Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 3, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 3, 1847 Page 1
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f . Tfl] V ol. XIII. No. Sll?Whola Wo. M3S. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-WMt oornir of Fulton Mid RUM Ml. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR CIRCULATION ?FORTY THOUSAND. PA1LV HKKAl.Q?Krrry dnr, Price > c??t*p?reoPT?41 **JK^mry-jwy-ibleIU 4l*nc*' _ wtlMVLY Erery Saturday? rnca 0* canti (Copy?S3 1:'U centa per auuum?payable iu advance. HKR\LD FOR El'ROPB?ICvery Stemn Packet day? r.i e *a< i eirf? i?r cy>y?per annum, including poeuke payable iu idvince. Siin?ori|>t,iou? and advertise mcnti will b? wnieed b>r \1c??r?.?? Jiicumi, ID rue Vivieuue, Pari* ; P. L Siuvindi. M ('oruh'll. mid Joho Miller, the bookseller. London ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD-Publi.had on the Ui of Jnunvy nfnach year?(kittle copie* lixpence each. AD V LUT18EMKNTS, at the tutixl pricea??lway* caih ia advauee Advertisement* should he written in a plain, legible iu inner. The Proprietor will not be responsible for error* thai may occur in them. VRINTImJ of *11 kinds executed beautifully and wttfc IM'i'ti'h. All letter* or communication* by mail, addi?**d to the atablithment, ran?t bej>o?t paid, or the postace will ba da ducted fVnra the txheenrtina raouer remitted NBWT arVANGEMKNT uom,*an * BUIVlMai* AliKAI'v?liiiVlCiii 1 e ON the yJ Car* will rnn a? follow*, until further notice. Up trains will leave the City Hall for ll.irl. mSc Morris iana. Forhara k Tuckihoe Pleaiantrille, '> JO A.M. WilI'msBr'se. Hart'* and Newcastle 7 " 5 30 A.M. White Pl'u*. liadford, it " 7 " 7 A. M. WffiUekrilla ) " 10 " 10 " Canton Kail* 10 " 11 " 4 P. M. 7 A. M. 11 I r.E IK " 4 P. M2 P. M. 4 " 1 " t * " 4 29 " 5 " 5 JO " < JO " Returning to New Tore will leave? Merriaianafc Harlem. Kordham. Will'm* Br'ee. Tackahoe. 7 03 A.M. 6 53 A.M. 45 A.M. 7 30 A. M 2 10 " 7 55 " 7 50 " I 41 9 " 9 09 " 9 OR " 1 20 P. M. 10 " 12 23 P. M. 12 .1 P. M. 5 52 * 12 15 P. M. 1 45 H0 " White Pl'na. 2 " 5 OB " 6 " 7 10 A. M. I IS " ? 02 " 33 " 5 10 " 52 " 7 4J H 1 P. M. < i 22 ? a u || Plrasantville. New Caatle. Bedford. Whitlickrilla. 1113AM. I AM. 751AM. 745AM 5 13 PM. t PM. 4 51 P M. 4 45PM n-.ii. 7 30 A M." 4 30 PM. The train* to and from Croton Fall* will not itop on New York Islind, except at Broome itreet, and 32d *treet. A car will preceiie each train ten minntea, to take up i>a**engeri in the city. The rnornicg train of ear* from Croton Fall* will not atop between White Plain* and New York, except at Tacitaho* William'* Bridge, and For dham. Extra train* on Sunday* to Harlem and Merriiiana, if fine Staee* for Lake Manopaek and Danbury lenre Croton Fall* oa ariiral of the 7 o'clock A .fcl and 4 P. M. trams, and for Pawliaat oa arrival of the 7 u'Mock A- M. train. FARR FlK>M NEW YORK : To Croton Falls .. .X, ... $1 00 To Whitlick\ ill* ..7 ?7? To Newcastle 75 To Pleaaantville ?X To White Plains M Freight tram* leave City Hall at 12 M. and at 7 P. M. Returning. leave Croton Fall* at 7 A.M. and 9 P. M. FOR SHREWSBURY, OCEAN HOUSE, L.JteTOlkjM-/* 1 innir Branch. Rnnaom Dock, Brown'* Dock, JBMWMwMidulriowu and Red Bank.?The Steamboat ORUH, C. Price, Master, will ran a* follows, bom Fulton Market Blip, I'.iut River Leave New York Leave Shrewsbury. O'elwk. O'elock. Friday, 3, at A.M. Friday, 3, at 2 P.M. fl<'nr<lay, 4, at in 'A.M. Samrday, 4, at 2 P.M. Suuday, 5. at in AM. *unday, 5, at 4 P.M. vonday, 6 at 11 AM. Mouday, 6, at 3 P.M. Tn?i>d,iy, 7, at 12 M. Tueaday, 7, at 4 P.M. W.dtimiday, U at 1 P.M. Wed icuday, 8, at 5 P M. Thnid> y, 9, at 7 A.M. Tliuraday. 9, a' Jkjr.M i'he l.mr Stages will ruu l/> Howell Works, S.u?m V ill age and Freehold Stages to convey passengers to all parts of the country. N. B. All peions are forbid trusting the above boat on aer.oour of the Owner*. J. P. ALLAIRF. 2 :)0i *rc FcR~ SHKEWSftUKY, LONU BHANCTT, Ocean Hou-e, P W. Schanck't. Highlands, Kunsoni andEatnutown Landing. The*team, bnatEDWIN LEWIS, apt. flavors, will ruu us follow*, from (<>otof B*rclav meet, North river: Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock O'clock. Friday. 3, at 9 A.M. Friday, 3, at 2 P.M. 8 tnrday, 4,at II A.M. Sattfrday, 4, at 3 P.M. Hnndiy, i.atll A.M. Sunday, 5, at 4 P M. Monday, 6, at 12 M. Mendav. 6, at 4 P.M. Tiririar. 7, at 2 P.M. Wednesday, B,it 7 A.U Wedm?*d?y, I,at 3 PM. Thursday, 9. ?t7XA.M Thursday, 9, at IP M. Friday. 10, at 8AM Stages will be in readinrsi on the arrival ol the boat to convex p aw,ger* to all parts flf the country. For fmther particulars apply to F, B. Hall, at the office on the w|.a f. *1 ?"t?rc OPPUSITION CAHsAOf. OFFICE?To r* Albany, IJtica f i 50; Syracuse, $2; Otwego; Ilftlieater. t1\ Buffalo, $2; Cleveland, $1; De'roit, (1; Mllwaukie, t?i 75; Chicago, S6 75; Cincinnati, 75; Toronto *nU Hamilton, $4; Whileliall, $2; Montreal, $4: Pittsburg. $4. Olfice, IftO Barclay street. , ? Any s-curtv required will be given for the fulfilment of all cnutracu tn-?de wiili thi* company. ?o 2> 30t"r<- M. L KAY, Agent | New York. 1847. r, Hi'l elegai.t Steamer ION will run re arttSMBNMlMgularly on the above ferry, and leave Pier No. 1 N K., at 11 A. M.hud 2 P. M. Coney laland at tJX and 4 P M Ou Stud ?y will leave Canal street at 10 A. M. and 1>? P.M. and lewSe la?t at Conev Inland ?t i P. M. ?uW7'*m -UJ1L~1 -H fl"ry I- """ BERK Y.?The well iteamer AMKltF AN EAULE. Cap3EM^3H>3K?t*iu Oeo. H. Power, will run regu'arly daring the season to Coney Uland, landing at Fort Hamilton, a? folInwi:?Leaving Pier No. 1,at 10, J, 4. A fine Cotillion Baud accompanies the boat. _an4 4it?rc^ NOTICE 8TATEN ISLAND FKRRY.?Oa and (- SUNDAY, April l?th. the steamboats SYLPH and stATEN ISLANDER will run as followa, until fnrther notice ? LEAVE STATEN ISLAND At ?, I, ?, 10,11, A. M., and 1, S, I, 4, 5, I, T, P. M. LEAVE IfEW VORE At *, ?. 10, 11, A. M., and 1,1, ten minuMt put I, aad at 4, 5, ?.T, o'clock, T. M. New York April l>th. all r The superior iteamer NEW HAVEN, Captain Van Pelt, can be chartered for fctcuraMMMflMassioos to any place, by application at No. Bafferv Place. North river. jyMSOtrc < ITIZEN'S NEW DAY LINE OF r .a^BiL?^OPPOSITION BOAT? FOR ALBANY, dMn?HMaa Landing at Van Coortlandt's Newbargti, Poughkeepsie, Kingston,Cabkill audHudaou.?FartMceuU? Bseakfaat and Dinner on Board. The new and elegant Steamer ROOER WILLIAMS. Cart. A. Degroot, Tuesdays. Thursdays, and Saturdays, at half-paat six, A. M.. from the pier foot of Robinson street, touching at (laramoud street J?er, Irom New York, For passage or frieght, apply en board the Boats, or to Gao. T- Stanley,at the office, foot of Robinson street. ITT" Ail persons are forbid trusting the above boats oa aen?im nirlO vh MOttNlNO LINE FOR ALBANY AND TROY and Intermediate Landings. fJN9WMHBft Breakfast and Dinner on board the Boat. The low pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Gorham, will leave the stereo boat pier foot of Barclay street. Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seven o'clock A. M Returning no 'he opposite days. ? The Steamer NIAQARA, Capt. H. L. Kellogg, will laava the Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay street, Tuesday, Thursday and Sa'nrday, at half past six o'clock, A. M., returning on the opposite days. $~7~ Fare JO Onta. For passage or freight, apply oa board, or to F.B.Hall, at f he ,l>? wharf iv20 ?- hrr.AW HTEAM NAVIGATION CO.X1PAN Y.?United States Mail Line 10 and Sou' hampton. and Bremen. iTW#r[ The splendid new sfamship WASHINOm "HSBEielo^ 17^0 tons bnrtheu. Frederic Hewitt, eoinm.niler, will stTt from New Yotk ou the 23d September, c Trying th United Sine, Mail. She will touch at Cowes and Southampton to land passengera and freight, and deliver tne mails for Englaud, France and Belgium, and wi>l then proceed to B'emerhavcn. Heturniug, will eave iiremerhaven the 1Mb October. i lie Washington ta built in the strongest manner, with a vir w to being converted into a ship of war, and subject at any tint" to inapt cti >u by officers appointed by tlie President, both dnn <g and after construction. Klie has t*o engines, of 1000 horsa power eaoh, and accom m*truti?im">r p*?*enger?. PnMnu? from Vrw York to Southampton o to Br* men, tin. Pauaira from B emeu and 3 >uthump.on to New York, $160. She will ?:arry ab.ut 300 too? freight. winch will h*charged according to the nature of the goods <>lf?nn|. All liitcri mii*t v through the I* >st Oftire Parcels, for which hills of larfi ( will he signed, will be chsrged t5 each. For freight or passage apply at the offic* of the Ocean Steam Navigation t 'oinpauy. ii Willi?iu street. comer of Wall. K MILLS. (General Agent. Agent, (it Southampton DAY. ' ,9??' " ,( Burnt t'.A. II MNEKEN & CO. ' II ll.tre M'lLLIAM I8KLIN. The tccoai ilrnm-r of the line i? m doe conrae ol conMrueti -n ?' il ?i'l !> in readine?? in the enauixg fall LY RfOULAR LlNEOKPAt KET8FOH JffVNKW ORLEANS -The following well known, JHMK>r'?t>iilni...M favorite p.?Iietahip* b??r Kcummodati ion uii>nr|M?nen for cahin. urond eahtu and eerage paaaeugera, and will i oaitively Mil iu adrertiaed, or paaaage free, The SOUTHERNER. Capt. Palmer. Sen emderCth. The HUpRO.N, ("apt. Pige, September 13th. "I'll* O \ LENA,Capt. Deunia, septe'rber iOth. Pe.-?on? wiahieg to proceed to New Orlean,, will do well to necore paa?age by either the above packet,, u thev are all An' cla<* i-hipa, < otiimanded by men eiperienced in the trade, and w.ll aa.l pnnctuMly on ilieir appointed day*. To eeenre bertha, apply on hoard, or to an3i c W h I T. TAPSr pTT. M Honth at. FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Regular pnekVUn" of *lh of September -Th? aplendtd,faat aailing ?hip SHr.RIDAN, Captain O. B. Cornith, w' "oiitttely aa<l aa above, her regular day. Fur fre.ght or taiugt, h.ivire haudaome fnr.inhed acenmmnlattor.i, tptdr on bo^nl at Orienua whirl, loot of Wail ,trr- -'to ? K <")LLIN? * "ruth ,t i'he packet ahip U VRKICK Cap,. B. .1. H. Tiaak, will ,11 , ' t' Sheri'lau, en.I .*il on tha *th o( Oct., bcr rernlar it- ________________________ ?nTT A/x- KOH UYfckPO'tL m?Ui?lJ r?*i(nlar t m:k*t ol the JfV*1k'>lli .^ep'troher. Ili7 I' e n. vii'fieeiil lajt wiling jfiMtdNaT'aC'ft aliip PATRICK I1KNH V, burthen 1004 toua, Ca, t U-lano will *ail poaitWely on the 6th September. 'I he iceomtnodjtion, for cabiu. axvmd cahin and ateertge paa?cngera are nuperior to an/ other teaael in port, and aa a number of her paaaengen are already engaged, those deairona fcss^'iS.T'i4 "^fo-aM'waarAtr"' ,,N lOtre cor. of Pine ud loin its. E NE' NE HIGHLY INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THR TERRITORY OF CALIFORNIA. SPECIAL DE8PATCHI38 TO THE NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. St Look, Ang\ 30. 1817. Laat night, Gen. Kearney, accompanied by Major Sword, Captains Cook and Turner, Lieut Radford, and a nnmber of other gentlemen arrived from California, which place they left on the 18th of June, making the trip in the unprecedented ihort period of sixty-eight day*. They came by the way of Fort Kail, and met with but little of ineident on the way. Col. Fremont was of the party aa far aa Fort Leavenworth, and I* ex peoted In the city, to-day. He ! under arreet. The mow in the California mountain* was found very deep In plaoea?from two to fifteen feet deep. A number of the bodie? of thoae emigrant* who perlahed laat winter, were found and burled. The aufferlnga of this band of pioneers moat have been dreadful. Of the whole number, one only survived, and he lived on the bodies of his companions for many days. It Is moreover suspected that this Individual, Kingsburgh murdered a Mrs. Donner, one of the party, for her fat. He almost conessed aa much. Oen. Kearney left Monterey on the 31st of May, with an escort of 13 men of the Mormon Battalion His command. including Col. Fremont, and nineteen of the topographical department, was afterwards swelled to sixty Capt. Mason, of the First Dragoons, was left In command, as Governor and Commander in Chief. (Jen. Kearney on the eve of his departure, ordered Lt. Col. Burton to prooeed by sea to Lower California, and take possession of that country. In the harbor of Monterey were anohored ships of war Columbus, Congress, Portsmouth, Warren and brie. Commodore Blddle waa in command. Cm. Shubrlck, with the Independence and Cyane we-e in the (Jul! blockading Ouaymas and Mazatlan. A great number of Oregon emigrants were met on the road, numbering ever one thousand wagons. It was thought that some of them would be compelled to winter in the mountains. AKOUS. Monterey, California, June 1, 1847. We find ourselves in a state and situation both strange and peculiar; we belong to no nation and are governed by no laws. We do not belong to Mexico, because Ungle Sam has taken us away from that nation; we do not be. long to the United States, simply because until there is some definite treaty between the two nations, Uncle Sam has no right to this oountry. As Vattel says, ' a conquered p> ople must, for the time being, be governed by the conqueror, by the laws he finds in existence. The United States government cannot allow us evea a form of a oode of laws. 'Tis said, aftd some be neve me awry, luti .Mexico nan laws la California, but a<* they cannot be foand, and the oldest resident have no remembranoe of them, either in theoey or practice, we must live on us formerly, in Uwlets blessedness. We h?ve, however, a fair supply of lawyers the present ye*r, and each one can produee the laws of his native State, and urge on the Aloaldelheir adoption as most applicable to thu oase in hand. In former days we Hold and bartered without taking notes, and lent or borrowed hard dollars and gold ounces without having any suspicion that an obligation was ot any importanoe; we even paid and received suoh lent money without taking mortgagrs on our neighbor's house or land; we are yet in our iuiancy, and can barely understand the real necessity of both lender and borrower paying an ounce each to a lawyer to make the bargain safe and good. We find by those who left home of late years,that wn ar<) all right smart behind the march of intellect and civilization of the other side of the Rocky Mountains. I am no prophet, yet can imagine th t the code of which we are learning respecting debts, will increase the borrowers, and have a sensible diminution in the number of lenders or sellers. The town of Monterey Is slowly Increasing, the inhabitants are yet content to move on as fast ae they saiely can, whilst tho*e of other places think as fast as they any way can la best, (ioods are falling in prioes; produce from the Kanehos rising; for instance, a tanega (two bushels) of beans, In 1844, would be required to purchase an arobe, (26 pounds) of sugar: this year the case is reversed, making four to one in tne Kanchero's favor. All the young emigrants ot 1813, boldly and promptly took up arms to put down the Mexicans and Californians in the revolt of October, 18ltt, and saw Commodore Stockton and Col. Fremont conquerors throughout the territory. Anticipating that with the pay for their servioes, and for guns, powder, lead, mules, horses, wagons, harness, Sco., they gave up to prosecute the war, they should return to the Sacramento with funds to pui-ohase lands and stock; they may be woefully disappointed. I hope not; a year will tell; If It proves as 1 tear, may the right man bear the blame. For ten years California has been governed by many a chief and commander, rather too many at a time, making a sad state of afiairs. 1 fear we shall iollow Mattel too closely. Uen Kearney, Cols. Cook and Fremont, Capt. Turner, of the army, Lieut Radlord, United States navy, are leaving here/or the States. Commodores fiiddle and Stockton are in this port, and also the "Portsmouth," 1 .Varr?-n," -'Dale," "Erie," "Lexington." The '-Indepen dence," and ' Cyane," are off Maiatlan. The "1'orts Luoutn, ' In Marcn or April, took poaieasion of the American ship "Admittance," Captain Peterson, at Cspe San Lucas, on Huaplolon of wanting to land a cargo ot New Orleans ootton at San Bias, and for cqmmunicating with the enemy. rolitioal affairs In California are quiet, and 1 hope they may remain so. PAISANO. Hauta Barbara, Upper California,) May 15th, 1847. I dropped you a letter a few days since, but in this land, not yet penetrated by opposition malls and cheap post offices, it is always safe to send duplicates, and a private bag being made up for New York directly via Rocky Mountains, I eagerly embrace the opportunity to give you and your five hundred thousand, readers an Idea of things as thev at Dresent exist here, and mv " Drivate opinion''in regard to this famed "El Dorado of the Weit." Everything Is quiet here now. For the last three weeks, however, rumor has been continually fallowing rumor to the effect that Oen. Buatamente, Oen. Flores, or Oen. Castro was marching through Lower California and oomlcg up here to dispossess " Ion Americanos," the raacally invaders of the soil of California. Some of these stories have eome with suoh aa air of probability, that the oommandants of militaty posts have held themselves in constant readiness lor an attack, and the Congress, with Commodore Stockton, went to St. Thomas, near the coast of Lower California, where It was said some ammuuition and military store had been landed, having been conveyed acroM the Oulf from (Juaymar. But there is uo danger to be apprehended from the arrival of (Jen. iJuMtauieute. 1 fancy his valuable services will be required on his own soil about these times. Klores hav, by mis time, I doubt not, seen the " evil of his ways," and the utter (utility of any further attempt at rebellion, and the last that was heard of poor Jose (Jastro was that he was in Sonora, siok and forsaken, endeavoring by some means to procure a passage to California, there to rejoin Inn friend* ana family, l astro, by the way, is one or the most respectable lellows in the country, and has been awiully belied In some instances. Thorn is no man who would indie the Californlans to arms quicker than he. The Atnurioau military foroe in California Is entirely too great to allow for a moment the idea of any insurrection on the part of the Californlans alone. Capt. 'J oiup. kins I* at Monterey with two companies of regulars. Two companies of Col Stevenson's oommand are at San Francisco, under .\1ajoi Hardie ; one at Sonoma, three companies at Santa Barbara, under Lieut. Col. II 8. Burton, while Col Stevenson himself has just gone to the Pueblo de los Angeloe, with two companies to relieve t.ol. Cook, who has 3JO Mormon infantry troops, and eighty dragoons under his command. With tbete. and the force of the navy on tbacoast.we could muster from two to three thousand American troops in the country. 1'here is not the slightest possible danger of any further dilticullles springing from the Californians themselves. It is a mistaken idea, however, tbat a majority of them are Tavorabty deposed tow.r Js the United States government. Muo.i as they detest Mexican rule here, tbej would prefer It at present to the American, and at the tirst eniranoe of a Mexican force into the country they would rise almost en tnuttt. and make one desperate effort to expel us from their soil. We are at present existing under a curiously mixed government, liy the treaty of peace entered Into by Col. Fremont after the battle at the Pueblo, It was aooedeJ to the Callfomlans that the* should not be reouired to LaWa iho .?tH nr.i ieglance to our government, at lewt during the war with .Mexico. Although the Governor of California is an Amsrioau, the country ia governed by Mexican laws, and all the offices In the gift of the people filled with Mexican subject*. What we want here Lumedlately is a firm, permanent territorial governor and government. It ha* changed hands so m?ny times that It has been almost Impossible to keep the run of it. First came Commodore bloat, who after hoisting our flag at Monterey and San Francisco, waa relieved by Commodore blockton, who, of oourse waa Governor of California. Soon after Col. Fremont received the appointment from Com. Stockton, and after a short-lived glory of a few weeks, upon the arrival of Gen. Kearney, the reins or government were passed into his hanus. All this, be it recollected, has transpired in the short space of ten months, and another change is now being made. Gen. Kearny being on the point of returning to the United dtaies, leaviug Col. Mason In charge here. Bo we go. In the meantime there has been a continual Interesting squabble; between the numerous oomiuodnres on tue ooaat, and Col Fremont and (jU men refused to reoognne Uen. Kearny as governor of the territory, if our triend. the government at home, will give us something stable here, y the conciliatory plan whloh Is now being pursued with the Inhabitants, we will soon have the oountry and Its people so flraly la our possession aad confldenoe that W YO W YORK, FRIDAY MOR we might bid Mexioo and any of her future allies dofianoe should an attempt ever be mad* to re-c?nquer this soil. 80 mueh foaAe passing thought* of the day. The intermit felt in tnh oountry generally, lta oommrrclal and agricultural advantage, and lta people and their customs, 1* perhaps erea greater than in lta political affair*. In the**, I must candidly confes* I have been considerably disappointed, and would caution others how tiiey indulge too Urgely in Imagining*, and give too ready a credence" to the highly colored de*orlp uoi.b wnirh mere ptMrri tbruugb have given of tbe country. All the ideas formed of It ar" exaggerated. It is no "Eldorado" altar all, and the Muna requisites for happiness and wealth are needed here ai In any other portion of the globe Tbe air U composed of the same gasses. and tbo " sweat of the brow" ii required to oause tbe varth to bring forth its fruit* In due deacon " The climate has been moat misrepresented Instead of an eternal spring hero, we hare found " tl ulru 101a," as the Spaniards say. When we arrived at Han Francisco, in March, the weather was as bleak as on the Atlantic coast at the same season, and during a stay of three weeks.lt was constantly oold and foggy. A sharp cutting wind blows into the harbor at all seasons of the year, which renders a residence there very uncomfortable. since we hav* been In Santa Barbara, we have scarcely seen the sun, and the lovely " merr* May" haa thus fur be n beclouded in mist and fog. No Paradise this. 1 can assure you. But there ia certainly another side to t e picture. A Tstt extent of country in this latitude like this, containing it aupertlce or ISO.OOiNsquare miles, must afford every varioty of soil for agricultural purposes, and a coast of thu length of all California, must b? of a decided advantage here on the Paciflo The whole ooast is made of a rugged range of hills, between which are flue well watered valleys, and baok of wbloh are the moat beautiful and extensive plains imaginable. The waters of the Sacramento. San Joachim, the Colorado, and their tributaries, water the soil; and their banks are lined with the rich verdure of tbe green grass, and. in the cultivated pastures, with field* of waving grain. Near the coast, hundreds of thousands of cattle and horses aregraxing upon the plains and table lands, while in the interior they are roving in their Dative wildness, yet to be brought into subjection by clvlllxed man. The soil of the plains is a rich vegetable loam, uncommonly productive; and, with labor and care may be made to yield as no soil in the United States can. Ou the coast are several harbors of safety and oapaolty. San Kranoisco, probably the finest iu the world, is of sufficient sise to oontain the navies of the wnole globe ridhig safely at anohor in it The country north of it in tbe Sacramento ralley, is well adapted to grain andgrax1D1T. Atld tlli* must tin(IUM?tiitn*hlv h* ihn t?v?a?*t nnmmaii. I eial depot uf the oouutry. Farther down in Sao Diego, equal lu safety, but uot in Bile, to San Francisco, while Monterey and Santa Barbara, and San I'edro, have magnificent bayi, protected from wind* at moat feasous of the year. But J must stop. The mall bag Is about doing, and I will only add, that I have no doubt that this will yet be a '* great country," In population, happinees. aud plenty, but it must be in the hIow program*, which time makes, and uot in such rapid strides us we have been apt enthusiastically to believe. I shall continue to write every favorably opportunity, keeping you informed of pacing events, with touches upon the manners and customs and mode of life ot the people. Yours, K. O. B. Nrw Milfohd, August 3fi, 1847. TKe Valley of tke. Huuialonic. You may be surprised to hear from me at this place. 1 had heard the valley of the Huusatonlc so often spoken of an containing beautiful mountalu scenery, that I determined to spend a day or two in this region, which though little known, contains much scenery cf wild and romantic beauty. You enter thia valley by one of ihe beat constructed railroads in the country, so I judge from the regular, | uniform and agreeable motion of the elegant cars In which you travel. 1 have passed over many railroads, but over none liave I ever passed with more ease and oomfort. A trip upon it is positively delightful The New Yorker may reach this beautiful valleyjn five hours oy the way of Bridgeport. On returning from the springs, on a Northern or Western tour, the traveller may enter It by the way of Albany and Went Stookbridge in about two hours, aud this beautiful town In two luore. Then a flue hotel has been lately tilted up, with spacious and well furnished rooms, and In all respects adapted to the comfort of tin visiter. There is probably no house in this seotion of Connecticut, more oonveuiently managed or better oouduoled New Milfold is village of banker* ?scarcely surpassed for intelligence or hospitality in the country. On approaching the town from the south, you pas* through the limited, but exceedingly beautiful, valley of a small stream railed the Still-river. This valley, whloh waa evidently, in time long past, the bed of a considerable lake, present* some interesting rural (Gentry, and contain* teveral extensive and wtll cultivated farm*. At the point where the railroad comes upon the bank of the Housatonlc, there Is a consi lerable tall in the river, and a remarkable passage worn by the waters of the onoe lake and the river, through a mountain ridge nearly two hundred feet high, about forty feet wide, and In length from one to two hundred rod*. A view of tbi* passage, worn through a mass of rook*, will alone, more than repay a jaunt from New Vork Indeed, I have seen few passes of water more singular, cr richly deserving the attention and adiniratiou and attention of ihoae who aire tun J of virwlng tlie scenery or nature In its wildest forms. I have luquired for a description of this bold feature id the scenery of the Houaatonic, and have been told there has tieeu none. New Miiford has seut forth her full share of educated men, distinguished in the several professions, and ot elegant attainments lu literature; and I have roudered that none of them have giveu to the publio a description of natural scenery so worthy of their pen. and so deserving of their patriotic institutions. I am told that a gentleman of fine literary taste has promised a description ot thin curiosity, with notes of other interesting scenery on the llou^atonlc, When 1 began this communication, I intended to have described the Kails village, the falls at Bull's Bridge, and the several beautiful mountain lakes In this region, but I have already exceedod the limits which 1 had assigned to myself. I will only add that thia valley presents much to Interest and admire, aud that to those who seek pure air, rich and various scenery, or amusement, ou the banks of the quiet and limpid stream, or in the moun- | KSira??uu 3U IU?UJ BLiiucuuun. V. I'. S.?'1 he writer will pass a law day# lu exploring the valley of the Housatonln. making the Tory pleasant town, where be made a few moat agreeable acquaintances, bin abode for a day or two long- r. Distressing Dktaii-s of the Ship Fevf.r in Canada.?A short tune since a lint* intelligent Kngltsh lad, about 14 years of age, wan brought by an inhabitant of this city to the Secretary of the Hoard of Health, accompanied by seven brother* and maters He ?uid bin name was ilall, that he left tiu lather, whose name was Kobinion Hall, and his mother, Hick of the ship fever, at the quarantine hospital at lirosse Isle; that hin father bad supplied him with ?f> to euable him with his little charge to reach an uncle who reBidcs in 1'tcaermg, near Toronto. He fdded that every farthing was expended, and be did not know how to get on to his plaoe of destination. If this had been all the difficulty the poor boy had to encounter, it was soon surmounted by the emigrant agent here immediately granting a free passage for the whole of them; untortuualely the contagion of the fever was lurking in the veins of all but one of their family, and the next day displayed itself by taking down three out of the eight, who were immediately sent to the hospital here. On arriving at Toronto the lad himself, and three others, were attacked with the name disease, and only one reached the abode of the uncle. One of the three left In Kingston Is dead, and a second it is believed eannot survive; the third will be forwarded to the uncle so soon as he is able to go; the cases of the three In Toronto are said to be very doubtful. The parents were respectable people, and had with them about In money, with whioh they intended occupying soinu land wh'lch the uucie had engaged for them near his own residence. Oat of a family of ten, only one has reached the plaoe to which they were all looking as to the abode of competence and happiness. f?.-liii<-? writing the above we have heard from the medical otlicer at lirosse IMe, who has most kindly attended to the application. The mother is dead, and the lather is in a very low and doubtful state. The secretary of the board says that the heartrending scenes of wretohedlieHn and misery which hn has been called to behold never would be believed, and cannot be described: widows wringing their hands in despair for the loss of their husbands, and men for the loss ef their wives. Above a hundred orphans totally destitute and friendless, of all aces, are now in the orpuan shed here, and thirty or forty widows who know uot where to go, or what to do; gnttlng employment is out of the question, D-oauso, howewr much they may be wanted ss servants, 'such is the tear of contagion tnat no family wiM admit them to it. ? Kingiton (C. IK.) Vhroniclt, '.ISfA ult. niMcUaiiMtai. A Mrs. Mary K. Parker, who, it is said, has a husband nrl i.hilil rpnidinir in this citv. committed sulfide at. Buffalo, on th? morning of riunday laxl. Nlie *? about j I) yuan of age, an ! it In said that the coroner's inqueet showed nothing which should aasnolata her nam* wltu any dishonor, but that of suicide >u i tl;;t? of mental d?raugement. A respeotabla tavern keeper of Hermann, Mo, committed suicide on Tuesday, (the JUh August.) by sheoting hlmrtelf with a piHtol, through the huad mo hall entering hia mouth, caui?e?jealousy of his wife, to whom h<> had bean married twelve yearn.? Lit. I.nun Htvtillr,' Mth ult. The rivers ara all falling slowly In th? Illinois there la twenty-eight Inches water on Naplas Bate, and scant three feet on Beardatown bar. In the ohanuel of the Missouri there U three feet water above Weston, and four to four and a hall feet from that place down On the Lower Haplda of the Mississippi, there la twentyeight or thirty inohea water, from thence down five leet in tbs channel, and below thit city six and a half feet > water on the bar*. The weather baa been clear and warm alnoa Monday.?St. Louii R. publican. Itth ult. A fancy bill waa to tak* place at tbe hotel at Old i'olnt Comfort, ou the night of the 31st nit Ticketa to be $1, and uo masks allowud to be worn in tbe ball room. The grand fancy ball at Nabant, it la aaid, will be given on Wedueaday evening Sept sth. Arrangement*, I prices of tloketa, Ito. will be the a>u? aa at the Newport, i ball. Thar* are four of tbe tons of the signer* of the Declaration of Independence still living, vl? , John llulucy Adam*, of Maaa.: Abraham Clark, of New Jeracy, and two aona of the lata ?ldrld(? Oerry RK I NING, SEPTEMBER 3, 1 IMPORTANT WAR INTELLIGENCE.

MEETING or THK COUNCIL OF GENERALS, CONVOKED 1IY SANTA ANNA. [Correspondence of the New Orleans Patrla.) Tammlo. AuKutt IS. 1847.?Our intelligence from the capital reach")* to the beginning of the present month, of which the following Is a summary: ? i na ? ourii-n 01 lienerals. convoked by Santa Anna, were of opinion that General Scott should be attacked In his positions; bat Santa Anna Mid that It would b? bettor to diapatoh a division. composed of ten tbouiand men, to taktrtpoat between Perot* and Puabla, for the purpose of intercepting the trains and convoys that were maroblng toward the latter plaoe. and thus to get possession of the resources which the Amerloons expected; and further, he advised that another. division of equal strength (ten thousand men) take up a position between Puabla and the city of Mexico, the remainder of their forces to remain and cover the capital. Santa Anna's plan waa adopted At the present moment (the beginning of Augnat,) there Is in the city of Mexico a force of 35 000 men.and as that under General Scott does not exreed li.000 of whom a certain uumber are Invalids, I through ill health, It lg improbable, from the rumors which are la circulation, t hat the latter will quit Puabla until he has received considerable reinforcements. " This," says the Patriot correspondent. " is the curreut belief In the capital, although here it is announced that General Scott took up his line of march on the 7th Inst. " It apoea*a certain that General Taylor will commence his maroh on San Luis Potosl. at the end of the present mopftfc. although, from positive information received her^, okdrill find himself obliged to await the arrival of ruins Idwrable relnforcuments, since the Mexican forces that a A* now watching his movements have lately beenkiuoh Increased ' There i4 % general opinion at the capital that Santa Anna is in bonnlvauoe with the Cabinet at Washington. and that "he is uispc.std to make peace ou any pretext whatever; hut, to the present time, nothing positive tln-reon in npwn, and it is very probable that at th< latest iiiomeMkin this ease, there will be a reaction, slnct the majorttyrV^t is asserted are disposed to lose all rather then agree to a pacific arrangement. In the pre. sent circumstance!. It Is almost taken for granted thai Gen. Scott and Mr. Trist have a mutual understanding secretly, with Santa Anna. I " I have heard say, that it has been represented to the I United Staled Government that it is highly necessary to reinforce tils point, since it is feared, and not without reason, that oue fine day, when such an event is least thought of, there will be a general rising, and the whole ot tha \ merieans here will be butohered. In Vera Crux, as well, they are not without similar fears." M. S. THE IIKTI'RN OF OEM. J'AREDES. The New Orleans Palria, of the :J&th ult.. has a long article on affairs In Mexico, in reference te the return of Paredrs. Tbey refer to the dialogue held between I'aredes and the Vera Crusan merehaut, (already published in the N. V. Herald.) and say that they have thought from the first, that the sentiments then uttered by Pareiles, were the trne ones that influenced his return. Our readers, they say, will doubtless remember that after the battle of Bueua Vista, there was published in Mexico an aot of oblivion for ail politloal offences, without any exoeption whatever. Our attention was attracted by this, and at the time we mentioned that Paredes might avail himself of it, and return to his un urateful country again, to take up arms in her defence; hut we did not think be would have ventured to enter by any of the port* which ware guarded by the American forces, when Mr. folk had contributed do essentially to bis fail in August. 144A. * * For our part, we do no tbelieve that England will give aid openly to General Paredes,; or any other Mexican chief; for ii Great Britain were disposed to aid them in their conflict before this, the effeots of the supluo malice o| John Bull would have beeu apparent. General Paredes without fearing the imminent risks whiah he ran, determined to make his voyage in an K.ngllsh steamer, foi doubtless he is well persuaded that that is the nation which the United states respect! most, notwithstanding the oontlnued iraourv* of some papers. Our respeotad Tampion correspondent insinuates, thai General Paredes has always had great influence in thi Northern States, and on different occasions it has beei Hbown that these Slates know how to properly appre oiate his valor and patriotism. The honor or Paredes li not doubt'ul, as Hauta Anna's is ; in the latter even hii intimate tViends do not confide Thus it will not bi Strang*, if the six Slates who formed a coalition to op pose peace, take advantage of the only opport?nit' which remain* to tbem to carry their determination int" e eot. * In case Paredes does not arrive in tlm to prevent Scott's entry Into Mexico, it is probabl that he will go towardsthe state of Guadalnjaru, of whlcl lie is a native, and which forms one of those leagued to g?tber against peaoe, and there gather from it and th neighboring Statfes a more respectable and better dit posed foice than Bant* Anna now has at his disposition If Gen. Scott ha* entered Mexioo and made a peace wit! Santa Ann*, or the government formed and ruled by hiiz Paredes will then hasten to gather an army and attaal the invaded capital, at the head of an entirely indepen dent foroe. which will contend against the American and the Mexloan friends of Hanta Anua and peace There is ooly one hope of salvation le t to the Americans and here some paper* have hinted that it if the only om In which they trust; it is that Santa Anna may continui to be the daadly enemy of Parodes, and that he may sue ceed in getting possession of his person and shut him u] jn a prison, or, ooward-llke, assassinate him as he die viejla. Ia> this latter ease the consequences would b< almost a*4arieus, a* Paredes having many friends, ant etipecially the clergy, there would arise an avenging part; in Mexico, against which both the Americans and Santi Anna would have to contend The La fatrin then goe on to speak of the new position of the State of Hondurai and says that it Is very natural to suppose that whatere forces go from Guatemala to assist the Mexicans willjoil the war party, and thus this will be another souroe c annoyance and danger to the American forces whei ouco they are in the capital. INTERCEPTED CORRESPONDENCE. [Krom the New Orleans Pioa^ne, Aug. 3.5.] We have before ug the Uolttin dr. la$ Noticiat of thi Hth and Sth of August. This, it will be recollected la I little Mexican paper published at Jalapa. In the num ber of the Sth we And, under the bead of ' Intercepte< Correspondence." what purport* to be "part of a prlvati correspondence from the Cabinet at Washington to Gen Scott." We cannot believe the letter to be genuine though hitherto we have not detected the Mexican* li palmlngoff pretended letters from the Government ai Washington for genuine ones. The reader will bear it mind that It has undergone two translations, and without further ado we annex it as it purport* to have been given in the lhpublicano, No. 173?the date i* omitted : ? Our position has become dillcult, and the discount suffered on the drafts drawn against the commissary general of the armies, at New Orleans, renders our situation still more critical, as I dare not risk to exchange these drafts against others on Washington. A new loan cannot be realized, nor would It be advisable. Could we entertain any hope of suotess with the wrong turn the elections have taken ? Without that indispensable recourse could we raise the troops of the line you demand ' The States of th< Union fear an accumulation of piper, aud her banki would become bankrupt under an agglomeration ol notes. How can we hope to venture upon further engagements in new enlistments of volunteers? Besides geueral. the men whose term has expired have beei much dissatisfied, and it is communicated like electrli gas to the new reoruit*. and the information received al thi* department is anything but flattering. Will th< States raise the ten thousand men you demand? I doubi it much, and I fear that you will remain in tye centre o Mexlc which you represent as densely populated anc fitrmiii t hit* in a flint* of imtet.ivit v whidh him aIao h#?pr >fry unexpectedly the late of <?en. Taylor. To youi foresight and skill, (I am sorry to say ho) Ii confided out fate. [Th? next sentence is obscure though short. It seemi to intimate that the general Is the main reliance of the hopes of the government to extricate it from Its present position ] Kmploy well the resource* which you are going to re ceive, and thoee wbioh we sbill furnish ybu hereafter fomenting the desirable revolution which you announc ed to us, which is to open for us the gates of Mex'co ,an< to put an end to the false position in which the Unioi llnds itself, if the revolution shbuld not be a* far ad vanctd as you expected by the 4th of June, you wii have tact enough to obtain an armistice, aniuning thesi people with propositions for peace, and neutralizing ii the meantime the movements of those guerillas that ? much annoy you. Do you give us any hope, general' ? MA JOR I,ALLY. Home solicitude is felt about the fate of the detach ment which this officer commands, on its route to Oen Xcott's camp. The Vatria, the Mpanish paper of Nei Orleans, publishes a report that the train had been sur rounded, and Major Lally compelled to surrender W< attaoh no great Importance to the statements of a jour nal wbiohTs Mexican in spirit, and has recently olrcula ted more than one extravagant misrepresentation opoi the war The train, however, is one of the sniallts which has gone up ; and we shall await its fate witl some anxiety. W'e have seen the last letter from Major l.ally. wrlttei from the bridge twenty-four miles from Vera Crux, neai 1'mo Orejas. on the 1 Ith August. He states that tliej were attacked on the day before by the Mexicans, whi were posted on a hill covering the road ; and our troop carried It at once, by oharglng up with voltigenrs The; continued to lire upon our troops from the chapparai attacking along the whole train ; but they were repuiseil after a light which lasted about an hour. He had tw< officers (l aptain J. H. Calwell, of the voltlgeurs, am Captain Arthur C. Cummlngs, of the 11th) wounded se verely, though hopes are entertained of their recovery One man was mortally wounded and eight other wcunded, most of them severely. The Major bad sen back to Colonel Wilson, to requeat him to send up thre. ambulances, with an escort to take them baok He alsi requ??ted relnfnrccraenta to b? Mnt blm. which he kop?< would overtake him at the National Bridge Thu attack of the guerillas waa mad* on th? front. tb< centra, and rear: bnt our trocpa ware prepared at al pointa, oar foroe in rear being nearly aa large aa In front a guard In the centre of the wagons, of two companies and flankers <11 hiring the train. Our train of 70 wag?ni waa kept compact Great oredlt la glren to Captait Alvord, who, an usual, waa distinguished tor hla ooursg* and judgment; to Captain Mutter, who commanded ln> right wiug; and to Lieutenant Rldgley, who win. und?*i his command. The artillery, commanded by Lleutenau H D Hi-arc, 'id miliary, waa well serr*d, and did good execution ? Washington Union, Hrpt I. A*M"V I?rr*LLIO*t?C*. Col. Jefferson Darts waa solicited by a number of tM ofloera of the 2d Mtaalaatppi Regiment to take ooiumand of that body upon the reelgMttoa of Col Reuben Dnrir TUa be declined doing on aoeoont of the nature of bii IERA 847. wound, which will prevent him from "punu log an aotWe ( life for lome time to come. Indeed the Smtinrl o?v? I that he ha* been confined ever fince hi* return from the army ?Sfauiuiyjti Frtt Tradtr, 'ilil ult. Col. Bowie* la out In the Indiana paper* with a report, c defending the oonduet of hi* regiment and himself in ? th?- battle of Buena Vlita He. 1* rather aevere on Gen. - I Lane, and will reply In detail vhortly to the charge* ? which have been made agalntt hira?I.uuitvillr Jour- I nal, J8th uIt. r Affairii in Central America. j [From the New Orleans Delta. Aug 2i ] li The demonstration of on* nf the State* of Central t America. referred to by ui yesterday. U a serious more. a which demand* the prompt and Ju lfclcus action of our tl government. Slucwthe failure of Mr Stephens' embassy. ? who, unfortunately, arrived In the country Is the mldit tl of the fleroe and sanguinary revolution between the con- w traiist* and the federalists. and the insurrection oft 'arrera m against both parties, and could not, therefore, determine v to which power he should present his credentials. we ? have had no diplomatic Intercourse with the states of j Central America ThU ha* been an error, an unwlae r ominaion on our part. The government of these State*. ), for the taut eight or ten years. considerlcx the bad ex- -> ample set them by their nearest neighbor, ha* exhibited j extraordinary stability and efficiency (.'arrera, though a young, unlettered. Inexperienced, wild Indian, ha*, in . an incredibly short time, prepa.-ed himself for the judi { clou* and successful administration of the undisguised { dictatorship which he wields over these States. He is , truly a wondertul man, whose < areer seems more like , the wild creation ot a poet or romancer, than the sober ) reality of hfatory. A few years ago he was a wild Indiaa, a* unlameable and bloodthirsty as the oougar which , lurks In his native forest*. Possessed of great agility. , personal streugth. fortitude, oourage, and perseverance, , be soon became a prominent leader of the smull bands of | Indian robbers which Infest the couutry. Aroused by a deep personal Injury indicted by one of | i the officers of the liberaltsts. and by a knowledge of the , , wrongs and oppression exercised oyer the aboriginal race , hy the foreigners and their descendants, (Jarrera was enabled to assemble around his banner of "green leaves'' a large foroe of ludlans, who, armed with a few oi l guns, their primeval bows and arrows, ami the terrible machete, a long sharp knife, kept the whole oountry iu ' a continual state of alarm Taking advantage of the disputes between the centralist* and federalists, he full indiscriminately upon both parties In vain the whites attacked and defeated him iu every direction. His fortitude perseverance and resources were ioexbaustlble Wounded more than nine times, driven to the mountains and forests, and hunted like a wild beast, he would still maintain himself, and as soon as hi* enemies returned tu the towns, would reappear at the head of a large force and march Immediately upon the large city of Guatemala, lie sucoeeded at last in capturing this town, occupied it with his wild and naked Indians, and so terrified the inhabitants that they agreed to consent to any terms to get rid of him. His terms were the payment of | the small sum of$14.(KH), which would be a fortune to him- | self and his poor Indian follower* |Kor himself personally, , he demanded a few segar*. and a lull laced cocked hat, and general's uniform These term* were joyously ac- { ceded to, and (Jarrera retired to his native junglu IJut , here he did not remain ijuiet. A cunning aud designing priest, who perceived his good ijualitles aud the use* to which they could be applied, prompted him to take , advantage of the disordered condition of the oountry , aud to assume the government hlmieif. He adopted the suggestion, marched his ludian rabble again luto Guatemala, defeated Morazan and his party, and succeeded in putting down all opposition, and Installed himself as Dictator of the States of Central Amerloa. but the greatest of all his victories was that which he achieved over his savage passions and ignoranoe. He emnli vini tutnra tn tt*unh him fn ? ???,I und ? - *? ' rudiment* of educatlou, and in h Tory abort time auppHed himaelf with the nereasary knowledgu to couduut ' the ordinary duties of government He In raid now to be a good scholar aud au excellent ruler. Though, at , times, the natural ferooity of the Indian will leak out, and prompt him to deed* of violence and blond, h> ia reputed to be by noiueann habitually oruel, domineering ; 01 self-willed. Altogether he la one of the moat remarkable men , which tula continent baa ever produced, and ahould the Statea < f < untral Auieiioa be luduoud to intermeddle , In the conteat between Mexico and the United Hia'.et, , he will, no doubt, play a oonapioueua part tn the atirflng eventa of the tulure hwiory ot tbia war Our government, we repeat, haa been rerni's in fallr ing to keep up friendly diplomatic relationa with tbeae ? Statea Their commerelal importance, aa well a? their ? politioal position, makee it proper that auch lnteroourae v ahould he kept up. Thia territory includes the beat h porta on the I'aciflo and the Uulf of Mexico. ltaproducta are valuable, and Ita forelgu trade considerable e Kngland, alwaya dealroua of aecuring a foothold on thia i. continent, hax a oniony ou the Oulf of Mexico, extendi, iug acme hundreds of miles, and embracing the beat porh tlon of the coaat, where mahogany and logwood lt grow In great luxuriance, and where there are k aureral fine porta. Belize la a prosperous town, settled by English and mulattoes, and governed by a y Governor appointed by the Queen of Kngland, and a Council, partly appointed and partly elected. ' The object of Kngland in obtaining the long alip of land I along the Hay of llonduraa, was to render the people ot the interior State* dependent upon Kngllah favor for ports and markets for their produce intended for expor, tatlou. There I* no doubt that this arrangement baa I I) -en so fitr successful aa to give the Kngliah great influ> eiice in the affairs of the people of the interior Statea. I How far thia influence has been, can or will be uaed to . our prejudice, it la not possible to say, but we think If i Kogllsh policy has been carried out'iu Honduras, wllh , the same vigor of hostility to our inatltutlona which i marks all Ita deaigna and arrangements In reference to f Ibis continent, it will net be difhcult to trace this uiovta uient of the Slate of Honduras to Its true source and ,f cause To oppose these Intrigues of the Knglish, to dnj tect and frustrate thcae designs against our oouutry, it behoovea our government speedily to repair tbe fault and supply the omiaalou whloh we have but just now discovered, and aeud a diplomatic agent to the States of Guatemala, with full authority to treat with such gov9 ernment or governments as exist de facto in that large * and Important territory. j # proclamation. , The Pr trident of the Stale of Handwat to the Central jimrricani Compatriots ! Fortune now rule* the destinies of Mexij co, and menaoes her sons with desolation and extcrnill nation. The North Amerlcanahave destroyed the inter, eating population of Vera Crux?have possessed themselves of their effects, and are mow marching upon the , Capital We cannot yet know what other cajlmities will afflict the nation. 'l'bey are our brethren ; their dangers are ours, and their fate awaits ua. We ahould net maintain neutrality, If we can in any manner aid them In their honorable struggle. , The entire world should know that the llondureaoa are ready to fuiai their duties, of whatever nature they may be. i I will sustain in the State an honorable peace, at all hizards; but I will not do it with the sacrifice of Hon, duri.-niau honor, for a disgraced people are fit but to , bear chains, and to suffer with humility the threat* and , the injuries whioh the stronger impose. i iuuifw uiyseu 10-uay 10 tue governments ol tne republic, making these observation In order that, If It I shall lie deemed expedient, wo may. It it in possible, af- I | ford aid, or at least manifest our favorable deposition to , their cause and to liberty. ; Divisions and internal feuds have ruined our Mexican \ brothers. Klght millions of inhabitants, of whom that I nation is composed, bare been unable to defend themf Helves against a handful of men, who have seized upon I their territory and their property, and annulled their , rights. What may be the fate of the Central Americans, r it we continue divided ? r The Hondureniaus always appear extraordinary great; they adopted the most effectual means to secure their , independence; but nothing has been sufficient to estrange , them respeot to the government, and submission to > law, they consl'Jer as their power, their glory, and their honor. What happiness does he experienee, who rules the destinies of a people adorned by these virtues !!! ( oinayagua, June 1st, 1847. JUAN LINDO. j The Underiigntd, Otnrrah of Diviiion, to thr Arm]/ of ' Homlurai. . Companions ! Notorious is the anguish of Mexico, and evident is our obligation to co-operate In the defence of " that country. Her sons are our brothers, and the cause which they sustain is also ours, that of liberty against conquest. Incompliance with a sacred duty, the proclamation addressed by the I'resident to the Central Americans, i. whs yesterday published, and we wish to express our dei. ference and our desire to co-operate at any time that he v may rail upon us to aid our uelghor. horgotton forever am all those idea* which could dl? vide us Uur interests and our passion* are second to w our country. Her triumph Is our glory and our honor. She demands our union, and that suffices to cause us to i cordially offer It. Unlou and liberty Is our motto ! t kternal opprobrium to htm who would promote and 1 assist dissensions and conquests F. FEHRKRA, i SANTOS Ol/ARDIOLA. r Comayagua, June !i, 1?47 j II raid Knropean Correspondence. * Dt'Bi.iw, July JO, 1847. r ThtRtptnltrt-Tht rtmain, of O'ConntU The tltc|' 4rr fr. * The Hep'al Association met as usual In Conciliation ' ii.ii Mnnjiau ih? IOth inntuiit Mr John O'l'onnell in alluelon to th? mob violence offered to the Young " IreUndern on ?h? breaking up of tb?lr lMt meeting, re* probated the night aenembiag**, and want of wlrdom of 9 tho measure* of the latter, lie oonoluded by calling on 1 Repeal wardens and Repealer* for the future to join In , preeerving the peace of the city. A motion to thU 1 effect wan paeeod nem. can. lie further read letter* < from etaunch Repeal candidate*, now on the ere of a j general election for the A ret time, thoroughly convinced, and fending In the ufoal ?h, m the undeniable proof of ?uch conviction. In the ca?* of two rival candidate* for the repreruntatlon of the eounty of Kilkenny. John CTreene, t.eq , of Kilkeony, aud Charle* lleley, Foujk*' oourt, name o< unty, It etruck yotir corrmpondent *a etrange that one of them at leant had not the " gumption," a* they call It In Ireland, to bid higher, ray two or three to om; arguing from given data, ha thua would oertalnly have suaUd hi* adventurous antagonist. 1 The rent of the weak via nwmrt by Mr. Joha ? ?? L I). Pile? Two C?nti J'Connell, Including th? former two ? ">, a* uHUtiaf jo JCfi lfie 4J The remain* of Mr O'ConnvLl, which la oom^umM if their non-tranNnlaelon by the Pcnluaular Company'* Ita&mer, the MuntroM. w?re nut rxp?cted to r?*oh )ubllo until September, will arrlr* lomh loonor Ad ioeahave baan received her.). t'nt [?r 1!i?y %nd Mr. ttnlrl O'ConaeU h%d m>oh?l Ho'.el Mlr?ti .ta. P ?rl?, cn out-to Havre. thence to L.lv?rp>9' k.y ?ay of S>atl? mpton, ani areexpo'rtfd to re tch Dubil.i bv tae 11 of LU^iUt. Th? CUliollc Cnimterit-v C jhi .t-.tn ittve ihuk'1 notlne that ttjii obieii ii*? w il ttk< ,. v )?Smit tie 4tb, ko. PiriUtneal ? w dlnolvd ou Friday i*?t, nd the elections. It m o?r?a >: t i'n pUi* tttrll?r ban tb* 10th. nor later than ttau MtU i>, mi t-rs sein sufflaiently wnll-tluie l. an I contt.-m th i aatio pilosis formerly expressed that th > f 11-r i1 i ]Moiinl?i 'or* dahrrnil until th"jr oould Iw in > i" ' > t-U wit1! r?li(ht on th? ootninr election* Th* delay of Bit. Dr. tll?y nn l Mr. D. O'Connnll at Ron* until tb j depurtur* f the Montrose, are now sufliclon'lf explained By th-? lontrose the reinvnn of Mr O'Connell would b?v? eachel Dubliu iiiDU'. tb? 17th-too soon. The o?trioh ides it* head. and thinks iti wh"le body to cone?il*d. . iaturalisU must no lou<-- blame it a< a silly bird, *??n nn? men invuf-Kt tn-lr wisdom by an imitation W? regret to bam to an*nuaoe th? demise, m .lis JJrear ot lii* ago of the O'Counor Doa ",u?ofh?r .' Jty * Jirji of tbo Treasury. and for 16 years member Jo* Ro#lomuon, on tbo liberal Int jrjst. though of late rutM vere laid to b? nout nlse<l or directed by tb-J Aocwpt ince of The nielauruoi/ occurrence took pl*$e it lis residence, Pail MaU. f..udjn Tbo Iriib confederation ate engaged in foun J.nj lo if :lubs for tbo morn perfect extension and r*i-org*uli.?.tl0.i )f their body. Th?ir next public meeting taken piMM into morrow the 'J7th. to report progress. fits. Ducinr liio interval of the public sktUigA of tbo Irish Couaer Iho sub-committees aro eoployel weekly In accumulating information m to tbe amount of food, resource*. and statistics, aud meau* of eniph yiuuut for the people kn., by circulars addreiuiwd lo Poor Law guardiaus, magistrates. manufacturers, and other competent authorities. Tills inaae of matter will be prepared far and submitted to the Council in September, when the time foroonsv quent exertion will hare arrived Active preparations for the eleotlons are going on Id all quarters Tbe representation of DundalK, bntwMn Mr. Carroll MoTavish and Mr. Toney MuCullogh, is ex pected to be oon tested with great neat Some syinp touis of the moral force dootrine, which, laufuf.i nomine, plain men persevere in calling mob violence, have been already manifested there The Dundalk paper state* that the oanvass of Mr. McCullogh has been interrupted by the most intemperate means, so that the Kev. Or. Cayne, parish priest of the district, by public letters feels called upon to reprobate the course pursued, and in reference lo its instigators, writes, describing them aa mercenary placemen, who tarnish the Irish character, iiii<I profane religion ; and attain, as rookies* and characterless individuals. whom decent people avoid as walk lug uuisauoes, and shun as moral pltgues In Cork olty, Mr. Fapan, proprietor of the Cork Soulhrrn lit porter, stands forward ou Kepeai principles j pledged nitriiicnilHiii'u r\f >nw Rpiriah minlstnu un urif?r ihe union of the ftepoai partios, by both sections of which be is supported. Napier and Hamilton are expected to be returned for tbc Dublin University, Reoordrr bhaw's political conduct being disapproved of by many of the electors In Westweath, Mr Magan, a jeutlitman connectcd with the burning of an idiot boy, in a drunken ri?t, some years since. 1s recommended by Conciliation Hall to the electors In fact. the tun# baa not yet arrived when purity of principle and oondnet, independence, and nationality will become generally the characteristic of the time* .No tc.idling, nowever upright, no lesson. however severe, become* immediately effectual to change a people, fur a long time differently disponed ; but your correspondent must cease td moral ise, and proceed to glvo an epitome of the events in course With respect to the result of the election* generally, the Observer states that It is calculated that tbu liberal party will obtain au accession of no leas than eighty seats in the coming elections, au liioreaae that will give to the govern .uent of Lord John a good working majority in the new Parlianieut Sir Robert feel has issued an address to the electors of Tamworth. In which lie dwells upon the paymettl of a tlxed sum, With the sanction of Parliament, to tbe minister of a religious creed?not belug tlwt of the State, as uot being tantamount to the adoption or s(nation ly the Statu ol the doctrines which thai utinlHsr .. u.oh, and as not being subversive of the priuciple of aa established church This is supposed to be n leeier. and au indication of future policy In truth, the conduct of Sir Robt. I'eel may tind au apt illustration uy recurrence to hi* ; former favoiite sliding scale, ills politic* sti ft with circumstances But some suppose that be Will, at length, settle down to the minimum of a fixed proteotlve duty, i c.y Radicalism, though, peruaps the circumstances or tbe times may not require so remarkable m development of adaptative power Kight Roman Catholio bishops, trustees of MaynCuU:, are at present holding a ' sed<rant." J he reMiript of Sir Robert J'eel Is supposed to torm a considerable item in the sutyects of consideration, and an effective opposition is expected tosuch a proposition. My '>wn opinion Is, that. If proposed, it will be recommended by other and morn substantial adjuncts, which may eff. cl a change. There has been a tenant right meeting in Aleaih ? There is to bs a great one In 'I ippetary. The minds of people are becoming every day more directed to the eonsideration of this Important queetlou The following . resolution was adopted on Tuesday. by the LiumiIoK grand jury, " that this grand jury being oonvlnced that, In the present distressing state of Ireland, it is of UM utmost importance to make every effort Ar the euooara^ement of Irish manufactures, reoommi nd- ube use of articles of Irish manufacture In all Institution* uuder their control, as far as such use mat be consistent with convenience and economy sign* u by W. bmlth O'Brien, foreman. This resolution is but an embodiment of the feeling at present existing, and every day becoming more widely diffused through the country, M tbe necessity lor tbe encouragement and use of articles of home manufacture. Tbe oommkWe of the Royal Dublin Society have published their report on the late exhibition of Irub manufactures, which proved, as they state, that our artisans and manufacturers possess sufficient energy aud elasticity of character to enable them not only to brew misfortune, but to rise above It, and to produce specimens of native manufacture superior in number, lu variety, and merit, to those which have been exhibited on any former occasion In reference to the facilities that ex 1st tor the establishment of a more extended commerce, two railway bills have passed this session I one fci waking a line from Klllarny to Valencia, thus com Hating the line from Dublin to tbe most westerly point of Kurope ; the other for making a lire from Athlon* W Ualway, thus completing the Hue from Dublin to l?alway, the shortest land journey from the Irish Sea to the Atlantic k'.ither of those great works onee complete,we might calculate, with cortaiuty, on the American paoketa having stations on our western coasts. American im rcnants might have stores aud warehouse* there, a? J Ireland might become the depot of tbe commerce of tbe old and new world. The letter concludes by requesting the aid of Americans, to approach tbem more nearly, and unite our couutry with tbu.rs by the bonds of reolprosal commerce aud mutual advantage. The secretary of the Dublin .Natural History Society, Mr. Andrews, has addressed a letter to Admiral Mr Thomat Usher, K. C. H , in whluh he submits a eonris* outliue of the features and resources of the western coasts for Ashing purposes. This letter is written with a view to stimulate the lormatlon of an inchoate com pany, aud affords ample data to prove the remnnotntlve ii'turns that mav be uxnaatad Th? m?.j ?^ lisbes two letters from over sea, one from Mr Washing* ton Hunt, who proposes the loan of half a million of dollars for the relief of Irish distress. Kor ourselves, ww trust that the tain of Irish distress U now nearly past, And that, for the future, we will look to America tor advice anil assistance to develope our resources and extend our commerce,not to save ua from perishing or to supply our wants. The accounts from the country districts, regarding the cropa, somewhat vary. The Cork Cunttiluliun mentiona, for a certainty, the appearance of the blight In the potatoe, though In a very mitigated form. The Belfast .V* if i LtUtr atatea that in the surrounding districts all sorts of agricultural produoe wear a more flourishing ap pearanoe than they have done for the last twenty years, aud so diversely from other quarters. Kever still prevails, and uusriy to the same extent, and in tbs same localities as stated in my last. 'I he prioe of all sorts of provisions is undergoing a decline Bread is |0d. the 4 pound loaf; next week it is expected to be 9Xd. Wheat alone maintains its price, from the small (identity Id the market. In the western counties, the local guardians and grand juries seem desirous to transfer the "bus of raising the increased taxes and poor rates to paid government ofltxrs , a pretty sxpresslvs Indication of tne|r opinion a? to the difltQulty ol auch a task The circuit ?f the aeeise is now nearly completed. The offences at the several towns are ot a less gross character than usual. I.Imerick, alooe, claims for Itself a melancholy p*>inl in ure 'I'here are sixteen to he tried for murder at the Fitting. In < ork. the presiding judge was for ordering a general gaol delivery of tha poor shrunken objects of (he Intended lawa. The KearltWs steamship Is stationed of) the coast of Mayo to preteot tradlag vessels (rem iMng plundered by boats from the shore in I riday, a trial of tlotdsworlh's patent safet; tubes, * for life boats, was made in Kingtown harbor. The* are composed of what is oalled Vulcanised India Hub)"*.'' 1 he experiment was not so succeesiul as expected,owing to some defect In the apparatus The U. H frigate Macedonian reached Cork on krtday week, after a voyage of twenty-nine days from New York. Our theatre opened, for the Apt time alnee the dlfl ruiiifvui .>ir \ ?icrwi,winj um vrntiui. on niiur l?y, IQ? 34th The Lord and L,uAy Lieutenant war* pr?e*nt, nnd the bouse mm* rrowded wttb r?oli and fanhi <ti Mr. aad Mr*. heati. for tb? Brat time alnce their return frrm Ami-lira, performed tfraluitoufctj o? the ocemi^n pla/ wm Mr toleinau ? comedy of the " Jealous W4f?." blob went off with great ?ol?t Mr. Cfcloruft, at tM conclusion, addreaeed the bouiUt. rui vriii MK.KI hanTh, OfcALtJia' I.N , , HM .^ltKV , 1 oilal H?ap<. Patent Medicine*. V? icv Article*' hi ev*rv variety, (applied e^on ihe lowrit termi ?f .N.>. I Courtlvidt street, #r?t store Irotn Broad**?. \i?r, v BOOM kKUWLEU'S unrivalled Wxlnnt Oil M?I"?m ?h>i*iuir Soip 'he omy rename, awarded the Ar*' p-eminu at lite American Institute ta 1U4 aad IIM. OEM U OKOflt ACC rinerH .? .> VBOd1 kV' W'l ^l ? ' ?. ? I TPTokFVVA.KUkiTH" ANTFTIUMII rTa.7A\T M-d V.L> ? Lauie* 01 ^ehi|rm?n ..<? i..v du >ua ffl?ci?'odi?i?iaa of, sueh u VVearing Apparel. Kurnnare, fcc . <au ol>tain a fair cash price fix the saomi. by aandiuf lor (he sabecriber, through the Poet Office, or otherwise, wbo will stiead M their reaideuees. J. LKV kNhTVN, f Broad ?>r apa?ut Uereeami.1 M?t*N