NEW YORK HERALD. Hew York, Nplembw tt9. 1HT. Tk? H.r?M ft>r *?ro|>?. The steamship Union will leave this port tor Prance to-morrow, and the Britannia will leave Boston tor Liverpool the day after. The mails for both will close intbiacity to-morrow. We ahall issue aa usual an edition of the Herald for Europt for each eteamer? that for the French steamship containing a synopsis of American newa since the sailing of the last steamship, in French, for the use of the Continent, and both containing the latest newa from the seat of war, and from everv part of the country, including the markets, and perhaps the terms of a treaty of peace between the United States and Mexico. They will comprise a dish of American news that will be read with interest in every part of, Europe. The engraving will be a representation of the steamship Britannia receiving repairs on the sectional dock. _ Newa from Europe. The steamship Philadelphia, from Cherbourg, will be due on Friday next. She will bring two week* later intelligence from the Continent of Europe. Our arrangements are now so far completed, that we shall probably receive regularly by each French steamer, letters from our special correspondents situated in continental Europe, south of the line running east and west through Paris, and containing a simmary of the news for each current fortnight. These special despatches will, in the present posture of affairs in Europe, be of the most absorbing interest. Our Relations with Brazil. We learn from an authentic source that an order has just been issued troin the Treasury Department at Washington, requiring the collectors at the different ports of entry to levy a duty of twenty per cent upon coffee imported from Brazil, in the vessels of that nation. If there is authority for this, we have some curiosity to know why it has not been put in force before this, and why it is enforoed at thib particular juncture. If it is merely for revenue, it will not amount to much, as very little coffee is imported into this country from Brazil in Brazilian bottoms. There is a Brazilian vessel now in Boston with coffee, and another in Philadelphia, but this is an unusual occurrence, and is attributed to the scarcity of American shipping at Rio Janeiro, and other Brazilian ports. We have no commercial treaty with Brazil, and the commercial intercourse of the two nations is regulated by the tariffs of each. We have not heretofore been aware that there existed authority for such restrictions upon the commerce of Brazil with the United States, and in the absence ef anything definite as to the object of enforcing the law, we are induced to believe that the recent acts of the Brazilian government, relative to our whaling vessels visiting their ports, have been the principal cause of this movement on the part of ours. Ttw Question of Compromise?Its Importance to the Union. TUom or? nKoorinor indiriitinnn nf A more moderate tone of feeling at the South aB well as at the North, on the slavery question, as connected with the acquisition of the California?. The Wilmot proviso, so violently thrown in the teeth of Southern men, last session, drove them, in the height of exasperation, to an equally impracticable extreme. Many, and among them Mr. Calhoun, declared against the Missouri compromise. But if a serious resistance to the extension of the compromise line to California was ever contemplated by Mr. Calhoun, and those who acted with him, there is reason to believe that the recent frank declaration of Mr. Buchanan against the proviso, followed by the very general approval of his sentiments by the press of the North, has softened the asperities of feeling which have existed at the South aver since this ill-advised doctrine was first promulgated. Many of the more influential journals of the South, among them the reputed organ of Mr. Calhoun, have recently declared their approval of the extension of the Missouri compromise line, as a means of adjusting the difficulty raised in regard to the further acquisition of territory. Why, then, open up this question anew, if the South be willing that it be decided on the basis of the Missouri compromise 1 The position has been assumed that the constitution itself was a result of compromise, and that with its establishment all compromise was at an end. Wherefore T It is true the constitution was the result of compromise; but why should compromise cease with its formation 1 If the wise men who framed it had been averse to the perpetuation of the system of compromise, they would not have built upon that system an instrument, which they intended to transmit to posterity, as ine urn 01 ine covenant maue urtween the several members of the confederacy. In that instrument they set a lasting example of compromise ; and it is fair to assume that they would not have done so had they regarded such an example as dangerous. To argue that, because the constitution was the result of compromise therefore all compromise should cease from its establishment, would involve as great an absurdity as that, because this fair world was created by a harmonious combination and arrangement of the various elements of its organization, therefore harmony should thenceforth ceaae on earth, and the example set by the Creator, in the formation of the universe, should not be followed by his creatures in their daily intercourse with each other. The whole machinery of this government of oura ia regulated and works on a system of compromise. The very revenues that maintain it are derived from a tariff", which is a practical exemplification of this spirit. The laws of the General Government are framed with an impartial regard to the interests of every portion of the country; but the interests of different sections of the country are adverse, each to the other ?therefore impartial laws must involve mutual accommodation and compromise. It will not be contended that what suits Massachusetts is for the interest of South Carolina, or what is pleasing to Maine is equally so to Louisiana. The habits of the people, their feelings, their mteresta, their occupatioaa are different, and must i ever remain so. Lawa framed specifically to suit each must consequently be diametrically opposite in their aim and character. Therefore, in order to do equal juatice to both sectiooa, mutual concession must enter aa a primary element into all laws of the General Government. This mutual concession in what is commonly known by the name of " compromise." If, then, into the formation of laws regulating commerce and other domestic concerns, this thing, called compromise, of necessity enters primarily, it should also enter into the formation of laws relating to slavery, for the reason that the North and the South differ as much on that question as on any other. Hut difference of opinion on questions of commerce and other cognate questions, does not involve danger of a dissolution of the I nion. difference of opinion on the slavery question does therefore, a mnlort, should compromise enter into the adjudication of all questions relating to slavery. Accordingly, prudent statesmen o^the North and of the South, as well in the formation of thr. constituton as on two subsequent occasions, in the case of Louisiana and of Texas, impressed 'I ???? . "1 1 with the conviction that the maintenance of the Uaion was incompatible with a at net adherence to the principles of either section of the country, adjusted the difficulty by mutual conception. The nation has three timea compromised the slavery question, with its eyea open. If, sb is said, to compromise the slavery question is to compromise the constitution, a most wicked and dangerous examp e was set us by those who framed thai constitution, and that instrument has been twice compromised and violated by Bome of the wisest and best men this country has ever produced. Are we so pure, so wise, so patriotic, as to be justified in constituting ourselves censors of the purity, the wisdom, the patriotism of those who framed the constitution, and of those who have since followed their example? The Dkmocsatic Stats Convention.?The democratic State convention, for the nomination of State officers to be elected by the people in November next, will be holden this day at Syracuse. The following are the names of the principal aspirants, but we must inform oar readers that there are, in addition, a large batch of others, whose chances may b? considered very slight, although their desire to be elecied is very great ros comftiollii. A. C Klagg. Urn present Comptroller. Orvllle Clark, Senator, from Washington oounty. William Smith. merchant, Albany O. Hanger ford, formerly M. C from the 19th dlst. W W. Wood worth, laU M C. from the 8th dlst. N. C . Benton, the present Secretary Edward Sandford, of New York oity. Henry 8. Randall, of Cortland county. John Cramer, Saratoga oeunty. Erastus Corning, Albany John C. Wright, Sehoharle eounty. roa TasAtcata. Joseph Russell, late M. C. from the 16th dlst. Francis U Kenno, Oteego o unty. Wb.P Malburn, Albany city. Joshua B. Smith, Suffolk oounty, present Senator. ATToancr ocnaaaL. John Van Buran, the present Attorney General. R D Wataon R. W Peckham. K B. Talloott, Senator from the Oswego dlstrlet. E C. Litchfield, of Watervllet. We have not obtained the names of the aspirants for the offices of State Engineer and Surveyor, Canal Commissioners or Inspectors of State Prisons, but we are informed they are numerous. The Assembly bill, providing to supply by election the vacancy in the office of Lieut.Governor, occasioned by the resignation of Judge Gardiner, having been concurred in by the Senate, and having received the signature of the Governor on Monday last, the democratic State convention will also nominate a candidate for that office. Total Loss ok thk Packet Ship Auburn and her Crew.?A letter from the wreck-master at Long Beach, was received yesterday, by the se ^f.L? i i _r i -.-la I L. ?L urcmry ui uie uuaru ui unucrwriicru, ui wuiuu 111c following is a copy :? Lono Bkach, Sept. 25, 1847. The ship Orbit, of New York, Capt. White, from New Orlennn, came uhore on the Long Beach, Bamegkt Inlet, on Saturnay night last. She hu gone to piece*, and the oaptaln, first mate and sixteen other* are lost Your* reapeotfully, EDWARD GENNINOS, Wreck-master. It is here distinctly stated that it is the ship Orbit, but as there is not a ship belonging to this port of that name, it is believed beyond a doubt to be the Auburn, Capt. Hoyt, which sailed from New Orleans on the 24th of August for this port, and was on Saturday fairly due. The Auburn was a regular packet between this city and New Orleans, belonging to the late firm of Stanton & Frost. She was to have been sold on her arrival, for the purpose of settling the affairs of the firm. Her cargo was valuable, consisting 362 bales of cotton, 15 bales of moss, 34 sacks of wheat, 4 bales of buffalo robes, 5075 pigs of lead, a quantity of indigo, castor oil, starch, 569 bales hemp, and about 68 packages of merchandise, which, with the vessel, was valued at about Beventy-five to one hundred thousand dollars, and insured in "Wall street. The amount is pretty well divided among the offices. She was a good ship of five hundred and fifty tons burthen, built in this city about ten years since, and was valued at $20,000. Omnibussks is Broadway.?Unless the corporation ordinance, requiring the drivers of omnibusses to " keep to the right," be more strictly enforced than it has been, Broadway will be unsafe ior private vehicles, or even for pedestrians. It not unfrequently occurs that the drivers of these ..large vehicles upset private carriages, thereby endangering the lives of their occupants, for the purpose of securing a sixpence, before the passenger be taken up by the omnibus a little way behind. This should not be allowed, and if the nuisance continue to exist, private carriages will be forced to abandon the use of Broadway, and leave it in the exclusive control of the omnibusses. By the way, we are happy to see that the Common Council have directed Mr. liuss to pave another good portion of this beautiful avenue with square blocks of granite, in the same way &9 he is now doing the upper part. This is a good move, and we hope to see it all paved in tuc oauic iiiaiiuct utiuib uiau j jto id, ttiicii i i ut 9 and the omnibusses kept within proper regulations, Broadway will compare favorably with any street in the worl Launch of the Hermann.?The large and elegant steamship Hermann, the second in the line between this port, Southampton, and Bremen, will be launched tomorrow afternoon, at half-past one o'clock, from the yard of Messrs. Westervelt and McKay, foot of Seventh street. It is the intention of the company to have her ready to make her first trip sometime in December, under command of Capt. Crabtree. Militia Parades on Monday next.?The notice published in this paper is the only notice required bylaw. The service may be avoided by paying to the Receiver of Taxes seventy-five cents before the parade. Steamship Britannia left at anearly hour yesterday morning for Boston. Steam was "got up" while she was on the dock, and the moment she touched water, she headed for sea and sailed for her destination. From Venezuela.?We are in receipt of filet* of El Republicano, published in Cumana, up to the 2d of August. They contain nothing of interest. Anotuvr (ioriT Ptnr in Mivkvii i ir ?Tli<?rr? whs another great fire in Mayaville, (Ky.) on the 10th. It originated in the large trame warehouse, oor ner of Wall and Water streets, owned and ocoupied hj Mr. William S Read, and in lest than ona hour th< whole row ot frame buildings on tha aaat side of Wall nlna In number, waa a heap of mouldering ruins. Th? building* wera not Terr valuable, but contained a quantity of produce, groceries, furniture, Ico., which waa destroyed or seriously damaged The lorn is about aa ft>l low* ?O. H. Davis, lour buildings, flAOO, no inaoraaae; Wood ii Davis, furnishing store, $3 800, insured for 93,600; John D. Bridges, dry goods and groceries, fl.ftOO, no insurance; Soloman Hhockly. buildings, f'JOO, no Insurance ; Alexander Maddox, houses and groceries, 93,000, insurance $1,000; W. Mose. back, fruiterer, 9300; Mrs. Jaoobs, a poor widow, lost all her ftirnlturaand ths wearing apparel of herself and children Meaars. Mook lar and Chiles and Thomas J. Pickett had 17 tons oi hemp (the former 13 and the latter ft) stored in the warehouse of Mr. Reed, belonging to various individuals, Messrs. J P. Dobyns It Co , about M tona; Mr. Robert Downing, two tons, and Mr. E. Oault, soma seven or eight tons? the whol- valued at about 94.300. Mr. Read ( timates his loss at from 91.-wo to 93000. He waa Insured for 91300 on the warehouse and goods. Dr. Dobyns and Mr. J. H M'llvain suffered a considerable loss In the Injury of their furniture. ,but are fully Insured. The Are, It Is generally believed, was tha work of an incendiary.? Maytville Eagle. We regret to hear that the Rev. 8. A. Worcester, of the I'ark Hill Mlssslon station, met with a painful acclThursday laat. As ha waa descending into his well for the purpose of reparing tha pump, the rope broke and precipitated him about thirty feet against some of the works He waa ronMderably bruised, and is I new oonflned. though it is hoped he will naadily reoovw. 1 ? Chtfkf, Jiavocatt, 8ft OfV ' TkMrtftaal and larisal. We should think that nor* paopl* rtsiUd th* theatre* ud other places of nilnl?at last evening and on Mo?day evening, than w* iwr hare known to do do befar*. Ths Tark last evening was brilliantly attended by the faahionable portion of the public, to see Mr*. Mowatt in her new play. The Bowery waa filled from pit to dome. The (ihatham waa aa full aa It oould well be. Tha naw theatre In Broadway waa filled to overflowing; so was the Tabernacle to hear Hart and Sirori; so waa Mitchell's; so waa the Museum, so waa Palmo's Opera Houaa; and the Bowery Clrous oould not oontaln many mora than were there. An immense sum of money must hare been expanded in theatrioals that evening; a greater sum we can safely ay than has aver been expended in this city on one e Ten log for amusements. We think this affords conclusive evidence that our oity is in a prosperous condition. Pabb Theatre ?Mrs. Mowatt's playof'Armand" was repeated last evening at the Park, and was reclved, as on tha occasion of it* first presentation, with unaffeeted demonstration* of applaus*. The piece i* well written and well constructed for the stag*. Th* interest whioh is ?xoit*d at th* opening, but not raised too high, gradually Increase* after th* first act, and finally augments to a climax, whioh is developed in the last seme. There ll no lagging, no lauing on, iruui unt w un. ? ? tar* v? well sustained Riohclleu, the unscrupulous oourtler and politiolan, Louis XIV.. the licentious king, Armand, the ohlld of the people, the oonstant lover, the brave soldier, and true man, with the other characters, wbloh All up the pieoe, are all done in a manner which reflect* oredit on the gentlemen and ladle* to whom the various part* are assigned, and among them we mnst not forget Mr* Vernon a* Babette, the peasant dame. High hope* were raised in fkvor of the piece, when it was known that the writer of the play waa not only to oversee the rehearcal of it, but waa to perform the principal part herself The** hopes have not been disappointed. The aotlng show* that the author I* duly apprecla- i ted, her coneeption* perfectly comprehended by the whole oaat. and all the minor point*, whlob often make or mar a drama, are well brought out, and tell with admirable effeot. There are, perhaps, a few lncldenta j whioh might be improved or excluded from the play. . We have in our mind at preaent the scene of the ruatlc danoe in whioh Blanohe and Armand come upon the tag* together; almoat aa soon a* they appear she par- i tlaily faints, but Immediately recover*, when the dance , oommeno* * in whioh she Join*, and finally yields to the Influenoe of the drug which Richelieu has previously ad- J ministered to her, when she has danced through the < fl,ure The effeot would be better preserved if the first ] fainting soene were excluded The audience are already j ' advised, by having seen her take the draught, of what 1 they may expect and are. therefore, prepared to see the effect which follow* This may be a small matter; but ' the soene would be more perfect if the first faintneas were excluded But of the whole piece, w* cannot, in ' juatice, speak otherwise but In praise At the oonolu- < aion of the play, Mr* Mowatt was called out, and again < reoelved the proud reward which a gratified audience 1 awarded with great enthusiasm " Armand" will be 1 repeated to-night. It i* destined to be popular. ' Bowkkt Theatre.? As might hav* been expected the n*w drama entitled the " Siege of Monterey, or the , Triumph* of Rough and Ready," whioh we referred to , particularly yesterday, attracted last evening at the , Bowery, as large an audience a* the establishment _ could contain. The enthusiasm with which each part i was received, waa fully aa great a* that whioh charac- 1 terlsed it* first produotlon. It 1* acknowledged by all J who have seen it aa the most attractive and splendid piece that Mr. Jackson ever produced. We devoted more time to the examination of the soenery and the general 1 getting up of this pieoe, last evening, than we had an opportunity of doing the evening before, and wo are de- | cidedly of that opinion. Mr. Jaokson 1* determined 1 that th* Bowery will reoeive its share of patronage.? The "Siege of Monterey" will be repeated to-night with the same oast, and the comedy of the " Spectre ' Bridegroom, or a Ohost in Spite of Himself," will be added to the evening's amusements. Chatham Theatre.?The new pieoe whioh we referred to in yesterday'* paper, vis., " The Lonely Man of the Ooean, or the Night Before the Bridal," was repeated last evening, and was enthusiastically received by a very large audienoe. Every act, every soene, and the personation of every part, drew forth repeated bursts of applause, and many were the encomiums passed on the manager for his enterprise in providing what he thought would be aooeptable to his patrons. We have never seen Mr. Neafle to better advantage than we saw him in this piece, and it is no more than just towards the gentlemen and ladles who took the remaining oharaoters, to *ay that they all acquitted themselves very handsomely. It will be repeated to-night, and a new comedy will likewise oe perourmru. Circus?Bowery Amphitheatre.?The oddities of Slgnor Felix Carlo, and the extraordinary feats of the Holland Aorobat Family seem to please the patron* of this establishment highly. The Olympian games of Luoian and Albert Holland performed on a barrel, are truly wonderful, and the extra vagansa of the Chinese Fair, with all its fun and trloks, tickle* the fancy of the youngsters hngely. The performances in the oirole are varied and exeelUnt, comprising comic singing, horsemanship, still vaulting, tight rope dancing, Ethiopian Minstrel*, Cole tho India Rubber man, lie , bo. Nothing. In fact, Is omitted by Mr. Tryon to deserve the patronage he obtains. Palmo'i Opera House.?The Ravel family had another excellent house last evening, and the entertainment went off as usual, amid burst ot laughter. M. Henry Wells, the elegant danoer, takes his benefit to-night; and produces a very exoellent bill to display the natural and artlstioal graces which he possesses. The perfoamanoeR will begin with the one act pleoe called ''The Secret," performed by Mr. Waloott, Miss Clarke and John Sefton; after whioh will be pantomimed the first act of " La Sylphide,"during which a "Pas de Deux" will be danced bv Mme. Leon Javelli and M. Henry Wells, with solo on violin by Mr. Lamanna. Then will come the tunny pantomime of the "Wood Cutters," in which (Jabriel Ravel takes the charaoterof Jobard. The whole will conclude with the celebrated exercise of the "Bedouin Arabs," by the whole Ravel family, consisting of the ''Pas de Dervis an tambour," "tourbillous," and numerous othsr extraordinary leaps and feats, worthy to be seen by all the admirers of gymnastics. Ne doubt the house will be well attended. Tabernacle.?At the ooncert of Messrs. Hers and Slvori, last evening, there were assembled nearly four thousand persons, of the fashionable Inhabitants of the city, strangers, officers of the steamship Union In grand costume, lio. They bad visited the Tabernacle to hear those two wonderful artists, the greatest musiolans now in the United States. The association of Hers and Slvori is the best idea they have ever had, and every where they go they will attraot crowded houses. The oonsert was the greatest affair of the season, and it will mark the musloal annals of our olty, for they were reoeived with an enthusiasm difficult to be described, notwithstanding the disappointment at the non-appearance of Madame Fleury Jolly, who had been afflicted with hoarseness Every one was satisfied with the announcement, that her place would be filled by the sweet little singer. Miss Julia Northall, and the celebrated Frenoh baritone of New Orleans. Mons Dubreull, who displayed great talent. Miss Northall sang with justness and elegance an English ballad entitled '* Home, dear home," and the fine cavatina from Donizttti'x opera of" Betly," In t/neilo limylict " Monsibur Dubreuil, whose rich voice resounded beautifully in the large hall of the Tabernacle, rendered with grace and expression the oavatlna irom " Maria Padllla," a charming Krenob sopg " L' chant det Mateloti," In which the words ami the melody are of the best style Now for MM tier* and Blvorf. who were reoelved with unbounded applauae. M. Hera's variations on " Lt pre aiti Cltrci1' is one o the aweetest gems among the compositions of thin grand maeatr*. We admire at no the delloacy of tone displayed in the fantasia on the" Puritanl." Thesolence of M. Herr. U Incontestable, and the more we hear him tbe more wv are astonished with the enchantment in which we are put by the elegance, the rwhltttr of his compositions, and the lightness of fingers with which he executes them. Camlllo Hivori was also encored with a kind of musical rage His grand toncerto in A major, wat praised as lt deserves, for It Is the invention of a real Senilis Certainly, the ghost of Paganini was rejoiced 7 hearing the little grand artist performing upon one atrlng his " Prayer of Moses'' What could we say to express our feelings upon such an admirable execution' Worda are not sufficient?our soul only oould speak This superb ooncert ended with the celebrated duo concertant on William Tell, by Oabome and Pe llerlot, executed by Hera and Hivori, In which the two rxcculants alternatively obtained the universal applause of tbe audience Let ul not forget Kapetti aud Tituui, whose aooompanlment waa very remarkable. Messrs Ilerz and Hivori will give another concert next week All the dilettanti of our city are anxious to hear them again Madamk A.nma UitHor'i Concrrt at the Tasibi r>ACLK.?This event has been looked for eagerly ky the world of music, and we believe, from the sale of tickets, at the varioua music stores, that to-morrow evening will how one of the most crowded houses that has ever graced the Tabernacle, as all the amateurs, professionals | and fashionables, are anxious to hear this lady in a con, cert room, after having heard her in gTand opera on the boards of a theatre. Another thing that adds aest i to this conoert, is the appearance of the celebrated harpIst Bocbsa, whose pupil Madame II is All the world r have heard of him; he was lataly the director of the | Queen's theatre, London, and In former days was harpist to Napoleon, besides Ills fame and standing as a perI /AantM VtAA U nn Uu r ?l?hratjirf a onmMaae KaU.r r Hu author of upward* of fifteen hundred piece* of mil trio, many of them of groat popularity, an the credit dido of many muaic sellers' book*,both In Kurope and thin country, can well teatify Mr. Breugh will al*o a**i*t at tbi* oouo?rt, no altogether to morrow evening at the Tabernacle will be well worth the attention of the public. Sionoa To-night there will be presented <|uit?' a new programme of hi* necromantic and ventriloquial feat* by Signor Bliti. The trick* of the coffee and *ugar< lover'* letter, and the rlmg*. poultry yard, icc , are all entertaining in the highest degree The celebrated dance of *ix dinner plate* will conclude the evening'* amuaementr Da. CoLLrca'i Modei. Artiite*.?The Apollo Room* art nightly filled with large audience* to witceM tbwe ' exoellent 1m personation* of Mlilmtwt pUM of Painting And gculptur*. Thi* novtl entertainment gala* nlghUy with the publio. Chkmical Dioramas, Gothic Hall, Brooklyn.? Thin exhibition will be oloeed after thU week New Yorker* and our friend* In Brooklyn ought not to omit elog it. Herr Alexander, the celebrated magician give* an exhibition in Natural Phlloeophj and Magic at Blreker Hall, Albany, thi* and to-morrow evening*. Gen Tom Thumb ha* been performing before crowded audienoee, a* uaual, in Bangor, Maine. He la now in Portland, and intend* going te Norwich and New London, and then proceed South via Charleston, Savannah, bo , to Mobile, New Orleans. Havana, and 8t. Louis, after which, he retiree for ever into private life The combined profit*, to all .concerned, arising from the General's exhibitions during five jean, amount to nearly a million of dollar*. He is a trump card. The Havana Italian opera oompany are performing Verdi's opera* at the Howard Athenaeum, Boston, with perfect success. Mr. Wallack was to appear at the Boston theatre on Menday night, in a n*w piece oalled "The Violet." It bad a grutt run in i.onaon, una ia asiu to o? aeeerving of tfreat praise when well got up. A new drunk, called the "Sea King's Vow," w?a announced at tbe National, at Boston, for Monday night. Mr. Dempster was to sing at Nantucket last evening. The little Adelphi.at Boston, is said to be all alive and full of fun. A young lady made her debut at this house on Saturday evening. Mr. Murdock is playing in Baltimore. ~ Miss Charlotte Barnes is at tbe Odeon, Albany. Madame Ablamowlcs is a great favorite at the West. She was to give a oonoert at Detroit on the 34th Inst. She was to sing at Cleveland on Monday and Tuesday evenings of this week. Dan Marble has gone to St. Louis to play an engagement. Oeneral Tom Thumb gives his entertainments In New London on Saturday of this week. Thursday and Friday he is to be in Norwloh Mrs. Drake is playing at the Louisville theatre. Sporting Intelligence. The Kali. Raciko Campion.?As will be seen by an advertisement in another oolumn of this day's Htrtlii tbe fall raoes will commence on Tuesday nest, the 4th of Ootobor, and we are ittlsded that this will be th? most interesting and ezoiting meeting that has taken plaoe in this vlolnlty for many years. The North will be fairly arrayed against the Seuth, and there is every reason to expect that the well oontested battles of yore irill be fought over again. Among the candidates for idditlonal fame in the chronicles of the turf, that will *ke part in the oontests of next week, we notloe tbe phalanx of Mr Samuel Laird, five in number, with the renowned Fashion in the van? besides. Mr. Conover's sta3le. which are a host in themselves; and to meet this lornidabl* array of tbe best blood of the North, Mr O P. riare is on his march hltherward, with the Southern oroes, cousin ting of Passenger, Bostona, Miss Coutts, Palmetto, Patsry Anthony, Uo , 8to. Great excitement il ready pervades the sporting world rejardlng the coming
>ontest between Fashion and Passenger?and the old racing men are prioking up their ears, to oatch every word in relation to these celebrated coursers. All agree ;bat the engagement between them will prove a brilliant riotory to the conquoror. Cf.ntrevh.lk Course.?A spirited trot will come off this afternoon, at the Centreville, between three very irell matched nags, and as each is well backed with friendx, we anticipate seeing a good attendance, and a Jvely business among the money ohangers. Those who ire gifted with a superabundance of the needful and a iispositi ju to part with it, can Indulge in a pleasrnt ride to the track, and be gratified with the quality of tbe sport, although the quantity may be small. Fai*fielo Kacei?Fall Meeting, Friday, Sept. 24th. ?Morning rainy?sun oame out at 13 o'clock?spectators repaired to the oourse at 1 o'clock, but were driven under shelter again by a heavy shower. In three quarters at an hour tbe horn sounded and the competitors came forth, tbe saddles were thrown on, the riders mpunted, und the judges at their post prepaired to give the word. Doswell was the favorite by odds, On starting, all went off well Doswell and Green had it rough, roll and tumble, all the way round, Johnson fol lowing at a respectful distanoe, to avoid, if possible, the mud. Doswell having the heels of Green, held the lead, and won the heat, through mud and water, in 1:57 J?. On the second heat, five to one was freely offered on Doswell against the field, and some few were smart enough to bite at the bait, while the ' knowing ones" r V-. - ....I. tk. ?k... irali, .nt nff luugut my Ml mil J ??v? >u>r. ?u.oo -I}?" 8"" ?> Doswell leading, with Green close up, while Johnson again lagged, for the tint half mile. But here a new game waa to play?Johnson made a bold posh, closed up the gap between himself and competitors, 11 out-footed" them down the quarter stretoh, and came to the post ahead, at his ease, in 1:56. Ker the third heat, Doswell and Oreen seemed much wonted, but the young Boston was leady to repeat a dozen times if necessary. After a short cooling, and another false start, all went clear. Johnson in the lead, which he kept to the end o! the mile?making the fourth round in 1:6?. The orowd was large despite the horrible weather, and the subscription put on foot yesterday, to make the $1000 purse for next spring, continued to grow rapidly. 1 Col Wm. R Johnson names b. o. by Boston, dam Kate Kearney 3 1 1 3 A. M. Payne and Thomas Doswell names oh. c. by Andrew, dam Ruih 12 2 3 C. and N. Green names b. o. by Meroer, out of an Eolipse mare 3 3 3 Time? 1:67.K?1:66? 1.89. The second raoe was a match between Botts and Oreen for $100 aside, and the belting about equal. The contest was very handsome, and the winner showed himself "every inch a horse" by his gallant bearing, high mettle and determined spirit to outstrip opposition, mud or no mud. Mr. C. Oreen names Mr. Tally's oh. o. 2years old by Boston ) Hon. John M. Botts names gr.c. years old by Boston, 2 To-morrow, Saturday, there will be two more raoes, to close the campaign. The Oame season opens rich with all the luxuries the country affords in that line. Grouse are so common in the market that in order to induce our eating houses to take them, the proprietor of a wagon load is almost obliged to fasten a tip to each bunch at an inducement to purchasers, and quails so plenty that they may almost, whistle for a chance to be eaten. Snipe, duck and plover are also knocked over in numbers that would not shame the figuresof the Illinois State Lottery, while occasionally a young gobbler in the wild turkey family flutters within range of the double barrels of our sportsmen. But "our thoughts are on the prairies ohasing the deer." Yesterday we saw two?a fawn, just " out of the spots." and a yearling buok in the "short blue," brought into market, as One and fat as though they knew expecting epicures were in waiting to mount their saddles.? Chicago Journal, Srpt. 21*t. Cliy Intelligence. The Weather.?The thermometer stood at 72 degrees at Delatours In Wall street yesterday, at 3 o'olock, P. M The day was extremely fine, and a real "Kail day." Kike Comfant Parade ?The "Eagle Guards," Wllliamsburgh Company, passed our office yesterday evening about 6 o'clock, headed by an exoellent band, on their return from a target excursion. They are a fine looking body of men. Sudden Death ?Coroner Walters yesterday held an inqusst at 364 Third Avenue, on the body of Thomas F. Day, born In New York, aged 39 years. The deceased had been in poor health for some time, but was enabled to attend to his business ; the day before his death, hihad an attack of difflculty of breathing followed by bleeding ftom the lungs. On the mornlog of his death, he remarked that he felt well; took a newspaper and went into the yard to read it, as was his custom?in about half an hour afterwards he was found sitting upright dead. Yerdlot. death by congestion of the lungs The deceased was highly respeoted by a large circle of friends. Police Intelligence, Jlrrttl of a Fugitive.?Officer Willis. of the 3rd district police, arrested yesterday afternoon a man by th' name of Samuel Crawford, on a charge of stealing six cows, valued at $1(10, from the possession of John Merrit, residing at North Bergen, Hudson oounty. New Jersey. It appears that J ustice Mitchell attached the cowh from Crawford on a debt, and placed them in the cue tod^and care of Merritt, when Crawford took posses sion of the property again, and drove tnem off to this city, where he was arrested and detained bvJustioe Ketoham, to await a requisition on the charge of larceny. Charge of Grand LarcenyOfficer Dlanchard. of the 4th ward, arrested yesterday an old thief oalled James llrgan. on a oharge of stealing $49 from on board the brig Creole, Wing at the foot of Roosevelt street, belonging to John Uatister, mate of the brig. Justice Osborne locked him up for trial. Arret! of a Convict. ? Officer Brady of the 7th ward, arrested yesterday a woman by the name of Ann Terrill. an escaped convict from Blackwell's Island. Justice Ketchuia sent her back to her old quarters. Fracas in Iht City Hall ?A fracas occurred yesterday aftn-uonn In the City llall, between Wn. ('. Cook and John L Broome, in which Mr. Cook received it violent blow on the head from Broome with a atone slung In a handkerchief Justice Osborne held the aooused to bail in the sum of $300 to answer the charge. Thk Planet MarS.?This splendid orb mny nt the present time be seen rising in the Eastern horizon in the evening It is very brilliant, with a red ieh appearance.and has a Northern declination obaearlv fourteen degrees. It is now making its nearest approach to the earth, and will be In that position the middle of October, at which time its distance from the earth will he about fifty millions of miles The direct motion of th? nlanat annarentlv ceases on the first of Ootober. Then it* apparent retrograde or Westerly motion commence*, and will oontinue until the third of Deoember. It will then have attained IUt extreme retrograde, and will h*re passed tbe line of right ascension of the xtar Arietta, one of the lunar stare, from whloh it will bear nearly South, and ltd distance from It will be between ten and eleven degree*, at whloh time it will paM over our meridian at a quarter pant nine o'clock In the evening.? Button Traveller, nIh inil. Mobk Anti-Kkntihm.?H&rant Van Wagoner , was arrmted on Saturday the JHlh inst. hy the sheriff, on an Indictment far burglary in the first degree lie *m the person who waa put in possession of the prej raises occupied by J. L. Weeks, in Taghkanio, some time since, by a number of persona in disguise, who at the same time ejected Weeks. Van Wagoner has been admitted to bail in the sum of Philip Van Tassel was arrested last week and committed to jail by the sheriff. on a warrant for an assault and battery with intent to kill, in resisting the execution of process Alexander Decker has been arrested, and is now undergoing an examination, chargod with being eoncerned in the firing of the barn of Mr. Lapham, in Taghkanic.?Hudson Oatitle, 28fA init. Mall Failure*. No New York papers were received at Orleans on Haturday, the 18th hut. Law IntalllfcnM. Svruxi Covbt ? Sept. 38. ? Freaent, Juatloea c.ady, MoCoan and Hurlbut.?In Rt Paul Bruni ?The argument In thia matter waa resumed thia morning. and finished . judgment reaervad. The People va.,Mathew Barron was next taken up. Barron ?u convicted at the Court of Over and Terminer of grand larceny and aentencad to the State prlaon; the verdict vu exoept*4 to, and the case came on to-day for argument. Mr Burlock appeared for Barron, and the Dlatrict Attorney for the people; judgment reaarved. The court adjourned until Thuraday. Cibcuit Coubt.?Sept. 39 ?Before Judge Edward* ? Jamr.t A. (iavlty T? John A. Frazer?Ttili waa an action for the balance of an account; the aum claimed waa $100. The defendant admitted that he owed $63, but initiated that the difference between that and tha aum olaimed waa for good* anld to a third peraou. for which ha waa not liable Tha jury found a verdiot lor plaintiff of $70 Kor plaintiff, Mr. Thayer; for defendant, Mr. Merrill Henry Andrewi VI . Jonathan Goodhue el al.?Thia waa an action on the eaae to reooverthe value of certain gooda owned by plaintiff, which he allege* were damaged on the voyage from Liverpool to thia port. In the fall ol 1844, there waa ahipped on board the packet ahlp New York, owned by the defendant, aeveral balea of carpeting and hearth ruga; two of tha balea ware damaged, ao aa to be aald at oonalderable loaa: the remainder were rendered unaaleable. Tha plaintiff now aaaka to reco!*' Qoodhue k Co the amount of tha loaa. $6 33. The defenoe waa two-fold; flrat, that the veaael waa ataunch, well appointed, and oommanded by an experienced and careful captain; that the gooda were oareruUr atowed in a proper place, and that the damage came under the exoeptiona in the bill of lading; aeoondly, that tk?w wacm Ham.^/l |M ?L.. <U.4 A 1 I ed For plaintlffTflTr* Chwt?^o^^f?nd*ntrMr"Hiimilton. Common Pleas?Janet McGwire ri Jluitin B. Trowbridge.? Action for false imprisonment.?Thi plaintiff, with ft person named Urady, purchased some marble chimney pieoes from defendant; the latter afterward* proceeded against the plaintiff and Brady,, and obtained a judgment In the oourt or Common Pleas against them for $'i40. After the judgment was obtained, defendant applied by petition to Judge Ulshoeffer for a warrant for their arrest, stating that th*y obtained the goods by false representations, to wit, that the money was in the hands of Mr. Ferris Pell, for whom they were building houses, and when the mantles were finished he would pay for them; and further, that he ascertained such representations to be false The warrant was granted, and MoOwlre was kept In custody for two days, alter which ha was discharged by consent of defendant The defendant failed In proving the allegations in his petition, and there wai a verdict for the plaintiff for $90 For plaintiff, Mr. C. Wheeler; for defendant, Mr Alkin United States Commissioner'! OrricE? Before Commissioner Gardiner?Charge of Rrvolt and Jhtaull and Mattery ? Bxrobell Lope* was arrested this morning by Deputy Marshal Morrison, charged with attempting to create a revolt on board the schooner Btglow, while lying at the quarantine ground, on Sunday evening last It appeared the mate ordered Lopes to shut down the hatches and he reiused ; the captain came up and repeated the order, upon whioh, as the eaptaia states, the prisoner struck him and knookad him down. The matter is adjourned for further examination Court or Appeals.?The term closed yesterday. There were forty cases on the calender. One Judgment was affirmed by default One writ of error was quashed, and two appeals were dismissed on motion. Nineteen other cases were argued, of whioh five were decided by affirming the judgments of the Supreme Court, and the remaining fourteen were retained for further consideration. The court went twioe through the calendar, and heard all the esses which were ready for argument The nest term of the court will be held at the City Hall of the city of New York, on the 9th day of November next. ?Albany Jlrgut, Sept. 38. Commissioners and Notaries.?A. proposition is before the Legislature to make the commissioners of deeds and notorles public perform the duties of inspectors of elections, and to be elected by the people every three years. It is intended to make two of the inspeutors of each eleotion district, commissioners, and the oth<*r one a notary public. This will give the city one hundred and Bixty six commissioners, and eighty-three notaries. Should the measure be carried into effect, it will have the tendency to elevate the ballut boxes, and also divide the offices between the parties. Court Calendar.?Circuit Court?This day?Before Judge Edwards ? Nos. 91, 66,104, 10S, 100, 107, 108. 109. 110, 111, 113, S3, 41. til. Common Pleat?Before Judge. UlshoefTer?Nog. 1, a, 3, 4,16, 38, 80, 81, ??, as, o*. Movement* In Politics. James 8. Whalen, of Essex co. ia the looofooo candidate for senator in that district. A Hon M. Sherman, of Orange, is their candidate for senator In that district. Joseph Blair, of Montgomery, is the senatorial nominee for that district. The same party in Tioga county have nominated Erastus Goodrich. Also, Thomas A. Leggett, in Warren co. The whigs of Hamilton county, Ohio, have nominated O. M. Spenoer, for Senator, and E. B. Reeder. 8. F. Led many Win. Greene and E M. Shield, for representatives. Mr; Baker, a member of the Legislature of Lee co., Iowa, has resigned. In New Jersey, Mr. Wright has acoepted the nomination of the whig convention as candidate for Governor. The election will take plaoe on the 3d of November. Massachusetts Polities. Sir?Your Boston correspondent has made a mistake as to the paternity of James T. Austin, Esq. He is not the son of the late Ben , (Old Hony, as he was termed,) but the son of the Jonathan. Benjamin was James T's. unole. J. M. Notlce._The 1st Roi of the 11th Volume UNITED STATES MILITAKV AHGUS will be ready thi*dsyat3P. M., aud will be published every Wedne*day and Saturday at the lame hour. Price 3 ceuta |?r c py. Oilier 79 Chatham *trre,t Crawley, Turner k. Co. Publiahen ; C>tt J. M. Turner and W. H. Leviiou, editors Coi.tr uti of lit No. Csot. Turner'* Introductory?ueu. Kea'ney aud Col. Freinoui ?Our Army?Particular* of the Deaili of Lieut. Change'? Official He port* of Gen. Shield* and Col. Dicfcinion? Noble Couduct of the 1st N. V. Kegiment?Latest New* from the Seat of War?General New* i.f the Week?\necdote* of Waterloo?(continuation of the Subject of Discipline?Grand Excursion of the 7.h Co. Natioi.al UuarK, Capt undeihill?Mike Murphy an.i the Ghost?Capt. Furber'* Compujy of Light Artillery ; aud other Military e.xcurtior*. Stc. Ike. 4tc. Delirerrra are requested to report "preieut" at 10 A. M. at the Argus office, 79 Chatham jit^ The Cheapest and Best Place In the City to Sit Tour boots. shoes or gaiters, i* at Jones's, 4 Auu street, near e Mu*eum. You can (ret there as g tod b >ot* for $4 50 as can be purchased elsewhere for 17. Quite a smHL HeslsoselN a first rate boot at S3 50 which is u*t>ally sold for $5. Double soled water-proof boots at $4 50. $5 00. aud %0 00. Jones has the Me system of doing busiuesa?light exp?nies aud small profits. All goods purchased at 4 Ann at. aie warranted to give eutire satisfaction MeCloslcey's Pills?For the prevention and cure of the following diabases, viz : Heada:h>, Indigestion. Perverted appetite*, Flatu'ence, or wind in the atomach and bowel*. Coativeuess, Dvseutarv, Dicrrhoes, Coughs. Cold* aud Asthmas, Inteimittent, Hemittent. Bilious aud Intlammato y Ferers, Sick Headache, Jaundice, Bilious Cholic, Worm*. Pleuriay, Rheutnatiiui, Biliou* Vomiting, Foul St marli he., ike , prepared and told only by D W. C. Mc' I.' >8KE V, Ch'inisl and Apothecary, 515 Brooine street, cor. Th'<mp>on, New Vork, at 15 cents per box s296t M.SatSi vV Plmnbe's National Dasueriian Gallery, on the opi>er corner of Broadway and Murray atreets, hive on exhibition ao.ne of the finest Isrge pictures that h re ever come under our uotice. Such pictures one would feel gratified to bestow upon their friend , as a proof of their constaucy, to change only with the picture which i* imperishable. Fine Cutlery.?The undersigned call the attention ef those in ant of ttie above, to their assortment Among which will be found some of the most beautiful pati rtrnt of oocketaud tieu Knives ever imported to thi* couutry. Alio, Choice Razors, (warranted ) for sale ?t O. 8AUNDKRS k SON, 177 Broadway, a few d*ys "bore ('ounlaudt street Travelling Dreulng Cases _Th? Bubicrlbera respectfully call the atteutiou of the public to their assortment of the above, each pattern containing article* of the mint comve nient size, of real utility, and warranted to perforin the duties for which they were severally designed O 8 >UNDER8 k SON. 177 ?roadwav. oivoiir* Howa.d's Hotel Come one. Come all, to Young's Parle Boot Emp inuin, corner 01 Fulton ami N as.au meets, opposi.e our office, and get the best qua'i y of French c >11 knnts f r S4 50. e^ual to the besi so d in other a'ores I, r $6 and $7; warn* ted the best quality fine ralf S3 iO, equal to tho e sold in othe stores for $4 SO and S5. do fine h ?neh. made to order, fir $4 50' b utt shoe.", gaiters, 4cc., constant!e on h >nd C mf, the <, and give tne Paris boota a trial. Bmiill profi.s it the motto of this establishient. Pclne'l Orris Tooth Paste, for White Teeth, Sweet Breath and tooth ache If you want to h* insureu 'gainst the tooih ache, use this paste; it is infallible, and for white teeth and sweet breath, there is nothing like it. Price 25 and 50 cents. The Tablet of Pearl and Alabaster gives a most brilliant c >mple*"on?is an article of established me it, and onlv 2-'? cents each boi Ladies should not be without this appendage to the toilet On sale at E. M. Onion's, 127 Beery, comer of Orand street. _ _ m Richelieu" Diamond Pointed Gold Pens Ti me, who usually settles all questions, has brushed off '.I! the tricks and deceptions whim clustered aronnd this pent in the lirat stages of its eiis'ence, and gave it a wide spread popularity as the best and cheapest pens inthewoild Let the public remember that B E. Watson Ic Co.. 4) William street, oue door below Wall street, and J. Y. Savage. 92 Fulton. have tbe exclusive saleol thein. All kinds of pens whn!< ale and retail, at 75 cts.. Si. f I 25 and SI 50. which country merchints will pleasr note H Id pen, repaired Diamond Pointed Oold Pens?Wholesale and retail?John W. Oreaton It (Jo., 71 Cedar st eet?np stairs hav* the largest and best assortment of Oold Pens to be f und in the city, and their prices are much lower than those of ant other house. The attempt made by othera to monopolize the Pen trade, so aa to make (lie purrhaser nay a high price lor an inferior article, has failed, and iliose who wish a good articlr at a low price, can find i( at Oreaton k Co., who are selling Pens and l aaes at from 75 cents upward. The Pe s solil elsewhere at $2 for SI 50. the geuu'ne "Albert O Bagjev" Pen. (in ramnsih SI 75 onlv. silver rencil case included. (>>ld Pen repaired. Gold Pen*. euperlor Diamond Points, Warrauted?The New York (Jold I'en (Company, No 31 John at corner Nuuii, have the moat du-nhle mid beautiful articlea iu thia line, thai can be found in the city, and their pricea am aa low aa any other house. Thiaeatabliahment does not keep any of the traah told about the citv at very low pricea. Their articlea may be d peuded on aa ofthe very beat iiualitv. U-'ld and nlver pen and pencil caaea in great variety, wholesale and retail. Ladle* and Oentlemen can obtain a fair education in three month*, without itudy or interference with business, devoting half an hour daili at their reaideitce or place of business. Addreaa " Education," lower postomie. * 21 8t ? No charge until tlie Hair la restored Beat's Hair Restorative la applied on the above terms. Office 108 Nassau at. N. B.?For those who apply it themaelves, it it for sale. v .l HEAD.?I, Aaron Clark, Mayor ofthe city of New Yort. do hereby certify, that I have aeen a general certlflcM* and am personally acquainted with many of lh?J*ruM^*|i,. _ igned it, an<l know them to be men ol the h'gheat ' the community. AARON CLAKK N?:w York, March, 1839. .. . ?... ?, North Boaton Depota ; 1W Washington at; Philadelphia-!^^" Sixth street. Dally Herald In Boat?n^w?w? w??Wn| the Herald left at their Houses <>'9to""''.Tf^^ tUVew arrival ofthe New York train .a the mo^m ,?; ^.th? n. w Haven line in the evening, can be jj , 1 eeuta a week, by leaving their namea at tne?. oig No ? State street. IUU I sM eodlOt oTlnOon of Ok Ohio XUvor. Placet. Time. Statt of Rittt, Louisville.. . . 3?pt 31. . .3 f?*t 8 Is. Cincinnati Sept. 33. . .6 faet 9 In. falUnf. Wheeling... .Sept. 21. . .3 feet. Pittslmnr Sept 33 . .3 feet 10 In. HONEY BABKBT. Tuesday, Sept. K8th 8 P. M. The stock market wm a shade better to-day. Long Island. Canton, and Illinois special, closed firm at yes torday '* prices; Morris Canal advanced per oent. Harlem fell off H ; Norwich and Woroeater X ; Reading X i *nd Farmers' Loon )%. Illinois Canal Bonds, new Issue, were offered at 33 per cent.; and there were sales of Indiana State S's, upon wbloh the State pays four per oent. Interest, at S3. The transactions at the first board were not very extensive, and so long as prices continue so much depressed, those who are able will hold on for an improvement. In the event of the news from the seat of war being fkvorable, the influenoe upon the stock market will be correspondingly favorable ; bat in the event of Its being unfavorable, we do not anticipate any farther depression in prioes, for we believe they have already touched bottom. The National Bank has declared a semi-annual dividend of four per cent. The Boston Courier says that money Is unusually abundant in that elty, it also says, that " the weekly re- I turns of the railway lines continue to exhibit Immense I reoeipU, outstripping, in some instances, the predictions I of tha mnat unviilna frUnila of internal lmnrovoments. I The K astern, Maine, Kitohburg, Lowell. Worcester, Western, Providenoe. Old Colony, and Fall River, are all of them earning ample dividends, and are dally establishing themselves in the public favor and confidence, aa xafe ohannela for investment and revenue. The gain on the Western in the last week was $10,400, and the three past week shows $30,000 increase over the corresponding period of 1846. The estimated amount of receipts for the present financial year, whioh oloses on the 30th November, lb % I 3S0,0(>0. or $300,000 gross gain from whioh deduot one-third for Increased expenses, and there remains $200,000, or five per cent., on the present share capital of four millions. As the net Inoome last year was within a fraction of seven per cent, that of the present cannot be far from twelve. The July dividend was four, and if five be paid in January, three per cent, or one hnndred and twenty thousand dollars can be added to the reserved fund, for contingencies But even if the January dividend should be but 4 percent, the premium on the new stook to be created, to whioh the stockholders are entitled, will be equal to an extra dividend, probably of two per oent. A vast amount of capital has been expended on the railroads of Massachusetts, but like seed sown in a fertile soil, it is yielding an abundant reward, not only by the revenue derived from the transportation of merchandise, mails, and passengers, but also by the increase of all kinds of productive business, the enhanoed value of real estate in the city, and the oommon good of the commonwealth." The amount reoeived for tolls on all the New York State canals, during the third week In September. is $136,608 87 Same period in 1846 106 096 27 Increase $20,60] 60 The aggregate amount reoeived for tolls from the com mencement of navigation to the 22d of September, Inclusive (14A days), is $2,641,213 60 During the same period in 1846 (160days).. 1,777 322 08 I norease f?63,880 63 The following table shows the amount received for tolls during the third week in September, from the years 1840 to 1817, Inclusive, and also the aggregate amount reoeived from the commencement of navigation to the 2Jd of September, inclusive, during the same years :? f- tw York Canal Tollh 3d week in Stpt. Total to Sept 22. U40 $74.3*7 63 $1,105,421 33 184 1 83,637 86 1,317,147 88 184 2 75,116 19 1,091 903 73 181 3 84.690 63 1,317 072 44 1841 ... 76,564 10 1,671.000 03 11845 105,445 57 1,639 92 * 23 181 6 106,096 27 1,677.322 9S 1847 126,698 87 2.541.2(2 60 There are about ten weeks of oanal navigation left, and we estimate the gross inoome from tolls for that period at more than one million of dollars, whloh will ?wel' the aggregate for tke season to more than three and a half millions of dollars, a sum exoeedlng by seven hun ] dred thousand dollars the inoome of any previous year. The value of property in the olty of Mliwaukle, Wisconsin Territory, according to a reoent assessment, wa, as annexed. Valvk or Real and 1'kriomi. Kitate. MilkaukiK, 1847 Wardn. Loti. Improv't. Perianal Prop. Total. l?t $196,344 134.760 77,098 408.194 2 1 154.413 96 476 15 250 265,138 3d 35 1 865 152,815 160 110 ?64,790 4th 157,450 43,125 17,470 218.045 5th 120 011 24,746 14,490 159.347 $880,083 451,921 281,410 1,616.414 Compared with the assessment roll of last year, this shows an increase in the appraised value of real estate of $84,840; In Improvement!', an Increase of $88 064; and In personal property, of $14,660?In all $187,094. We give this for the purpose of showing the rapid increase and present position of a oity in one of our territories, which was, a few years ago, uncultivated and un', known. It is Impossible to prediet what that city will be ten years hence. Our Western olttes have grown so rapidly that we oannet keep paoe with them Is our calculations. The position of Austria as a commercial country has not been sufficiently understood, and a very erroneous impression exists relative to the extent of the foreign imports and exports of that nation With an exceedingly limited sea coast, its full extent being only sixty geographical miles, It has an extent of mercantile marine proportlonably greater than that of Oreat Britain. We annex a synopsis of the foreign trade of Austria, made up from official reports, for the purpose of placing that couutry in its proper rank among the commercial nations of the world:? Commerce or Aoitria?Yaluc ?k Imrort and E*roRTi. The estimated value of the Austrian imports, (for home oonsumptlon.) and the export of Its produoe has inoreased as follows:? Traffic by Land and Ska. Import for Export of Consumption, own Producei. Year. Value Value Total. 1831 ?6 8*11,945 ?7 9(9 *83 ?14 8i",038 1812 7.912 319 8.922 148 16 824 197 1*33 8.146.572 9 217.018 17 383 590 1134 8.1(6.16) 8 803.931 1?,95?> 096 1835 9 144,532 8 890:122 18.U3I 854 183S 9.85 >.3.9 9.755.(33 19 ?l? "92 181 7 9'31,639 9,200.950 1*93^589 1838 10 305.770 10 548 267 20 *54 "37 183 9 10,313 013 10 711573 21.02( 586 184 0 11 118.688 10.850.870 2 1 969 51 841 10 588 930 II 232.( 34 20 840 964 1812 1I.0S6.775 10 855907 21,92' 682 IHU 11.142 085 10 411.39'. 2I.5M 4*0 181 4 11,441,500 lOMI.SuO 24.410 300 This table, which does not include the transit trade, hnwa an Inni-wise in the total value of Austrian c<>m eerce, from ?14 836 038 in lha year 1831, to ?33.410 3u0 In the year 1844, or 65 per oent In fourteen years; about 4 par cent per annum. In point of fact, the value or tba export* amount* to several million* more; tbe valuation ofRilka, ko., being made at considerably more than 50 per o-nt below their real worth. With respect to the Austrian traffic, the principal augmentation ha* been by cm* increasing from ?4 783,675 in 1841. to ?6 153 781 In 1844, thereby (bowing an improvement of nearly 30 per cent In four years, or 7)f per oent in one year The great difference between the maritime import and export la fully elnoidated by the feet that the Au?triana *hip only heavy article* of an Inferior value, while they reoeive, in return, aplcea, and colonial and manufactured goods of a more oostly description. During the year 1841, 38, 148 vessels, of 847.000 tona burthen, entered the ports of Austria. In the jrrar 1844, 39 094 vesael*. ol 1.005,000 tons burthen arrived; proving an lncreaee of about 18 per cent In the number of vessel*, and 15 per oent on tbe amount of tonnage In the year 1814 the whole trafflo of foreign and sea-going vea??l* in the Au*trian port- amounted to 31,000 arrivals of 1.035,037 tons burthen. ?13,338 900 in value, tbe total import, esport, and transit included. This statement chow* an average burthen of 48X tons of the vessels arrived in the Austrian ports .. ... The value of the merchandise exchanged by this .raffle amounted to ?13 8s 8d per ton. The importance of tbe Austrian naval trafflo can only be appreciated by 1 - ^ mi flout, beinir not mom of which would be tnu"'dgto' the extent of 17,084 ton. burthen, and X The dutie?Uon good* Imported intoAuitria amounted to ? 1,681,400, about OK P*r 9*nt ?n ? 17,968.400 Oi the sum of ?1,881,600 the greater part, vlx , jl 1 A60 000 wm oollfotid on tuft goods Aottrcd for con* sumption, and *m contributed by the following article*, , in the following proportion* TroduoU of colonial good* 60 per oent of value. agriculture 13 " u yarn* 7* ? Stuff* for manufactured and semimanufactured goodi 3 " " Mftuufuc. commodities and work* of art 14 " " The dutlen. In proportion to the population, amount, In Austria to lOKd per head; and in F.ngland. where twenty-eight million* of inhabitant* were taxed to the extent of ?38,849,A90, the proportion waa no lesa than 17* per head The contraband trade, whloh, particularly In the canton* of Switzerland and the State* of the (German Unl in. I* carried onto *nch an enormou* extent that the reiult mu*t be taken Into consideration in every statement having any regard to acouraoy. There are two different kind* of smuggling praotlaed on the Austrian frontier. The first, and almost general mode of avoiding the custom dues, la accomplished by the abuse of the privilege granted to the Inhabitants of the boundary districts, to purchase from adjacent territories, without payment of duty, oertaln (mall nuantltlH* of goods for their own private use. The second plan is th?