IV Broadway, IH Pine Cutlery?The, Subscribers' iiMsortment jl embtares ?very possible variety pattern of Pen Pocsgt. Desk, tH and Spouing Knife with a large variety of choice Hazois, > which will be warranted to the purchaser. Also Seizors, ] Nail Kites, Twe?zers, &c. )| G. 8AUNDKRS Jl SON. 11 1T7 Proadwav. ? few ?lo?r? ahor* Courtlandt *t. . Il Medical Aid tor Btrangen >J)r. Gregory || forintny years past h's confiued himself to an office pr?c.u?, il a* consulting physician ami surgeon, Strangers aud other* i I who may happen to need profess'onal -emus will do Weil il to consult him. His residence is No. 3 Roosevelt street, a few -I doors from Chstlmn st. ) MOHEVMA KKJCT. I Thursday, Aug. !40__0 P. M, |l The stook market opened very buoyant this morning, |l and every fanoy tn tbe lint improved, some tin mueh ai >1 three per oent. Treasury notes closed firm at yestar- 'I diy'sprleea. Long Island went up 1 per cent, Canton 8, I Farmers' Loan 1. Harlem 1 >?. Norwich and Woroegter 3, JI Reading Morris Canal S, lUinoU Tenn. five* ? ' I Thera were large sales at the Improvement, and there was 11 jfreat activity among the bulls. The ups and downs la ' I the stock market are so midden and so unexpected, that j the shrewdest speculators are caught on the wrong sids of the fence. Some of the fancies have, amidst the wreck which others have experienced, steadily advanc- ; ed, and there Is everyiprospect at present of the shorts in I Harlem and Nojjwioh paying pretty dear for supplies to ! make good their contracts. At the second board, Norwich and Worcester fell off ' 1 per cent; Treasury Notes }{} Canton advanced 3 per oent; Morris Canal 1 ; and Long Island *4. ' There have been many remarks made lately relatlTe to t the quarterly reports of our banks,and as the tree banking ' law appears to be deoidedly defective upon this point, It > < is proper that the question should be placed before the public In Its true light. We are in favor of frequent roports of the banks In every State in the Union, but we want.them made in suoh a way as will give the best in- -1! sight Into their operations, it is also necessary that all the banks in each State should mak< their reports simultaneously, that we may arrive at the whole banklog movement of each State. So far as each bank is concerned, each report stands by itself, but we waut something upon which wo can form an opinion relative to th* aggregate bank movement nf the country, aotne data, from which we can base calculations of the periodical ! expansions and contractions, and the Influence unna commercial affair*. According to the free banking law, private banker* are not required to make a quarterly report of the condition of their bank*, or the pnitiun of their banking operations; and no long a* any one of these bankers refute to make reports, the publio are deprived of a correct statement of the banking movement of the State ? We annex a statement of the proprietor of the New York State Stock Security Bank, giving the authority upon which he refuses to report to the Camptroller. We give this for the purpose of poiuting out to the Legislature the defects in the law as it now stands; the Comptroller is already acquainted with them, and 1* therefor* compelled to make his report without tU*> return* of the above named bank. Other private banker* in tbia State have a* much right to refuse making quarterly report*, or any other reports, a* the proprietor of the New York Stat* Stook Security Bank, and It 1* by no means improbable that some of thrra may not do so. Trivate bankers, under the free banking law, are annually Increasing, and it would be ?*U fjr the Legislature to alter the law *o that quarterly reports will be made by every banking institution la the State, whether oarried on by an individual, or by ft bo*rd of director*, whether owned by one or on* hun dred individuals. To the Editor or the Hcxi.d ThnJllbany Jligui, of the 17th instant, has th? following pur a graph : ' tVe have received the tabular sUtto? meut, prepared at the Comptroller's oflloe, of the Quarterly Returns of the Banks fur the 1st instuut, whioh we shall publish in a few dajrs; reports were received from all bank! excepting the New York i?tate Stock Security Bank fco'' This appears to imply that the New York State4Stoek Security Bank It bouud to make a quarterly report, and insinuates ensure for not making one. The Jllhaiiy Jirgut ought to know that to* above mentioned bank has never made any quarterly report, although it has been established for the last nine y*-ars; the reasons why have been once before given to the drgui, who acknowledged them to be satisfactory, a* will be shown further. The Comptroller subscribes the quarterly statement of the condition of the banks, In the lollowiug terms " The preceding statement is an abstractor the quarterly reports made to this oflloe by the several Incorporated Banks, Banking Assocliitlons and private Bankers, lu pursuance of the third and fourth sections of th* ant entitled ' An Aot to abolish the oflloe of Bank Commissioner, and for other purposes,' passed April lHth. 1<*U " It may be easily ascertained oy readiug over the third and fourth seotions referred to, that not a word about private ban.Xers is to be fouod therein ; quarterly . eports are required In clear and explicit lauyuege irora such oanks and banking associations as may be. wMi propriety, comprehended under the general term of uap>j) tal slock banks; the number and kind of item* demanded are minutely specified, the form of the print* d bmuk statements, sent ?o the banks to m*ke their report thereon is drawn up accordingly, and there is nothing i herein oontained that has the least bearing to the private banker, wii^has no capital slock to account for Well, this sot of 18th April, 1b48, by virtue whereof teportsare r? quired, had been enacted ?ix mouths when lie Jilbiiny Jti&u , of liar lllst August. la4J, stated that the New Yoik Mate Stock Beourlty Bauk was suttfect to a floe of one hundred dollars lor not having complied with the law of 18th April, 1843, via:?for not having made a quarterly-report As soon as I saw the statement I wiote a communication, whioh appeared over my igaature, in the Eemmg Pott, of the '49th of August, aud in Ike Htraid of the 30th, whioh to-k up tiie question of reports in all its bearings ? U proved conclusively that the New York State itock Security Bank was not bouud to make a quarterly re..i.p. Thil raxaniijt i littn ffivrni have never been auseered ur controverted by the BhuIi Department, and tbe Albany .fir gut of the 4th ot September following. acknowledged Hi error lu the following worde:?"'Having doue tu? New York State Stook Security Bank unintentional injustice, we copy wtth pleasur* the following correction from T!i?mp$ont' bank N?U H.r.voiter of the 30th ult. ' i'he Jlrgui of the 91 at lout. i? not oorreot, In vetting down the N. w Yore State Htook Security Bank. as one of tbe baokH subjeot to a flue nf one buudred dollar*, for not having complied *iih the 8d suction of the Uw of 18th Apill, m-u S?id Heotion does not apply to the individual bauker, who Iim no aoo?otatee, aua who has not tiled a certificate of oapi*Kou7year* after tbe above public acknowledgment, tho Albany Jirgui coines out again, iuHinuatlug Censure a?\m?t the New Vork Rtate Stook Security Bank. 1 do u?t attribute maliclouii motives to the editor of the Jtr<?#, but it appear* to be high time, !n g.>od oontclence, tbat a stale story, nine yeare old. (a quarterly report w>s demanded of me in 18.18,) khoulu not be repeated, considering tbat it ba? been publioiy refuted three or f ur times. L BONNtKOUX. New York, Augustas, 1847. Tbe amount received for canal tolls at Buffalo, Roohettor and Oswego, during the third week in August, ia the years 18-lft, '4fl and '47, was as follows:? N?w Yomt Hutt. Canal Tolls. 1841 Ills. 1117, 8(1 (Tiki II?, H7 21 lli.uai 48 31,141 M K chekter J m:2 31 . t>,t,43 it 6.2'3 14 Oswego 4.40ii (9 5al6!> II S,j4] | To si $22 ,60 2J 28.9 CI CO 4i}u~N The reoeipts at Kochester have fallen off, compared with last year. At Buffalo, this year. Ibey were nearly double, and Oswego exhibit* a very handsome increase. The aggregate inorease ?t tbe three ports amounts to nor* than fifty p*t oeat. Ttt* MUMMd ItotMHMt Mbibitfl U? quaatity of Nti

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