Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 19, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 19, 1847 Page 1
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: THi \ ol. XIII. No. H37?Wbol* Ho. 4834. V.: INTERESTING DETAILS FROM TUB WAR QUARTER. Further Accounts of the Last Achievements. Ac.. 6lc. dtc. THE BATTL.K OK CO.NTUERAS. [Prom tho New Qrt?nail DhIU, 10.] i lit) inti* iriirant achievement of tbe trmi of I'io L'nl' "4 Klatas over the superior number* of the enemy, anil tn front of the capital of tbe country, CNiinot tjut excite Hie aimiratlon and pride of our peopie from 000 i'H(l of the country to the other ; but thoM * ho vr< r? not hero to witness and participate la the desperation of the conflict?the great and apparently insurmountable obstacles?the privations and hardships cn lured?never can properly appreciate the brilliancy of the victory, the gallantry and good conduct, and the scl- itill i Attainments of our noble little army. Our comparative lo?a. of thoso engaged. exceeds that of any battle of which w.' have any recollection ; being about one out r>f six. To attempt to enumerate, in a proper m inner, ihe individual instances ?f heroism?of determined and delib-ratn courage ?of the pcrceversnce and Intrepidity with which great and powerful obstacles were su-inountu'l ? would be but commencing an endless tank. I trust, when the details of these brilliant afftira art glv'-n by their rr?puctive commanders, that our country will testify its admiration and respeot by some subst intial rew .rd a reward that will live In memory and history, when the Actors In these stirring scenes shall have mouldered In the dust. About i lie I >th of A UR-lt wps determined that we should not attack Kl I'enon, when the enemy had made evtry preparation to receive us. and where, np doubt, we would have been ootapelled to sacrifice many more lives than we have already done. Accordingly, the Kngineers liavin^ discovered a road by whton we could turn it, wu lanlr I,A ?. ? m?.ak V .k. /'k.l.A A t *UU movement the enemy were seriously nonplussed, as they were not awxre themselves of any practicable route we could tike tint would ao effectually turn their position, snd In order to delay our movement, sent out Gen Alvarez. the great champion of the South, with his Pintos, (a tribe of Indian* spotted by nature) together with a portion of the remtlar army, amounting in all to about 10,000 men. to attnek the rear column, under the command nf Gen Twiggs; but it turned out to be a feeble attempt. (Jen Twiggs had scarcely formed hia line of l>attle mid opened his artillery, under the command of <*pt. Taylor, before they fled with great precipitation. A few well directed shots from this battery made forcible I jipresaion ugpn their columna, and they retreated, luAvinr it portion or their hilled and wounded to take care of tnnnMelves. Tne whole affiir did not detain Gen. Twirfjj more than an hour, and he was again on hit maich Uy this time the enemy had discovered the routo by which we were moving, and endeavored to obstruct the road ; but the sappers and miners, aided by the liead of <i"ii Worth's column, soon cleared the road at d>S> .'-nt, ill ci-s, utid by the 17th the bead of General Worth's colu nn arrived at San Augustln?the enemy's gk'rmislirr* tiring from every hill top and point which favored theni on the route, and their cavalry presenting themselves in force several times during tha day, but nover (taring to attnek On the 1 Hi h. General Worth's column moved down the road iu the dirootion of San \ tonio, from which place the enemy llred upon a squadron of dragoons, (killing Capt. Thorn ton.and wounding the guide, Jonathan Kittwater) advanced to protect the engineers in arecognolssauoe of the fortifications of San Antonio. Capt. Thorntoo had been very unwell for seme time, and went out in command of bis squ idron against the advice of his physician and his senior officers; but bis energy and galiaatry would not allow him to remain Inactive when there WkS the least possibility of meeting the foe As soon as the dragoons were withdrawn, Colonel Duncan's batUry and the sappers anil miner's moved down the road, and took a position that would enable them to operate in any direction, iu case of emergency. Col. Smith's light battalion was thrown out on the left front, to w*teh tne movements of the enemy, and to hold him til uiiouit 111 u*n? uj uin auvancing uis nnuK. linmediately after. Col. Garland's brigade made a diversion to the right, and took position iu line, resting hit right at the hacienda of ban Juan de Dion, about 400 yards to the right of the road. Al soon as thismavemout was completed, the '2d brigade, under Col. Clarke, moved down the road until the head of his column rested on the left wing of Col. Garland One soction of the mountain howitzers wng brought forward, and thus they romained suiidawn, wlit u the brigade of cavalry withdrew, leaving the infantry and artillery on the ground. About twb o'clock a heavy rniu came on, which completely drenched the troops, and they were also exposed during the night to a slow drir.xling rain, without tents or blanket*. lieu Worth, with a jmrt of the 1st brigade, occupied the hacienda of San Juan de Dios during the night, and the eue iny amused themselves by firing few rand ui (-hot at it" aboul. sundown, from San Antonio, but without any other effect than to riddle the noilne completely with halls, and to besprinkle the ofiloera with the mortar and dust of the old hacienda. During the day Mujor tiraham was sent out from San Augustlo (Gen. Su?tt,'s headquarters) towards Contreras, to protect the engineers in a rcconnoissanoe of the route in that direction, where, during the forenoon, he engaged a force of th? enemy's cavalry and infantry, which he drove buck.willi a loes of eight killed, two wounded, and five prisoners?Mujor Graham's oemmand sustaining no toss. On the 10th, the enemy fired from the works at San Antonio on the haciunda of San Juau de Dios. supposing a par! of oar forces weie still there. About 10 o'clock sh* sappers aui miners, under Lieut. Smith, and the strtiou of mountain hotfltc-rg. under T.ieut. Calleuder. r. tuimec) t<i San Augustln and joined (Jen. Pillow's division, which v 4S then takirg up Its march in the direction of ( oatrwrts. Gen. Pillow continued his maroh. openii i the road as he went, until he reached a hiah point, from wbe;ico w had the enemy and his fortiflnatiuu? lu full view. Batween I rnd i o'clock the division of Gaii T*ii?v nam* uj> with the adunee and moved forward ? 'ien Smith's brigade advancing to (he left, and Col Riley's to the right. Gen. Pillow placed at the disposal of (li'ti. I'wi'.'ijii Capt. McGruder's battery and fjlwit CalwalaJsr's howitzer*?both of whieh belonged to the prnper ilivluiou of < Jen. Pillow. With ?r??t itltTloally the two batteries moved forward, having to travel hnlf a mile over a broken and confused ma** of lava, apparently Impassable even for footmen. The enemy opened hla heavy batteries from Coatreras, th<- advaucing troops wf lieneral Smith's brigade hotly rngagi d the Enemy's infantry, which he had thrown* ou. across a d?ep ravine and creek in front of hk> fortifications U? appeared determined to maintain hie position in ftt>nt of his tortiflcatloos, using his artillery for a time a^aiaat the rear brigades of our army as tliry ouiun In but ha was not ablu to ttamd the severity of the conflict, and was compelled to retire with heavy Iom lie then concentrated his Urn upon the howitzer*. air?i ( 'aptaiu MoGrudy's battery. These two batteries suacaiaed. for more than hour, the flre of twenty-two plttfe* of artillery, mostly of large oalfbre, when they wore ordrrnil by Gen. Smith to retire from so unequal a on r. flirt,. Their loss was very severe, and among others, *? b?r? to lament the death of Lieut. Johnson; Lieut, fallen tar was alw> severely wounded. Gen Tillow bad ordered General Tierce's brigade to the g< ipport of Gen. Smith, and (ien. Cadwallader's to the f ap| ort of Col Klley. At this state af the battle, while it wax racing with extreme severity, the enemy appear' ?i on the left of the fort at Contreras, and in rear of th.t wlllfige fcif Knsaldo, where Col Riley had. arrived, with a force of 1 i,i 00 men (which we afterwards learned was tuiler the command of Haata Anna hlmselt) apparently threatening the safety of Col. Riley and Gen. Cad ?rallad?r General Pillow ordered the lAth infantry, nnflnir Col. Morgan, to the support of Gen. Cadwallader. (leo Scott oameupon the gronnd about this time, bringing wtth hf ni u?n Shield's brlgad* of volunteers (South Carolina ajod New York) whom he advanced to the support of tlx forces under Gen. Cadwallader. Gen. Tw iggs finding his com' and so separated, and tha!:it?*i utterly impossible, from the nature of the ground, f< r him to reach the point he iutended to occupy.hs uV (lit upproachod. fell back with a portion ol his men to t* ue place where (ien. ScotLwas passing the night, exp i'td. to a severe rain, without shelter or anything luov*4 t.hau his usual uniform, to proteot him from the lneb m'ticy of the w??th?r. M. i<lrn l.'r j Il? 1.,.-II k-ii > . . - uvnivHvi usbbcrj ueiug tiiammeu, and It being evident that cur loft was advancing on a rout ? pi>?**d lor in by the enemy?he having cleared aw* f all tb i bru*h and othar obstacles that obstructed hin riew thereby exposing our infantry to a destructive lire a* they approached, and It being doubtful whether the v conl'i ?iros? tt,? ravine after they reach) <1 it, Oen. Hid iih dlr.-cted ("apt. VcOruder and Urn howitzer battery to open, l'i order to attract the attention of the enemy. w'AUe he tuu4e a movement to the right, which lie had )*>termiD>-d on. in ord<*r to try 911$/)! tbe enemy g lUnks. Vraving three compH>ii">* of th-j 31 infantry 10 support /.Im iiH'.tery.and a'jou.*?l> Un-fl of Major Dilflick'n command. to reinforce ik> lAea iiustaiued by the battery. t?en. HinlUi moved off with the tapper* and miners, Lt. S.nilli i*t artillery. Mkj Dlndck, and 3d artillery, ( apt. Alexander--and as many of the rlfl* regiment as could be got toother, they baring been detached during the day a* iklrcnlsliers. and to cover the engineer* In their reconnoitnaui e. Alter paining over the broken and irregular snrlsc* of lund, and crossing tbe deep rax ines , he succeeded in reanbiug the village of Knsaldo (ien. Smith hiring the ranking ofllcer present, Oen Cadwallad'?r re(K>ri ud to huu with four regiment* of Oen. rillow * division. Col Kiley'* brigade had crowed the ravine and gone up toward* Contreras, after a strong body of tbe enemy, which he drove off. The enemy waa now drawu up in twfi|ln>*s, above the village, on the right of the fort?the front infantry, and the rear cavalry The village of Kntaldo i* protected on one side by a deep raviq*??a lh? road between it vd the stream is a hous.x and tartlftr), surfbnnded by a high and rather strong stoi?M well? the-village Is*- lnter?ecli'd by narrow lanes, betflvenu high." dykes, enclosing gardens full of fruit tree* and shrobhery, affording protection And concealment for ?tlie men. The church, standing in the centre, also afforded protection, if necessary. Oen. Smith now directed (ien. (,'adwalladtr's force to be draw a up on the outer edge of the village, facing tbe enemy'* heaver force on the left of the fort -formed the Id infantry and rifted in column of company, left in front on the right fltuk, and placed Lieut. Smith's sapyer* and miner*, ai d Capt. Irwin's company of the llth infantry, in tho church,> nd MsJ Dimlck's regiment in the uarden on tho road, in order to lecura that avenue And Ifls rear. Oen Smith now detormined to attack the large force on the enemy's right -with Col. Riley on the left?Oen. < adwallsder on the right of the former retired In tcK?ton, but before (lie movement could be completed, night approached, and (lie enemy's lln? oould not be seen, + ETYT 1?' 1> JJi NEA therefore the order jraajjeuntermanded, and Gen. C, adwallader resumed hi* position on the edge of the village ?Col Klley's brigade was formed In a Ion* lane inside, fiarallel to It?the Rifles on hie left, and the 3d infantry n the churchyard. Thus they remained exposed to a I severe rain all night, without tire or shelter- the ofllrer*, 1 fromjgeneraisdown, sharing the severity of the weather; | but perhap* It only whetted their appetite* lor i more ' glorious and determined engagement in the morning ? i But now imagine the position of this portion of the army. numbering 3500 at the outside, without artillery or ! oavalrv, while the enemy in front and on the left had ' 19.000 troops?those in the fort said to be the best of \ Mexico?with 93 piece* of artillery, and among his troops bout 7.000 cavalry. It was evident that some declsiva | action had to be taken?that some great effort had tn be made?and Gen. Smith and Col. Riley, seconded as they then were, were ju?t the men competent to the task, j An attack on the main work wan determined upon, and the movwneht to take plage at three o'clock of the following morning. However, here another obstacle presented itself?the force of Gen. Smith was not strong enough to | attack the main work and bold the village at the same time, and It was of the utmost Importance he should do so, : for If he drove the enemy from this main work, and lu ! his retreat he secured possession of the village, he could hold it long enough to allow his troops to get away, and ! in allprobablllty seriously embarrass any further inoveI ments of our army until he wai safely fixed somewhere else. It is said that fortune favors the brave?and in i this Instanoe it most truly did?for while Gen. Smith < was preparing foe his attack. Gen. Shields reported his near approach with hi* brigade of South Carolina and ! New York volunteer*?and here was an exhibition of magnanimity on the part of a high-minded soldier to a ! brother officer. When (Jen. Shield* arrived he was the ranking officer, and oould hare awuiued the command; but he was n< t the man to pluck the bright lanrels about to be gathered by a brother soldier In carrying ?ne of the strong work* of the enemy?accordingly he moved, ubject to the command of Sen. Smith, and his brigade I wa? .placed in the village of Knaaldo, a* circumstances j might require, either to cut off the retreat of the troops ' from Coatreras. or to take the reserve of the enemy in '< flank, if It should ehange it* front and attempt to attack our force towards Contreras. At S o'clock, on the morning of the 30th, our troops I oommeneed their movement towardi the front of attack ?the night was so dark that the men oould not go out of i reach of one another for fear of losing their way. This caused the movement to be so (low that daybreak approached before the head of (Jen. Cadwallader's brigade commenced descending into the ravine at the village ? As soon as Col Kiley got out of the deep ravine, and at a point where it was thought the rear of the work oould be approached, the head of the column halted and closed?at the same time drawing the loads out of the gunssupposed to be wet. Colouel Riley then formed his brigade in colnmn by divisions, and thus the column stood formed. Col Riley's brigade on the advance, next (ten (Jadwallader's and Oen Smith's brigades, together with the sappers and miners, under the command of Major Dimick. closed up the rear?leaving (Jen. Shields at the vlllsge. Colonel Kiley continued up the ravine, beaxlag ? little to his left, and as he raised over the bank he stood fronting the rear of tho onemy's workbut he was protected trom the severity of its Are by the favorable position of the ground As soon as Col. Riley ascended the hill and came in full view of the enemy, they Immediately opened a warm Are upon him. Col. Riley threw out his two advanced divisions as skirmishers, and said " Forward?Now, boys, give them hellclose in with them, and let the bayonet do its work"? and his command rushed down the alone with a il?an*. ration and enthusiasm enough to strfke terror to the heart of the boldest?while the rear of his command moved steadily forward In solid block.wlth the most mechanical precision The sappers and miners, and the rifle regiment, which had been thrown across a ravine Intervening between the one they had passed up aaQ under the brow of the slope whtoh Colonel Riley came I down, trom that position poured In s Ore which swept ; In front of Col. Riley's eolumn, then Inclining towards their left?joined in the attack on the troops outside of the left fla?k of the fort. Oen. Cadwallader followed the route taken by Col Riler. and as soon as his troops were formed, moved on te his support. The first brigade which was bringing up the rear, had been ordered to follow the same route, but while it was on Its maroh by the right flank up the ravine, and nearly opposite the Fort, (Jen. Smith ordered the brigade to face to the left and advanoe in line to attack the enemy's force in flank This movement was executed in less time than it takes me to write It?they met the enemy outside of the Fort, just as Colonel Riley's brigade rushed Into it?the enemy wts completely routed.and commenced a precipitate retreat?their cavalry and infantry had been formed to receive the charge, but both were compelled to (five w\y to the bayonet?the rout was most oomplete, and the victory most decided, but while Riley's brigade took possesion of the workf and pi .nted their colors upon it, the other foroe oontlnued the pursuit down the road The retreating foroe had to pass near where General Shield's brigade was placed to intercept them. They, however, were not aware of It until they received the well-directed fire of the South Carolina regiment, whioh mowed them down like grass before the scythe. The enemy bad been completely deceived In refercnoe to the position of Oen. Shield's brigade and the balance of the force, by the sagacity of the Oeneral. After Gen. Smith moved off to attack the work, Oen. Shields caused his men to build fires over the ground occupied by the troops during the nlpbt, as if the men were preparing bunt urunaiub, wuicu iru m? enemy to oeiievo our troops were BtUl in foroo in the village, this also led him to believe we were going to oarry into execution the att?ck we were meditating tbo night before, accordingly the night before he placed batteries along hie line, and in the morning moved detachment* forward to take in flank the attack he supposed we would make at davllght, and how great bis surprise mult have been when the first thing he saw in the morning was Col. Kiiey moving down the slope, having already turned his strong-hold?but ail doubts were soon dispelled by the capture of his works and the dispersion of his army?they were met at every point by the skilful management and energy of (ten. Shields, whose command compelled them to fly lu every direction?some taking to the brokeuand craggy rocks some to the ravines?while others depended upon tbnir heels and made most excellent time in a race across the flelJs. One of the most sagacious movements made by a Mexican effloer was made at this place After a lar/e portion of the Mexican army had passed through a very narrow pass, aud our troops after them, he formed a squadren of lancers In the pass, laid down their arms and surrendered, thus efTeotlog the escape of those who had already passed through-those of our troops who ware nearest having to take possession of the prisoners and guard them back, and before another force could go in pursuit they were out of reach. In this fort there were captured 3-2 pieces of artillery, I mostly large size, a great number of pack-mules, a large quantity of ammunition and munitions of war, and upwards of 1,/WIO prisoners, among them were several officers of high rank The enemy left dead upon the field, which we have buried, upwards of 700?but his loss was oertainly much heavier?as the Mexicans were still burying their friends when 1 parsed over the battleground two days ago?there were many more killed whi-n the Rifles engaged on the lfth than wo had any idea?their unerring aim told with powerful effect. The troops in the fort were oominanded by Valencia, those outside by Santa Anna. Among the highest achievements of the morning's engagement. was the re-capture of the two Buena Vista six-pounders, belonging to Capt. Washington's battery, by on* or the llgbt companies of the same regiment.? 1 bay now stand before the door of Oen. Twiggs, and I hope whan ho shall meet his old friend Oen. Taylor, he will hare present these beautiful trophies to claim the congratulations. All the small arms taken were immediately destroyed. The arms were secured and a detachment left to protect the ordnance, ammunition and prisoners?the column formed for the purpose of pursuing the enemy, who bad been met by a force from Han Angel, when Oen. Twiggs arrived and ordered a speedy and most vii gorous pursuit of the enemy, which was immediately done?Oen Shields' brigade iu advance, next Oen. Twiggs' division, and the rear by Oen Pillow's dlvisioa ?the rifles and rappers and miners in advance as skirmishers. There now ensued a sort of a running flght all the way to San Angel?the enemy endeavoriag to make a stand at every point on the road - but the unerring Are of the rifle made every plaee too hot for them, and they were compelled to take refuge in Churuhusco. At Han Angel Oen. Pillow arrlvsd and took tbe command, when the whole column moved down to Cullcan. when Oen. Scott carao up and immediately took the command of the whole. THE BATTLE OF CHUMTBtTSCO. As soon as the enemy's forces perceived that Contrnras was carried, and that we would be able to turn his position and attack him in reverse, he evacuated the for iHnatinn full ? ?- ' i , ?? ,.i. nun ifu t-'uuruouftco wiin ni* Artillery ! anil whole force This ?u kino reinforced by the troops from < ontreras. anil some from the city; th*y apparently I determined to make their ilnal stand ai this point. The work ami position wu exceedingly strong ?nd ' completely masked by a high growth of corn. and an orchard, which very much precluded our officer* g?ttlng a proper view of the poMtion and thrt itrength of the work, which proved to be a regular fort ideation, and had bnan erected in the incredibly short time of 38 hour*.? The church building* formed a large square ? the lower front, at the north end, was chiefly a wall, scaffolded for i infantry?behind It wan a higher building, also covered with infantry?and In th? rear of this, the church Itself i wuh alio oovered with infantry. aaJ a high steeple on it* : rl^ht tlank w** filled with Infantry; In front of the first wwll wa* a curtain connecting two salient angle*, which flanked It. and were continued back to the Ride walls of > the church. garrisoned heavily with Infantry, and mounting 7 piece* of artillery Thi* wa* the point at which ; Gnnersl Smith'* brigade opened the action, and *oon followed, a little further to the left, by Colonel Kiley'* brigade - the** two composing the ( erro Gordo divi*ioo, Gnueral Twigga'. ( aptaln Taylor a battery of light artillery al*o took po*ition near thi* work, on the right of General Smith'* brigade It *oon draw upon it a heavy fir* from the fort, which he *u*tained for an hour and a half, loaiag 23 of hi* oompany, among whom were Meuts. Martin, Boynton and Sim*, and 3 sergeant*? he alto lo*t I during thi* time, IS hone*. The conduot of Captain 1 Taylor and hi* company, throughout, wa* *uch a* to excite the admiration of all who witnesaed It, a* well a* hi* superior officer*. At the opposite side of the werk, the breastwork es1 tended aero** the road from the ohurch, presenting a ! similar front, excepting the building of the church. '1 he work on the road wa* also strengthened by a bridge over a creek, behiad which waa a body of Infantry, and the i work lUelf mounting 3 or 4 gun*. General Pillow, with part of hi* division, wa* sent round b* General Soott, to assault thi* part of the work, but a* ne, with hi* com1' mand, emerged from the mud and mire of the corn fields, (having waded, toini of them, wai?t deep) Into the road, he met General Worth coming up flrom S*n Antonio, W YO V YORK, SUNDAY MORI THE APPROACHES TO 1 ' i^WMMlIf J*/jAkV VV Ai I 5>U6U511 /' v* V;.^ / "V* r < / with bl* division ; thnjr had a hearty welcome, and on* of them proposed tbal their couimauds should go band in hand in earryii>K the work, which wu readily iKroed to. At the umt time that the other commands were deipatched, (inn. Sooit ordered (ten Shield* to attack the enemy's extreme left, where he wan heavily nntrenohad; at the name time reinforcing Ma command with the Vth, part of the Uih and lath infantry, under Gen. fierce Thin movement was executed ax noon as the nature of the ground would admit?the whole command having to pass through corn flelda of high growth, Intercepted by ! ditchee running through them In every direction. The action now became general, and the severity of ' the coufliot never equalled within the recollection of our oldest soldiers?the enemy was more than three times ' our number, besides his advantage of artillery and position?aduud to this, he was stimulated by the fact that It was lh? last effort of resistance he could make, before 1 we could eater the capital- bit troops knew that they ] were fighting for the last remnant of (be Republic, and they stood their ground with as muoh firmness and reso- ' lutii n as any troops could stand, before the army we at present have here. The roar of musketry was so great , that it was almost Hnpossible for tbe soldiers to hear the orders of their officers. There was no point at wbieh tbe action did notrugewith'.severityformorethantwohoure, whiob is praven by the fact that our loss at this point was nearly 1000 men Alter the contest had lasted about two hours, our , troops bad got iuto suoh a position as to be able to close with them at tbe point of the bayonet, which decided j the affair in our favor?Oen. Pillow and (Jen Worth carrying the work on tbe road, by an officer of (Jen. Tillow's division taking down one Hag. and one of (Jen. Worth's taking down the other, and the Nth Infantry planting their colors instead. Oen. Twiggs' division carrying the work it attacked at the church, Capt. J. M. Smith, of the 3d infantry, received the surrender of tbe work, wita seven pieces of artillery, two stands of colois, (len. Rincon, together with 104 officers and upwards of 110# non-commissioned officers and privates, surrendered as prisoners of war. Oen Shields had his work more to himself, and he fully sustained that high reputation v hitherto acquired on the field of battla. When the contest raged highest, and his men falling aronnd him in every direction, he preserved that even temperament of mind for which he is so characteristic? his countenance wearing that bland and affable appearanoe throughout the whole engagement. His volunteers stood and u?ved under the fire with the regularity of veteran troops.? ouuiu ourunuu nan sustained a neavy IOM ' ol Butler was wounded twice Wore he received the fatal shot.? Two color-bearer* were successively shot down, when J.leut Col. Dickinson took the colors, and wae bearing tbe I'almetto proudly amidst tbe storm, when he also received a severe wound. About the same time that the three divisions at the ferta were enabled to elose, Orn. shields succeeded In driving from their position the large force with whioh he was contending From intercepted letters which we have in our possesssion, written on the evening of the battle, we learn the Mexican loss to bo 5000 In killed and wounded, and by them we also learn, that out of 30,000 men, they had but between (<000 or H000 men left, and they in oonfusion, without lender*?the balance killed, wouuded, prisoners, or totally dispersed. After the troops bad arrived at this place, all the former Texan prisoners who were present, assembled just below the National I'alace, on a line paved road, made by the labor of their hands, while thoy remained in this country. On the sido of tbe road stood a beautiful monument, with the following lnacrlptloo : " Kreoted to tbe memory of Oen. Santa Anna In cousideratlon of bla having constructed this road by the labor of the prisoners of Texas." it was not loug after the assemblage of the erowd, until down came tbe momument,and not sat isfled with tearing it down, they broke the stone Into small pieces, and scattered them to the four winds. Tbe dragoons were now brounht forward, and drove the enemy to the gates of the capital, thus closing the most brilliant victory achieved by our arm* during the war, and one whloh will vie with Miy achievement of our arms in time* past. 'I'llK DRArtOONS IN HATTLE. [From the New Orleans Delta. Sept 10.] The following interesting article, which does no more than justice to the gallant corps to whose services It refers, was aent to us by our correspondent Mustang: ? Th e services of the Dragoons being of a distinct nature from the other eorps of the army, 1 have deemed it preferable to embody them in a separate artiole. especially devoted to that purpose. This course, while it will enable me to do greater justioe to all parties, will also permit me to enlarge on certain points in relation to this arm of tbe service, which it would not be proper to introduce into the details of an engagement. It Is a well known feet that, since the commencement of the present war, the Cavalry force has been entirely inadequate to the exigencies of the service. This want bas been severely felt in every engagement with the enemy. It has prevented us from following up and reaping thefull fruits ol our victories; and while It has imposed an unusual amount of labor on the mounted force, tbe officers complain that, from the same cause, they have not been permitted to a full participation in the glory of our achievements. Detachments are so treijaently and necessarily called for, by tbe different divisions of the army, for picket guards, escort*, and other purposes, that, at the decisive moment, the amount of force at a given point has not been fouud sufficient to aot with vigor and success. Tbls fact is deeply to be regretted, not only for tbe considerations which I have already assigned, but on account of the officers themselves, who, always in the van of the army, aud constantly exposed to be cut off while reconnoitering, have gallantly confronted danger wherever it was to be met. When the cavalry fore* was embodied Into a brigade at Puebla. and placed under the command of the gtllant Harney, it was hoped that a sufficient force would be kept together to aet with efficiency. This hope was also strengthened by tbe removal of Major Mumuer from the liifl* Hegiment, which he led so nobly at Cerro Oordo. to the command of the 'Jd regiment of drsgixm*. But these expectations. I regret to say, have not been realised Immediately al ter the action had commenoed at ' hurtibusco, Celonel Harney and Major Huuinsr joined the Oetieral-in-Chief with three companies only. *nd companion Deing withdrawn, one after another, to utMogthen different points, they >0011 found themselves without commands. But the dragoons, though detached, were uot Idle, being constantly and actively emplojed, as will be shown, In different <iuarters since the I 7th Instant, performing the most arduous aid indispen. sable duties. On the 10th. as the army descended the grand slope of the Sierra, which divides the beautiful and productive valleys of I'uebla and Mexico, and the dragoons, who were In advance, were about to take position at the Ha ienda of Duena Vista, the enemy appeared in front with a larg'- force of cavalry. It was confidently expected that a tight would ensue, and preparatlous were instantly made to commence the attack Colonel Harney directed Msjor Sumner to charge tills force with a *<|Uidron, comprising the companies of Captains Blake and Hardee, while lie supported him with the remainder, but tne enemy fled precipitately on the approach of our troops, and, although pursued, could not be overtaken On the 17th, Captain Blake, commanding the advanced guard, entered the town of Han Augustln. after a 'light skirmish with the enemy. On the IHth, Captain Thornton was killed Instantly by a cannon shot flred from Ban Antonio, while ho was recounoiterlng that position with his company This gallant officer met death with the same heroic resolution which he had nalformly displayed in all the eveuts < f his checkered career. The first to encounter the enemy In the present war, at Caraclta, i where he narrowly escaped with his life, he was also the first of the many victims in this engsgement who have i sealed their devotion to their country with their lives, I and whose memories will be enshrined In the hearU of a grateful people At the battle of Contreras, on the 19th, the entire Cavalry force was held In reserve for hours, within th? range of the enemy's shells. On the JOthjthis foroe was so cut up Into detachments that not more than three 1 companies were enabled to act together at any time or I place. Capts. Hardee and Huff were ordered, on this day. to hold important points near San Augusttn , and tho former, while In the performance of this duty, was I attacked by a large band of guerillas, but they were j promptly and handsomely repulsed by Capt Hardee and his subaltern, Lieut. Anderson, and about 30 of the ene- I my's horses, with their arms and accoutrements, captured. Capt Blake and his squadron were engaged in 1 securing and bringing In the prisoners taken at < ontre- j ras. I ol. Harney, finding himself without a command 1 on the field of battle, was actively and usefully employed 1 with hta staff, consisting of Capt Wood, A H M.; Lieut 1 Htede, A. A. A. Oenersl, and Lieufc May, A. I) C., in ral- < lying the fugitives, and encouraging our troops on th? left of the main road leading to the city of Mexloo. To- 1 wards tha close of the engagement, Majer Sumner was 1 placed by tha GommandUig General, in charge of the ' .1 I I I ' RK H 1 Vy m ?NG, SEPTEMBER 19. 18 ME CITY OF HEXIGO. E Y \ j *'jH h ' n L " S ' V vN 5 "y \ I V c i last reaerre, conaiattug of the Rifle Regiment and one ' troop of Horse, and was gallantly leading It to the attack, when the enemy broke and tied. The burat of enthusiasm with which the Rifle Regiment received ltd old com- * rounder gave earnest of what might have been expected bad thin favorite corpa encountered the en?-my I'er- * ceivlng the enemy retreating in disorder, the intrepid *Harney collected all the Cavalry within h!s reach, confuting of pafts of Capt. Ker's Co. 'id Dragoons, Captain Kearny'* Co lat Dragoons. and <'apt* McReynolda' and Uuperu'a Co'a 3d Dragoons, and pursued them vigoroualy to tho gates of the city. Many of the ennmy were : overtaken in the purault and killed. The impetuoua and gallant manner In which thla charge waa executed, 5! loatneme of universal admiration. Ofllcera and men eemed to Tie with each other which ahould be foremost *' in the pursuit. ( apt Kearny and Lieut Steele led the 11 advaaea, and charged, with a few men into tha very en- K1 trenchment* of the enemy. Had thla movement been |1 upported. or the Dragoons embodied, the city would have bnen entered the same evening, and our flag would now be flying from the highest point of the I'alace of thu ? Monteiuinaa! In thla charge Capt. Kearny loat an arm, and <'apt. McReynolda and Lieut. Grahain were wounded. Lient. Ll Kwsll had two horaes shot under him. THE KILf.KD ANI> WOl'NDEI). at We copy from the Delta a list of the killed and wound- ni d ofllcera and privates, in the various division* and bri- n< Bdes of our army, in the late battles before the city of la exloo. The killed, we are gratified to (lad, are not as tl numerous as we aupposed, and many of the wounded are ri oui sugnuy nun. me recapitulation 1* a* follow* :? C Killri. tVoundtil. Mining. iu Gen. Worth'? Division, 37 10 tl Gnn. Twiggs' do., 10 At 13 h< Second Ur<gade, S3 126 4 ol Engineer Company, ? 4 1 tl Company K 1st Artillery, 2 3.1 ? v; Qen. Pillow'* Division, 13 13? 4 tl 41 Brigade, Vnltlgeur and gi HowYtser Con., 0 30 2 bi hluietto lleglment. 13 134 ? (Jen. Uuitman's Division, 10 tin ? #( 138 860 33 THE ARMISTICE. '* {From the Washington Union, Sept. 10]. Thu armistice Is lormlng the subject of some discussion in our social eirolea. The Ptcayunt publishes a letter from it* editorial correspondent in the camp, of ? tlie 26th of August, stating that ''it has produced uni- 0 vnrnal dissatisfaction in thu army," though In his letter v of the following day he rather softens down his ceusure, * and admits that it ' may l?ad to some kind of a peace." 1 We are unwilling, until we receive fuller and official ac- J coasts, to discuss the question, or to oast any slor npon * the General, whose military servloes are receiving the 1 thanks of ths people. Out this we undertake to say, in c relation to the whole subject, that it would be most un- ? fortunate If Mr. Trlst should permit the negotiation to ~ be spun out beyond the shortest possible time?say two 1 or three days; for, as we are now advised, that course Is u the very policy which the wily politician. Hanta Anna. 1 would himself prefer for rallyiug and organizing his means; and, under the same reservation, we may add, it ?' is to be regretted that as long a period as forty-night * hours after the negotiation had terminated, has been allowed for the resumption of hostilities. The country la becoming impatient for the termina- t tlon of the suspense in our relations with Mexico. Politician* are beginning to discues the armistice and the duration of the negotiation. The battle was fought on G the 19th and 30th of August. The armistice was con- V eluded on the 34th. The commissioners hsd their first meeting on the 27th, their second on the 28th, and were N to have a third meeting on Monday, tho 30th August. ~ We have no account* aa lata ?s that day. "Thin ar- f inistioe shall continue as lone u the commissioner* of 1: the two government* may be engaged on negotiations, J or until the commander of either of tha said armies !" (hail give formal notice to tha other of the cessation ? oi' Lhe armistice, and for forty eight hours after such notice." We have sot the slightest disposition to prejudge the p question, or to find fault with ouy one. liut much will 1 depend upon the energy of the America* commissioner. H Much, too, depends ou tha American cominitnder. ? We shall wait with great anxiety for further news ' from the army. If an honorable peace oan be made, we j, shall hail It with pleasure, bat 11 must be promptly _ made, if not made at onoe, let the fact be known . and V Idt the war be pressed with all our energy, and be J< brought to bear more stringently upon .Mexico. As an officer writes on the liftth : "To get peace, we may have !/. to conquer it, not to conciliatu a peace ; and to do this, we must cooquer the people. We havo almost had enough of conciliating to negotiate " We understand a steamer is to be kept In readiness at y] Vera Crux to reoeiva tha General's official details of his v transactions, and oonvey them tu the government. <j They may, of course, be oxpected in a few days. Along P> with tbis fact, this evening's southern mail brings a short note from the General's camp, sonveylng the tol- iJ lowing Interesting intelligence. It reduces the number n of our killed, and wa shall ba most happy to have it con- K firmed. We give the extract as it comes ^ Til-usava, August!28. j, Our loss of the killed, wounded, and missing on the (: l!>th and JOth Is I .(MM), of wham 13 are officers ; 111 rank C and file were killed. Tha Mexican loss In killed, ^ wounded, and missing is at least 16,<HJO. We havo now granted an armistice, which it is hoped will lead to peace. Negotiations have already oominanced. II tiie nkootiationfl. jl [From the New Orleans Delta. Hept. 10 ] . We cannot illsguise our apprehensions that the cir- * unistances under which Mr. Trlst enters upon his dl- h plomatic discussion.give no promise orjassurance that the J, result will he satisfactory to tha American people. We |J are disappointed In the bop* much cherished by the peo- '' pie oi this Union, and especially entertained by the Commauderlo-< bier of our arms, of dictating a peace to the Mexicans in their own oapttai. We know not upon whom the bltine will fall, but wa think the author and proposer of the mode, time and piaae, which have been sclented for the diplomatic adjustment of our difficulties with Mexico, wlU incor a heavy and fearful responsibility. li ? ? Dut alas! that after all tha glory and success of this li war?after whipping the enemy whenever and wherever u we met him?after penetrating into the heart of his 1< country and most signally defeating hit last and largest e army under the very walls of the capital?with the spires * and oupalos of that magnifloant city in full vlaw of the c army?that then and thare Mr. Nloboias P. Trist, Chief '1 Clerk of the State Department, should be closeted with q one Mexican general and three lawyers to determine up- l? on the peace, which wa were all promised, and the glory it of this war demanded, should be dictated to tha enemy el in the grand plasa of thair capital ! n iii unmruya mrever me unit/ ana Qnlsll of our Mcxlcau li Kpic?it throw* a unlver*al damper and freezing dUap- *t ( ointment over the national ambition? It make* u? the d aughing Rtock of that envious old world, who*e awe and ci respect we witre juit beginning to arouso. ai Tin nivi, August *25? ? 9 o'clock s' We HtlU remain itain tjuo Mr. Triiit ha* been in *es- 11 sion two day* with Onns. Herrara *nd Mora, tbe commissioner* appointed by the Mexican < ioverutnont to a: negotiate peace. Matter*, I ai/i Informed, are K?lntf ?n smoothly between the Mexican government aud it* 11 agenta aud our authoritle*; but with tba rabbin in the M sity, there's no telling they have neither sense nor rea- * ton, and are governed entirely by their passion*. It P1 would really be unfortunate If any thing should occur * atpresent lo prevent concluding the negotlatlous. Our '* authorities will remain passive until "furbeorauoe cease* " to be a virtue." ' j? I UK FATE OF LI BUT. IIK.N PERSON. I | From the Sun of Anithuao, Aug. 37th.] Nothing ha* yet been heard of Lieutenant Henderson, *1 and tbe detachment under hi* command, who were, It 1* K> lupposed. taken by tha Mexican* naar l'u*nte National, ? u few day* ago. \v? have ?een In tha Jalapa Uoltltn or the 30th, that Aburto, tbe chief who commanded the 'n guerillas at tbe Urldge, bad made hi* report to tbe Mex ?' loan govorument. but nothing 1* said of this detachment. to The rumors which have circulated here a few day* ag". give u* reason to fear very much for their fate. *? Sinew tbe above waa put in typa, we bava seeu a Mexl- <**' can who told us that he waa preaent when the detach- be meut wu taken In tha chapparal, after surrendering to 1,11 twenty time* their number, and shot! Thi* i* horrible, be ind the con*ei|ucnoes will be sad one* We will make farther remarks about this trait of cruelty and cowarlica. trl The names of tha unfortunate fallows who were thus L? murdered,are 3d Meut David Henderson, commanding 0f the detachment; ( ooper, Burgeon If. H A I - - foi Koraats, Ord. at. La. Ranger*; Oaa Hand, guide; and de [ERA 47. rivates W. D. Corder, Neugent, J. O'Donnell, uowb in New Orleans by the name of J. Watfton, W ork. J. Johns, jr., Lipkin Thnmi# Wallace, K. turgeon. John Porter, two men belonging to the (ieoria Regiment of mounted men. MONARCHY IN MEXICO. [Krom the N. O. Picayune. September 10 I "In speaking yusterday of the rec.tll te the 8paIsh Ambassador at Mexico, and ef his intrigues > establish a monarchy in that oountry, and to plsae i? Duo de Moutpeuiiier on the throne, we were inado > lay that the governments of both Krauce and Kngland ad disavowed the Scheme. It should have read "the ]Ternment? of both Kranoe and Hpain,'' fcc. MILITARY MOVK.MKNTS. The U.S. steamer Telegraph left last evening for Vera ruz via Brazos inland She taktu down the following ; assengeis:?('apt I). Nlckies, Quartermaster's Departlent. Vera Crui; Lieut.C. Lilly ?nd??v?n men of < apt ewis's company of Louisiana mounted volunteers, do; ieut. D. M. Short. l'Jth infantry, do; Lieut. S C. tJisl, S. N.,do; Sergeant Win Douirlass ;id infantry, do; , ir James W irwine. Brazos inland; Mr. John I.a Kaye, ubsisteno* Department, do; N.Connor, C|uarterma?t r's Department, do. The Katiny. too. left last evening for Vera Cruz. She Iso will touch at the Brains, where she and the Teleraph will take in troops from Hen. Taylor's division 'he Jarues L. Day leaves to-day for the name destination. O Picayune, lOffc imt The Governor of l'ennsylvania has agreed to accept lie services of a company, to be raised by Lieut. Bowley, f Pittsburg, if it can be dons with despatch. The difficulty in regard to the organization of the Oreon battalion is not. v*t. at. tn unrl It. la waiil (tint ttiM JoTrrnor haa received Intimations that there waa coruptlon and intrlgae in the election of Lieutenant Cololel of the battalion, that, listening to these suggestions, le han Informed Lieut. Col. Powell of them, and of tho iropriety of his demanding an investigation of the barges. ('apt. Stapp's company of Illinois cavalry will leave efferson Uarraoka to morrow, on board the steamboat luena Vista, on their way to VeraCruz. 'Iheyareto e employed on their arrival there, in service against the uerlllas. The Koaklusko Ounrds held their election yesterday fternoon. and chose the following oBlcera:?Kor Captain. i. Koacialowski; 1st Lieutenant, John Stevens; 'Jnd .ieutenant. Kdward Colston; second 2d Lieutenant, aleb 8. Tuttle.?St. Louii Republican, 9th mil. INCIDENTS OK THE WAR. We learn that by hia will, the late Col Louis D. Wllsn, of the Hth infantry, bequeathed to the chairman of le county court of Kdgecoub, In North Carolina, and >JiU successors in offlce, forty thousand dollars, to be ppropriated to the support of the poor of that county his act of charity is touchingly beautiful. Col . Wflin had for years represented the oouifty of Kdgecomb i the Senate of hia native Statu. When it appeared robable that the requisition for volunteers made by the resident on the Governor ot North Carolina would not s met, he resigned his seat in the Senate, volunteered, id was elected a captain, the highest post to which le voice of the men could elevate him; and in that umble rank marched to Mexico. Before inarching, hn iade his will, and evinced his gratitude to the oonsti ency which had ao long honorod him with their conience, and his ciiarltable regard for hia poor neighbors f this munificent bequest. There has not fallen in the irvice of hia country a braver or better man. We canut permit the following touching note, which anounces the fact stated iutbe preceding paragraph, to be it:?" I do not know when 1 have been more atfected lan on learning, in a letter from a frieud in Tarboro'. reived this morning, that the patriotic and excelleut ol. Wilson had disposed ot a large portion of his estate t is mentioned witnin. lie was respected throughout le State?relinquished the ease and comfort of hia own nine, and of a competent fortune, at the advanced sge ' sixty, to engage in the military aervice. Never waa lere a more patriotic or self-sacrificing act. He fell a ictlm to the inhospitable climate before he could see le enemy; and his disease was aggravated by hia rerets at not being able to head the command which has sen ao gallantly conduoted by the brave Major Lally. Liaut. Schuyler Hamilton, reported' severely wound a," weiearu 18 sale I rem danger. "be Yellow Fewer In New Orleum_Ttie LI at of Interments. ? [From the New Orleans Delta. Kept. 8 ] In accordance with our plau, the interments In this Ity and, for the twenty-tour hours ending at o'clock last evening. will be found iu to dfty's paper, rlth the exception of the St. Louis cemetery, the reurns of which we could not obtain last evening, owing o the absence of the sexton from his office, when our eperter called ut ti o'clock. Thin oinisfion wo shall, lowt'ver, endeavor to have obviated iu future. In aduiion to the daily publication of the interments iu the ity and Lafayette, we will also give, on every Sunduy lorning, list of interments for the week, at the ceuieery at Algiers, and the Jewish cemetery, in the rear of .arayette. The report of the IJoard ol' Health, and the aily deaths at the ( haiity ilotpitul, w# shall continue a publish as heretofore. While on this subject we cannot omit an expression of ur thanks to the sextonB ofthe different cemeteries, for le readiness with which they afford every facility iu leir power to our reporters. INTERMENTS IN THE DIFFERENT CEMETERIES, 'or the twenty-four haurt ending at 0 P. M.^Srpt. 7. PHOT KIT A IT. Nume. Jlne. Nativity. Name, Jig*. Nativity. ). I' Littleiohu, 21 Kuul?ml Jaiuci l'eimer, it Uukuowu II. Htigiiu, 34 Kentucky I cvwiKm (iKOvr.. In. Dr. Hill, 00 Kentucky H'ury Skinner, 23 N York ST. PATRICK'S. till. McGowan, 38 Ireland James Smith, 35 Irthntl 1 I. Dull,,31 do Margaret tlcGeuuv, 2'J it ohu Kux, 2 Unknown Cath'ue O'Brien. :1J ilo ^d. Carded 38 IreUud Johu Mcllntili, 2U do 1ary O'Neal 3J do W. Mulluuey, I I do Irs. Klix'ih O'Neil, GO do Martin Canton, 21 du ohuSeiry,36 do ST. TIHCICNT l)K PAUL. . Heltubrand, IS Unknown A. .Mary Slier, 38 B.ivana limes, 18 KugUnd I'rter Blrimnn, 2i Ukkuowu leory Bemuies. 34 Unknown Citrine Oar, 23 do nt'y Arnold, 22 France Joseph Kick. 32 do Pter Scown, 64 Germany Ailet Color, 32 do .. tlelier, 16 Unknown J. K. Scnulfar. 21 Haiony icoh BUv, 37 Oermany John Koh. nack, 32 Uadea ? Lebel, 31 Kiaiice I*. Mielzielsky, Tolajid / \Vhrben,42 Unknown K.florstr, 21 Germanr useph Jacco, _ do Henrie Miller, 47 do . Sci'iiliic, 23 Cani'U Kutfeue Poite, Unknown ar'lme DuuMtnt,20 Germany J. Deuhraugh, do ary Harms, 27 do UrtTCTTI. liz'h Jones. 31 N.Orleans Jos. Masner, 21 Germany icob Kisclier, 33 Barana Mr. Hoss, 28 Kreeport ?r*'U Hiuch, 74 Germany Auk Haver. 27 New Orleans alruliue llenrick, 11 do N. VV. VVastihoisloa, 21 do hrislme Shover, 28 do Mrs. Brooks, ilo iuI Muller, 3J do Henry Krom, 10, Germany I'HiHITT IIOSPITAI.. Irich Dunbar, 28 Switr.rrl.iud Kred'k Kidel, 20 Germany enry Preble, 22 Maine H Snlli, 31 d" dward Kin, 21 Gibraltar Kraur. Oollurt,27 do / Kearuan, 21 Ireland K. Unlil, i3 Prussia / n i .........I in \1?> . I a,.., I. ic'.i.iu in tim.m.*.. icobut Schmidt,? Unknown Alnanain IJrnwn, Tl Ireland A Dudley, 2t Mama Jacob Kurr, 2H Germany harle? Kern,30 France N. W. Wataon, 21 Now York hr. Klfinini'm 27 Ireland <-allwnue Shea, 30 Ireland V. lioxrer, 27 do Cutharine Otsle, 35 Swii7'|.iiid 111 11{> Bradt, 38 do Wnlparick vVa?el,38 I'ranee ttrick O'Mara. 40 do Pierre Romer. 30 I'niuia o(li CoKan 37 do John llohuttaller, 26 Germany sliri Kearney, 32 do Frederick Ma ?h, II do roTrra'j ntu>. nil Baur, 2B Bavaria Kker Kti?nne,20 Germany ihn Mulli|(aii,15(Ainnerlirut David Millan.'.o AroiUnd r u (.lirntiau, 10 Denmark Jamea l< letninK, 30 Unkunwn >hn < laik, 45 Ireland James Lnidtay, 27 lielaud eortfe Smith, 2# Germany Michael Kltzftrald, 21 ill KiikIi'Ii.31 do Patrick Maadeville, SO do William Berry, 4# Viriciiin Antoiue Plata, 31 Germany Ir. BrinniKer, 35 Unknown Mr. Wmdle, 21 Maiyland . Hiukler, )< Gennauy John Boudom, 22 lliiuoit General Taylor and the WIImot I'rovlko. [Krom tno Cincinnati Knqulrcr, Sept 11 ] Tho following paragraph appeared Id the Signal of the *t Instant ''We noticed ?ome time alnce, In a letter from Waithigton city to a Mobile paper, an assertion put forth with uioh contldenoit, that Oen. Taylor had declared in a tier to .Senator Crittenden, that ho wan oppoaed to thf rriter stated that Air ( rlttenden mule free line of the intents of this letter, to strengthen the Interests of < ?eii 'aylor iu quarters where such mi assurance would be reunite to win political support. We might not liarn re rred to thin publication, regarding it ait an electioneerig device for the Alabama latitude, but we notice in an . borate leader of the Nru> Yut k lln aU, the same steteieut put forth iu the terms, and to th* smne extent us i tho correspondence of the Mobile paper Regarding ich a position m in no reaped inconsistent with the uty of Gen. Taylor, and his success in the Presidential ?n vase, If Indited It in not indispensable to the latter, we re unwilling to doubt that such a lett-r ?a? written to enator Ciittendeu, and that it was eihlbited by him ale ouiy adwistiible compromise on the subject ' The jfatai, of Wednesday morning, copied this article. | nd appended to it the following " Mr. Crittenden having neeii the foregoing article in j ! Signal, request* m to nay, that he never before had ten or heard of the publications In the Mobile paper, ad Nrw York Krrald and that whosoever made or repated, the statement they oontaln Is entirely erroneous nd unfounded tJen Taylor never did declare In any tter to Mr. I rlttenden ' that he wan opposed to the e*mslon of slavery Into territory already free;' nor did he i any form ever express t* him any opinion on the sublot, so that Mr. i known nothing whatever of General aylor'* sentiments In relation to the matter Having uo room to suppose the Signal intended the ightest misrepresentation of the matter, we take it for anted that paper will cheerfully adopt thin authorized xreution 1 The Sinnal of the succeeding (lay correct* the error to which il waa led by the Washington letter writer, id eipresses its regrets " that an assurance so welcome the North and West, as that (Jen. Taylor had risen so r above above sectional.prejudice as to oppose himself the Carolina fanatics, iu their effort* to abolish tree in in our Western territories, has not thus express,y en anriounned, instead of resting, as at present on an iplication. however clear and favorable the latter may i TiUAr. pon Murder, and Ookviction.?The al of John Knlly, Indicted for the murder of Mrs. 'wis, at I'rattsville, which rame on at the present term the Court of Oyer and Terminer at I e Judge WIIlard, has just closed, and the Jury reared ? verdict of guilty. II I f LD. Price Two Cent*. ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE from EUROPE. The Commercial Kevuieloti and tlic Failure** [Kroin the l-oniou Tiiutf, Au<; a;? ] The excitement arising from th<? nurtijetmlon of th?? bou?e of Mt-Mra. W. It H'>bin*ou n. lo (writmour city correapondent) arose r^tln-r from the clrcuraaUuru of the senior partner being the Governor of th? Bunk of Vn? thun from the extent of the I ilhllit irt of tt>_ firm. TheM liabilities are stated at about jL Io,'? 001), ami U Is understood that the asset*. a a nominally made out, sh< w l ie. io the pound, although uo expectation is entertained of the ultimate realisation of that amount. 7 he event is attributed entirely W> speculations in wheat, nail the house ha* for neveral week* been Included anionic*l thom whoi>e ability to if^i#t tin recent pressure ha* foruird the subject of discussion on the t orn KxchaugM. The failure of a OoTornor of the Bank of F.ogland 7* unfortunately not an event so no?i I ax to creatn the surprise which should properly he consequent upon Ic Within the last eighteen years, If we recollect rightly, mo lecu than -ix parties who have either oeen actual or pact occupants of that position have l?'l?n. not merely into insolvency, but in the majority of Instance*, have exhibited in tue nubnequent winding up of their affkirs, a long-continued oourre of mismanagement ,to um no hariiher tern) rarely met with in the ordinary course of mercantllo disasters. Inquiry will now naturally aria* an to the particular caunes in which thin may have its origin. Whatever may be the renult. it can hardly fail to render irresistible a conviction which haul long been growiug up. that the adoption of ioim new system or appointment in esnential. to the welfare of the nation. It In considered that there in scarcely a position in which the qualitiart of mature observation, a dignified bearing, and a freedom from all personal pecuniary distractions could be mom requisite than in that "f (iovernor of the Bank ; yet not only in the p< *t filled by those who ar? absorbed in legitimate buslnens of their own. coupled too often with the anxieties of the wildest speculation. which it in one main duty of a banker to dinrouuteuance, butt by those who are not even permitted to attain to the advantage* of experience, even if they were disposed to benefit by the opportunity 'i be term id rttlce of a ?>ofernor of the Bank in limited to two yearn, and it ii cou ei|Uently only just ax lint duties are about to clone and to pan* to another learnet. that he it found to have obtained something liko a vigorous and easy grasp of them. One meant of remedy Would obviously cousUt in rendering the office permanent, and in conferring it upon some party wholly unconnected with personal business, and who might be fitted for the poet by private Ktation and recognized financial abilities. Another remedy, but perhaps a lenn effectual one. would be the abolition of the practice at present pursued by the proprietors of adopting " house lints." and thus leaving each new vacancy in the direction entirely to the nomination of the existing court. The advantage of the fcppositc practlco in exemplified at the India-bouse ; nnd whatever else may b? reformed in the constitution ol'the Bank of Kngland. it irfcardly ponnible but that the clone system which ban hitherto prevailed munt noon ceane to be tolerated. Th? t.r<.r,rl..l...u r..... 1 -..,.1 thii brunch of thrlr power to the directors,.and the way in whichtheae partiea have justified tho confidence repoaed in them Imt been sufUcieully manifested In eighteen yearn the ordinal ij number of governorI would be nine, anil during that periods an we have already ob- % terved no lets than tin of thof who have either htld or putted through the office have bruk-n down ; it having been afterwards demonstrated in kluiost overy Instance that each of theae partiea was. aot only at the period of aeleotion hopelessly insolvent, but tlint such must havti been his condition for mauy yearn previously With these couaeijuenoes before tliem. th* proprietors call hare no excuse for further supinenesa [From Bell'a Messenger, Aug 23 ] The failure of tho house of Messrs VV. ltob'nson &. Co , on Saturday, ia attributed to speculation in ryemeal. The exact amount of the liabilities of the firm in not yet known, but it ia gener liy believed that they will not exceed ?140,00O ; the asaeta will we underatand, seoure a dividend of from 1'i*. to 16a in the pound. The fact that the senior partner in the llrm ia the Governor of the Banlt of Kn^'and, ia nut the leust important feature in the cane, inasmuch im it will tend to apruad tnat alarm and increaae that waut of ccnQdenoo which liave already been attended with such latal effect* lu almost every brunch of trade. So far a* we are able to make out, the liabilities of the firms which, up to the present time, have fallen beneath the pressure of the crisis through which we are passing amount to ubout two miilioua and a half The detail* are fl.iuirlax k Hon, ?300,000; J.eMie ft Alexandt*r, ?-luO.OOO; Kinu it Melville, ?-jOO.OIM); Coventry f< Sheppard, X' I .0 (100, UilM & Co. ?J?l>,000; W If Itoblnaou fc < o. ? 140.000; four morn in l.ondon, (smaller) ?410,000; Liverpool, ?I4J 000: Stockton, ?100,000; (ila jew. ?.'00,000; WaUrford, ?160,000; ( ork and Limerick, ?100 000; Sligo, ?<j0.000. The Dlrilian War In ICiiglatul. (Krom the London Times, Aug- ] Eighteen months have not elapsed since thu l're?ident of the Lulled States communicated to the American Congress thu Intelligence that they werti engaged in a war on their southwestern frontier The motion which impelled Mr. I'oik to tllo origination of so serious an incident in the anuuul register of a nation wre very candidly discussed at tbu tluie. It was asserted that the war arose from a source little more respectable than thu imperfect window at Trianon, or the cup of tea on Mr*. Masham's gown. It wan said that the I'r?eidt*ul desired by some signal exploit to endear bn term of ofll ;e so deeply to hia constituent'. t hat they would be loth to seo the termination of sogr.riou* a reign, that he wished to ; Identify his adtnini'tratl^n with gr .lifting ?ictory and profitable con<|Ueat, in. that he expei-ufl to divert or ovrbear the retno-jstranees of politicil dissent and th? chances of a possible rival by the spoil* or fougs of a J triumphant expedition. Mr. I'olk looked for a abort I ramt aiun, and a stiminsrv surrender Hi. dr??mt nw_ Napoleon, in 1H1 '4, of deputations and < ITerings, of cepflonr anil spoils He thought to acquire u province u(. the rout of u parade, nod ti> discover n new planet for hi* sinr-'pangled bauner, without it mentionable rtpmdi'.ure of labor or time Now, supposing that the next -despatches should bring the actual intelligence of a treaty on the specified basis, the account will run thus : The Americans have been subjected to the drain of an eighteen months' war en a fur morn ruinous scale than any of their recent armament* No very close approximation bad yet been made to th* precise amount of the p.naity thin Incurred, but it in admitted on alt hand*, that it ha* gone far to postpone that revision of the American tarilf, to which previous experience wan leading, which was no emphatically called for by the retorm* and prospect* of other Statea, and which would have npoken no powerfully for transatlantic wisdom amongst the people of I u rope Instead of u conquest. Mr. I 'oik can only point to what by tbo most favorable appellation must be termed a compromise. Instead of enriching the hxohequer, or reduolng the burdens of his country, he has retarded. It inay hi for year*, its opportunities of sage experiment or enlightened reform. At an early period of the war, U was ioduatrlonMy s?t forth that Mexico would indemnify her conquerors for the expeurtew which they condescended to Incur; but as this claim gradually became larger and larger, it w?s proportionately wit idrawn from notice, and such Impracticable arrangement no longer figures la any of the preliminaries Six months ago, before the battles of Vera I rui, the advance to I'uebla, or the de? patch ot reinforcements, the costs ofthe war were stated In Congress by a calculating approach 30.000 000 of dollars. Ily the name estimate the marketable value of < allfornia was set down at 14.00m,000. Omitting therefore, the intermediate accumulation* of expenditure, aii l stating the c.ise in a form most familiar to transatlantic rapacities. It maybe said that America haa exposed herself to the har.ard of disgrace and the reprobation of huroje for the sake of purchasing an unnecessary commodity at twice Its worth lint trite la not all. It IS notorious that the ITnited ?? considerable accession of territory without the agitation of a i(U?stlon which may Involve the most momentous result*. A large ami powerful portion of the t'nlon in resolved that slavery, if It cannot be abolished in the State* where It In at present legalized, shnll at least never bo Introduced into any newly annexed province; anil the energy displayed in such matters on our own shore* may lead to a pretty safe Inference as to the obstinacy with which this not unreasonable point may be insisted ou aboard. On the other In alleged and declared with r<|ual violence, that Flare labor will be more than ever Indispensable in bringing under cultivation n prolific but encumbered coll, promising abundant return!, but demanding extraordinary ouiiays of capital and labor The bent-Informed prophets of thin di?pute are unable to anticipate It* decision, but It ha* been very palpably blnfed. tliat the eventual disruption of the l ulon and tfie formntlon ot two separate and hostile power* on the North American continent, may be the consequence of so Inveterate a dissension. Other anticipations combine with this prospect to bring the policy ot Mr Polk Into almost universal susp'cion Instead of extinguishing opposition by the dar.tilng splendor of conquest and the emollient importation of plunder h? has raised up by the means of the war, a formidable rival to his own lame lie has Riven fits adversaries an Inexhaustible topic of invective, disheartened lila friends by the falseness ol his position and determined the course of neutrals by the 111 success of his speculation. " There are two things,'' says a noble historian. " which are generally popular in their l>?<iij?ni>( , the 11 rat is a war anil the second a peace " Mr I'olk * war certainly claimed its share of favor ; but though bis peace may undoubtedly demand the welcome which the ie*?er evil always deserves we think it will pass even hi* ingenuity to represent It as an advantageous bargin or an honorAble conclusion. Mlnrrllsnrfliu Foreign Aflklri. gf At Burnsley. a few fanatic* beaded bv a fellow named John OUI, have started a new creed, the principal feature of which is their belief that man is onm posed ef body, soul, and spirit, end that at death the spirit go?a to heaven, whether Its owner lived virtuously or not, while the body and soul (ink together Into the grave. Accounts from Constantinople, of the'20th, announce tb? overtl row of Mehemet All Pacha, the brother In-law of the Multan, and grand admiral, who haabeen replaced by 11 alii Pacha, a supporter of the present government. 1 he ex-admiral was accused c>f peculation to a great extent. it I* stated In a letter from Cadlt that two piratical vessel* have been fitted out at Tetunn.and are now cruising under the command of a notorious pirate named Maddu All. The ootumlttee for the purchase of the birthplace of Ahak*p?are,of which Lords Morpeth and Kllesmere respectively president and vice president, have Just ls??ed a report, stating the commencement of a fond for t a

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