Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 31, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 31, 1847 Page 1
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TH Vol. Xm. Mo. ?39_WM? No.4830. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, ortlfWMt oornar of Fulton and lum M. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION?KOKTY THOUiAJID. DAILY HKRALD?Every day, Price 2 cenw per copy?C M per ninom?pevnble in ndrnnee. W?tEKI.7 H?RAL0?Every BerenUy?rnee * crab HL'.'lf'ty?I? cent* mi annnra?imyable in *4?ance. . Heft \LD FOR EUROPE?Erery Steam racltet OayFrice *X cents per cofy?$4 per unnm. including poetic* payable iu advance. Hkibseriptions and advertisements will be received by Mtesr*. Oaliguaui, II n?e Vivieune, rang ; r. L Bimoi.Hjr |g Coruliill, audJohn Miller, the bookseller. London AN.VOAL PICTORIAL H ERALD?^PublnWi on the 1st of J.iuuarv of each year?tingle copies sixpence each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual pricee-alwajrs caah la adr?nce. Advertisements should be written in a plain, legible manner. The Proprietor will not b? responsible for errors that may occnr in them. . .... . , . PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifnlly aad with despatch. .... All letters or eooMntuticatiou by asail, addrseeerf to the Mtablislimrnt, must be post paid, or the postsge will wm ae dnrtrd from thr nbtcriDtion roo*?T r#Bitt?d ^'w'"''v,ia^'HA!&ANom-p.cuMrAWT ON AND AFT BR TH^SDAlOuNElSriiMT. the Can will rnn a* followi, until farther none*. Up trauu WiH leave rhe City Hall for _ , . H-ulnmlc Morriiiana. Forhamfc Tjiekahoe PleaaantTile, 5 30 A.M. Will'nuBrfe. H?rt'i and Newca?tta 7 " 5 30 A.M. White PlMi.jjpdferd. 8 " 7 "7 A. M. wKlickville 9 < It " M " CKton Falls. 10 II " 4 P.M. 'A. M. 11 1 P.M. IN " 4 p. M. a p. M 4 ; no 4 '* * " s " 5 JO " K 30 ? Retaining to New Tow will lgre? Morrisi&na (c Harlem. Fordham. WiU'riuBrVe. Taekjhoe. 7 00 A. M. 6 53 A.M. 6 45 A.M. 7 30 A.M. 8 10 " 7 55 " 7 50 ? I 48 " g ? 09 " ?? " 1 20 P. M. 10 ? 18 83 P. M. ? .4 P.M. SM ' la 34 P. M. t <5 1 <0 White Pl*a. j " 5 o? " ? " 7 10 A. M. J ? i5 ?os an " 5 30 " tt " 7 44 - 1 M P.M. 6 " f aa ?aa 8 05 M Pleuannrille. New Caatle. Bedford. Whidiekrille. [a 13 A M. a AM. 7 51 A M. 7 45 AM 4 13 P M. * P M. 4 41PM. 4 45 P M Croton Fall*. 7 30 A M. 4 30 P M. The trains to and from Croton Fall* will not itop on New York liland, excel* at Broome street, and 31d street. A ear will precaae eacn ir&ui iou uiiuuics, w uuo up i'omcuhci* m the city. The morning train or eari from Croton Full* will not atop betwrea White Plaint nod New York, except at Tucluhoe William's Bridge, and For dham. Extra trains on Sundays to Harlem and Marrisi&na, if flat weather. 8ta?e? for Lake Mfhopackand D an bury leave Croton Fall* on an ivat of the 7 o'clock A. M. and 4 P. M. trains, and for PawUngs on "''"^VfROM NEW YORK : To Croton Fall* . ..$1 00 To Whitlickville tfH To \ewc utle 75 To Pleasantville 62X To VVhiiP Plains... , SO Freight trams leare City Hall at 13 M. and at 7 P. MRetnrninir, leave Croton Falfc at 7 A. M. and 9 P M. GAY k CO.'8 BOSTON AND EASTERN EXPRESS, via Newport and Fall River.?Thia Express R leaves the office. No. 1 Wall street, corner of Broadwav, daily, at qnartrr before 5 o'clock, P. M., thereby securing to merchant* nud others the aJvacUiga of a late boar for forwarding eases, packages. See. Bank notes, specie, drafts, and valuable parcels are secured in iron safes and placed in thr charge of faithful conductors. GAY (k CO Merchandise, packages, Sir. forwarded in our own cars, and by leaving orders at our office. No 1 Wall street, corner of Broadway, p*"kaffrs will be called for in any part of the city. ) No. I Wall street, corner Broadway. unices? } "vjt> 7 St te street, Boston anj JOtrc -jr?<? ~~ OPPOSITION PASSAGE OFFICE-To alb.?ny. Utio t1 50; Syracuse, S3; Oswego; *aHHht3: Rochester. 52; Buffalo, t'i\ Cleveland, $1; De'roit.Sl; Milwauki*. Sli 7); Chicago, SO75; Cincinnati, $175; Toronto <nd Hamilton, $1; Whitehall, $2; Montreal, $4; Pittsburg, $6. Oldce, 100 Barclay street. Any s-enr't required will be given for the fulfilment of all contracts nude wiili this company. bu 25 J(lt?rc M. L It A x, Agent | New York, 1847. M0m CONEY ISLAND 1ERRY ?The well SL-vosSAwei#known steamer AMERICAN EAGLE, Capifc m liiin Geo. H. Power, will run regularly daring the hum to l.oney Idand. landing nt Fort Hamilton, ? ?ollowt:? Leaving I'ier No. 1, at 10, 1,4; leaving Coney Island at UK. tX <> 1" a<Mitio? to the ab?T? tctp*, will make a morning triii to P ort Hamilton, leaving the city at 7, Fori Hamilton I *( 8 o'clock. ?u4 45t?rc KOR KIOV fORT.-Thc ..earner J08KPH COKFEK, will leave the pier, foot of Vl SkHWwBhiChambeia street, daily, for Key Port, at 3 o'clock, P. M. N. B.?Ou Sunday'*, the boat will leave the fcx* of Hammnud *rrect at K: Canal (trret. SV; Chamber* *treet,S)?: Pike ?treet, F..nt River, 9! aud Pier IVo. 1, North River, at 9)4 o'clock. an3 Mt'm NOTICE. .mr, 8TATEN ISLAND KklRHY.-On and ' h* -f'-' 8UNDA V, April 18th, the steamboat* i'mktmmrn 8YLPU aud STATEN 18LANDEH will tu aa follow*, until further notice LEAVK ITATEN MLAND At I. ?, ?. 10,11, A. M., and 1, I, I, 4, S, I, 7, P. M. LEAVK NEW YORK At T, *. 10, 11, A. M-, and 1,1, ten minoMi put I, and at 4, 5, 6,7, o'clock, P. M. New York April IJth. all r -?h OR SHREWSBURY. 0<;E AN HUUHK, I<"nr Branch. Runsom Dock, Brown'* Dock, ?? MidJIetown and Had Bank.?The Steamboat ORU8, C. Trice, Muter, will nut as follows, from Fulton Market Slip, t'.iut River?Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock. O'clock. Monday, 30, 7 A.M. Monday, 30, II A.M. Tuesdfy, 31, 7 A.M. Tuesday. 31, 12 M. The Line Stages will ran to Howell works, Squan Vitiate and Freehold. Stages to convey passengers to all partrof the country. . N. B. All persons are forbid trusting the above boat on account of the Owners. J. P. ALLAIRE. ?u? 3At*rc FOR SHREWSBURY, LdNU BRANCH, r W. SCHKNCK'a HIGHLANDS, Ocean ...jiliii ttnME&a Hiiuhu, and Eatontown Landing. The Steamboat KUWIN LEWIS, Capt Haynes, will run as follows from foot of Vesey street, North River: Leave New Yo k. Leave Shrevtbury. Aug. o'clock. Aug. o'rlock. Monday, 30, at S A.M. Monday, 30, at 10 A.M. Tne>dty,31. (it 6XA. M. Tuesday, 31, at 11 A.M. Sta?es wJl l.e in readiness oa the arardl of the boat to con vey p.i?seugers to all parts of the country. jy3l 30t*rc The superior steamer NEW HAVEN. t-*'-ai'tain Van Pelt, can be chartered for EicnrMHHMHHfesions to any place, by application at No. Batterv Pl?f?, North river. jvJ8 JIUre Lt-eseT--.TTfTZEN'S NEW DAY LINE OF OPPOSITION BOATS FOR ALBANY, AWNHs[finding_at .Van Courtlandt"s_ Newburgh, roughkeepaie, Kmgiton,<at?aiu ananuaiou.?parem cenu? Breikfaet and Dinner on Board. The new and elegant Btenmer ROQKR WILLIAMS. C?C A. D-groC, Tneadajri, Thumdnrj. aad Saturday!, at half-peat ail, A. M., from the pier foot of Robinaon atreet, touching al Hammond atreet pier, from New York, Tot p'ttaRe or frienht, applr ?n board the Boau, or to Geo. T- Stanley,at the office, foot of Robinion itreet. T7"" All t>er?oniare forbid treatise the above boau oe a? anuni nf the rtwnmrw mrltt rh ?T^a*.w MOKNINO LINE KOR ALBANY AND if TROV and Intermediate Lauding!, t. Breakfaat aud Dinner on board the Boat. The low preaaare (teamboat TROV, Captain A. Gorham, will leare the iteembnat pier foot of Barclay atreet, Monday*, Wedueailaya, and Vridnya, at aeven o'clock A. M Returning on the onp<?ite days. The Steamer Nl AGARA, Capt. H. L. Kellogg, will leave the Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay atreet, Tneaaay, Ttioriday ami S.-'onlay, at half paat ail o'clock, A. M., returning on the oppoaue divi. (?7=" Par* .10 Cent*. for puiw or irnrnn, appry oa nova, oiio >. o. nui.u th? opi't 'in wharf WW > OCEAN 8 Pt AM ~~N AVIO VTION COMPANY.?United Statei Mail Line to So-mJEa,.B^I'owm and Southampton, and B it men. The aplendid new afamihip WA8HINO( aWMBMa'roN 1750 too* burthen. Frederic Hewitt, commander, will itirt I'rotn New York on the }3d September, o rrying th j United State* Mail. She will tout h at Cowra and Southampton to land pnaaen?er? and fin* lit. aud deliver the maila fur Knglaud, France and leljr.nm. nnd ? i I then proceed to B'emerhavcu. Returning, will'eave Hremeihaven the Dili October. 'J he Waahinittoii n bailt in the itrongart niauner. with a lew to being converted into a ahip of war, and (abject at any time to imp rti <n Bv officer* appointed by the Preaideut, both during and after coidru'tKin. She ha? two euKinea, of 1000 hone power each, and accommxlitioi a<or in paa-engen. P taaee from New York to Southampton or to Bremen, SIM. Pa'tair* frmn B emeu and S"Uth?mp on to New York, SIM. She ? ill carry ahwut 300 ton* freight, which will be charged acordiiig to tne natuie of the gonda I'lfeting. AH leltera must paia through the P >?t Offii e Parrel!, for which billa of ladi h will lie aigurd, will be ohnrsed ti each. For frriMht or paaiigo apply at the office of the Ocean Steam Navigatiun < lompuiy, 4i w illi nn atrret comer of Wall. K VI ILLS. General Agent. Agrnti at "onthampton UAY, ' KOSKtiY Ik. ROSS. at Bieinen . A. HF.INKKF.N k CO. ' at Havre WILLIAM ISKLIN. The at con ? -Vain*r of the line ii in due courae ol comtruetl"n a1 d ? ill h* in readineaa in the enaning fill *nMfti r- f-fmm R55 HaVBE (via Cherbourg).?Ih? S? "BS't1""' "'earner MISSOURI, Captain Morin, will VI on ',er r*fu'ar day, Tneaday, the 31st * <4 iniiant. Price of paaiage, f 170 i ne amii naa an ei"eriencea luuion. Lnte'i mult p?M throauh the Poit-offir.e. For p*?a.\*e or frei?ht, apply to '< AYMAR fc Snnth ?'. ?~~,r?- fun N1A[|,S op THK~8TkAMh.k V|Sfl(llJR|, for Havre, will cloee at the yy^fjtrjt P a' Olfire, on Tneaday, 31st infant. at 13 o'ciork, noon. .iuM, 34, 31 fc ? - n?tnr\T?icm-Mi3?oUriTPoirfiA?' h'* '"P ' "** 'he wharf, rWfjni' 'rt ?f Clinton atf ?l ou 1 acidiy, 3lit ^^uLjlhJUX ia-t preeiaely at 1 P M. Paaaeuiera are requeate'l to gend their ki g ?ir? (*?-eit iuo'i m they require curing the yoyaue,) o h 4t; 1.1 .l.?mhy ? J\n Pir.U {v* w ill he reettTefWfter # A.M., Ttieaday. i"*, 1" fc ii to Will HiS ! M'H WCLKH a...l CttiMU* wiehu* a fi'it quality "if or Tf>0|*e,are invited to intpectthe J^ten?ire a*?ortn*ent of Wrn Ra'chelor. whare_they etin/eleet r.ini ine InrpeM atork in the t iiifart flrarra There t? il?1H a Veat pliee W ptiiS"/* ?" vt-?le in every htiilne ?. #? I"e heal pljre 'nhy ? W|? or Touree, j. at ifctfhr Wl m alien* E NEi NE ?'OR LIVERPOOL? New liot?Rtnlir pack mw?t of *th of Kmernber.?Tb# ?pl?Bdid,ra?t (ailing SBBB?paeket >hip 8HERIDAN, Captain G. B. Corniah, will positively sail as above, her regular day. Kor freight or passage, having hauuome furuished accommodations, applr on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall tract, or to ' K. COLLINH. 56 Hctith if The pack* ship OARRICK, Capt. B. J. H. Tiask. wUl meuMltbt Bhendon, and nil uc the Ktb of Oct., her In* ?nS7 KOR LIVERPOOL.?The New Line -Rrgular KMV. p*cke#&f list September.?The superior fut sailing jKpaULpacketship QUt-EN OF THE WEST, Captari Phi ftp Woodhouse, 1230 toui burthen, will nil aa above, her regular day. For freight or passage. having splendid large and comfortable room* and cabin, apply to the captain on board, pier No. 21, weat aide of Burling slip. or to wuuimuuij k Min j unn, n south ?t. Price of puiut $100. The new packet ihip CONSTITUTION, 1600 toni borthen. Caul John Britton, will lacceed the Quteu of the WeU. and ail on Iter tegnlar any. >lit of October n28 rr KOR LIVERPOOL ?Ouly regular packet of the |?!V9Vsth September, Illt7. The magnificent lait tailing JBHEHSapacket ihip PATRICK HENRY, burthen 1000 tou?, Capt. Delano, will tail positively on the 6th Heptember. The accommodation* for cnbin. ?cci>nd cabin and !cerate paaaengera are superior to any other teixl in port, end a* a number of her passenger! are already engaged, those desirous of securing berths ihould make rarly application ou board, foct of Maiden-laii"e, or to JOSEPFf McMuRRAY, au28 lOtrc cor, of Pine and South at*. ROCHE, BROTHERS It CO.?PASSAGE TO lM|^Wand from Liverpool, per Black Ball Line of Packets. HAbnud Remittances to Ireland ko. . The well known favorite packet ?hip COLUMBIA, will ail for Liverpool, on Wednesday, the first of September, her regular cay. For terms of cabin, aeoond cabin, and steerage passage, apply to Captain Kurber, on board at the foot of Beek man Birrci, or wj iov luuicnoen The VORKdHIRE will nil from Liverpool, on flnt of October; paaaage cubt engaged to eome from the old eountry by tliia splendid ihip. orby any of th* packet* of the Old Black Ball Line. to anil from it on the 1st and Mlh of every month, by applying to n*. Those remitting money to Ireland, enn hay* draft* on THE ROYAL BANK OF IRELAND, and on PRESCOTT, GROTE It f'O., Banker*, London, which will lie paid at the yariou* branche* throughout Oreat Britain and Ireland. Apply to ROCHE. BROTHERS fc CO . No. 3) Fulton atreet, New York, next door to the Fulton Bank, i Only authoriied pauenger agent* lor the Old or Black Ball Line ol Liverpool i?acket?. an23 rc jafcte* ?FOR fiKW ORLEANS.?Loutaiana and New ?WVYork Line of Packet*?'The tplendid fa*t (ailing . HBfepacket ahip HUDSON, P. Page ma*ter, i* now loading and will poaitively *ail September 13, her regulai day. For freight or pauage, having handaome Airmailed accommodation*, apply on board at Orlean* whirl', foot of Wall treet, or to E. K. COLLINS, 56 South at. Agent* in New Orleana, J. O. Woodruff k Co., who will promptly forward all gooda to their nddrea*. Thn*cket ahip Oiwego, CapL Ingeraoll, will nicceed th* Hnriinn. mid uil h?r r*iml*r dav. anQI KOR MARSEILLES.?The ship MINKKVA' MKjfSfV Capt. Brown. For freight or passage. apply to jBEMfia CHAMPERLAIN fc WHELPS,or to ?u28rn BOYD b HINCKKN, B-olier. BO* US OK THE CITY OK ST. LuUIS FOR SALE ?Mayot's Office, St. Louis, Mo., Auguit U, 1847.?Up to the llth day of October, 18i7, sealed bids will be received by rh? undersigned, M >yor of ihe city of 8t. Louis, for the pur chase of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars of six per cent bonds of the city of St. Louis, (except such amount thereof as may n j sold at par, on or before the ISth day of September, 1817, payable at St. Louis, or New York, at the option ol the purchasers?the principal in twenty yean, and theiuterest (belug six per cent per annum) semi-annually Such bids may be for part, or the whole, of s id bonds. The bouds- are to be each for the sum of oue thousand dollars. Kach bidder is required to write upon his bid the amouut of bonds for which he i offers, and to make a payment in cash of five per cent { the amoniu of bonds bid fir by him, to be deposited in the hands of the Mayor, at the time of receiving bids, which deposits shall be repaid by the Mayor on the day succeeding the day on which the bids shall have been opened, to the persons who made the derosites, excepting to the bidder to whom the bouds are awarded. On the llih diy of October. 1847, the bids shall be opened; the bondr then unsold shall be sold to the highest bidder, or bidders, for cash, unlesi the bids be deemed too low. Ceriiticatesqf indebtedness now outstanding against the city will be received in lieu of cash. . Up to the 15th day of September, 1(47, inclusive, the Mayor will sell the bonds aforesaid, or auy part thereof, to any person or persons, at par, for cash, making the bonds so takeu at parfor cash, payable at twenty, t'n. nine, fix, or three years, after date, at Uie option of the purchasers. A copy of the ordiuance authorising the sale of these bonds is given below. BRYAN MULLANPHY, Mayor. D. H. AnMSTRorm, Comptroller. [Ordinance N?.'l SU6 ] An Ordinance to payment of outstanding bonds, and obligations ol indebtedness, which fail due during the present fiscal year. Be it ordained by the City Conncil of the City of St. Louis as follows : Sec 1. That the Mayor be, and he is hereby authorised, to issue the bonds of the city to the amount of one hundred and fifty thousand doNars, for the purpose of paying the ontstauding bonds of the city, which fall due during the present fiscal year, and also other obligations of indebtedness which existed preprevious to the commencement df the present fiscal year. Sec. 2. The bou'ts to be issued nnder ihe provisions of this ordinance, shall be each for the sum of one thousand dollars, and shall be signed by the Mayor, and countersigned by the Treasurer and Comptroller ; shall be issued to bearer, and shall be dated on the day of the sale thereof; and such as are uot otherwise provided lor by the fourth section of this ordinance, shall be redeemable at the end of twenty years from the date thereof; and shall be made payable, princiial and interest, either in this city or in the city of New York, at the option of the purchaser, which shall be designated at the time of purchase; the said bonds shall bear interest at the rate of nix ner cenrnm Mr nntinm. iMvahle semi-annu illi*. for which rouponaihall be attached, mud coupons to be signed by the Treasurer. 8*u.3. Immediately after the passage of this ordinance, the Mayor (hall advertise in two papers of this rity, stating that he will sell the bonds aforesaid, or any part thereof; to any person or persons, at par, for cash, at any time previous to thirty-five days after tne passage of this ordinance ; and that ?uch bonds aa may not be ai^d in this mauner. will be sold to the highest bidder, for cash, on a day which shall be thirty-five days after the passage of this ordinance between the hours of til and 1 o'clock, P. M-; and said day shall be designated by the Mayor, in his advertisement; and, further, that he will receive sraled bids for the same up t" that time. 8kc. 4. The mayoi shall sell all, or any part of the aforesaid bonds, at pir, to any person or persons, who may apply for the same; and he shall depr-ait the money received from such aale in the City Treasury; and such person or persons who mav buy said bonds at par, shall hare the option of having the bonds executed, redeemable in either th'ee, six, nine, ten. or twenty years, as ne or they may elect and designate at the time of purchase. Hri< 4 On fH* dav whirh ahull havii rfntimfatl kv fk* Mayor, in the adtertisement provided for by the third aectiou or t"is ordinance, between the hoar* of 12 and I o'clock, P M., the Mayor (hall, in the presence of (he Comptroller, and the President of the Board of Aidermeu, and the Chairman of the Board of Delegates, or inch of them as may be present, open all bidi tor the purchaie of said bond*, which he may have received ap to that time, and he ihall aell to the highest bidder, or bidders, for caah, all of the bonda issued nnder the provisions of this ordinance, which shall not have been aold previously in manner as described in the fourth section of this ordinance; uuless in the opinion of the Mayor, President of the Board of Aldermen aud the Chairman of the Board of Delegates, or a majority of them, the bids be deemed too low; in which case, they shall proceed to mako such negotiation ler the sale of the bouds, as shall appear to a majority of them best for the interest of the city. 8kc. 6 It shall be the duty of the Mayor to require each bidder to write upon his bid, tne amount ol bonds lor whi-h he offers, and he shall also require a payment in ctuh of bve per centum of the amount of bonds bid foT, to be deposited in nis hands at the time of receiving the bid, **hich deposit shall be repaid bv the Mayor on the day succeeding the day on which the bids shall have been opened, to the persons wHo made the deposits, excepting to the bidder to whom the bonds are awarded. 8ec. 7. The amount of the proceeds of the bonds to be sold under the provisions of this ordinance is hereby appropriated o the payment of the bonds of the city, falling due during ihe present fiscal year; and also to the payment of all obligations nf arki^Vi Avialurl nravinna r/i rlia I of the present liical year. 8kc I ?There shall be eonstitnted a separate fund to be called " the Sinking Kaad," and all money* that mar be appropriated to that fund by the City Council. shall be set aside and reaerved exclusively for the purpose of discharging the debts of the city msde by way of loans to her. Sec. 9. The Mayor shall receive the eertiAca'ea of indebtedness which are now on'standing agfcinst ihe city in lieu ol cash, when offered in payment for the purchase of any of the bonds authorised to be sold under this ordinance. DEMETRIUS A. MAQEHAN. Cha'rmaji of the Board of Delruatea. GEORUE MAOUIRE, President of the Board of Aldermen. This bill having been presented to Bryan Mallanphy, Mayor of ihu city of St. Louis, for hu approval, and having been by him returned to the Boird of Aldermen in which Board it originated, with Vis objections thereto, was, this eleventh day of Auirnst, one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven, reconsidered by said Board, and passed hy the re<|insite majority; nil e members of said Board having voted for its passage, the objectionsol the Mayor thereio^to the contrary, nqtwuliatand inir. JOSKJ'H W. UOUOHKICTV, Clerk of the Board of Aldermen. Thi? bill having been received by the Board of Delegatea, by a me?aengf-r from the Board of Aldermen, with tbe objectioiu of the Mayor thereto, on the eleventh day of Anguat. one thouaand eight Hundred and fortv-ne?en. The Boa'd of Delegalea thereupon proceeded, and rcconaidered the vote on the paaaage thereof. and, after auch reeouaideratiou. paaaed the a<me by the re<tui>ite majority: all th? meinbera pteeeut, nine mi number, voting for the paaaage thereof, the objertiou* ol the Mayor, to the contrary, not*itnatauding. John h Tire, Clerk of (be Board of Drlegatea. I certify the foregoing to be a tme ropy "f the original Ordinance 11,. a. J ou file iu the Rrgiater'a office. a?B >w 111 JAM. LKM">N Regiater. QUER!Y.?There ai> peari to be two different eliaaea of men in N?w York. Do you know what makea one claaa looka ao much nperior to the other? Answer' That'* a fact that haa track me frequently. But I have never been able to account lor the difference. It certainly la not the cloth, altogether. Why do?let me tell yoa, one elaaa buy* tit ahirta a year from Scott, #4 Naaaau atreet, aud hia ahirta being cnt iu a a, vie truly merhaniraL they ronae,|uently fit beautifully. Tne other claaa don't cai* two atr1 wa whether they wear any ahirta or not aa long aa they are t lerated. When yon want :tny ahirta, cal there firat?he aella a magnificent one fortl M, anit wa. nnti themtnfit. Oppoeite Herald offic*. Karabiiahed I8J-. au 19 10t"rre HnSir I'AlWhT, on M&HLe ATAa, byTTCTySho haa had conaideruble experience in teaching. She reachea on the Logerian ayatem, which ii greatly approved of iu Kurope. Term*, Three Dollari per month A line addreaaad to A. B., at tha Herald office, ahall be at tended"* _ ___ _ W,*i? w PAINTINGS?A ainall collection of rare and good Painting*. by the old maatera. In perfect order, and handaomely framvif. for iale at 91 Liberty (treat. Two or three fine rical pii-tures, landscapes, lie. May be seen etery d*v from Hill I o'clock. _ ?'i2(^ini*rc FANCY OOOD8-F. A. ARTAULT, Proprietor oflhi Lafayette Bazaar. U9 And 141 Broadway, up nair?, liaa jiut imported a suitable itock for uli trad*, which he nff#r? to country merchants on encouraging terms, consisting of fancy inUid work bo*es, fine fans, cnt flnse. Paris porcelain ware, pnrtex, tadica bazt, perfumery, jewelry, atoel foodi., lie ; in line the moat solenoid anil varied stock of fancy aud useful goods to be found in this city. Couutry merchanta are mrited to call. an IT IQt ?rc 41THOLKSALR MHIRT WARKHOU8K, No. M PlaO . TV street, 3d door from William, wljere may be found a large assortment of Mhirti, of every quality, made in the latest ttylea, and of superior workmanship, raney yd Plain Linen, M??lin?ad aommnn Shirts, constantly on nana. Jft???sr :w YORK, TUESDAY M HIGHLY INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE { KUOJI TllE SEAT OF WAR. ! What will Pared?* do? &e Ae. Ac. THE LAST FIGHT WITH THE OUERILI.AS. P.... tort * nu.Ai;&i.rni*, nu^HOk^Q, (Oil. Messrs Editor*- Herewith I transmit you a copy of a letter from a young offloer now In Mexico, for whloh I am indebted to the friend to whom the letter is addressed. You fee our boya are no unworthy representatives of the men of '76. Pa?k Veua. Seven Miles tnoM ) National Bridge, August, 1(147 $ S*tunlay morning the guerilla advance guard gave us a volley of muiketry and escopste balls. Wo drove them from their position, and proceeded on our march at half past ono. Their foree, which whs very strong, opened a most galling Ore upon our line, and lor an hour we had the hardest kind of fighting, When they retreated, and we took their tortlfloatlons. They again opened upon us, and,for three-quarters of an hour, the balls fell round us most plentifully. We drove them from the bridge, where we are now entrenched Our loss > sixteen lulled and wounded, among them Capt Colwell, ot the voltlguers, and Capt. Cummlng* of the 13th Infantry, both mortally. The Mexicans left t?nntv-dvH on th*? fli'ld. and A&rri?il oft a. Ijipitm nnmhup* their loin in estimated at upward* of fifty. I am afraid our Iom is greater than I hare mentioned, an the command has not yet been mustered, and many a poor fellow, I have no doubt, now lies on the battle field, concealed by the chaparral It was aa awful day, and my neart sickened within me at the slaughter. Providence enabled me to escape uninjured, though I believe I was in the hottest of the flgbt; and it is with pride I can tell you our whole command did its duty, and did it nobly. I have not disgraced our military family; the Major complimented me in the presence of his officers for the assistance I rendered him. I endeavored to do my duty, and th? official report will, ( hope, convince my friends thut I have. We are sending an express back to Vera Crui for reinioroements; 1 nave but time to send a line " GEORGE DECATUR TWIGGS. ARRIVAL OF PAREDKS IN MEXICO. [From the Washington Union, August 38 ] We have seen letters from Vera Cruz, which were received by this evening's southern mail. These relate to ihe interesting topic of Parades' landing. Ah to Paredes, we regret to* state that the captain of th? British steamer must have been acquainted with his true name and charaoter. as I'aredos did not hesitate to speak freely on board the vessel. He spoke freely of Hunt* Anna's want of energy, ability, and principles, and declared that unfortunate Mexico would have to throw herself into the arms of America, or of some European power (This last allusion is suspicious, and confirms wuai ui? rremueiu siaieu in 015 mensagH 10 (/ongress :) " In any event, It wan certain that no change whatever in the government of Mexico, which would deprive Parede* of power, could be for the worse, no far as the United Mtaten were concerned, while it was highly probable that any change must be for the better." Paredes la a monarchist?a friend of a foreign mouaroh, there is some reason to believe ; and hie presence lu Mexico, if it looks to any change, looks rather abroad, than to Amerioa, for the change of her rulers. It will remain tor the British captain to explain how and why he, hk a neutral, introduced so decided an enemy Into our ports at all, and without acquainting us with his character. It appears from the Vera Cruz letter, that wheu Par ties entered that city, he was recognised by two or three persons?an inspector at the gate, and by 8enor Atooha, who attempted justlftcatii n for his sileuoe upon Die lmiu excuse, that though he w.ts an Amurlcan citir.'in, yet be was no spy! The fact is, that Paredes onrcely remained ten minutes In ill* city, and went oil without the knowledge of Colouel Wilson, or auy of the military officers. A new element has been thus thrown Into the politics of Mexico. He had arrived from Paris; uud it Is impossible for us to ascertaln at this time for what precise purpose ha had visited Kraucu. and with what political views be b?H returned to Mexico. It new appear* that he had left Havana in the Britiah steamer far Vera Crux; that ho travelled under an assumed name, and the captain of the steamer professes to state, as a stranger to himself; although our consul at Havana (General Campbell) was apprised of his departure, and notified the commanding officer at Vera Crux of the fact, it was unfortunate that our consul did not, instead of transmitting his letter by the mall, send a confidential agent in the same vessel, to apprise the Ooreruor immediately on his lauding; and thus Paredes might have been arrested before he left the city. The letter in the Picayune sufllci. ntly explains the manner in which he had entered and left Vera Cruz, and the mortification of the Americans on learning his escape; and the same correspondent enters Into some speculations on some of the elfents which his sudden return to Mexico may produce upon the destiny of that country. It is soarcely necessary for us to attempt atw elaborate speculation upoutha ultimate consequences or this event, iint we may be excused far saying that, on the first blush of this matter, it would seem calculated to prolong I be war. and prevent an immediate consummation or l>?ace. The government of Paredes, before he was superseded by Santa Anna, was. asevery one knows, unfriendly to the United States. The message of the President of the United States to the last Congress oontalns various evidonees of the hostile spirit of this leader. It Informs in, tlUt when onr minister, Mr. Hlldeil. "reached Vera rus, in November, 1845, be found that the aspect of affairs had undergone an unhappy change. The government of Uen. Herrera, who was at that time President of ttii) republic, was tot terms to its fall. General Part-den (a military leader) bad muni felted hta determination to overthrow the government of Herrera by a military revolution; and one of the principal means which be employed to effect his purpose, and render the government of Herrera odioui to the army and people of Mexico, was by loudly condemning lta determination to receive a mi inter of peace from the United Hlates, alleging that it was the Intention of Herrera, by a treaty with the United States, to dismember the territory ot Mexico, by ceding away tho department of Texan. The government of Herrera is believed to have been well-disposed to * paciflo adjustment of existing difficulties; but probably alarmed for its own security, and in order to ward off the danger of the revolution led by Paredes, niumru un suiauiuB^rtuuioui, HUU reiupeu IU r?coiTt) or accredit our minister; and thin, although Informed that he had been invested with full pow-.T to adjust all que*lions In dispute between the two go/enjiueut*. "Ob the 30lh of December, 1845, General Herrera resigned the Presidency, and yielded up the government to General Parades without a struggle. Thus a revolution was accomplished solely by the army commanded by IV red on, and the supreme power In Mexioo passed into the hands of a military usurper, wlio was known to be bitterly hostile to the United State* " ????*? t ' Scarcely a hope of adjusting our difficulties, even at a remote day, or of preserving peace with Mexioo, could be eherisheu while Paredes remained at the head of the government. He had acquired the supreme power by a military revolution, and from the most solemn pledges to w?ge wiir against the United States, and to reopuquer Texas, which he claimed as a revolted province m Mexico He had denounced as guilty of treason *1 thoxe Mexicans who considered Texas as no longer?onatituting a part of the territory of Mexioo, anA who were friendly to the cause of peace. The duration ?f the war which ne waged agaiLSt the United States was indefl nite, because tne eua which lie proposed,.01 reconi(u?st of Texas, waa hopelexs. Besides, there wm good reason to believe, from all hi* conduct, that it wan Inn intention to convert th? republic of Mexico Into a monarchy, and to call a foreign Kuropean prince to the throne." There are other proofs ef the hostile spirit of Paredes The President's message states lurther, that " the determination of Mexico to rush into hostllitli-ii with the United Htates was afterwards manifested from the whole tenor of the note of the Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs to our minister, bearing date on the twelfth of March, 1846. Paredes had then revolutionized the government, and his minister, after referring to the revolution for the annexation of Texan, whloh had been adopted by our Congress of Maroh, 1846, proceeds to derlaro that 1 a fact such as this, or, to speak with greater exaatqmks, so notable an not ef usurpation, emitted an imperious necessity that Mexico, for hnr own honor, should repel it with proper flrmni-ss and dignity. The supreme government beforehand declared that it would look upon such an act as a ctuur idlt ; and, as a cousequenco of thu declaration, negotiation was, by its verv nature, at an end, and war was the only recourse of the Mexican government." "It appear?, also, that on the foufth of April following, General IVredes, through his Minister oi War, Issued orders to too Mexican Genera! In command on >be Texan frontier to 'attack' our army by every means which war permits. To this General Parttdes nan been pledged to tne army and people of Mexico during the military revolution which had brought him into power On the eigbtuenth of April, IH46, General Paredes addressed a eiter to the commander on that frontier, in which he stated to him, ' at the present date I suppose -? .U? k < II,., urn, v .1(1,?r ( ?1

J'.u m HI.1 .......... ... ready, or preparing for the operation* of campaign;' and ' supposing you already on the theatre of operations, and with all tha forces a**em bled, it Ir independable that hostilities be commenced, yourself taking the initiative againut the enemy.'" It 1* scarcely to be expected that (ion. Pared** should have changed these feelings toward* the I'nlied Htates. or his relation* toward* Santa Anna. He will not readily forgive the man who *uper*rd?d him in hi* power, and eent him forth from Mexico. We oan scarcely expect theretore, any ooraial uaiou or co operatlo i bet ween him and Santa Anna. The flrit effect of hi* return may rather be to tan the flame of distension which once divided the two cbieftiiln*,and whit h may break out with greater force on hi* unuxpeoted return. The leudstn Mexico may thu* increase in vioienoe and extent Santa Anua may probubly have his party, and I'arede* tua> have his Paredes may draw around him all the war men. and leave Hanta Anna to the aympathy and support of the other?the peace party. The nt xt step in*y be to lead to some affinities and approach between the pence party and the Amerloans; and who know* but these polltioal interest*, In oowjunntion with the lmpreeeion which will be proeaptwve of the capital, way Id4dm a eew pinirrnum prif W p*-*c? | ^wksz^JSSS. "sut^i will probably tnke the ospltal before m BKrire certainly with< ut Li* baring it In hin p(7w?WBPr">'?it it Should P ircdfiHttemitt to take the lead In twM?*rhe will then discover - what Banta Anna no e?tddntjjn ami strongly feels?that our energies are superior toj those of the Mexicans --that our reaourees are greater? our spirit more decided and Invloolble lie will no that we are prepared with new reinforcement) to push our way to conqoest; that he l? no more able to withstand the torrent than Santa Anna was We shall soon satisfy him that, if bs should be able to muster other t roops into his servioe, we hare other Buena Vistas and Cerro Uord< s in store for him to stun him into a oonvietlon of his own weakness. and the inferiority of the Mexicans In a word, what might appear at the first blush unfavorable to peace, may, by Indirect and mysterious ways, conduct ultimately, and at no distant day, to lta consummation. NKW CALK FOR TROOPS. [From the Washington Union, Aug. 'iS J The War Department has just called for Ore new regiments, exclusive of the regiment from Ohio, which Is already reported to be raised, and Is now in progress ol being mustered into the public service, und will in a few day be en r*?<? for Vera Cnu The Ave regiments now called for are to be drawn from the following States ?Two regiments from Kentucky, two from Tenueseee, und one from Indiana. The regiments from Kentucky are to rendezvoU?one at Louisville, and the other Smithland, at the mouth ct the Cumberland river. The regiments from Tennessee are to rendeivoufl?on< at Narhville, and the other at Memphis. The Indiana reiHinent I* tn ? ??*? venlont point on the rirer Ohio m the governor of that Ststa may designate Theie five regiments are expected to be rapidly raised and promptly placed In the public service. Offer* havt already been made, which Induced the K.xeoutive to den iguate thine States, and to make the Decennary arrange uienU for embodying theee troops without delay. The administration have determined to do their duty whether for peac.i or for war. They have offered thi olive branch. As it may bo declined, they have deomei it their duty to prepare for a vigorous prosecution of thi war, and to fill up the ranks of the army to the ptope: standard. as they have been partially thinned by diseas* and death. Let the enemy be assured that they have ti deal with an administration which will not shrink frou the most energetic execution of its duties The b?sl interest < f the Mexicans is peace?their most fatal dan ger is In this war. The following is a circular In blank; which has beet issued by the Secretary of War:? Wxa DcrARTMKRT. Sir? I am instructed by the President to request thai you will cause to be raised in the State of , anil organized at the earliest practicable period for aervict during the war with Mexico, unless sooner discharged which, as soon as organized,will be mustered lute the service of the United States. The regiment will consist of ? Field and stall?1 colonel. 1 lieutenant-colonel, 1 msjor 1 adjutant?a lieutenant of one of the companies, bul net in addition. Non-commissioned stair -1 sergeant-major, 1 quarter master sergeint, '2 principal musicians, and l'eu companies, each of which to oonsist of 1 captain, I first lieutenant, 2 seoonil lieutenants, 4 sergeants, -I corporals. 2 musicians, and NO privates. Should the number of privates, on being mustered, nnl fall below sixty-four effective men in a company, it wil be received. is designated aa the place of rendezvous for the several companies as fast aa thev shall be organized. anJ where tbey mar be further organized into a regiment. Tim regiment will be Inspected and mustered into Her vice by an officer or officer* of the United Statta uruiv, who will, in every case, be inRtructed to receive no mac who Is in yearn apparently over forty-five or uudei eighteen, or who !b uot of physical strength and vigor To thin end, the inspector will be accompanied by a medical offloer cf the army, and the volunteer will b< submitted to his examination. It ia respectfully suggest d that public notice of these requirements will pr?vuni much disappointment to the zealous and patriotic citizens of your State who may be disposed to volunteer By the enclosed copy of an act authorizing the I'renldcnt to oall for volunteers, it will be perceived that al the field and company officers with volunteers taken int< the service of the United States, are to be appointed anc commissioned, or such as have been appointed and com* missioned, in accordance with the laws of tho Statt whence they are taken: and I would suggest the extrenu Importance to the public servioe that the officers l'or th above regiments be judiciously selected. It may be proper to remark, t'uat tho law provides fo the clothing (in money) and subsistence of the non com missioned officers, musicians, and privates, of volunteer who are received into the service of the United (Statei In respect to clothing, the law requires that the vol unteers shall furnish their own clothing, for which pur po?e it allows to each non-commissioned officer, uusl oian, and private, three dollars and fifty cents pe month, during the time ho shall be in the servioe of tb United States. In order that the volunteers who nhai bo mustered intorervloe under this requisition may b enabled to provide themselves with good and suflioicn clothing, the commutation allowance tor six month (twenty one dollars) ?ill be advanced to each non com missioned officer, musician, and private, after beiitf mustered into service, but enlv with the exprens condl ti<>n that the volunteer has already furnished hiuisel wim six monuiy' doming-tots race to be certlned tc the paymaster by the captain of thu company?or thai the amount, thu* advanced, shall be applied, under tb< supervision of bla captain, to the object contemplated It] luw In thin latter case, the advance commutation foi clothing will be paid on the captain's certificate that ht is satisfied it will be so applied. In respect to subsistence before arriving at the placi of rendezvous, and for travrlling home from the place o discbarge, the allowance Is fifty cents for every twent) mil's distance. The ('resident requests that you will be as prompt ai possible in the arrangement of this wliola matter, in or der that the volunteers may be ready for iuimediatt MMN. Officers of the quartermaster and subsistenci department* will be immediately ordered to the place ol rendezvous, with fund* to defray tho necesattry expensei which may bo incurred. Very respectfully, your obedieDt servant. WM. L. MARCV, Secretary of War. Thus it appears, that happen what may, the Tresldenl means to do his duty thoroughly. We are in the war and we must fight it out, if necessary, bravely, vigor ously, and honoiably. The presence of I'aredes was nol known here when the six regiments were oalled lnt( service; but that movement may be productive of nf serious corsequences, yet it will only Increase our vigl lance. At all events, tuo ('resident is determined to pre pare fur e>cry contingency, and to vindioate the righti and honor of his country agaiust every enemy?to meel war as well as to accept of peace. army intei.moence. In common with the community, generally, wa wen under tot) Impression tout in case or any accident t< Gen. Scott, thut Gen Pillow would assume the corn mam of the army, ax being tho only OH full Major Genera fireMDt, after Scott. An experienced offlcer of the arm; nforws ua, however, that in bis opinion, thin la not so und that General Worth, though only a Major Genera liy brevet, yet a* hilt brevet commission Is of an olde: date than General Pillow'* full commission, and as hi was actually In command as a Major General, he wouli retain that oommand over Generrl Pillow. "The poin is a highly Important one, and we should be glad to lean positively, whether this is the correct view of the case.Xtw Ort'uns Hullrtin, JIuguit 21. St. Louis, August 23, 1847. Jitfa rt at the Farthett Wt it?Inttlli genet from St. Lovii. A party of fifteen menr headed by Capt. Drake, of th British navy, have just arrived from Oregon, via For Hall They started a few days after Mr. Huber am party, whose arriTal hern noma ten days since 1 have al ready announced. Tb?y bring no additional informa tlon of interest. They enoouutered no bontlle Indian* nor met with molestation of any kind. Capt. Kinclier's company of mounted men also arrive! yesterday from Santa Ke Tbey left New Mexico a the name time with Capt Dent's command, l>ut tr?vello< slowly. Tbey Haw no hostile Indiana The diffrren volunteer companies were met going out, getting alon at a snail's pace. Lieut. I.ove wan met near 8anta F< He, with hi* ninety dragoon* and f300,000, bad been o the Plains more than two months. The returned volunteers were received to-day by tli military and citizen* In great style. After paradin through the streets, they were escorted to the " Park," beautiful grove in the vicinity of the city, and addresi ed by lion James B. Bowlin. In Kngllsli aud Kev M I'icker. in Oermao?rapt. K.'s company being compose almost exclusively of Otrmann By the way. It I* some what amusing to see with what eagerness the Uerraa emigrants oiler themselve as volunteers for the Ne' Mexican service. The pay is what they deem good, < sp>; daily when the acren ure considered, aud then, many c them having been reared to arms, thepurslt Is i|ultecoi genial Within the last few months. St. I.outs has becom more noted for crime, considering Its popnl.iltun than any city in the Union I wrote you of the disgust ing rape case of McComus. Mince then, two others, sti more shocking, have been perpetrated. O'Bryan, a Irishman, ban boen arrested for assaulting the person c a little girl six years of age; and a inan, hitherto ren pectable, named Kirkpstrlek, sixty years of age, violate the person of a little girl a few days since, and abscor ied In the latter Instance, the child Isso much Injure that her life Is despaired of. A row dayn since two scoundrel* assaulted a lady In th street by throwing vitriol in her face. ?ad then robbln her of money and jewelry to the value of about >3o< This nu done on one of the most public thoroughfare of the city, at liigh noon. Yesterday oflloer CoMeni, Lieutenant of the Guard?one of the Terr few efflcien member* of our police -arreted the scoundrels, and the are now in custody Night before lait a general fracaa oeourrnd in the u| per part of the town between th* polio* and a den of i r Ik rowdies. Two watchmen were badlr beaten, and tb ringleader of the gmgof rioter*, Tim Donohoe, (hot an mortally wennded. The mob, however, triumphed, an the watchmen were driven from the groand. This sain Donohoe had been drfylng the police for some tlm?, ?n only the day before had fought a pitched battle with on Of hie kidney, bmaklng hid antagonist's right leg The main rtauee of all this outl?*rv In trie lnt fllclcne of our poltci* Wh?n th? prreeot Mnjor i-am? into "fllm wn bad a w?ll org?a'.i?d mid ?xr<>lli*nt police I In llono ??ry |>??'perly r*-n?mtnnt*d thin fore*, with ?o?rc?ly * HryMni, A ??ir Connnil. wmH "ft tonflri hi* no*un?U<n>?. i?d mum h?*? ??? '* %"* *?* " | Kw*' 35*?>*,u'Ht 91 im>"N ,01|JJ w'r ^ j Another Letter froin Old Hough and un^| [Kroin the riarksTille (Tenn ) Jeffersouian ] Below we publish a letter of Oen Taylor In reply to the letter of the committee appointed [by the democratic > convention In this place, on toe 7th of June last, a* also ttmjetter of tk? comnitteu to hiin It will be seen that the Mqunlttee make reference to the resolution* of (he coiiTentrau a# embodying the principles upon which they wish to Kmw his opinion*, and it may ho Important to acinar undemanding of the correspondence to learn what thoee reaotuuMU* ware The first resolution expresses a settled hostility to a national banlc. and expresses a belief that suoh an Institution is not only unconstitutional but highly inexpedient The > ootid refers to the same subject The third reaolutloa declares in favar of the independent treasury and th? separation of bank and State The fourth declares against a tariff | lor protection ; me nun against tne distribution 01 ine i proceeds of the Mies of the i>uhllo lands; and the tilth , against the policy of internal improvement* bv the Gene- I ral Government. The seventh expresses the belief in the right of Texan, as au independent sovereignty, to annex | ' Itself to the United States, and the obligation imposed I upon us after the annexation to protoet her territory Then comes a preamble, whioh alludes to the movement 1 wtiich ha>l been made by the whig party in favor of lieu. Taylor, and takes the ground without qualification that the democratic party cannot support any man whose principle are not Well defined, ami which are not wholly > and entirely democratic Ther foilows a resolution instructing the officers of the roramlttie to address a letter i to (ten. Taylor touohlnj his opinions upon thit -several mutters referred to In the resoli lion* Another resolution fully endorses the oourse of the preient Administration, and congratulates the people upon the prosperity of the country under democratic rule. hrtd^iuiittii^aimr ok QcrurtTiniv, camf *kar montkkky, mkiico, ) July '0. 1817 ) Dkar Sib:?1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your esteemed litter of the 18th Instant, which ' lias just reached me, accompanied by certaiu resolutions . entered Into by a democratic meeting of my fullow citizens at Clariisville. Tvnn . ou the 7tb of June last, lu '' relation to certaiu important matters and principles connected with the management of our uatiomil ht1.4r? * desiring to know my vliws and opinion In regard to , the same, as they might have an Important bearing wn J their course, should my name be before the country as a candidate for the Presidency at the coming election, , wbitfi I must beg leave to decline doing, foj\ even if disponed! to do so, I canuot spare the time from'ttf, ^2tala1 1 duties to devote to the inv? stlgatlon of those subjects which their importance seems to require,to enable me to r?nIv to tlt?tn in m uruv tliuf. waiiIiI )>< ?a .. r.j ... -J n-I....... ??.J ...J[ self, much leu* to your honorable committee. I must therefore say in thin instance what 1 have stated to ' others on like occasions, which in that^l am no politi1 clan, near forty yearn of my lift) have been panned in the ' military service of the republic, most of which iu th?field the camp, on our Western frontier, cr in the Indian territory, and I may nay with great propriety for ! the moat part constantly on duty, the last two in .Vlexl' co or on tU immediate border*, during which time I have uot panned one night under the roof of a house; you m:iy therefore very readily suppose under such circumstances 1 have bad but little tiuiu to devote to the con, ^deration or investigation of important political mat- I ters. or to their discussion, nor have I attempted to do o,or been mixed up with political men ur matter* iu | [ any way. not even having voted for one of our t'hUf Magistrates or any ono tlit> piuco ( have been In tU? | publio service, having been stationed or nervtug for Uie . molt part beyond the limits of the State*. 1 I can say iu all sincerity that I have no aspiration* for i the Presideucy, and If I am a candidate or to bo one, it I must be recollected 1 ain or will be made so by others. < and by no agency of mine in the matter; under this slate i | of things, should a majority of the good people of our i country think proper to elevate me to the ilrst office in ' their gift, or I may nay the first in the world, I will fuel ] k bound to servt theiu. and will do so honestly und faith' fully to thu bust of my abilities, strictly iu conformity to * thu provisions of the Constitution, an near an possible in the way it was uoted on and construed by our tlrst I'resi- I 1 dents, two of whom at least participated in creating and I putting iu operation that glorious instrument. Hut many I . Important changes In our iiflalm at home and abroad may take place between this and the time for holding the ? election for filling said office, so much so, an to make it desirable for the general good that some individual other than myself should be selected as a candldato for that HuiiuMi imu vuuiu ii? >? eieoeu i win noi nuy mm i ' would yield my pretensions to that distinguished position, " for I have uot the vanity to believe I have any,but I would ' uot ooly acquiesce wiili plc;isu re iu such an arranger ment, but would rejoice that the republic had one citizen more worthy and better qualified than 1 am. and uo doubt * there are thousands, to discbarge the arduous and im! portaut duties appertaining to that high office. B? this ax It may, tliould I ever occupy the White House it must be by the spontaneous move of the neople, and by no act of iniuo, go thut I could enter on the duties apperliiinr tug tt the Chief Magistrate of the country untrammelled .*j and unpledged beyond what I have previously stated art regard* the Constitution, no that I could and would be " I'reoldent of the nation and not of a party. For the Interest you and other kind friends of the com" mittee and those you and they represent take in my continued succfiw the enemy while this war con* tlnuec, which I sincerely hope will soon be brought to an 1 honorable close, s.a well as I fear for the too ilatterlug manner you have been pleased to connect my name with ' the distinguished office iu question, aud especially (or the handsome anil complimentary manner in which they ' have hern communicated, are duly appreciated, and for r which I beg leave to tender you, and through you to the r gent|rm?n of the committee, collectively and individual' ly, my most cordial thanks for the same With 0' nsideralions of the highest respect and esteem, " I remain, gentlemen, your obedient and devoted servant, Z, TAYLOR, Miinr (>en?rftl IT M Arm* To Dr. C. L. Wilcox and other*, of the committee.'' i The Opinion of the Hon. Jamri lliu-hnnnn of the \VIImut Proviso ' Witmton, 35 Auffuit, 1847. IrfiTLKMiv : I haTO been honored by the receipt of your kind invitation to uuite with the democracy of Old Berks in their Harvest Home relehrution, to be held at . Heading, on Saturday, the UHth instant. I should esteem it both a pleasure and t privilege to be present on j that Interesting occasion : it is, therefore with regret I [ bave to inform you, that my-public duties during die present week will render this impossible. ' 1 rejoice to observe that the glorious democracy of "Old Berk*" are buckling on their armor, and preparing for the approaching contest. It is long siuco any State wjit-vuv/ll iiffcn iiKviTru nitbli LnuicifU.ifitU^UCO Iot mW , democracy of the the approaching election for (Jo?ernor of i'ennsyivania On ifn result way probably depend tb? ascendancy of the democracy of the Union foryeara to come. Hence our democratic brethren of ) other State* are witnessing the eoufat with intense anx> iety. The held l? a fiir one; our candidate well-tried, I able and honest; and he had been regularly nominated I by the party. Should he be defeated, the attempt will r bo vain to explain the decision of the, in , any other manner than by admitting that the Whig* 1 have the msjerity. Our candidate for < anal ( < mtnur hloner in. also, above all reproach. both personally and 9 politically, and in eminently <|U&llfled for the dutleii of I that Important offlne. If, undersuch circumstances, the t democratic keysOone should give way, there in great a danger that the arch miy tumble into pleccs. in thin contest, emphatically. ho that is not for us U against ua I do not apprehend defeat, unless our wily fo? should tirstlullus into security by making no e xtraordlnary public efforts: and then, at the eleventh hour, quietly steal a march upon us. they have dona la Dome other HtatiiD. Our vigilance ought to be constantly on the alert, until tha moment of victory n The question of slavery, in one of its ancient aspects, . han been recently revived, and threatens to couvulse the country. The democratic party of I he Union ought to 1 pr- pare themselves in time for the approaching i tor in. Theirf bent (security in the hour of danger, is to cilnw fast to their time-honored principle* A tarred regard * for the Federal constitution, and for the reserved rights I, of the States. is the immovable basis on which the party can alone safely rest This has saved us froin the Inj roads of abolition. Northern democrats are not ?&t pected to approve slavery in the abstract, but they owe j it to themselves, as they valuu the I'nion, and all the t political hlessiDgs which bountifully (low from it. to g abide by the compromises of the oonstitution. and leave , the rjui-stlon. where lhat instrument has left it. to the n States wherein slavery exists Our fathers have made this aKreement wlih their brethren of the South; and it n is not for t h- descendants of either party, in the present ^ generat'n n. to cancel thin solemn compact. 'J'he uboR lltluulsts, by their efforts to annul It, have arrested thu natural progress of emancipation, and done great injury r to the slaves themselves. d ALer Louisiana was acquired from France by Mr. Jefi. fersou, and when the Htafe of .Missouri, which ccnstl a tinea a parr 01 n, wan aiHiut to lie aiJmitleil into me iv Union, the Mixaouri i|u?*tion aro?e and in IU propreiM I- tliroiit-ii'd the dissolution of til" Inlou. Thin van net if tied by the men of the last veneration, a* other imjiur I- taot und dangerou* |<|uention* bare been entiled, in i? | spirit of mutual conce?don. I ml?r the MUeour' com* | promise, Mnvery ?m forever prohibited ' north of 30 i, | d''K- uiin. , and south of thin pamllel th? cjuesilon I was laft to Ih. decided by the people ConfreM, iu the || ; admission of Terns. following in the footsteps of their n predecessor*. adopted the name rule ; and. Iu my opin,f Ion. the harmony of the mates, imd eren the security of l. the I'uion itself require that the line of the Mis<ouri <1 compromise should be eltendnd to any new territory I. wliloh we may aojuire from Mexico, d 11 nhould entertain the ,<auie opinion, Ifm if it were certain this would beoonie a serious practical ijuention, e but that it nerer can be tbua oonsidered must be evident K to ail who have attenti?ely examined the subject ) | (Neither the noil, the climate, uor the production* of ?( that portion of < alifornia south of 3rt den 30 uiio., nor a Indeed oI any portion of it. North or Moutb, Is adapted to t slate labor, and. beaides, erery facility would b? there y afforded to the slave to eeoape from bin mneter Huch property would be utterly luseoure In any part of Callfomia It i? morally impossible, therefore, tbal a h maiorllvof the emigrant* to that portion of the territory la | ?> uih of 3d do|(.80 min.. which will b? chiefly compoa^d d I of our ftllow-eltUena from the l.aatern, Middla, ?nd d W?*t< rn Htat?a. will ?T?r re eaiablleh ulaTery within U? ? 1 limita. Inward to New Meiloo, enet of th? Flo < ?r?nde d 1 the question haa b?en already auttied by th? aliu;?#ion ij of TusMiLlo ihe L'ulon ! Should w? aoqulru territory beyond the Rio d ramie, y and e??t of lh? llocky Mountain*. It U atili n?or*- impro, hahle that it majority of th? pwople of that region would ,T i ronaont to rn-eatnbilati rUvary, '1 boy are, thrui. tdvae, n I in a tare* proportion, colored population; and anions ? | them, the nefrn dooe sot aoelally * !"??? to a , r?r? t I Tha huciUbb it. therefore. no? e>? of ar??M?el tmpor| Uih IU affltotiM. u*tfn bmxtly iatM?a4*l >m wIiom hare bt'i'u my freely M?r rtinoagitatian; prefer to them on ruptible deiunorm y <>f Old Berlin I, leave to offer you the following lenllment:? The Miaenuri C'ooipmmike ailoptlnn In an Ted the L'nlnn from threatened convulsi n It* teuaion In I84d to any new territory which we may acquire, will secure the like happy result "* Your*. rery respectfully. JAMES BUCHANAN. v Affairs In Italy. ^s rFrf *u- 1 " '** ' uk " ^ I" ' J Italian Independence sod Austrian oppression seam to ba on tbe era of a ntruggle for Ufa and death More oonnectad accounts from Home and iother part's of Italy, I?ara do doubt that Vb* consplrmey detected la tha middle of laat month wu a deliberate and extensive plot contrived with tha knowledge aanction of Austria to bring destruction upon the gbvt runient of Plug (Ua Nlutb. and,so to destroy the pro???o# of itUlan nationality which baa at laat dawned upon ?>e r njui*. Tha plan appears now to ?>e }>erfectly un<Am^4 It was to create a bloody aoarri'y in Rome, to Pope, in a coinpul.-or- fliirl t of pretended safety plea; and to call for the '*iterventlon of Austria. fho name af Kranoc i* ossockMted with that of Auatria In th<report it la proper that tha uttul situationat affaire in Italy should be thoroughly comprehended 1'he ''ope !>?? IntroJu -ed tha political spirit of Western Kurope, that of respooslMe goTtrnmunt, Into tlm stronghold of It >tlan absolutism; lie hsf iufplrnl Ma people wlih conlileuce; and ban created the ^pvctacla. unknown tc modern Italy, of a people and a government acting In concert. That hiit moderate but t rm policy is practical that It Is really bolder and stronger than more violent demonstrations- Is uhowu by the traitorous hostility which It has excited. Austria baa roused herself to the content, nut with a band of rebuts, but with Italy and h.'r Pontiff The people of Italy will side with their Holy Kather. Formerly, if Austria crossed her own boundary Into Italy. France also oooupied some ooniluundlng position. At present the family of l.ouls Philippe is bent, for family objects,on eonolllatlrg Auatria The ministerial organs In Purls have endeavored to make light of the momentous crieis in Italy?to treat It flret as a hoax, and then as a trifle exaggerated M Uuiaot speaks eloquently and well of Plus and bis works; we hope there is to be no connivance bv the irovernmeot of Krauce at the Invasion of Italy, wbich AV"trl? al ready begun Now gathered together under their na tive prince, with other priuc"* of the peninsula aura to join their force*, the people of Italy are able to ftcbi**vo their own independence They have (or the fir?t time attained that possibility. in thi*y?ar. IH47 But tU*f nre not strong enough. not perhaps sufflciently harden^ d in war or in mutual faith to cope with Austria and france united But It la iuipofsiol* that they can remain < ipoaed to that unnatural allianc*. If ?r?r hngland waa bound to speak up for humanity and freedom, thin in tha tint*'I he fate of Italy liauvs on the Hp* ot statesman inured to the \ Indication of freedom and national right* ; at ft word from K.uglaud, the Kraneh peopla will roune itealt to the popular mission, and force it* government to obey the spirit of Fsaaee instead ot iuntrta Let the Ko'rlkh *toj>>?*nvUw?t*nd that a yaasWe poiiay at this moment tr?e*l|y eonnlvauco at handing over Italy to hopelem thraldmm. 1 he account* 'rom Roma supply aouic farther information concerning the conspiracy ? Thero appear* to be no doubt that mauy of the chief officials were privy to the plot ; and there Is documentary evidence of linmseliuis complicity (.rnssellnl signed order* for letting loose u (treat number of prisoners, and for the admission Into the city of parties of def pejradoee troin K&uunu, without thu customary passports. Many of these men, when takt-n, were found to have money, to a considerable extent in foreign coinage, uud fillet.toe*, on th" blades of which was inscribed the popular cry of "Viva I'io Mono!'' Tlie native movers in rnin?ln? tHa affair, appear to have been a number of d isbanded ageixla of a seoret police, whioli had < xiste i uuder the lute pootittcate. There appeared to be nothing directly to implicate fartlinal l.awbruechlul, who remain* J quietly at .... . ('ivlia Vecehia. UrHMWlioi'fl neceHito' was tbe advocate Morandi, who was acting ?? pro-governor. Hu in represented as very popular The capture, on th? 10th ol July, of t ardlnr.l Minardi, the supposed ln ?d uf the conspirators, who had previously eluded the attemptA to arrest him, caused an immense excituui. nt among the people. They made desperate effort* to get possession of bin parson; anil it required all the influence of the progovernor and ol the celebrated father Ventura to quell the growing tumult The arming of the civic force had been coinpltttd, and on the irith of July, (ardlnil Farretti had visited the principal poll* of ihe National Guard, aud had addiessed each battalion in theoioat acceptable manner. "L?:t ui prove to Kurope,''?ald tie.' that wubuowhow tagovern our*eives without thii need of fo: reigu intervention." The intelligiince ol the military oo! cupatlon of Kerrara by Auatriau troops, which wa* not at flmt credited, la confirmed by the circumstance that Cardiual Kerratti bad formally protected, in the nam* of the pontiff, against the act Accounts from Tuscany mention that ti e recent event* in Home bad created great excitement and alarm among the people, who suapeoted similar machination* on the part of the agent* of the retrograde party An edict of the Grand Duke was promulgated on the M1 at of July, in which he declares Lin intention to adheru to a pcflcy of progress, and promises reform* In thn institutions, and in all tb? branches of thn public administration lie declares, however. that the paMiou for reform I* limited to a weak miuorlty; he exhort* the people to maintain order; appeal* to their loyalty and tfood *? *?, declare! Illegal thn establishment of a national guard, and intimates that all functionaries who may join In any spontaneous formation of such a body will be dismissed Nevertheless, a letter from Florence says that In ooiiseijuence of the disorders which have taken plaoe at Hienna and Leghorn, the municipality and merchants of Kiorence had petitioned the (irand Duke for th* immediate organ'latino of the civlu guur<l. and that the Prinee had resolved to give Ibis proof of ooufldeuou to bit xubjecti. 1' 1* added that the law upon the press In Tutcauy * ir producing the bent effect*. Ilruok.1} n City Intelligence. Sr.vr.Hr. lLi."rr?? ok Jitdok Uo??mn.?We regret to learn that Jufttlre Downing wan Helled with an apoplectic fit on Sunday; and being estrornely corpulent bin friend* entertain little hope of hid recovery. Voterdi. / morning be wax ini cnsible, and to all appearand much worm. CoRoncR't lwnrr?T?An inqneat ?u held ye?'.erday afternoon, on the body of a lad named Jamee Ralph, who came to hln death by Utliug fr<>in tbe malt beau of | the ice boat " Oregon," hi* head ntriking tbe deok. He I wan taken up ineennibie, a dnrtnr *aa called in, wbo *c I piled the proper r?meuioft. but without*effect H? nan conveyed home to hla uttllcted parente. but dleu nhortiy attcrwajrila. A verdict wait rendered accordingly Ntw Frnaica.?Tlie proprietor of the new Bridge *treet ferry have succeeded iu Rett ing a Ifcenne front win Kerry O>nimia*ionerg. and It will noon go into operatic a. We underetand the Union Ferry Company have agrtyl to lei tliem have the use of their boat* until they o<m make xoini; permanent Hrrangcnvnt* of their own Thi* new company aught to reduce the ferriage to one oen?. There i? not much doubt but it would pay well and tncre*m< the travel amaiingly on their line Aii4i'LTt*a mii Sow.?A man named John MeNamee wa* arretted for u dangerous aanault. upon hii ?on. It appear* that acme difllculty occurred with bla wife, ind lie became enraged. and nei/ml an earthen bowl, and threw it at her head with great force Instead of striking her, a* wa* Intended, it struck their rod, aged about twelve yearn, in th? face, producing a dreadful wonnd. i 1 in none awfully out, utid hun* by a mere cartilage, ill* eye, it in feared, will also be destroyed Two phj*lcitns were immediately called in, who dretied the wound* The father was immediately committed to the r. 11*. bail having been refused htm. until the lad would be pronounced out of danger. It Is remarkable that the deceased was perfectly yober when he commiled the rash act. btsTtwrrivk Kirk at Kinhhtun, Canada.? Twkmty Hoi km Birnt?A Ctll?niiMiU6 tire occurred in Kingston on Wednesday afternoon last. I>y which upward* of twenty families were reudored house1< *s The tire took place in the very heart of the city, at the corner of I'rincess and Wellington streets; and being in the centre of business, the houses rtnted well, although all of them were wooden tenement* in a greatly dilapidated condition. The (lames were fl?ct seen to burst forth in the rear of a baker's *h?p In Wellington street, itnd in less than an hour, all the wooden buildings in Wellington street, all those in (tueon street, and all those in I'rincesHidreet, were entirely destroyed, the flre lieiritf staved bv tffe brick house of Mm Talbot. in I'rin Ict-M itrea't. the'tlre-proof war?houi>ea of J. Watkina k Co . and the brii'k hou?? occupied by the I pper < anadn Hank Agi-ncy llut lor theae buildlnga the whole block would have been burnt up, ao farioualy did tha Are tag? The old Maimion IIouho Hotel, now occupied ft* the (ienr ml Military lloapitala, and unfi.rt unaU-ly full of p?ll< nta, wan in great danger of being cooeuincd; belug next door to Mr*. Talbot'a, nod having it? r?ar building* extending into the uiidnt of the flauiea. '1 be nick were eaully rnumul, and, the wrathei b< log warm, tha removal waa attended wilb wore ln<-?nve nienre tban danger ; the hospital furniture waa alxo removed ; but the aoldlera worked well, and by alaf ing t lie flr? at Mra. Talbot'a and Mr Watkln'a, thr Hospital waa and Tha nauiea of the aufferera w? cannot learn tha Uulldiugn burnt being very denaely p. lo.iaNd , but thoea wo recoTlett are Mr. John (Jeorge, Mr W Wilkinam, Mr. Hpankle, Mr. A. Hmythe, Mr (iiiianl Mr W'h|t?'( and Mr Klmer. Mr McCoaaell loat a houa- and Mf llarnell loat another, both well rented ; but t!ie r??t of the property belonged to the Milatea ol the lato J f* Cartwrlght and Hobt Prummond, Kaqalrea; and th? ground being more valuable, than even rented a* It waa, hut little loan occura We are *lao happy to atate. that owing to prompt and abla naaiatance, the greatavt portion of tha aufferera' gooda and furniture wara eared ; ao that the rendering theui houaelaaa and out of burineaa waa the gr<at?r portion of th*ir loea Tha oity will In Ji ?J l>? * gaitmr , for tb? building* had (org b???o a d? cr*' * in tin p.. c*,?d1 th? burnt part, wh?n rebuilt. * ? nor* will pravo an ornaiaant?Kingilnn (CtffMirfc) IVhi$, Jiur. Mlwi lluiifuiia. A n?w minn of Iroti or* Imt bcrn found on a lot of lotin Dowf*,ln V. UtUni* lownah p, which promiMn 'o jblda rlnli reward. 0n? tain a* boon dug tUrougb Highuari faot without rvarhtng Ita ?od It i* ?aajr of acaaa*. and ?if |b. boat quality - Roif on (t'n ) dfr|ua It U itatrd that with th? taa?ptl?n of a Nf ?*) * | south of Blftok Crack, th? taU graph peat* a?? u? i WMhlagtro rttf M C?l*wW?