Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1847 Page 2
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.xiuW YOBJt HERALD, j mm " ? !, - r. = n?w Y?rk, Monday, Ottrtwr *, WW. , .. ....... | Tlw Details ofllM Vvnlgii Rnn, If the Iliheraia's mail* reach us in time, we j shall publish the details of the foreign news at half-past one o'clock, this afternoon, in the even- j ing edition of the Herald. TIm Foreign Dlalls Arrangements have been m&de by the Post Office Department to have the foreign mails, brought by the Hibernia, conveyed by special express to this city. The express train left ! Boston y?*9terdny afternoon nbout five o'clock, j uad willjoach here thie morning. , Wm, lis?ii li, Mid the MegnsUe Tele-j " "" ? tnpn. r Qur?re?der? had a good illustration of the adMagnetic Telegraph, ia the ex;>* pedit'ng of news, in our regular edition of tb? Herald yeaterdny morning, and in the Extra Herald which we published in the afternoon, . id in this morning's Herald. Within eighteen hours we received nearly six olumns of matter by the Telegraph, the whole of which whs spread before the country some dtvs in advance of the time when they would rrc-ive it by the ordinary mail. The news from M-xico w.ta forty-eight hnura ahead of the mail, and were it not t at the Poat Office Department hxs run an express from Boaton to New York, the new* by the Hibernia would have been rec i vt-d by us thirty-six houra in advance of the Ei?tTn mail. wnat snouid we ao without the telegraph I tub MPomrr mws p&ox hbiico. The Znnnaotlonfl to Mr. Trist. *0. ice *C. W* published yesterday, in the New York Herald, the most import ml news from the tea of war, that has tippeared in this paper 6iuce the comineaement of hostilities. It Wdo received by a special overland express. It proves in the most conclusive manner, that all prospect of a speedy peace is hope* levs, and that our infatuated enemy is obst nately determined to continue the war until he is annihiUted, and his nation blotted out of the world's map. To this complexion has it come at l ist; and it is folly in us to look for peace as long as a Mexican army can be raised and quipped. This news was received through Mexican turces, and must, therefore, as far a.? the * loss on our side is concerned, be received with caution. There is no doubt, however, that our loss has been severe; but whether Generals Worth, Pillow, and Smith, are among the killed, we cannot at present say, and cannot know to a certainty until we receive later advices. "We fear, however, that there is too much truth in the Mexican statements to that effect. If the loss on our part was so severe, that on the Mexican side must have been tremendous. Indeed, we are inclined to think that the carnage which preceded the entry of our troops into Mexico, was greater than any that has occurred on either side since the commencement of the war. We shall await further intelligence from the capital with anxiety. On reviewing the terms submitted by the Mexican commissioners, we cannot avoid thinking that the armistice was a farce, and that Santa Anna never intended any thing more from it than time to enable him to complete the arrangements he was making for the battle which has recently taken place. It having been intimated in the Herald on several occasions that we were acquainted with the main points of the terms of (he treaty that Mr. Trist carried with him to Mexico, and likewise his instructions how to act, and negotiation having failed in securing what was hoped for, and Mr. Trist being about to return home, we consider ourselves at liberty to divulge them to our readers and to the world, a few days in .r>1... ri..... iJ _.i au?auvv i'i uiu nine tucjr nuuiu Uliicjnioc ivceive them, for it is, we understand, the intention of the administration to promulgate them through the Union immediately. The instructions to Mr. Trial were, to demand Ui>per and Lower Caliiornia, and New Mexico, wiiti the right of way for a railroad or canal across the isthmus of Tehuantepec, and as a permanent boundary between the two countries, the Rio Grande, and tlienco along the thirty-E?cond degree. His instructions were peremptory not to entertain any proposition that did not include the Rio Grande and the thirty-second degree; but if he were pushed very hard, and if immediate peace or a continuation of the war depended upon insisting on the cession of Lower California and the right of way across the Isthmus, or either, he was authorized to abandom them; but in no other case. In reply to these propositions, we learn that the Mexican Commissioners offered to cede th?t part of Ucper California north of the thirtyseventh degree, but would not give an inch of Lower California or New Mexico; and relative to the atrip of territory lying between the rivers Nueces and Rio Grande, they were not willing to cede that either, but wished it to remain a neutral territory between the two countries. These terms were of course refused, and our readers are acquainted with the result. Although Mr. Trist knew the sentiments of the administration on this subject, and was aware that he carried with him its ultimatum, he nevertheless asked for a suspension of hostilities for the space of forty-five days, in order to allow time to communicate with his government. To this he received an answer that he would get but five days. The lorty-five days ought not to have been asked for Our readers may depend upon the correctness of what we have above stated; and we think we are not deceived in thinking that the armistice and the appointment of peace commissioners was aruitoi Santa Anna to obtain time, and reinforce himself for the purpose of making n stand h?<7tr? all/twin* nnr Imnr. fn ..l.r I We understand that it is the intention of the government to prosecute the war with the greatest vigor as Ion; as it lasts; to conduct it 90 that the enemy, and not ourselves, will feel the burden of it; to levy contributions and make it pay for itself, without draining from this country any amount ol money of consequence. We are io have no more armistices?no more < proflers of the olive branch?no more paying I lor supplies. The Mexicans are now to feel < the full effect of the war. N*w Havkn Mails?Am, kioht AaAtn.? ' The public will be glad to learn that the late ' difficulty between the Post Master General and the Mail contractors on the New Haven route, ' has been finally settled, an agent of the Pout. ' office Department having returned here from ' Washington yesterday, with contracts executed. The mills are to go as formerly, by the *te?mer Traveller, and the New Haven and Springfield Railroad, the new arrangement, as we understand. commencing this morning. C. F. Pond, ! Esq., the President of the New Haven and Hart- | ford Railroad Company, takes the contracts from ; New York to Springfield. We know nothing of the terms of the new arrangement, except what is mentioned by our Washington correspondent, or how thereconcil- I iatioo has be<u brought about. We only know that the community will rejoice that they are to be relieved from the vexatious collision which has recently prevail1 d on the route in question. The d?y 111*11 between New York and Boston ia tiius restored, which will be a gratifying fact, 10 far as the press is concerned. 1 "T" T" ^ ?* mrnatmmmmmmm TlLlOIAPIICt ARRRIVAL OP THK STEAMSHIP H1BEBM1A AT TWO WfflM LAWB* FROM ALL PARTS OF JEUROPE. IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. jlflrHtiiv1*1 Sxtemive Failures in Bnrope. IMPROVEMENT IN THE CORN TRADE. Decline in the Cotton Market Important News from Italy. SHIPPING urtBUloitCE. die. tile. die. The steamship Hibernia, Captain Ryrie, was announced off Boston at ten o'clock yesterday mornning. She reached the city at twenty minutes of two in the afternoon. Our attentive correspondents in Boston immediately boarded her, and obtained our parcels, but not finding the letter usually prepared for ua in Liverpool, in the mail, compiled the following summary of the news from tae European Timet of the 19ih ult. This intelligence was at onoe transmitted over the telegraphic wirea to the Ntio York Herald It came over the line in beautiful style, at the rate of twenty-five words a minute. It was flashed over the wires by Mr. Beach, the accompits ted operator in the Boston office, and was received and copied with the greatest ease and facility by M -nsrs. Foae andCure, at this terminus of the telegraph. It is almost unnecessary to ssy that the news, in a commercial, as well as in a political point of view, is of the greatest importance. We refer our readers to the list of failures which have occurred in the two weeks previous to the 19th ult. It will be seen that they are not confined exclusively to the corn trade, but embrace names which for nearly a century have rank?d amongst the highest in the great commercial community of Europe. Names or thk Insolvent Hsuics. Placet Kamn. of Butinett. LiabilUiet. Allison, Cumberlldge It Co.. . .London. . . Not stated Thomas Booker, Sons kCo.. , .London. , , i60,000 Burnet & Co London. . , Not utated. A. Sc. A. Cnsto Genoa.. . . 80,000 Dennison Si Co. .Limerick... Not stated. D Si A. Denny .Glasgow... 400,000 ?nde Bordoe HonBuer.. 120.009 K-l* k Co Venice... . Not stated. K. Gemmel Glasgow... 200,000 A. A. Qower, Nephews St Co... 1 000OIK) Ha?tl? St Hutchlsen London. . . 100,000 Orsle St (/O Venioe.. . . 30,000 Matthew Persllm Glasgow... 45.000 Kied, Irving St Co London. . . 1,600 000 Sanders, Wetberill St Co Stockton... 30,000 Sanderson St Co London. . . 1,600 000 Thomas Usborn St Co London. . . 200,000 Weatlaks St Co Southamp'n Not stated. The firm of Thomas Unborn & Co., and Thos. Booker & Sons,'in London, have beeu well known, and their failure caused considerable alarm; but when the houses of D. & A. Denny, aid Geinmell, Brothers, of Glasgow, were known to have buspended payment, a general feeling of apprehensio '.beyond the limits of the corn trade, spread iar and wide. There have been many more extensive failures, and great commercial cnibarrap?ment wus felt all over Europe. It is thought on this side, that the losses of Messrs. Denny will be felt severely in New Orleans and New York. The London discount houses are great sufferers. The stoppage of Messrs. Gemmell, Brothers was caused by the non-arrival of the last China mail; and its effects have already widely extended, as the connections of the house were considerable, with Canton, Lima, and Valparaiso. The failure of A. Koux, [before reported in the Herald,] in Fam, also connected with the Pacific trade, created a great sensation, the liabilities being between two and three hundred thousand pounds. The failures iu Venice, Genoa, and in Paris, increased the general gloom. It may, therefore, be readily imagined what consternation was created in London on the 11th ult., when it transpired that Messrs. A. A Gower, Nephews & Co. of Coleman street, had stopped payment. Tht extensive banking and commercial relations of this house with Italy, Spain, France, South America. India, and the United States, cannot fail to produce corresponding mischievous results. This house has been established nearly a century, and the founder di?d twenty years ago, at un advanced age, worth about ?400,090. His nephews have since carried on the business. Mr. Abel Lewis Gower, the present chief, has been a director of the Bank of England for many years, and has also taken an active part in the company of Royal Copper Miners, but his connection with this latter body is said to have lately ceased. The liabilities of the house upon acceptances alone, were said to amount to ?600,000. he other engagements, we should think, cannot fail to bring the total amount to nearly a million sterling. The house of Alison, Cumberledge & Co., of London and Valparaiso, of which firm one of the Gower lamily is a partner, was immediately compelled to stop payment. It would be improper, at this moment, to animadvert upon any act of the partner in Messrs Gower's firm, which may accelerate its ruin ; but it is plainly stated that losses on railway shares have contributed to this insolvency, whilst the failure of Gemmell, Brothers, of Glasgow, and the turn which politiral affairs have taken in Spain, with which country Messrs. Gowers were deeply compromised, have uo doubt been the immediate causes of the catastrophe. From the nature of the dealings of the firm with Spain, it having been originally threeeights a Spanish house, there can be no doubt that the effects will be felt there as well as in Cuba, whence large shipments [of sugar come annually into their hands. The failure of another Hank Director so recently after the disqualification of Mr. Robinson, has revived angry animadversions against the rstablishment of the Dank of England. Mr. A. L. Gower, being at present out of office by rT>ation, no change of officers will be rendered lecessary. The public had scarcely recovered from these hocks, when it further transpired that Messrs. -anderson k. Co., bill brokers, which house -tood second in the metropolis in their branch of uainess, had suspended payment. They were down to be heavy sufferers by Leslie, Alexander Co., and Gower, Nephews ii Co., nnd a severe run having been made upon them for money of their depositors, held at call, they were compelled to stop. It is quite impossible to estimate the extent of their liabilities, as the umount ot their endorsements on paper in circulation must Ue enormous. The iiischief and interruption to discounts irom this failure must extend to numerous classes in the metropolis, and in the manufacturing an mining districts. Whilst closing this fearful catalogue of failures, the intelligence reaches us that lieid, Irving & Co., ol London, one of the oldest houses in the West India and Mauritius trade, ! besides bavins considerable business with^the j Continent and the United Stales, bare been com1 pelled to atop payment. By the death of Mr. John Irving, M. P. for Antrim, which happened about two yearaago, ! the house lost the benefit of hia sagacity and ex-, , perience. His property descended to his nej phew, a partner in the house; but the firm being l deprived of Mr. Irving'a great capacity for buaineaa, haa not been able to contend against the overwhelming difficulties with which it haa been beaet. Sir John Rae Reid, the present chief, was Governor of the Bank of England in 1839, and still holda a seat in the direction. Thui no le?t than three Bank Director* have weeumbed to the time* within the I ait four xoeekn. It is stated in the London Exchange, that a gentleman connected with the firm of Prime, Ward & Co., of New York, arrived by the Cambria, and that hia presence in the city had given confidence and satisfaction. The bills of this house upon Overeud, Gurney & Co., which arrived by the C imbria, have been accepted in due course, ine amount nowever, was oiuy iwn thousand pounds. Mesars. Gowers' failure, will, it is.feared, seriously affect a moneyed institution in the United States, which is in the habit of drawing on them. The Ohio Life and Trust Company, which ha> stood high and deservedly so, in public estimation, being one of those who in 1837, honorably fulfilled all their engagements, it was anticipated, would have a large amount of their drafth on Gow era' house, returned by the Hib-rni i, but it has been arranged that the Ohio Comimny'r bills, accepted, will be taken up by Messrs. P. ir nett, Hoares & Co , the London bankers. The bills received by the Cambria, the Gowers off-red to accept, but the holders will probably prefet returning them to the United States. It is said that the Ohio Life and Trust Com pany will be creditors of Messrs. Gowerc, ' Nephews It Co., for not less than fifty thousand i pounds. The relaxation of the stringent measures of the Bank of England, in allowing loans on bills and stock at 6 per cent., till the 14th of October, however it may have rendered f cilities in some quarters, has not, as we anticipated, improved the position of the Hank itself. In the last four weeks there has been a decrease of bullion to the amount of ?371,865, In the last three weeks, only, the securities, i. e., the bills discounted, have increased to the extent of ?1,687,039. The bullion has decreased ?316,646, whilst the reserved fund, which had decreased considerably, has recovered itself in the last week. Under these circumstances, with a smaller amount of bullion than the Bauk has ever had since the Hank Charter Act, it could have been only an earnest desire to relieve the commercial body, which induced the bank directors so far to depart from principle as to lend money at 5 per cent., when its actua value was higher in the market. The inevitable result has been, decreased power to assiet, with perhaps ultimately the necessity for further stringent measures to protect themselves. The continued failures in the corn market sufficiently account for the further depression in the prices of grain. During the tirst weeK 01 uie month, on the market day of the Gth ult. price* till continued to recede; but towards the clone of the week, both wheat and flour were in active requisition. ThiB improvement was further maintained on the market day of the 13th, when wheat advanced about five shillings per quarter on the quotations of the Gth, and flour, for which there was an immense demand both in London . and Liverpool, advanced three to four shilling* per barrel. The top quotation for the better descriptions of wheat was 62 shilling* per quarter. In Liverpool the best Western Canal flour, which on the 1st was quoted at 25 shillings per barrel, and barely fetched that price, wus selling on the 18th at 2H to 80 shillings. Indian corn alI so had been in more demand, and hialier rate* , had been paid for it; and the corn marI ket, at the latvst moment, appeared firm; ; but as large supplies were still expected from i nlirnnil n nit as the English harvest was admitted to be an abundant one, it was very doubtful whether further fluctuations would not take place before prices reached their natural level. Considerable purchases have been made in the market for Belgium and Holland, inconsequence of the diseased appearance, of the potato crop ; in those countries, and these purchases huvi ! tended <o strengthen the market. | The state of commercial affairs and of tlu corn trade especially, render ii a matter of gre*i difficulty to form a correct judgment of the future course of prices. At Mirk Lane both on the 15th and 17th ult. prices were a little higher. There was a limited supply of wheat, and ihe stocks of the hou?-eb which had failed being withheld from the market, aided to produce a firmer tendency. The tenor of the advices from the United States, by which it is ascertained that no greui supplies can go forward, has contributed to create a better feeling in the corn trade. Flour was quoted in Liverpool on the 18th a' 28.->. 6d. to 30*., and in London on the 17ih at 20.4 The gr at want of confidence which the lnt> important London failures have produced in the money market, and the fact of the consumption of cotton still continuing upon a very contracted scale, together with the alleged unremunerating st.tte of trade, have tended throughout the week ending 17th ult., to considerably depress the Liverpool Cotton Market, and to reduce quotations ! J of a penny per pound. j This quoted reduction, however, is perhaps | r?'her more than the reality, except for the qualities which have been mostly acted upon, nnme| ly : the middling and inferior, and these are the j descriptions which are not fixed by the Rrokerb' i Association in the standard price. It is in these that the greatest declinc has been seen. It is quite certain that all reasoning still continues in favor'of cotton, but it is equally certain that if money is not only to be dear but scarce, the trade of the country must suffer to such an extent as very soon to force upon government the necessity of considering whether the monetary system of the country is fixed upon a right foundation. Brazils, Egyptians, and .Suruts have nil partakI en of the fall equally, and the transactions at the ! decline have been very limited. j The sales for the week ending the 17th, with I two thousand bales on that day, and a very quiet j market, amount to 14,880 bale?, including 120 I American on speculation, and H000 American and 50 Surat lor export. i ne quotations, according to irae standard 01 the Brokers' Association, are Fair Upland, 6a6$; Fair Mobiles, 8J ; Fair Orleans, 7{. The imports for the week were -10,708 bales, exclusive of four vessels arrived but not reported. At Paris, on the 3d instant, the .Sardinian Ambassador resident at the French Court presented at the ollice for Foreign Air^irs a diplomatic note from his government, of which the following is the substance : In oase his holiness. pope Piun Iftth. should claim armed assistance of his ru?j?ty. the king of Sardinia. against Austrian InvsMon, his HM-dlnim majesty will consider himself bound not t" refuse the sovereign pontiff that assistance, it being his duty as an Italian power, to aause the Independence of nil the States of the peninsula to be respected, hs guaranteed by the treaties of Vienna. The communication was immediately forwarded to the King and M. kGuizot, both of whom were hbsent from Paris. In ;he chief political and diplomatic circles, this movement of Sardinia in favor of the Pope, excites the greatest eenaalion. TtUfmpkle nupihh, Mo. It is aiated in the London Snn of the 18th ult., that the Marquia of Normandy called on M. Guicot, and officially announced to him that the British government would not permit foreign intervention in Italy. Austria on the other hand, it wan mud, announced her intention of interfering in every town of Italy, in which a national guard ahould be established. The Semaphore de Marselle* of the 13th ultimo, states that if the protests of EngUnd and France against the occupation of Ferrara, were productive of no result, those two powers would effect a landing at Anrona and Civita Vecchio. The Pope was said to have declared to M Rossi, that he would not, until the last extremity, claim the assistance of the foreign powers, and that he still hoped to induce the Austrian** to evacuate the town,by the firmness of his attitude It was rumored on the Bourse on Thursday, the 16th ult., that M. Guizot had refused to concur in any intervention in the affairs of Italy.. Madrid journals of the lOih and 11th ult. state ttiat the Duke De Friaa had declined to accept the Presidency of the Council, but at the request of the Queen had promised to reconsider the subject, and to announce his definite answer to her majesty on the 11 ih. Narvaei, who is intriguing actively, in conduction with the Duke of Glucksburgh, for the over hrow of the new ministry, had an intervi?*ur with th? Gnppn on th? llfh. The Faro states that an order had been given on the 6th to send 200,000 rials to General Esiartero, and also to pay the Queen's househ'ld. The s?me journal states that Marshal Soldanha lias been nominated Minister of Portugal in Madrid. M. Cabestana, the new political chief ot Madrid, had arrived, and h id immediately enterad >n the discharge of his duties. The latest letters from Catalonia mention the defeat of a Montemolin band of 300 men at Binolas Depostobella; of another from 800 to 900 men at Sjbadell, and of three or four others o/ minor importance at different places. The Fomente of Bjrcelonn, of the 10th ult. states that the French troops had surprised a band of between 110 and 115 Cjrlist refugees, commanded by Cortasa and Col. Ramonaibones, just as they were preparing to enter Spain, and that most of them were taken prisoners. Gen. Concha was to arrive at Barcelona on the 12th. Italy is still the scene of great excitement. In Lucfa and Tuscany, it will be observed that tiie population have extorted from their rulers a sort of pledge to promote progress, whilst their liberties have been secured by the institution of

tne livic (sunrd, trom tne two csicmes. The accounts which reach us are vague and conflicting, but it is evident that a serious movement is gradually working in favor of popular rights. The Austrians have faltered in the execution of their ambitious designs on Italy. Prince Metternich no doubt imagined that the Italian states might be as easily absorbed into Austria as Cracow was last year; but the resistance of the population of the whole of Italy, and the decided opposition of England, have so tar wrought npon Prince Metternich, that he has written an apologetic note to President Ochbensein, whose political existence he before scarcely recognized, endeavoring to explain away the occupation of Kerrara by the Austrian troops. There is no doubt that Home diplomatic excuse will be framed to enable the Austrian* to retrace their steps, and retire from Ferrara, unless some event should happen, either in Naples, or in the Papal dominions, to excite further the alarm of Prince Metternich, lest the liberal sentiments now finding loud expression throughou Italy should extend into Venetian" Lombardy, and perhaps reach Vienna itself. The Germans are as ready as I he Italians to strike a b.ow in favor of constitutional and religious freedom. Letters from St. Petersburg of the 7th ult., state that the city has been visited with the ntoat terrible storm of wind and rain ever experienced within the "memory of the oldest inhabitant." It rained incessantly for forty-eight hours, whilst the wind blew with intense violence. The result of this visitation was the destruction of above 100 houses. At one period fears were entertained for the safety of the entiri? /?itv nnrl umrtp firnirl nnrl RiniprKt if inna n??r ",v v,v J - ? ?- ? r~ ? r? sons apprehended that the end of the world was at hand. The Nouvtllisn de Marseilles, ot the 11th ult., mentions that an insurrection took place at Naples on the 8'h. One account staled that the King had fl<d. And another that he had fa'len into the hands of the insurgents. The Ctnscur de Lyons contains the same announcement. Bologna letters of the 9th ult. announce that the Duke de Modena and his family had left their dominions, and retired to Tharma. It was currently believed in Bologna, that Austria would t?ke military possession of the Duchy; and was determined to interfere in Roinagna and Tuscany. In Ireland tliere appears to he a general inclination to resist the repayment of the loans ad vnnced by government, through the reliet roui inissionerB, to the several poor law board* throughout Ireland, for the purpoeeof alleviating the universal distress which prevailed in thai country during the past year. Such conduct will, no doubt lead to very serioua results, especially if the government insists upon the repayment of [Here the telegraph suddenly stopped, and revised to have any further communication with NYw York. The interruption is between this city and Bridgeport, and will probably be remedied early this forenoon.?IIerald ] SHIPPING IVTELUQICKCG. Packet "hip Zurich. Tho" pson, from New York (Auk. 8) w?? i IT FMm.mth. mi d^ite given. Hnir St. Orn?nt. ( <> rep>ried?a mittake, the St. Georgia n<"?' (11 pop) troin New York for Lireroool. wm ipnlt^n on the 13tti uit. I >t til, Inn ii, with loia of all three topmast* and jihViom. Shit Niaoaha, Konell, from New Yoik, arrived at LiverP'vl on the lith. She waa thrown on her bram end? in ? gale Iif the midille of A itcu?r?hut aaila, bulwark!, toigallai.t inaa'a jihhonm. kr. and had ?ix feet of water in her hoi J. Rahk Saomit. Itiihimon. from Onlwar for Bangor, Wales, to losil tines drififrt on Carnarvon har on the Kith Sept in a Htrong N W g l<?hud to ent away foreniust and K.aiumist, iiid w?i riding h'nvily. Crew aaved. Hcim Nu?n. flrightm^n. from New Bedford for Cape de Wr 1 k w 1? ar I m l. hv a r'I on the 14rli of Anirnil. in Iif 40 lnu ?!2 and v, n* ilitin tared. She win auhaequentl v ahanrioued? J'li" crew were brought to Cork bv the Bwiin, Hobertaou. Drat. 8?pt. 17?The Henrietta for New York, hua put back. Fmr fr^ara, Tucker, from Boaton ( 'una 12) for Calcutta, wai in contact ou the 2llth July, in hat 7 N. Ion '3 \V, with the ilritiah >hip Inca, at Deal. The cn'mit of d^ima^* to the Geneva ian?t known. The Inea auffired the loai ol bowijHit, cntt? ater, fore yard, a?ila. he. Thi: Ocra**, of Wilmington, apparently a rew veaa?l of ahont 300 t"n?, waa |>aa<ed on the 30tn of Anguat, on her beam eiida wi'h all aai'a aet. and "hermaata and varda alorganle of her,"?(rh.a ia given aa reported by the telegraph)? ">y h Britiah veaael at Deal, Baa* Hrnuv Kwiiim. from New Orleana, waa driven a?hore on tna afternoon o' the 16 h. in Boitle Bav. and remainrd. The veaael wia leaky, and had I'iacharged her uqm, Aj? Amkiican Ban*, dianaa'ed. waa paated on the 8flth of Anguit, lat 40, Ion 67, by the John Henry, at Deal from New York. | lyORK. nepi l>?A amp, upoarenny /inirnunu. <11 nuuui ouu ] torn, bo'tom un, ?n p*?a*d 17th nit in l*t 43, Ion <9. I Cutdk, Sent. 14?81)1 U. 8. iliip Macedonian, De Kay, New York. , ? , L I PoRTiMoiTTH, Sept. 14?Arr Amen-an K-gle. rn?dwirk, -n<l Sir Fobert Peel, rhadwick. New York; Ilth, Wellington, Ch*'wick. Irom London for New York. | Liverpool, "ept. II? Arr atemnahlp Cambria, Jndkini, Boston; 12th. aliip Yorkshire. Bmley, New York. I Chfrhoiiro, f"ept. i#?Arr atenmahip Miamnri, Morin, New York. Stkamrr Hihkwria armed at Halifax on th# lat in*t. *t i# i 3" i'm at ft aailed for Unaton at 2 m on the 2(1 lit 1 jm fT Sral Mlnnd, ateamer Britann a (rom Bo?t u for Mnlifaj. The Ohio Uf? and Trn*t Company; 1 To thi: Editor or tHr New York Hcnai.d:? Tho n^wd rwoelyed thi* afternoon by the HlbernU ' ifWe* the Intelligence rather prominently, of tho prob?. ' hie lowed resulting to the Ohio Life lnanrnnr? and ' Trunt I ompany. from Ue failure of Mea?r* A. A. 1 Oower. Nephew* h Co., of London I deem It due to ] those IntereRted. to take thia eeily opportunity of a#y. ing thRt tho dealings of thta oiimpuny wilh Memrs Oower. haye been exolaalrely for the noRount and risk | of another Inatitntlnn in the West, and that this company ran suataln no Iom In the premi"fs. unl?sa from | tne Inability of the party Interested, of which there Is ' no apprehension. WM M VERMILYE, rashler of the Ohio Life and Trust Co., N. Y. N#w York, October $, 1947. Bl- , I, t??If-? - ' - - *? " Arrital or Emigrant.1*.?At th? commeneement of the Mason we predicted a vast iwteAM to our population by emigration hither, in consequence of the failure of the harvests in the countries of Europe Nor were we miitaken; for on looking over the arrivals for the spring and summer months, we find that they have, if anything, exceeded what we supposed they would be. No decrease is y^r visible?emigrants continue to pour iu by the thousand and ten thousand. The following in the number entered ut tin* Custom House of this port ulone, for the past month, viz From (Jreat Britain and Ireland 11,1174 " Franco 2,41 '2 " Holland 6-H " Hamburg 880 '' Belgium 1.390 " Br?tm?n 1 813 " All other ports 21* Total passenger* 17,064 An opinion may be formed from this table of the great annual accession to our population by emigration. Here we s**e nearly eighteen "thoustnd persons have arrived al this port alone, during one month. If we take into count the numbers that have arrived in other port?, and through theCanadasand other British possessions in America, und which are known to be very large, we think there is very little doubt that in the year 1817, the increase of our population in this way, will not fall much short of three hundred and fiftv thousand nnnlo Thk Wreck of the Auddr.n ?We understand that the body of Certain iioyt, lute master ol the packet ship Auburn, has not yet been found* Theatrical anil Musical. Park Theatric ?Thenew Opera/ruu/xr opens to night with ' La Favoritethe most beautiful of all Donieetti's production*, which, after several wei Its' preparation, will be presented with every advuntege that can be derived from a perfect distribution i f characters, new scenes new costumes, and appointment!!. The manager appears to have zealously discharged his duly; the patrons of th>opera will do their"* We look for a jam to-ni^ht; the production of a new opera will draw all the musical amateurn, and their number is legion, but the first ap pearance of the young and lovely Eliza Brienti will do more. The progress of musical science among us has urcu uj i?tw ye?rn rnjuu, unu uiuaiuai limits una uikhiui'u a great ascendancy, especially in this city. The Park maniger was the pioneer in effecting thin advancement We remember the opera, (so called of old,) when the leader of what waa termed the band, after plnying the ?ymphony to a song, was compelled to giro a strong pull on the Q, to enable the vocalist to pitch hia voice with tolerable accuracy. Of time there was au utter disregard; and to any the truth, there waa no need of its observance. The chorus, if two or three perssna deserve that name, waa as perfectly independent as the principals; far each bad a favorite key, on which he couatuntly in dulged, regardless of the orchestra, aa if they were proving how long tha pntienco of the audience could endure the torture of diaoorda. The appuaranoec the Garcia troujir. in 1825, produced a revolution. The oharming Mm Austin, the Woods, and other bright musieal stars succeeded each other in rapid succession, and a series of operatic talent waa ushered to the musical world, by the enterprise. and under the auspices of Mr jjiuipeon. Thus, much of the early impulse (jiven to musical taste, owea its origin to thl* gentleman. His efforts to pre sent the most prominent taleut, should be fostered and enooureged; and he makes a fall' claim to public support now by his appeal to the past, and to the deligtitful memories with which it ia associated. Wu would suggest another remark as to the nature ot inusioal enter taiaments. We have tbo Italian opera firmly established among uh?-It ia supported and patronised chiefly by a wealthy class, who by frequent attendance become familiar with scientific rnusio, and compreheud the Ian- j guage, and the soeues before them. Wi.h the great ma*s of play frequenters this is not the case, ami the language and the plot of an Italian opera are aliKe ? myntery The wusio they enjoy to a certain exuiit. but lose the intercut of too story: the former f >r tilth cause lil divested c,f inuoh of lti* meaning inil expr?ssive charms; and line and flowing pa.1 tuges, with languig,* characterised by tenderue^u una pas.-ion, are vaguely listened to, wondered at. aod leave no iraprensinn be bind, in the JCngllrh opera the KCenes ace intelligibly pourtrayed, the aialoguo in iu our own tongue, p>ts sagos of eloquence, of passion, of deep feeling, ure dU tiuotly given, and the story is clearly developed. All the original musio, except the recitative, (ond in some cases that i* retaiued.) is carefully preserved iu these tr.<u-Uiioi)H aud we have the iidvnutat;e of hearing all the most brilliant and aeli^btful airs, of fortaiog u juilg aunt ou the geuiun ar>d tlie taste of the great composers, wiiilu we listen to the language, and dwell ou the fr?u?> of a play, which, for that reason. lnWests us far more deeply. We do not in -an to detract from the olaims ol the Italian is a high y rettuml aud delight:ul entertainment; but we juts n to s?y, that tt<? uiaseujoy iu a higher degree the ICuqlish opera, for the reasons which we have above stated, when It is presented is now at this house, with fo many combined attractions, aud profescioual merit of so high an order. Un?> hv Theatbe.?It is only necrssaiy to announce to the publio, that the spleudid national dramatic spectacle, the " 8eige of .Monterey," will be repeated at the Bowery this evening, to vnsure as large a house aiitle building? will hold The nftener it id n-uyated the more it in admired, and the more enuomiuroa pafs-d on it. The character of the Bowery for spectacle and enterprise will not suffer in Mr. Jackson's Laads. Chatham Theatre ?Mr. Walcot and MIsh Clark eater upon their last engagement in this city, prior to their departure for the South nt the Chatham Theatre this eve .ing. aud will appear in two much admired piece*, in which they are f?v iiabiy ko^wn. Tho<epieces are ' Who's tliu Composer." aud the " 8uv:is;h and the Gulden." In addition, ttie new ill " "Lonilj Nlnu of the Ocean, 1 wul be pi rformed. This hill 1m u treat. * Circus, Bowery Amphitheatre.?Mr. Ijaac Burtisj the h ssee of Ibis establishment, t ike* u benefit to- ninht and well h* deserves it The excellent bill he puts forth, comprising so touch coiulo talent,will be sure to diaw ? lohn OoPFin and Dona:da<>n will appear in a peculiarly exciting btiilenjue entitled Shuui Anna's Retreat, wh cm "y nil accounts will be one of the richest things of the season Besides this the Holland family. Hignor Carlo, tr.n Negro danceis Equestrianism, bu , will lully lid up an eveuing of mirth and glee. Ethiopia* Hirf-nadirs at's ?Msjor Dtiia bolton's far-famed irm jir, oons'situg of Messrs Ueraon Stanwood, llsrriLg'cn, Tel!, White, and Howard, wil open to-night at Palmo's Theatre in Chamber street their old stand. Kroui the great popularity thin band has obtained here ami in I'.urnpo we have no d?ubt tnat their numerous admin.rH will b.i gratified at their reappearance among us Tatuto's I'hoatre is anexcillaut house for sueh exhibitions, and w.ll be thoroughly warmed and comfortable these cool autuiuuai evening.-) Chriitv's Minstrels at Mechanics' Hail, 473 Broadway ?We have already alluded to tuis excellent band of negro minstrels. It is sufficient for us now to s*y, that they commence this evening with a fine programme, and we have no doubt that a strong house will weloomo them. Their entertainment commence ut 8 f\ M. Sicnor Blitz, at the Society Lihrahy.?We 'mentioned yesterday that tho Kignor had determined to re main a little longer among tis. We have no doubt he will find it to bis advantage, ? hla triclw in ni?gio aud ventriloquism are ao beautiful and unique,that audiencer are never tired of witnessing than. Madame Anna Bnnor?Concert at the Tabernacle.?The second concert of this celebrated oautatrloe will take place thia evening, at the Tabernacle, bhe will be assisted by Mr. Brough, to whom we are indebted for her visit to America, lie will slog sevaral of his ex oelhnt songs ssignor De Bepjis will tlio appear In addition to the above attractions, Bocbsa, the hirpiit, waited upon, and ns-isUd by five professors, will give a ' Bardic KITusion," or a ph ce called " Hoajai; to America," in which our natiounl airs arc illustrated. Concert op Mils Imdora I'. I!a.nm:.-i ?The first sp of this young lady will take place to-mnrri w evening, at the Tabernacle. The rublio and ohik-Ivis are auxlou* to know the musical geulu* of thU new artiat, who in aald to have b?en very wi 11 gifted by nature aud to have received more th ui her portlou of the Fa ored flra. Ml?a II. will introduce KnglUll, Italian at,0 HpaDloh ballad", miking thus b<>rs?lf known in the dif'uroDt branchrM i>l her Apolloniati education. Hccomd conrkrt or Hr."* iid Hitoki \t rur. Tjmt*. ;?*clk?Mra?r* Her* htiJ Sl?r,rl, of whoii xrju Ktt<performancea on tbo piano and the violin we have often and lon^ rlnce rxpnsaed cur ndruir I'ion, announce i. .rraud concort, the second of their ecrie?. on \Vt dnnula? evening. at the Tahi rn iclo The first tofr? plven b> theao talented artlftta ni undoubtedly the (mat of th' eaaon. In apita of numerous drawback* Notwithstanding the/Mi drtwbick*, the Tabernacle was (ill J ; anil vh must remark he'e. thuf the nmn?rou< null-nee o that occasion was the t??t proof . f the allm-il iti 't - ur.h nauu H a* of Her* nnd Hivorl Th? neoni appearance of these ma- IchI ciiuw prom mi'* to be n [ til gtU. The charming and talented Mad Iimrl ii j. Jolly, prima dnnn t of tho Ne<v "rleiu? Kr-n hcMipi.iv w?ll execute, with the accniup<nira?nt of or cheslra, the two oelehr'if' (I ?'??i of th" "Uitfber "t * vill?.'' ' Una Vri-r I'o.n b'n ' and of Norma" C ?' / Uiri," which she alnpa with perfect method and Mltly 1,1 Duhreuil Ualao eogaj; J,and wdl be h'"?rd lo d IT' -lit pieces, accompanied iiy the orchestra I o th " ? attraction* the Conrertiim n*Ti< *.!*<' added aaotherone which will bit riiilte an ovi#nt in thd city 1 hi) societyof Medeikram." whloh never >ing? In public, h?* kiudly vol unteered it* service* to \les?r* Hen and Slvori. and its member*, one hundred In number, willI execute aaveral ot thoie tar famed ohoruv -i fir whloh the oountry, of ^ \\ _ jgjuum irff'. rmnwnni in'ir ? ? ?>? Mtfg?Uiwi which "Hcrmanr.1 Ms the f.ither-hero. h^ i.een and .till tooelebrateil throughout the world Now for Mci.w Wri m4 Wvorl, th* flrst w4H perform hl? well adinir RoDdo." and the aeroud the campanula," <?m?ll bi I hu<1 "The Carnival of Veiiioe.? Slgur.v R .p-ttl HI ,,r orchvSvia, ttnd myioubt to auother crowjOri'UL Tom ThviIV, the mighty coirsmnndpr ofC J pld's artillery, opens at the Ara Mus-uin i\ morning. The General starts South in a few d?y\ aifi 1 Oaly ttopa long enon^h to ifet u: w liveries for bi-i /"''B U coaohuian and foot mnn .and make other preparation* f? hi? great Houtliorn tour Hee Us ?4v?*rtisenwnt, wlur* tells the whole story. 1 1 Or. CoMyer's exhibition of Living Model) at til I Apollo Uooiiif are attracting crow I*, and wo parcmiB this week there are entire changes in the programme-*? Mclodkok.?This place cf amusement is nlchtM j orowdnd to hear an excellent ban 1 cf uegio luin'tn >K 1 a* also to ste the dacclig of Master Juba. Hporltiig liitelllguix-? . Tiik Races ?Yesterday morning, long b%f r* 0l\ i Sal had shed his illuminatirg ray* over Lorl I island, our reporter was on the Union Course, tl I witness the different homes In tlic various stable which are candidates lor fame the coming w??l K tak.? their morning exercife; and riobly was h<- nB paid for his visit. Ha saw Fashion at the top ill her st>e?d, backed as usual by J L&ird; neoompanied b H La oni a remarkably fine and ileet filly, also belongin jjj 1 it Mr. Laird's stable. Nex?, Mr litre's fillies, Boet< !) ! ua \li?s Coutts, gave a Bum pie of tueir quality; a' i ] tor wuich, Mr. Conover's stables took a dash, showiti 11 3 off to much advantage. The Southern favorite, M ivr, was on the traok also, but did not brush; but ? [I d snovered a lightn>*4 and buoyancy of ncllnn, ns h ^ ' gti led round the truck, seldom witnessed. In tb.- aflorjl noon, we are told. He exhibited some of Uia to >C '| steps to about two huudri-d irentlenien. sll of whoml 31 turn deliirhlut with hinflrm (1 mi.Ijv Thi, Rnnik.?n.rll ? offered *300 to $1(1011 that Pass.-n^er would li-at FaBliioil in two etralgbt heata; but this *?h not taken ?Two t odh will bt bard to g-t?IIX) to 80 wHl probably b? tb etmdard of betting until the start. The excitement 1 ru tning very high. brought about by tile ftet that !'<rf eeug<-r ran with Fashion four heats at Baltimore In? apring. an<i lo?t by a mure trifU Mors money will hi WHgur: tl on thin iaott than will tufflue to purchase I.on: I.-lund from J amnio a to Jerusalem CitNTBtviLi.i; Consist, L. 1.?Extraordinary Tsot j ting Matches.?The trotting nturo Albany C>irl,c< m mences at? o'clock, this morning, her great performanc I of oue hundred miles in nine hours and a half, id harnei-i .Should the mart) win, it will be the greatest aehiuTe ; ment on record. If tile weather continues favoiabV we expect to sec during tho day u large atteodanoe; fo j after the first fifiy miles ol the affai-, tho excite men will become very great All who go to the Centrevill will have an opportunity ot'visitiug the Beverul raein) , tables in the vicinity of the Union, a. the conclusion o the match. Oilglual Kthlu|ilait MerenutltrH?Palmo'i OI'KuA HOLSK?It it now n-nveraillv ackn itsI'Ujje i it li thiscouutry,at wellnaby ilie nobility and gentry of Kn?lam I and Krnnre, that Duinbolton'a coiniuuiy of I thi. pmt Seieu j mien, rmDMCui: Gcruion, Kt-wwood, llaiiiinroit f-ll Willie, hiiU Mr. Howard, (who li it been added to tin company in Ku'ope). claim and et.j y tut ex !u?ive coin riitlit ol this art; as itncli, il.e voice ol ihe prest unite sa'lj has echoed far and ue"r. And that f'ey li ve r?u.rne<l t > us notorily with unntruiiheil honor, hut impu.ved Httaimm- is will bo the prid?ol their native land 'he comim.y wil It en I'almo's Open House this evening, w til a prolamine n outntaiiinieiiti tha' will eviv* tlie reco lemons of thoci even'iws, when these miists en^ross^d exclusively thelites lion ol their tnousands of rulmirrrs. It I* lmiio*>Mibl? fur any Compound to equal Or. Oouriitid'a italiun V edicsted tioitp for removing from tbi skiu every vesture of Tun, ('un;lrs, Suuharn, pilots nes? Kr-rkles. Ike. Or. O.'s Poudre .-.untile , sej i#e iiiva lis bio property of completely erii'ieaiiii* am ertlu.nn. hair, h i nly white, J ahilli'ius ? hex mve< l'>e skin i rpfie?h'inf sol' ni!?i and whiteo'ss. chs'xes ti.e color'"f inl ? r grr ? b-ii io'4 ; glo av l> own or rnv ublack. 1'iocired onlv nt Dr. U.'* tlt l pjt,67 Walker arieet, flrsl store fii in Itroailw.iy. S?roi?g'?t Patent Isainjpa?These Ivmp* c??t i>ij I abide; air-free from moke or *.ro**ll i Mhburii t-eeh "I** k est oil aw! give a greater li*ht at !e?i exp*n?e thin ?nv lamp* I now in use; *rr more I' thsu earn; he..e or apirit K .",1 I w ithout the same risk to life nr p on ity; tre i' _r lisl.le to U'tJ | outol oiler, are e isry c eaj**o. auu wa ant *a lor o? e ye r?* Flte Hand Limii s will n??t spill on with the most earelv-i I usage. M ?uuiariur??d solelv by S. O. V \ NDKH H KVDKN, I tr so 518 Pearl street. New York; iwHrt"0?*m 3*'4 Bri-'dw ?y .$ < handelifis, bracket, K nfftnsr, parlor and iviiurul l?m >s in j very v ait ry ''C ?l ik Kiii'clied ou liberal terms. N J5 fto 1 lar hu'J4 \il[ 1 lan<( s aluie 1. o4 6t 1 Superior I>1-munU-Pointed 13o11 Pe?i??I'll? ?ub*r.ribers *ie manufacturing a *uprrior *r iele. which t?ur-| cheers,e.ther at wholesale or ret 1*, invi-ed to etamine.% They *l<o keep 011 hmd an a sortmantof all the ic?mp* which are in the greatest d*-mv d, tog^t' er with gold n .d stiver i-tu and ncccil case*, of superior st\l?s. * L >KK, BWOTHER & CO , No 33 J? hn itieet, corner or Nassau. Diamond Pointed Gold I'em-Wlio'esalc and retail?Joh:i W. Oreatou fit < ??., 71 ? st est-?u;? stairs. Iiav th** lurge't. ?*nd hest aasortmrnt of O >ld IVn? to b?* f uutl t 1 the ' ilv, aud lieir prices are ranch 1** ^er rli^n'ho?e of r \ other house Thu attempt inado by others to mo.iopoltat the I'm irade so as to makr the puri-haaer nay * h?|fb p ice to n.) inferior article, has fa-led and thoue who wish 1 good article V a low piice. can find it at Greaton 8tf ?> . who *re nulling j Pens and * >??es at from 75 ceiif* upward Tie IV v n^lil elfwhere nt $2 *or $1 60. the jr*: ti'fie "Albert G tia^lrv" IV.i (to ' sramned) $i 75 only, silver pencil case included. Gol<| Pens j (tyiniii 1 ltftchelteu Dluinnnd Pointed Gold Pent. ? VVe wish to c 111 the ntte? t?on of ?ur rr-tder* to 'he Kiehel* 11 "i Puis sold exclusively by R. K Wats u & '\i.,46 *V?IIiam ?tieet. o?e d??or b**low Wall strret.auil I V. Siv>ur h'u I-1 ?? utreer. Pricr $2 only, Th VH-e ci rtiiulv the 1 *%r and | cheat est go?d pens in use Kvery rietcrip inn <f Gold Pet.s.j -vh?-les+l?* or ?t either of th* ?b v p ^0, Country dea'er? will find it to their interest to exuni*?e th^ir s'nrks a ;d I o ices before piwhao u elsewhere, Gold Pens, 75 :. $1, Si 2!t, SI 60, with silvrr p n >l . . i, l-j. r, .l Flue Cutlery. ?The H?lr>?<;rlberV nfittoitmetit embraces ?rvery possible variety j afTrrn of I>n Pocket. Dr-k? iiiil Spo'tiny K ife. with a latcrt* \ tv of choice r?, wi^h *vi|I h?- wi rint dto iJie purc'ltaser. Also, Scissoi:*, N^il Fiicd, T" eri'i*. kr. G. SAUNDF.H8 & SO v, 177 Broadway. n ft w d ?ys hove CotmUndt^trert. Portable Shaving tanen ?Tho lulMcilUerx have f? r some time been e.?,'. ip ?l it- ina? u ?-ctun. k the ib ve,' I h tvn g brou?<h' such as uenr > erfeciin as possible. c nnboii-K 1 ' le'ani * e v. !r 1* utility, au" wi-h ccufideuce are offeied to the ! publ.c. G 8 MJVDERS & SON, 4 177 Broadway, upjotiir* Howi'd's Hotel. Ncriofckty'ft Flila Fur tlie priveiitlon and me ? ! he JohowiuK <1 i, vir. : !T?- 'afli , lad fcfc<i n. r'erv*rte?l ' i peti rt, Fluiu'enne, o* wi ?t i the utomnch and I b ?vveU Cdhl*v< new, Tls-ttii'uir, l)ia-iilioea. Cough* < "Ids ' im! A-'hiniii, lute-mitrrnt * emiffent b? mu<? nd li.rt nvnafo FrTTs, Sick ll*??drcbe Iil ilire, bilious I h lie, Woiin* P?u ?ay, Hh^u mi'in. Bill-m V m ting. Foul n ii $lg., 9m i" ;< ! ti i i bj D W 0 ? '"L SKES. Ci,rmi?t and Another, *y. 5 5 Br*n<me atxeet, cor. rhntnp on. New VorU, at 2j centi per b< x *29 Gt V _ Daily* Herald In llokluvi.?IVriii>iiB ulslilnc 'he Hit ! ! Irft a' tl fir l(i)U<e? or *to'rs irvmediateIv o tl,r i rival of the N*w Yoik tmn i 'he morning or by lie New Haven I i.e,in fhe *v*nit k, can be rejja arly *np lieij, at 18 crnu ? werli. by Icavon* tneir names ar b** gem'-oflice, So I **ts'e street RfCDtMNtJ &t CO ??4eod)At _ Paris Ilat??.Genhi, 214 B. ondway, h \n ju t re ciYeO o e c e of vry superior I'aria H ts, from ?h u t c-l# hrn'ed infers Al?o, a *?*mttnejit of f?>?e Fr -cii Umbrelia*. childie '< H ?ts ' p?. ' 2 3t "Ulvr mr, a ii.?j In tfeui luapi thif ! ' "ncfi ?s ih* f?" vr-t xchunvi u of evr y ife tlrman who Ii.j j sen KiiOiN New Fill h shioa of Wfinlrino t\? Hi's Th* ' ^lyle iii |if?-ulMr^or b~ur.y, jincfal anpropiii'ene?s fo all -xpr'ii-i inf of c-nn'eriiiice. aud the e ?x of 'I b ?to<k lro?*? wh-ch rh? liar* are MtanUlNetn il Kv? r, bodv who i; t pe"i< Knox', Autumn Fa?hio i ior ?Bi7 will at diic Perceive, by th-pecalMiiiv o| the imp a <1 the y nm i- r| art! '4 ul m of the e-.f i^e om aid f l> ic ih tifi^ in *de of ihe fine*! material. 1 be shape i-iioeet,'<nd v? \ p'eaii K m ihe eyo. t?0 Gt Call on KNOX, Its ! <il i a m Ladles ntitl Gentlemen can uhtaln a fair education i'i three months, without study oi i terfe-ei-ce wi h bujii e<?. dfTOtin^ half an h .wr dail at ?lieir resi l- ce or i-lace of buiiuesi. Addre?s ' Kdncatiou," lower po.itotli e. n1$ ?t flar?^4Kii<f?k i?l ?iiii ok?k? blc.t't. T.r,ttf Stat* R.xtr, I Louiaville. Hept . .3 ''(iff Sin. Cincinnati. , ?. ftept. Q'i . ft vet 1 in. falling. Wheeling. . fept 30 9 ??et. Pittahurtf s^pt. -J0 6 'e?\ Momnr iluububt. Sunday, Oct. 3(1-0 P. M. After ?everal weeks of nnxiout suspense, we have been relieved. The loaj; "(tony is over, ?nd although the advices from the feat cf war. are not po favcmh'e is we wished, there is some esitlslaetlon In ki?"Win? ev<n the worst. IS is now pretty well nnl<rtool whit ground we stand nponj It is pretty w U ettlod ?b it th i tur will hat* to b? earrie 1 on in a i ow shape. O ir policy has hitherto b?v<n too conciliatory w have too in my efforts to nnifot ;it ? a p'aco, ins't "I i f conrj i rinn one; whave lout lime nn i -round; we liavei sapritliv .1 hlo.'d m I tr-i:S'iro I., h ldiui; fo tli the olive hr?n(h; ev r? rt#p we h*re taki n l,n? hneii with a via# to prsv.ut. til' evils of wsr from filllnfc lieavil/ upon the people of Mexico, and ererj thing has l.?'?n lo.'i# l>y onr government and Ivy the aruiy of occupation to show to thHt, i .- 'pie, that we have ? irrrd not ?vith tii- iii, tmt ?>ll> lb- If ml'" Mi 1 >iu effort* b tTi* beea In ie n; ?h nbnll U' *<-r c On down those bitter prejulieei toward* n*. which to b? p rt. of ihelr naturn. and i*i- in fill km w>-ll abandon It after the attpnip'a which I we h*v? made ?? t-i ro rvioj Hro? and eo mi.i-.h u>oii?y, witu en .itit? pro. ibivy of s 101.1 i. Tbert) fit but one coursn ! 'I for tlin ftiirerotQent to purnun, an I that i< a Tiitomu*, ineo nprmii in* promtou i>u of the war?war to knif ? a. of coi.q n'.-t * *y<teia *>f con'i i n'i ur nn l the ''i f r<*"fr.e >' of < ?? n ra<-ntthit* llili'i'i i Ml tbo salt- inw of tli ohnieti and th? i'm.ipii' i imi then wnit our ile^'iny. ah i r peMonpua the term* propound I y the M?xioit) eomnilfl. ?ioni-rn that I* entirely out of th lu-fiti.n I h n ' mm t III' | ropi'?it'#iin male ' II till- (iart of tie Me - irati ),oy. ? rnmeM , I* the bent evidence In he v.- ill, tblittbey pr p *'d the Mrjnl?tlce und negotiation' ? l-ly <-r th* purpose of paining time, Santa \i,?.i invariably re. aorta to aoaje noV.cme of thin Kiij<1 'n (-tmb'e him to m<ika home movement, and ha la generally euooeeful. Itia well that tlin position of the Metlcan government r defined, particularly relative to the boundary on the