Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 13, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 13, 1847 Page 1
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r THi voi. xni. no. a >i_whou o.m THE NEW FORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North "*r?st corner of Fulton Mid Hum Mi. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. OUlCUL.ATION_KOH.TY THOUSAND. DAILY HKRALD?Every day. Price 2 centiper #opy??$7 M i>er aunuin?payable iu advance. WEEKLY HERALD?fcvery Saturday?Price ? ?? per copy?$3 UVi ceuta i>er annum?payable hi advance. HERALD KUR EUROPE? Every Steam Packet day? Pru'.e <-rittn nor copy?$4 per annum, Bielodin* poata^e or $3 25, exclusive of pontine, nayableiu advance. Subacriptioni and advert iiemema will le received by Meeire. Oalig: iiaui, li) me Vivieune, Pari* ; P. L Simonda, II Conihill, and Jolin Miller, til** ho?k?Hlf.r, Loudon. ANNUAL PICTORIAL . HERALD?Published on the lit of Jmiunry of each year?entitle copiea eixpeuee each. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the uiuul price.?elwajra eaah i? djr.ince. Advertiaeinenta nhould be written in a pliwn, legible manner. The Proprietor will not be reipomible lor errornnat may occur in them. . . . PRINTING of all kind? executed beautifully ??d wtfJ. All if iter* or communication! by mail, addrened to the proprietor of the ea'aMiahtnent, muit be post paid, of the poet* a*e will he dedu-ted from the ub-.rrii>tio? moncT remitted. N W YOKK AMI H H Al I.HOA D COM PAN If SUMMER ARRANUEMILNT. / vn the 1/ Ctrl will run iui follow*, until farther notice. Up tiaini will leave t'ie City Hall for ll-.rlemSt Morruiana. Porham It Tiickahoe Pleaaantville, 5 39 A.M. Will'ms Cr K?. Hart'i and NewcaitU 7 5 30 A. M White Pl'na. %df.rd, ( T " 7 A. M. WWUickvilU o id " IS '* Cnton Kalln. It " li " 4 P.M. 7 A.M. 11 " I r. M- I M " * p. M. i F "M- ? 4 ? |M M 5 " 5 10 " 6 JO " Returning Co New Yort will leav?? Morrisiana Ik Harlem. Fordham. Will'ina Br'ge. Tnckaho*. 7 05 A.M. 6 53 A. mT 6 45 A.M. 7 30 A.M. 8 10 7 55 " 7 50 " ? 48 " 9 " 9 09 " 9 OS " 1 SO P. M. 10 " 13 23 P. M. 12.5 P.M. 5 52 * 12 35 P. M- 1 45 " 1 40 " White Pl>ns. (2 " 5 0# " 6 " 7 10 A.M. I " 15 " 6 01 " 33 " 15 20 " 51 " 7 4* 1 P.M. S " ill " t> 28 " 8 05 " Pleasant? ills. New CsstU. Bedford. Wliitlickrill*. 8 13 A M. I A M. 7 51 A M. 7 45 A M 5 13 PM. f I'M. 4 51PM. 4 45PM Crotan Falls. 7 30 A M. 4 30 P M. The train* to and from C.roton Falls will not (top on New York Island, except at Broome street, and S2d street. A car will precede each train tsu minutes, to take up passengers in city. The morning train of cars from Croton FalU will not itop between White Plains and New York, escept at Tuckahoe William's Bridge, and Kor dlinm. Kxtra trains ca Sundays to Harlem and Morrisiau, if flat Stojtesfor Lake Mahopackand Daubury leave Croton Falls on ariival of the 7 o'clock A. M. aud 4 P. M. trains, and for P?wlini:3 on arrival of the 7 oVlock A. M. train. FAKK KilOM NEW YORK : To Croton Kails .... ...fl 00 To Whitlickvill 87* To Newcastle 75 To Pleasautville. Wi To White Plains M Freight crania leave City Hall at 12 M. and at 7 P. M. Itetiirniiiu'. I?nvr <'.roton Kails at 7 A.M. and 9 P. M. TO TRAVELLERS (idlNO SOUTH NEW AM) MOST AOREEABLE LINK TO FREDErickshurg. Richmond, Petersburg, Vn., Staunton, Va , and tlia Viritinia Springs, Wei don, NT C., and Charleston, 8. C. The public H'e informed that the new a-id splendid low pressure steamer POWHATTAN (connecting with the Great Mail Line at A<|i|uie Creek,) leaves Commerce street wharf. Baltimore, every Tuesdiy aud Friday Evening, at 6 P. M., (or the above points. I nrougii-ucKeu 10 * . " Petersburg 6 " Weldon.N. C 9 " Staunton, Va 11 Charleston, S. C 17 Bring at the same price, more direct and expeditious, and much more certain than the Chesepeake Bay and James Hirer Steambo t Line,?nil the wide and rough portion of the Bay, between the mouth of the Potomac and Old Point Comfort, bein,;entirely avoided by this line. Travellers areadvUfd that the line hereby advertised is part anu pircel of the Ureat Mail Line through Virginia; and that it is the iutentiou of the romp inies composing the Ureat Mail Line, that pas-enger* shall be conveyed by them, in connection with the, always as cheaply as by any other line, and with mure comfort, expedition and certainty, than by any otherline, except the line via Washington. For fu'ther paitirulars, inquire at the Southern Railroad office, Pratt street, B iltimore; ot Stockton 8c Kali, or at the tne Commerce street whirl"; or, on Tuesdays and Fridays, on board the Powhattan. of O. W. (JUNNKLL, Capt. N. B.?Travellers by the above line will bear in mind that they have two hours inore in Baltimore than passengers by tlic Chesipeake Bay aiid James River Boats, and yet reach any point south of Petersburg at the same time with these last, ei en when there is no breach of coniiexiou by the Buy Line. jy4 3itieod*r _____ <m*?. NOTICK.?Kor the better accommodation ? r r the public (as the days are becoming t&fc'ti&uSSSBlm ihorter), ilie Steamboat Nk.W PHILADKLPHIA will, on aud after Monday next, leave New Brunswick at ZD minutes before 7 o'clock, and New York at 15 minates| past 3 o'clock,stopping at the regular lauding*. The H A It I PAN will continue at her old hours, at 7 o'clock from New Brunswick and ii before 3 o'clock from New York, ruuuiug through without stopping. Both boats leave from the foot of Barclay street. Fare in the New Philadelphia, ti>? cents; Raman, I2^? cents. New Brunswick,Sept. 3, 1817. s8 30t*rc ria_ TO W> I NO?The new and powerful ttenin*' JpflPKSN"* JACOB BKLL.Capt. II. Yates, and HE ' MMfcRALD, CapUriu J. P. PARKS, will be io const uit readiness f >r Towing Vessels to and from sea, and boat the Hwfcof, on the most reasonable terms All orders thankfully received aud punctually attended to. Apply to the old established Steam Tow-Boat Office, No. 74 S 'Utk street, corner of Maiden lane, ap stairs. The Boats lay every night at the foot of Ornud street, E.R., and n"e always m re adioess at a moment's notice. N.II ? All nersous are forbid trusting tbe above boats on account of the owners. W.N &T.M. DOUOHKItTY, s9 rc No. 75 South st. cor. Maiden lane. . aTA'l'KN ISLAND fit Hit It .-Us and FRIDAY, Sept. 10th. 1817. the steamr 'iSiBS^ and STATEN ISLANDER will make the following trips until further notice flkavk whitehall. At 7, 9, 111, 11, A. M., and 1, 2, ten mrnntas put 3, aid at 4, 5, C, 7. o'clock. P. M. I lkavk ht'a h ant ink. At C, 0. ). 10, II, A. M., and 1, 2, 1, 4, S, 6X,P. M. New York Seiit. 6th s8 II ? ' INt STEAMBOATS KOR ALP.ANY, Daily, Sundays Excep ed ? rSMaMHk Through Direct?At 6 o'clock, P. M., from the Pier between ('onrrlaudt and Liberty streets. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Capt Wm H. Peck, will >- ?- M I." IV..I,mm,I hri.Uv pirinnffs. ?r fi o'clock. Steamboat HENDRIK HUD30W, Oapt. R. O.Crnttenden, will Ic ive ou Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings at 6 at lock At Five O'clock. P. M.?Landing at intermediate places? from the f.iot of Barc'ay street. Steamboat ROl HKSTKH, Captain R H. Furry, will leave ou Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday afternoons, ?t i o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA) Capt T.N Hutse, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoons, at 5 o'clock. The above boats will at all times arrive in Albany in ample time for the Morning Cars for the Kfut or West. Freight taken at moderate rales, and none taken after 4X h I in k, r M. ;C?~ \ll persons are forbid trusting any of the boats of thii line, without a written oider from the captains or agents. For ius<">ge or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. BCHULTZ, at the office on tn? wharf. *fn mu. KOR HHRKWSBl KV.IM KAN HOIJBK, C?Long Branch. Uunsotn Dock, Brown's Dock, Jafe* Mi'ioii-town aud Red Bank.?The Steamboat ORUS, C. Price, Master, will run as follows, from Fulton Market Slip, East River :? Leave New Vork. Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock O'clock. Monday, 13, at 6i<.V.M. Monday, 13, at la AM. 'Oesday, M, at 7 AM. Tuesday. II, at IflJi A.M. Wi dnes-'ay, IJ, at 7)^ A..VI Wednesday, 15, at 11 A.M. The Line Stages will ruu to Howell Works, Souatn tillage and Freehold. Btngea to convey paaseugers to all paru of in* country. N. U. All persons art forbid trusting the above boat on account of the Owuers. J. t. ALLAIRE. sj 3ftt?rc " I-C i( SIIKK.WSBUKY, LONO BRANCH, C Ocean Hoi<e, I*. W. Schanck's, Highlands, tPW-sSFWHMk llii .snmiiud E itootown Landing. The steam, boat KD VV IN LEWIS, ant. Haynea, will ruu in follows, from loot of B >rclay street, North river: Ltavt New Vork. Leave Shrewtbury. O'clock O'clock. Tuesday, 14,at 10 A.M. Wednesday, l),*tllfcVM. Thursday, li,ttll A.M. K iday, 17, at I P.M. Hnturday, IK, at I P.M. M;>"d,iy, 20, at 4 P.M, Tuesday, 21, at I P .M. Wednesday, 22, ?t 3 P.M. Stages will be in readiness on th? arrival of the l>oat to convty pssengers to all parts of the country. For further particular* kpply to F, B. Hall, at the office on the wharf ' *"*" OPPOSITION PASHAOE OFFT? E-To Albtny. Utict (I 50; Syracuse, $2; Oswego; JaWlOlltifc II ?.l: Rochester. $2; Buffalo, $2; Cleveland, >1; Deli . t, Si; Milwaukie, $fi 75; Chicago, W 75: Cincinnati, $8 75; Toronto and Hamilton, $4; Whitehall, $2; Montreal, $4; Pittsburg, $6 Oifice, Kio Barclay street. Any s^enrttv reunited will he given for the fulfilment of all contracts made with this company. to 25 jOt1 rc M. L RAY, Agent | New York. 1<17. ?,er.w> CONEV ISLAND KERRY.?The wrll St -rA^""'nwn ,l"mf r AMERFC AN EAOLE. Cap t ** (ieo. II. Power, will rnu regularly during the Mason to t,onry Island, landing at Kort Hamilton, a* follow?:? Leaving Pier No. 1,at 10, i,4. A fine Cotillion Band accompanies tlie bout au4 45t*rc la?s?w MOH NINO LINE KOR ALliANV AND I TROY and Intermediate Landings, t. Breakfast and Dinner on board the Boat. The low preaiure steamboat TROY, Captnin A. Oorham, will leave the ste-mboat pier foot of Barclay street. Mondays, Wednesdays, and kridays, at seven o'clock A. M. Returning on fhe opposite day?. The Steamer NIAOARA, Capt. H L. Kellogg, will leave the Steamboat Pie: foot of Barclay sireet, Tuesday, Thursday and Hit'tird-iy, at half past six o'clock, A. M., returning on the opponfe dan. j?T** Karr .'> Cents. For pass-ue or freight, apply o? board, ?r to F. B. Hall, at the office r.n the wharf trM VOII LIVKKPOOli?New Line? Regular packof 28th of September,?Tha splendid, fast sailing SHERIDAN, Captain (J. B. Cornish, will positively Mil as above, her regnlar day. kor freight or passage, having handsome furnished accommodations, apply "B board, at Orleyie wharf, foot of Wall street, or to K-K. COLLINS. 54 Hculh it. Tne packet ship OARRICK, Capt. B. J. H. Tiask, will ine.ceedithe Sheridan, tad Nil on the Mth ol Oct., her regular day. "UT E NE NEV ^ OCEAN 8TEAM NAVIGATION COM PAN V.?United State* Mail Lin* to s2w?f?%'P(7'Q('owt* ani' Southampton, nud Bremen. |U-oV.Tk The splendid new st-amship WASH1NUw *SSSi?TON, I7i0tous burthen. Frederic Hesutt, commander, will start from New York om the 2Jd September, carrying th? United States Mail. She will toiioli at Cowti and Sunthampton to land passen?ers and freight, and deliver the mailt for Engl md, France and elgium. anu will then proceed to Breinerhavtn. Keturning, will leave JJreineiliaven rIn; 13th October. The Washington is built in the strongest manner, with a view to being converted luto a ship of war, and subject nt anytime to iuspectiou by appointed by the President, both during mid after coustructiou. She has two engines, of 1000 horse power each, and accommodations for ISO passengers. Passage from New York to Southampton or to Bremen, 8 l?o. Passat'" from Bremen and Southampton to New York, $114. 8he will carry about 300 tons freight, which will be charged according to the nature of the goods offering. All letters must pass through the Post Olfice. P.ircr Is, for which bills of lading will be sigucd, will he charged S3 each. For freight or passage apply at the office of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, <16 VVilli'm street, comer of Wall. E MILLS, General Agent. Asenu at Southampton DAY, ' ROSKEY ft H'lHS. " at Bremen ( . A. HEINKKEN it CO. " at Havre WILLIAM 1SKL1N. a he secoud steamer of the line i s in due course ol constrnc* tion. and will lie in readiness in the ensuing fall Hii2'Jfh KOK HAVRE via CHEUBOUHGyV&t '^1*39 The Steamship NEW YOHK will leave on her regular day, Wednesday, the litli inm ?Wsifil^aWSL- Price of cabin passage, $120. The ship Ins Ecu*ESSha an eipericuceil surgeon. Letteis must pass through the post oflice. For passage or freight, apply to _^?0 9'ni AltMAK k Co.. 31 South street. FRENCH TRANSATLANTIC ZttPt STEAMSHIP COMPANY?The shipsof 1,1" company are appointed to sail as lol lows ? *" FROM NEW YOHK. The PHILADELPHIA on the lath August The MISSOURI " " 31st T' The NEW YORK " " 15th Sept. The UNION " " JOth ,r _ tROM HAVRE.. The NEW YORK. " " ISth August. The UNION " " 31st These Steamers are equal to any afloat, with commanders of tried skill aud known courtesy. Their state rooms and cabins are unusually commodious, and they are provided with every thing requisite for the comfort of passengers. The price of passage in the first cabiu from New York is (120. from Havre 1,000 trnucs. Wines are not included, but will be furnished at moderate rates. All letters must pass through the post office. For freight or passage, apply to an I rc A YM A 11 (k CO.. 34 South street. - BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ZV'!7kllV?W,fcIl0V AL MAIL STEAM SHIP. I'-00 tons *^Sti|6|tijgti0^aiid tao liorse ptiwrr each, under contract with the. Lords of the Admirnlity. ill BEKNIA, Captain Alexander Ryrie. CALEDONIA, Caut&iu Edward li. Lott. BRITTANNIA, Captaiu John Ilewitt. CAM BRIA, Captain ('iiarles II. E. Judkuu. ACADIA, Captain William Harrison. The four steamships now building are THE AMERICA, THE NIAGARA, THE CANADA. THE EURO PA. The vessels appointed to saiHrom Bostou are the Hiberoia August 16, 1*47 Cambria September 1, 1117 Caledonia September Mi, 1917 Britannia..... October 1, 1817 The vessels appointed to sail from Liverpool are the Cambria August 4, 1847 Caledonia August 19, 1847 Britannia September 4, 1847 Passengers' luggage must be on board the day previous to sailing. 'sage money?From Boston to Liverpool, #120, do do to Hi. .fax, $20. No berths secured until j>aid for. Ttiese ships carry experienced surgeons. No freight, except specic, received ou day* of sailing. For freight, passage, or any other information, apply to D. BIUGHAM, ,lr., Agent At HARNDEN b CO.'S/, -9 ill i> [O^In addition to $ie above line between Liveriiool i 14 Halifax, and Boston, t contract has been entered into with Her Majesty's government, to establish a line between Liverpool and New York Jirect. The steamships for tins service are now being built, and early next year due notice will lie given of the time when they will start. Under the new contract the steamers will sail every Saturday during eight mouths, and every fortnight during tne other months in the year. Going al teniately between Liverpool and Halifax and Boston, ami be tween Liverpool and New York. r j^A^^SLE K^^^TKD'S E^^^^TION in connection with GKO. IUPPAHD & SON, 131 Wa terloo Hold, Liverpool. Persons wishing to send lor their friends ill llie old country, can secure passage in any of tlie following new line of packets, sailing from Liverpool on the Gih of every month, viz CONSTITUTION, 1.500 tons, Capt, Johu llrittoii. QUEEN OK THE WEST, 1,200 tuns, Capt. V. Woodhouse. LI VERPOOL, 1,150 tons, Capt John Kldridge. HOTTINOUEK, 1,000 tout, I'apt. Ira Bursley. (leo. Rippard 8c 8011 are the only agents in Liverpool for the above line of picket*, in additiou to w hich they despatch a first clan iliip every week. Persons sending money to their frienJs 111 Urge and small amounts, can be accommodated with drills on the Belfast Banking Company, and their numerous branches in Ireland; also ou the principal banks in EnglandScotland, and Wales. Apply to CARLISLE St RIPPARD, anJI I0t*m 58 South street, cor. of Wall, KOK NKW OKLKA.NM, louisiana and jcw vouk line. Mt. Ml M. to sail uvterythu iia vs. Ship OSWKOO, Captain Johnson. Ship HUDSON. Captain Pace. Ship CLrFTONT, Cajrtain liigersi>ll. I Ship LOUISVILLE, Capt. tlunt. Ship SARTELLE, Captain Taylor. B-uk GENESEE, Caj.tain Slinot. Iiirk J. e: williams, Captain Parker. Bark HEBRON, Captain Ureig. The above ships are all of the lirst cl'ss, of light draft of water, and commanded by the most experienced captains in the trade. Their cabins are handsomely furnished, and every attention paid to the comfort oud convenience of the passengers. Neither the captaini or owners of the above ships will be responsible for jewelry, bullion, precious tones, (Silver ur pi M M ware, or for any letters, parcels, or pub|tlMBt by, or i>ut on board of them, unless regular bills of lading are taken for the same, and the value therein expressed. For freight or passage,apply ou board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS, in South street. Agent in New Orleans?John Woodruff tk Co., who will promptly forward all good* to their address. ?Hfy jUffc: jlf&y ift firffS;OTT'^!MTmiATIO^TpMCE, 86 R.uiihs\I Persons w<s.)ing to send for their friends in the old country, can secure passive ou reasonable terms, by any of the maguiticeLt ships comprising the new Line of Liverpool packets, vix:? CONSTITUTION. 17.10 toi:s, Captain John Uritton. Q UKEN OK THE WEST, 1400 tons. C.->?o. P. Woodhmis* I.I V ERPOOL. 1250 tons, Captaiu John Eldridge. HOTTINUUER. 1150 tons, Capt. Ira Bursley, nilinir from Liverpool 011 the 6th of everv month. PiSSRie can also be secured by I he tit. Oeorgc'l Liur, >r tlir Union Line ol Liverpool packets, making in ill a istiip every fyt days from that port. For further particulars apply to W. It S. T. TAP8COTT. jy29 Hotirh st'ret. N'?-w York. ItOCliE, BROTHERS i O?i'ASSA( > h'. TO JJf^^and from Liverpool, per Black U.ill Line of Packets, JMMEpand Remittance* to Ireland &c. The well known favorite pack it fihip MEW VORK will sail for Liverpool on Thursday, 16th September, 'her lejttlar day. For terms of cabin, secoud cabin and ateerage 'ge, apply to Captain Cropper, on board at foot of Beckmiui stieet, or to the subscribers The NEW YORK will sail from Liverpool on ICth of October; passage can he engaged to come from the old country by thu splendid ship. or by any of the packet* of the Old Black B ill Liue. to saii from it ou the 1st and ICth of every month, by applying to us. Those remitting monry to Ireland, can hare drafts on THE ROYAL BANK OK IRELAND, and on PRESCOTT, OROTIC ?i CO., Bankers, London, which will be paid at the various branches throughout Ureal Britain and Ireland. Apply to ROCHE. BROTHERS U CO., No. 3'> Fulton street. New York, next door to the Knltou Dank. Only authorised t>as?er,ger agents for the Old or Black Ball Line of Liverpool packet* s9 ro jjjjBK FOR NEW OK LEANS. With dianrch1The mWW lirst class fist sailing picket ship PLATO, burthen AAmbIi<00 Ions Capt. Bearse. Tne accommodations lor cabin, tecond cabin, and steerage passengers are nusurpassed byanyve??e\ in port, and as a i.ninlor of her pnsMngera are already engaged, those desirous of securing berths should make early application on board, at pier No. 9 East River, or ti JAM. McVlirRRAY, nl) rrc Corner of Pine and South streets. ONLY lO OHLAh LINE Ol' I'AoKETS FOR afwfWNEW ORLEANS The following well known, sailing and favorite preset ships have accommodations unsurpassed for cabin, second cabin anil teerig" pissengers, aud will | oiitirely nil as advertised, or | assage free, viz. :? The HUDSON, Cart. *ige, September 11th. The UALfcNA.Capt. Dennis, September ?0th. Perions wishing to proceed to New Orleans, will do well .0 secure passage by either the above prickets, as they are all .iMt class ships, commanded by men ciperierced in the tnr!e, and will sail punctually on their appointed days. To secure berths, apply on boatd, or to anil rc vv. 81 I T. TAPK4 OT K Sonth?. ma- FOfi LONDON?Regain Paalut ol the ICth .1 ffRjFjcV September?The first cla?* fast sailing packet hl>>i> immrn^ HI. JAM ES, burthen (ttOtous, will sail ns above *ier regular day. Having superior accommodations for cabin, serum! cabin ami steerage passengers. Persons intending to embark should irake early application ou '?ard, foot of Maiden l*i,e, or to J. McMURRAY, Ore corner of 1'iue and South s!ri-ets. Ja , F65 MARSEILLES.?The lunerior coppi 1 fantff5SV,r""' ,l"' cpl'ered shin WAVEHLY, 1 apt Sin tfi, JUAbto be promptly dispati liid Kor freight or passage, lor wt'ich she has comfortable furnished accommodations, ap' s?ptl*rc BOYD It HINCKKN.9 Tontine Building*. KOH Bf.LI/.K, HONDt RAH?Hark JOHN R tfHyOARDNEK, James I'ederseq, master, will have jflMB?*de*pstch '"r dm above port. Kor freight or passage, hiving snpfrior accommodations, apply to the captain on hoard. Pier !>, ast River, or to a87t?m K. ALKXAwlJHK. ZHSniith street. .car cor liVkkpooL-i > " ul Willi dcspaii.h, 1 lie class, fast s tiling regular Picket Slop W YtKR^MESMisLOO, (Japt Allen, burthen linn tons, will sail as auore, having very superior accommodstiors for cabin, second cabin and stcearge passenger*. Persons about ein'virkirg, should make early application on board, foot of Maiden Lane, of jo J. McMUHHAY. corner Pine and South street*. Persons desirons of sending for their friends in the Old Country, can have them brought ont by the above splendid ve?sel, or any other ofOie refill ir line by applying. *11 rrc FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line.?Regular kJHMfV packet"! 21 st September ?The slim nr.r fnai sailing J33321 packet ship Qut.KN OK THK WEST, Capt ,in Philip Woodhouse, 12SI'ons burthen, will sail as above, l?er regular day. ,., , , , Kor freight or passage, linving splendid large ami comfotlastute rooms and cabin, apply to the captain on ?oard, pier No. 21, westside of Burling slip, or to WOODHULL * MINTURN, V South at. Price of passage $100. The new packet ship CONSTITUTION, 1500 ton; burthen. Caw. John Britton, will succeed the ({ueen of the "rV- "nd ail on her regular day, 21st of October iuR re W YO V YORK, MONDAY MOB INTERESTING WAR INTELLIGENCE. I T|iK I'ROSI'ECTS OK 1'KACK. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Sept. 4.) Tho desire tti learn the result of the negotiations en- , tered Into between Mr. Trist and the Mexican government in more intense even than to obtain tho detail* of the engagements whioh have been fought in th? vicinity of Mexico The cpiuion i? that the result wlllb? speedily received here All the efforts of the friends of peace iu Mexico, of the British embassy and of Mr. Trist, would lie exerted iustantly and energetically. Any delay Jin consummating negotiations would bo fatal, if (ougress is driven into sanctioning peace measures, it must bo by the terror of our arms. When " the tremor Is off," it will relax into its wonted stubborn policy. We confess* thut we by no means fet l so conSdent of peace aft didth* writer of the letter from Orizaba to Mr. Dlmond,published yesterday. It is hardly worth while to speculate upon the subject; for in a very few days we may expect advices from the city of Mexfoo which will settle tho matter We have not long to remain iu suspense as tho Knglish courier would leavo on the 29th Uit., and should the basis of a treaty be agreed upon at an earlier day, an extraordinary courier would doubtless be despatched to Vera Cruz. Uut if we have not much confidence that the Mexio%n Cougrrss will ussent to such terms as .Mr. Trlst may be authorized to grant, we havu yet lwps that such a peace as xi ay be patahed up will be a stable one. Should the pri'8* at government of Mexico accept our proposal!, the vi'ry act will be likely to prove its ruin. Wo shall then havu to test the vigor of the coalition between tlvo great States of Mexico, pledged to the couf luuation of the war. We next shall have the influence of Parados ready to be exerted to protract the controversy. Should Santa Anna sign a trcity, unrelenting war would become the watchword of I'aredes and his partisans. It would be the most obvious course for him to pursue to attain the ultimate aims of his ambition, whether his design be to establish a monarchy iu Mexico, or consummate any other scheme of personal aggrandizement. There must bo a large class of men in Alexioo ready to (look around the standard of any 1 old, adventurous spirit which shall declare for war. Besides the army proper, the guerilla system must have infected thousands of vagabonds with an appetite for blood and plunder. Mexioo has ever abounded in these graceless scamps, and the preseut war must have increased the number ten fold. Upon the whole, this class of Mexicans have driven a profitable trade during the war. They have never been adequately chastised, and the mode of life uiu't have strong attractions for men unscrupulous uud of desperate fortunes. We do not mention a tithe of the elements which are at work in Mexioo to prevent a permanent peace, but it obvious that there must be no relaxation of effort on our part. Our military energies must be yet further evoked, if not to '-conquer a peace," at least to enforce the fulfilment of such a treaty as Mr. Trist may by possibility effect. We hnpu there may be as Utile delay as possible in calling out the additional regiments which it has been Intimated the government will send into the field. Mexico should be made to see aud comprehend that w* have but beguu to deal with her as wu can, if the insists upon hostilities. All classes of them shuuldsee the futility of war, and not be allowed to misunderstand the high and houoraflle motives which have moved us so ofteu to offer peace. None of her people should be showed to suppose that we have made our proposals save in a spirit of magnanimity, prompted by a consciousness of our strength and their weakness. But wu fear it will turn out that though Mexico may be easily whipped, she will not readily ''stay whipped,'' and this not trom a noble pride which scorns submission, but from the vicious elements of her national charactur and organization.? The continu&ncu of the war will be ? watchword to arouse and unite her discontented spirits, and her profligate and worthless military. T1IE PROGRESS OF THE WAR. [From the New Orleaus Delta, Sept. 4.] It is now well understood that the Government has changed its plan of operations in Mexico. The contemplated ad vauce of Geu. Taylor upon San Luis aud the enpital has been abandoned. The troops now with Gen. T . will be reduced to a mere garrison force, sufficient to holit and occupy the principal points in our possession, aud the surplus, consisting of two brigades, will bu sent to Vera Cruz, via the llrazos, to open the communications between lien. Scott's army and his depot at Vera (,'ruz. This division is. no doubt, alreadv on the march. as wh learn from (Japt. Corser, of the Secretary Buchanan, lute Irom the Brazos, that it was hourly expected by the (|uarteruiaster at that point,who wan taking measures to furnish the necessary supplies and transportation. Whether this division will be under the command of Gen. Taylor or Wool, wuaru not iulonued, but we presume that it will have (iens.Lane and Hoppln as its Brigadiers, and that it will include the force now encamped at .\lier, and composing the school of instruction. The division will be about 3.000 strong, and will, no doubt, be amply sufficient to clear the rear of General Scott's column. Jalap* will be strongly occupied. Thii is highly desirable, for at present this plaoe is the nest of the guerillas. Here they obtain their means and supplies, and here they can retreat from the mountain* and find shelter and support, whenever they are hard pressed. The garrison at I'uebla, too, will be reinforced. Wo tru.'t whilst thu government is taking these judicious and energetio measures to protect the communications of our OOaqaOfag army on the Jalapa road, it will also see the importance ot occupying the Uri/.aba road, aud protecting lien. Scott's rear trom that direction A force of 1,000 men, with 500 horse, thrown iuto Oriiaba, would shut i?< the guerillas, and very much cranip the sphere of their operations, and cripple their resources. When these points are occupied, let the government raisi two or three additional regiments of Hangers, and a corps of light Klying Artillery, to operate on the line our posts, and twe guiranty the guerillas will soon disappear. To further this plan, Mr. Marcy has only to send a written request to Jack Hays and Ben McCulloch, authorising tuem to raise two regiments of rangers, and turuish them with the necessary equipments, acting towards them with some liberality, and we are certain the required force will soon be In the field?a force, the very wnisper of whose approach will clear the rooks and chaparral of the whole horde of guerilla vermin. This change in the mode ot operations, and the consequent diversion of a large portion of lien. Taylor's command, is to be regretted by all those who, like ourselves, warmly hoped to see the old hero, who has so nobly borne the brunt of this tear, completing and rounding oil tlie epic ot liis exploit* l>y a triumphal entry into the city uf Mexico, utter a victorious march througli tlie interior Status. But we <lo not dee how it could be avoided. The pruceut aspect of affairs indicates very clearly that the government will be under the necessity of oocupyiug uud holdiDg Mexico alter its conquest; that the government of Mexico hail neither the will nor the power tn make peace, aud that no ingenuity or concession on our purt, hliort of nali< usi dishonor, can Have us from the necessity of taking " corporal seizin'' of the country, as the lawyers xay. aud holding It until our Congms -hull determine what further Steps phail be taken. To do this requires a much larger force than (Jen Scott had when he left I'uebla. There should at least be one line of communication kept open between the capital and our ports of deposit aud rupply. What avail would it be lor both Generals Taylor aud Scott to advance at the mmo time on the capital, when the rear of both armies is left uncovered aud their communications closed ! They would, of couree, capture thu city, but all the country around them would be in the hands of the eueuiy. aud thoy would be shut out from their supplies and reiuforoeinents. The passage of the armies through the States leaves the people us lar from being subdued and as hostile as they were before. Thu mere conquest of the capital will net be the great difficulty of thia war. Our serious difficulties commence with its capture and occupation. A line of :UO miles, through a thickly settled, aad inveterately hostile country, admirably adapted for partisan aud guerilla warfare, will have to dii occupied by our troops?largo cities will have to be fortified and garrisoned, and valuable trains will have to b? continually guarded and escorted from the ooast to the capital. To perform all theso difficult duties will require at leant 3U,u 10 men. Hut the whole number now in the Qeld does not reach this figure. It appears, therefore, to us to be, not only the wisest and uiost judicious, but the only oourse left to our government, to concentrate all the troops not necessary for tlsc garrisoning of the towns and depots la our possession, upon the main point of our military operations, in order to secure and render more elective and ava"able the hard earned lruils of victory. AFFAIRS IN THV CITY OP MEXICO, ETC. [From the New Orleans Times, Sept. 4.J The lollowing letter from our Intelligent correspondent. " 'J'ar liucket," contains much that deserves pe. rusal, regarding recent events in Mexico. It should have appeared yesterday, but press of matter, united srith our being short handed, through tho present epidemic, absolutely precluded the possibility of getting It into our columns. It will be read with iuterest: ? Vkha (Jri t, Aug. i.'>, IH17. 1 In*re noticed the reinnrks of some of our contemporaries, regarding priority of receipt of new*. Have they got the following news, which I wrote you ten minutes after it arrived here Ifso, I acknowledge the corn. It istli1s:--On the i:ld lost, at 10 A.M., a Mend of mine received the lollowing letter from the capital, which I herewith annex: ? "Mkxico, Aug 14, 1847. " I)? ah Sir.? i drop you theso few lines, not lu the expectation of llinir reaching you, as our roads are covered with ail sorts of guerillas and the VaTkee*. (in th? 10th inst, we were started from our desks by the report of a signal gun Soon after, another and another, when we received the unpleasant news that (Jen Scott and his army were at the village of l'enon,a distance of three leagues from our city. This report created great excitement atuongstour inhabitants, and a great many of them left the city This day (1 Ith), the ran guard ol General Scott came in sight of our city. It is supposed they were reconnokteiing. We expect an attack 111 the rear of the city, where we are tho least prepared for It; if so, our city must fall into the power of the V ankees. Our National Guards are very numerous, and seem disposed to give a bloody reception to them. We discovered a great number of cit.l/ois taking arms, who had not done so since the I inie of the contest between the old Spaniards and the Mexicans. This will be the great epoch of our

nation to redeem her character, or lose it forever. Our forces amount to about 60,000 men under arms; our stores are all closed, and business at a dead i-tand. unlil this battle is over. Should wo conquer, there will be a great effusion of blood. " V esterday, the Knglish house of Messrs. Manning Ik M'lntosh negotiated a large sum ol money, to enable the Mexican government to carry on the war, haste, " The next news I give you is that on the J.1d, the French steamer of war came into Sacriflcios, iroin ( ampeachy, with the terrible news that the Indians of the interior of V ucatau,had killed every man and boy that colled themselves Mexicans, and were marohlng through RK B NING, SEPTEMBER 13. 1? the whole country, carrying war to the abode of every Ni Mexitan. and declaring their independence. Commodore Perry and the Knglish. Krench, and Spanish men-of-war, I have left for ?'aropeachy It is evident that our govern| ment Is te take charge of Yucatan, as the British govern- re ment are at the bottom of all this, through the Balixe ta Honduras, where they are supplying arm* and amuaitlon tli to the Mexicans. We no sooner got the above news than hi other dreadful accouuts came from Alvarado, that the T guerillas have also made an attack on our citizens, in and destroyed many of them, with some t rench and ei Italians. We even here are daily expecting a siuii- ci lar fandango, as our authorities do not seem to ea be very much on the alert. The Mexicans come tl In and buy powder, balls, and other munitions, and hi go out with impunity. A few days ago, on the 19th, is i apt. Seafleid, one of our Louisiana volunteers, took fc four Mexicans, and four mules, loaded with frijoltM, di (or beans, in sacks) as they were going out of the gate ; gi when, upon examination, by running his sword into the fc sacks, he found they contained powder, bulls, lead and tl other munitions, for the guerillas. But what caps the tl olimax is, that the Americans sold them to our ene- w mies! It is surprising that our government does not b send here men of severer temper, or more decided pa- a trlotio character and love of country, who would not s overlook any, the slightest dereliction of duty or oon- p duct, such as should become a citizen. There are too a many loreignors and enemies of our country here. ti Major Clark, of the 1st intantry, died on the night of f< the \JM. When Doctor McKariaud applied for a mattress o for him (the latter) to sleep on In the castle, they say it s was refused. I perceive there iB an abundance of wines <1 and other liquors here, tor the sick, but, poor fellows, d they do not want it long. Disease, when it attacks, > makes short work of them. The ship Martha Washing- c ton, Alexandria, Neptune, and brig Salem have arrived i with troops ; also,the Spanish brig Martin, from Havana, , with ten passengers wbo were a"uwed to land without t giving security that they will not take up arms. The j Spanish consul would not go their security, as he well < knew they were destined for the Mexican army. l ay- , niurifwr liwvnnlda want nn ahortt frnm t.h? ITI ship American, and al ter having passed twelve days with the yellow fever, is now a sound man, on the J.Hh. Friday, :27th ?The Fashion came in last night, from Tampico. No news of any account more than you already have. The Kngllsh steamer is now coming in from Tampico. There was a report yesterday, that Genoral Scott bad taken the city of Mexico, after two days resistance. Some reports state that the Mexicans lost 0.000, the Amerioans 1,500 men, and the olty much destroyed, and that the Mexican troops retreated in good order out of the city, with twelve pieces of cannon, All this Is Mexican exaggeration. We have the city safe enough, that's cvrtaiu. We shall have the truth of this by the Knglish courier, on the UJth, who will bring details. We require a small low pressure,sidewheel steamboat here, one that is strong and powerful, for the purpose of towing vessels about the harbor, aud boats. Sickness is on the decrease. The colllu-maker cays he only supplies seven cofllns per day to the hospitals. I think this must be true, as the weather is getting quite freshening with the northers. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE. The War Department made a requisition, in July, on Mississippi for a battalion of volunteers for the war,but up to our last dates but one company had reported itself. There was little or no prospeot of raising the battalion. Governor Brown has issued a second proclamation appealing to the patriotism of the Mississipplans. Col. Fremont passed up the river yesterday on the steamer Josephine on his way to Washington olty.? Louisville Journal,Srpt. ft. Lieut. Col Irvin, Of Lancaster, haf been elected colonel, Capt. Latham, of Columbus, lieutenant oolonel, and Capt. Linck, of < 'ircleville, major of the regiment Ohio volunteers now enoamped at Cincinnati. The political friends of General Pierce say that he intends to move to the State of New York, after he returns from the wars. Governor Owtiey has appointed the following gentlemen Qeld officers in the third regiment of iufautry, now raUing in Kentucky :? Maullus V. Thomson, of Scott county, Colonel. Thomes L. Crittenden, of Franklin co., Lt. Col. i John C. Breckinridge, of Lexington, Major. Two of these gentlemen are whigs, aud the other a democrat, who is in favor of Gen. Taylor for the Presidency. We learn that the officers for the fourth regiment will not be appointed for several days. Th. IT S nrnn?\W T It Thnmnann vhlfh ?... H<a 1 loft New Orleans 011 the 31st ult. for the llrazos, with Capt. Clark's company of Mississippi volunteers, pat Into Galveston on the 3&th ult. for a supply of fuel. NAVAL, INTELLIOENCB. [Correspondence of the N. O. Picayune. | Pkmsacoh, September 1. Tho U.S. Hobooner Flirt,Lieut. Commanding Farrand, left here this morning with important despatches for Vera ( run. The patients at our U. 8. hospital are dally becoming fewer, nk the discharges from the sick list average two a , day. There are still at the hospital about 103 patients, tliree-fourtlis of whom may be considered as convalescent, and but one or two eases are dangerous. Report says that Capt. Kelly's company of Florida volunteers, now in garrison at Fort Pickens, is ordered to the ?eat of war. and will be off soon. Dr. D. C. McLeod has relieved Dr. Spotswood as surgeon of this yard. The Utter will report for duty in the home squadron. News from Texas.?By the arrival at New Orleans on the 3d met. ol the steamship Yacht, Captain Crane, from Galveston the 1st instant, we have received papers from that port to the date of departure. The following articles are from tbe Austin Democrat of the Jlst ult. : ? Five companies of Cel. Hays' new regiment left San Antonio for Mier, on Friday the 13th inst. The companies of Captains llighsmith and GiUet, we believe, are the only ones of the regiment left on our frontier. The former ia stationed for the present at Fredericksburg, and we are informed that the latter is to be placed at some point on or near the Nueces, not yet designated. Lieut. Colonel Bell Is now In oommand of tho remaining frontier forces. Through the politeness of Capt. Higbsmlth, we have been favored with tbe perusal of a letter from Man Antonio, dated the 17th Instant, in which it is stated, that some persons recently arrived in that place from Monterey. who brought the intelligence that Major Chevallie's command had not long since been attacked by about eight hundred guerillas, and after a short skirmish, was compelled, from inferiority of numbers, to sound a retreat ; though as the writer of tbe letter from San Antonio says, " not without giving a good account of themselves " It is also stated, that there is a large increase Of the guerillas between Mier and Saltlllo. The A'ews of the 3Hth ult. sa^s: " Our accounts of the cotton crop from every part of the State continues extremely favorable. Kvery planter is now engaged with his whole force in picking. The weather could uot be better for gathering the cotton in the finest condition." Kxtract of * letter, dated Marshall, Harrison county, ' August Ud, 1847: " The crops here are of luxuriant per- 1 fection. and unprecedented abundance crown* the la- i bors of the husbandman. Wiialth and population are (lowing in. and the whole country bears the marks of prosperity. ' 'l he election for governor in exciting gome degree of h(HWl iwuong uh. Mr. Van /amlt Im tho popular strength throughout thin region, and his popularity in advancing with rapid strides." Hanta Anna, the principal chief of the Camnnches, came into Fredericksburg on the 14th ultimo, and held a talk with Captain Grumble*, commanding the ranger* there lie stated that he h%d feared a hostile attack from the American*, which induced him to move off, and take the women and children of the tribe to a place of safety. He nald he knew that the American* suspecttd hi* tribe of having taken or killed the four men of Hays' party some time wince, and tftought it prudent to take off the women and children, so that they would be safe in case that there should be any trouble* with the whites. So soon a* he had removed the women and children to a place of security, he hastened to Fredericksburg, in order to explain to Major Neighbors, if he should And him there, the cause of his sudden departure. He regretted very much that Major Neighbors had left before his arrival, and stated that he would hasten to the Trading House on the Urazos, where he was told Neighbors had gone. He Informed Captain Grumbles that the four men of the surveying party were taken and subsequently killed by the Wacwes, and that he was present at a daace over their scalps, fie Intimated the great necessity of some steps being taken forthwith by the Americans, to put a slop to the depredation* of the Wacoe* ; and stated his determination of causing them all to be killed by his own tribe. If the whites should fail to act in the matter immediately, inasmuch as the depredations committed by them were attributed to the Camanehes. lie professed the sincerest friendship towards the Americans, and expressed a desire to continue friendly. He ha* recently been made Head Chief of all the band* of I nhmnr<lii>ii f huf *.r? in thn lift hit. of hnnl.inff An nnr Knr. <]er. anil say* he w'll, a* far u poMible, preserve peace with our people. lie received a par* to enable him to go to Ran Antonio, whenoe he would repair to Torrey's Trading House to meet Maj Neighbors. At Austin, they were making preparation for the coming iwni?ioii of the Legislature. New dwelling* are being erected by dome; other* are repairing, painting, and whitewa*hlng. and *ome of the merchant* are enlarging their store-house*. In order to make ample room for the extensive stock* of fall and winter good*, provisions, Vo., which they hare ordered. The tavern-keepers are al*o busy in fitting np their premises and moving their houses, *o a* to be fully prepared to accommodate those who m*y favor them with their patronage during the ensulng season, with all the comfort* and convenience* that are nece**ary to give perfect *atl*factlon. mnrdknun her Two Hitbjiands.?We learn from the Cumberland Mountninrrr that a fuul murder wa* committed by a woman upon the person of her huRband, Home few day* ago. This woman I* the same Identical Mr* Krey, who wm accu*ed of being accessory to the murder of a former hu*band. (Mr Krey) in the upper part of Alleghany county, Md , Mine two or three year* nince, and for which Wm. 8. Crise suffered death upon the gallow*. Hhe committed the foul deed while h*r husband wa* sleeping, by pouring hot lead Into hi" far* This last tragedy wan performed in Pennsylvania, and near the Maryland line. She is now conAned In jail to await her trial. The New York and Buffalo Tel. graph Company have declared a dividend of 4 per cent. This I* the second dividend which this company ha* declared within the year, beside* a considerable amount advanced in putting lip the Iron wife ftom New York to Utlca, and in procuring wire weatward. The company ha* done an excellent business,and when completed, with the kesvjr wire, cannot fall to be profitable stock. [ERA 347. bw Distribution of Ui? Cnltlvatlon of the L.and The Potato DIimm [From the London Economist | Notwithstanding the contradictory account# which ach u? from all nuartera, as to the prospects of the poto crop, there docs not exist the slightest doubt that e same disease which proved ho destructive last year ut again made its appearance in the present seajton. he diversity in the opinions expressed, arises, no doubt, many eases, from the different modes In which the lamination of the plant has been conducted; for, in all ises in which the disease been discovered in Its irlier stages, the external and general appearand! of le plant has been as vigorous and green as the most ealthy plant. Already, in our own experience, several iBtauces have oooured in which parties resident in dif treat parts of the klugdom, who within the last ten ?ys, wrote that the crop was most promising, and alto* i'ther free of any symptom of the disease, have since lu>rmed us that It has made t ts appearance in precisely le same form as last year. Aud In some instance*,*hern le disease had only been discovered in its earlier stage, e are now informed, that "where the stalks were In Iosboiu, and appeared most healthy six days ago. they re now so black and rotten as to break off with the lightest touch.'' In another Instance, where a oorresondent in thu west of Kugland, au able and experienced grlculturist, having the management of extensive esates, only last week pronounced the crop, so far, as persutly sound and healthy, has already sent us specimens, f the most unmlstakeable kind, of the disease which lias ince broken out in the neighborhood. Our corresponleuce with Scotland, the north andBOuthof Ireland,and UfTurent parts of Kngland. especially the west ami northnest. leaves us no longer in the slightest doubt that the iiuie disease has already made its appearance in all those liatricts. In most cases, too, it hag now attacked the larly potatoe, which, last year, escaped compara,ively uninjured, and, in 1W4S, eutirely so. There ib, therefore, but one conclusion, we fear, that 3an be fairly arrived at -that the disease which iestroyed the crop last year has again appeared, with the same symptoms, and at a much earlier period; and that there is every reason to apprehend a similar destruction of the crop, in proportion to the extent to which it is plauted. We take it as uertain, too that thu disease'has not assumed a milder form, or that It is likely to be more partial, as has been suggested, from the fact of its making its appearance at an earlier period Looking to the experience of other countries, and of tbt ast two years in this country, the early appearance o: .he disease may be taken as an evidence of its increased rirtflenoe. When the disease becomes weaker, tfa* itrength of the plant is able longer to resist its influence. This was found to be the case In lielgium last rear, where it waB, in a great measure, eradicated, and vhere no trace of it was discovered till at least two nonths after our fields were blackened with the ' rot.'' \'or do we place much confidence in atmospheric intluinces. Whether the season is a little wetter or a little Iryer, we do not believe will make auy MNDptibll diference. In the reports of the Commissioners of I'atentB, ireseuted to the American Congress, in reference to his disease, which prevailed, virulently and extenively for three years, throughout the Union, they paricularly remark their inability to ascribe it to auy paricular state of the atmosphere: for while, in some parts if the country, where there had been more rain than had been ascribed to that cause, they found hat, in others, where thu season had been particularly try, the disease had been equally prevalent. The apjearancu of the disease at so early a period, and in some :ases, already in so decided a form, is the best evidence ,hat, as yet, it has lo>t none of its virulence. The time, therefore, appears to have arrived, when it lecomes necessary to consider whut will be the probable >fleets of a failure of the potato crop to a corresponding iXtsnt as last year. In the first place, however, we would allude to a very valuable precaution which is being extensively adopted in some partB of the north of Ireland, which may save farmers from much loss, where the failure of the crop turns out to be most eomiilete. It was found by experience, lust year, that aftwr the leaves md stalks of the plant withered, the root ceased to grow; but it was also found, that the potatoes left in the ground kept better than those which were dug. These fact, have suggested a simple precaution, which, we thinfe cannot be too extensively practised. It is?to drop, at this season, a few,turnip seeds between each potatc plant, so that, la the event of the disease appearing, ant the stems and leaves of the potato withering and deoay iug as they did last year, the roots may bu left' undui until the usual time, and a fair crop of turnips may b secured in the Interim, without exhausting the soil uior than if the potatoes had grown to their usual size. Tlf. practice, we are glad to hear, is already being adopte There are, however, mauy reasons which render i failure of the growing potato crop a matter of intinitel less consequence than Id the two last years; and, priuci pally, thu tact, that the quantity planted is much 1<-h thau in former seasons. The new distribution of th cultivation of the soil of the I'nited Kingdom, whicl has taken place in consequence of thu existence of th< potato disease, und the effects which that change mus necessarily have upon the home supply of human food under any circumstances, would he questions of the ut most importance at the present time, whether the potat< crop promised abundance or the contrary, but thii question, which in itself we consider of the greatest importance, looking to the food prospects of the country derives additional importance from the prospect of n failure of the small portion of potatoes wuich art planted. One of the most Important questions connected witl the potato disease, and Its ettects upon the distributer of the cultivation of the soil, but to which little atten tion has hitherto been given, Is the comparative numb ri that can b? supported upon a given surface plantoi with potatoes, and any other crop whatever that cai be substituted in its place. Socially, politically, am commercially, this question involves at the present mo ment the greatest and most important considerations.According to Arthur Young, the average produce of ai acre of potatoes in Ireland is Hi barrels, which, at i stones 10 the barrel. lb., or little more than tei tons. \lr. M'Culloch, in his recent excellent work,41 j Descriptive and Statistical Account of the British Kin pire," states that the produce varies from eight to twelv tons to the acre. Dr. Kane, In his admirable book 01 thu " Industrial Resources of Ireland," states the lowes estimate to be nine tons to the acre ; and several privat accounts which we have collected from Ireland, agre that a fair and somewhat low estimate would be HO oar rels, or exactly ten tons to the acre. The estimates as to the comparative number of per ions that can be sustained upon an acre of potatoes au< in acre of wheat vary considerably, according to differ snt authorities ; some estimating an acre of potatoes ai being equal to six acres of wheut. and others placing II is low as one of the former to two of the latter. Kroui i careful investigation of the subject, we believe the trutfe lies between these extreme estimates, and that one acr? >f average potatoes is capable of feeding, at the lowest istlmate. as many persons as three acres of wheat. Arthur Toung estimates that 1 lb. of wheat is equal, in nutritive quality, to 6 lbs. of potatoes. .Mr. Newenliain. to whose investigation great weight is attached ttates that U lbs. of good potatoes contain as much nutritive matter as I lb. of wheat; and Mr. Mc< ulloch adopts the medium of these calculations, in which w? believe he is as near the truth as possible, for we find that the result of a succession ot experiments, conductad in the I'nited States, by Messrs. Uerry and llerrinff with the greatest care and precision, and ollicially com municated to Congress iu the valuable report of tht Commissioner of 1'atents, establishes the fact that th< proportion of nourish!) ent between potatoes and wheal is three pounds of the former to twelve ouuees of tin latter, or as four poundA to one pound. If, then, wi take the average produce of whs it even as high as threi quarters and a half to the acre, and that of potatoes a only nine tons to the acre, we shall have the followini comparison 1 acre of potatoes produces 0 tona, or.. . .20,160 lbi. 1 acre of wheat produces 3X qrs., at (10 lbs. to the bushel, will give 1,680 lbt. But as 1 lb. of wheat is equivalent for nourishment ti 4 lbs. of potatoes, the 20.100 lbs. of potatoes produce* on one acre will be equivalent only to A,040 lbs. o wheat; therefore, as one acre of wheat produces 1,68 II is of food, and an acre of potatoes 6,040 lln of food of the same intrinsic nourishment, it follows tha one acre of land planted with potatoos. will support a many liersons as three acres planted with wheat. We have not the same exact data for calculating tb relative nourishment which an acre of oats bears to on it *,t uiliniMIni/ Mvnn lli a(. nHt.s nrnilnei. V. quarters, or HI bushel*, to the acre. and that they w<-iu 40 lb* to the bushel. each acre woulii give 2,Mill I hi Uu 11 lbs of oats yield or ly about H lb* of meal, of which lb I* considered In Irelaud a* being equal to about 3 II of potato)**, which we consider an extreme estimate; bu let us take It. Then, One acre of oats, 04 buabela to the acre, and 40 lb* t the bnshel, will give 3,.WO lbs of oats, or, in tbe propor tlon ot!) Iba of meal to 14 lbs of oats. 1,043 lbs of meal Then, One pound of oatmeal li equivalent In nourishing qual Ities to 3 lbs of potatoes; consequently 1,U4.? lbs of oat meal, the produce of an acre, are equal to 4,W.'J ? lbs of po tatoes Duta* an acre produces '20 I? ?? lbs of potatoes, II follows, that one acre of land, cultivated with potatoes, will support as many persons as four acres cultivated with oats. Those calculations would, therefore, establish the fact, that, In order to support a population on grain, who have hitherto lived upon potatoes, or to whatever extent the latter crop I* abandoned, the surface of cultivation should be Increased in the proportion of at least three acres of grain for every acre of potatoes so given up. 'J he superior power of the potatoes to sustain life has. we believe. been very much overlooked in considering the questions connect?d,with the physical economy of the country during the last forty years In the early part of tin present century, the potato was cr'tivated by farmers a* nn article of merchandise, to very limited extent and even in 1819, when th? Corn I,aws were passed, thi cultivation bore a very small proportion to that of lati years It has often been used as an argument in favoi of the protective system, that notwithstanding the rapid increase ol the population from IHIft, yet that In eacl) *u('needing ten years, the average price of grain wai lower than it had been In the preceding ten years Krom this it was Inferred by the advocate* of the corn laws, that the extension of oultlvatlon. and the Increased productiveness ?f the soil were greater than even the progress of population. This broad assertion, though ipparently borne out by the IWct of the average lower price of grtln. was, however, at direct variance with the state of the fact* when Inquired Into minutely ? Neither the Increased breadth of land cultivated, noi he inoreaied produce pe- sere, supported the argiluent. And now it I* evident, wh i we come to lnv< *tl[ate the relative j awer of a given sui see to sup. port a population, w len cultivated with potato* a. compared with grain, that the rapid eitens'on which hai n n plaoe in the cultivation of the former, daring th) ast thirty year*, in the real explanation of the gradu* reduction ip the price of grain. It bae been daring tba # - I . r- " LD. PrlM Two CwM period that the potato has become a great and importaa article of cmm-rca in Scotland, in Yorkshire, and along the south co ist of Kngland. lu th? manufacturing districts it has been changed froun being a mere garden vegetable to one of the chief cropi of th? farmer While this change has been going forward according to the I calculations which we have exhibited, the adoption of the potato, in pi ice of gtaiu, wj.i equivalent to convertng onu acre into three acres of surfaon Hraetieilly, the laud under cultivation ?u extended in the proportion ef three to one, by this simple change. The aiUisive adoption of the use of the potato, as an article of food, during the last thirty- years, is, we believe, the tro* explanation of the faot, that this country continued to support a rapidly increasing population, even at a lower average price for grain, notwithstanding the restrictions to which it was subjected by the oorn laws. Out now coines the period of difficulty. Wj have th? increased population, dependent upon this ultivatlou for support. A similar change has been going forward , on the continent *f Kiwrope, where, In many parti, th? potato is an much relied upon as in this country. Suddenly the potato has failed. The abandonment of Its cull n ation to a great extent has become a matter of ordinary prudence. The reverse of what haa been going t'orwaid during the last thirty years, suddenly take# place now. The extension of the cultivation of the potato has gradually added to the efficiency of the soil to SOS! tain population in the uroportlon ofthree to one. The sudden abandonment of the potato, in a great degree. virtually now diminsheses the cultivated surface of Kuropein ttw <iame proportion. Whether the potato crop thM year, be good or bad, whether the disease exlat or notare certainly questions of great importance, bat tba great fact which must lnlluenoe the condition of thin country in particular, and of turope generally, ia Um extent to which the cultivation of the potato la a bandoned. _ On this subject we have made minute enqulrlaa.? From these we have come to the following result* Throughout the North of Ireland/the quantity of potatoes planted in the present year is rather under than above one-fourth; in some parts of the South, and Southeast, nearly one-third of the usual quantity is planted, but in others it does not exceed one-fifth ; in the Weat, , including the land not cultivated at all, the proportion of potatoes planted this year does not reach one-fourth i of the usual quantity to put down the whole of Ireland at one-third 1b a full and extreme estimate. In Scoti land, in the extensive producing districts, the cultivation ( of the potato is nearly entirely abandoned. Many of th? 1 large growers in Klfeshire, Linlithgowshire, Stirlingshire ) and Perthshire, who in ordinary years cultivate HO to 100 acres of potutoes each, have planted this year barely sufficient for the local consumption, in most cases averaging 1 from 2 to 20 acres ; in the immediate neighborhood of i Dundee, Glasgow, and other large towns, the proportion is larger ; but. taking the whole of Scotland, if we estimate the surface planted at one-fifth the usual quantity, we nhall at least not exaggerate the deficiency. In Kngland the pr< portions are much more various. In aoa? neighborhoods we are informed that the cultivation of potatoes iu the present season equals one-half of the usual quantity ; in others, one-third ; but generally, the proportions vary from one-fourth to one-sixth. If we aasume one-fourth as the aTerage, we believe we shall b? near the truth. The next question to be considered, then, la?What ia the usual extent of land under potato cultivation in tha United Kinirdom? In the "Statistical Account of the British Empire," Mr. M'Culloch estimates the cultivation of "potatoea, tumips.and rape." to extend over 2,000,000 acres in togland; and from inquiry, considering the great numbar of allotment gardens, and of small farms in the neighborhoods of large towns, we estimate that the potato occupies at least 1.200,000 acres of the 2,000.000. In tha soma work the cultivation of potatoes in Scotland is estimated at 200.000 acres, and in Ireland at 2.000 000 acrea. Tha ' following table will, therefore show the quantity of land > usually cultivated in eaoh of the three kingdoms, tha ; portions In cultivation In the present year, and tho i portions appropriated to other produce :? Land uiually Uncuttivm\ i cultivated with tedorathI jwtatoei. Cultivated wile aj/prothii year. pnottd. Jlerei. Jtcrei. Jicrn. \ K inland 1.200,000 300.000 900.00? , Scotland 200.000 40,000 160,000 Iceland 3,0(H),000 666,660 1,333,334 i Totals 3,100,000 1,000,660 2,393,114 * By the most correct estimate, therefore, which oan ho * firmed, we thus see that 2,393.334 acres usually cultiva" t -d with potatoes, are in the present year diverted to II other purposes. Ab far as the question of human food is concerned, the next and one of the most important 11 considerations connected with these remarkable facta, in y ?What orops have been substituted for the potato? In '* all large farms, where the usual courses of cultivation s arn nhvitrvmiI some other irreen cron must have been " Nubntiiuted for the potato. In Scotland, the greater por1 tion of Kug'.&nd, and in the north of Ireland, the cnlet ?ubNtitutunafl been the turnip. A' OHICULTURAL ROOMS, LYCKUM BUILDING 561 Bruadway, New York. ' HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION?At the nnMioi ' nf the State Agricultural Society, whose Kair will b? held at Saratoga Springs. uu the 15th of Sept., lit* American , Agricultural Association have changed the time of holding l their Kihibitiou to the 8th and 9th of Sept. All parsons da, iiroui of aiding the cause of Horticulture, are earnestly invited to exhibit specimens of Flowers, Fruits, ar Vegetable*, aud to compete for premiums. Programme! may be obtained ' of Mr. James Hogg. Seedsman, 562] Uroadway, opposite the 1 Room*?of any of the principal seedsmen in New York, er ol the following Kiecutive Committee n Lather Bradish, Wm. Coventry H. WaddeB, i James Lenoi, Shepherd Knapr, Thro. Krelinghnriaa, Knlus King Detafield, ) Archibald Russell, R. L. Pell, 1 Edward Clark. J yll Mt*re n. P. GARDNER. 'I^HE SUBSCRIBER is gratelul to the smoking public for n JL the evidence he it daily receiving of their appreciation of ' his efforts to furnish them with the l>e?t Hegars that can b? il procured from Havana, and he pledges himself that nothing \ shall deteriorate from what he prides himself il a justly earned rr put at ion. His agent at Havaua will coutinne to seleot the best tsegius that can be procured, sad at the lowest rates.? Among tlse Ust i inportntious, are some very choice, of the fol? lowing brands? . t Palo Alto, Regalias, (very prime,) e Ugnes, Oraina v Rosas, Old Zaek, h ElLeon de Oro, Neurn Emnresas, Macioaals, India, Antnjuidads, Clemencies, Ite. For tale in lots upon terms to ensure a duplicate visit. H. HKNRIQUE8, >sl( Mt'rii 1M Broadway, eor. of Pine si 1 /COLORED PAPERS AND PAPKR BOXKM?Minn" V> factum! by (J. BACH, <9 Fulton street,IN. Y.?Con4 stantly ou hand; also, a line assort ment of imported French I aud (Jerinan Colored Papers. All orders promptly esecuted. I and on the most reasonable trrms. si )0*m ' riMMOLATS SULPHUR BATHS, iNo. MT fM street. > X near Broadway. These Baths have been established for the last twrnty-sii years, and are the only Sulphur Bathe in the city. They are highly recommended by the most eminent physicians, for the cure of rheumatism, salt rheam, cbro' nie eoinplnnts, eruptions nf the skin, Ike. Medicated Vapor Baths also given daily, from I A.M. tot I'M sj JOt* re CvASTOKK'CLOTHINO'AND KliKNITURK WANT / ED.? Ladies and Uentlemen htvitif any cast off or snp*r> lliionh clothing pr furniture to dispose of can obtain a fair casn > price for the same, by sending n note, or by calling on the subscriber, st his residence, or through the post, which will be punctually attended to. H L>K BOKU,71>4'"anal street, npstaira. N. B. Ladies can lie attended to by Mrs. De Boer. Old stuck aad job goods bought, of any description, and > ainoant. * si ?t*rc 1 tVHULKHALK HlHltT WAKKllOUSE, No. M Piatt ' TV street, 2d door from William, where may ba found a large assortment of Shirts, of every quality, mad* in the lataat ! styles, and of superior wnrkmauship. Kancy and Plaia Linen t Muslin aud comtniM Shirts, conatantly on hand. , Sonthern and Westers merchants are respect/tally lavitad la ! call bafor* purchasing. JOHN WOOLSEY, U Piatt M. lyl? Ht*rts ANALYSIS ok BKAl'TYTo gne the face the oval form, and the complements of beaaty, say* Winklaman, the apostle of beauty, the hair ought to crown the forehead, aud to surround the temples, describing a portion of a 1 circle, as it is in general seen in beautiful |>ersons. This form 1 of the forehead is appropriate to all ideal heads. On this point I Lavater concurs in the same opinion with Winkleman; and I) the ancients thought the hair produced a very bad effect if it i descended so low us to hide the forehead. Lucian, designing to represent ill the most ludicrous manner, the hair of an ugly woman , says that it was short, tl it, aud glued down as it wera 8 to her forehead, which might lead us indeed, were the cireumstanrrs not so remote, to imagine lie^ was describing soma ,e of our modem Broad way belles or an Kenuimans Indian. A >u remedy, however, is fortunately at hand, and triumphs over H Nature; and the world renowned Toudre Subtil*, the mvea. tion nf tliHt injfeniouf chrmi?f, Dr. FVIn Oonraud, will eradin /.at. uvarv iikrjk.C iiiiiotm Iiaif whfrfwf ai>|>iiaq? find dia 11 I play the Vl'ddeu bea'utin and uilrllertual developments of I either mule or female foreheads. Dot be *nre and get the gei/t name pfaparation, and that it to b? procured at the Doctor^ t only depot in New Vork, 67 Walker street, first store from Broadway. MlTStt*a 9 DAINTINfJS?A mall collection of rare sad good Pamt* I ings, by the old masters, la perfect order, and handsomely framed. for sale at 91 Liberty street. Two or three fiae historical pictures, landscapes, lie. May be seen every day from - | 9 nil J o'clock. auM10t*re P\HIHIAN DW.ORATIVK UPHOLSTfcHV, Cuttki Materials, kc?The Subscribers hare now in store their I ill stock of Lpholstery tioods, Kuruiture Coverings and Trimmings, consisting of every article in their line, and which they offer at wholrsale and re ail prices, lower than can be 1 purrhnsed at any otherestah1i*hment in the city. Krom their stock, which embraces the largest assortment of l)e I.-lines. llrocatil?.I'lnshes. Lainpas. 4 limps,Tassels,fcc. lie. i mi rciiaiiu ran supply themselves with a better selection than I hsv^Tcr before been offered. We are also now receiving in store, oar assortment of French . Taper Hangings and Borders, also, the newest pattern*of P*aa Turned Wluuow Shades, which ha> nig bren purchased thie 1 reason and imported under the present rare of dutiee, embrace the best assorted and cheapest ??netj'^er^ljrou^ht into the r Importer* and Manufacturers of Upholstery <foods, Paper , Hangings and Wiudow Shades, 21] Broadway, oppoeite the I'a.k. u? Mf ire CAIiKI ACJK& - i r UrKcst*uortment of Camaam ia tills city it for tale t Broadway. (ColiMam Buildiag) ! at gre.itly reduced | ric t? comprising Coaches, Pheatons, Daroaehes, Buggies, Kock?w*ys, > Wapms. I Also, a new style < fc am ages, for two or four persons, with i and without tope; together with a large aaeortmenl of haroeae. i all *)t?io H ? ROOKRS JfANCV < JOODH?IT A. ARTAULT. Proprietor of the a Lalayette Baxaar. HI and 111 Broadway, ap stairs, has | j uat imported a suitable stock for fall trade, which he offer* to country merchant* on encouraging term*, consisting of fancy inlaid work boies, line fans, cat glass, Pari* porcelain ware, purses, ladies bags, Perfumery, jewelry, iteef goods, lie.; la line the most splendid and varied stock of fancy and usefal good*to be fouud in ti?i* city. Country merchants are invited to call. an 17 X're Wo.Mn.HM i. UIIM OVICHY.?Striker's Solution for the Hair, which will chinge grey hair to its original color in a lew iniuiitcs. This Solutionis different from any yet offered. Those who doubt its virtues are requested to , have tin ir hair changed before paying their money On* trial will orove the fact. The ttolutimi can be had at (' B. H*mmond's, 271 Broadway, coruer of Clumber* street; Dr.Chsste| ny, 110 Bowery; Dr. roueyactre, 39 C hatham street; andle# 1 Striker's, 4 Coeufces Slip, where it can be applied. Nony**t nina antes* tinned H. Striker, in red ink, an!? *"