Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 16, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 16, 1847 Page 1
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r H m 111 - J 1 IU1L,1UJL TH] Vol. XIIL No. M4_Whol? Ho. 4801. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, Worm w?t earner of Kulton and Iumh Ma. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. dECUUTlON-JTORTY THOUSAND. DAILY HERALD?Ertry dart Pric# 1 cinupn eo*y? > Mper nuoaiiv?imyable ini?dT*nce. WEEKLY RRRALD-Erary 8atarday-Pne? 6* cwt> Mr copy?$3 12M cant* o?r annum?payable tn advance. HERALD FOR EUROPE-Every 8te*m Packet ?1?TFrif fi>< cenfa par copy?$i par annum, iuclnding poataga ort3 35, exclusive of puatatfe, jayable in advance. Subscription! uid Hilvartiutnlwir. will ) r r#rftivrd bv Meaira. (vallff 11*111, IS roe Virietiiif, Paris ; P. L. liimonds, II Cornhill, 10J John Miller, the bookseller. Loo don. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HKRALD?Publi.hed oa the lat of Jiumarv of each veir?dingle copies sixpence each. A.DV KRT18KMENT8, at the uaual prices?always cash ia ailfHHi'e. Advertisements shonld he written in a plain, legible in-loner. The Proprietor will not b? responsible for rrorTthat may occoriii them. PRINTntO of all kinds execated beaatifully aid with despatch. All letter'or communications by mail, addressed to th? proprietor of the esnblishment, mnst be post paid, or the poetage will bo deducedfr?m the enbecrlotioa mrnscr remitted NKW YORK .AND HAKLKM KAIL.KO AD COMPANY SUMMER ARRANGKMKNT. ON lflP&r, the Can will run aa fqllews, until further notiee. Up trains wiH leave the City Hall for Hnrlemfc Morrisiana. Forliam 8c Tuckahoe Pleasantrille, 5 JO A M. Will'm* Br'ge. Hart's and Newcastle 7 " SSI A. M. White Pl'ns. Bedford. T IA.M. WWt1ick?ille ? * 10 " 10 " Ceo ton Fall*. II " 11 " 4 P. M. 7 A. M. 11 ? I P. M. I to " 4 P. M. I P. M. 4 I " ? 30 f 4 " 0 10 " * " 3 M " ?M " Returning to New Tom will leave? Metriiiana Ik Harlem. Ferdlnaa. WlH'ma Br'ge. Tuckahoe. 7 fti A. M. 6 5SA.MT 0 46 A.M. 7 30 A- M 0 10" 7 51 K 7 SO ^ 8 40 " 9 M 0 00 '* # OH " 1 JO P. M. 10 " 13 as P. M. LI .4 P.M. 5 S3 -* 13 30 P. M. 1 16 " 1 40 ,r^ White Pl'ns. M " S 00 ? ? 7 10 A M. 1 " 15 " 6 01 " 0 II " 15 30 " S3 " 7 44 " 1 P. M. ( ? 31 " ? 30 " I OS " Pleasantrille. New Castle. Bedford. Whidickrille. 10 13 AM. 0 AM. 7 51 A M. 7 45 A M ill I'M. * PM. 4 SI PM. 4 46PM Croton Falls. 7 SO A M. 4 30 P M. The trams to and from Crotun Kails will not stop on New Tork Islaad, except at Broome street, and S3d street. A ear will preeode each tiua tea minutee, to take up passengers in The taeniae tiaia of can from Creton Falls will not (top between Wkile Plaits and New Tork, except at Tuckahoe William's Bridge, and For dham. .... Eitr* Irakis oa Sundays to Harlem and Momsiana. if fine for Lake Mahopackand Danburr leavarCrotou Kails oa arrival of the 7 o'tiock A. M. aad 4 P. M. trains, and for Fawltnpi on arrival of the 7 o'clock A. M. tram. FAJlfC FROM NEW YORK j To Croloa Kail* 91 00 To Wbitliokvilla . 87* ToNeweaatle, 75 To iHaaaaatvill* 62X 'flu White Pliaias M Freight traias leave City Hall at 12 M. and at 7 P. M. Relnreiag, leave Croten Fan at 7 A. M. and 9 P. M. UQNET ISLAND FfcRRY.-The eom rtasil^^t,mo,llou* ?l?itaut iturnur ION will ruu regularly (weather permitting) on the ab?ve Firry, leaving Pier No. 1 N. R. at 11 A. M. and 2 P. M.; Coaer Islands' UMaad 4)( P. M. N. I.?An perinea are forbid fruiting any one on account of aid boat aad all bills against said boat will please be preeeuted for adjustment. _ sli ftt*re m [?. NOTICK.?For the better accommodation r ^nf tlie public (as the days are becoming KMHHI^Btaslioitar), lilt SteamboHi NEW PHILADELPHIA will, en aad after Monday next, leave New Brunswick at JO in'euiix before 7 o'clock, and New York at 15 minutes) pa?t 3 o'cleck, stopping at the regular landings. The ll.AK.iT *N will continue nt her old hoars, at 7 o'clock Irom New Bruitwick aud % before 3 o'clock from New York, ruuuias through without stooping. Uutli boats leave from the foot of Barclay street. F?re in 'he New Philadelphia. 6>? cents; Rariian, 12X cents. New BruaswieV, *ept. 3 1847. ?8 :>m?rc mmi. TOv? I NO?The new and powe fui ttrajn*Ljia5^^^ ^ers JACOB BKLI,, (apt. K.Yatet, and HK gflfe33uHbRALD. CapMia J. P. PARKH. will be in coastant evtdiueee for Towi?g Vessels to aud from sea, and about the Harbor, oa the most reasonable terms All orders thankfully received and punctually attended to. Apnfrr so the old established Steam T?w-Boat Office, No. 7} S ?St aWeet, corner of Maiden lane, up stairs. TV* Boat* lay avurv night .it the root or Grand street, E.R., and tare always iu rmdiaaat at a Bomwt'i notice. N.B.?All parson* are forbid uniting the above boat* on accouatof th? owunn. W.N kT.M. DOUGHERTY, ?9 .w*rc No. 75 South *'. cor Maiden Irw. ?sxaiAn I SI. Aim l> t LJttK 1.?oa oad f after FR1DAV, Sept. 10th, 1147, the atr-am JiWAtiMfck boat* SYLPH and 8TATF.N 'SLANDER in make the following trip* until further notice PLBAVE WHITEHALL. At 7. 9. 101 11, A. M., and 1, 3, ten minute* put 3, ud 0, T, e'eloek, P. M. I I.EAVK qUARANTINK. At S, t. ?. 19. II, A. M., and 1, J, S, 4, i, #X,P. M. New York Han. 6th. *8 ' PEOPLE'S I 1NE STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY, Daily, Sunday* Excepted ? mtSmujmmm Through Direct?At 6 o'clock, P. M., from the Tier Courtlamltaad Liberty street*. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Capt Win H. Peak, will leave oa Monday, Wfdnaiday, and Kriday evening*, at 6 o'clock. Steamboat HF.NDRIK HUDSON, Capt. R. Q. Crmtandaa, will la,ive on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday eve&inpi at C o'clock At Viva O'clock. P. M.?Landing *t intermediate placea? from the foot of Barely atreet. Steamboat ROCHESTER, Captain R. H. Furry, will leave an Mot,day, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday afternoon*, at So'clnek. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Capt T.N. HnUe, will leave ou Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon*, at i 'c'ock. The above boat* will at all timet arrive in Albany in ample- i time for the Morning Car* for the East or West. Freight taken at moderate ratet, and none taken after 4U, o'clock, P. M. E/*" All persons are forbid trusting any of tha boat* of thi* line, without a written order from the captain* oragent*. For n>?t?ee or freight, apply on board the boat*, or to P. CBCHULTZ. iu the office on ilie wharf. ?<t rk . .. ~ KOKISiiitEWSBURYTOCKAN HOUSE.' ' .' "iJ-liuj.-Long Branch, Rnnaom Dock, Brown'* Dock. Midalrtown and Bank.?The Stearabeaa OnUS, C. Price, Master, will nra a* follow*, from HVltoa ' Market Hip, East Hiver Leave New York. Leave Shrewsbury. O'clock. O'clock. Thnr?il?tr It ,i t A V Th,?.J.n IC 14 ? Frdar, ir. at 8 A.M. Friday, 17, at I P.M. S?tn'il?y, 18 ut 9^1 A.M. Saturday, IS,at 2 P.M. Hnuday, I' 9* A.M. Sunday. 19, at i\i "VM. Monday, 20 al IftJi A.M. Monday, 20, at 2MPM. Tuenlay. 21, at ll)? A.M. Tuesday, 21,at 3)4 I' M. Weilne.clty, 22, at 12 M Wednesday, 21, st 4 P M. The Line Stages will run to Howell Woras, Sou ,m Village and freehold. Staves to convey passengers to al' parts of ine country. N. B. All person* arc forbid Hosting th?abqr/e boat no account of (he Owners. J. P. ALLAIKE. a2 30t*rc _ _ ' KCll 8HKEW8BUKV, kONU BTCAMCH, 1 Timm^ Ocean Home. P. VV. Schanf k'?, Highlands, r^'MiverfwHBes Hansom and Mtontawn landing. The steam, boat EDWIN Lt'.VVI*. i.ant. Hajrnes, wJI run as follows, from loot of Barciiy street, North rirer: Lrnve New Y?rk. Leatot Shrnothuiry. O'clock. O'clock. Thursday, 16. at 11 A.M. Friday, IT, at 1 P.M. Saturday, It, at 1 P.M. Monday, 20, at 4 P.M. Tue?dsv, 21, at I P.M. Wednesday, 2(2. at 3 P.M. Thursday, 21, at 2 P.M. Friday, V4,at7WAM. Saturday, 2.1, at 3 P.M. Monday, 27, at9)>* A.M. ?no wla> , 21. at 9 AM. WrdnMlay, St.atln&AAi. linrsJny, 30,at II A.M. Stages will be in readiness on tbe arrfssl of the boat to ?on> yj y |i ssciiRers to all Paris of tha eonncry. For further particulars a|-plytoF. B. Hall, at the offiae oo the wkaif si 30t*rc_ OPPOSITION I?ASSAV)B OKU' F.-To P_ Albany, Utica fl JO; Syracuse, $2, Oswego; rfr^iiRM(UMba$3; Kiwhe.trr. $2; Buffalo, fg; Clereland, S5; Detroit, $5; Milwsnkie, $7 71; Chicngo, $7?*5;Cincinnati, %' 75; Toronto scd Hamilton, tt; Whitehall, ,<2;, $4; Pittsburg, 87 75. Oflfica, 100 tiarolay street. Any security reuuired will bo I'iren for the fulfilment of all contracts made with tins company. mi25:;"i,rr M. I- I*. VV , Agent | New York. 1847. _ ra-i ign CON KV ND BEKKV.-Tlie well known steamer A.mKR* AN EAOLE.Oap3K>oB9MEsJZ-taiu <?ea. H. Tower, will ran reguVsrly during .h. 1 I.I...I l.?.l...? ... U\.rt .. fnl. low?:?Lawing Pier No. 1, at 10, 1,4. A fine Cotillion Hau'd ICCompnoies the boaf. 14 4M*rt PACKET SHIP CONSTITUTION PROM LIWRjffFk VERPOOL ? Consignees per thisship willr>l*?y? itulmSm their permits cm Mud ?t (lie (sectional Dork, or in the olfiea ol' the subscribers, without delay. All goods not permitted in Are da\ s mur hr sent t<> Tablie fltore. WOOUHULL it MINTUEN, nH Itrr ?7 South street. NOTIt.K?Packet* liiTy tjXitHTcR, from Lirerpool.?<'onsignee%by this shin will please send their jpUJiHP permits on board immediately. at Orleans wlurf, foot i I' ?VmII street. AM (modi not |>ermitted within five daya, will positively be sent to the public a'or?. aH * 5'V K'K LI Vk'.HPOOL?To Mil with despatch, <h? lijjljjfk fi-?t class, fast siiliug regular Packet Ship WATKH.VswHWlS?LOO, Capt. Alleu, burthen 1100 torn, will aail aa imu, li *inir very superior accommodations for cabin, second enliiii and steeargr passengers. Perso. s about embarking, should mnke early application on board, foot of Mnitl*n Lane, or to J. McMUKK A V. corner Pine and South streets. Persons demrnfls of sending for their friends n the Old CoU' try, c* i hav? them brought out by the above tpleu^id v.,I.' nr ill ntli,T lit the remilar line l?y applying. *1) nr n^\-ik ,<"< '-()N v ?HeKulnr Picket nf the IIS,I. .. f WsjrTV Sej tern her?'I ne first eln?s fait sailing pao'ket ?hip JWM.SI-. IAMKS, bin then B.'iO tout, will .all ... above er reifU >ar da*. Iltvi.'g lUj.rrior accommodations for cabin, second efebin and aterriiue iii*?ciig?ts Peraon. intending to embark should make early application otard, foot ol Maiden lane* or to J. McMUUHAT, all re enrtier of fine and South street*. ^ jY pttM LI V hliKtJtX,? w Line?Kcsuiar pachof Mth of September?The splendid,fast sailing AHU,?l^.;iackct ship SHERIDAN, Captain U. B. Cornish, will positively sail ?s above, her regular day. For freight or iwiMge, having handsome fnrniahedl accommodations, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot i>f Wall treet.orio COLLINS. M Hrmth ft. The p.K-ket ship OARRN K, Capt. B J H. Tr*sk, will acceta.lht Hhendnu, and sail on til* Mth of Oct., hen. regular day anJ7 E NE1 NEW ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS j OF THK ! BATTLES OF CONTRERAS AND CHURUBUSCO. SEMI-OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FROM General Scott's Army. TOTAL DEFEAT OF THE MEXICANS. , Thirteen Mexican Generals. I Including Thrte Ex-Presidents, killed | or taken Prisoners ELEVEN HUNDRED MEXICANS KILLED AND WOUNDED. Immense Loss of the Enemy. THREE THOUSAND MEXICANS CAPTURED. QEN. SCOTT WOUNDED. Major Hills and Fifteen American Officers Killed. LIST OF THE KILLED AND WOUNDED. fipTl Slf'nlf F!ni>nninpil IVitMn Turn 1111/I a llnlf M VMI MWUII UI1VUIU II 1IU1U 1 IIU UliU U 11U11 Miles of the City of Mexico. THE ARMISTICE. , Wcg-otiations with IMZr. Trist for a J Feaco Commenced. Another Revolution in Mexico. ! ! 2E ii &g.. &e. 1 THE BATTLE OV CHURUBU8CO. [From th? Washington Union, Sept. 14.] We have at length reoelved an account of the great battle which ha* been fought before the capital, from the pens of our own friends. The New Orleana paper* came to hand by this evening's southern mall, but the Mary KingHiand had not arrived whea the New Orleana papers of the 7th were published. The despatches, however, which were expressed from New Orleans, were received in the mail by the Secretaries of State and of War, and we are enabled to lay some very interesting details of the bloediest, and perhaps the most decisive and brilliant battle of the war before our readers. We have not heard whether any despatches have been received froin (Jen. Scott, nor, indeed, that any letters nave oeen receiveu i?y mn ti?crutary rrom the camp. Hut instead of these, we have been favored with the following letters. received at the War Department from an ofcer at VeraCru*?the Unit written by himself and the other two addressed to him by two officers of the amy?one a highly distinguished general, who ' bore the bruat and battle of the day," and the other from a captain in the service. These lett ers give to the whole aocount the stamp and authenticity of offlolal intelligence. In addition to these, we give copious extracts from the Sun of Jinahuac(Vera Crux) of the 1st September, derived, aUo, no doubt, from the most authentic sources. We hope to reeeive other details ef these thrilling events in the course of to-morrow, which we shall hasten to lay before our readers. These events ara glorious to the arms of our country The most important and perhaps the most correct letter which we publish?certainly from an officer of the highest distinction?represents the disparity of the number of the troops engaged, and the losses of the respective armies, in the most imposing form?7,000 only of our men actually engaged at the main battle of Churubusco; only 7,000 wtth two light batteries of eight pieces, in contlict with 3:2,000 of the enemy, with heavy artillery and stron ly fortified. Atter two hours of bloody conflict, mainly with the bayonot, we carried everything ? the enemy were pursued to the gates of the city. Our loss (heavy, indeed ') short of 1.000, " the enemy's 0,000 including many distinguished men.1' This is, indeed, a brilliant victory. We congratulate the whole oountry upon the glory which our arms have attained, and the prospect it promised of peace An armistice had been concluded for forty-eight hours?the particulars of which we give in full?in order to open negotiations We give the names of the .Mexican commissioners, at the head of whom stands Ilerrera himself. Mr. Trist writes, that { they had already two meetings, and wore to have a third, and perhaps a last interview, on Moudty. the 30th Augutt. It would be idle for us to speculate on the ultimate results. Indeed, we have no time to-night for that purpose, even if we had all the elements of calculation before us. But we cannot forbear adding that this decisive victory placeti the capital ?f the Mexicans at the mercy of our army. The consternation caused by the rout of their army has induced the enemy to enter Into negotiations for peace. The issue of this negotiation is not to bo counted on with coutldence. The firmness with wnicn me war uu oeen prosecuted nas nrougnt the Infatuated Mexicans to enter on the discussion of peace. After the panlo of the moment is passed, they may again mauifest their insane obstinacy in prolonging the war. There should bo no relaxation of our efforts, no pause in our preparation*, until a peace Lh conquered, and a ratitied treaty ahall secure its continuance One of the letters, which we publish, speaks of Santa Anna's manifesto of the J3d August, which he transmits in Spanish Wo have no tiino to have it translated tonight, but It shall appear to-morrow. Meanwhile we Uy before our readers an abstract ef the moat important points lu the manifesto; and a more insidious, evasive, and bungling attempt to throw the whole blaiue lrom himself to the offending General (believed to be Gen. Valencia.) is scarcely to be found even in the histoiy of Mexican documents. General Santa Anna commences his manifesto, announcing to the Mexican people the armistice which he had concluded with General Scott, by saying that the events of the 19th and 2iitn are already loo notorious, because they were unfortunate. He then adverts to the extraordinary "xertious which he bad used to raise and equip hiiarixyol more than 30,000 men, and provide supplies for them, and to construct lines of fortification. Ilia plan of defence, he says, was evident from a glance at the works constructed, and at tbe disposition ?f his troops; but iu wur, an aocideut apparently insignificant may frusual? the mostsilMul combinations. Gn tbe lstn, at i 1 o'clock in the morning, he ordered a general who ouiiiiuaiided a division of 6,000 men and 34 piece* of artillery, to iail back on tho village of Coyoacan, for the purpose oi effecting a concentration of foroes, in oonseijueiiceol a movement of the enemy. But this general, forgetting that there could not be two commanders in a field of bailie, undertook to otgect to the order; and, in ho (Sania Anna) ha.I of thin unfortunate movement was , the report of o&udod, showing that an engagement had , oomtaeneeil With a fatal presentiment of the conse- , tie immediately placed himself at the head of a brilliant brigade of four thousand men and five pieces of , artillery, and proceeded to thesupport ofthe general, but , arrived toolutu. The enemy had Interposed hi* forcube- , tween thein, and night coming on, ai.d the rain tailing t in torrents, he was oompelled to retire. He, however, , aent an order by an aid-de-camp to the refractory general, directing him to retire to Man Angel by the only . road which was than left him; but, instead of obeying this order, the general sent him word that what he ' wanted was more troops; that he had beaten the enemy and put bim to (light, and had granted promotions in consefjuenpc of tiie victory. Th? next flay at dawn, Santa Anna saya, he made an- : other effort to proceed to the support of the erring general, (wnose nume be does not mention.) but had hardly ' put himself in motion when the enemy made bis attack. 1 and In ten minute* the general was routed. The consequences of this, he says, was terribia. The enemy ' coujd. by a rapid movement, reach the capital before it whs possible for him to succor it, or might fall with the J whole body ot his troops upon a part of thii Mexican army Au engagement did lake place between their re- 1 pective advanced corps, and Simla Anna say* that hia 1 exertions coat the enemy not a little blood, and that he ! succeeded in placing himself in a position to save the capital; but. upon receiving a communication from (Jen ' Koott proposing an armistine, he concluded to accede to It. He then touches upon the propriety of an armistice in the almtract. and concludes by saying that if the j,resent armistice does not resnlt in peace, the war oan be ' renewed, lie ia still, he saya, at the head of of a respect- 1 able body of troops, and the nation will support him in ' maintaining its honor. At the same time, he threatens ' to punish laotlous and seditious opposition to the su- 1 preme authority. . Tlie follow! ng letter is from a highly respectable offl- < c?r at Vera Cruz, to the Secretary of ?Var t "Vmi Caux, Aug. 81, 1817. ' " Sir: I have the honor and satisfaction to inform you that our army has agalu been crowned with victory : 3J 000 Mexicans engaged, with General Santa Anna at < their head, our little army, who, with the bayonet,drove ? them, in two hours, to the gates of the city. t "< omiuisMoners were immediately appointed, and ne- 1 gotlutions are going on. The protocol appears on the face of it to be dictated by our commissioners I hail an t Knglishoopy of it to send to you but Colonel Wilson, l frem some cause best known to niinaelf, begged It to i send to the I'realdent. s ' I send despatches which I received from Mr. Trist, ? to the Hon. Jumea Buchanan. I cannot conclude with- t out congratulating you, air, on thii mighty conquest, for I feel assured it will result in peace. I'aredea wlU, In my opinion, harry the conclusion ot it H? ought never .i y Q YORK, THURSDAY MO! to have not out, after be got into the city; nevertheless, I firmly Wieve It will hasten a peace. Valencia made his escape with only two companions to Toinoa, where tie pronounced against Santa Anna and p?ace. " I enclose a copy of a letter whloh I hare received , (froa a very distinguished offloer of the army.) i " With great respect, your obedient servant. " Hon. William L. Mahcv, Seo'y of War, " Washington City, D. C. " I am pleated to add, that the following named perrons are the commissioners on the part of Mexieo ; and more so. because they are oonaidered most friendly disposed for peace, vis : General Herrera, Sor. Conto, Lawyer, General Mora y V'lUamil, 8or. Atrisialn. Lawyer, Sor Arroyo, Secretary, (formerly Secrstary of Legation in the United States.) " I have just seen a letter from one of the most respectable Kngllsh houses to their house iiere ; they ear that the Mexicans are so out generated and so cornered, that they must make peace ; but that Oen. Soott says tf they do not at once, he will ocoupy the city with a territorial government?place 6000 troops to open the roads, 8tc. They speak of the Americans with admltlon. " The country |>eople were already commencing to uppiy the army with every thing " The following letter la from a highly distinguished etllcrr of our army, who had a principal part lu the battle: Tacvhaya, Auguet 26, 1847. Mr Dk&r 9ia,?1 owe It to your many aets of kindneed to inform you that our arms are crowued with a glorious victory. After many minor combat*, but alway* against very superior numbers, with about 7000 we encountered the enemy''* army, headed by Santa Anna, at Churubusoo, three or four miles from the gates of the capital, stroagly entrenched To thlsj>osltion we oould only get two light batteries, fl pieces. Tin enemy had much heavy artillery and 3'i.000 men. After two hour* of bloodv conflict, mainly with the bayonet, we carried evory thing. The rout was complete, and the pursuit oarrled to the gate* of the city. Our loss in short of 1000, the enemy 's 6000, * including many distinguished men, generals and civilians. In haste your friend. The following is an extraot of a private letter from a captain in the army, (who witnessed the battle.) addressed to his correspondent at Vera Crux, and enclosed lo the Secretary of War " Tacubava, Aug. 'J8. "You have no doubt been made aware, that, during our stay In Puebla, the General-in-Chief and Mr. Trist received several visits from the British Secretary of legation in the oity of Mezioo, relative to peaee with this nountry so that some of the Americans actually btlieved we were going to have a treaty of peaoe signed at once; fat all this vanished as soon as Santa Anna got the people a little united, and a large force collected in the capital to resist the enemy: and General Soott, in the meantime, having received reinforcements, continued his inarch on the capital on the 7th Instant. On reconnoitring the hill of 1'enon, three leagues from the city, whioh was fortified, the General-in-Chief concluded not to attack It. and the troops were marohed round the south side of Lake Chalco or Tlalpam, or San Augustin, where the last arrived on the 19th instnnt. On the afternoon ?f that day an action was commenced by the troops unlor Generals Twiggs and I'lllew, about four miles from Tlalpam, on the road to San Angel, where the Mexicans held a strong position, with about twenty pieces of oannon and six thousand men,under General Valencia, at a Elace called Contreros, and on some heights called the omasof Magdalena. " The fire was kept up until night with great vivacity by the Mexicans ; as they were at a considerable distance frem their adversaries, who fired but little during the afternoon, and of course suffered most from the fire of the Mexioan artillery; but at break of day en the 20th, Gen. Smith surrounded one flank of the enemy, got in their rear, made over 3,000 prisoners, took all their artll lae. and Willia/I A/Ml A> TA/I TV. - A 1 under Twiggs and Pillow continued their inarch to San Angel aad Joyoacan, so as to get in the rear of San Antonio, on the Tlalpam road to Mexico, where the Mexicans were also fortified, while (Jen. Worth advanced on San Antonio, which the enemy hastily abandoned.and retreated to a bridge over a stream of water that crossed the road, where they had a large fortification; and on the left of the road, a few hundred yards, another fortification, with a large convent well garrisoned and fortified also. Here the American forum all neared each other, and were fired on with great vivacity by the Mexioansfor about an hour. The troops of (Jen. Worth drove the enemy out of the works about the bridge, and pursued them along the main road; and (Jen. Shields attacked a haoienda a little further on, and routed them from there; and after about two hours, the battle of Churubusoo was ended?in which the enemy had about 20.000 men, and commanded by Santa Anna in person, who retreated through Mexico to (Juadalupe, as he thought, of course, that the Americans would eDter the city. (Jen. Worth slept in the advanoe that night, about a league and a half from the eity; anti the next day came to this place, where the (Jeneral-in-ohlef arrived also." The officer at Vera Cruz, who writot from that plane w HIO UOU1DMI/ VI IT M, uuroBBCfl ? POUUUU ItSlltT IU tUO Secretary, but dimply enclosing him a copy of the Sun of Anahuae, of September lit, from which we make the following extracts:-[From the Sun of Anahuae, Vera Crus, Sept 1.] ANOTHER GREAT VICTORY !?32,000 MEXICANS DEFEATED BY 7,000 AMERICANS ! ! Our army lias again covered itself with glory ! The Kngllsh courier haa just arrived, and the news? news we my?Id, that tien. Santa Anna and thirty thou and men have been defeated ! whipped ! ! and completely routed !!! Our troope engaged those of the enemy about three miles from the capital of Mexico, where they were itrongly entrcnohed. After a oombat of two hours they (the enemy) were put to flight!! The enemy's forces amounted to thirty-two thousand men ! and our forces to seven thousand !! Three more cheers for the American army : Huzzah ! Huzzah !! Huzzah !!! The enemy's thirty-two thousand men were driven to the gated of the city of Mexico by our seven thousand men Mt the point of the bayonet. Four commissioners were sent ta (ion. Scott from the aity of Mexico. This news came by the Kngliah courier, and, therefore, we suppose that no one will doubt it. We will say. further, that we have seen a letter which no one would dare to contradict, which saya all we have aaid. This letter is dated Tacubaya, three miles from Mexico, August M. N. H ?We have just seen in the Diario d>l Gobierno that a a armistice of forty-eight hours was granted by Oen. Scott. We publish to-day a second edition of our paper of yesterday, in order to give our readers the articled of the armistice which was granted by General Scott. We copy all the documents which we And in the Diario gel Gobicrno. Home of the coamunicationa are in the Spanish language. The want of time kept us from translating them, ad the steamer leaves thin morning for New Orleans. They will lie understood. We will issue an extra, if p sdible, before the Mary Klngsland leaves, with Santa Anna's manifesto. [These documents we have had translated Into English, foi the b neflt of those of our readers who are not versed in the Spanish idiom.) .. The undersigned appointed respeotivcly?the three flrdt by Major General Wintleld Soott, commander-inchief of the armies of the United Stated; and the two last by his excellency U. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, President of the Mexican repuollc and commander-lnchlet of its armies, met with full powers, which wore duly verified in the village of Tacubuya, on the 3'id day of August, 1U47, to enter into an armistice, for the purpose of giving tl)*' Mexican government an opportunity of receiving proposition* for pcac* from the oommiMioner appointed by the President of the United States, and now with the Amerioan army; when the following artlolea were agreed upon Art. 1. Hostilities shall Instantly and absolutely cease between the armies of tho United States of America and the United Mexioan States, within thirty league* of the capital of the lat er States, to allow time to the oommlslioners appointed by the United States and the oommls loners to be appointed bjr the Mexican Kepublio, to negotiate. 'J This armistice shall continue as long as the commissioners of the two' governments may Ira engaged on negotiation*,or until the commander of either of the said trin it's shall give formal notioe to the other of the cessation^ the,armistice,and for forty-eight hours after such notice. 3 In the meantime, neither army shall, within thirty eagues of the city of Mexico, commence any new fortlflsatlon, or military work of offence or defence, or do anything to enlarge or strengthen any existing work or fortification of that character, within thesald limits. A Nbithitl> *rmw hull Ha n?lnfAM?il ?? - Any reinforcements In troop* or munitions of war, other than Hubsl-tnow approaching either array, -Mall be itopped at the distance of twenty-eight league* from the sity of Meilco. 6 Neither army, nor any detachment from It, shall kd'ance beyond the line it at pr<?*eat occupies 0. Neither army, nor any detachment, or individual of either, shall pass the neutral limit* established by the last article, except under dag* of trucn bearing the correspondence between the two armies, or on the business tulhoriied by the next article; and individual* of either irmy who may chance to *tr.iggle within the neutral iiuitp, *hall. by the opposite party, be kindly warned off )r lent back to theli own armie* under flag* of trace. 7. The American army *hall not by vioTenoe obstruct the pssnsge, from the open country Into the city of Mexco, of the ordinary nupplle* of lood nece**ary to the sonsumption ot It* Inhabitant*, or the Mexican army ivlthln the city; nor shall the Mexican authorities civil >r military, do any act to obstruct the passage of supplies from the city, or the country, needed by the Ameican army. 8. All American prisoner* of war remaining in the land* of the Mexican army, and not heretofore exihanged, (hall Immediately, or a* booh a* practicable, be 'estored to the American army against a like number, laving regard to rank,of Mexican prisoner* captured by he American army^ 9. All American citizens who were established in the ilty of Meaico prior to the existing war, ana who have luce been expelled from that city, *liall be allowed to reurn to their respective bu*ine*a or families therein, rithout delay or molestation. 10. The better to enable the belligerent armie* to exelute these articles, and to favor the great object of peace, 11s further agreed between the partiee, that any courier rith despatches that cither army shall desire to send .long the line from the olty of Mexloo or lta vicinity, to ,nd from Vara Crux, shall receive a safe conduct from .he commander of the opposing army. 11. The administration of justice between Mexlcm*. recording to the general and state constitutions ana kwi, by the local authorities of the towns and places oo RK B RNING, SEPTEMBER 16, cupled by the Amerlcau forces, shall not be obstructed t la any manner. t 13 Persons and property shall be respeoted In the t towus and places occupied by the American forces. No h person shall be molested in the exercise of his profession; f nor shall the services of any one be required without his I oonsent. In all eases where services are voluntarily ren- I dered a just prioe shall be paid, and trade remain unmo- s lasted. s 13. Those wounded prisoners who may desire to re- I move to some more convenient plaoe for the purpose of I being cured of their wounds, shall be allowed to do so |

without molestation, they still remaining prisoners i 14. Those Mexican medical officers who may wish to ( attend the wouDded, shall have the privilege of doing so. ( If their services be required. 14. For the more perfect execution of this agreement, i two commissioners shall be appointed, one by each party, 1 who In oase of disagreement shall appoint a third. I 14. This convention shall have no force or effect un- < less approved by their excellencies the commanders respectively of the two armies within twenty-four hours, I reckoning from the sixth hour of the i3d day of August, < 1847. A. UUITMAN, I Msj. <ien. U. S. A. ir.uoii-r.ii k. smith, i Brt Brig. Ofu U. 8. A. FRANKLIN PIERCE, Brig. Gen. U. 8. A. IONACIO DE MORA Y VILLAMIL,' BENITO (JU1JANO. A true copy of the origin*! G. W. LAV, U. 8. A., MU. Sec. to the General-in-Chief. HEADQUARTERS Ok" THE ARMV U. 8., > Tacubaya, August 23, 1H17. \ Considered, approved, and ratified, with the express understanding that the word " supplies," ax used the second time, without qualification in the ueveutli article of this military convention ? Aiu?rioan oopy?shall be taken to mean (as in both the British and American armies) arms, munitions, clothing, equipments, subsistence. (for men,) forage, movoy. and in general all the wants of an army. That word a supplies" in the Mexican oopy, is erroneously translated ''viveres" Instead of " recureos." WINKIELD 8COTT, General-in-Chief of the U. 8. Army. [Translation. I Ratified, suppressing the !>th article, and explaining the 4th, to the effect that the temporary peace of this armlftlc* shall be observed in the capital and twentyeight leagues around it; and agreeing that the word supplies shall be translated recur mom, and that It comprehends everything whioh the army may have need^of, except arms and munitions. ANIONIO LOPEZ DE BANTA ANNA. Hkauquartkrs Army U. 8. or America, / Tacubaya, August 34,1847. || 1 acoept and ratify the foregoing qualification added by the president general of the Mexican republic. WINKIELD SCOTT. A true copy of the original. O. W. LAY, U. 8. Army, Military 8ecretary to the General-in-Chief. Hkainii/artirh Armv U. 8. of Amkrka.J Tacubaya, August 33, 1847. S To IIi$ Exctllency the. Preiident and General-in-Chief of the. Mexican Republic : Sin : Under a (lag of truce I send Lieut. 8emmos, of the United 8tatrs navy, who will have the honor to exohange with such ofllcer as may be appointed for the purpose, the ratification of the military convention that was signed yesterday by commissioner* from the American and Mexioan armies. 1 particularly Invite the attention of your excellency to the terms of my ratification, and have the honor to remain, with high consideration and respect, your excellency's most obedient servant. WINKIELD SCOTT, General-ln-ohlef of the U. 8. Army. | Translation ] National. Palace or Mexiuo. ) August 33. 1H17. $ 1 have the note of your excellenoy of this date, in which you are pleased to say that Lieut. Semmes, of the navy of the United States, will exchange with another officer named for that purpose, the ratification of the military convention whioh was signed yesterday oy commissioners 01 me Mexican ana American armies, and oalls particular attention to the terms of the ratification. The most excellent 1'resident orders the undersigned to lay to your excellency, as he has the honor to do, that he orders its ratification within tho time agreed in the armistice; and he is also charged to dlreot the attention of your exoellenoy to tbe terms of the ratification by his excelleney the ('resident. 1 have the honor to be, Sco , LINO J03K ALCORTA, Minister of State, and of War and Marine. To his excellency the General-in-Chief of the United States of America. [From the New Orleans Picayune, July 8 ] The U. S steamship Mary Kingsland, (,'apt. John Da K ?rWwd at an oarkfLiiawr thia morning By tier we hare received our letters from Mr Kendall from the 'JJd to the 28th of August, all dated from Taoubaya. A courier ilispatoheil by blm on th? 'JOth with the first account of tbe battle fought on that day. was cut off. Krom n map and plan of tbe battle fields befoie us, we note that they are called the battles of Contreras and Cburubusco-so called from field work* of the enemy of those named. The victories were decisive, but as far as we can learn from a hasty perusal of a portion of our letters, the proposition for an armistice was made by General Scott?probably at the suggestion of the llritlsb embassv. The report we have hitherto niven that the city of Tviexico wan' at our mercy, appear* to have been unfounded. Should peace not follow from the negotiation now pending, another battle must ensue, the enemy having a foree of from fifteen to twenty thousand men yet left But the road appear! to be completely open to us, and the city Is only two and a half mile* from our enoampment. Our victories barn been purchased at a vast loss of valuable life, as will be seen by the following list?we will give a fuller one to-morrow. We'ae* names of men at tho less of whom we weep; but all have their friends, and we make ao distinctions. OrricEBa Killkd.?Rrgulart.?Major Mills, lflth InInfantry;,'Jnptuin Hanson, 7th Infantry; Captain Thornton,'id Dragoons: Captain Burke, 1st Artillery; Captain Capron, 1st Artillery; Captain (^uarlei, l&th Infantry; Captain Anderson, Jd Infantry; Lieut. Irons, 1st Artillery. but attached to (Jen Cadwallader's staff; Lieut. I'reston Johnson, 1st Artillery, but attached to Magruder's battery; Lieut. Kasly, 'id Infantry; Lieut. Goodman, 16th Infantry; Lieut. Hoffman, 1st Artillery. Voluntem ?Lieut. Chandler, New York reglmeat; Col. P. M. Butler, and Lleuts David Adams and W. K Williams, of the Mouth Carolina regiment. Ofpiukhs Wor:*tiv.i>?Rrgulari Col. Clarke, 8th Infantry, slightly; Col Morgan, ISth Infantry, severely; Major Wade. 3d Artillery, severely; Major Bonneville, 8th Infantry, slightly; Capt. Westells, 'id Infantry, severely; Capt Phil. Kearny. 1st Dragoons, left arm shot off; Capt. McKeynolds, 3d Dragoons, severely; Captain Craig. 3d Infantry, severely; Capt. Iloss, "th Infantry, severely; Captain J. K. Hmlth,'id Infantry, severely; Captaiu Ohapan, 6th Infantry, lightly,' Captain Johnsen, Uth Infantry, slightly; Capt. ilolden, I'ith Infantry, slightly; Capt. Hathaway, 1st Artillery, slightly: Capt Hoffman, Uth Infantry, slightly; Lieut. 8. Hamilton. 1st Infantry, but atanhed to Scott's staff, severely: I,lent. llallowny.Htb Infantry, but attached to Sml h's Light Battalion, severely; Lieut llacon.ttth Infantiy. severely; L'eiiteuaat Callender, of the Ordnance, but commanding howitzer battery, severely; Lieutenant Arnold, 'id Artillery, severely; Lieutenant Herman Thorn. :id Dragoons, atluohed to Col. Uariand'a staff, slightly; Lieut. Hendriokson, flth Infantry, severely; Lieut, (lumber, 7th> Infantry, severely; Lieut lloyn ion, i*t Artillery, out attached to Taylor'* battery, slightly; Lieut. Lorimer Graham, acting with lit Dragoon*. severely; Lieut. Van BureD, of the Iliflen. slightly; Lieut. Martin, 1st Artillery, right arm shot off; Lieut. Goodloe, lath Infantry, mortally; Lieut. Karrelly, 6th Infantry, but attached to Smith'* Light Battalion, severely; Lieut. Lugenbell, adjutant 6th Infantry, (lightly; Lieut. Bee, 3il Infantry, (lightly; Lieut. Lovell, id Infantry, slightly; Lieut. Chandler, 3d Infantry, lightly; Lieut. Collin*, 4th Artillery, slightly, Lieut Tilden, id Infantry, severely; Lieut. Newman. 9th Infantry, severely; Lieut Gardner, 3d Infantry, severely; Lieut, ilayden. 2d Infantry, (lightly; Lieut. Sprague, adjutant 9th Infantry, (lightly; Lieut. I'almnr, 9th Infantry, neverely: Lieut. Buckner.flth Infantry, (lightly; Lieut Cram. 9th Infantry, (lightly; Lieut. Himpklns, I jth Infantry, (lightly: Lieut Peternell, 15th Infantry, lightly; Lieut Uennet, 14th Infantry. vomirtckbs.?Sew York Regiment.?Col Burnett, severely; ( apt Kairchild. slightly; Capt Dfokmtn. severely Lieut Sweeny, ievcrely; Lieut. Jenni??. *lightiy; Lieut Cooper, severely; Lieut MoCabe, (lightly; Lieut. Potter, severely; Lieut. Uriffln, (lightly, Lieut. Malbow*ky, slightly. South Carolina Regiment.?Llent Col. Dickinson, severely: Capt. Jam*-* D Blandlng, slightly; Adj Cantey, nveiely; Lieut Sumter, slightly; Capt. K. 8. MnfTatt, (lightly; Lieut. K S Billings, severely; Lieut. J K. Clark, dangerously; Lieut. J VV Stei-n, (lightly; Lieut. J. It. Davis, (lightly; Capt W D. DeHaussure, slightly; Llent. Jos. Abney, severely. Our entire los* in killed and wounded la *hort of eleven hundred; that o. the enemy is not well known. HI* lo*? in killed alone is believed to be fully equal to our entire loss, and It I* estimated that at least 3.IMH) prisoner* were taken. The number of his wounded was not ascertained, but Is supposed to be very large. (Jen. Hcott himself received a wound in the leg below the knee, but from the manner in whloh Mr. Kendall speaks of It, we are lad to hope the Injury a slight one. [ Kdltorlal Correspondence of the Picayune ] Tacubavo, (near Mexico,) Aug. n, '47. The celebrated Archbishop'* Palace of Tacubnyo 1* now occupied by General Hcott; and a portion of the armv, after twice defeating the enemy in two of the hardest fought battle* of the war, are quartered Immediately around him. I have already *ent you off a hurried (ketch of the glorious event* of the 20th, and even the present letter must be a hurried synopsis of the battle*, which have *hed *u*h additional glory upon the American arm*. On th 14th Inst a reconnoisnnce made by Col. Duncan having proved that a road for artillery and wagons could bo cat from Chaloo to 8an Auguttine, 0?n Worth'* dlvl*ion moved on the afternoon of the lath in that direction. Gen. Pillow followed the ne*t mornlnn; j at the *ame hour Gen. t^uitman broke up hi* encamp- ( i ment at Buena Vista, a small hacienda between Vienta de Cordova and Ayotia, and immediately Gen Twiggs was In motion from the latter place. By this move a naw linaot operations was taken up on the southern aad northwestern side of th* olty of Meileo, and the strong work* of the Penon and Mexlcainlngo, upon which Santa Anna had baatowed luch Immanie care and labor, were completely turned. On the lflth of Auga*t, Gen. Worth marched a* far as U>< hacienda of San Grayorio, beyond which It was found ?te?anil dull...).,. r v n L Jmja Jtw , 1847. bat the enrniiT bad eat up and ditched the miserable rail along which the artillery and wagons were obliged o paw Tie would have gone to HautaCrui, another iaclen?ia a league further on, had not an order oame up rom lien. Hoott for a halt. It seemed that lien. Twiggs lad met a large force of the enemy drawn up In front of lim near Chalco, as with the Intention of disputing his >dvanoe, cutting him off from the main body of the army, ind perhaps bringing on a general action Oen. Twiggs >romptly ordered some of the heavier guns to be unlim>ered, and after a few discharges the enemy was dls- ] >ersed, with the loos of Ave or six killed, but tne demonitratlon made by the Mexicans, as I have before said, saused a halt of Oen. Worth's division before half a i lay's march was made. i At 0 o'clock on the morning of the 17th, (Jen Worth I usumed his march, his route running through corn- 1 ieldn and narrow and rocky lanes, along which carriages 1 Had never paused before. The filling up of the ditches 1 saused some little delay, but by 8 o'clock the advance was in sight of Hanta Crux, and the spires and demes of the noted oapital of Mexico could be discerned In the iliatanoe. The obstructions in the road, of which 1 have ipoken, were obviously of recent construction?evidence that the enemy had but just got wind of our approach, tad that Uen. Scott had completely stolen a march upon Santa Anna. Other than the ditches, and rocks which bad been rolled down (rom the preciplteus hill-side, no opposition was made to the advance of Oen Worth until he had a puiui iu ma ruau not iar iroin MDU Cruz ? but now a scattering Are was opened upon the head of bin ooluran by a force stationed at advantageous positions above tbe road to tbe left. The enemy wan quickly dispersed, however, by Col. C. F. Smith's light battalion and the id artillery under Maj. Gait As the division neared the hacienda of La Noqul the advance was again tired upon, but again the enemy's pickets were driven In. without loss. A turn of the road beyond La Novla brought the pleasant village of San Augustln in sight, and after two or three light skirmishes, in which the Mexicans had two or three lancers killed and wounded, our troops had quiet possession of Han Augustln Our only loss during the day was one man, a soldier of Smith's light battalion, who was wounded fr.,ui a coru-field near Xoobimilco. At 7 o'olookon the morning of the 18th, (Jen. Scott arrived at Han Augustln, and at 10 o'olock'Uen. Worth was in lull march for the city of .Mexico by the main road. Majors Smith and Turnbull. rapt. Mason and other enSinaer oflloern were sent in advance, supported by Capt. I lake's squadron of dragoons, to reconnoitre, as It was known that the enemy was In force at or near San Antonio. The party, when within a thousand yards, was llred upon from a battery which was masked by trees, and the first bail from a twelve-pounder Instantly killed Captain Thornton, of the 2d Dragoons, besides severely wounding a guide, Jonathan Kit:!waiters. tien Uarlsnd's brigade was now ordered to ocoupy the hacienda, of Carrera, within plain sight and ra ge of tbe enemy's batteries at San Autonlo, while Col. Clarke's brigade and the battery under Col. Duncan took a station in the rear close by. The engineer officers wero at once sent out to reconnoitre by (ion. Worth, to ascertain the practicability of turning tbe strong works of the enemy, and iu the meantime (ien. Scott had despatched Capt. Lee with a supporting party, composed of Capt. Kearney's squadron and a booy ol the 11th infantry under Col. i irahani, to ascertain the practicability of finding a road pj which the village of San Angel could be reached, and thus turn the strong hold at San Antonio. This latter party had a sharp encounter with the advance of the enemy, the main body being found posted at a strong point not far from the factory of Contreras. In tbe skirmish some six or eight Mexicans were killed, and as many more taken prisoners; on our side not a man was touched The result of the reoonnoissance proved favorable. It was ascertained that a road could be made which would enable the army to reach San Angel, and thus turn the strong batteries at San Antonio, and perhaps others the enemy might have upon the road between mat ana tne city or Mexico. The Mexicans were plainly seen in force at a commanding position near Contreras, and it was evident that they had a number of ciinnon in position; but at a council ?? determined upon to attack them the following day. In the meantime, while thin reconnoissance was in progress, (Jen. Worth had established bin headquarter!) at the haoienda of Curera, while from the windows counties number* of the enemy could be seen at work upon the batteries of Han Antonio. About noon tliay opened upon the hacienda with bath round shot and shell,nearly every one of which took effect, but without doing other injury than to the building. Late in the evening the batteries again opened, but with no other result than showing the position of the different guns. Kor a marvel, the batteries were silent during the night. Had tho lire been kept up, the hacienda might have been torn in pieces, and the entire command compelled to retire. Before going further it may be well to state that the city of Mexico lies about nine miles nearly north of San Augustin, that Man Antonio is about three miles in the same direction, while the point occupied by (Jen Valencia, near Coutiers, for he had command at that place, is at least three miles in a straight line, and in a direction nearly west. It was ten miles the way many of our troop* had to march, for you caanot imagine a more rough, uneven and jagged surface At eight o'clock on the morning of the 19th, the batteries again opened on (Jeneral Worth's position at the hacienda near San Antonio, the balls crushing through the walls and filling the rooms with fragments of piaster aud broken furniture. Shells also burst In the air over the building, and the pieces dropped atneng the men stationed In the rear. So hot was the lire that the troops were obliged to.gain shelter behind the building,but still did not give up the position. About 9 o'clock the divisions of Generals Pillow and Twiggs were ordered to advance lu the direction of Contrvras, and by one in the afternoon were in plain right of the eneuiy'R batteries and within range ot the heavier guns. The brigade of Uen. P. 8. Smith, was ordered to advance directly towards the enemy's works, while that of | Col. Riley moved towards a small village to the right, with orders to gain the main road, and thus be enabled to out off any reinforcements which might be sent to Valencia from the city. An incessant firing of cannon was opened upon the advance of Oen. Smith, and soon the ritles were engaged in skirmishing with the pickets of the enemy aud driving them in. The Im pounder battery of Capt. Magruder was pressed forward with all speed, as was also the rocket and mountain bewltzer battery, now commanded by Lieut. < allender of the ordnance department. As soon as they could gain a position they oponed upon the enemy, but were no much a tire from heavier guns that they were soon silenced. Lt. Johnson, of the 1st artillery, but attached to Magruder s battery, was mortally wounded, while Ident. Cullender was severely wounded in beth legs. At 3 o'clock the brigade of(>en. Cadwalader was ordered out to support Col. Riley, heavy reinforcements feeing seen on their way out from the city, while General Pierce's brigade was sent to sustain <>en. Smith. The firing from the batteries of the enemy continued incessant, while from a hill just outside of the range of their guns, the spectacle was most grand and Imposing At about 4 o'clock <?en Scott arrived, and seeing the immense strength of the Mexicans, at once ordered Oan. Shield's brigade from Sun Augustiu?a part of (Jeneral (Quitman's command?to the right to support Riley and Cadwallader, and prevent, If possible, a juncture of the toroei coming out from the city with those of Valencia. But few of the movements of our own troops could be seen from the hill where we were posted, owing to the dense chaparral,sharp racks and ravines,but not a motion of the enemy but was plainly visible. The order of battle of Valencia was certainly most imposing ?infantry were seen drawn up to support the batteries, while long lines of the enemy's cavalry were stationed In the rear, as if awaiting the shock of battle. Two separate charges of the latter were distinctly seen repulsed by Col Riley, who had moved his brigade at one time to n position partially in the rear of the enemy * works. Col. Harney was exceedingly anxious to inarch his cavalry to the scene of action, but it was deemed utterly impracticable. The nature of the ground was such that the Infantry even had great difficulty In finding the way across the ytdrrgal. as the Mexicans term lt?ground oovered with sharp,jagged roeks. Until night had fairly closed in. the (ire from the ene mies batteries aid not slacken?It bad been continuous roar for nearly six hour*?(Jen Scett retired to San Auguntin about eight o'clock, and in the midst of a hard rain which had just commenced falling. General* Twiggs and 1'IUow came In about 11 o'clock, wet and completely exhausted. It waH impossible to sen horses on the rough and exceedingly broken greund on which they bad been operating lor nearly twelvo hour*. Not anticipating the immense strength of the works ot the enemy, or the almost insurmountable difficulties of reaching them, it had been at Brut thought that the batteries would bo taken at a dash, and that the troop* would be all comfortably quartered In Han Angel for the night; instead of this, a large portion of them were compelled to bivouac without blauketa,ln the uild*t ?f a pitiless rain,and on ground where they could not even stretch theinselve* out. Add to this, the prospects of the morrow wero far from flattering?were enough to diamav any but the stoutest hearts that the enemy would doubtless reinforce and strengthen bis work* during the night; having every superiority in knowledge of groun .?add again to thl* that the men were weakened by long exertion*, waat of food, and chilled by the continuous night rain, and it I* not saying too much to as*crt that the bivouac ot the lflth of August was gloomy Kn.the extreme. r.arly on the morning of the 'JOth, Ueneral Worth was ordered to move with a part ot hi." division? <>arland s brigade?towards the scene of action at < ontreraa. to aid in the attack upon Valencia, for to force thl* position was deemed Indepensahle ^ few discharge* of ran non were heard about 7 o'clock, and a heavy rattling of musketry, and some crcii *?id lliu m me iiiRitaos iney bad seeu large mai-nee of Meilcans in full flight towards the city; yet few driiUKil thwt the batUries at Contra in had been stormed and carried Vet so tt wm lien. Scott himself, accompanied by Uen. Worth, started for the scene of action, when they were met by C?pt. Mason, with the joyful Intelligence that Valencia had been ooinplotely routed after a short but terrible struggle The attack upon hi* work* wai planned by Oen Smith, and resulted In the capture of fifteen pieces of artillery, some I '>'*' prisoner* - among them Generals Illauco, Oarcla, Mendoga, and the notorious Salas, all the ammunition and camp equipage, while the road along which those who reaped fled strewed with munket* No lesstlmi 700 of the enemy, auiong them many officers, were left dead on the Held the number of wounded was undoubtedly far greater I have no time now to enlarge or nommunt upon this well planned and brilliant achievement, but resorting a more full description for somu other time, roust pass on to other exalting events. The works at Tontrera* completely tn the power of the American army, Oeneral Scott at once ordered Oeneral Worth to fall tack upon ban Antonio, to turn and capture that work, and then to push on towards the oapttfcl by the mala road, while the main body of the army under (iens. Telggs, Pillow,; Pierce and < adwallader. moved on toward* 8au Angel and Cohoyoau. Scarcely had the ad ? LD. Prtw Two Centa. ace ?fO*n. Twin*. got half a mil# l.?yond the latter village, before a rattling tlrw of mu?k?try announced that " ** actively engaged with the outpoata of tba enemy and toe heavy booming of cannon now gave token that tbe noted id division had fallen upon another stron* work. But a few minutes more.aud a tremendous firing from the right, and immediately in the main road from Man Augustine to the capital, made ,lt evident that General's diviaion waa actively engag?d H? bad completely turned the strong works of Han Antonio, bnt while doing ao, the enemy had abandoned the plane with the loaa of their heavy guns, and had fallen back upon hi* second and stronger line of work* It waa now at the commencement of the battle, about one o'clock In the aftarnoon, and sure such a rattling of Ike arms baa seldom or never Iben heard on theoontinent ot America, acoompanled with suoh booming of artillery; and thiit was continued over two hours, and until the enemy was fully routed from every point, and until those who were not killed or taken prisoners were in full flight for tbe city. Let me endeavor in words to give the reader an idea of tkH nosition and works of the enemy. Aa you ooma along the road leading from Man Auguatin to the capital, and immediately this side the Puente del Rosana, the Mexicans had thrown up a strong and exceedingly Well-built batterv. commanding the rn&d nnnnlaUlT On the right as you faced the nlty, stretching for a long distance, was a continuous ditch, behind the bank of which an Immenm number of Mexican Infantry were potted. On the left of the tele de punf, or work at the bridge, three hundred yard* distant, was the churoh of Churnbunco, or San Pablo, strongly fortified with works for infantry, and also having a well constructed battery, containing a number of guns of hi;avy calibre. This work was a little advanoed from the lele de pont, and nearly in a line between It end the tillage of C'ohoyoau. Further on, on the other side of the work at the bridge, and about three hundred yards from tb? road, was u large building, well adapted for the protection of iufantry, and in which the enemy hail also posted an immense body The ground in the vicinity ot all theee points was completely covered with corn and other fields, out up in every direction by wide aud deep ditches, presenting obstacles innumerable to the advance of our troops. No reoonnoissance of the position of the enemy had been made, and oonseifuently Its strength could only be ascertained by hard blows and knocks The divisions of Oens. Twiggs and Worth were at onee engaged, the former with the ahurch and stronghold of Churubusco, and the latter with the batteries at the bridge; and in the meantimeOen. Shields'sbrlgadee; the New York and Mouth Carolina volunteers; together with the 0th. 13th, and 16th regiments of Infantry under (ien. Pierce, were hurrying oaward from Cohoyoan to attao k the haolenda. Soon, they too were engaged, and now the battle became general. The enemy had over twenty pieces of oannon, all In admirable position, and sorved with more than ordinary skill, while but few of our guns could be brought to bear. The battery of Capt Frank Taylor, it is true, opened a well directed fire upon < hurubusco, but so exposed was its situation that it suffered most terriblv, both in offleers and men. To describe the fierce conflict, even now that two day* have elapsed, or to give an acoount of the part taken by the different regiments, were Impossible. From the opening of the strife up to the time the Mexicans were entirely routed and in full flight for the city, was one continuous roar of cannon and musketry, acoompanled by the loud shouts of the victors as some new vantage ground was gained; and high above the din rose a dense column of smoke, at times completely shrouding the combatants. "The strength of the enemy at this battle is known to nave been 1&,000 at least, many say 'J0,000, all fresh troops and In a position of uncommon strength. Opposed to them were abont 6,000 Americans, jaded and broken down by marches and countermarches, and by incessant toil before the stronghold of Contrerasand San Antonio At. (.hllunhftM?n th? V1a*;..?ne n,?m.?lea nay, Santa Anna commanded in parson, but that ha laft early. The noted battalion* of Hidalgo and Viotorla, and of Independencla?the or young Hen of tha capital, fromjwbum ho much waa expected?nearly ail fled without tiring a gun. In the different works, but mostly in the church,taken by General Twiggs, nearly J.tKH) troops were captured. Among them were General llincon, who commanded in person. General Anaya, lately President Subitituto,and General Arevallon, as also Colonel Goroataia, formerly Minister at Washington. General Garay waa captured near San Antonio by General Worth, and several Influential offlcers, among them Colonel Miramon, by Gen. Shields, at the hacienda, but the most important oapture of all was the entire foreign battalion, mostly mad* up of dasarters from our owu army, with their commander. the notorious Riley himself. They are all now under close guard, and I trust will he strictly dealt withThe loss on our Hide has fallen most heavily upon tha South Carolina and New York volunteers, the 6th iafantry and Smith's light balttlion, attached to Worth'a division, and the batteries of Capts. Magruder and Taylor. The South Carolina regiment was nearly cut to pieces, losing 137 out of J"2 men, with which it want into action. The 1st Artillery has suffered severaly in officers. The Mexican accounts acknowledge the loss, in kiUad. wounded, and prisoners, of no less than i!t generals, (among them, three ex-presidents) and forty-Ova plaoaa of cannon. One of our officers aaya that we hava captured more ammunition than Gen. Soott baa used ainoa he has been In the country. G. W. K. AN ENGLISH COURIKB FROM MEXICO. [Krom the New Orleana I'icayuna 1 We learn that an English courier arrived bare on the Col. Stanton, who bad been despatched by the houaa of Manning it Macintosh, from tha olty of Mexico, by way of Tampico. lie is on bis way to KngUnd by the first steamer, and left here by the mail boat oa Monday. Ha waa In the city but a few momenta it la conjeotarad by those with whom be transacted business here, that he was despatched to Kngland with a view to some operation in Mexican bonds. Hu left here In hopea to hit tha Boaton steamer of the lbth Inst AUGMENTATION OP i.RN. SCOTT'# COLITtCI. [Krqfn the Washington Union. Sept. 13 ] The news which is brought this evening, from Naw Orleana, relates to tha wing of lien. Taylor's army. Wa give the general's order, and all hla contemplated ar tnubuiuqubfl, utman ihiiqh oiner iraimacunns 01 nil wing of the army It appear* that, in compliance with Instructions founded on hi* own suggentlon*. li*n Taylor in about to occupy a defensive linn, embraoing /ram ft.ouo to ti (MM) troop*, and that he lias ordered the other portion of hi* army to proceed immediately to join tJen Scott'* column. This detachment will also embrace I lays'* Texan ranger* A recent letter from the go Tenor of Texan to the Secretary of War. acknowledge* the receipt of the Secretary * order* for them to proceed to Vera Crux ; and In consejuenoe. the gnfiruor had notl lied the two companie* of ranger*, which w re (till stationed at Man Antonio, to repair at one to the Braio*, where they might expect to jolu Col. Hay* and the ra*t of hii detachment. Thi* plan of the campaign will *trengt hen the coIubb of lien Scott to a degree which will make It irreatstibl*. In addition to the troop* which he now ha* under hi* banner*, and to those which have already arrived at Vera Cruz, and to the roinforccnient* wlilah war* en route for that city, and the *lx new regiment* which have been recently called out. he will have all the troop* which (Jen. Taylor can itpare froui the line of hi* defence, lien Scott will then have with hi Jl. at a moderate a*tlinate. from 'J.'j.IKK) te 30,(M)u of the bent troop* in th* world, armed, fully equipped, admirably qualified to orarcoine every difficulty, t* defy every dauber, and to look down every opposition which the whole Mexican power nan bring agaiiuit u*. Commanding all her *e?porta?In full po*sa?*lon of her capital?in corap'.elo command of tha communication from the coa*t to the csljImI - with alt the intermediate eountry in our hand* !,~iV.iiig all her guerillas in their attempt* to plunder our trains and intercept our nupplle*. and cutting these guerilla* up In all directions? sending expedition*, as we shall be abla to do, through her oountry. to obtain supplias and lavjr contribution* ? Mexioo mu*t sea her absolute incapacity to withstand our force* or to restore her fallen fortune*. The war will then bo nearly literally at an end, so far a* fighting is concerned ; and by increasing these requisition* upon her capitalist* and her farmers, w* should compel her to feel how much more she will lose than she pan gain by the continuance of the war. Will she, under such circumstance*, protract thl* war lor any considerable time ' Suppose her to lose her capital, ead to refuse the olive-branch at thi* moment ?*uppo?e her to trust to her guerilla*, to the visionary promise* of Pared**, to the removal of her government to *ome^oth?r (luini, i?nu m hid luir luea ui 1 lome of her State* huw long amy her people be expected to prolong a coutint in which her lO0*e> will far cwd her K?inn ? Shall we not, then. have ptaco at no distant day, if not Immediately * Unleae the Mexicana are thoroughly infatuate!, there would be but one an ?wtr, and mat ancwer would be in the affirmative. MILITARY MOVKMBNTS. The Rtt-auiHhip New Orlean* left la*t (evening for Vera Crux. ria Tamplco, with tho following paaaengara : ? ( apt D. Nlcholl*, Lieut* A. I' Mill, OUt, Kidgley, IIlake, Oibbon. Deltahoover, D. M Short; Win H. liar*. Vnra Oru* Cuatom llouic; Mr. Alvaren; Lieut. Llller and *even men; Lieut Anderaon and ten men, (.a vol unteen; ,\lre White, Temp loo; F. J Keeny, Jobs T. Hammond. Sergeant Ruanell, La. volunteer*. d?ck pa?tengera Tlii* ve**el took with her 8t team*ter? and AS mule* for Vera Crux, and 100 hor*?w for Tamploo When the hor*e* are landed at Tampieo. *he will take on mora mule* for Vera Crua ?Af. O Pie. Sept 7. Major (ieneral I'atteroon in daily expeoted here, route for the n-at of war It U a greet *atl*fa?tiOB to know, that In raxe of *lckne*? or accident to (Jen. Heott, that *o able an officer a* < Jen. I'atUnon will be on tha *pot to a**ume the command, a* he le the aenlor Major Oeneral in the eervice of the L'nlted State*, after Uen*. Scott and Taylor. -NO Hulletin, Sept 7. Hull Failure*. [From the Loulxvllle Journal, Sept. 10.J The Weetern mail failed yeeterdey, but through the attention of the officer* of the Niagara wa have 8t. Lou I* paper* of Monday. The N report* the Maitb*. Waahington and Monona tground In tula river IKrom the New Orlean* Picayune, Sept. 7 ] The mall failed yesterday from beyond Mobde, anil on Sunday far the greater part of the New York paper* kino faiiej should we U*t bloaaml with a mall aa due today. It ehnuld contain Interesting foreign new* It appear* that the *llp from Ualtlmore we gave on Sunday waa the only one received here. Movements of Lbe People. Sir George simpaun, the (Governor of the lludaon a Day Company, la at the Alitor llouae, en route for Knglarnt. Hon. John C. Spenoer I* at the Alitor Hou** It la rumored that Hubert Tyler, win of the Rx-Vtee President, I* to mucved Major William II. Polk, a* Charge to Naplee. j * . 1 * / I