Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 17, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 17, 1847 Page 1
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\ TH] \ oi. XUL Ho. ?53_WhaU No. 480*. ARRIVAL < OF Till 1 STEAMSHIP UNION, FROM CHERBOURG, FRANCE. ELEVEN DATS LATER F?OM ALL PARTS OF EUROPE, DECLINE IN TUB CORN M1RKET. Floro Heavy Failures among the Corn Dealers. I TUP PIILL PARTlCU LARS or TUB EXTRAORDINARY MURDER OF THK DUCHESS DE CHORSEUL-PRASLIN, AND THE Suicide of her Husband* SPECIAL DE3PATOHES FROM London, Parii, Rome, Constantinople, Florence, Berne, Lisbon, Bologne, Madrid, die., ?e., Ac< The stoam ship Union, Capt. Hebert, arrived at this port yfiterday, from Cherbourg, France, whence Bhe sailed at three o'clookon tbe morning of Wednesday, tbe lit inst. She ban than made a very good passage. We bsva received our special despatches from all parts of tturope, and full files of Paris and Harre papers to the latest moment. The intelligence will be found to be of considerable I interest and Importance. Tbrre have been several more heavy failures In the corn trade. The details of the fiuancial orlsls and of the markets I are given under their proper heads. Our readers are referred to Mr. Bennett's letters from London, given In another colamn,and also to oar speolal despatches from the contineut of Kurope. We annex our despatches Franc*. Pabis, 30th August. Editor N. Y. IIcrald? The utter stagnation of political news here, owing to the adjournment of the Chambers, the absence of the King and royal family, and of the prlnoipal members of the ssvornment. h<is been broken bv the horrible drama of the Hotel Srb^taiui, of which you will probably have heard something, even sooner than the arrival of this letter. Nevertheless the account of an eye witness and ear witneai, resident on the spot, may not be unacceptable to your readers, where the event is one, whioh, considered in all its bearings, may perhaps be said to haw I no parallel in the history of society In clvillied life, for halt a century. Marshall Sebastian! was, aa U well known, a distinguished commander and diplomatist under the Umpire and under the Restoration. He has engaged the especial confidence and friendship of Louis Philippe. Under Napoleou. a* Kmperor, he waa sent as Ambassador to Constantinople, and shortly before his departure for that place, he married the daughter of the Duke de Coigny, a member of the /iau(? noble tie, and one of the oldeat and moat distinguished families of the Faubourg St (iermain. The lady had a large fortune in possession, and a still greater one In reversiou. At Constantinople she gave birth to a female Infant, and died la so doing, leariug* the Marshal and Ambassador, her husband, a youag widower with a newly born Infant. The ehild, under the o&re of a nurae, lived. The atate of Kurope was luuh that time, that communication with Constantinople otherwise than by land was Impracticable, aud the infant waa accordingly brought to Paris through Turkey, Austria, and'ihe Uerman States. This sole child grew Into a beautiful and highly accomplished woman, and became the Inheritress, directly and by reverniou. of the fortuuea of the Duke do colgny, her uncle, Marahal Sebastiani, her father, Ueneral Sebastlaui, her uncle, and other wealthy relatives. In fine, her fortune, in possession and In espeotancy, amounted In value to twenty millions of dollars. At eighteen she formed a love match, contrary to the wlshea of her family, with the Duke de Cholseul-Praalin, then only ono and twenty, and the head of another noble family, not less illustrious by descent than her own, and possessed of a large Inheritance. To this marriage nine children were boru, sis daughters and three sons, and the parents were atlll abort of the meridian of life, tlie Duke being only 42 and the Duchew >9. Cauaes of dissension arose of late years between them, out of circumstances which engendered jealeusy in the Duchess, and a separation was threatened by her. The Queen and Ma'Jatne Adelaide, whohoaored her with their especial friendship, however, Intervened, and brought about n seeming reconciliation. On the 17th of the present month the family, who were staying at their magnificent chateau of Vauae-Praalln, came to Parla by the Orleana railway, with the pnrpoae of proceeding to Uieffe, for the bathing season. They arrived lu town at nine o'olock in the evening, and Immediately lea the railway atation In two carriages, one of which containing the Duchess and some of the children, went directly to the Hotel Sebastian!, their town residence, in the Hue faubourg, 8t. Ilonore, and the others, with the Duke and the other ohildren, drove first to the J residence of a lady who had been lately governess In the family, to vialt her, aad thenoe to the Hotel Sebisiianl, where it arrived about aa hour later than the former carriage, whioh bruught the Duchess. ' Common report aays that the Duoheaa expressed her 1 displeasure in strong language at this visit to Che gover- 1 noes at suoh an hour, and especially at her daughters being brought there, and that a sharp altercation ensue J. lie this as it may, all was quiet, and the family hah < retired to rest at eleven o'olook. The Duchess's bed room was on the ground floor, the windows opening upon the roloonde of the hotel, which looks upon the gar- 6 den. The Duke'a room waa separated from It by a cabl- * net. ante-room and other passage*. j . i none wno ??ie iaiuuiar wiui iuii quarter or tn< <*117, y will remember in walkiug up th? avenue of the ChampaElysota, which rutin at the rear of the rue Faubourg ' Si lionora, after passing the garden of the British em- j tiaasy, and beforajarrivtug at that of the Palate Klycees . Bourbon, thure >s a pretty encloaure, defended by iron railing, fronting a handsome hotel having a (tone colon- 1 Hde. Thia building ia the Hotel Sebastian!, and was the t resilience of the Duke and Duchess of Praalln, who 00- t cupied it ia couiuioii with Marshal .Sebastian!, the father t of the Duoheaa. The hotel adjoin* the I'alaoe on tho e west side, aad the Hotel Caatellane on the eaat The 1 bod room of the Duke looked on the garden, aa well a* t on th.it of the I'alaoe That of the Duoheaa. next the 1 flotrl Caatellane. ixiked only on the garden. f Su'-h tieiag the description of the plaoe, let ua return | to the awful narrative ol the facta, not aa they were un- I folded at the moment, kut aa the oiroumatanoea since da- t eloped have disclosed them to ua. ( At half paat four in the moraing the Duke proceeded c to the ro >tu of the Ducheaa, provided with three meana j of murder, tUat is to say ; with corda to atrangle, with a t knife to atab, aud with a loaded piatol. Mtraugulation j preaeuted hoteral obvloua advantages, and waa, aa ia aup- a poseJ, tlrat tried The noose waa alipped over the neok 1 of the victim, but hud not time to be drawn tight before t be atarted up, made resiatanee, and attempted nolaa. luatantly the knife waa reaorled to, and a atroke waa t 111a ia at the neck, aimed at the jugular artery. A wound t waa Inflicted aud biood flowed, but the object aimed at I waa aliened, and the wound waa not mortal. The Dueh- t eaa was aa yet on the bed wh?>re aha had been aaleep A ? atrong and powerful woman, oppoard to a man under the a middle aiae she now struggled lor life (the aprung from H the bed, and a struggle, body to body, ensued. The aa- r iHsnn waa still armed with tile knife, with which he in- i| flicted In rapid auocvaaion half a doien blowa about the neck and breast, noue of whioh. however, Inflicted a t death-wound. The Duoheaa made for the bell, whioh c wa? l>esi>e the ohlmney-piece Rhe aucceeded in reach- b lug it and ringing It. In aoeompliahing thla ahe had a aeiaed the kiilfa by the blade, and her hand waa fright- F fully wounded, oua of the llugera being nearly aevered a ?vtM wuu nMi|g?<i?u iuru lowaran liia wail uemao ine t tire-place,ou whiou.iu two piar.ee, theprlutof the bioody t hana w*e left. The bell ooid wbere she grasped it was k covered WHO gore. Id the last blows the uiimId had broken the knife. I and desiring, doubtlesy, to despatch hla Tiotlm before a b witurss shuuld arrive, he Mixed the plitol bj lta barrel p and struck her a number of severe blow* on the head, II by wnieh she appears to have beeA stunned and prostra- d ted on the floor, near a small sofa or divan, which stood n beside the chimney piece. The murderer then left the t chamber, ana proceeded to open one of the window* In 11 tb? adjacent osbinet. Whiie these circumstance* were proceeding, a femme r He r.kamtre. who had been roused by the bell, had thrown r on her elotnee, and came down stairs to the door of tho r Duchess * chamber wlnoli she attempted to open, but a failed, it being fastened on the inude. She then called b up of the male domestics, Informing him that the Dm:h> was indisposed, as she hearu her moaning, hut A eould not open her door, aad required the man's assist- k anoe to accomplish this The two servants retmraed to V the tfofli, m4 fcUH to ipn It It them oesurred S NE1 NEW *> the man to try th? window* whlsh looked on the gmr- tr lan, and being on a level with the porchway or oolonade, tt vera easily accessible. pi Tba object of the Puke in proceeding to open the window of the cabinet, ii presumed to have been to hi jreato grounds for the tnfvrenoe. that an assassin had ot nterej from the garden, and eaoaped by the value mean*. oi >? thla m it may, the Duke waa in the act of executing ai .hi* purpose, at the moment that the man-servant pre- t? ented himself at the same window to attempt an en- n tranon there to the chamber of the Duohess. He saw aa tbe figure of the Duke, who instantly retired oo pereelv- ei In* htm. The servant then returned to the door of the pi Duohesa's chamber,and having become seriously alarmed vt 'orcud the door in The window shutters being closed, 111 ;tie chamber was faintly illuminated by a night lamp; jo puowuBu uo tun uoor wuii awr ocaci | in eaning oo the divan On lighting th? caudles, which j of is usual stood on the chimney piece, tha horrible spec- 01 tacle presented by th? chamber was disclosed to the t? iffrightad BtTTtnt-s. The floor wan literally a a-* of blood; 01 rarlous articles of furniture displaced or overturned in tha struggle laid disarranged around the room. The Dachau still lived, but was spfeobless, and scarcely iensible. The first impulse of the domestics wag to rush E rorth and call for aid One went to rouse the door-porter to ?end for mtdi'al assistance and the police; the other went to the DuWe's room, when he presented himself 'J IreHsed. On hearing the Intelligence the feelings he as- 01 pressed were thont of reproach to the servants for negll ^ ;enoa In leaving the house exposed, more than those of lorrar at the catastrophe He rushed into tha Duchess's " room and taking her In his arms, raised her to the sofa, at i manoeuvre which was afterwards ascribed to the design ^ >f obtaining a means of explaining the blood upon his restments and person. The polloe and medieal assist- n inoe soon arrived, but the latter was too lata 10 be use- a 'ul, tha Duchess speedily expired, not from ally wound ? absolutely mortal, but from hemorrhage. Tha magistrates cams one by one, including the Prooureur de Hoi * tnd tha Procureur Oeneral, and finally the I'refaot of t< 'olloe and the Minister of the Interior. A considerable time elapsed, many enquiries were raised, searohes made through the premises and in the t [arden before tha slightest suspicion fell on the Duke, c \ooording to some reports the enquiries addressed to d the Duke were not of such a nature as to indicate the g tiorrlble susp'clons eutertaiued by the magistrates "i antil the day of the 19th. Doubtless these function- tl tries brooded on that susplolon long before they could li Bake np their minds to let it be preceived by tha w Duke. At length, however, the question of the Pro- |j :ureur Oeneral aasumed an unequivocal shape, and the ?i Duke saw the point to whioh they were addressed. He m s reported to have become as psie as a corpue, and to gi lave betrayed in his person and manner, the profound oi igitation whioh he felt. He retired to his room, tha au- 01 .horlties not yet deciding to plaoa him under arrest nor w ;o treat him in any respect as an accused person. It tl ?as at that moment that he is supposed to hive swallow- 11 id a large quantity of arsanio. vi The medical inquiries subsequently instituted show ,hat the effects produced by tbis poison are so nearly p dentical with those of cholera as to be undistinguisha- o! )le. In the first instance, the medical men in attend- rl tnoa ara admitted to have neen betrayed Into an error t< >y this ciroumstance, and to have ascribed the prostra ion, vomitings, and other symptom* exhibited by the ... luke, to oholer*, brought on by the high mental txoi'eaent consequent an the oatastrophe. On the morning >f the a lit, between four and At* o'clock, the duke waa lj removed to the prison of the Luxembourg, the evidence being deemed sufficient to establish a charge of murder igainst him. The Chamber of Peers waa constituted J1 Into a court of justice by royal ordinanoe, and a com- si mittee appointed by it prooeeded on that day to eximtne the duke. Various reasons * re given by the medioal men for the " slow and Intermitting e(foots of the poison; but the p Highest authorities In the faculty agree that there is tl nothing exceptional in the case, and that the poison n might remain in the system for several days without a producing death. In tine, the duke became gradually p worse on the 33d and 33d, and on the morning of the Uth his approaching dissolution became evident, the d surate of the parish was called In, and the last rite* of f< religion were administered, and, after an agony of fifty L nluutes, he died at 36 minutes pact 4, on the afternoon g >f the 34th. L The popuUee, highly exasperated at the atrocity of ;he deed, and believing iu the possibility of the viotim L >eing snatched from Justice through the influence of bis g *ank and wealth, crowded round the prixon in large u lumbers, and the authorities apprehended that his re- g nains might even be violated. After the body waa ex- Li imlned by anatomists employed for the purpose, and the n riscera, brain, aud other necessary parts, were taken p iway for analysis, It was determined to inter the re- v nains In the darkness and sllenoe of night. Tlie keep- p >r of the Cemetery of Mont Parnasse, situated In the ? neighborhood of the Luxembourg, waa, accordingly, or- p lered to cause a grave to be dug In a retired part of that u lometery at midnight on the 35th, the grave-diggers f< leing Ignorant for whom it was intended, the seoret li >eiog confided only to the keeper of the place, who was t in old retired soldier of the Empire, long aacustomed <J ;o strict obedienoe to orders. Meanwhile, a van, ac t K>mpanied by a mourning ooach, was brought into the (arden of the Luxembourg by a gate remote from the prison, soon utter midnight. The Chancellor, the (iuvirnor of the prison, the commander of the troops, and :he Commissary of Police, were assembled in the chum - f ser of death, aud formally identified the remains, which irere then wrapped in a sheet and deposited by the employees of the undertakers In a plain oak coffln, bearing '' 10 inscription, which was forthwith introduced into the ri ran. and iollowed to the cemetery by the four lndivliuals above named In the coach. It arrived at the ;rave before two o'olock, where It was deposited, without ri iny religious oeremony, and where it lies without any t< nark to indicate the spot. Thus terminated the mortal t| tareer of the representative of a long line ot ancestors, lolding the highest rank and enjoying the greatest tl ittluence ; and so far frem this obscure burial, conse- o >ratcd by no religious observance, followed by no mourn- u ir, and unattended by a single relation or friend, being lonsidered a disgrace or a stigma, the surviving familv " >t the deceased consider themselves only too fortunate in *' laving escaped the terrible manifestations of publio exe- tl iratiou which would have followed this enormous criml- r< lal had he ended bis days, as he must othsrwlso have w lone, on the publio scaffold. * Connected with this, a curious polemic has arisen In 8' he uress. One of the jeurnals has unexnestedlv rained ? he question of the right to deal thus with tha remains * >f the Duke de 1'rMlln. In all countries where justice Is ?' espected, men are regarded, In the eye of the law, an Intooent until they are convicted of guilt by a competent V .ribunai. The Duke de Prasiln, then, died legally Inno- " lent. 11 y what right, then. It Is asked, are his remains a bus grossly outraged ? Why is guilt assumed after * leath, when innocence is the legal presumption before ri t ? ills burial, therefore, according to these reasoners, b ihould have been conducted with all the observances of l high noble, a peer of the realm, a ohevalier d'bonneur ' if the court, and a Christian. This curious question, however, we must leave to be debated by the oasuists. 01 Home. jj SotTom N. Y. He*ald:? . Romi, August 32, 1847. t] The progress of the liberal policy wliioh was so unex- u jectedly adopted by the Holy See, on the acoession of P 'ius IX., has been accelerated in am extraordinary man- t> ter by events since the date Of our last despatches. si We have already mentioned the detection and defeat P >f the plot of July 17. A considerable aurnber of per- * ons, of various ranks, including several of elevated po- ri ltlon, are now imprisoned for that affair In the castle of 11 It. Angelo. M. Qrassellnl, the former Governor of ? lame, charged with having countenanced the plot, has o teen exiled ta Naples; and Colonel Kreddl, and Captain Ual, of the Carablnlers, who were to have been active *' larticipators in it, are In St. Angelo. Cardinal Kerrettl, a he Secretary of State, who worthily seoonds the liberal K 'lews of the holy father, has publicly pledged himself , hat the trial of the conspirators shall be carried on in he face of the Roman people, it has transpired that he object of this foul plot, which was concocted by the uize the Tope and transport him to the Neapolitan fronier. where he was to be detained as a hostage; meanfhile an rmrutt was to be excited, convicts liberated rom the jails, and a collision between the troops and the t) >opulace provoked. This disturbance could then have r, )een seized as the pretext for Austrian intervention? he Tope would have been oompelled to accept the enun- " m ot the Austrian embassy, and measures of reform ai lould have been postponed for another half century ? o) VII this flue scheme, however, ha* proved abortive by he timely detection af the plot. The agency of Aus- M ft, in the aflair, is proved by aatlsfactory indications; bi lowest promoters of the tmrutr, strangers to Home g] Rvtug been captured, with considerable sums in Aus.rian coin upon their persons. Although the detection of this plot has probably saved II he liberal oause la Italy, the sovereign Tontiff is still p, teset with dlflloultles i he ambassadors of Austria and Krance throw every discouragement and obstruction In " lis way; and untortunatelv Oreat Britain, the only rr reat Kuropean State which has the power and the will, K * well as the Interest, to promote the progress of an en- tt Ightened and liberal policy in" Italy, has no diplomatic i M epresentatlve at Rome. This Is a defect which the ex- I to gnncy of the occasion must soon correct pi It is imposeiole to convey an adequate Idea of the in- la ease excitement produced here, by the news of the oc- tt upation of Kerrara by the Austrlans; nothing could w iave repressed the movement of the people on the occa- T Ion, but respect for the known wishes of the sovereign at ontlff. aud an unbounded confidence in his rectitude th nd firmness of purpose The determination to main- ti ain a tranquillity, which in reality is more formidable cc han open violence, was oonfirmed, when It became nown that on receiving the intelligence of this aggres- ti ion and of the protestation of the Cardinal Legate, his rs IollneM was filled with indignation; he is reported to ty iave exclaimed with vehemenae I vill, in tha first ai laee. protest against this Outrage on mv independence; fli r that do not produce an tffeot I will launoh the thun- I iers of excommunication against Austria: and if that do (ji lot prove sufficient I will descend from tne ohambers of i th ha Vatican and in person mount a horse, and three mil- d? ions of Christians will follow me to repel the Invader " : lix Measures have lately b?en taken indicating a detarml- ?f latlon to offer serious resistance on the frontier. Several Vi eglnient* of the Swiss Hoards have left Home for Ker- si< ars; they were escorted out of the town by the people, mldnt nhou's ot " firm, Pi a nono"? other troops have wi ??n marched Into Romania. rl< The report, mentioned in my last, that the Infamous th Liutrian spy. Minardi, had been oaptured, proves to ot mm been unfounded: be mooeeded la escaping aoross al be TuMaa frmtter, but hu it Wnfth b?a apprshsnd. va i M noniH, wb?N U li layrUoail ij W YO YORK, FRIDAY MORN] esse*; ? demand for hU extradition haa been mada by la papal authorities, and will, an Is supposed, be comtad with .The National Guard In Home, amounting to fourteen mdred haa been organized. equipped and armed; the >atume selected for it bears a olo?e resemblance to that w ' the anelent Unmans Count Romandini and other Jbles have b*en lent Into the legations and the marches > organise the provincial guard; the aggression of Ker- o ira has filled the whole rural population with enthusl- c im and even the peasants demand to be armed and trolled, and to inarch agxlost the Austrian*. ' As a eousequencj of the recognition of liberal princi- t< es. jenrnalism is established lu the papal States Se- e >ral newspapers, edited with great ability, are now pubihed in Rome and bologna. The CitntriHporanto la a 1 urnal which may be fairly put beside any of the lead- A g Paris papers The Hifencia is a semi official journal ti ' the government, while the Dinrio is its recognised a 'gan. There are several other papers of various pre- 'I uslons published here, including an Knglisb jturnal, a tiled the Roman .iiIvtrliitr." a Italy, i IloLonst. August i3,1847. ri ditor N. V. Herald. ? The eye* of the Italian people liavo been directed late- J ' to thl* quarter of the peninsula, by the unparalleled utrage against the rights of nation*, committed by ustrla at Kerrara. It ia well known that the citadel of lat city ha* bee*, under the treaty of Vienna, garri>ned by Auitrian troop*. Recently, for no dlsooverale reason* except hostility to the Tope, the garrison wa* ot only doubled, but a large body of troop* wa* collectd on the left bank of the Po, In the neighborhood, oon after thl* a frlvolou* Incident, probably intentlonUy produced by Auatrian agent*, wa* sailed a* a presxt lor the military oconpation of the town Itself, by the Lustrian troops. Their commander, Count d'Aueaperg, ant an officer, accompanied by some Inferiors, to the ardlnal Legate, to inform him of his intention to send etacbmenta to ocoupy the various guard houses and ate* of th? city. Against this, the Cardinal protested i the name of the I'ope, but meanwhile entreated that tie outrage should be postponed till the following mornlg, to avoid the chance of popular diaturbance; this as peremptorily and insolently refused, and Immedlater the troops marched Into the town; Infantry, cavalry, ad artillery, with muskets loaded, bayonets llxed, and latches lighted. The pontifical troops driven from the uard-honse* and the gates, collected around the palace r the Legate, nnd took charge of the prisons, the nly posts unoccupied by the Austrian*. While this as proceeding, the guns of the citadel were pointed on le town, and attended by the gunners, with matches ghted. The city of Kerrara has thus continued in a Irtual state of selge to the present time. i ne Austrian troops oouecieu on inn leu oann 01 tne I o bare been actively employed In constructing bridges f boats, by which at any moment they oan pann ihe iver with cavalry and artillery, and Bvlzu the papal irrltory. Florence, Aug. 24, 1847. iditoa N. Y. Herald,? The liberal tendencies which the Orand Duke formerr manifested, and which were alluded to in my last desatohes, have sines ripened Into action. An edict has ist been published, abolishing capital punishment, and ibstltutlng solitary confinement for hard labor. Jouralism has taken reot, and several papers are now pubshed here, under a very mild censorship. The artloles ermltted in these journals Indicate a sympathy between J lie Orand Ducal and i'apal Governments, and although othing positive ha* yet been effected in the establishlent of constitutional government, everything in ax. eoted. The Duke of Luces, in consequence of Rome popular , emonstrations In his State*, lately applied to Austria >r military aid. Against inch Intervention, the Urand i luke of Tuscany is understood to have protested, < rounding his remonstrances on hiu eventual title to the ; >uchy of Luoea. On the evening of the 23d, a aerlous emrutf took place at | >eghorn. A large popular meeting wan held in the piazza rande, in consequence of the intelligence of the proceedjgs of the Austrian* at Kerrara. Loud cries for the oraniiation ot the National Uuard were uttered, and bosilu shouts against .the Austrians were heard; demands 'ere made to he armed, and to maroh to Kerrara to exel the Austrian!. In the midst of this tumult the Oournor of Leghorn presented himself, and besought the eople to disperse, assuring them that the Urand Duke 'as disposed to adopt the most conciliatory and liberal olicy. The people demanded a change of ministers, nd were in the act of quietly dispersing, when unlorjrtunately a detachment of carabineers presented itself, >etween whom and the people a collision immediately ook place; the consequence of whioh was that the solHers, overpowered by numbers, were disarmed and rampled on. The consequences of this have not yet been developed. Switzerland. Bmic, August 90. KIT. Editor N. Y. HERALD :? As elsewhere, the liberal cause progresses In Swltserind. Since the date of my last, there have been sevekl debates and several divisions in the Diet, in all of rhich the liberal party have triumphed. The Diet has solved to compel the Sonderbundor nullifying canton*, j dissolve their separate league. It has also authorised lie Executive or Vorort, as it is called, to dismiss from he federal service all officers who shall enter the service f the cantons of the Sonderbund, and this the Vorort as been very prompt to do. Meanwhile, the cantons of lie league are continuing to throw up entrenchments, rect fortresses, import munitions of war, and enroll roops. The Federal government here are adopting cor spondlng measures, and a formidable body of troops, Mil drilled and equipped, are now ready to take the Held. ' ouie of the separated cantons are, as you are aware nographically hemmed in by liberal canton*, while 1 thers, if not completely surrounded, are on one side or nother, cut off from military resources Consequently, 1 onvoys of men, and ammunition can only reach them 1 y passing through one or other of the liberal cantons 1 irde.-H are accordingly given to intercept such supplies J i Jrunstlu? and this has, in more than one oai"t, been dually done. 1'nus several wagons of ammunition ere passing through the canton of TeMlno. on their TUte to on? of Ihe separated cantons; they were arrested y the authorities, aided by the people, and were dlsovered to have been luppled by Austria. France, which Lrange to nay. has become one of the most inveterate >es to the progress of liberal ideas, under the regime f >1. Guiiot, hart used every practicable intrigue to elite dissension among the cantons, and to favor those of in league. In everything K ranee 1* now the sworn friend nd ally of the despotic States. You must not suppose lat I mean by this, that such is the spirit and indency of the Krench people. But the Krenoh nople and the Krenoh government are two very liferent things. The t rench government is Louis hilippe and M. Guiiot, backed by a chamber and con'.ltuency in which they oommand a majority, by the ractice of corruption on a colossal soale. This, howler, cannot last long, for the nation is already making igantic efforts to effect a parliamentary and electoral uform. Meanwhile the liberal party in Hwitxerland has tie countenance and support of the Ktigllsh governlent, which is compelled to be liberal whether It will or o. by the direct influence which the people ex^rt upn it The Federal Executive and legislature have not yet ittlod what means of compulsion will be used to cornel the Honderbund to dissolve Itself,to expel the Jesuits, nd to revere the federal pact. These are the three reat objects necessary here, to enable liberal ideas to rogress. The end of the next month will probably see ouiethlng decided on that point. Spill 11. Madrid, August iA, 1817. ditor N. V. Herald:? Since the date of my lost despatches little change has , tken plaoe, either In the politloal aspect of affairs or ie internal relations of the palaoe; the same ministry main In ofllce, and the same court favorites maintain ieir ascendency. |The heat of summer drove the Uueen id her suite to the palace of La Oranja, where a series < 'festivities and hunting parties have been given. Her ' iajeUy on three occasions range* the forest on horse- J ick. and manipulate* her gun with coniummate skill. i tie seldom return* home without bringing down a flit 1 nek with her own hand, and sometimes more than one. i er royal contort meanwhile continues to inhabit the t irdo, a small palace not far from Madrid, where he alio * ijoys the field sport*. Kvery effort of the ministry to t 'unite the royal pair haa hitherto been fruitless The in* haa obstinately resisted every aoilcitatlon, and al- ' iou<h tho (^ueen waa recwntlv Induced to return to J n'lrid, under the persuasion that the King would ylold a i the entreaties of the cabinet, and rejoin her in the f ilace. he haa atlll refused to do so Thl* refuaal, when * at given, waa coupled with the remarkable declaration a lat he could not consent to come under the same roof A ith her Majesty, until the expiration of four montha e hia Intimation la eonaidered aa conveying an indelicate e id inaultingglnainuation, the plain meaning of whioh la, a lat the King aaauines that her Majesty ia In a condi- r on. the viaible development of wDlch must, In the ii mrse of nature, take place within that period. c You will reoollec'. that In my former letter* I men- 1< oned that public rumor had assigned a certain Gene- r 4 Serrano, at* enjoy lug the especial favor of her MajeaThe influence of tbia peraouage la atill predominant, li id there are not wanting thoae who aacribe to that in- II lenoe the eetrangement of the King n Recently the embroilment of what ia called tho palate tl eation, aa well aa financial difficulties, have brought n e cabinet, of which Monaieur i'mhecho ia the Presl- c nt, and Monaieur Salamanco the Hnanoler, to a dead o: ok. In thia dilemma Mr I'achecho, with the aanction the Que?n, haa recalled General Narvaei, Uuka of klencia, from the embaaay at Taria to Madrid, to pre- ? Je, aa it la aaid, over a new ministry. j, Tha General left l'arl* on the 9iu, andat the time I w ke thia letter, Is hourly expected Opinions are va- 0] >u? aa to the part he ia destined to play, aome saying j at he la about to asauma a military diotatorahlp, while hara maintain that ha will make a atrong constitution- ? government, by a ooalitlon of the liberal and oonaar- e. ttva partita. I shall b? abla to tail you th? rt?ult In ai r mi, RK B [NG, SEPTEMBER 17, 18 Portugal. h Lubo*, Aug. *1,1847. <j DITOH N. Y. HuHiLu: ? Affair* are here brought to a dead lo<-k. When I la?t b rota, the allled'powera. that li to lay, England, Krancu 1 nd Spain, Intervened. as it la called, to stop the revolt t f the llbtral party, against an arbitrary and tyrannl- b al raghnt, revolving at the came time to compel thu oyal Government wheu reitori'd, to govern according j 9 constitutional principles They toon discovered, how- a ver, the truth of the old adage, that it la much easier 1 9 bring a hors? to the pond than to make him drink- ( Lftor getting rid of the insurgent* the (|ueen prepared c 9 follow hur old courses, and appointed the same party a her ministers, who bad before given her evil 'lounaels 4 'he allies remoustrated, and insist on it that she shall 1 ppoint others 8he replies that she cannot tlnd them; ,nd the country la now In fact without a government | t is easy to see how all this, sooner or later, must end. | ;'he cause of popular government U progressing* and < lothing can atop it. Go on. it will, as surely as the tide i bba and flows. Kngland. however, is pledged for the es- t

ablishment of a constitutional system here It was on i hat condition that her ships entered thu psrta of Lis- I >on and Oporto, and it was on that condition that she < compelled the successful lnsurgenta to lav down their i iruis By the time the neit packet sails we shall be abl* ,o tell you more. j 3 Turkey. , CortiT*i?Tinorn, Auguat 7,1817. F.niTta N. Y. Hkralo ? The quarrel between Turkey and Ureece, the origin )f which I have explained m my former deapatohea, ia itUl uasettled The Interposition of Trlnce Metternlch, has beeu hitherto unavailing. M. Colettl, the prime Minister 01 iwng uiuo. reiuses to main tne required reparation to the Envoy of the Porte.who had been insulted by the King of (ireece, Meanwhile, all diplomatic relation* between the two countries are suspended ; conauar authorities are abolished, and commerce is thrown la It we?e, Into a trance; this mischief to both coun;ri?s la mainly ascribable to M. Ouixot. who?e represenatives at Athena and Constantinople, hare been intruded to support M. Colettl in this affair, against the 'epresentutivesof the rest of F.uropo. The English (iovrrnmrnt haa exercised the power it >ossesses, lof showing practically Its disapprobation of he course pursued by the cabinet of Athens ; it has denanded through its Minister there, the immediate payment of the portion of the intereat on the Orvek loan lue to England, and has supported its demand by a porion of the Mediterranean xiuadron in the Circeus. M. -,ymini, an enthusiastic I'billilene, came forward with (aixotio generosity, and offered to lend the Ureek gorernment the funds nenessary to pay the interest claimed, namely, A'-JO.i 00 This offer, however, was not ao-epted Immediately ; time rolled on, and the 1st September approached at which another pay mint of interest will become due; the amiable purpose of M. Eyuard being to relieve Greeoe, from the pressure and threats of ner reditors, would not, as was evident, be attained, If England should press as urgently fur the intereat due in September, as for tbat due iu March. And it is accordingly expected, that M. Kynard will decliae muklug the payment, unless the Knglis'i cabinet promises time for Lite interest falling due on the 1st September, which it moat assuredly will not do. What the issue of this situation will be, remains to be seen. Financial Intelligence?The IVlira? of the Failure*. [From the London Times. August 37 ] This has been settling day in tna Stock Exchange, and considerable fluctuations have taken place in connexion with It. Consols opened at a slight decline from yesterday's price, the flrst quotation for money being SbV to 74' Krom this they receded to 80*?, whence they milled until they touched 87, liDally closing, however, at tb? opening price of 86*4 to %. For the account, after having been as low an H7?{, they left off 87>{ to ?. A great demand for money prevailed throughout the day, aud aa much aa from 0 to 7 per cent waa given for ibort loans upon stock. The amount advanced by the bank, both upon Stock and Kzchequer bilU, waa very considerable llank stook left oil to 197; reduced Three per Cents, 87>? to >i; TUree-and-a-Huarter per Ceuts. 88!* to 89; India Stock. 239 to 241; India Bonds, 7s to 3s discount; Long Annuities; 9 toand Kxehequer Bills, par to js premium. During the day many parties entertained a strong expectation that a reduction would be mads in the rate oi discount by tbe bank, but this did not take plaoe. It was, however, understood that advances are contemplated to be made within a short time upon bills and securities, at 6 per cent. With the exception of Mexican stock, which, owing to some purchases, left off at 18,% to 19)*', the operations in tbe foreign securities were oouflned this afternoon to the following transactions:-Portuguese Four per Cents, at 33: Spanish Three per Cents,at 29,'^; Dutch Two-and .. U.K.... I r,,w ll.- iMimnl ur Ml' U...I tV,? L'....r per Ciuts, certificates, at 8?><. The lull urn of Messrs. Lyou and Kinney, general merchants at Liverpool, was announced this morning. This event bat b*?n caused by transactions in corn, and the liabilities are believed to be large. The losses in connection with it will chiefly fall Id New Orleans and in London. Drafts of Prune. Ward & Co , of New York, upon Overend, Gurney St Co , were to-day refused acceptance, * until the arrival of the next packet." [From the London Tines, Aug ] The English funds have again been heavy to-day, but from no other apparent cause than the approaching settlement of the arcouut. Consols opened at V7 to>^ for money, and at H7\ for October, whence they declined to for money, closing buyers at that price. For time th?.last quotation was B7>f. Bank stock left elf to 107^4; Reduced Three per Cents H7'< to ,H; Threc-and-a-quart?r per Cents to ?!>; Long Annuities 9 to 1-16; India Stock -J3? to 441; India Bonds 7s. to 4t. dls; and Exchequer bills, par to Us. premium. Money continued in good demand at r>% per cent. In connection with the settlement of to-morrow's ac:ount, it wu* understood this morning that a lady of title, long notorious as a speculator, would prove a defaulter to soma amount; before the close of business, however, Ike matter waa said to have been arranged, l'he gambling of married women is, happily a rare oolurrence on the English Stock Exchange; but we beieve, as regards the present party, there are throe or 'our not uninfluentlal brokers who lend themselves to .he disreputable practice. The foreign securities were only dealt in to a limited fxtent this afternoon, but Spanish and Portuguese ?ho*>d a further tendency downwards. The actual bargains noluded ? Brazilian, at H4; Portuguese four per cents .at tfl; Spanish Ave per cents., at !!>??; Passive, at 4t<; the .hree per cents., at far money, and at 30 for the account; Belgian four per oents , at iMjjf; Dutch two andt-half per cents , at fifi; and tke four per cent, certiflsates, at On the Corn-Ex?hange to-day there was again further leprasaion, and the failure of Messrs. Alexander Diokson k Co., of Belturbet, near Belfast, increased In a very itrong degree the general gloom. Mr. Dickson waa a arge distiller, and has latterly been a miller and dealer a grain, and the liabilities of the firm are stated at CiOti.OOO Some of the most prudent of the London torn factors are creditors to a large amount, as are als* leveral of the bouses in Liverpool. This failure,moreover, las already brought down three or four smaller houses M Ireland from the London Chronicle, Aug. 27 ] A failure of comparatively trifling extent, in conneo .ion wiui inn corn traae, dun occurred la Liverpool.? We have Mien letters from that quarter, which in alludng to this evont, confidently assert that the condition >f the corn importers there u more (table than that of :he eorrespendlng claw in London, in conaequence of :he diruct deallnga with America in which the Liverpool factor* were engaged enabling them to effeet their isles before any serious decline in prices took place; whilst the London speculators, dealing as they did with the Mediterranean, the Levant, ami the Black Sea, have been overtaken by the decline, before they could effect i&loa which would oover the whole of their orders. [From the London Chronicle, Aug 28 ] There has been no great animation In aay branch of trade to-day in the city. The failure announced in the corn tr?de?that of Messrs. YVoodley-a house of very Did standing, and the chief partner < f which was report?d to have realised a large fortune, has thrown a gloom :>ver the market. The liabilities are stated to be near clmi.ooo. This occurrence, together with the foreign arrivals of grain and the pressure for money, hare had an unfavorable effrot upon prices, and In some Instances i considerable reduction from last Monday's quotations las been submitted to. The transactions, however, lave not been extensive, and were chiefly condn-d to he retail dealers. Had sales been pressed, no doubt the leollne would have been more serious than that whioh iccurred. The nominal quotation was about 3s lower ban on Monday. The additional fall a res In tlM corn trade, coupled rlth the fact of the agents of Trlme, Ward k (Jo., ef <?w York, having declined to Increase their liabilities >n acceptances until the arrival of the next mall, haa urnished the Idlers about the Htock k'nthmm ?wi. ery exciting toplo for conversation. and the rnoet aburii and uufounded rumor* have been freely circulated. Ve need scarcely add that there Is no foundation whatver for these statements, so Injurious to commercial redlt, and so much to b? condemned at period of nxlety like the present The practice of giving cu?ency to every foolish statement of Impending disasters i most reprehensible, inasmuch as though no harm scars t >old and wealthy firms, great mischief follows, by ;ss of credit, to smaller establishment*, which by Inft snce may be considered likely to suffer. The Bank of Kngland are understood to have been beral In their advances during the laet few days; and ; is stated on good authority that * reduction In the ites at which paper baa been actually discounted by tiern may be expected. On the Stook Kxnhange as luch as ten per oent has been paid for temporary acuuiinodaiion at the settling, but this of course is no rlterion of tin general value of money. [Krom the London News, August 38 ] The repurt from Mark-lane brings tne announcement f another highly respectable house in the corn trade aviog been obliged to stop payment. 'i his, together 1th large airtval* of home grown wheat, ha'l the effect f depreciating the price of grain fully fts below Mon?y'< currency. J] By the return of the'Oattllt, of this evening, the h lovement of the Bank of Kngland for the week ending d a the Slit Instant, give* the following changes oompar1 with the wee* ending oa the UU? ??t. i? r la Ue n 1mu? the aote* is & ?! ##? # ' ?? ? [ERA 47. ad decreesed ?33.610, which had been produced by the crease of ?31673 of gold coin or gold bullion, and of ! 1.937 of silver bullion f On the debit Hide of the banking department the Kent d ad Increased ?lt.Nt,tb* publio deposits had incre**ed : ?7i >3H. the private or other deposits had de?rea?ed C <?55, and the mt?d day and other bill* had Increa- tl rd ?10 331, making the total of the liabilities ?31,- tl 0ft 3C3 P On the credit side the Government Securities e*hil?it- ei d no alteration; the other securities had decreased tl ? j#3,0<J4, the notes had increased ?495,773. and the geld st .nd silver coin had decreased ?13,699,which squared the C >coount fc The bullion in both departments of the Bank had deirea.H?d from ?9,J8?J,8i7 to ?9 330,618, being a difference C >f ?47,209. fr The paper in actual circulation, including the seven- Ci lay and other post bills, had decreased from ?19,401,030 K :o ? It*. 943,079, being a difference of ?518.931. It has bw?n curreutiy reported in the city to-day. by parties who usually know seme of the secrets of the bank SI larlur, that an immediate reduction in the rate of dls- di :ount will take place. The reasons for this confident umor are not given, but it is generally understood that he position of the Bank's affairs warrants the alteration l( referred to. Under the old system of bank management, the public had some means of kuowlng the probable [, sours* of action of the directors, but sinoe the restrio- fl Lions and impediments Introduced by the Bank Charter Act. the commercial public are only able to form a very indefinite opinion of what may probably be the ^decision it the court under certain given circumstances *' The bank's return of this evening shows the actual condition of the establishment, and the public will be 0 able to form their own opinion on the policy of the di- * rectors in maintaining so high a rate of Interest, under ? the peculiar circumstances in which the trade of the country is at present placed. The directors must be * aware that an appearance of liberality on their cart in- ' spires confidence in others; and that'the present disas- * ters In one branch of trade result almost entirely from ? the want of contidence which clroumstances have reoently created. * The state of the corn trade becomes a matter of importance to many besides those who are engaged in it. I The continued failure* of houtet of lite tint retpecta- t bility it creating a feeling ofiditlrutt,which, unlni hay- 1 p:ly checked at onci, will toon extend and increase the mitchi'f that hat already occurred The stoppage of a , firm like that of Messrs. YVoodley, or of several of those , already announoed, creates a feeling of anxiety for tbe , Arms which may be eiposed to louses; and it not unfre- , .jueotly leads to unfounded rumors, which destroys tbe | credit of those who would otherwise be able to withstand , the pressure. During the day various unfounded statements have reached us, wliloh prove, that not only j rumor Is busy in destroying oharacter, but that the pub- , lie are becoming exceedingly anxious with regard to the | effect of the several failures that have taken place. Wo trust that the worst has now occurred, and that, with a reduction In the rate of interest, we may have a decline J of those serious failures, which we believe have been chiefly occasioned by the want of legitimate bankiDg ac- 0 commodation?such as would have been readily afforded ' bv tbe Bank of F.ngland, and bankers generally, but for * the restriction placed upon their orudit by the Dank l barter Act. J [h'rom a Sllgo, Ireland letter, August 28. J ^ Kvery day within the last fortnight, vessels have arrl- ' ved at Sllgo from trans-Atlantlo ports and from the ' Mediterranean, with breadstuff'* for the extensive looal 1 Arm of Kernaghan St Co., which reoently failed for XIUO,000, and upwards. The freightage alone is eijual c to the value of the cargoes at present. The late jirm o complaint of having been deceived and betrayed by the. e falluctous promiiet of the Premier at to nun-interft- c rence with pi irate trading. The stores at Sllgo are now 4 crammed with breadstuff*. Kinest flour is disposed of at v 17sacwt; oatmeal, 14s; Indian meal, Ha to I us. t Paris Stock Kxcmanc.k, Aug. 27?Half past 4.?The ? market wai somewhat more active to-day, but still without any great amount of business being done. The Threes opened at 7 tifr 46o, and went down to 78fr. 40c , ' to rise again to 70fr. 4i>ic , and 7?fr. 45c.; they touched 8 7tifr. 40c several times during the day, but never went ? below that price, and finally closed at it; at 4 o'clock, they were at 76fr. 42>?c For Aooount, Fives and Threes I i have fallen 10c.; Roman has risen Ifr; llelglan I'ives The other foreign funds were neglected. Kor oash, Kives . have fallen lOo. Threes are unvaried?Railway shares were not much negotiated, and their quotations are again a shade lower. For acoount, Havre have fallen [Mr. 1 bOo , Vierzon 6fr. Dieppe and Orleans, 3fr. 7io. each; ' Lyons, Northern.and Bordeaux Ifr. 25c. each; Marseilles i have risen J>fr.; Strasburg 2fr. 60o. Kor cash, Versailles (Right Bank) nave fallen i>fr., Northern 2fr. 50c., l.youo, and Marseilles Ifr. 26o. each, Strasburg, Nantes. Rouen, and Dieppe are unaltered, Orleans have risen Ifr. 25a. The following is given by the Piette, as the reason why the ex-Minister of Finances found it necessary to deter till November the conclusion of the loau of 350,0(K),0(IU fraucH "M Lacave Laplagne (the Mluister of Finances) in February last, had very nearly decided ,| tuin ?,,r >hu Innn I >n~.< i t, ( ..I.. <1... I Kngiish cabinet, informed of his intentions, took the start of liim, anil on tne itith of that month, made a loan i of ?ti,li<M),uuo sterling .payable by monthly instalment*, i the last of whicb will become payable on September Hi , The announcement of the contract lor thin loan wax ho sudden that the Krvnrti cabinet had no time to reoonnoitre, and the capital if Is having declared to him that it ?a? impossible for them to think of a Kreuoh loan un- ' til the Engllnh loan was paid up, M. i.acare Laplague was compelled to postpone his.'' I The Cora Trade of Europe. IMTBRIAL WrtKU CURM AvliRtliK IN fcl?OLAND FOR Si I Wein. . Wkt. Brly. Oati. Hy.. Bnt. Ptai. a. d. >. (1. a. d. ?. d. a. d. a. d. Weeki ending July 17. 71 II 46 II 39 7 67 a 52 1 53 8 I " July 24. 75 6 45 II 30 5 59 1 51 6 63 0 1 " July 31. 77 3 45 3 31 1 57 1 51 8 46 6 " Auk. 7. 75 5 43 It 31 1 52 2 51 1 47 5 " Aug. 14. 66 10 40 7 2.1 1 40 2 54 5 42 10 " Aug. 20 . 62 6 3a 11 28 0 35 5 43 2 40 4 Aggregate average of ix weeks 71 11 43 7 39 0 51 11 53 4 47 4 [ h roni the I.oodou Oazotte, August 24 ] The following i? the monthly return by the commissioners of her majeaty'H custom*, showing the quantities of corn, grain, meal and flour imported into the United Kingdom in the month ended August 6, 1447 , the quantities admitted to home consumption during the aame month, and the quantities remaining in warehouse at the close thereof. Quantities imported into the United Kingdom In the month ending 5th August, la 17. Importt. Consumption In Warr.hou$r t^rt. JJtith. Qr? Buih. (irt. Bmh. Wheat 409,550 1 419.551 4 5,758 1 Barley 8J.869 7 81 110 7 746 4 "ata 223.761 I 213,790 6 3,895 5 Bye 2 610 3 2,643 2 ? < I'eai 12,768 3 12,768 3 308 1 Urana 59,210 0 59,219 0 705 5 I ludiia corn ...,461,885 3 461,88 > 3 728 3 Buckwheat .... 15 15 ? Total of-graiu. 1,253,?I7 I 1,253,967 7 12,112 7 ( Cwt. qrt. Hit. Cwt. <jrt. Hi. Cwt. qri. tb?. , Wheat Hour. ..656.172 0 7 656,179 0 2 23,229 0 ? Oatmeal 7,099 0 15 7,099 0 15 ? , Rye meal 174,515 3 21 174,515 3 22 ? ' ludiui meal... 151,231 0 10 151,134 0 10 1,124 2 23 ( Total meal and I Hoar 989,021 0 26 989,021 0 21 24,353 3 I i Livr.arooi., Aug 27.?At this day's market the attendance of dealers was pretty good, and sales of wheat 1 were made to a fair extent at fully the prices of Tues- J day, in some instances at rather higher. Though few oats at market, they were id to id cheaper; a few Irish 1 now, of only Indifferent quality, were sold at .Is per 4.5 1 lbs In grinding barley and bnans very little done, and for both w? continue our quotations. Indlau corn wu nought for, and the lower descriptions were 1* to 2s per 48(1 lb*, dearer. There was a good demand lor flour, but the show of samples being large, 6d per barrel under the previous price* was accepted for parcels on the quay ? Oatmeal cheaper; a little Irish, new, brought UAs per load. [From a DuUln Letter, Aug. 24 ] 11 Is beyond all question that the potato disease has reappeared, and simultaneously In various counties, and In districts far distant from each other. But the blight, as yet, Is less geueTal than in the two preceding years, and has exhibited ttflfelf In a form much less virulent Up to this time the jtotatoes at market have been very fine in quality; but u considerable portion of those consumed in Dublin have been Imported from Kngland. The price ranges from ten-pence to fifteen-pence per stoue of fourteen pounds, but at this rate ther are Ire yord the rt-acli of the working clasiieft, who And an eicdleut substitute tn Indian meal and oatmeal, both In abnndant supply at very moderate prices. Respecting the potato blight, tha following appear* in tha Dublin XYemn* Pull? " Accounts have been received from Sligo, Mayo, and Wlcklow, to the effect that the blight has unequivocally hown Itself in those place* In Urange ( on, VVicklow, the estate of Mr. Mahony, the potato* b?ve U?oomn tainted, and suddenly, too The name calamity haa occurred, much about the name time, In a diNtant part of that county; and the authority of Mr. Cooper, ef Macrea astie. has been quoted to us as a testimony of the faliure In a part of hit county, Mllgo." Na inconsiderable portion of our very limited potato J] crop haa already been coniiumed, no that even )f the blight should become general, no rery disastrous consequences oould ensue There would, to be sure, be a serious loss ol food; but potatoes hare altogether censed to be the food of the laboring olaeses and the poor, who constitute four or five millions of our population ^ With regard to the grain crop, nothing oould be more atlsfactory than the aeeount from all quarters *t to tne quantity and theyield Thegreeu cropa. too, nr.; getting on well, with the etceptlon of rery partial Injury to turnips, but th? breadth sown is enormous. Porlngml. News to the 19th August had been received The ? Queen has but half obeyed the ordera of the miniiters of the three confederated powers; her ounditlons for the formttion of a new Cabinet were of such a character, > as at first sight to forbid their acceptance The Eng- \ llsh fleet hid gone to the Mediterranean, leaving only in t. the Tagii* the < am pus, the America, and two steamers. (Greece. News has been received from Athens, relative to the n Greece-Turk difference. which I*, as jot, not entirely esolved The new legislature waa opened at Athens tl >n the nth August, by King Olhoin peraon. IimIIm. A change of rnlere had been effected peacefully in tha *epal; that Is. a? far a* the new* vet goes, the King liay k ng fled on the occasion of* revolt of his troops Induced tl >y his I'rime Minister, who had learnt that hta master ti signed hla death u In Lahora, though tranquility ralgnad, still Col. Law- U a^a, tha British Raaldsnt, waa not without faati of m f< LD Pile* Two CtnU. ( Ulna. Atopy of the Ceylon Colombo Timti, extra. waa posted pin the uudcrTriUra' rooms. at Liverpool, on Tunay. fruin which the following Ktract in taken: ? "A Colombo Tunc*,extra of the 16th Of July (Isle Of eylon). contain* a wry alarmingrumour with rwftrd to le relations of thin country with <.tiin? The report is, lat theattaek on the I! >nue Korta had rnnaed a d?a#rate spirit of hoatility agaiuiit all foreigner*, but iperially th? Kngliah. an't had lad to a g?u?ral rising of le people of i anion againat them The report further atea that the coniula had been compelled to leave an ton. and that the Kuropeaua ware preparing to lloir them." The above news la aald to have been brought to olonibo by the Haddington steamer. which received It om thw captain of a vea?el who had been despatched to alcutta for troops, to reinforce the garrison of Hong ?"g niwcllMtoni Intelligence. The Hlbernla reached Liverpool on the liHth Auguat. la made the paasage from Halifax in nine and a half iys. According to a letter from Vienna of the JOth, the lnlligence troin ( ailicia waa unsatisfactory, great agltaon reijeniug Id the proilnon tiii at Lcinburg. 1 h?* rleat, who waa to have been executed, haa bad his aan ince commuted to twenty years' imprisonment in the irtreaa of Kufatuin. 'I'o* ,1ug$l)urg Gaztitr haa the following from Letserg. in Austrian Oaliicia, dated tba ltfth '' The au ttorltie* have found it nee?-?iiary to put a stop to til* ally processious of the inhabitants to the burial placa f tun two I'oiat who were recently executed. A police Kent having ordered one of these processions, consisting f persons, to dispose, and no atteution being paid a hie summons, he called out a force of twenty soldiers, 'ho etfected the dispersiou without difficulty Several eraons, including females, were arrested. but they war* son liberated The Countess U , who had bean lakiog great efforts to g?t up a petition for mercy In ?vor of the eondenined role*, lias bi'cn forced by the uthoritle* to quit." A Vienna letter state! that H*edlak, the chief of the easants who bad taken part with the Austrian* against he l'olish nobility in Oalilola, has received a gold medal roin the K.mperor, aa a reward for his conduct. The German journal* speak of a project of an ex change >f territory between llanover. Oldenburg and Denmark/ whioh is rendered desirable for the establishment of a railway from Luberk to Hamburg The Grand Duke [>f Oldenburg would have to cede Kutln or the principality of Lubeck to Denmark, receiving a portion o( K?sturn Krise from Hanover, and Hanover would receive Lauenburg from Denmark The differences in the value of the respective concessions would be made up In money. Denmark, it 1* said, Is not quite favorable to :he project. A letter from Turin, of the 2 Jd. which, however, does lot guarantee the correctness of the statements, says : 'An important piece of new* has just become ourrent In iur city. It is said that King ? Uarles Albert has fornally protested against the occupation of Ferrara by he Austrian*, and that the protest has been sent to all he power* Besides that, It i* said that the king has rritten to the I'ope to place his army and navy at his liepoaition, in case the independence of the Tontiflcal itate* should be attacked by Austria. It is impossible o form an Idea of the enthusiasm which this intelligence ias created. The Conititutinnnel says :?" It has already been anlounced that the Kiug of Naples had felt the necessity f entering on the path of reform; that ne had diminishd the price of salt, aud abolished the duty ou grinding orn: It is now added that he has permitted the introkuctlon of some of the journals of Home which were pr?iously prohibited; of late, even the Diarin di Komm had teen interdicted. The .Marquis d Ar.-gllo, a Sardinian ubjeot, had been lately refused the visa of his passport o proceed to Naples; It has now been offered to him." Ab del Kader ha. sent a letter to the ({ueen of Kranoe, Vmelta, requesting her to lend her assistance In the negation ot a peace between him and the Freneh govirnment. Thn Duchess of Kent, Queen Victoria's mother, Lias )--eu visiting liombourg. The Loudon Gazette, of the J7tH August, coutnins a reaty maile between Ureat Britain mi l Tuscany The China Intelligence, of an unfavorable nat?r?, in a Ceylon paper, Is not altogether relied upon, though it sertainly bears the semblanoe of trulh I' pon the whole, a content with the Chiuese, with every prospect of suece??, would be much deplored The tea market ha* some firmness, the consumption oontinuing good, although the stock in London this month exoeed* by 6,uOJ,u3<> pounds thu quantity held in August, 1H46. Wo learn from Canton that all trade was ut a stand, aud It has become more unsafe than ever to quit the factories. The people only increase lu fury; tbey threat* en to burn down the factories, unless a claim to the ground on the ilonam side s relin<]uisheed A fresh supply of ammunition has been forwarded from Hong Kong, lu short, affairs are worse now than everj and Lhere if every probability that a real and competent axsedition, with the admiral at its head, will be the next itep resorted to. The Reform Banquet, which was to have been held at llenux, on the Jfth September, is postponed to th? Kith inst. Mr Cora Oussley, late Minister to the i'lata Itlver rom Kngland, has arrived in hngland on board the Cu acoa frigate The l> reucli Minister M. Deff*u41e, wai Kily expected at Brest. The 1'rince de Jolnville bad gone to St. Cloud to re h labile li biri health Princess Januaria, wife of Comte d'Aquila, and sifter Lo I'rincrss Joinviilit, liu been delivered of a boy, who la to be named after his grandfather, Louis I'hilt(>|M? .Maria, The long contemplated attempt to get off the celebrated steamer Ureal Britain, came off on the 31st ult., and proved to be a total failure, altnough aided by a government steamer of sis hundred horse power No hope remains to rescue her ; and no other like effort will be tried again. The King of the Two Sicilies has reduced tba tales throughout his dominions, especially that on salt. It Is said that it will cause a deficit in his treasury of aevaral millions. A terrible steamboat explosion took place on the asth of August, on the Thames The boiler of the Cricket, a river boat, exploded. About 160 passengers were on board ; six were killed, and many wounded. Moeara Kampeh, on the eastern ooast of Sumatra, has been declared a free port by the liovernor General of Netberlauds India. The United States have increased the postage on papors passing from the IJoeton steamers to Caaada, la oonsequenre of whiah orders have been issued from tba Ueneral Tost Office here to add one half penny In prepaying the papers from this eountry to Canada. Market*. l.ntHroni. Cotto* Miastr, Au7. Ud ?The transactions in our cotton market are still ou a very limited icale. The trade rules dull, but prices are supported, rim sales to-day are estimated at about 3<XH) bales, all to the trade. Aun. 30.?The market is well snppiled, and holdera ire deoireu* of realising; but the sales to-dav are con ined to 40i)0 balex, Including AOfl for export, at an: banged price*. Au?i J7 ?The Male* of cotton for the week are 30.710 balm, including IMo Hea Inland at I3X a J id, 40*teinuied io, 6 a liid, J'wo I pland. OX a 7'*; V-Mi) Orleans, 0?t; WOO Mobile, OX a 7 '4. The import* were 'JO,209 bale*. Df the dale*, 10iK) American and -to I Hurat are on (pronation, and 10h<) American for exportation. We have tgalri to write the market dull and llfeles*. but prloM ,teady and unyielding at I ant week* currency, and tbU ipplte* to all deaurlption* The committee'* quotation* to-dny for fair cotton ar??Bowed, 7VI; Mobile, 7 Id; tnd Orleans, 7\*d. tiOOTATIOWi. Upland. Orl'nt 4* MohiU. Ordinary 6', it;, I MuldliuK.... ! 7 a7>(d 7 * 7 V' Kair 7>4?7J,d 7X*'>*d flood fair 7X ? 7\d 7)J a Iw liood 7X?|j H't ?\1 8*Lr?, iMfURTS, lie lie. ISIS IH7. Sale* Jan. 1 to Aug 27 bale* 1 2I3.9J9 1,041,510 Ol which ^American I,017,#H? 790,090 Import* #11,31# 741,711 Of winch American DM,Ml 62i,?0J KiporU 7I.3?T 41 ,i?91 I If which American 71 Jill . i Taken for conm mptioa. DJ.170 710,340 Ol which Amcno in III.JI0 iii'4''! OempnteiT utocii 7'2,2i4 MS.ilO Of wlucli American 441.640 301,970 > n . Aa, I'moi i ?n A n aA/iADn# niiraitanf /> 7th and 8th Victoria, nap S3, for the week ending on Saturday, the 21st ef August, 1847. lin t DcraiTMKNT. Votes luued ?22.011,910 Gov't drbt ?11,1*11,100 Other sernritirs... 2.9*4.900 Oold com Ik. bullion 7fi?i,rji Hllvtr bullion 1.069,20(> ?22.614,9(0 ?22,ill,940 B**ki?<i llv.rtnTxi.iT. roprietors'espl.. .?14,113,000 Um't M-cnrities tr?t 3,734,312 (includiiiR dr.id ulilic deposit* (in- M right annuity). .? 11 6J6.J40 eludingf,icliri|ucr, Other securities... 16,116,341 Havings' , Banks, Note*.., ... .... ?,im,0J0 Commissioners of (iuldaiid sil?er emu 624,47k National Debt, and Uividnd Accounts) 6.130,834 Ither deposits... . 6,931,#36 even day and other bill* ?l?,l.? 431.I6.V3H3 ?33.*S1 Ml Livgarooi., Aug '2M ? ofton ?New Origan* 6%' a 0; Georgia Hl* h, market very dull on account of the daremed statu of money matters; Hi*>0 bale* cold lMt raak. ll*v*r M*mi?.r, Aug 3" ? Cotton per ftfl klllog ma Oid Low mid. Mid. (food mid. Fair. few Orleans 192 91 UK) I (It |P) lobile . ... 92 91 100 10] l?7 iroren and Florid* .. 92 91 99 10'J 101 \V'n?at per 300 kiU'gni*.?f 40 a SO. from common to jperior quality; Hour per bbl , New York, f33A0a 1 i0; do New Orleans, f 33 40. We are Indebted to Messrs. Livingston, Wells and Co ! Pari* Liprfsa Agency, for the following commercial itelllgi'Dce, which is to the latest moment ? Logons?The continued light state of the money marel ha* kept the cotton trade dull, but s- holders keep le market moderately supplied, previous rates are main lined The ruling prices are, fo* New Orleans. fll* to Bowed Oeorgla, 6\ to ?\d. Kiour, Wheat, fca? 'peratlons In foreign wheat and flour, daring the lest irtnifht, have been rather limited, and prices muitl? MlM froa la. to Sa. per ?r lower tot ?M| ttl mm

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