Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 18, 1847, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 18, 1847 Page 3
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- Totrm* of law to minister to the sll-controlllng necessities of hunger. Changes similar in character, and measurably in extent, though In many casus temporary in Juration, have b?nn adopted by several other i'.nrip-an (fovernments. undur circumstances wbioh re*<ier it v.rv doubtful how soon, if ever, a return wi* !> made to the former policy o? a close trade in thi-uecea arie* I'fhiimwi life New w irkt tM of vaet extent and Incalculable value li?v? ti n? b*en opened for our agrijuHurs) surplus. the durability and steadiness of wlnc'l it is impossible yet to measure with oertalnty. It it io our p?wer to say. liowHV?r thai * jrreat boiiy of prov~catlon? to countervailing restrictive commercial regulations is now rejnovf'l in Hotne instances perms-uently. and In others temporarily in form; and it would neem to he the part of wi?i]"m. tor the Rnri"ulture of this country, by furnish iit these msrkrt* to the extent of the doni-md. with the best articled, at the fairest prices, to dhow to those t< untriea, and th?lr respective government*, tfiat re ciprocal commercial repr'atlons, if they offer no other and b'ghcr attraction*. preMnt to their people a ?afegilird ?tM V.?t ion Sii"b U the connection, now, between our aj^ieulture and the export trade and foreign market; and these relations are to bo extended and strengthened, rather than ' ircimiierlbed and weakened, by our agricultural adTMir>? The coniamptlon of the country Is far abort ?f its production, and cannot become equal to It within any caleulable period. On the contrary, the excess of production Is to increase with the increase of population and settlement, and the Improvements In agriculture and ngrieultural eilunatlon. Th"se appear to me to be faot*. eriitiug from the condition of our country, and the tastes and inclinations of our people, fixed beyo?d the powor of change, and to which theories and principles of political aooi ouiy inuat be conformed, to be made practically applicable to us. _ , i s'.mpty propose to inqaire a* to fact, wmen muni control tfin application of theories and principles of polltlrai economy touching this point, to our oountry aad it-* ?<riru'tura! population, without ratsingaay question to the wisdom oftha one or tho soundness of the other Is tho consumption of this country equal to its agricultural production, or c?u it beeome so within any calculable period of years? How is tho fact ? May I not inquire without off?nce, or transoending the limits I have prescribed for myself in the discussion ? Can a fair ex uninution scrupulously confined to this point, take a political beering or disturb a political feeling ? It Is certainly not my dosign to wound the feeling* of any member of tt?? society, or of any citizen of the country ; and I have convinced myself that I inay make thil inquiry, and express thi; conclusion!* of my own miud as to the result, without doing either. If I shall prove to be In error it will be an error as to the fact inquired after, and not ai to the soundness ot tlx principle in political economy dependent upon the fuct for its application, becausa ?' to the soundness of the principle I attempt no dlfousston and offer no opinion. It will be an error as to thii applicability of a theory to our country, and not as to the wisdom or policy or the thoor/, when it can ba practically applied. I studiously refrain from any expression as inappropriate here. With the Indulgence of the Hooiety, I will inquire as to the fact. Our country la Tery wide and very new. It embraces every variety of climate and noil most favorable to agricullural pursuits. It produces already almost every agricultural staple, ana the most important are the ordinary productions of extrusive sections of the country, and a.-e now rent to the markets in great abundance. Yet our agriculture is in its infancy almost everywhere ? anil at It* maturity nowhere. It is believed to be entir'ly s&fe to assume that there is not one single agri cultural county in the wholo Union, filled np lu an agricultural sets#-not odu such county which has not yet Hud to lie brought into cultivation, and much more land, the cultivation 01 which is to be materially iniprovad, before it can bo considered an having reached the measure of ita capacity for production. If this be tru t of the best cultivated agricultural county in the Union, how vast ia the proportion of those counties which hfiv? entire townships, and of the States which have uot merely counties, but entire districts, yet wholly unpeopled, and unreclaimed from the wilderness state. When to this broad area of the agricultural field of our country we add our immense territories, organized and unorganized. who can compute the agricultural capacities of the United States, or fix a limit to the period wheuonr surplus agricultural productions will Increase with increasing ye?rs and population? Compare the ceiihaa of 1830 and 1140 with the map of the Union, and witness tku increase of population in the new Status, which are almost exclusively agricultural, and who can doubt the strong and rssistlcss inclination of our people to this pursuit? Conaect with these considerations of extent of country, diversity of soils. Varieties of climate, an?l partial and imperfect cultivation, tke present agricultural prospects of this oountry Witness the rapid advances of the lust <ii.zH> years in the character of our cultivation, the <iaality and quantity of our productions from a given breadth or land, and the improvements in all the implements hy which the labor of the farmer is assisted and applied. Mark the vaj-t change in the current of educated mind of the country, ia respect to this pursuit; tlx awakened attention to its high respectability as a prof?stinu, to ita safety from hazards, to its heallbfulneas to niiud and body, aud to its productiveness. Listen to the sails for information, for education, upon agri cull ntnl subjects, aud to the demands that this education shall eonsticute a. department iu the great and allpervadtug system of our common suhool education,a sul j>'cl at this moment receiving the especial atteutlon un>l bring pressed forward by the renewed energies of this aim'.ijty. Heboid the numbers of professors, honored T?i:n < iigiwt. imimnniiiiii 01 learning couierreu in cur country, devotioa their liven to geo.ogioal anil chejiiii-.:I researches calculated to evolve the law* of nature r. muected ?lth agricultural production. Uo Into our ?:oH: and risii! utiou* of learning, aud count the youurf men tailing industriously for their te q.iali'j themselves to become practical and successful fai lut- ii. already conv'ujo-<d that equally with the clrrical. in* legal, and the as<4ioal pret'essious, that of agrirul'uru requires a thorough aud systematic education, a.11 in snane-sftal practice the exercise of au active lain 1 dryi.ied to diligent study. Tli American farmer, then, while carefully studying. i'.n he nhi-uid not fail to do, tliu necessities. the wants aud the tat ?s of all classes of consumers of his productions in his own oouiitay, uiust not limit his researches for a market within those narrow boands. lie mint extend )iia observations along the avenues of commerce, an fur ;m th? i (nnin?rc? of his conntry extendi), or can be ex tended. iMid Instruct himself as to the necessities and -. rants aad tastes of the cimnumtri of agricultural productions in other countries. He must observe atten tive'.y the eouiie of trade, and the causes calculated to ex?ri a t'??oralil? or advene iutinencu upon it; watch ?li s?ly the commercial policy of other countries, and geard vigilantly that, of his own; accommodate his prodins; iu,a as far as may be to the probable demands upon the luatfcut. and u*d?rstand how to preparo lb?m for ' ? particular market for which they are designed Next l ) th?i p reduction ol tlie bast article at the cheapest price, its presentation iu the market in the bust order HUd . at inviting condition, is important to secure to tlie fariaiir a ready and remunerating market. An Img as inr agricultural shall continue to be an ex porting interest, these considerations, as second only to the ii'ieiice of production itself, will demand oarcful attention and study ot our farmers, and in any well digested *j s'oiu of tgriculturai education, its connection with unufactureti aid the mechanic arts, with oommerce wrh th? coininereial policy of our own and other countries. aud with the domestic and foreign markets, should bold a prominent plitoe A thorough and oontinued tviucai ion in these eollaterai, but highly necessary blanches of knowledge to the farmer, will prove extensively useful to the American citizen, beyond their applxatioa to the productinu and sale of the fruits of bis la'ior They will qnalify him the more safely aud intelligently to discharge the duties of a freeman, and. if called ay lii? fellow-citizens to do so, the more beneficially t'i .*frvi> his Mute aud country in legislative and other public traats. I hop* 1 may <>!f?r another opinion in this connection, with u: . .iTr-u nr i respafsing upon the proprltitied ol j.he p.ace anil cccMion. It is that this educatiou ia the just hu(1 true conneotiou between the agricultural, the commercial, and the maaulaoturing interuti <>f our country, equally and impartially disseminated nuinn< the classe* of cltitens attached to each ot tli*?e yreut branches of labor, would effectually put an ml to the jealousies too frequently excited; demonstrat lag l" every mi mi, so educated, that, go far from either beti.g in any decree the natural antagonist of the other, thry ure all parte of one great and naturally harmonious ayniiMu of human Industry, of which a fair encourage iii -iit to any part ia a benefit to all; and that all invidious and pirtiul encouragement to any part at the expanse ofai.y other part, will prove to buan injury to all The education proposed will do all that can be done to mark the trme line between natural and healthful encour*gM*ent te either interest, and an undue attempt to i.dvauce any one. at the expense of the united system. merely produolag an onnatnral and artificial relation aud anion, whlcb oannot fail to work disease and i.Jary. l ie labors of this society, and of kindred associations, hare done much to inform the minds of our faruivrs in ttife.- collateral brauohes of knowledge useful to them, fin i much rimialtis to be done. The science of nroilun I.on claim* the Hrut piano. and Is a wide Held, as yet bo I imperii oily cultivated an to afford little time for collateI rnl Wbors To secure a ?table and healthful market.and I to li<?ru how to reUilu aad Improve It, also opeu an ex| te.mve ti -Id lor the mental labors and energies of the I farmer. U-iw?en these object* the relation is intimate. I and the dependents mutual The production makes I the mirket, and the maiket sustains the production The prunpaot of a market stimulates to aotlvity in the I field of production, an l the fruits of that octivlty urge I tin- iiiiiid to wake the proepeot real. Success in both I contributes to the health huiI vigor and prosperity of I agrleuit nre, and of that prosperity, commerce and maI naUitures cannot fail lar?ely to partake. All are willing to promote the cause of agriculture in I Our State audOodntiy. Mam are ready to lend an active I oo-operation, ami all are cheerful to sae accomplished I any valuable Improvement 111 tills great branch Of proHi Ami mMmmj. riu ilflnltjUttett ha* i>?*u lu ad ii ? any g ai-ral plau to elT<-ot this desirable object M*ii, - must usually, whea the public muni has been I awakened to toe subject. arbitrary, and, in many cases vision ry xpartmaiiu have been introduced, ha*'d upon no phi <"OfhlOMl Inv sngation of causa and effect, out I upon ?< me accidental trial, by a single individual, of ,m? n v. i mo le .r culture, which, under the drum I i-i inoee attending the experiment, has met with success Tin? single experiment, without an enquiry lato, or a Ln I* e u.. .,i I lie cause which, In the given cane, baa se pin-id i successful result la at once recommended as an infalllbln ruin of husbandry. The publication aud I ilirsemination of detached expailmenta of tbia kind, for alo. g perioj, constituted the moat material additions to tha stock of literary Information oonneoted with agriaul i, ii.. Hiiiplivd to our ftrmers ; while many of the experi uiants we e too Intricate and aomplicated to be reduced to practice wilh anv oertalnty of acouracy, aud others so iipSMln t hat the most perfeot aucceaa would n< warn i the outlay. UhmmM attempts to i ii low til" Iliri-ollons given for making tlieae experiments, br Hi, lit what a uu.t to be dauoininated " book farming" I into ?t disrepute with the ibdustrlons, frugal aud I a 'i' ful-ai mers of the onuntiy, anil excited a jealousy I 1. ?i l"',ju'1i?e agaln?t this daeonpti-'n if li,f iui?. I *:n > u,i 1 -g11cnit ui a> sut'jacts, wlilch it ha* oust years oi I j '( i i i "ea-.i.g eft ,n io auy nieanure to allay, aui HI >4. mi" U' olo.' cal re. earch. heretofore prlnI i ip ' . a I in iteal Hon into the mineral k ngI d in I I p I V ended to It* legitimate nlloa, Mil ' 1 kihi.ii u i Eliminations the formation I ot and ti.en mluuii' constituent parts t U' . j li -e i-niuuii'iioeil where gemf'ijv n -nil, %nd by Hi UitM cObstUuents >> ...a various aoUa, iii ike ftgrlflulUrftl pfvduott, ?id of Ue ,mal rarwurw. U laboring to ostabliah upon philosophical priuolpleri the true relation* between the soil and the manure to be applied, and between both and the orop to be p'anted and produoed. It U seeking out, with rapid lUecMU'. the appropriate food of the various vegetables cultivated by the firmer.the soils and manure* In which t.he food for each is found, and the way in which it may be inorit successfully admlnistsr"d. 80 with the food of the dnuKKtio auimalr. and the moat economical manner of feeding them. Tlie?e investigations are the reverse of the former system of arbitrary experiments There, a result was ui 1 ie to justify the arbitrary means adopted to produce it Mere, cuuius are ascertained, and, being so ascertained, are relied upon to produce their natural effect, which effect is the result nought. The importance of this great subject is effectually arousing the attention of the literary an I scientific men of the oc untry, and the suocess already experienced is drawing to these researches mindu quillfled for the labor, and energies ei|ual to Its rapid advancement. The progress mado is bringing together the unsettled mind of the country, and producing the very general impression that the time has arrived when the foundations of a systematic, practical agricultural education should be had, and the superstructure commenced. It is ualversally conceded that agriculture has shared but lightly in the fostering care and government patronage which have been liberally extended to commerce and manufactures, nor is It believed that additional public expenditure is necessary to enable the Htate to do *11 that can reasonably be required of it. to acoompllsh this great object Our educational funds are rioh, and the colleges, academies and common schools of the State share liberally in the distributions from them, while a normal stihool. Ibr the education of teashers, instituted at the seat of government, is also mainly supported from these iunds. These institutions present the organisation, through which, peihaps better than through any independent cbann'1, this instruction can be universally dlsseniinatcd among the agricultural population of the State The annual additions to the school district libraries may be made with reference to this branch of edncaticn. and thus place within the reach ?f all. the dis?overie* as they frit I'gl U<>fV ItHU mo ruifu UI UUIUBUUi; UOUUtVU ??WUI vuru., a* they 'hall b? settled and giveu to tba public from the pens of thu roai potent professors engaged in pursuiugthe researches. This society, and like associations, may, through appropriate committee!, their corresponding secretaries, public ipirited commercial men, and otherwise, oolleot and embody in their transaction, facts and Information rtepeotlng the markets, foreign and domestio; the present and probable supply of agricultural products; the mod* and manner of presenting the principal productions in various markets in the most acceptable form; the state and prospects of trade at home and abroad, and the changes present and prospective In the commercial policy of our owu aud other countries, with the probable inftuunces upon the agricultural market. The cornmercittl and agricultural press will doubtless come powerfully to the aid of the Associations, in all efforts of this character, and having these great objects in view. In this way the foundation may be gradually laid, and the materials collected for the commencement of those agricultural studies, which time and application, with the ooustant evidence of their utility iu practice, would ripen into a tystem, to be engrafted upon the course of regular studies pursued in the ooileges. academies and common schools, and made a branch of the studies of the male classes in the Normal School, piaoed under the superintendence of an Instructor selected for the purpose, and qualified to prepare his olasses for teaching tUf Htuuies in the common schools of ibe State Thus a generation of farmers would soon oemo forward, well educated in tbe great and essential principles of agricultural production; in the true relations existing between agriculture, commerce and manufactures, uod in tho adaptation and preparation of their produots for the agricultural markets. Such farmers, with the continued aid of the schaols In whioh they were taught, would become tbe best manual labor instructor* for their uccnaiora. The passage of time remind* mo that I am extending these remarks bey end the proprieties of the ocaasion and thu patience of my audienoe. A single reflection shall clone them. However confidently the opinion maybe entertained that other circumstances and relatione might present a prospect for the agriculture of our stnte and country more stable, independent and llattering, certain it is. thut the future here opened is full of cheering promise. We sen it in the strongest possible security for our beloved country, though an indefinite period against the scourge ol famine. Our varied soil and climate and agriculture double thU security, as the disease aud failure ot' any one crop will not, as a necessary censequence, re duce'auy class of our population to au exposure to death from hunger. Weseealso, in addition to feeding ourselves, that our surplus is almost, if not altogether, sufficiently, if faithfully aud prudently applied, even now to drive famine from the length and breadth of Kurope \ad that it is in our power, by faithful mental and physical application, soon to make it equal to the expulsion of hunger from the commercial world. We see that, dependent upon the commercial markets, our agriculture may bring upon our country a high degree of prosperity. and enable us, when extraordinary occasion* shall call for its exercise, to practise a national benevolence as grateful to the hearts of the humane as to the wants of the destitute. And we see that by the wider diffusion aud more secure establishment of a successful agrleul i ure among our ciMzuns. as a permanent employment, w* are laying broader and deeper the foundations of our free institutions, the pride and glory of our country, and prized by lis freemen as their riubes earthly blessing ; ibe history of all civil government, confirmed by the experience of this republin,furnishing demonstrative prool inaury, arts thu safest repository of freedom and free institutions. Col. Joawsoiv, Chairman of the Kxecutlvo Commlltee. CIimu aunounced the names of the successful competitors and the premiums to which they were respectively en tilled. FRHMIUMfl AWARDED. Cattle?Class 1, Durham.?To Bell 8t Morriu, Wostohester county, $40, and American Herdsman; H. N i arey, Morris, $15 and American Herdsman; John U l'?c*er, Charleton, .Saratoga county, American llerde man. Hulls?Two year* old?T. B. Wakaman. Herkimer county, $lj and American Herdsman; Gso. Vail, Troy $10 and American Herdsman. Bills?Y earllugs?K. P. I'rentlce, Albany, $10, and American ,'H>-rdsman; I). D. Campbell, Schenectady, $5 au(l American Herdsman, Cows?Three Year* and upwards?Geo. Vail, Troy $ and American Herdsman; K. f. Prentice, Albany $ln and American Herdsman. Cows?Two Vear* and upwards?T. B. VV'akeman. Herkimer, $15 and Amerioan Herdsman; George Ohien. Schenectady, $10 and Amerloau Herdsman; George Vail. American Herdsman; D. 1). Campbell, $5, an American Herdsman. Bull Calves?T. B. Wakcman, $5; George Vail, Washington's Letters Hkiitkk Calves?George Vail, $8; do. do., Washing ton's Letters. Class J?Hereford*?George Clark, Hyde, Otsego oounty. $i0: Kd. Wells, Johnson, Kultou county, $10; Kd Wells, $15. Cla?? 3? Devon Bulli, Three Vears?Nelson Washburn. Butternuts, $'J0. Bulls?1'wo Vears?Same, $15. Bi;lls?Vearly?Same, $10. Bull Calves ?Same, $5. Cows?Same, $i0. llkiri k Calves?Same, $5 and Washington's Letters; same, Washington's Letter. < lam 4? AyruxUirtt'd bulls, yearling?E. 1). Prentiow, III. Cnwi?C. N, Bemeat. $'20; K. P. Prentice, $16. Heifers?K. P. Prentice, $16; C. N. Bemunt, $10. Bull Calf?C. N. Bomant, $6. Hkiflr Ciltii?1). P. l'rentioe. $#. Cuii 6?(roan and Native?Cowt, 3 years old?To John Leo, Cambridge, Washington Co., $20; Nelson Washburn. Butternuts, $16; Phint<aa Kletcber. Saratoga Spring, $10. .jt two year old Heifeii?C. N. Benient, $16; N. Washburn, $10: D. Oillett, $6. 11 kifer ? John ,l.eo, Cambridge, Washing ton Co., $10; C. N. Bement, $6; Joshua Haven, Sar.ito ga Springs, vol. Trans. Heifer Calves?John Lee, Cambridge, $5; II. II Lawrence, Saratoga Springs, Washington's Letters. Bulls?J. Wood, Oreeutirld, Saratoga County, Washington's Letters; D. Beer*, Ballston, Vol. Trans. Cattle ?Best yoke, 4 or 6 years ? Klan Sheldon, Bennett, Cayuga co , $1 j; Pliny Gould, Kast Nassau, $10; John Lee, Cambridge, volume 1'ransactions. Thiiek tear on) Steers ?Lion Sheldon, $10; D. Oillett, $H; J. S. Wadsworth, Geneseo, volume Transacaotious. 1)i?t 'tis voces ?J. S Wadsworth, $16. Best voee two veae Old?E Sheldon. $10; L. Smith, $6; 11. N Carey, Ylarcy.Oneidaoo., volume Transactions. Yearliko Steers.?A GJbert, Hamilton, Madison oo. J P. Noxon, Stillwater, Saratogaoo , $6. Training fair three year old Steers ?j. A. Adams, volume TraDsaotions; A. 8. Gilbert, volume Transactions. Kat Cattle?Fat Sheep -Mileh Cows.?A. Stevens New York, diploma; K. P l'rentioe, Ilsrd Book; II. N ' arev. volume Transaction*: J do : II N l.nur ienow, do.; Wm. Wolford. ao. ?C1m*1?All Work.?J. MUliuian, Oreenw oh, Washington co., 9> I A: 8. Christie, Mayll'ld, Fulton co * $10; D. A. Ci ruell, I'itatowu, Kenneellaer oo.,a copy of Vouatt; L. M. Lowu. Saoco Lake, volume Transaction*. iloair.a?Claa* 4, Draught Mare* ? J. P. Burnett, Syr* cu?e, $16; J. Daniel*, (ireunfield, $10; II. W. Deulo, Sarat >ga, Vouatt. 1)kau<>ht lloRar*?Shelden Clark, $18. Ubldinui ami MiirHii) llonnti?A. Merrill, Home, diploma; P. Moiralty, Saratoga Spring*, Youatt Matchku iloaic* HOli* Jordan. Onondaga County, $h and diploma; A. Kreemao Milton, Saratoga Couuly, $S; C. Jasper, Onondaga. Volume Transaction* Sniu:r-C laes I, long woolled ? Meat Bunk?L. J. Van Al?tiu?. Canojabarle, $10; E. II Ireland. Watertliet, $ft. Urn Kivk Kmi-Wn, Kathbone, Springfield, Saratoga I OUlllJ. $lo. < l?m 'J -MUdle Woolled, Be*t Buck?T. B. Wakeuian, Herkimer, $I0; J D. Molntyre, Albany, $S; T U Wakeman, Am Shepherd. But Jlwkv?T. B. Wakeman, $10; name, $?; J. Mcl*tyre. Am. Shepherd. Bs?r KiTt-LaMBf?T. B. Wakeman, $0. Cun 8?Merinotr and their OradM, be?t Bucks?J. Blackrtdee, Salem, Wa*tch**ter County, $10 ; J. B. liolinea, Saratoga County, $6; I). 8. Curtis, Canaan Col. County, American ihepherd. Bur E?m-J. Hlackulee, $10; D. 9. Cur tin $6. Clam 4 Saxon* and their Grade*, beet Buck*?J. Harwell, Hoo*iok, Kensaellaer County, $A; W. Josylin, Bushwick Bridge, $6; 11. Wbltlook, North Salem, American ihepherd. But Kwr.*?W Josylin, $6; J. I. Randall ''lay,Onondaga County, $'>; J. Ilaswell, American thepherd. swijik, utui Bbekd?Beit boar, -Jyr* old, II. Holmes, Saratoga Spring*. $10; best do I year Old, J. I'itney, Saratoga Spring', $*; beat do, fi month* old, J. Pitney, $3; best mi*. 2 year* old, T. B Wakeman, $10; do do I year old, J. Stewart. Saratoga Spring!, $H Swiuk., Small l)*> n? Beet *ow, 2 yarn old, J Stewart, Saratoga Spring*, $10; do do 1 year old, J I'itney, $H; b ut lot of pigs, J. 1'ituey. $f?; seooud beet. N. Milton, Whelon, Sarat' ^a >,ouut>. Volume of 1 rausaotion*. Plow*?Miaer, Ilortou it Co , I'eelukill, $10 and dlploma. Coai? aki Co? C?i;ihkh?? J. Aader*on, Louisville Ky $u auii diploma, U I' Powell, Saratoga Spring*. $>; It Warren, Troy, $i aud diploma, and aererai other*, who got diploma*. uu 111 * - B?*t lot In thirty day* from At? cow*. -A. i Cr>?oker, I nivu. Broom co ,'J4? Ibi K. H.?,fans, <>a?UUo?.,8M IU? , 01?, Best twenty-five pounds mad* In J una?John Halbart, J Chemung oo , $10; A. C. Crocker, volume Transac- J tloni. ? Best fifty pounds made at any time.?(not reported) ft $16 ; o. C. Crocker, Union, $10. e Chkkse ? Best 100 pounds old?w. Keese, Auxsable, ; f Clinton co . $16 ; T. Biroh. Little Falls, $10. fi U?ki Iuj Ibn lew than one Tear old?T. Bireh, $15; c W Keese, $10 p 8il* -roooons and Silk-Sewing?Mri. Louisa Wssoott, s1 Urt-enftuld, Saratoga oo., $10. i Uom(iti? MtsvricTvmi?Beet Woollen Blankets? a (i \V Henry. Mxrtiahburgb, Lewis co., $5 ; A L. White, t Rutland. leffersen co , $4 ; Mrs B. K. Voorhis, Anister- o dam, Montgomery oo , is f Bent ten yards Flauel?li. W. Henry. $5 ; Mrs. L. D. t Seovill, Monroe co., $1; Wm. Deeriog, Greenfield, Saratoga co., $3 ( tirrt ten yards Woollen Cloth?N. P. Jordan, Malta, j Saratoga oo., $0. ; Woollen i arpet.?Mrs. Voorhis, $5 ; 8. C. Hays, $4 ; , Mrs Scoville, $3, c IlttRTH Hsu.?Mrs. B. Russell, Saratoga county, $6 - t J. Wood, Greenfield, $4; Mrs. Soovtlle, $3; P. K. Water; ( bury, $J. t Lmcn Cloth.?Mrs. Jans Harrell, Rensselaer county. $4. Line* Diaper.?Mrs. Scoville, $6. Kehsbt.?K. Wescott Milton. Saratoga county, $3. Rao Cabpet.?J. Ambler, Saratoga Springs. $3 ; J. Moulton, $ J ; and many others in other departments of manufacture. Flowebs?Greatest variety. ?James Wilson, Albany; also for dahlias, roses, verbenas. Among others who received premiums, were T Ingraham, Saratoga; Mr. Newcomb, Pittstown; Miss i?. Dark, Saratoga; Mrs. K C. Delavan, Ballfton: Dr. H. Wendell, Albany; Mrs. Newtomb. Pittstown; T. Mabbett, Half-Moon: J. Ford, Sarat< ga; J. D. Wall, Albany; S Tiltnan. gardener for Dr. Wendell: J. Initraham. Saratasa: Miss S. Davidson, do: Mrs Dr. J Clark, do. Mr. Wilson took eight premium*, nil Dr. Wendell live. Fruits?E. C. Krogt, Kredonla; Wilson, Thorburn, nod Teller, Albany; T. Mabbett, Saratoga; H. N. Langworthy, Monro* oo; II. Vail, Troy; J. L ltandall. Lys?nd?r; J W Allen, Oswego; C. ltuggles St Son, SchoLarie; Dr. Wendell, Albany; H Snyder, Klnderhook; K II. Itosecraus, Uleu ? Kails; O. Phelps, Canandalgua; J. Mills, Poughkeepsla; A. H. Stevens, New Vork; S. C. Uroot, do; aad some others, for various kinds of fruits; A Mipple, H. Snyder, Klnderhook; Col Young, Ballstou; It. T. L'uderhlll, Croton Point; K. McDonald, Ureenfleld; I) Ay res, Amsterdam; J. C. Hubbell, Clinton county; W. C. Sage. Cranberries? J. Warren, Sprlagfleld, Mass; K. P. Prentice, Albany; H. N. Laugwortby, Monroe co; Professor Jones, New Haven; L. Prevent, Astoria; A. Ilapelje, do. VEoaTAMLEi?N. H. Waterbury, Saratoga Springs; C. K. Nicplls. Genesee Co.; H. Morrison, Orange Co ; N, S Smith, Buffalo; Thou. Coody, Saratoga; T. Mabbett, do.; C. Schuyler, Ballston. Paintinu> and Drawipiui.?Mrs. K. McMaster, the ' May Queen" and Landscape; A. Steben. Annual Port- \ folio; Miss A Hill, penoll drawings of Doves and Old Willow. ! Stoves.?Theo. Phelps, (ialway, for best wood; Wilson, Mechanicuville, air tight; also, Anthony Bavy, Troy; 1 A. T. Burham.Troy; Neal &. Warren air tight summer baker; Klager, Haker k Co., portable forge and bellows, New York. 1 Foreign Stock. ?Best stallion "Black Hawk," S. Hall; Iloyalton Miss; " Oreen Mountaiu Top Gallant " Bituou Mare* ? U. II. Morgan, Rutland, Vt , Morgan Mare; Calvin Bloodgett, " Lady Burbank;" K. A. Wler, Walpole, ' Lady Wildalr." Korkiun Si oi k Cattle.?Best yoke oxen, A. H. Jerome, New Harttord, Ct. Sheep.?E W. Reybold, Delaware; 9. S. Scovill, Connecticut; J Hinds, Vermont; J. N. Sawyer, New Hampshire; J. Blakslee, Connecticut. There were many other premiums given, but we found it impossible to procure them in time for Insertion in this day's paper. , During the thrat) days of the fair, the amusements on the raoe course and around the fair were kept up without intermission. There was some excellent trotting between nags of good repute, but we obtained the particulars of only one that took place between the celebra leu si&uion nacx nawK. ana me equally ceienraieu stallion called the " Moss Horse," the former from Breedport, Vermont, and the other from Kensselaer county, New Vork. The trot was for a purse of $60, best two In harness. Notwithstanding that Blawk Hawk was lame, in consequence of one of his feet being pricked with something sharp?and fat, and likewise not having run in four years, as the owner alleges, he won the two first heats, making the distance in 3:61 and 2:52 respectively. Before the start, beta were frenly offered and taken against him, and considerable sums changed hands on the oooasion. City Intelligence. The Weather.--Yesterday was extremely warm. About 13 o'clock, M., the thermometer ranged as high as 7? degress. Towards evening it turned out agreeably oool, and crowds of ouroitixens Hooked to the Batte ry to enjoy the >ol Invigorating air. Arrival op Emigrant Pa??eho*r?.?The number of emigrant passengers arrived at this port during Thursday last, amounted to 186. Boston Papers.? We are daily under obllgationss to Messrs Dennis St Cloyes, of the New Haven and Springfield railroad, for Boston papers, also to Messrs. Munroe 8c Co.'s express. Democratic Dk.i.koa tk? to the Bvmcrir. Cokvkhtion.?On Thursday evening the meetings to elect delegates to the Convention from thu sixteen Ansembly districts were oonducted with great spirit. Any quantity of patriotism and a little sprinkling of blood characterised several of the polls. A. C Klagg. the present Comptroller, was the bOM of all the contention. The line ?M drawu, " dww men" or " old." The following gentlemen were seleoted:? 1st Assembly District?Jl. 9th Assembly Dist.?Jinius H. Alicktr. Hatfield. id do Dr. A. I*. Vach, ) 10th do. Jeremiah Tewls, ) Eugene Caiterley. J JlndrewCarri gun J 3d 4o. f+tvr/t U Pnrter. 11th do. Win VV. Frame. 4th do. Kmanuel B. Hart. 12th do Bartholomewl'urdy Athdo Oregorv Th .mas. 13th do. Robert II Morris. Oth do. James T. Brady. 14th do. Jamus I'. Duun, t 7th do. David C. Broderiok. Lip. Livingiton. $ rtthdo. tVilion Smalt. 15th do. Chaumey Shaffer. Kith do. U. Dudley Field. Those in Italic aro pledged to support Mr. Klagg. Thus it appears tbfttjihe delegation from this city will he about equally divided, so the old regency at Albany will make no capital from this quarter in the Convention Tnere are two sets of delegates in the 3d, 10th and 14th wards. AkUnnati'Ral PtiMr.?Coroner Walters held an inquest also upon the body of a youth, 16 years old, named John Uanen, who was taken cut of the water at the foot of 1'ike street yesterday mwrnlng Upon the person of the deceased was found an anonymous letter addressed to <'ourad BaD'-r. grocer, at the corner of ( hyratio aud Uelanoey streets, in which the writer undertook to?call Mr. B to acouunt fnr doing business on the 8abbath, at the same time pointed out the propriety of being charitable towards a young man who had commenced the same business in his vicinity. With the view of obtaining a clue to the nam>- of the deceased, then unknown, the coroner sent for Mr Bsner, who identified him as his own son, whom he stated left home on Monday last after being reprimanded for some improper conduct, and threatened with severe punishment in case it should be repeated, and that he had not seen him sinco. The jury having rendered their verdict of death by drowning, JUner was spoken to in relati n to the removal of the body ofhla son from the station hou.*? to his own reaidence, when Baner refused to receive it, and remarked that he did not want to bury him?that ho might be taken to the Alms House and buried at Cotter's Kleld at publio expense. The coroner, Indignant at snch conduct on the part of a parent, gave Baner until to-morrow to make up his mind what he would do in the matter. In the meanwhile the body of the deceased lies in the Alma House yard, awaiting the result of his father's deliberations. SrnDcri Death.?Yeaterday an interesting girl of 16 or 17 years old, while aiding her siok mother to reach . the City Hospital, wan taken suddenly ill in the hospital , yard, and almost Instantly expired. The deceased and h?r mother had but recently arrived from Liverpool in theshipConstitution, and the deceased is supposed to have come to her death by exhaustion arising from the I voyage. Melancholy Suicicf..?Coroner Walters was called yesterday to hold an inquest at No. 6OU Kourth street, upon the body of George K. Nash, a native ot New York, aged 26 years, who oommitted suicide by cutting his throat with a raeor, while laboring under a deranged state of mind. Krom the evidence adduced before the coroner, it appeared that the deceased was a married mau,and for some time past had been very irregular in his habits and unsettled in bis mind. On Thursday night, at a late hour, he went to the residence of his father in Kourth stret, where he aoted in a very strange and iiiOohTeDi|manaer,duringhla stay, on which aocount his father ende.tvori.-d to persuade him to remain there Ml nii<htj th? deceased however refused to do so, and on leaving the door, atited that he should not strain >m t >.? miu rise or set; but no suspicion wm entertained that the deceased would take his own life. About n o'clock, he wa< found sitting on the stoop in front of hie father'* house with hie throat cut from ear to ear, and a razor by his side. Life wan eitinct, although hi* body was yet ! worm; he wae identified bv his Muter who came to the i door, and the jury rendered a verdict in accordance with i tho foregoing facte. Law Intelligence. SararMr Court, Sept. 17.?Present Justices Oady. M'Coun and Uurlbut.?The Court heard some special J motions in the morning. In the oaee of Armstrong ts. , Van Alstyne. a motion was made to strike the oause t from calendar, ami give judgement for the plaintiff*. Order*d that the motion be deoied, with $10 coits. In the car<e of Klpp k Brown ts. Meecli et. al., on motion to compell l?. J. Bogsrt to ooinplote hi* purohase uuder a foreclosure. Decree -It wan orderei that the motion ' stand over until the decision of the Chanoellor in the case of Araold et. al t*. Gilbert et ui , now brforo him

on appeal. No. 64 < nutlitro ts. liider, whicli wa* luken u? ye?terd?y, was proceeded with and ooncluded. ' No. 38 ? Kegna vs Holme*, a reserved cause, was called, I in wblob John Wallls, Esq., appeared far plaintiff, and J. W. Tompkin*, Esq., of White Plain*, for defendant. , Mr. Walli* opaned the case, and was replied toby Mr. h Tompkins; but before the lattar bad ooncluded his argu- i mant the court adjourned. J SiTr.sio* Court. ?Before .fudge Oakley. ? Stoni 4' f Vunvalkmburfh vi. JtreminK Tatntll.?This was an action for goods sold and delivered. The amount claimed s was $449 43. The sale and delivery of the goods were admitted. The defendant proved that preTlous to the formation of the partnership between the plaintiffs, the plaintiff (Vauvalkenburgh) )waa in partnership with another person, and at the time awed the defendant a considerable sun: that when the partnership betweea the plaintiffs was formed, an agreement was entered Into between Vanvalkenburgh and defendant, which was ratified by plaintiff (Stone) that defendant shoali be paid his debt out of the newly formed partnership properly; and that, In pursuance of that agreement, aud to liquidate ihe ilehtdue defendant, the goods were purchased by deleudAiit ami delivered t? him. The jury found a verdtot for the defendant. Kor plaintiffs, Mr. 11 < iarke; fir defendant, Messrs..Cowlei and stltt., UsiTlti) Btatks l.oMMiuiii.ii.n i Orrici, Sept. 17.? Uefore Commissioner Morion.? Jit tnulr with a danger, out wropon ?Captain Hmyley, ol the hark America, was a rested this morning, by deputy marshal < ollins, on a charge of assault with ? dangerous weapon on one of bli dm*, lie was held to ball la |600 to au?wsr V>?w lum CiiMHf Cwjut, JT.-In**?! | udgM NdUod mil Betts ? Tht United Statu, vt thi I Executors of Henry Eckfard la tills CIM an action \ 'M brought against the executor* of the late Mr K.ek ?rd, one of the sureties of Sauiuel Swartwout ou a bond ntered Into by liim to the United States. in the (Uin of t 15(( 000, conditioned that Mr. Swarthout would well and ti lithfully aroount to the government for all money* reuived by him an Collector of the port of New Vork. and p ay over the s?me The case was tried about two yesr* e Inoe and a verdict rendered for the defendant* The a Mstrict Attorney for the United State*, now inove* for j new trial, on the ground that'he verdict was contrary I 0 law aud evidence It i* thought the argument will t! ccupy several days. The District Attorney appear* I 0 r>r the government, and .Messrs. Lord and Cutting tor | be defendants. Coitht ok Gcmiral -Sept 17?Before Reiorder Scott, and Aldermen Dodd and Spofford?John j o ilcKeon, K*q., District Attorney ?Trial f'tr Receiving I 0 So.'m (Joiid$ rttumid?At the opening of court thin , uorning. the trial of William J. Smith, a colored man, tn a oharge of purohaalng torn* article* and knowing | t .he laui to have been stolen, wai resumed. On the part j if the accused several witnesses were examined to prove . hat he had previously sustained an excellent ohararter. Isabkli.a Sloan, on being called, testified that she had ' >eeu tn the employ of the prisoner for a period of three t fears, and was working for him when the boy, Luca?, told the pieces of cloth; the latter stated that the property had been given to him by his father; witne** fur- i :her testified that the prisoner, *o far as she had any | knowledge of his business, never bought stolen goods. The case was submitted to the jury, who, however, were unable to agree upon a verdict in the case, and at * 1 late hour were discharged by the court. I Madame Reitell .Untitled to Bail.?The Court held an . svening session, at ti o'clock, for the purpose of attending to an application to obtain the discharge of Madam Itestell, the acoused, through her counsel, offering as surety Mr. Day, of No. 71 Leonard street, who testified that he was the owner of real estate worth upward* of $-iO,000. The District Attorney cross-examined Mr. Day, relative to the value aud character of his property. Sic. The Court, after some couiultatlon, expretsed themselves satietled with the bill offered Maiatn It was. therefore, discharged from custody. The District Attorney is understood to have formally notified Madam itesteli,iuat sne will bo called to trial, on the indictment found against her, on Tuesday morning next. The Court then adjourned until to-morrow morning. Court or ArriCAL*, Sept. 16.?No. lft?HowianA plff. in error vs. Fuller deft in error, called and passed?the defendant in error appeared, but not having properly noticed the cause, no default could be taken. No. 16? Jencks plff in error vs. Smith deft. In error?called and reversed. No. 17?Fraz#t et al. appellants vs. Western et al. respondents?called and paseed, no one appearing. No. 18?Curtis plff. in error ti. Jones deft, in error. Mr. M. T. Reynolds opened the argument of this cause for plaintiff In error. .Mr H. It Seldeu opened and couduoted the argument for defendant in error. Mr. Reynolds closed for plaintiff in error. No. 19? Brady appel. vs. M'Cosker respt. called and passed, no one appearing. No. 'JO?Judson plff. in error vs. Houghton deft iu error, dodo No. -Jl ?Wood et. fcc plff. in error vs. Weinant ut al., deft, in error. Mr. II. 8. Dodge apened the argument for plaintiff in error. The oourt announced that this was the last call of the calendar. Coi'rt Cai.kndahs, Monday, Sept. "JOth?8ur??lo? Court?Before Jud<e Oakley?Nos. 48,14, 47,74,81, 92, 84, 86,86,89, 90,91, 9J, 93. SI3, 100, 13,13,37,44,36, 50, 87. Commom Pi.cas.?This Court opens for the September term on Monday, with a calendar of 396 causes. The day calendar for Monday will be Nil. 1, '2, 3, 4, ft, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11,1 J, 13, 14, 1ft. Judge Ingraham presiding. di I~7i "T~ I !? ? Itlchelleu Diamond Polntwl Uolcl Fens? If you want any description of peus. wholesale or retail, at llie loweit prices they c.tu be found ill liie city, go to U.K. WuUou 4t Co., 45 Will mill street, ?ue door below Wall street, or J. Y. 8av?ue. 92 Fultou ?tre?t. They have tlie exclusive ale o: the "Richelieu" Pens, which are sold at $2; they are the best and cheapest in the world. Uther wold pens 7ft cents. $1, ? ' 25, with silver pencils included. At either ol the above l'l?ce? you will be sure to be lulled. (Juld peus carefully re l'aired. _ Dlnmuinl Pointed Gold Pens?Wholesale and Retail.?'The [Mew York Hold fen Compauy, No. JJ John it., corner of Nassau, manufacture a superior article, which purchasers would do well to eiaioiue before buying elsewhere. 1 lily do not sell superior Pens us low as SI or St 25, knowing that a re.illy good srticle cannot be suld at those prices to any Stmt at retail Tliev furnish Pens at vnriuus prices, accordiiiK to the quality, anil purchaivrs may rest assured that when ihey buy an article at this establishment it is just what they sell it for. Gold a id silver Pen and Pencil Cases in great variety. Plumlie National Ltaguerrlan Uailery, at 251 Broadway, is a moat inUrssting exhibition of highly finished works ol art, containing hundreds of beautiful miniatures. A visit to it will couviuce eveu the sceptical that there is the place to procure Daguerreotype Portraits of a higher older. Orphans' Uencflt?Caslle Uarden_Tho Annual Benefit for the Hoinan Catholic Orpkan Asylum, la Priuce street, will tal<e place at Castle Uardeu on Monday evening, 20th insl. '1 lie perlormauces have beeu selected witn gieat care, and will be of a novel and uunsually eutertaiuing character. No elforta or expeuses have beeu spared to reuderthe entertainineuls superior to those of any similar occasion heretofore. Kor particulars,see bills. f?i:.M Young gives Notice that the Manufacturer's Dank of Pans Boots and Hlioes, on the coruer of Fulton unu Nassau street, are manufacturing tin best quality .of Rrench calf boots S4 50, equal to the best sold iu other stores for S'< and S7 ; do. fust rate calf nevvad tools for S3 50, equal to those sold in other stores lor $i 50 or S5. Warranted to give snti.faction Boots, HMM,Qlalfl, llipptn,ko., constantly OS bund And made to order iu the slicirt?st notice. Call and see luni; he is the most eiteuuve Boot Banker in the city. L>r. S. slilil kdll, < lilrope:dlst tly New Orleans and other Southern cities'journals, we lenru of Dr. 8. S.'s extraordinary skill in euriug corus, bunions, and other protuberances, to which the feet are heir. Dr's instrument is not his particular means of relieving the sutferintis of the foot; but his klinr is the most facilitatng lor extracting corns, "which never will return avniu." We understand that Dr. H. il a, native or Kusiia, aud lias beru pa'ronized by the Courts of Bt. Petershurgh, Austria and Prussia, lie has operated upon some of i.ur citizens' feet, uud Ins letters of tlieir entire satislautiou and thanks. 11 is office is at ti'J Crnrmbirs street. Lunatic Asylum ?James Cummlnga, Esq., one of the Assistant* in the Lunatic Asylum, Ultckwell's Island, is the gentleman spoken of in ihe following letter:?'hi. ,.f ,n.,r. II.... <r.... .1 ....I cases of Hheumatisin that l5r. Townsend'a Sarsapanlta has enroll. The most severe and chrnoie canes are weekly eradicated by its eitraotdiuary vutuea:? Blackwkll1! Island, Sept. 14, 1847. Da. Towhsend:?Dear Sir?1 hava aulfared terribly for ume with the Hheunutiain; considerable of the time 1 could uot eat, sleep, or work; I hid the most distressing pains, and my limbs ware terribly swollen. I have used four bottlea uf your Sarsaparilln, and they hare done me more tliau oue tiiouaand dol>ari worth nf good?1 am ao much betier. Indeed, I am entirely relieved. Von are at libeity to use tliia fur the benefit of liie alllicted. Voura, respectfully, JAML8 CUMMINU9Ijoat her 8|wtrh .Tha annexed certificate tella a simple and truthful storjr of suffering and relief. There are thousands of similar caaea iu thia city rnd Ureoklyn, and yet theie .re llioutandsof parents let thei r children die far fear of being humbugged,or to save a lew shillings Uhooki.vw, 8ept 13,1147. I)*. Towwsicud : I take pleaaure in stating, for the benefit of those whom it may concern, tint my daughter, two yeais Slid sis monthi old, was alllicted w itli general debility aud loaa of speech. She was given up aa paat recover y by our family physician; but fortunately I ? as recommended by a frieud to try your Saraaparilla. litfore having used one bottle the recovered her speech >nit ?ii enabled to walk alane. to the astbiiiahmeut ol all who were acquainted with the circumstance. Mia la now quite well aud in much better health than aha ha* been lor ISlDOOtha pust. JOsfcfH TAYLOK, I2? Vork St., Brooklyn. Principal Office 12<> Fulton at. $1 54# only for tile Premium Gold Pen, with silver Ten and Pencil I a*e.?J. W. Oreatou (k Co., (manufacturers a 'd dealers in gold pens and gold aud silver |?n aad pencil cases,) 71 Cedar street, .New York, or \'j Chestnut St.. Philadelphia, are now selling those su|i?rior premium gnlil liens for SI U. Their assortment is more complete than can ha found any where else, consisting of Brown's, Hayden'a, Sjiencer's Begley's, Congress, A merican,Henry,Prince Albeit, iiid many other stv'es, which they are selling wholesale nr prices much beiow the lowest price of any other house in the tri-de. Gold pens carefully repaired or repointed. Dr. OhrlMle'ii Ualvanlr ltlng?, Helta, Brnreli-ts. aud Magnetic kluid.?Strangers are reioerfl'ullv informed that tlae only"plaee in New York to obtain tliese celebrated arlirlet genuine, it at 18? Broadway, betweeu John street anil Maiden Lane In all rases of Nervoiii Dneaint. the efficacy nf Christie's Galvanic article* it truly wonderful, the moat perfect cuies being often mide when physic and physicians were in vain. No druggist or drug (tore m New York will ever be allowed to sell Dr. Christie** articles The sole and eiclusive agency is at one hundred and eighty-two Broadway For White Teeth, Sweet Hrcath, and Toothache, Peiue's Orris Tooth I'aate is infallible, at 26 or M cants each To remove freckles, tan. sunburn, or pimples, nothing equals the Tablet ol Pearl and Alabaster, 2} cents; Persisn Vanilla 8oap or Sir Astley Cooper's Lotion, ar Ml cents eich. To purify the blond and free it of humors, use Dr. Townsend's Sarsapanlla; for IVinale complaints, Dr. Van Humbert's Oerman Pills, 50, or Baudelocque's Krench Pills, 75 cents. For sale only at E. M. Ouion's, 1*7 Bowery, cirner Urand st. Portable Dreaalng eaten.?The underilRiiect haTinicthe greatest facilities lu the manufacture of the above, me enabled to nlf'r the same, at much lets price tlixnthe iml?>rteil while in mauy respects they are greatly superior, each irticle contained being of a size (must convenient for use, IM of a quality w I'ranted to render satisfaction. Korsaleat G. 8AUNDKR8 Ic BON'8, 177 Bioadwav, Opposite Howard Hotel. Fine Cntlery.?The anbaer lifers' assortmerit minaret every possible varietr pattern i.f pen, pocket, desk led snorting knife, witlia lirge variety ofchoice ra/.ors, which arill be warranted to the purchaser Also, acissora. nail files, weeiers, kc. O SAUNDERS k HON, 177 Broadway, a few doors above Courtlandt street. " Paris i ntn >tint received one cam of very inperior Paris hats, laieat 'aahion, innde bv the most celebrat>d in ikers of Tarn, for tale bv (lemn, JH Broadway. Also one case of beautiful huts and caps lor children. 3 Knox, nt U* Fulton street, na usual. In the egion of the San, and with the punctuality of the seasons, has irepared a splendid 'tuck of Hati for the Fall Fashions, which le invites the world to es unine. Ever on hand in endeavor f lo please the public, he can safely recommend Ins l-'sll upply as unentitled in beauty and richness. The science of lat makii'K, like other acieures, is progressive, ami he has nade some improvements in the adaptation of hats to the head, vhich cannot fail to please the most fastidious connoisseurs, lis hats are emphatically fall hats, as he has falleu in the irices by presenting a better article at the old cheap rates a 13 St ??wm - B .jmm. BIONKY HARKKT. Friday, Mept. 17?ft P. M. The stock market continues rery much unsettled; noft of the fancied ere steadily settling down, with mle? i o sonic extent of each. At thu (list board, Long Island i all off IX per cent; < an too Knrni"r*' l.oan IIteednK Harlem J; Norwich aud Worcester and reonsylania 6's closed at yesterday'* prices, while Treasury iotes advanced }% per cent. The great deolinc in Hariin within the jiaet few days, can liar 11/ bo accounted | ar. The fall from the highest price his been seventeen ler rent Tlieril I* no doubt but. that prii'.-e had bei-onie j oo inuoh Inflated, that the advance had been too rapid, | rom which mofements w? anticipated a rea tion, but re did not anticipate such a fall < At the Mrpnd board the market was a little inert i 'UtYMtf, ?b4 prlMi U?pttrt4 ftwtiM. liwltm wtnk 11 IP X P*r MBt; Long Island X; Canton S?; Norwich and VorcMt?r 1. t The Harlem It all road Company have made the conraota for the grading and masonry, lor th? extension of ba road to Dover, Dutchess oounty, 'JU miles from its resent terminus. The contract*are made with men or | xperlence, able to go on with the work without delay. I nd complete it by tha flint day of July next The j rhol# coat will be short of *223 000,which is >*7,000 bel#w he estimate nf the engineer. The farmers of Dutchess ounty. alive to the Importance of thia work, hare mad* tree gift of lb* right of way for nearly the entire disance, through landa of great value, and loaning to the ompauy > 160,000 towarda the cost of construction. The ast of the right of way waa estimated at $26,000; It will lot much exceed $6,000, a taring to the company in heae two items of $47,000. The engineer will lmmedl>tely go on with the surveys, and locate tha road from >over to Chatham, 45 a Ilea, where this road will unlta rith the Albany and Btookbrldga road, 23 miles from he city of Albany; the surveys already made, and tha oute? marked out, offer very favorable Hues and trades. But the route now propoaed by the way of Plua Plains will, It Is believed, shorten the line considerably, ind it la hoped may b? adopted. It Is the Intcntlou of the oompany to have the grading af the road trom Dover to Chatham under contract this y<?ar. and If prautirable, have the whole line to Albany finished, and in operation to Albany, before the close of next year. Tha returns of the liank of England, for several periods, present the annexed comparative statement BANK OP Enuland 1046. , 1847. Oct. IU. Feb. 20. July 10 Jivt 21. Note* issued... .JL29,078,I15 25,418.465 2J.3IW 805 22 fill Dili (inld coiu&tbullion 12.400.624 9 '1*2 I.IK 7 in1. ?'l 7 SJ'. in I Silvrr bullion 2.677^01 1,515,64# 1,391,042 1,#69.206 B'king IJtp't Kelt 3,383,1. 3,663,132 3.551 551 3,734,352 Public depoaits ... 9,Mil.402 5.869,523 5,145,017 6.830.1136 Other deposits ... 8,322,626 8,337,093 9,305,323 6,931,036 Seven day St i,char billa 938,723 839,491 811.38* 816,159 Oov'nt aecuritiea . 12.9SI.3C0 11,990,079 11.636,340 11,636,340 Other curiliea., 15.227.665 15,039,339 16,747,037 16,116 345 No'ea 8,305,785 5,976.525 4,331,330 4,488,020 UoldfcailT?rcoin. 504,099 756,2% 781,570 624,671 The actual clrsulatton of the Bank of K.ngland fur the four periods mentioned in the above table, wan us annexed:? Ciaot'LATion or the Bank or KntltAnD. 1846. , 1847 Oct. 10. Feb. 20. July 10. Jlug 21. Notes issued. .. . Jt29.078.135 2j,I58,163&'J.304,HA5 22,614,940 NOMOailM 8,305,785 5,976,525 4,381,340 4.48U020 Aetna! circulation. ?20,702,350 19,181,940 18,973,475 11,126,920 On the i 1st of August, the actual circulation of the Bank of England waa less than it had been at any time since the new aot came Into operation, having fallen off A'b40.St6, since the 10th of July, a period of about six weeks. To this rapid contraction in the circulation oan be direotly traced the embarrassments which have since swept away so many oommercial houses, and produced o much mercantile distress in all parts of the United Kingdom. In April, when the general movement commenced in the corn markets, which led to the great inflation in prices for all kinds of breadstuff*, the circulation of the Bank of Kngland waa ?1,703,226 larger than on the 21st of August, when the best houses in the kingdom were daily suspending payment. The operation of the new bank aot, which has been in sistenoe aboat three years, has created a great deal of oomplaint in commercial.circles; and to the restrictions upon commercial credit, whioh, it is said, that aot has caused, are attributed most of the disasters in the commercial world. We are not disposed to attach all the blame to the framers of that law; the restrictions which that act place upon the paper issues of the Bank of England, should have deterred all classes from getting up those immense speculative bubbles, which have drawn them into the most extravagant investments and into the most extraordinary expenditures. After these bubbles have been Inflated to their utmost tension, when ?u aruuuiai system ei creaus nau uucimn no generally established, that all cI?mm were drawn Into the wildest speculations, and the currency of the country, as limited by an act of parliament, became unequal to meet the immense demand for facilities, and the Bank wan compelled to raise the rate of interest from time to time, to restrain the progress of the speculative movements, then those actlvly engaged in the inflation of railway and other bubbles, began to cry out against the new bank obarter, and oondemn the principles upon which it is established. The prime ottieot in view in the formatfc>n of the new hanking system of Kngland, was the preservation of a uniform currency, and the establishment of the circulation upon a safe and sure basis. This object has been secured; and if the commercial and other classes of (ireat Britain had regulated their operations by the movement* of the Bank of Kngland, instead of requiring the Uank of Kngland to regulate its movements by the oourse th y from time to time pursued, there would not have been so many antagonistic Interests in existence to derange the financial affairs of the country.? The Bank of Kngland will protect Itself at all hatards la so doing, the commercial classes will be favored as much as possible, but they, as well as all speculators in the kingdom, are in the power of the bauk, and If necessary, must be sacriioed to a great extent. The government, the large capitalists, and the Bank of Kngland move together, and the power they have in the financial world is absolute. In whatever they'undertake, whether it if to inflate or depress prices, to check any great speculative mania,or to break down the merchants of any other country extensively connected with Kngland in trade, for any particular purpose, oven at the sacrifice of their own, they invariably succeed, and It is useless to contend against such a trio, it is impossible to tell what oourse the Bank of Kngland intends to pursue from time to time, in relation to oemmsrcial movements of the day.' Its weekly reports forui uo guide, ti.ey show the condition of the institution at the time, but nettling more. Auy contraction in its circulation may be resorted to for the purpose of depressing prices for any great staple article of trade, previous to a sudden inflation, and a rapid reaction in priccs. When it Is known that powerful b'vnking Institution makes use of Its immense power in the market, and comes into competition with the very class depending upon it for facilities, we never can depend upon any uniformity in the value and volume of the currency, and know not what a week or a month may bring forth in the financial world. No sne engaged In legitimate busiuess can object to restrictions being placed npon a bank concerned In such operations. The report of the Hartford and New Haven Hall Iload """ r""; """ J ??! "?"i ptvoouwe iiir annexed exhibit of reoeipts and expenditures : Hutioiu *ki> Nkw IUte* Rail Ko*n. For passengers $177,133 00 " freight 1)0 OHI 32 Kent*, storage. steamboat*, expresses, mailt, and other sourer* 50,910 90 Total receipt* $334,726 28 Deduct expenses and Interest 107,301 46 Balance $167,473 83 <'anh on hand Sept. 1, 1847, $66,834 44. The amount received for passenger* in 1846, ?u $165,061 01?Increase In 1847, $23,071 90, or 14 and eneflfth per oent. The amount received for freight In 1B46, vu $01,260 73?increase In 1B47, $29,430 69, or 46>f per cent. The number of persons transported between all the stations on the road the past year, Is 236.696?the previous year, 191,270?showing an increase of 36,326. The expenses of the year have necessarily been large. In addition to the rebuilding of the bridge over Connecticut river, all the Important bridges between Hartford and New Haven have been rebuilt In the most complete and substantial manner Two new locomotives have recently bean ordered; and during the year two passenger car*, two second-class cars, and thirty-four eight wheeled freight oar*, have been put upon thn road. The entire cost of the branch road to Connecticut river, which was completed and put In operation at the 1 opening of navigation in the spring la >W,WJ 64. The busineorou it is large, and has fully justified the anticipation* which led to its oooatruotlon The relaying of the track between Hartford and New llaven with a heavy rail weighing A7 pound* to the yard, was completed In the month of June, with the exception of thr?e mile*. A dividend of four per cent ha# been declared, payable on the 1st of October. The quantity of (lour, wheat, corn and barley, left at tide water during the Jd week in Beptenber, In the year* 1 fi4fl and 1H47. was a* follows: ? Hr.i r.irrt or Ki.ona *i?n (Jtiii. Flout, hlill. IPAeuf, kik. Corn, hth. Jiarlry, huh. 1*17 #1,171 3114,(MM 1,254 1*1* ....... tnjM IS7.1U 12 718 11.467 Decree's... 914 74.0I7 Inc.. lai.Jbfl Drc..37,ll1 The aggregate quantity of the name article* left at tide water, from the rommeneement of navigation to the 14th of September, Inclusive, was a* follow* Fttur.bblt. IVhrnt, hih. Ctrn, bib Bnthv.hth I8?7 3,414,414 I.HM l<>l 4,817 .?yi 114.1)0 I8?6 1,649.101 I.UM 874 1,661,(90 231,2(11 Incrrs's.... 876,113 1,614,220 3,772,?04 7* #16 By reducing tb? wheat to flour, the quantity of the latter left at tide water this year, compared with the cor responding period last year, shows an eioca* equal to 1,190,167 barrels of flour, and a decrease of eicaas since r?nr ?t?tement of last week of 16.108 barrel* ct flour The receipts of oom thus far ?go??d by l,?7,?44 buafciU UM IMIH moip* 9f IW?, ftock Kxchaiura* 10*10 " ?";\? J? ??11 'i P.UBdi?. || '?J* ,** Vicktbyn ?? a js - ;.\ ?lt?r75 ? 'JJH..J,11<M? Bd g |? d. ?S ??J ?~.,.f ,.4!!!? !!"? *'?- ? J'S WOO tl? l? SO0 Jo 4(9 1M0 IHmolj h^cUl" lJJ* 'Jf Motawk R ?"* .i? B?i.k #ju J*?"J/im ?0 Heading K IT* ? Lon* UlandR J|W 00 do .M |i 00 do 3l2 J? ?lo "00 do 3l5 ^ v/" ? bm SH & ? ?>?? * JS ? Am*r Trait *? <Jo i7% !JL? Fwrmert' rru.i 3,^ 5^ do M <*' Jo bio jig J1 *? iJH ?* J" b|0 ?'* 200 a? M 200 d? jis 15 32 as ft ifww) mi tin u j Board. * li? <h? Long Mud no "ft -M ,h* j*rUm H ?J J?K Ii0 d" M !j0 do M? 100 Jo J|?i ? 2" HO MK v*H,#r*' i?u < J "' 50 ''?t?r0 "? 12 H^mR*Hlrtf^od T, ? Nordk,WorR "? 50 do Mtf lis do 100 Jo <10 5?V 7} do ? 4?K 1J0 do *10 S*'* M do 11)30 4?K 100 do (10 'Bl? * ' --rrae?D CITY TRA0K UKPUHT. New Yoke, K*ioat ArTEawoow, 8ept. IT. The market for new and fresh ground flour ?u firm, hh wdl an (ood brands of olher description*, while Inferior to ordinary of all kind* was dull. Wheat exhibited no change, while sales were rather light. Cora cloeed at about yesterday'? quotation*, after the new*, except in aiale of handiomn round yellow, which indleated slight decline Small sales of rye were made at prefioiU rate*. It will be perceived by the telegraphic market reports that the foreign news produced no impreeeion on flour in ot her cities, which it had reached. Provision* wire inactive,while sales were light, and prioesabout the same In groceries there was no chaDge of moment. Ashk?? The market for pots was Uruier, and we note sales of 'jOO barrels at $6 J6, pearls again fell offend small sales were made at $1 60. B?i*?i-No ohange In price* BsEi?*Turr* ? Fltur?Sales of S00 bbls Troy, old, were made at %o 76 ; 70<t do. Ohio, good quality, were Bold from store at $6 MX ; 300 do (ienesee. fresh ground, sold at 78, and 100 do. new Michigan sold at $5 . A small sale of (ienesee, from prime new wheat, was reported at $?, and another small lot of do., at *6 K7K ; 1*200 do. Brooklyn Mills, sold on private terms. Southurn continued dull, and no sales were reported. WJUal Sales oftiOO bushels Illinois red were made at 113)4 ota : abeut 4000 bushel* Ohio white sold at 11H ct* , and 1000 do. mixed at 112 cts. Corn?Late yesterday afternoon, sales of 4600 bushels were made at ,66 cts To-day 6000 bushels of do were made at fi3c . and about 7000 do. at ti'2>?c ; 3MM flat yellow, sold at liJX ct* , and 2-260 do. handsome round northern yellow, sold at 63X cent*.? Mral?Sales of 320 barrels western New York were made at Ryt?1000 bushel*, in the slip, sold at 76 ct* . and small sales were also reported at 73 ots ? Oaf - Sales of 800 bushels were made at 44 cta;!at retail, they were worth 46 and 47 cts., old and new, bearing nearly the same prioes. Kei'EIFT* DOW* THE Hl'OIO.Y KlVER, OS HkPTEMDER li/A, I6<A. Tofl. Flour, barrel*. 12.415 4.200 16.616 Wheat, bushels 4,ieuO 2 HOO 6,000 Kyo, do 3 GUO 1,200 4 HOO Oats, <iu loiro 7,(00 17,000 Com, do 24,GOO 21,200 41,000 Candles.?There wan no ohange in sperm. Cornet.?At private wale, wn heard of no transaction* of moment. By auction, 300 bags of Rio, slightly damaged, sold at ti?i a OK cts . cash. Cotton -The market to-day ha* been nnlet, but without change in prices Hinre the arrival of the steamer Union. Sales of 1000 bales have been reported. Fun.--There were no arrivals of dry cod or marker*), and no sales of momeut werw reported, while prices of both were firm Km: it.?Nothing new in bunch raUlna. Th*y wer? out of flrat hand* ; and prioes were governed ohiefly by the retail trade. Hemp ? For American dew rotted, the market continued firm at $160 per ton. By aurtion. 00 bales of hackled, damaged, sold at $147 per ton, eash LciD.?Hales ol 1000 pigs were made at $4 ifl Moliiiki-Continued inactive, while (quotations remained about th* same. Naval Si um;i?The market was qoiet, while prices remained about the same. Dealers seemed inclined to wait for later news per Britannia. No sales of moment transpired Oils?Sales of 6000 gallons Knglish linseed ware mad* at 68o., and 4000 do American couatry at 60o. Sales of 3600 barrels handsome whale were made at S7o delivered at Sag Harbor ; ?00U do do., delivered at Oreenport,sold at 36)fco . and 400 bbls. handsome selected do. sold in th? city at 38o. Oil Cake.?Sales of 60 tons, round, were mad* at $31 per ton. Provision*?A small sale of extra Mess Pork wa* r* pi'iu-u ni pit uu, iih i pujbii niu?-n ui irimeuu, ill *11 60 ; a Muall flalu of Mess Jo, nru reported at $14 1 UK, quality not stated; 1 <M? barrel* old Mean aold at $13 3?,1., -Jim do good Mew Hold at f 14 J6; Prime III worth, lc a large way, about (11 '2 b a $11 3?>?; llama, 100 tierce* nugar cured, aold at l\o\ 60 bbla do aold at 7/.c; and 60 do Shoulders, aold at tic. Beef. sales of 40 tierces Mesa, were made at $17 AO; and 00 bbU city MeM at (13 Butter and Cheese, no change. Kick? Hales of about ho 100 tlercea. war* mad* at $fc 6-J>ia $6 76. 8i!oah?Halna of |about 400 hhds Cuba Mtueovado were made at 6c, 4 month*. Sked?No change..Clover steady at7)?ofornew Ohio, and Timothy at $17 60 a $20. Tali.ow?Steady at lOo. Wiui.kiio.ik?N. W. we continue to quota at t4o a 36c Whiikkv?Small sales Drudge were reported at 77)40, and 60 bbla Ohio, aold at '270. Wool?Within two or three daya paat. the sales of American fleece have reached about 90,000 11m , at price* varying from 28 a 40 a t'J cents. The receipts continued fair, and though there waa no accumulation of stoek, there waa a fair aupply In tint hands The stook of SoutK American waa extremely light, while Smyrna waa In fair aupply. We heard of no aalea In foreign, aince the sale of African, which amounted to about 2U0 bale*, on private terms. Krkiohti?Hates to Great Britain we?e nominally the same, and extremely dull. A email lot of 600 bbla. flour was taken to "flll up" a veaael appointed to sail to morrow, at Is. per bbl. Two or three vessela were chartered for the continent, on terms which did not trnnaplre. TKLEO RAPHIC. Market*. Baltimore, Hept 17th.?P. M. Flour -The market waa not effected by the foreign ' news. end prices remained about the fame aa those our* I rent before the arrival of the Union. We not* lalea of , about SIXl barrel* Howard street at f 5 2ft, City Mill* we quote at $t> 1 2)4 a $6 26. Corn?No change small teles of white at fttto afiiio., and of yellow at AOo<atV2e. Oata? Ordinary to good 30c a 36c , and prime, 3Ho a 40c. "J? Helen of .too bushels were made at 70c Wh?at Sale* of 3(H)(t bushels. consisting chiefly of Maryland white at $1 1ft. Provisions dull, tirooeriea quiet. Whlakay? Small Hales at 2fl)fc a 27)f. Albany. Sept. 17. Klour?The market remains unchanged by the new*, while sales were limited at previous rates Wheat?No nales were reported. Corn?1000 bushels of weatern I mixed were on the market, for which 0:1 oenta waa aek; ed OatR? Sales of 2000 bushels were made at 49 oenta Itarley?A parcel of 2000 bushels eld waa on the market andheld at Sftc. No change in whlskoy. Receipts by the canal during the past '24 hours, were aa follow: Roar, I iOOO bbla; corn, 10,000 bushels; wheat 2000 do. Boston, September, 17?P. M. Flour ?The foralgn newa per Union, produoed no feet upon prices, and we note sales of 3000 barrels fair to good, Weatern and Uenesee brands, at V> 87X a )(t, including small lots of fresh ground, at the latter figure. Corn? Salee of 00#0 bushels were Bade, consisting of sound Weatern mixed, at 70o.; and handsome yellow at 74c. Rye?Salea of 1000 bushels were made at ?6*. l.ead?Males of 3000 pigs were made at $4 11!)* per 100 11 a Provisions, inactive Freights dull. I I Teleirrauhlc < orreanondence of the I'hll Bulletin 1 nTTiii'KiN. *ept 17th,?13, M. The river hu again receded rapidly and there la but ] little (Hit 'wo fort water in the channel The Uttla *nl! mat ion which existed in our market ha* baen checked by the low water and the unfavorable account* received from Kurope by the I'nlon steamer. lloidrra of flour and Krain are willing to make oonceaaiona. bat buyers m not disposed in the present stat* of affair* to enter into sajee beyond the requirement* for city u*e In sugar. coffee and inolasse*, I have no change to notice? the demand very limited Kentucky leaf tobacco dull, and but very little arriving The week'* bu*ine*a in cotton ha* been restricted, and i* duller to-day if mm <m ' Married. On Thursday evening, Sept 18, William M. Ki*<.* L?in. to ,\U?r J., daughter of Wm H. Macy, all of thla city. On Thursday. Kept. 16, at the Church of the Kpiphany, by the He*. Jones, Mr vin r.nt Dill to Mis* 'I . Kmma, daughter of the late John K 'oats, E*q., all of thi* oily. On Wednesday. the IM-h Inst . at the Second Wesleyan Chapel, Mulberry atreet, by the Iter O. V Amerman, Mr William H. Vniin, of Troy, to MlM Hasah A. Coi, of thi* city. UM. On the 14th inst, lunnmii Niwcom* Oai.c, *on of Henry (). IJunnel. M D., aged 10 month* I# day*. The friends of the family are requested to attend hi* funeral on Saturday. at 3 r M At Brooklyn, yesterday. Ann* McOsrno*. The friend* of the family are respectfully Invited to atteud her funeral on Sunday afternoon, at'1 o'clock, from No 11 l.iberty atreet. on Thursday, the IOth ln*t, Joniv J. Zni, aged *3 years. Th<i friend* of the family are respectfully invited to attend hi* funeral from hi* late residence, Sift Orand street, on Sunday afternoon, at one o'clock, without further Invitation <>n Friday morning, 17th in?t after a short and ae "re illness. Mr* Julia Aivn Moivaor, widow of the late l?r (?tho Monroy, sged 46 years J monthn and ^ days The friends and acquaintancee of the family arc most respectfully invited to attend the funeral, withont farther Invltatiou, this (Saturday) afternoon, at 2 o clock, from tUe residence of her eon-iulaw, Mr F.lihu Ayres, j(>)i ( anal (near IIndson street). Her lemains win be taken to Oreenwood C emetery Dayton, Ohio, paper* please oopy. At the Naval llospltal, Island of Salmandlna. *ged about .'>3, of yellow lever, on the 37tb ult after a w-w day*' illness, Hr John A Kcashkt. flee< surgeon of ilie SQ'iadon In the liulf of Mexico. a native of Ireland and a resident of th? Dlatrittof ' oluaiW* au4 Mart*

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