Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 6, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 6, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Monday, September S, 1841. Annexation at Tuu Apln. Ex-Preaident Tyler haa replied lo. Ex-Preaident Houston. The reply we give in another column of thia day's Herald. We obtain the aeoret hiatory of the negotiationa that led to the annexation of Texa*, by th? daaire of the ExPreaidenta to set themaelvea eight before the country. ? OR. BENNETT'S LETTERS FROM EUROPE. London, August 18, 1847. The Commercial Revulsion In England?The Power of the Bank of Hngland?Tke JDnty or American Me chants. The pressure in the money market is just aa severe aa ever. It is calculated that American bill*, to the amount of ?400,000 or #2,000,000, will be.returned to New York, and other places of the United States, in the steamer that sails irotn Liverpool to-morrow. This amount, added to those already returned, will probably exceed ten millions. The effect of this measure on American trade, set on foot by the Bank of England and the capitalists of Lombard street, can be easily im-gined. Whether this, even, will be th?* whole extent of the recoil, seems very doubtful. The causes which have produced the existing revulsion are still as active aa ever. These causes may be found in the railway expenditure, in the vast increase of imports into England, in the high rates of exchange; all these concurring to give a shock to the money system of England. Some branch of trade had to be sacrifio<-d in ordsr to preserve the ascendancy of the Bunk of England, and to continue the mouied power ov?*r the exchanges to the large capitalists of London ; and it has been judged to he the best policy, and the least sacrifice, to ruin the American c rn trade, and break up all the merchants 'hut Una in nrd.r tn nrxuna ?V?A financial superiority and domitnon to London. New York, Boston, Baltimore, and New Orleans, must all suffer i>me, when their commercial movements interf^rw with the Bank of England and the Englich capit?li?ts. I should not be surprised if the extent of th<> present revulsion were to equal that of 1836-'87, or 1839 *40, *hichfell so heavily on New York and New Orleans. It will probably break up all the American corn dealers, from the Atlantic t? the Mississippi, and all those of other dealers, who have purohaaed their foreign exchange, will be more or less injured. But the restrictive action of the Bank of England and the London capitalists is not confined to the American tride. It has already produced a revulsion in some of the commercial cities of the continent ; and accounts of failures are reaching London by every other continental mail. I have already alluded to the railway expenditures in England as being one of th? principal causes of the present revulsion. The outlays in these works have been, for the last two years, equal to ?25,000,000 a year. For the present year they are estimated at ?40,000,000, and some think that the " culls," aa they are called, will exceed that amount. These vast outlays have caused an increased demand for corn, sugar, coffee, tea, &e., all of which are used by the workmen employed. The proportion expended in foreign produce is estimated at half the aggregate eost of the work. This increased demand, coupled with the loss of the crops of last year, caused the extensive pressure, which alarmed every on e here, in the month of April last. But at that time the famine existed, popular discontent had to be conciliated, and the Bank of England, with the London capitalists, did not veniure, ai mai period, 10 aiuuonor Aincncnn bills, and break down the American trade. In April, they were willing to allow the specie to b? drawn to pa/ for the balances due the United States. The railway calls for floating capital had even to give way for the necessity of receiving foodAll is now changed ; at this period, however, tSe capitalists and politicians have recovered from their alarm; and in order to preserve their ascendency in the exchanges and in money affairs, they devise a measure that will carry destruction to the American trade in that particular line. The field will now be left open to the large English dealers in exchange, and if it be possible to get back the specie, they will attempt the measure in every shape. It is alleged, indeed, in these regions, that the Bank of England, under her present charter, cannot help herself; that she must refuse discounts, and elevate th? rate of interest, as* soon as the specie in the banking department has diminished to a certain point. This may all be very true, but there has been a combination of London capitalists acting with the bank in th? recent measures; and the purpose really aronnd on 'change was to break down the American corn trad', which caused the drain of specie, so as to preserve the railway and other speculations of their own. Such is, undoubtedly, the canse and the consequence of the recent measures of the Bank and the capitalists. The fall in the price of breadstuffs, caused by the good appearance of the crops in Europe, may have produced some failures, but many of those who have recently become bankrupt here, will have assets enough to pay their liabilities in full. The results, however, of these measures, are not all fully developed. It is now believed that the good crops and the pressure in the money market, will caure a great full in the price of breadstuifs. I have heard some acute financiers say, that before the next spring, the price of wheat per quarter will be down to thirty shillings, or less. As long ns the railway expenditures continue, a large supply of breadstuifs will be required from the United States. The price may not fall so lew in consequence of the demand still existing here, but at all eventa the Bank of England, and its secret gents, the great capitalist*, will take possession of the American corn trade, and manage it, together with the exchangee, so as to suit their own miereaie ana poncy. It is the great error of the American mer? chanie, in every branch of trade, to act eingly instead of together. Their iaolated condition m*keelhem easily overthrown. It ia calculated that fifteen millions of dollars, daring the pres? ure, willba th? amount of the dishonored ex* change. All thia buaineaa will now fall into the hand a of the agenta of English capitaliats, who ara in their turn guided by the policy of the Bank of England. The profile in the exchange ta supply theae deficienciea will be vary great, and will go to European agenta and houaea. Why cannot the banka and merchanta of the United States, combine to defend themselves against the Bank of England and the foreign capitalists! They have the means completely in their power The English foreign trade ia decreasing with Europe, but it ia increasing with the United Statee. Hereafter, the rate of exchange will moat generally be always against England. By a proper combination of the United States banking tntereata, Wall street might hereafter rule Lombard street and all ita dependencies. The preaent aught to be the last revulaion. But enough on thia point at preaent. I shall have much to say on these mattera hereafter. The laat throea of the election are now nearly fit a clos-.*? ta election whose reeultahave caused a great deal of concern to the old aristocracy.? For the first time since the paaaing of the reform bill, the free trader*, or the movement, or radi* o?l, or repofcitoan party, will have force enough in the Common* to check and oontrol the two | old parties, divided and broken to piecea aa they are by the abolition of ihe-corn lawa. The radical* and repealers will have over a hundred votea in the Houae. They are generally set down aa liberals, and nominally in favor of the Russell government?but there is no real sympathy between them and the ol<l whigs. It is much more likely that Pe*l and his tsil will turn towards the radicals, under Cobden and his men, than that Cobden should feel much sympathy for Russell. Lord John Russell is the organ of the eld whig oligarchy, and is just aa hoatile to the further extension of popular rights aa the old toriea arefeven more ao than Stanley and Bentinck. There is a good chance for the people hereafter to increaae their power and influence in the country. If corn should fall to a very low price, there will be another political exoitement in England. The landed aristocracy will aoon be on their laat legs. Tub Gas.?What in the name of wonder if the matter with the gas in the lower part of the city 1 It gives us about ss much light aamakes darkneaa visible, and no more. The other evening it went out entirely,and left our establishment from turret to foundation,as dark as Erebus Fun is very good in its place, but a newspaper office is no place for it, and we suggest to the gas company the propriety of omitting it for the future, for we can assure them that we cannot appreciate it, at three or four o'clock in the morning, when every minute is as much aB an hour to us at another time. One word to the gas company. Gentlemen, ?you charge exorbitantly high for your gas, because you have a monopoly of the business, and give mean, contemptible, small, and unsatisfactory light; you are getting very unpopular with tne public, and our advice is?have care! The city of Washington will soon be illuminated with a new kind of gas, which costs very little. If you don't look sharp, your occupation and your profits will vanish like the baseless fabric of a dream, or as your gas did in our office on Saturday night, and leave nothing but long faces and empty pipes behind, because people will try to manufacture their own light. Let the experiment be tiied but once, and from the time it ie made you m <y dite your gradual downfall. In- ' deed, we understand the experiment will soon be tried. We want good light and more of it than we i have had lately in our fixtures. You gave ua a ; doae interna ly a few days since, while taking , up the pipes in the streets near our office, and perhaps you are making up for it by stinting j us in another shape. i Medical Department or Alms House?The , summer recess of the Common Council has now terminated, and they will meet this evening ! again for the transaction of business, and among the first things done by the Board of Assistants, we trust, will be the final passage of the bill for the belter management of Bellevue Hospital. It will be remembered that this bill was passed by the Board of Aldermen, with some few amendments, and sent down again to the Board of Assistnuts for their concurrence, the last ' night of their session, but from want of time it was then laid over, and thus remains. We have already given our readers a synopsis ftf fViA nrnnnsprl inHioi/tiia tlt*rafinna nnrl ?*/* feel convinced, that every member of the Common Council must be thoroughly aware of their excellence.? If anything more were necessary to urge aome change in the management of affairs at Bellevue, we might adduce the recent extraordinary occurrences that have taken place there; we allude to the quarrels, crimination* and recriminations, between the resident physician and his assistants. In such cases, it is always difficult to say who is in fault; but be the fault on which side it may, the possibility of such, we must say, disgraceful scenes being enacted, show that the present rules and regulations must be both contused and inde6nite. Let the bill now before the Board of Assistant Aldermen, be passed, and made a law, and then the business and station ot every person about the establishment will be so clearly defined, that such occurrences can never happen. Th? #?Yn*na#? tn ritv will lint h#? nnv mnrp Ithan it is at present, and we shall heve an orderly and well appointed hospital, whilst at present Bellevue Hospital is little better, it appears, than a fighting ground between hospital stewards and physicians. Election in Wisconsin?A delegate to Congress is to be elected to-day in Wisconsin. Moses B. Strong is the democratic, John R. Tweedy the whig, and Charles Durkee the abolition candidate. Thutriekl and Musical. Park Thbatbe ? Mr Forrest, baring recovered from his indisposition, will appear again this evenirg at tbs Park Theatre as Othello, ia the tragedy of th t name ? Tbe whole east of this pieoe is excellent The comedy of tbe "Governor's Wife," will eonelade the evening's amusements. The oast in the latter piece, too, is extremely good. Chatham Tmeatbx.?That excellent oomedy, " London Assnraaoe," will'be performed at the Chatham Theatre this evening, and those cxoellent performers, Mr. Waloot and Miss Clark, will, with others, perform in it The farce of u Bamboosllng," will be added. We doubt not that Miss Clark will be gladlv reoeived by her many admirers, who will flock to see her this evening, which will be her first appearance sinoe her recent lnalsposltlon. Caitlb Oabdii*.?Verdi's grand opera, the "Two Fosoari," will be performed at Castle Oarden this evening by the Havana opera troupe. The principal parts will be enacted by tbe moat perfect of this admirable company. VV? expect to see a very large audience at Castle Oarden thia evening. Falmo's OreaA Hovie.?A capital programme of amusements is advertised for performance at Palmo's Opera Houae this evening, by the Ravel family, and tbe tock company It consists of " Ths Ilendrsvous," " Blaise and Bab?t." and tbe pantomime of "Jocko.-* When it I* knoau that Mr Vaohe. Mr Placide and Mlse Taylor In ods department, and the celebrated Ravels win perform In another, the pobilo oan at one* peroelve the attractions that are offered Mikebva Room*.?Another treat Is offered by ths Virginia Serenaders, this svenlng, at tha Minerva Rooms Th<-y havs advertiard to alng a great selection of new oeloal's. and repeat for the benefit of all who attend, tbe ludicrous burlesque opera Stuffo. Pkedke Ethioveai** ?Thl* new company of Virginia minstrels havs taken ths Apollo Rooms for a wsek, oommeneiac this evening, and will ting there ths song* whioh they snng ia Newark, Brooklyn, andotber places, with so muoh suoo?ss We recommend our fun loving eltiseos to drop la and hear them. Hast and Sitobi.?Madam* Flsury Jolly has been prevailed upon to deft* her dspartnrs for N*w Orlsan* until after Messrs. Hers and Slvori bava given their next ?An<*aw4 Iwa thla In nH?P tf% llM fhsim In maWU* a moit axorllant antartnlnment on tbat oooaalon We undaratand that than* celebrated perform?r< on Monday for Albnny, Troy, and Saratoga at which Utter piaoo they will glva oonoarta daring tha tima of holding tha grant <Ur next wank. Tba tragedian. Booth oommenoee an angacamaat nt tha Howard Atfcanasum, Boaton, tbia evening. Sporting Int lllffnnco. Cbrtmvul Cot anc, L. I.?TnoTTiito?Four oontaat* tak? place, to-day, nt thla track, nnd wo anticipate an excellent afternoon'* *port, ahonld tha wanthar prova favorable. Wa ,refer to our advertising column* for partloulars. Tha *bowert of ynatarday hax put tha ronda loading ta tba oounw in floe condition, nna wn azpaot to aea a large turnout of tha " blooda." _ ? Intelligent*. ??atioi,.._Tha September tarn t?*a fact that T* Pr^?n, ?V* T*** trl?'? during tha Uat two ^ Tl ?* i d>r f0tl **? tarn, muit neceeea7-.V" i V. up"B th* "bol? tba trial* will ba a long ttaa Sli't" mp?rt"it lh?n *'J *>? b?an tor Hall Fntlurca. v JFro? 8* n*h Hepubli.an, Sept. 1 1 jsaatstfesss I sr City laidttgMMfe Tm WaATMaa.?We arc now at the and of the "dog daya," tad th* intense katt that prevailed it lntorvala, and during a nucoeeeion of torn* da;* for the laat few months, we trait, will be auooeeded by milder and more congenial weather. Yeeterdav, at 13 o'clooe. the thermometer itood at Delatoon. Wall atreet, at 8i degree* It stood at the aame hoar at the Northern hotel, foot of Courtland stroet, at 80 degree*, and at the P?arl 8' rent House at the earn* time, Hi deg. About 1 o'olock we had a heavy and refreshing shower of rain, and In th* course of the day we had a few lighter showers which had the ff?ct to considerably cool the atmosphere. The evening was extremely agreeable, and several of our citisen* took advantage of It, and went to enjoy themselves at Hoboken, Williamaburgh, 8 tat en Island, and the many beautiful retreats in our immediate vioinity The weather was warmer, by some degrees, in the first week of September last, in this oity. It stood, on the 4th of September, as follows :? 0 A.M. 13 M. a P.M. 6 P.M. 1840 78 87 89 81 1847 74 84 86 83 It will thus ba pffcelved, that, at 13 o'olock M- on the 4th September. 1840. the thermometer ranged three .degreet higher that at the same nour in the present month; and the heat was on* degree higher during the same day last year than it reaohed at the corresponding date this year. W* bid a warm adieu to the dog-dava, and trust that, immediately with them, will van&h the oppressive beat th. t ha* kept our citisens actually broiling for th* last few weeks. ' Common Covncil.?Both boards hold-forth In their respective chambers this evening lor the first time after tae recess. FiftCi ?About five o'clook yesterday morning a fire was discovered in the jewelry store, No. 310 Bowery, belonging to Mr Richard Sobarp The fire was promptly extinguished through the aid ol the police. Damage trilling. Another fire was discovered yesterday morning at the tobaoconlst's store, belonging to H. h C. Sagchan, No 349 Washington street. It was promptly put out by oltiaens and poiloa. Damage also trifling. Horticultural Exhibition.?The Am-rican Agricultural Abnociation will hold their nexr. horticulture! exhibition at the Lyoeain, In BroadWky. on the ?th and 9th of this month?Wednesday and Thursday next. Drownbp in a Sink.?Coroner Walters was called yes-' terday to hold an Inquest at No 77>{ Broome street upon the body of Jane Moffat, aged 11 yeara, who accidentally fall into a alnk In tba yard and was drowned. Verdict aooordlngly. Police Into llgeuce. jf?iaut( with Ini-m to Kill.?Officers Watson and Saturday night, a man by the name of John D?r?ey, on charge of violently asaaultlog Dennia Bm? with a bung driver, inflicting (temra] aevere blow* on the head, with intent to take hia life. The assault took ptaoe at the boarding house No. 470 rearl street, kept by Mr*. Week*, and ae the complainant had on hit person tone $000 and a gold watch, it la supposed that the money was the object of the aaaault. Committed byJuatioe Drinker for a further hearing. Arret t of a Convict.?OBeer John Rafferty, of the 0th Ward, arreeted. on Saturday night a fellow called John Snari. an eaoaped convict from Blaokwell's ialand. Juatloe Drinker ??.nt him baek to his old quarters, to finish the balance of his aentenoe. Carrlrti Shooting ? Offleers Owens and Connolly, of the Sih Ward arrested, on Saturday night,a man called Wm Riley, on a obarge of carelessly discharging a loaded pistol in Croee street, a portion of the obarge having taken effect in the leg of a young girl, by the name of Margaret MoDermot. Inflicting rather a serious wouud. Justus* Drinker looked him up for trial. The Eicaptd Pritoner.?Wa alluded yesterday to the two women arrested on auapiolon, of being conoernrd in the eaoape of Oookin alias Tom B ker. from the oity prison on Saturday last. One of the prlaonera zave the name of Jane Montgomery, and the other as Louisa Nelson, and during Saturday night Jane acknowledged having aided in the esoape of Oookin, by bringing In the dress, Jto , In ordxr that Oookin migbt pass the keepers in female attire. They are both detained in prison for a further bearing. Arrrit of Hack Driver t?Officer Bloom, the Haok Inipector, arrested on Saturday, on a warrant. John MaoDowell, driver of haok. No 219. and James Devlin, driver of hack No 16, both of whom were obarged with extorting from a passenger mare fare than allowed by law I'hey were taken before hie Honor Mayor Brady, who flnrd them each $6 for the violation. And if thrv are brought up again beiore his Honor for the Ilka offenoe their lloenee* will he revolted Jirrnt for Manilnughter.?Offloer Horton, of 6th ward, a r rented t ester d?y a man called James Wilson alias Crasy Jim, on a warrant Issued by the Coroner, whereIn he stands charged with furiously driving, a few dsys Hgo, a hone and wagou down tba Bowery, running over itn unknown mao.and inflicting such sever* bodily in juries that the unfortunate man died on Saturday at the City Hospital Justice Drinker h*ld the accused to nail in the sum of $500, to answer tha charge at court for trial. Jlrrtit on Suspicion.?Offloer Crolioa, of tha 6th waid, arretted on Saturday afternoon a suspicious looking young man, calling himself Wm. Simpson, hating in bis possession four pieces of Oarm*n vestlnga,suppoeed to be stolen, tor which an owner la wanted. Apply to the *bove offloer, at tha fifth ward station house, No. 48 Leonard street. Dnhunni Lodger.- Soma thief stole from the room of Thomas Wallaoe, realdlng at the oorner of Chatham street and Oliver, on Saturday night last, $16 in bank bills, together with a black dress cuat, worth *30 ; 1 pair of bine striped pantaloons, worth $6, and two sliver pencils, worth $2, in all $43. Supposed to have been taken by a young man who lodged in the house that night. Ditchargti? In Saturday's Urrald, we noticed the arrest of Ralph Romaln, on a charge of attempting to pa*s a counterfeit $S bill on the Mechanics' Bank of Newark New Jersey. Justice Timpson has sinoe visited Newark and presented two of the bill* in question to the cashier who pronounced them to be genuina. Mr. ItaiMtln ha* therefore been honorably discharged by Justice Timpson from the oomplaint pieferred against bim. Turpentine Business.?Few persons, perhaps, unconnected with the commercial transactions now carried on in North Carolina, in the tingle article of turpentine, can form an idea of the quantity made annually In Ita limit*, the amount of labor employed in its manufacture, the large capital invested, the targe numbers supported bv it, and the various uaeii to whleh it is appropriated. Nor are we prepared t+enlighten them tally upon the subject, became of the neora*arily limited information which even dealers in the article possea* in referenoe to it. In our conversation with Intelligent gentlemen engaged In the business, we have been enabled to gather up some particulars, however, which may be Interesting. We Una the impression to be, that about BOO 000 barrels of turpentine are now annually made In this State. Not more than 2(H) 000 barrels, if that, were whipped to New York and other ports the past year, in Its crude state, the largest portion of the whole being distilled in the State The estimated value to the makers la about $1,700,000 annually, and may be $2,000 ( 00. About four or five thousand laborers are engaged In making it, and perhaps three times as many more human beings are supported mainly from the proceeds of its first sale The distillation of turpentine in this State is now oarrled on very extensively, which will render the shipment of it in its crude state very small in future. It is supposed that there are now in operation about ISO stills, irhlch, at an average cost of $1,600 with fixtures, show that there Is an expenditure of $226 OuO to begin with, in the distilling of spirits of turpentine. This number of stills, to have steady work, would require ooooio barrel* annually?more than is now made; which to us is an indication that the distilling business Is overdone. Should the makers of the artiole continue to multiply stills, and thus monopolise the distilling as well as the making, It will be neoersary for those now engaged io It to Invest their capital in other pursuits. The oost of distilling is very great, and when w reckon the oest of transportation, the profits of distillers, of ship owners, commission merchants, and the venders of the article abroad, it will be seen that the oapital and labor employed is not only Immense, but the numbers who are supported by the manufacture and sale of the article is astonishing. Perhaps there is no one article produced in this country by the same number of laborers, which oontrlbutee so muob to the commerce and prosperity of th? country as the article of turpentine.?i/orth Carolina Jftwbtrnian. cemmenctmbivt at Bbown UitivcaiiTT?Wednesday last was the day set apart for the exercises of the seventy-eighth commencement of Brown University. l-'rannla Wayland Weston, of Lynn, Mass., waa the valedictorian. The candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts were, Charles Mason Allln. Thomas Smith Anthony. Francis Kben Meriam Bacheler, Henry Southard Baker, Charles J?mes Bowen, Jam s Fetigrew Boyce, Albert Henry Campbell. Qeorge Capron, Frederick Denlson. Edwin Dibell, Joshua James bills, George Iledding Killmore, George Park Flrher, Albert Auguxtus GamweU. Cyrus Garnsey. Reuben Aldrldge Guild, Nicholas Hatb away. Pbloeas Howe, Samuel Herbert Judson, Jr , James Waloott Latbrop, Benjamin Lawrence Locke, John Hill Luther, Edwin Smith Oliver, ?mery Harkness Page l?aao Proud, Thomas Henry Itlpley, Milton Georse Robert, Amos Re to her Spalding, Mijth BrUham stodD..I TL Francis Wayiand Weston, Frederick Wrtey. The annual meeting of the Alumni of this university. wh held on Tuesday morning. in Manning Hall The attendance waa large. aod an increasing interest wa? manifested in the olj-oU of the association Profeesor Qnnmell. from lb? Committee appointed to prepa-e obituary notice* of graduatea deceased during the year reported the name* of nineteen regular graduate* and four honorary graduates with very interesting aud ai> propriate notioes Hemarlu were ?U<> m da by Rev Dr Wayiand. Rmv Dr Bxbcook. Ur Tobey. Mr i'?yne. aud several otbur gentlemen After the trana act.on of tbe usual businais the society aijourned. The Celebration of the United Brother* and Philermedian Soon ties, took place in tbe Rev Mr. Hall'* church, on Tuesday afternoon. An unusually large number of the members of tbeae societies were lu attendance, and the favorable reputation of the orator secured a largo and fashionable audience from the oily. Prayer waa offered by the Rsv. Dr. Baboockaf New Bedford The oration was delivered by Charles Sumner, Esq , of Boston. At tbe commencement of Brown University on Wednesday last, the degree of A. M. was conferred upon the following gentlemen Joeeph Dunbar, class of 1841 ; Cyras Bean, Joshua Parkins Converse, Benjamin Kendall, Sjlvanus Dryden Phelps, Lucius Lyon, William Sumner Barton,and James Hodge* Morton, class of 1844. Tha following honorary degrees wera conferred The degree of D. D. upon David New ten tfhaldon, President of Watervllle College. The degree of LL. D. upon Jaseph E. Woroasier, of Cambridge. Thi Ovmulauoh ?The water in the river is vrry low. Navig^tioni* bxdly obstructed. Vei??*U and steamboats fipd It often impossible and alwaya difll cult to gat over the bars A project is on foot to remove these ob truotions by Individual subscriptions. For the purpoaaof ascertaining the points where tbe expenditure U most needed, a number of onr commercial man, with several members <4 the Common Coauoll, go down this afternoon to mak* a mivsy?JuMmal, ?t 4 j Another Letter tram Ex-PreeMent Tyler | Helatlre te tk* AnuuNoo of Texas. To the Editor$ of (A* Richmond Enquirer :? I The very brief Utter under my aljgneture, which VH ( evoked by a paragraph In the National InlMigtnctr, end kln41y given a place In the ooiumna of your paper, i ome two month* ago, hae, to my no little aatoniabinent, 1 called forth a publle letter from the pen of Senator Hoot- j ton of Texee. on matter* Dot put in iaeua by the article which, beoaujie of the great respectability of the paper in which it appeared, (deemed it proper to notice Nothing certainly waa lurtber from my intention than to bate 111 voir - d the Ex Preeldent, now the Senator fr< m Texaa, in tbe nece*aity of any expeeitiou upon tlie tubjeet. Whatever doubt existed aa to hia real deaire for tbe annexation of TeXa* to the United State*. bad, by a {irevioua publication, eliber in tbe lorm of a ape< cb or etter, I fi.rget which, nor ia it material to remember, be*n auflloienliy cleared up by the declaration, that he only coquetted with England in all that be bad done, with a view, aa we are now teld. to produce an impreeaion with tb* over creduioua people of the United Statea, aa well aa tuoee rntru-tad with the adminlatration of their pnbllc affaire, that the " golden moment" for anoeiation bad arrived, and, If permitted to paaa, could never be recalled. Aided by the alienee of the Texaa preM, and for aught I know by other and atlU more lmpoelng meana, Mr. Honaton certainly auooeeded In impressing (Jen. Jackaon? to whom, in tbe exubranoeof hia devotion, be aacrlbea the whole honor of the measure?with the belief. that the coquette would, nnleaa prevented by prompt notion, very aoou fall Into the arms of another, and thua be forever loet to tbe U uited state*. That time-honored mttriot h&a tn the* irrnTH. iinri?r th? full c.nn. lotion, that what he avuuobxd to tb? Amsrloan people, wal true in e??ry word and In every letter. Ha wkb incapable of giving utterance to what be felt to be untrue; and I may safely add, that he looked too deeply Into the deed* of men, and understood too tborugbly their motire*, to be easilv deceived He saw, as readily as others the great stake at Issue, in the question of annexation? a stake which the leading Stales of Europe would be quite as eager to gain an tue Unit) d States?and he possessed as full a knowledge of the neoessity which would oouiptl Texas te rerort to expedients to resoun her*rli from the unhappy couditlon in which Mr. Houiton describes her to have been la lo41, as the President of Texas hlnntelf. 1 hese expedients are now for the first time promulged to the world oy Mr. Houston, as ha Ting been deliberately weighed, considered and adopted by himself. The flri>t watt to obtain annexation with the United States ; that failing, the second was to obtain from Mexico the recognition of the independence of Texas; and failing in both these, the third was to form a defensive allianoe with some foreign power against Mexico In order to aooomElisb the last two of these objects, the President of Tex?s ad spread out betore him as broad a field for diplomacy

as could well have been desired. His first expedient, annexation to the United States, wae very soon exhausted, sinoe Mr. Reiily, who had been Instructed to propose annexation at an early day of my administration, so utterly failed as not only to withdraw the proposition, bat to aocompanv the withdrawal with the deolaratlen that Texas would never renew It. After Mr Relllv's failure, the question naturally arises, what coarse did the President of Texas thea pursue f Did he fold his arms in apathy, or did he press on to the aooemplish- , ment of his second and third expedients ? Did he te>k to interest other governments in the affairs of T? xas. so far as to Induct* their interposition with Mexico, in order to obtatn an acknowledgment of independence T and wis it, or not, through their interposition that a quasi armistice was at length obtained T?an armistloe which, however, opened the door to an acknowledgment of Texan independence by Mexico no wider than it bad before mood. Alter the failure of his tlrst expedient, did Mr. , Houston itand with his arms folded and fail into an apoplectio (lumber T It ?ainot until hie presidential term had run the greater part of its course, that the U S. Executive,startled by in Ulligenoe received from London .an d oonttrmed by the representative of Texas at that oourt, deemed it neoetsary to Institute inquiries, through its accredited organs, for the purpose of ascertaining the true ooudition of things Thine inquiries developed , the active efforts made by associated individuals to en sure the tulUlmeni.of their it trigues. and the extent 01 the oounteuanoe which bad breu bestowed upon them i by the ministry of (ireat Britain, which was more publicly and openly avowed on the floor of the British Parliament, in a debate in which Lord Brougham, whose sentiments were fully re-echoed by the British minister, bore a oonspioious part Iu that uebate, the Texan was declared to be the ail important question?and this, not so much on ite own account in the abstract, as in its bearing and effect on the oondition of the United States. There was no longer any room to doubt but that the eyes orforeign powers,as well as of associated companies, were strainedln that direction; aud I repeat in this plaoe, what 1 said in my former letter, that I resolved upon the proportion tor annexation a* the readiest, il not the only mod*, " to Matter the web of their intrigues," either actual or contemplated. Notwithstanding, bowever, the authentic information reodved by the United States Executive, all of wbioh has been heretofore in offloial documents communicated to the public?and notwithstanding the great interest with whiohTexas waa regard, ed by the distinguished statesman of Eugiand, Mr Houston, who is not content to epeak for himself alone, but also for the whole world, would feln induce the country to believe that the British ministry folded their arms in inaotion, and that the Abolition Sociutv of Oreat Bri tain reposed in unaisiurDeu siumner. lie seems also uiost strangely to forget that the city of Mexico was as important a place for tbe courooting and carrying on intrigues ,as tie city of Austin itself. in taking the Initiative. I was not in the least controlled by the feelings oi the Texan Executive; nor did any thing which bad proceeded from it stimulate me to action. Texas was surrounded by well- known embarrassments, exhausted by a long war, her industry paralysed, aud her resources almost annihilated; and as she bad been repeatedly repelled in her advanced to the government of the United .Slates, it was naturally oonoluded that she would look elsewhere for succor and for aid. The Executive of Texas had tried annexation, and failed; It Had not obtained a recognition of independence by Mexico. What other expedient remained, but to make the best terms it could with either France or England or both, which, giving it breathing time, would enable it to j repair the energlr s of the country, and recover it from the state of deep depression in whioh it was placed ? The Aiuetlean Minister, (Mr. Murphy.) was therefore directed to urge annexation on the Exrouiiveuf Texas This was accordingly done, and Mr Houston, in hi.-, letter, sets forth the terms which, as a condition precedent, be thought it proper to exaot lroin an over xealout. but devoted friend to the measure. I must be permitted to say, that it would have better concluded Mr. Houston's accsunt of the matter, if he bad n cause to have informed the puuuc, U1V. Iruo miiu? mm cuuiru *?tO pruuipilT Uiravowed by tue executive. it being firmly fixed In itR devotion to the Constitution of the United Settee, and that Constitution nowhere conferring the power on the President to transfer hit authority over the army or navy, or any portion of either, to a foreign potentate, cr to enter into any alliance, defensive or otherwise, without the previous esnotlou of the Senate. '1 his was as well known to Air. Houston an to myself. He had filled important stations in the United btatea prior to his emigration to Texas, and was believed to be well acquainted with the limitations and r*ktriuLionn imposed by the Constitution on all irs functionaries. Mr. Houston will pardon me for frankly saying, that this arrangement, thus made with Mr. Murphy, did at the time excite a suspicion on my part, that he wanted but a plausible pretext to deteat annexation altogether. He will find in that fact, indep. ndently ol their own personal merits, the secret motive tor the appointment of Geo. Howard, who hat belonged to Mr. Houston's military family when Governor of Tennessee, In plaoe of Mr. Murphy : and, after the death of General Howard, of Major Donaldson, from the household of General Jacksen, who was regarded as the Idol of Mr. Houston's political worship. Both these gentlemen were well worthy of their appointments, and acquitted themselves of their high duties with ability and seal; but yet, oould I nave been satisfied at the time that the President of Tiivila nlavlntr th? rnnnnfta ami mepil* irwinltrinir in a oourse of innocent flirtation, in order to awaken the jealouxy of the people of the United States, It It quite probable 1 should have (elected for t?? mission others, who stood more closely allied to my administration. The flirtation with Mr. Muryhy wis very soon quieted, by a disavowal of what he had inconsiderately, but from the best of motives, been led to do ; but, when the coquetry with England waa afterwards actually carried through the aotive agenoy of the British Minister, into an acknowledgement by Mexico of I he independence of Texas, upon the sole coudltion that she would renouoce annexation to the United States, it was as near becoming serious as any love affair in the calendar. What it the United States had presented at the time no definitive proposition for annexation, is any one prepared to say that the Mexloan proposition would not have been accepted T Will anyone venture to say that General Jackson was so far deceived, ur the Amtrioan people so far misled by their Ji-alousy, as to bave been mistaken in supposing that " the golden moment" had in fact arrived ? Or, can It be said that I was very far misiakeu in the declaration, tbat the proposition for annexation xoattered to the winds all the webs of intrigue wherever woven ? Alas for annexation, if the American Kxeou live had been driven to the alternative of ireovnt.nK a new basis of negotiation in place of definitive teimo! In declaring the opinion lh?t thedeathof Mr. liptbur and the appeiutineul of an adjuaot commissioner to Mr Van Zandt, alone prevented ihe completion of a tieaiy at an earlier day, I neither designed to uiter oomplaiut . gainst au all-wine Providence tor removing from my <ide my friend and able counsellor, nor against the Kxecutlveof i'exas for appointing an aojuact commissioner ? it was a solemn occasion, that oi uitrgtug the absolute sovereignty oi one State iuto that of olhrr*; and Texas oould uot well have used too much caution in its performance. Certain it is that no adjunct could have been more acceptable to the United mates than Governor Henderson. 1 did but urge that view to rbo* that ?o eecret had been, and so expeditious would hsTe keen ihe course oi the United Stale txeoutive on the ubject. that the treaty, but for the two circumaianc> s alluded to, would bav? beeu consummated before the speculation m Texas slocks, or holders of Texas lands would ever have heard of It I thifk the remark admits iu fairness ao other ooustruotion. As to the ascription made by Mr Houston to Oeneral Jackson of tne success of the measnre, I have nothing more than this to say, that I took the initiative witnout my prwTloun connunaiiuu ?ivn tuu uiabiuguiiueu uiau lie gave to tb? action of thi Ki?outi?? tiw teajom and cordial lupport, and I would bo the lot to d?ny him th? full meaiure of honor which hi* patriotic advocacy Implied. HI* Dmnn waa undoubtedly a tower of ilrenglh to anv cauae which be eepouaad; but there were otbi r auxiliaries who deeerve to be noticed in connection with the muter. I omit the uamM of Mr. Up*hur, Mr. Nel*on and Mr Calhoua, who aucceaidvely Oiled the oha r of the *tate Department, and after them of uiy entire cabinet. They war* a part of my own Identity, and that eacb waa worthy ot my confidence aud that of ih? country, t* ?ufflcleo?Ty d?mon*iria*d by the irult* of their I bora. I ohootx to meutinn other*, not tnenibera of my p iltloal family, among the moat promiotnt of whom waa Mr. Walker, the piemnt ttecre.ary of the 1'reaaury, noon writing* unveil* d the true merit* of the qucatlou. end, aided by th* eipnau.ou* of many editor* of the n?w*iiap?r it?*i, brought the public mind to a ju*t and aound drrla o . I w?e myreif mrtalned and encouraged by the oplnlont of other diaiingulrhtd olua?n*, among whom I talc* Biea-ur* In mentioning the nam* of oue who once would ava commanded th* re*{tot, if not the confidence. of thoueanda; but who, at the time, retted under a cloud, and apoke to m? from th* *hade? of ^udalaulk: I m*in the Ui* Nieholu BUdle, witb wnom l differed no widely oa th* utyeflt oI the fituk of tb? I/nlt*d State*. Hn brtfkt m4 ftOWWU**'* nUid aoi bU t? mbNm* t? ta Ml aftaat ths nl? of ths virtu*! monopoly of ths lottoo plant, secured to the United State* by the aeqntlitioa of T?tii -t monopoly mora potential la the iffalrs of Um world than millions of armed men. I have only to say, in oooelualon, that I phall content myself In all else that relates to the annexation of Texas, ky referring to the public and ofllolal documents already ?pread b?/ore the country. JOHN TKLtll. New York, Sept. 1, 1847. Gold Pen*.?Read the foUi.wlug, and no longer be deceived u to who tell* the best Pens at tne lowtit prices j? The Diamond Pointed Go'd Pens which sre advertised in our column* today, will be found, on trial, the best ever offeed to the public. They write smoorhly and rapidly, and lire very durable. '1 hey are sold at very low by J. W. Ci eatou a Co., 71 Oder stieet, to whose sdvertisement we isk the atteuuou of out readers.?[Courier k ilwjuiier of J urtday. The above, Irom the Courier snd Knqnirer, w>ll be ol aome idvautsge to those of ?nr reader* who wish to xuiply them fives with a good gold pen st a low price.?[Tribune ol Wednesdjy. RleiUlcm Diamond Pointed Gold Pens.? The f,et that they are the best and cheapest peus in the city? and thv they are recom<neudsd eitensively by thoie who have used them, is bringing in orders from all parts of the countryIt is thus we scatter to the wind* the idle talea of rivals, who cauuot conceal their chagrin at the coua-uitly increming popularity of the>e pens. BE. Watson ll Co., 45 William street, one door belnw Wall street, and J. V. Savage,9il Kult >u street hive the exclusive sale of ibem. Levi Brown s pens st a redaction of 11 per rent. Other pens, SI, Si 23 and |IM, sold for $1 SO, 9113 and $! else where Pens repaiied. Gold Pens Wholesale and Hetnll.?.The New York Gold Pen Company, maoeftcture a splendid article of niam/ind PnintAil flnM pane which thav offer at redacrd prices, at their Depot, No 33 Joho street, tirift of Nassau, (up itun.) Id addiliou to which thev have added fine assortment of Quid Pens, of all the most celehrstea stsmps?s Im'j d u tliey an by those experienced in the business, iheyleel confident of suiting any person who nay faror them with a call. Oold Pens repaired. George B\ Conclciln'a Camphene JPmooi wishing to be supplied with the ab<-ve v?ry superior article, fr jm the wagons of tlie New York Csmpheae Distillery, and at? reduced price, by sending their erderi 'hrough the peat office to corner 25th itreet and 1st avenue, they will he attended to. ' Fine Cutlery The aubaerlbera' nrlmrr t embraces everypossible va?iet\ pattern of pen. pocket. de?k a-id snorting knife. witha large variety of choice raxors, which will bi warranted to th? purchaser Also, scisfors. nail files, tweezers, he. O SAUfJUKRH St SON, 177 Broadway, a few doors above Courtlandt street. Travelling Dressing Caaea The exceedingly small compass in which 'he subscribers have placed every thing necessary for the toilet, without destroying their usefulness, and the h uidsome and substantial manner in which they are mads render these cases superi/ir to any manufactured. An examination cannot tail of being satisfactory. G. SAUNDERS It SON. 177 Broadway. Navigation of tfie OIUo Klvsr. Placet. Tint. State of Ritir. Loularllle.. Auk- 31... .4 feat A In. Wheeling.., ,,,. .... .Sept. 1. . ,.8 faat Sin. Pittsburg Sept. 3... .3 feat 1 In. CltMtanatl Auk 31.... 5 feet 4 In felling. MO.IBY HARKICT. Sunday, Sept. K?6 P. H. The arrival of three ateamera from Europe within the put week, haa given us intelllgenee up to the 19th of August, rrom lodood ana Liverpool. it 1* very meldom that we receive In auoh a ?hort apace of time, such repeated accounts of financial and oommerciitl embarrassments, in the old world. The two short crops of Great Britain are beginning to produoe the usual effects in financial and commercial ciroles, and before the end is reached we aball see a vast deal of dlffloulty among the commercial classes of Great Britain. One shbrt crop in England U sufficient to derange the financial affair* of the kingdom to an alarming extent, and two usually bring* about many Insolvencies, and produoe* panic* and embarrassment*, the effeot of which is not recovered from for years. When in connection with a large defleienoy In the crops for two years in succession, there exist* an enormous speculative movement in a new element, we oannot but anticipate more alarming oonsequenoes than usually attend a short supply of food We allude to the railway mania, wbioh has taken such a atrong hold upon the speculative propensities of t>e people of Great Britain. This movement, requiring the eutlay for such a length of time, of such an Immense amount of capital, at a time of soar city in the domestlo snpplj of breadstuffs, is sufficient to bring bankruptcy upon half the kingdom. Had the present harvest been as deficient as the previous two, the eonsequenoes would have been awful. Fortunately for the people of Great Britain, there is every prospect at present of an abundant yield, and many of the evils which have been anticipated have disappeared. There are, however, enough left wbloh have grown out of the position in which the people of England have for the put two years been plaoed, to give them all the anxiety they desire tor the next year or two at leafct. The importation of breadstuffs into Great Britain is usuallyj large. The people of the United Kingdom never raise enough for their own consumption. The short crops of 1838 and 1830 produced larger imports* tloa in 1839 and 1840, but the Impart* at that time were limited compared with what they have been la the past two yean. In 1839 there were imported Into the united kingdom of Great Britain 4,405,613 quarters of grain, and 636,170 owt. of meal and flour; and In 1840, S,444,346 quarters of grain and l,312,964"cwt. of flour. From that time up to 184i the Importations of flour and grain feU off rapidly. In 1846 they began to increase again, in oonsequence of the short orop of 1846, but the bulk of the imports for that year did not reach that oountry till the l'all, when the second failure of the harvest created an immediate and immense demand far breadstuffs. The annexed table exhibits the quantity of grain and flour imported into Oreat Britain and (Ireland, for the first six months In each of the past two years:? Grain and Floor Imported into the United Kingdom or OaEAT Britain, Jan 6th to July Sth. 181#. 1817. Wheat, qrs *47,839 723 814 Barley 77.860 613.230 Pats 123 845 614,145 Rye 32 24 662 Peat 91.910 73.780 Beaut 122 326 221.914 Indian Hour 244,212 3,bS0.y<l Bock wheal 931 22.711 Beer or Big ? 491 Total grain 1.568 305 4.275.790 Floor, cwu 1,416,655 2,508,9 5 Barley meal ? 8 *87 Oatmeal 86* li.il 5 Ryemeal ? 2 ,931 Indian m*al 88,751 819,080 Buckwheat meal 12 413 Total 1,506,290 8,371, *42 It will b? observed that of the grain Imported in the preaent year, Indian oorn forma nearly one half of the whole. The importation In the first six month* of 1847 exoeeda that of any previous year. Thia gives noma idea of the immense demand for breadatuiTa, and the great deficiency In the homeaupply. Theahipmenta from this oountry, and from the continent of Europe, to England, aince the 6th of July, have been exceedingly large, notwithatandlng the great reduction la prioea It la a notorloua fact, that the proapeot of a good harveat in England, after a series of high averages, inatead of repelling fjrelgn import*, almost invariably produoea a sudden influx of foreign graina, from the conviction that unless me uuiuna, nui uiu uwu nwriDg it m mrrigo ouuovnn in order to keep the Englirh market sparingly supplied. bo that price* might rise to the highest point*, should avail themselves of the present opportunity, before th? new crop oame into taarket, they would have to aubmlt t > lewer prior* both at home and abroad. It 1* never the interest of the Importer, in year* of soarolty. to All the markets with foreign grain, until they have forced prices up to starvation point. It Is pretty well known that the corn markets of England are regulated by ratal! clique*, and that the most extravagant and untrue statements, relative to prloes. supply, lie., are frequently put forth for the purpose of inflating or depressing the market. It Is therefore impossible to arrvat anything definite or decld6d, relative to the corn markets of Great Britain. It is principally tbe absence o? accurate Information as te the supply of bread stuffs in England, tbe state of the crops, ko . which led to error* made by shippers on tbisside. and to tbe absence of correct information, on the other side, relative to the Immense supply of breadstuff" In this ouuntry, and tie quantity likely to go forward, that has produced tbe difficulties under whioh this class of operators n w labor It is well known that parties on this side, early in thi season, mads the most ridiculous statamsnta relative to the probable surplus snprlv of breadstuffs in the United Mates, likely to reaoh market daring the opening of * ?vigatlon Theae atatemeata, emanating from what w < ooneldered, on the other side, pretty good authority hit which, on thl* (Me, were oonaidered very ridiculous o much eo aa to be beneath notice, no doubt had a ver> great Influence upon prloea. and waa the prime oauee ot tbe enormous Inflation which Immediately followed When the actual extent of oar earplaa beoame known and the importation! into Oreat Britain and Ireland from this country became ao large aa to aatiafy all that the deflolenoy, whatever it mUht be, could be eaaJy aupplied. prices rapidly depredated, and the baa kruptofce reported became inevitable. Corn dealera on th? other alde)have aa yet aaan but the beginning of tbe end Should price ateadily aettle down, we aee no help for many other* aa yet not named; but In the event of prioep taking a turn, and advanalng, many wiU be able to get out comparatively eaay. Whatever may be the rneuU of tbla panic, it wiU hare a very favorable Influence upon future operationa, at laaat for a time; it may tend to cheok the eaormoue speculation going on in railway I karat, and laduM ftU alMM* to p*?M u4 ponder ovet |n||^ w It ia only a crisis anoh u thia that oan unit the beadIm?, headlong couree of apaeulation. It la not unlike a * I hurricane or tornado, after a hot, aottry day; it pnriSea and oooU the air, and whan over, every ona breathes freer and deeper, and feels renovattd. I h? annexed atatement exhibita the quotation! In thia market for each day of tha put weak, and at tha close of tha week prevloua. There have b?en mora fluctuationa In prleea than thia table ladloatoa, aa wa hare taken the highest pricea ruling each day Quotation* roa tub Piintim Htocks in thb Nkw Yoaa NUihrt. - z { ?? *? * I! 5 n* n* Indiana 43 ? ? _ 1, Heading RR Bonda.. 76 75^ ? liM 7*V wW Reeding M'Ue Bonds. ? ? ? _ Rending Railroad.... 67 66V 66V ? 67 c7 ? ' NjrwiAfcWor ... 61* 61J< 6iV 86 6S>* 6) 65 ' Erie Railroad, old... 63 ? 61 ? ? tq ?j Eri? Railroad, new... 81 ? ? _ _ _ M A H trlein Railroad.... 60 V 70 71 73V 73 71 73U Lnug Maud 311)* 33j? 31 %. 3 IK 3<X 35& 35ft ' Mohawk 70 ? ? ? ? ? _ Snuiingtoiit 60 ? ? ? ? _ _ 1 Farmeri' Loan 35V 35 V 35V 35>i 35 35jf 35V I Canton Comuany.... 4' S *?>i 39 39 39 38V I Morris Canal U* 15 15 M ljjf UK uj5 Vicktburg ? ? ? ? ? ? 10O United StitesBank... 4 V - 4? - - _ Ka?t Botton 23V ? ? ? ? 23 _ Nortli Am'n Treat... 9jf 9* ? ? ? - _ A comparison of prloaa currant at tha cloaa of tha market yeaterday, with thoae current at the cloae of the previous week, exhibit* a falling off in Treaaury notes of % per oent; Pennsylvania fi'a, 1; Reading Bonda, 7,; Erie Railroad, old, 1 ; Erie scrip, 1; Farmers' Loan, X ; Canton, \% ; Morris Canal, 1, and an advance in Ohio Af w ??r nAnt Norwich and Worcester. IV: lLr. lam, 4\ i Long Island, 1At the sacond board yuatcrj day Harlem sold as low a* 71, bulng a decline of 3 per cent for the highest prlee of the day previous. New titouk Bwttaiig* $10000 Tr Notes 6'a b30 103 800 abs Canton Co blO 38\ 3000 do 103 ti do b30 39 6U0 Mex Indem 6 nr ct 91 1^0 . do 3?X 11000 I) Statea 6'? 'S2 104 100 Uafltna Railroad Tl% 20600 Pennsylvania 6'a 77K 360 do 73>* 1000 Ohio Bouda bSO 100k 160 do bSO 73>fc 1000 do b60 90V 360 do il6 73 6000 Heading Bond* 76M 160 Nor It VVor RR C W 60 aha Vickaburg hR 10M 136 do 65>i 60 do b90 lfV 60 d > alO 66 300 Morr a Canal a3 M>4 60 Lone Ialand RR b30 36U 20 Nlerchanta' Exeh Co 7 too do 3>* 10 Krie Railroad t'ibi 60 do 3lV 26 8t?nington B R 69K 700 do 3->>< 100 Karm'ra' Trust 36H 60 do alO 3is 860 do 36M 60 do blO i6H 160 do 36?? 60 do bill 36X 60 do b<0 36X Second Board. $I5W 0 Read Bond* *00 76 400 aha Hvletn RR Mn 7>K 10000 do 76 100 do b30 7HV 60 aha Leng Ialand RR 36K 200 do b30 72 100 do b30 36,Sj 60 do 7t 100 do a3 36 100 do 71 100 do |3 36 60 do 71 200 do 36 100 do alO 71 26 Canton Co SUM 60 do 7?V 26 do blO 38Jn 60 do b) 7oS 400 Reading RR aflma 63 60 do 71 60 do 6?U 100 Farmtra' Loan anw ti 60 do 66V 100 do b60 3\J? 60 Nor k VVor RR 66>? 100 do 36 26 do a3 64*4 Stock Hxcnann, $2000 Illinoii 6'a b30 45W 50 ?ha Nor 8c Wor (3 6SX 60 ?ha Long Ialand RR 36V 60 Harlem RR cath 73W 60 do bnw 36V 60 do caah 7:4*2 60 do D30 36>2 60 do caah 7'k 60 do blO 3>V 100 do btO 73W 25 Nor 8c Wer RR b3 6 J4 60 Farmera' Tr b'O 1' H 26 do bt 66>4 60 do btO S^i 26 do 66* 100 do b30 3 K 60 do 66V 60 do at 36)? 86 do alO 66>2 CITY TRADE RKPORT. New York, Saturday ArTcaxooN, Sept 4. The market for breadstuff* was heavy to-day. 8alea of Genesee flour were made at $6 60 a $6 62J{. and some lots of Ohio flat hoop and Oswego at $* SO, and a lot of -i *. nk?? -* ?k. 1 (UUUU uwp W?IW ? kU? DMWv * *v?tDIUUO wgio very quiet and sales limited, without material variation from yesterday'( quotation!. Groceries were quiet and sale* light. Astiicn.?Salea of 160 bbls pots, goo-1 tarea, were made at $6 36; SO do., pearls, told at $6 82>? a fi <WX, and 60 do do. at $s 76. Beeswax ?Salea of 3000 pounda Northern yellow, were made at 34o a 34){o. Bbiadstuffs ? Flour?Salea of 800 bbla. Oeueaee, fresh ground, from old wheat, sold at $9 6-1)?; 400 a 600 do. United States Mills, Rooheater, (Qenesee.) at $6 60. and about UOO a 1300 bbla, (in separate lo'a.) of Oswego and flat hoop Obio, sold at $6 60 ; 400 round hoop Ohio, at the same price, and 300 a 400 do., common Michigan and Ohio, sold at $6 37)? Whtut?No snl?a were reported Corn?*1 he sales were small, and the market dull. There were only about 5i(00 bushels reported sold. Including Western mixed, at 06o . and flat and round yellow, at 70c For some lota of mixed, boldera demanded 67o, Mral- Pricea remained nominally the same, but no sAas transpired. fl??-We only have to .notice a small lot, (800 bushels.) sold at 881 Ryt ftnur?Sales of 110 barrels were made at $4 and afterwards a lot of 300 do., were offered at $4 13K, withouta buyer. Out*? A oargo waa reported sold at 44^. barley?The last sale of old waa made at Rrceipti down the Hudton River Stutemier S. Hour 8 600 bkrrels. Corn 12.800 bnsheia. Corn Meal 401 barrel*. Rye 4 000 buslMla. Booth and Shoe*?Aon active business is doing at err fair prices The stock 1* light. Cai?dlk??Sperm continued firm at 81o. Coftke?Sales of 0 * 7000 bag* of Rio ware mad* at 7.14 a 7Xo. 4 montha. Coch uveal?Sales of 10 ceroonj of Mexican were made at 0 months. Cottoi4?The sales to day reached 3000 bales, mostly for export, and nearly all the lots pressing on the niMrket hare been taken up at prices a fall quarter of a oent below those ruling previous to the arrival of the Caledonia. The ilemand is chiefly for th- oom inent. altboufih several parties have taken parcels for Liverpool. Seln of middling New Orleans have been made freely at 115{e, and good middling uplands at the same figure 'I be stock on hand in the olty proves to be 120,OOo less than the old eetimate, and holders are of opinion that the nome true win require iwo-unrus 01 it. Fiih- Sal ah of 7U0 quintala dry cod were made at $3 50 a $3 6-2X; stock oontluafd light Mackerel?Sal*? of 300 bbl* were made?the No l'sat $13 46; No S's at $8 87>?, and No. S>* at $6. Sale* of 30U0 boxes sealed herrings. Including 1000 No*. l'? anil 3'a, on term* not made public. Fauir.?The aale* of bunch raisins reachtd 400 a600 boxea, without change In prloea. Ginscno.?A sale of 3000 lb* waa made at 33 ota. Hfmp ?The market waa quiet to-day. Dew rotted waa firm at $160 per ton, anow do $106, and water rotted $183 per ton. Hidki ?The market ha* be?n well supplied during the week, principally from the RWer La Platta, and a canto of about 9000 Buenoa Ayree were disposed of.at about 13)? ota 6 moa I no demand is gond, but witflout ?oy particular animation Leather.?The market ii brick, and sales have been steady *ine? the pnblie sale laat Thursd?y. at foil prieee. The demand far heavy weight* wai very strong and it waa estimated that the stock of that deaerlptien on hand did not exceed 6000 aidea, all told. Lead.?The artiole waa held Arm at 4 eta. per lb. MoLtuti ?Nothing doing to-day?prieee steady. Natal Stores ? Sales of 900 bbla north county roain were made afloat, at 60 eta , and 600 do at a trifle leae. Salea of between 600 and 1000 bbla. raw turpentine wese made at about(it waa auppoaed) $3 '36 per bbl of 5W lba and aaiea of about 400 bbla spirits turpentine were made at 60 eta. Oilb ?Linseed waa dull at 85c a 60o far English, while city remained at 67o. Crude sperm waa worth II. Seleoted whale 36c and ahlpping 84He There waa no change in manufactured?olive remained steady. I10o Provision*.?There waa nothing doing in park beyond smell aalea toThe retail trade, in let* of 40 or 60 bbla of prime and mesa. The former (In this Bmatl way) at 913 '?nd the latter at $16 In large lota It waa worth leea by UK a 36o. There waa nothing beyond retail trana*cAt... I. * T mmA QaUa I UA KVila 4.1. /....111. .... mednat lOH'c. and 60 half bbis at llo; and aoo k^gs prim* leaf lard at ll,So Cheese?The ?rrtv-in were tre*, and good dairies were worth 7 a 7Ko a "X<* 'or choice Batter waa rather Inactive, while prices retuilnotl about the name. Ricc?There wa? vsry little doing, while prloe* remained the snme Si-oak ?There was very little done to-day in any description. while the market presented no new features. Tob*cco ?We submit the nsual statement showing th? prloee. sales, receipts. and stock on hand, for the week ending tbla afternoon:? Sold Rte'dlMi Stock Prien. thit w?fc ires*, on hand Centncky, Virginia and N. Carolina,. IKto TV ,TJ hdn. ~ SMJ hds. JXto?X?. Maryland and Ohio. ? ? hds. S hds. ' i.onfctirui rfd... J to 15 ? 17 es 171 cs. Psnnsi Iraula seed, 7 to 10 ISO es. 10c. ? 1<4 ca. Florida, 5 to M ? . ? HI cs. Havana JO to VH iMbla - JOJ bis. fillers. On ha 17 tn 10 Ij9 bis ? 1391 bit. Vara J4 to *6 ? ? 109 h|?. 4t .Oominto ? ? IMi ?rs 1IM sra. For Virginia and Kentucky tobacco the prio< swara well supported. In all other alnds, there was not much doing. Havana tobacco. In spite of a small stook, there was not much flrmnea* in the article. Cuba tobacco, of which we expect a large supply, has had a retrograde tendency : pretty large supplies of 8t Domingo tobaooo arrived this week, and will affect the prices of Connectl ouc ma r?DDijiT?am ma vodaooo 104 DIW crop or Connecticut mM I* Mid to be middling la quality und Id quantity. altogether about 3,000 own agalnit 6,000 MM of IMt T??r Tai.low?Sale* of 80,000 lbs were mad* at OX a 9\ oant* WHALCBorvi?Sale# of Northwest ware reported at 88 ota WfniiKV wan inaetWe? Mime holder* a*kad 94 eta , while buy?r* were Indifferent and ?alr* ooiild not have been foroed at print-* bryotid 'i7 a37X oti per gallon Wool.?There hn*he?n more doing kluo* our laet re. port, an 1 mlee of tleeoe and tnlsed nave reaohtd about Bii.ixio a 70 000 lha . at fuli prloni * aRiiH i ? A umitll engagrmeut of 400 bale* of eotton made (or Liverpool at 7-8'id. Flour itood at about i*. 6 1. per bbl. Rate* gnneially wt-re dnll and- little afferiug TBUCUHAPIUO. Market*. Ntw Omitm, Auguat i?th. Cotton.?Th* nwrkat eontlnued firm, without ohang* in price*. fair to good fair wa? worth 190 a IBH-J, with , light Miu Flow ~Tt? market ?M tome Itmt, ha*? |u*vaia ak. maaaaaj ky |hj MM pW IWf