Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 8, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 8, 1847 Page 2
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? > : ? < NEW YORK HERALD. 3cnz---~''ran rr r ? ?' . ,? , New York, Wednesday, September 9, 1S4T. Meeting of the Legislature. The Legislature of this State will begin its special session at twelve o'clock to-day. We shall receive daily telegraphic reports of its pro ceedings. _ The Corn Trade. We call the attention of our readers generally, and of those engaged in the corn trade particularly, to the money article in this day's paper. It contains an exposition of the ways and means used to inflate prices for breadstufl's in Europe, and a statement of the exportation of Hour and grain to Great Britain from this country during the past three ye irs. Affairs of La Plata. We have received another letter from our special correspondent in Buenos Ayres, from which uui icauna win icaru iu an quiuvhuu "?"rv? that the negotiations for the withdrawal of the French and English from the quarrel between the Buenos Ayrean and Montevidean governments have ended in nothing, and that RosaB is determined not to be forced into doing any thing that he consider not right or proper. Thus has ended, as our correspondent says, another chapter in the farce of the peacemaking mediations. We insert immediately after our correspondent's letter, a review of this troublesome aifair, which is copied into the Britith Packet, of the 26th of June, from the Gaceta. We have taken paina from time to time to keep our readers informed of the progress of this armed intervention by France and England, in the affairs of La Plata, and we are sure that our readers will agree with us, that a more ridiculous proceeding by strong powers towards weak ones was never perpetrated. For the indomitable energy which RoBas has displayed, and the unintimidated front which he has so unremittingly presented to those insolent interlopers, he is deserving of all praise. lie has shown himself to be possessed of the spirit requisite to success on such an occasion, and will yet weary out both the French and the English. There is every reason to believe that these governments are aware of the false step they committed, j when they first undertook to interfere, and when they found that there waB no probability of their being successful in accomplishing what they expected, they have been awaiting an opportunity to withdraw themselves from it with as little disgrace as possible. They wanted some concession which smacked of reality, but Rosas would not grant it. They now find themselveB exactly where they were when they commenced, and we doubt not, have received a lesson which will prevent them from interfering with business that does not concern them hereafter, in that quarter, at all events. If it were necessary to adduce any grounds to prove that these two governments acted from the beginning in bad faith, the proffered friendly mediation of the United States, which they rejected on the silliest ground, is sufficient. When our chargi, on the part of his government, offered his good services, the agents of those governments refused to confer with him, on the ridiculous ground that as he was only a chargi, and they fully accredited ministers, it would be derogatory to their dignity to confer with him; as if, indeed, a chargi could not have as much brains as a minister. They have had reason since, however, t* do so, and do now, no doubt, repent their refusal, for there is no question that they wish to back out of the intervention as speedily as tk'.-y possi- ' bly can, but with as little disgrace as possible attaching to them. ( Stkamboat and Railroad Routes.?We sug- 1 gested to the owners of railroads and steamboats ' a few oays Bince, the difficulty which strangers and travellers experience in procuring accurate j and reliable information as to the routes they wish to travel, and the propriety of their advertising their respective routes in some one paper, no matter which. Since we made that suggestion, we have been informed by Mr. John Doggett, jr., the publisher of the Directory, that he is collecting information, and making other preparations, to publish a work which will embrace all necessary information for the travelling public, on the plan of Bradihaw's Railway Guide, a work published in England, and of great value. This work we are assured, will contain the hours of departure, routes, fares, distances, freight rates, &c-, on every railroad in the United States, which he is now collecting, through agents employed for the purpose. We are much in want of such a work in the it?;??.i ev... n.nl been increasing, and the only means of obtaining information has been from agents and runners, whose business and interest are to misdirect and puzzle the traveller for the purpose of shaving Bhim of his money. The depredations which this class of people commit on the travelling public cannot be overrated. The unfortunate emigrant, with money enough to take him to the West, where his friends and relatives have settled before him, has been robbed of his laat dollar, and left penny less in a strange city. Our own citizens, too, have been victimised by these men, and it is because we are sure the work in question will obviate these rascalities, that we are happy in announcing the forthcoming publication. Movkmknts of Gknkrai. Taylor.?We have on many occasions informed the public that it was not contemplated by General Taylor to move from his present quarters for some time to come at least not until after the results of Generul Scott's movements in another quarter were ascertained. The Southtftn journals, especially such of them as are Whig, cannot, or will not understand it, for we perceive they are from time to time announcing the intention of the old General to move to dan Luis Potoai and other places, and finding fault with the administration for taking from him some of his troops. Such a com. plaint has recently been made because two regi menis, 10 dp aaaca 10 ine lorce uoacr trenenii 8cott, have been taken from him, making eleven regiments in all ?ince Scott wan directed to Vera Cruz and thence to the capital. i For the information of those journals we can tell them that no blame can be attached to the ad- | ruin miration in the premises. It was at General Taylor's own suggestions to the war department that he has remained so long on the defensive ; and when making it he informed the war department that in addition to the troops previously i taken from him, he could spare two regiments, and have force sufficient left to enable liini to act on the defensive with security. We would further remark that a pcrfect understanding exists between the old hero and the government at Washington, and that no movement of the latter, as far as he is concerned, is made without his consent being given, or indeed without his opinion being first obtained. Arrival, ok the Soi-thkkner.?This line coast steamer, under the command of Capt. Berry, arrived yesterday morning at her usual tinv- from Charleston. She move* with the regularity of clock-work. She has brought intelligence trom New Orleans twenty-four hours in advance of the mail. It Is said that the remain* of Mr. fox, lat? British Mi nlater at Washington.will not besrnt to Knglaod, an originally contemplated, but will b? Interred Id the Con- ! jrewit iial buryiug ground A g.'i)tl<un?n ha* Wn on leotsd, who. w.th Mr ) rawntou, < harjte de Affairs*, will elect ? proper trestle* f?>r tB? ((?>* , Antral of a SwUnlui Corv?tte_Ttu> OJect of tier visit to America. The Sardinian corvette Aurora, arrived at thi? port early yesterday morning. She caine up in the forenoon, fired a salute and nchored off the Battery. The following interesting account of her, we received from C. Edwards Lester, Ksq., the American Consul at Genoa. The Aurora came from Genoa. Ui.toi, 10th July, 1847. L'Aurora, now lying in the beautiful bay of Uenoa, will lift tier anchor thin evening for the New World? the llri>t Sardinian man-of-war we believe, that ever visited New York 1 give you a list of her officers, and a short account of the object of lier voyage. The Aurora corvette is a naval school ship, of 600 tons, carrying b guns, 118 mun.it naval scholars who rank as midshipmen, and 7 officers, vis.: The Marquiss ilipolito Spinola, Captain; Big. Cavaliere Mantica, 1st Lieutenant; (sola, Jd Lieutenant; Marquis Delia Chiesa 3d Lieutenant; Du Nau, Master; Sertorio, Chaplain; Psgano, Commissarlo; l'iconi, Professor of Mathematlos; Oaffodlo, Surgeon; and Sig. Ponglgllone,who has oharge of the school. The object of the voyage is exceedingly interesting.? The naval school at Genoa U probably the best regulated In the world. There are twenty-five young men in it who are distinguished either for the nobility of their family, the military service their fathers have rendered the State, or for their own talents. The Marine College standi on a commanding position in the city of Genoa, overlooking the town and the enchanting bay, and every facility is provided by the government for the eduoation of the scholars. They are eduoated for the sea,and for the world. A full-rigged man-of-war stands in the oourt yard the oollego, where the young tignorini can make their first essays in seamanship, without being subjeotad to the lnconvenienoe of salt water, for the ship stands some 300 feet above the sea. The most accomplished professors are engaged, and the scholars are most thoroughly trained in mathematics,navigation, and foreign languages the latter being a branch of eduoation which is culpably neglected by our Government. 1 have seen in Genoa an Amerioan fleet of '2000 men, and among all the offloers, there were hardly enough who understood either Freuoh or 1 talian to act as interpreters. After the annual examination, each year, the scholars are sent to sea five months, for the double purpose of learning practical seamanship and navigation, and to visit foreign countries. While at sea tneir duties are very severe. Without distinction they are obliged to do the work of oommon sailors In every part of the ship, to eontinue their regular studies, to keep their reckoning, to make their calculations, and to keep complete charts of the voy (hip. It la impossible that such a system vhould not give the Sardinian marine a most accomplished corps of naval officers?men who are fully oapable at a very early age, of commanding the largest vessels in any sea, and of representing their sovereign with honor In every foreign codbtry. And yet, as desirable as this system of naval education may be, we much doubt if it could be easily introduced among us. We are afraid our young republicans would revolt against so severe a discipline. This system of the King of Sardinia has been admired throughout Europe and won for his Majesty the praise of being a wise and provident Prince. The course of studies lasts Ave yearp, when the young graduates are raised to the rank of passed midshipmen, and Immediately transferred to active and uninterrupted service at sea for two or three years. When this term expires they are subjected to another searching examination, and if they come off with honor, they are promoted to lieutenants in the royal marine. Every year the Marine College is transferred to the sea for a cruise oftflve months, in whioh there are Immense advantages. These young men in shert jackets are already accomplished gentlemen and sailors. They have seen many countries, and they speak several lan. guages. Last year, under the same able commander, the Marquis Hpinola, they made a voyage to England and sailed around the British ialandg.vlaitlnff all the naval ports, arsenals and magasines of that great naval power. The previous year they visited Greece, Turkey, the Black Sea, and the shores and oities of the Mediterranean. These voyages are made, too, in the most beautiful season of the year, and in the spring time of life, when the most permanent and the most powerful Impressions we ever receive are exoited, and when the iiind and the character yield with grace and flexibility ;o every new passing objeot. There is something peculiarly interesting in the departure of these twenty-five young Italians from the birth place of Columbus, for the distant land that great navigator discovered. In their veins flows the same wivrm blood that coursed through the heart of that immortal hero?they have been born under the shadows of the same bold mountains, and in youth looked off on the same blue sea, and each one has the last night dreamed of that far off land over the deep, with its warm hearts and bright eyes Thoy have a right' to expect a cheerful and fraternal welcome; nor can I doubt they will receive it. Their absence is limited to flvo months, and they will stay but a short time among our oitixens. Many of our officers, particularly of Commodores Morgan, Morris and Smith's fleets, will long remember the warm, hearty, and open, oheerful homes of Uenoa. The hospitable and prinoely entertainments of the Governor of Uenoa?the magnlticent wines of the casino of the eity?the elegant soirees of the Marquis de Negro?the enchanting strains of Carlo Felice?will always recal brignt days to the memories of our gallant officers who had the good fortune to sail under those well known commanders. A fact has come to my knowledge which does great credit to tbe government or bia Majesty the King of Sardinia, and that of the United States. Home nine yearn ago, when tbe King fitted out tbe Regina, for a scientific voyage around tbe world, an order waa issued from tbe American President, to all onr foreign naval stations, to eittnd to that expedition every possible courtesy, aid. and attention. And, in faot, this order waa literally and fully obeyed, for, on the return of the Regina, auoh a report wan made to his Majesty aa induoed him to isaue a reciprocal order to extend particular courtesy in every part of the world to American veaaels. Here, too, in tbeae waters, whioh are ao much frequented by our national vessels, we have had abundant reason to know that tbe moat hospitable and generoua reception haa keen extended to ua. , The Marquis Splnola, who oommanda the Aurora, had charge of a similar expedition to England laat year, and a better selection could hardly be made. He represent* one ot the most ancient and noble families of Genoa, which had distinguished Itaelf in tbe aervioe of the republlo, long before the timea of Columbua. He la a gentleman every way fitted to represent hla aovereign, and tbe beautiful land which gave him birth. You must not regard tbe Aurora aa a aample of the king's navy, exoept in her offloera, college crew and dlaolpline. She is only a school ship, and is sent beoause she is well adapted to the aervioe on whioh ahe goes. The San Miohele. one of tbe king's frigates, would have exjited a good >*eal of admiration?or any of the king's steamers?but I hope the Aurora may be, as its name importa, only the harbinger of a brighter day of commercial. naval, ana social relations between America and Uenoa. The kingdom of Sardinia la now la a career of rapid advancement ; and the completion of the railroad from Genoa to Lake Constance, which is tunneling the Appenines, will introduce a new era in its prosperity. Our relations with this state have always been of the most friendly kind, and as there is even no distant probability th it these harmonious relations will ever be disturbed, it become* every Sardinian and every American to do what he can towards the mutual interchange of the wants and the oourtesies of oivlliiatlon. Truly yours, C. EDWARDS LESTER. "A Little More Grai k, Captain Brack?."? This is one of the thousand and one sayings that have been attributed to General Taylor since the breaking out of the war with Mexico, some of which are very good in their way, and dome unworthy of him or any other high-minded man. We were informed a day or two since, by a gentleman, who knows,that the old General never made use of the expression at the head of this nrticle, nor of any of those which have been laid at his door. He is represented as remarkably plain and unassuming, and not in the slightest degree disposed to indulge in slang or vulgarity. The only slang that is told of him, which has a mixture of truth in it, is that related of him when he received Gen. Pcott'd letter taking from him his brave volunteers, who accomplish^ such wonderfully brilliant achievements under hi" direction. He really did act as is represented on that occasion. He did actually put mustard in his coffee and sugar on his meat, when he read it, and it was some minutes before he recovered iiis wonted composure, which, however, soon followed, and then his brow wa? as clear as ever. "A little more grape, Captain Hrsgg," is very good, but not very true. Stili. Another Anti-Rent Outraok ? On Wedn< nday ni^'bt Inst, fnme desperadoes went to the farm occupied by Mr James Weeks. In Ta?hkanin, formerly occupied by one of the (-'inkle*, and shot his working cattle, the one in th" shoulder, the other in the nerk. rendering them useless ; out and burnt up bis wago a; cut up his liarueM. and cut and destroyed bit plough* and other inpltownia of husbandry?;<vd?e? 1 (i<irtttf,lik (ntf. ' I Theatrical and Musical. Fin Thbatbk.?" Metamora, the last of the Wamps noaga," via performed last night at the Park. Mr. Korres appears to good advantage in the character of Metamo ra. The play wan written for him and we believe h alone baa ever undertaken to play the principal part The audienoe never show a want of intores* during thi performance of thin excellent Indian tragedy ; the plo l* made up of a combinatiou of interesting incident! elaborated from historical facts It is a pity that th author who gave the world " Metainora" had not wrlttni and published more than he did Thi- afterpiece la? night wis " Loth, Law and Physic." a capital t'arco, whicl waa well played and ?nthusiui?tioaUy received liaH*\ personation of Lubin Leg id a capital thing and wel worth going a mile or two to see. Mr. O. Anurews in tbi character of the Yorkshire nerving inau make* a gooc thing tor the stage. To-night Mr. Forrest is to appeal aj Macbeth. Palmo'i Ofera House?The Ravels.?The artist who makes the greatest attraction in the troupe, Gabriel Havel, takes his benefit to night, and his hill is deoidedlj superior to any other that has been presented this season. The entertainment will commence with the English vaudeville, called, "The Three-faced Frenchman," In whioh Gabriel will personate five characters; aftei which he will dance on the tight rope a ' Scotch pat suelto be succeeded by the celebrated " Bolero of Cadis," by Mad Leon Javelli and Mons. H. Wells. The whole to oonclude with the comio pantoiaineof "Vol auVent," in which Gabriel Kavel sustains the comio character of Vol-au- Vent, and exhibits his extraordinary performances, Introducing the "La liar re Cerrlque, ' crossing the stage on a pole fifteen feet high, the most difficult and daring act ever attempted. The rest of the .k.... V._ ?k 1? .. ?..1 LVmll.r Vf? (Inilht uiiai auici a uj i>uo nuvio ui buo iibtci i- hiuuj . *?w the house will be crowded from pit to dome. This elegant acrobat deserves a bumper. Chatham Theatre.?Mr. Fletcher, the manager of tbe Chatham, has every reason to be proud of the result of bis endeavors to please tbe public. As a oaterer for tteir amusement, his reputation *is all that he could desire, and all that Is neoessary for him to do to receive a continuance of the extensive patronage he is reoeiving, is to continue in the course he has commenced, and on all occasions evince a determination to please. Those two muoh admired performers, Miss Clark and Mr Walcott. will appear this evening in the comedy of " Tbe Follies of a Night," and the drama of " Charles the Twelfth." After these pieces the laughable farce of " State Seorets" will wind up the evening s amusements. This is a bill that will certainly fill the house. Castle Garden.?The opera of "Romeo and Juliet," whloh was to be performed last evening by the HispanoItallan company, was not presented in oonsequence of Signorlna Tedesoo's sudd-n Illness. The opera of "Somnambula" was substituted, and although Signori Caranti was n?t in very good voioe, she sang with her wonted sweetness. I'erilli was suffering from hoarseness, and this is not to be wondered at, when it is taken into consideration that the strongest and most repeated parts are located upon the talent of this fine tenor. L. Vltl was perfeet in his style, and reoeived unbounded applause. We do not know what will be the bill lur this evening, perhaps "Romeo and Juliet." If so, there will be a crowded house. Virginia Skrenaders.?We must not omit to acquaint the publio, and particularly that portion who have been amused with the performances of the Virginia Serenaders, at the Minerva Rooms, that this evening is set apart for the benefit of Massa Myers, fiddler to th? coiupauy, and one of the beat, m he certainly in the funniest of its members. There is a glorious bill set apart for tne occasion, one that will ensure a full house, and good returns. vikuirtia Minsthkls.?Dumbledon's celebrated band of Ethiopian Beienaders, are performing in Boston nightly, to crowded houses. We are informed that they will soon Tisit this city, the soene of their first triumphs, where a welcome reception awaits them. Peedke Opera Troupe.?This excellent company ol minstrels oontiuu.s at the Apollo Ilooms where they parform to very respectable houses, and receive a full share of applkuse. They improve very rapidly, and possess the knack of pleasing their audiences in perfection. It will be seen by the bill that they promise some rich fun this evening. Hcaz and Sitori.?These accomplished professors ol music, will give a grand conoert at the Atheowum, in Trov.to-morrow evening- They have issued a programme containing a seleotion of the pieces, in performing which they are bo oelebrated. On the following evening they will give a similar ooncert In Bleeoker Hall, Albany. We have only to remind the citiiens ol these places that this will be the last opportunity they will over hare ol hearing tbese celebrated musicians. Grand Concert.?Mr. W. A. King,whose musical abilities as an organist and pianist of the most scientific character, gives a ooncert to-morrow evening at Patterson; he will be assisted by Miss Watson, a very excellent vooallst, Mrs. W. A. King, and Mr. Cooko, the violinist, whose professional character, while in the South, has been so favorably spoken of. Mr. Win. A. King, as a Erofessor of music, has many admirers, and, no doubt is concert will be well patronised by the votaries of musical excellence. Paorcsaoa Riilkt.?This oelebrated professor of gymnastics, who has earned a high fame in Europe, is about to visit this oountry. He is to sail from Cherbourg on the 31st Inst, in the French steamer Union. Mr. R. has performed before most.of the royal families of Europe. At St. Petersburg!) he was a great favorite, and at Paris he has a bout, of friendB Our niirht-teeing public will, no doubt, be pleased to welcome him to our oty. The Broadway Theatre at Albany opened on Monday evening. Mr. Dempster is about to give a concert at Salem. John Oodone the composer, son of Mr. Godone of Nen York. In at nmnnt In Italv. at the Rnval (!nnRHrvit.Atri of Naples, pursuing bis studies, under the care of th< Maestro Mercadanta Brooklyn City Intelligence. Sudden Dlatii.?The Coroner was called to hold at inquest, yesterday, oh the body of a German woman who suddenly expired In Kast Brooklyn. On his arrival be learned that a physician had been attending her foi three or four days previous to her deoease, from whnu he got a certificate, and therefore declined holding th? inquest. Bukiali in the Citt.?We are glad to learn that the Common Council have at length taken this matter in hand. At their session, on Tuesday evening, Alderman Smith made a report upon the subject of the cominuni cation of the health physician. He stated that thi ground at the Wallabout, belonging to several relgioui denominations, (as well as Potters-field) wan so densely filled with bodies, as to become detrimental to the heal t? of those living in the neighborhood. The committei proposed to have an ordinanoe passed, to take efTeot on< ?rear from the present time, prohibiting Interments with n a distance of two miles from the city. The motioi was finally adopted. Police Intelligence* Madane Rettrll ?Officer Brown and Bowyer, two o the Chief's aids arrested yesterday on a bench warrant lMued by the Court of Sessions, Madame Kestell allai Caroline Lohman, she having been Indicted by the Granc Jury oa a charge of manslaughter in the 'Ja degree, ii causing an abortion upon the person of an interesting young woman. The accused was conducted before th< court and ball required in the sum Of $10,000 for hei appearance for trial. John M'Keon, Esq. the district attorney, Is determined to follow this case to a conviction Charge of Stabbing.?A desperate man, by the nami of Charles Bell, was arrested on Monday, on a charge o Stabbing Doctor Wheeler three times successively wit! a dirk drawn from a cane, infliotlng wounds of a serloui nature. Officer Hoffman, of the 10th ward, was callec to take the desperado into custody, and in doing so, i violent blow was aimed at him which luokily struck 01 the star, thus saving his life. This instance shows hov necessary it is for policemen to wear the star, which ii worn on the left side opposite the heart, for had it uoi been there the dirk would have penetrated and cars* his death. Justice Koome committed the aceused loi trial on the oharge. Charge of Manslaughter.?Officer Willlston of thi Fourth ward, arrested on Monday night, an Irixhraan bj the name ol David Began. on a charge of knocking > man by the name of Timothy Coyley, while in a fight of the d?ck into the river, and before assistance could b? obtained the man was drowned. It appears that KegaL and Coylev were engaged playing at dominoes in a porter house In South street, when a dispute arose respecting who made the last move, and from words they aani? to blows, when it was finally, agreed to settle the mallei on the dook, so at it thev went, ending by Jlugan knock lng Coyley off hla legs into the river, and as supposed being stunned from the effect of the blow, together with liquour, he sank to rise no more alive, for in the course of an hour the body was found lifeless Justice Drinker locked the accused up for a further hearing. Charge of Grand Larceny?Officer earing of the 7th ward arrested yesterday a w< man oalled Kinellne Bennett, on a oharge of stealing $AO from MoDonard Facey Detained for examination by Justice Ketcham. Jirrett on a Htn< h Wanant. Officer Bloom, of the Chiefs oflioe, arreated yesterday on a bench warrant, a man oalled llugli Monogau, be having beeu indicted on five complaints of burglary in the third degreo. He was locked up lor trial. Dnhoneit Porter.?A German by the name of August Stellhausen.a porter in the employ of Mr. David W. 1'eysey, No 363 Broadway, was arretted yesterday on n oharge of robbing his employer of eight pieces of silk braid, 30 lbs of worsted, together with other valuable articles, taken at different times, valued in all at $88. On cwaruuiupr un n wufur,? a portion 01 me aioien property was found in hi* possession. Justice Drinker looked him up for trial. Grand LarcenyOfficer Garrison of the lit ward arretted yesterday a weman, called Jane Snow, on a charg< of stealing a silk dress, a shawl and several otber articiei of wearing apparel, valued In all at $.VJ SO, the prnperij of Mary K. Niven, residing at No. r>3 Greenwich street Justice Drinker looked her up for trial. jtrrettof Hog Thievti,?Officers Hnrton, rarmlne and Smith, of the 6th ward, arrested yesterday afternoon in Broadway, near Reed street, two meu, called Dll Lowns and Jonas Smith, they having picked up in th< street a live bog, valued at $H, belonging to Mr Halsny butcher, which they were carting down Broadway at n good pace, when brought to by the officers Thiy sr< both imted for this species nf larceny and consequent!) Justice Drinker locked tliem both up for trial. At the commencement of Bowdoln College, at Brunswick, liu-t week the honorary dejtre" of A. M. conferred on Samuel Vaughau Merrick. Ksq.. of I'hiladeiphia, Otorgc T. Merrick, Ksq., of New Orleans, and ltichard I'aliner Waters, Ktq., of Salem, Mass Detfrsf of L L D on Hon Frederick Alien, an ! liqn. U??rg* Kvans. Gardiner, Me. D. [>. on Il?v Asa ( UMiulncs, c| rorti??K?, and r?t. hwui L. I'oavroy. of Me City Intelligence Hobticultubal Exhibition.?The Horticultural Asit aooiatlon will hold their great Horticultural Exhibition >. at the Lyceum, in Broadway, to-day and to-morrow, it will be a iplendid affair, and will probably equal any 1 ever leen in Boston or Philadelphia t Tin: Wbathkb?We had an agreoable oool sort of , day during the early part of yesterday. The thermo, met r stood at 70 d?grr?* at 1J o'clock, at the Northern ' Hotel foot of Courtlandt strwet. and at the name hour at : Delalour's & Co., Wall street, at 76 degrt-es The day t became somewhat warmer at about 3 o'clock, and the i eveuiog wan cool and agreeable. j Fall Bi sixiictt?The vast number of merohantsfrom I all parts of the Union, shows that the fall business is j about to set in with much spirit and animation The 1 hotels are crowded up jam full, and the merchants down r town, and In all parts of the olty. are actively engaged In llie sties of their goods and merchandise We anticipate a very spirited tall business, of whioh the stores give strong indications. ' Whkhk abk thk Chike??:??We were informed yes' furday that the Captain of the Chinese Junk cannot leave here as soon as he expected, and that that vessel will probably remain here a few days longed. Those who have been disappointed in seeing her have therefore a chanoe to do so left. We learn that the Celestials sloped yesterday from the junk, and intend to return home i in a few Jays. j American Institute?Farmers' Club, Tuhdat, 7th 1 j Skpt?This being the first Tuesday of the month, the ' i Farmers' Club assembled in respectable numbers in the Hall of the lustitute. The Hon N. Burchard, to whom the Institute.ls indebted for the admirable and eloquent addre?s on the subject of Agriculture the previous even' lug, at the Mechanics' Hall. Broadway, was unanimuus1 ly voted to the chair, wnen the Secretary opened the de* ; sultory conversation by reading an extract on Botany, froui the annals of the Horticultural Review, of Paris I He also read the result of the proceedings of the com' mitteu appointod at a previous meeting, to further and more miuutely explore the qualities of the soil of certain parts of Long Island, and the highly gratifying results of their observations on the farm of 30 acres, purchaeed at $300 an acre, tilled, and profitably tilled, by two brothers of the name of Cooper, whose skill and practical knowledge have, in a very short spaoe of time, displayed a remuneration, almost Incredible. A treatise on thirtyseven different species of grasses, and the respective properties

of each, was read ; each class of grass was specially enumerated?many foreign, others domestic. Mr. Loetlitnan read a long and interesting paper upon the ?rogress of Agricultural Schools in.Uermany, of which e had been a pupil, exhibiting* in glowing terms the moral, politloal, social, and civil advantage to be derived from similar institutions in this country, sustained by the government, and adopted for purposes that must render this country as Independent of politloal contingencies as the system had proved lt?elt to be when Germany was thrown upon her own internal resources, at tbe termination ot the last war, in the formation of schools, the practioal knowledge of agriculture, Its identity with scienoe and its general moral influence on the destinies of man The remarks of Mr. Leesbman were listened to with deep interest, and when generally diffused must show that as Jiings and emperors have bees the nursincr fathwrH of nffrinultnrA nhrnufl the stern recommendation of the name principles bj our not less honored but more noble presidents at home, Washington and Jefferson, may yet be regarded by the legislatures of the present day as indispensible to the prosperity of the Union as " wisdom and knowledge 1 shall be to the stability of the Constitution, in this instance Mr. Leeshinan has contributed his experience in the various ouuutries he has visited, and neglect lor a moment upon this important measure, or ooidness, or political bias, is a responsibility of serious magnitude. A method adopted by Mr. Williamson of raising melons was read, by which melons cannot only be raised three weeks earlier, but will produce the amount of $40 a hundred, while the old plan will only reach from $10 to $16. Our limits at present will not justify the insertion of the prooess he desoribes. The attention of the olub was drawn by General Chandler to Jennison's Patent Diaphragm Knterers, as applicable to the farming community, as well as to the whole human family. These filters can be attached to , any hydrant, and will yield a stream of pure water equal to 100 gallons per hour, or under a pressure of eight l'eet r head will deliver a gallon a minute. The filterer is produced by ground quartz, and pressed so hermetically as to defy the transit of the least sediment, or any earthly i or vegetable matter. For the watering of oattle in the Mississippi, Croton, Schuylkill, or any otner rivers, they possess to feeders of cattle infinite advantages, while by bUlO DIUipiO IUUUIVAUUO bUO UUlUttD IftLUllJ ttlO t'AQUipt from the danger* And oonsequeuces of using impure water. The invention received the unanimous approbation of the Club, as it already has of the chemists and physicians of the city, and forms an objeot of utility to every house-keeper. After some unimportant matter, the regular subjeot of the day, " Whether the value of land was deteriorated by the olearing ef the timber," (aa specially applicable to the projected improvements on Loug island) was taken up, but being a subject that demanded a closer and more lengthened analysis w?s interrupted by the legitimate time fur adjournment, and ; will be no donbt resumed upon a future oocasion. Intelligence is wanted of the whereabouts of the Mammoth Scotch Boys. See advertisement in another part of the paper Law Intelligence. Supreme Cowrt?Sept. 7?In E^uitt?Before Judge Edmonds.?Uaac Jldriamr. v* The Mayor and Comman Council of tht city of Stw York.?In this cause a mo tion was made on the part of the plaintiff yesterday morning for an injunction, to restrain the . defendants from drawing certain sums of money out of the City Treasury. The plaintiff caused his bill to be filed in the Court of Chancery in the month of Mar oh last, which states, amongst other things, that oomplainant is a freeholder of the city and county ef New York, and is the owner of a large quantity of real property therein, to the amount of several thousand dollars, on which he is annually assessed and taxed by the laws of this State to a large amount?that tbo amount assessed on his property for the year 1846, exceeds the sum of $100?that ths aggregate amount, as well as the ratio of the taxes so assessed and levied annually, had been greatly increased every succeeding year for several years past?and that such assessments and taxes have been greatly increased by various appropriations of the public moneys of the city and county, for objects and purposes of expenditure unauthorised by law, and to defray expenses not legally chargeable to said city?that under pretence of the an r thonty of the 18th section of the a at of 1830, the de' lendants are In the praotice of frequently appropriating 1 large sums of money from the City Treasury to other objects than those of city expenditure and to defray expenses not legally chargeable to the city and county of IX ew i om auu iiidhuqu expenses uio itimjur inu i .uuil moo Council have not in any manner sustained or been put , to; that on the 24th of December last, an ordinance waa , paased by the Board of Aldermen, which waa concurred r in by the JJvard or Asaistants, appropriating a sum of i J5000 for the benefit of the first regiment of the New i York State Volunteers under command of Col. Ward B. Burnett, and that said turn wan afterwards paid over , to said Col. Burnett for tho use of the regiment, whioh , Mr. Adriance by hia bill, inalata to have been wholly un , warranted by the laws of this State, and was In flotation of the complainant's rights and of the rights of the , other tax-payers of the city. The bill statea that in the , year 1840. two additional Judges were app< inted to nit r in the Conrt of (ieneral Sessions, and inat the then , Board of Aldermen, who were ex officio Supervisors , of the county of New York, made no appropriation , for the payment of the salary of J nines Lynch, Kaq , on? of aald Acsociate Judges, but actually refused to pay the l same; that after auch lu gleet and refusal, the people of tbe State, by their Attorney General, inatltuted suita against the several persona who were then Supervisors as aforesaid, to recover from them respectively, the penal sum of $-J50, for the violation and neglect or their " duty, whioh penalty waa lmposi d by a atatute of this State, and judmenta lor aaid penalties were accordingly reoovered agalnat said aeveral supervisors; that they afterwarda appealed from the deolsion of the Supreme Court to the Court of Krrora, and aaldjudgeinenta were affirmed with coats. That aald Supervisors in the month of January last, applied to the Board ol Aldermen to make an ordinance to pay the amount of said judgements out of the oity treasury, together with the costs of delending aald aeveral suita. i'hat upon such application the then Common Council, or a m?jo rl y of them, paaaed a reaolution directing the Comptroller to pay the amount of the aeveral judgmenta against said ex-Superviaors,wltb costs, counsel's tees, &.O., ' and further atated that he waa apprehensive the reaolak tion would pass the Board of Aasistanta, be aigned by 1 the Mayor, and that the moneys therein mentioned, ' amounting to over $.'>000, would be paid out of the city ' treasury tor the object tbereiu specified, unless the au' thority of the court be interponvd 10 prereut mi :h illegal 1 expenditure of the public money, and ooncluded by r praying that the Bald Mayor, aldermen and oommonaliy may be enjoined and restrain.d by a preliminary an well ' ha a petpetual injunutlou tVoin appropriating, expending ' or paying out any money ot the suid city ol Mew Vork | under or by virtue of the resolution so adopted by the Hoard of Aldermen, on the 1st of March, 1B47. The ' cafe wan moved yesterday morning by Air R Motl ' Hi* Honor tonk the papers with him. and this morning stated that be had Sime doubts whether the oeurt han jurisdiction or not; but m the bill was taken as con| frssed. he thought he wac bound to grant a perpetual Injunction. Injunction granted. SvrRFMr. Court, Sept 7?Present, Justices Cady,MeCoun and Hurlbut ?The court met to-day, and after hearing ex parte motions proceeded to call tne calendar. Oilmour ail*. Spiei.? Mr. Crest was heard on the part of defendant, aud Mr. O'Conor on behalf of plaintiff. Judgment reserved. Smith vi. Carr.?Mr. E. C. Oray was heard for plaintiff, and Mr. H. W. Itobiuson for defendant. Judgment reserved. Unllid'iy v Nolle.?The argument in thia cause was not concluded when the court adjourned. i United Statu Circuit Court, Sept 7?Befor# Judge Nelson?Ltvingilun vi. Slramhoat Expreii. . ?Testimony In this case was closed to-day on both si Jet. after which counsel for respondents commenced summing , up The cause will oooupy the entire of to-morrow, (this day ) L'hitrd Statu District Court, Sept. 7.?Judge B?tin presiding.?The September term of tbia court commenced to-day. Judge Betta opened the court, after 1 which the grand panel waa called oyer, and a quorum ' having appeared, the grand jury was sworn in. His | ' Honor briefly addressed them, after which thsy retired ! and soon after returned with a true bill against Charles ' Madden, charged with assaulting with a dangerous weapon. Tnere are but seven or eight causes oil the calendar, all minor offencea, except the case of Marselles, . charged with purloining letters out of the Tost Office Ilia Stung and othcri v?. the Ckinete Junk.?Mr. j I.ord, on behalf of the plaintiff, moved the court for leave to file a libel against the Junk for seamen's wages and for subsistence money, until the plain ' tiffs had an opportunity of returning home; and nlso that said libel may be filed without compelling the ' | llbellanta to file security for costs Order granted on I condition that ilbellant's prosecutor and advocate do net [ charge coats. Common Plcas?September 7.?Before Judge Daly.? Richard Dtckrr vi Eli?Aa Buck man. ?This was an f action of replevin, brought to test th.' title ot (he parties to a oargo of oysters t he plaiuliff and one Hichtrd I ! Coraoa and another person, were in partnership In the i ! eyster trade, eaoh partner to have a third It is alleged i by pUiutlff that ha purchased Cornon's sliare in tbo con f oars, by which ha twcaiua the owner of two thlrda. The i 4?*n4Ntf obteiM* ft JwUqmm Mtia* torwa for $1310, upon which he broad an execution and levied on the oystera, aftei which plaintiff replevined. After th plaintiff1! evidenoe was closed, Mr. Blunt, for defendant, moved for a non-suit, on the ground that the remaining partner iu not a party in the suit. The question was not disposed of when the court adjourned. Messrs. Monson and Cochran for plaintiff; Mr. N. fi. Blunt for defendant. Coubt of Gkmkral Skmiows, Sept. 7th?Before Recorder Hoott and Aldermen I)odd and 8pofiord. John McKeon, Esq., District Attorney Trial for G.und Larceny ?George Westlake was placed at the bar this morning for trial, on an indictment charging him with having ntol?n property const >ting of hardware, cutlery, kitchen ware, Sic., worth $100 from the store of his employer, Mr. 8. X. Braluard, No. 140 Bowery. But little evidenoe bad been adduoed in behalf of the prosecution, when the court adjourned until to-morrow morning. imroktant Legal Rl'liwo? In the course of atrial yesterday in the Court of Common Pless, Judge Daly, presiding, R. N Morrison, Esq , of counsel for the plain i-iu, touft uiguiy rflHuecMOiK meiuuvr ui bu? new ?"?? bar, offered to take the stand as a witness for bis client N. B. Blunt Esq , counsel for the defendant objected, on the ground of incompetency. In support of the objection the learned counsel ratrodnoed and read two decisions recently made by the Queen'I Bench of England, which oases have j ust bren reported in full In the law journals of Pennsylvania. These decisions deolare the attorney* in all suits to be sufficiently Interested in the event to render their evidence lnadmissable. After able argument on both sides of the questson, Judge Daly ruled the evidence offered as lnadmissable, thus sustaining the decisions of the English benoh. As this is the first decision upon this important point in this country, it will be looked upon as a preoedent of the highest magnitude. CouaT Calendar?This Day? Common Pleat.?Before Judg? Daly, Not. 93,94, 63,70,8a. 7,11, 31,35, 48K, 81, 100. The Court of Appeals holds its first sitting for the hearing of oauses, at the Capitol In the city of Albany, in the room fermerly occupied by the Supreme Court, Freeborn U. Jewett, Chief Judge; Ureenu C Bronson, Charles H. Ruggles, Addison Uardiner, judges; Samuel Jones, William B. Wright, Charles Gray, Thomas 8. Jonnson, judges ex-offlcio, preside. For the Information of litigants and oounsel, we transcribe from the calendar of the court the titles of the first twenty-five causes, netioed for hearing 1. George Call, Plaintiff in Error, vs. the People of the State of New York, defendants In error. E. P. Cowles, At'y for PI'ff, Theo. Miller, Dis't At'y, for deft. i. Abel French, Jr., PI'ff in Error, vs. Robert D. Carhart, deft In error. 8. D. Van Sohaack, att'y for deft. 3. Krastus Corning, et. al. Pl'ffsin error, vs. James MeCollough, deft in error. D. Burwell for pl'ff, Jesse C. Smith for deft. 4. David Mead, PI'ff, vs. Jas. Lawson, deft. Wheat on, D oolittle and i adley. for pl'ff, J. S Colt for deft. ft. Jas. MoKeon, pl'ff, vs. lUchard Graves, et. al. def 'ta. J. H. Reynolds for pl'ff, Ueo. W Bulkley for def ts. The Mutual Insurance Co. of the city and oounty of Albany, pl'ff, vs. Nicholas Conover, def t. C.U. Bramhall lor pl'ff, J. S. Colt ior deft. 7. Casparus C. Hoes and Mary his wife, et. al. appel'ts, s.John M. Van lloeion, respon't. Hogeboom & Miller for appel'ts, Edward Clark /or respond't. 8 John Pieroe, pl'ff, vs. James E. De Lamater, deft. R. E. Andrews for pl'ff, C. L. Monell for deft. J. uooeri tieynoius, pi a, v?. imnrj ?. iviynara, et. ai. Trustees, &o. <tef'ts. C. B. Date her for pl'ff, P. W. Bishop lor def 'ts. 10. Abraham I. Fort, appel't, vs. William Bard, et. al. rettp'ts. Orville Clark for appel't, Julius Ilhoades, for respon'ts. 11. John O. Britton, et. al. pl'ffs. vs. Isaac Frlnk, Sheriff Stc deft. A. K. Hadiey for pl'ff, Ellis and .Dullard for def't. 13. Mary Martin, by her next friend, appel't, vs. Norris L. Martin, respond't. I). D. Field for appel't, H. B. Duryea for respond't. 13. Cornelius Van Giesen, pl'ff. vs. James C. Fuller, deft. Oeo. E. King for pl'ff, II. R. Selden for deft 14. The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad Co. pl'ffs, vs. John Brown, deft. Fruyn & Martin for pl'ffs, P. Potter for deft. 16. John Rowland, pl'ff, vs. Geo. K. Fuller, deft. N. King, Jr. for pl'ff, John O Stower for deft. 18. ElmonD Jenks, pl'ff, va. Israel Smith, def't. A. 8. Slean for pl'ff, C. Carpenter for deft. 17. John Eraser,-et al. appel'ts vs. Henry M. Western, et al. respon'ts. John Anthon for appel'ts, H. M. Western for respond'ts IB Ariijau a. i unn, pi n, vs. Junius a. jones, un i. II Humphrey for pl'ff, Samuel L. Selden for (left. 19. James T. Brady, appel't, vh. John A. WoCosker, an infant, by bis next friend, respond't. John B. Steven* for appel't, Benedict & Boardman for respund't. 30. Everitt Judson, pl'ff, vs. Jebiel Hougbton, deft. Roswell Judson for pl'ff, Ransom Baloom for dert. 21. William O. Wood, ex'r, &c. of David Wood, deo'd, pl'ff, vs. George Weiant, et al. deft's. Ji. 8. Dsdge for pl'ff, Wm. Nelson for def'ts. '2-1. Sylvanus H. Henry, etai plff's, ts. The President, Directors and Co. of the Bank of Salina, (lefts Hough & Carpenter for pl'ffs, Noxon, Leavenworth &. Comstock lor derts. 23 Harvey Loomis, pl'ff, ts James Monroe, dert. T. T. Davis for pl'ff. Campbell, Boughton &. Ward, for dert. 24. Melancthon W. Danks, pl'ff, vs. Jeremiah D. Quaokenbusb, dert. Isaao W. Brewster for pl'ff. Noxon, Leavenworth & Comstock, for deft. 26. Frederick-H. Stief, pl'ff. vs. Monmouth B. Hart, dof't. O. H. i'latt for pl ff, J. C. Hart for dert. The following extracts frem the rules of the court, prescribe the manner in which cases are to be printed for its use:? Rule 14.?All cases and points, and all other papers which may be delivered to the oourt in calender causes, shall be printed on white writing paper, with a margin not less than one and a half inch wide. The printed page, exoiusive of any marginal note or referenoo, shall be seven inches long, and three and a half inohes wide. I Part or Rul* 16.?Copienof the calendar for the use of the judges, olerk and reporter, and lo be kept with tbe records of the court and be deposited iu tbe State Library, shall be printed in like manner as cases and points are dlreoted to be printed.?Mb. Eve. Jltlat, Sept. 6. A special term of the Supreme Court for the county of Saratoga, is to be held at the court house in tbe village of Ballston Spa, commencing on Tuesday, the 7th inst., Mr. Justice Paige presiding. Judge Buohan, of Monroe county, has recently dedined to allow tn a. noli nation for a'writ of hah^aa oor> pus?having doubts whether, under the judiciary act, a county judge can discharge the dutiea of a justice of the supreme oourt at chambers. The opinion of Jadge B. is published at length in the Rochester Democrat of this morning.?Albany Argui, 6th init. Mall Failures [from the Philadelphia Bulletin, Sept. 0.] New Orleans papers of the 'J8th and 39th nit. are due. They reached Petersburg yesterday morning, but by ome culpable negllgenee they were not forwarded to this city. On all sides, we hear complaints, both loud and deep, against the jiont office department. Mr. Cave Johnson should bestir himself. [From the Baltimore Sun. September 0 ] The New York eveningjmall of Saturday,with onr New York commercial letter, and the evening papers of that day failed. [From the Baltimore American. September 6.] The New York papers of Saturday afternoon, due yesterday morning, did not oome to band. The Southern mail failed on Saturday night beyond Montgomery, Alabama. The Southern mall failed again last night, not having reached Washington when the oars left for Baltimore. We received a telegraph despatch yesterday morning from Richmond, stating that the Southern mail had arrived in that city, but that the papers contain no news from the army in ileztoo. From this It will be seen there are two missing Southern malls due. wuiuu av ib iimvit BMMmj uvuiv w uauu my iuu uiviuuig train from Washington. Movements or Uie People. It If Mid that Dobaon, of Indiana. the lata democratic andldate for Congress in the sixth district, will oontest the ??at of Mr. Dunn, who wai elected by a majority of 12 vote*. At the annual commencement of the Transylvanian University, the degree of L. L D. was conferred on the Hon Uarnett Duncan, and Preston 8 Loughborough, of Louisville, Ky., and the Hon. H. W. Hiliiard, of Montgomery, Alabama. A writer in the Frankfort (Ky ) Commonwealth, recommend* D, R. Haggard, of Cumberland, as a candidate for Speaker of the next House of Representatives. Mr Tageot, the French Minister, who arrived here on Thursday evening from Old 1 oint. accompanied by Mrs l'i?HHot and Miss Tlmberlak*. of Washington, visited yenterlay. the United States ship Pennsylvania The tricolor was ran up, and the unual salute fired upon the French Minister h reaching the quarter deck ofthe Pennnyl'MUia ? No'Jolk Ilraron, 4 A iml A publio dinner was tendered to Gen Kearny by the citizens of Bt. Louis, on his return from California. He pnlitely declined the honor, regretting the circumstances whioh prevented his acceptance of the ofTered compliment. He was to set out at an early day for WashJames Francis Hunter, Esq., of Norfolk, Va . died on Friday morning last Mr. Hunter, though not more than 35 years or age, had filled quite a number of publio and useful stations In Norfolk He was at different periods commander of the Junior Volunteers, Vice President of the Common Council, and subs-quently Presi a?ni 01 me wieci uouucir riesiuent or tq? Virginia bank Id that olty. and for a number ol years agonto? the Baltimore Steampackat Company The RochttUr .hirer tin r mjt F.x-President Tyler, accompanied by hid lady arrived Id that olty on Saturday afternoon, and took rooms at the Ka?l? During the evening a large number or our rltlxen* paid their respects to " old vets," and were recelvsd with unaffeofl ted Virginia cordiality. M. I'ageot, the French Minister to the United State#, with hln family, arrived in Philadelphia on Monday. Rev. Menry Mile* I* preparing a series of lectures on Don Quixote, for the ensuing winter. Charles R. Stewart, whig, hai finally declined being a oandidate for Congress in the third district of Maryland. (>rtE?oN.?The Liberty(Mo.) Tribune contains * letter from Judgo Burnett, of Oregon, to the Hon. J. M Hughe*, in whieh an account it given of the different route* to that oountry, and partionlariy of the road through the Umqua und Clamet valley. Last winter was unusually cold, enow remaining on the gronnd for e'ghteen days, to the depth of sixteen or twenty Inches. As no provision had bean made to fodder the oattie. they suffered severely In one settlement, we observe there are about 40,000 sheep, and the oountry Is well adapted to wool growing. Wheat was, in March last, worth from * I to *1 aft per bnshel; oows. horses from *30 to i $100. and ox?.n about $ft0 per yoke. Great anxiety exists j I fir the extension of the United States laws over the ter- I rltory. Hemp and leather will become Important articles of export hereafter.?Lovil Uninn.JlugiMt 30iV j Our attention has been called to a counterfeit $1 bill , a the Phoenix Bank of Hartford. It Is not notioe* 1b ; noy of the deteotors, and is said to be a close imitation | tf the original, The bill before us Is isttsr C? lit July, i I 1?M; payable to A. J. lMl| Jt ba L. Busoe, I ashler| t ^ Ok*. not. 1 ? T**veiling Dressing Cum?TIm exceedingly small cofflptu in which ths subsciibars hare placed ?>?ry thiug necessary for the toilet, without deatroj lug their u*lulneaa, ud die h uidaome anil substantial inauuer iu which ' hey ax* made, render these cues superior to any uuuuUcturea. Au examination cauuut tail of being satisfactoi y. U. SAUNDLHb fc. BON. 177 Broadway. Lecoultre Kaznn_ThcM Kauri, (beyond all iJue?tiou the best iuii?oit*d to this country ) can bf hid of the subscribers, aud wurraiitrd, r.igeiliar with a very laiac and well selected aaa irtii e: I of Razors, Peu anil Pocket Knives. Perfumery, Soups. and everything appertaining to the toilet. U. 8AUN1)KH8 ?. 8().\, 117 Broadway. Opposite Howard Hotel. Portrait of [Plui IX tlie prcaent Pope of Rome,like auewlrriaeu tar,nttracta tl.a admiring ga? of the world While ottier crowned lirails are sltrpmg, or mocking ihe sufferings of their people l'iua IX. la endeavoring to ?pie->a the banner of civil aud religious fieedom Who will u<-1 be giatified it hearing tint ihe authenticated portrait of that illustrious Pontiff IS uow exhjf rt: IT iu out c ty. Among the many visitors which this inagi^Ket t painting lias already attracted, we are pleased to hear a Kev. gentle man, luely from Home, has pronounced tois portrait a perfect likeness of Pius IX. Premlom Qald Pen*, $1 30_Puichai?ri of Oold Pens, or Hold aLd Silvei Peu aud Paucil Cases, can supply iheuuclves at the manufacturer's lowe.t uett urices, iu large or small quantities, nt the establishment of J W, lireitou U Co., 71 Cedar street. N?w Kork, or 45 Chestnut stieet, Philadelphia From 1 heir assortment of soma thirty different kinds, consisting of Brown's, Haydeu\ Spencer's. Baglry's Rogers', Congress, anJ many others, they Hatter theui elves that tnejr cm meet me wants 01 every one,auu tneir puces will be louiid lower than at auy oilier home. Gold Peus carefully repaired or re pointed. Richelieu Diamond Pointed Gold Pens.? "Theie's uo such word a* fail," if you will only takf tlie rrecautiou to invest $2 lor a Richelieu Pea. B. K. WA18ON Ik CO . 45 Wi'liam street, cue door below Wall street, and J. Y. 8AVAGK. 92 Fulton street, are the only persons authorized te aril them You will there liud a line assortment of all the beat pens in the market and at astonishing low prices, whole* ale or retail. They sell at $1, $1 25 and $150. the aaine kind of peus that are sjld for $1 50, $1 75 and $2, elaewheie. Try them. Gold Pena carefully repaired. "The Genuine Diamond Pointed Gold Pena are lor sale by the New Vork Ijiold Pen company No. 33 John at , corner Nassau, up ataira, where all tl>e most celebrated stamps areto be kail, lu addition to thuae of their own manufacture; together with a great variety of gold and ailver peu and pencil caaea, at wholeaale or retail. To Lkt?A ahop down town, auitable for a jeweller, or buaineaa of that nature. Applv aa above. The Horticultural Exhibition will open this day, at 1 o'clock, aud cout.iuue opeu until Thursday nigtit, at the Lyceum Hooma, 561 Broadway Aiimittmcu, 25 cents. Ladles' Cachefolles, or real Heads of Hair, light, cool, and agree*, le; an entire new art cle. manufactured by the inventor, W. J. Barker Ladies' Hair Dresser, to which he iuvitea an inspection Ladies in want of Hair work, efauy kind or color, would find it to their advantage to call on the subscriber and exaurue his atock, which will oe found larger, aad at prices more reasonable tluui auy other estiblishmeat in this city. Ladles' tihainp oing tad Children's H?ir (Jutting at hnlf the usual rates. Please copy the addre<s for future reference. W.J BAKKLH, Ladies' Hair Dieaaer, * 349 Broadway, opposite the Carlton House. Important to D<LKuerreotypUta__Genu]ae German Bromine A small lot of very superior quality just received and forlele by ?>.. ANTHONY. s8 2 247 Broadway, New Vork. A Card?Mr. Gardner and hie friends or backers, who 1 ailed at my house last evening while 1 was absent, expressing a desire to make a march with me, ere hereby informed that lam ready and willing to make the prop >sed match, for live hundred dollars or more. My money will be r<ady at the 8tar House 34 Heade street, at all times when 1 am at home, or any time they will give me notice of their intention to call ou me for the purpose of putting up the money. THOMAS O'DONNKLL. New York, 8th September. 1847. Fall Style of Hat?_Genln, !I14 Broadway, opposite St. Paul's Church, is now i.rrpared to furuiah his customers with the new style of Hau with an improved lining. Th# I".* I. \m a 7.. .1-M. .i ...? t, hi . f,. meut able to meet any and every drmandof the beau moude," the ecenomUt, and of tho*e who prefer to follow their own taatea, instead of complying with the dictate* of faihiou. 2 6t (IkVlgatlon of Iha Ohio Ulver. Placet. 7\me. Stall of Rtvrr. Louisville.. 8#pt. 1. .4 feet,'4 In atanding. Wheeling........... .Sept. 1. . ..3 feet 6 Id. Plttaburg Sept. 2... .3 feat 1 In. Cincinnati. . ... . Sept. 1... .4 feet 9 In falling. MOSEY BtARKKT. Tuesday, Sept. 7_fl P. M. Quotations for fancy Blocks fell off to-day all round. Seme of them are going down faster thin they went up. The bear* are now in the aacendanoy, and the ball* are in a fair way of losing all their profits. Prioea had become so much inflated that there waa no market for the stocks, and the only way to get the Immense load off their hands waa to let prices down. When prioas are rapidly advanoing, stocks accumulate In the hands of the bulla, until they bare run up prioes so high that no one will purchase, and they bare got to carry thsm or submit to * decline. At the tlrst board to-day Norwich and Woroester fell off 3M per cent, Harlem 1 %. L og Island [%, Reading X, Canton 1, Ohio 6s Treasury Noter, 6s, Morris Canal advanced >?', and Farmer*' Loan closed at yesterday's prices. At the second board Norwiob and Worcester ad ranted 3 per cent, Long Island Harlem full off and Canton X; Reading olosed at prices current in the moaning. There were large sales of Harlem at ?the decline at tho second board. The receipts of the New York and Erie Railroad Ctaipany for the month of August in each of the past two years were as annexed :? New Yobk jhh F.rie Railroad. Ht6. 1*17. Inc. From Freight $IO.i8? 69 12 912 06 3.311 #T From r&ueugert tnd Mail.. 6,14123 II,lift 27 ?.%<) 04 Total $16.729 9 1 21,022 93 7,293 01 This shows an increase equal to about per centIncrease in freight, 39 per cent. Passengers, 81 per oent' The receipt* for the eight months, ending August 81 ' 1846 and 1847 ,were as follows:? Eight months in 1847 $161,111 34 " w " 1846 116,433 63 Incraaie (equal to nearly 40 par cent). .$44,887 81 The increased receipts of all our railroad companies, for the transportation of passengers and freight, is the best eTldenoe in the world of the prosperous oonditlon of all classes, and all departments of business. Railroads which now pay good dividends, must, in a few years, in the event of the reocipts increasing from year to year at th? rate reamed alno? the commencement, be good investmenta Those now struggling along towarda completion, with limited mean* and precarloua credit, will ultimately be good dividend paying securities The reaourcee of even the oldeetand moat populoua aectlona ef this country have not yet begun to be developed We have no idea of what the New England State* alone are capable of producing ; and a* for the Weat, it ia beyond all calculation*. We cannot begin to gueta what a atata of thlnga the next five or ten year* will bring about In the proliflo Statea of the Weat. It i* our belief, that with all the progrea* making in the couatruntien of worka of internal Improvementa, we aball feel the want of means of transportation mor* ten year a benoe than we do now. The internal buaHaaa of tbe ceuntry ia growing more rapidly than the faoilltle* of ooimouaioatlon. The statement* whioh have bean put forth, and transmitted to Europe, relative to the agrlou.tural reaouree* f this country, and tho probable extent of our aurplua of breadetuflk, have been the principal cauae ot the enormoua inflation in prioea on tbe other ilde, and tbe financial difficulties have been the result of ^auoh an e^anrlon. The obaracter of the aouree from wbich tlaeae statement* emanated la pretty Well understood on thia side of the Atlantio ; but in Europe, unfortunately, too much confidence waa placed in them, and tbe reault baa been extremely disastrous. The aouree to which we allude ia the organ of the bull apecalatora in Wail street, which, at all times, la prepared to give publicity to the calculations and estimate* ol any individual or olique, for tbe purpose of bringing about an undue In flatio* in priced At an evidence of this, it in only necessary to refer to the article published in that paper in April lut, just previous to the opening of the canal* of thii State, when the probable extent of our surplus supply of breadstuff-) who a matier of much moment, and ttie cause of considerable excitement among operators in this market. The article to whieh we allude, went into details, for the purpose of giving It more plausibility, the reault of whioh waa, that the total quantify of Hour, and wheat nude Into flour,to arrive at tide water, from the opening of navigation to the 1st ot September, wanld be 1.S7M0C bbls. The official returns show that the aggregate receipts for the same period were 'J 614 J'lA F.xceas of receipt* over estimate... 1,S41,7Jj bbls. The estimate of Indian ourn,mad? by this organ of bull speculators, to arrive from May 1st to 8?pt?mber 1st was. . . 3,000.000 bush. Aotual receipts per offleiai returns for same period, 4,6n4 08.1 Kxceas of receipts over estimate,,. S,664,M5fcnab TbUlsjust about as near the truth as the paper to whloh we allude usually comes; but the moat rtdiautous part of the affair I* yet to oome. According to the estimates of the article, we should only be able to squeese out for exportation from this port, from May 1st to September 1st, 3i.8i0 barrels ; whereas the official returns show a shipment, In the same period, of 1.860,310 barre'S, showing an exoess of shipments over estimate cf ,:)30 404 barrels. If thes? fact? are not enough to satisfy evsry on? that the statements of the Courier *<id Enquirer, in relation to commercial natters, are not entltlod to tha oonSd*nce Of even the most desperate speculator, we leave them to be doped again with similar calculations In giving tha tatement, the fl/uret of which we have given abort, tb? Courier und Enyutfrsr Introduovd It ? follow* i " A* public attention, both io this country and in Ka* iiwh, mm *>r io*rtiiM i?n rtwM'i AtrovMa m